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Hydrocarbon patents

      

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Toner
According to the present invention, in a toner including a toner particle containing a binder resin and a low molecular aromatic hydrocarbon, the binder resin contains a polyester resin, at least one kind of a unit derived from an aromatic monocarboxylic acid and a unit derived from an aromatic monoalcohol is contained, and the low molecular aromatic hydrocarbon has 1 or more and 4 or less benzene rings, and has a melting point of 60° c. Or more and 120° c.

Photo-thermally induced polymerization inhibitors for electrophoretic media
An electrophoretic medium that may be incorporated into an electrophoretic display includes a dispersion that may be contained in a plurality of microcapsules or microcells or a polymeric continuous phase. The dispersion may include a non-polar fluid, a plurality of first charged particles; and an inhibitor of photo-thermally induced polymerization that inhibits potential cross-linking between the particles and/or the microcells or polymeric continuous phase.

Outlier detection for identification of anomalous cross-attribute clusters
A method of identifying regions in a subsurface that may be a hydrocarbon reservoir, the method including: extracting features from cross-attribute clusters; assigning a distance metric and linkage criterion in feature space; calculating, with a computer, a degree of anomaly for the cross-attribute clusters in the feature space; ranking the cross-attribute clusters in accordance with the degree of anomaly; and prospecting for hydrocarbons by investigating a subsurface region in accordance with the rankings.. .

Smart water flooding processes for increasing hydrocarbon recovery
Methods, compositions, and techniques for enhancing the production of hydrocarbons such as crude oil from subterranean hydrocarbon bearing formations. In some embodiments, the invention relates to processes for evaluating enhanced oil recovery mechanisms in carbonate based reservoirs at both the rock-fluid and oil-water interfaces using spectroscopic and interfacial techniques.

Absolute porosity and pore size determination of pore types in media with varying pore sizes
The longitudinal relaxation times (t1) of water and hydrocarbon inside porous media, such as rock from subsurface formations, behave differently when external magnetic fields vary. A nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (nmrd) profile from fast field cycling nuclear magnetic resonance (ffc-nmr) technique differentiates the type of fluids filling the pores.

Method and system for enhancing hydrocarbon operations
A method and system are described for imaging core samples associated with a subsurface region. The imaging results may be used to create or update a subsurface model and using the subsurface model and/or imaging results in hydrocarbon operations.

Quantitative assessment of soil contaminants, particularly hydrocarbons, using reflectance spectroscopy
Apparatus and method for efficiently assessing the results of reflectance spectroscopy on a soil sample to determine the presence of contaminants in the soil, by constructing a model based on analysis of known samples. The model may be constructed using an all possibilities approach and data mining techniques, on a range of samples, for example of different kinds of soil without pollutants and with different levels of pollutants.

Evaluating black powder formation of hydrocarbon gas flowed through pipelines
Sales gas output from a glycol dehydration unit in a gas plant is flown into a sales gas pipeline. One or more operational parameters of the glycol dehydration unit are received.

Method of removing co2 from a contaminated hydrocarbon stream
The present invention provides a method to separate co2 from a contaminated hydrocarbon-containing stream. The method comprises obtaining a multiphase contaminated hydrocarbon-containing stream (100) containing at least a vapour phase, a liquid phase and a solid phase, creating a slurry stream (120) from the multiphase stream.

Hydrocarbon distillation

Systems and methods are provided for increasing the efficiency of liquefied natural gas production and heavy hydrocarbon distillation. In one embodiment, air within an lng production facility can be utilized as a heat source to provide heat to hhc liquid for distillation in a hhc distillation system.

Method and device for the purification of diesel exhaust gases

The invention proposes a method for the purification of exhaust gases which are generated by a diesel engine with a charging turbine, and a special device for carrying out said method. The device comprises, in the flow direction of the exhaust gas, a dosing device for a reducing agent from a reducing agent reservoir (2), an scr catalytic converter (3), an oxidation catalytic converter (4) and a diesel particle filter (5).

Method and system for enhancing hydrocarbon operations

A method and system are described for imaging core samples associated with a subsurface region. The imaging results may be used to create or update a subsurface model and using the subsurface model and/or imaging results in hydrocarbon operations.

Subsea manifold system

A modular, subsea hydrocarbon production hub 36 comprises a primary manifold 22 and a plurality of co-located extension structures 26, 30, 34. The primary manifold 22 has first connections 23 for connection a top-side facility 21, second connections 27, 35 for connection to at least one extension structure 26, 34, and third connections 25 for connection to at least one well 24.

Core shell particle, producing core shell particle, and film

An object of the present invention is to provide a core shell particle having high luminous efficacy and excellent durability; a method of producing the same; and a film obtained by using the core shell particle. The core shell particle of the present invention includes: a core which contains a group iii element and a group v element; a first shell which covers at least a part of a surface of the core; and a second shell which covers at least a part of the first shell, in which at least a part of a surface of the core shell particle contains a metal-containing organic compound containing a metal element and a hydrocarbon group..

Solid-liquid crude oil compositions and fractionation processes thereof

A process for the production of a fractionated product is disclosed, comprising providing a solid hydrocarbonaceous material, wherein the material is in particulate form, and wherein at least about 90% by volume (% v) of the particles are no greater than about 500 μm in diameter. The solid hydrocarbonaceous material is combined with an unrefined liquid hydrocarbonaceous material, such as crude oil, in order to create a combined solid-liquid blend; and the combined solid-liquid blend is subjected to fractionation in order to generate one or more fractionation products.

Detergent additive for fuel

Wherein p is an integer between 2 and 40, g is chosen from: o an aryl group, and o an aryl group substituted by at least one group chosen from: a group r, a c1 to c12 hydrocarbon-based chain, and a c1 to c12 hydrocarbon-based chain substituted by at least one group r, being chosen from the group consisting of: the groups including from 1 to 40 atoms chosen from c, n, and optionally o, including at least one primary, secondary or tertiary amine function, and quaternary ammoniums.. .

Fischer-tropsch process

The present invention relates to a method for producing hydrocarbons from a gas mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, in at least two conversion reactors, being the first and second reactor, said reactors comprising catalysts. The reactors can be placed in series or parallel..

Solid-liquid crude oil compositions and fractionation processes thereof

A process for the production of a fractionated product is disclosed, comprising providing a solid hydrocarbonaceous material, wherein the material is in particulate form, and wherein at least about 90% by volume (% v) of the particles are no greater than about 500 μm in diameter. The solid hydrocarbonaceous material is combined with an unrefined liquid hydrocarbonaceous material, such as crude oil, in order to create a combined solid-liquid blend; and the combined solid-liquid blend is subjected to fractionation in order to generate one or more fractionation products.

Method of forming anti-rust or anti-bacterial film containing tannic acid derivatives

A method of forming anti-rust or anti-bacterial film includes mixing a predetermined liquid and a film-forming composition which contains a tannic acid derivative in which hydrogen atoms in at least 10% of hydroxyl groups of tannic acid are substituted by a chain hydrocarbon group having 10 to 16 carbon atoms, and removing the liquid.. .

Devulcanized rubber, its preparation and its use as an absorbent

A process is provided for converting discarded rubber, e.g., rubber crumb, into absorbent material. The process comprises extruding a mixture of discarded rubber and oxidizer(s) under progressively increasing temperature to reach a temperature above 250° c.

Lignin depolymerisation and doxygenation process for obtaining aromatic compounds and their catalytic reaction composition

The present invention is related to a catalytic process, which includes catalytic compositions for depolymerisation and deoxygenation of lignin contained in the biomass for obtaining aromatic hydrocarbons. The catalytic composition consists of at least one non-noble element from group viiib of the periodic table supported on a mesoporous matrix composed of an inorganic oxide, which can be alumina surface-modified with a second inorganic oxide with the object of inhibiting the interaction between the active component and the support.
a reaction system by batch or in continuous flow at inert and/or reducing atmosphere, at a temperature of between 60 to 320° c. and a pressure of from 5 to 90 kg/cm2. when the reaction is developed into a batch system, oxygenated aromatic hydrocarbons are mainly produced, both by thermal as well as catalytic depolymerisation, whereas in a continuous flow reaction system, deoxygenated aromatic hydrocarbons are produced.

Addition-curable organopolysiloxane resin composition, cured product thereof, and semiconductor device having the cured product

Wherein r represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms; or an acyl group having 2 to 15 carbon atoms.. .

Process for the preparation of catalyst components for the polymerization of olefins

A process for preparing a solid catalyst component for the homopolymerization or copolymerization of ch2═chr olefins, wherein r is hydrogen or hydrocarbyl radical with 1-12 carbon atoms, including a step (a), at a temperature ranging from 0 to 150° c., of reacting a mg based compound of formula (mgclmx2-m).nlb, wherein m ranges from 0 to 2, n ranges from 0 to 6, x is, independently r1, or1, —ocor1 or o—c(o)—or1 group, wherein r1 is a c1-c20 hydrocarbon group and lb is a lewis base with a liquid medium made from or containing a ti compound, having a ti—cl bond, in an amount such that the ti/mg molar ratio is higher than 3 and a bi compound dissolved or dispersed in the liquid medium, wherein the solid catalyst compound is made from or contains the ti compound, the bi compound and optionally an electron donor on a mg chloride based support.. .

Modified hydrocarbon resin, producing the resin, and hot-melt adhesive composition

Provided are a modified hydrocarbon resin that can provide a hot-melt adhesive composition with low odor, low gardner color and high peel adhesion, a method for producing the resin, and the hot-melt adhesive composition. A modified hydrocarbon resin comprising a 1,3-pentadiene monomer unit, a c4-c6 alicyclic monoolefin monomer unit, a c4-c8 acyclic monoolefin monomer unit, an alicyclic diolefin monomer unit, and an aromatic monoolefin monomer unit, and containing a carboxyl group or acid anhydride group, wherein a weight average molecular weight (mw), a z average molecular weight (mz), a ratio (mz/mw), a gardner color scale of a 50 mass % toluene solution, a softening point, and an acid value are in specific ranges..

Organo-1-oxa-4-azonium cyclohexane compounds

Novel 1-oxa-4-azonium cyclohexane salts are described. These compounds can be used as structure directing agents, and they overcome many of the typical problems associated with osda synthesis and subsequent zeolite synthesis.

Method and improving the efficiency of reforming process for producing syngas and methanol while reducing the co2 in a gaseous stream

A method for the co-production of hydrogen and methanol including a hydrocarbon reforming or gasification device producing a syngas stream comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide; introducing the syngas stream to a water gas shift reaction thereby converting at least a portion of the co and h2o into h2 and co2 contained in a shifted gas stream; cooling the shifted gas stream and condensing and removing the condensed fraction of h2o; then dividing the shifted syngas stream into a first stream and a second stream; introducing the first stream into a first hydrogen separation device, thereby producing a hydrogen stream, and introducing the second stream into a methanol synthesis reactor, thereby producing a crude methanol stream and a methanol synthesis off gas; introducing at least a portion of the methanol synthesis off gas into a second hydrogen separation device.. .

Process for the production of chlorinated methanes

The present invention provides processes for the production of chlorinated methanes via the direct chlorination of methane. The processes include a dehydrochlorination and/or chlorination step that converts up to 100% of the higher chlorinated alkanes in a process stream from the methane chlorination reaction into more highly chlorinated alkanes.

Fixed-bed alkyl-aromatic conversion process

A method of preparing a metal-doped zeolite catalyst with a modified topology (e.g. A pillared zeolite or a delaminated zeolite), and a method of using thereof in a process for converting an alkyl-aromatic hydrocarbon stream to btx (benzene/toluene/xylene), wherein an enhanced pore topology in the metal-doped zeolite catalyst determines a selectivity to transalkylation of trimethylbenzene to xylene, which in turn leads to a higher xylene yield.

Cosmetic compositions comprising sclareolide

Suggested is a cosmetic composition comprising an anti-pollution agent selected from the group consisting of sclareolide, ginger root co2 extract, e/z-2-benzylindene-5,6-dimethoxy-3,3-dimethylindan-1-one, purple coneflower pressed juice or mixtures thereof, in a working amount sufficient for (a) reducing or preventing air pollution induced gene expression, and/or (b) reducing or preventing a gene expression induced or inducible by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and/or (c) reducing or preventing air pollution-induced or air pollution-inducible skin damage.. .

Fluid flow testing apparatus and methods

Methods and systems that may be employed to dynamically test the effect of fluids (e.g., well treatment chemicals such as well stimulation treatment chemicals, enhanced oil recovery “eor” chemicals, etc.) on hydrocarbon recovery from crushed reservoir formation materials under conditions of applied stress. The disclosed methods and systems may be used in one embodiment to dynamically test types of low permeability formations (e.g., such as shale, limestone, quarried rock, etc.).
Proptester, Inc.

Apparatuses, hydrocarbon material from a subterranean formation using a displacement process

Apparatuses, systems and methods for hydrocarbon material from a subterranean formation using a displacement process are disclosed. In one aspect, there is provided a method of controlling hydrocarbon production of hydrocarbon material disposed within a subterranean formation by a displacement process via a plurality of flow communication stations of an injection well.
Ncs Multistage Inc.

Selective stimulation of reservoir targets

A selective stimulation system includes coiled tubing in which a distributed sensor array is disposed. The distributed sensor array is to measure hydrocarbon production parameters along the distributed sensor array in a wellbore of a formation.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Ethylene oligomerization process for making hydrocarbon liquids

Provided herein are processes for ethylene oligomerization in the presence of an ionic liquid catalyst and a co-catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon product comprising c10-c55 oligomers.. .
Chevron Oronite Company Llc

Apparatus and methods to remove solids from hydrocarbon streams

Apparatus, processes, and systems for removal of solids from a hydrocarbon stream. The present disclosure utilizes a surfactant to reduce interfacial tension between a hydrocarbon phase and a water (or aqueous) phase to promote solids to be pulled by gravity out of the hydrocarbon phase and into the water phase..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Liquid-phase decomposition of particulate mercury from hydrocarbon streams

Particulate mercury is removed from crude oil by thermally treating the crude oil or condensate at temperatures in a range from 150° c. To 350° c.
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

A obtaining liquid biohydrocarbons from oils of natural origin

In the method of obtaining liquid biohydrocarbons from oils of natural origin, in the first step, the oil and/or waste oil is/are heated in the presence of a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst in the form of a metal oxide selected from a group comprising coo, nio, moo3, zro2, or a mixture of such metal oxides, on an oxide support selected from a group comprising sio2, al2o3, tio2, whereupon the product of the first step is contacted with hydrogen gas or with a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the presence of a metallic catalyst selected from a group comprising pd, pt, co/mo, ni/mo, zr on an oxide support selected from a group comprising sio2, al2o3, tio2, p2o5, zro2 or on a mixture of such oxides.. .
Instytut Chemii Przemyslowej Im. Prof. Ignacego Mscickiego

Process for producing a hydrocarbon product flow from a gaseous hydrocarbonaceous feed flow and related installation

The process comprises adjusting the carbon dioxide content in the tail gas recycle flow to control the hydrogen to carbon monoxide molar ratio in the synthesis gas flow to a target hydrogen to carbon monoxide molar ratio.. .

Low global warming potential binary refrigerant mixture with comparable energy efficiency to r-134a and a lower heat of combustion

The present invention provides a binary refrigerant mixture that can be used in single or dual evaporator refrigeration systems to provide for efficient cooling without the use of a high global warming potential (gwp) hydrofluorocarbon refrigerant such as r-134a and that is less flammable than a hydrocarbon refrigerant such as r-600 (n-butane) or r-600a (isobutane). Further, the binary refrigerant mixture can be classified as an a2 refrigerant in that it has a heat of combustion of less than 19 kilojoules per kilogram.
Haier Us Appliance Solutions, Inc.

Polyolefin hot-melt glue having a low reactivation temperature and high heat stability and use thereof for vacuum deep-drawing lamination

A hot-melt glue composition, including a) at least one atactic poly-α-olefin (apao) that is solid at 25° c.; b) at least one hydrocarbon resin having a softening point of at least 80° c., measured in accordance with the ring-and-ball method according to din en 1238; and c) at least one maleic-anhydride-grafted wax having a softening point of not more than 150° c., measured in accordance with the ring-and-ball method according to din en 1238, which is a maleic-anhydride-grafted polypropylene wax or a maleic-anhydride-grafted polyethylene wax, wherein the proportion of the at least one maleic-anhydride-grafted wax in the hot-melt glue composition is at least 3 wt %. The hot-melt glue composition is characterized by a low reactivation temperature, together with high heat resistance and good adhesion to abs and nonpolar polyolefin materials.
Sika Technology Ag

Readily thermally degradable organic resin binder

[in the formula, r1 represents hydrogen or a methyl group and r2 represents hydrogen or a c1-12 straight-chain hydrocarbon group, branched-chain hydrocarbon group or hydroxyl group-bearing hydrocarbon group, or a polyalkylene oxide-containing group].. .

Resin composition for fiber-reinforced plastic, cured product thereof, fiber-reinforced plastic containing said cured product, and producing fiber-reinforced plastic

Wherein (a) and (b) each independently express an integer from 2 to 10, (c) expresses an integer from 0 to 3, r1 and r2 each independently express a bivalent hydrocarbon group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, and r3 expresses a single bond, a methylene group or —c(ch3)2—.. .

Ether amine compounds and use thereof as flotation collector

In which: the r1 and r2 groups, which may be identical or different, are, independently of one another, a saturated or unsaturated, linear, branched or cyclic hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 15 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 10 carbon atoms; the r3 and r4 groups, which may be identical or different, are selected, independently of one another, from a hydrogen atom, a methyl group or an ethyl group; the r, r6 and r7 groups, which may be identical or different, are selected, independently of one another, from a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group comprising from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; n is an integer of 0 to 20; and m is an integer of 1 to 6.. .

Ionic liquid, lubricating agent, and magnetic recording medium

A lubricating agent including an ionic liquid formed from a bronsted acid (hx) and a bronsted base (b), wherein the bronsted base has a linear hydrocarbon group having 10 or more carbon atoms and the difference between the pka value of the bronsted acid in water and the pka value of the bronsted base in water is 12 or more.. .
Dexerials Corporation

Method for producing renewable fuels

According to the present invention, organic material is converted to biogas through anaerobic digestion and the biogas is purified to yield a combustible fluid feedstock comprising methane. A fuel production facility utilizes or arranges to utilize combustible fluid feedstock to generate renewable hydrogen that is used to hydrogenate crude oil derived hydrocarbons in a process to make transportation or heating fuel.
Iogen Corporation

Process for the regeneration of an alkaline solution used in a process for the extraction of sulphur-containing compounds not comprising a washing step

The present invention relates to the field of extraction of sulphur-containing compounds such as mercaptans, cos, h2s or cs2 from a hydrocarbon cut. This selective extraction is carried out by bringing the hydrocarbon cut in the liquid phase into contact with an alkaline solution, for example caustic soda.
Axens

Monochlorotrifluoropropene compounds and compositions and methods using same

Various uses of monochlorotrifluoropropenes, in combination with one or more other components, including other fluoroalkenes, hydrocarbons; hydrofluorocarbons (hfcs), ethers, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, methyl formate, formic acid, water, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, carbon dioxide and combinations of any two or more of these, in a variety of applications, including as blowing agents, are disclosed.. .
Honeywell International Inc.

High-strength multi-component suture

A method for making an expanded, and optionally multi-component and/or colored ptfe monofilament is disclosed. The method includes forming a first paste by mixing a ptfe powder with a hydrocarbon solvent; forming an extrusion preform by pressing the first paste into a form; curing the extrusion preform by exposing the extrusion preform to a first temperature for a first time duration; forming a green monofilament by extruding the first paste through a die; expanding the green monofilament by exposing the green monofilament to a second temperature for a second time duration, the second time duration occurring after the first time duration; stretching the green monofilament substantially along a longitudinal axis of the green monofilament, the stretching the green monofilament occurring after the expanding the green monofilament; and sintering the green monofilament after the stretching the green monofilament..
Teleflex Medical Incorporated

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Light emitting device

In formula (3), mb1 to mb3 represent an integer of ≥0, ar7 may represent an aromatic hydrocarbon group, lb1 may represent a divalent group, and x″ may represent a crosslinkable group.. .

Detection method

A method of analysis of a hydrocarbon fuel for the presence of a micro-organism comprises contacting a fuel sample with an aqueous diluent and with an antibody reactive with the micro-organism, or reactive with a metabolite of breakdown product produced by the micro-organism, to detect the presence or absence of the micro-organism.. .
Conidia Bioscience Limited

Hydrocarbon sensor diagnostic

A hydrocarbon sensor diagnosis system includes a computer programmed to collect data from a hydrocarbon sensor while an exhaust gas recirculation system is in an open state. The hydrocarbon sensor is mounted along an engine air intake between an exhaust port of the exhaust gas recirculation system and an intake port of a cylinder head.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Apparatus and desulfation of a catalyst used in a lean burn methane source fueled combustion system

An apparatus for reactivating a sulfur poisoned oxidation catalyst operating in the exhaust of a lean burn, methane source (as in natural gas) fueled combustion device as in an engine. The reactivation includes desulfation of the poisoned catalyst through the use of a co supplementation apparatus in communication with the control unit that is adapted to supplement the co content in the exhaust reaching the catalyst, while avoiding an overall rich exhaust atmosphere at the catalyst.
Umicore Ag & Co. Kg

Use of gaseous phase natural gas as a carrier fluid during a well intervention operation

Methods for servicing a hydrocarbon well using natural gas are provided. The method can include preparing a working fluid comprising about 5 vol % to about 100 vol % of natural gas.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Sand control screen assemblies and associated methods of manufacturing

Embodiments of the disclosure are a method of non-line-of-sight coating of a sand screen for use in wellbores during the production of hydrocarbon fluids from subterranean formations. Also disclosed is a system comprising a sand screen with one or more components that have uniformly coated internal and external surfaces..
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Wellbore casing repair safety tool for low-pressure hydrocarbon wells

A wellbore tool includes a rod with a plurality of rod sections. The rod is configured to be placed within a wellbore casing of a low-pressure hydrocarbon well.

Improved ex vivo expansion cd34+hspcs into nk cells using an aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonist

The present invention relates to the field of medicine, specifically the field of treatment of cancer. More specifically, the invention relates to a method for the ex vivo production of a population of highly functional nk cells from cd34-positive cells, to a population of highly functional nk cells obtained and to the use of such population of highly functional nk cells for adoptive cell therapy..
Stichting Katholieke Universiteit

Drive device, image forming apparatus, and grease composition

A drive device includes a plurality of gears; and a grease composition that is held on a tooth flank of at least one gear of the gears. The at least one gear is made of a resin.
Dow Corning Toray Co., Ltd.

Ionic liquid, lubricant, and magnetic recording medium

A lubricant, which includes an ionic liquid including a conjugate base and a conjugate acid, wherein the conjugate acid has a group including a straight-chain hydrocarbon group having 6 or more carbon atoms, a pka of an acid that is a source of the conjugate base in acetonitrile is 10 or less, and solubility of the ionic liquid to cf3(chf)2cf2cf3 is 0.1 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of cf3(chf)2cf2cf3.. .
Dexerials Corporation

Separation of solid asphaltenes from heavy liquid hydrocarbons using novel apparatus and process ("ias")

An apparatus and process is provided for improved asphaltene separation from heavy hydrocarbon or bitumen with low process complexity through mass transfer using solvent and counter-current flows, with three sections: an upper dao/solid-asphaltene separation zone, a middle solvent mixing and segregation zone, and a bottom clarification zone. Solvent mixed with heavy hydrocarbon forms a process feed introduced to the process vessel's upper zone and exposed to counter-current solvent removing dao from solid asphaltene particles in the feed, the particles fall through the middle zone and are mixed with introduced solvent, which introduced solvent segregates dao-rich solution in the upper zone (for extraction from that zone) from solvent-rich mixtures in the middle mixing and lower clarification zones.
Meg Energy Corp.

Heavy fossil hydrocarbon conversion and upgrading using radio-frequency or microwave energy

Conversion of heavy fossil hydrocarbons (hfh) to a variety of value-added chemicals and/or fuels can be enhanced using microwave (mw) and/or radio-frequency (re) energy. Variations of reactants, process parameters, and reactor design can significantly influence the relative distribution of chemicals and fuels generated as the product.
Battelle Memorial Institute

Systems and methods for cracking hydrocarbon streams utilizing cracking catalysts

According to one or more embodiments, a hydrocarbon feed stream may be cracked by a method comprising contacting the hydrocarbon feed stream with a cracking catalyst in a reactor unit. The hydrocarbon feed stream may have an api gravity of at least 40 degrees.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Systems and methods for cracking hydrocarbon streams such as crude oils utilizing catalysts which include zeolite mixtures

A hydrocarbon feed stream may be cracked by a method including contacting the hydrocarbon feed stream with a cracking catalyst in a reactor unit. The hydrocarbon feed stream has an api gravity of at least 40 degrees.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Process for preparing a paraffin product

The fischer-tropsch process can be used for the conversion of hydrocarbonaceous feed stocks into normally liquid and/or solid hydrocarbons (i.e. Measured at 0° c., 1 bar).
Shell Oil Company

Curing accelerator for oxidatively polymerizable unsaturated resin, printing ink and coating material

In the formula, r1 is any of a hydrogen atom, a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, a hydroxyl group, an amino group, a nitro group, a nitroso group, a sulfo group, and a halogen atom, and n is an integer of 1 to 6.. .

Curable coating compositions of silane functional polymers

There is a tin-free curable composition having (a) one or more organic polymers having a reactive-silicon-containing group, wherein at least one polymer has a main chain skeleton selected from the group consisting of polyoxyalkylene polymers, saturated hydrocarbon polymers, and (meth)acrylic acid ester polymers; (b) from 0.001 to 20 parts by weight for 100 parts by weight of the organic polymer(s) (a) of a silanol condensation catalyst consisting of one or more metal amidine complexes and one or more amine carboxylate salts, (c) a crosslinker or chain extender chosen from an alkoxysilane, an alkoxysiloxane, an oximosilane, an oximosiloxane, an epoxysilane, an epoxysiloxane, an aminosilane, a carboxysilane, a carboxysiloxane, an alkylamidosilane, an alkylamidosiloxane, an arylamidosilane, an arylamidosiloxane, an alkoxyaminosilane, an alkaryaminosiloxane, an alkoxycarbamatosilane, an alkoxycarbamatosiloxane, and combinations of two or more thereof; and (d) at least one adhesion promoter chosen from a silane or siloxane other than the compounds listed under (c). There is also a cured polymer formed from the tin-free curable composition..
King Industries

Methods for increasing polymer production rates with halogenated hydrocarbon compounds

Methods for controlling the productivity of an olefin polymer in a polymerization reactor system using a halogenated hydrocarbon compound are disclosed. The productivity of the polymer can be increased via the addition of the halogenated hydrocarbon compound..
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company Lp

Phosphoric acid diester salt, production method therefor, non-aqueous electrolytic solution for power storage element, and power storage element

Wherein mn+ represents a hydrogen ion, an alkali metal ion, an alkali earth metal ion, an aluminum ion, a transition metal ion, or an onium ion; r1 and r2 are different from each other and represent a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms and having at least one of a halogen atom, a heteroatom, and an unsaturated bond; and n represents a valence.. .

Method for producing haloolefin compound and removing stabilizer

The present invention provides a method for producing a fluorine-containing haloolefin compound, the method easily inhibiting catalyst deactivation, and the method being capable of inhibiting a decrease in conversion and selectivity in the reaction, even when the reaction is continued for a long period of time. The present invention is a method for producing a fluorine-containing haloolefin compound via a step of fluorinating a c3 halogenated hydrocarbon.
Daikin Industries, Ltd.

Aromatic compositions and methods for obtaining them

Aromatic compositions useful in various applications, such as aromatic fluid solvents and high temperature heat transfer fluids, are provided herein. Also provided are advantageous methods for obtaining the aromatic compositions, utilizing hydroalkylation of precursor aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, xylene, and the like.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Process of controlling the morphology of graphite

A process of controlling the morphology of graphite in a process for the production of graphite, the process comprising: contacting at elevated temperature, a metal-containing catalyst with a hydrocarbon gas to catalytically convert at least a portion of the hydrocarbon gas to hydrogen and carbon; wherein the temperature is between 600° c. And 1000° c.
Hazer Group Ltd.

Method for making ferrocene-embedded multi-wall carbon nanotubes

A method for preparing multi-wall carbon nanotubes comprising atomizing a precursor solution comprising an aromatic hydrocarbon and a carrier gas. The mixture is then injected through an ultrasonic atomization system to form atomized precursor droplets.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Method and system for obtaining a hydrogen rich gas

The present invention relates to a method for obtaining a hydrogen rich gas from a natural gas comprising gas stream. The present invention relates to a system for obtaining a hydrogen rich gas from a gas stream comprising natural gas.
Shell Oil Company

Onboard refueling vapor recovery system and automobile having same

An onboard refueling vapor recovery (orvr) system includes a main canister, a spare canister, a hydrocarbon sensor, a grade rollover valve (grv), a fill limit vent valve (flvv) and a fuel vapor pipe. The grv and the flvv are disposed at top portion of the fuel tank, with sides of the grv and the flvv hermetically connected with the fuel tank and a gas inlet end of the fuel vapor pipe.
Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co., Ltd.

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Material for organic electroluminescent device and organic electroluminescent device using same

Provided are a material for an organic electroluminescent device showing excellent electron- and hole-injecting/transporting properties, and having proper lowest singlet excitation energy and proper lowest triplet excitation energy, and an organic el device using the material. The material for an organic electroluminescent device includes a heterocyclic compound represented by the general formula (1) where: r1 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms, an aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 22 carbon atoms, or a linked aromatic group obtained by linking 2 to 6 aromatic rings of the aromatic groups, an alkyl group, or an alkoxy group; r2 to r5 each represent an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms, an aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 22 carbon atoms, the group containing only oxygen or sulfur as a heteroatom, or a linked aromatic group obtained by linking 2 to 6 aromatic rings of the aromatic groups, an alkyl group, or an alkoxy group; and a, b, c, and d each represent an integer of from 0 to 2..
Nippon Steel & Sumikin Chemical Co., Ltd.

Methods for forming a metallic film on a substrate by cyclical deposition and related semiconductor device structures

Methods for forming a metallic film on a substrate by cyclical deposition are provided. In some embodiments methods may include contacting the substrate with a first reactant comprising a non-halogen containing metal precursor comprising at least one of copper, nickel or cobalt and contacting the substrate with a second reactant comprising a hydrocarbon substituted hydrazine.
Asm Ip Holding B.v.

Polymer additives used in color electrophoretic display medium

An electrophoretic medium may be incorporated into an electrophoretic display that includes a dispersion containing a non-polar fluid, a plurality of first charged colored particles, polyisobutylene, and an additive selected from co-polymers of vinyl aromatics and at least one hydrocarbon having 2 to 5 carbons and at least one double bond. The co-polymer and the ratio of the co-polymer to polyisobutylene is selected, such that bistability performance is maintained while improving the color state performance of the display..
E Ink California, Llc

Pah antibodies and uses thereof

The invention is directed to antibody compositions that specifically bind to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs) and kits encompassing the same.. .
The Administrators Of The Tulane Educational Fund

Sensing system and method

A system includes an impedance gas sensor configured to be in contact with one or more hydrocarbons. The impedance sensor includes electrodes and a sensing region circuit that is configured to have a sensing material and to generate electrical stimuli to the sensing material upon exposure to one or more hydrocarbons at one or more of a reduced heater voltage or a reduced sensing region temperature as compared to a prescribed heater voltage or a prescribed sensing region temperature.
General Electric Company

Multiphase pump

A multiphase pump for pumping a multiphase mixture containing hydrocarbon includes a separation system and a supply system. The separation system has a first separation stage configured to at least partly separate at least one portion of the multiphase mixture into a plurality of phase-enriched components, the first separating stage including an impeller attached to a pump shaft of the multiphase pump and being having an inlet side formed by a seal.
Sulzer Management Ag

Assemblies and methods for reducing particulate matter, hydrocarbons, and gaseous oxides from internal combustion engine exhaust

Exhaust generated from an internal combustion engine includes particulates and gas-phase volatile hydrocarbon condensables. The exhaust is cooled in an exhaust gas cooler from a first temperature to a second temperature such that a first portion of the gas-phase volatile hydrocarbon condensables in the exhaust condense to the liquid phase and a second portion of the gas-phase volatile hydrocarbon condensables in the exhaust condense on black carbon particles to form semivolatile brown carbon particulates.
Tecogen, Inc.

Systems and methods for scr feedgas diagnostics

Systems and methods are provided for feedgas diagnostics in a selective catalytic reduction (scr) system. An example electronic system may be part of on-board diagnostic (obd) functionality in a diesel fuel vehicle and may comprise circuits for defining and managing system conditions for hydrocarbon dosing, adjusting the dosing to a diesel oxidation catalyst (doc) while the system is in operation, and defining a diagnostic framework based at least on exothermic properties of various components of a doc such that a doc may be monitored for failure and/or end of useful life (eul).
Cummins Emission Solutions Inc.

Method of enhancing conductivity from post frac channel formation

A method of enhancing conductivity within a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir by building proppant pillars in a spatial arrangement in fractures created or enlarged in the reservoir. Two fluids of differing stability are simultaneously pumped into the reservoir.
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

Enhanced oil recovery compositions and methods thereof

Additional oil recovery is obtained from a reservoir with a composition comprising at least a coupling solvent typically employed in waterborne coating compositions. Provided herein are embodiments of methods of recovering hydrocarbons using at least one coupling solvent, such as an oxygenated coupling solvent.
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Subsea safety node

A safety node for a hydrocarbon extraction facility control system, the node comprising: a hydraulic input; a hydraulic output; a directional control valve disposed between the hydraulic input and the hydraulic output; and a functional safety electronics module containing a logic solver in operable communication with the directional control valve; wherein the logic solver is configured to operate the directional control valve to permit hydraulic communication between the hydraulic input and the hydraulic output in response to the presence of a given condition and inhibit hydraulic communication between the hydraulic input and the hydraulic output in response to the absence of a given condition.. .
Ge Oil & Gas Uk Limited

Use of marine algae for co-producing alkenones, alkenone derivatives, and co-products

A method comprising a series of selective extraction techniques for the parallel production of biodiesel and isolation of several valuable co-products including an alkenone hydrocarbon mixture of the kerosene/jet fuel range (primarily c10-, c12-, and c17-hydrocarbons) and fucoxanthin, a high-valued carotenoid, from the marine alkenone-producing microalgae isochrysis.. .
Western Washington University

Fuel formulation

A gasoline fuel formulation which contains 60% v/v or more of a combination of (a) a biologically-derived alcohol and (b) a mixture of c4 to c12 hydrocarbon fuel components, all of which hydrocarbon fuel components have been derived, whether directly or indirectly, from catalytic conversion of a biologically-derived oxygenate component, wherein the concentration of the alcohol (a) in the formulation is from 0.1 to 30% v/v.. .
Shell Oil Company

Processing hydrocarbon-containing materials

Hydrocarbon-containing feedstocks are processed to produce useful intermediates or products, such as fuels. For example, systems are described that can process a petroleum-containing feedstock, such as oil sands, oil shale, tar sands, and other naturally-occurring and synthetic materials that include both hydrocarbon components and solid matter, to obtain a useful intermediate or product..
Xyleco, Inc.

Formation stabilizing fracturing fluid and use

A fracturing fluid comprises an aqueous base fluid and a cationic polymer combined with a salt. The fracturing fluid may be used to fracture a subterranean formation.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Dry liquid concentrate slurries for hydraulic fracturing operations

Fracturing-fluid products and a method of making up an expanded list of viable chemical carriers that improve the economic considerations and competition in the industry, improve carrier stability and chemical retention duration, and provide the most effective and safest fracturing fluid for each of the many varied conditions and varied processes which use some form of hydraulic fracturing, by loading liquids, solutions of solids dissolved in liquids, suspensions, or solids heated to reduce viscosity onto scoria, perlite, pumice, aerogels, activated alumina, fullerenes, graphite, molybdenum, magnetite, vermiculite, and activated charcoal to achieve a dry liquid concentrate (“dlc”) or slurry, for use in processes where a substance or substrate is to be expanded by a pressurized propellant and held in an expanded state by a proppant of granular solid material, including, without limitation, hydraulic fracturing for hydrocarbons, manufacturing, oil well treatment and production chemicals, biological treatment and remediation systems, bio-reactor substrates, animal attractants or repellants, flavors (such as in coffee and tea packets), fragrances, cleaning chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, vitamins, fertilizers, combinations of the above, and any material, manufacturing process, or remediation process benefitting from a dlc or slurry.. .

High-performance aqueous-phase polymer fluid for drilling well bores in low-gradient formations

The present invention relates to a high performance aqueous phase polymer fluid, which is a seawater-based drilling fluid for well drilling in low gradient formations. It is formulated based on liquid state polymer chemical products, easy to aggregate, and quickly mixed; a preparation and homogenization that reduces preparation times, designed to drill hydrocarbon-producing deposits, focusing on minimizing damages to the producing formations, with a high rate of circulation loss in naturally-fractured deposits.
TecnologÍa Integral En Fluidos De PerforaciÓn S.a. De C.v.

Hydrocarbon wax composition, the production thereof and use thereof as additive in rubber

The invention relates to a hydrocarbon wax composition with superior properties as ozone- and aging-protecting additive in rubber products, the production thereof and the use thereof as ozone- and aging-protecting additive. The hydrocarbon wax composition is characterized by its distribution of hydrocarbon molecules by number of carbon atoms per hydrocarbon molecule and its distribution of branched and linear hydrocarbons..
Sasol Wax Gmbh

Phenolic resin foam and producing same

Provided are a phenolic resin foam that has low environmental impact, can maintain excellent thermal insulation performance over the long-term, and reduces condensation inside walls associated with increased water vapor permeation, and also a method of producing the same. The phenolic resin foam contains a phenolic resin and at least one selected from the group consisting of a chlorinated hydrofluoroolefin, a non-chlorinated hydrofluoroolefin, and a halogenated hydrocarbon.
Asahi Kasei Construction Materials Corporation

Curable composition and optical element obtained using same

Wherein r1 to r18 are the same as or different from one another and represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a hydrocarbon group that may contain an oxygen atom or a halogen atom, or an alkoxy group that may have a substituent; and x represents a single bond or a linking group.. .

Method of making fluoropolymer dispersion

The invention pertains to a method for making a fluoropolymer dispersion, said method comprising an aqueous emulsion polymerization of one or more fluorinated monomers wherein said aqueous emulsion polymerization is carried out in an aqueous medium comprising a surfactant mixture [mixture (s)] comprising: at least one perfluorohexanoic acid or salt thereof [surfactant (c6)], in an amount of 1 to 5 g/i, with respect to said aqueous medium; and at least one linear bifunctional perfluoropolyether surfactant [surfactant (pfpe)] complying with formula (i) here below: xpooc—cf2-0-(cf20) n(cf2cf20)m-cf2—cooxp (i) wherein: xp, equal to or different from each other, is a hydrogen atom, a monovalent metal, preferably an alkaline metal, or an ammonium group of formula —n(r′n)4, wherein r′n, equal or different at each occurrence, is a hydrogen atom or a c1-c6hydrocarbon group, preferably an alkyl group; n′ and m′ are independently integers >0 such that the number average molecular weight of the surfactant (pfpe) is of 500 to 2500, said surfactant (pfpe) being used in an amount of 0.005 to 0.5 g/i, with respect to said aqueous medium.. .
Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.p.a.

Novel organic silicon compound, surface treatment agent containing same, resin composition containing same, and gel or cured product of same

An organic silicon compound is disclosed which is represented by a formula : (r13sio)3sir2-[sir32o]y[sir32]w-r4-r5, wherein each of r1 and r3 is a group independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups, alkenyl groups, aryl groups, aralkyl groups and alkoxy groups having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, r2 is a divalent hydrocarbon group or an oxygen atom, r4 is a divalent hydrocarbon group, or a direct bond to a silicon (si) atom, r5 is a monovalent group represented by (r6o)qr7(3-q)si or a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and each of r6 and r7 is a group independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups, alkenyl groups, aryl groups, aralkyl groups and alkoxy groups having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and q is an integer between 1 and 3, y is an integer between 0 and 200, and w is 0 or 1.. .
Dow Corning Toray Co., Ltd.

Process for producing btx from a c5-c12 hydrocarbon mixture

The invention relates to a process for producing benzene comprising the steps of: (a) providing a hydrocracking feed stream comprising c5-c12 hydrocarbons, (b) contacting the hydrocracking feed stream in the presence of hydrogen with a hydrocracking catalyst under process conditions including a temperature of 425-580° c., a pressure of 300-5000 kpa gauge and a weight hourly space velocity of 3-30 h−1 to produce a hydrocracking product stream comprising btx and (c) separating the btx from the hydrocracking product stream, wherein the hydrocracking catalyst comprises a shaped body comprising a zeolite and a binder and a hydrogenation metal deposited on the shaped body, wherein the amount of the hydrogenation metal is 0.010-0.30 wt-% with respect to the total catalyst and wherein the zeolite is zsm-5 having a silica (sio2) to alumina (al2o3) molar ratio of 25-75.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for recovery of light alkyl mono-aromatic compounds from heavy alkyl aromatic and alkyl-bridged non-condensed alkyl aromatic compounds

Embodiments in the present disclosure describe a process for recovery of lighter mono-aromatic compounds from a stream containing alkyl bridged non-condensed alkyl multi-aromatic compounds by conversion to non-condensed alkyl mono-aromatic compounds. The process includes supplying, to a reactor, a hydrocarbon feedstock containing alkyl bridged non-condensed alkyl aromatic compounds and a hydrogen stream.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Apparatus and producing a synthesis gas

The apparatus described herein comprises a first reaction chamber having an inlet for a hydrocarbon medium, particularly a gas having the composition cnhm, and an outlet. Means for decomposing the hydrocarbons into carbon particles and hydrogen by introducing heat are provided between the inlet and the outlet in the first reaction chamber.
Ccp Technology Gmbh

Tire tread compound

A tire tread composition includes a quantity of an elastomer and a quantity of a hydrocarbon resin substantially evenly distributed throughout the elastomer. The elastomer includes natural rubber.
Cooper Tire & Rubber Company

Guayule tire tread compound

A tire tread composition includes a quantity of an elastomer including guayule natural rubber, and a quantity of a hydrocarbon resin substantially evenly distributed throughout the elastomer. The elastomer of the tire tread composition may consist entirely of guayule natural rubber.
Cooper Tire & Rubber Company

Exhaust gas treatment catalysts

Described are catalysts effective to abate nox, hydrocarbons, and carbon monoxide from a gasoline engine exhaust gas. Such catalysts include a substrate having a first and second material disposed thereon, the first material effective to catalyze selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides in the presence of ammonia and the second material effective to abate hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, the first material comprising a molecular sieve promoted with copper and/or iron in a low loading, the second material comprising at least one oxide of ni, fe, mn, co, and cu on a support selected from oxides of ce, ce—zr, zr, mn, pr and combinations thereof.
N.e. Chemcat Corporation

Graphene adsorbing material, preparation method therefor and application thereof, and cigarette filter tip and cigarette

A graphene adsorbing material, a preparation method therefor and application thereof, and a cigarette filter tip and a cigarette are provided. The graphene adsorbing material comprises a fiber carrier, graphene and doped elements wherein the graphene and the doped elements are loaded on the fiber carrier and the doped elements comprise at least one of al, si and fe.
Jinan Shengquan Group Share Holding Co., Ltd.

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Ionic liquid, lubricant, and magnetic recording medium

A lubricant which includes an ionic liquid including a conjugate acid and a conjugate base having 2 or more anions in a molecule of the conjugate base, wherein the conjugate acid has a group including a straight-chain hydrocarbon group having 6 or more carbon atoms, and a pka of an acid that is a source of the conjugate base in acetonitrile is 10 or less.. .
Dexerials Corporation

Additives for drag reducing polymers

A method of forming a drag reducing polymer formulation. The method begins by forming a drag reducing polymer.
Liquidpower Specialty Products Inc.

Methods and systems for engine fuel and torque control

Methods and systems are provided for accurately estimating intake aircharge based on the output of an intake oxygen sensor while flowing egr, purge, or pcv hydrocarbons to the engine. The unadjusted aircharge estimate is used for engine fuel control while the hydrocarbon adjusted aircharge estimate is used for engine torque control.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Thermal management of aftertreatment systems

A method for operating an aftertreatment system of an engine is disclosed. The method includes measuring, using one or more sensors, at least one operating parameter of the engine system; estimating, by a controller, a mass of hydrocarbon retained by an aftertreatment component using the at least one operating parameter; determining, by the controller, a percent load of hydrocarbon using the mass of hydrocarbon; comparing, by the controller, the percent load to a predetermined hydrocarbon load threshold; and providing at least one alert indicating a need to initiate a stepwise increase in an engine power to one or more predetermined engine speeds for one or more predetermined durations, if the percent load exceeds the predetermined hydrocarbon load threshold..
Caterpillar Inc.

Vehicle having a nitrogen oxides storage converter and on-board monitoring and diagnosing the nitrogen oxides storage converter

A vehicle includes a nox storage converter to receive exhaust gases from a diesel engine, store at least a minimum amount of the nox at a temperature below a storage threshold, release the nox at a temperature above a releasing threshold, oxidize hydrocarbon, and oxidize carbon monoxide. An input temperature sensor at an entrance to the nox storage converter determines an input temperature of the exhaust gases.
Gm Global Technology Operations Llc

Reservoir fluid geodynamics system and method

A method includes placing a downhole acquisition tool in a wellbore in a geological formation within a hydrocarbon reservoir. The wellbore or the geological formation, or both, contain a reservoir fluid.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Hydrocarbon recovery system with slidable connectors and related methods

An rf antenna assembly may include first and second tubular conductors, a dielectric isolator, and first and second electrical contact sleeves respectively coupled between the first and second tubular conductors and the dielectric isolator. The rf antenna assembly may include an rf transmission line having an inner conductor and an outer conductor extending within the first tubular conductor, and a feed structure coupled to a distal end of the rf transmission line.
Harris Corporation

Method for developing a hydrocarbon reservoir by injecting a gas in the form of foam

A method for developing a hydrocarbon reservoir by injecting a gas in the form of foam, comprising a step of determining a foam displacement model, which is a function of an optimal gas mobility reduction factor and of at least one water saturation-dependent interpolation function. The optimal gas mobility reduction factor is determined and constants of the water saturation-related interpolation function are calibrated from a plurality of apparent viscosity measurements for various foam quality values, and by use of a lamella model allowing which relates the lamella density as a function of the water saturation.
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Pressure wave tool for unconventional well recovery

A method is disclosed for selectively fracturing a formation in order to enhance recovery of hydrocarbons from unconventional reservoirs. The method includes generating a pressure wave having a frequency substantially in a resonant frequency range of a geological formation.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc

Method for evaluation of fluid transport properties in heterogenous geological formation

A set of reservoir production results are obtained by simulation of hydrocarbons flow in a heterogeneous reservoir based on the values of heterogeneity blocks transport matrices. The transport matrices of the heterogeneity blocks are calculated from a reservoir block hierarchy.
Suchlumberger Technology Corporation

A valve system of a well pipe through an hydrocarbon containing formation and a method to operate the same

A method is described for the operation of a valve system for a production pipe (104) in a well (101) through a hydrocarbon containing formation with one or more valves (1a, 1b, 1c) that comprise one or more seats that are activated selectively by the use of a ball (5) of the same size, where the ball is set up to land on one or more ball seats (4a, b, c, . .

Subsea flying lead

A subsea flying lead containing a fluid line including a tubing, wherein, in use, an electric current is transmitted along the tubing. Such a flying lead may be used in an apparatus and method for transmitting electricity to a component of an underwater hydrocarbon extraction facility..
Ge Oil & Gas Uk Limited

Toe casing

A toe casing is made of a material different from conventional casing, and may be deployed in an open-hole section of a well that is not economically accessible by conventional casing. The toe casing may be made of a material that more easily conforms to the well bore, such as aluminum alloy, titanium alloy, or a composite material.

Methods and systems for chemoautotrophic production of organic compounds

The present disclosure identifies pathways, mechanisms, systems and methods to confer chemoautotrophic production of carbon-based products of interest, such as sugars, alcohols, chemicals, amino acids, polymers, fatty acids and their derivatives, hydrocarbons, isoprenoids, and intermediates thereof, in organisms such that these organisms efficiently convert inorganic carbon to organic carbon-based products of interest using inorganic energy, such as formate, and in particular the use of organisms for the commercial production of various carbon-based products of interest.. .
Ginkgo Bioworks, Inc.

Staged hydrotreating and hydrocracking process and apparatus

An apparatus and process is disclosed for hydrocracking a hydrocarbon feed stream following hydrotreating the feed stream. A separator removes diesel and lower boiling materials in a hydrotreated stream before a hydrocracking reactor, so only liquid materials heavier than diesel are hydrocracked in a hydrocracking reactor.
Uop Llc

Catalyst staging in catalytic reaction process

A reforming process is described. The reforming process includes introducing a hydrocarbon stream comprising hydrocarbons having 5 to 12 carbon atoms into a reforming zone containing reforming catalyst, the reforming zone comprising at least two reformers, each reformer having a set of reforming operating conditions, to produce a reformate effluent, wherein the last reformer contains less catalyst than the next to the last reformer..
Uop Llc

Methods and fluid catalytic cracking

Methods and apparatus for fluid catalytic cracking (fcc) of a hydrocarbon feedstock includes a first reactor (1), a second reactor (2), and a regenerator assembly (3) shared and connected with the two reactors. The regenerator assembly (3) includes a regenerator vessel which has a partition (17) dividing the regenerator vessel into a first subunit (18) and a second subunit (19); a plurality of regenerator inlets for receiving a first spent catalyst and second spent catalyst by the first subunit (18) and the second subunit (19); a plurality of regenerator inlet for receiving a first spent catalyst and a second spent catalyst by the first subunit (18) and the second subunit (10) respectively; an air controller (15) to allow for has flow to an air distributor (16) for supply of the gas to the first subunit (18) and the second subunit (19) to combust coke deposited on the first and the second spent catalyst, separately, to a desired degree to generate a fully and a partially regenerated catalyst..
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited

Enhancement of fischer-tropsch process for hydrocarbon fuel formulation in a gtl environment

An enhanced natural gas processing method using fischer-tropsch (ft) process for the synthesis of sulfur free, clean burning, hydrocarbon fuels, examples of which include syndiesel and aviation fuel. A selection of natural gas, separately or combined with portions of natural gas liquids and ft naphtha and ft vapours are destroyed in a syngas generator and used or recycled as feedstock to an fischer-tropsch (ft) reactor in order to enhance the production of syndiesel from the reactor.
Expander Energy Inc.

Renewable diesel base fluids for use in subterranean formation operations

Treatment fluids including a renewable diesel base fluid comprising in the range of about 10% and about 67.5% c18 hydrocarbons by weight of the base fluid; and at least one treatment fluid additive. Methods including introducing the treatment fluid into a subterranean formation and performing a subterranean formation operation thereof..
Halliburton Energ Services, Inc.

Retarded acid systems, emulsions, and methods for using in acidizing carbonate formations

In one embodiment, a retarded acid system comprises an aqueous acid and a retarding surfactant. The aqueous acid may comprise from 5 wt.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Spacer fluid compositions, methods, and systems for aqueous based drilling mud removal

Spacer fluids include an emulsion, a surfactant package, and at least one additive that modifies the rheology of the spacer fluid, the density of the spacer fluid, or both. The emulsion may include an aqueous external phase and a hydrocarbon-based internal phase.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Compositions and methods of making of shale inhibition fluids

Provided here are polyethylene glycol-based drilling fluid compositions and methods of making and using such compositions during drilling operations for recovery of hydrocarbons. Various other embodiments may be disclosed and claimed..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Oil-based fluid compositions for hydrocarbon recovery applications

Disclosed here are drilling fluid compositions containing linear alpha olefins, an invert emulsifier, a filtration control agent; and an inorganic mineral component including one or more of lime, calcium chloride, and barite. Also disclosed here are methods of using such compositions during drilling operations for recovery of hydrocarbons.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Enhanced filtration control packages, wellbore servicing fluids utilizing the same, and methods of maintaining the structure of a wellbore

A wellbore servicing fluid comprises an aqueous base fluid, one or more alkali metal or alkali earth metal salts, at least one visocisifier, and a filtration control package. The filtration control package may comprise a carboxylic acid and an ethoxylated alcohol compound.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Compositions and methods of use of water-based drilling fluids with increased thermal stability

Provided here are water-based drilling fluids containing weighting agents and an alkanolamine, and methods of using such compositions during drilling operations for recovery of hydrocarbons. The weighting agents can include manganese tetroxide and barium sulfate.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Curable composition

A curable composition includes a (meth)acrylic acid ester polymer (a), wherein the (meth)acrylic acid ester polymer (a) includes a monomer and a macromonomer (a). The monomer includes a reactive silicon group represented by the general formula (1): —sir1ax3-a (1) (in the formula, r1 represents a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon group with 1 to 20 carbon atoms, x each independently represents a hydroxyl group or a hydrolyzable group, and a represents 0 or 1.) and a polymerizable unsaturated group.
Kaneka Corporation

Adhesive composition comprising polyether carbonate polyols

An adhesive composition comprising includes (i) a copolymer of an unsaturated hydrocarbon and an acrylate ester or acid, or of an unsaturated hydrocarbon and a vinyl saturated aliphatic ester or mixtures thereof, and (ii) a polyether carbonate polyol wherein the weight proportion of co2 ranges from 0.5 to 37 wt % with respect to the total weight of the polyether carbonate polyol. The compositions of the invention may be used in psa or hotmelt adhesive formulations..
Repsol, S.a.

