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Solar patents

      

This page is updated frequently with new Solar-related patent applications.


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Optimum Tracker
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Solar power generation examination system and solar power generation examination method
A defective photovoltaic cell module is identified without disconnection in a photovoltaic cell string. As a typical embodiment, in a photovoltaic power generation inspect ion system in a photovoltaic power generation system having a structure in which a plurality of photovoltaic cell strings are connected in parallel, the photovoltaic power generation system detecting a defective module among a plurality of modules included in a defective string, the photovoltaic power generation inspection system includes: a current detector that measures an output current of a photovoltaic cell string without disconnection; and a monitor unit that estimates a defective module based on change in a plurality of output currents each measured by the current detector while the photovoltaic cell modules included in the defective string are sequentially shielded from light by a light shielding member..
Hitachi Systerns, Ltd


Irradiance based solar panel power point tracking
A power point tracking apparatus employs irradiance detection for performing maximum power point tracking (mppt) of a pv panel. The apparatus controls an operating voltage of a pv panel inverter by regulating the operating voltage of the inverter at a computed optimal voltage based on a detected irradiance of light on the solar panel providing power to the inverter to result in a maximum power generation from the solar panel.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute


Photoelectric conversion element and solar cell
Where x+ represents a counter cation.. .

Organic semiconducting compounds
The invention relates to novel organic semiconducting compounds containing a polycyclic unit, to methods for their preparation and educts or intermediates used therein, to compositions, polymer blends and formulations containing them, to the use of the compounds, compositions and polymer blends as organic semiconductors in, or for the preparation of, organic electronic (oe) devices, especially organic photovoltaic (opv) devices, perovskite-based solar cell (psc) devices, organic photodetectors (opd), organic field effect transistors (ofet) and organic light emitting diodes (oled), and to oe, opv, psc, opd, ofet and oled devices comprising these compounds, compositions or polymer blends.. .
Merck Patent Gmbh


Solar cell and manufacturing the same
Provided are a solar cell having a good conversion efficiency in which damage to a p-n junction structure is prevented when an antireflection film is removed, and a method of manufacturing such a solar cell.. .
Material Concept, Inc.


Solar cell module and manufacture thereof
A solar cell module having an extended lifetime and improved efficiency achieved by improved solar cell efficiency, and reduced uv damage to the photoelectric conversion device. The solar cell module has a structure in which a back sheet, a first encapsulant layer, a photoelectric conversion device electrically connected to an electrode, a second encapsulant layer, and a protective glass are stacked in that order.
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.


Solar cell panel
A solar cell panel using a back contact solar cell is disclosed. The solar cell panel includes a front substrate, a back sheet positioned opposite the front substrate, a plurality of solar cells positioned between the front substrate and the back sheet and connected to one another by a plurality of conductive lines electrically connecting two adjacent solar cells, an encapsulant covering the plurality of solar cells, and at least one blocking portion blocking the plurality of conductive lines that is otherwise visible between the solar cells from being visually seen.
Lg Electronics Inc.


Flexible laminates for solar modules

A solar module includes a laminate structure having at least two solar cells. Each of the solar cells has an individual reinforcement laminated to one face of each of the solar cells.
Solarworld Americas Inc.

Solar cell module and portable charger

A solar cell module having flexibility is disclosed. The solar cell module includes a first solar cell and a second solar cell disposed adjacent to each other.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Methods and systems to boost efficiency of solar cells

The physical and chemical properties of surfaces can be controlled by bonding nanoparticles, microspheres, or nanotextures to the surface via inorganic precursors. Surfaces can acquire a variety of desirable properties such as antireflection, antifogging, antifrosting, uv blocking, and ir absorption, while maintaining transparency to visible light.
Nanoclear Technologies, Inc.

Method for manufacturing solar cell

Disclosed is a method for manufacturing a solar cell, the method including: forming a semiconductor layer on one surface of a semiconductor substrate; forming a mask layer including a first layer and a second layer sequentially on the semiconductor layer; texturing another surface of the semiconductor substrate using the mask layer as a mask; forming a patterned mask layer by forming an opening at the mask layer through a laser patterning using a laser; and forming a conductive region through a doping process of doping a portion of the semiconductor layer exposed through the opening with a dopant.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Portable programmable display and control module

A portable programmable display and control module which serves as a basic light switch and a digital custom light switch display. The control module can be removed from the electrical box when power fails to provide for an emergency flashlight.

Photoelectric conversion element and solar cell

Where r4 represents an aryl group or a heterocyclic group; and r5 represents an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, an alkenyl group, an alkylthio group, or an aryl ether group.. .

Device for predicting amount of photovoltaic power generation, and predicting amount of photovoltaic power generation

An actual power generation amount receiver acquires an actual power generation amount of a photovoltaic power generation system of each time slot of each day. An extraterrestrial solar radiation calculator calculates an extraterrestrial solar radiation of each time slot of each day at a disposition position.
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

Liquid crystal display and terminal

The disclosure provides a liquid crystal display, including a liquid crystal cell, the liquid crystal cell includes a first substrate, a second substrate and a liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second substrate, the first substrate at least includes a transparent base, a metallic wiring disposed on the transparent base towards the liquid crystal layer and a first polarizer disposed on an external surface of the transparent base, the liquid crystal display further includes a solar cell disposed on the transparent base of the first substrate right below the metallic wiring, the first polarizer includes a hollow region revealing the transparent base, the solar cell shelters the hollow region.. .
Wuhan China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Method for controlling the orientation of a solar tracker based on cartographic models

Servo-controlling the orientation of the solar tracker by applying the orientation setpoint value associated to said cloud coverage model retained during step c).. .

Self-draining solar collector systems and associated methods

A self-draining solar collector system includes one or more solar collector assemblies, a manifold connecting assembly, and a crossover connecting assembly. Each solar collector assembly includes a collector support subsystem, one or more heating pipes, and one or more parabolic reflectors.
Skyfuel, Inc.

Solar heat collection tube and solar heat power generation device

A solar heat collection tube with improved optical transmittance and durability to the external environment includes an inner tube through the interior of which a heat medium can flow, an outer tube that covers an outer periphery of the inner tube such that an annular heat insulating space is formed between the outer tube and the inner tube, and thermal expansion difference absorbing means or absorbing a thermal expansion difference between the inner tube and the outer tube. The outer tube is a glass tube, a first anti-reflection film is formed on an inner surface of the glass tube, a second anti-reflection film is formed on an outer surface of the glass tube, the second anti-reflection film is more durable to the external environment than the first anti-reflection film, and the first anti-reflection film has a higher optical transmittance than the second anti-reflection film..
Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki

Window blind

A window blind is disclosed. The window blind includes a slat having a convex curved surface.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Body board with led light rope, flexible solar panel and molded channels.

This invention is directed toward a body board, used for riding ocean waves, which has one or more removable led light ropes disposed in one or more channels that have been molded into the top, bottom, or sides of the body board. The channels are removably covered with a water-resistant covering that can be opened to remove or exchange the led lights.

Control variable renewable energy

Three variable gear assemblies called transgears, an electro-mechanical rotary frequency converter, and a variable torque and power generator (vt&pg) referred to herein as a variable overlap generator (vog), may be used independently and together to provide constant frequency and voltage output power and to increase the amount of output power generated with the same input water flow, wind speed, or solar energy. Two sets of three variable spur/helical gear assemblies of sun and planetary gear sets are combined in a mechanical three variable control to form an assembly called a hummingbird.
Differential Dynamics Corporation

Concentrated solar power generation using solar receivers

Inventive concentrated solar power systems using solar receivers, and related devices and methods, are generally described. Low pressure solar receivers are provided that function to convert solar radiation energy to thermal energy of a working fluid, e.g., a working fluid of a power generation or thermal storage system.
Wilson 247solar, Inc.

Onboard fuel reforming using solar or electrical energy

An operational control system for an internal combustion engine, an internal combustion engine, a vehicle and a method of onboard generation of hydrogen in a vehicle being powered by an internal combustion engine. The operational control system includes a source of electric current, a gas generator with a supply of hydrogen precursor material and one or both of an scr device and a fuel octane boosting device.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Lead halide adduct compound and perovskite element using same

Wherein a is an organic or inorganic halide, y is f−, cl−, br− or i− as a halogen ion, and q is a lewis base including a functional group containing a nitrogen (n), oxygen (o) or sulfur (s) atom with an unshared pair of electrons as an electron pair donor. The lewis base is maintained more stable in the lead halide adduct.

Solar reflective composite granules and making solar reflective composite granules

A method of making a plurality of composite granules can include: forming green body granules comprising an aluminosilicate; heating the green body granules to form sintered granules; cooling the sintered granules according to a cooling regime, wherein the cooling regime comprises a temperature hold between 700° c. And 900° c.
Certainteed Corporation

Substrate provided with a stack having thermal properties

A material includes a transparent substrate coated with a stack of thin layers successively including, starting from the substrate, an alternation of three silver-based functional metallic layers and of four dielectric coatings, so that each functional metallic layer is positioned between two dielectric coatings. The thicknesses of the three functional layers and the thicknesses of the dielectric coatings are selected in order to give the materials solar factor values of less than 20% for a light transmission of the order of 40%..
Saint-gobain Glass France

Glass composition for chemically strengthened alkali-aluminosilicate glass and the manufacture thereof

A glass composition for producing chemically strengthened alkali-aluminosilicate glass and a method for manufacturing the chemically strengthened alkali-aluminosilicate glass. The chemically strengthened alkali-aluminosilicate glass is suitable for use as high-strength cover glass for touch displays, solar cell cover glass and laminated safety glass..
Komerstone Materials Technology Company, Ltd.

Unmanned aerial vehicle use

A drone equipped with a camera, a wireless communication module, an acoustic sensor, a gps receiver, software and collapsible floatation device patrols above swimmers. The camera and acoustic sensor capture the video and audio of the swimmers.

Elastically converting flexible stainless steel cigs sheets

Disclosed are apparatuses and methods for cutting thin film solar cells. The apparatus may include circular knife cutter rollers, each having a knife edge and coupled with a cutter arbor, support rollers, each coupled to a support arbor and having first and second outer surfaces and a circumferential gap between the first and second outer surfaces partially defined by a first side, a second side facing and offset from the first side, a first rounded edge where the first side intersects with the first outer surface, and a second sharp edge where the second side intersects with the second outer surface.

Lsis Co., Ltd.

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High current burn-in of solar cells

A method of high reverse current burn-in of solar cells and a solar cell with a burned-in bypass diode are described herein. In one embodiment, high reverse current burn-in of a solar cell with a tunnel oxide layer induces low breakdown voltage in the solar cell.
Sunpower Corporation

Maintaining a solar power module

A solar power system includes a plurality of solar power cells mounted on an outer surface of a spherical frame, the spherical frame including an inner surface that defines an interior volume; a heat sink that includes a hollow housing mounted within the interior volume of the spherical frame; and a phase change material positioned in the hollow housing of the heat sink, the phase change material thermally coupled to the inner surface of the spherical frame to receive heat from the outer surface of the spherical frame.. .
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Maintaining a solar power module

A solar power system includes a plurality of solar power cells mounted on an outer surface of a spherical frame, the spherical frame including an inner surface that defines an interior volume; at least one magnet mounted adjacent the outer surface of the spherical frame or within the interior volume of the spherical frame and configured to generate a magnetic field within the interior volume; and a magnetized heat transfer fluid disposed and flowable within the interior volume of the spherical frame based, at least in part, on an amount of heat transferred from the outer surface of the spherical frame into the magnetized heat transfer fluid and the magnetic field.. .
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Solar module, operating a solar module, and photovoltaic system

A solar module includes one or more photovoltaic (pv) modules, a short-circuit switch connected in parallel with at least one of the one or pv modules, and a control unit connected in parallel with the short-circuit switch. The at least one of the one or more pv modules supplies electrical power to the control unit and is connectable via a first and a second module terminal to further solar modules to form a string.
Sma Solar Technology Ag

Method and system for communication between inverter and solar module

Technologies for communication between an inverter and a solar module are disclosed. The disclosed technologies include monitoring a voltage and/or current of the solar module to determine a corresponding voltage waveform and/or current waveform and determining whether the voltage waveform and/or current waveform includes an encoded message.
Sunpower Corporation

Maintaining a solar power module

A solar power system includes a plurality of solar power cells mounted on a spherical frame; a hemispherical reservoir mounted to the spherical frame to enclose at least a portion of the spherical frame such that a gap is defined between the spherical frame and an interior surface of the reservoir, the reservoir configured to hold a fluid that includes a solar cell cleaning solution; and at least one actuator mounted to the spherical frame and operable to rotate a portion of the spherical frame that supports the plurality of solar power cells through the gap.. .
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Bracket for securing solar panels

The present invention provides a mounting bracket for attaching solar panels to a roof top. Also provided is a method of installing solar panels on a roof top with the mounting bracket disclosed herein..

Smart renewable energy system with grid and dc source flexibility

A method and apparatus is disclosed relating to smart renewable power generation systems with grid and dc source flexibility that can (1) intelligently and selectively pull power from one or multiple dc sources including solar panels, wind generators, and batteries based on certain criteria; (2) invert dc power to ac power; (3) supply the ac power to the electric grid or to an off-grid electric circuit to power ac loads; (4) supply dc power through one or multiple dc output ports to power dc loads; and (5) charge batteries. Various types of on-grid, off-grid, and on/off-grid dc flexible power inverters are described to demonstrate the innovation for delivering flexible, cost-effective, and user-friendly power generation systems to harvest any form of renewable energy available and convert it to usable electricity..
Cyboenergy, Inc.

Multipolar photovolatic panel

A multipolar solar module may include a string of series-connected solar cells and three or more terminals that are coupled to a module-level power electronic device (mlpe). A first terminal may be coupled to positive end of the string of series-connected solar cells, a second terminal may be coupled to the midpoint of the string of series-connected, and a third terminal may be coupled to the negative end of the string of series-connected solar cells.
Sunpower Corporation

Conductive polymer/si interfaces at the backside of solar cells

The present invention relates to a solar cell (1) comprising a substrate (2) of p-type silicon or n-type silicon, wherein the substrate (2) comprises—a front side (2a) the surface of which is at least partially covered with at least one passivation layer (3) and—a back side (2b), wherein—the back side (2b) of the substrate (2) is at least partially covered with a passivation layer (4) having a thickness sufficient to allow a transport of holes through it, and—the passivation layer (4) on the backside 2b) of the substrate (2) is at least partially cov-ered with a conductive polymer layer (5). The present invention also relates to a process for the preparation of a solar cell, to a solar cell obtainable by this process and to a solar module..
Institut Fur Solarenergieforschung Gmbh

Method for manufacturing heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer solar cell

A heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer (hit) solar cell has a crystalline si substrate, an intrinsic amorphous si layer, a doped amorphous si layer, a transparent conductive layer and two electrode layers. The intrinsic amorphous si layer disposed between the doped amorphous si layer and the crystalline silicon substrate contacts the doped amorphous si layer and the crystalline silicon substrate.
National Taiwan Normal University

Multijunction metamorphic solar cell for space applications

A multijunction solar cell assembly and its method of manufacture including first and second discrete semiconductor body subassemblies, each semiconductor body subassembly including first, second and third lattice matched subcells; a graded interlayer adjacent to the third solar subcell and functioning as a lateral conduction layer; and a fourth solar subcell adjacent to said graded interlayer being lattice mismatched with respect to the third solar subcell; wherein the average band gap of all four cells is greater than 1.44 ev.. .
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Group-iv solar cell structure using group-iv or iii-v heterostructures

Device structures, apparatuses, and methods are disclosed for photovoltaic cells that may be a single-junction or multijunction solar cells, with at least a first layer comprising a group-iv semiconductor in which part of the cell comprises a second layer comprising a iii-v semiconductor or group-iv semiconductor having a different composition than the group-iv semiconductor of the first layer, such that a heterostructure is formed between the first and second layers.. .
The Boeing Company

Group-iv solar cell structure using group-iv or iii-v heterostructures

Device structures, apparatuses, and methods are disclosed for photovoltaic cells that may be a single-junction or multijunction solar cells, with at least a first layer comprising a group-iv semiconductor in which part of the cell comprises a second layer comprising a iii-v semiconductor or group-iv semiconductor having a different composition than the group-iv semiconductor of the first layer, such that a heterostructure is formed between the first and second layers.. .
The Boeing Company

Solar cell having a plurality of sub-cells coupled by cell level interconnection

Methods of fabricating solar cells having a plurality of sub-cells coupled by cell level interconnection, and the resulting solar cells, are described herein. In an example, a solar cell includes a plurality of sub-cells.
Sunpower Corporation

Wavelength conversion filter, manufacturing method thereof, and solar cell module

A wavelength conversion filter, includes: a wavelength conversion layer in which a wavelength conversion material is dispersed in a transparent resin base material; and an ultraviolet absorption layer which is provided on the surface of the wavelength conversion layer and in which an ultraviolet absorber is dispersed in a transparent resin base material, wherein the wavelength conversion layer contains 0.01 to 30 parts by mass of the wavelength conversion material with respect to 100 parts by mass of the transparent resin base material included in the wavelength conversion layer.. .
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Protective glass for solar cell module and manufacturing the same

In addition, the method of manufacturing a protective glass for a solar cell module includes preparing a plurality of glass beads formed in a spherical or hemispherical shape, arranging the glass beads in a horizontal direction, and injecting a molten glass solution into the glass beads and forming the protective glass.. .

Compound-based solar cell and manufacturing light absorption layer

A compound-based solar cell including a first electrode, a second electrode, a first type doped semiconductor layer and a second type doped semiconductor layer is provided. The first type doped semiconductor layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, and the second type doped semiconductor layer is disposed between the first type doped semiconductor layer and the second electrode.
Industrial Technology Research Institute

Solar cell with selectively doped conductive oxide layer and making the same

A method of making a coated substrate having a transparent conductive oxide layer with a dopant selectively distributed in the layer includes selectively supplying an oxide precursor material and a dopant precursor material to each coating cell of a multi-cell chemical vapor deposition coater, wherein the amount of dopant material supplied is selected to vary the dopant content versus coating depth in the resultant coating.. .
Vitro S.a.b. De C.v.

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

A solar cell includes a first conductive type substrate; an emitter layer of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type, the emitter layer and the substrate forming a p-n junction; an anti-reflection layer positioned on the emitter layer; a plurality of first electrodes passing through the anti-reflection layer and being electrically connected to the emitter layer, at least one of the plurality of first electrodes including: a first electrode layer and a plurality of first electrode auxiliaries separated from the first electrode layer and positioned around the first electrode layer; and a second electrode layer positioned on the first electrode layer and on the plurality of first electrode auxiliaries; and a second electrode electrically connected to the substrate.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Metallization structures for solar cells

Methods of fabricating a solar cell including metallization techniques and resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, forming a first semiconductor region and a second semiconductor region on the back side of a substrate.
Sunpower Corporation

Dye sensitized solar cell module and dye sensitized solar cell comprising the same

The present invention relates to a dye-sensitized solar cell module, and more particularly, to a dye-sensitized solar cell module capable of minimizing a burst phenomenon of the dye-sensitized solar cell module caused by the bubbles by preventing occurrence of bubbles in an electrolyte solution, and securing reliability by preventing separation of a dye adsorbed onto a oxide semiconductor, and a dye-sensitized solar cell including the same.. .
Dongjin Semichem Co., Ltd.

Working electrode of dye-sensitized solar cell

The present invention relates to a dye-sensitized solar cell electrode, and more particularly, to a dye-sensitized solar cell electrode capable of enhancing a bond between a dye and an oxide semiconductor to secure reliability and efficiency of a dye-sensitized solar cell.. .
Dongjin Semichem Co., Ltd.

Method for managing power for power failure prevention based on smart plug and apparatus using the same

Disclosed herein are a smart plug-based power management method for preventing a power failure and an apparatus for the method. The power management method includes acquiring load amount information for each of multiple loads corresponding to power management targets, checking a maximum amount of power that is capable of being generated by a solar power generator, setting a power supply mode based on at least one of whether power is being supplied from a power system and a result of a comparison of the load amount information with the maximum amount of power, and performing power management so as to prevent a power failure by interrupting a supply of power so as to correspond to the power supply mode based on multiple smart plugs for controlling corresponding ones of the multiple loads..
Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute

Trough shaped fresnel reflector solar concentrator

The present invention is a solar concentrator composed of a generally v-shaped trough of reflective fresnel steps. The fresnel reflective steps concentrate the sunlight entering the mouth of the v-shaped trough and parallel to its central axis into a central focal area.

Fresnel snow melter

The fresnel snow melter is an industrial snow removal device which uses concentrated solar energy to heat snow or ice such that it melts into water. This is achieved by focusing sunlight through a fresnel lens onto snow using a frame and lattice structure, on a day with adequate sunlight.

Thermal energy storage use with solar power generation systems

Various arrangements are provided related to thermal energy coordination systems. A thermal energy coordination system may analyze solar irradiance measurements to identify an overgeneration solar energy event.
Johns Manville

Solar light systems, and related components and methods

A solar light system may include two stages of optical concentration with intermediate removal of infrared radiation between the optical concentration stages. A second stage of optical concentration may prepare multiple concentrating beams of processed solar radiation with visible light with each such concentrating beam directed to a different corresponding light conduit for transmission to an interior space for interior lighting.
Brightspace Technologies, Inc.

Solar-powered lantern with simulated edison bulb

A solar-powered lantern uses light-emitting diodes to simulate an old-fashioned edison-type bulb. The lantern comprises a housing having an upper edge defining an upper surface, a lower edge defining a lower surface, and a sidewall between the upper and lower edges.

Grounded modular heated cover

The grounded modular heated cover is disclosed with a first pliable outer layer and a second pliable outer layer, wherein the outer layers provide durable protection, an electrical heating element between the first and the second outer layers, the electrical heating element configured to convert electrical energy to heat energy, a heat spreading layer, and a thermal insulation layer positioned above the active electrical heating element. Beneficially, such a device provides radiant heat, weather isolation, temperature insulation, and solar heat absorption efficiently and cost effectively.
Greenheat Ip Holdings, Llc

Yarn, fabric and manufacturing method thereof for screening applications

The invention relates to a yarn (1) for screening applications, especially for screening applications preventing solar heat while transmitting solar light, a fabric obtained from the yarn, and a manufacturing method thereof. The yarn (1) consists of at least one polyester outer yarn (5) wound on a polyester core yarn (2).
Kucukcalik Tekstil Sanayi Ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi

Solargas system operated in multiple modes

The invention relates to a method and a device for producing biogas in a combined fermenter, in the first section (2) of which organic material is produced by phototrophic microorganisms (1) using atmospheric carbon dioxide and oxygen, said organic material being used to produce biomethane by means of methanogens (5) in a second section (4). The fermenter is operated in multiple modes and using special gassing and degassing methods such that an optimal gas supply corresponding to the requirements of the respective microorganisms and preferably also the absorption or the use of atmospheric carbon dioxide is ensured..
Solaga Ug

Near-ir emitting cationic silver chalcogenide quantum dots

A novel near-ir emitting cationic silver chalcogenide quantum dot with a mixed coating wherein the coating comprises of at least 2 different types of materials and is capable of luminescence at the desired near ir bandwidth at wavelengths of 800-850 nm. The quantum dot is fabricated via an advantageous single-step, homogeneous, aqueous method at a low temperature resulting a near ir emitting semiconductor quantum dot with high quantum yield, high transfection with low toxicity.
KoÇ Üniversitesi

Polyimide film, organic electroluminescent element, transparent electro-conductive laminate, touch panel, solar cell, and display device

A polyimide film comprises a polyimide containing: a repeating unit (a) represented by a particular general formula: and a repeating unit (b) represented by a particular general formula, wherein a content ratio of the repeating unit (a) to a total amount of the repeating units (a) and (b) is 10 to 70% by mole, and the polyimide film has a linear expansion coefficient of 55 ppm/k or less, a tensile strength of 125 mpa or more, and a break elongation of 15% or more.. .
Jxtg Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation

Mineral roofing granules and methods for making them

The present disclosure relates to roofing granules, such as solar-reflective roofing granules having one or more of low crystalline silica content, high stain resistance and algae resistance. The present disclosure provides a mineral roofing granule having a mineral outer surface having a surface porosity of no more than about 10%.
Certainteed Corporation

Tonneau cover

A tonneau cover having integrated power sources and other accessories includes an outer portion and an inner structural portion. The power source may be one or more solar panels with associated power storage units for storing electrical energy.
Techniplas, Llc

Expandable bag including shape memory fabric

An expandable luggage bag including a first bag portion made of a first material that forms a first interior volume. The expandable luggage bag further includes a second bag portion made of a second material that has a first state having a first rigidity and a second state having a second rigidity different than the first rigidity.
Dareltech Llc

Method and in-situ health monitoring of solar cells in space

Some embodiments of the present invention describe an apparatus that includes an oscillator, a ramp generator, and an inverter. The apparatus includes an oscillator, an inverter, and a ramp generator.
Sunglory Beheer B.v.

Solaero Technologies Corp.

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Integrated solar photovoltaic devices and systems

Solar pv devices are disclosed, wherein these devices are produced as an integral part of a structural panel. The structural panel may subsequently be used in any number of ways, including being made an integral part of a building structure such as a wall or a roof or another type of barrier structure, or simply a stand-alone array or even a retrofit addition to an existing structure.
Sandia Solar Technologies Llc

Interlocking roofing system

The interlocking roofing system further comprises solar shingles that are adhesively and electrically interconnected, extending the circuiting via an electrical interconnection system to an electrical system or electrical devices.. .

Fluid-cooled blind panels configured to generate electricity and heat

The present invention is an apparatus and method using solar insolation to heat fluid moving through panels, resulting in relatively hot fluid. A set of such panels might be installed in a window.

Power conversion apparatus, power conversion method, and power conversion system

A power conversion apparatus, power conversion method, and a power conversion system can reduce the occurrence of unnecessary power loss. The power conversion apparatus converts direct current (dc) power supplied by a solar cell into alternating current (ac) power.
Kyocera Corporation

Organic solar cell module and manufacturing same

The present invention relates to a manufacturing method of an organic solar cell module and an organic solar cell module, and more particularly, to an organic solar cell module and a manufacturing method thereof, in which lower electrodes are spaced and etched in a staggered pattern and upper electrodes are coated to correspond to the lower electrodes to reduce a photoactive area of a sub cell and arrange more sub cells than sub cells in the related art in a predetermined area. Further, the present invention relates to an organic solar cell module and a manufacturing method thereof, which can reduce the installation cost and the manufacturing cost by coating a buffer layer and a photoactive layer on the lower electrode etched in the staggered pattern using a slot die coating apparatus in the related art..
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Compound semiconductor solar cell

A compound semiconductor solar cell that includes: a light absorbing layer; a first electrode; and a second electrode, wherein the light absorbing layer includes; a first semiconductor layer having a first band gap, a second semiconductor layer having a second band gap being larger than the first band gap and forming a hetero junction with the first semiconductor layer, and including a first material and a second material, and wherein in the junction buffer layer, a concentration of the first material on a surface in contact with the second semiconductor layer is larger than the concentration of the first material on a surface in contact with the first semiconductor layer, and a concentration of the second material on the surface in contact with the second semiconductor layer is smaller than the concentration of the second material on the surface in contact with the first semiconductor layer is disclosed.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Hybrid tandem solar cells with improved tunnel junction structures

Tandem solar cells comprising two or more solar cells connected in a solar cell stack via pn diode tunnel junctions and methods for fabricating the tandem solar cells using epitaxial lift off and transfer printing are provided. The tandem solar cells have improved tunnel junction structures comprising a current tunneling layer integrated between the p and n layers of the pn diode tunnel junction that connects the solar cells..
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Solar cell module and manufacturing solar cell module

The solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells that are sealed inside the sealing layer made of resin with light transmission properties, an identification label sheet that is sealed inside the sealing layer in a region different from the solar cells in a planar direction of the light transmissive substrate, and that is made of resin on which identification management information is noted, and a protective sheet that is stacked on the identification label sheet on the side of the light transmissive substrate, sealed inside the sealing layer, made of resin with light transmission properties, and contains therein ultraviolet absorbent. The protective sheet has greater ultraviolet absorbing properties in a specific thickness than a light-receiving-side sealing layer of the sealing layer, which is positioned on the side of the light transmissive substrate relative to a light-receiving surface of the solar cells in a thickness direction of the sealing layer..
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

Sinterable composition for use in solar photovoltaic cells

The present invention relates to a conductive paste composition for solar photovoltaic cells comprising metal particles dispersed in a suitable carrier therefor, wherein said carrier comprises a solvent and a resin, and wherein at least a portion of said metal particles are characterized by having a ψ value, as defined by x-ray diffraction <0.0020, having at least 50% degree of crystallinity, and being anisotropic with respect to crystallographic direction.. .
Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

Disclosed is a solar cell including a plurality of first electrodes electrically connected to a plurality of first conductive regions; and a plurality of second electrodes electrically connected to a plurality of second conductive regions. The plurality of first conductive regions and the plurality of second conductive regions are spaced apart from an edge of a semiconductor substrate by a first interval, the plurality of first conductive regions and the plurality of second conductive regions are spaced apart from each other in a second direction crossing a first direction by a second interval, and the second interval is the same as or less than the first interval..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Super cmos devices on a microelectronics system

A low cost ic solution is disclosed to provide super cmos microelectronics macros. Hereinafter, the super cmos or schottky cmos all refer to scmos.
Schottky Lsi, Inc.

Dye-sensitized solar cell including a semiconducting nanocomposite

A semiconducting nanocomposite and a dye-sensitized solar cell including the same, wherein the semiconducting nanocomposite comprises nanocomposite particles selected from the group consisting of tio2/zno/cds, tio2/zno/cdse, tio2/zno/pbs, tio2/zno/pbse, tio2/zns/cdse, tio2/zns/pbs, tio2/zns/pbse, wo3/zno/cdse, nb2o5/zno/cdse, and combinations thereof. Various embodiments of each component of the dye-sensitized solar cell, including electrodes, conductive layers, dyes, and electrolytes are also provided..
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University

Dye-adsorption method and apparatus thereof

A dye adsorption method and a dye adsorption apparatus is provided in this disclosure. The dye adsorption method includes a dye adsorption step.
Formosa Plastics Corporation

Detecting moisture in solar cells

An imaging apparatus includes a camera with a solid-state sensor and an illumination selector. The illumination selector is arranged for optical coupling with the sensor and arranged for communicating electromagnetic radiation within a shortwave infrared narrowband to the sensor.
Sensors Unlimited, Inc.

Sensor arrangement for using luminosity measurements in a room

The invention relates to a sensor arrangement that comprises a luminosity sensor that allows using luminosity measurements in a room. In an aspect of the invention, the luminosity sensor allows determining a level of sun radiations that allows correcting temperature measurements, in order to obtain an effective temperature of the room.
Netatmo

Systems and methods for radiative cooling and heating

Systems and methods for radiative cooling and heating are provided. For example, systems for radiative cooling can include a top layer including one or more polymers, where the top layer has high emissivity in at least a portion of the thermal spectrum and an electromagnetic extinction coefficient of approximately zero, absorptivity of approximately zero, and high transmittance in at least a portion of the solar spectrum, and further include a reflective layer including one or more metals, where the reflective layer has high reflectivity in at least a portion of the solar spectrum..
The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York

High temperature synthesis for power production and storage

Thermochemical energy storage (tces) for concentrating solar power (csp) systems provides higher energy density than sensible energy storage systems. An ammonia-based tces system dissociates endothermically into hydrogen and nitrogen.
The Regents Of The University Of California

Solar powered lighting assembly

A solar powered lighting apparatus comprising a base member, wherein the base member has a hollow interior compartment, a support system, wherein the support system is attached to the base member, a light receptacle, wherein the light receptacle is attached to the support system, a plurality of solar cells supported by the support system, and a power converter electronically connected to the plurality of solar cells, wherein the power converted by the power converter is sent to the light receptacle to provide power to a light source.. .

Osmosis energy storage & restoration system and indirect solar powerplant

Natural water evaporation is a buffered process with huge energy absorption from solar & its derivative wind energy. When large surface shallow pool filled with aqueous solution is exposed under sky, the most portion of natural energy will be spent for pulling water out of water molecules cluster, yet there is still some energy for splitting water from solutes, then the concentration increases, in turn, despite the main former energy is sacrificed, but the stronger solution can redeem most the latter energy during a process of pressure retarded osmosis (pro), via membranes separating solution & available water in situ, then the redeemed energy serves as utilizable power output, with the assistance of key units or components: the osmotic to hydraulic pressure transformer, the hydraulic oil current rectification fluidic circuit & a hydraulic motor.

Multi-source renewable power generation system

A multi-source power generation system to generate electricity by utilizing a combination of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and wave energy is disclosed. The power generating system comprises a frame including a float body and a cylindrical body integral to the float body is submerged below the surface of sea water.

Dual layered balcony cover

A dual layered balcony cover. The invention protects a balcony from heavy wind, heavy rain, mosquitos/insects, birds, and provides solar shading.

Space-qualified solar cell assembly comprising space-qualified solar cells shaped as a portion of a circle

This makes it possible to make efficient use of the material of the wafer from which the space-qualified solar cells are produced by reducing waste, while arrangement of the space-qualified solar cells into rectangular unit cells enables construction of substantially rectangular space-qualified solar cell arrays and assemblies that have their surface area covered substantially by space-qualified solar cells with little area unoccupied by space-qualified solar cells.. .

High altitude aircraft with integrated solar cells, and associated systems and methods

An aircraft includes a substrate having a curvature to form a lift surface, a plurality of solar cells carried by, bonded to, and impressed into the substrate, and electrical connections between the solar cells carried by the substrate. The electrical connections coupled to link the solar cells together to provide power to the aircraft while in flight..
X Development Llc

Video on demand for audio/video recording and communication devices

In an a/v recording and communication device, the power configuration of the device is considered when determining a setting for a keep-alive interval of the device. If the device is connected to a reliable and continuous source of power, such as ac mains, then the keep-alive interval may be set to a very short duration, thereby reducing or eliminating any latency that the user might experience when attempting to remotely access the camera of the device.
Ring Inc.

Apparatus and system for detecting photovoltaic health and quality in solar panels

A device that is attached to portable solar panels so as to allow users to readily verify panel quality and performance. In one example implementation, a device may perform a self-test by measuring the illuminated i-v (current-voltage) curve or dark i-v curve of the solar panel.
Thales Defense & Security, Inc.

Method of forecasting for solar-based power systems

The method of forecasting for solar-based power systems (10) recognizes that no single solar irradiance forecasting model provides the best forecasting prediction for every current weather trend at every time of the year. Instead, the method trains a classifier to select the best solar irradiance forecasting model for prevailing conditions through a machine learning approach.
Qatar Foundation For Education, Science And Community Development

Systems, circuits and methods for monitoring and dynamically configuring solar cells

A solar power system may comprise a back sheet that comprises an interconnect circuit coupling a plurality of cell tiles. A tiled solar cell, comprising a solar cell and encapsulating and glass layers, is inserted into the cell tiles of the back sheet.

Systems, circuits and methods for a solar system that incorporates tiled solar cells

A solar power system may comprise a back sheet that comprises an interconnect circuit coupling a plurality of cell tiles. A tiled solar cell, comprising a solar cell and encapsulating and glass layers, is inserted into the cell tiles of the back sheet.

Solar energy collection panel cleaning system

An apparatus, method and system for cleaning a solar panel includes a solar panel, one or more fluid reservoirs, a fluid dispenser at a first side of a solar panel, a mechanism for providing pressurized fluid to the fluid dispenser from the fluid reservoir(s), and a mechanism for dispensing the fluid from the dispenser. The solar panel is periodically cleaned and the motivation for cleaning may be a detected output condition of the panel, a detected weather condition, an expired time condition, detected precipitant accumulation, a manual command, or the like.

Solar array with elastic memory hinges

Deployable solar panels are disclosed. In some embodiments, the deployable solar panel includes an extendable member comprising a composite material and having a length and a width; a plurality of hinges, each of the plurality of hinges extending across the width of the extendable member, the plurality of hinges comprising composite material and a shape memory polymer; and a plurality of solar panels coupled with the extendable member.
Composite Technology Development, Inc.

Solar tracker drive shaft

A drive shaft includes an extruded internal tube having teeth formed thereon. The drive shaft also includes an extruded external tube having teeth formed therein and coaxially receiving the internal tube.
Neapco Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc

Variable profile solar-tracking photovoltaic system

Described herein are improved solar tracker systems having variable profiles and related operating methods thereof. Solar-tracking pv systems with variable twisted or aerodynamic profiles offer several advantages including improved wind stability, improved shading characteristics and/or capability to correct system component misalignment.
Sunpower Corporation

Support structure for maximizing solar-panel efficiency and facilitating solar-panel installation

A support structure for maximizing solar-panel efficiency and facilitating solar-panel installation reduces the effort of installing solar-panels. The support structure includes a support pole, a primary panel-supporting bracket, an extension arm, and an extension leg.
Sane Innovations, Llc.

Solar dual-system controller and control circuit thereof

A solar dual-system controller comprising a shell, a solar panel, a circuit board, a first rear cover and a second rear cover; the solar panel is disposed on the outer wall of the shell; the first rear cover is fixed to the shell, thereby forming a first chamber; the circuit board is fixed within the first chamber; a storage battery, which is electrically connected to the circuit board, is fixed within the first chamber; the second rear cover is snapped to the shell, thereby forming a second chamber; a dry battery, which is electrically connected to the circuit board, is detachably disposed within the second chamber.. .
Ningbo Tianchenghuiguang Solar, Ltd.

System and charging autonomously powered devices using variable power source

A solar or self-powered assembly includes a rechargeable battery and photo voltaic panel and/or wind turbine for supplying a battery charging current. A charge controller processor is controls charging current from the photovoltaic panel and/or wind turbine to maintain the battery in a substantially fully charged state of 80% or more state of charge over daily charge and discharge cycle charging is based on a projected target energy input based on the initial bulk energy charge, the level of discharge required to compensate for charging inefficiencies and the battery capacity factor representative of the projected natural charge in the battery over its lifespan..
Clear Blue Technologies Inc.

Electrical equipment and electronic circuit for anti corrosion treatment on metal surfaces

Developed to work in two energized circuit configurations (c1) from alternating current and energized circuit (c2) from direct current, both mounted in their boxes, respectively box (1) and box (2) to treat metal surface against corrosion. Through the circuit (c1), the box (1) works where only there is power originated from the electrical grid, alternating with voltage from 95 to 250 v, for anti-corrosion treatment for appliances, gates, railings, solar heating devices, air conditioning and others, in industrial environments for all types of machinery and structures, as well as for large equipment such as civil construction, bridges, containers, ships, oil platforms, wind towers, transmission of phone signals, electricity, etc.

Control of a multiple input solar power inverter

A solar power inverter includes a number of photovoltaic (pv) inputs for connecting pv modules, a dc-dc converter at each of the pv inputs and a dc-ac inverter for converting the outputs of the dc-dc converters to an ac output power that may be fed into a power grid. The invention provides a method of controlling such a solar power inverter including the steps of identifying a pv input by assigning a priority value to the pv inputs and identifying the pv input with the highest assigned priority value, calculating a set value for the dc-dc converter at the identified pv input that is equal or below a maximum power capacity of the pv module connected to the identified pv input, and applying the set value for the dc-dc converter at the identified pv input..
Det International Holding Limited

Alignment markers for precision automation of manufacturing solar panels and methods of use

Systems and methods for manufacturing solar panels are provided herein. Such systems can include an automated shingling module that creates a string of cells by overlapping the strips.
Solarcity Corporation

Interdigitated back contact metal-insulator-semiconductor solar cell with printed oxide tunnel junctions

Screen-printable metallization pastes for forming thin oxide tunnel junctions on the back-side surface of solar cells are disclosed. Interdigitated metal contacts can be deposited on the oxide tunnel junctions to provide all-back metal contact to a solar cell..
Zhejiang Kaiying New Materials Co., Ltd.

