|| List of recent Wind Turbine-related patents
| Planetary transmission of a wind turbine|
A planetary transmission of a wind turbine includes a ring gear which has an internal toothing and at least one planetary gear which has an external toothing that meshes with the internal toothing of the ring gear. The planetary gear is rotatably supported on an axle by a bearing assembly.
| Stiffener plate for a wind turbine|
In one aspect, a stiffener plate for coupling a rotor blade to a hub of a wind turbine is disclosed. The stiffener plate may generally include a mounting flange configured to be coupled to at least one of the rotor blade or the hub.
| Wind turbine system, an assembling method of a wind turbine system, an inspecting method of a wind turbine system, and an operation method of a wind turbine system|
A wind turbine system includes blades which rotate by receiving wind, a nacelle which supports the blades and rotates with the blades, a main shaft for transmitting torque which is connected to the hub and is rotated by the rotation of the hub, and a generator which generates electricity using rotating energy of the main shaft, wherein the main shaft is connected to the hub inside the hub in the axial direction of the main shaft.. .
| Method for backing up and recovering blade zero point of pitch drive system for wind turbine and pitch drive system for wind turbine|
A pitch drive system for a wind turbine includes a pitch drive motor, a first position detector, a driver, a second position detector, and a controller. When the blades rotate to a mechanical zero position, a position value detected by the first position detector is a first zero point position value.
| Transport system for a wind turbine blade|
A transport system for a wind turbine blade is provided. The transport system is configured for increasing a curvature of the wind turbine blade in response to an obstacle during transport of the wind turbine blade.
| Method of installing an offshore wind turbine and a transport vessel thereof|
A method of installing an offshore wind turbine and a transport vessel for use therewith in which a part of a wind turbine is secured to the transport vessel by raising the part in a perpendicular direction relative to the transport vessel into a transport position using a lifting device arranged on the transport vessel at a loading site. The transport vessel is then moved from the loading site out to an installation site.
| Wind turbine|
A wind turbine having an electric machine, in turn having a stator, and a rotor which rotates about an axis of rotation with respect to the stator; the rotor having a plurality of magnetized modules, and a rotor cylinder which extends circumferentially, rotates about an axis of rotation, and is configured to support the plurality of magnetized modules; and wherein the rotor cylinder is made of nonmagnetic material.. .
| Tethered airborne wind power generator system|
The present application is directed to a tethered airborne wind power generator system including a plurality of pilot buoyant parafoils, at least one power generator parafoil, a nacelle and its twin-blimps, and a train of windsock propellers. The plurality of pilot buoyant parafoils is inter-connected via a composite cable.
| Hydraulic tidal and wind turbines with hydraulic accumulator|
Tidal and wind turbines utilize a hydraulic drive-train to transfer the kinetic energy in moving currents to a generator located ground level for producing electricity for the grid. A rotor shaft transfers the mechanical energy from the rotors to a hydraulic pump which converts the mechanical energy into fluid energy which is transferred to a high pressure manifold and then to hydraulic motor for converting the fluid energy into rotational mechanical energy which spins a generator coupled to the motor.
| Reactive power regulation|
The present invention relates to a method of reactive power regulation in a wind turbine comprising a local reactive power control system adapted to operate in a central control mode and a local control mode, a method of reactive power regulation in a wind park connected to an electrical grid, and to a wind park.. .
| Voltage control for wind turbine generators|
A voltage control system for a wind turbine generator may include a reactive power regulator configured to control reactive power production by the wind turbine generator by adjusting a voltage setpoint for the generator. The reactive power regulator may have a first time constant and the voltage setpoint may be defined between an upper limit and a lower limit.
|Rotating system for a wind turbine|
It includes first and second mutually rotatable elements and a bearing arrangement associated therewith including at least one single film-like chamber formed between the first and second elements, a number of fluid injectors for injecting fluid into the hydraulic chamber and a control device for separately controlling the pressure of the fluid injected by the injectors depending at least on loads on the first element or the second element. A driving device is also provided for driving at least one of said elements in rotation, including hydraulic chambers which volume is defined by the relative position of the first and second elements and a pump device for filling the chamber with fluid to rotate the elements..