(meth)acrylic resin composition and resin molded article

A (meth)acrylic resin composition containing a (meth)acrylic polymer (p) and a phosphorus atom-containing compound (c), where the (meth)acrylic polymer (p) contains: (1) a repeating unit derived from methyl methacrylate at 19.95 to 84.95% by mass; (2) a repeating unit derived from a (meth)acrylic acid ester (m) having an aromatic hydrocarbon group or an alicyclic hydrocarbon group having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms in a side chain at 15.0 to 80.0% by mass; and (3) a repeating unit derived from a monomer (b) having two or more vinyl groups at 0.05 to 0.40% by mass, and an amount of the phosphorus atom-containing compound (c) with respect to 100 parts by mass of the (meth)acrylic polymer (p) being 5.0 to 35 parts by mass or less.. .
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation

Rubber composition including a hydrocarbon resin with a low glass transition temperature

A rubber composition is based on at least one diene elastomer with a glass transition temperature (tg) of less than −40° c., one reinforcing filler at a content from 60 to 110 parts by weight per hundred parts by weight of elastomer (phr), one vulcanization system and one combination of plasticizers, the said combination of plasticizers comprising more than 10 phr of at least one hydrocarbon resin with a glass transition temperature (tg) of between −40° c. And 20° c.
Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin

Rubber composition including a hydrocarbon resin with a low glass transition temperature

A rubber composition is based on at least one diene elastomer with a glass transition temperature (tg) of less than −40° c., one reinforcing filler at a content from 50 to 70 parts by weight per hundred parts by weight of elastomer (phr), one vulcanization system and one combination of plasticizers, the said combination of plasticizers comprising more than 10 phr of at least one hydrocarbon resin with a glass transition temperature (tg) of between −40° c. And 20° c.
Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin

Silicone-modified polybenzoxazole resin and making method

A silicone-modified polybenzoxazole resin comprising repeating units of formulae (1a) and (1b) is prepared by addition polymerization. R1 to r4 are a c1-c8 monovalent hydrocarbon group, m and n are integers of 0-300, r5 is c1-c8 alkylene or phenylene, a and b are positive numbers of less than 1, a+b=1, and x1 is a divalent linker of formula (2).
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Synthesis of diindolylmethanes and indolo[3,2-b]carbazoles, compounds formed thereby, and pharmaceutical compositions containing them

Described is a method to make diindolylmethanes and indolyl/pyrrolylmethanes, the method includes the steps of contacting an ether comprising an arylpropargyl moiety and an amine-protected, substituted or unsubstituted aniline moiety with a substituted or unsubstituted indol or a substituted or unsubstituted pyrrole, in the presence of a metal-containing catalyst, for a time and at a temperature to cause an annulation/arylation cascade reaction that yields a diindolylmethane or a indolyl/pyrrolylmethane. The resulting compounds are effective to modulate activity of arylhydrocarbon receptors, to inhibit activity of pcsk9, and to stimulate secretion of glucagon-like peptide 1 in mammals..
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Derivatives of dolastatin 10 and auristatins

The present invention concerns a compound of following formula (i): where: —r1 is h or oh, —r2 is a (c1-c6)alkyl, cooh, coo—((c1-c6)alkyl) or thiazolyl group, —r3 is h or a (c1-c6)alkyl group, and —r4 is: ▪a straight-chain or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms substituted by one or more groups chosen from among oh and nr5r6, ▪—(ch2ch2x1)(ch2ch2x2)a2(ch2ch2x3)a3(ch2ch2x4)a4(ch2ch2x5)a5r7, ▪an aryl-(c1-c8)alkyl group substituted by one or more groups chosen from among oh and nr9r10 groups, or ▪a heterocycle-(c1-c8)alkyl group optionally substituted by one or more groups chosen from among (c1-c6)alkyl, oh and nr12r13 groups, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate or solvate thereof, and its uses in particular for the treatment of cancer, pharmaceutical compositions containing the same and the preparation methods thereof.. .
Pierre Fabre Medicament

Method for the production of at least one derivate of a carboxylic acid

A method of producing at least one derivate of a carboxylic acid. The method includes reacting a carboxylic acid with an auxiliary alkanol on a first catalyst to form a produced ester.
White Dog Labs, Inc.

Separation halogenated unsaturated carbon compound

The method according to this disclosure is a method for separating an unsaturated hydrocarbon having 2 or 3 carbon atoms and a halogenated unsaturated carbon compound formed by replacing at least one of hydrogen atoms included in the unsaturated hydrocarbon with a fluorine atom, from each other and is a method for selectively adsorbing either the unsaturated hydrocarbon or the halogenated unsaturated carbon compound by a porous coordination polymer that includes a metallic ion having a valence of 2 to 4 and an aromatic anion having 1 to 6 aromatic ring(s).. .
Kyoto University

Process and the conversion of hydrocarbons

A hydrocarbon conversion process is described. The process includes contacting in a reactor an inert gas with one or more catalyst compositions suitable for methylation of toluene and hydrogenation of phenol; contacting a reducing agent with the one or more catalyst compositions under conditions suitable for reducing metal oxide content of the catalyst composition; contacting at least part of toluene and/or benzene-containing with a oxygenate in the presence of the one or more catalyst compositions and under conditions effective to convert toluene to xylenes and produce a reactor effluent stream comprising para-xylene and having a lower concentration of phenol than the toluene-containing stream; separating at least one para-xylene-enriched stream from the reactor effluent stream; and separating from the at least one para-xylene enriched stream at least one toluene-enriched stream and at least one para-xylene-product stream.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Method and system for removing hydrogen sulfide from sour oil and sour water

Embodiments of the present invention are generally related to a system and method to remove hydrogen sulfide from sour water and sour oil. In particular, hydrogen sulfide is removed from sour water and sour oil without the need for special chemicals, such as catalyst chemicals, scavenger chemicals, hydrocarbon sources, or a large scale facility.
Anschutz Exploration Corporation

Resin-clad copper foil, and printed wiring board

Resin-clad copper foil improves transmission characteristics by using a bismaleimide resin having a low dielectric constant and a low dielectric loss tangent. The foil can be manufactured without irradiation with ultraviolet rays.
Tatsuta Electric Wire & Cable Co., Ltd.

Exhaust system without a doc having an asc acting as a doc in a system with an scr catalyst before the asc

Catalyst articles having a first zone containing a first scr catalyst and a second zone containing an ammonia slip catalyst (asc), where the ammonia slip catalyst contains a second scr catalyst and an oxidation catalyst, and the asc has doc functionality, where the first zone is located on the inlet side of the substrate and the second zone is located in the outlet side of the substrate are disclosed. The catalytic articles are useful for selective catalytic reduction (scr) of nox in exhaust gases, in reducing the amount of ammonia slip and in oxidizing organic residues.
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Process for oxidative desulfurization with integrated sulfone decomposition

The process provided herein is concerned with disposal of oxidized sulfur compounds formed by oxidative desulfurization. The process uses solid base catalyst in the presence of a caustic solution or solid base catalyst pretreated with a base and eliminates the need to separate the sulfones from the hydrocarbon streams and recover the hydrocarbons..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Conversion of natural gas to liquid form using a rotation/separation system in a chemical reactor

A system and method are provided for the separation of hydrogen from natural gas feedstock to form hydrocarbon radicals. Aspects of the system include perpendicular magnetic and electric fields, a method of radical formation that separates hydrogen from the reaction process, and a separation method based on centrifugal forces and phase transitions.

Exhaust treatment treatment of an exhaust gas stream

An exhaust treatment system arranged for treatment of an exhaust stream is presented. The exhaust treatment system comprises a first reduction catalyst device arranged for reduction of nitrogen oxides in said exhaust stream through the use of compounds comprising one or several of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons, which are comprised in said exhaust stream when said exhaust stream reaches said first reduction catalyst device; a particulate filter which is arranged downstream of said first reduction catalyst device to catch and oxidize soot particles in said exhaust stream; a second dosage device arranged downstream of said particulate filter and arranged to supply an additive comprising ammonia or a substance from which ammonia may be extracted and/or released into said exhaust stream; and a second reduction catalyst device, arranged downstream of said second dosage device and arranged for reduction of nitrogen oxides in said exhaust stream through the use of said additive..
Scania Cv Ab

Modified siloxane composite membranes for heavy hydrocarbon recovery

Composite membranes include a polymer material that is selectively permeable to heavy (c3+) hydrocarbons over methane. The polymer material may be a modified poly(dimethylsilane) having a backbone including dimethylsiloxyl monomers, substituted methylsiloxyl monomers, and internal-network monomers.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Adsorbent for hydrocarbon recovery

Disclosed in certain embodiments are sorbents for capturing heavy hydrocarbons via thermal swing adsorption processes.. .
Basf Corporation

Use of 5h-dibenz/b,f/azepine-5-carboxamide derivatives for treating fibromyalgia

Where r1 is hydrogen, alkyl, halogenalkyl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, alkoxy, aryl, or pyridyl; the term alkyl means a straight or branched hydrocarbon chain containing from 1 to 18 carbon atoms; the term halogen means fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine; the term cycloalkyl means an alicyclic saturated group with 3 to 6 carbon atoms; and the term aryl means an unsubstituted phenyl group or phenyl substituted by alkoxy, halogen or nitro group.. .

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Electrostatic latent image developing toner, image forming apparatus, and image formation method

A toner has positive chargeability. Particles of the toner each include a toner mother particle and external additive particles adhering to a surface of the toner mother particle.
Kyocera Document Solutions Inc.

Method to determine transformation of kerogen to oil/gas at different maturities using step-wise pyrolysis-gas chromatography

A method for evaluating a degree of transformation ratio of kerogen to oil and/or gas and/or gas to oil generation index using a pyrolysis gas chromatography is disclosed. The method comprises providing a rock sample in powdered form; determining, by a source rock analysis instrument, total organic carbon in said rock sample, remaining hydrocarbon generation potential in rock sample, and a maturity of rock sample; feeding said sample in a pyrolyzer if said sample satisfies a pre-defined condition; analyzing, said sample in said pyrolyzer, by heating said sample at a pre-specified pyrolysis temperature in pre-specified pyrolysis steps and for pre-specified pyrolysis time; determining, by a gas chromatograph, a peak area of hydrocarbons present in said sample analyzed; evaluating, in a said degree of transformation ratio of said sample to oil and/or gas and/or said gas to oil generation index..
Oil India Limited

In-situ hic growth monitoring probe

The present application concerns in-situ intrusive probe systems and methods. The probe systems described herein can be installed flush to a hydrocarbon containing structure, such as a pipeline, vessel, or other piping system carrying crude, gas or sour products.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Internal combustion engine for a motor vehicle

An internal combustion engine for a motor vehicle may include at least one cylinder including a combustion chamber for combustion of an air-fuel mixture introduced into the combustion chamber. The engine may also include a fresh air feed for supplying fresh air into the combustion chamber, and an exhaust gas removal system for removing exhaust gas from the combustion chamber.
Mahle International Gmbh

Vaporization system for combustion system

A vaporization system for a liquid hydrocarbon for a combustion system of a gas turbine system is provided. The vaporization system includes: a vaporizer vessel; a pressure source providing a pressurized fluid to the vaporizer vessel; and a controller configured to control at least one control valve to: pre-elevate a pressure in the vaporizer vessel using the pressurized fluid from the pressure source prior to introduction of the liquid hydrocarbon to the vaporizer vessel to at least reduce vaporization of the liquid hydrocarbon in the vaporizer vessel, and control vaporization of the liquid hydrocarbon in the vaporizer vessel.
General Electric Company

Method and determining the permeability of a fracture in a hydrocarbon reservoir

A method for determining the permeability of a fractured zone in the subsoil, wherein at least one well is being drilled and at least said fractured zone is encountered, includes: detecting at least one value of a characteristic quantity associated with said well; retrieving from a memory a mathematical model descriptive of said characteristic quantity and dependent on at least the permeability of said fractured zone; activating a processor for: obtaining at least one calculated value of said characteristic quantity by means of said mathematical model; comparing said calculated value with said detected value; calculating a permeability value of said fractured zone as a function of said comparison; generating an output signal representative of said permeability value. Also described is an apparatus for determining the permeability of a fractured zone in the subsoil..
Geolog S.r.l.

Passive micro-vessel and sensor

An electrically passive device and method for in-situ acoustic emission, and/or releasing, sampling and/or measuring of a fluid or various material(s) is provided. The device may provide a robust timing mechanism to release, sample and/or perform measurements on a predefined schedule, and, in various embodiments, emits an acoustic signal sequence(s) that may be used for triangulation of the device position within, for example, a hydrocarbon reservoir or a living body..
Fluidion Sas

Shrouded electrical submersible pump

A system for producing hydrocarbons from a subterranean well includes an electrical submersible pump assembly with a motor, a seal section, and a pump. A packer assembly with a mechanical valve is retrievable with the electrical submersible pump assembly and is a primary high pressure mechanical barrier.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Through tubing p&a with two-material plugs

Methods of plugging a hydrocarbon well by a through-tubing technique wherein the tubing is left in place, and only very short (<5 m) sections are cut, milled, perforated, ruptured and expanded, or combinations thereof. A blocking device is sent downhole if needed to block a bottom of the plug section, and resin dropped onto the blocking device to make a first plug, then cement is deployed onto said first plug to form a second plug.
Conocophillips Company

Method for pecvd deposition of a graphene-based layer on a substrate

A method for depositing a graphene-based layer on a substrate by means of chemical vapor deposition is provided in which at least one hydrocarbon is introduced into a vacuum chamber as a starting material for a chemical reaction and, concurrently, a plasma is formed inside the vacuum chamber. In this case, at least one magnetron is used to generate the plasma, where the magnetron comprises at least one target of a material comprising at least one catalytically active metal selected from the group of chemical elements having the atomic numbers 21 to 30, 39 to 48, 57, 72 to 80 and 89; and where the sputtering of the target is set in such a way that the fraction of target particles, embedded in the graphene-based layer, is less than 1 at %..
Fraunhofer-gesellschaft Zur Förderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.v.

Methods and systems for methylotrophic production of organic compounds

The present disclosure identifies pathways, mechanisms, systems and methods to confer production of carbon-based products of interest, such as sugars, alcohols, chemicals, amino acids, polymers, fatty acids and their derivatives, hydrocarbons, isoprenoids, and intermediates thereof, in engineered and/or evolved methylotrophs such that these organisms efficiently convert c1 compounds, such as formate, formic acid, formaldehyde or methanol, to organic carbon-based products of interest, and in particular the use of organisms for the commercial production of various carbon-based products of interest.. .
Ginkgo Bioworks, Inc.

Cleaning solvent compositions and their use

A cleaning solvent composition comprises from about 0.2 to 15 weight percent of mono- or di-phosphate ester in free acid form, and from about 85 to 99.8 weight percent of one or more halogenated hydrocarbon solvents. Other cleaning solvent compositions further comprise one or more alcohols.
Zynon Technologies, Llc

Grease composition, rolling bearing, and motor

A grease composition including: a base oil, a thickener, and 0.2 wt % or more of a dispersing agent. The dispersing agent includes at least one of a metal salt of a carboxylic acid, a metal salt of a polycarboxylic acid, and a copolymer of a carboxylic acid metal salt and a hydrocarbon compound, and the dispersing agent has an average particle diameter of 0.5 μm or more and 5 μm or less.
Minebea Mitsumi Inc.

Grease composition for rolling bearings and rolling bearing

The invention provides a grease composition for rolling bearings that can exhibit improved bearing life that can secure the low noise performance under high temperature conditions, and a rolling bearing where the above-mentioned grease composition is enclosed. The grease composition for rolling bearings includes a base oil, a urea thickener and a metal deactivator.
Kyodo Yushi Co., Ltd.

Refrigerator oil, refrigerator oil composition, and refrigerator

In the formula (1), n represents an integer of 1 to 10; r1 to r8 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms; and ar represents a divalent hydrocarbon group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms.. .

Methods and compositions for removing fine solids from hydrocarbon streams

A demulsifying agent comprising at least one maleic acid derivative may be added to a hydrocarbon stream in an effective amount where the hydrocarbon stream includes a plurality of solids that are less than 0.45 microns in size. The demulsifying agent may be added to the hydrocarbon stream at a location that is upstream from a desalter.
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

System and predictive analytics for dynamic control of a hydrocarbon refining process

Described herein are systems and methods of dynamically using predictive analytics in control of a hydrocarbon refining process. In one aspect, the method comprises analyzing a hydrocarbon sample, wherein the hydrocarbon sample is representative of an amount of hydrocarbon entering a refining process; developing one or more predictive models of the hydrocarbon refining process for the hydrocarbon entering the refining process based on the analysis of the hydrocarbon sample; and dynamically controlling aspects of the hydrocarbon refining process as the hydrocarbon entering the refining process moves through the refining process based on the one or more predictive models..
General Electric Company

Multi-component scavenging systems

A multi-component scavenging system containing at least one ester and at least one electron-deficient organic compound, together with or without one or more optional components such as an aldehyde having from 4 to 20 carbon atoms, a ketone having from 4 to 20 carbon atoms, an ether, a solvent, an alkali metal salt of an alkyl or dialkyl phenol, an epoxide, an alkyl anhydride, and mixtures thereof, may be used to scavenge contaminants from hydrocarbon and/or aqueous streams. The contaminants scavenged or otherwise removed may include, but are not necessarily limited to, ammonia, primary amines, secondary or tertiary amines, h2s, mercaptans, sulfide cyanides, and combinations thereof..
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Functionalized aldehydes as h2s and mercaptan scavengers

Certain functionalized aldehydes scavengers may be used to at least partially scavenge sulfur-containing contaminants from fluid systems containing hydrocarbons and/or water. The contaminants scavenged or otherwise removed include, but are not necessarily limited to, h2s, mercaptans, and/or sulfides.
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

Riser separation system

The present disclosure is directed to an apparatus and a compact riser separation system for separating a gaseous mixture from a stream of particles entering from a central riser reactor used for cracking a hydrocarbon feed with the stream of particles. The apparatus provides improved gas solid separation efficiency and maximize containment of the hydrocarbon and minimize residence time in the separation system and thereby minimizing undesired post riser cracking reactions..
Technip Process Technology, Inc.

Process for producing diesel fuel and jet fuel from biorenewable feedstocks

A process has been developed for producing diesel fuel or jet fuel from renewable feedstocks such as fats and oils from plants and animals. The process involves producing a hydrogen-rich mixture in a reformer, hydrolyzing a renewable feedstock to produce a free fatty acid stream and a glycerol-containing stream, catalytically treating the free fatty acid stream by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel fuel or jet fuel.

Upgrading hydrogen deficient streams using hydrogen donor streams in a hydropyrolysis process

Disclosed is a method for producing olefins and aromatic compounds from a hydrogen lean carbon containing feed, the method comprising hydropyrolyzing the hydrogen lean carbon containing feed in the presence of a hydrogen donor feed under reaction conditions sufficient to produce a product comprising olefins and aromatic compounds or a hydrocarbonaceous stream, wherein the hydrocarbonaceous stream is further processed into olefins and aromatic compounds, wherein the olefins and aromatic compounds from (i) or the hydrocarbonaceous stream from (ii) are each obtained by hydrogenation of the hydrogen lean carbon containing feed with the hydrogen donor feed and cracking of carbonaceous compounds comprised in the hydrogenated feed, and wherein the hydrogen donor feed comprises a compound that donates hydrogen to carbonaceous compounds in the hydrogen lean feed.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Methods and compositions for the controlled crosslinking and viscosifying of well servicing fluids utilizing mixed borate hydrocarbon-based suspensions

Disclosed are treating fluid compositions for use in subterranean workover and hydrocarbon recovery operations, as well as methods of treating subterranean formations penetrated by a wellbore utilizing the treating fluid. The treating fluid compositions contain a first, aqueous liquid, and a crosslinkable organic polymer that is at least partly soluble in the liquid.
Tucc Technology, Llc

Composition for heat cycle system, and heat cycle system

A composition for a heat cycle system and a heat cycle system employing the composition are provided. The composition has favorable lubricating properties and contains a working fluid for heat cycle and a refrigerant oil.
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Antifouling film, composition for forming antifouling film, antifouling film laminate, and manufacturing antifouling film laminate

Provided are an antifouling film, which includes silica particles (a), a polymer (b) having an acrylamide structure and at least one substituent selected from the group consisting of —so3m and —coom, and a polymer (c) having an acrylamide structure and a hydrocarbon group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, and a composition for forming an antifouling film, an antifouling film laminate, and a method for manufacturing an antifouling film which are applications of the antifouling film. M represents a hydrogen atom or represents an atom or an atomic group which can become a cation by being dissociated..
Fujifilm Corporation

Galvanized component with high heat distortion resistance

The invention relates to a composite component consisting of a plastic support and a multi-ply metal layer applied in a galvanizing operation, the plastic support being made of a thermoplastic composition consisting of a) 50 to 90 parts by weight of at least one aromatic polycarbonate, b) 10 to 50 parts by weight of at least one graft polymer comprising a diene-containing, rubber-elastic, particulate graft base and a vinyl (co)polymer shell, c) 0 to 15 parts by weight of at least one additive, where the sum of the parts by weight of components a) and b) in the composition is standardized to 100, (i) characterized in that the rubber content from component b in the composition is at least 6 wt %, (ii) characterized in that the ratio k/s of the weight fractions of butadiene-containing, rubber-elastic, particulate graft base from component b) in the composition (viz. K) to the sum of free—that is, not bound covalently to the rubber base in the graft polymer of component b)—vinyl (co)polymer from component b) and of any free vinyl (co)polymer from component c) in the composition (viz.
Covestro Deutschland Ag

Thermally insulating foam with vertically elongated cells

An extruded polymer foam has a polymer matrix with styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer and infrared attenuator and cell having an average size in the foam vertical direction of 150 micrometers or less, a ratio of vertical cell e size to extrusion direction cell size that is greater than one and a cell anisotropic ratio that is greater than 1.1; the foam having a p-ratio of 0.7 or less, less than 0.2 moles of hydrocarbon blowing agent in the cells per kilogram of foam; a density of 20-48 kilograms per cubic meter and a 25-year thermal conductivity that is 0.030 waters per meter-kelvin or less when free of fluorinated blowing agents and less than 0.029 watts per meter-kelvin when containing fluorinated blowing agent.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Process for producing dispersion of esterified cullulose ether

A process for producing an aqueous composition comprising a dispersed esterified cellulose ether comprises the steps of grinding, in the presence of an aqueous diluent an esterified cellulose ether comprising (i) groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooa or (ii) a combination of aliphatic monovalent acyl groups and groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooa, wherein r is a n divalent aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon group and a is hydrogen or a cation, blending a salt of a fatty acid with the esterified cellulose ether and choosing the amounts of aqueous diluent, esterified cellulose ether and salt of a fatty acid that the produced aqueous composition comprises at least 20 percent of the dispersed esterified cellulose ether and heating the aqueous composition to a temperature of from 37 to 80 c during or after the grinding step.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Non-fluorinated polymer, water repellent agent composition, water-repellent fiber product, and producing water-repellent fiber product

Wherein in formula (a-1), r1 represents a hydrogen or a methyl group; and r2 represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 12 or more carbon atoms which may have a substituent.. .

Method for manufacturing fluorinated hydrocarbon

The present invention is a method for producing a fluorinated hydrocarbon represented by a structural formula (3), wherein an ether compound represented by a structural formula (1) and an acid fluoride represented by a structural formula (2) are brought into contact with each other in a hydrocarbon-based solvent, in the presence of a catalyst in which boron trifluoride is supported on a metal oxide: wherein r1 and r2 represent an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, r3 represents a hydrogen atom, a methyl group or an ethyl group, and r4 and r5 represent a methyl group or an ethyl group; and r4 and r2 may be bonded to each other to form a cyclic structure. Through the present invention, a method for industrially advantageously producing 2-fluorobutane is provided..
Zeon Corporation

Methods and systems for purifying 1,3-butadiene from a c4 hydrocarbon stream

The presently disclosed subject matter relates to methods and systems for purifying 1,3-butadiene from a c4 hydrocarbon stream. An example method includes introducing a c4 hydrocarbon stream including 1,3-butadiene and acetlyenes to an organic azide in the presence of a catalyst to generate a first stream including triazole, separating triazole from the first stream to produce a second stream including 1,3-butadiene, and distilling 1,3-butadiene from the second stream to produce a purified 1,3-butadiene product stream..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Efficient oxidative coupling of methane processes and systems

The present disclosure provides methods for producing hydrocarbon compounds, which may comprise directing a feed stream comprising methane (ch4) and an oxidizing agent into an oxidative coupling of methane (ocm) unit to generate from at least a portion of the ch4 and the oxidizing agent an ocm effluent comprising the hydrocarbon compounds. A portion of the ocm effluent may be directed into a recycle loop that comprises (i) a hydrogenation unit that hydrogenates at least a portion of unsaturated hydrocarbons from the additional portion of the ocm effluent, and (ii) a methanation unit that reacts hydrogen with carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide from the additional portion of the ocm effluent in a methanation reaction to form ch4.
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Ignition formulation and combustible composition

An ignition formulation for an incendiary material is disclosed. The ignition formulation comprises an initiator capable of reacting exothermically with the incendiary material to an extent sufficient to generate a flame when contacted with the incendiary material and a non-aqueous inhibitor capable of slowing the rate of exothermic reaction between the incendiary material and the initiator, thereby providing a delay period between contact of the ignition formulation with the incendiary material and generation of the flame.
Raindance Systems Pty Ltd.

Enhanced waste heat recovery using a pre-reformer combined with oxygen and fuel pre-heating for combustion

Disclosed are methods for operating a glass furnace, the method comprises the steps of feeding a non-pre-reformed hydrocarbon fuel gas stream to a pre-reformer forming a pre-reformed hydrocarbon fuel gas stream, feeding the pre-reformed hydrocarbon fuel gas stream to burners of the furnace, combusting oxidant and the pre-reformed hydrocarbon fuel gas with the burners to produce flue gas, heating air through heat exchange with the flue gas at a recuperator, and transferring heat from heated air to pre-reformer tubes of the pre-reformer. A glass furnace system is also disclosed..
American Air Liquide, Inc.

Maximizing steam methane reformer combustion efficiency by pre-heating pre-reformed fuel gas

An improved hydrogen generation system and method for using the same are provided. The system includes an hds unit configured to remove sulfur, a first and second pre-reformers configured to pre-reform a process gas and fuel gas, respectively, a first and second heat exchangers configured to dry and heat the pre-reformed fuel gas, respectively, and a reformer configured to produce a syngas and flue gas.
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude

Maximizing steam methane reformer combustion efficiency by pre-heating pre-reformed fuel gas

An improved hydrogen generation system and method for using the same are provided. The system includes an hds unit configured to remove sulfur from a process gas and a fuel gas, a pre-reformer configured to convert heavy hydrocarbons in the process gas and the fuel gas to methane, a first heat exchanger configured to dry the pre-reformed fuel gas, a second heat exchanger configured to heat the dry pre-reformed fuel gas, and a reformer configured to produce a syngas and flue gas..
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude

System and methods for improving natural gas usage in steam methane reformers

An improved hydrogen generation system and method for using the same are provided. The system includes an hds unit configured to desulfurize hydrocarbons, a pre-reformer configured to convert heavy hydrocarbons within the process gas stream to methane, a reformer configured to produce a syngas stream and a flue gas, a psa unit configured to produce a product hydrogen stream and a psa off-gas stream, and means for cooling the flue gas against a combustion air and the psa off-gas stream to a temperature below the dew point of sulfuric acid..
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L? Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude

Methods for reformation of gaseous hydrocarbons using electrical discharge

Methods for the reformation of gaseous hydrocarbons are provided. The methods can include forming a bubble containing the gaseous hydrocarbon in a liquid.
King Abdullah University Of Science And Technology

Hydrocarbon wave reformer and methods of use

A method and system of using a type of wave rotor to reform a hydrocarbon fluid using pressure waves within the wave rotor to reformulate a hydrocarbon fluid, such as methane or the like, into a lighter hydrocarbon, hydrogen, or, in some instances, hydrogen, partially decomposed hydrocarbon fluid and carbon solids.. .
Standing Wave Reformer Llc

Advanced microfibers and related methods

This invention provides a finely ground biomass material used to create biomass-containing plastics having a smooth surface, while also preventing creation of unwanted color including those created by the maillard reaction which results from a combination of sugars, protein, heat and acid or base chemicals. The present invention also provides for methods to prevent agglomeration of small particles into larger particles which can produce irregular surfaces on biomass-based plastics, including thin film plastics, especially thin film plastics less than 4 mil and other thin film plastics that can become too large to use in thin-film plastic production.

Chemical absorbent composition

A particulate composition said composition comprises a metal carbonate and/or a metal bicarbonate and a compound of aluminium, characterised in that the weight ratio of metal carbonate plus metal bicarbonate compounds to said compound of aluminium is at least 3:1. The composition is useful for removing halogenated compounds from a hydrocarbon-containing process stream..
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Sorption enhanced methanation of biomass

Disclosed embodiments provide a system and method for producing hydrocarbons from biomass. Certain embodiments of the method are particularly useful for producing substitute natural gas from forestry residues.
G4 Insights Inc.

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Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

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Azoline ring-containing compound, electron transport/injection layer material containing the same, and organic electroluminescent element using the same

In formula (1), φ represents an m-valent group derived from an aromatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 40 carbon atoms or the like, y represents —o—, —s—, or >n—ar, r1 to r5 each represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and l represents a phenylene group or the like.. .

Resist composition and forming resist pattern

A resist composition including a polymeric compound having a structural unit derived from a compound represented by general formula (a0-1), an onium salt having an anion moiety with a specific structure, and a photodecomposable base which is decomposed upon exposure and then loses the ability of controlling of acid diffusion. In formula (a0-1), rax0 represents a polymerizable group-containing group; wax0 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having a valency of (nax0+1), provided that rax0 and wax0 may together form a condensed ring structure; nax0 represents an integer of 1 to 3; yax01 represents a carbonyl group or a single bond; rax01 represents a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent..
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Automatic liquid waste reservoir level control

Systems and methods for automatically purging by pneumatic ejection with a select pressurized media, gravity-accumulated hydrocarbon liquid dropout from a retrograde vapor waste liquid collection containment reservoir.. .
Mustang Sampling Llc

Method of manufacturing evaporator for refrigeration apparatus

(wherein r1 to r4 each independently represent hydrogen or a methyl group, and r5 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms or (ch2)n—n—r6-r7, n being an integer of 1 to 3, r6 and r7 being each independently an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms), inserting the heat transfer pipe having the rust preventive film formed thereon into a hole of a heat transfer fin, and expanding the heat transfer pipe inserted the heat transfer fin.. .

Y-grade ngl steam assisted gravity drainage

A method of recovering hydrocarbons from a (non-bitumen) heavy crude oil bearing reservoir with structural relief uses the combination of y-grade ngl and steam assisted gravity drainage. The method includes injecting steam and y-grade ngl into the reservoir through a vertical injection wellbore, displacing hydrocarbons within the reservoir using a combination of the steam, the unfractionated hydrocarbon mixture, and gravity drainage, and then producing the displaced hydrocarbons from the reservoir through a horizontal production wellbore that is positioned structurally lower than and offset from the vertical injection wellbore..
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Automatic control of production and injection wells in a hydrocarbon field

In a hydrocarbon field including multiple production wells and injection wells, at a hydrocarbon field level, a long-term field-level target and optional long-term well-level targets for the field are received by a field-level processor. The long-term field-level target including a long-term field-level production target indicating a quantity of hydrocarbons to be produced and a long-term field-level injection target indicating a quantity of fluid to be injected into the field.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Ionic liquids containing symmetric quaternary phosphonium cations and phosphorus-containing anions, and their use as lubricant additives

Wherein r1, r2, r3, and r4 are equivalent and selected from hydrocarbon groups containing at least three carbon atoms, and x− is a phosphorus-containing anion, particularly an organophosphate, organophosphonate, or organophosphinate anion, or a thio-substituted analog thereof containing hydrocarbon groups with at least three carbon atoms. Also described are lubricant compositions comprising the above ionic liquid and a base oil, wherein the ionic liquid is dissolved in the base oil.

Two stage upgrading of light olefins

The present disclosure relates generally processes and systems for converting a mixture of light hydrocarbons to liquid transportation fuels by first cracking the light hydrocarbons to an intermediate comprising olefins, which is converted by contacting with a catalyst comprising at least one zeolite in two separate conversion stages with an intervening recovery of liquid product. The first stage conversion favors oligomerization of larger olefins to form diesel range products that are collected prior to directing unconverted smaller olefins to be oligomerized in a second stage conversion conducted at a higher temperature and lower pressure..
Phillips 66 Company

Hydrocracker activity management

In a hydrocracking process, the hydrocarbon feed is processed by a guard reactor operating at maximum severity temperatures. The processing in the guard reactor maximizes the removal of metals and performs hydroenitrogenation steps and hydrodesulfurization steps.
Marathon Petroleum Company Lp

Fcc yield selectivity improvements in high containment riser termination systems

The invention provides an improved system for separation technology intended to reduce unwanted catalyst/thermal reactions by minimizing contact of the hydrocarbons and the catalyst within the reactor.. .
Marathon Petroleum Company Lp

A composition, method and applications thereof

The instant disclosure relates to a composition comprising potassium carbonate and calcium acetate, optionally along with sulfur containing compound. The composition of the present disclosure reduces coke formation during hydrocarbon cracking, particularly reduces surface coke and spalled coke during hydrocarbon cracking when compared to hydrocarbon cracking without the said composition.
Reliance Industries Limited

Method for purifying a gas rich in hydrocarbons

A process for the purification of a gas rich in hydrocarbons and comprising at least 10 ppm by volume of hydrocarbons having at least six carbon atoms nitrogen.. .
L'air Liquide, Société Anonyme Pour I'etude Et I'exploitation Des Procédés Georges Claude

Delayed coking process with pre-cracking reactor

The present invention relates to delayed coking of heavy petroleum residue producing petroleum coke and lighter hydrocarbon products. The invented process utilize a pre-cracking reactor and a reactor furnace for mild thermal cracking of the feedstock and an intermediate separator, before being subjected to higher severity thermal cracking treatment in a coker furnace and a coking drums, resulting in reduction in overall coke yield..
Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Liquid crystal display panel, manufacturing the same and liquid crystal composition

An lcd panel, comprises substrates facing each other, a liquid crystal layer disposed between the substrates and liquid crystal alignment layers, each sandwiched between the liquid crystal layer and a respective one of the substrates, wherein the liquid crystal alignment layers comprises hydrocarbon derivative having perfluorocarbon group.. .
Industrial Cooperation Foundation Chonbuk National University

Novel thiol-ene based resin system for sand consolidation and methods using thereof

A method of treating a subterranean formation including combining a long chain hydrocarbon viscosifier, an ene curing agent, and a thiol crosslinking agent to form a resin compound; coating the resin compound onto at least a portion of proppant particles to create resin-coated proppant particles; and placing the coated proppant particles into the subterranean formation zone, wherein the resin compound does not substantially cure prior to placing the resin coated proppant particles into the subterranean formation zone.. .
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Adhesive composition and production method therefor

The present technology provides a one-part moisture curable adhesive composition and a production method thereof. The adhesive composition contains: a preliminary composition containing a urethane prepolymer and a reaction product of an aliphatic isocyanate a and an aminosilane compound b or a monoterpene alcohol; and a dimethyl tin catalyst represented by formula (1) below.
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.

Adhesive composition and production method therefor

The present technology provides: a one-part moisture-curable adhesive composition including: a preliminary composition obtained by mixing a urethane prepolymer, an aliphatic isocyanate a, and an aminosilane compound b, and a dimethyl tin catalyst represented by formula (1) below; and a production method thereof. In formula (1), x1 and x2 each independently represent a divalent heteroatom, and r1 and r2 each independently represent a hydrocarbon group that may have a heteroatom..
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.

Adhesive composition

The present invention relates to an adhesive composition comprising: 15 to 25 parts by weight of a 1-butene homopolymer; 12 to 22 parts by weight of an α-olefin copolymer having a melting point of 90° c. Or higher; 30 to 50 parts by weight of a tackifier resin having a softening point of 125° c.
Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd.

Curable and hygroscopic resin composition for sealing electronic devices, resin cured material, and electronic device

Wherein in formula (1), r designates (i) an acyl group, (ii) a hydrocarbon group, or (iii) a group having at least one selected from the group consisting of —o—, —s—, —co—, and —nh—, between a carbon-carbon bond of the above-described hydrocarbon group; m designates a boron or aluminum atom; n is an integer of 2 to 20; and *1 and *2 each designate a binding site to a terminal group or are bonded to each other.. .

Curable and hygroscopic resin composition for sealing electronic devices, resin cured material, and electronic device

Wherein in formula (1), r designates (i) an acyl group, (ii) a hydrocarbon group, or (iii) a group having at least one selected from the group consisting of —o—, —s—, —co—, and —nh—, between a carbon-carbon bond of the above-described hydrocarbon group; m designates a boron or aluminum atom; n is an integer of 2 to 20; and *1 and *2 each designate a binding site to a terminal group or are bonded to each other.. .

Hydrocarbon-based nanocomposite membrane comprising polyhedral oligomeric silsequioxanes having proton donor and proton acceptor, and manufacturing same

The present invention relates to a proton conductive nanocomposite membrane and a method for manufacturing same, the proton conductive nanocomposite membrane having polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (poss) having a proton donor and poss having a proton acceptor introduced into an aromatic hydrocarbon polymer membrane having a sulfonyl group. The nano-composite membrane of the present invention has both the poss having a proton donor and the poss having a proton acceptor added thereto, and thus protons (cations) that are generated are easily hopped in an ion channel by means of hydrogen bonding, and thus ionic conductivity is increased.
Sogang University Research Foundation

A process for the treatment of a composition comprising thermoplastics

The present invention relates to a process for the treatment of a composition comprising thermoplastics comprising introducing the composition into a reactor under reduction of oxygen content of the atmosphere, heating the composition in the presence of a solvent to liquefy the thermoplastics, separating insoluble fractions and recovering the liquefied thermoplastics which process is conducted with an aliphatic hydrocarbon as solvent.. .
Solvay Sa

Compositions and process for stabilizing phenolic resins containing calixarenes

This invention relates to compositions and a process for stabilizing or solubilize a phenolic resin containing a mixture of linear phenolic resins and calixarenes. The process comprises contacting the phenolic resin with an epoxide, to at least partially alkoxylate the phenolic hydroxyl groups of the calixarenes.
Si Group, Inc.

(meth)acrylic block copolymer

In the formula (1), r1 is a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group with 1 to 20 carbon atoms.. .

Hydrocarbon-stapled polypeptides for enhancement of endosome-lysosomal degradation

The present invention relates to a beclin 1-uvrag complex structure which reveals a tightly packed coiled coil assembly with beclin 1 and uvrag residues complementing each other to form a stable dimeric complex. This potent physical interaction is critical for uvrag-dependent egfr degradation but less critical for autophagy.
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Process for the oxidative coupling of methane

The invention relates to a process for the oxidative coupling of methane comprising converting methane to one or more c2+ hydrocarbons in a reactor, wherein said process comprises contacting a reactor feed comprising methane and oxygen with a catalyst composition and wherein the linear gas velocity of said reactor feed in the region above the catalyst bed is at least 0.6 m/s, the linear gas velocity through the catalyst bed is at least 0.6 m/s and the partial pressure of oxygen in the reactor is greater than 0.08 mpa.. .
Shell Oil Company

Multiple-stage catalyst system for self-metathesis with controlled isomerization and cracking

Embodiments of processes and multiple-stage catalyst systems for producing propylene comprising introducing a hydrocarbon stream comprising 2-butene to an isomerization catalyst zone to isomerize the 2-butene to 1-butene, passing the 2-butene and 1-butene to a metathesis catalyst zone to cross-metathesize the 2-butene and 1-butene into a metathesis product stream comprising propylene and c4-c6 olefins, and cracking the metathesis product stream in a catalyst cracking zone to produce propylene. The isomerization catalyst zone comprises a silica-alumina catalyst with a ratio by weight of alumina to silica from 1:99 to 20:80.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Production of aromatics from methanol using selective hydrogen combustion

A catalyst system and processes for combined aromatization and selective hydrogen combustion of oxygenated hydrocarbons are disclosed. The catalyst system contains at least one aromatization component and at least one selective hydrogen combustion component.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Process for removing heavy metals from water

The specific field of invention relates to the surprising and wholly unexpected findings that so-called catalytic activated carbons developed, either to remove chloramines, hydrogen sulfides and bromates or to purify and de-color the hydrocarbon liquids or to remove organic compounds from air, are also capable of removing dissolved heavy metals from contaminated drinking and waste water when given a range of contact times.. .
Surfatas, Llc

Plasma devices for hydrocarbon reformation

Plasma devices for hydrocarbon reformation are provided. Methods of using the devices for hydrocarbon reformation are also provided.
King Abdullah University Of Science And Technology

System for two stage upgrading of light olefins

The present disclosure relates generally processes and systems for converting a mixture of light hydrocarbons to liquid transportation fuels by first cracking the light hydrocarbons to an intermediate comprising olefins, which is converted by contacting with a catalyst comprising at least one zeolite in two separate conversion stages with an intervening recovery of liquid product. The first stage conversion favors oligomerization of larger olefins to form diesel range products that are collected prior to directing unconverted smaller olefins to be oligomerized in a second stage conversion conducted at a higher temperature and lower pressure..
Phillips 66 Company

Catalyst for low temperature emission control and methods for using same

The invention provides a composite catalyst containing a first component and a second component. The first component contains a ternary mixed metal oxide.
University Of Tennessee Research Foundation

A device, process, and catalyst intended for desulfurization and demercaptanization of gaseous hydrocarbonsd

This application is in the field of technologies for desulfurization and demercaptanization of gaseous hydrocarbons. The device includes a catalytic reactor loaded with a catalyst solution in an organic solvent, a means of withdrawal sulfur solution from the reactor into the sulfur-separating unit, and a sulfur-separating unit.

Process using an integrated coalescing system for separating dispersed ionic liquid from liquid hydrocarbon

C. A coalescer that receives an effluent from the pre-coalescer, wherein the at least one coalescer comprises multiple layers of media having a fine pore size, and produces a clean hydrocarbon stream that is essentially free of the dispersed ionic liquid and additional amounts of the clean ionic liquid phase..

Cellular glass system for suppression of vaporization, fire and thermal radiation from liquid hydrocarbons

A passive fire suppression system including at least one tapered cellular glass block and having a cap with a tapered shape disposed on the top of the at least one cellular glass block. The passive fire suppression system allows drainage from the upper surface to the bottom of the system.
Pittsburgh Corning Corporation

Biocompatible self-lubricating polymer compositions and their use in medical and surgical devices

The invention comprises self-lubricating polymer compositions that are especially useful in medical devices and valves and gaskets of medical devices. In a preferred embodiment, the polymer compositions comprise a thermosetting or thermoplastic silicone elastomer in combination with a lubricity enhancing polyfluoropolyether fluid or hydrocarbon-based synthetic oil.
St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc.

Dispersion comprising an esterified cellulose ether

Capsule shells and coatings can be prepared from an aqueous composition comprising a) at least 20 percent, based on the total weight of the aqueous composition, of a dispersed esterified cellulose ether comprising (i) groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooa or (ii) a combination of aliphatic monovalent acyl groups and groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooa, wherein r is a divalent aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon group and a is hydrogen or a cation, b) from 0.05 to 20 percent of a salt of a fatty acid, based on the weight of the dispersed esterified cellulose ether, and c) from 0.01 to 10 percent of an anionic surfactant comprising a sulfate or sulfonate group, based on the weight of the dispersed esterified cellulose ether.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

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Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

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Determining well parameters for optimization of well performance

Systems and methods for determining well parameters for optimization of well performance. The method includes training, via a computing system, a well performance predictor based on field data corresponding to a hydrocarbon field in which a well is to be drilled.

3d tau-p coherency filtering

Systems and methods of performing a seismic survey are described. The system can receive seismic data in a first domain, and transform the seismic data into a tau-p domain.
Fairfield Industries Incorporated

Method and system for cooling and separating a hydrocarbon stream

The present invention relates to a method of cooling and separating a hydrocarbon stream: (a) passing an hydrocarbon feed stream (7) through a first cooling and separation stage to provide a methane enriched vapour overhead stream (110) and a methane depleted liquid stream (10); (b) passing the methane depleted liquid stream (10) to a fractionation column (200) to obtain a bottom condensate stream (210), a top stream enriched in c1-c2 (220) and a midstream enriched in c3-c4 (230), (c) cooling the upper part of the fractionation column (201) by a condenser (206), (d) obtaining a split stream (112) from the methane enriched vapour overhead stream (110) and obtaining a cooled split stream (112′) by expansion-cooling the split stream (112), (e) providing cooling duty to the top of the fractionation column (201) using the cooled split stream (112′).. .
Shell Oil Company

Multi-parameter optical fiber sensing for reservoir compaction engineering

A method for utilizing multi-parameter fiber optic sensing cables in conjunction with a reservoir compaction and subsidence model of a multi-well hydrocarbon field to continuously update the reservoir model to optimize production efficiency while ensuring well integrity on a field level.. .
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Method of using diverter and proppant mixture

The flow of well treatment fluids may be diverted from a high permeability zone to a low permeability zone within a fracture network within a subterranean formation by use of a mixture comprising a dissolvable diverter and a proppant. At least a portion of the high permeability zone is propped open with the proppant of the mixture and at least a portion of the high permeability zone is blocked with the diverter.
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

Method for hydrocarbon recovery with a fractal pattern and related apparatus

A method for predicting hydrocarbon recovery in a subterranean formation may include generating pre-heating data associated with fracturing in a sample from the subterranean formation, determining a first fractal pattern based upon the pre-heating data, and heating the sample with rf power to cause additional fracturing in the sample. The method may include generating post-heating data associated with additional fracturing in the sample after heating with rf power, determining a second fractal pattern based upon the post-heating data, detecting change between the first fractal pattern and the second fractal pattern, and predicting hydrocarbon recovery from the subterranean formation based upon the detected change..
Harris Corporation

Process reacting organic materials to give hydrogen gas

A method of recovering a hydrogen-enriched gas at least 70 percent by volume hydrogen includes introducing into the feed device to a rotary furnace defining a tubular interior space, starting materials containing carbon or hydrocarbons. A mass of water being added to the starting material is regulated according to the content of hydrogen in the gas mixture leaving the rotary furnace.
Cleancarbonconversion Patents Ag

Oil conditioning unit and process

A method for stabilizing crude oil includes pumping unstabilized crude oil with a pump from a first pressure to a second pressure higher than the first pressure, heating the unstabilized crude oil from the pump with a pre-heater at a first temperature, and separating light hydrocarbon gases from the unstabilized crude oil in a degassing vessel at the first temperature to produce stabilized crude oil and separated light hydrocarbon gases. The stabilized crude oil has a reid vapor pressure less than or equal to 13.7 psia..
Hellervik Oilfield Technologies Llc

Conversion of oxygenates to hydrocarbons with variable catalyst composition

Systems and methods are provided for modifying the composition of the conversion catalyst in a reactor for oxygenate conversion during conversion of an oxygenate feed to allow for adjustment of the slate of conversion products. The modification of the conversion catalyst can be performed by introducing a substantial portion (relative to the amount of catalyst inventory in the reaction system) of make-up catalyst having a distinct composition relative to the conversion catalyst in the reaction system.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Stage zone heating of hydrocarbon bearing materials

Systems for heating a body of crushed hydrocarbonaceous material to produce hydrocarbons therefrom can involve heating multiple zones of the body of material sequentially. An exemplary system can include a body of crushed hydrocarbonaceous material having a lower zone and an upper zone.
Red Leaf Resources, Inc.

Silicone gel composition and silicone gel cured product

(in the formula, r3 is a homogeneous or heterogeneous monovalent hydrocarbon group, m is at least one metal selected from among nickel and niobium, and f is 2 when m is nickel and 4 or 5 when m is niobium.). .

Method for preparing modified conjugate diene polymer

The present invention relates to a method of preparing a modified conjugated diene-based polymer, and more particularly, to a method of preparing a modified conjugated diene-based polymer, including: (s1) preparing an active polymer with an organic metal bonded thereto by polymerizing a conjugated diene-based monomer in a hydrocarbon solvent in the presence of an organometallic compound; and (s2) mixing the active polymer prepared according to process s1 with a modifier, wherein the mixing of process s2 is performed at a reynolds number of 20 or less for 1 minute or more, the reynolds number being maintained within a range of ±5 of a reynolds number when the modifier is added (wherein the range is between greater than 0 to 20 or less).. .
Lg Chem, Ltd.

Process for oxidizing one or more thiol compounds

A process and apparatus for oxidizing thiol compounds from an alkaline stream. The process includes passing a thiol rich alkaline stream and an oxygen containing gas to a low pressure oxidizing zone to oxidize at least a portion of the thiol compounds to disulfide compounds.
Uop Llc

Conversion of alcohols to distillate fuels

A process for the production of jet and other heavy fuels from alcohols and mixture of alcohols is disclosed. The process may include contacting in a reaction zone at least one c2 to c11 alcohol with a solid catalyst having activity for the simultaneous dehydration of the alcohols to form olefins, isomerization of the olefins to form internal olefins, and oligomerization of the olefins produced in situ via the dehydration reaction to form an effluent comprising mono-olefinic hydrocarbons.
Lummus Technology Inc.

Process and plant for cooling synthesis gas

A process and a plant for cooling a synthesis gas produced by catalytic steam reformation of a hydrocarbonaceous feed gas, which is cooled by heat exchange with boiler feed water for its conversion into steam, by separating the resulting aqueous condensate, wherein the further cooling is effected in that the gas passes through several series-connected cooling stages and comprises the heat exchange with the feed gas, with degassed and non-degassed boiler feed water for generating the steam required for the steam reformation, and with ambient air, and wherein condensate obtained after the last cooling stage is separated from the gas and the gas is discharged for the further treatment, wherein at least after a further cooling stage upstream of the last cooling stage a hot aqueous condensate is separated from the gas.. .
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pur I'etude Et I'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude

Bi-metallic catalysts, methods of making, and uses thereof

Provided herein are bi-metallic catalysts, methods of making, and uses thereof. In some embodiments, the bi-metallic catalyst contains two different metal catalysts that can be used in hydrocarbon metathesis reactions, in some embodiments, the methods of making the bi-metallic catalysts can include two steps utilizing a surface organometallic chemistry approach in which the two different metal catalysts are sequentially grafted onto a support..
King Abdullah University Of Science And Technology

A device, process, and catalyst intended for desulfurization/demercaptanization/dehydration of gaseous hydrocarbonsd

This application is in the field of technologies for desulfurization and demercaptanization of raw gaseous hydrocarbons (including natural gas, tail gas, technological gas, etc, including gaseous media). It can be used for simultaneous dehydration and desulfurization/demercaptanization of any kind of raw gaseous hydrocarbons..
Start-catalyst Llc

Catalyst and methods for the isomerisation of olefins from olefin-containing hydrocarbon mixtures having 4-20 c-atoms

The catalyst provided by the invention is useful in processes for isomerization of olefins from olefin-containing hydrocarbonaceous mixtures having 4 to 20 carbon atoms at temperatures of 10 to 150° c. And pressures of 1 to 35 bar..