Expandable photovoltaic submodules

An expandable photovoltaic submodule comprises an adapter. The adapter comprises: an upper level port, wherein the upper level port comprises a front-positive terminal, a front-negative terminal, a first rear-positive terminal, and a first rear-negative terminal; a lower level port, wherein the lower level port comprises a second rear-positive terminal and a second rear-negative terminal; a first solar cell port, wherein the first solar cell port comprises a cell positive terminal and a cell negative terminal; and a plurality of potential lines coupled to the upper level port, the lower level port, and the first solar cell port, wherein the plurality of potential lines are adapted to series or parallel connections of at least two levels..
Industrial Technology Research Institute

Solar cell and solar cell module

Provided is a solar cell that includes: a semiconductor substrate on which at least pn junctions are formed; a multiplicity of finger electrodes that are formed in a comb-like shape on at least one surface of the semiconductor substrate; and a plurality of bus bar electrodes that are arranged so as to be orthogonal to the lengthwise direction of the finger electrodes and are connected with the finger electrodes. This solar cell is configured so that the finger electrodes connected with one of the bus bar electrodes are separated from the finger electrodes connected with another bus bar electrode that is arranged so as to be parallel to this one of the bus bar electrodes, and ends in the lengthwise direction of adjacent two or more of the finger electrodes connected with each bus bar electrode are electrically connected with one another by auxiliary electrodes.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Solar cell and organic semiconductor material

The present invention aims to provide a solar cell having high photoelectric conversion efficiency and excellent high-temperature durability, and an organic semiconductor material. The present invention relates to a solar cell having: an electrode; a counter electrode; a photoelectric conversion layer disposed between the electrode and the counter electrode; and a hole transport layer disposed between the photoelectric conversion layer and the counter electrode, the hole transport layer containing an ionic compound that contains an organic semiconductor cation and a fluorine-containing compound anion, the hole transport layer having a metal concentration of 1,000 ppm or lower..
Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.

Solar cells having differentiated p-type and n-type architectures

Methods of fabricating solar cell emitter regions with differentiated p-type and n-type region architectures, and the resulting solar cells, are described herein. In an example, a solar cell includes an n-type semiconductor substrate having a light-receiving surface and a back surface.
Sunpower Corporation

Siloxane-containing solar cell metallization pastes

Frontside metallization pastes for solar cell electrodes contain siloxanes. Metallization pastes containing siloxanes can be used to fabricate fine line, high aspect ratio, solar cell gridlines..
Zhejiang Kaiying New Materials Co., Ltd.

Organic solar cell and manufacturing method therefor

The present application relates to an organic solar cell including: a first electrode; a second electrode which is disposed to face the first electrode; and an organic material layer having one or more layers which includes a photoactive layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, in which one or more layers of the organic material layer include two or more regions having different thicknesses.. .
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Metal matrix composites for contacts on solar cells

A method for forming electrical contacts for a solar cell and a solar cell formed using the method is provided. The method includes forming a first metal layer over predefined portions of a surface of the solar cell; depositing a carbon nanotube layer over the first metal layer; and forming a second metal layer over the carbon nanotube layer, wherein the first metal layer, the carbon nanotube layer, and the second metal layer form a first metal matrix composite layer that provides electrical conductivity and mechanical support for the metal contacts..
Stc.unm

Magnetic wafer gripper

Systems and methods are described for transferring wafers between processing steps in the fabrication of solar cells. The wafers may be processed using a cluster tool including a load-lock, a plurality of processing modules, and a central robot to transfer wafers between the plurality of modules.
Solarcity Corporation

Dye-sensitized solar cell having counter electrode that is provided with collector electrode

Provided is a dye-sensitized solar cell with a large area that can exhibit high electrical power. The dye-sensitized solar cell is a dye-sensitized solar cell in which a photoelectrode and a counter electrode are disposed opposite to each other via an electrolyte layer; (1) the photoelectrode comprising a titanium material and a titanium oxide layer containing a dye sensitizing agent formed on the titanium material; and (2) the counter electrode comprising a transparent conductive glass or transparent conductive film coated with an electrochemical-reduction catalyst layer, the counter electrode being provided with a collector electrode..
Showa Co., Ltd.

Hybrid organic-inorganic electron selective overlayers for halide perovoskites

A significant improvement in the stability of inverted perovskite solar cells against liquid water and high operating temperature (100° c.) by integrating an ultrathin overlayer in the electron transport layer via atomic layer deposition (ald). These unencapsulated inverted devices exhibit stable operation over at least 10 hours when subjected to high thermal stress (100° c.) in ambient environments, as well as upon direct contact with a droplet of water without further encapsulation..
Uchicago Argonne, Llc

Torque coupler and support point

A torque tube coupler that rigidly connects reflectors and provides for substantially 360° rotational freedom for the reflectors as well as the ability to transmit rotation from one reflector to another so that the reflectors may essentially be placed at the same angle. The torque coupler includes first and second torque tube coupler assemblies each configured to be connected to a reflector in a solar energy collection system.
United States Of America As Represented By Secretary Of The Navy

Test device

A bypass diode with a disconnection fault is identified. A test device includes: a signal introduction circuit that applies a disconnection position identification signal to between a positive electrode and a negative electrode of a solar battery string; and a fault calculating part that identifies the bypass diode with a disconnection fault on the basis of an ac component of a voltage between a frame ground and the positive electrode or an ac component of a voltage between the frame ground and the negative electrode when the disconnection position identification signal is applied..
Omron Corporation

Integral solar collection cover

The invention relates to an integral solar collection cover designed for a carrier structure (2) which is anchored to the slab (3), a waterproofing layer for waterproofing channelled plates (4) and solar covering plates (5), and optionally, conventional plates (6), all of the solar covering plates (5) being hybrid, integrating the installation and photovoltaic solar collection devices for generating electrical energy, and thermal solar collection devices for generating domestic hot water and heat. Said solar plates (5) are “sandwich”-type panels made of polyester, transparent resins and polyurethane, comprising an upper layer (5a) which is flat or undulating with different finishes, below which there are installed photovoltaic cells (12) with wiring (13), electrical connectors and components, and a thermal water pipe circuit (14), which is inserted in cavities (15) that have been filled with a non-evaporable, low-boiling liquid, and provided with inflow connections (14a) and outflow connections (14b)..

Solar array in a wireless tower

A solar panel may include a photovoltaic cell that includes the characteristic of being thin enough to bend without imposing strain that damages the photovoltaic cell, and the photovoltaic cell is configured to wrap around a wireless communication tower.. .
Wind Tower Technologies, Llc

Conduit tile hook

A conduit tile hook is disclosed for supporting a conduit above a roof. The conduit tile hook simply slides under an existing roof tile, without cut-outs or removing any nails, and allows the conduit to sit 1.5″ off of the roof surface to decrease the effects of heating caused by solar irradiance..
Mycrogrid Electric Corp.

Method for configuring a motorised drive device for a home automation unit, and associated unit and motorised drive device

A method for configuring a motorized drive device for a closure or solar protection unit including: placing of the motorized drive device in a configuration mode; first movement of a screen towards its unwound position, by activation of the motorized drive device; automatic determination of a low end-of-travel position of the screen; movement of the screen towards its wound position, by activation of the motorized drive device; second movement of the screen towards its unwound position, by activation of the motorized drive device; and stopping of the motorized drive device at the low end-of-travel position of the screen determined during the automatic determination step. The step including the automatic determination of the low end-of-travel position of the screen includes a sub-step for measuring the value of the electric current passing through the electric motor, performed by the measurement device, and a sub-step for determining a variation in the measured value..
Somfy Activites Sa

Methods for configuring and controlling the operation of a motorised drive device for a home automation unit, and associated unit and motorised drive device

Disclosed is a method for configuring a motorized drive device for a closure or solar protection unit, the method including: a step in which a low end-of-travel position of a screen is determined automatically; a step in which the magnitude of an electric current passing through an electric motor is measured by a measurement device; a step in which a variation in the value magnitude is determined; and a step in which an obstacle-detection threshold value is determined during the movement of the screen towards its unwound position, according to the variation in the measured magnitude.. .
Somfy Activtes Sa

Customizable glass wall system with partitioned film

A customizable glass wall system is disclosed. The system comprises at least two glazed, transparent panes mounted to a frame, creating an internal space less than approximately five inches thick.

Solar heat-reflective roofing granules, solar heat-reflective shingles, and process for producing same

Solar-reflective roofing granules having improved solar heat-resistance are formed by coating colored mineral particles with a coating composition including titanium dioxide nanoparticles.. .
Certainteed Corporation

Coated substrate for solar control

The invention relates to substrates, in particular to transparent substrates, optionally coloured, coated with an infrared-reflecting layer and capable of being used as glazing in buildings or in vehicles. Said coated substrates are made up of the combination of a glass substrate in which the composition has a redox of less than 15%, characterised by infrared reflection rirv so that rirv≥1.087*tlv, wherein tlv is the light transmission of the glass, and an infrared reflecting layer characterised by light transmission tlc so that tlc≥1.3*tirc, wherein tirc is the infrared transmission of the layer..
Agc Glass Europe

Deployable solar array for small spacecraft

The present disclosure provides, among other things, a deployable solar array comprising: an array of electromagnetic transducer devices such as photovoltaic devices; and a flexible, elongated, rectangular sheet for supporting the array of electromagnetic transducer devices composed of a composite laminate having a predetermined pattern of graphite fiber plies which impart a predefined tension in the planar surface of the sheet so that it curls into a planar sheet with a uniform radius of curvature along its major axis.. .
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Multi-zone air conditioner system for large vehicles and control method thereof

A multi-zone air conditioner system for large vehicles may include an air conditioning device configured to partition an internal of a vehicle into a plurality of zones to independently cool each zone, a detecting device configured to include a room temperature detector for detecting a room temperature of each zone and a photo detector for detecting an amount of solar radiation, an input device configured to switch an operating state of the air conditioning device to an automatic mode or a manual mode, and a control device configured to generate a control signal for operating the air conditioning device based on a signal transmitted from the detecting device and the input device.. .
Kia Motors Corporation

Laminated glazing for solar control

The invention relates to laminated glazing comprising a substrate, in particular a transparent substrate, optionally coloured, coated with an infrared-reflecting layer and capable of being used as glazing in buildings or in vehicles. The coated substrate is made up of the combination of a glass substrate in which the composition has a redox of less than 15%, characterised by infrared reflection rirv so that rirv≥1.087*tlv, wherein tlv is the light transmission of the glass, and an infrared reflecting layer characterised by light transmission tlc so that tlc≥1.3*tirc, wherein tirc is the infrared transmission of the layer.
Agc Glass Europe

Solar desalination device and method

A solar desalination system that heats sea water in pressurized columns and controls the release of the steam so that energy can be generated. The heating columns normally operate in parallel and are heated by cylindrical mirrors which concentrate sunlight on each heating column.

Sun protection device having solar panels

The invention relates to a sun protection device comprising a base body and a support structure for a clampable surface structure, the structure having a plurality of support elements, and a device for the utilization of solar energy, characterized in that the support elements (1; 10) divide the surface structure (7; 17) in covering regions (7.1, 7.2; 17.1, 17.2;) and in that at least one support element (1; 10) is designed as a solar panel.. .

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

. .

Connecting solar modules

A module connector connects a first solar module to a second solar module. A first part of the module connector includes a top component having a top flange that is slightly tilted lower at a tip of the top flange.

Clamp assembly for solar tracker

In an example, the solar tracker has a clamp assembly configured to pivot a torque tube. In an example, the assembly has a support structure configured as a frame having configured by a first and second anchoring region.
Nextracker Inc.

Building integrated photovoltaic system for tile roofs

Building integrated photovoltaic (bipv) systems provide for solar panel arrays that can be aesthetically pleasing to an observer, with minimal visible difference between photovoltaic and non-photovoltaic areas of the bipv system. Bipv systems can be incorporated as part of roof surfaces as built into the structure of the roof, particularly as roofing tiles that have photovoltaic elements embedded or incorporated into the body of the roofing tiles.
Solarcity Corporation

Structural attachment sealing system

In various representative aspects, the present invention relates generally to a system and apparatus for sealing a structural attachment to a flat or shingle roof. More specifically, the invention relates to providing the system for sealing structural attachments for solar panel mounts for rail guides.
Solsera, Inc.

Structural attachment sealing system

In various representative aspects, the present invention relates generally to a system and apparatus for sealing a structural attachment to a flat or shingle roof. More specifically, the invention relates to providing the system for sealing structural attachments for solar panel mounts for rail guides.
Solsera, Inc.

Solar power generation system

In the general formula, irr denotes a used light intensity, and t denotes a temperature. Vtl(irr, t) denotes the lower limit value of the target output voltage.

Copolymer and organic solar cell comprising same

The present specification relates to a copolymer and an organic solar cell comprising the same.. .
Lg Chem, Ltd

Multijunction solar cell having patterned emitter and making the solar cell

A multijunction solar cell includes a base substrate comprising a group iv semiconductor and a dopant of a first carrier type. A patterned emitter is formed at a first surface of the base substrate.
The Boeing Company

Solar cell module and conductor

A solar cell module includes: an at least one solar cell disposed between a first cover and a second cover; a sealing material that fills a gap between the first cover and the second cover to join them together, and seals the solar cell; and a tab line as a conductor electrically connected to the solar cell and enclosed by the sealing material between the first cover and the second cover, the tab line having a plurality of bases, and an expansion and contraction portion that can expand and contract in a longitudinal direction and connects the plurality of bases, the plurality of bases each being provided with a through hole and a connection base electrically connected to the solar cell, at least one of the first cover and the second cover having a boss as a positioning unit that positions the tab line.. .
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Solar battery module, and manufacturing solar battery module

L-shaped positive electrode bus bar 11 and negative electrode bus bar 12 are provided along a vertical side 1b and a horizontal side 1c of the solar battery module 1, positive electrode output terminals 13a and 13b, and negative electrode output terminals 14a and 14b are led out from the long horizontal side 1c, and a positive electrode box 15, a negative electrode box 16, and the like are provided to the long horizontal side 1c. In addition, all solar battery cells 3 of first and second rows r1 and l2 are connected in series by using only one connection bus bar 7.
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha

High performance solar cells, arrays and manufacturing processes therefor

High performance single crystal silicon cells and arrays thereof are manufactured using a rapid process flow. Tunneling junctions formed in the process provide performance benefits, such as higher efficiency and a lower power temperature coefficient.
Mpower Technology, Inc.

Photovoltaic power generation system inspection apparatus and inspection method

A defect number determination unit determines whether or not a solar cell string is defective in a plurality of positions on the basis of whether or not a combined impedance found from impedances in the case where an inspection signal is applied to a p terminal and an n terminal of the solar cell string deviates from a reference impedance by greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold.. .
Omron Corporation

Multijunction metamorphic solar cell for space applications

A multijunction solar cell assembly and its method of manufacture including interconnected first and second discrete semiconductor body subassemblies disposed adjacent and parallel to each other, each semiconductor body subassembly including first top subcell, second (and possibly third) lattice matched middle subcells; a graded interlayer adjacent to the last middle solar subcell; and a bottom solar subcell adjacent to said graded interlayer being lattice mismatched with respect to the last middle solar subcell; wherein the interconnected subassemblies form at least a four junction solar cell by a series connection being formed between the bottom solar subcell in the first semiconductor body and the bottom solar subcell in the second semiconductor body.. .
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Monolithically integrated thin-film device with a solar cell, an integrated battery, and a controller

A thin-film monolithically integrated solar module with a solar cell, an integrated energy storage device, and a controller may be provided. It may comprise a thin-film solar cell, having at least one solar diode, on a transparent substrate, a thin-film energy storage device, and an electronic controller comprising at least one thin-film transistor above the thin-film energy storage device.
International Business Machines Corporation

Less than maximum effective solar design

A method of designing bifacial solar panels installations that does not rely on the use of all available space to maximize electrical output and return on investment. Instead, the design method relies on building a solar farm that provides the buyer with less than optimal electrical output but meets requirements to improve the return and breakeven over traditional installations.

Splicing-type liquid crystal display device

The invention provides a splicing-type liquid crystal display device including multiple liquid crystal display screens arranged in an array. The liquid crystal display screens have a splicing gap formed thereamong.
Wuhan China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Sunlight collection system with asymmetric catadioptric optics

The system captures and concentrates sunlight for transmission to interior spaces or to a pv system. A solar collector uses arrayed refractive lenses, opposing concave focusing mirrors, and a movable coupling sheet forming part of a lightguide.
Glint Photonics, Inc.

Compositions, systems, and neural networks for bidirectional energy transfer, and thermally enhanced solar absorbers

The present invention provides a bidirectional energy-transfer system comprising: a thermally and/or electrically conductive concrete, disposed in a structural object; a location of energy supply or demand that is physically isolated from, but in thermodynamic and/or electromagnetic communication with, the thermally and/or electrically conductive concrete; and a means of transferring energy between the structural object and the location of energy supply or demand. The system can be a single node in a neural network.
Generative Technology Operatives, Llc

Selective solar absorbers with tuned oxygen deficiency and methods of fabrication thereof

Systems and methods disclosed herein are directed towards the fabrication of a solar absorber comprising an ir reflector layer deposited on a substrate; a first cermet layer deposited in contact with the ir reflector layer; a second cermet layer deposited in contact with the first cermet layer; a first anti-reflection coating layer deposited in contact with the second cermet layer; a second anti-reflection coating layer deposited in contact with the first anti-reflection coating layer. A sputtering process may be used to deposit some or all of the layers, and the ysz layers in each cermet layer may be deposited with a tuned partial oxygen pressure in order to form a layer that is oxygen-deficient..
Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Solar pump controlling solar pump system

A solar pump system comprises a solar module configured to generate dc power from sunlight, a water pump, an inverter configured to convert the dc power into ac power in order to drive the water pump, and a controller configured to generate a control signal for controlling an output frequency of the ac power. The controller compares the dc link voltage with a first reference level, adjusts the output frequency of the ac power, if the dc link voltage is greater than the first reference level, and determines the output frequency to prevent the dc link voltage from being equal to or less than a second reference level, if the dc link voltage is less than the first reference level..
Lsis Co., Ltd.

Umbrella system with solar powered device charging station

An umbrella system with integrated charging station includes an umbrella having a central pole, a canopy and a base member. A plurality of solar panels are disposed along the outside facing surface of the canopy for converting sunlight into electricity.

Solar reflective particulates

A reflective particulate composition includes a particulate substrate, and an inorganic binder, a pigment, and a hydrophobic coating on the particulate substrate. The composition may have a solar reflectance of 70% or greater.
U.s. Silica Company

Multi-purpose portable fan

A multi-purpose portable fan, which may include a hand-held-style fan to enhance the atmosphere at an event while having a mobile device application, which may be able to summon aid when needed. The hand-held style fan may have located in a handle and/or otherwise lights, or a fan array with led lights.

Hybrid cooling system having a freon heat exchanger

A hybrid cooling system is disclosed including but not limited to an array of solar cells electrically connected to inverters for producing electricity from the sun; a chiller controller processor in data communication with the inverters and a non-transitory computer readable medium; a chiller in data communication with the chiller controller processor and in thermal communication with inverters in a sealed enclosure, wherein the inverters are cooled by an inverter coolant fluid; an array of solar cells attached to the inverters for producing power from the sun; a free cooler in data communication with the chiller controller processor and in thermal communication with the inverter cooling fluid; a freon loop positioned a water pipe carrying the inverter cooling fluid from the invert to the chiller; and a temperature sensor apparatus in thermal communication with the inverter cooling fluid; a switch for controlling an on off state for the chiller and the cooler, where in the processor for turns the chiller on and the cooler off when the inverter cooling fluid is above a predetermined temperature. A method is disclosed for using the system..
Electronic Power Design

System and net load-based inference of operational specifications of a photovoltaic power generation system with the aid of a digital computer

A system and method for net load-based inference of operational specifications of a photovoltaic power generation system with the aid of a digital computer are provided. Photovoltaic plant configuration specifications can be accurately inferred with net load data and measured solar resource data.
Clean Power Research, L.l.c.

Method for testing the strings of solar modules of a photovoltaic system, and photovoltaic inverter for carrying out the method

The invention relates to a method for testing the strings (3) of a photovoltaic system, and also to a photovoltaic inverter (1) for carrying out this method. According to the invention, each relay (14), each current-measuring device (15) and the voltage-measuring device (16) are connected to the control device (7) and said control device is designed to control each relay (14), each current-measuring device (15) and the voltage-measuring device (16) in such a way as to automatically ascertain at least individual values of the u/i characteristic curve of each string (3), and said control device is connected to at least one interface (17) for connection to sensors for measuring environmental parameters in the region of the string (3) and is connected to a memory (10) for storing the ascertained values for creating a test report, wherein the control device (7) is further designed to convert the ascertained values optionally to standard test conditions under defined environmental conditions and to compare said ascertained values with values which are stored in the memory (10)..
Fronius International Gmbh

Multifunctional solar energy system

Disclosed is a multifunctional solar energy system comprising a converging system and two solar energy utilization devices (p1, p2), wherein the converging system comprises at least one light-focusing refractive surface (s1) and one reflective surface (s2); at least one of the reflective surface (s2) and the two solar energy utilization devices (p1, p2) are movable; if the reflective surface (s2) is movable, the two solar energy utilization devices (p1, p2) are respectively provided on light paths before and after the reflective surface (s2) moves; and if the reflective surface (s2) is fixed, the two solar energy utilization devices (p1, p2) are successively provided in the light path after the reflective surface (s2). The solar energy system is able to place one of the two solar energy utilization devices (p1, p2) in the light path by moving the movable component so as to respectively use the two solar energy utilization devices (p1, p2) at different times, thereby greatly extending the function of the solar energy system and improving the comprehensive utilization rate of the system..
Boly Media Communications (shenzhen) Co., Ltd.

Integrated solar building product panels

An integrated solar building product panel that may be integrated into an existing structure's building materials providing an esthetically pleasing appearance and structural integrity. The shock absorbing and vibration damping construction panel comprises at least one solar cell assembly supported by a bottom support component with a vibration damping component surrounding each solar cell assembly.

Solar photovoltaic power systems

Solar photovoltaic power systems that are also utilized for hardscaping or softscaping or landscaping. Pavers that generates solar power and is used for hardscaping in a solar photovoltaic power system, artificial plants that generates solar power and is used for softscaping in a solar photovoltaic power system, artificial grass that generates solar power and is used for softscaping in a solar photovoltaic power system, and/or any combination of aforementioned pavers, artificial plants, and/or artificial grass that generates solar power and is used for landscaping in a solar photovoltaic power system..

Charging control system and device

A charging control system for charging a secondary battery from a solar battery, including a first path for transmitting power from the solar battery to the secondary battery, a second path for sensing the voltage of the secondary battery, and a comparison unit for comparing the solar battery voltage with the sensed voltage of the secondary battery. The first path includes a first interrupter, controlled by the comparison unit, which interrupts the first path to prevent discharge of the secondary battery through the solar battery when the solar battery voltage falls below the secondary battery voltage.
Lapis Semiconductor Co., Ltd.

Solar energy systems

In one aspect, solar energy systems are described herein. In some embodiments, such a comprises an electrochemical cell comprising a photoelectrode, a counter electrode, and an ion transport membrane disposed between the photoelectrode and counter electrode.
Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System

Method for producing a first electrode / active layer / second electrode stack

A process for producing a stack of a first electrode/active layer/second electrode, which stack is intended for an electronic device, in particular an organic photodetector or an organic solar cell, the process comprises the following steps: (a) depositing a first conductor layer on the front side of a substrate, in order to form the first electrode; and (b) depositing an active layer taking the form of a thin organic semiconductor layer, this layer including discontinuous zones; wherein this process further comprises the following steps: (d) depositing a resist layer on that side of the stack which is opposite the substrate, which is at least partially transparent; (e) exposing the resist layer via the back side of the substrate; (f) developing the resist layer; and (g) depositing a second conductor layer in order to form the conductive second electrode.. .
Trixell

Electronic devices using organic small molecule semiconducting compounds

Small organic molecule semi-conducting chromophores containing a halogen-substituted core structure are disclosed. Such compounds can be used in organic heterojunction devices, such as organic small molecule solar cells and transistors..
Next Energy Technologies, Inc.

Method of manufacturng solar cell

A method of manufacturing a solar cell is disclosed. The method includes an overlap operation of overlapping front surfaces of two semiconductor substrates each other, a semiconductor layer depositing operation of simultaneously depositing a semiconductor layer on back surfaces of the two semiconductor substrates overlapping each other, a separating operation of separating the two semiconductor substrates overlapping each other, and a front surface texturing operation of texturing the front surfaces of the two semiconductor substrates after an etch stop layer forming operation..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Tandem solar cell and manufacturing the same

The present disclosure relates to a tandem solar cell and a method of manufacturing the same, and more particularly, to a tandem solar cell having a perovskite solar cell stacked on and bonded to a silicon solar cell and a method of manufacturing the same. According to the present disclosure, a tandem solar cell embodied by using a homojunction silicon solar cell is provided with a first passivation pattern so that a part of an emitter layer under the first passivation pattern is exposed, thereby protecting, by the first passivation pattern, the emitter layer during high temperature firing for forming a second electrode, reducing surface defects of the emitter layer, and reducing a problem in that characteristics of the perovskite solar cell are degraded..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Compound semiconductor solar cell

According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a compound semiconductor solar cell, comprising: a light absorbing layer comprising a compound semiconductor; a first electrode positioned on a front surface of the light absorption layer; a first contact layer positioned between the light absorbing layer and the first electrode; a second electrode positioned on a rear surface of the light absorbing layer and having a sheet shape; and a second contact layer positioned between the light absorbing layer and the second electrode. The second contact layer is partially formed on the rear surface of the light absorbing layer on the projection surface, and the second electrode includes a first portion in direct contact with the second contact layer and a second portion located between the first portions..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar cell rear surface protective sheet and solar cell module

Provided are: a solar cell rear surface protective sheet including a resin base material, a first colored layer which is disposed on one surface side of the resin base material, has an average transmittance of 20% or higher for infrared radiation with a wavelength of 750 nm to 2500 nm, and has a transmittance of 1% or lower for ultraviolet radiation with a wavelength of 325 nm, and a second colored layer which is disposed on the other surface side of the resin base material and of which each of an average transmittance and an average reflectivity for infrared radiation with a wavelength of 750 nm to 2500 nm is 10% or lower; and a solar cell module in which a first colored layer side of the solar cell rear surface protective sheet is disposed on the sealing material side sealing the solar cell element.. .
Fujifilm Corporation

Solar cell and solar cell panel including the same

Disclosed is a solar cell panel including: a semiconductor substrate having a long axis and a short axis that intersect; a first conductivity type region formed on one surface of the semiconductor substrate; a second conductivity type region formed on the other surface of the semiconductor substrate; a first electrode electrically connected to the first conductivity type region; and a second electrode electrically connected to the second conductivity type region. The first electrode includes: a plurality of finger lines positioned in a first direction parallel to the long axis and being parallel to each other; and a plurality of bus bars including a plurality of pad portions positioned in a second direction parallel to the short axis.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Method of manufacturing a finger electrode for a solar cell

A method of manufacturing a finger electrode for a solar cell including printing a conductive paste on one surface of a substrate using a print mask having an aperture ratio of about 65% or more, and baking the printed conductive paste. The conductive paste includes a conductive powder, a glass frit, and an organic vehicle.
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

A solar cell and a method of manufacturing the same are discussed. The method of manufacturing the solar cell includes forming a dopant layer on one surface of a semiconductor substrate, selectively etching at least a portion of the dopant layer positioned in a first area of the semiconductor substrate, performing a thermal processing operation on the semiconductor substrate to form a conductive region, removing the dopant layer remaining in the one surface of the semiconductor substrate, forming first electrodes on a second area of the semiconductor substrate, and forming second electrodes on a surface opposite the one surface of the semiconductor substrate.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Thermal management system for controlling the temperature of a reflective surface having a solar concentrator array

A thermal management system (“tms”) for controlling the temperature of a selective reflective panel is disclosed. The tms includes a solar concentrator array, a temperature sensor, and a controller.
The Boeing Company

Dye-sensitized solar cell

The present invention relates to a dye-sensitized solar cell, and in the present invention, in order to substantially increase the overall outer path line of the electrolyte injection hole, a structure of a corresponding electrolyte injection hole is improved such that the structure comprises: an inlet part exposed to the outside of a reception cell; a delivery part, which extends in a direction differing from that of the inlet part while being connected to the inlet part; and an outlet part, which extends in a direction differing from that of the delivery part while being connected to the delivery part and the reception cell, thereby inducing a large increase in the overall path of a tiny gap, which is formed between an interface of the electrolyte injection hole and a bonding stopper filled in the electrolyte injection hole.. .
Orion Co., Ltd.

Information transmitting apparatus

Product related information desired by a customer is caused to be preferentially acquired by the customer even when a part of light incident on a pop advertisement is blocked by the customer. An information transmitting apparatus (1) includes a transmitting unit that transmits the product related information as a radio signal; a fluorescent concentrating plate (11) that emits fluorescent light upon reception of incident light from both surfaces of at least a front surface and a back surface and guides the fluorescent light; and a solar cell (13) that provides the transmitting unit with power generated upon reception of the fluorescent light.
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha

Fluorescent concentrator solar cell

A high visual effect is achieved while variation in electric current values among solar cells is suppressed. A fluorescent concentrating plate (2) provided in a fluorescent concentrator solar cell (11) according to an aspect of the invention includes a display portion (3) that includes a peripheral end surface (31) which emits a part of guided light to an outside to thereby perform light emission and a base portion (4) that includes an upper end surface (41) supporting the display portion (3), and a lower end surface (42) and side end surfaces (43 and 44) on which a solar cell array (5) is arranged..
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha

Stylus with light energy harvesting

A stylus includes a housing extending over a length and including a first end opposite a second end, a circuit configured to generate a signal, a power source configured to power generation of the signal, a writing tip extending from the first end of the housing, and a light harvesting unit configured to generate energy. The light harvesting unit includes a transparent window integral with the housing and positioned proximal to the writing tip, a panel of solar cells configured to absorb light received through the transparent window, optical fibers configured to transmit light from the window toward the panel of solar cells and an optical diffuser configured to diffuse the light transmitted by the optical fibers over a spatial extent of the panel of solar cells.
Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc

Color filter substrate and liquid crystal display apparatus

The present application discloses a color filter substrate, including a glass substrate, a polarizer laminated on one surface of the glass substrate and a black matrix region disposed on the other surface of the glass substrate, the color filter substrate further including: a solar cell disposed on the glass substrate, and located between the glass substrate and the black matrix region, the polarizer comprising a hollow region to expose the glass substrate, the hollow region disposed opposite to the solar cell and the orthogonal projection of the solar cell covering the hollow region, the ambient light enters the glass substrate through the hollow region.. .
Wuhan China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Compositions, systems, and neural networks for bidirectional energy transfer, and thermally enhanced solar absorbers

The present invention provides a bidirectional energy-transfer system comprising: a thermally and/or electrically conductive concrete, disposed in a structural object; a location of energy supply or demand that is physically isolated from, but in thermodynamic and/or electromagnetic communication with, the thermally and/or electrically conductive concrete; and a means of transferring energy between the structural object and the location of energy supply or demand. The system can be a single node in a neural network.
Generative Technology Operatives, Llc

Modular facade or covering element with use of solar energy for water heating, air conditioning and ventilation

A system for heating a work fluid and for air circulation comprises a plurality of collectors fitted top-to-top in one or more columns, such that air ducts of the modules constitute a single duct along a column, wherein the solar collector comprises: one solar radiation planar absorber with one anterior face exposed to solar radiation and another posterior face affixed to the work fluid piping; one duct for exchanging heat with the planar absorber via the air duct which has its air inlet and outlet on opposite tops of the solar collector. The system can additionally comprise a descendent air duct to collect air from the upper part of the building and to supply air to the lower side of one or more columns of the facade..
Universidade De Aveiro

Flagpole illumination device

An illumination device having a pole mount, a light support that extends from the pole mount, a lighting unit is connected to the pole mount, and a solar panel assembly is mounted to the lighting unit. In another embodiment an illumination apparatus is provided having a pole mount and a lighting assembly, and the pole mount has a first clamp half and a second clamp half.

Water heating system and valving for these

A pump system for use with a solar collector system which is used to heat a heat transfer fluid, includes a storage tank and the pump system having a first and second pump arranged in parallel which can pump the heat transfer fluid from the storage tank to a solar collector, so that should one pump fail the other pump can function, wherein the outlet of the first pump and the outlet of the second pump are connected to a valve arrangement, whereby when the first pump operates the outlet of the second pump is substantially closed by the flow from the first pump and when the second pump operates the outlet of the first pump is substantially closed by the flow from the second pump.. .
Rheem Australia Pty Limited

Equipment tower

A collapsible equipment tower is operable between an extended configuration and a contracted configuration. The equipment to tower has a base, having a base frame and supporting a solar panel, and a pivot support, having a distal end for supporting equipment and a proximal end.
Atf Services Pty Ltd.

Ragsblock traffic barrier

The present invention is a traffic barrier with a conduit provided throughout its length. The conduit may be configured to house wiring, plumbing, irrigation, etc.

Polyester polyol, polyol preparation for laminating adhesive agent, resin composition, curable resin composition, adhesive agent for laminating use, and back sheet for solar cell

Provided are a polyester polyol which exhibits a high adhesion strength after being cured in a case of being used as a main agent for an adhesive for lamination, an excellent temporal stability in which the adhesion strength is not deteriorated in a heat and moisture resistance test, and an excellent appearance after being subjected to a lamination processing, a resin composition using the same, a two-part adhesive for lamination which contains the resin composition, and a back sheet for a solar cell. Specifically, as a main agent for the two-part adhesive for lamination, a polyester polyol which has a resin structure obtained by reacting a branched alkylene diol, a long-chain aliphatic dicarboxylic acid having 8 to 20 carbon atoms, and an aromatic tricarboxylic acid, and has a weight average molecular weight (mw) of 10,000 to 100,000 and a molecular weight distribution (mw/mn) of 3.0 to 4.7 is used..
Dic Corporation

Anthracene-based organic dye

Wherein the substituents contained in formula (1) are as defined herein. The anthracene-based organic dye may be used as a photosensitizer in dye-sensitized solar cells to effectively absorb light having a wavelength range which covers the entire visible light wavelength range and which even expands to a near infrared wavelength range and convert the absorbed light into photoelectric current..

Systems and methods of providing micro-renewable electrical energy

Various implementations of a system that addresses the need for clean drinking water, improved solid fuel combustion and convection of the heat resulting from the combustion, exhausting of gases and air-borne particulates resulting from combustion, and provides electricity for lighting and charging of battery-operated devices are described herein. The system may include at least one solar panel, a battery, a fan assisted exhaust hood, a fan assisted cooking device, and a water purification device.

Systems and methods of providing micro-renewable electrical energy

Various implementations of a system that addresses the need for clean drinking water, improved solid fuel combustion and convection of the heat resulting from the combustion, exhausting of gases and air-borne particulates resulting from combustion, and provides electricity for lighting and charging of battery-operated devices are described herein. The system may include at least one solar panel, a battery, a fan assisted exhaust hood, a fan assisted cooking device, and a water purification device.

Solar desalination system employing a humidification-dehumidification process

A hydro-thermal exchange unit (hteu) for desalinating feed water in accordance with a humidification-dehumidification includes feed water, fresh water and gas conduit circuits for transporting feed water, fresh water, and gas, respectively. The unit also includes an evaporator through which a portion of the feed water conduit and the gas conduit pass.
Sunlight Photonics Inc.

Vehicle

A vehicle includes: a solar panel; a power storage device configured to store electric power generated by the solar panel; and a control device configured to control charging and discharging of thee power storage device such that a state of charge of the power storage device is in a range between an upper limit value and a lower limit value. The control device is configured to set the upper limit value to be larger when an external power supply mode in which the electric power generated by the solar panel is supplied to the outside of the vehicle via the power storage device is selected than when the external power supply mode is not selected..
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Insertable photoelectric device using absorption of light penetrating skin and electronic apparatus having same photoelectric device

An implantable photovoltaic device. The implantable photovoltaic device includes: at least two solar microcells configured to absorb sunlight; a thin film wire configured to connecting the at least two solar microcells to each other; a film configured to support the solar microcells; an upper encapsulation layer configured to encapsulate an upper side of the solar microcells and shield the solar microcells from the outside; and a lower encapsulation layer configured to encapsulate a lower side of the film and connect to the encapsulation layer.
Gwangju Institute Of Science And Technology

Functional clothing

Functional clothing containing an outer skin and an inner skin is provided. The outer skin is formed to be normal outdoor clothing and has a light emitting part attached thereto.
Kolon Industries, Inc.

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Optimum Tracker

. .

Method for predictive control of the orientation of a solar tracker

Servo-controlling the orientation of the solar tracker according to the prior evolution of the optimum inclination angle and depending on the future evolution of the optimum inclination angle.. .

Solar energy apparatus and method

Disclosed embodiments include multi-plane photovoltaic modules and/or solar panel arrangements, as well as solar farms constituted with such arrangements/modules. In embodiments, a solar panel arrangement may include a first solar panel having a first plurality of solar photovoltaic modules, disposed at a first plane; and a second solar panel having a second plurality of solar photovoltaic modules, disposed at a second plane, vertically offset from the first plane.

Modular and scalable capacitor storage array power system

A power system using capacitor arrays for storing the light energy as electricity is provided. The power system uses all solid-state materials for providing modularity and scalability.

Short-circuit fault detection device

A short-circuit fault detection device detects a short-circuit fault in a step-up and step-down dc-dc converter that takes generated power of a solar cell as an input and outputs a predetermined voltage to a power storage. The dc-dc converter includes a step-up upper arm, a step-up lower arm, a step-down upper arm, and a step-down lower arm.
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Multi-junction solar cell

A multi-junction solar cell of an embodiment includes a first solar cell including a first photoelectric conversion device, a second solar cell including a plurality of second photoelectric conversion devices connected in series and having a back contact, and an insulating layer between the first solar cell and the second solar cell. A device isolation region is provided between the second photoelectric conversion devices connected in series..
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba

Parallel interconnection of neighboring solar cells with dual common back planes

A solar assembly or module comprising a plurality of solar cells and a support, the support comprising a conductive layer or back plane on each planar side. Each one of the plurality of solar cells is placed on the first conductive portion with the first contact electrically connected to the first conductive portion so that the solar cells are connected in parallel through the first conductive portion.
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Solar battery module and manufacturing solar battery module

An object of the present invention is to obtain an easy-to-work solar battery module having high joining strength as well as suppressing an increase in residual thermal stress without increasing the thickness of an interconnector. The solar battery module of the present invention includes a solar battery cell including a semiconductor substrate having pn junction, and a first electrode and a second electrode that are formed on a p-type region and an n-type region of the semiconductor substrate and an interconnector to connect the solar battery cell and an adjacent solar battery cell.
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

Solar panel system

The present invention relates to a solar panel system, particularly a novel solar panel design to increase performance in a cost-effective manner. The present invention includes a solar panel assembly.

Dye-sensitised solar cell

A dye-sensitised solar cell according to the present invention allows a remaining sector of an undamaged partition wall or remaining arranged partition walls to perform their original role normally even though a part of a sector of a partition wall that has been divided by partition wall division slits or a part of partition walls that are consecutively arranged is damaged due to an increase in the volume of the electrolyte resulting from a temperature rise and an increase in the pressure inside an electrolyte accommodation cell resulting from the increase in the volume of the electrolyte by additionally forming the partition division slits inside the partition wall separating electrolyte accommodation cells capable of dividing the corresponding partition wall into a plurality of sectors, or by consecutively arranging the plurality of partition walls, and can thereby solve various problems resulting from damage of a partition wall.. .
Orion Co., Ltd.