|Conveyance device for an energy collector|
The present invention provides a conveyance device for an energy collector such as a wind turbine, solar collector, or a combination thereof. The conveyance device is configured to orient the energy collector by moving the device to compensate for a change in the source of energy such as a change in power, direction, speed, location and a combination thereof.
|Operating a wind turbine with multiple temperature sensors|
A method of operating a wind turbine and a wind turbine employing this method are provided. The method includes measuring an operating temperature in a plurality of components of the wind turbine yielding a plurality of measured operating temperatures.
|Load control system and method for wind turbine|
A load control system for a wind turbine and a method for controlling wind turbine loading are provided. The system includes a sensor assembly.
|Fluid-cooled wind turbine|
A fluid-cooled wind turbine has at least one electric machine, in turn having a stator with a stator supporting structure and a plurality of active stator sectors supported by the stator supporting structure, and a rotor which rotates about an axis of rotation and has a rotor supporting structure and a plurality of active rotor sectors supported by the rotor supporting structure; and a cooling system having a cooling circuit extending partly along a plurality of through channels adjacent to at least the active rotor sectors or the active stator sectors.. .
|Wind turbine including optical sensor system|
A wind turbine includes an optical sensor system comprising one or more optical sensors comprising: a sensor membrane; a light source for illuminating a surface of the sensor membrane; an optical dispersive element arranged to disperse the light from the light source; and a light detector for receiving a portion of the dispersed light beam after reflection from the surface of the sensor membrane and dispersion of the light beam by the optical dispersive element. The wavelength of the light received at the light detector varies as a function of the displacement of the sensor membrane and the light detector operatively provides an output based on changes in the wavelength of the received light.
|Hydraulic transmission methods and apparatus for wind turbines|
A hydraulic transmission for a wind turbine that includes a rotor, one or more blades mounted to the rotor, a hydraulic pump mechanically connected to the rotor, and a hydraulic motor. The hydraulic pump and the hydraulic motor are connected to one another by a high pressure circuit.
|Wind turbine pitch control system|
A pitch control system for a wind turbine is disclosed. The pitch control system may generally include a motor having an armature and a winding and a grid power source configured to supply electrical power to the motor.
|Facility and method for manufacturing a rotor blade of a wind turbine and method for setting up the facility|
A facility for manufacturing a rotor blade of a wind turbine is provided. The facility includes an injection machine for injecting an injection material into a mould to form the rotor blade, a movable tank system for accommodating precursor material to be supplied to the injection machine for preparing the injection material, wherein the movable tank system has wheels for moving the tank system.
|System and method for monitoring load-related parameters of a wind turbine rotor blade|
In one aspect, a system for monitoring load-related parameters of a rotor blade of a wind turbine is disclosed. The system may generally include a plurality of reflective targets positioned within the rotor blade.
|Method for accessing the outer surface of wind turbine towers and device for use with this method|
Method for accessing the outer surface of wind turbine towers comprising the following steps: attaching an external peripheral rail on the outer surface of the tower; making an orifice above said rail; arranging a working platform on the base of the tower; inserting a cable reel in the orifice; raising the platform by driving the cable reel until it is near the peripheral rail; arranging means for suspension and horizontal displacement on the horizontal rail; connecting the platform to said means for suspension and horizontal displacement and displacing the platform as needed.. .