Structured catalysts for pre-reforming hydrocarbons

Provided herein are structured catalysts, methods of making structured catalysts, and methods of using structured catalysts for pre-reforming of hydrocarbons. The structured catalysts contain a structured catalyst substrate, a first coating containing cerium-gadolinium oxide; and a second coating containing nickel and cerium-gadolinium oxide..
Korea Advanced Institute Of Science And Technology

Separation membrane and producing same

Provided is a separation membrane that when used in membrane separation of a mixture of a linear hydrocarbon and a branched hydrocarbon and/or cyclic hydrocarbon of equivalent carbon number to the linear hydrocarbon, can efficiently separate the linear hydrocarbon and the branched hydrocarbon and/or cyclic hydrocarbon. The separation membrane includes a porous support and a porous separation layer disposed on the porous support and containing an mfi-type zeolite.
Zeon Corporation

Method and system for lowering the water dew point of a hydrocarbon fluid stream subsea

The present invention concerns a method for lowering the water dew point subsea in a produced multiphase hydrocarbon fluid stream containing water, the method comprising the steps of: separating (10) the hydrocarbon fluid stream (1) into a liquid phase (3) and a first gas phase (2); cooling (20) the first gas phase in a controlled mariner to knock out water or condensing water and optionally other condensates while keeping the fluid above a hydrate formation temperature thereof; separating off condensed liquids (6) and a second gas phase; wherein the second gas phase (8) has a water dew point which is lower than that of the initial multiphase hydrocarbon fluid stream. The invention also concerns a system for lowering the water dew point subsea..
Statoil Petroleum As

Compositions and methods for topical delivery of prostaglandins to subcutaneous fat

Described herein are compositions comprising a prostaglandin fp receptor agonist (pfpra) compound and a fatty acid ester (e.g., isopropyl myristate), optionally comprising an ointment base such as a hydrocarbon base (e.g., petroleum jelly) and/or an organic alcohol (e.g., propylene glycol), that, when topically applied to the skin, locally delivers a therapeutically effective amount of the pfpra compound to subcutaneous fat under the skin, and methods of preparation. The therapeutic effect is, for example, reduction of the subcutaneous fat under the skin.
Topokine Therapeutics, Inc.

Magnolia bark extract as a hydrophobic ligand for preferential removal of gram negative bacteria from the oral cavity

The present disclosure relates generally to oral compositions and methods for freshening breath and oral cleansing, and more particularly, to oral compositions comprising a combination of an extract of magnolia and a hydrocarbon. The oral compositions are useful for improving oral health, including freshening breath and reducing the adherence of plaque to teeth..
Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company

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Polyphenylsulfone-based proton conducting polymer electrolyte, proton conducting solid polymer electrolyte membrane, electrode catalyst layer for solid polymer fuel cells, producing electrode catalyst layer for solid polymer fuel cells, and fuel cell

The present invention addresses the problem of providing a crosslinked film and a hydrocarbon-based proton conducting solid electrolyte having a proton conductivity equal to that of a perfluorosulfonate ion exchange polymer. Disclosed as a means for solving this problem is a proton conducting polymer electrolyte which is composed of a sulfonated polyphenyl compound having a plurality of repeating units, and wherein two or more (for example, four or six) sulfonic groups are introduced into one repeating unit on average.
National Institute For Materials Science

Fluorine-based nanocomposite membrane comprising polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes having proton donor and proton acceptor, and manufacturing same

The present invention relates to a proton conductive nanocomposite membrane and a method for manufacturing same, the proton conductive nanocomposite membrane having polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (poss) having a proton donor and poss having a proton acceptor introduced into an aromatic hydrocarbon polymer membrane having a sulfonyl group. The nanocomposite membrane of the present invention has both the poss having a proton donor and the poss having a proton acceptor added thereto, and thus protons (cations) that are generated are easily hopped in an ion channel by means of hydrogen bonding, and thus ionic conductivity is increased.
Sogang University Research Foundation

Measurement and processing to detect weak interfacial layers in hydrocarbon-bearing laminated formations with acoustic logging devices

Methods utilizing ultrasonic acoustic logging tools are provided for detecting thin formation layers that present markedly higher compliance than that of the surrounding rock in, for example, a laminated tight hydrocarbon-bearing formation. These layers may be interpreted as presenting potential interfacial and planes of weakness that may have bearing on the extent of a hydraulic fracture propagating across them..
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Gas sensor for detecting hydrocarbons

A gas sensor includes a housing (22) having disposed therein a membrane electrode assembly comprising a sensing electrode (14), a counter electrode (16), and a solid polymer electrolyte (12) disposed between the sensing electrode and the counter electrode. The sensing electrode comprises a first catalyst comprising noble metal nanoparticles (34).
Carrier Corporation

Methods and system for a hydrocarbon sensor rationality check

Methods and systems are provided for performing rationality check of a hydrocarbon sensor in an evaporative emission control system. In one example, a method may include sensing fuel vapors vented from a fuel vapor canister to atmosphere via the sensor, and performing sensor rationality check by flowing fuel vapors from a fuel tank to the fuel vapor canister via the sensor during loading of the fuel vapor canister..
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

System for generating an improved h2:co ratio in syngas and an associated method thereof

A system and method for generating an improved syngas are disclosed. The system includes a mixing unit, a heat exchanger, an engine and a water gas shift (wgs) reactor.
General Electric Company

Methods and devices for evaluating the contents of materials

Methods for determining the hardness and/or ductility of a material by compression of the material are provided as a first aspect of the invention. Typically, compression is performed on multiple sides of a geologic material sample in a contemporaneous manner.

Composition for removing resist

Wherein n represents the number of the repeating units, and is an integer of 2 to 60; and ra identically or differently represents a hydrogen atom, a c1-18 hydrocarbon group or a c2-24 acyl group, provided that at least two of the (n+2) number of ra are c1-18 hydrocarbon groups and/or c2-24 acyl groups.. .

Liquid detergent

Where r1 is a hydrocarbon group having 14 to 16 carbon atoms, r2 is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and m is a counter ion.. .

Transportable combustible gaseous suspension of solid fuel particles

A transportable and combustible gaseous suspension includes solid fuel particles suspended in a gaseous carrier. The solid fuel particles have a sufficiently small particle size so that they remain suspended during transportation.
Earth Technologies Usa Limited

Method for converting heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks

The invention concerns a process for the conversion of a heavy hydrocarbon feed, said process comprising the following steps: a) a step for hydroconversion of the heavy hydrocarbon feed in the presence of hydrogen in at least one or more three-phase reactors disposed in series or in parallel, containing at least one hydroconversion catalyst, so as to obtain a liquid effluent with a reduced conradson carbon, metals, sulphur and nitrogen content, b) one or more optional steps for separating the effluent obtained from step a) in order to obtain at least one light liquid fraction boiling at a temperature of less than 350° c. And a heavy liquid fraction boiling at a temperature of more than 350° c., c) a step for hydroconversion of the liquid effluent obtained from the hydroconversion step a) in the case in which the separation step b) is not carried out, or of the heavy liquid fraction obtained from the separation step b) when said step b) is carried out, in the presence of hydrogen in at least one or more three-phase reactors disposed in series or in parallel and containing at least one hydroconversion catalyst, in which process the overall hourly space velocity employed is in the range 0.05 to 0.18 h−1..
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Process intensification in hydroprocessing

A multi-stage hydrotreating process obtains ultra-low sulfur diesel boiling range hydrocarbon having less than 10 ppm sulfur with elimination of external hot high pressure separator and avoids the formation of recombinant mercaptans by removing excess hydrogen sulfide formed during hydroprocessing reaction. The process includes mixing a diesel boiling range hydrocarbon feedstock with hydrogen and sending to the first predominantly liquid phase hydroprocessing reaction stage.
Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Minimizing coke formation in a hydrocarbon cracker system

The presently disclosed subject matter relates to an improved system for hydrocarbon cracking. In a specific non-limiting embodiment, a hydrocarbon cracker system can include one or more furnace tubes having a plurality of indentations disposed thereon, where the indentations do not project into the interior of the furnace tube..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Method for start-up and operation of a fischer-tropsch reactor

The invention relates to a method for start-up and operation of a fischer-tropsch reactor comprising the steps of: (a) providing a reactor with a fixed bed of reduced fischer-tropsch catalyst that comprises cobalt as catalytically active metal; (b) supplying a gaseous feed stream comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen to the reactor, wherein the gaseous feed stream comprises a nitrogen-containing compound other than molecular nitrogen in an initial concentration, wherein the initial concentration in the range of from 10 to 350 ppbv based on the volume of the gaseous feed stream; (c) converting carbon monoxide and hydrogen supplied with the gaseous feed stream to the reactor into hydrocarbons at a reaction temperature and at a set reactor productivity, whilst maintaining the initial concentration of the nitrogen-containing compound and maintaining the set reactor productivity during a first time period by adjusting the reaction temperature; (d) decreasing the concentration of the nitrogen- containing compound to a second concentration in the range of from 0 to 20 ppbv, wherein the second concentration is at least 5 ppbv below the initial concentration, preferably at least 20 ppbv below the initial concentration, and maintaining the reactor productivity by adjusting the reaction temperature.. .
Shell Oil Company

Catalytic biomass pyrolysis process

Described herein are processes for converting a biomass starting material (such as lignocellulosic materials) into a low oxygen containing, stable liquid intermediate that can be refined to make liquid hydrocarbon fuels. More specifically, the process can be a catalytic biomass pyrolysis process wherein an oxygen removing catalyst is employed in the reactor while the biomass is subjected to pyrolysis conditions.
Research Triangle Institute

Substituted benzotriazole phenolate salts and antioxidant compositions formed therefrom

A class of antioxidant compositions include benzotriazole phenolate salts with substituents either ortho to the phenol hydroxide group and/or para to the phenol hydroxide group can be prepared from substituted benzotriazole phenols. The ortho substituent group can be a simple hydrocarbon, alkoxy or amino group, or the ortho substituent group can be a linking group, linking the benzotriazole phenolate to another benzotriazole phenolate group..
3m Innovative Properties Company

Methods for recovering hydrocarbon materials from subterranean formations

A method for recovering hydrocarbon material from a subterranean formation includes introducing a treatment fluid into the subterranean formation. One treatment fluid includes at least one organometallic material having a metal or metalloid from group iii of the periodic table or a transition metal.
Aculon, Inc

High performance brine viscosifier

A viscosity-retaining formulation for use in high-temperature hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir applications. The formulation includes a brine composition and a viscosity enhancing composition, the viscosity enhancing composition operable to enhance viscosity retention of the viscosity-retaining formulation at least, in part, through micellization, the viscosity enhancing composition including a polycation composition and an anionic surfactant composition..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Polycarbonate compositions for galvanic applications having a high requirement for heat distortion point

The invention relates to compositions consisting of a) 70 to 90 parts by weight of at least one polycarbonate, b) 10 to 30 parts by weight of at least one graft polymer containing a rubber-elastic particulate graft base, which contains diene, and containing a vinyl co(polymer) shell, c) 0 to 15 parts by weight of at least one additive, wherein the sum of the parts by weight of components a) and b) in the composition is normalized to 100, (i) characterized in that the rubber content from component b in the composition is at least 6 wt %, (ii) characterized in that the ratio k/s of the proportions by weight of rubber-elastic particulate graft base containing diene from component b) in the composition (═k) to the sum of free vinyl (co)polymer from component b), i.e., vinyl (co)polymer from component b) not covalently bonded to the rubber base in the graft polymer according to component b), and any free vinyl (co)polymer from component c) in the composition (═s) is at least 1.5, (iii) characterized in that the component a) contains at least one monomer unit selected from the group consisting of monomer units described by general formula (2), in which r4 represents h, linear or branched c1-c10 alkyl, preferably linear or branched c1-c6 alkyl, especially preferably linear or branched c1-c4 alkyl, exceedingly preferably h or c1 alkyl (methyl), and r5 represents linear or branched c1-c10 alkyl, preferably linear or branched c1-c6 alkyl, especially preferably linear or branched c1-c4 alkyl, exceedingly preferably c1 alkyl (methyl), and contains at least one monomer unit that is derived from a bis-(4-hydroxyphenyl) compound and that is bridged over the 1,1′ position of a cyclic hydrocarbon possibly substituted with heteroatoms, (iv) characterized in that the proportion (acyc) of monomer units that are derived from bis-(4-hydroxyphenyl) compounds and that are bridged over the 1,1′ position of a cyclic hydrocarbon possibly substituted with heteroatoms, with respect to the sum of all monomer units derived from bisphenols in the component a), is in the range of 5 to 40 wt %, and (v) characterized in that the component a) has a relative solution viscosity of 1.20 to 1.28, determined according to din 51562 in methylene chloride. The invention further relates to the use of the compositions to produce components containing a plastic carrier and a multi-ply metal layer, and to molded bodies produced from the compositions..
Covestro Deutschland Ag

Rubber composition including a hydrocarbon resin having a low glass transition temperature, a specific coupling agent and a primary amine

A rubber composition is based on at least a diene elastomer; 50 to 160 phr (parts by weight per hundred parts by weight of elastomer) of inorganic reinforcing filler; a vulcanization system; a plasticizing system comprising at least one hydrocarbon resin with a glass transition temperature (tg) of between −40° c. And 20° c.; as coupling agent, a hydroxysilane polysulfide corresponding to the general formula (i): (ho)ar(3-a)si—r′—sx—r′—si r(3-b) (oh)b (i), in which the r radicals, which are identical or different, are hydrocarbon groups preferably comprising from 1 to 15 carbon atoms, the r′ radicals, which are identical or different, are divalent connecting groups preferably comprising from 1 to 18 carbon atoms, a and b, which are identical or different, are equal to 1 or 2, x is a number greater than or equal to 2; and a primary amine of formula (iv): r—nh2(iv), in which r represents a linear or branched hydrocarbon group comprising from 8 to 24 carbon atoms.
Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin

Catalyst components for the polymerization of olefins

Where each q is a group —coor1, in which r1 is selected from c1-c15 hydrocarbon groups, optionally containing a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of halogens, p, s, n and o; or a group —con(r2)2, in which r2 groups, equal to or different from each other, are hydrogen or r1 groups which can be fused together to form one or more cycles, and a is a bivalent bridging group with the proviso that the q groups cannot be simultaneously a group —coor1 or —con(r2)2.. .

Organometallic salt composition, a its preparation and a lubricant additive composition

The purpose of the present invention is to provide organometallic salt compositions that are useful as lubricant additives and/or in lubricant additive compositions to reduce friction and wear, and also have improved solubility in all four types of hydrocarbon base oils (groups i-iv) at a variety of concentrations and under a variety of conditions. The organometallic salt composition is derived from at least one long chain monocarboxylic acid and a single metal in combination with at least one short or medium branched-chain monocarboxylic acid.
Ab Nanol Technologies Oy

Process for producing cumene and/or ethylbenzene from a mixed hydrocarbon feedstream

The present invention relates to a process for producing cumene and/or ethylbenzene from a mixed hydrocarbon feedstream comprising subjecting c6 cut separated from said mixed hydrocarbon feedstream to aromatization to provide an aromatization product stream and subjecting the thus obtained aromatization product stream to alkylation to produce an alkylated aromatic stream.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Production of aromatic hydrocarbons

A process for producing aromatic hydrocarbons from a light alkane feedstock such as an ethane-containing hydrocarbon stream is disclosed. The process comprises: contacting a light alkane feedstock comprising at least 50% ethane with a bi-functional aromatization catalyst in a fluidized bed reactor of bubbling or turbulent fluidization regime.
Oh Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd

Catalyst and preparing light olefin directly from synthesis gas by one-step process

The present invention discloses catalyst and method for producing light olefins directly from synthesis gas by a one-step process, and particularly relates to method and catalyst for directly converting synthesis gas into light olefins by a one-step process. The provided catalysts are composite materials formed of multicomponent metal oxide composites and inorganic solid acids with hierarchical pore structures.
Dalian Institute Of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy Of Sciences

Composition and methods of use

Provided herein are compositions and methods that can remove, metabolize, or degrade a hydrocarbon in an area that is contaminated by hydrocarbons. Methods for bioremediation of an area such as an area of land, a body of water, or a shoreline that are contaminated by a hydrocarbon, such as from a crude oil spill are also described.

Apparatus and reactive distillation for waste water treatment

The present invention relates to a method for treating a waste water stream. Said waste water comprises hydrocarbons and oxygenates such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and has a cod of up to 5 wt %.
Shell Oil Company

Combustion chamber assembly unit

A combustion chamber assembly unit for a fuel-operated vehicle heater is provided. The combustion chamber assembly includes a combustion chamber housing (12) with a combustion chamber (18), which is defined by a circumferential wall (14) and by a bottom area (16).
Eberspächer Climate Control Systems Gmbh & Co. Kg

Method of producing propylene and ethylene with a core-shell zsm catalyst

A method of producing propylene and ethylene from a butene-containing hydrocarbon stream by cracking olefin compounds in the butene-containing hydrocarbon stream in the presence of a core-shell zsm catalyst, wherein the core-shell zsm catalyst comprises a zsm-5 core and a silica shell disposed thereon. Various embodiments of the method of producing propylene and ethylene, and the method of making the core-shell zsm catalyst are also provided..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Catalyst for producing hydrocarbons

A hydropyrolysis catalyst and a process using that catalyst are described. The catalyst comprises a support and an active metal component wherein the catalyst is an eggshell type catalyst having the active metal component located in the outer portion of the support..
Shell Oil Company

A reforming catalyst and a process for preparation thereof

The present disclosure relates to a reforming catalyst and a process for preparing the same. The acidic functionality of the catalyst is suppressed by using a chloride free alumina and coating the chloride free alumina with group v b metal oxide in the catalyst, which helps in minimizing the cracking reactions and achieving higher selectivity for liquid hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons..
Reliance Industries Limited

Diluent treated drilling waste material recovery process and system

A process and apparatus for removing hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon containing drilling waste. The process includes introducing hydrocarbon contaminated drill cuttings into one or more centripetal cuttings separators to create two distinct phases, thereafter discarding the bulk solids containing less hydrocarbons and treating the concentrated liquids phase in a solvent wash apparatus, resulting in improved efficiency of the facility throughput, while not substantially impacting the capital cost or operating cost of a solvent wash process facility.
Recover Energy Services Inc.

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Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.

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Schlumberger Norge As

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Cpox reactor control system and method

A fuel reformer module (8005) for initiating catalytic partial oxidation (cpox) to reform a hydrocarbon fuel oxidant mixture (2025, 3025) to output a syngas reformate (2027) to solid oxide fuel cell stack (2080, 5040). A solid non-porous ceramic catalyzing body (3030) includes a plurality of catalyst coated fuel passages (3085).
Protonex Technology Corporation

Method and system for interpolating discontinuous functions in a subsurface model

A method and system are described for creating a subsurface model. In this method, discontinuous functions are interpolated in a subsurface model.

Method and system for regression and classification in subsurface models to support decision making for hydrocarbon operations

A method and system are described for hydrocarbon exploration, development and production. The method relates to performing regression and/or classification in subsurface models to support decision making for hydrocarbon operations.

Nuclear spin polarization enhancing method through dynamic nuclear polarization by using soluble pentacene

An object is to provide a method for enhancing a nuclear spin polarization. Triplet dnp where a pentacene derivative represented by the following formula (a) is used as a polarizing agent enables an effective enhancement in nuclear spin polarization to be achieved.
Osaka University

Process for monitoring the catalytic activity of an ionic liquid

The present invention relates to a process for monitoring the catalytic activity of an ionic liquid and for the regeneration of the ionic liquid in continuous conversion of an olefin in an alkylation. The process includes (a) providing an ionic liquid; (b) reacting a hydrocarbon mixture with the ionic liquid to obtain an ionic liquid phase.
China University Of Petroleum

Apparatus and methods for enhancing petroleum extraction

An apparatus and method for the extraction of hydrocarbons from an underground reservoir using a well is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a power source operable to supply periodic electrical power at a first frequency; at least one impulse generator unit operable to convert the periodic electrical power at the first frequency into periodic electrical power at a second frequency and to couple electromagnetic energy generated by the periodic electrical power at the second frequency into the reservoir, the second frequency being at least ten times higher than that of the first frequency; and a conducting cable being operatively coupled between the power source and the at least one impulse generator unit..
Acceleware Ltd.

Method for forming a gas phase in water saturated hydrocarbon reservoirs

The present disclosure describes a method of recovering oil and gas from a hydrocarbon-containing reservoir generally having some degree of water saturation within the reservoir pore network by injecting a gas into the reservoir. The method applicable to reservoirs having high water saturation of about 50 percent or greater.
Diversion Technologies, Llc

Hydrocarbon production by fluidically isolating vertical regions of formations

Techniques of hydrocarbon production by fluidically isolating vertical regions of formation are described. A subterranean zone entrapping hydrocarbons includes multiple vertically arranged regions.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Continuous single crystal growth of graphene

Systems and methods for synthesizing continuous single crystal graphene are provided. A catalytic substrate is drawn through a chemical vapor deposition chamber in a first lengthwise direction while flowing a hydrogen gas through the chemical vapor deposition chamber in the same lengthwise direction.
Ut-battelle, Llc

Lanthanide precursors and deposition of lanthanide-containing films using the same

Wherein ln is a lanthanide; a is independently n, si, b, p or o; each e is independently c, si, b or p; m and n are independently 0, 1 or 2; m+n>1; each r is independently an h or a c1-c4 hydrocarbyl group; l is a −1 anionic ligand selected from the group consisting of nr′2, or′, cp, amidinate, β-diketonate, or keto-iminate, wherein r′ is an h or a c1-c4 hydrocarbon group; and l′ is nr″ or o, wherein r″ is an h or a c1-c4 hydrocarbon group. Also disclosed are methods of synthesizing and using the disclosed precursors to deposit lanthanide-containing films on one or more substrates via vapor deposition processes..

Combined dehydration of gas and inhibition of liquid from a well stream

A method and system for dehydration of a gas phase and hydrate inhibition of a liquid hydrocarbon phase in a multiphase hydrocarbon fluid stream containing water. The method may include (i) separating the hydrocarbon fluid stream into a liquid phase and a first gas phase, (ii) adding hydrate inhibitor to the first gas phase, and (iii) separating off condensed liquids and a second gas phase.
Statoil Petroleum As

Pretreatment equipment for hydrocarbon gas to be liquefied and shipping base equipment

Provided are a liquefaction pretreatment facility for a hydrocarbon gas and the like in which, an influence of contained hydrogen sulfide and oxygen on liquefaction pretreatment can be reduced. In a liquefaction pretreatment facility for a hydrocarbon gas, adsorption vessels are each connected to a treatment gas line configured to supply a hydrocarbon gas containing water, hydrogen sulfide, and oxygen and are each packed with synthetic zeolite for adsorbing and removing water in the hydrocarbon gas.
Jgc Corporation

Systems and methods for separation and extraction of heterocyclic compounds and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon feedstock

Methods of extracting 1-4 cycle heterocyclic compounds and 2-5 cycle polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon feedstock are described. The methods include providing a hydrocarbon feedstock containing crude oil fractions, and determining an a/r ratio and an asphaltene concentration of the hydrocarbon feedstock.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Systems and processes for power generation

Processes for generating electric power are provided. The processes involve combining a supercritical water stream with a pressurized, heated hydrocarbon-based composition in a mixing device to create a combined feed stream.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Systems and processes for deasphalting oil

Processes for producing deasphalted oil are provided which involve combining a supercritical water stream with a pressurized, heated, hydrocarbon-based composition to create a combined feed stream, introducing the combined feed stream to a supercritical reactor to produce and upgraded product, and depressurizing the upgraded product. The depressurized upgraded product is separated into a light and a heavy fraction, where the heavy fraction has a greater concentration of asphaltene than the light fraction.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Nanowire-based hydrodesulfurization catalysts for hydrocarbon fuels

The present development is a metal particle coated nanowire catalyst for use in the hydrodesulfurization of fuels and a process for the production of the catalyst. The catalyst comprises titanium(iv) oxide nanowires wherein the nanowires are produced by exposure of a tio2—koh paste to microwave radiation.
Advanced Energy Materials, Llc

Zeolitic catalytic conversion of alcohols to hydrocarbons

A method for converting an alcohol to a hydrocarbon, the method comprising contacting said alcohol with a metal-loaded zeolite catalyst at a temperature of at least 100° c. And up to 550° c., wherein said alcohol can be produced by a fermentation process, said metal is a positively-charged metal ion, and said metal-loaded zeolite catalyst is catalytically active for converting said alcohol to said hydrocarbon..
Ut-battelle, Llc

Deep deoxygenation of biocrudes utilizing fluidized catalytic cracking co-processing with hydrocarbon feedstocks

A system and method produce hydrocarbons from biomass by fluid catalytic cracking. In one embodiment, the system is a fluid catalytic cracking system.
Albermarle Corporation

Delayed coke drum quench systems and methods having reduced atmospheric emissions

Systems and methods for reducing atmospheric emission of hydrocarbon vapors by flashing off hydrocarbon vapors in an overflow drum where the pressure is ultimately reduced to 0 psig and then flashing off any remaining hydrocarbon vapors in an overflow tank wherein the pressure in the overflow tank is reduced to 0 psig by an overflow ejector.. .
Bechtel Hydrocarbon Technology Solutions, Inc.

Semiconductor nanoparticle, dispersion liquid, film, and producing semiconductor nanoparticle

An object of the present invention is to provide a semiconductor nanoparticle having high emission efficiency and excellent durability; a method of producing the same; and a dispersion liquid and a film obtained by using a semiconductor nanoparticle. The semiconductor nanoparticle of the present invention is a semiconductor nanoparticle in which oxygen, zinc, and sulfur are detected by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis and a peak (ich3) which is derived from a hydrocarbon group and present in a range of 2800 cm−1 to 3000 cm−1 and a peak (icoo) which is derived from coo− and present in a range of 1400 cm−1 to 1600 cm−1 are detected by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis..
Fujifilm Corporation

Hydrocarbon resin, preparing hydrocarbon resin, and adhesive composition

Provided are a hydrocarbon resin and a method of preparing the same, wherein thermal polymerization of a diolefin and an olefin is performed, thus obviating a catalyst removal process, material supply problems can be solved, and a hydrogenated hydrocarbon resin can be prepared using a catalyst, which is inexpensive and is easy to handle, thereby realizing a yield and a preparation process that enable real-world application thereof. The hydrogenated hydrocarbon resin prepared by the method of the invention has excellent compatibility and a low specific viscosity, and can thus be efficiently used as a tackifier or an adhesive in a variety of fields..
Kolon Industries, Inc.

Sanitation systems and components thereof having a slippery surface

The present disclosure describes a strategy to create self-healing, slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces. Roughened (e.g., porous) surfaces can be utilized to lock in place a lubricating fluid, referred to herein as liquid b to repel a wide range of materials, referred to herein as object a (solid a or liquid a).
President And Fellows Of Harvard College

Rubber composition comprising a very high specific surface area silica and a low glass transition temperature hydrocarbon resin

A rubber composition is based on at least one diene elastomer, a reinforcing filler, a vulcanizing system and a plasticizing system, said reinforcing filler predominantly comprising, by weight, a silica with a very high specific surface area, with a ctab specific surface area greater than 170 m2/g, and said plasticizing system comprising at least more than 15 phr (parts by weight per hundred parts by weight of elastomer) of a hydrocarbon resin having a glass transition temperature (tg) between −40° c. And 20° c..
Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin

Rubber composition comprising a styrene-butadiene copolymer having a low glass transition temperature, and a high content of filler and of plasticizer

A rubber composition is based on at least 80 phr (parts by weight per hundred parts by weight of elastomer) of a styrene/butadiene elastomer (sbr) referred to as low-tg sbr, the glass transition temperature (tg) of which is less than −60° c.; at least 130 phr of reinforcing filler; at least 110 phr in total of a plasticizing system comprising a hydrocarbon-based resin at a content within a range extending from 70 to 100 phr and a plasticizing oil at a content within a range extending from 10 to 40 phr; and a vulcanization system.. .
Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin

Vibration-damping rubber composition and vibration-damping rubber

Provided is an anti-vibration rubber composition comprising a diene rubber, a silane coupling agent having at least one of a structural unit represented by general formula (1) and a structural unit represented by general formula (2), carbon black, and silica, at a blending ratio of carbon black (a) to silica (b), i.e. (a)/(b), of 10/90 to 45/55 (mass ratio).
Bridgestone Corporation

Silicone composition, silicone emulsion composition, and fiber treatment agent

(in the formula, rx is a c1-8 divalent hydrocarbon group, a is an integer of 0-4, ry are each independently a hydrogen atom, c1-10 monovalent hydrocarbon group, or acyl group, and at least one group shown by ry is hydrogen) and (b) 2-30 parts by mass of blocked polyisocyanate having two or more isocyanate groups per molecule, 50% or more of these isocyanate groups being blocked by a thermally dissociable blocking agent.. .

Flashline heater system and method

The present embodiments provide a system and method for separation within a polymer production process. Specifically, a flashline heater configured according to present embodiments may provide more time than is required for complete vaporization of liquid hydrocarbons that are not entrained within a polymer fluff produced within a polymerization reactor.
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company Lp

Hydrocarbon resin, preparing hydrocarbon resin, and adhesive composition

This invention relates to a hydrogenated hydrocarbon resin and a method of preparing the same, wherein the preparation process is simplified, material supply problems can be solved, and the hydrogenated hydrocarbon resin can be prepared using a catalyst, which is inexpensive, has a low odor and is easy to handle, thereby realizing a yield and a preparation process that enable real-world application thereof. The hydrogenated hydrocarbon resin prepared by the method of the invention has excellent compatibility and a low specific viscosity, and can thus be efficiently used as a tackifier or an adhesive in a variety of fields..
Kolon Industries, Inc.

Ethylene-to-liquids systems and methods

The present disclosure provides petrochemical processing methods and systems, including ethylene conversion processes and systems, for the production of higher hydrocarbon compositions, for example liquid hydrocarbon compounds, with reduced amount of unsaturated hydrocarbons.. .
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Method and system for obtaining hydrogen from a feed mixture which contains hydrogen and hydrocarbons

A method (100, 200) is proposed for obtaining hydrogen from a gaseous feed mixture rich in hydrogen, methane and hydrocarbons having two carbon atoms, wherein fluid of the feed mixture is cooled from a first temperature level to a second temperature level at a first pressure level such that one or more condensates are precipitated out of the fluid of the feed mixture, leaving a residual gas, fluid of the residual gas is further cooled to a third temperature level and subjected to a counterflow absorption at the first pressure level, thereby obtaining a top gas rich in hydrogen and methane and a sump liquid, fluid of the top gas is heated and subjected to pressure swing adsorption (9) at the first pressure level, to form a product stream which is rich in hydrogen and depleted in or free from methane, and fluid of the condensate or condensates and/or of the sump liquid is expanded from the first pressure level to a second pressure level and is fed into a low pressure demethanizer at the second pressure level. It is provided that the counterflow absorption is carried out using fluid which is taken from the low pressure demethanizer at the second pressure level, compressed in gaseous form to the first pressure level and cooled to the third temperature level.
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Apparatus for viscous hydrocarbon transportation

A vessel for transporting a material that is solid or semi-solid at ambient temperature, includes a body having an interior surface comprising textured metal, and a superoleophobic coating on the interior surface for inhibiting the material from adhering to the interior surface, the superoleophobic coating including a nanotextured coating disposed on the textured metal and functionalized with a fluorinated compound. The superoleophobic coating facilitates flow of the material along the interior surface..

Solvent vapor phase degreasing and defluxing compositions, methods, devices and systems

The present invention relates, in part, to compositions that include (1) a first component comprising an alcohol, (b) a second component selected from the group consisting of a glycol ether, a terpene, a halogenated hydrocarbon, and combinations thereof, (c) a third component selected from the group consisting of a hydrohaloether, a decahalopentane, and combinations thereof.. .
Honeywell International Inc.

Hydrogenation catalyst, its preparation and use

A method of preparing a hydrogenation catalyst, for example, a phthalate hydrogenation catalyst, comprising contacting a silica support having a median pore size of at least about 10 nm with a silylating agent to form an at least partially coated silica support, calcining said coated silica support to form a treated silica support, and depositing a noble metal, preferably ruthenium, on the treated silica support, and optionally contacting the treated silica support with an optional chelating agent to form the hydrogenation catalyst; a hydrogenation catalyst prepared by that method; and a method of hydrogenating unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as phthalates, in which an unsaturated hydrocarbon is contacted with hydrogen gas in the presence of the hydrogenation catalyst of the invention.. .
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Processing materials with ion beams

Materials such as biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) and hydrocarbon-containing materials are processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems are described that can use feedstock materials, such as cellulosic and/or lignocellulosic materials and/or starchy materials, or oil sands, oil shale, tar sands, bitumen, and coal to produce altered materials such as fuels (e.g., ethanol and/or butanol).
Xyleco, Inc.

Systems for promoting endothermic conversions with oxygen transfer agents

A system for promoting endothermic conversions includes a first and a second portion, a first and second supply, a first outlet and a heat exchanger. The first portion defines a first inner volume containing an oxygen transfer agent.
Bio2electric, Llc D/b/a Ecocatalytic Technologies

Process for removing oxygen from a gas mixture comprising hydrocarbon and oxygen

Oxygen is effectively removed from hydrocarbon-containing gas streams while minimizing danger of explosion by contacting the gas stream with a catalyst comprising shaped bentonite supports having an outer shell containing catalytic metals gold, and at least one of palladium platinum, rhodium, or iridium.. .
Wacker Chemie Ag

Process for recovering heat from a hydrocarbon separation

Systems and processes for heat recovery associated with the separation of hydrocarbon components. Two compressors are used to compress a portion of an overhead vapor stream from a fractionation column.
Uop Llc

12h-benzo[b]xanthen-12-ones, compositions containing, and uses of, same

Methods of using such compounds, and pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds. In addition, this invention provides methods for the treatment and/or prevention of disease states mediated by aryl hydrocarbon receptor pathways..

Methods for creating concentrated plant material solutions

Methods for creating concentrated plant material solution, including combining ethanol-soluble, water-insoluble concentrated plant material with ethanol to define mixtures and reducing the amount of ethanol in the mixtures until the mixtures have viscosities compatible for use with electronic cigarettes. Some examples include combining ethanol-soluble, water-insoluble concentrated plant material, hydrocarbon bases, and liquid solutions containing ethanol to define mixtures, removing the hydrocarbon bases from the mixtures, and reducing the ethanol content of the mixtures until the mixtures define viscosities compatible for use with electronic cigarettes.

Polymer, resin composition and resin molded product

A polymer includes a first structural unit represented by formula (1-1), (1-2) or (1-3) and a second structural unit represented by formula (2) or (3). In the formulae (1-1) to (1-3), (2) and (3), r1, r10 and r11 each represent a halogen atom, a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a monovalent halogenated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a nitro group or a cyano group; zs each represent —o— or —s—; r4s each represent a methylene group or an alkylene group having 2 to 4 carbon atoms; and l represents a divalent group represented by formula (2-1).
Sunglory Beheer B.v.

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Ifp Energies Nouvelles

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. .

. .

. .

. .

Organic compound for organic el device and using the same

Wherein a is an electron acceptor moiety, b represents a fused ring hydrocarbon units with two or three rings; m, n, l, and x are the same definition as described in the present invention.. .

Etching method

There is provided an workpiece etching method executed in manufacturing a magneto-resistive effect element, the workpiece including first and second multilayer films, the first multilayer film including first and second magnetic layers and a tunnel barrier layer formed between the first and second magnetic layers, and the second multilayer film being a multilayer film constituting a pinning layer in the magneto-resistive effect element. The method includes: etching the first multilayer film; generating plasma of a first gas including hydrocarbon and noble gases inside a chamber of a plasma processing apparatus to etch the second multilayer film inside the chamber; and generating plasma of a second gas including gas containing carbon and oxygen, an oxygen gas and a noble gas and not containing hydrogen inside the chamber to remove a carbon-containing deposit formed on the workpiece in the generating the plasma of the first gas..
Tokyo Electron Limited

Hemt having heavily doped n-type regions and process of forming the same

A hemt made of nitride semiconductor materials and a process of forming the same are disclosed, where the hemt has n-type regions beneath the source and drain electrodes with remarkably increased carrier concentration. The hemt provides the n-type regions made of at least one of epitaxially grown zno layer and mgzno layer each doped with at least aluminum and gallium with density higher than 1×1020 cm−3.
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.

Magnetorheological fluid composition and vibration damping device using same

This vibration damping device (10) includes a magnetorheological fluid composition in a cylinder (12). The magnetorheological fluid composition includes magnetic particles; a dispersant having the magnetic particles dispersed therein; and a friction modifier.
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

Conductive paste comprising lubricating oils and semiconductor device

The invention relates to a conductive paste, comprising from 50 to 97 wt % of electrically conductive particles, 3 to 50 wt % of an organic medium and 0 to 20 wt % of a glass frit, the organic medium comprising a solvent, wherein the organic medium additionally comprises 10 to 90 wt % of a hydrocarbon-based lubricating oil and 2 to 60 wt % of a polymeric component, each based on the total amount of the organic medium, the polymeric component having a solubility of at least 100 g/kg in the lubricating oil. The invention further relates to a semiconductor device comprising a semiconductor substrate with at least one surface onto which an electrically conductive pattern is printed by using the paste..
Basf Se

Method and system for stable and efficient reservoir simulation using stability proxies

A method and system are described to form a subsurface model for use in hydrocarbon operations. The method and system utilize stability proxies with the subsurface models, such as simulation models, and to manage the reservoir simulation..

Imprint material

Wherein, each r1 is independently a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, r2 is a c1-5 hydrocarbon group that optionally has a hydroxy group as a substituent, m is 2 or 3, x is a divalent linking group having an ethylene oxide unit and/or a propylene oxide unit, r3 is a hydrogen atom or a c1-3 alkyl group, n is 1 or 2, and when n is 1, r4 is a c1-12 alkyl group that is optionally substituted with at least one substituent, and when n is 2, r4 is a c1-12 alkylene group that is optionally substituted with at least one substituent.. .

Simplified producing a methane-rich stream and a c2+ hydrocarbon-rich fraction from a feed natural-gas stream, and associated facility

A method comprising the cooling of the feed natural-gas (15) in a first heat exchanger (16) and the introduction of the cooled feed natural-gas (40) in separator flask (18). The method further comprising dynamic expansion of a turbine input flow (46) in a first expansion turbine (22) and the introduction of the expanded flow (102) into a splitter column (26).
Technip France

Measuring effective fracture half-length and quantifying flux distribution in and around fractures in petroleum reservoirs

Flux distribution along a fracture plane in a subsurface reservoir hydrocarbon containing formation is determined, and an effective half-length of the fracture is also determined. Previously, flux distribution along such a fracture plane has been considered uniform, in what were termed infinite conductivity fractures.
Heriot-watt University

Method and system for subsea separation of produced water

Method and system for separation of produced water into a water fraction, a solids fraction and a hydrocarbon fraction, comprising feeding produced water into a collapsible flexible bag maintained subsea by a protection structure; operating the flexible bag at an overpressure and thereby providing a predefined geometry of the flexible bag; maintaining the produced water in the flexible bag to allow for gravitational separation of the solids fraction with a higher density than water in a lower section and optionally separation of the hydrocarbon fraction with a lower density than water in an upper section; removing the water fraction from a section above the lower section; optionally removing hydrocarbons from the upper section and replacing the flexible bag to remove the solids fraction.. .
Nov Subsea Products As

Subsurface heater configuration for in situ hydrocarbon production

A configuration of elongate subsurface heaters (20) in a subsurface oil shale formation (10) for use in hydrocarbon production. The heaters (20) are grouped into a series of columns (40), and the columns extend generally perpendicular to the sedimentary layers (50) of the subsurface oil shale formation (10).
Statoil Asa

Reduction method and electrolysis system for electrochemical carbon dioxide utilization

The present disclosure relates to electrolysis. For example, an electrolysis system for carbon dioxide utilization may include: an electrolysis cell having an anode and a cathode, where carbon dioxide reduces at the cathode to at least one hydrocarbon compound or to carbon monoxide; first and second electrolyte reservoirs; a first product gas line from the first electrolyte reservoir; a second product gas line from the second electrolyte reservoir; a first connecting line supplying electrolyte from the first electrolyte reservoir to the anode; a second connecting line taking electrolyte from the anode to the second electrolyte reservoir; a third connecting line supplying electrolyte from the second electrolyte reservoir to the cathode; a fourth connecting line taking electrolyte from the cathode off to the first electrolyte reservoir; and a pressure-equalizing connection directly connecting the first and second electrolyte reservoirs..
Siemens Aktiengesellschaft

Method for producing biohydrocarbons

The present invention relates to a method of producing biohydrocarbons. Further, the invention relates to biohydrocarbons obtainable by the methods of the invention and to a method of producing polymers..
Neste Oyj

Multi-stage resid hydrocracking

Processes and systems for upgrading resid hydrocarbon feeds are disclosed. The process system may operate in two different operating modes, maximum conversion and maximum quality effluent.
Lummus Technology Inc.

Process for removing oxygenates from hydrocarbon streams

A system for removing oxygenates from a hydrocarbon stream includes a caustic wash unit comprising a plurality of caustic wash loops, and a hydrogenation reactor. The hydrogenation reactor is configured to receive a first gaseous stream from a first caustic wash loop of the plurality of caustic wash loops and pass a second gaseous stream from the hydrogenation reactor to a second caustic wash loop of the plurality of caustic wash loops, wherein the hydrogenation reactor comprises a sulfided catalyst..
Fluor Technologies Corporation

Neutralization of hydrogen sulfide and light mercaptanes in hydrocarbon media

Disclosed is a composition and method for neutralization of hydrogen sulfide and light mercaptanes from hydrocarbon media, and improvement of the copper strip indicator in petroleum products. The composition is an aqueous solution of polysulfides comprising alkali metals and/or polysulfides of primary or secondary ethanolamines, alkali metal hydroxides, water-soluble alkylamines and optionally alkali metal nitrites..
Lyra Energy Srl

Process to convert aliphatics and alkylaromatics to light olefins with acidic catalyst

The process for producing light olefins comprises the steps of contacting a feed stream comprising c4 to c11 hydrocarbons having at least 10 wt % paraffins and at least 15 wt % alkylaromatics with an acidic catalyst to form a cracked product comprising light olefins and aromatics. The catalyst comprises about 30 to about 80 wt-% of a crystalline zeolite and a low-acidic binder and may be regenerated..
Uop Llc

Method and producing a chemical compound and the produced chemical compound

A method and an apparatus for producing a chemical compound from biomass based raw material. The bio-mass based raw material is gasified in a gasification device for forming a gasification gas, the gasification gas is treated in the reactor which includes at least one catalyst layer including fe-based catalyst for forming a hydrocarbon composition, at least one hydrocarbon fraction including olefins is recovered from the hydrocarbon composition, and a chemical compound is formed from the hydrocarbon fraction.
Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus Vtt Oy

Polymerizable composition including polymerizable liquid crystal compound, film, and manufacturing film

A represents a cyclic divalent group (at least one thereof is a divalent saturated hydrocarbon ring group), l represents —c(═o)o—, —oc(═o)—, and the like, and m represents 3 to 12, sp1 and sp2 are alkylene and the like, any one of q1 and q2 represents a polymerizable group; a film including a layer obtained by curing the polymerizable composition; and a film adjacently including a layer obtained by curing polymerizable composition including a polymerizable liquid crystal compound represented by formula (i) and a layer obtained by curing composition including a urethane (meth)acrylate monomer and a manufacturing method thereof. The polymerizable composition includes a polymerizable liquid crystal compound having low birefringence and can provide a highly-durable optical film..

Metal surface coating composition and terminal fitted electric wire

Where x1 to x7 represent an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, r11 to r13 represent a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein at least one of them is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, and r14 to r16 represent a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms wherein at least one of them is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms.. .

Liquid compositions of overbased calcium carboxylate and process for its preparation

The present invention relates to light color, shelf-stable liquid compositions of overbased calcium carboxylate soaps and a process for their preparation. The inventive soaps are prepared by neutralizing calcium base in a mixture of two different aliphatic carboxylic acids and carbonating the mixture in the presence of a non-polar hydrocarbon solvent and a polar organic solvent as a promoter under controlled temperature conditions.
Delta Specialties

Polymerisation of ethylene in the presence of a silylchromate based catalyst

The invention relates to a process for the production of high density polyethylene having a density in the range between 945 and 965 kg/m3 by polymerisation of ethylene in the presence of a silylchromate based catalyst and a reducing agent. The reducing agent comprises the reaction mixture of an alkyl aluminum compound and a nitrogen containing compound, wherein the alkyl aluminum compound is an organo aluminum compound having the formula alr3, in which r is a hydrocarbon radical containing 1-10 carbon atom and wherein the nitrogen containing compound is a cycloalkylamine having the general formula r—nh2, wherein r is cycloalkyl radical having from 3 to 8 carbon atoms..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Magnesium sulfonate synthesis

An overbased magnesium sulfonate detergent is made by (a) preparing a mixture of a sulfonic acid or salt with a magnesium oxide, water, a c1-c5 alkanol, a hydrocarbon solvent, and a combination of a polyisobutene succinic anhydride of molecular weight (mw) 500 to 1500 g mol−1 and a salicylic acid as first and second promoters; and (b) carbonating the mixture with an acidic gas to form the overbased magnesium sulfonate.. .
Infineum International Limited

12h-benzo[b]xanthen-12-ones, compositions containing, and uses of, same

Methods of using such compounds, and pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds. In addition, this invention provides methods for the treatment and/or prevention of disease states mediated by aryl hydrocarbon receptor pathways..

Alpha/alpha-prime-alkoxylated glycerol linear carbonic esters

Where r7 is a h or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and m is an integer between 0 and 10 inclusive, and x is —o— or —nh—.. .

Process for compound transformation

Embodiments of the present disclosure provide for methods of using a catalytic system to chemically transform a compound (e.g., a hydrocarbon). In an embodiment, the method does not employ grafting the catalyst prior to catalysis.
King Abdullah University Of Science And Technology

Oxidative coupling of methane methods and systems

The present disclosure provides natural gas and petrochemical processing systems including oxidative coupling of methane reactor systems that integrate process inputs and outputs to cooperatively utilize different inputs and outputs of the various systems in the production of higher hydrocarbons from natural gas and other hydrocarbon feedstocks.. .
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Method for removing benzene from contaminated aqueous solutions

Methods and nanocomposites for the adsorptive removal of aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylene from contaminated water sources and systems are provided. The nanocomposites contain carbon nanotubes and metal oxide nanoparticles such as al2o3, fe2o3 and zno impregnated on a surface and/or in pore spaces of the carbon nanotubes.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Method for bonding heterogeneous substrates

Adhering a second substrate raw material to the uv radiation treated surface of the first substrate, the second substrate raw material being fluorinated hydrocarbon rubber or silicone rubber; and press molding the first substrate and the second substrate raw material so as to bond the first substrate and a second substrate of the second substrate raw material together.. .

Cation exchange resin, and cation exchange membrane and fuel cell electrolyte membrane using same

A cation exchange resin is used, the cation exchange resin comprising: a divalent hydrophobic unit; and a divalent hydrophilic unit having divalent hydrophilic groups which are repeated via carbon-carbon bond, the divalent hydrophilic groups being composed of one aromatic ring, or being composed of a plurality of aromatic rings which are bonded to each other via a divalent hydrocarbon group, a divalent silicon-containing group, a divalent nitrogen-containing group, a divalent phosphorus-containing group, a divalent oxygen-containing group, a divalent sulfur-containing group, or carbon-carbon bond, at least one of the aromatic rings having a cation exchange group; wherein the hydrophobic unit and the hydrophilic unit are bonded to each other via carbon-carbon bond.. .

Nano-nickel catalyst and hydrogenation device of carbon oxides

A nano-nickel catalyst and a hydrogenation device of carbon oxides are provided. The hydrogenation device is configured to reduce the carbon oxides to form low carbon hydrocarbons.
National Cheng Kung University

Producing c5 olefins from steam cracker c5 feeds

Producing c5 olefins from steam cracker c5 reeds may include reacting a mixed hydrocarbon stream comprising cyclopentadiene, c5 olefins, and c6+ hydrocarbons in a dimerization reactor where cyclopentadiene is dimerized to dicyclopentadiene. The dimerization reactor effluent may be separated into a traction comprising the c6+ hydrocarbons and dicyclopentadiene and a second fraction comprising c5 olefins and c5 dienes.
Lummus Technology Inc.

Producing c5 olefins from steam cracker c5 feeds

Producing c5 olefins from steam cracker c5 feeds may include reacting a mixed hydrocarbon stream comprising cyclopentadiene, c5 olefins, and c6+ hydrocarbons in a dimerization reactor where cyclopentadiene is dimerized to dicyclopentadiene. The dimerization reactor effluent may be separated into a fraction comprising the c6+ hydrocarbons and dicyclopentadiene and a second fraction comprising c5 olefins and c5 dienes.
Lummus Technology Inc.

Cosmetic compositions which are homogenous in the bulk and capable of forming a multilayer structure after application to a keratinous material

An inorganic pigment, skin active agent, skin adjuvant, or uv filter; wherein the weight ratio of the silicone- and/or hydrocarbon-containing film forming agent(s) in component a to silicone compound(s) in component b of about 1:1.5 to about 1:100.. .

Cosmetic compositions which are homogenous in the bulk and capable of forming a multilayer structure after application to a keratinous material

Wherein the weight ratio of the silicone- and/or hydrocarbon-containing film forming agent(s) in component a to silicone compound(s) in component b of about 1:1.5 to about 1:100.. .

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Basf Se

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A generating a production strategy for the development of a reservoir of hydrocarbon in a natural environment

The present invention is related to a method of generating a production strategy for the development of a reservoir of hydrocarbon in a natural environment by solving a minimization problem involving, among others, decisional variables, in such a way said decisional variables are reduced or even eliminated by combining them with other continuous variables. The reduction of decisional variables provides a high reduction of the computational cost.
Repsol, S.a.

Measurement of hydrocarbon contamination in water

A method for performing infrared analysis for measuring hydrocarbon contamination in water includes providing light from a light source; directing light from the light source through an experimental water sample; detecting the light transmitted from the experimental water sample; and determining a level of hydrocarbon contamination in the experimental water sample based on the light loss in the range between about 5700 cm−1 and 6300 cm−1. An apparatus for performing infrared analysis for measuring hydrocarbon contamination in water includes a controller operative to determine light loss through the sample cell and to determine a level of hydrocarbon contamination in the experimental water sample based on the light loss in the range between about 5700 cm−1 and 6300 cm−1..
Abb Schweiz Ag

Mass airflow sensor and hydrocarbon trap combination

A combined mass airflow sensor and hydrocarbon trap is provided for absorbing evaporative hydrocarbon emissions from an air intake duct of an internal combustion engine. The combined mass airflow sensor and hydrocarbon trap comprises a duct that supports a hydrocarbon absorbing sheet in an unfolded configuration within a housing.
K&n Engineering, Inc.

Systems and methods for a split exhaust engine system

Methods and systems are provided for operating a split exhaust engine system that provides blowthrough air and exhaust gas recirculation to an intake passage via a first exhaust manifold and exhaust gas to an exhaust passage via a second exhaust manifold. In one example, in response to a request to shut down the split exhaust engine system, an intake throttle may be closed and a first valve disposed in a secondary flow passage coupled between the intake manifold, downstream of the intake throttle, and a first exhaust manifold coupled to a first set of exhaust valves, may be opened.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Detecting a multi-modal tracer in a hydrocarbon reservoir

The present disclosure describes methods and systems for detecting a multi-modal tracer in a hydrocarbon reservoir. One method includes injecting a multi-modal tracer at a first location in a reservoir, wherein the multi-modal tracer mixes with subsurface fluid in the reservoir; collecting fluid samples at a second location in the reservoir; and analyzing the fluid samples to detect a presence of the multi-modal tracer in the fluid samples..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Horizontal well design for field with naturally fractured reservoir

Methods, systems, and computer program products for designing a horizontal well in a hydrocarbon field having naturally fractured reservoir integrates workflows from multiple oilfield related disciplines, including a geophysics workflow, geomechanics workflow, and completion and production workflow to achieve an a dynamic and integrated solution.. .
Landmark Graphics Corporation

Systems and methods for starting, restarting, monitoring, and increasing performance of a production and/or injection system

A system includes a distributed control system and a subsea tree that includes subsea tree chokes and a subsea control module communicatively coupled to flow control valves. The distributed control system communicatively couples to the subsea control module, is located at a surface level, and includes processors that send a first instruction to the flow control valves to adjust hydrocarbon production flow when water or gas cut is above a threshold.
Onesubsea Ip Uk Limited

Method and filling an annulus between casing and rock in an oil or gas well

The invention relates to the decommissioning of hydrocarbon wells. It concerns the artificial promoting or inducing of creep in the overburden formation 3 surrounding an oil well 1, so that the formation rock 3 encroaches against the casing 5 to form a seal.
Conocophillips Company

Wellbore plug isolation system and method

A wellbore plug isolation system and method for positioning plugs to isolate fracture zones in a horizontal, vertical, or deviated wellbore is disclosed. The system/method includes a wellbore casing laterally drilled into a hydrocarbon formation, a wellbore setting tool (wst) that sets a large inner diameter (id) restriction sleeve member (rsm), and a restriction plug element (rpe).
Geodynamics, Inc.