Perovskite solar cells for space

Provided is a multijunction photovoltaic device, including: a first subcell and a second subcell. The first cell includes a base semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer.
The Boeing Company

New generation conductive polymers, manufacturing method thereof, and their applications including electric wires, tapes, and cables, hot surface igniters, electronics devices, 3d printing filaments, and lightweight materials for automobile and aerospace ship

The invention relates to inorganic conductive polymer with a melting point over 1,000° c., based on c, mg, and b, comprising both magnetic and nonmagnetic ions. They form amorphous polymer phase and the electrical resistivity can be varied from 10−6 Ωcm to 1018 Ωcm.

Gas cabinets

Gas supply systems and methods are described for delivery of gas to gas-utilizing process tools, e.g., gas-utilizing tools for manufacturing of semiconductor products, flat-panel displays, solar panels, etc. The gas supply systems may comprise gas cabinets that are arranged with adsorbent-based and/or interiorly pressure-regulated gas supply vessels therein, and a gas mixing manifold is described, which may be disposed in the gas cabinet or operated in a standalone fashion.
Entegris, Inc.

Fine fluorescent-material particles, process for producing fine fluorescent-material particles, thin fluorescent-material film, wavelength conversion film, wavelength conversion device, and solar cell

A luminescent substance particle includes basno3:zn having a perovskite-type structure, a content of zn (zinc) being more than 0.0% by mass and less than 8.0% by mass. Alternatively, a luminescent substance particle includes basno3:mg having a perovskite-type structure, a content of mg (magnesium) being more than 0.0% by mass and less than 0.1% by mass..
Ngk Insulators, Ltd.

Solar control coatings with discontinuous metal layer

An architectural transparency includes a substrate, a first dielectric layer formed over at least a portion of the substrate, a subcritical metallic layer formed over at least a portion of the first dielectric layer, a primer layer formed over the subcritical metallic layer and, a second dielectric layer formed over at least a portion of the primer layer. The primer layer contains an oxygen-capturing material that can be sacrificed during a deposition process or heating process to prevent degradation of the subcritical metallic layer..
Vitro S.a.b. De C.v.

Solar-powered charging umbrella with usb ports

A solar-powered umbrella has a cap structure that is connected by hinges to struts. The struts are relatively rigid and positioned above the umbrella shade and house solar panels.
Zon

. .

Casing for an electronic device

A casing for an electronic device includes a frame having first electrical port arranged to receive a removable solar panel member, and a power storage module arranged for storing energy for use by the electrical device; wherein the power storage module is arranged to receive energy from the solar panel member when the solar panel member is connected to the first electrical port.. .
Admiral Trading Limited

Sensor for measuring reflected light for optimizing deposited performance enhancement coatings on substrates

An innovative portable reflected light sensor for non-destructively measuring characteristics of performance enhancement coatings applied to substrates such as solar photovoltaic panels is described. The innovative portable sensor provides a light source and a photodetector for measuring light incident on a substrate surface from the light source, and reflected to the photodetector.

Solar cell module

The present invention relates to a solar cell module, includes a plurality of solar cells, a concentration unit having a flat surface to which solar light is incident, arranged at a position spaced apart from the solar cells, and configured to concentrate the incident solar light for output, and a reflection unit configured to reflect light between the solar cells, wherein the concentration unit is provided with a reflective region such that solar light concentrated by the concentration unit and output from is trapped between the concentration unit and the reflection unit, and an air gap is formed between the concentration unit and the reflection unit.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar recharging station

The current invention is a solar recharging station with an ergonomic rectangular base with a handle on top. The charging station is light weight and has two doors in the front that open.
Mathubrew Inc.

Solar-pumped fiber laser device

Provided is a solar-pumped fiber laser device that includes: a first layer of a light guiding material or a fluorescent material having a circular or an elliptical planar contour with an even thickness; and an optical fiber wound around a peripheral thickness edge of the first layer, wherein the optical fiber is irradiated with light formed of solar light having entered a flat surface of the planar contour of the first layer, the solar light being scattered by the light guiding material, or with fluorescence generated by applying the solar light having entered the flat surface of the planar contour of the first layer to the fluorescent material.. .
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Solar thermoelectric power generation system, and process for making same

A solar thermoelectric power generation system includes roofing products such as shingles with solar heat reflective areas and roofing products with solar heat absorptive areas. Thermoelectric power generating elements are provided in thermal contact with the solar heat reflective areas and the solar heat absorptive areas..
Certainteed Corporation

Radiation resistant inverted metamorphic multijunction solar cell

A multijunction solar cell for a space radiation environment, the multijunction solar cell having a plurality of solar sub-cells arranged in order of decreasing band gap including: a first solar subcell composed of ingap and having a first band gap, the first solar subcell having a first short circuit current associated therewith; a second solar subcell composed of gaas and having a second band gap which is less than the first band gap, the second solar subcell having a second short circuit current associated therewith; wherein in a beginning of life state the first short circuit current is less than the second short circuit current such that the am0 conversion efficiency is sub-optimal. However, in an end of life state, the short circuit current are substantially matched, which results in an improved am0 conversion efficiency..
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Solar energy receiver

Embodiments of the present invention may utilize one or more techniques, alone or in combination, to maximize a surface area of a receiver that is configured to convert light into another form of energy. One technique enhances collection efficiency by controlling a size, shape, and/or position of a cell relative to an expected illumination profile under various conditions.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar module with central interconnection

The present invention relates to a solar module (1) comprising at least two solar cells (3, 5), wherein each of the solar cells (3, 5) comprises an upper end (21), a lower end (23) which is situated opposite the upper end (21), two opposite side ends (25, 27) and at least one busbar (11, 13) which extends from the first side end (25) to the opposite second side end (27) of the solar cell (3, 5), wherein at least one finger (7, 9) of the solar cell (3, 5) makes electrical contact with the busbar (11, 13), wherein at least one first busbar (11) of at least one first solar cell (3) is arranged at a first side end (25), which is situated opposite a second side end (27) of at least one second solar cell (5) which is arranged or can be arranged next to the first solar cell, at a first distance from the upper end (21) of the at least one first solar cell (3), and at least one second busbar (13) of the at least one second solar cell (5) is arranged at the second side end (27) at a second distance from the upper end (21) of the at least one second solar cell (5), wherein the first distance is not identical to the second distance, and therefore the busbars (11, 13) of the solar cells (3, 5) are arranged offset in relation to one another at the side ends (25, 27) of the solar cells (3, 5).. .
Hanwha Q Cells Gmbh

A solar cell module

The present invention relates to a solar cell module. The solar cell module (10, 100) comprising a first (102) and a second (104) solar cell, each comprising: a charge separating element (108) arranged to convert light to an electric voltage, a rear electrical contact (106a, 106b), and a transparent conductor (112), wherein the rear electrical contact (106a, 106b) is arranged in electrical contact with a first portion (103) of the charge separating element (108) and the transparent conductor (112) is arranged in electrical contact with a second portion (105) of the charge separating element (108), wherein the solar cells (102, 104) are interconnected at an interconnection region (114), wherein the rear electrical contact (106a) of the first solar cell (102) is physically separated from the rear electrical contact (106b) of the second solar cell (104), wherein an interconnection contact (118) is arranged to form an electrical connection between the transparent conductor (112a) of the first solar cell (102) to the rear electrical contact (106b) of the second solar cell (104), wherein the rear electrical contact (106) and the interconnection contact (118) are metals, and a metal-metal contact is formed by the interconnection contact (118) and the rear electrical contact (106), the solar cell module further comprising a lens structure (122) arranged to concentrate light to the charge separating elements (108) of the first (102) and second (104) solar cells, wherein the lens structure (122) is further arranged such that light is not concentrated at the interconnection region (114)..
Inl-international Lberian Nanotechnology Laboratory

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

Disclosed is a solar cell including a semiconductor substrate having a first surface and a second surface that is opposite the first surface, each of which includes a first edge area, a second edge area, and a cell area located between the first and second edge areas, a first passivation layer formed on the cell area of the first surface of the semiconductor substrate, a first conductive semiconductor layer disposed on the first passivation layer, and a first electrode disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer. The first edge area of the first surface of the semiconductor substrate is exposed..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Methods and arrangements for a solar cell device

The present disclosure relates to solar cell devices and methods of manufacture. In particular, the present disclosure relates to mass producible solar cell devices having improved quantum efficiency.
Epishine Ab

Laser techniques for foil-based metallization of solar cells

Methods of fabricating a solar cell including metallization techniques and resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a semiconductor region can be formed in or above a substrate.
Total Marketing Services

Solar cell module production method

A solar cell module production method involves applying adhesives on a light-receiving surface and a rear surface of a solar cell having electrodes on the light-receiving surface and the rear surface, and positioning and attaching a wiring material on the adhesives. Specifically, the adhesives are applied via screen printing, and different screen plates are used on the light-receiving surface side and the rear surface side to apply a greater amount of adhesive on the rear surface side than on the light-receiving surface side..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Coated glass for solar reflectors

The present invention relates to a heat treated coated glass for a solar reflector comprising: a heat treated glass, and an anti-soiling coating of tio2 over one side of the heat treated glass, said heat treated coated glass obtainable by a process comprising: applying over one side of a glass substrate a sol-gel solution in liquid form obtained from the hydrolysis and condensation reactions between a precursor of tio2 and water, and subjecting the glass thus coated to a heat treatment process by which the glass substrate is converted into a heat treated glass and concurrently the coating densities and forms a solid anti-soiling coating of tio2 over one side of the glass.. .
Fundación Tekniker

Exchange and flip chamber design for heterojunction solar cell formation

In one embodiment, a chamber is provided that includes a chamber body and a lid defining an interior volume, a frame within the interior volume, the frame sized to receive a plurality of substrates in a first orientation, and a rotational drive assembly coupled to the frame for rotating the frame and flipping each of the plurality of substrates to a second orientation that is different than the first orientation.. .
Applied Materials, Inc.

Photoelectric conversion element, solar cell, and compound

Provided is a photoelectric conversion element including at least a first electrode that includes a conductive support, a photosensitive layer that contains a light absorbing agent, a hole transport layer that contains an organic hole transporting material, and a second electrode. At least one of the photosensitive layer or the hole transport layer is provided on the conductive support to constitute the first electrode in combination with the conductive support.
Fujifilm Corporation

Apparatus and solar energy micro-forecasts for solar generation sources and utilities

The present invention is an apparatus and method of forecasting solar energy irradiance potential and subsequent photovoltaic output in a region. The apparatus and method includes collecting meteorological data for a given region and then estimating irradiance levels using parameters collected from the meteorological data.
Stc.unm

System and camouflaging and recharging autonomous vehicles

An unmanned autonomous vehicle is configured to delivery packages in a product delivery network. The vehicle includes an outer housing, a conversion circuit, a battery, and a control circuit.
Wal-mart Stores, Inc.

Digital fluid heating system

A digital fluid heating system may include a solar collection system configured for focusing sunlight on a focal axis, an elongated flow element arranged and configured for transporting fluid along the solar collection system at the focal axis, and a flow-control assembly comprising a digitally controlled valve configured to control the flow of the fluid in the elongated flow element such that pathogens present in the fluid are substantially inactivated before the fluid exits the fluid heating system and at a maximized flow rate under the given energy providing conditions. The system may also include one or more digital controls and communication systems for remote and/or automatic control..
Wts Llc

Dehumidifying apparatus

The present invention relates to a general-purpose dehumidifying apparatus in which a housing having a dehumidifying member therein is applied to an object to be dehumidified (an electric light (such as a street lamp, a vehicle lamp, etc.), an outdoor or indoor electronic enclosure (such as power distributing equipment, communication equipment, security equipment, a solar system, etc.), and the like), and the dehumidifying apparatus removes internal moisture through an outer valve that opens and closes an outer communicating part of the housing (by closing the outer valve) in a case where the temperature of the object to be dehumidified is low and discharges the moisture of the dehumidifying member to the outside by opening the outer valve when the temperature in a lamp module rises in a case where the temperature of the object to be dehumidified is high. The dehumidifying apparatus, according to the present invention, comprises: a housing installed in an object to be dehumidified and having inner and outer communicating parts connected to the outside; a dehumidifying member mounted in the housing; and an outer valve that opens and closes the outer communicating part of the housing..

Wireless led lamp with multi-functional charger

A wireless led lamp having a multi-functional charger which includes an led lamp having a male terminal unit that rotationally couples to a female unit of the charger. The charger charges a battery through a solar cell panel, home electricity and a vehicle cigar jack, so that the led lamp can be wirelessly used as an indoor light or an outdoor lantern.
Dawon Electronics Co., Ltd.

Self-propelled robotic pool cleaner and water skimmer

A robotic pool cleaner can operate while submerged to clean floor and side wall surface areas of the pool. A second embodiment of the pool cleaner can clean debris while skimming water along the top surface of the pool water.
Aqua Products, Inc.

Floating facility and maturation of alcohol spirits

An alcohol spirit maturation facility such as a barge or another large metal construction storage area is placed on a body of water. Racks may be placed in the storage area and filled with barrels or other containers holding alcohol spirits.
Brown Water Spirits Llc

Passenger-carrying rotorcraft with fixed-wings for generating lift

A passenger-carrying rotorcraft with fixed-wings for generating lift utilizes an occupiable structural body, a control unit, a plurality of lift-generating rotors, a portable power source, and a bi-wing structure. The rotorcraft configured with fixed-wings results in an energy-efficient aircraft capable of vertical takeoff and landing.

Mid-engine extended range electric vehicle

A mid-engine extended range electric vehicle includes a vehicle body, a turbo shaft engine, a battery pack, an electric generator, a vehicle control unit, drive motors, a gas controller, a battery controller, a gas storage tank and an intake box. Wherein the vehicle body includes a main body, bottom structure thereof forms frames of the vehicle; the engine is arranged on the frames between front and rear axles and near to the rear axle; an output shaft axis of the engine is located on a symmetry plane of the vehicle body, and an air inlet thereof faces tail of the vehicle; the intake box is communicated with the air inlet and is communicated with intake grilles on a covering piece of the vehicle body via pipelines.
Technologies' Xanadu Of Resonatory-solar-systemed Co., Ltd.

Moon roof assembly with integral hybrid solar trim panel

A moon roof assembly includes a moon roof housing, a sliding moon roof panel and a hybrid solar trim panel. The hybrid solar trim panel is carried on the moon roof housing and extends at least partially around the sliding moon roof panel..
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Substrate comprising a stack having thermal properties

The invention relates to a substrate (10), especially a transparent glass substrate, provided with a thin-film multilayer comprising a functional layer (40) having reflection properties in the infrared and/or in solar radiation, especially a metallic functional layer based on silver or on a metal alloy containing silver, and two coatings (20, 60), said coatings being composed of a plurality of dielectric layers (24, 26; 64), so that the functional layer (40) is placed between the two coatings (20, 60), the functional layer (40) being deposited on a wetting layer (30) itself deposited directly onto a subjacent coating (20), characterized in that the subjacent coating (20) comprises at least one dielectric layer (24) based on nitride, especially on silicon nitride and/or aluminum nitride, and at least one noncrystalline smoothing layer (26) made from a mixed oxide, said smoothing layer (26) being in contact with said superjacent wetting layer (30).. .
Saint-gobain Glass France

Aggregate of metal fine particles, metal fine particle dispersion liquid, heat ray shielding film, heat ray shielding glass, heat ray shielding fine particle dispersion body, and heat ray shielding laminated transparent base material

There is provided an aggregate of metal fine particles, a metal fine particle dispersion liquid, a heat ray shielding film, a heat ray shielding glass, a heat ray shielding fine particle dispersion body and a heat ray shielding laminated transparent base material, having sufficient properties as a solar radiation shielding material which widely shields a heat ray component included in sunlight, and in which selectivity of a light absorption wavelength is controlled, wherein when a shape each metal fine particle is approximated to an ellipsoid, and mutually orthogonal semi-axial lengths are defined as a, b, c (a≥b≥c) respectively, an average, a standard deviation, and a distribution, etc., of the values of the aspect ratio a/c of the metal fine particles are in a predetermined range, and the metal is silver or a silver alloy.. .
Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.

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Potavida, Inc

. .

Floating, concentrating photovoltaic system

A floatable module is for concentrating incident solar radiation onto photovoltaic elements. The module has a plurality of photovoltaic elements, provided as substantially parallel elongated strips, each having a surface for receiving incident solar radiation a plurality of linear reflectors with primary, concave surfaces for concentrating said incident solar radiation onto said photovoltaic elements, the reflectors having length axes substantially parallel to said elongated strips.
Svalin Solar As

Solar cell module mounting device

A solar cell module mounting device for installing, onto a mounting surface, a solar cell module having a first end section and a second end section that extend parallel to each other, is provided with: a beam member having a first support section for supporting the first end section of the solar cell module, and a second support section for supporting the second end section of another solar cell module located adjacent to the solar cell module; and a fixture that supports the beam member, is affixed to the mounting surface, and is formed so as to be affixed to the mounting surface by a fastener on the side of the beam member where the first support section, and not the second support section, is provided.. .
Solar Frontier K.k.

Mounting solar panels

The present invention provides a mounting apparatus for attaching solar panels to a roof top. The apparatus includes a mounting base installable on a roof top and a mounting bracket attached to the mounting base.

Power converting apparatus, power management system, and power converting method

A pcs performs a control of increasing an output of a solar cell to exceed the suppression power threshold, when there is a period, where the output of the solar cell falls below a suppression power threshold, in an accumulation period included in a suppression period in which the output of the solar cell is suppressed.. .
Kyocera Corporation

Power factor adjustment in multi-phase power system

A multi-phase power generation system for renewable energy, in which reactive elements (i.e., capacitors and/or inductors) can be selectively switched in and out in order to meet a particular power factor requirement, is provided. Each phase of the multi-phase power system receives generated powers from a set of inverters, and each phase has a set of switch reactive elements for making power factor adjustments to the power generated by the set of inverters.
Solarcity Corporation

Solar powered rechargeable device for use with an electronic device and use thereof

A solar powered device comprising a solar radiation collection portion, wherein the solar radiation collection portion includes: a solar panel to collect solar radiation, a concentrator surrounding the solar panel to concentrate the solar radiation, and a charge controller coupled to the solar panel, a base portion, a plurality of legs, and a connection portion operably connecting the solar radiation collection portion to the base portion, the connection portion including a connection member having a first end and a second end is provided. Furthermore, an associated method is also provided..

Solar charger for mobile devices

A solar charger for devices is designed to be installed in a public space so that users can recharge their mobile devices. The charger has a securing column, a photovoltaic solar panel housed in the upper part of the securing column, a battery connected to the photovoltaic solar panel, a charge controller connected to the battery and to the photovoltaic solar panel, at least one module for connecting to a mobile device, which is accessible to users and connected to the charge controller, and means for securing to the ground, configured to keep the solar charger fixed to the ground..

Power generating apparatus

A power generating apparatus for use in remote locations, the apparatus including a static base adapted to support a housing and an elongate device support element which is adapted to be upstanding in use, wherein the housing is insulated; an electrical energy storage assembly located within a compartment defined by the housing, the electrical energy storage assembly having an electrical input and an electrical output, and comprising one or more rechargeable batteries; an electrical energy generator carried externally by the housing, wherein the electrical energy generator is the sole source of electrical energy and is in the form of one or more photovoltaic panels configured to convert solar energy into electrical energy, the electrical energy from the electrical energy generator being electrically connected to the input of the energy storage assembly; and a powered device carried by the device support element, the powered device being selected from a camera, a lighting apparatus, a wireless communications assembly and combinations thereof, wherein the powered device is electrically coupled to the output of the energy storage assembly.. .
Lodestar Systems Limited

Power system for multiple power sources

A voltage booster allowing for increased utilization of low voltage, high current, unregulated dc power (“lvdc source”), such as, but not limited to, fuel cells, batteries, solar cells, wind turbines, and hydro-turbines. Lvdc generation systems employing a variable low voltage dc-dc converter of the present disclosure may be used without a power inverter in applications requiring high voltage dc inputs and can also allow for the employment of common, low cost, reliable, low voltage energy storage chemistries (operating in the 12-48 vdc range) while continuing to employ the use of traditional inverters designed for high voltage power supplies.
Combined Energies Llc

Solar cell curing tool

A curing tool for fabricating solar cells using uv-curing of light-receiving surfaces of the solar cells, and the resulting solar cells, are described herein. In an example, a curing tool combines a uv-exposure stage and one or more of a deposition or an annealing stage to fabricate a solar cell.
Total Marketing Services

Parallel interconnection of neighboring space-qualified solar cells via a common back plane

A solar cell assembly for space application comprising a plurality of space-qualified solar cells and a support, the support comprising a conductive layer. The conductive layer is divided into a first conductive portion and a second conductive portion.
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Radiation resistant inverted metamorphic multijunction solar cell

A multijunction solar cell including a first solar subcell having a first band gap and a first short-circuit current; a second solar subcell disposed over the first solar subcell and having a second band gap greater than the first band gap and a second short-circuit current greater than the first short-circuit current by an amount in the range of 2% to 6%; a third solar subcell disposed over the second solar subcell and having a third band gap greater than the second band gap and a third short-circuit current less than the first short-circuit current by an amount in the range of 2% to 6%; and a fourth solar subcell disposed over the third solar subcell having a fourth band gap greater than the third band gap, and a fourth short-circuit current less than the third short-circuit current by an amount in the range of 6% to 10%, so that at an “end of life” state of the multijunction solar cell in an am0 space environment the short-circuit current of each of the subcells are substantially identical.. .
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Bifacial solar cell

A bifacial solar cell includes a substrate; a first conductive type region having a conductive type different from a conductive type of the substrate; a first insulating layer formed on the first conductive type region; a plurality of first electrodes contacting the first conductive type region through the first insulating layer and extended in a first direction; a plurality of first current collectors extended in a second direction crossing the first direction, wherein the plurality of first current collectors are electrically and physically connected to the plurality of first electrodes; a second conductive type region having a conductive type the same as the conductive type of the substrate, and having an impurity concentration that is higher than an impurity concentration of the substrate; a second insulating layer formed on the second conductive type region; a plurality of second electrodes contacting the second conductive type region through the second insulating layer and extended in the first direction; and a plurality of second current collectors extended in the second direction.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

A material structure for a solar cell, a solar cell and a manufacturing a material structure

The present invention relates to a material structure for a solar cell and a method for manufacturing the material structure. A solar cell comprising the material structure is also disclosed.
Inl - International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory

Solar energy collection systems utilizing holographic optical elements useful for building integrated photovoltaics

Described herein are transparent solar energy collection systems that comprise at least one holographic optical element, a transparent waveguide concentrator, and at least one solar energy conversion device.. .
Nitto Denko Corporation

Solar cell

Provided is a solar cell including: a semiconductor substrate; a conductive area disposed on one surface of the semiconductor substrate; a first electrode line disposed on the conductive area and extending in a first direction; and a second electrode line disposed on the conductive area and extending in a second direction different from the first direction, wherein the first electrode line includes first particles having a spherical shape and a first average diameter, and the second electrode line includes the first particles and second particles, the second particles having a non-spherical shape and a second average diameter.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar cell panel

Disclosed is a solar cell panel including a plurality of solar cells including a first solar cell and a second solar cell. Each of the first and second solar cells includes a semiconductor substrate, a first conductive area disposed on a first surface of the semiconductor substrate, a second conductive area disposed on a second surface of the semiconductor substrate which is opposite the first surface of the semiconductor substrate, a first transparent electrode layer disposed on the first conductive area, a second transparent electrode layer disposed on the second conductive area, and a plurality of interconnectors spaced apart from one another at a constant pitch on the first transparent electrode layer so as to extend in a given direction.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar cell piece, solar cell module, solar piece unit and preparation method therefor

A solar cell piece, a solar cell module, a cell piece unit, and a preparation method thereof. The solar cell piece has an aluminum back field coating, a silicon chip layer, and thin gate lines.
Suzhou Autoway System Co., Ltd.

Efficiency enhancement of solar cells using light management

A photovoltaic cell includes a junction, formed from an n-type semiconductor material and a p-type semiconductor material, a trench, opening toward the light-incident side of the junction, for trapping reflected light, and two photon conversion layers. A first photon conversion layer, arranged at the light-incident side of the junction, converts photons from a higher energy to a lower energy suitable for absorption by the semiconductor material, and a second photon conversion layer, arranged at the opposite side of the junction, converts photons from a lower energy to a higher energy suitable for absorption by the semiconductor material..
The University Of North Carolina At Charlotte

Optical downshifting layer

The light conversion efficiency of a solar cell (10) is enhanced by using an optical downshifting layer (30) in cooperation with a photovoltaic material (22). The optical downshifting layer converts photons (50) having wavelengths in a supplemental light absorption spectrum into photons (52) having a wavelength in the primary light absorption spectrum of the photovoltaic material.
Pacific Light Technologies Corp.

Single-cell encapsulation and flexible-format module architecture and mounting assembly for photovoltaic power generation and constructing, inspecting and qualifying the same

A method for encapsulating photovoltaic cells into single functional units is described. These units share the mechanical and electric properties of the encapsulation layers and allow for flexible module architecture to be implemented at the cell level.
Tessolar Inc.

Method of manufacturing cigs-based solar cell and cigs-based solar cell

A method of manufacturing a cigs-based solar cell including a transparent rear electrode, the method comprising forming a rear electrode layer including a transparent oxide material; forming rear electrode patterns including a metal material on the rear electrode layer; forming a cigs-based light absorption layer on the rear electrode layer on which the rear electrode patterns are formed; forming a buffer layer on the light absorption layer; and forming a front electrode including a transparent material on the buffer layer, wherein the rear electrode patterns are provided with a transmissive portion, through which light is transmitted, formed between patterns of the metal material.. .
Korea Institute Of Energy Research

Front electrode for solar cell and solar cell comprising the same

A front electrode for a solar cell includes a substrate, a first conductive layer on the substrate, and a second conductive layer on the first conductive layer. The second conductive layer is formed of a composition including silver powder as a first metal powder; and at least one of tin powder, lead powder, and bismuth powder as a second metal powder.
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

Disclosed is a method for manufacturing a solar cell. The method includes: forming a first tunneling layer on one surface of a semiconductor substrate; forming a first conductive region on the first tunneling layer so that the first conductive region includes a metal oxide layer having an amorphous structure; and forming a first electrode electrically connected to the first conductive region..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

Disclosed is a solar cell including: a semiconductor substrate; a tunneling layer on a surface of the semiconductor substrate; an intermediate layer on the tunneling layer, wherein the intermediate layer including a hydroxyl group (an oh group); a first conductive region on the intermediate layer, wherein the first conductive region comprising a metal oxide layer for extracting a first carrier; and a first electrode electrically connected to the first conductive region.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Uv-curing of light-receiving surfaces of solar cells

Methods of fabricating solar cells using uv-curing of light-receiving surfaces of the solar cells, and the resulting solar cells, are described herein. In an example, a method of fabricating a solar cell includes forming a passivating dielectric layer on a light-receiving surface of a silicon substrate.
Sunpower Corporation

Organic thin film solar cell module, electronic device and manufacturing organic thin film solar cell module

An organic thin film solar cell module a1 includes a transparent base substrate 41, a transparent first conductive layer 1 disposed on the base substrate 41, a second conductive layer 2, and a photoelectric conversion layer 3 formed of an organic thin film and interposed between the first conductive layer 1 and the second conductive layer 2. The second conductive layer 2 is thicker than the photoelectric conversion layer 3.
Rohm Co., Ltd.

Solar cell and solar cell panel including the same

A solar cell is disclosed. The solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate having a chamfer formed at an edge thereof and an electrode electrically connected to the semiconductor substrate through a conductivity type region.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Semiconductor film, solar cell, light-emitting diode, thin film transistor, and electronic device

A semiconductor film includes a cluster of semiconductor quantum dots each having a metal atom and ligands coordinating to respective semiconductor quantum dots, and the semiconductor quantum dots have an average shortest inter-dot distance of less than 0.45 nm. A solar cell, a light-emitting diode, a thin film transistor, and an electronic device include the semiconductor film..
Fujifilm Corporation

Apparatus, method and computer program for enabling charging of a vehicle

An apparatus (1), method and computer program wherein the apparatus (1) comprises: processing circuitry (5); and memory circuitry (7) including computer program code (11); the memory circuitry (7) and the computer program code (11) configured to, with the processing circuitry (7), cause the apparatus (1) at least to perform: obtaining information from a solar powered vehicle (31) wherein the information comprises at least a current location of the solar powered vehicle (31); obtaining information (25) relating to distribution of solar power in a predetermined area; using the obtained information to determine a solar power charging strategy (27); and enabling the solar powered vehicle (31) to access the solar power charging strategy (27).. .
Nokia Technologies Oy

Distributed solar energy prediction imaging

Concepts of distributed solar energy prediction imaging are described. In one embodiment, a solar forecast system includes a computing environment, a network, and an imaging device.
Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System

Detecting isotopologues of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere in concomitance of water or methane

A meteorological tower is provided in a flux site and a solar array is positioned on the tower to provide power. A laser on the tower receives power from the solar array and produces a laser beam.
Lawrence Livermore National Security, Llc

Solar battery wireless load cell

A load cell for transmitting load data of a polished rod in a rod pump system includes an outer shell having a u-shaped structure with two protrusions, the u-shaped structure configured to receive the polished rod, and the outer shell configured to be positioned between a rod clamp and a clamping bar of the rod pump system. Internal to the outer shell is a load sensor, a load signal processor, a modulator, a battery, and a charger, whereby the load cell measures a load on the polished rod and wirelessly transmits load signal data via a wireless transmitter internal to the outer shell but with an antenna that protrudes from the outer shell.
Bode Energy Equipment Co., Ltd.

System and generating canvas representations reflecting solar installation potential of a geographic area

A system and method for generating canvas representations of solar panel installation potential in a geographic area. The method includes: identifying, based on at least one location parameter, a plurality of addresses, wherein the at least one location parameter represents a geographic area including the plurality of addresses; extracting an image of a geographic area including the plurality of addresses; causing a determination of an installation layout for the plurality of addresses based on the extracted image; causing a generation of at least one solar analytic for each of the plurality of addresses based on the determined installation layout; and generating, based on the installation layout and the at least one solar analytic for each address, a canvas representation for the geographic area..
Solview Systems Ltd.

Composite solar collector

A solar collector adapted to absorb thermal heating from the sun, wherein said solar collector comprises hollow sections adapted to house a medium. The solar collector is a self-supporting composite solar collector produced from a composite material constituted of at least a first and second material, wherein said first and second materials have equal or substantially equal coefficients of elasticity..

Wind turbine

A vertical axis wind turbine having a platform and a roof forming a housing for a vertical axis rotor and a stator. Stator vanes extend between the platform and the roof.
Cbc, Llc

Window shade

A window covering specially designed and configured to indoor residential shutters is disclosed. The window cover is deployed and stowed via a spool and provides a user with more control over light transmission, solar transmission and view through properties, as desired.

Passive skylight dome configured to increase light collection at low sun elevation angles and to reduce light at high sun elevation angles

The present subject matter comprises a simple, passive skylight dome with relatively tall partially vertical sides comprising partially transparent material which diffuses the transmitted light, and a mostly opaque sun shade near the top of the relatively tall partially vertical sides. The partially vertical sides are able to better intercept sunlight from low sun elevation angles than conventional horizontal skylights.

Electrostatic coating of metal thin layers with adjustable film properties

Methods for forming thin, pinhole-free conformal metal layers on both conducting and non-conducting surfaces, where the morphology and properties of the metal layers are tuned to meet desired parameters by adjusting the concentration of ionic liquids during the deposition process. The formed metal films contain tunable properties for solar and electronic use and provide specific advantages for non-conducting surfaces, which are otherwise unsuitable for electroplating without the presence of the formed metal films.
Arizona Board Of Regents On Behalf Of The Universi Ty Of Arizona

Polyimide resin and film using same

This invention relates to a polyimide resin and a film using the same, wherein the polyimide resin is an imidized product of polyamic acid in which a polymerization composition including a diamine-based monomer and a dianhydride-based monomer is copolymerized, at least one of the diamine-based monomer and the dianhydride-based monomer including a monomer containing at least one selected from among an oxy group, a sulfone group and a fluoro group, the diamine-based monomer including at least one selected from among 1,3-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene and 2,2-bis[4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane, and thus the polyimide resin has improved heat resistance and mechanical properties while being colorless and transparent and can thus be efficiently applied to a variety of fields, including semiconductor insulation layers, tft-lcd insulation layers, passivation layers, liquid crystal alignment layers, optical communication materials, protective layers for solar cells, and flexible display substrates.. .
Kolon Industries, Inc.

Spacecraft with aerodynamic control

A spacecraft operating in a low earth orbit having an altitude in the range of 160 to 800 km has a main body that includes heat dissipating electrical equipment and an earth-facing payload. Control surfaces on the spacecraft are articulated so as to: provide three-axis attitude control to the spacecraft main body using aerodynamic drag effects, such that the earth-facing payload is maintained in a selected orientation with respect to the earth; and control one or both of orbit altitude and period by articulating the control surfaces so as to regulate an amount of aerodynamic drag.
Space Systems/loral, Llc

Intelligent docking system with automated stowage for uavs

The present invention generally relates to a system and method of a docking system (1) for fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicle, or non-fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicle (2) such as rotorcraft, or combination thereof, comprising at least a docking and/or launching pad capable of being arranged in an array or staggered manner; said pad has a surface (6) for said vehicle docking and launching, said docking and launching surface (6) comprising moveable pads (31) which include electromagnets that can be energized to capture a docking vehicle (2); and another energy harvesting surface (4) has photovoltaic panel to harness solar energy to generate electricity or hydrogen fuel for a variety of on-board applications such as to charge said vehicle (2) and to power the docking system and providing a safe stowage and protected storage for the said vehicle (2).. .

Vehicle

A vehicle is equipped with a power storage device configured to transmit electric power to and from a motor for driving, and a solar power generation system configured to generate electric power using sunlight and to perform solar charging that charges the power storage device with the generated electric power. The vehicle is configured to perform external charging that charges the power storage device with electric power from an external power supply apparatus.
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Solar-powered desalination system

The invention provides a desalination system comprising: a controller; a salt water tank operable to receive salt water therein; a solar collector in fluid communication with the salt water tank and adapted to receive salt water therein; a first pump operable to pump salt water from the salt water tank into the solar collector; a photovoltaic (pv) panel operable to convert incident solar energy to electrical energy, and operable to supply electrical energy to the first pump;a water condenser tank in fluid communication with the first pump and arranged to receive water vapour from the solar collector and to condense such received water vapour; and a temperature detector operable to generate a temperature signal indicative of a temperature of the solar collector, and to supply such a temperature signal to the controller,wherein the controller is arranged to receive a temperature signal from the temperature detector, and is operable to control the first pump in dependence upon such a received temperature signal, such that the first pump operates to transfer saltwater from the saltwater tank to the solar collector when the temperature signal is indicative of a predetermined temperature.. .
Epicuro Ltd

Solar disinfection of fluid

Alternative embodiments may also include sensors to detect additional characteristics, such as transmittance, turbidity, “combined transmittance,” and/or temperature.. .

Solar energy system for use with tufted geosynthetics on sloping ground

A solar energy system for use with tufted geosynthetics on sloping ground without the use of a traditional racking system. A frame attaches to the tufted geosynthetic cover to provide a flap and a solar panel secures to the flap directly or through a polymeric layer that attaches to the frame positioned between the flap and the tufted geosynthetic land cover with the solar panel adhesively attached to the polymeric layer.
Watershed Holdings Llc

Solar stand

A stand for mounting a solar panel and an electronics enclosure includes a pole having a spreader attached to a bottom end of the pole, where the pole includes a first hole and second hole sized to accept a hitch pin. The first hole corresponds to a collapsed state of the stand and the second hole corresponds to an deployed state of the stand.
Milton Roy, Llc

Roof mounting system

In various embodiments, a roof mounting system may comprise a short base, a tall base, a first clamp assembly and a second clamp assembly. The short base may have a first body and a first slot.
Rillito River Solar, Llc

Solar tracker

A solar tracker comprises a support frame, a panel assembly comprising one or more solar panels, and an actuator to rotate the panel assembly to track the movement of the sun. The panel assembly comprises a central spine and one or more panel carriers extending transversely over the top of the central spine for supporting solar panels.

Alternative energy booster apparatus

What is disclosed here is an alternative energy booster apparatus that was invented to increase the performance and sustainability of solar panel energy creation. The apparatus evens out the energy being stored, used and created and provides an energy security when the grid goes down.

Mobile device with integrated solar charging apparatus

A solar powered electronic device, comprising a housing body a battery module disposed in said housing body and a solar module configured on said housing for providing a power to said battery module, wherein the solar module receives the light from a light source and covert said light into said power and transmit said power to said battery module.. .

Portable solar power management system

A portable solar power management system includes (i) a solar panel interface to one or more solar panels, (ii) an energy storage interface to one or more energy storage devices, (iii) a charging circuit which routes the electrical currents from the solar panels to the energy storage devices; (iv) a load interface to one or more load devices, the load devices being powered independently on primary and secondary load circuits; and (v) a controller for controlling the operations of solar panel interface, the energy storage interface, the charging circuit, and the load interface. In addition, a secondary load control circuit and a programmable controller may be provided which route the electrical currents from the energy storage devices to the load interface, wherein the programmable controller, based on the sensing signals, also activates and deactivates the secondary load circuit..
We Care Solar

Electric power system for a space vehicle

An electrical power system may comprise a first plurality of power sources, a first collector bus configured to receive power from the plurality of power sources, an unregulated dc bus configured to receive power from the first collector bus, a regulated high voltage direct current (hvdc) bus configured to receive power from the unregulated dc bus, and a first power distribution unit (pdu) configured to receive power from the regulated hvdc bus. The regulated hvdc bus may be configured to supply power to a high voltage load.
Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation

Method for use of static inverters in variable energy generation environments

A system and method to collect energy from generation systems such as, for example, wind farms or solar farms with widely distributed energy-generation equipment. In some cases, static inverters are used to feed the energy directly into the power grid.
Tigo Energy, Inc.

Energy flow prediction for electric systems including photovoltaic solar systems

Methods, systems, and computer storage media are disclosed for determining electric energy flow predictions for electric systems including photovoltaic solar systems. In some examples, a method is performed by a computer system and includes supplying a consumption time series and a predicted production time series for an electric system to a machine-learning predictor trained during a prior training phase using electric energy consumption training data and photovoltaic production training data.
Sunpower Corporation

Plant and system for the automatic horizontal assembly of photovoltaic panels with front-back connection of the cells and pre-fixing

A plant and system for the automatic horizontal assembly of photovoltaic panels with front-back-contact solar cells of crystalline silicon, of the type called h-type, the contacting being carried out at a temperature lower than 150° c. Also with the pre-fixing of conductive elements onto the encapsulating layer.
Vismunda Srl

System and methods for achieving a micro louver effect in a photovoltaic cell

Building integrated photovoltaic (bipv) systems provide for solar panel arrays that can be aesthetically pleasing and appear seamless to an observer. Micro louvered structures can be incorporated into photovoltaic (pv) stacks, such that light entering a pv stack that is reflected off of embedded solar cells is not directed out at angles at which a typical observer would normally view the pv stack or roof on which a solar array is installed.
Tesla, Inc.

Solar cell having a plurality of sub-cells coupled by a metallization structure

Solar cells having a plurality of sub-cells coupled by metallization structures, and singulation approaches to forming solar cells having a plurality of sub-cells coupled by metallization structures, are described. In an example, a solar cell, includes a plurality of sub-cells, each of the sub-cells having a singulated and physically separated semiconductor substrate portion.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar cell panel and back sheet for the same

Disclosed is a solar cell panel including a bi-facial solar cell; a front portion positioned on a front surface of the bi-facial solar cell; and a rear portion positioned on a back surface of the bi-facial solar cell, wherein the rear portion has transmittance to ultraviolet light.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Method and device for improving power generation efficiency of solar cell on unit erected area

The present invention provides a method for improving power generation efficiency of solar cell on unit erected area, comprising: providing a base solar cell and a set of light transmitting solar cell, the set of light transmitting solar cell is configured on a light receiving surface of the base solar cell; wherein the set of light transmitting solar cell comprises at least one light transmitting solar cell and the light transmitting solar cell has a partial light transmission property. By the technical features of the present invention, we can improve the power generation efficiency 2 times and up.

