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Greenhouse Gas patents

      

This page is updated frequently with new Greenhouse Gas-related patent applications.

Reduction of metal/semi-metal oxides
This invention is concerned with the reduction of metal and/or semi-metal oxides. More particularly the invention relates to a method and apparatus adapted to produce silicon by reduction of silicon oxides.
Northeastern University


Atmospheric greenhouse gas removal
A material (such as potassium hydroxide or ammonia) capable of reacting with ambient carbon dioxide to produce fertilizer is placed in the path of ambient air movement. Desirably the material is associated with a fabric which in turn is associated with a vane of a vertical axis wind turbine, the turbine performing useful work as well as supporting the material which produces a fertilizer.

Production of a carbonaceous feedstock material from a waste carbon source
The production carbonaceous feedstock material from waste containing carbon sources and the use thereof in gasification processes for hazardous emissions of greenhouse gases and sulphur are significantly minimized and enhanced reaction rates are described. A process for producing a carbonaceous feedstock material from waste containing carbon sources, including the steps consisting of: (i) introducing a source of biochar to a source of discard coal fines to form a bio-coal mixture; (ii) introducing a catalyst additive selected from the group consisting of a source of an alkali metal or a source of an alkaline earth metal to the bio-coal mixture; (iii) optionally, contacting the bio-coal mixture with a binder; and (iv) compacting the resulting mixture of step (ii) or (iii) to form one or more carbonaceous feedstock briquettes, the size of said briquettes having a dimension of at least 5 mm..
North-west University


Cement formulations and methods
Disclosed are improved compositions, systems, methods and techniques for processing and preparing cement, cement constituents and concrete formulations involving natural pozzolans. In various embodiments, the water demand, compressive strength, set times and workability in concrete incorporating certain natural pozzolans can be improved by blending with calcium carbonate powders, while further improvements can be accomplished if the calcium carbonate is inter-ground with the natural pozzolan to a desired and/or minimum fineness.
Geofortis Pozzolans Llc


Flux-enhanced energy harvesting from current-carrying conductors
An apparatus for harvesting power from a current carrying conductor without electrically contacting the conductor is provided. The apparatus employs a coil with core and flux concentrators of high magnetic permeability steel that redirect the time-varying magnetic flux of the conductor to interact more strongly with the coil, and increase the coil's output voltage and power.
The Regents Of The University Of California


Reduction of greenhouse gas emission
Herein disclosed is a method of reducing greenhouse gas (ghg) emission comprising introducing one or more feed streams into a reformer to generate synthesis gas; and converting synthesis gas to dimethyl ether (dme). In some cases, the reformer is a fluidized bed dry reforming reactor.
Res Usa, Llc


Assigning an ims control function instance to an ims endpoint
An assignment controller (160) identifies multiple instances of an ims control function (210, 220) as being candidates for assigning to an ims endpoint (110). The controller (160) also obtains a performance metric for each candidate instance that is a measure of the extent to which performance requirements for a signaling path of an anticipated or ongoing session of the endpoint (110) would be met if the instance were to be assigned to the endpoint (110).
Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (publ)


Hydrocarbon leak imaging and quantification sensor
This invention consists of sensors and algorithms to image, detect, and quantify the presence of hydrocarbon gas (for example from leaks) using a short-wave infrared radiation detector array with multiple spectral filters under natural sunlight or artificial illumination, in combination with the hydrodynamics of turbulent gas jets and buoyant plumes. Multiple embodiments are recited and address detection and quantification of methane gas leaks.
Multisensor Scientific, Inc.


Efficient catalytic greenhouse gas-free hydrogen and aldehyde formation from alcohols
Catalytic preparation of hydrogen and aldehyde(s) from alcohols, including bioalcohols, without production of carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide.. .

Industrial production plant having minimal emission of greenhouse gases, in particular emission of carbon dioxide, and the operation thereof
The invention relates to an industrial production plant (1), which comprises a first production plant (2), which produces a co2-poor and h2-rich exhaust gas from a carbon-containing feed material and which has an associated first exhaust-gas cleaning device (3) and an associated second exhaust-gas cleaning device (14). The problem addressed by the invention is that of creating a solution by means of which a carbon capture and utilization method can be effectively and efficiently performed.
Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Europe Gmbh