Leveling additives for electrodeposition

Leveling additives, their use in electrodeposition, and regeneration are described. In one embodiment, an electrodeposition bath may include a non-aqueous liquid and an optionally substituted aromatic hydrocarbon.
Xtalic Corporation

Enzymatic hydroxylation of aliphatic hydrocarbon

The invention relates to enzymatic methods for hydroxylation in position 2 or 3 of substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched aliphatic hydrocarbons.. .
Novozymes A/s

Production of beta-phellandrene using genetically engineered photosynthetic microorganisms

The present invention provides methods and compositions for producing β-phellandrene hydrocarbons from a photosynthetic microorganism such as cyanobacteria.. .
The Regents Of The University Of California

Threaded tubular connection provided with a metallic coating on the threading and on the sealing surface

The invention concerns a threaded tubular connection for drilling or operating hydrocarbon wells, comprising a portion of a tubular element with a male end having an axis of revolution and provided with a first threading extending about the axis of revolution, said male end portion being complementary with a portion of a tubular element with a female end having an axis of revolution and provided with a second threading extending about the axis of revolution, said male and female end portions being capable of being connected by makeup, each of the male and female end portions further comprising a sealing surface with a metal-metal interference, wherein the threading and the sealing surface of one of the two, male or female, end portions are coated with a first metallic anti-corrosion and anti-galling layer wherein zinc (zn) is the major element by weight, said first metallic anti-corrosion and anti-galling layer being coated with a first passivation layer, and the complementary threading and sealing surface of the male or female end are coated with a second metallic anti-galling layer wherein zinc (zn) is the major element by weight, the second metallic anti-galling layer being at least partially coated with a lubricant layer comprising a resin and a dry solid lubricant powder dispersed in said resin.. .
Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation

Grease compositions and making the same

A grease composition comprising a lubricating base oil and a thickener, which thickener comprises an ester-terminated oligomer and a polymer. The polymer is a polyolefin.
Aktiebolaget Skf

Multi-functional olefin copolymers and lubricating compositions containing same

A functionalized polymer for use in a lubricant composition. The functionalized polymer includes a reaction product of a hydrocarbon polymer grafted with an acylating agent that is reacted with both: i) a hydrocarbyl substituted poly(oxyalkylene) amine and/or a poly(oxyalkylene) alcohol and ii) a polyamine.
Afton Chemical Corporation

Grease compositions and a making the same

A grease composition comprising a thickener and a lubricating base oil, wherein the lubricating base oil has a viscosity in the range of from 5-1000 cst (at 40° c.). The thickener is present in an amount of 5-40 wt.
Aktiebolaget Skf

Direct incorporation of natural gas into hydrocarbon liquid fuels

The present invention provides a method of incorporating a gaseous hydrocarbon into a liquid hydrocarbon. The method comprises steps of exposing a gaseous hydrocarbon to non-thermal plasma generated using a reduced electric field with an e/n ratio in a range of from about 10 to about 30 td to activate the gaseous hydrocarbon, and contacting the activated gaseous hydrocarbon with the liquid hydrocarbon to incorporate the gaseous hydrocarbon into the liquid hydrocarbon.
Drexel University

Processes for producing a fuel range hydrocarbon and a lubricant base oil

Apparatuses and processes for producing at least one lubricant base oil and at least one hydrocarbon fuel range product. A deasphalted oil and a vgo stream and passed to a first hydroprocessing zone.
Uop Llc

Efficient process for converting heavy oil to gasoline

Methods and systems are provided for making gasoline. The method includes converting a resid-containing feed to a first fuel gas and a fluid coke in a fluidized bed reactor; gasifying the fluid coke with steam and air to produce a second fuel gas, said second fuel gas comprising a syngas; contacting the first fuel gas with a first conversion catalyst under first effective conversion conditions to form an effluent comprising c5+ hydrocarbon compounds; and converting the syngas to gasoline boiling range hydrocarbons by converting the syngas to a methanol intermediate product..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Ternary catalyst system for reduction of acids in a liquid hydrocarbon

A process for reducing total acid number (tan), comprising: contacting, without hydrogen addition, a liquid hydrocarbon having a high initial tan with a ternary catalyst comprising titanium-oxide, a metal promoter, and a porous support; wherein the contacting occurs over a short time or at a defined lhsv, and at a low contacting temperature, and wherein the contacting reduces the initial tan by at least 20%. Also, a new ternary catalyst that reduces the tan, wherein the ternary catalyst has a molar ratio of titanium to metal from the metal promoter that is greater than 3:1..
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Process for removal of hydrogen sulfide in downhole oilfield applications

A method and system remove hydrogen sulfide from a sour liquid. In an embodiment, the method for removing hydrogen sulfide from a hydrocarbon containing fluid includes contacting a methylmorpholine-n-oxide solution with the sour liquid.
United Laboratories International, Llc

Curable composition, adhesive sheet, cured product, laminate, producing adhesive sheet, and device

Wherein r1 represents an integer from 4 to 20; l represents a group containing epoxy, oxetanyl or vinyl ether group; r11 and r12 each represent an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; s1 represents an integer from 1 to 3; t1 represents an integer from 0 to 2, where s1 plus t1 equals 3; and r13 and r14 are selected from hydrogen and an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group. The polyorganosilsesquioxane has a number-average molecular weight of 1000 to 3000 and a molecular-weight dispersity of 1.0 to 3.0, includes a constitutional unit represented by formula (1), has a ratio of a constitutional unit represented by formula (i) to a constitutional unit represented by formula (ii) of 5 or more, and has a total proportion of the constitutional unit represented by formula (1) and a constitutional unit represented by formula (4) of 55 to 100 mole percent of all siloxane constitutional units.

Adhesives comprising polyindane resins

The present invention is generally related to various types of compositions that comprise a polyindane resin. In particular, the polyindane resins may be utilized in various polymer-based and elastomer-based formulations in order to enhance several properties and characteristics of those formulations.
Eastman Chemical Company

Adhesive sheet

A pressure sensitive adhesive sheet is provided, containing a substrate or a release material having thereon a resin layer including a resin part (x) containing as a main component a hydrocarbon resin having a carbon atom on a main chain of a structural unit, and a particle part (y) consisting of fine particles containing silica particles, and at least a surface (α) of the resin layer being opposite to the side of the substrate or being opposite to the side which the release material is provided, having pressure sensitive adhesiveness, the resin layer containing a multilayer structure having a layer (xα) and a layer (y1) in this order in the thickness direction from the side of the surface (α), in a measurement of an intensity ratio (si/c) of a peak intensity (si) derived from a silicon atom and a peak intensity (c) derived from a carbon atom with an energy dispersive x-ray analyzer in the thickness direction from the side of the surface (α) of the resin layer, the intensity ratio in the layer (xα) being less than 0.10, and the intensity ratio in the layer (y1) being 0.10 or more, the surface (α) having concave portions of irregular shapes.. .
Lintec Corporation

Tires comprising polyindane resins and uses thereof

The present invention is generally related to various types of compositions that comprise a polyindane resin. In particular, the polyindane resins may be utilized in various polymer-based and elastomer-based formulations in order to enhance several properties and characteristics of those formulations.
Eastman Chemical Company

Terminal-modified conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer and synthesis method thereof, rubber composition and tire

The invention provides a terminal-modified conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer and a synthesis method and application thereof. The synthesis method of the terminal-modified conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer includes producing a conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer having active terminals; and reacting the conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer having the active terminals with a compound represented by formula (1) to produce the conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer having terminals modified by the compound represented by formula (1)..
Chi Mei Corporation

Large area monolayer of perfluoro polymers

Synthesis and growth of large area free-standing ultra-thin two-dimensional (2d) polymeric films including 2d covalent organic frameworks (cof) are achieved by utilizing fluorocarbon-soluble fluorinated aldehyde derivatives and hydrocarbon-soluble amine derivatives at a liquid-liquid interface of respective fluorocarbon and hydrocarbon solvents.. .
South Dakota Board Of Regents

Curable composition and adhesive for optical applications using same

The present invention is able to provide a curable composition which contains a poly(meth)acrylate compound having a fluorene ring (component (a)), a polythiol compound having a thioalkyl structure (component (b)), an ene compound having a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon skeleton (component (c)), and a polymerization initiator (component (d)). A curable composition according to the present invention is especially useful as an adhesive for optical applications, and has high refractive index as an optical characteristic, while having low contractility, photocurability, colorlessness and transparency, viscosity suitable for work, and the like..
Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc.

Removal of feed treatment units in aromatics complex designs

Processes and apparatuses for producing para-xylenes are provided. The processes comprises providing a reformate stream comprising aromatic hydrocarbons to a reformate splitter to provide a reformate bottoms stream and a reformate overhead stream.
Uop Llc

Parallel reactor system for ethylbenzene dehydrogenation

A multi-stage dehydrogenation process including contacting, in a first stage, a feed stream comprising a hydrocarbon and steam with a dehydrogenation catalyst under dehydrogenation conditions to yield a first stage effluent, heating the first stage effluent, and contacting, in a second stage, the heated first stage effluent with a dehydrogenation catalyst under dehydrogenation conditions to yield a second stage effluent comprising a dehydrogenation product, wherein the first stage includes a first reactor and a second reactor arranged in parallel, and wherein the second stage includes a third reactor connected in series with the first reactor and the second reactor. A multi-stage dehydrogenation system for carrying out dehydrogenation is also provided..
Fina Technology, Inc.

Composition of matter and structure of zeolite uzm-55 and use in isomerization of aromatic molecules

Where m represents a metal or metals selected from zinc or group 1 (iupac 1), group 2 (iupac 2), group 3 (iupac 3) or the lanthanide series of the periodic table including sodium, potassium or a combination of sodium and potassium cations, r is an organic structure directing agent or agents derived from reactants r1 and r2 such as where r1 is diisopropanolamine and r2 is a chelating diamine, and e is an element selected from the group consisting of gallium, iron, boron and mixtures thereof. Catalysts made from uzm-55 have utility in various hydrocarbon conversion reactions..

Removal of feed treatment units in aromatics complex designs

Processes and apparatuses for producing para-xylenes are provided. The processes comprises providing a reformate stream comprising aromatic hydrocarbons to a reformate splitter to provide a reformate bottoms stream and a reformate overhead stream.
Uop Llc

Process for steam cracking hydrocarbons

A steam cracking process for converting hydrocarbons into smaller hydrocarbons, particularly olefins, in a tube reactor comprising a convection section, a cross-over section, and a radiant section. The process includes heating the fluid mixture inside the tube to a temperature at the end of the convection section where significant cracking occurs in the cross-over section.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Apparatus and process for the preparation of acetylene and synthesis gas

A process for the preparation of acetylene and synthesis gas by partial oxidation of hydrocarbons with oxygen is further proposed.. .

Upgrading ethane-containing light paraffins streams

In a process for upgrading an ethane-containing c5− paraffin stream, the paraffin stream is contacted with an oxygen containing gas in the presence of a selective oxidation catalyst under conditions to selectively oxidize at least part of the ethane in the paraffin stream and produce a first product stream comprising ethylene. At least part of the first product stream is then with an oligomerization catalyst under conditions to oligomerize at least part of the ethylene and produce a second product stream comprising gasoline and/or distillate boiling range hydrocarbons.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Efficient process for converting methanol to gasoline

Systems and methods are provided for the conversion of methanol to gasoline. Such methods may be performed be the sequential conversion of methanol to dimethyl ether, the conversion of dimethyl ether (and unconverted methanol, if present) to an intermediate olefin-rich product, and the oligomerization of the olefin-rich product to gasoline boiling range hydrocarbons..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Mixed oxygen and organic compound treatment for functionalizing oxygen onto the surface of boron nitride

Improved methods of synthesizing oxygen-functionalized boron nitride (o—bn) are disclosed. In the disclosed methods, boron nitride (bn) in any form is contacted with a gaseous composition or compositions that include oxygen and an organic compound, such as, but not limited to, a hydrocarbon..
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Method of production of conjugated diene rubber

Wherein, in the general formula (1), x1 represents a functional group selected from a hydrocarbyloxy group, halogen group, and hydroxyl group, r1 represents a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon group, r2 and r3 respectively independently represent a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon group, r2 and r3 may bond with each other to foam a ring structure together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bound, when foaming the ring structure they may form a ring structure together with a hetero atom other than the nitrogen atom to which they are bound in addition to the nitrogen atom to which they are bound, “r” is an integer of 0 to 2.. .

Additives for gas phase oxidatives desulfurization catalysts

A composition useful in oxidative desulphurization of gaseous hydrocarbons is described. It comprises a cuznal—o mixed oxide, and an h form of a zeolite.
Boreskov Institute Of Catalysis

Catalyst for the dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons

The present invention relates to a catalyst for the dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons which is based on iron oxide and additionally comprises at least one potassium compound, at least one cerium compound, from 0.7 to 10% by weight of at least one manganese compound, calculated as mn02, and from 10 to 200 ppm of at least one titanium compound, calculated as tio2, and also to a process for the production thereof. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a process for the catalytic dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons using the catalyst of the invention..
Basf Se

Fuel upgrading by reforming and dehydrocracking

Zn-promoted and/or ga-promoted cracking catalysts, such as cracking catalysts comprising an mse framework zeolite or an mfi framework zeolite can provide unexpectedly superior conversion of branched paraffins when used as part of a catalyst during reforming of a hydrocarbon fuel stream. The conversion and reforming of the hydrocarbon fuel stream can occur, for example, in an internal combustion engine.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Self-supporting structures having active materials

A method and system for manufacturing and using a self-supporting structure in processing unit for adsorption or catalytic processes. The self-supporting structure has greater than 50% by weight of the active material in the self-supporting structure to provide an open-celled structure providing access to the active material.

Upgrading hydrocarbons using stoichiometric or below stoichiometric air for catalyst regeneration

A method is provided for upgrading a hydrocarbon feed. The method may include contacting a hydrocarbon feed with a catalyst in a fluidized bed reactor; directing a portion of the catalyst from the fluidized bed reactor to a regeneration zone, such that the portion of the catalyst flows in a first direction through the regeneration zone; directing combustion air into the regeneration zone in a counter-flow direction to the first direction, wherein the combustion air is provided at a rate of about 100.05% or less of the stoichiometric air requirement for combusting coke present on the portion of catalyst; regenerating the portion of the catalyst in the regeneration zone to produce regenerated catalyst; and directing a portion of the hydrocarbon feed to combine with the regenerated catalyst downstream of the regeneration zone and lift the regenerated catalyst back to the fluidized bed reactor..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Self-supporting structures having active materials

A method and system for manufacturing and using a self-supporting structure in processing unit for adsorption or catalytic processes. The self-supporting structure has greater than 50% by weight of the active material in the self-supporting structure to provide a foam-geometry structure providing access to the active material.

Membrane and pressure swing adsorption hybrid inru process

A process for component separation in a polymer production system, comprising: separating a polymerization product stream into a gas stream and a polymer stream; contacting the polymer stream with a purge gas to yield a purged polymer stream and a spent purge gas stream; introducing the spent purge gas stream to a compressor to produce a compressed gas stream; introducing the compressed gas stream to a first separation unit to produce a first hydrocarbon stream and a membrane unit feed stream; introducing the membrane unit feed stream to a membrane unit to produce a first recovered purge gas stream and a retentate stream; introducing the retentate stream to a second separation unit to produce a second hydrocarbon stream and a psa unit feed stream; and introducing the psa unit feed stream to a psa unit to produce a second recovered purge gas stream and a tail gas stream.. .
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company Lp

Methods and systems for performing chemical separations

The present disclosure provides a method for generating higher hydrocarbon(s) from a stream comprising compounds with two or more carbon atoms (c2+), comprising introducing methane and an oxidant (e.g., o2) into an oxidative coupling of methane (ocm) reactor. The ocm reactor reacts the methane with the oxidant to generate a first product stream comprising the c2+ compounds.
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Assembly for syringe, prefilled syringe, seal cap for barrel and package for assembly for syringe

An assembly of the present invention for a syringe is composed of a barrel, made of cyclic polyolefin, which has a barrel body having a distal end part and a piercing needle which has a piercing needle tip at its distal end and is fixed to a piercing needle fixing portion of the barrel and a seal cap mounted on the barrel. The seal cap is formed of a thermoplastic elastomer composition containing as its main component a mixture of a styrene-based thermoplastic elastomer and a softener, for hydrocarbon-based rubber, which has a kinematic viscosity of 1 to 5,000 mm2s−1 at 100 degrees c.
Mcpp Innovation Llc

Silicone wound dressing and methods for manufacturing and using thereof

Provided are a silicone wound dressing, a method of manufacturing thereof and a method of using thereof. The silicone wound dressing has a silicone dressing base material and an amorphous carbon coating formed on the silicone dressing base material.
Bio Interface Engineering, L.l.c.

Oil-in-water emulsion composition

The present invention relates to a composition in the form of an o/w emulsion, comprising: (a) at least one hydrocarbon-based block copolymer comprising at least one styrene block and at least one block comprising units chosen from butadiene, ethylene, propylene, butylene and isoprene or a mixture thereof, which are optionally hydrogenated; (b) at least one film-forming linear ethylenic polymer devoid of styrene; (c) at least one oil; and (d) water. The composition according to the present invention can maintain the form of an o/w emulsion for a long period of time, and can exhibit good cosmetic properties such as soft feeling to the touch, uniform adhesion to the skin and long lasting cosmetic effects..
L'oreal

Agent for controlling noxious arthropods

An agent for controlling noxious arthropods has an exceptional noxious arthropod controlling effect, said agent containing an amide compound represented by formula (i) and an inactive carrier. In formula (i), r2 represents a c1-c3 chain hydrocarbon group, etc., r5 and r6 represent a hydrogen atom, etc., r9 represents a c1-c4 alkyl group, etc., r10 represents a c1-c4 alkyl group or hydrogen atom, etc., r11 and r12 each independently represent a c1-c4 alkyl group, etc., and y represents a single bond, an oxygen atom, or s(o)u; when y is a single bond, m represents 0, and q represents a c1-c8 chain hydrocarbon group, etc.; and when y is an oxygen atom or s(o)u, m represents any integer of 0 to 7, q represents a c1-c8 chain hydrocarbon group, etc., a and b represent 0, 1, 2, or 3 (the sum of a and b representing any integer of 1 to 6), and u represents 0, 1, or 2..
Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited

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Method for producing silver nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, and silver coating composition

The present invention provides silver nano-particles that are excellent in stability and develop excellent conductivity by low-temperature calcining, a producing method for same, and a silver coating composition comprising the silver nano-particles. A method for producing silver nano-particles comprising: preparing an amine mixture liquid comprising: an aliphatic hydrocarbon monoamine (a) comprising an aliphatic hydrocarbon group and one amino group, said aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 6 or more carbon atoms in total; an aliphatic hydrocarbon monoamine (b) comprising an aliphatic hydrocarbon group and one amino group, said aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 5 or less carbon atoms in total; and an aliphatic hydrocarbon diamine (c) comprising an aliphatic hydrocarbon group and two amino groups, said aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 8 or less carbon atoms in total; mixing a silver compound and the amine mixture liquid to forma complex compound comprising the silver compound and the amines; and thermally decomposing the complex compound by heating to form silver nano-particles..
Daicel Corporation

Hybrid solid state electrolyte for lithium secondary battery

Provided is a solid state electrolyte for a rechargeable lithium battery, comprising a lithium ion-conducting polymer matrix or binder and a lithium ion-conducting inorganic species dispersed in or chemically bonded by the polymer matrix or binder, wherein the lithium ion-conducting inorganic species is selected from a mixture of a sodium-conducting species or sodium salt and a lithium-conducting species or lithium salt selected from li2co3, li2o, li2c2o4, lioh, lix, roco2li, hcoli, roli, (roco2li)2, (ch2oco2li)2, li2s, lixsoy, or a combination thereof, wherein x=f, cl, i, or br, r=a hydrocarbon group, x=0-1, y=1-4; and wherein the polymer matrix or binder is in an amount from 1% to 99% by volume of the electrolyte composition. Also provided are a process for producing this solid state electrolyte and a lithium secondary battery containing such a solid state electrolyte..
Nanotek Instruments, Inc.

Condensed cyclic compound and organic electroluminescence device including the same

Where each of x, y and z is independently a substituted or unsubstituted pentagonal hydrocarbon ring, a substituted or unsubstituted hexagonal hydrocarbon ring, a substituted or unsubstituted pentagonal heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted hexagonal heterocycle, the pentagonal heterocycle and the hexagonal heterocycle each independently includes one heteroatom, each of a and b is independently 0 or 1, and ar1 is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms for forming a ring.. .

Automated measuring saturate, aromatic, resin, and asphaltene fractions using microfluidics and spectroscopy

A method of determining saturate, aromatic, resin, and asphaltene (sara) fractions of a hydrocarbon fluid sample, including: i) microfluidic mixing that forms a mixture including the hydrocarbon fluid sample and a solvent fluid that dissolves asphaltenes; ii) performing optical spectroscopy on the hydrocarbon fluid sample-solvent fluid mixture resulting from i); iii) microfluidic mixing that forms a mixture including the hydrocarbon fluid sample and a titrant fluid that precipitates asphaltenes; iv) microfluidically precipitating asphaltenes from the hydrocarbon fluid sample titrant fluid mixture resulting from iii); v) performing a microfluidic filtering operation that removes precipitated asphaltenes from the mixture resulting from iv) while outputting permeate; vi) performing optical spectroscopy on the permeate resulting from v); vii) determining an asphaltene fraction percentage of the hydrocarbon fluid sample based on the optical spectroscopy performed in ii) and vi); viii) sequentially separating saturate-, aromatic-, and resin-containing portions from the permeate from v); ix) for each separating of viii), measuring an optical property of the respective saturate-, aromatic-, and resin-containing portions over time; and x) determining fraction percentages of saturates, aromatics, and resins in the hydrocarbon fluid sample based on the measured optical properties of ix) and respective mass-to-optical correlation data.. .
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Gas meter and associated methods

A device which: optically detects the presence of, measures the flow rate of, and identifies the characteristics of venting fugitive gas emissions. Specifically the device provides a spectral analysis of emission gas constituents; selective detection of the presence of venting hydrocarbons; measurement of venting emissions flow rates, the measurement of shut-in and flowing venting system pressures and the venting system temperatures.
Ventbusters Inc.

Compact hydrocarbon dosing and mixing system and method

A system to dose and mix hydrocarbon is disclosed, which includes a twin-parallel turbocharger equipped engine, a mixer coupled to exhaust outlets of the turbines of the twin-parallel turbocharger equipped engine, and a hydrocarbon dosing unit coupled to the mixer. A method of manufacturing the compact hydrocarbon dosing and mixing system is also disclosed, as is a method of dosing and mixing hydrocarbon..
Caterpillar Inc.

Hydrocarbon wells and methods cooperatively utilizing a gas lift assembly and an electric submersible pump

Hydrocarbon wells and methods cooperatively utilizing a gas lift assembly and an electric submersible pump, the hydrocarbon wells including a wellbore extending between a surface region and a subterranean formation, a downhole tubular defining a tubular conduit and extending within the wellbore, an electric pumping assembly, an electric power source, and a gas lift assembly. The methods include generating a pumped reservoir fluid stream, generating a gas lifted reservoir fluid stream, conveying the pumped reservoir fluid stream to a surface region via an esp conduit, and conveying the gas lifted reservoir fluid stream to the surface region via an annular space that is distinct from the esp conduit..

Using radio waves to fracture rocks in a hydrocarbon reservoir

The present disclosure describes methods and systems for fracturing geological formations in a hydrocarbon reservoir. One method includes forming a borehole in a hydrocarbon reservoir from a surface of the hydrocarbon reservoir extending downward into the hydrocarbon reservoir; transmitting an electromagnetic (em) wave through the borehole: directing at least a portion of the em wave to rocks at a location below the surface in the hydrocarbon reservoir; and fracturing the rocks at the location below the surface in the hydrocarbon reservoir by irradiating the rocks around the borehole using at least the portion of the em wave, wherein irradiating the rocks elevates pore-water pressure in the rocks causing fracturing of the rocks..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Subsea live hydrocarbon fluid retrieval system and method

Disclosed is a subsea live hydrocarbon fluid retrieval system and method. The system and method include the ability to depressurize the fluid while enacting controlled venting of the gas entrained in the fluid during a controlled ascent to the surface from the seabed.
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Method of exploiting hydrocarbons from a sedimentary basin comprising carbonate rocks, by means of stratigraphic simulation

A method of exploiting hydrocarbons from a sedimentary basin comprising at least one layer of carbonate sediments, by use of stratigraphic simulation is disclosed from measurements carried out on a rock sample from a carbonate layer of the basin studied, a series of diagenetic stages undergone by the sediments, the parameters of the microstructural model representative of the final diagenetic state of sediments, and minimum and maximum variations of the parameters for each diagenetic stage are determined. The mechanical parameters of the sediments of the layer are subsequently determined for each the diagenetic stage, using effective medium modelling and microstructural model parameter variations determined for each of the stages.
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Method for operating a plant of hydrocarbons containing organo-sulfur compounds by means of a thermo-cinetic model and a compositional tank simulation

Application notably to the exploration and exploitation of oil deposits, for example.. .

Enhanced hydrocarbon well blowout protection

A sealable pipe adaptor is mounted directly on a hydrocarbon well head. A central branch is used for a drilling operation.

Sea bed terminal for offshore activities

The publication relates to a shallow water seabed terminal (40) for storing and loading or unloading hydrocarbons, such as lng, oil or gas, comprising a floatable, removable module (20), and a removable seabed substructure (10) intended to be supported by a seabed (19), the floatable module (20) being releasably fixed to the seabed substructure (10) so that a harbour terminal is formed, the seabed substructure (10) comprises a base structure (11) provided with buoyancy devices, an upwards extending wall structure (12) extending up from the base structure (11) and arranged along at least a part of the periphery of the base structure (11), the base structure also being provided with an opening (18) in the wall structure (12) for allowing the floatable module (20), to be berthed in and supported by the seabed substructure (10). The base structure (11) is provided with a submerged beam or base slab structure (35) extending laterally out from the vertical wall structure (12), configured to support the floatable, removable module, the beam or slab structure (35) being provided with sleeves or ducts extending through the submerged beam or slab structure (35) configured to receive the piles to be driven down into the seabed soil..
Gravifloat As

Method for connecting graphene and metal compound electrodes in carbon nanotube device through carbon-carbon covalent bonds

A method for connecting graphene and metal compound electrodes in a carbon nanotube device through carbon-carbon covalent bonds, the method including: 1) providing a substrate, designing and preparing pre-patterned metal membrane electrodes on the substrate; 2) mixing carbon nanotubes with a volatile organic solvent to yield a dispersed suspension solution, disposing the carbon nanotube between the pre-patterned metal membrane electrodes in the dispersed suspension to allow two ends of the carbon nanotube to connect to the metal membrane electrodes, to form a carbon nanotube device; 3) annealing the carbon nanotube device under a mixture of nitrogen and argon, etching, by metal atoms, a part of carbon atoms at two ends of the carbon nanotube connected to the metal membrane electrodes to form notches; and 4) using hydrocarbon gas as a carbon source, and performing a chemical vapor deposition process.. .
Huazhong University Of Science And Technology

Liquid composition and terminal-fitted electric wire

Where r1 represents a hydrocarbon group having 4 to 30 carbon atoms.. .

Process for converting naphtha

Disclosed is a process for converting naphtha. Lower olefin, light aromatic hydrocarbon, and gasoline with high octane number are produced through combining catalytic cracking of naphtha with steam cracking of lower alkane and catalytic cracking of higher alkane and higher olefin.
Dalian Institute Of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy Of Sciences

Method for converting feedstocks comprising a hydrotreatment step, a hydrocracking step, a precipitation step and a sediment separation step, in order to produce fuel oils

The invention concerns a process for the treatment of a hydrocarbon feed, said process comprising the following steps: a) a hydrotreatment step, in which the hydrocarbon feed and hydrogen are brought into contact over a hydrotreatment catalyst, b) an optional step of separating the effluent obtained from the hydrotreatment step a), c) a step of hydrocracking at least a portion of the effluent obtained from step a) or at least a portion of the heavy fraction obtained from step b), d) a step of separating the effluent obtained from step c), e) a step of precipitating sediments, f) a step of physical separation of the sediments from the heavy liquid fraction obtained from step e), g) a step of recovering a liquid hydrocarbon fraction having a sediment content, measured using the iso 10307-2 method, of 0.1% by weight or less.. .
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Supercritical reactor systems and processes for petroleum upgrading

Supercritical upgrading reactors and reactor systems for upgrading a petroleum-based compositions comprising one or more catalyst layers and, in some embodiments, one or more purging fluid inlets, where one or more catalyst layers at least partially sift and convert heavy hydrocarbon fractions to light hydrocarbon fractions to produce an upgraded supercritical reactor product. In some embodiments, upgrading reactor systems comprise one or more supercritical upgrading reactors and one or more supercritical standby reactors alternating functions such that a supercritical upgrading reactor is converted to a supercritical standby reactor and the supercritical standby reactor is converted to a supercritical upgrading reactor, where the supercritical upgrading reactor upgrades a combined feed stream while a supercritical standby reactor delivers a cleaning fluid into the supercritical standby reactor..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Spheroid magnetic polymers for improving hydrocarbon recovery or drilling performance

A wall of a subterranean reservoir wellbore may be at least partially coated with spheroid magnetic polymers. Alternatively, a downhole fluid having spheroid magnetic polymers may be circulated within the wellbore to at least partially coat the wall of the wellbore with the spheroid magnetic polymers.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Wax modifier in hydrocarbon fluid and using the same

Compositions may include a wax modifier that is the product of a reaction between a polysaccharide having a number of sugar subunits in the range of 2 to 60 and one or more fatty acid reagents, and a reservoir fluid produced from a subterranean formation comprising one or more components capable of producing waxes. Methods may include contacting a hydrocarbon fluid with a wax modifier, wherein the wax modifier is the product of the reaction of a polysaccharide and one or more fatty acid reagents.
M-i L.l.c.

Reservoir treatments

The present invention relates to the field of enhanced oil recovery and provides a method of establishing a plug in a hydrocarbon reservoir, the method comprising introducing into the reservoir a formulation comprising solid particles and a viscosifier and then reducing the viscosity of said viscosifier, thereby causing said solid particles to form a plug within said hydrocarbon reservoir. Also provided is a method of establishing a plug in a hydrocarbon reservoir, the method comprising introducing into the reservoir a formulation comprising: (a) microorganisms or cell-free enzymes; (b) solid particles; and (c) a viscosifier which is a substrate for the microorganisms or cell-free enzymes of (a).
Goe-ip As

Foaming agent composition and removing hydrocarbon liquids from subterranean wells

A composition containing a quaternary organosilane foaming agent capable of foaming various liquids in order to remove the liquids from subterranean wells is described. For instance, the composition can be used to remove hydrocarbon condensate liquids from a gas well or an oil well.
Lonza Ltd.

Metal surface coating composition and terminal fitted electric wire

Where x1 to x7 each represent an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, r11 to r13 each represent a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, among which at least one is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, and r14 to r16 each represent a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms among which at least one is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms.. .

Near infrared absorbing curable composition, cured film, solid image pickup element, infrared absorber, and compound

The near infrared absorbing curable composition includes: a compound represented by formula (1); and a compound having a crosslinking group. In formula (1), x1 and x2 each independently represent o, s, or a dicyanomethylene group, and a and b each independently represent a group represented by formula (2).
Fujifilm Corporation

Photosensitive composition, image forming method, film forming method, resin, image, and film

Provided are a photosensitive composition containing a resin which includes a structural unit a represented by formula (1) or (2) and a structural unit b represented by formula (3), (4), or (5); and a radically polymerizable monomer, an image forming method, a film forming method, a resin, an image, and a film. R11, r21, r31, r41, and r51 represent h or a hydrocarbon group, r12 to r14 and r22 to r24 represent a hydrocarbon group, h, or an oh group, r42, r43, r52, and r53 represent h or a hydrocarbon group, l1 to l3 represent a single bond or a linking group, x1 represents —o— or —nr15—, x2 represent —o— or —nr25—, r15 and r25 represent h or a hydrocarbon group, and cy1 represents a hydrocarbon group which may contain o and has a cyclic structure..
Fujifilm Corporation

Recovery of unreacted monomers from olefin polymerization processes

A process, for recovery of unreacted olefin monomer(s) from a particulate product of an olefin polymerization reactor, the particulate polymer product is supplied to a degassing vessel, where the particulate product is countercurrently contacted with at least a first gaseous stripping stream, which includes at least 5% by weight unreacted olefin monomer, and then with an inert gas stream under conditions effective to strip hydrocarbon impurities from the polymer product and produce a stripped polymer product, is provided.. .
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Metatitanic acid particle, composition for forming photocatalyst, and photocatalyst

A metatitanic acid particle including bonded thereon a metal-containing compound which has a hydrocarbon group, wherein the metatitanic acid particle has an absorption at 450 nm and 750 nm in a visible absorption spectrum, and with respect to a surface of the particle, an element ratio m/ti between metal m of the metal-containing compound and titanium is from 0.1 to 0.4 and an element ratio c/ti between carbon c and titanium is from 0.3 to 1.2.. .
Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.

Separation of organic acids from mixtures containing ammonium salts of organic acids

The invention relates to a process for separation of organic acids from mixture of ammonium salts of one or more organic acids and other compounds via an integrated process. The process involves suspending mixture of ammonium salts of one or more organic acids and other compounds in dry hydrocarbon solvent/s or mixtures thereof; wherein the selected hydrocarbon solvent/s or mixtures thereof have boiling point more than 100° c.

Method for producing fluorinated olefins

Fluorinated olefins are produced in a reductive coupling reaction by contacting a first reactant with a second reactant in the gas phase under an inert atmosphere at a temperature of at least 500 c. The first reactant may be, for example, a hydrofluoro carbon containing one or two carbon atoms, while the second reactant may be, for example, a two to four carbon hydrohalocarbon (e.g., a hydrofluorocarbon) or hydrocarbon..
Arkema Inc.

Dehydrogenation of olefin-rich hydrocarbon mixtures

The object of the invention is to specify a process for dehydrogenating alkanes in which such feedstock mixtures may be used having a high proportion of olefins, i.e. Approximately 1% by weight to 10% by weight.
Evonik Degussa Gmbh

Methods and systems for converting hydrocarbons

Methods and systems for converting hydrocarbons including exposing a portion of a hydroperoxide-containing feed including tert-butyl hydroperoxide to a solid deperoxidation catalyst under decomposition conditions to form an oxidation effluent comprising tert-butyl alcohol, wherein the solid deperoxidation catalyst comprises a manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieve, are provided herein. Further methods and systems for converting the oxidation effluent to an alkylation product are also provided herein..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Production of high octane hydrocarbon from light alkane feed using oxidation and acid catalysis chemistry

Systems and methods are provided for production of high octane hydrocarbon from an isoparaffin feed using oxidation acid catalysis chemistry.. .
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Low inlet temperature for oxidative coupling of methane

Disclosed is a process for producing c2+ hydrocarbons, and systems for implementing the process, that includes providing a reactant feed that includes methane and an oxygen containing gas to a first reaction zone, wherein the temperature of the reactant feed is less than 700° c. Contacting the reactant feed with a first catalyst capable of catalyzing an oxidative coupling of methane reaction (ocm) to produce a first product stream that includes c2+ hydrocarbons and heat, and contacting the first product stream with a second catalyst capable of catalyzing an ocm reaction to produce a second product stream that includes c2+ hydrocarbons, wherein the produced heat is at least partially used to heat the first product stream prior to or during contact with the second catalyst, wherein the amount of c2+ hydrocarbons in the second product stream is greater than the amount of c2+ hydrocarbons in the first product stream..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Method for removing p-xylene from aqueous compositions

A method of removing at least one single ring aromatic hydrocarbon from a hydrocarbon contaminated fluid. The method includes contacting the hydrocarbon contaminated fluid with carbon nanotubes to adsorb the at least one single ring aromatic hydrocarbon while exposing the hydrocarbon contaminated fluid and the carbon nanotubes to uv irradiation from at least one uv light source, preferably a uv light emitting diode (led), with a wavelength of about 315-415 nm, preferably about 365 nm, to form a treated fluid having a reduced concentration of the at least one single ring aromatic hydrocarbon relative to the hydrocarbon contaminated fluid..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Transparent oriented polypropylene film with high moisture vapor and oxygen barrier properties

Described are transparent oriented polypropylene films with improved barrier properties and methods of making these films. The films and methods include a core layer comprising polypropylene, hydrocarbon resin, and polyethylene wax to improve moisture vapor barrier properties, an optional barrier layer comprising polar polymers to improve oxygen barrier properties, and optional skin layers to improve heat sealing, winding, printing, and/or adhesion..
Toray Plastics (america), Inc.

Method for compositional sorting of catalyst or adsorbent in mixtures of catalysts and/or adsorbents

A method for separation of at least one catalyst or adsorbent from a homogeneous mixture of catalysts or adsorbents, used in a method for treatment of gas or hydrocarbon feedstock, in which the grains of catalysts or adsorbents are separated according to a sorting threshold corresponding to a content of the constituent element that is sought and defined by the user.. .
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Titanium oxide particle, composition for forming photocatalyst, and photocatalyst

A titanium oxide particle includes bonded thereon a metal-containing compound which has a hydrocarbon group, wherein the titanium oxide particle has an absorption at 450 nm and 750 nm in a visible absorption spectrum, and with respect to a surface of the particle, an element ratio m/ti between metal m of the metal-containing compound and titanium is from 0.1 to 0.4 and an element ratio c/ti between carbon c and titanium is from 0.3 to 1.2.. .
Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.

Metatitanic acid particle, composition for forming photocatalyst, and photocatalyst

A metatitanic acid particle includes a metal having a hydrocarbon group, which is bonded to a surface of the metatitanic acid particle through an oxygen atom, and absorbs light having a wavelength of 450 nm and light having a wavelength of 750 nm, wherein an element ratio c/ti between carbon c and titanium ti in a surface of the metatitanic acid particle is from 0.3 to 1.2, and a reduced amount of c/ti on the surface of the metatitanic acid particle before and after irradiation with an ultraviolet ray having a wavelength of 352 nm and at an irradiation intensity of 1.3 mw/cm2 for 20 hours is from 0.1 to 0.9.. .
Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.

Titanium oxide particle, composition for forming photocatalyst, and photocatalyst

A titanium oxide particle includes a metal having a hydrocarbon group, which is bonded to a surface of the titanium oxide particle through an oxygen atom, and absorbs light having a wavelength of 450 nm and light having a wavelength of 750 nm, wherein an element ratio c/ti between carbon c and titanium ti in a surface of the titanium oxide particle is from 0.3 to 1.2, and a reduced amount of c/ti on the surface of the titanium oxide particle before and after irradiation with an ultraviolet ray having a wavelength of 352 nm and at an irradiation intensity of 1.3 mw/cm2 for 20 hours is from 0.1 to 0.9.. .
Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.

Method for oxygenate conversion in a fluid catalytic cracker

Provided herein are dual riser fluid catalytic cracking processes for producing light olefins from an oxygenate feed, such as a methanol feed, in a conventional fcc unit. In certain aspects the processes comprise cracking a hydrocarbon feed in a first riser comprising a first catalyst under first riser conditions to form a first effluent enriched in olefins, light gasoil, gasoline, or a combination thereof; cracking a hydrocarbon oxygenate feed in a second riser comprising a second catalyst under second riser conditions to form a second effluent enriched in olefins; recovering the first and second catalyst from the first and second effluents in a common reactor; regenerating the recovered first and second catalyst in a regenerator using heat from the exothermic cracking of the hydrocarbon oxygenate feed; and recirculating the regenerated first and second catalyst to the first and second riser..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

. .

Non-aqueous electrolytic solution, secondary battery, battery pack, electric vehicle, electric power storage system, electric power tool, and electronic apparatus

(x is one of a divalent chain saturated hydrocarbon group, a halide group thereof, and nothing. R is one of a monovalent chain saturated hydrocarbon group, etc.

Mixed material with high expansion rate for producing porous metallic sintered body

A mixed material having a high expansion rate for producing a porous metallic sintered body including: a conventional mixed material for producing a porous metallic sintered body which is formed of a mixture including a composition of 0.05 to 10% by mass of a non-water-soluble hydrocarbon-based organic solvent having 5 to 8 carbon atoms, 0.5 to 20% by mass of a water-soluble resin binder, and 5 to 80% by mass of a metal powder having an average particle size within a range of 0.5 to 500 μm, and water as the balance; and a gas, wherein the mixed material contains the gas so that the proportion of the gas is within a range of 2 to 50% by volume while the remainder is the conventional mixed material for producing a porous metallic sintered body.. .
Mitsubishi Materials Corporation

Organic light emitting display

Disclosed is an organic light emitting diode display apparatus including: a substrate; an organic light emitting diode disposed on the substrate; and an encapsulation layer encapsulating the organic light emitting diode. The encapsulation layer has a structure in which two or more inorganic layers and one or more organic layers are alternately stacked one above another, two adjacent inorganic layers at least partially contact each other, and the organic layers are formed of an encapsulating composition.
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Growing graphene on substrates

Embodiments described herein provide methods and apparatus for forming graphitic carbon such as graphene on a substrate. The method includes providing a precursor comprising a linear conjugated hydrocarbon, depositing a hydrocarbon layer from the precursor on the substrate, and forming graphene from the hydrocarbon layer by applying energy to the substrate.
Applied Materials, Inc.

Method for estimating petrophysical properties for single or multiple scenarios from several spectrally variable seismic and full wavefield inversion products

A computer-implemented method for determining rock and fluid parameters of a subsurface region from measured seismic reflection data, said method including: generating, with a computer, a geophysical data volume by combining a plurality of angle stacks obtained from the measured seismic reflection data and geophysical property data obtained from a full wavefield inversion of the measured seismic reflection data; for each point of the geophysical data volume, determining, with a computer, a petrophysical model that is a probability of a rock state based on initial values of the rock and fluid parameters and the geophysical data volume; iteratively determining, using a computer, updated values for the rock and fluid parameters, wherein the iteratively determining includes determining a petrophysical parameter estimate for the rock and fluid parameters from the petrophysical model as constrained by the geophysical data volume and the initial values of the rock and fluid parameters, minimizing a misfit between the geophysical data volume and synthetic data generated from a forward modeling of the initial values of the rock and fluid parameters using a cost function that includes the petrophysical parameter estimate of the rock and fluid parameters, and repeating the iteratively determining until a predetermined stopping criteria is satisfied and final values for the rock and fluid parameters are generated, and each subsequent iteration of the iteratively determining replaces the initial values for the rock and fluid parameters with the updated values for the rock and fluid parameters from a previous iteration; determining, with a computer, uncertainty in the final values for the rock and fluid parameters; and exploring for or producing hydrocarbons using the final values for the rock and fluid parameters and there uncertainty.. .

Drag reduction of asphaltenic crude oils

The process begins by obtaining a first batch of monomers selected from a group of acrylates with a molecular weight equal to or less than butyl acrylate and/or methacrylate with a molecular weight equal to or less than butyl methacrylate. A second batch of monomers is then selected from a group of acrylates with a molecular weight greater than butyl acrylate and/or methacrylate with a molecular weight greater than butyl methacrylate.
Liquidpower Specialty Products Inc.

Exhaust gas treatment system

Described are exhaust gas treatment systems for treatment of a gasoline engine exhaust gas stream. The exhaust gas treatment systems comprise an ammonia generating and hydrocarbon oxidation catalyst, a twc catalyst, and an ammonia selective catalytic reduction (scr) catalyst downstream of the twc catalyst.
Basf Corporation

Synthetic chromatogram from physical properties

A method for estimating a chemical composition of hydrocarbons of interest includes: performing a measurement for each physical property of a plurality of physical properties of the hydrocarbons of interest using a sensor to provide a value for each different physical property being measured; and estimating the chemical composition of the hydrocarbons of interest by using a correlation prediction function for each chemical component in the chemical composition in terms of the different physical properties being measured.. .
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Scalable communication system for hydrocarbon wells

A scalable communication system for data transmission in oil and gas well applications. The communication system includes a high-speed fiber optic line connecting a surface module to a downhole module.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

The extracting hydrocarbons from a shale gas deposit and a device for extracting hydrocarbons from a shale gas deposit

A device and method of extracting gas from the gas shale deposit by the partial combustion of hydrocarbons in the deposit in air is described. The method and device uses a gas extraction process and a pyrolysis process.

Hydrocarbon extraction tool and pump assemblies

A novel tool for improving the efficiency of extraction of hydrocarbons from underground formations is described. The tool is configured to produce localized waves of high pressure fluid at a location within a wellbore.

Arctic drilling process

A process for drilling a well into the seafloor at an offshore drilling location, in particular in arctic regions, the process comprising: drilling a top hole part of the well during a winter season where the water at the drilling location is at least partly covered by ice; and initiating drilling a lower part of the well extending into a hydrocarbon-bearing formation during a subsequent off-winter season where the water is less ice infested than during the winter season.. .
Maersk Drilling A/s

Process for the production of biodegradable hydrocarbon fluids by hydrogenation

The invention provides for a fluid having a boiling point in the range of from 100 to 400° c. And comprising more than 95% isoparaffins and containing less than 100 ppm aromatics, obtainable by the process comprising the step of catalytically hydrogenating a feed comprising more than 95% by weight of a hydrodeoxygenated isomerized hydrocarbon biomass feedstock, at a temperature from 80 to 180° c.
Total Marketing Services

Integrated process for in-situ organic peroxide production and oxidative heteroatom conversion

An oxidative treatment process, e.g., oxidative desulfurization or denitrification, is provided in which the oxidant is produced in-situ using an aromatic-rich portion of the original liquid hydrocarbon feedstock. The process reduces or replaces the need for the separate introduction of liquid oxidants such as hydrogen peroxide, organic peroxide and organic hydroperoxide in an oxidative treatment process..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Processes for stabilizing a liquid hydrocarbon stream

One or more processes for stabilizing a hydrocarbon stream. An unstabilized hydrocarbon stream comprising c5+ hydrocarbons and including some butane, propane and ethane, may be passed to a first separation zone.
Uop Llc

Stabilization of petroleum surfactants for enhancing oil recovery

The present technology relates to compositions and related methods for stabilizing surfactants capable of increasing liquid hydrocarbon production from subterranean reservoirs. In some embodiments, the technology relates to the stabilization of sulfonate based surfactants for enhanced oil recovery (“eor”) operations.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Controlled release system for the release of oil field chemicals and use of the system for reservoir treatment and monitoring

Compositions having a core and a coating that covers at least part of the core, where the core comprises a mixture of at least one oil field chemical and at least one core matrix polymer are described. The composition provides a slower release of an oil field chemical into an eluent compared to the release provide by the core.
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Compositions based on 2,3,3,4,4,4-hexafluorobut-1-ene

A composition including 2,3,3,4,4,4-hexafluorobut-1-ene as a mixture with one or more hydrocarbon, hydrofluorocarbon, ether, hydrofluoroether or fluoroolefin compounds having a boiling point of less than or equal to 0° c. Also, the use of such a composition in heat transfer applications.
Arkema France

Heat sealable propylene-based films

Disclosed herein are multilayer films including at least one layer that comprises and/or is formed from a composition comprising a propylene polymer and a hydrocarbon resin. The films generally further include at least one layer that comprises and/or is made from a composition comprising a propylene-based elastomer and/or a propylene polymer.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Thermoplastic (co)polyimides and synthesis methods

A salt composition includes at least one ammonium carboxylate salt obtained from: (a) at least one aromatic compound comprising 2 anhydride functional groups and/or its carboxylic acid and/or ester derivatives; and (b) one or more aliphatic diamines in which said aliphatic diamine or diamines are chosen from the diamines of formula (i) nh2—r—nh2 with r being a saturated aliphatic divalent hydrocarbon radical, the two amine functional groups of which are separated by 4 to 6 carbon atoms and 1 or 2 hydrogen atoms of the divalent radical of which are replaced by 1 or 2 methyl and/or ethyl groups; and optionally the diamines of formula (ii) nh2—r′—nh2 with r′ being a saturated or unsaturated and aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or arylaliphatic divalent hydrocarbon radical, which optionally comprises heteroatoms; and at least one chain-limiting compound chosen from monoamines, monoacids or diacids in the α,β positions.. .
Rhodia Operations

Olefin polymerization catalyst making the same

Borate activated catalyst systems and methods for making the same for gas phase or slurry phase olefin polymerization are provided. The catalyst system can include a first catalyst comprising a borate activated mono cyclopentadienyl metallocene compound and a second catalyst comprising a supported bis cyclopentadienyl metallocene complex.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Catalyst support and related processes

The present invention describes a catalyst support, which is used as an inorganic carrier for a ziegler-nata catalyst (zn), using a modified spray cooling method. Such a catalyst support is prepared from alcoholic solutions of (a) an inorganic compound, in which the inorganic compound is a magnesium compound and (b) an inorganic compound and one or more additives.
Braskem S.a.

Acetylene removal from light hydrocarbon mixtures by metal-organic framework exhibiting dual size and chemical selectivities

The present invention provides a gas separation system and a gas separation method capable of separating various types of hydrocarbon gas with high selectivity, and a gas separation system is for separating one type or more of hydrocarbon gases from mixed gas consisting of two types or more of hydrocarbon gases; having a porous metal-organic complex having pores determined by metal ion-containing planar ligands facing each other and pillar ligands coordinating between the planar ligands, and a controller for controlling at least a pressure of the mixed gas; and in which the pressure is controlled to control adsorption of the hydrocarbon gas to the porous metal-organic complex or desorption thereof from the porous metal-organic complex.. .
Kyoto University

Treating c8-c10 aromatic feed streams to prepare and recover transmethylated benzenes

Methods are provided for the treatment of a feed stream containing c9 aromatic components to produce mesitylene-containing products. The methods include hydrodealkylating the feed stream to remove c2 and higher alkyl groups from the aromatic components and transalkylating the feed stream to rearrange the distribution of methyl groups among the aromatic components.
Swift Fuels, Llc

Ferrocene catalyzed preparing carbon nanotubes

A method for preparing multi-wall carbon nanotubes comprising atomizing a precursor solution comprising an aromatic hydrocarbon and a carrier gas. The mixture is then injected through an ultrasonic atomization system to form atomized precursor droplets.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Fischer-tropsch based gas to liquids systems and methods

A method for generating hydrocarbon compounds containing at least two carbon atoms (c2+ compounds) comprises directing a natural gas feed stream from a non-fischer tropsch process and comprising methane and c2+ compounds to at least one separation unit to separate the methane from the c2+ compounds. The separated c2+ compounds are directed to a fractionation unit to separate the separated c2+ compounds into individual streams.
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Process for the synthesis of a reducing gaseous mixture starting from a hydrocarbon stream and carbon dioxide

A process for reducing metal ore may include: carrying out a reaction between a stream of carbon dioxide and a stream of at least one hydrocarbon, at pressure greater than or equal to 0.5 atmospheres (atm) and less than or equal to 100 atm and at temperature greater than or equal to 800° c. And less than or equal to 1,350° c., to produce a reducing gaseous stream comprising at least h2, co, co2, and water vapour; and/or reducing at least one metal ore using the reducing gaseous stream so as to obtain at least one reduced metal material and at least one exhausted gaseous stream comprising at least co2 and water vapour..

Coupling an electric furnace with a liquid fuel synthesis process to improve performance when processing heterogeneous wastes

An improved method for processing heterogeneous municipal solid waste, biomass and even construction and demolition waste into liquid hydrocarbon fuels and chemicals is obtained by coupling the synthesis process with an electric furnace. The furnace separates the metals and inorganics from the organic materials.