Configurations for solar cells, solar panels, and solar panel systems

Embodiments of the disclosure are generally related to solar panel configurations. In some embodiments, the active surface area of the solar panel is increased compared to traditional flat solar cell arrays.

Cobalt deposition selectivity on copper and dielectrics

A process for forming cobalt on a substrate, comprising: volatilizing a cobalt precursor of the disclosure, to form, a precursor vapor: and contacting the precursor vapor with the substrate under vapor deposition conditions effective for depositing cobalt on the substrate from the precursor vapor, wherein the vapor deposition conditions include temperature not exceeding 200° c., wherein: the substrate includes copper surface and dielectric material, e.g., ultra-low dielectric material. Such cobalt deposition process can be used to manufacture product articles in which the deposited cobalt forms a capping layer, encapsulating layer, electrode, diffusion layer, or seed for electroplating of metal thereon, e.g., a semiconductor device, flat-panel, display, or solar panel.
Entegris, Inc.

Integrated rain and solar radiation sensing module

An integrated rain and solar radiation sensing module including at least two light emitting elements, a plurality of input lenses, wherein at least two of the plurality of input lenses are configured to receive and collimate light emitted by each of the light emitting elements, a plurality of output lenses numbering at least twice as many as the plurality of input lenses, wherein each output lens is configured to receive and focus light that is collimated by at least one of the plurality of input lenses and reflected off of a transparent substrate, and a plurality of light receiving elements, wherein each light receiving element configured to receive focused light from at least one of the output lenses and to convert the received light into an electrical output signal proportional to the received light.. .
Littelfuse, Inc.

Solar turbo pump - hybrid heating air-conditioning and operation

A closed loop system utilizing a solar refrigerant turbocharger and pump in conjunction with a solar collector to operate a heating and cooling system for a building by utilization of a renewable energy source. The liquid pump within the solar turbocharger is used to boost the refrigerant pressures into the solar collector, the refrigerant absorbs heat inside the solar collector and changes phase from a liquid to a vapor.
Joi Scientific, Inc.

Tracking device

The invention relates to a tracking device (1) for solar modules (2a) with a series of posts (3) arranged along a longitudinal axis. A crossmember (6) is pivotably mounted on each post (3), and said crossmembers (6) are pivotable about a common pivot axis (s) extending parallel to the longitudinal axis.
Habdank Pv-montagesysteme Gmbh & Co. Kg

Central solar water heater system for a multi-story building

A system for supplying hot water to a floor of a building having a plurality of floors is disclosed. The system includes a hot water vessel operable to supply hot water for use in the floor of the building, the hot water vessel having an inlet for receiving cold water and a heating coil for transferring heat to water within the hot water vessel.

Multi-powering solar lamps

A portable device for generating and providing electricity is disclosed. The device includes one or more flat solar panels; one or more batteries arranged to be changed with electric power from the one or more flat solar panels; one or more lights arranged to be powered from the one or more batteries; one or more electric connectors arranged to receive electric power form the one or more batteries and to connect to combined power/data connections on portable electronic devices; and an expandable and collapsible housing holding the solar panels, batteries, and lights, and arranged to form a hollow inner volume when expanded and a flat panel when contracted..
Luminaid Lab, Llc

Electrical generation system

An electrical generation system includes a plurality of wind generators. Each of the wind generators extends upwardly out of a body of water.

Water generating atmosphere freezer

Improvements to a water generation system is disclosed. The atmosphere freezer to be made from modified, redesigned and rearranged components commonly used in the cryogenics and refrigeration industry but with the focus on generating maximum water from the coil and or panel systems installed inside of a “modified cargo container”.

Solar powered spacecraft power system

An electrical power system may comprise a first energy source management converter (esmc) configured to be connected in electronic communication with a first power source, a second esmc configured to be connected in electronic communication with a second power source, and a multi-channel dc bus, wherein the first esmc is configured to supply electric power to a first channel of the multi-channel dc bus, the second esmc is configured to supply electric power to a second channel of the multi-channel dc bus, and the multi-channel dc bus is configured to supply electric power to a load.. .
Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation

Vehicle-mounted solar cell device and system

The present disclosure provides a solar cell device for mounting over a movable object, which includes a housing and a solar panel. The housing is disposed on an outer surface of the movable object.
Boe Technology Group Co., Ltd.

Power management in a solar vehicle

A vehicle comprising a power train, a drive train, a solar array, a sensor interface, a storage device and a processing device. The sensor interface may be configured to receive sensor data samples during operation of the vehicle.
Invently Automotive Inc.

Renewable energy storage methods and systems

In one embodiment, a renewable energy storage system includes a forward osmosis system, a hydro-turbine, and a separation (e.g., cedi) system powered by one or more natural regenerating energy sources, such as wind or solar. In another embodiment, a renewable energy storage system includes a forward osmosis system, a hydro-turbine, a solar thermal heat exchanger through which the diluted osmotic draw solution can be directed for purposes of heating up the draw solution, and a solvent-water separator configured to separate the draw solution from the water.
Nrgtek, Inc.

Solar table

A solar table is disclosed to resolve the singleness of function according to the prior tables. The solar table includes a table frame, a table surface, a solar chip, a storage battery, a control chip and at least one digital module; wherein the table surface is set on the table frame and the solar chip is packaged in the table surface; the solar chip converts solar energy into electricity to charge the storage battery and the storage battery is electrically connected to the control chip; wherein each of the at least one digital module is electrically connected to the storage battery and the control chip..
Longwood Gardens, Inc.

National Institute For Materials Science

. .

. .

Optical element for heat collection

The disclosed invention relates to an optical element preferably utilized for concentrating solar heat radiation, and more particularly, high-concentration, reflective concentrators that are constructed from discrete conical concentrators utilizing flexible high-reflectance layers that are produced by roll-to-roll manufacturing. In its first preferred embodiment, the disclosed optical element preferably comprises a quasi-parabolic, multi-frustum, concentration optic..

Measuring solar cell

A measuring apparatus for solar cell is provided, which is configured to measure a solar cell to obtain a characteristic curve thereof. The measuring apparatus includes a signal measurement control circuit and a signal transmitting control circuit.
Industrial Technology Research Institute

Control power supply apparatus, the power supply apparatus, and power supply system

The disclosure reduces the occurrence of an inrush current upon electrical connection of a storage cell, allowing immediate use. A power supply apparatus is configured to convert dc power from a solar cell and a storage cell into ac power and includes: a first capacitor disposed between the solar cell and the storage cell; and a controller configured to charge the first capacitor with power from the solar cell or a power grid and, after a first voltage of the first capacitor exceeds a second voltage of the storage cell, to electrically connect the storage cell with the first capacitor..
Kyocera Corporation

Panel for installing solar battery module

A panel for installing a solar battery module according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises: a first connection portion, which protrudes upwards from one widthwise end of a panel; a second connection portion, which protrudes upwards from the other widthwise end of the panel, and which is fitted to a first connection portion of an adjacent panel in the upward/downward direction; a pair of coupling protrusions bent upwards inside the first connection portion and inside the second connection portion; and a seating portion formed between the coupling protrusions, solar battery modules being installed on the seating portion, wherein the coupling protrusions are bent in the direction in which the solar battery modules are provided, such that the solar battery modules can be pressurized and fixed.. .
I-solar Energy Co., Ltd.

Building integrated photovoltaic system with glass photovoltaic tiles

Building integrated photovoltaic (bipv) systems provide for solar panel arrays with improved aesthetics and efficiency that can replace a conventional roof surface structure. These bipv systems can utilize photovoltaic pv roof tiles defined as glass tiles having photovoltaic elements embedded or incorporated into the body of the roof tile.
Tesla, Inc.

Transparent conducting oxide as top-electrode in perovskite solar cell by non-sputtering process

Techniques for forming a transparent conducting oxide (tco) top contact using a low temperature process are provided. In one aspect of the invention, a method of forming a tco on a substrate is provided.
International Business Machines Corporation

Method of manufacturing solar cell

A method of manufacturing a solar cell, the method includes forming a protective film over a semiconductor substrate, the semiconductor substrate including a base area of a first conductive type and formed of crystalline silicon, wherein the forming of the protective film includes a heat treatment process performed at a heat treatment temperature of approximately 600 degrees celsius or more under a gas atmosphere including nitrogen, and wherein the heat treatment process includes: a main section, during which the heat treatment temperature is maintained, a temperature increase section before the main section, during which an increase in temperature occurs from an introduction temperature to the heat treatment temperature, and a temperature reduction section after the main section, during which a decrease in temperature occurs from the heat treatment temperature to a discharge temperature.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar cell and solar cell manufacturing method

A solar cell includes a p-type impurity diffusion layer formed on one side of an n-type single-crystal silicon substrate, an n-type impurity diffusion layer formed on the opposite side of the substrate with an n-type impurity element at a higher concentration than the substrate, and having a first layer with an n-type impurity element diffused at a first concentration, and a second layer with an n-type impurity element diffused at a second concentration lower than the first concentration, on-p-type-impurity-diffusion-layer electrodes formed on the p-type impurity diffusion layer, and on-n-type-impurity-diffusion-layer electrodes formed on the first layer. The concentration of the n-type impurity element at a surface of the first layer is between 5×1020 atoms/cm3 and 2×1021 atoms/cm3 inclusive, and the concentration of the n-type impurity element at a surface of the second layer is between 5×1019 atoms/cm3 and 2×1020 atoms/cm3 inclusive..
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

Solar cell module

A solar cell module has a rear housing to accommodate a photovoltaic cell module attached to the rear housing and comprising an array of photovoltaic cells arranged opposite to the rear housing wall. The solar cell module further comprises a grid comprising webs, wherein the grid is attached on the upper surface of the photovoltaic cell module and partly on the surrounding rear housing, wherein the webs define window openings essentially provided in front of the photovoltaic cells thus that the webs do not shadow the photovoltaic cells..
Nexiot Ag

Preparation solar cell piece unit and solar cell module

Provided are a solar cell module and a preparation method for a cell piece unit. The solar cell module has at least one solar cell piece unit group, which has at least two bonded cell piece units.
Suzhou Autoway System Co., Ltd.

Wavelength conversion polymer film

The invention relates to a polymer film comprising an inorganic fluorescent compound and an organic fluorescent compound. The invention further relates methods for preparing such a film, and to its use as wavelength conversion film in a solar cell..
Merck Patent Gmbh

Obscuring, color matching, and camouflaging solar panels

A solar panel includes a backsheet layer, a bottom encapsulant layer adjacent the backsheet layer, a plurality of photovoltaic cells adjacent the bottom encapsulant layer, a top encapsulant layer adjacent the plurality of photovoltaic cells having a plurality of louvers constructed therein to block side view of the plurality of photovoltaic cells, and a top layer adjacent the top encapsulant layer.. .
Tesla Motors, Inc.

Semi-flexible solar module using crystaline solar cells and fabrication thereof

A semi-flexible solar module including: a front layer, for example, etfe, having an ultra-violet reflecting material; one or more impact cushion layers, for example, eva; a solar cell layer comprising crystalline silicon solar cells; a support layer comprising a semi-flexible material configured to support the solar cell layer, for example pet; and a back layer, for example, tpt, wherein none of the layers is formed of glass.. .
Canadian Solar Solutions Inc.

Finger electrode for solar cell and manufacturing the same

A finger electrode for a solar cell formed using a conductive paste comprising a conductive powder, a glass frit, and an organic vehicle. A linewidth a′ of the finger electrode at a point 0.5h satisfies the following equation 1: 0.5a≤a′≤0.75a where h is the height of the finger electrode and a is the linewidth of a base of the finger electrode..
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Method of manufacturing finger electrode for solar cell

A method of manufacturing a finger electrode for a solar cell, the method including printing a conductive paste on a front surface of a substrate using a printing mask having an opening rate of about 65% or more and baking the printed conductive paste. The conductive paste includes a conductive powder, a glass frit including about 30 mol % to about 60 mol % of tellurium oxide and about 0.1 mol % to about 10 mol % of tungsten oxide, and an organic vehicle..
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Solar cell module

A solar cell module includes a first solar cell including, in the following order, a single-crystalline silicon substrate, a conductive silicon layer, and a back side transparent electrode layer, where the conductive silicon layer and the back side transparent electrode layer are disposed on a back side of the single-crystalline silicon substrate; an encapsulant; and a flexible metal foil disposed between the back side transparent electrode layer and the encapsulant. The flexible metal foil is in contact with the back side transparent electrode layer in a non-bonded state.
Kaneka Corporation

Composition for forming solar cell electrode and electrode prepared using the same

A composition for solar cell electrodes includes silver powder, a glass frit, and an organic vehicle. The glass frit includes a first glass frit and a second glass frit.
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Solar battery and solar battery module

A solar cell includes: a cell main body part including a back electrode and a photoelectric conversion section, the back electrode being arranged on a back surface of the photoelectric conversion section; and a metal film disposed in contact with the back electrode of the cell main body part. The back electrode includes a plurality of projections or recesses with an arithmetic mean roughness of more than 0.1 μm.
Kaneka Corporation

Solar cell composite utilizing molecule-terminated silicon nanoparticles

Nano particles obtained by terminating surfaces of silicon nanoparticles having a diameter of not more than 5 nm with molecules of hydrocarbon are disposed on the outermost surface of a semiconductor forming a p-n junction solar cell that uses silicon or the like. These silicon nanoparticles absorb energy of ultraviolet light, and the energy is transferred to the p-n junction solar cell.

Screen-printable boron doping paste with simultaneous inhibition of phosphorus diffusion in co-diffusion processes

The present invention relates to a novel printable boron doping paste in the form of a hybrid gel based on precursors of inorganic oxides, preferably of silicon dioxide, aluminium oxide and boron oxide, in the presence of organic polymer particles, where the pastes according to the invention can be used in a simplified process for the production of solar cells, where the hybrid gel according to the invention functions both as doping medium and as diffusion barrier.. .
Merck Patent Gmbh

Photoelectric conversion element, and solar cell using the same

Provided is a photoelectric conversion element including a first electrode that includes a photosensitive layer, which includes a light absorbing agent, and a second electrode. The light absorbing agent includes a compound having a perovskite-type crystal structure that includes a cation of a cationic organic group a, a cation of a metal atom m other than the element of group 1, and an anion of an anionic atom x.
Fujifilm Corporation

Dispersion liquid for formation of semiconductor electrode layer, and semiconductor electrode layer

The present invention relates to a slurry for forming a semiconductor electrode layer to obtain a dye-sensitized solar cell containing a porous layer, which is not susceptible to cracking and is capable of providing a higher conversion efficiency. The slurry for forming a semiconductor electrode layer contains two types of metal-oxide semiconductor particles having different particle sizes.
Mikuni Shikiso Kabushiki Kaisha

Photoelectric conversion element, and solar cell using the same

Provided is a photoelectric conversion element including a first electrode that includes a photosensitive layer, which includes a light absorbing agent, and a second electrode. The light absorbing agent includes a compound having a perovskite-type crystal structure including a cationic organic group a, a cation of a metal atom m other than the element of group 1, and an anion of an anionic atom x, a hole transport layer, which includes a hole transporting material, is provided between the first electrode and the second electrode, the hole transporting material includes a compound including a condensed polycyclic aromatic group having a number of rings of 4 or greater, at least two rings thereof are hetero rings, and the condensed polycyclic aromatic group includes at least one structure selected from the group consisting of benzene, naphthalene, and phenanthrene..
Fujifilm Corporation

Method for preparing a bonded type perovskite solar cell

A method for preparing a perovskite solar cell by a non-deposition method is provided. Particularly, the method includes preparing a first substrate by forming a hole transport layer on a light absorbing layer in a semi-dried state and pressurizing and drying a second substrate including an opposing electrode to the first substrate..
University-industry Cooperation Group Of Kyung Hee University

Mobile, portable authenticating a security article and operating the portable authentication apparatus

A mobile, portable apparatus for authenticating, verification and certification of a security article, the apparatus comprising an enclosure securely housing components of the apparatus; an authentication device operable to authenticate the security article; a power source, preferably of solar type, different type of batteries, uninterruptable power supply, different type of charging facilities and/or any source of energy; an imaging device for simultaneously imaging in opposing and/or multiple directions; a programmable and configurable control panel; an information processing unit; and a printing device for printing and/or special marking on the security article, wherein the imaging device is portably coupled to the authentication device; and wherein the control panel is arranged as an interface command and control center connected to the information processing unit and the other components of the apparatus. The method involves determining whether a registered operator of the portable authentication apparatus is verified; and permitting access to an authentication device of the portable authentication apparatus if the registered operator is verified.
Sicpa Holding Sa

Method of controlling a motorized window treatment

A method comprises measuring a light intensity at a window; determining if the light intensity exceeds a cloudy-day threshold; operating in a sunlight penetration limiting mode to control the motorized window treatment to control the sunlight penetration distance in the space; enabling the sunlight penetration limiting mode if the light intensity is greater than the cloudy-day threshold; and disabling the sunlight penetration limiting mode if the total lighting intensity is less than the cloudy-day threshold. The cloudy-day threshold is maintained at a constant threshold if a calculated solar elevation angle is greater than a predetermined solar elevation angle, and the cloudy-day threshold varies with time if the calculated solar elevation angle is less than the predetermined solar elevation angle.
Lutron Electronics Co., Inc.

Adjustable solar concentrator assembly and methods of using same

A portable solar concentrator includes a stand, a plurality of inner panels supported by the stand, and a plurality of outer panels attached to the inner panels. The inner panels have a reflective surface, and are configured to direct solar energy at a target.
One Earth Designs

System and forecasting the geomagnetic response to solar storms

Systems and methods for predicting the earth's geomagnetic response to coronal mass ejections (cmes) are provided that are based on predictions of the magnetic vectors of the cme along earth's trajectory. The systems and methods preferably utilize estimates of noise in the cme, as well as estimated magnetic characteristics of the shock and sheath regions of the cme..

Floating solar system

A floating solar system be used on water, utilizes an aluminum support structure, aluminum, hdpe floatation elements which are designed to have minimal solar exposure. The aluminum support structure is designed to absorb all structural torque and other forces..
Floatorack Corp.

Device for collecting solar energy by means of a concentrator of the nonimaging type

The present invention concerns a device for collecting solar energy by means of a concentrator of the nonimaging type and a receiver for the transfer of energy by heat exchange with a fluid which operates, independently, a thermodynamic cycle for the exploitation of energy, said concentrator comprising an inlet area, an underlying outlet area and an inner space between said inlet area and said outlet area; said receiver being positioned under said concentrator and said inner space of the concentrator and said receiver being connected by said outlet area, characterized in that said inner space of the concentrator and said receiver are in fluid communication through said outlet area, a plurality of solid particles are present inside said receiver, and said device for collecting solar energy comprises means apt to take a part of said solid particles from said receiver and to put them from below inside said inner space of said concentrator, said solid particles subsequently returning, by gravity, into said receiver, passing through said outlet area.. .
Ez-energies Gmbh

Mirror for solar-skypipe collector

A solar collector is disclosed in which a light pipe having an optical axis and extending from a proximal end configured to receive sunlight to a distal end, and a plurality of reflective elements optically coupled to the light pipe. Each of the reflective elements is configured to direct at least a portion of sunlight incident thereon into the light pipe via the proximal end substantially parallel to the optical axis for a plurality of positions of the sun in the sky.
Fraen Corporation

Solar drive control system for oil pump jacks

A system for supplementing the electric power needed by a pump jack electric motor, thereby reducing the electric power purchased from the local utility or power supplier. The system comprises a solar photovoltaic system, or other forms of renewable energy, and regenerated power from the electric motor or drive.
Raptor Lift Solutions, Llc

Solar compression power station

Invention relates to the field of solar energy. Power station, which has the air stream directional body, at least a pair of generator connected with wind turbines, tough combined greenhouse to the lower end of the body, the external surface of the of which is painted by matt black paint, and due to invention, it (body) is situated on the slope of the mountain, the greenhouse is being realized in the form of body entrance section, and the entrance of which is widened due to the height and width toward body.

Tapering spiral gas turbine with polygon electric generator for combined cooling, heating, power, pressure, work, and water

A water purifier, firefly aqua, to desalinate water by solar power. Sunlight is concentrated by a sun tracking conic reflective surface onto a column of salty water.

Green kinetic device for balancing building temperature in different conditions

An improved double skin facade system for buildings is disclosed. In one embodiment, the double skin facade system is a multi-functional device that can be used in a variety of ways to provide heat, produce and store solar and wind electricity, take advantage of natural and biological properties of plants, and provide cooling and natural ventilation.

Retention apparatus, system and method

An a clamp connector apparatus, system, and method for mounting a solar panel to a cross member while retaining snow, ice, items and other objects on a wall, rooftop and other structure. A clamp mounting apparatus, system, and method for mounting the retention apparatus and system to a stanchion assembly for a membrane roof thereby joining the cross member anchor assembly to a latch assembly of top block..
Pmc Industries, Inc.

Solar still pyramid

Disclosed herein is a pyramidal structure for distilling water and for collecting rainwater. The structure has five or less faces, including the base, and has a means for centralizing condensate..

Bromine-sensitized solar photolysis of carbon dioxide

There is described a process for depositing carbon on a surface, comprising, while contacting a mixture of co2 and br2 with a polar substrate presenting apposed surfaces, exposing a sufficient area of said mixture in the region of said apposed surfaces to light of sufficient intensity and frequency to result in deposition of carbon on at least some of said apposed surfaces. Other embodiments are also described..

Solar control coatings with subcritical copper

A coated article includes a substrate, a first dielectric layer, a subcritical metallic layer having discontinuous metallic regions, a primer over the subcritical layer, and a second dielectric layer over the primer layer. The primer can be a nickel-chromium alloy.
Vitro S.a.b. De C.v.

Systems and methods for augmenting power generation based on thermal energy conversion using solar or radiated thermal energy

An apparatus includes first and second tanks each configured to receive and store a refrigerant under pressure. The apparatus also includes at least one generator configured to generate electrical power based on a flow of the refrigerant between the tanks.
Raytheon Company

Cable bicycle

The present invention provides for a more environmentally friendly method to move products and at the same time replace manual labor where it is used. The cableway eco-bike may be a single or two-person pedal powered bicycle that rides on a cableway to pull agricultural products.
Thomas Pump & Machinery, Inc.

Responsive fluid dispersion for controlled fog and mist

An apparatus unit that adjusts fluid dispersion in response to an independent variable such as an environmental factor, to optimize the drizzle, mist or fog effect by suspending fluid droplets of a specific size in a gas. A preferred embodiment is a solar powered pump, self-contained within a buoy over a coral reef, for the purpose of providing enough mist during the sunniest time of the day to reduce coral bleaching.

Fujifilm Corporation

. .

Systems and methods to combine strings of solar panels

Apparatuses, systems and methods for configuring and managing the combination of strings of photovoltaic energy generators to improve the energy production performance of such generators. The strings of photovoltaic energy generators are connected to terminals in a combiner box having receptacles for receiving removable modular units of various types.
Tigo Energy, Inc.

Organic salts for high voltage organic and transparent solar cells

Photo-active devices including a substrate, a first electrode, an active layer including an organic salt or salt mixture that selectively or predominantly harvests light from the near infrared or infrared regions of the solar spectrum, and a second electrode. The devices are either visibly transparent or visibly opaque and can be utilized in single- or multi-junction devices..
Board Of Trustees Of Michigan State University

Firing furnace for firing electrode of solar cell element, manufacturing solar cell element, and solar cell element

Disclosed is a firing furnace for firing an electrode of a solar cell element, which is provided with: a transfer member, which transfers a substrate having a conductive paste applied thereto; a heating section, which heats the substrate and fires the conductive paste; and a cooling section, which cools the heated substrate. The furnace is also provided with a heating means for heating the transfer member.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Compound light-concentrating structure

The present invention discloses a compound light-concentrating structure, which comprises a concentrating lens and a reflective device. The reflective device is disposed below the concentrating lens with the lower end extending downwards to an extension part.
Institute Of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Executive Yuan, R.o.c.

Cascaded photovoltaic structures with interdigitated back contacts

A solar module is provided. The solar module includes a number of photovoltaic structures.
Solarcity Corporation

Thin-film solar cell module structure and manufacturing the same

Provided are a thin-film solar cell module structure and a method of manufacturing the same.. .
Korea Institute Of Science And Technology

Space-qualified solar cell module with interconnection of neighboring solar cells on a common back plane

A space-qualified solar cell assembly comprising a plurality of space-qualified solar cells mounted on a support, the support comprising a plurality of conductive vias extending from the top surface to the rear surface of the support. Each one of the plurality of space-qualified solar cells is placed on the top surface with the first contact of a first polarity of the space-qualified solar cell electrically connected to the first conductive via.
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Solar cell

A solar cell comprising a semiconductor substrate, an intrinsic semiconductor layer, a second conductive type semiconductor layer, a transparent conductive layer, a metal electrode, a light reflective unit, and a transparent packaging layer. The semiconductor substrate has an illuminated surface, which includes an effective absorption region and an ineffective absorption region.
Neo Solar Power Corp.

Solar cell emitter characterization using non-contact dopant concentration and minority carrier lifetime measurement

A method and apparatus for estimating an effect of variations of wafer properties on operating parameters of photovoltaic cells during manufacturing is provided. Measurements of emitter sheet resistance, minority carrier lifetime, and wafer resistivity of a wafer are obtained during manufacture of the wafer into a photovoltaic cell.
Aurora Solar Technologies (canada) Inc.

Photoelectric conversion element, solar cell, and composition

In formulae (1) and (2), r1 represents a specific group such as an alkyl group (including a specific substituent group in a case where the number of carbons is 1 or 2), and a cycloalkyl group. R2 represents a methyl group, an ethyl group, and the like.

Solar-assisted electrical appliance

A solar-assisted is generally provided herein. The appliance may include an alternating current voltage source, an alternating current component, a direct current component, a rectifier, and a solar panel.
Haier Us Appliance Solutions, Inc.

Backpack for use with a portable solar powered refrigeration box and water generator

A portable refrigeration unit includes a substantially rectangular box for providing storage for perishable goods. A refrigerator is used for cooling the rectangular box to a predetermined temperature.
Aldelano Ip Holdings, Llc

Thermosyphon cooling for overheat protection

The present invention cools fluid by thermosyphon to prevent overheating at a flowing-fluid-heating device, such as a solar collector, when forced circulation stops. The introduction of the fluidic diode in the present invention affords more overheat protection system design options, higher reliability, and the opportunity to manufacture solar collectors of less expensive alternative materials..

Solar collector having fresnel mirrors

The present specification relates to a solar collector having fresnel mirrors including a mounting for a set of mirrors made up of strips of mirrors referred to as primary mirrors, each pivoting about a respective axis of rotation referred to as the large axis relative to the mounting, and intended for collecting solar radiation and for concentrating said radiation toward one or more concentrating elements which can be mutually similar or different, carrying a heat-transfer fluid, characterized in that the solar collator comprises a means for moving one or more concentrating elements such as to make the collector mobile relative to the mounting of the set of primary mirrors.. .
Pk-enr

Jig for sample for solar photovoltaic device and solar simulator including the same

A jig for a sample for a solar photovoltaic device is disclosed. The jig includes a cradle unit supporting the sample and a contact unit including at least one probe pin coming into contact with a busbar of the sample located in the cradle unit.
Korea Institute Of Energy Research

Bracket mount for securing solar panel rail guides on shingle roofs

In various representative aspects, an assembly for securing a solar panel rail and rail-less support structures to a shingle roof. More specifically, the apparatus includes a connection bracket and flashing device for use in installing solar panel rail support structures.
Ironridge, Inc.

Stirling engine for an emission-free aircraft

Aircraft with an emission-free drive and method for emission-free driving of an aircraft. The aircraft includes an aircraft thruster structured and arranged to generate thrust force on the aircraft, an aircraft lift device structured and arranged to generate lift on the aircraft, and a heat engine, which is structured and arranged to convert thermal energy into kinetic energy to drive the aircraft thruster, that includes at least one flat-plate stirling engine drivable by solar thermal radiation..
Eads Deutschland Gmbh

Motorised drive device for a closure or solar protection home-automation facility, associated home-automation facility and controlling the operation of such a device

Disclosed is a motorised drive device for a closure or solar protection home-automation facility which includes an electromechanical actuator, an electronic control unit and a standalone electric power supply device. The electronic control unit is configured to detect electric power supply and supply interruption periods of the electromechanical actuator from at least one photovoltaic cell, using only a unit for measuring a magnitude linked to the electric power supply of the electromechanical actuator by the at least one photovoltaic cell, and resetting at least one portion of the data stored by the electronic control unit, following the simulation of a sequence of electric power supply and supply interruption periods of the electromechanical actuator, wherein the electric power supply and supply interruption periods are detected via measurement elements..
Simu

Receiving appliance for automated deliveries

A landing pad receives and stores packages delivered from an aerial vehicle and awaiting pickup from an aerial vehicle. The landing pad can be placed outside of a window and can contain a transmitter for sending out an identification signal via radio frequency to aid aerial vehicles in finding the landing pad.

Vehicle

A first control device connected with a second power line and configured to control a drive system is configured to send a start prohibition signal of the first control device to a second control device connected with the second power line and configured to control a solar power generation system, upon satisfaction of a prohibition condition including a condition that an abnormality occurs in the drive system. When the second control device receives the start prohibition signal from the first control device, the second control device is configured not to send a start instruction signal for charging to the first control device in spite of a request for solar charging provided to supply electric power from the solar power generation system to a first electrical storage device at a system-off time..
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Mailbox and system with illuminated characters

A mailbox system includes a mailbox body for receiving and storing mail items. One or more receiver units are disposed along an outside facing surface of the mailbox body and function to receive at least one address indicator having a plurality of lighted elements along a front facing surface thereof.

Inverted metamorphic multijunction solar cell with multiple metamorphic layers

The disclosure describes multi-junction solar cell structures that include two or more graded interlayers.. .
State Of Israel, Ministry Of Agriculture & Rural Development, Agricultural Research Organization

Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

. .

Solar powered light assembly to produce light of varying colors

A garden light having a body with a post, the lower end of which is provided with a spike. The upper end of the post receives a lens assembly.

Smart sign sleeve

A solar powered smart sign sleeve, that attaches to an existing stop sign or traffic sign post and uses motion sensors; lasers; cameras; hard drive; rf antenna; battery inversion pack and wi-fi to establish an approaching vehicle speed by sensors and upon detection, determine if the vehicle comes to a complete braking stop at the stop sign before proceeding through an intersection or making a turn. If vehicle does not come to a full stop, before proceeding pass the stop sign, the camera with an infra-red illuminator will photograph the vehicle license plate both day and night and transmit the vehicle violation by wi-fi or rf signal to a traffic bureau or agency, capable of dispensing fees and/or fines based on the documented time-stamped violation.

Solar cell module

Disclosed is a solar cell module in which a terminal and a circuit unit are spaced apart from each other so as not to overlap each other and the circuit unit is spaced apart from a solar cell panel. The solar cell module includes a solar cell panel, a circuit unit, an inverter-fixing member disposed on the rear surface of the solar cell panel, and a ribbon that connects a terminal protruding from the rear surface of the solar cell panel to the circuit unit..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Dynamic reconfiguration of solar panels based on light condition

The system and method for reconfiguring the electrical connections of solar panels based on the light condition is presented. The system measures the intensity or irradiance of the ambient light at the solar panels.

Panel mounting bracket with grounding mid-clamp and related methods

A system for mounting a plurality of solar panels on a building may include mounting brackets each including a base to be positioned on the building and a vertical extension coupled to the base. A plurality of interior mounting clamps may each include a leg to be coupled to the vertical extension of a given panel mounting bracket.

Intelligent solar roadway system and solar roadway panels

An intelligent roadway system of trafficable solar roadway panels for collecting solar energy, converting the solar energy into electricity, illuminating leds, storing and distributing the electrical energy and sensing dynamic conditions on and about the trafficable solar roadway panels and communicating the sensed dynamic conditions and precise global positioning system (gps) location of the sensed dynamic conditions to a user for use.. .
Solar Roadways Incorporated

Electrical bonding splice for solar panel rail guides

In various representative aspects, an assembly for connecting and electrically bonding two solar panel rail guides is provided. More specifically, the assembly provides a novel and improved inner rail used as a splice that slides within the two solar panel rail guides and includes a serrated screw that is pre-installed within the splice.
Ironridge, Inc.

Portable power case

Systems, methods, and articles for a portable power case are disclosed. The portable power case is comprised of at least one battery and at least one pcb.
Lat Enterprises, Inc., D/b/a Medipak Energy Systems

Solar inverter grid emulation mode

A method, apparatus, and system to control and test a solar inverter are provided. The method commissions a solar inverter of a solar plant before it is placed into power production.
Ge Energy Power Conversion Technology Ltd

Portable solar energy storage system using ionic polymer metal composite enhanced water electrolysis

Provided herein are fabricated ionic polymer-composite metal membranes and energy storage systems comprising the same. The energy storage systems are particularly suitable for solar powered, portable hydrogen fuel cells.
Wichita State University

Solar cell interconnection

A solar cell can include a conductive foil having a first portion with a first yield strength coupled to a semiconductor region of the solar cell. The solar cell can be interconnected with another solar cell via an interconnect structure that includes a second portion of the conductive foil, with the interconnect structure having a second yield strength greater than the first yield strength..
Sunpower Corporation

Corrosion resistant photovoltaic modules

A system for fabricating a solar string is provided. The system obtains multiple photovoltaic structures.
Solarcity Corporation

Method for producing a thin film solar cell module and thin film solar cell module

The invention relates to a method for producing a thin film solar cell module and thin film solar cell module thus produces. The method comprises the steps of forming a multi-layer structure (100) of multiple electrically interconnected thin film solar cells (1) on a substrate (2), the multi-layer structure comprising a back contact layer (10), a photovoltaic active layer (11), and a front contact layer (13); and forming a conductive grid (3) underneath or onto the front contact layer by depositing a conductive material through a mask (4) before or after forming the front contact layer (13), by moving the substrate (2) and the mask (4) with respect to a deposition source (5) of the conductive material..
Beijing Apollo Ding Rong Solar Technology Co. Ltd.

Composition for solar cell electrodes and electrode fabricated using the same

>. .

Solar cell element and manufacturing solar cell element

A solar cell element includes a semiconductor substrate, a passivation layer and a protective layer. The semiconductor substrate includes a p-type semiconductor region on one surface side thereof.
Kyocera Corporation

Method for manufacturing barrier film with enhanced moisture resistance and barrier film manufactured by the same

A barrier film and a method of manufacturing the barrier film are provided. The method includes performing high-pressure thermal treatment under certain conditions on an oxide thin film deposited by sputtering deposition or atomic layer deposition (ald) to manufacture a barrier film with improved moisture resistance.
Industry-academic Cooperation Foundation, Yonsei University

Photoelectric conversion element, and solar cell using the same

Provided is a photoelectric conversion element including: a first electrode that includes a photosensitive layer containing a light absorbing agent on a conductive support; and a second electrode that is opposite to the first electrode. The light absorbing agent includes a compound having a perovskite-type crystal structure that includes a cation of an element of group 1 in the periodic table or a cationic organic group a, a cation of a metal atom m other than the element of group 1 in the periodic table, and an anion of an anionic atom or atomic group x.
Fujifilm Corporation

Conductive paste composition and semiconductor devices made therewith

The present invention provides a thick-film paste composition for printing the front side of a solar cell device having one or more insulating layers. The thick-film paste comprises an electrically conductive metal and an oxide composition dispersed in an organic medium that includes microgel particles and an organopolysiloxane..
E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company

Forecasting solar power generation using weather forecasts

Embodiments are directed to a computer-implemented method of forecasting power generation. The method includes analyzing, using a processor, a set of historical weather data.
International Business Machines Corporation

Solar device for autonomous refrigeration by solid-gas sorption

A device is provided for the autonomous production of refrigeration approximately 40° c. Lower than ambient temperature from a low-temperature solar thermal source, the device including: (i) a reactor arranged to cool and/or heat the solid reagent; (ii) a condenser; (iii) a first tank for storing the liquid refrigerant at ambient temperature; (iv) an enclosure arranged to store a phase-change material and also including an evaporator; (v) a second tank for storing the liquid refrigerant at a low temperature; (vi) apparatus for conveying the refrigerant and (vii) apparatus for controlling the flow of the refrigerant..
Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique

Method to generate high lsg low-emissivity coating with same color after heat treatment

Low emissivity panels can include a separation layer of zn2snox between multiple infrared reflective stacks. The low emissivity panels can also include ninbtiox as barrier layer.
Guardian Glass, Llc

Solar panel fire skirt

Embodiments of the present invention are directed towards fire blocking apparatuses. A fire blocking apparatus for a solar panel is mounted to an underlying mounting surface.
Solarcity Corporation

Growth efficiency system

A system to improve plant growth including a building having an interior and an interior ceiling. The system also includes a series of tiered structures configured in a stepped manner within the building interior and a plurality of lights hung from the ceiling of the building in a stepped manner to mirror the stepped manner of the tiered structures.
Brian Richie Designs Incorporated

Photoelectric conversion device

Provided is a photoelectric conversion device that enables simple and more reliable connection of a solar cell module to a main body capable of supplying electrical power to an external device. The photoelectric conversion device includes: a photoelectric conversion module group including a first connection means; and a main body part including a second connection means that is mechanically and electrically connectable to the first connection means.
Zeon Corporation

Smart solar tile networks

Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for a dynamic solar tile network. In one aspect, a method includes designating a first solar tile in a set of solar tiles as a control tile.
Google Llc

Method and system of adaptive charging

An adaptive charging system comprises at least one solar panel and a voltage regulator. The solar panel comprises a protective layer, a first eva layer, a plurality of solar cells, a plurality of connectors, a second eva layer and a first supporting layer.
Rng International Inc.

Method and system of adaptive charging

An adaptive charging system comprises at least one solar panel and a voltage regulator. The solar panel comprises a protective layer, a first eva layer, a plurality of solar cells, a plurality of connectors, a second eva layer and a first supporting layer.
Rng International Inc.

Solar cell emitter region fabrication with differentiated p-type and n-type architectures and incorporating dotted diffusion

Methods of fabricating solar cell emitter regions with differentiated p-type and n-type architectures and incorporating dotted diffusion, and resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a solar cell includes a substrate having a light-receiving surface and a back surface.
Sunpower Corporation

Conductive foil based metallization of solar cells

Methods of fabricating a solar cell, and system for electrically coupling solar cells, are described. In an example, the methods for fabricating a solar cell can include forming a first cut portion from a conductive foil.
Sunpower Corporation

Method of manufacturing solar cell

A method of manufacturing a solar cell can include forming a silicon oxide film on a semiconductor substrate and successively exposing the silicon oxide film to a temperature in a range of 570° c. To 700° c.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Multiple layer solar energy harvesting composition and method, solar energy harvesting buckyball, inductive coupling device; vehicle chassis; atmospheric intake hydrogen motor; electrical energy generating tire; and mechanical energy harvesting device

Provided is a multiple layer composition and method for deposition of a solar energy harvesting strip onto a driving surface that will allow electric cars to charge by an inductive coupling. The multiple layer composition includes at least one magnetic material for generating a magnetic field, wherein at least one of the multiple layers comprises the magnetic material.