Carbon dioxide trapping device and method capable of producing electricity

An apparatus and process are provided for electricity production and high-efficiency trapping of carbon dioxide, using carbon dioxide within combustion exhaust gas and converging technologies associated with a carbon dioxide absorption tower and a generating device using ions which uses a difference in concentration of salinity between seawater and freshwater. It is expected that enhanced electrical energy production efficiency, an effect of reducing costs for the operation of a carbon dioxide trapping process, and electricity production from carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas, can be simultaneously achieved by increasing the difference in concentration using an absorbent for absorbing carbon dioxide..
Korea Institute Of Energy Research

Carbon neutral composting achieved by cooperative aerobic composting and algae cultivation

Organic waste disposal in landfills is a substantial source of methane and carbon dioxide. Composting is an excellent alternative to landfill use, and the process described herein demonstrates a method to use such source-separated organics as a carbon dioxide source for industrial scale algae cultivation, functionally sequestering the greenhouse gases produced..

Vehicle diagnosis system and method

A vehicle diagnosis system includes an abnormality determiner for determining whether a vehicle having an abnormality regarding a temporal engine stop function or a power regeneration function is caused in a mode that cancels a greenhouse gas reduction effect of the engine. When an abnormality that cancels, due to disablement of the temporal engine stop function or the power regeneration function, such an abnormality is quickly notified to a driver of the vehicle by the vehicle diagnosis system so that the abnormality is quickly fixed..
Denso Corporation

Conversion of greenhouse gases to synthesis gas by dry reforming

A method for conversion of greenhouse gases comprises: introducing a flow of a dehumidified gaseous source of carbon dioxide into a reaction vessel; introducing a flow of a dehumidified gaseous source of methane into the reaction vessel; and irradiating catalytic material in the reaction vessel with microwave energy. The irradiated catalytic material is heated and catalyzes an endothermic reaction of carbon dioxide and methane that produces hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
Ecokap Power Llc

Conversion of greenhouse gases by dry reforming

A method for conversion of greenhouse gases comprises: introducing a flow of a dehumidified gaseous source of carbon dioxide into a reaction vessel; introducing a flow of a dehumidified gaseous source of methane into the reaction vessel; and irradiating catalytic material in the reaction vessel with microwave energy. The irradiated catalytic material is heated and catalyzes an endothermic reaction of carbon dioxide and methane that produces hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
Ecokap Technologies Llc

Power over ethernet delivery method and system

A power over ethernet (poe) system and method that can provide greater power efficiency and reduces greenhouse gas emissions is described. The poe system includes power supply equipment, ethernet cabling, and a powered device.
Globtek, Inc.

Kinetic energy system utilizing multi-size multi-use high speed rotating flywheel

Processes used in the past were hazardous due to the material with which they were constructed, the design, and the location of the flywheel used on the device. In addition, the energy was inefficiently drawn from the flywheel which caused them to be replaced by fuel driven engines which emitted co/2 and other greenhouse gases.

Cryogenic storage vessel

Draining a cryogenic storage vessel to remove a pump is timing consuming, expensive and can result in increased greenhouse gas emissions. A cryogenic storage vessel comprises an inner vessel defining a cryogen space and an outer vessel spaced apart from and surrounding the inner vessel, defining a thermally insulating space between the inner and outer vessels.
Westport Power Inc.

Vehicle diagnosis system and method

A vehicle diagnosis system includes an abnormality determiner for determining whether a vehicle having an abnormality regarding a temporal engine stop function or a power regeneration function is caused in a mode that cancels a greenhouse gas reduction effect of the engine. When an abnormality that cancels, due to disablement of the temporal engine stop function or the power regeneration function, such an abnormality is quickly notified to a driver of the vehicle by the vehicle diagnosis system so that the abnormality is quickly fixed..
Denso Corporation

Vehicle diagnosis system and method

A vehicle diagnosis system includes an abnormality determiner for determining whether a vehicle having an abnormality regarding a temporal engine stop function or a power regeneration function is caused in a mode that cancels a greenhouse gas reduction effect of the engine. When an abnormality that cancels, due to disablement of the temporal engine stop function or the power regeneration function, such an abnormality is quickly notified to a driver of the vehicle by the vehicle diagnosis system so that the abnormality is quickly fixed..
Denso Corporation

Linear programming-based approach to scheduling of crude oil operations in refinery for energy efficiency optimization

For sustainable development, a refinery is required to save energy as much as possible so as to reduce the emission of greenhouse gas. In crude oil operations, oil transportation from storage tanks to charging tanks via a pipeline consumes a large portion of energy.
Macau University Of Science And Technology

Carbon dioxide collecting apparatus and method using independent power generation means

A carbon dioxide capturing apparatus and process uses a self-generating power means that uses carbon dioxide in combustion exhaust gas through the convergence of a carbon dioxide absorption tower. The capturing apparatus and process also relies on ionic generator associated technology using a concentration difference between seawater and freshwater.
Korea Institute Of Energy Research

Blends of low carbon and conventional fuels with improved performance characteristics

The present invention provides a blended fuel and methods for producing the blended fuel, wherein a low carbon fuel derived from a renewable resource such as biomass, is blended with a traditional, petroleum derived fuel. A blended fuel which includes greater than 10% by volume of low carbon fuel has an overall improved lifecycle greenhouse gas content of about 5% or more compared to the petroleum derived fuel.
Greyrock Energy, Inc.