Reactors and reactor-internal devices for dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons

A fixed bed reactor for cyclic, catalytic de-hydrogenation of hydrocarbons, such as alkanes and a reactor-internal device for improving distribution of hydrocarbon feed into the fixed catalyst bed of the reactor. The device comprises a vertical deflector plate with multiple horizontal slits and a frustum cone with multiple perforations on the lateral surface, connected to the bottom end of the plate.
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Method and dehydration of a hydrocarbon gas

A method of dehydrating a hydrocarbon gas stream including stripping water from a liquid desiccant stream using a water-undersaturated portion of the gas stream, drying the gas stream to extract the stripped water, and then further drying the partially-dried gas stream using the stripped desiccant to achieve a low water content level in the gas stream for pipeline transportation. In one embodiment, the liquid desiccant is supplied by a regeneration facility at a remote location and the liquid desiccant is returned to the regeneration facility for regeneration after drying the gas.
Statoil Petroleum As

Chromatography ligand

The present invention relates to a chromatography ligand defined by the following formula r1—r2—n(r3)—r4—r5 wherein r1 is a substituted or non-substituted phenyl group; r2 is a hydrocarbon chain comprising 0-4 carbon atoms; r3 is a hydrocarbon chain comprising 1-3 carbon atoms; r4 is a hydrocarbon chain comprising 1-5 carbon atoms; and r5 is oh or h. The invention also comprises a separation matrix, comprising the described ligands coupled to a porous support, such as particles or a membrane.
Ge Healthcare Bioprocess R&d Ab

Prostate cancer treatment via synergistic inhibition of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (ahr) and src

Simultaneous inhibition of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (ahr) and src abolishing androgen receptor (ar) signaling in prostate cancer cells is disclosed herein as an effective treatment for prostate cancer. Provided herein is a therapeutic composition that comprises an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (ahr) antagonist and an src inhibitor.
Clark Atlanta University

Cosmetic compositions

Suggested is a cosmetic composition comprising an anti-pollution agent selected from the group consisting of e/z-2-benzylindene-5,6-dimethoxy-3,3-dimethylindan-1-one, sclareolide, purple coneflower pressed juice, ginger root co2 extract or mixtures thereof, in a working amount sufficient for (a) reducing or preventing air pollution induced gene expression, and/or (b) reducing or preventing a gene expression induced or inducible by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and/or (c) reducing or preventing air pollution-induced or air pollution-inducible skin damage.. .
Symrise Ag

. .

Chevron Phillips Chemical Company Lp

. .

Resist composition, forming resist pattern, compound, and acid generator

A resist composition including a base component which exhibits changed solubility in a developing solution under action of acid, and a compound (b1) having an anion moiety and a cation moiety and being represented by general formula (b1) (wherein r01 to r014 each independently represents a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent, or two or more of r01 to r014 may be mutually bonded to form a ring structure, provided that at least two of r01 to r014 are mutually bonded to form a ring structure, and at least one of r01 to r014 has an anion group, and the anion moiety as a whole forms an anion having a valency of n; n represents an integer of 1 or more; represents an integer of 1 or more; and mm+ represents an organic cation having a valency of m).. .
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Processes for producing a natural gas stream

Processes for separating a natural gas stream from a liquid hydrocarbon stream. After being cooled, a feed stream may be separated in a first separation zone, into a gaseous stream and a liquid stream.
Uop Llc

Liquefied natural gas production

Hydrocarbon processing systems and a method for liquefied natural gas (lng) production are described herein. The hydrocarbon processing system includes a fluorocarbon refrigeration system configured to cool a natural gas to produce lng using a mixed fluorocarbon refrigerant and a nitrogen rejection unit (nru) configured to remove nitrogen from the lng..

Fracturing utilizing an air/fuel mixture

A method of producing subterranean fractures in geologic formations for the extraction of hydrocarbons includes flowing an air and fuel mixture into a well hole. The well hole may then be sealed with a packer plug creating a compression chamber with the air and fuel mixture.
Twin Disc, Inc.

Gas lift valve

A gas lift valve for use in a hydrocarbon well includes an elongated valve housing including an inlet port for receiving a fluid from an annulus of a hydrocarbon well, and an outlet port for delivering the fluid to a production tubing of the hydrocarbon well, and an elongated, internal valve body, which is movable along a longitudinal, central axis of the valve housing between a first end position and a second end position. In the first end position, a sealing surface of the valve body is in sealing contact with a valve seat surface of the valve housing prohibiting the fluid to flow from the inlet port to the outlet port, and in the second end position the sealing surface is separated from the valve seat surface allowing the fluid to flow from the inlet port to the outlet port.
Petroleum Technology Company As

Methods for shut-in pressure escalation analysis

Methods for using shut-in pressures to determine uncertainties in a hydraulic fracturing process in a shale reservoir are described. Data commonly collected during multistage fracturing is used to calculate propped fracture height and induced stresses, as well as other variables, in the presence of horizontal stress anisotropy.
Conocophillips Company

Electrochemical cells and electrochemical methods

An electrochemical cell and method for reducing carbon dioxide and/or dehydrogenating a hydrocarbon to an olefin are provided. The electrochemical cell includes a cathode having a first conducting component that is active toward adsorption and reduction of an oxidizing agent such as co2; and an anode having a second conducting component that is active toward adsorption and oxidation of a reducing agent such as a hydrocarbon.
Ohio University

Process for the production of biodegradable hydrocarbon fluids

The invention provides for a process for preparing a fluid having a boiling point in the range of from 100 to 400° c. And comprising more than 95% isoparaffins and containing less than 100 ppm aromatic, comprising the step of catalytically hydrogenating a feed comprising more than 95% by weight of a hydrodeoxygenated isomerized hydrocarbon biomass feedstock, at a temperature from 80 to 180° c.
Total Marketing Services

Process for reconfiguring existing treating units in a refinery

Processes for converting existing refinery units and equipment to enable processing of renewable triglyceride feedstock to provide hydrocarbon fuels. Originally, the existing refinery units may have bene configured as hydrotreating, hydrocracking, fixed bed reforming, or isomerization units for a petroleum based feedstock.
Uop Llc

Process for the production of biodegradable hydrocarbon fluids based on syngas

The invention provides for a fluid having a boiling point in the range of from 100 to 400° c. And comprising more than 95% isoparaffins and containing less than 100 ppm aromatics by weight, obtainable by the process comprising the step of catalytically hydrogenating a feed comprising more than 95% by weight of a feedstock originating from syngas, at a temperature from 80 to 180° c.
Total Marketing Services

Demetallization of hydrocarbons

The present disclosure refers to a process and a process plant for extraction of metals from a hydrocarbon mixture obtained from a gasification or pyrolysis process, comprising the steps of combining said hydrocarbon mixture with an aqueous acid forming a mixture, mixing said mixture, separating said mixture in a contaminated aqueous phase and a purified hydrocarbon phase, with the associated benefit of said aqueous acid being able to release metals bound in such gasification and pyrolysis processes.. .
Haldor TopsØe A/s

Integrated process for producing anode grade coke

The invention relates to processes for producing anode grade coke from whole crude oil. The invention is accomplished by first deasphalting a feedstock, followed by processing resulting dao and asphalt fractions.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Fluid composition for stimulation in the field of oil or gas production

The present invention relates to filamentous polymer particles useful in oil, condensate or gas recovery from subterranean locations as hydraulic fracturing fluids, diverting fluids, fluids that make it possible to improve the distribution and the flow profiles of the fluids or products injected (referred to as conformance fluids) or permeability control fluids, sand control gravel pack placement fluids, acid fracturing fluids, and the like. These fluids are stimulation fluids injected in wells which serve also as producing wells for the hydrocarbons initially present in the subterranean formations..
Arkema France

Composition for remediating iron sulfide in oilfield production systems

A composition for inhibiting corrosion and/or removing hydrocarbonaceous deposits in oil and gas applications is provided. The composition comprises an iron sulfide dissolver, an organic solvent, and a corrosion inhibitor..
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Polishing compositions with improved low temperature properties

A polishing composition with improved stability at low temperatures comprising from 10 to 50% by weight of water, from 10 to 60% by weight of hydrocarbons, from 0.5 to 5% by weight of one or more organic acids and including its salts wherein the organic acids have from 1 to 10 carbon atoms, further comprising additives wherein the total amounts of ingredients give 100% by weight.. .
3m Innovative Properties Company

Fluorinated ether compound, fluorinated ether composition, coating liquid and article

To provide a fluorinated ether compound, a fluorinated ether composition and a coating liquid that are able to form a surface layer which is excellent in water/oil repellency, abrasion resistance, fingerprint stain removability, lubricity and outer appearance, and an article having such a surface layer. A fluorinated ether compound represented by a1—o—(rf1o)m1-q1-[c(o)n(r1)]p1—r11—c[—r12—sir13n1x13−n1]3, wherein a1 is a c1-20 perfluoroalkyl group; rf1 is a fluoroalkylene group having no branched structure; m1 is an integer from 2 to 210; q1 is a single bond or a fluoroalkylene group having no branched structure; r1 is a hydrogen atom, etc.; p1 is 0 or 1; r11 is a single bond, an alkylene group, etc.; r12 is an alkylene group, etc.; r13 is a monovalent hydrocarbon group, etc.; x1 is a hydrolyzable group; and n1 is an integer of from 0 to 2..
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Form-in-place conductive and waterproof colloid

The present invention discloses a form-in-place conductive and waterproof colloid, being composed of: dimethyl siloxane or dimethylvinyl-terminated or vinyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane; hydroxy terminated polydimethylsiloxane; dispersant; dimethyl, methylhydrogen siloxane crosslinking agent; adhesion promoter; pt catalyst; forming agent; hydrocarbon solvent; nickel graphite; thickening agent; trimethylated silica; and inhibitor. With the implementation of the present invention, no production mold or die cutter is required to simplify the process of applying the colloid and reduce the cost of applying, and with the characteristics of being providing waterproof and dustproof capability for enclosures, providing excellent adhesion capability, providing excellent compressibility and resilience, isolating emi and providing emi shielding capability at the same time.
Tennmax America Inc.

Method and device for modifying resin

It is a modification apparatus (1) of a resin film (6) for making the surface of the resin film (6) hydrophilic. The modification apparatus (1) has a chamber (2), an unsaturated hydrocarbon supply device (3), and an ozone generating device (4).
Meidensha Corporation

Polyamide elastomer, medical device, and producing polyamide elastomer

A polyamide elastomer comprising a reaction product of components (a), (b), and (c). Component (a) has the formula hooc—r1—(-nh—co—r1-)n—nh2 (where each r1 independently is linear saturated hydrocarbon, n represents a real number of 0 or greater, and when the formula contains multiple repeating units each containing r1, n represents a total number of those repeating units) and the mn of component (a)=4000-10000.
Kaneka Corporation

Modified hf alkylation reaction zone for ionic liquid alkylation

An alkylation process and apparatus are described. The alkylation process includes pre-mixing a paraffin stream with an ionic liquid catalyst stream from a settler.
Uop Llc

Methods for steam methane reforming

A method for producing hydrogen in a steam methane reformer is disclosed. The method provides for the steps of feeding a mixture of fuel and air to a steam methane reformer; feeding a mixture of steam and hydrocarbons to the steam methane reformer; contacting the steam and hydrocarbons with a metal monolith supported catalyst; providing an electric current to the metal monolith supported catalyst; and recovering the hydrogen.

Selective hydrogenation using a flow index

Wherein f is the flow rate of the hydrocarbon stream into the reaction zone in units of kg/h, [co] is the concentration of carbon monoxide in the hydrocarbon stream in units of mol %, and v is the volume of the reaction zone in units of ft3.. .

Adhesive label, facestock for an adhesive label and adhesive label laminate

The invention relates to an adhesive label and an adhesive label laminate comprising an uniaxially in machine direction oriented multilayer facestock comprising a printable skin layer comprising more than 50 wt. % of linear low density polyethylene(s) and less than 50 wt.
Upm Raflatac Oy

High hdn selectivity hydrotreating catalyst

Improved supported hydroprocessing catalysts, and their method of preparation useful for the hydrodesulfurization (hds) and hydrodenitrogenation (hdn) of a petroleum feedstock, including a residuum hydrocarbon feedstock are disclosed. The catalysts contain at least one groups vib metal component, at least one group viii metal component, and a phosphorus component, supported on a foraminous support such as alumina.
Advanced Refining Technologies Llc

Selective hydrogenation catalyst for c3 hydrocarbon cuts from steam cracking and/or catalytic cracking

The metallic dispersion d of the palladium is less than 20%.. .

Selective hydrogenation catalyst for a c3 hydrocarbon cut

The metallic dispersion d of the palladium is less than 20%.. .

System for sulfur contaminate removal from hydrocarbon liquids and gases and methods thereof

A system and method for sulfur contaminate removal from hydrocarbon liquids and gases.. .

Method for preparation of a cannabinoid extract from hemp

The method consists in that the extract, obtained in accordance with various methods, undergoes a centrifugal countercurrent liquid-liquid chromatography, as the operation includes a centrifugation of solvents and the extract, obtained during the previous operations; the solvents form two phases, the phase, which the extract is dissolved in, is mobile, and the other one is stationary, whereby the mobile phase passes through the stationary phase, wherein several amounts of the components of the extract content are captured; this passing of the mobile phase through the stationary phase is repeated many times, until separation of the desired substances, which are analyzed in a familiar way, whereby as stationary phase solvents are used, which are selected from the group of straight-chain and branched-chain hydrocarbons, produced from crude oil, straight-chain and/or branched-chain alcohols, straight-chain and/or branched-chain ketones, straight-chain and/or branched chain carboxylic acids, straight-chain and/or branched-chain nitriles, gases in supercritical and subcritical condition, like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrogen oxides, water with modified acidity with or without salts of organic and non-organic substances dissolved therein, as for example naso3, carbonate compounds or mixtures of the above-mentioned solvents, and as mobile phase solvents are used, which are selected from the group of straight-chain and branched-chain hydrocarbons, produced from crude oil, straight-chain and/or branched-chain alcohols, straight-chain and/or branched-chain ketones, straight-chain and/or branched chain carboxylic acids, straight-chain and/or branched-chain nitriles, gases in supercritical and subcritical condition, like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, nitrogen oxides, water with modified acidity by organic and/or inorganic acids and bases, as well as lewis acids and bases in the interval from 0 to 14 ph, with or without salts of organic and non-organic substances dissolved therein, as for example naso3, carbonate compounds, or mixtures of the above-mentioned solvents, while the choice of the solvents between the two phases is conditional on that, they shall be different and immiscible with each other; the centrifugation revolutions and the flow speed of the mobile phase are designed (calculated or determined experimentally) depending on the total phase volume; thus at the finish of the process the tetrahydrocannabinols and/or the tetrahydrocannabinol acids are separated from the remaining cannabinoids and/or cannabinoid acids in the solution, the other cannabinoids in the process can also be separated as a pure substance, separate in a solution and the solvents are evaporated respectively, in order to obtain a pure substance.. .

Cosmetic compositions comprising ginger root extracts

Suggested is a cosmetic composition comprising an anti-pollution agent selected from the group consisting of ginger root c02 extract, e/z-2-benzylindene-5,6-dimethoxy-3,3-dimethylindan-1-one, sclareolide, purple coneflower pressed juice or mixtures thereof, in a working amount sufficient for (a) reducing or preventing air pollution induced gene expression, and/or (b) reducing or preventing a gene expression induced or inducible by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and/or (c) reducing or preventing air pollution-induced or air pollution-inducible skin damage.. .
Symrise Ag

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Fujifilm Corporation

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Organic electroluminescent device; a charge transporting material for the organic electroluminescent device; and a luminescent device, a display device and a lighting system using the organic electroluminescent device

(r1, r2, and r19 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a phenyl group, a monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10, or a monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6, provided that at least one of r1, r2, and r19 represents a monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10 or a monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6, and that the phenyl group, the monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10, and the monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6 do not have an amino group as a substituent; r11 to r18 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; and a1 to a4 each independently represent a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom, provided that when a1 to a4 are a nitrogen atom, r1 and r11 to r13 connecting to the nitrogen atom do not exist.). .

Toner formulation having a silane surface treated on its outer surface and preparing the same

A method for producing core shell toner for electrophotography according to one embodiment, includes surface treating the outer surface of a core shell toner particle with a alkoxysilane hydrocarbon or combination of different alkoxysilane hydrocarbons using a hydrolytic deposition process after the core shell toner particle is fully formed. This method results in the bonding of the alkoxysilane hydrocarbon or combination of different alkoxysilane hydrocarbons to the outer surface of the core shell toner particle.
Lexmark International, Inc.

Toner formulation having a silane surface treated on its outer surface and preparing the same

A chemically prepared toner composition according to one example embodiment includes a core including a first polymer binder, a colorant and a release agent; a shell that is formed around the core that includes a second polymer binder; and a borax coupling agent between the core and the shell and an alkoxysilane hydrocarbon or combination of different alkoxysilane hydrocarbons that are bonded to the outer surface of the shell using a hydrolytic deposition process. This successful alkoxysilane hydrocarbon surface treatment on the outer surface of the toner particle results in attaining a desirable charge stability in hot and humid environments and ultimately improving the quality of the toner, especially by reducing toner dusting, toner fuming and ultra-fine particles generation.
Lexmark International, Inc.

System and deep detection of petroleum and hydrocarbon deposits

A system and method for deep detection of petroleum and hydrocarbon deposits is disclosed. The system includes a sensing array that includes a plurality of electrodes positioned in the ground at a testing site, a sensing device, and a system for generating a seismic event that generates below-ground signals that are received by the sensing array.
Longbranch Enterprises Inc.

Method and simultaneous geostatistical inversion of time-lapse seismic data

Properties of underground formations are obtained by performing simultaneous geostatistical inversion of two or more seismic datasets acquired over the same area. These methods enable simultaneous estimating quantitative changes in a hydrocarbon-producing field..
Cgg Services Sas

A analysis of hydrocarbons in water

A method for analysis of hydrocarbons in water, the method comprising the steps of: extracting the hydrocarbons from a water sample; introducing the extracted hydrocarbons to a solvent system; determining the relative concentrations of the hydrocarbons in the solvent system and at least one solvent in the solvent system by 1h nmr analysis, wherein the solvent system comprises at least one solvent with a 1h nmr signal distinguishable from a 1h nmr signal of the hydrocarbons.. .
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Partial open-loop nitrogen refrigeration process and system for an oil or gas production operation

A method for cooling a hydrocarbon production stream such as natural gas uses cryogenic nitrogen as a cooling medium (“refrigerant”) wherein only a portion of a nitrogen refrigerant stream is recovered, with a vapor portion of the nitrogen refrigeration stream being vented from the system. Unlike a conventional sacrificial nitrogen refrigeration process which vents all the nitrogen refrigerant after cooling a production stream, the method comprise means for recovering some of the nitrogen refrigerant thereby improving the operating efficiency of the process compared to conventional sacrificial nitrogen refrigeration processes.

Method and gravel packing a wellbore

A method is provided for gravel packing an open hole section of a hydrocarbon producing well. The method includes injecting a slurry comprising particulates dispersed in a carrier fluid into an annular space in the open hole section of the wellbore, and depositing the particulates in the annular space to form a gravel pack.
Bp Corporation North America Inc.

Iterative platform for the synthesis of alpha functionalized products

The use of microorganisms to make alpha-functionalized chemicals and fuels, (e.g. Alpha-functionalized carboxylic acids, alcohols, hydrocarbons, amines, and their beta-, and omega-functionalized derivatives), by utilizing an iterative carbon chain elongation pathway that uses functionalized extender units.
William Marsh Rice University

Enzyme formulation and degradation

An enzyme formulation includes an encapsulated fungal enzyme which is effective for degrading at least one material selected from the group consisting of hydrocarbons, vulcanized rubber, synthetic rubber, natural rubber, vulcanized polymers and perfluorinated compounds. A degradation method includes treating one of the above-mentioned materials with an encapsulated fungal enzyme to degrade the material..
Battelle Memorial Institute

Compositions and methods for enhanced generation of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells

The present invention relates to methods, kits and compositions for expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells and providing hematopoietic function to human patients in need thereof. In one aspect, it relates to kits and compositions comprising a notch agonist and an aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonist.
Novartis Institute For Functional Genomics, Inc., Dba The Genomics Institute Of The Novartis

Synergistic co-pyrolysis of biomass and methane for hydrocarbon fuels and chemicals production

There are provided herein novel catalytic approaches of producing deoxygenated bio-oil in fast pyrolysis reaction conditions. In one embodiment, hzsm-5 zeolite was modified by loading bimetallic catalyst compounds, resulting in new catalysts including moag/hzsm-5 and mozn/hzsm-5.
The Board Of Regents For Oklahoma State University

Uv curable adhesive and coating compositions activated by surface hydroxyl groups or moisture

Compositions which undergo cure by irradiation with uv, visible light or electron beam only after activation by hydroxylated surfaces or exposure to moisture are based on mixtures of cyclic thiasilanes and unsaturated silanes, siloxanes or hydrocarbons.. .
Gelest Technologies, Inc.

Rubber composition for vibration proof rubbers

A rubber composition for vibration proof rubbers comprises a rubber component comprising one or more diene based rubbers, a multiple zinc flower, and a mixed resin. The mixed resin comprises an aromatic hydrocarbon resin and an aliphatic hydrocarbon resin.
Toyo Tire & Rubber Co., Ltd.

Sulfur terminated organosilica materials and uses thereof

Provided herein are compositions and methods for use of an organosilica material comprising a copolymer of at least one monomer of formula [r1r2sich2]3 (i), wherein, r1 represents a c1-c4 alkoxy group; and r2 is a c1-c4 alkoxy group or a c1-c4 alkyl group; and at least one other monomer of formula [(z1o)xz23-xsi—z3—sz4] (ii), wherein, z1 represents a hydrolysable functional group; z2 represents a c1-c10 alkyl or aryl group; z3 represents a c2-c11 cyclic or linear hydrocarbon; z4 is either h or o3h; and x represents any one of integers 1, 2, and 3. The composition may be used as a support material to covalently attach transition metal cations, as a sorbent for olefin/paraffin separations, as a catalyst support for hydrogenation reactions, as a precursor for highly dispersed metal nanoparticles, or as a polar sorbent for crude feeds..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Fluorinated ether compound, fluorinated ether composition, coating liquid and article

To provide a fluorinated ether compound, a fluorinated ether composition and a coating liquid, capable of forming a surface layer excellent in water/oil repellency, abrasion resistance, fingerprint stain removability, lubricity, chemical resistance and light resistance, as well as an article having such a surface layer. A fluorinated ether compound represented by a1-o-q1-(rf11o)m1—rf12—r11—n[—r12—sir13n1x13-n1]2, wherein a1: c1-20 perfluoroalkyl group, q1: single bond, fluoroalkylene group containing at least one hydrogen atom, etc., rf11, rf12: perfluoroalkylene group, m1: integer of from 2 to 200, r11: single bond, alkylene group, etc., r12: alkylene group, etc., r13: monovalent hydrocarbon group, etc., x1: hydrolyzable group, n1: integer of from 0 to 2..
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Initiator composition for fluorinated polymer and producing fluorinated polymer

An initiator composition for a fluorinated polymer, which comprises an organic peroxide, and a saturated hydrocarbon compound having at least one tertiary or quaternary carbon atom, and a method for producing a fluorinated polymer using the polymerization initiator composition, and a polymerization method comprising a step of recovering a polymerization solvent and a step of separating the saturated hydrocarbon compound from the recovered polymerization solvent.. .

Catalyst components for the polymerization of olefins

Where independently, z is a bridging group, the r2 groups, equal to or different from each other, are hydrogen or a c1-c20 hydrocarbon radicals, m is a number satisfying the valences of z and n is an integer ranging from 1 to 10, r1 and r4 are selected from c1-c15 hydrocarbon groups, optionally containing a heteroatom selected from halogen, p, s, n, o; and r3 group, is hydrogen or r4 groups.. .

Composition including fluoromethane and producing same

Wherein r1 and r2 are the same or different, and each represents an optionally substituted linear or branched monovalent aliphatic hydrocarbon group, an optionally substituted monovalent aromatic hydrocarbon group, an optionally substituted monovalent cyclic aliphatic hydrocarbon group, hydrogen, or halogen, in the presence of an alumina catalyst to thereby obtain a mixed gas containing fluoromethane and acid fluoride, wherein: the alumina catalyst contains chlorine in an amount of 1.0 wt % or less.. .

Floating production unit and installing a floating production unit

The present disclosure relates to an unmanned floating production unit (300) and method of installing a floating production unit comprising a deck structure (301) for mounting equipment for processing hydrocarbons, and a hull structure (302) formed from a first section (303) and a second section (306), wherein the second section (306) is wider than the first section (303). The floating production unit (300) according to the present disclosure can provide a compact unit, which has dimensions which can lead to a heave natural period outside an area of significant wave energy, and as a result, it has substantially reduced and improved hydrodynamic responses.
Crondall Energy Consultants Ltd.

Releasable polyester high gloss metal transfer film method

A carrier film of thermoplastic polyester has releasable metal adhesive properties suitable for a metal transfer in which the polyester film is metalized and the metal layer is subsequently transferred to a permanent adhesive-coated substrate. The metal layer is in direct contact with the polyester carrier film and no intermediate release layer is present.
Toray Plastics (america), Inc.

Apparatus and process for removing contaminants from solid materials

An apparatus and process for beneficiating ores in an economic and environmentally friendly manner can often beneficiate ores, often from less than 20% concentration, to over 70%, an increase of over 50 percentage points, or a 250% increase. The apparatus and process may further by utilized for removing chemical contaminants, such as hydrocarbons, from solid media such as, but not limited to, soil and drill cuttings.
Signet Aggregates, Llc

Non-noble metal-supported zirconium phosphate catalyst for generating cyclic hydrocarbon, and preparing cyclic hydrocarbon by using same

This invention relates to a catalyst for preparing a cyclic hydrocarbon, which is a non-noble-metal supported on zirconium phosphate, and to a method of preparing a cyclic hydrocarbon, including preparing a cyclic hydrocarbon from a lignin derivative through hydrodeoxygenation and hydrogenation using the catalyst for preparing a cyclic hydrocarbon.. .
Korea University Research And Business Foundation

Aqueous cosmetic composition comprising alkylcellulose, at least one non-volatile oil and a hydrocarbon-based resin

(d) at least one hydrocarbon-based resin with a number-average molecular weight of less than or equal to 10,000 g/mol. A process for making up and/or caring for the lips, by applying the composition to the lips..

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Organic electroluminescent element

Provided is an organic el device having a low driving voltage, high luminous efficiency, and a long lifetime. The organic el device is an organic electroluminescent device including a light-emitting layer between an anode and a cathode opposite to each other, in which: the light-emitting layer contains a host material and a light-emitting dopant material; and the host material is a material obtained by mixing a first host selected from compounds in each of which a diphenyltriazinyl group is bonded to one nitrogen atom of an indolocarbazole ring and a phenyl group of the diphenyltriazinyl group is substituted with one or more phenyl groups, and a second host selected from compounds in each of which aromatic hydrocarbon groups are bonded to two nitrogen atoms of a biscarbazole ring and at least one of the aromatic hydrocarbon groups is a fused aromatic hydrocarbon group..
Nippon Steel & Sumikin Chemical Co., Ltd.

Method, device and permanent storage memory for detecting drilling and/or hydraulic fracturing of hydrocarbon wells

A method for detecting pad construction and/or drilling and/or for hydraulic fracturing of at least one hydrocarbon well, comprising the steps of: selecting at least one specified well location, obtaining at least one time series of top view images of the specified well location, in which each top view image has a date corresponding to a day of acquisition of the top view image, processing the time series of top view images to detect at least one top view image showing the apparition of a well pad and/or showing drilling activity and/or showing fracturing activity, exporting the date corresponding to the acquisition day of the top view image showing the apparition of the well pad and/or drilling activity and/or fracturing activity, providing, based on export date, an information of pad construction date and/or drilling starting date and/or fracturing starting date and/or a full production forecast for the specified well location.. .
Kayrros

Power cylinder reducing unburnt hydrocarbon emissions

Internal combustion engine apparatuses, systems and methods. The internal combustion engine system includes a cylinder block including a cylinder bore and a piston movably positioned in the cylinder bore.
Cummins Inc.

Method of using controlled release tracers

Fluids produced from a fractured subterranean formation may be monitored by pumping into the well a fracturing fluid which contains a tracer. The method may be used to monitor produced hydrocarbons as well as produced water.
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

Methods for microbially enhanced recovery of hydrocarbons

Methods for the recovery of geological hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon reservoirs include injecting a low molecular weight oil soluble hydrocarbon compound and an electron acceptor into a reservoir, which enter a region of the reservoir comprising a microbial culture capable of metabolizing the low molecular weight hydrocarbon compound and the electron acceptor, thereby promoting flow of geological hydrocarbon.. .
Uti Limited Partnership

Coal-derived solid hydrocarbon particles

The coal-derived solid hydrocarbon particles are discrete particles of coal-derived carbonaceous matter having a particle size less than about 10 μm that are substantially free of inherent or entrained mineral matter. The particles of have an average particle size in the range from 1 μm to 8 μm.
Earth Technologies Usa Limited

Method for converting feedstocks comprising a hydrocracking step, a precipitation step and a sediment separation step, in order to produce fuel oils

The invention concerns a process for converting a hydrocarbon feed, said process comprising the following steps: a) a step of hydrocracking the feed in the presence of hydrogen; b) a step of separating the effluent obtained from step a); c) a step of precipitating sediments, in which the heavy fraction obtained from the separation step b) is brought into contact with a distillate cut at least 20% by weight of which has a boiling point of 100° c. Or more for a period of less than 500 minutes, at a temperature in the range 25° c.
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Method and system for upgrading and separating hydrocarbon oils

A method and system for upgrading and separating hydrocarbon are provided. The method may include preheating hydrocarbon containing impurities, removing non-hydrocarbon impurities from the hydrocarbon using a hydroprocessing catalyst and hydrogen gas after inserting the preheated hydrocarbon into a reactor, and separating gas from liquid..
Korea Institute Of Energy Research

Apparatuses and methods for energy efficient separations including refining of fuel products

In various aspects, methods and apparatuses for liquid-liquid extraction are provided. In certain aspects, an emulsion can be formed by combining a feed stream, an extractant, and a surfactant.
Government Of The United States As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force

Systems and methods related to syngas to olefin production

In accordance with the present invention, disclosed herein is a method comprising the steps for producing lower molecular weight hydrocarbons. Also disclosed herein, is a system utilized to produce low molecular weight hydrocarbons..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Pyrolysis to determine hydrocarbon expulsion efficiency of hydrocarbon source rock

An open system pyrolysis of a first hydrocarbon source rock sample obtained from a natural system is performed within a pyrolysis chamber by maintaining the pyrolysis chamber at a substantially constant temperature. Hydrocarbons are recovered from the pyrolysis chamber released by the first hydrocarbon source rock sample.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Method for inhibiting the permeation of water in an extraction well of a hydrocarbon fluid from an underground reservoir

A method for inhibiting the permeation of water in an extraction well of a hydrocarbon fluid from an underground reservoir is described. The method includes the injection of at least one treatment fluid into the underground reservoir.
Eni S.p.a.

Plastic lens

(in the formula, r10 represents a divalent hydrocarbon group with 1 to 20 carbon atoms or the like; r11 represents a divalent hydrocarbon group with 1 to 20 carbon atoms or the like; r12 represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group with 1 to 20 carbon atoms; the total number of carbon atoms in r10, n number of r11, and r12 is 30 or less; m represents an integer of 0 or 1; and n represents an integer of 0 to 3)), and a resin material.. .

Polyurethane foams co-blown with a mixture of a hydrocarbon and a halogenated olefin

This invention relates to rigid polyurethane foams which are co-blown with a mixture of a hydrocarbon blowing agent and a halogenated olefin blowing agent. This invention also relates to a process for preparing these rigid polyurethane foams, and to an isocyanate-reactive component containing a polyol blend and the mixture of blowing agents.
Covestro Llc

Resin composition, prepreg, laminate and multilayer printed wiring board

Wherein r1 each independently represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a halogen atom, and x represents an integer of 0 to 4.. .

Photocurable composition, cured product and optical component using same

Wherein r1 to r18 are each, identically or differently, selected from hydrogen, halogen, a hydrocarbon group optionally containing oxygen or halogen, and optionally substituted alkoxy; and x is selected from a single bond and a linkage group.. .

Phenolic-hydroxyl-group-containing novolac resin and resist film

There are provided a phenolic-hydroxyl-group-containing novolac resin and resist film that are excellent in developability, heat resistance, and conformability to substrates. The phenolic-hydroxyl-group-containing novolac resin is a polycondensate of which the essential reactive components are a phenolic-hydroxyl-group-containing compound (a) represented by structural formula (1) [where ar is a structural part represented by structural formula (ar-1) or (ar-2), a phenolic-hydroxyl-group-containing compound (b) represented by structural formula (2) [where r3 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, and j is an integer from 1 to 3], and an aldehyde compound (c)..
Dic Corporation

Process to prepare aluminoxanes

The present invention relates to a process to prepare alkylaluminoxanes by reaction of alkylaluminium with methacrylic acid or a conjugated unsaturated carbonyl-functional compound of the formula (i) wherein each r1 and r2 independently are an aliphatic hydrocarbon group, and r3 independently is the same hydrocarbon group as r1 and r2 or a hydrogen atom, and r4 isanaliphatic hydrocarbon group, a hydroxyl group or a hydrogen atom in the presence of an inert organic solvent. Additionally, it relates to the alkylaluminoxanes obtainable by the above process and their use..
Akzo Nobel Chemicals International B.v.

Catalyst compositions and their use in transalkylation of heavy aromatics to xylenes

Disclosed are catalyst compositions and their use in a process for the conversion of a feedstock containing c8+ aromatic hydrocarbons to produce light aromatic products, comprising benzene, toluene and xylene. The catalyst composition comprises a zeolite which comprises a mor framework structure and a mfi and/or mel framework structure, (b) at least one first metal of group 10 of the iupac periodic table, and (c) optionally at least one second metal of group 11 to 15 of the iupac periodic table.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Graphene flower and manufacturing the same and composite material

A method of forming graphene flower is provided, which includes introducing a hydrocarbon gas and an assistance gas into transformer-coupled plasma equipment, and providing a medium-frequency electromagnetic wave to the hydrocarbon gas and the assistance gas by the transformer-coupled plasma equipment to dissociate the hydrocarbon gas, and the dissociated hydrocarbon gas is re-combined to form the graphene flower, wherein the hydrocarbon gas is dissociated at a ratio of greater than 95%.. .
Industrial Technology Research Institute

Pneumatic tire having a dual layer tread

The invention relates to a pneumatic tire comprising a carcass and a tread located radially outward of the carcass and extending between the tire sidewalls; the tread providing a radially outermost tread running surface; the tread comprising a first tread layer comprising a first rubber compound and a second tread layer comprising a second rubber compound; wherein the second tread layer is located radially adjacent to the first tread layer; wherein the first rubber compound is compositionally distinct from the second rubber compound; wherein the second tread layer comprises one or more integrally formed extensions of the second tread layer extending radially outwardly toward the tread running surface; wherein each of the integrally formed extensions of the second tread layer comprises a circumferentially continuous groove and a reinforcement zone disposed on a side of the groove; wherein the first rubber compound comprises 100 parts by weight of at least one diene based elastomer, and from 1 to 150 phr of silica; and the second rubber compound comprises a diene base elastomer, from 50 to 120 phr of a filler, wherein at least 20 phr of the filler is a high surface area carbon black having an iodine adsorption number of at least 100 g/kg, from 1 to 45 phr of a methylene acceptor, from 1 to 25 phr of a methylene donor, and from 1 to 30 phr of at least one additive selected from the group consisting of carbamic resins, liquid diene based polymers having a number average molecular weight ranging from 1000 to 25000, and aromatic hydrocarbon resins.. .
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company

Catalyst compositions for selective dimerization and polymerization of ethylene

A catalyst composition comprises an inert hydrocarbon solvent, having dissolved therein a titanate of the formula ti(or)4 wherein each r is the same or different, and is a hydrocarbon residue, and an organic aluminum compound, wherein a molar ratio of the organic aluminum compound and any alkene present in the catalyst composition is greater than one.. .
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation

Additive composition for mixed metal oxide catalysts and its use in hydrocarbon conversion processes

The present invention provides an additive composition having the general formula: axbyc(1-y)dzom wherein: a is one or more metal elements selected from the group consisting of group iia of the periodic table; b, c is one or more metal elements selected from the lanthanide group, series of the periodic table or yttrium; d is one or more metal elements selected from the group consisting of manganese, cobalt, copper, nickel or ruthenium; x is a number defined by 0.5<x<4; y is a number defined by 0<=y<=1; z is a number defined by 2<z<6; m is a number which renders the catalyst substantially neutral. The present invention also provides a process for preparing the afore-mentioned additive composition.
Viridis Chemicals Private Limited

Device for purifying exhaust gas

A device for purifying exhaust gas may be provided to purify exhaust gas in an engine includes an exhaust line through which exhaust gas discharged from the engine passes, a diesel oxidation catalyst (doc) that is disposed in the exhaust line to purify hydrocarbon (hc) and carbon monoxide (co) of the exhaust gas, a urea injector that injects a urea aqueous solution into the exhaust line, and a selective catalyst reduction (scr) that reduces nitrogen oxide of the exhaust gas passing through the doc by use of the urea aqueous solution, in which the doc includes an lta zeolite catalyst.. .
Kia Motors Corporation

De-acidification of fats and oils

The present invention relates to a method for treating vegetable oils and/or animal fats comprising a vacuum steam stripping operation, condensing the neutral oils from vapour phase at an elevated temperature, retaining and sending back to the stripping column, allowing steam, volatile fatty acids, micronutrients together with other volatiles to pass to a cold condensation zone, and condensing the volatile fatty acids, micronutrients together with other volatiles in the cold condensation zone, producing a condensate and a stream of steam, non-condensable gases along with traces of fatty acids and other lighter hydrocarbons vapours. The invention may include a distillation step, either between the high and low temperature condensation zones or following the cold condensation zone..
Alfa Laval Corporate Ab

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Apparatus, detecting salt in a hydrocarbon fluid

A method for determining a salt concentration of a hydrocarbon fluid using a conductivity sensor and a hydrocarbon testing solution includes forming the hydrocarbon testing solution. The electropolymerizable monomer is operable to form a resultant associated polymer at a peak potential of the electropolymerizable polymer.
Koppe Royalty B.v.

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Power generation system using cascaded fuel cells and associated methods thereof

Power generation systems and associated methods for generating electric power using a cascaded fuel cell are provided. The power generation system may include a first fuel cell, a second fuel cell, a splitting mechanism, a first fuel path, and a second fuel path.
General Electric Company

Enhanced thin film deposition

Methods of producing metal-containing thin films with low impurity contents on a substrate by atomic layer deposition (ald) are provided. The methods preferably comprise contacting a substrate with alternating and sequential pulses of a metal source chemical, a second source chemical and a deposition enhancing agent.
Asm International N.v.

Photosensitive resin composition, planographic printing plate precursor, and plate-making planographic printing plate

A photosensitive resin composition includes a polymer compound having a structure represented by formula 1 as a component a; and an infrared absorbent as a component b. A planographic printing plate precursor includes a support; a polymer compound, which has a structure represented by formula 1, as a component a on the support; and a recording layer, which contains an infrared absorbent, as a component b on the support.
Fujifilm Corporation

Shear horizontal-surface acoustic wave measurement and speciation of hydrocarbons in groundwater

An exemplary embodiment of a method of detecting hydrocarbons in systems and methods for sensing analytes in an aqueous solution, include pretreating a water sample to provide a test sample. A flow cell includes at least one sensor with a polymer coating having at least partial selectivity for at least one analyte.
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Liquefied light hydrocarbon fuel system for hybrid vehicle and methods thereto

A liquefied light hydrocarbon (llh) fuel system for a hybrid vehicle is disclosed. The fuel system comprises an insulated fuel tank having a buffer space, a fuel control valve, wherein an outlet to the fuel tank connects to a first end of the fuel line, wherein an inlet of the fuel control valve connects to a second end of the fuel line and wherein an outlet of the fuel control valve is adapted to connect to a fuel inlet to an internal combustion engine; and a tank heating system comprising: a heating element, wherein the heating element is disposed adjacent to or within the fuel tank; a heating power control system, wherein the heating power control system controls the amount of heat produced by the heating element to vaporize the llh fuel.

Method and reservoir analysis and fracture design in a rock layer

A method of hydraulic fracturing of a hydrocarbon reservoir in a rock layer uses a method of providing a reservoir description. Firstly, a reservoir description is provided for the hydrocarbon reservoir.
Geosphere Limited Of Netherton Farm

Systems and methods to monitor the characteristics of stimulated subterranean hydrocarbon resources utilizing electrochemical reactions with metals

Methods and systems for characterizing a wellbore extending into a geologic structure comprising a reservoir of subterranean hydrocarbons comprising: providing a first fluid composition comprising a base metal into the first wellbore; wherein corrosion of the base metal in the first wellbore results in electrochemical oxidation of the base metal and electrochemical reduction of a reducible species that generates a gaseous product; providing at least one sensor in proximity to the first wellbore; and receiving a signal detected by the sensor at a monitoring unit, wherein the sensor senses a signal resulting from corrosion of the base metal; wherein the signal is used to determine information relating to the characteristics of the first wellbore and extraction of hydrocarbons therefrom.. .
Arizona Board Of Regents On Behalf Of Arizona State University

Modified fatty acid biosynthesis with acp-dependent thiolases

Methods of using microorganisms to make chemicals and fuels, including carboxylic acids, alcohols, hydrocarbons, and their alpha-, beta-, and omega-functionalized derivatives are described. Native or engineered thiolases are used condense a growing acyl-acp and acetyl-acp in combination with type ii fatty acid synthesis.
William Marsh Rice University

System for filtering liquids and particulates from hydrocarbons

This is a system for filtering liquids and particulates from hydrocarbons. The system starts with an intake where hydrocarbons from a source are placed into an oil circuit within the hydrocarbon filtering apparatus.

Methods of reducing phosphorus content in liquid hydrocarbons

Provided herein are methods of reducing phosphorus content of a liquid hydrocarbon. The liquid hydrocarbon may be contacted with a catalyst that includes copper (ii) oxide to produce a low-phosphorus liquid hydrocarbon..
Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.p.

Processes for the production of liquid fuels from carbon containing feedstocks, related systems and catalysts

The present invention is directed to unique processes, catalysts and systems for the direct production of liquid fuels (e.g., premium diesel fuel) from synthesis gas produced from natural feedstocks such as natural gas, natural gas liquids, carbon dioxide or other similar compounds or materials. In one aspect, the present invention provides a process for the production of a hydrocarbon mixture comprising the steps of: a) reducing a catalyst in-situ in a fixed bed reactor; b) reacting a feed gas that contains hydrogen and carbon monoxide with the catalyst to produce a hydrocarbon product stream, wherein the hydrocarbon product stream comprises light gases, a diesel fuel and a wax, and wherein the diesel fuel fraction is produced without requiring the hydroprocessing of wax, and wherein the catalyst comprises one or more metals deposited on a gamma alumina support at greater than about 5 weight percent, and wherein platinum or rhenium is included on the support in an amount ranging from about 0.01 weight percent and about 2 weight percent as a promoter, and wherein the catalyst has surface pore diameters between about 100 and 150 angstroms, sub-surface pore diameters between 10 and 30 angstroms a crush strength greater than about 3 lbs./mm, a mean effective pellet radius less than about 600 microns, and a bet surface area greater than about 100 m2/g, and wherein the diesel fuel comprises more than about 70 percent c8-c24 hydrocarbons..
Greyrock Energy, Inc.

Fluidized upgrading/hydrostabilizing of pyrolysis vapors

The present disclosure relates to processes and systems that convert biomass to stable intermediate hydrocarbon products that having a greatly decreased oxygen content. This stabilized intermediate hydrocarbon product may be easily be stored for an extended period of time, further refined into liquid transportation fuels (either alone or mixed with petroleum-derived hydrocarbons), or blended with petroleum-derived blendstocks to produce a finished liquid transportation fuel..
Phillips 66 Company

Dual-phase acid-based fracturing composition with corrosion inhibitors and use thereof

A dual-phase acid-based fracturing composition with corrosion inhibitors and method for use in acid-based matrix and fracturing operations in oil and gas wells is provided. The composition includes an acid, a hydrocarbon, a hydrocarbon-soluble corrosion inhibitor, an acid-soluble corrosion inhibitor, and an acid-soluble inhibitor aid..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Reversible aminal gel compositions, methods, and use

A well treatment composition for use in a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir comprising a reversible aminal gel composition is disclosed. The reversible aminal gel composition includes a liquid precursor composition.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Microencapsulated enzymes

The present disclosure relates to microcapsules with shell and a core with an average particle size of the microcapsules in the range from 0.5 to 20 μm, wherein the shell is a polyester and wherein the core material comprises an enzyme, a method of making the microcapsules and methods of using the microcapsules in the field of recovery of hydrocarbons from a subterranean formation.. .
Basf Se

Containers, bottles, drums, vats, and tanks having a slippery surface

The present disclosure describes a strategy to create self-healing, slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces. Roughened (e.g., porous) surfaces can be utilized to lock in place a lubricating fluid, referred to herein as liquid b to repel a wide range of materials, referred to herein as object a (solid a or liquid a).
President And Fellows Of Harvard College

Process for improving the cold-flow properties of paraffinic oils

A process for improving the cold-flow properties of an oil that contains at least one paraffinic hydrocarbon material is described. The process includes the step of contacting the oil with a gradient copolymer formed by a controlled free-radical polymerization technique, or by a reversible deactivation radical polymerization technique.
General Electric Company

Thermosetting resin composition, prepreg, laminate and multilayer printed wiring board

Wherein r1 each independently represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a halogen atom, and x represents an integer of 0 to 4.. .

Copolymerized polyamide resin, preparing the same and molded article comprising the same

A copolymerized polyamide resin includes a polymer of a monomer mixture comprising a dicarboxylic acid component comprising adipic acid and a dicarboxylic acid represented by formula 1, wherein each r1 is independently a c1 to c5 alkyl group and a is an integer from 0 to 4, and a diamine component comprising m-xylene diamine and a diamine represented by formula 2, wherein a is a single bond or a c1 to c10 hydrocarbon group, r2 and r3 are each independently a c1 to c5 alkyl group, and b and c are each independently an integer from 0 to 4, wherein the copolymerized polyamide resin has a difference between a melting temperature (tm) and a crystallization temperature (tc) of about 50° c. Or more.
Lotte Advanced Materials Co., Ltd.

High softening point hydrocarbon resins

A hydrocarbon polymer modifier (hpm) is an interpolymer of (i) a vinyl cyclohexene component (ii) a piperylene component; and (iii) a c8-c12 vinyl aromatic component; and wherein the interpolymer comprises (a) a softening point from 40° c. To 160° c., (b) mn greater than 400, (c) mz less than 15,000, and (d) at least 8 mole percent aromatic hydrogen, based on the total moles of hydrogen in the interpolymer..
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Nitrated hydrocarbons, derivatives, and processes for their manufacture

Provided is a process for the formation of nitrated compounds by the nitration of hydrocarbon compounds with dilute nitric acid. Also provided are processes for preparing industrially useful downstream derivatives of the nitrated compounds, as well as novel nitrated compounds and derivatives, and methods of using the derivatives in various applications..
Angus Chemical Company

Hydrocarbon conversion processes using non-cyclic amide and thioamide based ionic liquids

A hydrocarbon conversion process is described. The process involves contacting a hydrocarbon feed with a non-cyclic amide or thioamide based ionic liquid catalyst in a reaction zone under reaction conditions to form a mixture comprising reaction products, and the non-cyclic amide or thioamide based ionic liquid catalyst.
Uop Llc

On-board aircraft reactive inerting dried gas system

An on-board aircraft inert gas system includes a source of hydrocarbon, a source of gas comprising oxygen, and a first fluid flow path between the source of gas comprising oxygen and an inert gas output. A reactor is disposed along the first fluid flow path that reacts oxygen and hydrocarbon from the fuel tank gas space to produce an oxygen-depleted gas.
Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation

Fcc catalyst compositions containing boron oxide

Described are fluid catalytic cracking (fcc) compositions, methods of manufacture and use. Fcc catalyst compositions comprise particles containing a non-zeolitic component and one or more boron oxide components.
Basf Corporation

Methods and apparatuses for fuel gas conditioning via membranes

A method for conditioning natural gas into fuel gas, where the method includes the step of: delivering a natural gas stream including both co2 and c2+ hydrocarbons to a membrane separation assembly; and separating the natural gas stream into the following streams: (i) a first permeate stream, (ii) a second permeate stream, and (iii) a residual stream. The first permeate stream includes co2 removed from the natural gas stream.
Uop Llc

Apparatus for generating water vapor and fuel cell system having the apparatus

A water-vapor generating apparatus used for reforming a hydrocarbon fuel is disclosed. The water-vapor generating apparatus includes a chamber body; a partitioning member to divide a space defined in the chamber body into a water-vapor discharge space and a heating space; a tubular pipe having a first opened end in water-communication with an external water-supply apparatus and a second opened end in vapor-communication with the water-vapor discharge space, wherein the tubular pipe extends through the heating space; and a heater configured to supply thermal energy to the heating space.
Mico Co., Ltd.

Compositions and methods for the removal of ear wax

The present invention includes compositions and methods for the treatment, softening and removal of ear wax by administering to the ear a solution of a semi-fluorinated alkane according to the formula: rfrh or rfrhrf, wherein rf is a perfluorinated hydrocarbon segment with 20 or less carbon atoms, and rh is a non-fluorinated hydrocarbon segment with 3 to 20 carbon atoms.. .
Specialty Drug And Device, Llc

Cosmetic nanoemulsion

A cosmetic or dermatological composition in the form of an oil-in-water nanoemulsion, including: a lipophilic phase (a) including at least one hydrocarbonated oil comprising at least one isoparaffin, and at least one cycloalkane, an emulsifying system (b) including at least one non-ionic emulsifier, and an aqueous phase (c), where the ratio between the lipophilic phase (a) and the emulsifying system (b) is higher than, or equal to, 0.5 in terms of weight.. .
Total Marketing Services

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Sulfide all-solid-state battery

A sulfide all-solid-state battery which is capable of absorbing heat by a heat absorbing layer at abnormal heat generation and maintaining capacity of a battery at a high level for a long time use is provided. The sulfide all-solid-state battery contains at least one unit cell, at least one heat absorbing layer, a battery case which accommodates the unit cell and the heat absorbing layer, the unit cell contains sulfide solid electrolyte, the heat absorbing layer contains at least one organic heat absorbing material selected from the group consisting of sugar alcohols and hydrocarbons, and the heat absorbing layer does not contain an inorganic hydrate..
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

Lithium-ion gel battery

The present invention relates to a lithium-ion battery including: a positive electrode including an active positive electrode material, and advantageously a lithium salt; an electrolyte including a lithium salt; and a negative electrode including an active negative electrode material, and advantageously a lithium salt. In this battery, the positive electrode, the negative electrode, and the electrolyte all three appear in the form of gels, and all three include a polymer and a dinitrile compound of formula n≡c—r—c≡n; r being a hydrocarbon group cnh2n, n being an integer between 1 and 2; the weight ratio of the dinitrile compound to the polymer being in the range from 60/40 to 90/10..
Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives

Solar cell composite utilizing molecule-terminated silicon nanoparticles

Nano particles obtained by terminating surfaces of silicon nanoparticles having a diameter of not more than 5 nm with molecules of hydrocarbon are disposed on the outermost surface of a semiconductor forming a p-n junction solar cell that uses silicon or the like. These silicon nanoparticles absorb energy of ultraviolet light, and the energy is transferred to the p-n junction solar cell.

Rinsing liquid, pattern forming method, and electronic device manufacturing method

Provided are a rinsing liquid which is used for rinsing a resist film obtained from an actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive composition and includes a hydrocarbon-based solvent having a branched alkyl group. The hydrocarbon-based solvent having a branched alkyl group contains at least one of isodecane or isododecane..
Fujifilm Corporation

Method and system for enhancing meshes for a subsurface model

A method and system are described for creating a subsurface model. In this method, a watertight framework may be adjusted to lessen the ill-formed mesh elements.