Solar cell module and solar cell in which wiring member is connected to surface

A plurality of inter-cell wiring members electrically connect adjacent solar cells. The solar cell includes a photoelectric conversion layer and a finger electrode.
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd

Lightweight solar module building materials set and sound insulation wall using the set

A lightweight solar module building materials set includes a solar module, a perforated plate defining multiple perforations, and a support assembly which is essentially composed of a supportive plate and a honeycomb structure and can support the solar module and the perforated plate. The perforated plate, the honeycomb structure, and the supportive plate define multiple sound absorption compartments.
Gixia Group Co.

Solar array system and manufacturing

A space-grade solar array includes relatively small cells with integrated wiring embedded into or incorporated directly onto a printed circuit board. The integrated wiring provides an interface for solar cells having back side electrical contacts.
Sierra Nevada Corporation

Solar cells with differentiated p-type and n-type region architectures

Methods of fabricating solar cell emitter regions with differentiated p-type and n-type regions architectures, and resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a solar cell can include a substrate having a light-receiving surface and a back surface.
Sunpower Corporation

Metallization of solar cells using metal foils

A solar cell structure includes p-type and n-type doped regions. A dielectric spacer is formed on a surface of the solar cell structure.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar cell device and manufacturing same

Provided is a solar cell device wherein: a cu-containing metal layer exhibits good adhesion strength with respect to an si substrate and a tab wire; and diffusion of cu into the substrate and an ag finger wiring line is suppressed. Provided is a solar cell device which comprises a silicon semiconductor substrate, a cu-containing metal layer, an ag-containing finger wiring line, and an interface layer containing an oxide or an organic compound.
Material Concept, Inc.

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

A solar cell includes a substrate formed of n-type single crystal silicon, an emitter region of a p-type which is positioned at a first surface of the substrate and includes a first emitter region having a first sheet resistance and a second emitter region having a second sheet resistance less than the first sheet resistance, a plurality of surface field regions of the n-type locally positioned at a second surface opposite the first surface of the substrate, a plurality of first electrodes which are positioned only on the second emitter region to be separated from one another and are connected to the second emitter region, and a plurality of second electrodes which are positioned on the plurality of surface field regions to be separated from one another and are connected to the plurality of surface field regions.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Predictive analytics device for integrating energy storage with solar generation coupled to electrical loads

A device is disclosed that uses short term solar energy forecasting to enhance the use of energy storage coupled to an electrical load. By predicting momentary fluctuations in solar energy output, the energy storage is controlled to avoid short term drops in energy production resulting in higher apparent electrical load and potentially higher demand charges.

Metallization of conductive wires for solar cells

Methods of fabricating a solar cell, and system for electrically coupling solar cells, are described. In an example, the methods for fabricating a solar cell can include placing conductive wires in a wire guide, where conductive wires are placed over a first semiconductor substrate having first doped regions and second doped regions.
Total Marketing Services And Total Energies Nouvelles Activites Usa

Photoelectric conversion element, solar cell, metal salt composition, and manufacturing photoelectric conversion element

Provided is a photoelectric conversion element including: a first electrode that includes a photosensitive layer containing a perovskite-type light absorbing agent on a conductive support; and a second electrode that is opposite to the first electrode. The perovskite-type light absorbing agent includes a metal cation m1 as a central ion of a perovskite-type crystal structure thereof, and a metal cation m2, of which a valence is different from a valence of the metal cation m1, of a metal atom other than elements of group 1 in the periodic table.
Fujifilm Corporation

Photoelectric conversion element and solar cell

Provided are a photoelectric conversion element and a solar cell using the photoelectric conversion element. The photoelectric conversion element includes: a first electrode that includes a photosensitive layer, which includes a perovskite-type light absorbing agent, on a conductive support; a particle-containing layer that contains conductive fine particles and a polymer and is provided on the first electrode; and a charge transport layer that does not contain the conductive fine particles and is provided between the photosensitive layer and the particle-containing layer..
Fujifilm Corporation

Solar control window film

A composite film may include a first transparent substrate, a dielectric layer and at least two infra-red reflection stacks. The dielectric layer may be located between the at least two infra-red reflection stacks and each of the infra-red reflection stacks may include two blocker layers and a functional layer.
Saint-gobain Performance Plastics Corporation

Zone isolation control system for transport refrigeration unit

Multi-zone transport refrigeration units (trus). A combination of temperature controlled flow of cold air and time controlled refrigerant distribution is used to improve cooling performance and reduce power consumption.

Solar collector insulation and obtained product

A solar collector, in particular a solar thermal collector, is formed of at least one circuit transporting a heat transfer fluid, and includes at least one insulator, in particular in the form of at least one layer, formed of flakes and/or nodules of mineral wool(s) or mineral fibers. A process is provided for insulating or manufacturing a solar collector into which flakes and/or nodules of mineral wool(s) and/or mineral fibers are blown, as insulator, in particular without adding binder or water..
Saint-gobain Isover

Water heater

The water heater includes a main body and a secondary tank. The main body encloses a receiving space and absorbs solar energy to heat water therein.

Solar-powered streetlamp structure

A solar-powered streetlamp structure (10) includes: a main lamp frame (1), including a top section (11) and a first pivotal hole (12); a solar power module (2), disposed on the top section (11); a rotation unit (3), including a transversal pipe (31) pivoted in the first pivotal hole (12) and an outwardly-protruding pipe (32) connected to the transversal pipe (31), thereby enabling the angle of the outwardly-protruding pipe (32) to be adjusted with the transversal pipe (31) served as an axle core; and a lamp unit (4), including a lamp body (41) having one end thereof formed with a second pivotal hole (410), and a light source module (42); the lamp body (41) is pivoted with the outwardly-protruding pipe (32) via the second pivotal hole (410), thereby enabling the angle of the lamp body (41) to be adjusted with the outwardly-protruding pipe (32) served as an axle core.. .
Habemit International Co. Ltd.

Hybrid thermal power and desalination apparatus and methods

Rankine cycle power generation facility having a plurality of thermal inputs and at least one heat sink, where the heat sink includes a thermal chimney or a natural convective cooling tower. In a preferred embodiment, the power facility generates electricity and/or fresh water with a zero carbon footprint, such as by using a combination of solar and geothermal heating to drive a rankine cycle heat engine.

Smart fence

This disclosure relates to a remotely controlled fence comprising a means for sensing an unauthorized entry, an image capturing device to capture the image of the unauthorized object, a speaker, a microphone, a humidifier to create a chill out area, a display unit for showing the weather temperature of the surrounding, a radio fm device for a musical chanson and a medium for news to the listener, a lighting unit, a plurality of solar panel hoods and a means for communication interface to transmit the related information to the user. Further, the fence is optimized to control all functions using a mobile app or a web technology with a user interacting device such as computer, tablet, smartphone and the like..

Shade generator

An improved method and apparatus for creating shade over a designated area by providing a shade generator utilizing a combination computer-controlled drone and associated kite-canopy. The invented apparatus for creating shade may be movable, and may be adapted to provide solar power for its operation..

Functional roof construction method and arrangement

A functional roof construction arrangement for a roof frame of a building, includes a plurality of functional roof modules being assembled together. Each of the functional roof modules includes a module housing and a roof functional unit which includes three different roof functional panel units selectively supported by the module housing at different levels thereof to provide different functions for the building.

Exterior vehicle heating system

An exterior vehicle heating system for melting snow and ice is provided. The exterior vehicle heating system comprises a vehicle having a plurality of wheels with each wheel having a tire, each wheel mounted within a wheel well, and each wheel well having a front side and a rear side.

Electric vehicle charging systems and methods

Example electric vehicle charging systems and methods are described. In one implementation, an electric vehicle charging system includes multiple solar cells and a power manager coupled to the multiple solar cells.
Paired Power, Inc.

Range extender vehicle

A range extender vehicle includes: a turboshaft engine, a turboshaft engine controller, a generator, a battery pack, a battery controller, driving motors, a battery heat radiator, and a gasholder. A signal end of the turboshaft engine is connected to the turboshaft engine controller.
Technologies' Xanadu Of Resonatory-solar-systemed Co., Ltd.

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha

. .

Solar testing device

The invention refers to a solar testing device (11) for testing a solar module (6). The solar testing device (11) comprises a test area (12) for the solar module (6) to be tested, a light emitting area (16) comprising an array of led-modules (17, 17a) arranged opposite to the test area (12) and arranged in a pitch (p) to each other.
Pasan Sa

Systems and methods for improved installation and grounding of photovoltaic assemblies

Improved pv assemblies for converting solar radiation to electrical energy and methods of installation thereof are disclosed herein. Pv arrays comprising a plurality pv modules are also described herein.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar panel drive shaft

A drive shaft includes an extruded internal tube having teeth formed thereon. The drive shaft also includes an extruded external tube having teeth formed therein and coaxially receiving the internal tube.
Neapco Intellectual Property Holdings, Llc

Systems and methods for rotatably mounting and locking solar panels

Systems and methods are provided for rotatably mounting and locking solar (e.g., photovoltaic) panels. For example, the solar panels can be mounted so as to be rotatable about an axis so as to track the sun over the course of the day, and can be locked in a suitable position during high-wind conditions.
Alion Energy, Inc.

Systems and methods for supporting solar panels

Systems and methods are provided for supporting (racking) solar (e.g., photovoltaic) panels. At least one concrete track can be formed, first, second, and third racking structures can be assembled, each including two legs, landings at tops the legs, and feet that respectively can be secured to the at least one concrete track.
Alion Energy, Inc.

Devices and methods for use 5 with refrigeration devices including temperature-controlled container systems

Generally, this disclosure relates to methods of prioritizing or directing available power to a main device, such as a temperature-stabilized and/or temperature-controlled storage container. In an embodiment, the method may include measuring electrical power available from a solar photovoltaic module array that is electrically coupled to the main device, and modulating the electrical power drawn by the main device based on the available electrical power.
Tokitae Llc

Portable renewable energy power system

Various examples described herein are directed to portable renewable energy power systems comprising a solar module comprising a plurality of photovoltaic cells; a battery module comprising a plurality of battery cells; a user interface comprising at least one input device and at least one display; an alternating current/direct current (ac/dc) converter; a direct current/alternating current (dc/ac) converter; and a control module comprising at least one processor.. .
Unlimited Power, Ltd.

Energy device including halogenated carbon material and preparing the same

Prepared is a halogenated carbon material, which reduces a carbon material having an oxygen-based functional group by introducing a halogen gas or a mixed gas of a halogen gas and an inert gas into the carbon material having an oxygen-based functional group, and dopes a halogen into the carbon material. The resulting halogenated carbon material includes one or more selected from a group consisting of c—y2 and c—y3, and may be suitably for an energy device such as a fuel cell, a lithium ion battery, and a solar cell..
Korea Institute Of Science And Technology

Method and device for producing solar cell strands

An uninterrupted production of solar cell strings is provided herein that includes electrically conductive ribbons (2) being dispensed at a dispensing station (4, 5) that has a reserve of ribbons (2), and fed to at least one string (7) of unconnected solar cells (3). The ribbons (2) are kept ready for dispensing on at least two dispensing stations (4, 5) that each have a reserve of ribbon material.
M10 Industries Ag

Solar module and photovoltaic power generation system

A solar module of an embodiment includes: a first solar panel having a plurality of first submodules each including a plurality of first solar cells; and a second solar panel layered with the first solar panel, the second solar panel having a plurality of second submodules each including a plurality of second solar cells. The first solar panel is provided on a side where light is incident.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba

Solar cell and solar cell panel including the same

Disclosed is a solar cell including a semiconductor substrate, a conductive region on or at the semiconductor substrate, and an electrode electrically connected to the conductive region. The electrode includes a plurality of finger lines formed in a first direction and parallel to each other and a bus bar electrically connected to the plurality of finger lines and formed in a second direction crossing the first direction.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Back sheet of solar cell module, and solar cell module

The invention provides a back sheet including a water-impermeable sheet and a film firmly bonded to each other and exhibiting excellent adhesiveness to an eva encapsulant layer of a solar cell module even without corona discharge treatment on the film surface. The back sheet of the invention is a back sheet for solar cell module, including a water-impermeable sheet and a film.
Daikin Industries, Ltd.

Photoelectric conversion element, multi-junction photoelectric conversion element, solar cell module, and solar power system

A photoelectric conversion element of an embodiment includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a light-absorbing layer having a compound containing group i-iii-vi elements between the first electrode and the second electrode, and an n-type layer between the light-absorbing layer and the second electrode. A group iv element is contained in the light-absorbing layer closer to the n-type layer.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba

P-type solar cell with limited emitter saturation current

The current disclosure describes a p-type solar cell with back emitter with increased electrical efficiency and decreased manufacturing and material costs. According to one aspect of the present disclosure, the solar cell comprises gallium-doped silicon, closely arranged contact openings in the rear passivation layer, and physical vapor deposition application of at least one metal to create the rear contact.
Solarworld Innovations Gmbh

Gaas thin film grown on si substrate, and preparation gaas thin film grown on si substrate

Disclosed is a preparation method for a gaas thin film grown on an si substrate, said method comprising the following steps: (1) si (111) substrate cleaning; (2) si (111) substrate preprocessing; (3) si (111) substrate oxide film removal; (4) first inxga1-xas buffer layer growth; (5) first inxga1-xas buffer layer in situ annealing; (6) gaas buffer layer growth; (7) gaas buffer layer in situ annealing; (8) second inxga1-xas buffer layer growth; (9) second inxga1-xas buffer layer in situ annealing; (10) gaas epitaxial thin film growth. Also disclosed is a gaas thin film grown on an si substrate.
South China University Of Technology

Photoelectric conversion element and dye-sensitized solar cell

R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, or an aryl group. G represents a group represented by any one of formulae (g-1) to (g-4).

Electric insulating material, electric insulating coating compound and electric insulating wire having excellent thermal conduction performance

An electric insulating material, an electric insulating coating compound used this material and an electric insulating wire used this coating compound having excellent thermal conduction performance (high thermal conductivity), said material, coating compound and wire comprised of a polyamideimide resin having repeating unit of 4,4′-stilbenedicarbonate group, specifically, wherein the polyamideimide resin comprised of amido bond of stilbenedicarboxylic acid represented by general formula (i). Said resin is useful for insulated coils of electric motors of solar car used solar batteries, and it is particularly excellent in thermal conduction performance, also excellent in heat resistance and the like, thermal conduction performance can be improved without using filler..
Totoku Toryo Co., Ltd.

Systems, methods, and vehicles for maintaining solar panels

A method of locating a maintenance vehicle in a solar power field can include driving the maintenance vehicle on a track. A plurality of flags are coupled to the track at spaced locations.
Alion Energy, Inc.

Portable cooling device

In an embodiment, a portable cooling device comprises a duct having two ends at opposing sides. An end is adapted for air intake while an opposing end is adapted for air expulsion.

Solar powered illuminating container

An illuminating container comprises an insulated housing used for storing at a cool temperature. The housing comprises a solar portion that harvests solar energy to generate electricity, and thereby constantly recharge a power source.

Multi-functional outdoor sun-shading apparatus, multi-functional outdoor sun-shading umbrella, and multi-functional recreational pavilion

The present disclosure discloses a multi-functional outdoor sun-shading apparatus, characterized in that an umbrella awning body adopts a two-layered or three-layered design, wherein an upper layer is for blocking out direct irradiation of sunlight, and a lower layer is for absorbing an external cool liquid to make a user feel cool and refreshed; the sun-shading apparatus may be fixedly mounted or non-fixedly placed, and thus may be used as a sun-shading umbrella or a recreational pavilion; a roof of the sun-shading apparatus is provided with a solar panel to absorb sunlight as an energy source for illuminating at night or for landscaping; by further providing adjusting means, not only the vertical height of the umbrella awning body may be adjusted, but also its lateral angle may be adjusted; in this way, it is suitable for any sunlight angle to achieve an optimal effect.. .

Autonomous urn for discharging powdery mortal remains from the urn, as well as a discharging powdery mortal remains to the ground

Wherein the urn is arranged for converting solar energy into a movement of the transport organ by means of the actuator.. .

System for controlled heating and ventilation of livestock structures

Disclosed is a system and method for controlling the environment of a broiler poultry structure interior utilizing a transpired solar collector and controllable vents, fans and sensors. In an embodiment, the incident angle of the transpired collector is adjusted to provide additional heat or shade as needed.
Geosolarheat Llc

Non-concentrated photovoltaic and concentrated solar thermal hybrid devices and methods for solar energy collection

In embodiments, the inefficiencies present in conventional technologies that separately utilize photovoltaic or solar thermal technologies are obviated. Embodiments relate generally to a solar energy collection device having a focusing element with a shape configured to direct collimated incident light to a common focal region.

Multi-surface solar cell packaging for self-powered electronic devices

A solar cell assembly includes a bendable substrate and multiple solar cells to be mounted over different surfaces of an electronic device. The bendable substrate includes an electrical contact to couple to an electrical contact on one of the surfaces of the electronic device.
Intel Corporation

Hybrid solar thermal and photovoltaic energy collection

Techniques for hybrid solar thermal and photovoltaic energy collection are provided. In one aspect, a photovoltaic concentrating thermal collector (pvctc) includes: a thermal absorber collector; and bent solar panels forming a parabolic shaped trough reflector partially surrounding the thermal absorber collector so as to reflect incident light onto the thermal absorber collector.
International Business Machines Corporation

Mobile solar power deploying same

A mobile solar power system provides electricity to various electronic devices needing a source of electricity in remote locations. The mobile solar power system may be transported in a compact form to a remote location by a trailer configured for securely transporting the mobile solar power system.
Solarover, Inc.

Distributed power system, dc-dc converter, and power conditioner

A distributed power system that is connected to a utility grid during both daytime and nighttime includes a plurality of power supplies including a solar array, a non-isolated dc-dc converter that has an input terminal and an output terminal and raises, at a predetermined step-up ratio, a dc voltage input from the power supplies via the input terminal and outputs the dc voltage via the output terminal, an inverter that converts the dc voltage output from the dc-dc converter via the output terminal into an alternating current, and a potential adjustment section that adjusts a potential at a negative electrode of the solar array to a potential higher than a potential at a negative electrode of the inverter at least during nighttime.. .
Omron Corporation

Alternative energy car sun visor

A sun visor assembly for a motorized vehicle includes first and second panels configured to be pivotally mounted to a sun visor support rod. The second panel includes a solar panel to generate power to charge a portable device.

Solar panel commercial applications

A solar panel is disclosed that detects conditions triggered by operational events and then selects behavioral actions for the solar panel to execute in response to the operational events. Condition detection devices detect conditions that the solar panel is exposed to where each condition is triggered by an operational event that the solar panel is encountering.
Solpad, Inc.

Method of forming multiple nanopatterns and manufacturing organic solar cell using the same

Disclosed is a method of forming multiple nanopatterns, including (a) forming a block copolymer layer on a substrate, (b) self-assembling the block copolymer layer, thus preparing a phase-separated block copolymer layer including a plurality of patterns, (c) performing stamping on the phase-separated block copolymer layer using a nanoimprinting stamp having a nano-sized pattern, (d) removing at least one from the plurality of patterns, thus preparing a multiple-nanopatterned block copolymer layer, (e) performing etching using the multiple-nanopatterned block copolymer layer as a mask, thus preparing a multiple-nanopatterned substrate, (f) subjecting the multiple-nanopatterned substrate to surface treatment, and (g) applying a liquid polymer on the multiple-nanopatterned substrate and then performing thermal treatment, thus. .
Postech Academy-industry Foundation

Direct texture transparent conductive oxide served as electrode or intermediate layer for photovoltaic and display applications

The present invention provides transparent semiconducting films for constructing a translucent electrode that possess a high transparency and low sheet resistance. Further, the transparent semiconducting films have a high light diffusion property, which is capable to be a translucent front/back electrode in a light-emitting device for improving the light emission efficiency and a front/intermediate/back electrode in a multi-junction solar cell for improving the light trapping effect.
Nano And Advanced Materials Institute Limited

Manufacture of solar concentrator modules using a wafer precursor

A wafer precursor for creating photovoltaic (pv) concentrator modules and a method for fabricating solar concentrator modules using the wafer precursor. The method includes providing a crystalline silicon wafer substrate that can be used to make multiple concentrator cells to be incorporated into concentrator modules.
United States Of America As Represented By Secretary Of The Navy

Crystalline silicon solar cell module and manufacturing same

A crystalline silicon solar cell module includes a crystalline silicon solar cell and an interconnector. The interconnector is electrically connected to the crystalline silicon solar cell.
Kaneka Corporation

Solar cell module and photovoltaic power generation system

A solar cell module of an embodiment includes: a first solar panel having a plurality of first submodules each including a plurality of first solar cells; and a second solar panel layered with the first solar panel, the second solar panel having a plurality of second solar cells. The first solar panel exists on the side where light is incident.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba

Solar cell, multi-junction solar cell, solar cell module, and photovoltaic system

A solar cell of an embodiment includes: a first electrode; a second electrode; a light-absorbing layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode; a dot region interposed between the first electrode and the light-absorbing layer, the dot region including dots.. .
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba

Solar cell and manufacturing the same

Disclosed is a solar cell including a control passivation film on one surface of a semiconductor substrate, and being formed of a dielectric material; and a semiconductor layer on the control passivation film, wherein the semiconductor layer including a first conductive region having a first conductive type and a second conductive region having a second conductive type opposite to the first conductive type. The semiconductor substrate includes a diffusion region including at least one of a first diffusion region and a second diffusion region adjacent to the control passivation film, wherein the first diffusion region being locally formed to correspond to the first conductive region and having a doping concentration lower than a doping concentration of the first conductive region, wherein the second diffusion region being locally formed to correspond to the second conductive region and having a doping concentration lower than a doping concentration of the second conductive region..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Cathode of solar unit and manufacturing thereof, and solar cell

A cathode of a solar unit and method for manufacturing thereof, and a solar cell. The method for manufacturing a cathode of a solar unit includes the following steps: step a) curing a composition to form a film, and the composition comprises conducting polymer, curing material, ionic liquid and phosphorene; step b) applying photoresist on the film corresponding to pixel areas by ink jet printing or applying photoresist on the film corresponding to pixel areas by coating, and then carrying out the processes of exposure and development; step c) etching the film on which the photoresist has been ink jet printed or coated to form the cathode pattern of the solar unit; step d) peeling off the photoresist to obtain the cathode of the solar unit.
Boe Technology Group Co., Ltd.

Method for producing a solar cell, in particular a silicon thin-film solar cell

A method for producing a solar cell, in particular a silicon thin-film solar cell, wherein a tco layer (3) is applied to a glass substrate (1) and at least one silicon layer (4, 5) is applied to the tco layer (3). Before the tco layer (3) is applied, electron radiation is applied to the glass substrate (1), such that a light-scattering layer (2) of the glass substrate (1) is produced, to which light-scattering layer the tco layer (3) is applied.
Lilas Gmbh

Methods for curing anti-reflective coatings on solar glass

Methods of curing anti-reflective coatings, and photovoltaic modules produced using the methods, are described. The methods can include liquid metal curing, plasma curing, air knife curing, and flame curing..
First Solar, Inc.

Foil trim approaches for foil-based metallization of solar cells

Foil trim approaches for the foil-based metallization of solar cells and the resulting solar cells are described. For example, a method involves attaching a metal foil sheet to a metallized surface of an underlying supported wafer to provide a unified pairing of the metal foil sheet and the wafer.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar powered rotating graphic display for drinking cup

A solar powered rotating graphic display for a drinking cup where the graphic display is located between an inner cup and an outer transparent cup. The display panel is attached to a base plate that is caused to rotate by a dc gear motor located at the bottom of the outer cup and just below the inner cup.

Parking meter and a device therefor

A single bay parking meter device is provided which accepts payment by means of a credit or debit card, an electronic purse, or coins. The device has a power supply unit, a solar power charging arrangement and power management, such that it does not need power supply cables to be installed for each meter.
Ips Group Inc.

Parking meter and a device therefor

A single bay parking meter device is provided which accepts payment by means of a credit or debit card, an electronic purse, or coins. The device has a power supply unit, a solar power charging arrangement and power management, such that it does not need power supply cables to be installed for each meter.
Ips Group Inc.

Parking meter and a device therefor

A single bay parking meter device is provided which accepts payment by means of a credit or debit card, an electronic purse, or coins. The device has a power supply unit, a solar power charging arrangement and power management, such that it does not need power supply cables to be installed for each meter.
Ips Group Inc.

Method for displaying search results for items with environmental attributes

A method is provided comprising steps (a) displaying a symbol that is proportional in size to a number of search results in a aggregated georeferenced search result set, the symbol superimposed on a map in a position that geographically corresponds to a position attribute of the aggregated georeferenced search result set, the symbol comprising at least two areas that are essentially proportional in size to the number of results that have a price attribute value within price ranges that correspond to said at least two areas; (b) enabling a user to dynamically modify parameters that define the limits of the price ranges through a price range modification mechanism; (c) updating the at least two areas as the user manipulates said price range modification mechanism; (d) enabling the user to dynamically modify environmental parameters comprising a temperature modification mechanism and a solar modification mechanism; and (e) updating the number of search results as the user manipulates the environmental parameters.. .

Solar power collection systems and methods thereof

Solar power collection systems characterized by using a collimated or otherwise concentrated beam (201) of solar radiation to directly heat a porcelain or other high-heat capacity ceramic heating element (202) by contact with an absorption surface on the element, which element in turn heats a thermal storage medium (205) by conduction, methods of using the systems for collecting solar energy, and applications of the systems are disclosed.. .

Multisectional blind and solar collector combination device

A multisectional blind and solar collector combination device includes a plurality of parallel and vertically spaced housings. A back face of a primary one of the housings is a fixed solar panel.

Solar-thermal water purification by recycling photovoltaic reflection losses

Techniques for solar thermal water purification by recycling photovoltaic reflection losses are provided. In one aspect, a solar thermal water purification system includes: a water purification component for desalinating salt water, the water purification component having multiple stages through which the salt water passes, and condensers in each of the stages; and a photovoltaic component configured to heat the salt water prior to the salt water entering a first stage of the water purification component, wherein desalinated water evaporates and condenses in each of the stages to be collected as pure water.
International Business Machines Corporation

Watering system based on a solar pump

In order to construct a watering system for watering an agricultural area as economically as possible and independently of environmental conditions, it is suggested to supply both a drive for the movement of a watering unit and also a pump system with current or voltage by means of a photovoltaic unit or a plurality of photovoltaic units.. .
Lorentz Pump & Mechanics (beijing) Co., Ltd.

Heraeus Deutschland Gmbh & Co. Kg

. .

Wire tensioning system

A wire-tensioning system can be used to maintain tension in power wires extending from components of solar panels. A tensioning component attached to the frame of the solar panel and attached to the power wires can be used to maintain tension in the power wires, both when the power wires are unconnected to power wires of adjacent solar panels, and after the power wires are connected to the power wires of adjacent solar panels.
Q Factory 33 Llc

Power routing module with a switching matrix for a solar cell array

A power routing module with a switching matrix for electrically interconnecting a plurality of solar cells in an array, wherein the switching matrix is configured to dynamically route power among a plurality of current pathways connected between the power routing module and the plurality of solar cells. At least one of the solar cells has at least one cropped corner resulting in a corner region, an area of a substrate in the corner region remains exposed when the solar cells are attached to the substrate, and the power routing module with the switching matrix is attached to the substrate in the area of the substrate in the corner region that remains exposed..
The Boeing Company

Solar panel tracking assembly

A solar energy tracking assembly for a solar energy panel can include a frame that supports the solar energy panel and pivots the solar energy panel between a retracted position generally parallel to a support surface on which the tracking assembly rests and an upright position. The frame can include a circular track on which the solar energy panel rotates about an axis of the circular track.
Edisun Microgrids, Inc.

Tile replacement solar mounting system

A solar panel mounting system for use on flat and “s” tile roof structures includes a support arm coupled to a threaded post. A base flashing and corresponding attachment bracket are configured to couple with the post.
Pegasus Solar Inc.

Modular sloped roof solar mounting system

A mounting system for supporting a plurality of photovoltaic modules on a sloped support surface, such as a sloped roof, is disclosed herein. The mounting system may include one or more support surface attachment devices, each support surface attachment device configured to attach one or more photovoltaic modules to a support surface; and one or more module coupling devices, each module coupling device configured to couple a plurality of photovoltaic modules to one another..
Ecolibrium Solar, Inc.

Charging station for mobile device with solar panel

A charging device configured to charge a mobile device through the solar cells integrated on the mobile device. The charging device converts wall power to light energy which can be absorbed by the solar cells and then converted to electricity for storage in the rechargeable battery of the mobile device.
Alta Devices, Inc.

Expanded reactive following for distributed generation and loads of other reactive controller(s)

Systems and methods for providing generated power to a power grid subject to active power, reactive power and voltage requirements during varying voltage conditions. An expanded reactive follower for distributed generation including but not limited to wind power plant and solar power plants and loads of other reactive controllers; that includes at least one reactive power generator coupled to an electric power system with a distributed power plant.

Solution phase synthesis of highly processible nanocrystalline liznp and similar ternary semiconductors

Nowotny-juza phases offer a wide range of potential applications including solar cell and thermoelectric device fabrication. The disclosure presents a solution phase synthesis of the nowotny-juza semiconductors liznp, licdp, and liznsb.
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.

Solar cells for a solar cell array

A solar cell for a solar cell array with one or more grid on a surface thereof, wherein electrical connections are made to the grids in a plurality of locations positioned around the solar cell; and the electrical connections extend to one or more conductors located under the solar cell. The conductors located under the solar cell are buried within a substrate, and each of the conductors comprises a low resistance conducting path that distributes current from the solar cell.
The Boeing Company

Power routing module for a solar cell array

A power routing module for electrically interconnecting solar cells in an array, wherein the power routing module includes: an electrically conductive layer for electrically interconnecting the solar cells; and an insulation layer for electrically insulating the electrically conductive layer. At least one of the solar cells has at least one cropped corner that defines a corner region.
The Boeing Company

Rework and repair of components in a solar cell array

A substrate for solar cells is configured such that an area of the substrate remains exposed when at least one solar cell having at least one cropped corner that defines a corner region is attached to the substrate, one or more electrical connections for the solar cell are made in the corner region resulting from the cropped corner of the solar cell, and at least one of the electrical connections, connecting a first interconnect in a first location, is repaired by connecting a second interconnect in a second location in the at least one of the electrical connections different from the first location.. .
The Boeing Company

Solar cell module manufacturing device and solar cell module manufacturing method

According to one embodiment of the present invention, a solar cell module manufacturing device is provided with: a laminating device for manufacturing a laminated body; and a light source unit, which preferentially heats a solar cell by irradiating the laminated body with light, and which indirectly heats a sealing material by means of a temperature increase of the solar cell. The light source unit has: a plurality of light sources that are disposed on a base material; a light collecting member; a translucent plate; and a cooling device, which is disposed between the base material and the translucent plate, and which flows cooling air in the horizontal direction along a main surface of the translucent plate..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Solar cell array connections using corner conductors

A solar cell array is comprised of at least one solar cell and a substrate for the solar cell. The solar cell has at least one cropped corner that defines a corner region, wherein the corner region includes at least one contact for making an electrical connection to the solar cell.
The Boeing Company

Nano-metal connections for a solar cell array

An electrical connection is formed between first and second conductive elements, by inserting a nano-metal material between the first and second conductive elements; and heating the nano-metal material to a melting temperature to form the electrical connection between the first and second conductive elements. The nano-metal material may comprise a nano-metal paste or ink comprised of one or more of gold (au), copper (cu), silver (ag), and/or aluminum (al) nano-particles that melt or fuse into a solid to form the electrical connection, at a melting temperature of about 150-250 degrees c., and more preferably, about 175-225 degrees c.
The Boeing Company

Spectrally selective solar absorbing coating and a making it

Disclosed is a spectrally selective solar absorbing coating and a method for making same. The spectrally selective solar absorbing coating includes a multilayer stack including, from the substrate to the air interface: substrate (1), infrared reflective layer (2), barrier layer (3), composite absorbing layer (4) consisting of metal absorbing sublayer (4.1), metal nitride absorbing sublayer (4.2), and metal oxynitride absorbing sublayer (4.3), and antireflective layer (5).
China Building Materials Academy

Silicon-containing semiconductor structures, methods of making the same and devices including the same

A semiconductor system includes a silicon substrate and a porous silicon region disposed on the silicon substrate. The porous silicon region is configured to passivate the surface of the silicon substrate via a field effect and to reduce reflection loss on the silicon substrate via an appropriate refractive index.
Specmat, Inc.

Solar cell

According to one embodiment of the present invention, a solar cell is provided with an n-type crystalline silicon substrate, and a passivation layer formed on the light receiving surface of the substrate, said passivation layer having a carrier generating function. The n-type crystalline silicon substrate has a doped layer in the vicinity of an interface to the passivation layer, said doped layer being doped to have a conductivity type equal to that of the substrate, and being doped at a dopant concentration equal to or higher than 1×1017 cm−3.
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Prefabricated conductors on a substrate to facilitate corner connections for a solar cell array

A substrate for solar cells is fabricated such that an area of the substrate remains exposed when at least one solar cell having at least one cropped corner that defines a corner region is attached to the substrate; the area of the substrate that remains exposed includes one or more conductors printed on the substrate; and electrical connections between the solar cell and the conductors are made in the corner region resulting from the cropped corner of the solar cell. The substrate may also include buried conductors for making series connections that determine a flow of power through a plurality of solar cells, including corner-to-corner and column-to-column connections for the plurality of solar cells that are attached to the substrate in a two-dimensional (2-d) grid of an array.
The Boeing Company

Discharge electrode

Heretofore, silicon nitride film formed by low pressure plasma cvd has been used for an antireflection film of a solar battery. But it is difficult to reduce the production cost of a solar battery, because, in a low pressure process, facility cost and process cost are expensive.
Wacom

Solar rechargeable unmanned vehicle systems and methods to monitor a geographic area

Some embodiments provide an aerial monitoring system to monitor a geographic area, comprising: a unmanned aerial vehicle (uav) comprising: a plurality of lift motors to drive a propeller; a substructural support supporting the lift motors and propellers; a uav control circuit configured to control the operation of the lift motors; a rechargeable electrical power source that supplies electrical power to the uav control circuit and the plurality of lift motors; a recharge control circuit; and a modifiable support system cooperated with the substructural support and supporting a set of photovoltaic cells electrically coupled with the rechargeable power source and configured to supply electrical power to the rechargeable power source, wherein the recharge control circuit is configured to control a modification of the modifiable support system to cause a physical modification of at least an orientation of the modifiable support system relative to the substructural support.. .
Wal-mart Stores, Inc.

System and remote calibration of irradiance sensors of a solar photovoltaic system

The invention provides a system and method for analyzing the performance of an irradiance sensor of a photovoltaic system. More specifically, a remote calibration system may receive irradiance data from an irradiance sensor of a pv system.
Also Energy, Inc.

Oilfield application of solar energy collection

Solar energy is collected and used for various industrial processes, such as oilfield applications, e.g. Generating steam that is injected downhole, enabling enhanced oil recovery.
Glasspoint Solar, Inc.

Method for conveying concentrated solar power

The method is for conveying solar power from a sun. A solar concentrator conveys and concentrates solar power as rays into a glass rod.
Rodluvan Inc.

Energy-efficient integrated lighting, daylighting, and hvac with electrochromic glass

Methods for integrated room management in a building management system and corresponding systems and computer-readable mediums. A method includes determining (702) a solar heat gain coefficient (shgc) for a room (400) in a building and determining (704) predicted open-loop room (400) temperatures at a plurality of time intervals based on the shgc and a plurality of electrochromic glass (ecg) (408) tint levels.
Siemens Industry, Inc.

Method for conveying concentrated solar power

The method is for of conveying a solar power. A parabolic reflector receives sunrays that reflects and concentrates the sunrays as light into second reflector that reflects the light into a tapering device.
Rodluvan Inc.

Sun tracking solar energy collection system with torsion lock

A rotation locking device for use in a row-level sun tracking solar energy collection system includes a housing, a first locking member, a second locking member, and an actuator. The housing is configured to be mounted to a pile and configured to permit a torque tube to extend through the housing.
Sunpower Corporation

Inflatable non-imaging solar concentrator

An extremely low cost solar concentrator made of membranes or films is inflated into a compound parabolic concentrator (cpc) a non-image concentrator. The portion of the inflatable concentrator, which is shaped into a cpc concentrator, is formed with reflective membranes or films, and the portions of the inflatable concentrator on the top of cpc and on the bottom of the concentrator are made of clear membranes or films.

Method for conveying concentrated solar power

The method is for conveying solar power from a sun. A solar concentrator conveys and concentrates solar power as rays into a cable.
Rodluvan Inc.

Slim-lined, solar-powered led lighting system and outdoor patio umbrella having the same

An outdoor patio umbrella has a lower pole, an umbrella pole, a plurality of long ribs supported by the umbrella pole, and a canopy supported by the plurality of long ribs. At least one of the plurality of long ribs has, in cross section, a solid bottom wall, first and second upstanding side walls extending upward from the bottom wall, and an led pcb extending between the first and second side walls.
Atleisure Llc

De novo synthesis of bacteriochlorins

To produce the bacteriochlorin, wherein r is an acetal or aldehyde group. The condensing may be carried out in an organic solvent, preferably in the presence of an acid.

Method for solubilizing crosslinked eva, and recovering resource from used solar cell by employing solubilization method

There is provided a method for solubilizing cross-linked eva which can dissolve cross-linked eva within a short time such as about 60 minutes. Further, an object of the present invention is to provide a recovering method which uses such a solubilization method to solubilize, within a short time, the cross-linked eva of a solar battery module containing metal and silicon and recovers valuable resources such as metal and silicon, and the recovering method includes treating the cross-linked eva with a treatment solution at a temperature within a range from 100 to 300° c.
National Institute Of Advanced Industrial Science And Technology

Non-invasive nanosensor system to determine analyte concentration in blood and/or bodily fluids.

The device is an ultra-low power, non-invasive in-vivo blood analyte sensor system incorporating multiple sensors including a carbon base and/or carbon base material coated with metallic nanoparticles and/or metallic nanoparticle nanoprobes, as a modified clark electrode sensor system, that detects hydrogen peroxide concentrations, ph, and/or glucose concentrations (and other analytes) in bodily secretions (e.g. Tears, saliva, sweat).

. .

Electrical inspection solar cells

The present invention discloses an electrical inspection method for solar cells, comprising steps of supplying a voltage and a current to a solar cell for stimulating the solar cell and giving a ray of light; filtering the light to give a ray of light having a predetermined wavelength; and measuring an optical power value of the light having a predetermined wavelength. The electrical inspection method adopts a low-cost apparatus to replace the solar simulators according to the prior art.
Institute Of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Executive Yuan, R.o.c.

Photovoltaic module

Disclosed is a photovoltaic module. The photovoltaic module includes a solar cell module including a plurality of solar cells, and an inverter unit to receive a direct current (dc) voltage from the solar cell module and convert the dc voltage received from the solar cell module into an alternating current (ac) voltage without converting a level of the dc voltage received from the solar cell module..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar radiation redirection device

A solar radiation redirection device includes an untethered balloon or balloon-like structure defining an inside volume. The balloon or balloon-like structure has a substantially transparent portion and a substantially reflective portion, wherein the substantially reflective portion is substantially parabolic in shape.

Multi-source energy harvesting device

A multi-source energy harvesting system, method and device are disclosed. The system, method and device incorporate multiple energy harvesting technologies to charge personal electronic devices.
United States Of America As Represented By Secretary Of The Navy

Controlled energy storage balance technology

An energy storage system that comprises an energy reservoir and a system controller. The energy reservoir is charged by dc energy from a dc energy source while discharging dc energy to a dc/ac converter.
Lt Lighting (taiwan) Corp.