Non-explosive and non-flammable nitrogenous fertilizer based on ammonium nitrate

The present invention, entitled “non-explosive and non-flammable nitrogenous fertilizer based on ammonium nitrate”, is a chemical fertilizer intended, mainly, for the contribution in nitrogen input into agricultural soils, essentially in granule form. Said product solves or minimizes many of the main problems found in the chemical fertilizer industry, including the following: the use of fertilizers in the production of explosives for terrorism purposes; the release of noxious gases and greenhouse gases, such as nox and ammonia; the contamination of water tables by the run-off of chemical substances, especially nitrates, owing to rainfall; and chemical fertilizers having fixed content in terms of nitrogen percentage.

Air quality by eliminating greenhouse gas emissions through a process of conversion of flue gases into liquid or semi-solid chemicals

Apparatus for removing greenhouse gases from combustion of fossil and non-fossil fuels, including hydrocarbons and biomass fuels, is disclosed. The apparatus includes: a vessel containing a liquid medium; a circulation system with a pump; a plurality of positively charged metal plates, each with a plurality of apertures; a negatively charged discharge pipe connected to the circulation pipe; a refrigeration system on the outside of the vessel; and a power source.
Emission Control Associates

Method to improve the efficiency of removal of liquid water from solid bulk fuel materials

The invention provides methods to efficiently reduce the water concentration of raw solid fuels, including low rank coals such as brown coal, lignite, subbituminous coal, and other carbonaceous solids. Efficiently drying these materials at low temperatures significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and allows the production of low-rank coals for gasification and liquifaction..
Gtl Energy Holdings Pty Limited

Increasing efficiency in an lng production system by pre-cooling a natural gas feed stream

Described herein are systems and processes to produce liquefied natural gas (lng) using liquefied nitrogen (lin) as the refrigerant. Greenhouse gas contaminants are removed from the lin using a greenhouse gas removal unit.

Liquefied natural gas production system and method with greenhouse gas removal

Described herein are systems and processes to produce liquefied natural gas (lng) using liquefied nitrogen (lin) as the refrigerant. Greenhouse gas contaminants are removed from the lin using a greenhouse gas removal unit..

Methods for reducing greenhouse emissions from animal manure

Greenhouse gases are lowered in treatment of animal manure from a cafo by eliminating or reducing anaerobic digestion. The manure product is admixed with drying agents and is suitable for use as fertilizer or fuel while severely curtailing odor at the same time..
Rcra Clean Energy Solutions, Inc.

Network for measuring greenhouse gases in the atmosphere

Methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, are described for measuring greenhouse gas. A calibration device receives a first sample of atmospheric gas from a first port exposed to the earth's atmosphere.
The Regents Of The University Of California

Method and system of treating biomass wastes by biochemistry-thermochemistry multi-point interconnection

The present invention discloses a method and a system of treating biomass wastes by biochemistry-thermochemistry multi-point interconnection. The present invention applies solid, gas and liquid products of the thermochemical treatment subsystem to the biochemical treatment subsystem and applies heat produced by the biochemical treatment subsystem to the thermochemical treatment subsystem, forming multi-point and two-way interconnection between the biochemical treatment subsystem and the thermochemical treatment subsystem, thereby increasing the yield and stability of energy gas of the biochemical treatment subsystem and reducing pollution and energy consumption of the thermochemical treatment subsystem respectively.
Tongji University

Online solar marketplace providing carbon reduction incentives and tracking

Computer-implemented systems and methods are disclosed for facilitating generation of carbon credits to offset greenhouse gas emissions. In an embodiment, carbon emissions reduction targets for a defined time period are first received from a sponsor.
Geostellar, Inc.