Conversion of movable offshore drilling structure to wind turbine application

The present disclosure generally relates to movable offshore platforms for installing wind turbines, and methods of forming the same. The movable offshore platforms are offshore platforms which were previously used in hydrocarbon production, such as jack-up units.
Zentech, Inc.

Method of cleaning an exhaust gas recirculation valve

A method of cleaning an egr valve operatively connected to an exhaust flow from an engine includes determining when cleaning is required, and when cleaning is required, operating the engine in a high temperature mode in which the temperature of exhaust gas exiting the engine is increased while producing a flow of exhaust gas having a low unburnt hydrocarbon content. The method further includes opening the egr valve to allow hot exhaust gas to flow therethrough so as to remove combustion by-products that are fouling the egr valve.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Method for operating an exhaust gas aftertreatment device of a motor vehicle

The present disclosure provides a method for operating an exhaust gas aftertreatment device for cleaning an exhaust gas flow of a motor vehicle with an internal combustion engine operated in normal mode with oxygen surplus. An oxygen store arranged downstream of an nox storage catalyst of the exhaust gas aftertreatment device receives oxygen in normal mode, and during a regeneration mode emits oxygen for converting breakthrough hydrocarbons and/or carbon monoxide.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Wellbore system with lateral wells

A well system that intersects a subterranean formation, and which includes a motherbore disposed in a non-producing formation that is between producing zones. Connate fluids in the formation can be produced with the well system; alternatively, fluids can be injected into the formation through the well system.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Liquid fuel powered packer setting tool

A packer setting tool for setting a packer device within a wellbore. The packer setting tool includes an outer housing defining a piston chamber within.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Hydrocarbon powered packer setting tool

A packer setting tool for setting a packer device within a wellbore. The packer setting tool includes an outer housing defining a piston chamber within.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Additive for lubricating oil, and lubiricating oil composition

R2 is a hydrocarbon group of carbon number from 8 to 50, a is an alkyl group of carbon number from 2 to 6, o is oxygen, m is an integer of 10 to 50, and x is an amino group or a substituted amino group.. .

Source gas purification apparatus and purification method

This source gas purification apparatus includes: a first h2s removing device 2 which removes h2s from a source gas that includes at least a hydrocarbon, h2s, and a sulfur compound other than h2s; a sulfur compound conversion device 3 which converts the sulfur compound other than h2s into h2s; and a second h2s removing device 4 which removes the converted h2s.. .
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.

Process for the manufacture of base oil

Processes are provided for producing hydrocarbon base oils from alcohols, including by converting one or more alcohols into linear alpha olefins, and then forming branched oligomers with one or more olefin feedstock(s) which are subsequently hydrogenated and fractionated. A process for the preparation of a mixture of branched saturated hydrocarbons can include (a) forming an oligomerization reaction mixture having an oligomerization catalyst system and an olefin monomer mixture, wherein the olefin monomer mixture has an average carbon number in the range of 9.5 to 13, and at least 10% of the olefin monomers in the olefin monomer mixture have a carbon number difference of at least four carbons, (b) oligomerizing the olefin monomers in the oligomerization reaction mixture to produce an oligomer product, (c) separating unreacted olefin monomer from the oligomer product to produce a purified oligomer product, (d) hydrogenating the purified oligomer product, and (e) distilling the hydrogenated oligomer product..
Novvi Llc

Process for removing oxygenates from naphtha

A process is presented for the removal of contaminants like oxygenates from hydrocarbons. The contaminant oxygenates are removed from hydrocarbons that may be feed to cracking units.
Uop Llc

System for upgrading residuum hydrocarbons

A process for upgrading residuum hydrocarbons is disclosed. The process may include: contacting a residuum hydrocarbon fraction and hydrogen with a first hydroconversion catalyst in a first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system; recovering a first effluent from the first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system; solvent deasphalting a vacuum residuum fraction to produce a deasphalted oil fraction and an asphalt fraction; contacting the deasphalted oil fraction and hydrogen with a second hydroconversion catalyst in a second hydroconversion reactor system; recovering a second effluent from the second hydroconversion reactor system; and fractionating the first effluent from the first ebullated bed hydroconversion reactor system and the second effluent from the second hydroconversion reactor system to recover one or more hydrocarbon fractions and the vacuum residuum fraction in a common fractionation system..
Lummus Technology Inc.

Layer-separation spent caustic solution

Provided are a layer-separation method of a spent caustic solution, and a recycling method of an additive, and more particularly, a layer-separation method of a spent caustic solution including: injecting an additive and an acidic compound to the spent caustic solution occurring from a refinery process to break down a red oil emulsion and to perform layer-separation into an upper layer fraction and a lower layer fraction, wherein the additive is an aliphatic hydrocarbon compound having a water solubility of 0.1 to 10 g/l at 20° c.. .
Sk Incheon Petrochem Co., Ltd.

Methods for treating bitumen mixtures

Disclosed are methods for preparing a high-viscosity non-hazardous bitumen composition for transportation in a railcar, wherein the method may include: (a) providing to a fractionator system a low-viscosity bitumen composition previously residing in a pipeline having a first viscosity and comprising a miscible blend of hydrocarbons, which blend was prepared by mixing a first diluent composition with a first bitumen composition; (b) heating the low-viscosity bitumen composition in the fractionator system at an operating temperature of from 170 c to 232 c to provide a first light fraction and a first heavy fraction; (c) removing at least a portion of the first heavy fraction from the fractionator system, wherein the first heavy fraction has a second viscosity that is higher than the first viscosity; (d) forming a high-viscosity non-hazardous bitumen composition from at least a portion of the first heavy fraction; and (e) directing the high-viscosity non-hazardous bitumen composition to a railcar.. .
Usd Group Llc

Secondary and tertiary green water flooding of fractured and heterogeneous oil reservoirs at high salinity and high temperature

A composition and a method to improve the exploit of oil from a hydrocarbon containing formation are disclosed. The method is characterized in that a aqueous composition including extract of a plant is injected into the formation to reduce the interfacial tension between the oil trapped in the formation and water, and the oil in said aqueous mixture is recovered for further use.
Abu Dhabi University

Method for hydrocarbon recovery

The invention relates to a method of treating a hydrocarbon containing formation comprising providing a hydrocarbon recovery composition to at least a portion of the hydrocarbon containing formation and allowing the hydrocarbon recovery composition to contact the formation wherein the hydrocarbon recovery composition comprises an alcohol alkoxy sulfate and an internal olefin sulfonate.. .
Shell Oil Company

Substance for removing oils from soil and hard surfaces, and using said substances (variants)

The claimed group of inventions relates to the field of organic chemistry and can be used for removing oils, including petroleum, fuel oil, fuels, hydrocarbons and liquid fuel, from soil; and can also be used for processing and gathering petroleum, oils, fuel oil, fuels, hydrocarbons and other petroleum products from hard surfaces, for example, from the inner surfaces of tanks for storing petroleum or petroleum products, of equipment used during the recovery, re-processing and transportation of petroleum, of equipment used for producing petroleum products, drilling sludge, gravel or sand in storage facilities, or from other hard surfaces. The substance for removing oils, including petroleum and petroleum products, from soil and hard surfaces is in the form of an aqueous solution of a natural polysaccharide and a surfactant.
Obshchestvo S Ogranichennoj Otvetstvennostyu "npo Biomikrogeli"

Silicone adhesive composition and an adhesive tape

One of the purposes of the present invention is to provide a silicone adhesive composition which provides an adhesive layer having an excellent antistatic property and which has an excellent strength of bond to a tape substrate and, therefore, when an adhesive tape or film having the adhesive layer is peeled from a tape-stuck body, less residual adhesive occurs on the tape-stuck body. The other purpose of the present invention is to provide a silicone adhesive composition which cures well by heating for a short time, particularly for less than 5 minutes, to provide an adhesive layer having an excellent antistatic property.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

One-part water-based adhesive composition

(in formula (2), r7 to r12 are each a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, r13 is a monovalent hydrocarbon group, r14 is an alkyl group, and b is 0 or 1.). .

Disperse non-polyalphaolefin drag reducing polymers

A drag reducing composition comprising at least one non-polyalphaolefin polymer having an average particle size in the range of from about 5 to about 800 micrometers. The non-polyalphaolefin polymer can initially be formed via emulsion polymerization.
Liquidpower Specialty Products Inc.

Process for functionalising polymers

Process for functionalizing a polymer by treating said polymer at a temperature in the range 80-250° c. With a monoazide of the formula wherein m is 0 or 1, n is 0 or 1, n+m=1 or 2, x is a linear or branched, aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon moiety with 1-12 carbon atoms, optionally containing heteroatoms, rb is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, linear and branched alkyl groups with 1-6 carbon atoms optionally substituted with o, s, p, si, or n-containing functional groups, alkoxy groups with 1-6 carbon atoms, and halogens, and each ra is individually selected from hydrogen, linear or branched alkyl groups with 1-6 carbon atoms, or may form a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic or aromatic ring structure with at least one other ra..
Akzo Nobel Chemicals International B.v.

Beta-naphthoisoflavones, compositions containing, and uses of, same

Methods of using such compounds, and pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds. In addition, this invention provides methods for the treatment and/or prevention of disease states mediated by aryl hydrocarbon receptor pathways..

Nanowire catalysts and methods for their use and preparation

Nanowires useful as heterogeneous catalysts are provided. The nanowire catalysts are useful in a variety of catalytic reactions, for example, the oxidative coupling of methane to c2 hydrocarbons.
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Method of producing concrete from waste material and waste-based concrete made using said method

The invention: a procedure to manufacture recycled waste concrete, and the recycled waste concrete itself, which is produced through a simple processing of various types of waste and is suitable for serving as a material to manufacture concrete products widely used in the construction industry, where such products include road bases, strip foundations, bases of houses, noise barriers, traffic barriers for highways/roads, lane separators, sandwich panels, to fill formwork and even, depending on the type of waste used, to build walls. The recycled waste concrete contains cement, water and shredded waste aggregates, such as shredded tyres and/or any shredded plastic waste, and/or any shredded scrap metal, and/or any shredded garden waste, and/or shredded mixed waste, and/or shredded fibre waste, and/or any shredded glass waste, and/or shredded and effectively neutralised municipal waste.

Silver nanoparticles

In the present invention, a fine silver particle has a particle diameter of 65-80 nm and has, on the surface of the particle, a thin film comprising a hydrocarbon compound. The fine silver particle has an exothermic peal temperature of 140-155° c.
Nisshin Engineering Inc.

Waste material treatment apparatus and waste material treatment method

A waste material treatment apparatus is provided which: supplies a reactant to facilitate a prompt reaction between an oxidation agent or a neutralizing agent and gases that contain chlorine, hydrocarbons, and the like, and that are emitted from non-plastic garbage present in waste materials when heated instantaneously; renders the non-plastic garbage harmless and reduced in volume without generating dioxins or carbon dioxide by repeating the instantaneous heating; and renders plastics harmless and cleaned, thereby enabling recycling thereof.. .
Kentech Institute Corporation

Multi-fuel-canister insect repellent system

The invention provides a hydrocarbon-fueled device for heating and dispensing a volatile substance, such as an insect repellent. The device provides a long-lasting 48-hour fuel system, multiple fuel canisters that can be exchanged without interrupting the operation of the device, an illuminated indicator that provides a visible indication of the operating state of the device from any viewing angle, and a flame-extinguishing safety lid.
Thermacell Repellents, Inc.

Nanostructured photocatalysts and doped wide-bandgap semiconductors

Photocatalysts for reduction of carbon dioxide and water are provided that can be tuned to produce certain reaction products, including hydrogen, alcohol, aldehyde, and/or hydrocarbon products. These photocatalysts can form artificial photosystems and can be incorporated into devices that reduce carbon dioxide and water for production of various fuels.
The Regents Of The University Of Colorado A Body Corporate

Preparation of catalyst

A process for preparing a hydrocarbon conversion catalyst that comprises a specially made silica-alumina composition and a metal or metal compound selected from group vib and group viii metals. The silica-alumina composition is made by preparing an aqueous mixture containing aluminum sulfate followed by adding alkali metal aluminate to the mixture to enhance the ph to within specified range and then adding aluminum sulfate to the mixture to lower the ph.
Shell Oil Company

Non-peptidic gapdh aggregation inhibitor

[problem] provided is a non-peptide compound, which can be used as a gapdh aggregation inhibitor, [solution] provided is a gapdh aggregation inhibitor including as an active ingredient a compound represented by the chemical formula 1 wherein r1, r2, and r3 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, or an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having a carbon number of from 1 to 10, a polysulfurized derivative thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. The present compound has a gapdh aggregation inhibitory activity to suppress intracerebral aggregation of various proteins involved in cerebral neurodegenerative diseases, thereby contributing to improvement in various brain neurological diseases associated with aggregation of these proteins such as alzheimer's disease, parkinson's disease, and cerebral infarction, and prevention of advanced seriousness of these diseases..
Osaka Prefecture University Public Corporation

Method for producing particles comprising a hydrocarbon wax in a continuous phase and a pesticide dispersed in the continuous phase by generating droplets with a vibrating nozzle

Provided herein is a matrix particle comprising a hydrocarbon wax as matrix and a pesticide dispersed in the matrix. Also provided herein is a method for producing a matrix particle comprising a hydrocarbon wax as matrix and a pesticide dispersed in the matrix, where the method comprises the steps of a) providing a liquid premix comprising the hydrocarbon wax and the pesticide, b) generating droplets of the premix by a vibrating nozzle, and c) solidifying the droplets in a cooling medium.
Basf Se

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Systems and methods for steam reforming

One embodiment of the present invention is a unique method for operating a fuel cell system. Another embodiment is a unique system for reforming a hydrocarbon fuel.
Lg Fuel Cell Systems, Inc.

Silicon oxide silicon nitride stack ion-assisted etch

A method for ion-assisted etching a stack of alternating silicon oxide and silicon nitride layers in an etch chamber is provided. An etch gas comprising a fluorine component, helium, and a fluorohydrocarbon or hydrocarbon is flowed into the etch chamber.
Lam Research Corporation

Connectivity based approach for field development optimization

A method for creating a field development plan, comprising initializing, by a specially programmed computing system, a connectivity model, calibrating, by a specially programmed computing system, the connectivity model based on a plurality of reservoir simulation results, determining, by a specially programmed computing system, a travel time between wells and reservoir cells using a fast marching method, determining, by the specially programmed computing system, a hydrocarbon saturation based on the travel time to construct a model prediction, optimizing, by the specially programmed computing system, the connectivity model using a global optimization and a local optimization, and constructing, by the specially programmed computing system, at least one well file using the optimized connectivity model.. .
Conocophillips Company

Method for determining quantities of hydrocarbon compounds contained in rock from a geological sample

The invention is a method of assessing at least one petroleum characteristic of a rock sample. Starting from a temperature ranging between 50° c.
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Low volume nitrogen systems

A system to maintain an inert ullage in a hydrocarbon tank. The system provides for outgassing/venting of ullage gases when a high pressure event is found within the tank.

Device for the treatment and elimination of bacteria in hydrocarbon fuels and process for its manufacture and surface activation

This invention consists of a device for the treatment and elimination of bacteria in combustible hydrocarbons, whose function is to ensure the purity of said fuels. The elimination of bacteria takes place catalytically thanks to the alloy of which its inner part is composed and the interaction with the casing containing it.

Method for hydraulic fracturing of a hydrocarbon formation

A fracturing fluid is injected under a high pressure into a well drilled in a formation to create a hydraulic fracture. Then a suspension of the hydraulic fracturing fluid mixed with proppant particles is injected into the well and the created hydraulic fracture, the suspension having a consistency coefficient greater than 0.1 pa sn at any flow index n and a yield stress higher than 5 pa.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Gaseous combustible fuel containing suspended solid fuel particles

A gaseous combustible fuel includes a gaseous hydrocarbon fuel feedstock and solid fuel particles suspended in the gaseous hydrocarbon fuel feedstock. The solid fuel particles have a sufficiently small particle size so that they remain suspended during transportation.
Earth Technologies Usa Limited

Methods, systems, and compositions for the controlled crosslinking of well servicing fluids

Treating fluid compositions for use in hydrocarbon recovery operations from subterranean formations are described, as well as methods for their preparation and use. In particular, treating fluid compositions are described which comprise a liquid, a crosslinkable organic polymer material that is at least partially soluble in the liquid, a crosslinking agent that is capable of increasing the viscosity of the treating fluid by crosslinking the organic polymer material in the liquid, and a crosslinking modifier additive which can delay or accelerate the crosslinking of the treating fluid composition.
Tucc Technology, Llc

Plasticizers which improve compatibility in pvc formulations

A plasticizer has been identified that improves compatibility in pvc formulations where secondary plasticizers and viscosity modifiers are present. In general, 1,2- or 1,4-dialkyl cyclohexane dicarboxylate plasticizers exhibit poor compatibility, as evidenced by increased exudation, in the presence of secondary plasticizers, i.e.
Eastman Chemical Company

Silane-functionalized hydrocarbon polymer modifiers for elastomeric compositions

An elastomeric composition and method incorporating a hydrocarbon polymer modifier with improved permanence. The composition comprises elastomer, filler and silane-functionalized hydrocarbon polymer modifier (si-hpm) made in a pre-reaction adapted to couple the si-hpm to the elastomer, filler or both, wherein the si-hpm comprises an interpolymer of monomers chosen from piperylenes, cyclic pentadienes, aromatics, limonenes, pinenes, amylenes, and combinations thereof..
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Composition of fatty acids and n-acyl derivatives of sarcosine for the improved flotation of nonsulfide minerals

R is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon chain with 7 to 21 carbon atoms, wherein the mixture of comprises 10.0-35.0 wt.-% of fatty acid having a saturated c11 hydrocarbon group, 2.5-15.0 wt.-% of fatty acid having a saturated c13 hydrocarbon group, 10.0-25.0 wt.-% fatty acid having a monounsaturated c17 hydrocarbon group and 20.0-45.0 wt.-% fatty acid having a bisunsaturated c17 hydrocarbon group.. .

Hydrotreating catalyst for hydrocarbon oil, process for producing same, and hydrotreating method

Provided herein is a hydrotreating catalyst for hydrocarbon oil having high desulfurization activity, and high abrasion strength and high compressive strength. A process for producing the hydrotreating catalyst is also provided.
Jgc Catalysts And Chemicals Ltd.

Internal tank disengaging system

A method for separating lighter components of a hydrocarbon product in a container tank includes introducing the hydrocarbon product into the container tank via an inlet located near or at the bottom of the container tank; routing the hydrocarbon product through a pipe-in-pipe conduit that is at least partially surrounded by a bulk fluid stored in the container tank; providing a vapor-liquid interface that allows efficient evaporation of the lighter components resulting in separation of the lighter components and a processed hydrocarbon product; and routing the processed hydrocarbon product into the annular space of the pipe-in-pipe conduit thereby thermally insulating incoming hydrocarbon product from the surrounding bulk fluid and eliminating or minimizing vapor liquid equilibrium shift of the incoming hydrocarbon product caused by increased head pressure and/or reduction in temperature of the incoming hydrocarbon product.. .
Conocophillips Company

Battery separator with improved oxidation stability

The invention relates to a thermoplastic polymer-based battery separator, which contains a compound of formula r (or1)n(coomx+1/x)m. In said formula, r represents a non-aromatic hydrocarbon group comprising between 10 and 4,200 carbon atoms, which can be interrupted by oxygen atoms, r1 represents h, —(ch2)kcoomx+1/x or —(ch2)k—so3mx+1/x, whereby k stands for 1 or 2, m represents an alkali or earth alkaline metal ion, h+ or nh4+, whereby not all variables of m are defined simultaneously as h+, n stands for 0 or 1, m stands for 0 or a whole number from 10 to 1,400 and x stands for 1 or 2.
Daramic, Inc.

Coating agent for reducing roughness of resist pattern, and forming resist pattern in which roughness is reduced

A coating agent capable of favorably reducing the roughness of a resist pattern, and a method for forming a resist pattern in which roughness is reduced. The method includes coating the resist pattern with the coating agent.
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Hydrocarbon-emissions monitoring

A first vehicle includes a hydrocarbon sensor and a controller in communication with the hydrocarbon sensor. The controller is programmed to receive data from the hydrocarbon sensor indicating hydrocarbon emissions and determine that the hydrocarbon emissions originated in a second vehicle and are exceed a predetermined threshold.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Treatment liquid and pattern forming method

A treatment liquid for rinsing and patterning a resist film obtained from an actinic ray-sensitive composition includes an organic solvent in which a content of a compound containing a sulfur atom in the treatment liquid is 10 mmol/l or lower, and the organic solvent is a hydrocarbon solvent. A pattern forming method includes: forming a resist film using an actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive composition; exposing the resist film; and treating the exposed resist film with the treatment liquid..
Fujifilm Corporation

Coating agent for reducing roughness of resist pattern, and forming resist pattern in which roughness is reduced

A coating agent capable of favorably reducing the roughness of a resist pattern and a method for forming a resist pattern in which roughness is reduced. The method includes coating the resist pattern with the coating agent.
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Jet pump lift system for producing hydrocarbon fluids

A jet pump lift system for use with a tubing disposed in a casing includes a jet pump installed in the tubing; a one way valve for communicating a power fluid into the jet pump; and a safety valve configured to block fluid communication through the tubing and disposed above the jet pump.. .
Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc

Contamination inhibitor composition

[in the formula (1), r1 each independently represents a hydrogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a carboxyl group or a hydrocarbon group optionally having a substituent having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, r2 each independently represents a hydroxyl group or a carboxyl group, r3 represents a hydrogen atom, a hydroxyl group or a carboxyl group, m is an integer of 1 to 5, and n is an integer of 0 to 5.].. .

Method of fractionating mixtures of low molecular weight hydrocarbons

The invention relates to the field of membrane gas separation and can be used for the energy-efficient fractionation of hydrocarbon mixtures, including separation and drying of natural and associated petroleum gases. Proposed is a method of fractionating mixtures of low molecular weight hydrocarbons which is based on the capillary condensation of the components of a mixture in the pores of microporous membranes with uniform porosity and a pore diameter in a range of 5 to 250 nm, wherein, for capillary condensation, the temperature of the membrane and the pressure on the permeate side are kept below the temperature and the pressure of the feed mixture such that the equilibrium pressure of the saturated vapors of the separated components on the permeate side is lower than the partial pressure of the components in the feed stream.
Rosneft Oil Company

Catalytic process for co-processing of cellulosic biomass and heavy petroleum fuels

Disclosed herein is an economically viable co-process for converting biomass to liquid biohydrocarbon fuels and for upgrading heavy deteriorate petrol-oils to high value transportation fuels. In the process, cellulose, hemi-cellulose and lignin, which are composed of ligno-cellulosic biomass, are converted to the bio-hydrocarbons (alkanes and aromatics) that are currently derived almost exclusively from fossil fuels.

Additives for improving hydrocarbon recovery

Processes for recovering hydrocarbons from subterranean formations are disclosed. The hydrocarbon can be contacted with water or steam and one or more additives, and subsequently recovered.
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Surfactant assisted oil recovery using alcohol ether sulfonates and cationic surfactants

A composition comprising an alcohol ether sulfonate and a quaternary ammonium salt is provided for use in methods of increasing recovery of crude oil from a subterranean hydrocarbon-containing formation.. .
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Composition and scavenging sulfides and mercaptans

This invention relates to a composition comprising 1.) a metal carboxylate, wherein the metal m is selected from the group consisting of ag, cn, hg, pb, sn, ni, co, ca, fe, zn and mn, those metals being present as ions in a +2 or +3 charge state, and wherein the carboxylate anion is derived from a hydrocarbyl monocarboxylic acid having 5 to 20 carbon atoms, or a mixture of such acids, 2.) a solvent selected from the group consisting of water, glycol ethers having from 4 to 15 carbon atoms, alkyl alcohols having from 1 to 10 carbons, and aromatic hydrocarbon solvents having from 6 to 30 carbons, and 3.) an emulsion breaker which is a polymeric nonionic surfactant.. .
Clariant International, Ltd.

Rubber mixture and vehicle tires

Disclosed are sulfur-crosslinkable rubber mixtures that can be incorporated into treads of vehicle tires, and vehicle tires comprising the disclosed sulfur-crosslinkable rubber mixtures. The rubber mixtures comprise: at least one diene rubber, at least one silica, at least one hydrocarbon resin, and 1 to 40 phr of at least one liquid polybutadiene having terminal organosilicon modification and having a weight-average molecular weight mw by gpc of 500 to 12 000 g/mol..
Continental Reifen Deutschland Gmbh

Rubber mixture and vehicle tires

Disclosed are sulfur-crosslinkable rubber mixtures for the base of treads having a cap/base construction of vehicle tires, and a vehicle tire comprising the sulfur-crosslinkable rubber mixtures. The disclosed rubber mixture comprises: at least one diene rubber, 15 to 55 phr of at least one filler, at least one hydrocarbon resin comprising 25% to 100% by weight of aromatic monomers, having a softening point according to astm e 28 (ring and ball) of 70° c.
Continental Reifen Deutschland Gmbh

Semipreg with thermoplastic toughened novolac-based epoxy resin matrix

A semipreg that can be cured/molded to form aerospace composite parts including rocket booster casings. The semipreg includes a fibrous layer and a resin layer located on one side of the fibrous layer.
Hexcel Corporation

Sulfonium compound, resist composition, and pattern forming process

A sulfonium compound having formula (1) is provided wherein r1, r2 and r3 are a c1-c20 monovalent hydrocarbon group which may contain a heteroatom, p=0-5, q=0-5, and r=0-4. A resist composition comprising the sulfonium compound is processed by lithography to form a resist pattern with improved lwr and pattern collapse..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Process for selectivating catalyst for producing paraxylene by methylation of benzene and/or toluene

A process is described for producing paraxylene, in which an aromatic hydrocarbon feedstock comprising benzene and/or toluene is contacted with an alkylating reagent comprising methanol and/or dimethyl ether in an alkylation reaction zone under alkylation conditions in the presence of an alkylation catalyst to produce an alkylated aromatic product comprising xylenes. The alkylation catalyst comprises a molecular sieve having a constraint index ≤5, and the alkylation conditions comprise a temperature less than 500° c.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Radial electro-magnetic system for the conversion of small hydrocarbon molecules to larger hydrocarbon molecules using a rotational chemical reactor/separator chamber

A system and a method are provided for an axial flow through chemical reactor that provides for the separation of hydrogen from a hydrocarbon feedstock and to form longer chain hydrocarbon molecules. The system consists of a radial magnetic field and an axial electric field in a cylindrical device, and a method of exciting flow through gas molecules by means of lorentz force to cause centrifugal force on the gas stream in the radial direction, inducing high molecular sheer in the rotating gas stream causes hydrogen to be removed from the rotating gas column, high molecular density forces radical hydrocarbon molecules to combine in the absence of hydrogen..

Process for producing paraxylene by methylation of benzene and/or toluene

A process is described for producing paraxylene, in which an aromatic hydrocarbon feedstock comprising benzene and/or toluene is contacted with an alkylating reagent comprising methanol and/or dimethyl ether in an alkylation reaction zone under alkylation conditions in the presence of an alkylation catalyst to produce an alkylated aromatic product comprising xylenes. The alkylation catalyst comprises a molecular sieve having a constraint index≤5, and the alkylation conditions comprise a temperature less than 500° c.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Zeolite having a one-dimensional channel system, 10-membered rings and 12-membered rings

Where m represents a metal or metals from zinc or group 1 (iupac 1), group 2 (iupac 2), group 3 (iupac 3) or the lanthanide series of the periodic table, r is a structure directing agent or agents such as 1,6-bis(n-methylpiperidinium)hexane, and e is an element selected from the group consisting of gallium, iron, boron and mixtures thereof. Catalysts made from uzm-55 have utility in various hydrocarbon conversion reactions including methanol to hydrocarbons (mth)..

Composition of matter and structure of zeolite uzm-55

Where m represents a metal or metals selected from zinc or group 1 (iupac 1), group 2 (iupac 2), group 3 (iupac 3) or the lanthanide series of the periodic table including sodium, potassium or a combination of sodium and potassium cations, r is an organic structure directing agent or agents derived from reactants r1 and r2 such as where r1 is diisopropanolamine and r2 is a chelating diamine, and e is an element selected from the group consisting of gallium, iron, boron and mixtures thereof. Catalysts made from uzm-55 have utility in various hydrocarbon conversion reactions..

Modulating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor system to treat major depressive disorder

Materials and methods for treating major depressive disorder by modulating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor system are provided herein.. .
Duke University

Ethernet distributed passive optical networking for subsea systems

A method for routing communications signals at an underwater hydrocarbon extraction facility comprising: providing a routing module at an underwater location, the routing module comprising a passive wavelength division demultiplexer; sending wavelength division multiplexed communications signals to the routing module from a surface location via an input optical fibre; demultiplexing wavelength division multiplexed communications signals using the passive wavelength division demultiplexer to produce a plurality of demultiplexed output communications signals; and outputting the output demultiplexed communications signals via respective output optical fibres.. .
Ge Oil & Gas Uk Limited

Electroactive materials

In formula i: ar1 and ar2 are the same or different and are aryl, heteroaryl, or deuterated analogs thereof; l1 and l2 are the same or different and are h, d, halogen, aryl, arylamino, crosslinkable groups, deuterated aryl, deuterated arylamino, or deuterated crosslinkable groups; r1-r4 are the same or different at each occurrence and are d, f, cn, hydrocarbon aryl, heteroaryl, aryloxy, fluoroaryl, alkyl, fluoroalkyl, alkoxy, fluoroalkoxy, amino, silyl, siloxane, siloxy, germyl, deuterated hydrocarbon aryl, deuterated heteroaryl, deuterated aryloxy, deuterated fluoroaryl, deuterated alkyl, deuterated fluoroalkyl, deuterated alkoxy, deuterated fluoroalkoxy, deuterated amino, deuterated silyl, deuterated siloxane, deuterated siloxy, or deuterated germyl, wherein adjacent groups selected from r1-r4 can be joined together to form a fused ring; a is 0 or 1; b is 0 or 1; x and x1 are the same or different and are an integer from 0-5; y and y1 are the same or different and are an integer from 0-4; n is an integer greater than 0, with the proviso that when n=1, l1 and l2 are selected from cl, br, crosslinkable groups and deuterated crosslinkable groups; and bzf is benzofluorene.. .

Method for forming ball in bonding wire

The present invention provides a ball forming method for forming a ball portion at a tip of a bonding wire which includes a core material mainly composed of cu, and a coating layer mainly composed of pd and formed over a surface of the core material, wherein the ball portion is formed in non-oxidizing atmosphere gas including hydrocarbon which is gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, the method being capable of improving pd coverage on a ball surface in forming a ball at a tip of the pd-coated cu bonding wire.. .
Nippon Steel & Sumikin Materials Co., Ltd.

In-situ cleaning using hydrogen peroxide as co-gas to primary dopant or purge gas for minimizing carbon deposits in an ion source

An ion source assembly and method is provided for improving ion implantation performance. The ion source assembly has an ion source chamber and a source gas supply provides a molecular carbon source gas such as toluene to the ion source chamber.
Axcelis Technologies, Inc.

Measurement of hydrocarbon fuel gas composition and properties from tunable diode laser absorption spectrometry

A tunable diode laser absorption spectrometer and a method of processing absorption spectra is used to measure concentrations of selected fuel gas components and calculate several fuel gas parameters, including heating value, relative density, compressibility, theoretical hydrocarbon liquid content and wobbe index. In the described incarnation, a tunable laser diode directs near-infrared light into an optical cavity through a sample of fuel gas.
Abb Schweiz Ag

Reducing unburned hydrocarbon emissions in gaseous fuelled lean-burn engines

It is a challenge to reduce unburned hydrocarbon emissions for gaseous fuelled engines, especially at low engine load conditions, to meet demanding emission regulation targets. A method for reducing unburned hydrocarbon emissions in a lean-burn internal combustion engine that is fuelled with a gaseous fuel comprises adjusting the timing for closing of an intake valve as a function of engine operating conditions by one of advancing timing for closing of the intake valve and closing the intake valve earlier during an intake stroke; and retarding timing for closing of the intake valve and closing the intake valve later during a compression stroke.
Westport Power Inc.

Ferrite as three-way catalyst for treatment of exhaust gas from vehicle engine

A kind of ferrite used as a three-way catalyst for treatment of exhaust gas from vehicle engines is revealed. Mono-nitrogen oxides (nox), carbon monoxide (co) and hydrocarbons (hc) in exhaust gas from vehicle engines can be removed effectively by the three-way catalyst made from ferrite containing at least one substitutional metal..
National Kaohsiung University Of Applied Sciences

Shale geomechanics for multi-stage hydraulic fracturing optimization in resource shale and tight plays

Systems and methods for improving production from wellbores include providing optimal fracture design parameters based on geomechanical analyses combined with geological, geophysical, and/or petrophysical knowledge. In at least one embodiment, the systems and methods include defining a well direction, defining a fracture spacing, selecting a fracturing fluid system and optimizing a fracture design, such as a complex multi-stage hydraulic fracture design.
Landmark Graphics Corporation

Refrigerator lubricating oil and mixed composition for refrigerator

Disclosed herein is a mixed composition for a refrigerator, which contains: a refrigerant containing at least one unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbon compound selected from compounds represented by the following molecular formula (1): cpfrhs, and a refrigerator lubricating oil containing, as a major component, a polyoxyalkylene glycol compound represented by the following general formula (2), and containing an amine compound in an amount of 1.0% by mass or more based on the total amount of the refrigerator lubricating oil: r1—[(or2)m—or3]n (2). According to the present disclosure, a mixed composition for a refrigerator can be provided that has a less possibility of autoignition under a high temperature environment even in an unexpected leakage thereof in a refrigerator using a refrigerant containing a slightly flammable refrigerant, and a refrigerator lubricating oil can be provided that is capable of being applied to the mixed composition for a refrigerator..
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

Process for separating particles containing alkali metal salts from liquid hydrocarbons

The present technology provides a process that includes heating a first mixture of elemental sulfur and particles comprising an alkali metal sulfide in a liquid hydrocarbon to a temperature of at least 150° c., to provide a sulfur-treated mixture comprising agglomerated particles; and separating the agglomerated particles from the sulfur-treated mixture to provide a desulfurized liquid hydrocarbon and separated solids. This process may be used as part of a suite of processes for desulfurizing liquid hydrocarbons contaminated with organosulfur compounds and other heteroatom-based contaminants.
Field Upgrading Limited

Conversion of biomass, organic waste and carbon dioxide into synthetic hydrocarbons

A process and system for producing a synthetic hydrocarbon having a desired h/c ratio is disclosed. Organic material is biochemically digested in a two stage biodigester for separately producing a hydrogen containing biogas substantially free of methane in a first stage and a methane containing biogas in a second stage.
Greenfield Specialty Alcohols Inc.

Compositions useful for oil extraction

The present invention relates to compositions comprising a plant material, and methods for using the same in extracting or removing a hydrocarbon-containing substance from a substrate or remediating a substrate.. .
Greenstract, Llc

Method of hydraulic fracturing using fracturing fluid mixture with shrinkable polymer fibers and fine particles

The disclosure relates to well systems for producing various fluids, in particular for producing the fluid from the hydrocarbon-bearing formation using hydraulic fracturing. According to the method of hydraulic fracturing of the formation intersected by the wellbore, the wellbore is provided, and the step of injecting the fracturing fluid without proppant to the wellbore is performed to form a fracture in the formation.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Laminated molded article

A laminated molded article includes a molded product formed from a resin composition and a metal thin-film layer. The composition contains a polyphenylene ether resin (a) and an amorphous α-olefin copolymer (b).
Asahi Kasei Kabushiki Kaisha

Polyglycolic acid resin composition, molded product for well drilling, and downhole tool member

In light of increasingly severe and diverse excavation conditions for hydrocarbon resource recovery, such as the drilling of very deep wells, provided is a highly impact-resistant polyglycolic acid resin composition that is resistant to damage even from contact or collision with various members during molding, transport, and well drilling; has excellent mechanical properties and heat resistance; can easily be removed as necessary after the completion of well treatment; and contributes to reducing the cost and shortening the process of well drilling. Also, provided is a molded product for well drilling, such as a downhole tool member..
Kureha Corporation

Compounds with phosphine oxide and amine functions, useful as uranium (vi) ligands, and uses thereof, in particular for extracting uranium(vi) from aqueous solutions of sulphuric acid

In which: r1 and r2 represent, independently of one another, a c4 to c12 acyclic hydrocarbon group; r3 represents h; a c1 to c12 acyclic hydrocarbon group with optionally one or more heteroatoms; a c5 or c6 cyclic hydrocarbon group; or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic group; r4 represents h or a c1 to c12 acyclic hydrocarbon group with optionally one or more heteroatoms; r5 and r6 represent, independently of one another, h; a c1 to c12 acyclic hydrocarbon group with optionally one or more heteroatoms; a c5 or c6 cyclic hydrocarbon group; or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic group; on the condition however that r5 and r6 do not each represent h.. .

Polymerizable compound, polymerizable composition, polymer, and optically anisotropic product

A compound represented by a formula (iia) is provided. In formula (iia), y1 to y8 represent —o—, —s—, —o—c(═o)—, —c(═o)—o— or the like, g1 and g2 represent a divalent linear aliphatic group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or the like, z1 and z2 represent an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms or the like, ax represents a group represented by a formula (ii), wherein x represents an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom or the like, d represents an alkylene group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or the like, a1 represents a trivalent aromatic group or the like, a2 and a3 represent a divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 30 carbon atoms or the like, a4 and a5 represent a divalent aromatic group having 4 to 30 carbon atoms or the like, q1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms or the like, and m and n are 0 or 1..
Zeon Corporation

Processes and apparatuses for production of aromatic products

Processes and apparatuses for producing a c8 aromatic isomer product are provided. The apparatus comprises an isomerization unit to provide an isomerized stream.
Uop Llc

Catalysts for petrochemical catalysis

Metal oxide catalysts comprising various dopants are provided. The catalysts are useful as heterogenous catalysts in a variety of catalytic reactions, for example, the oxidative coupling of methane to c2 hydrocarbons such as ethane and ethylene.
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Synthesis gas manufacturing method and synthesis gas manufacturing apparatus

A method of manufacturing synthesis gas by catalytic partial oxidation can prevent formation of hot spots from taking place when driving mixture gas to pass through a catalyst-filled layer at high velocity. The method comprises converting mixture gas of source gas containing lower hydrocarbons and oxidative gas containing oxygen into synthesis gas containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide as main components thereof by causing mixture gas to flow through a fixed bed catalyst layer arranged in a reactor.
Japan Oil, Gas And Metals National Corporation

Gas blanketing system for low-pressure hydrocarbon tanks

A hydrocarbon tank system environment corrosion inhibitor includes use of inert gas, preferably nitrogen, to blanket ullage and interstice through the tank system. Blanket gas is provided via controller into coupling to access ullage.

Method for offshore floating petroleum production, storage and offloading with a buoyant structure

A method for offshore floating petroleum production, storage and offloading comprising receiving hydrocarbons from at least one of an fpso, production risers, or wellhead on the seabed by a floating hull; processing received hydrocarbons forming hydrocarbon product in the floating hull; storing the hydrocarbon product in the floating hull; and offloading the stored hydrocarbon product. The floating hull contains a hull plan view that is circular and wherein the floating hull has a bottom surface, a top deck surface, at least three connected sections, joined in series and symmetrically configured about a vertical axis with the connected sections extending downwardly from the top deck surface toward the bottom surface.
Jurong Shipyard Pte Ltd.

Use of alkane sulfonic acid for cleaning in the sugar industries

The present invention concerns the use of at least one alkane sulfonic acid of formula r—so3h, in which r represents a linear or branched saturated hydrocarbon chain comprising 1 to 4 carbon atoms, for cleaning solid deposits containing at least one aconitic acid salt. The invention also concerns a method for cleaning solid deposits containing at least one aconitic acid salt, using at least one alkane sulfonic acid..
Arkema France

Production of nitro-fatty acids and nitro-hydrocarbons by ammonia oxidizing bacteria

This disclosure provides compositions containing ammonia oxidizing bacteria and methods of use, including treatment of disorders related to inflammation. Also provided are compositions containing nitro-fatty acids and nitro-hydrocarbons and methods of generating same using ammonia oxidizing bacteria..
Aobiome Llc

Compositions and methods for treating hair

Disclosed herein are compositions and methods for styling hair comprising at least two latex polymers, wherein at least one latex polymer is a film-forming polymer; at least one oil chosen from lower alkanes, hydrocarbon oils, plant/vegetable oils, fluoro oils, silicones, or mixtures thereof; and water; wherein the at least two latex polymers are present in a combined amount ranging from about 0.1% to about 30% by weight, relative to the weight of the composition.. .
L'oreal

Hair dyeing process using a composition comprising at least one indol(in)e compound and a polycyclic aromatic compound containing at least ten carbon atoms

The invention relates to a process for dyeing keratin fibres by treating said fibres with i) at least one aromatic compound comprising a hydrocarbon-based polycycle comprising at least 10 carbon atoms, at least one of the rings of which is aromatic, ii) at least one indol(in)e compound; optionally iii) at least one metal salt, iv) at least hydrogen peroxide or at least one hydrogen peroxide-generating system and v) at least one basifying agent; to a dye composition comprising ingredients i) and ii), and optionally iii) to v) as defined previously and to a kit comprising ingredients i) to v) as defined previously. This hair dyeing process makes it possible to obtain better colorings which are more uniform, chromatic and long-lasting and which do not impair the cosmetic properties of the keratin fibres, and prevents changing of the colour associated with the presence of indol(in)e derivatives..
L'oreal

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Bio Clean Environmental Services, Inc.

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Organic light emitting display

Provided is an organic light emitting display comprising: a substrate including a light emitting zone and a non-light emitting zone, which is positioned around the outside of the light emitting zone; at least one organic light emitting diode formed on the light emitting zone; an encapsulation layer for sealing the organic light emitting diode; and a dam formed on the non-light emitting zone, wherein the encapsulation layer includes a structure in which at least one inorganic layer and at least one organic layer are alternatingly stacked, wherein the organic layer is made from a display sealing material composition, and wherein the display sealing material composition comprises a photo-curable monomer and a photopolymerization initiator. The photo-curable monomer comprises: a monomer not having an aromatic hydrocarbon group; and a monomer, represented by chemical formula 1, having at least two substituted or non-substituted phenyl groups, wherein the photo-curable monomer comprises approximately 5 wt.
Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.

Immobilized water stationary phase

A method for preparing a crude oil solution for analysis, including adding water to a porous adsorbent to obtain a supported water substrate, having a plurality of water monolayers disposed on the porous adsorbent. The method further includes exposing the crude oil solution to the supported water substrate for a period of time; adjusting the ph of the water on the porous adsorbent; separating the supported water substrate from the crude oil solution; washing the supported water substrate with a water immiscible solvent to remove at least one hydrocarbon; displacing water from the plurality of water monolayers and the at least one interfacially active compound from the porous adsorbent with an alcohol and a co-solvent to obtain a displaced phase.
Florida State University Research Foundation, Inc.

Actively shaken in-situ passive sampling device

A vibrating platform for the deploying of passive sampling devices in sediments and other media to be sampled. The vibrating platform can greatly enhance the rate of mass transfer of analytes, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polychlorinated biphenyls, into passive sampler material by disrupting the formation of a depletion layer in proximity of the passive sampler material..
University Of Maryland, Baltimore County

Process for removing nitrogen from high-flow natural gas

A process for separating the components of a gas mixture comprising methane, nitrogen, and at least one hydrocarbon having at least two carbon atoms, or a mixture of these hydrocarbons, including the following steps: a) introduction of a stream of the mixture to be treated into a demethanization of the gas mixture with at least n demethenization column; b) partial condensation of a gas mixture, comprising less than 1 mol % of hydrocarbons having at least two carbon atoms, extracted from the demethanization unit to obtain a liquid, at least a portion of which is treated in order to be extracted as denitrogenated natural gas and a second gas, c) introduction of the second gas into a nitrogen removal unit having n nitrogen removal columns.. .
L'air Liquide, Société Anonyme Pour I'etude Et I'exploitation Des Procédés Georges Claude

Rolling device for vehicle

A rolling device for a vehicle includes an inner raceway member including first and second inner raceways; an outer raceway member including first and second outer raceways; first rolling elements disposed rollably between the first inner raceway and the first outer raceway and second rolling elements disposed rollably between the second inner raceway and the second outer raceway; and grease disposed on raceway surfaces of the first inner raceway, the first outer raceway, the second inner raceway, and the second outer raceway and rolling surfaces of the first rolling elements and the second rolling elements. The grease includes a base oil, a thickener, and additives.
Jtekt Corporation

Pressure sensor arrangement using an optical fiber and methodologies for performing an analysis of a subterranean formation

A sensor arrangement using an optical fiber and methodologies for performing an analysis of a subterranean formation, such as a subterranean formation containing a hydrocarbon based fluid. The sensor arrangement may be used to measure one or more physical parameters, such as temperature and/or pressure, at a multiplicity of locations in the subterranean reservoir.
Weatherford Canada Partnership

Wellbore system

A system and method of producing a deposit of gas and liquid hydrocarbons from a subterranean formation, where a pressure of the gas hydrocarbons is regulated. Strategically regulating a pressure of the gas hydrocarbons prevents the gas hydrocarbons from expanding into a path of the liquid hydrocarbons flowing to a wellbore.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Fluid injection process for hydrocarbon recovery from a subsurface formation

A method of treating a subsurface formation with low permeability to increase total oil production from the formation is disclosed. The method may include providing a first fluid into two or more fractures emanating from a first wellbore.
Statoil Gulf Services Llc

Flooding process for hydrocarbon recovery from a subsurface formation

A method of treating a subsurface formation with low permeability to increase total oil production from the formation is disclosed. The method may include providing a first fluid into two or more fractures emanating from a first wellbore.
Statoil Gulf Services Llc

Production of hydrocarbon using direct-contact steam generation

A process for in situ thermal recovery of hydrocarbons from a reservoir is provided. The process includes: providing an oxygen-enriched mixture, fuel, feedwater and an additive including at least one of ammonia, urea and a volatile amine to a direct-contact steam generator (dcsg); operating the dcsg, including contacting the feedwater and the additive with hot combustion gas to obtain a steam-based mixture including steam, co2 and the additive; injecting the steam-based mixture or a stream derived from the steam-based mixture into the reservoir to mobilize the hydrocarbons therein; and producing a produced fluid including the hydrocarbons..
Suncor Energy Inc.

Wellbore plug isolation system and method

A wellbore plug isolation system and method for positioning plugs to isolate fracture zones in a horizontal, vertical, or deviated wellbore is disclosed. The system/method includes a wellbore casing laterally drilled into a hydrocarbon formation, a wellbore setting tool (wst) that sets a large inner diameter (id) restriction sleeve member (rsm), and a restriction plug element (rpe).
Geodynamics, Inc.

Method of producing bioproducts

Methods for production of a bioproduct with a microorganism and selective extraction of bioproducts from a fermentation broth. The methods may include mixing a carbon source, a nitrogen source, and an extractant-depleted raffinate to form a fermentation medium, and fermenting the medium with a microorganism to form a fermentation broth having at least one bioproduct.
White Dog Labs, Inc.

Pre-rinsing liquid, pre-rinsing treatment method, and pattern forming method

(2) the organic solvent is at least one organic solvent selected from the group consisting of alcohols, cyclic ethers, glycol ethers, glycol ether acetates, hydrocarbons, ketones, lactones, and esters.. .

Process for simultaneous removal of arsenic and sulphur from hydrocarbon streams

The present invention describes a process for the simultaneous removal of arsenic and sulphur compounds from hydrocarbon streams of fossil origin, wherein hydrocarbon streams of fossil origin resulting from the retorting process of schist are purified by direct contact with hydrated iron oxide, such as goethite (α-feooh) in its raw natural form (limonite ore particles).. .
Petroleo Brasileiro S.a. - Petrobras

Methods and apparatuses for an integrated isomerization and platforming process

The present disclosure generally relates to methods and systems for reforming and isomerizing hydrocarbons. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a novel combination of two traditionally separate reforming and isomerization reaction zones.
Uop Llc

Catalyst preparation unit for use in processing of heavy hydrocarbons

A catalyst preparation unit for producing an activated hydrocarbon-catalyst mixture. The catalyst preparation unit includes one or more catalyst reactant input conduits; a hydrocarbon input conduit; a water input conduit; one or more catalyst reactant mixing and conveyance systems for receiving and mixing catalyst reactants from the catalyst component input conduits and water provided by the water input conduit to provide one or more catalyst reactant solutions; one or more hydrocarbon mixing and conveyance systems for receiving and mixing the catalyst reactant solutions and hydrocarbons provided by the hydrocarbon input conduit to produce a hydrocarbon-catalyst reactant mixture; at least one reactor located downstream of the mixers, for receiving and activating the hydrocarbon-catalyst reactant mixture, thereby producing the activated hydrocarbon catalyst mixture; a gas/liquid separator located downstream of the reactor, for removing vapors and gas from the activated hydrocarbon-catalyst mixture; and an output conduit for transporting the activated hydrocarbon-catalyst mixture away from the catalyst preparation unit..
Pc-cups Ltd.

Dissolved oil removal from quench water of gas cracker ethylene plants

A method for removing dissolved hydrocarbons from water may comprise: cracking a mixed hydrocarbon stream in a cracking furnace to produce a cracked gas effluent; quenching the cracked gas effluent in a quench water tower with quench water to produce a quenched gas stream and a spent quench water stream comprising water, tars, heavy aromatic hydrocarbons, gasoline, dissolved oil, and dispersed oil; feeding the spent quench water stream to a liquid-liquid extraction unit wherein the liquid-liquid extraction unit removes at least a portion of the dissolved oil and produce an extracted effluent stream.. .
Janus Technology Solutions, Llc

Desalting method and apparatus

A method for optimizing a desalting process in which a hydrocarbon feedstock is passed to a desalter through a line under a set of conditions, the hydrocarbon feedstock containing a hydrocarbon fluid, water and a salt, said method comprising: obtaining spectra of the hydrocarbon feedstock under a plurality of environments in the line; comparing the spectra; and based on the comparison of the spectra, either modifying or maintaining the set of conditions under which the hydrocarbon feedstock is passed to the desalter; wherein the spectra are obtained using neutron backscattering.. .
Bp Corporation North America Inc.