Alternative energy bus bar by pass breaker

The present invention is directed, in part, to electrical components and methods of use associated with such components. In particular, the invention relates to an electrical device and improved method of back feeding energy generated from alternative energy devices such as solar panels, wind turbines, fuel cells, electrical generators and other alternative energy sources, to the utility without the necessity of installing a sub panel or replacing an existing panel, resulting in significant cost savings for the user and increased electrical energy available to the power grid.
Qfe 002 Llc

Compound and organic solar cell comprising same

The present specification relates to a compound and an organic solar cell comprising the same.. .
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Minimizing tin loss during thermal processing of kesterite films

Techniques for minimizing loss of volatile components during thermal processing of kesterite films are provided. In one aspect, a method for annealing a kesterite film is provided.
International Business Machines Corporation

Solar cell and manufacturing same

The solar cell includes an n-type semiconductor layer and a p-type semiconductor layer on a first principal surface of a crystalline silicon substrate. The n-type semiconductor layer is provided so as to extend over a part on a p-type semiconductor layer-formed region provided with the p-type semiconductor layer, and a p-type semiconductor layer non-formed-region where the p-type semiconductor layer is not provided.
Kaneka Corporation

Parallel interconnection of neighboring solar cells via a common back plane

A solar cell assembly comprising a plurality of solar cells and a support, the support comprising a conductive layer. The conductive layer is divided into a first conductive portion and a second conductive portion.
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Photovoltaic solar cell with backside resonant waveguide

A solar cell has a backside resonant waveguide structure. The backside structure includes a plurality of resonant waveguides formed in or on a semiconductor-based light absorbing material and arranged in a pattern to cause laterally scattered light to be at least partially confined in the semiconductor-based light absorbing material..
Northrop Grumman Systems Corporation

Monolithic integration of heterojunction solar cells

A method for fabricating a device with integrated photovoltaic cells includes supporting a semiconductor substrate on a first handle substrate and doping the semiconductor substrate to form doped alternating regions with opposite conductivity. A doped layer is formed over a first side the semiconductor substrate.
International Business Machines Corporation

Process and structures for fabrication of solar cells

Contact holes of solar cells are formed by laser ablation to accommodate various solar cell designs. Use of a laser to form the contact holes is facilitated by replacing films formed on the diffusion regions with a film that has substantially uniform thickness.

Yellow fellow safety sign

A portable wet floor caution sign and attention getting warning devise that includes at least two rigid panels mounted at the top end. Audible voice box to speak multiple languages/beeping sounds, a rotating camera and visual signaling flashing lights devices can be mounted on the panels and can be activated by a motion sensor and or moister sensors circuits and therefore may include off and on sequencing switches powered by a solar charged battery pack..

Method and processing spectral images

A method of processing a remotely sensed multispectral or hyperspectral image captured in respect of an area of interest including a body of water so as to identify a submerged target, the method comprising obtaining (206), from hydrographic lidar measurements, data representative of water depth in respect of said body of water in said area of interest, performing (210) geo-rectification in respect of said hyperspectral image and said water depth data, applying a hydrologic radiative analysis process (211) to said multispectral or hyperspectral image so as to calculate, using said water depth data obtained from said hydrographic lidar measurements, data representative of (i) scattered solar radiation and (ii) spectral transmission between a surface of said body of water and a submerged target and subtracting (212) data representative of said scattered solar radiation from said multispectral or hyper spectral image and multiplying a resultant image by data representative of said spectral transmission so as to recover a spectral signature representative of said submerged target.. .
Bae Systems Plc

Solar window system for heat production and storage and/or air conditioning

A solar window system for a building is provided. The solar window system includes multiple heat generation encasements.

Combined solar thermal power generation system

The invention belongs to the technical field of solar thermal power generation equipment, and discloses a combined solar thermal power generation system. The system comprises a parabolic trough collector subsystem, a heat exchanger subsystem, a rankine cycle power generation subsystem and a dish power generation subsystem; the parabolic trough collector subsystem comprises a trough-type mirror field, a pump and a valve; the heat exchanger subsystem comprises a superheater, an evaporator and a preheater; the rankine cycle power generation subsystem comprises a temperature-decreased pressure reducer, a steam turbine, an electric generator, a condenser, a condensate pump, a deaerator and a feedwater pump; and the dish power generation subsystem comprises a dish-type mirror field and a stirling engine set.
Huazhong University Of Science And Technology

Solar powered heated roof

A system for removing snow from a rooftop comprising a plurality of interconnected pipes installed on the rooftop configured to provide a fluidic path to carry heat transfer fluid. The plurality of interconnected pipes forms a framework over the rooftop.

Polycarbonate resin composition, molded article, and structural member for solar power generation

Provided are a polycarbonate resin composition, a molded article, and a structure member for solar photovoltaic power generation, the polycarbonate resin composition including: (a) 100 parts by mass of a resin mixture formed of 30 mass % to 100 mass % of a polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (a-1) having a repeating unit represented by the general formula (i) and a repeating unit represented by the general formula (ii), and having an average chain length n of a polyorganosiloxane moiety of from 70 to 500, and 70 mass % to 0 mass % of an aromatic polycarbonate resin (a-2) except the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (a-1); (b) 0.08 part by mass to 0.3 part by mass of a silsesquioxane; (c) 0.05 part by mass to 0.2 part by mass of an alkaline metal salt and/or an alkaline earth metal salt of an organic sulfonic acid; (d) 0 parts by mass to 0.3 part by mass of a polytetrafluoroethylene having a fibril-forming ability; (e) 1 part by mass to 10 parts by mass of titanium dioxide; and (f) 0.1 part by mass to 3 parts by mass of carbon black.. .
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

Pharmaceutical compositions and therapeutic methods of use comprising selective agonists of melanocortin 1 receptor

Short tri- and tetrapeptides according to the following formula i ar(ch2)mx1—x2—co—x3—x4—x5-(trp)n-nx6r are potent, selective agonists of melanocortin 1 receptor (mc1r). Provided herein are pharmaceutical compositions including formula i peptide agonists of mc1r and methods of treating skin diseases and disorders that include administering to an individual in need thereof a therapeutic amount of a formula i peptide.
University Of Cincinnati

Apparatus for automatically covering an automobile and using the same

An apparatus and method for disposing a cover over an automobile. The apparatus is placed on the highest portion of a vehicle and then activated by either actuating an app on a mobile device or by actuating the apparatus itself.

Fan and canopy assembly for riding vehicle

A riding vehicle is provided with a downdraft fan assembly mounted on a vehicle roll bar for providing a flow of ambient air over the vehicle operator and a canopy carried by the fan assembly and providing solar and precipitation protection for the operator.. .

Solar canopy with integral storage compartment to receive high capacity batteries

The technology of the present application provides a solar canopy having a cavity. The cavity defines at least one space that is sized and shaped to receive a high capacity battery, of which electric vehicle batteries are one example.
Bartels Stek B.v.

Pool float with built in speakers and power source

The present invention provides an inflatable device that floats on water having an inflatable body for flotation; and a built-in speaker unit being secured in a first compartment in the body. In addition, the first compartment and the speaker may be in the headrest, or armrest, or in a removable pillow.

Solar battery module

Provided is a solar battery module easy to assemble. A solar battery module includes a connecting member, the connecting member includes a conductor disposed along an end of a first solar battery string and connected to the first solar battery string and a conductor disposed along an end of a second solar battery string and connected to the second solar battery string, and the first solar battery string and the second solar battery string are electrically connected..
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Solar cell module and solar cell module manufacturing method

A solar cell module including a solar cell panel, an output lead wire led from the solar cell panel, a module coupling cable to transmit an electrical output of the solar cell panel to an outside, a terminal box, and a terminal cable, the output lead wire and the module coupling cable being connected to the terminal plate in the terminal box, wherein the terminal box has a lead-wire lead-in port through which output lead wires are led into the terminal box, the lead-wire lead-in port having an inclined portion at an edge thereof, the inclined portion having an inclination relative to a bottom surface portion of the terminal box, and the output lead wire is led into the terminal box along the inclined portion.. .
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

Dual-stage parabolic concentrator

An improvised solar concentrator and absorber/receiver subsystem using a dual-stage parabolic concentrator for concentrating solar power (csp) (thermal) system comprises of two parabolic mirrored reflectors wherein their apertures face each other with their focal point/line and axes coincides with each other, a plurality of absorber tubes/cavities placed on the non-reflecting side of the primary and/or secondary reflectors to carry heat transfer fluid, combined with relevant mechanisms to prevent/minimize thermal loss, mounted on a sun tracking mechanism. For concentrating photovoltaic (cpv) and concentrating hybrid thermo-photovoltaic (chtpv) systems, all or a portion of the reflectors' reflecting and/or exterior surfaces would be covered or substituted with suitable photovoltaic panels..

Rapidly deploying transportable solar panel systems and methods of using same

Embodiments disclosed herein are directed to a rapidly deploying transportable power system for generating power. The rapidly deploying transportable power system embodiment disclosed herein can have a plurality of frame members containing a plurality of solar panels.
Sactec Solar Inc.

Apparatus for securing a solar panel rail guide to a support bracket

In various representative aspects, an assembly for securing a support bracket to rail guide used for mounting and installing solar panels is provided. More specifically, the assembly provides a novel and improved nut with a serrated surface in combination with a t-bolt with a serrated surface that is capable of penetrating the respective oxidation surface layers of the bracket and the rail guide when installed.
Ironridge, Inc.

Mounting structure for solar cell module and mounting tool

A mounting tool pressing a solar cell module against a seat member has a configuration including an upper surface abutment portion that abuts against the upper surface of the module, a side surface abutment portion that abuts against the side surface of the module, a base portion that extends from the side surface abutment portion, an insertion hole that penetrates through the base portion and through which the bolt is inserted, a bolt upper abutment portion that is a portion of an inner circumferential surface of the insertion hole against which an upper portion of an external thread portion of the bolt is made to abut, and a bolt lower abutment portion with which a lower portion of the external thread portion is made to abut, and a height h of the side surface abutment portion is set to be smaller than a height h1 of the module.. .
Yanegijutsukenkyujo Co., Ltd.

Photovoltiac module mounting assembly having a pin constraint

A mounting assembly for a photovoltaic (pv) module, and systems including such mounting assemblies, are described. In an example, the mounting assembly includes a top support and a bottom support having respective mounting walls, and holes through the mounting walls.
Sunpower Corporation

Multi-drive solar-tracking photovoltaic system

A multi-drive solar-tracking photovoltaic (pv) system having several pv modules mounted on a torque tube is described. In an example, several motor drives input torque to the torque tube, and the motor drives are controlled by a single controller.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar-tracking system drive having an offset gear

A solar-tracking photovoltaic (pv) system having a motor drive vertically below a pv module, is described. In an example, the motor drive rotates a torque tube holding the pv module.
Sunpower Corporation

Torque tube coupler

A solar-tracking photovoltaic (pv) system having several pv modules mounted on a torque tube is described. The torque tube may include several sections joined by a torque tube coupler.
Sunpower Corporation

Photovoltaic tile

A photovoltaic solar panel for forming a photovoltaic surface with adjacently arranged photovoltaic solar panels. The photovoltaic solar panel includes a body made of a rigid material, and first and second electrical connections.
Superdome Sa

End clamp for mounting solar module to rail

A solar power system may include rails, solar modules, and a plurality of clamps to secure the solar modules to the rails. An end clamp may be partially disposed inside a rail at an end of the rail.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar mounting assemblies

A structural support block cooperates with a cone-shaped protrusion in a roof flashing. The support block and protrusion have a through-hole allowing a fastener to secure the support block and flashing to a roof.
Pegasus Solar Inc.

Systems and methods for improved installation of photovoltaic assemblies

Pv assemblies for converting solar radiation into electrical energy, and methods of installation thereof, are disclosed herein. A pv assembly can include a mounting structure for mounting or supporting pv modules of a pv array.
Sunpower Corporation

Clean energy generation, storage, and distribution solar shade device and use thereof

A solar shade-energy device comprising a solar shade having a photovoltaic solar panel and a support structure; a means of mounting said solar shade; an energy storage-distribution module having a housing, an energy storage device, power conditioning circuitry, and one-or-more energy distribution ports; a means of detachably mounting said energy storage-distribution module onto said solar shade; and a disconnectable electrical interface means between said energy storage-distribution module and said photovoltaic solar panel is disclosed. A method of using said solar shade-energy device is also disclosed..

Photovoltaic inverter

Disclosed herein is a photovoltaic inverter that prevents degradation in the efficiency of photovoltaic generation by applying a reverse voltage of a dc voltage stored in a dc link capacitor to a solar cell array. The photovoltaic inverter includes: a dc link capacitor configured to store a dc voltage output from the solar cell array; a power conversion stage configured to generate an ac power by using the dc voltage stored in the dc link capacitor to transmit the generated ac power to a power system; and a controller configured to apply the dc voltage stored in the dc link capacitor to the power conversion stage or apply a reverse voltage of the dc voltage stored in the dc link capacitor to the solar cell array depending on whether a driving value of the solar cell array satisfies a predetermined driving condition..
Lsis Co., Ltd.

Portable power case

Systems, methods, and articles for a portable power case are disclosed. The portable power case is comprised of at least one battery and at least one pcb.
Lat Enterprises, Inc., D/b/a Medipak Energy Systems

Solar cell

The present invention aims to provide a solar cell excellent in high-temperature, high-humidity durability. The present invention aims to provide a solar cell including: a cathode; an anode; and a photoelectric conversion layer disposed between the cathode and the anode, the photoelectric conversion layer containing an organic-inorganic perovskite compound represented by the formula r-m-x3 where r is an organic molecule, m is a metal atom, and x is a halogen atom or a chalcogen atom, at least one of the cathode and the anode having a resin layer disposed thereon, the resin layer having an inorganic layer disposed thereon, the resin layer having a glass transition temperature of 70° c.
Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.

Sol-gel-based printable doping media which inhibit parasitic diffusion for the local doping of silicon wafers

The present invention relates to a novel printable paste in the form of a hybrid gel based on precursors of inorganic oxides which can be used in a simplified process for the production of solar cells, where the hybrid gel according to the invention functions both as doping medium and also as diffusion barrier.. .
Merck Patent Gmbh

Monolithic multiple solar cells

A monolithic multiple solar cell includes at least three partial cells, with a semiconductor mirror placed between two partial cells. The aim of the invention is to improve the radiation stability of said solar cell.
Azur Space Solar Power Gmbh

Multijunction metamorphic solar cell for space applications

A multijunction solar cell assembly and its method of manufacture including first and second discrete semiconductor body subassemblies, each semiconductor body subassembly including first, second and third lattice matched subcells; a graded interlayer adjacent to the third solar subcell and functioning as a lateral conduction layer; and a fourth solar subcell adjacent to said graded interlayer being lattice mismatched with respect to the third solar subcell; wherein the average band gap of all four cells is greater than 1.44 ev.. .
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Solar cell module and manufacturing the same

A solar cell module and a method of manufacturing the same are provided. The method of manufacturing a solar cell module includes forming a plurality of strings to which a plurality of solar cells are connected; disposing a target string at a repair device, the target string including a target solar cell having a defect; separating the target solar cell from the target string by selectively thermally processing a connection area of a target intercell connector and the plurality of conductive wirings fixed to the target solar cell; disposing a new solar cell at the target string; and connecting the plurality of conductive wirings fixed to the new solar cell to the target intercell connector..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Intelligent solar photovoltaic module circuit and control/protection method therefor

Provided are an intelligent solar photovoltaic module circuit and a control method therefor. The circuit includes: multiple photovoltaic strings connected in series, where each of the photovoltaic strings includes an intelligent photovoltaic module unit and a maximum power point tracking (mppt) functional module connected in series with the intelligent photovoltaic module unit; a central processing unit (cpu) memory module configured to receive and analyze a state of the intelligent photovoltaic module unit; and a control module electrically connected with the cpu memory module and configured to control a mppt function, where each of the photovoltaic strings is connected with a switch transistor configured to short-circuit the intelligent photovoltaic module unit or disconnect the photovoltaic string from other photovoltaic strings, and the switch transistor is controlled by the control module..
Suzhou Talesun Solar Technologies, Co., Ltd.

Masterbatch for solar battery sealing sheet and process for producing solar battery sealing sheet

A masterbatch for a solar battery sealing sheet containing: at least one ethylene resin selected from the group consisting of an ethylene-α-olefin copolymer, an ethylene homopolymer and an ethylene-unsaturated ester copolymer; and at least one compound selected from the group consisting of silicon dioxide and zeolite, wherein a degree of aggregation of silicon is 0 or more and 0.350 or less and the ignition loss of the compound is more than 1.7% to 15% or less.. .
Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited

White polyester film for a solar cell, sealing sheet for back surface of solar cell using same, and solar cell module

The object of the present invention is to provide a white polyester film for a solar cell that is excellent in transfer-mark concealment properties (properties that transferred irregularities are hard to be seen) while having high whiteness, and exhibiting good light resistance and hydrolysis resistance, a sealing sheet for a back surface of a solar cell and a solar cell module using the same. The white polyester film for a solar cell of the present invention has whiteness of 50 or more, an average reflectance of 50 to 95% in a range of wavelength of 400 to 800 nm, an acid value of 1 to 50 eq/ton, and a thickness of 30 to 380 μm, and the film has a multilayer structure in which a polyester resin layer containing inorganic fine particles in an amount of 10 to 38% by mass is disposed as at least one outermost layer, and a half-value width of protrusion distribution on a surface of the polyester resin layer is 200 to 1000 nm, the protrusion distribution being obtained by plotting the number density of protrusions with respect to protrusion height..
Toyobo Co., Ltd.

Solar battery and solar battery module

A solar cell includes: first conductivity-type layers and second conductivity-type layers each provided on a rear surface of a semiconductor substrate; first electrodes provided on the first conductivity-type layers; and second electrodes provided on the second conductivity-type layers. The first electrodes and the second electrodes are spaced apart from each other, and the first electrodes include a plurality of regions isolated from one another by the second electrodes disposed therebetween.
Kaneka Corporation

Space solar cell panel with blocking diodes

A solar cell assembly or sub-array for space applications that comprises a string of series connected space qualified solar cells, one of the solar cells being a final solar cell of the string of solar cells. The final solar cell has at least one oblique cut corner.
Solaero Technologies Corp.

Thick-film pastes containing lead-tellurium-lithium- oxides, and their use in the manufacture of semiconductor devices

The present invention provides a thick-film paste for printing the front side of a solar cell device having one or more insulating layers. The thick-film paste comprises an electrically conductive metal, and a lead-tellurium-lithium-oxide dispersed in an organic medium..
E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company

Conductive paste composition for front electrode of solar cell and solar cell using the same

Disclosed is a conductive paste for a front electrode of a solar cell, including copper-silver core-shell particles, boron, and a binder, wherein the boron is contained in an amount of 2.5 to 11 wt % based on the total weight of the conductive paste.. .
Korea Electronics Technology Institute

Method for manufacturing crystalline silicon substrate for solar cell, manufacturing crystalline silicon solar cell, and manufacturing crystalline silicon solar cell module

The method for manufacturing a crystalline silicon substrate for a solar cell includes: forming a texture on the surface of a single-crystalline silicon substrate by bringing an alkali solution and the surface of the single-crystalline silicon substrate into contact with each other; bringing an acidic solution and the surface of the single-crystalline silicon substrate into contact with each other to perform an acid treatment thereon; and then by bringing ozone water and the surface of the single-crystalline silicon substrate into contact with each other to perform an ozone treatment thereon. One aspect of embodiment is that the acidic solution used for the acid treatment is hydrochloric acid.
Kaneka Corporation

Solar cell

A solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate, one or more bus bar electrode, and a plurality of finger electrodes. The bus bar electrode and the finger electrodes are disposed on the semiconductor substrate.
Neo Solar Power Corp.

Automobile information beacon

A small, self-contained, inexpensive, vehicle maintenance system has a vehicle unit that stores and retrieves maintenance information about a vehicle. The vehicle unit mounts on the inside of a vehicle's windshield and employs a solar panel to power it.
Wal-mart Stores, Inc.

Solar-powered asset tracking device for energy-efficient gps tracking

A device may determine that a charge of a capacitor of the device, powered by solar energy, satisfies a threshold. The device may power on a first set of components of the device based on determining that the charge of the capacitor satisfies the threshold.
Verizon Patent And Licensing Inc.

Spherical occulter coronagraph cubesat

The present invention relates to a space-based instrument which provides continuous coronal electron temperature and velocity images, for a predetermined period of time, thereby improving the understanding of coronal evolution and how the solar wind and coronal mass ejection transients evolve from the low solar atmosphere through the heliosphere for an entire solar rotation. Specifically, the present invention relates to using a 6u spherical occulter coronagraph cubesat, and a relative navigational system (rns) that controls the position of the spacecraft relative to the occulting sphere.
U.s.a. As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration

Solar selective absorbing coating and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a solar selective absorbing coating and a preparation method thereof. The solar selective absorbing coating comprises a substrate, an infrared reflective layer, an absorbing layer and an antireflective layer in sequence from bottom to surface.
China Building Materials Academy

Solar deflection device

Solar deflection device (1) comprising at least the following components: •a hollow funnel (2), comprising a funnel wall (2a) that comprises a reflective surface (2b) on an inside of the funnel (2) for reflecting electromagnetic radiation, •an inlet aperture (3) of said funnel (2), wherein the inlet aperture (3) extends within an inlet plane (3a), •an exit aperture (4) of said funnel (2), wherein the exit aperture (4) extends within an exit plane (4a) and wherein the area (4b) enclosed by the exit aperture (4) has a different size than the area (3b) enclosed by the inlet aperture (3), •a curved line that (5) extends from the center (3c) of the inlet aperture (3) to the center (4c) of the exit aperture (4), wherein for each plane (6a) that intersects said curved line (5) perpendicularly, the reflective surface (2b) of the funnel wall (2a) has a cross-section (6) within said plane (6a), wherein said cross-section (6) encloses an area (6b) and is centered around the curved line (5), •a deflection angle (7) that is enclosed between said plane (6a) and the inlet plane (3a).. .
Eth Zurich

Apparatus for adjusting the orientation of a movable photovoltaic lamppost

A photovoltaic system includes a trailer, a solar panel, a battery, a lamppost, a turret, a shackle, a horizontal position-adjusting unit and an orientation-retaining unit. The trailer includes a cage supported on a chassis.
Avertronics Inc.

Methods and systems for storage of renewable energy sources in increased energy density coal

Methods and systems for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from a coal-fired power plant by using thermal energy from a non-carbon source to reduce the amount of electrical energy needed to reduce the moisture content of coal and increase the energy density of coal prior to combustion are provided. The system includes at least one non-carbon thermal energy source; a coal processing plant configured to reduce the moisture content of coal and produce an increased energy density beneficiated coal, wherein said at least one non-carbon thermal energy source is used to reduce an electrical need of the coal processing plant; and a coal-fired power plant configured to combust the increased energy density beneficiated coal thereby producing electricity on demand at an increased efficiency with reduced carbon dioxide emissions from the plant.
Soap Creek Energy

Particulates having high total solar reflectance

A reflective particulate composition includes a particulate mixture that includes a particulate substrate, a hardness enhancer and a pigment. The reflective particulate substrate has a hydrophobic coating on the particulate mixture.
U.s. Silica Company

Methods and systems for decreasing emissions of carbon dioxide from coal-fired power plants

Methods and systems for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from a coal-fired power plant by using electrical energy from a renewable energy source to increase the energy density in a beneficiated coal are provided. The system includes at least one renewable energy source; a coal processing plant, wherein the renewable energy source is configured to power a coal beneficiation process; and a coal-fired power plant to combust beneficiated coal to produce electricity on demand with decreased emissions.
Soap Creek Energy

Conductive composition for forming solar cell collector electrode, solar cell, and solar cell module

An object of the present invention is to provide: a conductive composition for forming a solar cell collector electrode that can form a collector electrode with favorable adhesion with regard to a transparent conductive layer; a solar cell having a collector electrode formed using the composition; and a solar cell module. A conductive composition for forming a solar cell collector electrode, includes: a metal powder (a); an epoxy resin (b); a cationic curing agent (c); and a blocked carboxylic acid (d); wherein the blocked carboxylic acid (d) is a compound obtained by reacting a compound (d1) selected from carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid anhydrides with a vinyl ether compound (d2)..
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.

Heterocyclic compound and organic solar cell comprising same

The present specification relates to a heterocyclic compound and an organic solar cell including the same.. .
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Enhancing thermal stability of bulk heterojunction solar cells with fluorenone derivatives

The present invention relates to the provision of an organic compound or compounds containing a fluorenone derivative structure or its substituted derivatives to enhance the thermal stability of organic solar cells.. .
Hong Kong Baptist University

Heraeus Deutschland Gmnh & Co. Kg

. .

Compact, low-profile, multiply configurable solar photovoltaic module with concealed connectors

A solar module comprising a substrate, a honeycomb structure on the substrate, a solar panel on the honeycomb structure, such that the substrate, honeycomb and solar panel form a sandwich having an exterior perimeter, a rotary junction box configured to be manipulated through the substrate between at least first and second electrical configurations, a plurality of electrical couplers along the exterior perimeter, and a plurality of electrical connectors connecting the solar panel, the rotary junction box, and the electrical couplers; wherein the honeycomb structure defines one or more channels and a pocket, the channels facilitating the electrical connectors and the pocket receiving the rotary junction box.. .
Helion Concepts,inc.

Light collection and redirection to a solar panel

There is provided a unit for light conversion in a building, the unit comprises a solar panel comprising photovoltaic cells without any light-absorbing or light-reflecting coating such as to be raw. The photovoltaic cells can have a wavelength range of conversion optimized for natural sunlight.
Bigz Tech Inc.

Solar light hub and router device

A concentrator and a solar light router for converting light energy into electrical, photochemical and thermal energy, among other possible forms of usable energy, comprising a fixed body (1) and a movable part (2), wherein the fixed body (1) has an upper side with a converging lens (4) through which the sun rays (r1) enter, and a lower side where a mirror (5) is arranged. The mobile part 2 has a support arm 7 having a lower leg 8 coupled to a movement unit 10, and an upper leg 9 extending above the converging lens 4, in which is displaceable mounted a module (11) receptor/router of convergent solar rays (r4) that emerges from the fixed body (1).

Systems and methods for improved installation of photovoltaic assemblies

Improved photovoltaic (pv) assemblies for converting solar radiation to electrical energy and methods of installation thereof are disclosed herein. Pv arrays comprising a plurality pv modules are also described herein.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar tracker system for large utility scale solar capacity

The present invention solar tracker system is directed to a solar tracker that includes a main platform capable of supporting a plurality of solar panels, a sub-platform, one or more support poles supporting the sub-platform and a linking mechanism that connects the sub-frame to the apex of the one or more supporting poles, wherein the linking mechanism rotates in a first axis, a second linking mechanism rotates in a second axis. The mail planar platform hosting the solar panels is encompassed with edge disrupters and spacing channels for adverse wind condition management.

Solar roof tile system

The invention relates to a solar roof plate system for laying on an inclined surface, preferably on a roof comprising a roof ridge and an eave, with at least two roof plates comprising an upper side and a lower side, and with a solar module, which extends over the upper side of the roof plates and can be fastened thereto. A profile rail is provided interconnecting the roof plates, which comprises at least one module receptacle for receiving an edge of the solar module, preferably an edge of the solar module facing the eaves or the roof ridge..
Sigma Energy Systems Gmbh

Panel mounting bracket assembly including an adjustable height extension device and related methods

A system for mounting at least one solar panel on a building may include at least one panel mounting bracket including a base to be positioned on the building, a vertical extension having a proximal end coupled to the base and a distal end vertically spaced apart from the base, and a first lateral extension carried on an exterior surface of the vertical extension. The system may further include an adjustable height extension device for the at least one panel mounting bracket including a lower portion, an upper portion carried by the lower portion to be connected with the at least one solar panel, a second lateral extension carried by the upper portion and vertically aligned with the first lateral extension, and a height adjustment screw including a head carried by the upper portion to set a vertical height of the upper portion..

Power supply for electronic devices for remote locations

A power supply for providing power and charging electronic devices in remote locations comprising: a case having a device pocket and a power unit pocket; a power unit including a usb port, indicators, power switch, induction coil, battery, solar panel, and power unit controller. A top flap for at least partially covering the device pocket and the power unit pocket; and so that when an electronic device is placed in the device pocket, its internal battery is charged..
Chrome City Productions, Llc

Smart main electrical panel for energy generation systems

Embodiments disclose solar energy generation systems with automatic smart transfer switches. An energy generation system, including an energy generation device, an energy generation inverter coupled to the energy generation device and configured to convert direct current (dc) power from the energy generation device to alternating current (ac) power, a battery pack, a storage inverter coupled to the battery pack, where the storage inverter is configured to convert dc power from the battery pack to ac power and to convert ac power into dc power for storing energy into the battery pack, and a smart main electrical panel coupled to receive ac power from at least one of the energy generation inverter, the storage inverter, and a utility grid, where the smart main electrical panel includes one or more motorized circuit breakers configured to be remotely controlled to manage the power flow to one or more loads..
Solarcity Corporation

Solar cell module and producing same

A method for producing a solar cell module is obtained that allows a wiring material to be wired by a highly productive wiring method when a solar cell module is formed by arranging the wiring material on an electrode of a solar cell. The method for producing a solar cell module includes preparing a plurality of solar cells having an electrode on at least one of a first main surface and a second main surface, arranging the plurality of solar cells so that the first main surfaces of the plurality of solar cells face roughly in the same direction, connecting the linear conductor for electrically connecting one of the electrode on the first main surface and the electrode on the second main surface of each solar cell with one continuous linear conductor, and electrically disconnecting the continuous linear conductor after the connecting the linear conductor so that the electrodes of at least one pair of adjacent solar cells among the plurality of solar cells are connected in series..
Namics Corporation

Dilute nitride devices with active group iv substrate and controlled dopant diffusion at the nucleation layer-substrate interface

Semiconductor devices having an antimony-containing nucleation layer between a dilute nitride material and an underlying substrate are disclosed. Dilute nitride-containing multijunction solar cells incorporating (al)ingapsb/bi nucleation layers exhibit high efficiency..
Solar Junction Corporation

Process for the production of solar cells using printable doping media which inhibit the diffusion of phosphorus

The present invention relates to a novel printable medium in the form of a hybrid sol and/or gel based on precursors of inorganic oxides for use in a simplified process for the production of solar cells, in which the medium according to the invention functions both as doping medium and also as diffusion barrier.. .
Merck Patent Gmbh

Solar cell panel and window having the same

Provided are a solar cell panel and a window having the same. The solar cell panel includes: a light diffusion layer to which light is incident and at which the light is scattered; a light concentration layer laminated at a lower portion of the light diffusion layer and having a plurality of patterns spaced apart from each other and having a cavity shape convex toward the light diffusion layer at a surface thereof opposite to the light diffusion layer so that light passing through the light diffusion layer is reflected and concentrated to a side portion thereof; and a solar cell array provided at a side surface of the light concentration layer and having a plurality of solar cells arranged along the side surface of the light concentration layer and electrically connected to each other..
Korea Institute Of Science And Technology

Solar panel system

A solar panel system including solar panel units reducing horizontal surface area is provided. The solar panel system may be a cylindrical configuration comprising solar panel units that are configured radially about an internal star-shaped structure..

Bifacial solar cell module with backside reflector

A bifacial solar cell module includes solar cells that are protected by front side packaging components and backside packaging components. The front side packaging components include a transparent top cover on a front portion of the solar cell module.
Sunpower Corporation

Multi-functional active matrix organic light-emitting diode display

A multi-functional active matrix display comprises a transparent front sheet, a semi-transparent layer of light emissive devices adjacent the rear side of the front sheet and forming a matrix of display pixels, and a solar cell layer located behind the light emissive devices for converting both ambient light and internal light7 from the light emissive devices into electrical energy, the solar cell layer including an array of electrodes on the front surface of the solar cell layer for use in detecting the location of a change in the amount of light impinging on a portion of the front surface of the solar cell layer.. .
Ignis Innovation Inc.

Single space parking meter and removable single space parking meter mechanism

A parking meter mechanism is described that may include a front housing, having a display opening for viewing a display through, connected to an internal structure. Additionally or alternatively the parking meter mechanism may include a contactless payment reader located behind the display.
J.j. Mackay Canada Limited

Scanning device

A scanning optical device suitable for use as a camera or solar concentrator.. .
Ami Research & Development, Llc

Solar drink holder system and method

A solar drink holder system includes a hand held thermoelectric temperature controlled beverage receptacle configured to receive and hold a cylindrical beverage container. A peltier thermoelectric module is coupled to the hand held thermoelectric temperature controlled beverage receptacle and is configured to generate and regulate internal temperature of a beverage held within the cylindrical beverage container.

Support device for solar modules, photovoltaic setup having multiple support devices and setting up such a support device

The invention relates to a support device for pivot axes of solar modules which includes at least one first support leg and at least one second support leg, with each support leg configured for anchoring in a ground surface. A bridge mechanically couples the at least one first support leg to the at least one second support leg.
Cortec Gmbh

Optics and structure for space applications

An optical mining apparatus comprising: a light weight solar reflector; optics for controlling the delivery of concentrated sun light onto the surface of a target; and a temperature controlled gas enclosure that contains the target; wherein said solar reflector is oriented to reflect sun light onto said optics.. .

Solar radiation guidance device

Solar radiation guidance device (1), particularly for a solar reactor system (100), comprising the following components: • a solar concentrator (13), for collecting and concentrating electromagnetic radiation, • a solar deflection device (10) comprising a funnel (2) with a funnel wall (2a) that comprises a specular reflective surface (2b) on an inside of the funnel (2) for reflecting solar and/or thermal radiation, wherein said funnel (2) further comprises an inlet aperture (3) and an exit aperture (4), wherein the inlet aperture (3) is comprised in an inlet plane (3a) and the exit aperture (4) is comprised in an exit plane (4a), and wherein said funnel (2) is arranged such that it collects the concentrated electromagnetic radiation from the solar concentrator (13), wherein the solar deflection device (10) is mounted to allow rotation around a rotation axis (a) perpendicular to the inlet plane (3a) of the inlet aperture (3) between at least two positions, such that for each position of the at least two positions of the solar deflection device (10) the collected electromagnetic radiation from the solar concentrator (13) is redirectable through the funnel (2) along a corresponding direction.. .
Eth Zurich

Glass article

The present invention relates to a glass article having high transmittance, while suppressing the discoloration and the solarization of the glass. The glass article is provided by controlling the contents of cerium oxide and iron oxide in the glass composition within the optimum range, further controlling the contents of manganese oxide and iron oxide in the glass composition within the optimum range, and controlling the basicity of the alkaline earth metal oxides in the glass composition depending on the iron amount contained in the glass..
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Mobile artificial cloud

A mobile artificial cloud system comprising a mobile formation of horizontally extending panels which are elevated above the ground for providing shade. The panels can take the form of gas-filled, flattened, large balloons, or sheets of material that may be elevated by balloons or releasably connected to fixed structures.

Solar panel and car roof

A solar panel can include at least one solar cell having a first surface and a second surface facing in mutually opposing directions; a first substrate disposed on the first surface of the at least one solar cell; a first encapsulant disposed between the first substrate and the at least one solar cell; a second substrate disposed on the second surface; and a second encapsulant disposed between the second substrate and the at least one solar cell, in which the second substrate includes a steel plate or fiber reinforced plastic.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Rear-side film for solar modules

Rear-side film for solar modules, which are embedded in eva (ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer) which are transparent and cross-linked at a temperature of more than 140° for rear-side film applied to the rear side of the eva and hence binding same, wherein the rear-side film consists in a multi-layer construction comprising co-extruded layers of polyolefin that are directly connected with each other, of which layers a front layer comprising a layer thickness of less than 100 μm is filled with pigments or reflecting particles in a weight proportion up to 20% and reinforced with subsequent layers to an overall strength of the rear-side film of over 300 μm, wherein the layers consist overall or with a mixture proportion of non-cross-linked polypropylene, wherein the layers lying behind the front layer are filled at least partially with an inorganic stabilising filler with a weight proportion of up to 40% relative to the weight of the rear-side film, and a method for producing a rear-side film.. .
Bischof + Klein Se & Co. Kg

Umbrella apparatus

An improved umbrella apparatus is a portable umbrella with a support column having a container for holding a removable water tank with a pump for pumping misting water to misters that are attached to the perimeter edges of the umbrella. Solar panels are attached to the topside of the umbrella for charging rechargeable batteries to power the pump mechanism.

Systems and methods for passively cooling photovoltaic modules

An assembly includes a photovoltaic module including a solar cell and a cooling system including a heat pipe adapted to dissipate heat from the solar cell. A method includes dissipating heat from the solar cell using the heat pipe.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Structures and methods for supporting solar panels

Structures and methods for supporting solar panels are provided. The structure includes a plurality of tee extrusions, a plurality of legs, a plurality of trusses, a plurality of ridge rails, and a plurality of clips.
Brooklyn Solar Works

Solar thermal energy - field electron emission power generation device

The present invention relates to a solar thermal energy-field electron emission power generation device, which is formed by a solar cooker and a heat-field electron emission power generation body. Based on the metal heat-field electron emission experiment, magnetic focusing and magnetic insulation are adopted to form the power generation device, which has characteristics of environmental protection, low cost and high efficiency.

Converter intuitive photovoltaic electrical energy power system

Renewable electrical energy is provided with aspects and circuitry that can harvest maximum power from an alternative electrical energy source (1) such as a string of solar panels (11) for a power grid (10). Aspects include: i) controlling electrical power creation from photovoltaic dc-ac inverter (5), ii) operating photovoltaic dc-ac inverter (5) at maximal efficiency even when mpp would not be, iii) protecting dc-ac inverter (5) so input can vary over a range of insolation and temperature, and iv) providing dynamically reactive capability to react and assure operation, to permit differing components, to achieve code compliant dynamically reactive photovoltaic power control circuitry (41).
Ampt, Llc

Automatic smart transfer switch for energy generation systems

Embodiments disclose solar energy generation systems with automatic smart transfer switches. An energy generation system includes an array of pv modules, a pv inverter coupled to the array of pv modules, and a battery pack configured to store dc power from the pv modules and output the stored dc power.
Solarcity Corporation

Multi-stage thermoelectric generator monolithically integrated on a light absorber

A solar-powered thermoelectric generator is provided that includes a solar collector, a light absorbing and heat generating element having an elongated shape, where a first end of the light absorbing and heat generating element is configured to absorb light from the solar collector, where the absorbed light converts to heat in the light absorbing and heat generating element, where the light absorbing and heat generating element is configured to form a thermal gradient along a length of the light absorbing and heat generating element from the first end of the light absorbing and heat generating element to a second end of the light absorbing and heat generating element, and a plurality of thermoelectric generators disposed along the light absorbing and heat generating element, where the first end of the light absorbing and heat generating element is hotter than the second end of the light absorbing and heat generating element.. .
The Regents The University Of California

Photovoltaic module

A photovoltaic module includes: a solar laminated assembly; a first glass adhered to one surface of the solar laminated assembly; a back sheet or a second glass adhered to the other surface of the solar laminated assembly; and encapsulant layers adhering the first glass to the solar laminated assembly and adhering the back sheet or the second glass to the solar laminated assembly. The photovoltaic module may be manufactured by previously manufacturing a solar laminated assembly through a first lamination process, and post-adhering a) a first glass and b) a back sheet or a second glass to the solar laminated assembly..
Lg Electronics Inc.

Color changing apparatuses with solar cells

The present disclosure provides a color changing apparatus. The color changing apparatus includes a solar cell assembly to absorb solar energy and converse the solar energy to thermal energy or electromagnetic radiation.
Hewlett-packard Development Company, L.p.