Method to improve the efficiency of removal of liquid water from solid bulk fuel materials

The invention provides methods to efficiently reduce the water concentration of raw solid fuels, including low rank coals such as brown coal, lignite, subbituminous coal, and other carbonaceous solids. Efficiently drying these materials at low temperatures significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and allows the production of low-rank coals for gasification and liquefaction..
Gtl Energy Holdings Pty Limited

Copper complex for capturing carbon dioxide

A composition and method are disclosed for capturing co2. A pollutant/greenhouse gas can be converted into a valuable organic compound using a nontoxic reducing agent.

Pipeline arrangement for utilizing a gas comprising biomethane

Embodiments of the invention provide a process in which a gas comprising biomethane having a heating value of less than about 925 btu/cubic foot is introduced to a pipeline system that is connected to at least one source of natural gas having a heating value of at least about 950 btu/cubic foot. The gas comprising biomethane combines with natural gas in the pipeline system to produce a mixed gas having a heating value below about 925 btu/cubic foot.
Iogen Corporation

Pipeline arrangement for utilizing a gas comprising biomethane

Embodiments of the invention provide a process in which a gas comprising biomethane having a heating value of less than about 925 btu/cubic foot is introduced to a pipeline system that is connected to at least one source of natural gas having a heating value of at least about 950 btu/cubic foot. The gas comprising biomethane combines with natural gas in the pipeline system to produce a mixed gas having a heating value below about 925 btu/cubic foot.
Iogen Corporation

Reduction of n2o in the exhaust gas of lean-burn petrol engines

The present invention relates to the use of different regeneration strategies for nitrogen oxide storage catalysts (nox storage catalyst, lnt or nsc), depending on the exhaust gas temperatures, to reduce in the total exhaust gas the greenhouse gas n2o (nitrous oxide) that is produced as a secondary emission during the regeneration of the storage catalyst. If the exhaust gas temperature is below 275° c.-290° c., regeneration takes place using a strategy with short pulses of around 2 seconds and λ lambda 0.95 rich..
Umicore Ag & Co. Kg

Process and converting greenhouse gases into synthetic fuels

Embodiments of the present invention are directed to apparatus and methods for converting carbon dioxide and/or methane into higher alkanes and hydrogen gas in a single reaction chamber using a catalyst and microwave radiation.. .
Ecokap Technologies Llc

Method for preparing levulinic acid using solid acid catalyst in presence of ethylene glycol-based compound solvent derived from biomass

Provided is a method for preparing levulinic acid using a solid acid catalyst in the presence of an ethylene glycol-based compound. The levulinic acid according to the present invention can be prepared by using a linear or cyclic ethylene glycol-based compound as a solvent and preparing the levulinic acid from fructose in the presence of the solid acid catalyst at a reaction temperature of 100 to 200° c., thereby reducing the dependency on petroleum in response to greenhouse gas emission regulations.
Korea Institute Of Industrial Technology

Sande B.v.

. .

Energy builder (eb) application software

This invention is a unique software application that manages production for the upstream oil and gas energy industry. It aids business personnel to track their business processes of managing production, greenhouse gas emission, product delivery, and commercial of oil and gas, in order to maximize the assets value and to properly and safely manage the associated resources.

Method for preparing 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural using acid catalyst in presence of ethylene glycol-based compound solvent derived from biomass

Provided is a method for preparing 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural using an acid catalyst in the presence of an ethylene glycol-based solvent. The method for preparing the 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural involves using a linear or cyclic ethylene glycol-based compound as a solvent and producing the 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural from fructose, in the presence of the acid catalyst, thereby reducing the dependency on petroleum in response to greenhouse gas emission regulations.
Korea Institute Of Industrial Technology

System and determining energy and ghg apportionment

System and methods for appointing energy and environmental costs to provide separate billing statements for operation of business and/or healthcare related equipment is disclosed. The method determining a cost associated with a total amount of energy consumed and a cost for operation of selected equipment with regard to usage and demand.
Philips Lighting Holding B.v.