Production process and production system for producing methane / gaseous and/or liquid hydrocarbons

A process for the production of synthetically produced methane (57)/gaseous and/or liquid hydrocarbons (114, 115, 116, 117). For this purpose, hydrogen (44, 84, 150) from an electrolytic arrangement (41, 81, 151, 159) which is operated by means of regeneratively generated electric energy and carbon dioxide (19, 46, 86) are synthesized in a methane synthesis (figs.
Climeworks Ag

Direct synthesis of hydrocarbons from co-electrolysis solid oxide cell

A hydrocarbon generation system that combines a solid oxide electrolysis cell (soec) and a fischer-tropsch unit in a single microtubular reactor is described. This system can directly synthesize hydrocarbons from carbon dioxide and water.
University Of South Carolina

High temperature fracturing fluids with nano-crosslinkers

A fracturing fluid system for increasing hydrocarbon production in a subterranean reservoir formation is provided. The fracturing fluid system comprising a fluid composition and a base fluid, the fluid composition comprising a nano-crosslinker, and a base polymer; and the base fluid operable to suspend the fluid composition, the base fluid comprising water; wherein the fluid composition and the base fluid are combined to produce the fracturing fluid system, wherein the fracturing fluid system is operable to stimulate the subterranean reservoir formation.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Paraffin suppressant compositions and methods

Disclosed herein are paraffin suppressant compositions, and methods of making and using them. The compositions comprise a paraffin inhibitor, a hydrocarbon-soluble hydrotrope equivalent, and optionally one or more additional paraffin dispersants.
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Silicone composition and manufacturing heat-conductive silicone composition

A silicone composition that contains an organopolysiloxane having at least two aliphatic unsaturated hydrocarbon groups per molecule, a filler containing an aluminum powder and a zinc oxide powder, an organohydrogenpolysiloxane having two or more sih groups per molecule, and a platinum group metal catalyst, in which when a storage and loss elastic modulus g″ of the silicone composition is measured by means a viscoelasticity measurement apparatus capable of measuring shear modulus, the silicone composition can provide a cured product wherein g′ after 3,000 seconds from the start of holding is 10,000 pa or less, g′ after 7,200 seconds from the start of holding is 100,000 pa or less, and g′ exceeds g″ after 800 seconds or more from the start of holding. As a result, there is provided a silicone composition excellent in crushability, spreadability, and heat conductivity..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Electrically conductive adhesive and electrically conductive material

Disclosed is an electrically conductive adhesive containing: (a) a polyether polymer having a backbone comprising a repeating unit of the formula: —r1—o— wherein r1 is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and an end group which is a hydrolyzable silyl group, and (b) silver particles. Further disclosed is an electrically conductive material which is a hardened product of the electrically conductive adhesive..
Nichia Corporation

Adhesive composition, bio-electrode, manufacturing a bio-electrode, and salt

An adhesive composition including a resin and electro-conductive material, wherein the electro-conductive material is an ammonium salt of fluorosulfonic acid having 5 or more carbon atoms shown by the general formula (1): (r1—x—z—so3−)n mn+ (1), wherein, r1 represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 40 carbon atoms and optionally substituted by a heteroatom or optionally interposed by heteroatom; x represents any of a single bond, ether group, ester group, and amide group; z represents an alkylene group having 2 to 4 carbon atoms, containing 1 to 6 fluorine atoms, and optionally containing a carbonyl group; m+ represents a cation having one or two ammonium cation structures. This can form a living body contact layer for a bio-electrode with excellent electric conductivity, biocompatibility, and light weight, which manufactures at low cost and does not cause large lowering of the electric conductivity even when it is wetted with water or dried..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Treatment composition for chemical mechanical polishing, chemical mechanical polishing method, and cleaning method

A treatment composition for chemical mechanical polishing includes: (a) a water-soluble amine; (b) a water-soluble polymer having an aromatic hydrocarbon group-containing repeating unit; and an aqueous medium. The treatment composition for chemical mechanical polishing preferably further includes (c) an organic acid having an aromatic hydrocarbon group and has a ph of 9 or more..
Jsr Corporation

Monomer composition containing unsaturated polyalkylene glycol ether-based monomer, producing composition thereof, polymer obtained using composition thereof, and producing polymer thereof

[in the formula, y represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 7 carbon atoms; r1o represents one or two or more types of oxyalkylene groups having 2 to 18 carbon atoms; n represents an average addition, mole number of oxyalkylene groups and is a number of 5 to 500; and r2 represents a hydrogen atom, or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms], an organic acid, and water, and having a ph of 4 to 13.. .

Soft polyurethane foam using hydrocarbon polyol, and cosmetic comprising same

The present invention provides a composition for a soft urethane foam to prepare a soft urethane foam, comprising a polyol, and a foamed soft urethane foam using the same, wherein the polyol is any one selected from among a hydrocarbon polyol, a vegetable oil, and a vegetable-oil-derived dimer acid, or a mixture of a hydrocarbon polyol with any one selected from among a vegetable oil and a vegetable-oil-derived dimer acid. The present invention provides an impregnation material for impregnation of a cosmetic composition, which can control the polarity of the impregnation material for impregnating a hydrophilic cosmetic composition, and an impregnation-use urethane foam composition for preparing the same..
Lg Household & Health Care Ltd.

Method for preparing silicone resins containing hydroxy groups and alkoxy groups

The chlorohydrocarbon content of silicone resins prepared from alkoxysilanes is reduced by reacting alkoxysilane and 0.01-1 pbw chlorinated hydrocarbons with water at at least 50° c. And for at least 30 minutes, in the absence of a water immiscible solvent..
Wacker Chemie Ag

Paraffin inhibitors, and paraffin suppressant compositions and methods

Disclosed are paraffin inhibitors, paraffin suppressant compositions, and methods of making and using them. The paraffin inhibitors comprise polymers of a maleic moiety polymerized with at least two olefins having hydrocarbon chains of a different length from each other.
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Direct amination of hydrocarbons

Process for preparing aminated aromatic hydrocarbons that may be substituted comprising the steps of reacting an aromatic hydrocarbon with ammonia in the presence of a catalyst having a crystalline microporous structure wherein the catalyst comprises vanadium aluminophosphate molecular sieve (vapo) and/or aluminophosphate molecular sieve (alpo) and wherein the catalyst is preferably impregnated with nickel and/or copper, and wherein the aromatic hydrocarbon may be substituted.. .
Huntsman International Llc

Phosphorous modified molecular sieves, their use in conversion of organics to olefins

Contacting said heavy hydrocarbon fraction in the ocp reactor at conditions effective to convert at least a portion of said heavy hydrocarbon fraction to light olefins.. .

Trichlorosilane purification producing polycrystalline silicon

There is provided trichlorosilane purification technology in which it is unnecessary to discharge large amounts of chlorosilanes oat of the system in the production of high-purity trichlorosilane from a chlorosilane fraction containing hydrocarbons and in which the reaction control can also be easily performed. In the present invention, the step of converting hydrocarbons contained in a chlorosilane fraction into low-boiling materials by thermal decomposition has been provided in the purification system in order to easily separate the hydrocarbons.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Catalysts for hydrocarbon reforming

In some examples, a method for treating a reforming catalyst, the method comprising heating a catalyst metal used for reforming hydrocarbon in a reducing gas mixture environment. The reducing gas mixture comprises hydrogen and at least one sulfur-containing compound.
Lg Fuel Cell Systems, Inc.

Process and steam reforming

A process and an apparatus for generating a hydrogen- and/or carbon monoxide-comprising gas product, wherein a hydrocarbon feed formed from a hydrocarbons-containing starting material is supplied together with superheated steam to a steam reforming proceeding at elevated pressure to obtain a hydrogen- and carbon monoxide-containing crude synthesis gas from which the gas product is derived are disclosed. The boiler feed water is supplied at a pressure higher than its critical pressure with heat to obtain supercritical water of which subsequently at least a portion is employed as propelling medium in a steam jet ejector by means of which the hydrocarbon feed and/or a substance employed for the formation thereof are compressed..

Method of manufacturing resin impregnated material, composite material and copper-clad laminate

The resin impregnated material is formed by impregnating a porous fluororesin with a curable resin composition containing: (a) a bismaleimide compound represented by general formula (i); and (b) a radical polymerization initiator. In general formula (i), x represents an aliphatic, alicyclic, or aromatic hydrocarbon group having 10 to 30 carbon atoms in the main chain; y represents an aliphatic, alicyclic or aromatic hydrocarbon group; and n represents a number in the range of 1 to 20..

Decontamination and cleaning process for hydrocarbon contaminated equipment

The present invention relates to a process for removing noxious gases and cleaning hydrocarbon contaminants from equipment at a refinery, plant, or other facility during a turnaround period. The process includes injecting an aromatic solvent into the contaminated equipment with a gas stream, such as steam, and an additive.
Kixmon Solutions, Llc

Process for preparing a nickel-based catalyst, the nickel-based catalyst, and use thereof in a steam reforming process

The present invention relates to a process for preparing a nickel-based catalyst promoted with aluminium compounds with increased resistance to thermal deactivation and to the nickel-based catalyst thus obtained. In addition, the present invention relates to the use of said catalyst in a steam reforming process starting from hydrocarbons for producing hydrogen or synthesis gas..
Petroleo Brasileiro S.a. - Petrobras

Foam compositions, aerosol products, and methods of using the same

A cosmetic foam composition that includes about 0.1% to 5% of a non-hydrocarbon propellant, and a liquid foamable composition. The liquid foamable composition includes about 0.05% to 5% of a surfactant and about 1% to 10% of a fatty alcohol.
The Procter & Gamble Company

Adhesive composition, bio-electrode, and manufacturing a bio-electrode

An adhesive composition including a resin and an electro-conductive material, wherein the electro-conductive material is one or more salts selected from sodium salt, potassium salt, and calcium salt having two fluorosulfonic acid structures per molecule and 5 or more carbon atoms shown by formula (1): −o3s—y—la-a-lb-y—so3− (mn+)2/n (1), wherein, a represents a divalent hydrocarbon group having 1-30 carbon atoms and optionally substituted by a heteroatom or optionally interposed by a heteroatom; la and lb each represent a linking group like an ether group, ester group; y represents an alkylene group having 2-4 carbon atoms, containing 1-6 fluorine atoms, and optionally containing a carbonyl group; mn+ represents any of na+, k+, ca2+. This can form a living body contact layer for a bio-electrode with excellent electric conductivity, biocompatibility, and light weight, which can be manufactured at low cost and without large lowering of electric conductivity even when it is wetted with water or dried..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

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Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

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Ntn Corporation

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Bp Corporation North America Inc.

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Resist composition and forming resist pattern

A resist composition including a polymeric compound having a structural unit represented by formula (a0-1) and an acid generator consisting of a compound represented by general formula (b1-1) in which ra00 represents an acid dissociable group represented by general formula (a0-r1-1); ra01, ra02, ra031, ra032 and ra033 represent a hydrocarbon; ya0 represents a quaternary carbon atom; r101 represents a hydrocarbon group having at least 1 hydroxy group as a substituent; y101 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group containing an oxygen atom; and v101 represents a single bond, an alkylene group or a fluorinated alkylene group).. .
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Resist composition and forming resist pattern

A resist composition including a polymeric compound having 0 to 20 mol % of a structural unit containing a polar group-containing aliphatic hydrocarbon group, and an acid generator compound represented by general formula (b1-1) in which r101 represents a hydrocarbon group having at least 1 hydroxy group as a substituent; y101 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group containing an oxygen atom; v101 represents a single bond, an alkylene group or a fluorinated alkylene group; r102 represents a fluorine atom or a fluorinated alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms; m′m+ represents an organic cation having a valency of m.. .
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Method for measurement of hydrocarbon content of tight gas reservoirs

Measures of the hydrocarbon content of a shale gas formation or reservoir are obtained. Nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) well logs are obtained from a well in the reservoir measures of the total fluid, including both water and hydrocarbon, in the shale of the reservoir.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Methods for quantifying olefins in hydrocarbons

Methods and systems for quantifying olefinic hydrocarbons in a hydrocarbon sample are provided. The methods can include separating olefinic hydrocarbons from the hydrocarbon sample by high pressure liquid chromatography.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Method for non-linear high salinity water cut measurements

The present disclosure relates to a method for determining a water cut value of a composition comprising a hydrocarbon. In some embodiments, the disclosure relates to an apparatus for determining the water cut value of the composition that comprises one or more of a capacitance probe, a temperature probe, a salinity probe, and a computer..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Method for density measurement using multiple sensors

A process for on-line density measurement for a hydrocarbon fluid. The hydrocarbon fluid is caused to flow through first and second density sensors arranged in series.
Uop Llc

Scr diesel particle filter with oxidation catalyst and oxygen storage catalyst loadings, and exhaust system including the same

A particle filter for treating exhaust gases includes an scr catalyst that, when in the presence of a reductant such as ammonia, promotes selective catalytic reduction of nox; an active oxidation catalyst that promotes oxidation of hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide; and an oxygen storage catalyst that alternately stores and releases oxygen, enhances soot oxidation, and stores nox at temperatures below optimal scr functioning. The particle filter may be included in a system having an oxidation catalytic device (ocd) upstream of the particle filter, and optionally includes one or more scr converters upstream and/or downstream of the particle filter, and/or an ammonia slip catalyst downstream of the particle filter.
Umicore Ag & Co. Kg

Cross-well seismic monitoring of carbon dioxide injection

Methods are provided for tracking carbon dioxide (co2) migration in a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir located under a cap rock in a formation. In one embodiment, at least one seismic source and a plurality of receivers are located in spaced boreholes in the formation with the sources and receivers located near or at the reservoir so that direct paths from the sources to the receivers extend through the reservoir.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Providing communication between wellbores through directional hydraulic fracturing

Example methods are disclosed for collecting hydrocarbons in a collection region that is non-contiguous to a production well. In an example method, a production well and a collection well are formed.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Anti-skid high retroreflectivity preformed thermoplastic composites for runway applications

Disclosed is an alkyd or hydrocarbon resin-based pre-manufactured thermoplastic airport runway signage that is applied in relatively large sections onto an airport runway where the alkyd or hydrocarbon resin-based composite includes a functionalized wax incorporated in the resin-based composite within the range of 0.2 to 3 percent by weight, thereby allowing the resin-based composite to exist in a molten state within a viscosity range of between 35,000 and 85,000 centipoise and wherein the top surface provides an area for surface indicia materials existing on the top surface together with retroreflective glass beads with an index of refraction of 1.9 such that when the beads are suspended in and applied on the surface of the resin-based composite in a molten state the beads do not sink into the resin-based composite provide for allowing and maintaining an overall retroreflectivity of about 1000 millicandellas/m2/lux (mcd).. .
Flint Trading, Inc.

Methods and compositions for producing fatty alcohols and fatty aldehydes

Compositions and methods for producing hydrocarbons such as aldehydes, alkanes, and alkenes are described herein. Certain hydrocarbons can be used in biofuels..
Reg Life Sciences, Llc

Grease composition

Wherein a reference symbol r2 denotes a divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group having a carbon number of 6 to 15, and a reference symbol r1 denotes a cyclohexyl group.. .

Rotary grate for a fixed-bed gasifier that produces a product gas from hydrocarbon-containing feedstock

A rotary grate with slit-shaped openings is used in fixed-bed gasifier that produces a product gas from biomass particles. The rotary grate supports the biomass particles.
Entrade Energiesysteme Ag

Process and recycling cracked hydrocarbons

Processes and apparatuses are disclosed for catalytically cracking hydrocarbons comprising hydrotreating a residual feed stream and a recycle cracked stream comprising an oil to provide a hydrotreated effluent stream. The hydrotreated effluent stream is separated to provide a fcc feed stream and a distillate stream.
Uop Llc

Fluid catalytic cracking process and maximizing light olefin yield and other applications

Apparatus and processes herein provide for converting hydrocarbon feeds to light olefins and other hydrocarbons. The processes and apparatus include, in some embodiments, feeding a hydrocarbon, a first catalyst and a second catalyst to a reactor, wherein the first catalyst has a smaller average particle size and is less dense than the second catalyst.
Lummus Technology Inc.

Hydrocarbon-in-water purification system

A hydrocarbon-in-water purification system includes a high capacity hydrocarbon absorber stage having a high capacity hydrocarbon absorber material and an inlet configured to receive a hydrocarbon-in-water dispersion from a fuel system. A polishing hydrocarbon absorber stage is in liquid communication and downstream of the high capacity hydrocarbon absorber stage including polishing activated carbon.
Donaldson Company, Inc.

Hydrocarbon-in-water purification anion-exchange system

A hydrocarbon-in-water purification system includes an anion exchange stage having an anion exchange resin and an inlet and a water permeate outlet and a hydrocarbon outlet. The inlet is in fluid communication with a hydrocarbon-in-water emulsion source..
Donaldson Company, Inc.

Systems and methods for separating classes of paraffinic compounds

Systems and methods for the separation of classes of paraffins from a hydrocarbon sample can include a first column comprising a first zeolite adsorbent material for the isolation of one or more n-paraffins from the hydrocarbon sample and generation of a first eluate including one or more iso-paraffins and one or more one-ring or multi-ring naphthenes. The system can further include a second column, coupled to the first column, comprising a second zeolite adsorbent material for the isolation of one or more iso-paraffins or one-ring naphthenes from the first eluate and generation of a second eluate including one or more multi-ring naphthenes..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Coating material

An intumescent coating material, the material comprising first and second parts mixable together so that the material will cure by an addition reaction in the presence of a metallic catalyst. The first part including a polydiorganosiloxane polymer having at least two unsaturated groups per molecule.
Dow Corning Corporation

Methods for producing liquid composition, coating liquid for catalyst layer and membrane electrode assembly

To provide methods for producing a liquid composition, a coating liquid for a catalyst layer and a membrane electrode assembly, capable of making cracking less likely to occur at the time of forming a solid polymer electrolyte membrane or a catalyst layer. A copolymer having a structural unit represented by —[cf2—cf{(ocf2cfx)mop(cf2)nso3h}]— (wherein x: f or cf3, m: 1 to 3, p: 0 or 1, and n: an integer of 1 to 12) and a structural unit derived from tetrafluoroethylene, is dispersed in a medium containing water and a hydrocarbon-type alcohol (but not including a fluorinated solvent) to prepare a dispersion wherein the concentration of the copolymer is from 13 to 26 mass %, and the dispersion and a fluorinated solvent are mixed so that the sum of the concentration of the copolymer and the concentration of the fluorinated solvent becomes to be from 17 to 35 mass %, to prepare a liquid composition..
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Refillable polymer bottle and improved caustic stress crack resistance

This disclosure provides new methods, compositions, containers, preforms, and designs for refillable carbonated soft drink bottles having improved caustic stress cracking resistance. The method of this disclosure combine the use of pet-based co-polyester resin that incorporates a cyclic hydrocarbon diacid co-monomer and/or a cyclic hydrocarbon diol comonomer, with a bottle design incorporating a petaloid base, for unexpectedly enhanced performance..
The Coca-cola Company

Magnesium dichloride-ethanol adducts and catalyst components obtained therefrom

Solid adducts comprising mgcl2 and an alcohol roh in which r is a c1-c20 hydrocarbon group, in which the amount of alcohol ranges from higher than 42% to 60% by weight and the porosity determined with hg method due to pores up to 1 μm and expressed in cm3/g, is such that the value of its ratio with the amount of alcohol in percentage falls above the straight line defined by the equation y=−0.0158x+1.03 in which y is the porosity of the adduct and x is the alcohol percentage by weight.. .
Basell Poliolefine Italia S.r.l.

Sulfonic acid derivative compound, photoacid generator, resist composition, cationic polymerization initiator, and cationically polymerizable composition

(wherein, x represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 14 carbon atoms; and r represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, an arylalkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an acyl group-substituted aryl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, an alicyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, a 10-camphoryl group or the like).. .

Process for increasing xylene isomer to benzene ratio

Apparatuses and processes are provided for regulating c7 and c8 feed to an aromatics complex to increase the ratio of a selected xylene isomer to benzene ratio. Reformate may be split into three cuts in a splitter column.
Uop Llc

Integrated c3 - c4 hydrocarbon dehydrogenation process

An integrated process, suitable for use in a new or retrofitted plant, produces an olefin or di-olefin via the dehydrogenation of an appropriate c3-c4 hydrocarbon feed includes (1) contacting the feed and a dehydrogenation catalyst having a geldart a or geldart b classification in a fluidized bed at a temperature from 550° c. To 760° c.
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Integrated propane dehydrogenation process

Processes and systems for the integrated production of propylene and an alkylate, such as cumene, may include feeding a hydrocarbon feedstock containing propane to a propane dehydrogenation reaction zone to convert a portion of the propane to propylene. The propylene is separated in a separation system to form a polymer-grade propylene stream, a low purity propylene stream, and a propane stream.
Lummus Technology Inc.

Reformer device comprising a co2 membrane

A reformer device including a reaction chamber for carrying out a reaction having a hydrocarbon stream as a reactant gas and with hydrogen rich synthesis gas as a reaction product. The membrane is provided within the reaction chamber.
Haldor Topsøe A/s

Process for producing xylene using a metal-doped zeolite catalyst

A method of preparing a metal-doped zeolite catalyst with a modified topology (e.g. A pillared zeolite or a delaminated zeolite), and a method of using thereof in a process for converting an alkyl-aromatic hydrocarbon stream to btx (benzene/toluene/xylene), wherein an enhanced pore topology in the metal-doped zeolite catalyst determines a selectivity to transalkylation of trimethylbenzene to xylene, which in turn leads to a higher xylene yield.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Catalyst composition and catalytic processes for producing liquid hydrocarbons

The invention relates to potassium-promoted, fe2+(fe3+yal3+i-y)2o4 [0.3<y≦0.7] silica-containing extrudates, processes for the preparation of the extrudates with the aid of colloidal silica, and the use of the extrudates to catalyze processes for producing liquid hydrocarbons.. .
B.g. Negev Technologies And Applications Ltd., At Ben-gurion University

Method for producing hollow fiber carbon membrane and separation membrane module

An object of the present invention is to provide a method capable of easily controlling the permeation rate and the selectivity of gas molecules, in a hollow fiber carbon membrane which can be used as a gas separation membrane. The present invention provides a method of producing a hollow fiber carbon membrane, the method including: a preparation step of preparing a precursor made of an organic polymer compound in the form of a hollow fiber; a preheating step of heating the precursor to a temperature of 150° c.
National Institute Of Advanced Industrial Science And Technology

Oxidation catalyst for hydrocarbons produced by an internal combustion engine

An oxidation catalyst is described for treating hydrocarbons in an exhaust gas produced by an internal combustion engine, wherein the oxidation catalyst comprises a region disposed on a substrate, wherein the region comprises ruthenium (ru) supported on a support material comprising a refractory oxide.. .
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Rapamycin 40-o-cyclic hydrocarbon esters, compositions and methods

A new class of rapamycin 40-o-cyclic hydrocarbon esters is disclosed. The 40-o position of the rapamycin ester has the form 40-o—r, where r is c(o)—(ch2)n—x, n is 0, 1 or 2, and x is a cyclic hydrocarbon having 3-8 carbons, optionally containing one or more unsaturated bonds, and one or more linear (ch2)n) and/or cyclic (x) carbon atoms may have an oh or halide group.
Biotronik Ag

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Non-aqueous electrolyte of lithium-ion battery and lithium-ion battery

A non-aqueous electrolyte of a lithium-ion battery and a lithium-ion battery. The electrolyte comprises a non-aqueous organic solvent, a lithium salt and an additive.
Shenzhen Capchem Technology Co., Ltd

Composite material, light-emitting element, light-emitting device, electronic device, and lighting device

A composite material which includes an organic compound and an inorganic compound and has a high carrier-transport property is provided. A composite material having a good property of carrier injection into an organic compound is provided.
Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.

Wet scrubbing high rubber graft abs particulate vent vapors

The disclosure concerns a system for the removal of particulate from a waste vapor stream from a hydrocarbon production process. The particulate can be removed from the waste vapor stream using a series of water streams and gravity separation..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Pneumatic hybrid i.c. engine having water injection

An i.c. Engine (and vehicles incorporating the same) connected with an air reservoir and having means of introducing water (or other evaporable fluid).

Method and connecting well heads of steam stimulated hydrocarbon wells

A system for a steam-stimulated hydrocarbon well pad includes an injection piping assembly at an injection well head and a production piping assembly at a production well head. The injection piping assembly comprises first and second steam conduits for connecting respective ports of an injection well head a steam injection pipeline.
Wood Group Mustang (canada) Inc.

Electromagnetic wave concentrated heating and heat-activated chemical reactions of enhanced sensitizers for enhanced oil recovery

Methods, systems and apparatus for enhanced oil recovery utilizing enhanced sensitizers with chemical blowing agents (cbas) are described. The process includes irradiation of electromagnetic (em) waves.
Espark Energy Inc.

Method and producing gas from a formation containing both gas and water

A downhole filter tool is placed in a wellbore for separating gas from a solution containing both gas and water in a subterranean hydrocarbon bearing formation. The filter tool includes a filter bag inserted inside a perforated inner tube that is surrounded by a casing.

Integrated hydrocarbon fluid distribution modeling

Examples of techniques for integrated hydrocarbon fluid distribution modeling are disclosed. In one example implementation according to aspects of the present disclosure, a computer-implemented method may include: generating, by a processing device, a structural model of a hydrocarbon reservoir; generating, by the processing device, a fluid distribution model based on the structural model and well data; responsive to receiving updated well data, updating, by the processing device, the fluid distribution model iteratively; determining, by the processing device, a trajectory to drill the hydrocarbon reservoir based on the fluid distribution model; and drilling a well into the hydrocarbon reservoir based on the trajectory..
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Method and refining hydrocarbons with electromagnetic energy

A method and apparatus are for refining hydrocarbons. The method includes treating feedstock hydrocarbons at a low temperature with electromagnetic (em) energy for vaporizing selected hydrocarbons.
1836272 Alberta Ltd.

Water repellent composition, producing water repellent composition, and article

To provide a water repellent composition whereby it is possible to obtain an article having excellent hot water repellency and dry soil resistance, a method for producing the water repellent composition, and an article excellent in hot water repellency and dry soil resistance. The water repellent composition comprises a copolymer having structural units based on monomer (a), structural units based on monomer (b), and structural units based on monomer (c) in specific proportions, and an aqueous medium.
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Adhesive composition, bio-electrode, and manufacturing a bio-electrode

An adhesive composition including resin and electro-conductive material, wherein the electro-conductive material is one or more salts from sodium salt, potassium salt, and calcium salt of fluorosulfonic acid having 5 or more carbon atoms shown by the general formula (1): (r1—x—y—so3−)nmn+(1), wherein, r1 represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1-30 carbon atoms and optionally substituted by a heteroatom or optionally interposed by a heteroatom; x represents any of a single bond, ether group, ester group, and amide group; y represents a linear or branched alkylene group having 2-4 carbon atoms, containing 1-6 fluorine atoms, and optionally containing a carbonyl group; mn+ represents any of a sodium ion, potassium ion, and calcium ion. This can form a living body contact layer for a bio-electrode with electric conductivity, biocompatibility, and light weight, which can be manufactured at low cost and without electric conductivity large lowering even when wetted with water or dried..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Polyamide-imide, raw material salt of polyamide-imide, and production method thereof

In which r1, r2 represent independently a divalent residue having an aromatic ring, an aliphatic ring or an aliphatic hydrocarbon; r3, r4 represent independently a trivalent residue having an aromatic ring or an aliphatic ring; and an hydrogen atom bonding to the respective rings may be replaced by another atom or an atomic group.. .

Hydrocarbon polymers comprising two exo-vinylene cyclic carbonate terminal groups

The invention relates to a hydrocarbon polymer comprising two exo-vinylene cyclic carbonate terminal groups, of formula (1), production method thereof and use of same for the production of coating, mastic and adhesive compositions.. .
Bostik Sa

Gelling esterified cellulose ethers

An esterified cellulose comprising aliphatic monovalent acyl groups and groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh, r being a divalent hydrocarbon group, has the following properties: i) the degree of neutralization of the groups —c(o)—r—cooh is not more than 0.4, ii) the total degree of ester substitution is from 0.03 to 0.38, and iii) the esterified cellulose ether has a solubility in water of at least 2.0 weight percent at 20° c.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Water-soluble esterified cellulose ethers having a low degree of neutralization

An esterified cellulose ether comprising aliphatic monovalent acyl groups and groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh, r being a divalent hydrocarbon group, has the following properties: i) the degree of neutralization of the groups —c(o)—r—cooh is not more than 0.4, ii) the total degree of ester substitution is from 0.10 to 0.70, and iii) the esterified cellulose ether has a solubility in water of at least 2.0 weight percent at 2 c.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Water-soluble esterified cellulose ethers

1. An esterified cellulose ether which i) comprises groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh or a combination of aliphatic monovalent acyl groups and groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh, wherein r is a divalent hydrocarbon group, ii) has a weight average molecular weight mw of up to 70,000 dalton, iii) has a degree of neutralization of the groups —c(o)—r—cooh of not more than 0.4, and iv) has a solubility in water of at least 2.0 weight percent at 2° c., is useful for preparing enteric capsules..
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Catalyst and process using the catalyst

A new chromium-containing fluorination catalyst is described. The catalyst comprises an amount of zinc that promotes activity and from 0.1 to 8.0% by weight of the chromium in the catalyst based on the total weight of the chromium is present as chromium (vi).
Mexichem Amanco Holding S.a. De C.v.

Process for preparing 1,3-butadiene from n-butenes by oxidative dehydrogenation

Wherein said process comprises limiting the content of aromatic hydrocarbon solvent in the cycle gas stream a2 to less than 1 vol % by contacting in a further column k2 the gas stream d2 exiting the removal stage da) with an at least partially recirculating liquid absorption medium stream a2 for the aromatic hydrocarbon solvent a1, and limiting the water content of the liquid absorption medium stream a2 in the column k2 to no more than 80 wt %.. .

Hydrocarbon-contamination treatment unit

A treatment unit includes at least one treatment tank, an intake pump in fluidic communication with the at least one treatment tank via an inlet valve, an output pump in fluidic communication with the at least one treatment tank via a discharge valve, and at least one treatment basket defining a cavity. The at least one treatment basket is removably attached to the at least one treatment tank, and the at least one treatment basket is located above the inlet valve and below the discharge valve.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Process for producing ammonia synthesis gas

A process for producing ammonia synthesis gas from the reforming of hydrocarbons with steam in a primary reformer (1) equipped with a plurality of externally heated catalytic tubes and then together with air in a secondary reformer (2) is characterized in that the reaction of said hydrocarbons with said steam in said primary reformer (1) is performed at an operating pressure of more than 35 bar in the catalytic tubes, in that air is added to said secondary reformer in excess over the nitrogen amount required for ammonia synthesis and in that the excess of nitrogen is removed downstream the secondary reformer preferably by cryogenic separation or by molecular sieves of the tas or psa type. This process allows to obtain high synthesis gas production capacities and lower investment and energy costs..
Casale Sa

Method and system for removing hydrocarbon deposits from heat exchanger tube bundles

A method and system for removing hydrocarbon deposits from a heat exchanger tube bundle using an organic solvent. After contact with a heat exchanger tube bundle, the contaminated organic solvent may be treated to remove solids, base waters, and/or suspended hydrocarbons, and then again contacted with a heat exchanger tube bundle for the removal of hydrocarbon deposits.
T5 Technologies, Inc.

Apparatus for hydrocarbon removal

An oil skimming device for the removal of oil located at the surface of a body of water includes a float, at least one skimming surface, a sorbent material, at least one scraper, and a motor. The float is arranged such that the device rests on the surface of the body of water from which the oil is to be removed.
Abanaki Corporation

Iron oxide absorbent compositions

Embodiments provided herein are compositions directed to porous iron oxides, which are suitable for removing hydrogen sulfide and other sulfur-containing organic contaminants from hydrocarbon streams, and in which the iron oxide component of the composition contains both maghemite and hematite phases, with maghemite forming the greater portion of these phases. In some embodiments, magnetite, aluminum oxide, alumina silicate, and a binder comprised of an organic substance are homogenized, followed by calcining which burns away the organic and converts magnetite to a mix of maghemite and hematite..
Clariant Corporation

A subsea installation and treatment of seawater

A water treatment subsea installation and method are disclosed, adapted for scaling prevention and treatment of raw seawater into process water suitable for use in subsea hydrocarbon production. The water treatment installation comprises a seawater inlet to a primary filtration unit wherein a filtration membrane separates a receiving chamber from a permeate chamber having an outlet for treated water.
Vetco Gray Scandinavia As

Automotive catalysts with palladium supported in an alumina-free layer

Catalysts that improve carbon monoxide (co), hydrocarbon (hc), catalyst outlet temperature and speed traces of and nitrogen oxides (nox) light-off performance are provided. A catalyst composite for combustion engines, as provided herein, comprises a carrier and a first layer comprising a catalytic material on the carrier, the catalytic material comprising a palladium component supported on both a ceria-praseodymia-based oxygen storage component and a ceria-zirconia-based oxygen storage component, wherein the first layer is essentially free of alumina.
Basf Corporation

Aqueous solution of an esterified cellulose ether

An aqueous composition comprising an esterified cellulose ether being at least partially dissolved in an aqueous liquid, wherein the esterified cellulose ether comprises groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh, wherein r is a divalent hydrocarbon group is produced in a process which comprises the step of a) mixing the esterified cellulose ether with the aqueous liquid, and b) maintaining or adjusting the degree of neutralization of the groups —c(o)—r—cooh of the esterified cellulose ether at or to less than 0.45 and setting the temperature of the mixture of the esterified cellulose ether and the aqueous liquid to less than 10 c to at least partially dissolve the esterified cellulose ether in the aqueous liquid.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Epilatory compositions

The present invention provides an epilatory composition comprising an admixture of a hydrocarbon resin material and a mineral oil in weight ratio of 1.3:1 to 2.8:1, and, a polyethylene in the form of a homopolymer. An advantage of the compositions of the present invention is that they can be heated to the correct temperature of use, and/or to the correct viscosity, in an advantageous time..
Reckitt Benckiser (brands) Limited

Aminosiloxane polymer and forming

An aminosiloxane polymer includes at least one si-bonded functional group. This functional group has the chemical formula: —(r—nh)ar1—n(r2)—ch(—cooh)(—r3—c(═o)—nr42) (i).
Suntory Flowers Limited

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Resist composition and forming resist pattern

A resist composition which generates an acid upon exposure and whose solubility in a developing solution changes under the action of an acid, including a base material including a copolymer having a structural unit represented by general formula (a9-1) or a structural unit represented by general formula (a9-2), 30 mol % or more of a structural unit represented by general formula (a10-1) and 45 mol % or more of a structural unit having an acid-decomposable group which increases a polarity under the action of an acid. In each formula, rs is a hydrogen atom or the like; ya91 and yax1 are a single bond or a divalent linking group; r91 is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or the like; r92 is an oxygen atom or the like; j and nax1 are integers of 1 to 3; wax1 is a (nax1+1)-valent aromatic hydrocarbon group..
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Method and device for underwater detection of physicochemical parameters for identifying hydrocarbon reservoirs

The present invention relates to a method and to a device for in situ underwater detection of physicochemical parameters in a body of water with a particular focus on using the acquired data for prospecting for potential reservoirs rich in hydrocarbons. The present invention provides a method for in situ real-time underwater detection of physicochemical and optionally biological parameters in a body of water by using an instrumented detection carrier.
Eni S.p.a.

Controlling hydrocarbon production

Techniques for controlling hydrocarbon production includes (i) identifying a plurality of reservoir measurements of a subterranean hydrocarbon reservoir located between at least one injection wellbore and at least one production wellbore; (ii) processing the identified plurality of reservoir measurements to generate a petrophysical model of the subterranean hydrocarbon reservoir; (iii) determining, based on the petrophysical model, a flow of an injectant from the injection wellbore toward the production wellbore; and (iv) adjusting an inflow control device (icd) positioned about the production wellbore based on the determined flow of the injectant.. .
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Multi-component solid epoxy proppant binder resins

Methods and materials for sand control in water injection sites are disclosed. Proppant particles may be coated with some particles coated with a solid epoxy and other proppant particles coated with a solid epoxy curative (such as amine, hydroxyl, carboxyl, anhydride) that would bind the particles through an epoxy reaction.
Battelle Memorial Institute

Wet connection system for downhole equipment

A wet connection system suitable for use in hydrocarbon wells is formed from one or more elongated, small diameter conduits which extend down the wellbore and which terminate adjacent a locating structure on the production tubing. Equipment deployed at the locating structure is connected to one or more self supporting conductors which extend down the conduits from the wellhead.
Coreteq Systems Limited

Production of renewable hydrocarbon compositions

Provided herein are processes and microorganisms which utilize both protein hydrolysates and carbohydrates from biomass feedstocks to produce renewable hydrocarbon compositions. Advantages of the disclosed methods may be recognized in fuel blends comprising such hydrocarbon compositions..
Butamax Advanced Biofuels Llc

Compositions and methods for producing isoprene free of c5 hydrocarbons under decoupling conditions and/or safe operating ranges

The invention features methods for producing isoprene from cultured cells wherein the cells in the stationary phase. The invention also provides compositions that include these cultured cells and/or increased amount of isoprene.
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company

Optical-quality surface that imparts spatial control of macrophage fusion

Methods to form a surface coating and surface pattern, which are based on adsorption of hydrocarbon chains that can be used with imaging optics to visualize macrophage fusion and multinucleated giant cell formation with living specimens are described.. .
Arizona Board Of Regents On Behalf Of Arizona State University

Dispersing fines in hydrocarbon applications using artificial lift

The lifetime of artificial lift systems, such as progressing cavity pumps (pcps), used to transport aqueous slurries which contain fine particles, e.g. Coal fines, may be prolonged by incorporation of at least one dispersant in the slurries.
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

Minimizing coke formation in a reactor stripper

The presently disclosed subject matter relates to systems and methods for catalyst regeneration. In particular, the presently disclosed subject matter provides for an integrated fluidized bed reactor and catalyst regeneration system to minimize hydrocarbon accumulation.
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for producing liquid hydrocarbon

The invention relates to a continuous process for converting carbonaceous material contained in one or more feedstocks into a liquid hydrocarbon product, said feedstocks including the carbonaceous material being in a feed mixture including one or more fluids, said fluids including water and further liquid organic compounds at least partly produced by the process in a concentration of at least 1% by weight, where the process comprises convert ing at least part of the carbonaceous material by pressurising the feed mixture to a pressure in the range 250-400 bar; heating the feed mixture to a temperature in the range 370-450° c., and maintaining said pressurized and heated feed mixture in the desired pressure and temperature ranges in a reaction zone for a predefined time; cooling the feed mixture to a temperature in the range 25-200° c. And expanding the feed mixture to a pressure in the range of 1-70 bar, thereby causing the carbonaceous material to be converted to a liquid hydrocarbon product and separating from the converted feed mixture a fraction comprising liquid hydrocarbon product..
Steeper Energy Aps

Incorporation of clay into curable resin system

A resin-clay composition includes a first mixture including an epoxy resin and a nano-clay; and a curing agent added to the first mixture to produce a second mixture, wherein a presence of the nano-clay causes a change in curing time of the epoxy resin. The second mixture may be added into a hydrocarbon well for aggregating particulate matter.
Halliburton Energy Services. Inc.

Syneresis reducing compositions for conformance applications using metal cross-linked gels

Methods and compositions that may be used to prevent the water from coming to the surface or otherwise interfering with the production of hydrocarbons are provided. An embodiment of the present disclosure is a method comprising: providing a treatment fluid comprising an aqueous base fluid, a polymer, a metal-based crosslinker, and an amino alkylene phosphonate; and introducing the treatment fluid into a wellbore that penetrates at least a portion of a subterranean formation..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Silver particle coating composition

The present invention provides a silver coating composition that develops excellent conductivity (low resistance value) by low-temperature and short-time calcining and that has excellent printability. A silver particle coating composition comprising: silver nano-particles whose surfaces are coated with a protective agent comprising an aliphatic hydrocarbon amine; and a dispersion solvent, wherein the dispersion solvent comprises a solvent selected from the group consisting of a glycol ether-based solvent and a glycol ester-based solvent.
Daicel Corporation

2-cyanoethyl-containing organoxysilane compound, silsesquioxane, and making methods

A 2-cyanoethyl-containing organoxysilane compound having the formula: nc—ch2—ch2—x—si(or1)3 is heat resistant and compatible with organic solvents. R1 is a c1-c20 monovalent hydrocarbon group, and x is a c2-c20 divalent hydrocarbon group which contains a methylene and/or methine moiety, at least one of the methylene and methine moieties being substituted with a divalent heteroatom linking moiety nr (wherein r is hydrogen, c1-c20 monovalent hydrocarbon group or 2-cyanoethyl), a trivalent heteroatom linking moiety n, or a combination thereof..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Polyamide elastomer, medical device, and producing polyamide elastomer

Polyamide elastomer comprising reaction product of components (a), (b), (c), (d). Component (a) has formula hooc—r1—(—nh—co—r1—)n—nh2 (where each r1 independently is linear saturated hydrocarbon, n represents a real number of 0 or greater, and when there are multiple repeating units each containing r1, n represents total number of those repeating units).
Kaneka Corporation

Resin modifier and resin composition using same

(wherein, m represents an integer of 1 to 5; n represents an integer of 0 to 50; and ra, rb and rc each represent a hydrocarbon group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, or a hydrocarbon group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms which has at least one atom selected from the group consisting of an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom and a nitrogen atom).. .

Isatin copolymers having intrinsic microporosity

A copolymer including a repeating unit represented by formula i: wherein: l is a divalent hydrocarbon group comprising from 1 to 12 carbon atoms; and l′ is optional and when present is represented by formula ii: wherein: y, y′ and y″ if present, are independently selected from: a carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, phosphorous acid and phosphoric acid and their corresponding salt or ester; imino, amide, nitrile, hydrogen, hydroxyl and alkyl comprising from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; and a, a′ and a″ if present, are independently selected from an arylene moiety, with the proviso one or both y″ and a″ may not be present.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Molecular gelators for containing oil spillage

In accordance with the present subject matter there is provided peptide-based compounds. Methods of making such compounds, gels comprising such compounds, methods of making gels, methods of using such compounds for the containing spill of a hydrocarbon, and methods for reclaiming solvent from gels comprising such compounds..
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd.

Process of alkylation of isobutane with olefins

The process for producing an alkylate is intended for use in the oil refining and hydrocarbon process industry. The process comprises reacting isobutane with an alkylation agent (an olefin) in the presence of a solid acidic catalyst and a c4+ solvent.
Alvega Technologies, Inc.

Alkylation of refinery pentenes with isobutane

A process, comprising: providing an olefin feed comprising pentenes, butenes, and isopentane; and alkylating the olefin feed with isobutane using acidic ionic liquid catalyst; wherein less than 5 mol % of c5 olefins in the olefin feed are converted to isopentane, and the alkylate gasoline has defined final boiling points and high rons. A process comprising: alkylating an olefin feed comprising pentenes and isopentane, with isobutane using acidic ionic liquid catalyst; wherein less than 5 mol % of c5 olefins in the olefin feed are converted to isopentane; and wherein an n-pentane product yield is low.
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Carbon dioxide-resistant portland based cement composition

The invention provides a carbon dioxide-resistant hydraulic cement composition. The inventive composition comprises a portland cement, class c fly ash and water.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Uzm-53, an mtt zeolite

Where m represents sodium, potassium or a combination of sodium and potassium cations, r is the organic structure directing agent or agents derived from reactants r1 and r2 where r1 is diisopropanolamine and r2 is a chelating diamine, and e is an element selected from the group consisting of gallium, iron, boron and mixtures thereof. Catalysts made from uzm-53 have utility in various hydrocarbon conversion reactions such as oligomerization..

A process for producing hydrogen and graphitic carbon from hydrocarbons

In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a process for producing hydrogen and graphitic carbon from a hydrocarbon gas comprising: contacting at a temperature between 600° c. And 1000° c.
Hazer Group Limited

Liquid hydrogen storage system

A hydrogen storage material in liquid form is provided. The liquid hydrogen storage comprises at least two different hydrogen storage components, each one of the components is selected from an unsaturated aromatic hydrocarbon or a heterocyclic unsaturated compound, and at least one of the hydrogen storage components is a low-melting-point compound whose melting point is lower than 80 deg c..
Jiangsu Qingyang Energy Co., Ltd

Gd-containing, anti-coking solid acid catalysts and preparation method and use thereof

The catalyst according to the present invention is a catalyst in which an appropriate weight ratio of gadolinium is supported on the surface of a pure solid acid substance or solid acid substance on which a specific metal is supported. Therefore, the production of coke on the catalyst surface is inhibited while maintaining the activity of the solid acid catalyst in a hydrocarbon conversion reaction, and as a result, the catalyst of the present invention exhibits an effect of improving its lifespan..

Carbon-based magnesium-containing composite material and synthetic method therefor

A carbonaceous material, based on the total weight of the carbonaceous material, contains 1-99 wt % of a carbon element, 0.2-60 wt % of a magnesium element, 0.5-60 wt % of an oxygen element and 0.1-40 wt % of a chlorine element. The process for preparing the carbonaceous materia1 include (1) mixing a solid carbon source, a precursor and water to produce a mixture; wherein said precursor contains a magnesium source and a chlorine source; (2) drying the resulting mixture obtained in step (1) to produce a dried mixture; and (3) calcining the dried mixture obtained in step (2).
Research Institute Of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec

Diesel oxidation catalyst with nox adsorber activity

An oxidation catalyst for treating an exhaust gas from a diesel engine and an exhaust system comprising the oxidation catalyst are described. The oxidation catalyst comprises: a first region for adsorbing nox, wherein the first region comprises a molecular sieve catalyst, wherein the molecular sieve catalyst comprises a noble metal and a molecular sieve; a second region for oxidising carbon monoxide (co) and/or hydrocarbons (hcs), wherein the second region comprises palladium (pd), gold (au) and a support material; and a substrate having an inlet end and an outlet end..
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Diesel oxidation catalyst and exhaust system

An oxidation catalyst for treating an exhaust gas from a diesel engine and an exhaust system comprising the oxidation catalyst are described. The oxidation catalyst comprises: a first washcoat region for oxidising carbon monoxide (co) and hydrocarbons (hcs), wherein the first washcoat region comprises a first platinum group metal (pgm) and a first support material; a second washcoat region for oxidising nitric oxide (no), wherein the second washcoat region comprises platinum (pt), manganese (mn) and a second support material; and a substrate having an inlet end and an outlet end; wherein the second washcoat region is arranged to contact the exhaust gas at the outlet end of the substrate and after contact of the exhaust gas with the first washcoat region..
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Diesel oxidation catalyst and exhaust system

An oxidation catalyst for treating an exhaust gas from a diesel engine and an exhaust system comprising the oxidation catalyst are described. The oxidation catalyst comprises: a first washcoat region for oxidising carbon monoxide (co) and hydrocarbons (hcs), wherein the first washcoat region comprises a first platinum group metal (pgm) and a first support material; a second washcoat region for oxidising nitric oxide (no), wherein the second washcoat region comprises platinum (pt), manganese (mn) and a second support material; and a substrate having an inlet end and an outlet end; wherein the second washcoat region is arranged to contact the exhaust gas at the outlet end of the substrate and after contact of the exhaust gas with the first washcoat region..
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Method using carbon monoxide resistant membrance to control h2/co ratio of synthesis gas feed to fischer-tropsch unit

An integrated process for making high molecular weight hydrocarbons from a synthesis gas feed to a fischer-tropsch unit. A carbon monoxide resistant gold-on-palladium membrane system (membrane system) is used to control the hydrogen-to-carbon monoxide molar ratio of a feed to the fischer-tropsch unit.
Shell Oil Company

Derivatives of korormicin useful as antibiotics

R1-r3, r5 and r6 are independently selected from h, alkyl group, substituted alkyl group, halogen, oh, nh2, or sh; r4 is h, alkyl group or substituted alkyl group. X1-x2 are independently selected from o, s, nh, h, alkyl, halogen, oh, sh, or nh2 y is an acyclic hydrocarbon chain having 4 to 20 carbon atoms or a substituted acyclic hydrocarbon chain having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, but does not include an oxygen atom.

Epilatory compositions

The present invention provides an epilatory composition comprising an admixture of a hydrocarbon resin material and a mineral oil in weight ratio of 1.3:1 to 2.8:1, particulate silica, and, a polyethylene in the form of a homopolymer. An advantage of the compositions of the present invention is that they are able to provide good ‘grip’ to the hair to be removed and so provide for effective hair removal properties..
Reckitt Benckiser (brands) Limited

Water- or acid-triggered fragrance-release functional monomer and polymer system

A triggerable composition for one-stage, controlled release of a functional chemical includes a functional monomer having a structure selected from the group described herein, wherein r is a polymerizable portion, n+x31 is a quaternary ammonium halide, and r′ and r″ are hydrocarbon-containing groups, wherein at least one of r′ and r″ includes a fragrance or a skin active chemical. At least one of r′ and r″ can be a ketone, r″ can be an aldehyde, and r′ can be an alcohol..
Kimberly-clark Worldwide, Inc.

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Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

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Chemical lithiation of electrode active material

A method for manufacturing a electrochemical energy storage system that includes at least one current collector and at least one electrode, including, for example, and anode, that includes at least one prelithiated electrode active material, includes reacting the electrode active material with an organolithium compound of formula li—r for the lithiation, moiety r being selected from the group consisting of: a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, preferably saturated, aliphatic or heteroaliphatic hydrocarbon moiety having 5 to 12 carbon atoms, which can include at least one heteroatom selected from si, s, n, and o; a cycloaliphatic or heterocycloaliphatic hydrocarbon moiety having 5 to 12 carbon atoms, which can include at least one heteroatom selected from si, s, n, and o; and an aromatic or heteroaromatic hydrocarbon moiety having 5 to 9 carbon atoms, which can include at least one heteroatom selected from si, s, n, and o.. .
Robert Bosch Gmbh

Organic compound, organic semiconductor material, organic thin film and producing the same, organic semiconductor composition, and organic semiconductor device

Wherein one of r1 and r2 represents an alkyl group, an aromatic hydrocarbon group having an alkyl group, or a heterocyclic group having an alkyl group, and another of r1 and r2 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group, an aromatic hydrocarbon group, or a heterocyclic group, with a proviso that r1 and r2 are not alkyl groups simultaneously.. .

Systems and methods for allocating hydrocarbon production values

Techniques for allocating hydrocarbon production include receiving a selection of a particular area identification (id) of a plurality of area ids stored on the server; determining based on the selected particular area id, a plurality of hydrocarbon production values that include periodic area-level hydrocarbon production values associated with the particular area id and a plurality of wells associated with the particular area id; determining a decline curve model for the area-level hydrocarbon production values associated with the particular area id; modeling the aggregated periodic well-level hydrocarbon production values with the determined decline curve model; and determining allocated well-level hydrocarbon production values based at least in part on the selected decline curve model to display at a client device.. .
Drilling Info, Inc.

Marker compositions, and methods for making and using same

The present disclosure provides compositions, methods, and systems for identifying marked hydrocarbon fluids. These compositions, methods, and systems utilize a gas chromatography marker including a pyrrolidinone.
United Color Manufacturing Inc.

Systems and methods for detection of mercury in hydrocarbon-containing fluids using optical analysis of slug flow

A method and system for detecting mercury in a hydrocarbon-containing fluid stores a sample of the hydrocarbon-containing fluid in a first reservoir. A liquid phase reagent solution is stored in a second reservoir.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Cryogenic adsorption process for xenon recovery

An adsorption process for xenon recovery from a cryogenic liquid or gas stream is described wherein a bed of adsorbent is contacted with the aforementioned xenon containing liquid or gas stream and adsorbs the xenon selectively from this fluid stream. The adsorption bed is operated to at least near full breakthrough with xenon to enable a deep rejection of other stream components, prior to regeneration using the temperature swing method.

Hydrocarbon gas processing

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for a compact processing assembly to improve the recovery of c2 (or c3) and heavier hydrocarbon components from a hydrocarbon gas stream. The preferred method of separating a hydrocarbon gas stream generally includes producing at least a substantially condensed first stream and a cooled second stream, expanding both streams to lower pressure, and supplying the streams to a fractionation tower.
S.m.e. Products, Lp

Hydrocarbon gas processing

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for a compact processing assembly to improve the recovery of c2 (or c3) and heavier hydrocarbon components from a hydrocarbon gas stream. The preferred method of separating a hydrocarbon gas stream generally includes producing at least a substantially condensed first stream and a cooled second stream, expanding both streams to lower pressure, and supplying the streams to a fractionation tower.
S.m.e. Products, Lp

Hydrocarbon gas processing

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for a compact processing assembly to improve the recovery of c2 (or c3) and heavier hydrocarbon components from a hydrocarbon gas stream. The preferred method of separating a hydrocarbon gas stream generally includes producing at least a substantially condensed first stream and a cooled second stream, expanding both streams to lower pressure, and supplying the streams to a fractionation tower.
S.m.e. Products Lp

Transport of natural gas through solution in liquid hydrocarbon at ambient temperature

A method of transporting natural gas by liquefaction of natural gas at ambient temperature, achieved by mixing the natural gas at high pressure with a hydrocarbon that is a stable liquid at ambient temperature and ambient pressure. The hydrocarbon liquid may be crude oil or a distillate of crude oil.

Sealing apparatus

A sealing apparatus sealing a gap between two members mutually relatively rotatable about an axis in an internal combustion engine, the sealing apparatus comprises an elastic body portion. The elastic body portion is an elastic body including an annular attaching portion attached to one of the two members and centered about the axis, and a seal portion in close contact with another of the two members in a manner in which the other of the two members is slidable.
Nok Corporation

Systems and methods for diagnosing components in a vehicle evaporative emissions system

Methods and systems are provided for conducting a canister purging operation and for rationalizing components of a vehicle evaporative emission system. In one example, after completion of a refueling event, a first fuel vapor canister purge operation is conducted to desorb hydrocarbon light ends from the fuel vapor canister, and subsequently the canister is heated to desorb hydrocarbon heavy ends from the canister, which are routed to a hydrocarbon sensor to rationalize the hydrocarbon sensor, before being purged to engine intake in a second purging operation.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Dual transducer communications node for downhole acoustic wireless networks and method employing same

An electro-acoustic communications node system and method for downhole wireless telemetry, the system including a housing for mounting to or with a tubular body; a receiver transducer positioned within the housing, the receiver transducer structured and arranged to receive acoustic waves that propagate through the tubular member; a transmitter transducer and a processor, positioned within the housing and arranged to retransmit the acoustic waves to another acoustic receiver in a different housing, using the tubular member for the acoustic telemetry. In some embodiments, the transducers may be piezoelectric transducers and/or magnetostrictive transducers.