Front electrode for solar cell and solar cell including the same

A front electrode for solar cells and a solar cell, the front electrode including a stepped structure at an outermost surface thereof, wherein the stepped structure is composed of n stages, in which n is an integer of 3 or greater, and an nth stage has a smaller cross-sectional area than an (n−1)th stage such that the (n−1)th stage is partially exposed, and the stepped structure occupies about 5% to about 100% of a total surface area of the outermost surface.. .
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Method of solar power prediction

Techniques for estimating direct and diffuse sunlight reaching a location as a function of time using color whole sky images are provided. In one aspect, a method for forecasting solar insolation is provided that includes the steps of: obtaining color whole sky images using a digital camera which are taken at different times, and wherein an image of a solar disk is present in at least one of the color whole sky images; creating sky transparency images from the color whole sky images; determining atmospheric solar scattering based on a width of the solar disk in the color whole sky images; determining cloud motion trajectories from a time series of the sky transparency images; and calculating the solar insolation as a function of time using the sky transparency, the atmospheric solar scattering, and the cloud motion trajectories.
International Business Machines Corporation

Analysis system for aviation radiation dose

An analysis system for an aviation radiation dose according to the present invention includes: a proton spectrum generator which calculates a galactic cosmic ray incident on the earth's atmosphere and a proton spectrum corresponding to a solar proton event; a global radiation dose map producer which calculates particle transport based on the proton spectrum and produces a radiation dose map; a global radiation dose map converter which converts the radiation dose map produced based on a standard atmosphere into a radiation dose map corresponding to current atmosphere conditions in real time; and a database in which data necessary for operations of the proton spectrum generator, the global radiation dose map producer and the global radiation dose map converter is previously calculated and stored, thereby having an effect on estimating a radiation dose of another route if another piece of information about an arbitrary path and time is given besides a previous given path.. .
Korea Meteorological Administration

Apparatus for measuring pollution level of surface of photovoltaic module

An apparatus to measure the pollution level of the surface of a photovoltaic module. A resistance change on the surface of a photovoltaic module is sensed to effectively measure the pollution level on the surface of the photovoltaic module and secure a proper cleaning cycle of the module during solar light power generation.
Main-energia Inc.

Systems and methods for converting biomass to biocrude via hydrothermal liquefaction

Systems and processes of providing novel thermal energy sources for hydrothermal liquefaction (htl) reactors are described herein. According to various implementations, the systems and processes use concentrated solar thermal energy from a focused high-energy beam to provide sufficient energy for driving the htl biomass-to-biocrude process.
Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas System

Solar decorative light

A solar decorative light having decorative flowers and a light string; the light string includes a transparent wire and multiple led light beads; the transparent wire connects the led light beads in series; the transparent wire twines the decorative flowers, with each of the led light beads being positioned on a surface of a respective decorative flower.. .

Device of high-temperature solar turbine power generation with thermal energy storage

A device of high-temperature solar gas turbine power generation with thermal energy storage includes a combustion chamber, a solar receiver, a thermochemical energy storage tank, a triple valve a and a triple valve b. The thermochemical energy storage tank has a high-temperature side and a low-temperature side.
Zhejiang University

Liquid doping controlled doping of a melt

A method of growing a doped monocrystalline ingot using a crystal growing system is provided. The crystal growing system includes a growth chamber, a dopant feeding device, and a feed tube.
Sunedison Semiconductor Limited (uen201334164h)

Alloys of co to reduce stress

A deposited cobalt composition is described, including cobalt and one or more alloy component that is effective in combination with cobalt to enhance adhesion to a substrate when exposed on the substrate to variable temperature and/or delaminative force conditions, as compared to corresponding elemental cobalt, wherein the one or more alloy component is selected from the group consisting of boron, phosphorous, tin, antimony, indium, and gold. Such deposited cobalt composition may be employed for metallization in semiconductor devices and device precursor structures, flat-panel displays, and solar panels, and provides highly adherent metallization when the metallized substrate is subjected to thermal cycling and/or chemical mechanical planarization operations in the manufacturing of the semiconductor, flat-panel display, or solar panel product..
Entegris, Inc.

Refining process for producing solar silicon, silicon carbide, high-purity graphite and hollow silica microspheres

A process for producing solar grade silicon from silica sand employs a plurality of plasma furnaces to perform a sequence of chemical reactions together with other process steps to produce solar grade silicon. The plasma furnace generates a stable dirty air, donut-shaped plasma into which particulate matter can be introduced.
Plassein Technologies Ltd. Llc

Airship made of self-sealing material

A solar-powered airship with a hull configured to contain a gas and at least one propulsion assembly with a propulsion device and electric motors configured to drive the propulsion device. The airship may also include a power supply system including solar panels operatively coupled to the electric motors and configured to supply power to the electric motors.
Jg Entrepreneurial Enterprises Llc

Lighted soft top for a sport utility vehicle or utility task vehicle

A soft top assembly for suv/utv vehicles having connected thereto at least one lighting source, such as a fixed light emitting diode lighting device, a rope/flexible light emitting diode lighting device, a solid fiber optic lighting device, to illuminate the interior of the vehicle. The lighting device has at least one water resistant housing that is low profile.
Bestop, Inc.

Motor vehicle

A motor vehicle is configured to include a first battery; a second battery; a first converter configured to step-down an electric power of the first power line and supply the stepped-down electric power to a second power line with which the second battery is connected; a third battery; a solar charging device configured to generate electric power using sunlight and supply the generated electric power to the third battery; and a second converter configured to transmit electric power accompanied with a change in a voltage between the second power line and a third power line with which the third battery is connected. The motor vehicle of this configuration is configured to provide permission for relief charging that is charging of the third battery using an electric power on a first power line side, when a voltage of the second battery is not lower than a predetermined voltage..
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Bilayered structures for solar steam generation

The present disclosure is directed to steam generation through the efficient harvesting of solar energy. In particular, the present disclosure is directed to bilayered structures that are cost-effective, scalable and/or biodegradable that provide high steam-generation efficiency..
Washington University

Umbrella with a bluetooth sound device

The present invention discloses an umbrella with a bluetooth sound device, which comprises a column having a top and a middle, a tray, a plurality of ribs, a canopy, a controlling handle disposed on the middle of the column and an electrical box having a involutory front cover and back cover. A solar receiving device is connected to the top of the column; a plurality of led lamp strings are attached to the tray and the ribs.
Zhejiang Dingsheng Outdoor Living Products Co., Ltd.

Solar photovaltaic module rapid shutdown and safety system

A photovoltaic (pv) module safety shutdown system includes a module-on switch coupled with a pv module coupled with an alternating current (ac) mains panel through an inverter. A system monitor couples with the module-on switch and with the ac mains panel and generates a system-on signal.
Suphatchatwong Innovation Co., Ltd.

Institut Für Solarenergieforschung Gmbh

. .

Institute Of Engineering Thermophysics Chinese Academy Of Sciences

. .

High throughput system for photovoltaic uv degradation testing

High throughput systems for photovoltaic uv degradation testing of solar cells, and methods of testing for uv degradation of solar cell during manufacture, are described herein. In an example, a high throughput solar cell testing apparatus includes a plurality of real time ultra-violet (rtuv) testing modules.
Sunpower Corporation

Solar power generation system inspection method and inspection apparatus

A ground fault detection apparatus includes a pv current detection unit, a ground fault current detection circuit, an electric power delivery path switching switch that switches the connection of a solar cell string from a pcs side to the ground fault current detection circuit, and a control unit that, when the solar cell string is in a switchable state, switches the electric power delivery path switching switch to the ground fault current detection circuit side.. .
Omron Corporation

Curtain wall with variable heat transfer coefficient

A curtain wall or roof element, with built in solar panel or heat absorbing layer, and at least one blower for air circulation inside the enclosed device, one or more temperature sensors monitoring the temperature inside and outside the device and a microcontroller activating the blower according to predetermined program to heat or cool the room enclosed by the device. If solar cells or panels are used they will generate electrical power and heat.

Direct anchoring solar module system and installation method

A mounting system and techniques for securing solar panels to a fixed structure including a plurality of mounting brackets and tracks and a plurality of mounting feet that connect to the tracks and anchor to the fixed structure. Each mounting bracket has a means to interconnect and interlock with the mounting brackets on adjacent solar modules.
Smash Solar, Inc.

Photovoltaic module and photovoltaic system including the same

Disclosed herein are a photovoltaic module and a photovoltaic system including the photovoltaic module. The photovoltaic module includes a solar cell module having a plurality of solar cells, an inverter to convert dc power from the solar cell module to ac power, a cable to output the ac power from the inverter, and an infrared (ir) communication unit to transmit, at least one of voltage information of the solar cell module, current information of the solar cell module, voltage information of the inverter, and current information of the inverter, to an adjacent first photovoltaic module, an external gateway, or an external ir communication device.
Lg Electronics Inc.

Protection of electrical components in solar energy shade structure

In accordance with various exemplary embodiments, solar energy shade structures and support systems are disclosed that have electrical components concealed or screened within columns located under the structure. For example, a solar energy structure may comprise: a solar panel support structure, a plurality of solar panels supported by the solar panel support structure, a plurality of vertical supports connected to the solar panel support structure for supporting the solar panel support structure elevated above a surface, and a column, located under the solar panel support structure.
Strategic Solar Energy, Llc

Photovoltaic-photothermal reaction complementary full-spectrum solar utilization system

Wherein the thermal energy is utilized by the waveband thermal reactor to preheat reactant(s) in the reaction chamber and to make a portion of the reactant(s) to undergo an endothermic chemical reaction such that the thermal energy is stored as chemical energy.. .

Power converting apparatus and power converting method

A pcs comprises a dc/dc convertor that converts a voltage of a dc power input from a solar cell; an inverter that converts the dc power to an ac power; and a controller 134 that stops an operation of the dc/ac convertor without stopping the inverter when a condition that stops an output of the solar cell is satisfied.. .
Kyocera Corporation

Hybrid power generation station

The present invention is a hybrid wind and solar power generator. The system uses a concentrated sun light and diluted sun light to increase the efficiency of the whole system.

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Solar cell

There is provided a solar cell which is excellent in gas barrier properties and in which the deterioration of wirings does not easily occur. The solar cell (1) comprises: a first electrode (2); a second electrode (7) arranged so as to face the first electrode (2); a photoelectric conversion layer (5) which is arranged between the first electrode (2) and the second electrode (7) and contains an organic-inorganic perovskite compound; a plurality of auxiliary wirings (8) provided on the second electrode (7); a resin layer (9) provided on the second electrode (7) so as to fill a space between the plurality of auxiliary wirings (8); and an inorganic layer (10) provided so as to cover the plurality of auxiliary wirings (8) and the resin layer (9)..
Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.

Flexible solar cell

The present invention aims to provide a flexible solar cell including a photoelectric conversion layer that contains an organic-inorganic perovskite compound and being excellent in light resistance and photoelectric conversion efficiency. The present invention relates to a flexible solar cell having a structure including: a metal foil; an electron transport layer; a photoelectric conversion layer; a hole transport layer; and a transparent electrode stacked in the stated order, the photoelectric conversion layer containing an organic-inorganic perovskite compound represented by the formula: r-m-x3 where r represents an organic molecule, m represents a metal atom, and x represents a halogen atom or a chalcogen atom..
Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.

Realizing the dream of green energy and making the impossible possible

An apparatus for storing and/or converting solar energy into a mechanical and/or electrical energy product in a continuous manner, twenty-four hours a day. The apparatus includes an enclosed volume chamber having a wall formed from transparent material capable of allowing solar energy beams to enter into the chamber, the wall of the chamber having a reflective inner surface for trapping and reflecting the solar energy beams within the chamber, a heat absorbing member located within the chamber for receiving at least a portion of the solar energy beams, an inlet for feeding air into the chamber wherein the air becomes heated, an outlet for allowing the heated air to exit the chamber, and a conversion device for cooperating with the outlet for receiving the heated air and for converting the heated air to mechanical and/or electrical energy.

Light redirecting film useful with solar modules

A light redirecting film defining a longitudinal axis, and including a base layer, an ordered arrangement of a plurality of microstructures, and a reflective layer. The microstructures project from the base layer, and each continuously extends across the base layer to define a corresponding primary axis.
3m Innovative Properties Company

Surface solar system

A surface solar system, comprising a condensing clad plate (p1), a photovoltaic plate (p2) and a supporting component (p3), wherein the condensing clad plate is formed by splicing condensing modules in accordance with pre-set patterns. Each of the condensing modules comprises a condensing lens and a base, the condensing lens comprising at least one tooth surface, one of adjacent surfaces of the condensing lens and the base is a reflecting surface, and the reflecting surface is provided below the tooth surface along an incident surface of sunlight.
Bolymedia Holdings Co. Ltd.

Interconnector and solar panel

An interconnector includes a first electrode configured to be connected to a first photovoltaic cell, a second electrode configured to be connected to a second photovoltaic cell, and a connection body that connects the first electrode and the second electrode. The connection body includes a first detour, a second detour, and a joint.
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Solar cell module and producing the same

A solar cell module includes a substrate, and first and second cells connected in series. The first and second cells each include a first electrode, a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer and a second electrode stacked in this order on the substrate.
Panasonic Corporation

Monolithic interconnection for solar cells

A method for fabricating a solar cell includes providing a first substrate with at least one protruding element on the first substrate. The method removes a portion of a lower conducting layer located on the first substrate, wherein the removed portion of the lower conducting layer is located near the at least one protruding element.
International Business Machines Corporation

Conductive polymer/si interfaces at the back side of solar cells

The present invention also relates to a process for the preparation of a solar cell, to a solar cell obtainable by this process and to a solar module.. .

Solar cell and manufacturing solar cell

A solar cell is made which has a first conduction-type crystalline silicon substrate having a texture provided on the surface, and an i-type amorphous silicon layer located on the surface of the crystalline silicon substrate, wherein the texture has a larger radius of curvature r1 of root parts thereof than the radius of curvature r2 of peak parts thereof. The crystalline silicon substrate has a first conduction-type highly-doped region containing a first conduction-type dopant on the surface thereof, and the dopant concentration in the first conduction-type highly-doped region is higher than that in the center in the thickness direction of the crystalline silicon substrate..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Passivation of light-receiving surfaces of solar cells with high energy gap (eg) materials

Methods of passivating light-receiving surfaces of solar cells with high energy gap (eg) materials, and the resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a solar cell includes a substrate having a light-receiving surface.
Sunpower Corporation

Monolithic thin film elements and performance electronics, solar powered systems and fabrication

Methods and devices that monolithically integrate thin film elements/devices, e.g., environmental sensors, batteries and biosensors, with high performance integrated circuits, i.e., integrated circuits formed in a high quality device layer. Preferred embodiments further monolithically integrate a solar cell array.
The Regents Of The University Of California

Solar forecasting using machine learned cloudiness classification

Methods and systems for predicting irradiance include learning a classification model using unsupervised learning based on historical irradiance data. The classification model is updated using supervised learning based on an association between known cloudiness states and historical weather data.
International Business Machines Corporation

Pv stop potential voltage and hazard stop system

A system to interrupt the line or supply side power or charged system of any building, appliance, process, and the like, so as to render the system without charge or current output outside of the junction box/enclosure or equipment load supply connection so that emergency first responders or solar/any technician, authorized personnel in any field, system maintenance crew may avoid electrocution, chemical or machine/appliance hazard in the presence of fire, explosion, structural failure/compromise, moisture, flammables, caustics, hazmat, water stream, mist, fogging, physical damage or servicing of the system. The system can be engaged for any anticipated disaster such as fire, hurricane, tornado, earthquake, flood, and the like..

Earth surveying with aerial drones for improved drilling applications

Methods and apparatuses for geophysical surveying are disclosed. In one embodiment, an airborne vehicle may obtain magnetic measurements in a location around a drilling site.
Liquid Robotics Oil And Gas Llc

Method and solar power generation through gas volumetric heat absorption based on characteristic absorption spectrum

The present application discloses a method and an apparatus for solar power generation through gas volumetric heat absorption based on characteristic absorption spectrum. A radiation energy conversion device absorbs concentrated solar radiation and converts radiation energy into thermal energy; the thermal energy is transferred to the other side of the radiation energy conversion device and then is converted into radiation energy; and the energy is transferred in a receiver cavity.
Zhejiang University

Radiation thermal absorber based on characteristic absorption spectrum, and stirling engine and operation method thereof

A radiation thermal absorber based on characteristic absorption spectrum, a stirling engine and an operation method thereof. The radiation thermal absorber allows working gas in the stirling engine to absorb radiation heat quickly, and help the stirling engine adopt assistant heating to ensure steady operation when solar power is not enough.
Zhejiang University

Thermoelectricity harvested from infrared absorbing coatings

The present invention is a method and device capturing and converting solar heat from infrared absorbing coatings on transparent surfaces, such as glass or polycarbonate, into electricity through the use of at least one thermoelectric generator. This electrical energy can then be used or stored for future access..

Heat-ray- and ultraviolet-absorbent glass sheet, and manufacturing same

The present invention aims to provide a heat-ray- and ultraviolet-absorbing glass plate having low solar transmittance and ultraviolet transmittance, having a high visible light transmittance, and containing a small amount of bubbles. The present invention relates to a heat-ray- and ultraviolet-absorbing glass plate that is a soda lime glass having a specific composition, having a mass proportion of divalent iron to the total iron being 50% or more, and having, as a value calculated as 4 mm thickness of the glass plate, a visible light transmittance tv of 66% or more, a solar transmittance te of 65% or less, a ratio tv/te of tv and te of 1.3 or more, and an ultraviolet transmittance tuv of 50% or less..
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Method for catalytic ammonia synthesis under concentrated solar energy and catalysts

A method for catalytic ammonia synthesis under concentrated solar energy and related catalysts. The method includes placing a catalyst in a reaction apparatus, feeding nitrogen and hydrogen into the reaction apparatus, and controlling a surface temperature of the catalyst to reach about 300° c.
Central China Normal University

Solar panel hinge release mechanism

A deployment system for solar panels has the panels spring loaded to deploy, but held folded against a satellite framework, held folded by trigger bars engaging slots or notches in hinge bodies holding the solar panels. A remotely-operable linear actuator moves the trigger bars to disengage the trigger bars to release the panels to deploy..

System and solar greenhouse aquaponics and black soldier fly composter and auto fish feeder

A system, method, and computer program product for an aquaponics, and greenhouse system, includes a solar greenhouse with north, east and west sides insulted and with glazing on a south side angled to maximize winter sunlight, and housing a fish tank with grow beds, and a hard filter filtering water from the fish tank coupled thereto, and including a stilling well inside of a solids collection chamber receiving water from a hard filter geyser pump, and with filter media sections of varying coarseness for providing mechanical filtration therearound, including coarser and finer media section from a bottom to a top of the solids collection chamber, a with air stones on top, and with aquatic plants including algae, and/or duckweed, providing biological filtration growing on a water surface thereabove. A sponge filter receives overflow water from the aquatic plants and with an output thereof provided to the fish tank..

Nisshinbo Mechatronics Inc.

. .

Heraeus Deutschland Gmbh & Co. Kg

. .

Optimal distributed energy resource management system

A method comprises generating power at a solar photovoltaic cell; receiving, at a controller, one or more input parameters pertaining to a power output of the solar photovoltaic cell; introducing liquid to the solar photovoltaic cell in response to the power output of the solar photovoltaic cell to increase the efficiency of the solar photovoltaic cell; recovering heat from the liquid introduced to the solar photovoltaic cell; and selecting an appropriate distribution of the power output of the solar photovoltaic cell to one or more power-drawing components in a way that maximizes a chosen objective for the whole of system.. .
International Business Machines Corporation

Battery exercising device

The disclosure relates to a battery exercising device configured to discharge and charge a rechargeable battery. The battery exercising device is configured to receive electrical power from a power source and periodically transfer this power into a rechargeable battery connected to the battery exercising device.
Johnson Industries, Inc.

Management device, management system, control management device, and control program

A management device includes a potential usable power calculator that computes a measurement value or an estimated value for a potential usable power which is the amount of power available when the power consumption of an electrical appliance and a potential feed-in amount that can be sold are excluded from the power output from the solar power device; a planned usage determination unit that identifies a planned usage time that a user plans to use a designated appliance; an effective time determination unit that identifies a continuous effective time when a physical quantity representing a state that changes due to the designated appliance using the potential usable power is within a range that is effective for a user; and a scheduler that creates an operation schedule indicating at least an operation start time for the designated appliance on the basis of the planned usage time and the continuous effective time.. .
Omron Corporation

Use of interrupted direct current power by appliances

Direct current (“dc”) power such as from solar panels is used by home appliances directly without conversion to ac. The large direct current spark problem is alleviated by interrupting the dc current at periodicities of at least 120 hertz and typically 99 percent duty cycle.

Gripping cable hanger and using

This invention has to do with a gripping cable hanger assembly system for the solar, mining, and electrical industry. The gripping cable hanger is comprised of a support wire gripping mechanism, cable carrier supports/receptacles, data carrier wire capability, space between said wire carriers with said wire comprising a shape retention material that may have a high dielectric, uv resistant coating thereon..
Cambria County Association For The Blind And Handicapped

Efficient and stable perovskite solar cells with all solution processed metal oxide transporting layers

An opto-electronic device includes a first electrode, a first buffer layer formed on the first electrode, and a perovskite semiconductor active layer formed on the first buffer layer. The opto-electronic device further includes a second buffer layer formed on the perovskite semiconductor active layer, and a second electrode formed on the second buffer layer.
The Regents Of The University Of California

Polymer and organic solar cell comprising same

The present specification relates to a polymer and an organic solar cell including the same.. .
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Solar cell, manufacturing same, and solar cell module

The solar cell includes a collecting electrode on a first principal surface of a photoelectric conversion section. The collecting electrode comprises a first electroconductive layer and a second electroconductive layer in this order from the photoelectric conversion section side.
Kaneka Corporation,

Structure using a thin film type solar cell

A structure using a thin film type solar cell is disclosed, which comprises an external plate exposed to solar rays; a first adhesive layer provided on an opposite surface of a surface of the external plate, which is exposed to the solar rays; a thin film type solar cell provided on the first adhesive layer; a second adhesive layer provided on the thin film type solar cell; and a protection layer provided on the second adhesive layer, wherein the second adhesive layer is made of a colored adhesive material.. .
Moohan Co., Ltd.

Shingled solar cells overlapping along non-linear edges

Solar devices and methods for producing solar devices are disclosed. In some examples, a solar device includes solar cells arranged in a shingled manner such that adjacent long edges of adjacent ones of the solar cells overlap.
Sunpower Corporation

Semi transparent back contact and solar cell using the same, and a manufacturing them

The invention relates to a semitransparent back electrode, a solar cell using the same, and a method for manufacturing them and, more specifically, to a technique for solving a performance decrease problem caused by increase of resistance of a conventional semitransparent solar cell. A method for manufacturing a semitransparent back electrode of a solar cell according to the invention includes depositing a transparent back electrode on a substrate, and forming a semitransparent molybdenum electrode layer on the back electrode.
Korea Institute Of Energy Research

Solar cell with a metal charge carrier discharge structure

The invention relates to a solar cell (1) having a surface (6) which is provided for receiving solar radiation. A charge carrier discharge structure (7) is arranged on the surface (6), said charge carrier discharge structure being formed by a plurality of rectilinear metal contact strips (8) with which the first layer (2) makes contact.
Guger Forschungs Gmbh

Solar cell

A solar cell can include a photoelectric conversion unit including a semiconductor substrate, a tunneling layer disposed on the semiconductor substrate, a first conductive type region and a second conductive type region disposed on the tunneling layer at a same side of the semiconductor substrate, and a barrier region disposed between the first and second conductive type regions; and an electrode disposed on the photoelectric conversion unit and including an adhesive layer disposed on the first and second conductive type regions, and an electrode layer disposed on the adhesive layer, in which the adhesive layer has a coefficient of thermal expansion that is greater than a coefficient of thermal expansion of the photoelectric conversion unit and is less than a coefficient of thermal expansion of the electrode layer.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar cell and manufacturing solar cell

A solar cell includes: a first semiconductor layer provided in a first area on a principal surface; an insulating layer provided on the first semiconductor layer in an insulating area adjacent to a second area; a second semiconductor layer provided to extend across the principal surface in the second area and the insulating layer in the insulating area; a transparent conductive layer provided on the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer; a first metal electrode provided in the first area; and a second metal electrode provided in the second area. The second metal electrode is formed to have an overhanging portion projecting to approach the first metal electrode with increasing distance from the principal surface and such that a gap from the first metal electrode is positioned in the insulating area.
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Conductive paste for forming solar cell electrode

The present invention has an object of providing a conductive paste for forming solar cell electrodes that obtains favorable electrical characteristics and sufficient adhesion strength to a substrate. The conductive paste for forming a solar cell electrode includes the followings: tellurium-based glass frit containing 30-70 mol % of tellurium, 15-40 mol % of tungsten, 5-30 mol % of zinc, 0-20 mol % of boron, and 0-10 mol % of zirconium (where a total content of boron and zirconium is greater than 0 mol %) in terms of oxides; conductive powder having silver as a main component and specific surface area of 0.4 m2/g or more; and an organic vehicle..
Shoei Chemical Inc.

Metal-foil-assisted fabrication of thin-silicon solar cell

One embodiment relates to a method of fabricating a solar cell. A silicon lamina is cleaved from the silicon substrate.
Sunpower Corporation

Glass materials for large scale dye-sensitized solar cell sealing and pastes comprising the same

Disclosed is a glass composition for sealing a large-area dye-sensitized solar cell, and more particularly, to a glass composition which may be uniformly bonded to a large-area without reacting with an electrolyte.. .
Orion Co., Ltd.

Method for texturing discrete substrates

A roll-to-plate process for texturing or patterning discrete substrates, such as displays, lighting or solar panels comprising the steps of supplying an imprinting lacquer, texturing or patterning the imprinting lacquer with an imprint texture which imprint texture is formed by openings and elevations thus creating volumes in the imprint texture to obtain an imprinted lacquer and optionally followed by curing the imprinted lacquer to obtain a solidified textured or patterned layer, characterized in that the texturing or patterning is performed with an imprint texture that comprises domains of greater volumes at its edges, and with a flexible stamp with a young's modulus of between 0.1 giga pascal (gpa) and 10 giga pascal (gpa).. .
Morphotonics Holding B.v.

Precision snow removal analysis

A method for precision snow removal analysis provides a melt rate in inches per day for roadways in a geometric region is provided. Elevation data is used to calculate upward looking hemispherical viewsheds at each roadway coordinate to determine the total solar radiation.
Ut-battelle, Llc

Solar monitoring system for measuring solar radiation intensity

A solar monitoring system for measuring solar radiation intensity comprising a tracking unit having two-axis movement comprising, an image capturing head mounted with first and second irradiation measuring units, and a controller. The first irradiation measuring unit comprises a direct normal irradiance (dni) sensor and the second irradiation measuring unit includes a diffuse horizontal irradiance (dhi) sensor and a global horizontal irradiance (ghi) sensor.
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Compositions, systems, and neural networks for bidirectional energy transfer, and thermally enhanced solar absorbers

The present invention provides a bidirectional energy-transfer system comprising: a thermally and/or electrically conductive concrete, disposed in a structural object; a location of energy supply or demand that is physically isolated from, but in thermodynamic and/or electromagnetic communication with, the thermally and/or electrically conductive concrete; and a means of transferring energy between the structural object and the location of energy supply or demand. The system can be a single node in a neural network.
Generative Technology Operatives, Llc

Closed loop solar refrigeration system

A solar-thermal refrigerant compression system employing refrigerants, such as r410a and r500, and a method of employing the system in refrigeration and air-conditioning units. The system includes a refrigerant storage tank, an evaporator, a mixing chamber, a condenser and an isochoric thermal compressor comprising a condensate heat exchanger and a heating coil connected to a solar collector field..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Clamping device and mounting a solar module

A clamping device for a solar module has or forms at least a first receiving portion for receiving an edge portion of the solar module. The first receiving portion has at least a first side wall portion and an additional side wall portion for constructing a receiving region.
Solibro Hi-tech Gmbh

Method and retrofitting an air conditioning system using all-weather solar heating

The invention discloses a method and apparatus for retrofitting air conditioning system using all-weather solar heating. In air conditioning system in which original single cold host is equipped with a cooling tower and a boiler, plate heat exchanger, solar collector plate, energy storage tank and circulating pipelines are provided.

Universal automated regulator valve with remote monitoring and control

A water or gas system for a home or commercial building receives water and gas at higher pressures than they can handle in the building or home. The automated regulation device monitors the regulator 24 hours a day, seven days a week so the second there is a failure with pressure, flow, temperature, seismic it recognizes it, notifies you via email, text, etc .

Solar-powered window covering

A solar powered window covering system is disclosed. The system includes a headrail, which includes a motor, a gearbox, and one or more tiltable slats.

Systems and methods for controlling the blinds

The present invention provides a device to control the tilt angle of window blinds. The tilt device can be easily fitted to existing window blind systems.

Mixed cation perovskite material devices

Photovoltaic devices such as solar cells, hybrid solar cell-batteries, and other such devices may include an active layer disposed between two electrodes. The active layer may have perovskite material and other material such as mesoporous material, interfacial layers, thin-coat interfacial layers, and combinations thereof.
Hunt Energy Enterprises, L.l.c.

Rubber composition for photovoltaic thermal collector

There is provided a rubber compound: by using the rubber compound, it is possible to simultaneously form a power generating portion and a hot-water producing portion in a regular photovoltaic module forming line without cracking of a crystalline silicon cell used in the solar panel and without crushing of a channel of a resin pipe used in the hot-water producing portion.. .

Solar storm warning system

The invention relates to a satellite-supported solar storm early warning system for providing a warning signal upon approach of a solar storm to earth, comprising a number of satellites in a region between the earth and the sun and stationary with respect to the center of the earth and to the connecting line between the earth and sun, which satellites are respectively equipped with at least one sensor for measuring at least one parameter of a particle flow in the surroundings thereof, and all of which satellites are in radio signal connection with a receiver on earth, directly and/or via a satellite or one of the satellites, and each of which satellites is equipped to transmit a measured value of a sensor of the system and/or a warning signal upon exceeding a threshold value by a measured value of a sensor of the system to the receiver via the radio signal connection.. .

Roof support structure for solar panel module

A support structure for a vehicle roof panel includes a solar panel module. The solar panel module is disposed within an opening defined by an outer periphery of a support structure.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Solar powered drone

A solar power system for a drone. The system including a shell with at least one solar cell adapted for placement on an exterior surface of a drone.

Solar power conversion kit for umbrella

A solar power conversion kit allows converting of a standard umbrella into a solar charging umbrella, which can then use solar power to charge electronic devices. The solar charging umbrella is self-sustained, capable of charging electronic devices in locations away from electrical outlets.
Zon

Systems, methods and light enabled indoor positioning and reporting

The present disclosure is directed systems, methods, and apparatus for light enabled indoor positioning and reporting. In some embodiments, a device of the present disclosure includes a housing that includes a processor and a wireless radio.
Beco, Inc.

Floating island habitats and heat sinks and rotation systems for combined floating island solar arrays

Floating islands are provided which have a permeable and buoyant matrix base with a top surface and pores therein and one or more solar panels. The solar panels are fixedly mounted to the matrix such that they are located at or above a waterline of the floating island.
Fountainhead, Llc

Concentrated solar energy system

A concentrated solar energy system, comprising a convergence system, a double-sided photovoltaic panel (p1) and a support component, wherein the convergence system comprises at least one tooth surface (s5) and a reflection surface (s6), each tooth surface containing at least one fresnel unit, and the reflection surface being arranged below the tooth surface along a sunlight incident direction; and the double-sided photovoltaic panel is arranged above the reflection surface along the sunlight incident direction, and is basically located at a focusing location of the convergence system. A double-sided photovoltaic panel is used and is arranged above a reflection surface along a sunlight incident direction, and thus on one hand, a back surface of the photovoltaic panel can absorb sunlight converged via a convergence system, and on the other hand, a front surface thereof can also absorb directly radiated sunlight, such that in the same spatial size, the capacity of a photovoltaic panel for absorbing and utilizing solar energy is effectively improved..
Bolymedia Holdings Co. Ltd.

Device for attaching a solar panel

Disclosed is a device for attaching a solar panel including at least two retaining elements, suitable for retaining a panel by engaging with two opposing parts of the solar panel, at least one of the retaining elements being movable in a direction defined by a guide system and in such a way as to allow an adjustment of the spacing between the two retaining elements. The device includes: an assembly including a fixed support and the mobile retaining element, the mobile retaining element and the fixed support consisting respectively of two synthetic parts, in particular two plastic parts, the guide system being produced by mutually engaging structures between the mobile retaining element and the fixed support produced as a one-piece component with the parts forming the fixed support and the mobile retaining element..
Ciel Et Terre International

Structure and support member for photovoltaic arrays

A structure and support member for photovoltaic arrays is provided. The member provides a structural connection between photovoltaic modules, wind deflectors and similar hardware.
Everest Solar Systems Llc

Solar roof mounting surface transition

A fixture may be installed on a mounting surface such as a roof of a structure. The fixture may be coupled to round elongated components such as wires, cables, conduits, pipes, or tubes that need to be transitioned from the exterior of the structure on top of the mounting surface to the interior of the structure below the mounting surface by passing through the mounting surface.
Sunpower Corporation

Modular multi-axial rotor

A modular, electricity generating apparatus comprises an elongate, central member comprising a first end and a second end; at least one foil disposed about the central member in fluid interacting relation thereto; the solar foil comprising an outer surface having photovoltaic properties; the first end and the second end dimensioned and configured to be connected to a connecting node; and, the elongate central member at least partially comprised of an electrically conductive material and configured to conduct electricity from at least one of the connecting nodes to the other of the connecting nodes.. .

Inverter with independent current and voltage controlled outputs

Transformerless bimodal inverters provide grid-tie outputs for back-feeding solar-originated power from a battery to a utility power grid in a grid-tied mode, simultaneously or alternatively with providing a constant-voltage ac output for powering ac appliances or loads directly in a standalone mode. The inverters continue to operate in the standalone mode without interruption should the grid-tied mode cease, e.g., due to anti-islanding during a grid outage or other fault condition not affecting the standalone mode.

Solar photovoltaic generation device

In a case where it is determined that a generated electric power of a solar panel is less than a predetermined value, a control unit of a solar photovoltaic generation device is configured to disconnect a solar battery from first and second electric power conversion units, stop power supply to the first electric power conversion unit to execute power saving control, and store an open circuit voltage (reference voltage) of the solar panel after the execution of the power saving control. In a case where the open circuit voltage of the solar panel exceeds a reference voltage continuously for a predetermined time after the execution of the power saving control, the control unit is configured to connect the solar battery to the first and second electric power conversion units, and start power supply to the first electric power conversion unit to release the power saving control..
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Power control apparatus, power control system, and power control method

A power control apparatus includes a plurality of transformers configured to transform power generated by a plurality of solar cell strings, and a controller configured to control the transformers. The transformers each include a diode configured to prevent a reverse flow of power to be output from the transformer itself and a switch configured to open or close a connection between the solar cell string and an inverter.
Kyocera Corporation

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Bulk direct gap mos2 by plasma induced layer decoupling

Bulk direct transition metal dichalcogenide (tmdc) may have an increased interlayer separation of at least 0.5, 1, or 3 angstroms more than its bulk value. The tmdc may be a bulk direct band gap molybdenum disulfide (mos2) or a bulk direct band gap tungsten diselenide (wse2).
The Regents Of The University Of California

Photovoltaic yarn and a production method

The present invention relates to a photovoltaic yarn and production method wherein electrical conduction is enabled by the photovoltaic yarn comprising a texturized yarn (2) with a cathode layer (4), an active layer (6) and an anode layer (8) coating thereon, the photovoltaic yarn can generate electricity utilizing the solar light, and which is developed especially to be used in textile industry.. .
Kordsa Teknik Tekstil Anonim Sirketi

Heterocyclic compound and organic solar cell comprising same

The present specification relates to a heterocyclic compound and an organic solar cell including the same.. .
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Polymer and organic solar cell comprising same

The present specification relates to a polymer and an organic solar cell including the same.. .
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Solar antenna array fabrication

A solar antenna array may comprise an array of carbon nanotube antennas that may capture and convert sunlight into electrical power. A method for constructing the solar antenna array from a glass top down to aluminum over a plastic bottom such that light passing through the glass top and/or reflected off the aluminum both may be captured by the antennas sandwiched between.
Novasolix, Inc.

Photovoltaic solar cell with backside resonant waveguide

A solar cell has a backside resonant waveguide structure. The backside structure includes a plurality of resonant waveguides formed in or on a semiconductor-based light absorbing material and arranged in a pattern to cause laterally scattered light to be at least partially confined in the semiconductor-based light absorbing material..
Northrop Grumman Systems Corporation

Thin film plasmonic solar cell

A plasmonic scattering nanomaterial comprising a substrate layer, a metal oxide layer in continuous contact with the substrate layer and silver nanoparticles with a diameter of 25-300 nm deposited on the metal oxide layer is disclosed. The silver nanoparticles have a broad size distribution and interparticle distances such that the silver nanoparticles plasmonically scatter light throughout the metal oxide layer with a near electric field strength of 1-30 v/m when excited by a light source having a wavelength in the range of 300-500 nm and/or 1000-1200 nm.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

P-type impurity-diffusing composition, manufacturing semiconductor device using said composition, solar cell, and manufacturing said solar cell

A p-type impurity diffusion composition is provided which makes it possible to improve storage stability of a coating liquid, and to achieve uniform diffusion of the coating liquid on a semiconductor substrate. The p-type impurity diffusion composition includes (a) a group-13 element compound, (b) a hydroxyl-group-containing polymer, and (c) an organic solvent, (cl) a cyclic ester solvent being contained in the organic solvent..
Toray Industries, Inc.

Solar cell employing phosphorescent materials

A solar cell device having a solid state light absorber region that incorporates a donor-acceptor particle structure. The particle structure includes acceptor particles that generate a flow of electrons in the solid state light absorber region in response to absorbed photons; and donor particles comprising a phosphorescent material, wherein each donor particle is coupled to a group of acceptor particles, and wherein the phosphorescent material absorbs high energy photons and emits lower energy photons that are absorbed by the acceptor particles..
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Off-set drive assembly for solar tracker

In an example, the present invention provides a solar tracker apparatus configured with an off-set drive assembly. In an example, the apparatus has an inner race structure, which has a cylindrical region coupled to a main body region, the main body comprising an off-set open region.
Nextracker Inc.

Ultrahigh-performance radiative cooler

A radiative cooler is provided having a thermally insulated vacuum chamber housing that is configured to support a vacuum level of at least 10-5 torr, an infared-transparent window that is sealably disposed on top of the thermally insulated vacuum chamber and is transparet in the range of 8-13 μm, a selective emitter disposed inside the chamber, a mirror cone on the infared-transparent window, a selective emitter inside the chamber and is configured to passively dissipate heat from the earth into outer space through the infared-transparent window and is thermally decoupled from ambient air and solar irradiation but coupled to outer space, a heat exchanger with inlet and outlet pipes disposed below the selective emitter to cool water flowing through the pipe, a sun shade disposed vertically outside the chamber to minimize direct solar irradiation, and a mirror cone to minimize downward atmospheric radiation.. .
The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University

Node, support frame, system and method

A node for connecting together at least a first support element, a second support element and a third support element of a support frame such as a solar frame which supports solar reflectors. A method for connecting together at least a first support element, a second support element and a third support element of a solar frame which supports solar reflectors.
Werner Extrusion Solutions Llc

Parabolic trough collector module, parabolic trough collector module unit and solar thermal power station

A parabolic trough collector module comprising an absorber tube, a parabolic reflector focusing the solar radiation to the absorber tube and with a reflector surface, and at least one support de-vice on which the parabolic reflector is mounted so that it can pivot. The support device includes a support head projecting over the reflector surface in the vertical direction, on which the absorber tube is mounted by a linear bearing structure forming a linear guide..
Deutsches Zentrum FÜr Luft- Und Raumfahrt E.v.