Energy-efficient and environmentally advanced configurations for naptha hydrotreating process

Systems and methods of hydrotreating different naphtha feed stocks destined for a refining reforming unit and other applications with less energy consumption than conventionally possible, while producing less greenhouse gas emissions, and/or using a lesser number of heaters and correspondingly less capital investment in such heaters, air coolers, and water coolers, are provided. According to the more examples of such systems and methods, such reductions are accomplished by directly integrating a naphtha stripping process section with a naphtha splitting process section.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Energy-efficient and environmentally advanced configurations for naphtha hydrotreating process

Systems and methods of hydrotreating different naphtha feed stocks destined for a refining reforming unit and other applications with less energy consumption than conventionally possible, while producing less greenhouse gas emissions, and/or using a lesser number of heaters and correspondingly less capital investment in such heaters, air coolers, and water coolers, are provided. According to the more examples of such systems and methods, such reductions are accomplished by directly integrating a naphtha stripping process section with a naphtha splitting process section.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Revolving overhead windmill

The invention provides a revolving overhead windmill which includes airfoil means for interfacing with a fluid current comprising an air current or wind, and which includes energy harvesting means utilizing fluid current driven periodic motion of the fluid-foil means for capturing fluid-dynamic renewable energy and converting it into usable energy in a desired form such as electricity. The invention provides devices, methods and systems for harvesting renewable energy for medium-scale, large-scale and ultra-large-scale applications, to provide real and substantial benefits towards efficiently fulfilling energy needs while also more broadly serving humanity and our global environment.

Method to improve the efficiency of removal of liquid water from solid bulk fuel materials

The invention provides methods to efficiently reduce the water concentration of raw solid fuels, including low rank coals such as brown coal, lignite, subbituminous coal, and other carbonaceous solids. Efficiently drying these materials at low temperatures significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and allows the production of low-rank coals for gasification and liquifaction..

Method to improve the efficiency of removal of liquid water from solid bulk fuel materials

The invention provides methods to efficiently reduce the water concentration of raw solid fuels, including low rank coals such as brown coal, lignite, subbituminous coal, and other carbonaceous solids. Efficiently drying these materials at low temperatures significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and allows the production of low-rank coals for gasification and liquifaction..
Gtl Energy Holdings Pty Limited

Microbial material for reducing soil/water quality contamination, restricting warming gas generation, and improving plant function, and manufacturing fermentation product

Provided are a functional microbial material and a method for producing a fermentation product, wherein the functional microbial material and the fermentation product are environment-friendly and improve the quality of crops. The present invention relates to a microbial material and a method for producing a fermentation product wherein the microbial material and the fermentation product are obtained by fermentation of a fermentation raw material including a plant-derived raw material and an animal-derived raw material using a population of microorganisms including a plurality of species of thermophilic microorganisms, and lead to a remedy for soil and water pollution and to the inhibition of greenhouse gas generation, as well as contribute to improvements in the functionality of plants, particularly the expression of genes involved in biophylaxis and resistant to high-temperature disorder, and an increase in antioxidant components.
Keiyo Plant Engineering Co., Ltd.

Process for the synthesis of graphene and graphene derivatives from greenhouse gases and other carbonaceous waste products

Methods and processes are disclosed that utilize carbonates produced as a result of the conversion of carbon dioxide that are heated under conditions inhibiting complete combustion to produce vapors promoting polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation in the formation of graphene, graphene derivatives and other useful nanoparticles as desired. In some embodiments, the waste gasses and streams from processes of extracting or processing carbonaceous materials are collected and refluxed with at least one solvent to promote polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon formation under conditions that inhibit complete combustion of the carbonaceous material can be used in the production of graphene, graphene derivatives and other useful nanoparticles.
Peerless Worldwide, Llc

. .

Iron powder production via flow electrolysis

The iron and steel industry has a history of environmental consciousness, and efforts are continually made to reduce energy consumption and co2 emissions. However, the carbothermic process has approached limits on the further reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and only marginal improvements can be expected.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Method and producing biochar

It is known to produce biochar from wood by the use of ring kilns and the like. However, they are inefficient and release ‘greenhouse gases’ to the atmosphere.
Carbon Gold Limited

Data processing of carbon offsets for entities

Disclosed are various embodiments for performing data processing to identify an entity to offset carbon credits. A geolocation of a client device performing a transaction where an item is purchased is determined.
Greenprint Llc

. .

Molten air rechargeable batteries

The present disclosure relates to rechargeable electrochemical battery cells (molten air batteries). The cells use air and a molten electrolyte, are quasi-reversible (rechargeable) and have the capacity for multiple electrons stored per molecule and have high intrinsic electric energy storage capacities.
The George Washington University

Process for the preparation of ni-cemgal2o4 catalyst for dry reforming of methane with carbon dioxide

The present invention provides a process and catalyst system for the production of synthesis gas (a mixture of co and h2) from greenhouse gases like methane and carbon di oxide. The process provide a single step selective reforming of methane with carbon dioxide to produce synthesis gas over ce—ni—mgal2o4 catalyst prepared by using combination of two methods evaporation induced self-assembly and organic matrix combustion method.
Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research