Zonal isolation devices including sensing and wireless telemetry and methods of utilizing the same

Zonal isolation devices including sensing and wireless telemetry and methods of utilizing the same are disclosed herein. The zonal isolation devices include an isolation body, a sensor, and a wireless telemetry device.

Plunger lift monitoring via a downhole wireless network field

A real-time system for monitoring plunger properties in a gas producing well is provided. The system includes a plunger comprising a substantially cylindrical body; at least one sensor disposed along a tubular body; at least one sensor communications node placed along the tubular body and affixed to a wall of the tubular body, the sensor communications node being in electrical communication with the at least one sensor and configured to receive signals therefrom; a topside communications node placed proximate a surface; a plurality of intermediate communications nodes spaced along the tubular body and attached to a wall of the tubular body; wherein the intermediate communications nodes are configured to transmit signals received from the at least one sensor communications node to the topside communications node in substantially a node-to-node arrangement; a receiver at the surface configured to receive signals from the topside communications node; and a plunger control system structured and arranged to communicate with the topside communications node.

Systems and methods for coated salts

A method in one embodiment includes obtaining produced water from at least one of drilling, completion, or hydrocarbon production. The method also includes separating the produced water into desalinated water and produced salt.
General Electric Company

Y-grade ngl fluids for enhanced oil recovery

Systems and methods for enhanced or improved oil recovery includes injecting a y-grade ngl enhanced oil recovery fluid through an injection well into a hydrocarbon bearing reservoir to mobilize and displace hydrocarbons. The y-grade ngl enhanced oil recovery fluid comprises an unfractionated hydrocarbon mixture.
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Methods for cementing a subterranean wellbore

A method for cementing a tubular member within a subterranean wellbore extending from a surface into a subterranean formation and through a hydrocarbon reservoir includes (a) injecting a gas from the surface into an annulus surrounding the tubular member within the wellbore. In addition, the method includes (b) flowing cement through a throughbore of the tubular member.
Eog Resources, Inc.

Method for manufacturing diamond-like carbon film

A method for manufacturing a diamond-like carbon film is described, which includes the following steps. A substrate is disposed into a chamber.
Creating Nano Technologies, Inc.

Nano biofuel production processes: using nantechnology to enhance produciton fo biofuels

Methods, systems, devices and materials for producing biofuels under nanoscale control (“nanobiofuels”) are provided. In one aspect, the invention provides method for producing a biofuel, including providing a hydrocarbon producing organism; exposing the biological hydrocarbon producing organism to conditions effective to cause substantial release of the hydrocarbon from the biological hydrocarbon producing organism; and isolating at least a portion of the hydrocarbon.

Refrigerator lubricating oil and mixed composition for refrigerator

Disclosed herein is a mixed composition for a refrigerator, the mixed composition containing: a refrigerant containing at least one unsaturated fluorinated hydrocarbon compound selected from compounds represented by the following molecular formula (1): cpfrhs (1), provided that the compound has one or more carbon-carbon unsaturated bond in a molecule: and a refrigerator lubricating oil containing, as a major component, a polyoxyalkylene glycol compound represented by the following general formula (2), and containing a phenothiazine compound in an amount of 1.0% by mass or more based on the total amount of the refrigerator lubricating oil: r1—[(or2)m—or3]n (2). A mixed composition for a refrigerator is provided having a lower possibility of autoignition in a high temperature environment even during unexpected leakage in a refrigerator using a refrigerant containing a slightly flammable refrigerant.
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

Sustainable base oils for lubricants

Sustainable lubricant compositions made from recycled thermoplastic polyesters and other reclaimed or biorenewable reactants and a method of formulating them are disclosed. The lubricant compositions comprise a polyester base oil, which incorporates recurring units from a digested thermoplastic polyester, a low-molecular-weight polyol, and c8-c24 fatty acid.
Resinate Materials Group, Inc.

Upgrading hydrocarbon pyrolysis tar

A process is described for upgrading pyrolysis tar, such as steam cracker tar, by hydroprocessing in the presence of a utility fluid. The hydroprocessing conditions comprise a pressure >8 mpa and a weight hourly space velocity of combined pyrolysis tar and utility fluid >0.3 hr−1 and are selected so that the hydrogen consumption rate is in the range of 270 to 445 standard cubic meters/cubic meter (s m3/m3) of pyrolysis tar..
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Systems and methods for the conversion of feedstock hydrocarbons to petrochemical products

According to an embodiment disclosed, a feedstock hydrocarbon may be processed by a method which may include separating the feedstock hydrocarbon into a lesser boiling point hydrocarbon fraction and a greater boiling point hydrocarbon fraction, cracking the greater boiling point hydrocarbon fraction in a high-severity fluid catalytic cracking reactor unit to form a catalytically cracked effluent, cracking the lesser boiling point hydrocarbon fraction in a steam cracker unit to form a steam cracked effluent, and separating one or both of the catalytically cracked effluent or the steam cracked effluent to form two or more petrochemical products. In one or more embodiments, the feedstock hydrocarbon may include crude oil and one of the petrochemical products may include light olefins..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Wave modes for the microwave induced conversion of coal

A system for converting hydrocarbon materials into a product includes a hydrocarbon feedstock source, a process gas source, an energy generator, and a cylindrical reaction chamber. The reaction chamber has a conductive inner surface that forms a resonant cavity.
Battelle Memorial Institute

Process and producing liquid hydrocarbon

The invention relates to a continuous process for converting carbonaceous material contained in one or more feedstocks into a liquid hydrocarbon product, said feedstocks including the carbonaceous material being in a feed mixture including one or more fluids, said fluids including water and further liquid organic compounds at least partly produced by the process in a concentration of at least 1% by weight, where the process comprises converting at least part of the carbonaceous material by pressurising the feed mixture to a pressure in the range 250-400 bar; heating the feed mixture to a temperature in the range 370-450° c., and maintaining said pressurized and heated feed mixture in the desired pressure and temperature ranges in a reaction zone for a predefined time; cooling the feed mixture to a temperature in the range 25-200° c. And expanding the feed mixture to a pressure in the range of 1-70 bar, thereby causing the carbonaceous material to be converted to a liquid hydrocarbon product and separating from the converted feed mixture a fraction comprising liquid hydrocarbon product..
Steeper Energy Aps

Methods for the use of ultra-clean char

Ultra-clean char is used to generate hydrocarbons and/or electricity in a clean environmentally friendly process. The ultra-clean char is produced by pyrolizing organic matter, such as coal or various organic waste.
Saga Fuel Systems, Inc.

Method and reactor for cracking hydrocarbon and coating the reactor

A reactor has an inner surface accessible to the hydrocarbon and comprising a sintered product of at least one of cerium oxide, zinc oxide, tin oxide, zirconium oxide, boehmite and silicon dioxide, and a perovskite material of formula: aabbccdd03−δ. 0<a<1.2, g≦b≦1.2, 0.9<a+b≦1.2, o<c<1.2, 0≦d≦1.2, 0.9<c+d≦1.2, −0.5<δ<0.5.
General Electric Company

Methods and compositions for stimulating the production of hydrocarbons from subterranean formations

Methods and compositions for stimulating of the production of hydrocarbons (e.g., formation crude oil and/or formation gas) from subterranean formations, and methods of selecting a composition for treating an oil or gas well. In some embodiments, the compositions are emulsions or microemulsions, which may include water, a terpene, and a surfactant..
Flotek Chemistry, Llc

Unconventional enhanced oil recovery

A method of enhanced oil recovery from an unconventional resource reservoir comprises injecting an enhanced recovery fluid into the unconventional resource reservoir via an injection well and producing hydrocarbons from the unconventional resource reservoir via the injection well or a production well offset from the injection well.. .
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Catalyst components for the polymerization of olefins

In which z is selected from c, si, o, n, s or p, with the proviso that the atoms o, s, p and n are not directly linked to either the carboxylic group or the sulfur atom of formula (i), the r2 groups, equal to or different from each other, are selected from hydrogen or a c1-c20 hydrocarbon radicals, optionally containing a heteroatom selected from halogen, p, s, n, o and si, which can be fused together to form one or more cycles, m is a number satisfying the valences of z and n is an integer ranging from 1 to 10, x is o or s, y is —or3, —nr4r5) or r6 groups in which r1 and r3 are selected from c1-c15 hydrocarbon groups, optionally containing a heteroatom selected from halogen, p, s, n, o, and si, r4-r5 groups, independently, are hydrogen or r1 groups, and r6 groups have the same composition as r1 groups.. .

Alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions from mixed hydrocarbons

Provided herein are various methods for forming alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions and blended alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions, and such compositions themselves. The methods of various embodiments include obtaining a c8-c30 hydrocarbon mixture, optionally treating the mixture to concentrate the mixture in sulfonatable aromatics, and sulfonating the mixture to form the alkylaromatic sulfonates.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions from mixed hydrocarbons

Provided herein are various methods for forming alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions and blended alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions, and such compositions themselves. The methods of various embodiments include obtaining a c8-c30 hydrocarbon mixture, optionally treating the mixture to concentrate the mixture in sulfonatable aromatics, and sulfonating the mixture to form the alkylaromatic sulfonates.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions from mixed hydrocarbons

Provided herein are various methods for forming alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions and blended alkylaromatic sulfonate compositions, and such compositions themselves. The methods of various embodiments include obtaining a c8-c30 hydrocarbon mixture, optionally treating the mixture to concentrate the mixture in sulfonatable aromatics, and sulfonating the mixture to form the alkylaromatic sulfonates.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Nitrileoxide compound

Wherein, a is r6(r7)s, n, o, s, or —nr5—; r6 is an s-valent organic group; r7 is each independently, —o—, —s—, —nr5— or —o—p(═o)or4′—; r2 and r3 are each independently a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group; r4′ is each independently, a hydrocarbon group; r5 is each independently, a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group; and s is an integer of 1-10.. .

Mechanochemical synthesis of iptycenes

Methods for mechanochemically synthesizing compositions comprising bridged bicyclic-based compounds such as iptycene-based compounds are generally provided. In some cases, two or more polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons may be mechanochemically reacted such that the product comprises the bridged bicyclic-based compound.
Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

Method for synthesizing novel compounds derived from 3-hydroxy-cyclopentyl acetic acid

In which r1 is a hydrogen atom, a phenyl radical, or a straight or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon radical having 1 to 8 carbon atoms.. .

Process for the sustainable production of acrylic acid

A process for the production of organic acids having at least three carbon atoms comprises the steps of forming an amount of carbon monoxide and reacting the amount of carbon monoxide with an amount of an unsaturated hydrocarbon. The reaction is preferably carried out in the presence of a supported palladium catalyst, a strong acid, and a phosphine.
Dioxide Materials, Inc.

Efficient catalyst for the formation of polyaryl hydrocarbons suitable as precursors for polydentate organophosphorus catalyst ligands

The disclosure relates to the efficient preparation of aromatic hydrocarbons useful as intermediates for di-, tri-, tetra- and poly-dentate organophosphorus ligands having value in particular as hydroformylation catalysts. The use of triarylphosphine halide catalysts have been found to be more efficient in forming these intermediates by the use of excess triarylphosphine in an amount beyond what is required to form a coordination complex..
Eastman Chemical Company

Chromium-free catalyst for gas-phase fluorination and application thereof

Disclosed in the present invention are a chromium-free gas phase fluorination catalyst and an application thereof. The precursor of the related chromium-free gas phase fluorination catalyst consists of a compound containing iron element, a compound containing rare earth metal element and a compound containing element a, wherein element a is one selected from ca, al, mg and ti, the precursor is subjected to roasting and fluorination treating to obtain the chromium-free gas phase fluorination catalyst.
Xi'an Modern Chemistry Research Institute

System and preparing aromatic derivative

A system for preparing an aromatic derivative is provided, including: a photo-bromination reaction section for performing a photocatalytic reaction of an aromatic hydrocarbon and a brominating agent to form an aromatic hydrocarbon bromide; a substitution reaction section for performing a substitution reaction of the an aromatic hydrocarbon bromide from the photo-bromination reaction section with an alkali base compound or an alkali carboxylate compound to form an aromatic derivative; and a regeneration unit for reacting an alkali metal bromide formed by the substitution reaction section with an acid to form a hydrobromic acid. The regeneration unit is in fluid communication with the photo-bromination reaction section, such that the hydrobromic acid is recycled to the photo-bromination reaction section.
Lcy Chemical Corp.

Process for purifying hydrocarbon streams using low reactivity adsorbents

This present disclosure relates to processes for removing contaminants from hydrocarbon streams, e.g. Removing chlorides, co2, cos, h2s, ash3, methanol, mercaptans and other s- or o-containing organic compounds from olefins, paraffins, aromatics, naphthenes and other hydrocarbon streams.
Uop Llc

Removal of carbonyls from gaseous hydrocarbon streams

Disclosed are methods and systems for removing a highly reactive polymer precursor such as acetaldehyde and acetone from a hydrocarbon gas stream. Embodiments may disclose a method for removal of carbonyls comprising providing a hydrocarbon gas stream comprising a carbonyl, providing a liquid bisulfite stream, and contacting the hydrocarbon gas stream and liquid bisulfite stream in a mass transfer device wherein at least a portion of the carbonyl reacts with the bisulfite to form a solid adduct that is soluble in the liquid bisulfite stream..
Janus Technology Solutions, Llc

Olefin conversion process

Processes for the production of olefins are disclosed, which may include: contacting a hydrocarbon mixture comprising linear butenes with an isomerization catalyst to form an isomerization product comprising 2-butenes and 1-butenes; contacting the isomerization product with a first metathesis catalyst to form a first metathesis product comprising 2-pentene and propylene, as well as any unreacted c4 olefins, and byproducts ethylene and 3-hexene; and fractionating the first metathesis product to form a c3-fraction and a c5 fraction comprising 2-pentene. The 2-pentene may then be advantageously used to produce high purity 1-butene, 3-hexene, 1-hexene, propylene, or other desired products..
Lummus Technology Inc.

Methods for bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated media

The present disclosure relates to methods of bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated media using pseudomonas sp. Which can efficiently reduce hydrocarbon contamination in soil, sediment or water in a short period of time..
Bulldog Green Remediation, Inc.

Hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxides catalyst trap

A hydrocarbon and nox catalyst trap includes a three-way catalyst, and a zeolite layer adjacent to the three-way catalyst and including alumina and silica arranged to form a repeating skeletal frame that defines cavities including active metal active sites for hydrocarbon and nox trapping such that individual atoms of the active metal are bound to the frame within the cavities via oxygen atoms.. .
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Swing adsorption processes using zeolite structures

The present disclosure describes the use of a specific adsorbent material in a rapid cycle swing adsorption to perform dehydration of a gaseous feed stream. The adsorbent material includes a zeolite 3a that is utilized in the dehydration process to enhance recovery of hydrocarbons..

Apparatus and system for swing adsorption processes related thereto

Provided are apparatus and systems for performing a swing adsorption process. This swing adsorption process may involve passing an input feed stream through two swing adsorption systems as a purge stream to remove contaminants, such as water, from the respective adsorbent bed units.

Integrated coalescing system for separating dispersed ionic liquid from liquid hydrocarbon

C. A coalescer that receives an effluent from the pre-coalescer, wherein the at least one coalescer comprises multiple layers of media having a fine pore size, and produces a clean hydrocarbon stream that is free of the dispersed ionic liquid and additional amounts of the clean ionic liquid phase.

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System and electrochemical energy conversion and storage

An electrochemical energy conversion and storage system includes an electrochemical energy conversion device, such as a fuel cell that is in fluid communication with a hydrogen or electrically regenerable organic liquid fuel and an oxidant, for receiving, catalyzing and electrochemically oxidizing at least a portion of the fuel to generate electricity, a thus partially oxidized liquid fuel, and water. The liquid fuel includes six-membered ring cyclic hydrocarbons with functional group substituents, wherein the ring hydrogens may undergo an electrochemical oxidative dehydrogenation to the corresponding aromatic molecules.

Composite polymer electrolyte membrane, and catalyst-coated membrane, membrane electrode assembly, and polymer electrolyte fuel cell using the composite polymer electrolyte membrane

A composite polymer electrolyte membrane includes a composite layer of an aromatic hydrocarbon-based polymer electrolyte and a fluorine-containing polymer porous membrane, wherein a ratio (o/f ratio) of an atomic composition percentage of oxygen o (at %) to an atomic composition percentage of fluorine f (at %) on an outermost surface of the fluorine-containing polymer porous membrane as measured by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (xps) is 0.20 or more to 2.0 or less, and the aromatic hydrocarbon-based polymer electrolyte in the composite layer forms a phase separation structure.. .
Toray Industries, Inc.

Ionomer resin, and ionomer solution, multilayer body, member, electrochemical element, and electrochemical device that include the same

L1 to l5 are each independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkanol group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a specific functional group including an anion-exchange group, and an example of the functional group is —z2-m1-z1(r1)(r2)(r3). R1 to r3 are directly bonded to z1 and are each independently an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms or an alkanol group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms.

Transforming historical well production data for predictive modeling

System and methods for transforming well production data for predictive modeling are provided. Aggregated production data for one or more wells in a hydrocarbon producing field is pre-processed in order to generate clusters of the production data, based on a set of uncontrollable production variables identified for the wells.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Polarizing film and manufacturing same, optical film, and image display device

Wherein x represents a functional group comprising a reactive group, and r1 and r2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted, aliphatic hydrocarbon, aryl, or heterocyclic group.. .

Using radio waves to fracture rocks in a hydrocarbon reservoir

The present disclosure describes methods and systems for fracturing geological formations in a hydrocarbon reservoir. One method includes forming a borehole in a hydrocarbon reservoir from a surface of the hydrocarbon reservoir extending downward into the hydrocarbon reservoir; transmitting an electromagnetic (em) wave through the borehole: directing at least a portion of the em wave to rocks at a location below the surface in the hydrocarbon reservoir; and fracturing the rocks at the location below the surface in the hydrocarbon reservoir by irradiating the rocks around the borehole using at least the portion of the em wave, wherein irradiating the rocks elevates pore-water pressure in the rocks causing fracturing of the rocks..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Click together electrical submersible pump

An electrical submersible pump assembly for producing hydrocarbons from a subterranean well includes a motor-seal click connector releasably connecting a motor to a seal section and engaged by relative axial movement between the motor and the seal section, and a pump-seal click connector releasably connecting the pump to the seal section and engaged by relative axial movement between the pump and the seal section. Electrical conductors are located within a sidewall of the motor housing, a sidewall of the seal section housing, and a sidewall of the pump housing.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Novel compound, thin film-forming material, and thin film manufacturing method

[in the formula, each of r1 and r2 independently represent a c1˜12 hydrocarbon group, and si(r3)3 is optionally substituted for a hydrogen atom in the hydrocarbon group; however, r1 and r2 are different groups; r3 represents a methyl or ethyl group; m represents a metal atom or silicon atom; and n is an integer from 1 to 4].. .

Flooding compounds for telecommunication cables

Flooding compounds for telecommunications cables. Such flooding compounds contain a polyolefin elastomer and a hydrocarbon oil.
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Unleaded gasoline formulations for piston engines

Disclosed herein are fuel formulations comprising c4-c12 aliphatic hydrocarbons and cumidine. In embodiments, the formulations further include a limited amount of aromatic hydrocarbons.
Swift Fuels, Llc

Process for using and composition of iron, molybdenum and particulate carbon catalyst for slurry hydrocracking

A process and catalyst is disclosed for converting heavy hydrocarbon feed into lighter hydrocarbon products using multifunctional catalysts. Multifunctional catalysts enable use of less expensive metal by substituting expensive metals for less expensive metals with no loss or superior performance in slurry hydrocracking.
Uop Llc

Process for using iron and molybdenum catalyst for slurry hydrocracking

A process and catalyst is disclosed for converting heavy hydrocarbon feed into lighter hydrocarbon products using multifunctional catalysts. Multifunctional catalysts enable use of less expensive metal by substituting expensive metals for less expensive metals with no loss or superior performance in slurry hydrocracking.
Uop Llc

Chemical process for sulfur reduction of hydrocarbons

Treatment of hydrocarbon streams, and in one non-limiting embodiment refinery distillates, with reducing agents, such as borohydride and salts thereof, alone or together with at least one co-solvent results in reduction of the sulfur compounds such as disulfides, mercaptans, thiophenes, and thioethers that are present to give easily removed sulfides. In one non-limiting embodiment, the treatment converts the original sulfur compounds into hydrogen sulfide or low molecular weight mercaptans that can be extracted from the distillate with caustic solutions, hydrogen sulfide or mercaptan scavengers, solid absorbents such as clay or activated carbon or liquid absorbents such as amine-aldehyde condensates and/or aqueous aldehydes..
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

Process for removing heavy metals from hydrocarbons

This invention provides a process for removing mercury, from a mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid. More specifically, the invention relates to a process for the removal of mercury from a mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed comprising the steps of: (i) contacting the mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed with a metal perhalide having the following formula: [m]+[x]− wherein: [m]+ represents one or more metal cations wherein the metal has an atomic number greater than 36; an atomic radius of at least 50 pm and a 1st ionization energy of less than 750 kjmol−1; [x]− represents one or more perhalide anions; and (ii) obtaining a hydrocarbon fluid product having a reduced mercury content compared to mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed..
Petroliam Nasional Berhad (petronas)

Method for removing nitrogen from a hydrocarbon-rich fraction

A method of obtaining a liquefied hydrocarbon-rich fraction (product fraction) having a nitrogen content of ≦1 mol %, wherein the hydrocarbon-rich fraction is liquefied and subcooled with a refrigeration circuit and then subjected to a rectificative removal of nitrogen is disclosed.. .
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Epoxy resin composition

Wherein m indicates an integer from 2 to 10, r1 to r4 each independently indicate a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group or an aryl group, r5 indicates a hydrocarbon group that may contain an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom or a nitrogen atom, x indicates an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, y indicates an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom or —nr6—, and r6 indicates a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group or an aryl group.. .

Method for producing liquid composition, producing coating liquid for forming catalyst layer, and producing membrane electrode assembly

To provide a method for producing a liquid composition or a coating liquid for forming a catalyst layer, which can make cracking less likely to occur at the time of forming a solid polymer electrolyte membrane or a catalyst layer; and a method for producing a membrane electrode assembly, which can make cracking less likely to occur at the time of forming the catalyst layer or the solid polymer electrolyte membrane. This liquid composition is prepared by dispersing in a medium containing water and a hydrocarbon-type alcohol a polymer (x) having a structural unit having a ring structure and a structural unit having an ion exchange group, or a polymer (y) having either one or both of a structural unit having two ion-exchange groups in a pendant group and a structural unit having one ion exchange group in a short-chain pendant group, to prepare a dispersion in which the concentration of the polymer (x) or the polymer (y) is from 10 to 26 mass %, and mixing the dispersion and a fluorinated solvent so that the sum of the concentration of the polymer (x) or the polymer (y) and the concentration of the fluorinated solvent becomes to be from 12 to 35 mass %..
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Condensation-curable silicone resin composition

One of the purposes of the present invention is to provide a condensation-curable silicone resin composition which show a less increase of the viscosity during handling and cures quickly to provide a cured product which has a very small amount of a remaining catalyst and which has high heat resistance and high light resistance. Thus, the present invention is to provide a condensation-curable silicone composition comprising the following components (a) to (c): (a) 100 parts by mass of an organopolysiloxane which has a branched or network structure and has two or more hydrolyzable groups each bonded to a silicon atom and at least one of (r1sio3/2) and (sio4/2) units, wherein r1 is, independently of each other, a hydrogen atom or a substituted or unsubstituted, monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, (b) 5 to 500 parts by mass of a linear organopolysiloxane having at least one hydrolyzable group bonded to a silicon atom at each of both terminals, and (c) at least one silazane compound represented by the following general formula (3) or (5) or comprising the following units (6) in an amount of 0.02 to 30 parts by mass, relative to total 100 parts by mass of components (a) and (b):.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Novel hydrocarbon-based polymers bearing dithiocyclocarbonate end groups

A process for its preparation, and use as an adhesive.. .

Epoxy resin composition, prepreg, and carbon fiber-reinforced composite material

Provided is an epoxy resin composition for giving a carbon fiber-reinforced composite material that simultaneously achieves tensile strength and compressive strength. An epoxy resin composition containing at least the following constituent elements [a]-[d] wherein the epoxy resin composition contains 5-50 mass % of constituent element [a] and 20-95 mass % of constituent element [b] relative to 100 mass % of total epoxy resin weight.
Toray Industries, Inc.

Isocyanate-reactive formulation for rigid polyurethane foam

A storage stable isocyanate-reactive composition includes a reactive component including (a) 5 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one novolac-type polyoxypropylene polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 2 to 5 and a hydroxyl number from 130 to 450 mg koh/g, (b) 20 wt % to 60 wt % of at least one high functional polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 6 to 8 and a hydroxyl number from 300 to 700 mg koh/g, (c) 2 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one low functional polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 2 to 5 and a hydroxyl number from 50 to 400 mg koh/g, (d) 2 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one amine initiated polyol having a hydroxyl number from 250 to 600 mg koh/g, and (e) 1 wt % to 25 wt % of one or more additives; and a hydrocarbon physical blowing agent component in an amount of at least 10 parts by weight for each 100 parts by weight of the reactive component.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Catalyst composition for making ultra high molecular weight poly (alpha-olefin) drag reducing agents

A catalyst consisting essentially of at least one tertiary monophenyl amine having a formula r1r2n-aryl, where r1 and r2 are the same or different, and each is a hydrogen, an alkyl, or a cycloalkyl group, where at least one of r1 and r2 contain at least one carbon atom; at least one titanium halide having a formula tixm, where m is from 2.5 to 4.0 and x is a halogen containing moiety; and at least one cocatalyst having a formula alrn y3-n where r is a hydrocarbon radical, y is a halogen or hydrogen, and n is 1-3. Further, the catalyst is absent of a carrier or support..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum & Minerals

Catalyst components for the polymerization of olefins

Where r and r1 are selected from the group consisting of c1-c20 hydrocarbon groups, c6-c14 aryl or alkylaryl groups hydrocarbon groups, optionally containing a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of halogens, p, s, n, and o; r2 to r11 groups, equal to or different from each other, are hydrogen, halogen or c1-c15 hydrocarbon groups which can be optionally fused together to form one or more cycles with the proviso that r6 and r11 cannot join together to form a phenyl ring.. .

Methods for forming saturated (hetero)cyclic borylated hydrocarbons and related compounds

The disclosure relates to methods for forming at least partially saturated cyclic and heterocyclic borylated hydrocarbons, as well as related compounds, which can be precursor compounds in the synthesis of any of a variety of pharmaceutical or medicinal compounds with a desired structure and/or stereochemistry for drug synthesis or drug candidate evaluation. The methods generally include reduction of an unsaturated cyclic or heterocyclic borylated hydrocarbon having a boron-containing substituent at an sp2-carbon, where such reduction converts the sp2-carbon to an sp3-carbon at the point of attachment of the boron-containing substituent.
Board Of Trustees Of Michigan State University

Nitrileoxide compound

Wherein, r1 is a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group; r2 is —r4—r5; r3 is —r4—r5 or —r4—r6; r4 is a divalent organic group; r5 is oh, sh, cooh or nhr9; r9 is a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms; and r6 is a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms.. .

Isomerization diaminodicyclohexylmethane

Wherein r1 and r2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a monovalent group selected from the group consisting of a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group and an acyl group (r1 and r2 may mutually bind to form a ring); r3 represents a hydrogen atom or an n-valent group selected from the group consisting of substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon groups; and n represents an integer of 1 to 10.. .

Bifunctional compound having norbornane skeleton and production method therefor

Wherein r1 is a hydrogen atom, ch3, or c2h5; r2 and r3 are each independently a hydrogen atom or ch3; and x is a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group having no more than 4 carbon atoms and optionally containing a hydroxyl group.. .

Vinyl-group-containing fluorene compound

A novel vinyl-group-containing fluorene compound and a method for producing the same, a polymerizable monomer and cross-linking agent including the compound, a leaving-group-containing fluorene compound, a monovinyl-group-containing fluorene compound, and methods for producing the same. The vinyl-group-containing fluorene compound is represented by formula (1) in which w1 and w2 represent a group represented by formula (2), a group represented by formula (4), a hydroxyl group, or a (meth)acryloyloxy group, r3a and r3b represent a cyano group, a halogen atom, or a monovalent hydrocarbon, and n1 and n2 are integers of 0-4.
Daicel Corporation

Production of propylene in a fluid catalytic cracking unit

A process and apparatus for catalytic cracking of hydrocarbon feedstock employing circulating fluidized bed reactor-regenerator configuration for maximizing the yield of propylene (c3 olefin) is disclosed. The apparatus comprises two reaction zones operating under different temperature and weight hourly space velocity (whsv), one primary zone for cracking of hydrocarbon feedstock and other as secondary zone for cracking of c4 fraction produced from the cracking of hydrocarbon feedstock in the primary reaction zone, optionally admixed with c4 stream from external source.
Indian Oil Corporation Limited

Tire comprising a composition comprising a derivative of zinc diacrylate and a peroxide

A tire is provided with an internal layer, said internal layer comprising a rubber composition based on at least one diene elastomer, a zinc diacrylate derivative in the form of a zinc salt wherein r1, r2 and r3 independently represent a hydrogen atom or a c1-c7 hydrocarbon group selected from linear, branched or cyclic alkyl groups, aralkyl groups, alkylaryl groups and aryl groups and optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms, it being possible for r2 and r3 to together form a nonaromatic ring, said composition additionally comprising a peroxide. The contents of zinc diacrylate derivative and of peroxide are such that the ratio of the content of peroxide to the content of zinc diacrylate derivative is less than or equal to 0.09, said composition not comprising a reinforcing filler or comprising less than 65 phr thereof, the ratio of the content of filler to the content of zinc diacrylate derivative being less than or equal to 4..
Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin

Anion-exchange membrane, and electrochemical element and electrochemical device having same

L1 to l5 are each independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkanol group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a specific functional group including an anion-exchange group, and an example of the functional group is —z2-m1-z1(r1)(r2)(r3). R1 to r3 are directly bonded to z1 and are each independently an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms or an alkanol group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms.

Methods for catalyst stripping

A process is disclosed for an improved catalyst stripping process. The stripping vessel is divided into two zones.
Uop Llc

Hydrocarbon fluid-water separation

A substrate for use in a filter media including, for example, in a hydrocarbon fluid-water separation filter; methods of identifying the substrate; methods of making the substrate; methods of using the substrate; and methods of improving the roll off angle of the substrate. In some embodiments, the substrate includes a hydrophilic group-containing polymer or a hydrophilic group-containing polymer coating..
Donaldson Company, Inc.

Methods for treating used oil vacuum tower bottoms

Methods of processing used oil vacuum tower bottoms in a heated chamber. The used oil vacuum tower bottoms are introduced into the chamber as a liquid.
Noble Oil Services, Inc.

Purified compositions of polyunsaturated fatty acids, their preparation method and their use

The present invention refers to new purified compositions of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, or their salts or esters, characterized by being essentially free from other usually present—but structurally different—components, such as furan fatty acids, phytanic and pristanic acids, squalene, and some oligomers, as well as several “persistent” environmental pollutants, such as polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzo-furans, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl-ethers, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and others, which are also usually present and extremely toxic. The invention also refers to the purification method to obtain said compositions and the use thereof as food, food for special medical use, food and diet supplement, and drug..

Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique

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Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited

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Identifying and implementing refinery or petrochemical plant process performance improvements

A refinery or petrochemical plant may include a fractionation column and related equipment, such as one or more condensers, receivers, reboilers, feed exchangers, and pumps. The equipment may have boundaries or thresholds of operating parameters based on existing limits and/or operating conditions.
Uop Llc

Tomographically enhanced full wavefield inversion

A computer-implemented method for updating a physical properties model of a subsurface region in an iterative inversion of seismic data using a gradient of a cost function that compares the seismic data to model-simulated data, said method comprising: obtaining a contrast model of a subsurface physical parameter that is sensitive to data dynamics and a kinematic model of a subsurface physical parameter; determining a gradient of a cost function using the contrast model and the kinematic model, wherein the cost function compares seismic data to model-simulated data; updating the kinematic model using a search direction derived from the gradient; adapting the contrast model according to an update to the kinematic model performed in the updating step; iteratively repeating the determining, updating, and adapting steps until a predetermined stopping criteria is reached, and generating a subsurface image from a finally updated kinematic model; and using the subsurface image to prospect for hydrocarbons.. .

Detection method and kit

Uses of ethyl 5,11-dihydroindolo[3,2-b]carbazole-6-carboxylate as a fluorescent ligand probe, preferably in a binding assay for quantitative analysis in combination with a recombinant aryl hydrocarbon receptor (ahr) protein. A method for detection or quantitative analysis of suspected aryl hydrocarbon receptor (ahr) ligands in a sample, the method comprising the steps of: (a) providing a sample possibly containing at least one known or unknown ahr ligand; (b) mixing said sample with a composition comprising a recombinant ahr protein bound to ethyl 5,11-dihydroindolo[3,2-b]carbazole-6-carboxylate; and (c) determining the presence or the total amount of said at least one known or unknown ahr ligand in the sample by fluorescence spectroscopy.
The European Union, Represented By The European Commission

Systems and methods for capturing natural gas liquids from oil tank vapors

A hydrocarbon vapor capture and processing system is disclosed to reduce both carbon emissions and conventional pollution, while producing financial returns by turning waste vapors into high quality ngls. In one embodiment, the hydrocarbon vapor is sent to a compressor for compression.
Pioneer Energy, Inc.

Method for liquefying a hydrocarbon-rich fraction

A process for liquefying a hydrocarbon-rich fraction, in particular natural gas, where the hydrocarbon-rich fraction is precooled and subjected to water separation and a subsequent drying process before liquefaction and the hydrocarbon-rich fraction is liquefied against at least one mixed refrigerant circuit, where the refrigerant circulating in the mixed refrigerant circuit is compressed in at least two stages, subsequently at least partially condensed and the liquid fraction formed here is at least partly mixed into the refrigerant which has been compressed to an intermediate pressure is described. A substream of the liquid fraction serves for precooling the hydrocarbon-rich fraction to be liquefied before it is fed to the water separation, where heat exchange between the liquid fraction and the hydrocarbon-rich fraction to be liquefied is effected by means of at least one heat exchanger system..
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Extended isenthalpic and/or isothermal flash calculation for hydrocarbon components that are soluble in oil, gas and water

A method, apparatus, and program product to determine distribution of a plurality of components amongst a plurality of phases for a multi-component, multi-phase system including a multi-component, multi-phase fluid. A plurality of phase boundaries of the multi-component, multi-phase fluid and a vapor-liquid equilibrium (vle) are determined based on a plurality of geophysical parameters associated with an oilfield and using one or more computer processors, including by determining hydrocarbon partitioning in a water phase, based in part on applying empirical equilibrium multi-phase mole fraction ratios (k-values) of the multi-component, multi-phase system that are functions of temperature and pressure only.
Total Sa

Underwater hydrocarbon extraction facility

An underwater hydrocarbon extraction facility including a plurality of actuators wherein each of the actuator includes: an electric motor arranged to operate the actuator; communication means configured to receive communication signals; and a controller connected to the communication means and the electric motor, said controller being operable to activate the electric motor in response to a received communication signal.. .
Ge Oil & Gas Uk Limited

Pressure swing processes for producing heavy hydrocarbons from reservoir

A process for producing hydrocarbon material from a hydrocarbon reservoir through a production well that is disposed in fluid communication with an injection well via an interwell region disposed within a communication zone, comprising: maintaining pressure within the communication zone above a predetermined high pressure during a high pressure production phase, in and during at least a fraction of the high pressure production phase, supplying the first production-initiating fluid to the communication zone such that: mobilization of producible hydrocarbon material within the communication zone is effected, and such that the mobilized hydrocarbon material is conducted to the production well and produced via the production well; and at least a fraction of the supplied non-condensable gaseous material becomes dissolved within hydrocarbon material disposed within the communication zone; effecting a reduction in pressure of the communication zone from above the predetermined high pressure to below a predetermined low pressure such that at least a fraction of the dissolved non-condensable gaseous material becomes liberated from solution within the hydrocarbon material and, upon the liberation, expands and thereby at least contributes to driving the mobilized hydrocarbon material to the production well; after the effected reduction in pressure, maintaining pressure within the communication zone below the predetermined low pressure during a lower pressure production phase; effecting an increase in pressure of the communication zone from below the predetermined low pressure to above the predetermined low pressure; and repeating steps through, at least once.. .
Nexen Energy Ulc

Sizing agent for synthetic fiber, reinforcing fiber bundle, and fiber-reinforced composite material

In formula (1), r1 represents a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, or an ethyl group, r2 represents a group having an epoxy group r3 represents a hydrocarbon group having an aromatic ring and from 8 to 40 carbon atoms or an alkyl group having from 3 to 22 carbon atoms, r4 represents the same group as r1, r2, or r3, and a plurality of les, r2s, r3s, or r4s may be the same as or different from one another when there are a plurality of les, r2s, r3s, or r4s, x represents an integer of 0 or greater, y and z each represent an integer of 1 or greater, and (x+y+z) is from 10 to 200.. .

Hydrocarbon oxidation by water oxidation electrocatalysts in non-aqueous solvents

Provided herein are processes and systems for oxidation of a hydrocarbon reactant to generate an oxidized hydrocarbon product; said process comprising: contacting a water oxidation electrocatalyst with said hydrocarbon reactant and water in the presence of a non-aqueous solvent; wherein an anodic bias is applied to said water oxidation electrocatalyst, thereby generating said oxidized hydrocarbon product; and wherein said water oxidation electrocatalyst comprises one or more transition metals other than ru. Optionally, said water is provided in said non-aqueous solvent at a concentration less than or equal to 0.5 vol.
California Institute Of Technology

Mineral functional water, producing the same, and combustion-promoting hydrocarbons

Provided is mineral functional water including beneficial efficacy, such as improving action of combustion efficiency. Electromagnetic waves irradiated by mineral components contained in the mineral functional water according to the present invention reveals combustion-promoting action on hydrocarbons, such as hydrocarbons fuel..
Santa Mineral Co., Ltd.

Renewable hydrocarbon composition

The present application provides a composition comprising 8-30 mass % of c4-12 linear alkanes, 5-50 mass % of c4-12 branched alkanes, 25-60 mass % of c5-12 cycloalkanes, 1-25 mass of c6-12 aromatic hydrocarbons, no more than 1 mass% of alkenes, and no more than 0.5 mass % in total of oxygen-containing compounds; wherein the total amount of c4-12 alkanes is 40-80 mass %, and the total amount of c4-12 alkanes, c5-12 cycloalkanes and c6-12 aromatic hydrocarbons is at least 95 mass %; and wherein the amounts are based on the mass of the composition. Also described is a method for producing the composition comprising the step of hydroprocessing a biological feedstock using a catalyst and the step of fractionating the product of the hydroprocessing step..
Upm-kymmene Corporation

Process and removal of heavy polynuclear aromatics in a hydrocracking process

Processes and apparatuses are disclosed for removing heavy polynuclear aromatic compounds from a hydrocracked stream comprising passing at least a portion of the hydrocracked stream to a fractionation column to provide a plurality of fractionator product streams and a fractionator bottoms stream comprising unconverted hydrocarbons. A first stream and a second stream are taken from the fractionator bottoms stream.
Uop Llc

Bitumen production with solvent recovery system heat exchange techniques for bitumen froth treatment operations

Techniques are described for producing a bitumen product and recovering solvent from a solvent-diluted heavy hydrocarbon stream, which can have configurations and operation of an indirect heat exchanger to enhance performance. The system can have three solvent recovery stages.
Fort Hills Energy L.p.

Methods of extracting hydrocarbons from subterranean formations

A method of extracting hydrocarbons from a subterranean formation comprises introducing a solution comprising a silicon-containing compound into the subterranean formation. The silicon-containing compound may comprise a terminal group comprising one of an alkanoate group, a fluoroalkanoate group, and a perfluoroalkanoate group, and one or more of an alkoxy group and a chlorine atom bonded to a silicon atom.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Combined uses of a phosphorous compound for iron sulphide dissolution and bacterial control

A process for simultaneously dissolving iron sulphide and killing or inhibiting bacteria comprising the steps of continuously adding or shot dosing to a hydrocarbon-containing system, an aqueous fluid comprising a formulation comprising tris(hydroxymethyl) phosphine or tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium salt.. .
Rhodia Operations

High temperature stable, low outgassing composition, protective tape comprising such composition and use of such tape with thin glass

A composition includes a curable material component with a backbone of a completely or substantially completely hydrogenated hydrocarbon based rubber material which is completely or substantially free of carbon-carbon double and triple bonds, a photoinitiator component, and an inert filler. The composition, when cured, is stable at 250c and is low outgassing.
Corning Incorporated

Phenolic resin foam and producing same

Provided are a phenolic resin foam having low environmental impact, high compressive strength, excellent handling properties in installation, and low costs associated with securing, and also a method of producing the same. The phenolic resin foam contains at least one selected from the group consisting of a chlorinated hydrofluoroolefin, a non-chlorinated hydrofluoroolefin, and a halogenated hydrocarbon.
Asahi Kasei Construction Materials Corporation

Method and device for modifying resin

It is a method for modifying a resin (6), the method for hydrophilizing the surface of the resin (6). High-concentration ozone gas and an unsaturated hydrocarbon gas are supplied to the surface of the resin (6), and the surface of the resin (6) is hydrophilized.
Meidensha Corporation

Methods for supplying solid catalysts to a solution polymerization reactor

Disclosed is a solution polymerization process, or, alternatively, a method of delivering powder catalysts to a solution polymerization reactor, comprising combining a homogeneous single-site catalyst precursor with α-olefin monomers to form a polyolefin, wherein the homogeneous single-site catalyst precursor is in the form of (i) a dry powder, (ii) suspended in a aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent, or (iii) suspended in an oil or wax, wherein the homogeneous single-site catalyst precursor is at a concentration greater than 0.8 mmole/liter when suspended in the aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent prior to entering the solution polymerization reactor.. .
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Bridged metallocene complex for olefin polymerization

The invention relates to a metallocene complex according to formula (1) wherein m is a metal selected from lanthanides or transition metals from group 3, 4, 5 or 6 of the periodic system of the elements, q is an anionic ligand to m, k is the number of q groups and equals the valence of m minus 2, z1, z2, z3 and z4 are identical or different and can be chosen from the group consisting of hydrogen and a hydrocarbon radical with 1-20 carbon atoms, and adjacent substituents z can form a ring system together with the carbon atoms of the cp ring to which they are bound.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Systems and methods related to the production of polyethylene

Disclosed herein is a method comprising the steps of: a) producing a hydrocarbon stream from syngas via a fischer-tropsch reaction, wherein the hydrocarbon stream comprises a first c2 hydrocarbon stream comprising ethane and a first ethylene product; b) separating at least a portion of the first c2 hydrocarbon stream from the hydrocarbon stream; c) separating at least a portion of the first ethylene product from the first c2 hydrocarbon stream, thereby producing a second c2 hydrocarbon stream; d) converting at least a portion of the ethane in the second c2 hydrocarbon stream to a second ethylene product; and e) producing polyethylene from at least a portion of the second ethylene product.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Beta-1,3-glucan derivative and producing beta-1,3-glucan derivative

(in formula (1), each of a plurality of r1s independently represents a hydrogen atom or —cor2, n represents an integer of 1 or greater, and r2 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group or an aromatic hydrocarbon group. In formula (1), a plurality of the r1s may be the same as or different from each other, and at least a part of a plurality of the r1s is —cor2.).

Method for producing dialkylaminosilane

In a method for synthesizing dialkylaminosilane from a reaction of dialkylamine with chlorosilane as the method for producing dialkylaminosilane, a large amount of dialkylamine hydrochloride is produced as a by-product, in addition to objective dialkylaminosilane. Therefore, upon obtaining objective dialkylaminosilane, reduction of volumetric efficiency caused by a large amount of a solvent is prevented, and dialkylaminosilane is produced at a low cost and in a large amount.
Jnc Corporation

Systems and methods related to the production of ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol, and/or ethanolamines

Disclosed herein is a method comprising the steps of: a) producing a hydrocarbon stream from syngas via a fischer-tropsch reaction, wherein the hydrocarbon stream comprises a first c2 hydrocarbon stream comprising ethane and a first ethylene product; b) separating at least a portion of the first c2 hydrocarbon stream from the hydrocarbon stream; c) separating at least a portion of the first ethylene product from the first c2 hydrocarbon stream, thereby producing a second c2 hydrocarbon stream; d) converting at least a portion of the ethane in the second c2 hydrocarbon stream to a second ethylene product; and e) producing ethylene oxide from at least a portion of the second ethylene product.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for purifying (hydro)halocarbon compositions

A process for treating a composition comprising one or more desired (hydro)halocarbons and one or more undesired halogenated hydrocarbon containing impurities so as to reduce the concentration of at least one undesired halogenated hydrocarbon containing impurity, the process comprising contacting the composition with an adsorbent comprising a carbon molecular sieve.. .
Mexichem Amanco Holding S.a. De C.v.

Electrochemical hydroxide systems and methods using metal oxidation

There are provided methods and systems for an electrochemical cell including an anode and a cathode where the anode is contacted with a metal ion that converts the metal ion from a lower oxidation state to a higher oxidation state. The metal ion in the higher oxidation state is reacted with an unsaturated hydrocarbon and/or a saturated hydrocarbon to form products.
Calera Corporation

Processes and apparatuses for recovery of ethylene from hydrocarbons

Embodiments of methods and apparatuses for recovery of ethylene from fcc absorber off-gas comprising a heavy cut comprising ethylene, ethane and heavier hydrocarbons and a light cut comprising hydrogen, nitrogen and methane. An exemplary method includes passing the fcc absorber off-gas to an adsorption zone containing an adsorbent selective for the adsorption of the light cut, the adsorption zone adsorbing at least a portion of the light cut and recovering an adsorption zone effluent stream comprising the heavy cut.
Uop Llc

Highly branched hydrocarbon isomerization for an aromatization reaction

A process for aromatizing hydrocarbons comprises: converting at least a portion of highly branched hydrocarbons in a feed stream into selectively convertible components, and aromatizing the selectively convertible components to produce an aromatization reactor effluent. The aromatization reactor effluent comprises an aromatic product.
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company Lp

Fluidizable vanadium catalyst for oxidative cracking of hydrocarbons to olefins in a gas phase oxygen free environment

Fluidizable catalysts for the gas phase oxygen-free oxidative cracking of alkanes, such as hexane, to one or more olefins, such as ethylene, propylene, and/or butylene. The catalysts comprise 1-15% by weight per total catalyst weight of one or more vanadium oxides (vox), such as v2o5.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Oxygenated hydrocarbon conversion zoned method

Processes are provided for conversion of oxygenated hydrocarbon, such as methanol and/or dimethyl ether, to aromatics, such as a para-xylene, and olefins, such as ethylene and propylene. The processes entail using a reactor having multiple reaction zones where each zone is prepared to promote desired reactions..
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Modified walnut shell and use

Herein are described compositions useful in the purification of hydrocarbon-contaminated liquids (e.g., oil-contaminated water), methods of their manufacture, and methods of their use. In one instance, the composition can include a porous agricultural substrate selected from the group consisting of walnut shell, pecan shell, apricot pit, peach pit, corn cob, and a mixture thereof; the porous agricultural substrate having an external surface and pores, wherein the external surface is hydrophilic; and an organo-amine carried within the pores of the porous agricultural substrate.
Polymer Ventures Inc.

Process for the ammonia production

Process and plant for the synthesis of ammonia from a hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising: primary reforming with steam and air-fired secondary reforming wherein primary reforming is performed at a temperature and pressure of at least 790° c. And 50 bar, and secondary reforming is carried out substantially in absence of excess air, the so obtained make-up synthesis gas having a h2 to n2 molar ratio in the range 2.5 to 3..
Casale Sa

Method and cleaning fluid conduits

A method of cleaning a fluid conduit in a hydrocarbon production installation is described. The method comprises introducing a flexible hose into a fluid conduit system through a pressure control device, and running the flexible hose into a conduit to be cleaned while a fluid stream flows in the conduit.
Paradigm Flow Services Limited

Hydrocarbon conversion using uzm-53

Where m represents sodium, potassium or a combination of sodium and potassium cations, r is the organic structure directing agent or agents derived from reactants r1 and r2 where r1 is diisopropanolamine and r2 is a chelating diamine, and e is an element selected from the group consisting of gallium, iron, boron and mixtures thereof. Catalysts made from uzm-53 have utility in various hydrocarbon conversion reactions such as oligomerization..

Metallo-silicate catalyst (msc) compositions, methods of preparation and methods of use in partial upgrading of hydrocarbon feedstocks

The invention relates to the preparation of novel bi- or tri metallic silicate micro-porous and/or meso-porous materials based on cerium, nickel, copper and/or zinc on a porous silicate framework matrix to use its molecular sieve effect to target preferentially the acidic organic molecules present in hydrocarbon feedstocks like crude oil, bitumen, vgo and the like. The chosen metals are selected based on their ability to activate steam and transfer oxygen for completing the oxidation of carboxylic compounds or decarboxylating them.
Cenovus Energy Inc.

Lean nox trap with enhanced high and low temperature performance

A lean nox trap composition for the treatment of exhaust gas emissions, such as the oxidation of unburned hydrocarbons (hc), and carbon monoxide (co), and the trapping and reduction of nitrogen oxides (nox) is disclosed. The lean nox trap composition can have a washcoat layer on a carrier substrate including a first support material comprising greater than 50% by weight of a reducible metal oxide; 10 to 30% by weight of alkaline earth metal supported on a second support material comprising a refractory metal oxide and 50% or less by weight of a reducible metal oxide and; and a platinum group metal component supported on at least one of the first support material and/or the second support material.
Basf Corporation

Reactor effluent wash to remove aromatics

A process is presented for the removal or aromatics from a hydrocarbon stream. The hydrocarbon stream is generated by a dehydrogenation process that generates aromatics.
Uop Llc

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Conductive member

Provided is such a conductive member that a change in its electrical resistance value caused by its long-term use is reduced to the extent possible. The conductive member has a conductive support and a conductive layer, the conductive layer contains a rubber composition formed of a modified epichlorohydrin rubber, and the modified epichlorohydrin rubber has a unit represented by the following formula (1).
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha

System and petro-elastic modeling

A method is described for creating a petro-elastic model including receiving, at a computer processor, well log data; computing in situ rock properties; calculating dry frame moduli for a range of porosities based on a rock physics model such as a modified critical porosity model; performing fluid substitutions and computing elastic properties by statistical sampling for the range of porosities; creating a petro-elastic model in a seismic domain; and identifying and producing target hydrocarbon reservoirs based on the petro-elastic model. The method may be executed by a computer system..
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Process integration of a gas processing unit with liquefaction unit

It is proposed to integrate a gas processing unit with a liquefaction unit. The industrial gas stream may be but is not limited to air gases of oxygen, nitrogen argon, hydrocarbon, lng, syngas or its components, co2, or any other molecule or combination of molecules.
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude

Transport of natural gas through solution in liquid hydrocarbon at ambient temperature

A method of transporting natural gas by liquefaction of natural gas at ambient temperature, achieved by mixing the natural gas at high pressure with a hydrocarbon that is a stable liquid at ambient temperature and ambient pressure. The hydrocarbon liquid may be crude oil or a distillate of crude oil.

Metal pipes with anticorrosive polyolefin covering layer

The present invention provides a metal pipe coated on at least a section of the metal pipe with a polyolefin coating system, wherein the system consists of the following layers: (a) optionally, a corrosion protective layer of a chromate, phosphate or other salt; (b) a polyolefin based adhesive, preferably in a thickness of 0.3-5 mm; (c) a pe or pp coating layer, preferably in a thickness of 1-10 mm; (d) optionally, an adhesion promoting layer between the polyolefin based adhesive and a pe or pp layer; wherein the polyolefin based adhesive contains an organic phase consisting of substantially saturated hydrocarbons, and wherein the adhesive contains amorphous polypropylene, ethylene-propylene copolymers or poly(iso)butylene (co)polymers, said adhesive being flowable when a pressure of 10 kgf/cm2 is applied, wherein the pe or pp coating is a continuous layer over the coated section, and wherein said polyolefin based adhesive adheres to both the metal pipe and to said pe or pp coating.. .
Borealis Ag