Modular building integrated thermal system

A building integrated modular thermal system is disclosed. A modular thermal unit comprises a plurality of metal battens having a longitudinal channel mounted horizontally onto a plurality of wooden battens, a thermal tubing containing liquid mounted on the longitudinal channels, a plurality of solar electric roof tiles mounted on the plurality of metal battens and connected in series to form a string, an inverter connected to each of the strings, an energy storage tank is connected between the thermal tubing, and a pump.

Hybrid wind-solar power generation system

Electrical power may be generated by a system employing wind and solar energy capturing means. A wind turbine can be connected to a controller and have at least one blade connected to an electrical generator.

Solar power plant comprising a first heat transfer circuit and a second heat transfer circuit

The invention relates to a solar power plant with a first heat transfer medium circuit and with a second heat transfer medium circuit, in which the first heat transfer medium circuit comprises a store (3) for hot heat transfer medium and a store (5) for cold heat transfer medium and also a pipeline system (6) connecting the stores (3, 5) for hot heat transfer medium and for cold heat transfer medium and leading through a solar array (7), and the second heat transfer medium circuit comprises a pipeline system (9) connecting the stores (3, 5) for hot heat transfer medium and for cold heat transfer medium and in which at least one heat exchanger (11) for the evaporation and superheating of water is accommodated, the at least one heat exchanger (11) having a region through which the heat transfer medium flows and a region through which water flows, said regions being separated by a heat-conducting wall, so that heat can be transmitted from the heat transfer medium to the water. Each heat exchanger (11) has a break detection system (21), by means of which a possible break of the heat-conducting wall can be detected, and valves (23) for the closing of supply lines (13, 17) and outflow lines (15, 19) for heat transfer medium and water, upon the detection of a break the valves (23) in the supply lines (13, 17) and outflow lines (15, 19) for heat transfer medium and water being closed..
Basf Se

Radiant reflective and water barrier roofing underlayment

A radiant reflective and water barrier roofing underlayment is mounted to an outer side of a radiant barrier. The radiant reflective and water barrier roofing underlayment includes an underlayment body.

Conjugated polymer containing ethynyl crosslinking group, mixture composition, organic electronic device continaing the same and application therof

Provided are a conjugated polymer containing ethynyl crosslinking group, mixture, formulation, organic electronic device containing the same and application thereof. The conjugated polymer material has a conjugated main chain structure and an ethynyl crosslinking group as a functional side chain.
Guangzhou Chinaray Optoelectronic Materials Ltd.

Modulating electron transfer dynamics at hybrid interfaces via self-assembled multilayers

Forward and back electron transfer at molecule oxide interfaces are pivotal events in dye-sensitized solar cells, dye-sensitized photoelectrosynthesis cells and other applications. Disclosed herein are self-assembled multilayers as a strategy for manipulating electron transfer dynamics at these interfaces.
Dummen Group B.v.

Conductive paste and electronic device and solar cell including an electrode formed using the conductive paste

A conductive paste includes a conductive powder, a metallic glass having a glass transition temperature of less than or equal to about 600° c. And a supercooled liquid region of greater than or equal to 0 k, and an organic vehicle, and an electronic device and a solar cell include an electrode formed using the conductive paste..
Dummen Group B.v.

Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.

. .

Lg Electronics Inc.

. .

System and enhanced watch dog in solar panel installations

A system and method for automated shutdown, disconnect, or power reduction of solar panels. A system of solar panels includes one or more master management units (mmus) and one or more local management units (lmus).
Tigo Energy, Inc.

Asymmetric tracking-integrated optics for solar concentration

A method is provided for using asymmetrically focused photovoltaic conversion in a hybrid parabolic trough solar power system. Light rays received in a plurality of transverse planes are concentrated towards a primary linear focus in an axial plane, orthogonal to the transverse planes.
Sharp Laboratories Of America (sla), Inc.

Hybrid ganged heliostat

A method of utilizing solar radiation as a solar radiation source moves throughout the day includes providing a deformable surface having a pair of opposing edges and supporting the opposing edges of the deformable surface with a pair of flexible members. The method also includes imparting a curvature on the deformable surface to cause incident rays to be coincident with the normal axis of the deformable surface.
Skysun Llc

Skirt mount attachable to a solar panel module frame

A system, apparatus, and method of mounting a solar panel module skirt to a solar panel module frame are disclosed. The system could include a number of solar panel modules, a number of skirt mount assemblies, and a solar panel module skirt.
Sunrun South Llc

Solar home system for all household services

The disclosure describes a solar home system that may be used for the following purposes in the household: lighting, mobile phone and other electronic device charging through universal serial bus (usb) ports, receiving television signal through digital tv signal, receiving internet information through the wireless network signal and powering electronics through an inverter. The present invention is very beneficial for households who do not have access to electricity from the electricity grid, households that have unreliable access to electricity, or households that choose not to utilize electricity directly from the grid..

Photovoltaic system power output control with retained reserve power output

A photovoltaic power station includes, for example, a plurality of solar panels at a first location, the plurality of solar panels operable to provide a maximum power output, a controller operable to supply, from the plurality of solar panels, a predetermined power output less than the maximum power output to an electrical grid, and wherein the photovoltaic power station is operable to maintain, from the plurality of solar panels, a reserve power output to provide the reserve power output to the electrical grid, the reserve power output being the difference between the maximum power output and the predetermined power output.. .
The Research Foundation For The State University Of New York

Hydrogen oxidation and generation over carbon films

An electrode comprises an acid treated, cathodically cycled carbon-comprising film or body. The carbon consists of single walled nanotubes (swnts), pyrolytic graphite, microcrystalline graphitic, any carbon that consists of more than 99% sp2 hybridized carbons, or any combination thereof.
University Of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.

Organic thin film solar cell module

Provided is an organic photovoltaic module in which the initial performance of an organic photovoltaic device can be maintained even after squeegeeing in wet pasting construction, of which an end does not peel off in finishing working, and which has favorable design quality. The organic photovoltaic module includes, in turn, a first gas barrier layer, a first sealing layer, and the organic photovoltaic device, in which the first sealing layer has a storage modulus of 5×106 pa or more and 1×108 pa or less at 25° c.
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation

Method of manufacturing solar cell

A method of manufacturing a solar cell includes: providing an insulating layer on a semiconductor layer provided on at least a part of a principle surface of a semiconductor substrate; providing a mask layer on the insulating layer; removing a part of the mask layer by laser irradiation so as to form a first opening through which the insulating layer is exposed; and removing, by an etching agent, the insulating layer exposed through the first opening so as to form a second opening through which the semiconductor layer is exposed.. .
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Solar cell, manufacturing solar cell, and heating device used therein

A method for manufacturing a solar cell includes: providing an electrode layer containing thermosetting resin on at least one of a first main surface and a second main surface, located opposite to the first main surface, of a photoelectric conversion unit; heating the electrode layer by irradiation of infrared light; and producing an air stream around the photoelectric conversion unit during irradiation of infrared light. The irradiation of infrared light may include irradiation of first infrared light from a first emitter facing the first main surface; and irradiation of second infrared light from a second emitter facing the second main surface..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Methods for creating a semiconductor wafer having profiled doping and wafers and solar cell components having a profiled field, such as drift and back surface

A semiconductor wafer forms on a mold containing a dopant. The dopant dopes a melt region adjacent the mold.
1366 Technologies, Inc.

Bonds for solar cell metallization

A solar cell can include a substrate and a semiconductor region disposed in or above the substrate. The solar cell can also include a conductive contact disposed on the semiconductor region with the conductive contact including a conductive foil bonded to the semiconductor region..
Sunpower Corporation

Tandem solar cell, tandem solar cell module comprising the same, and manufacturing thereof

According to the present disclosure, a nano-electrode structure can be patterned on a front surface of a front transparent electrode of a solar cell in which a crystalline silicon solar cell and a perovskite solar cell are bonded via a junction layer, such that the optical path of the sunlight incident on the solar cell through the nano-electrode structure can be increased to improve the utilization rate of the light.. .

Solar power system using hybrid trough and photovoltaic two-stage light concentration

A solar power method is provided using two-stage light concentration to drive concentrating photovoltaic conversion in conjunction with thermal collection. The method concentrates light rays received in a plurality of transverse planes towards a primary linear focus in an axial plane, which is orthogonal to the transverse planes.
Sharp Laboratories Of America, Inc.

Solar cell module

A solar cell module can include a plurality of solar cell strings, which include first and second solar cell strings including a first and second plurality of solar cells electrically connected in the first direction, respectively, and parallel to each other, first conductive wires connect a first electrode of a first solar cell to a second electrode of a second solar cell neighboring the first solar cell in the first direction within each of the solar cells, the first and second solar cell strings are electrically connected by a second conductive wire connecting a first electrode of a third solar cell located at a first end of the first solar cell string and a second electrode of a fourth solar cell located at a first end of the second solar cell string, and the second conductive wire is between the third solar cell and the fourth solar cell.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Colorless luminescent solar concentrator, free of heavy metals, based on at least ternary chalcogenide semiconductor nanocrystals with absorption extending to the near infrared region

The invention relates to a luminescent solar concentrator comprising a glass or plastic matrix containing colloidal nanocrystals of at least ternary semiconductors based on metals of groups ib and iiia (groups 11 and 16 respectively in the uipac nomenclature) and at least one chalcogen (group via, or 16 in the iupac nomenclature).. .
Universita' Degli Studi Di Milano - Bicocca

Transparent sheet for solar cell, transparent back sheet for solar cell, and solar cell module

Provided are a transparent sheet for a solar cell, a transparent back sheet for a solar cell, and a solar cell module. This transparent sheet for a solar cell includes: a substrate film; and a first polymer layer that is disposed on one surface of the substrate film and includes a polymer a having an ultraviolet absorbing partial structure and a binder polymer b, in which the polymer a having an ultraviolet absorbing partial structure and the binder polymer b have the same kind of structural unit..
Fujifilm Corporation

Activation silicon substrates

The present invention relates to an activation composition for activation of silicon substrates, which is an aqueous solution comprising a source of palladium ions, a source of fluoride ions and at least two aromatic acids. The present invention further relates to a method for its use and optionally for subsequent metallization of such treated substrates.
Atotech Deutschland Gmbh

Design and synthesis of metal oxide surfaces and interfaces with crystallographic control using solid-liquid-vapor etching and vapor-liquid-solid growth

The present invention provides integrated nanostructures comprising a single-crystalline matrix of a material a containing aligned, single-crystalline nanowires of a material b, with well-defined crystallographic interfaces are disclosed. The nanocomposite is fabricated by utilizing metal nanodroplets in two subsequent catalytic steps: solid-liquid-vapor etching, followed by vapor-liquid-solid growth.
University Of Kentucky Research Foundation

High growth rate deposition for group iii/v materials

Aspects of the disclosure relate to processes for epitaxial growth of group iii/v materials at high rates, such as about 30 μm/hr or greater, for example, about 40 μm/hr, about 50 μm/hr, about 55 μm/hr, about 60 μm/hr, about 70 μm/hr, about 80 μm/hr, and about 90-120 μm/hr deposition rates. The group iii/v materials or films may be utilized in solar, semiconductor, or other electronic device applications.
Alta Devices, Inc.

Silicon dioxide solar cell

A silicon dioxide solar cell includes first and second substrates having electrical conductivity, the first and second substrates being arranged so that conductive surfaces of the first and second substrates are facing each other, the first substrate being a transparent substrate on a light incident side to which a light is irradiated; a silicon dioxide layer consisting essentially of silicon dioxide particles which is formed on an electrode disposed on the second substrate such that the silicon dioxide layer has a photovoltaic ability absorbing an infrared light; and an electrolyte disposed between said first and second substrate. The space between the silicon dioxide layer and the first substrate on the light incident side is filled with the electrolyte, and the silicon dioxide solar cell is configured to generate electricity from the silicon dioxide particles of the silicon dioxide layer and output the electricity via the electrode..
International Frontier Technology Laboratory, Inc.

Solar cell and solar cell manufacturing method

Where n(0, i) is a carrier density of the organic-inorganic perovskite compound immediately after start of exposure of the solar cell to light at an intensity of i mw/cm2, and n(t, i) is the carrier density of the organic-inorganic perovskite compound after continuous exposure of the solar cell to light at an intensity of i mw/cm2 for t hour/hours.. .

Dye-adsorption method and apparatus thereof

A dye adsorption method and a dye adsorption apparatus is provided in this disclosure. The dye adsorption method includes a dye adsorption step.
Formosa Plastics Corporation

Running equation of time mechanism controlled by a differential device

The invention concerns a running equation of time mechanism including a hand arrangement whose purpose is to indicate civil time by means of an hour hand and a minute hand, and a true minute hand concentric with the civil minute hand, and which indicates the true solar minute, wherein the running equation of time mechanism also includes an equation of time cam having a profile which is determined by the difference, on each day of the year, between civil time, and true time, wherein this equation of time cam is driven in rotation by a calendar mechanism, wherein the position of the true minute hand is determined by the position of the equation of time cam, wherein the running equation of time mechanism also includes a differential gear device, a first input of which is formed by a civil minute pipe on which a civil minute hand is pressed, and a second input of which is formed by the equation of time cam, wherein the differential gear device includes a planetary reducer wheel set via which the civil minute pipe drives a civil hour pipe on which is pressed the civil hour hand, and a planetary multiplier wheel set via which the civil hour pipe drives a true minute pipe on which is pressed the true minute hand.. .
Montres Breguet S.a.

Method for texturing discrete substrates ii

A roll-to-plate process comprising at least one roll for texturing or patterning discrete substrates, such as displays, lighting or solar panels comprising the steps of supplying an imprinting lacquer in the shape of a continuous layer, texturing the imprinting lacquer with a mold having a rear side and a front side, wherein the rear side is in frictional contact with the at least one roll, and wherein the front side exhibits an imprint texture comprising a functional area which functional area is formed by openings and elevations thus creating volumes in the imprint texture to obtain an imprinted lacquer and optionally followed by curing the imprinted lacquer to obtain a solidified textured or patterned layer, characterized in that the texturing or patterning is performed with an imprint texture that comprises a starting area which is a lead-in area with a texture for which gas can escape followed by the functional area with a texture which is different from the texture of the lead-in area.. .
Morphotonics Holding B.v.

Integrated photovoltaic and electrochromic windows

A variety of methods for integrating an organic photovoltaic-based solarwindow™ module and electrochromic materials to create dynamic, variable transmittance, energy-saving windows and/or window films are described. Stand-alone or building integrated, independent or user-controllable, battery supported or building integrated, and insulated glass unit or aftermarket film implementations are all described, providing for a diversity of applications.
Solarwindow Technologies, Inc.

Integrated photovoltaic and electrochromic windows

A variety of methods for integrating an organic photovoltaic-based solarwindow™ module and electrochromic materials to create dynamic, variable transmittance, energy-saving windows and/or window films are described. Stand-alone or building integrated, independent or user-controllable, battery supported or building integrated, and insulated glass unit or aftermarket film implementations are all described, providing for a diversity of applications.
Solarwindow Technologies, Inc.

Dual axis solar tracker

A dual axis solar tracker is provided. The dual axis solar tracker includes a moving platform, a fixed platform, a serial chain, a parallel chain and a driving device.
Tsinghua University

Emi/rf shielding of thermocouples

Embodiments disclosed herein generally relate to a temperature sensor disposed in an apparatus. In many semiconductor, liquid crystal display, solar panel or organic light emitting display fabrication processes, rf power is utilized to either ignite a plasma within the processing chamber or to provide supplemental energy to the process.
Applied Materials, Inc.

Method and system for measuring local ultraviolet exposure

One variation of a method for measuring ambient ultraviolet light radiation including: calculating a target direct orientation of a light exposure device based on a location, a current date and time, and a direct solar position model; calculating a target diffuse orientation of the light exposure device based on the location, the current date and time, and a diffuse solar position model; in response to detecting alignment between orientation of the light exposure device and the target direct orientation, recording a direct ultraviolet value; in response to detecting alignment between orientation of the light exposure device and the target diffuse orientation, recording a diffuse ultraviolet value; in response to detecting alignment between orientation of the light exposure device and a target global orientation, recording a global ultraviolet value; and calculating an ultraviolet index based on the global ultraviolet value, the direct ultraviolet value, and the diffuse ultraviolet value.. .
Andrew Poutiatine

Metal-ceramic coating for heat exchanger tubes of a central solar receiver and methods of preparing the same

Provided are metal-ceramic coatings for heat exchanger tubes of a central solar receiver and methods of preparing the same. The metal-ceramic coatings comprise at least one ceramic phase dispersed in a metal matrix and are disposed along the heat exchanger tubes to improve heat transfer and reduce oxidation of the heat exchanger tubes.
General Electric Technology Gbmh

Solar heat collection tube, sunlight-to-heat conversion device and solar heat power generation device

A solar heat collection tube 1 of the present invention has: a tube 3 in which a heat medium 2 can flow; an infrared reflective layer 4 formed on an outer surface of the tube 3; a sunlight-to-heat conversion layer 5 formed on the infrared reflective layer 4 and containing manganese silicide; and an anti-reflection layer 6 formed on the sunlight-to-heat conversion layer 5. Preferably, the manganese silicide used in the sunlight-to-heat conversion layer 5 is a semiconductor.
Japan Fine Ceramics Center

Foldable parabolic solar collector

A foldable parabolic solar collector includes a first panel having a semi-parabolic reflective inner surface, a central tube to which the first panel is fixed, and a second panel having a semi-parabolic reflective inner surface. The second panel is pivotably mounted to the central tube with the reflective inner surface of the second panel facing the reflective inner surface of the first panel.
King Abdulaziz University

Vortex wind power conversion system

A wind energy device (100) utilizes a cone (102) to concentrate the wind. The inside of the cone (102) has rifling (110) which spirals the wind to more effectively hit the rotor blades (112) adjacent the smaller opening (108) of the cone (102).

Polymer-metal compound composite ink, and preparation method and application thereof

The present invention discloses a polymer-metal compound composite ink, a preparation method and application thereof. The composite ink comprises: at least one polymer; at least one metal compound material, the metal compound material being selected from polyoxometalate compounds and nanocrystalline metal oxides; at least one solvent which is used for forming a disperse system in the form of a uniform fluid together with the remaining components in the composite ink.
Suzhou Institute Of Nano-tech And Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy Of Sciences

Water floating-type solar photovoltaic power generator

The present invention relate to a water floating-type solar photovoltaic power generator, and more particularly, to a water floating-type solar photovoltaic power generator which is easy to be manufactured by using a plurality of annular floating bodies; is economical; and is further favorable to rotation, the plurality of annular floating bodies consisting of synthetic pipes and being arranged to form a concentric circle on the basis of a main pillar, as a floating source for supporting solar photovoltaic generation equipment on the water.. .
Bk Energy Co., Ltd.

Vehicle window mounted discrete cooling assembly

A vehicle window mounted cooling assembly for generating and distributing cooled air in a vehicle which is not running includes an assembly housing having a cooling and distributing electrical system, a mounting system, and a powering system. The cooling and distributing system includes a peltier cooler, a heat sink, and a fan system, collectively arranged to disperse cooled air in a vehicle and outlet heated air out of a vehicle.

Solar panel mounting clamp and system

A system having a plurality of solar panel mounting clamps for mounting a plurality of solar panels including a plurality of threaded projections fixed in a mounting surface; a plurality of the solar panel mounting clamps, each respectively disposed upon one of the plurality of threaded projections such that the threaded receiving portion of each solar panel mounting clamp receives each respective threaded projection, such that the plurality of solar panel mounting clamps are capable of securing a plurality of solar panels to the mounting surface such that each clamp makes a conductive bond with one or more panels such that each panel shares a common ground. The system may include one or more mounting plates to rest upon the mounting surface that has one or more retainer clip to ease in cable management..
Solar Connections International, Inc.

Airship equipped with a compact solar generator using local concentration and bifacial solar cells

An airship is equipped with a compact solar generator using concentration to supply the airship in flight with electrical energy from solar radiation. The compact solar generator comprises a first set of row(s) of bifacial photovoltaic solar cells, arranged parallel to a longitudinal central axis of the airship, and a solar radiation concentrator for making solar rays converge towards rear faces of the bifacial solar cells of the first set.
Thales

Dynamic stabilizer for solar trackers

A non-drive dynamic stabilizer includes a damper and an actuator. The dynamic stabilizer provides multiple states of support to a solar tracker structure.

Solar assembly and forming same

Various aspects provide for a solar assembly. The solar assembly may be a mechanical structure that allows many small solar cells to be integrated into the wing design of an aircraft without placing them on the surface area of the wing or the vehicle.

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Adhesive for light redirecting film

The present disclosure relates to adhesives useful in preventing drifting during lamination of light redirecting films applied to photovoltaic cells. The adhesives of the present disclosure have other useful applications in bonding and/or affixing other solar energy components..
3m Innovative Properties Company

Solar battery module and producing same

A solar cell module includes a solar cell, a wiring member electrically connected to the solar cell, a light-receiving-surface encapsulant and a back-surface encapsulant that cover the solar cell, a light-receiving-surface protecting member; and a back-surface protecting member. The back-surface protecting member does not contain a metal foil.
Kaneka Corporation

Solar cell module

A solar cell module includes: a solar cell; a conductive light-reflective film disposed on a back surface side of the solar cell, the conductive light-reflective film extending from an edge portion of the solar cell; an insulating member disposed between a back surface of the solar cell and the conductive light-reflective film; and a back-surface side encapsulant covering the solar cell and the conductive light-reflective film from the back surface side of the solar cell, wherein the insulating member is made of a material harder than a material of the back-surface side encapsulant.. .
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Solar cell module and manufacturing the same

A solar cell module capable of preventing the occurrence of a pid failure in a solar photovoltaic power generation system with a mw capacity, said system being used in a high-temperature high-humidity environment; and a method for manufacturing this solar cell module. A solar cell module which comprises a protection glass material and a sealing material on a light receiving surface side of a substrate, and which also comprises an oxide layer between the substrate and the protection glass material, said oxide layer containing a metal element and silicon.
Material Concept, Inc.

Shade management of solar cells and solar cell regions

A photovoltaic solar structure comprises at least two electrically connected solar cell regions forming a shade management block. The solar cell regions have a light receiving frontside and a passivated backside opposite the light receiving frontside and a first metallization over the passivated backside has base and emitter metallization contacting base and emitter regions of the solar cell regions.
Ob Realty, Llc

Solar cell

A solar cell includes: a semiconductor substrate formed of n-type crystalline silicon; a first stack formed of amorphous silicon in a first region on a first principle surface of the semiconductor substrate; a second stack formed of amorphous silicon in a second region different from the first region on the first principle surface; and a third stack formed of amorphous silicon on a second principle surface of the semiconductor substrate opposite from the first principle surface. The second stack has an oxygen concentration that is higher than that of the first stack..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Solar cell module and manufacturing the same

A method for manufacturing a solar cell module, the method includes a cell forming operation for forming a first solar cell and a second solar cell by, for each of the first and second solar cells, attaching a first auxiliary electrode and a second auxiliary electrode to a back surface of a semiconductor substrate on which a plurality of first electrodes and a plurality of second electrodes are formed; and a cell string forming operation for connecting the first auxiliary electrode of the first solar cell to the second auxiliary electrode of the second solar cell through an interconnector to form a cell string.. .
Lg Electronics Inc.

Solar cell

A solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate, a bus-bar electrode, a plurality of finger electrodes, and a heavily doped layer. The semiconductor substrate has a surface.
Neo Solar Power Corp.

Auxiliary berthing vessel

The present invention provides an auxiliary berthing method and system for a vessel. Position information of a vessel relative to a berth is determined by a solar blind ultraviolet imaging method; meanwhile, by a gps method, an attitude angle of the vessel relative to the berth is determined by at least two gps receivers.
Nanjing University 5d Technology Co., Ltd.

Auxiliary berthing vessel

The present invention provides an auxiliary berthing method and system for a vessel. In the berthing method, by a solar blind ultraviolet imaging method, a position and an attitude of a vessel relative to a shoreline of a port berth during berthing are calculated by at least two solar blind ultraviolet imaging modules according to light signals received by a solar blind ultraviolet light source array arranged in advance on the shore.
Nanjing University 5d Technology Co., Ltd.

High flux thermal receiver and use

A thermal receiver, such as a solar flux thermal receiver, is disclosed comprising a modular arrangement of arrayed microchannels or micropins to heat a working fluid by heat transfer. Disclosed solar receivers provide a much higher solar flux and consequently a significant reduction in thermal losses, size, and cost, relative to known receivers.
Regents Of The University Of California

Self-illuminated portable shadowbox monument

A self-illuminated shadow box for containing mementos or the like includes a box that has an upright metallic back wall panel for attaching magnets, a transparent door spaced from the upright metallic back wall panel, a roof extending over the metallic back wall panel and the transparent wall, and a solar energized light emitting diode mounted on the roof and directed toward the metallic back wall.. .

Super clear cellulose paper

Wood fibers possess natural unique hierarchical and mesoporous structures that enable a variety of new applications beyond their traditional use. For the first time we dramatically modulate the propagation of light through random network of wood fibers.
University Of Maryland At College Park

Methods of making highly stable perovskite- polymer composites and structures using same

Methods of making luminescent perovskite-polymer composites are provided and structures using the same. Perovskite-polymer composites made by the method described herein are provided.
University Of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.

Natural gas hydrate tank container loading system enabling self-powered power generation and boil-off gas treatment

The present disclosure relates to a natural gas hydrate tank container loading system for transporting natural gas hydrate, and the present disclosure provides a natural gas hydrate tank container loading system, enabling self-powered power generation and boil-off (bog) gas treatment, includes: a refrigerator for inhibiting the generation of boil-off gas which naturally generates in a natural gas hydrate tank container during transportation; and a solar cell, a battery, and a generator, which operates by means of the boil-off gas, for supplying electric power to the refrigerator, thereby ensuring a generation capacity sufficient to operate the refrigerator by means of the solar cell, the generator, and the battery, and thus always maintaining a stable phase equilibrium (self-preservation) in the natural gas hydrate tank container even during long-distance transportation and solving problems of fire, environmental pollution, or the like which occur when the boil-off gas (bog) is discharged to the outside.. .
Korea Institute Of Ocean Science And Technology

Telematics road ready system

A system for monitoring a trailer having a plurality of light emitting diode devices includes a master control unit attached to an outside surface of the trailer. The master control unit includes a solar panel, a gps receiver module, a cellular data transceiver module for communicating with a central tracking computer via a cellular data network interfaced to the internet, and a local wireless network master transceiver module in wireless communication with a plurality of wireless sensors and a light out detection system.
Truck-lite Co., Llc

Multilayer fabric with selective radiation filter

A multilayer fabric for selectively blocking or transmitting particular wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum, such solar radiation, and far infrared (fir) radiation. The multilayer fabric may include a microporous water vapor permeable layer that selectively filters particular wavelengths depending on the size of its pores.
Adidas Ag

Asahi Glass Company, Limited

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Technische Universität Berlin

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Rapid de-energization of dc conductors with a power source at both ends

A method, circuit and system arrangement is described for providing rapid de-energization for safety reasons of conductors having a dc power source at both ends. The invention is particularly envisaged for use in solar energy systems in which a battery is charged by solar power from a photovoltaic array, the invention comprising controlling the array to interrupt charge current flow and then isolating the battery from the conductors to be de-energized in a fail-safe manner..

Solar focusing device and using the device

A computer-implemented method and solar focusing apparatus is presented. A spacecraft system is placed in orbit around a sun, the spacecraft system including a lens element focusing divergent energy received from said sun into generally parallel energy.

Solar panel truss mounting systems and methods

An exemplary embodiment of the present invention provides a solar panel truss mounting system comprising a base and a truss assembly coupled to the base. The truss assembly comprises a first panel rail mount, second panel rail mount parallel to the first panel rail mount, base rail mount parallel to the first and second panel rail mounts, and a plurality of support members.
Georgia Tech Research Corporation

Control device of inverter

A control device (2) of an inverter converts electrical power generated by a solar cell (3) into alternating current power connecting to an electric power system (7). The control device includes: an alternating current voltage sensor (14) sensing a system voltage (vr) of the electric power system; an mppt executer (23) controlling a direct current voltage (vdc) applied to the inverter (1) to cause the electrical power output from the solar cell (3) to be a maximum when the direct current voltage (vdc) is higher than a lower limit (vl); a direct current voltage lower limit calculator 22 reducing the lower limit (vl) when the system voltage (vr) is lower than a predetermined voltage; and an electrical power controller (25) controlling reactive power based on the system voltage (vr), the reactive power being output from the inverter (1)..
Toshiba Mitsubishi-electric Industrial Systems Corporation

Backfeed power supply for solar power system

A solar collection system may collect energy from the sun to generate electricity for distribution on an electrical grid. In addition to generating electricity, a solar collection system may include support devices such as motors, controllers, sensors, and other support devices to perform various tasks to allow the solar collection system to more effectively generate electricity.
Sunpower Corporation

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Surge suppression system for medium and high voltage

A system of surge suppressor units is connected at multiple locations on a power transmission and distribution grid to provide grid level protection against various disturbances before such disturbances can reach or affect facility level equipment. The surge suppressor units effectively prevent major voltage and current spikes from impacting the grid.
Asator Global Technologies Llc

Crystalline perovskite thin films and devices that include the films

Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite thin films with average grain sizes of at least 50 micrometers were prepared and employed in solar cells. The pce values of the solar cells did not degrade with the direction or the scan-rate of the applied voltage.
Los Alamos National Security, Llc

Design and synthesis of porphyrin materials for highly efficient organic photovoltaics

The present disclosure relates to porphyrin small molecules substitutes designed and synthesized for bulk heterojunction (bhj) organic solar cells (oscs). Provided are synthesized materials with strong and ordered self-assembly property, leading to form bi-continuous, interpenetrating networks which are required for efficient charge separation and transport in organic solar cells.
Hong Kong Baptist University

Novel compound and use thereof as a hole transport material

The present invention provides novel triazatruxene derivatives that are useful as hole transport materials (htm), particularly, in optoelectronic devices. The utility of the novel compounds was confirmed in solid-state, sensitized solar cells based on organic-inorganic perovskites used as light harvesters.
Abengoa Research, S.l.

Method and apparatus of fabricating an interconnector assembly

The invention to a method of making an interconnector assembly for electrically interconnecting solar cells, wherein the method comprises: feeding a plurality of (preferably elongated) electrical conductors that form an conductor array defining interspaces that are free from conductors; and applying at least one sheet, preferably made of electrically insulating material, to a side of the conductor array, wherein the sheet has at least one contact zone coming into contact with the conductors and intermediate portions overlapping with the interspaces of the conductor array. The invention also refers to an apparatus for fabricating an interconnector assembly for electrically interconnecting solar cells and to a rotatable heating drum..
Somont Gmbh

Division device and division method thereof

A division device includes a platform, a withstanding element and a pressure element. The platform has a platform surface.
Neo Solar Power Corp.

Wafer bonded solar cells and fabrication methods

A photovoltaic device and method for fabrication include multijunction cells, each cell having a material grown independently from the other and including different band gap energies. An interface is disposed between the cells and configured to wafer bond the cells wherein the cells are configured to be adjacent without regard to lattice mismatch..
International Business Machines Corporation

Solar cell module

A solar cell module includes a solar cell string, a first encapsulant, a second encapsulant having a viscoelasticity greater than a viscoelasticity of the first encapsulant, a front-side protective plate, and a back-side protective sheet. The solar cell string includes a plurality of solar cells and a line member which electrically connects the plurality of solar cells.
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Flexible conducting cover glass replacement for satellite solar panels

A composition for covering satellite solar panels includes an encapsulating resin, a conductive nano-network, and fused silica/quartz beads. A coverglass for a satellite solar panel includes such a composition.
New Mexico Tech Research Foundation

Technique for achieving large-grain ag2znsn(s,se)4 thin films

Techniques for increasing grain size in aztsse absorber materials are provided. In one aspect, a method for forming an absorber film on a substrate includes: contacting the substrate with an ag source, a zn source, a sn source, and an s source and/or an se source under conditions sufficient to form the absorber film on the substrate having a target composition of: agxznysn(s,se)z, wherein 1.7<x<2.2, 0.9<y<1.3, and 3.5<z<4.5, and including an amount of the ag source that is from about 10% to about 30% greater than is needed to achieve the target composition; annealing the absorber film; and removing excess ag from the absorber film.
International Business Machines Corporation

Metallization structures for solar cells

Solar cells having conductive contacts are described. In an example, a solar cell can include a protective layer disposed over a substrate, where the protective layer comprises a contact hole.
Sunpower Corporation

Laser techniques for foil-based metallization of solar cells

Methods of fabricating a solar cell including metallization techniques and resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a semiconductor region can be formed in or above a substrate.
Sunpower Corporation

Protective region for metallization of solar cells

Methods of fabricating a solar cell including metallization techniques and resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a first and second semiconductor regions can be formed in or above a substrate, where a separation region is disposed between the first and second semiconductor regions.
Sunpower Corporation

Method for fabricating nanopillar solar cell using graphene

A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device includes providing a substrate structure. The substrate structure includes a conductive layer and a plurality of nanopillars spaced apart from each other overlying the conductive layer.
Semiconductor Manufacturing International (beijing) Corporation

Solar energy converter and related methods

A solar thermal energy device is provided. Also provided is a method of making a solar thermal energy device..
Carnegie Mellon University

Solar cell, manufacturing same and solar cell module

The solar cell includes a plurality of light-receiving-side finger electrodes on a light-receiving surface of a photoelectric conversion section having a semiconductor junction. The light-receiving surface of the photoelectric conversion section is covered with a first insulating layer.
Kaneka Corporation

Conductive textiles and related devices

A conductive textile is provided comprising a textile substrate comprising a network of one or more threads, each thread comprising one or more fibers, the one or more threads arranged to define a plurality of pores and a plurality of intersections distributed throughout the textile substrate, and a conductive polymer coating on a surface of the textile substrate, wherein the textile substrate is characterized by a porosity which is sufficiently high to achieve a substantially maximum conductivity for the conductive textile. The conductive textile may be incorporated into a variety of electronic devices, including solar cells..
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Photovoltaic device containing a dye-sensitized solar cell

An oxadiazole dye for use as an organic photosensitizer. The oxadiazole dye comprising donor-π-spacer-acceptor type portions in which at least one of an oxadiazole isomer acts as a π-conjugated bridge (spacer), a biphenyl unit acts as an electron-donating unit, a carboxyl group act as an electron acceptor group, and a cyano group acts as an anchor group.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Electrode for photoelectric catalysis, solar cell, and producing said electrode

It is provided that the catalytic layer (2) further features a matrix (4) consisting of a second semiconductor material, which at least partially surrounds the particles.. .

Methods for making perovskite solar cells having improved hole-transport layers

An aspect of the present disclosure is a device that includes a first layer that includes a hole-transport material and an acid, where the first layer has a conductivity between 20 μs/cm and 500 μs/cm. In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the first layer may absorb light having a wavelength between 400 nm and 600 nm.
Colorado School Of Mines

Dual mode operation having power saving and active modes in a stacked circuit topology with logic preservation

A system for dual mode operation having power saving and active modes in a stacked circuit topology having logic preservation is provided. The system includes a pre-charge circuit and a sleep mode control circuit for providing a signal to disable a plurality of circuit elements and switching a mode of the system, the sleep mode control circuit being coupled to the pre-charge circuit and further being coupled to a logic function circuit, wherein the plurality of circuit elements comprise logic gates and transistor devices.
International Business Machines Corporation

System and methods for smart and secure package receivers

A smart and secured system to receive packages from online shopping; automatically download list of incoming packages from one or multiple linked online-shopping accounts; provide navigational support to postal carriers and/or autonomous delivery; print receipts for validation; send encrypted confirmation to home-owners when any packages arrives; and implement an a. The system compromises of a secure box with a magnetic lock to store packages; a control circuitry, mini thermal printer and embedded processor to recognize and validate the arrived packages; a radio-frequency transceiver to wirelessly communicate with other electronic devices to notice information of the packages; and global positioning system (gps) tracking tags for anti-theft protection.

Temperature responsive optical limiter, composition and device

The present invention relates to optical power-limiting devices, and more particularly, to an optical power-limiting passive (self-adaptive) device and to a method for limiting solar power transmission in devices such as windows, using scattering level changes in a novel thermotropic composition that contains salt nano or microparticles embedded in a solid transparent host layer, where temperature change induces change in the refraction index of the matrix as well as of the embedded particles, creating a scattering layer, substantially reflecting the incident light thus limiting the amount of light passing through the window, green house covers, car sun roofs, solar panel windows and protection layers on housing roofs and walls, as a function of ambient temperature.. .
Kilolambda Technologies Ltd

Solar bioelectrical impedance spectrometer and bioelectrical impedance monitoring system having same

A solar bioelectrical impedance spectrometer includes a microprocessor module, a radio module connected with the microprocessor module, a spectrometer module connected with the microprocessor module, a battery management module, a battery module connected with the battery management module, a solar power supply management module separately connected with the battery management module and the microprocessor module and a wearable solar cell module connected with the solar power supply management module. The battery management module is configured for receiving current output from the solar power supply management module under a preset condition and charging the battery module by the current.
Lihealth Limited

Solar panel inspection using unmanned aerial vehicles

Methods, systems, and program products of inspecting solar panels using unmanned aerial vehicles (uavs) are disclosed. A uav can obtain a position of the sun in a reference frame, a location of a solar panel in the reference frame, and an orientation of the solar panel in the reference frame.
Unmanned Innovation Inc.

Absorption cooling system with falling film and/or agitated thin film evaporator

A solar powered absorption cooling system employing refrigerant-absorbent solutions such as water and lithium bromide and hybrid storage capabilities, and a method of employing the system in refrigeration and air conditioning units. The system includes a first temperature control valve and second temperature control valve that together regulate the flow of solar heating fluid into the generator and substantially reduce absorbent crystal formation..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

All-weather solar water source heat pump air conditioning system

A solar water source heat pump air conditioning system includes an air-water heat exchange system, an aqueous solution heat exchange system, a heat pump main engine, a concentration system, an energy recovery system and a condensate water recovery system. According to the present invention, solar energy in air is absorbed by utilizing the air-water heat exchange system and is provided for a heat pump.
Huang, Guohe

Apparatus for cleaning surfaces

The present invention relates to an apparatus for cleaning a surface, in particular at solar collectors or photovoltaic installations. The apparatus has at least one cleaning head that comprises at least one cleaning member.

Low concentration solar collector system

A device and system for providing low concentration solar collection is disclosed. The device comprises a reflective parabolic trough, an evacuated tube collector, and a geared element for enabling the trough to utilize one-axis solar tracking.

Solar light with wind turbine generator

A solar light assembly includes an electrical mount configured for electrically mounting thereon a light device. The electrical mount is positioned underneath a first protective cover, and a wind turbine is mounted above the first protective cover and underneath a second protective cover.

Ecological remediation controlling sulphur pollution inblack and odorous sludge of rivers

The invention discloses an ecological remediation method for controlling sulphur pollution in black and odorous sludge of rivers. Firstly, the sludge from pollution layer of the rivers will be dredged and stacked on the banksides with slope protection built along the outer edge of the sludge storage site; then innocent pretreatment will be conducted for the sludge.

Solar array lifter and method

A solar array lifting assembly and method. The device and method use a support pole, a pole bracket for supporting a solar array made up of a frame and solar panels, a pole bracket securing mechanism for securing the pole bracket at a predetermined height, and a lifting assembly for lifting the pole bracket and solar array along the support pole..

Photovoltaic array system and method

A system and method of providing, assembling and maintaining floating rows and/or arrays of photovoltaic solar panels and terrestrial or elevated based rows and/or arrays of photovoltaic solar panels.. .

Wafer alignment with restricted visual access

Wafer alignment with restricted visual access has been disclosed. In an example, a method of processing a substrate for fabricating a solar cell involves supporting the substrate over a stage.
Sunpower Corporation

Convertible chair, cart and transport device

A wheeled device that converts between a chair, a vertical dolly and a flat 2-wheeled wagon. A rigid frame includes parts coupled by rotating hinges.