A wind turbine includes a hollow stator shaft a rotor and a rotor hub. At least one support platform device is provided that facilitates access to the inner of the rotor hub.
|Vertical-shaft wind turbine double-layer reverse rotation and horizontal active wings|
A vertical-shaft wind turbine double-layer reverse rotation and horizontal active wings consist of support devices and blades etc., characterized in that: further including a movable wing link gear, a positioning device, a stop device, an auxiliary start device, a speed adjusting device and blade shaft; wherein the movable wing link gear, the positioning device and the auxiliary start device are all mounted in the body of the wind turbine; the blades are associated with the blade shaft; the speed adjusting gear is between the blade shaft and the linkage gear of the movable wing link gear; the stop device is mounted on the side wall of the linkage gear case, the auxiliary limitation devices are mounted at the front ends of the top and lower blades and the tail of the top blade respectively.. .
|Wind turbine with actuating tail and method of operation|
A horizontal axis wind turbine assembly adapted for use atop a tower includes a frame, a yaw shaft assembly coupling the frame to the tower, an alternator secured to the frame, a shaft coupled to the alternator to produce electrical power, a rotor hub coupled to the shaft, a plurality of blades secured to the rotor hub, and a tail assembly rotatably coupled about a vertical axis to the frame. The tail assembly is operable to move to a first, straight position aligned with the horizontal axis, and a second position rotated an angle θ from the horizontal axis.
|System and method for braking a wind turbine rotor at an overspeed condition|
A system and method for braking a wind turbine includes monitoring rotation of the wind turbine generator rotor. A braking torque is applied to reduce the rotational speed of the rotor at a first setpoint rotational speed.
|Method for replacing a permanent magnet of a wind turbine generator|
A method is provided for replacing a permanent magnet of a generator of a wind turbine from a first position to a second position. A container is provided having a shell and an opening through the shell.
|Bearing for a wind turbine|
A rotary mechanism for incrementally advancing a rotary element (13) with respect to a ground member (12) comprises a unidirectional clutch (41) and a rotary actuator (21, 33, 39). Actuation of the actuator is against a resilient bias (34), and overcomes friction between the rotary element and the ground member to advance the rotary element with the unidirectional clutch locked.
|Foundation for a wind turbine and method of making same|
A method for assembling a modular foundation of a wind turbine having a base and a plurality of foundation sections includes positioning the base of the foundation on a support surface, arranging a plurality of tensioning elements so as to extend from the base to a second location spaced from the base, and stacking a plurality of foundation sections on the base by guiding the foundation sections from the second location toward the base using the tensioning elements. A modular wind turbine foundation includes a base positioned on the seabed; a plurality of tensioning elements extending from the base to a location adjacent the surface of the water; and a plurality of serially stacked foundation segments on top of the base..
|Blade for a rotary machine|
A blade for use in rotary machines such as a wind turbine blade has a plurality of dimples distributed over an area of a low pressure or suction surface of the blade which preferably extends from immediately adjacent to a leading edge of the blade at least partially towards a rear or trailing edge of the blade.. .
|Rotatable blade apparatus with individually adjustable blades|
The lengths and/or chords and/or pitches of wind turbine or propeller blades are individually established, so that a first blade can have a length/chord/pitch that is different at a given time to the length/chord/pitch of a second blade to optimize performance and/or to equalize stresses on the system.. .
|Wind turbine yaw or pitch bearing utilizing a threaded bearing surface|
A yaw or pitch bearing for a wind turbine includes a slewing ring bearing assembly having an outer race and an inner race, both having an inner surface and an outer surface. The inner surface of the outer race and the outer surface of the inner race have a plurality of threads that engage and define a threaded bearing surface..
|Maximally efficient vertical axis wind turbine|
A maximally efficient vertical axis wind turbine (mevawt) includes a rotatable circular frame having upper and lower concentric flat rings or disks which support a plurality of, typically three, four, five or six, pivotable cascades, each including a plurality of fixed, configurable airfoils. The airfoils preferably include a single, pivotable trailing flap and may include lateral extensions.
|Installation and method for exploiting wind energy|
The invention relates to the field of methods and floating platforms for exploiting wind energy offshore. In particular, the invention provides a floating platform (1) anchored to at least one anchor point (7, 7′), including a wind turbine (2), and a shift device for shifting the wind turbine (2), which device is configured to shift the wind turbine (2) as a function of a set of parameters, including wind direction (v), in order to minimize the aerodynamic wake effects, and the invention also provides a method of exploiting wind energy by means of a set of floating platforms (1), each of which includes at least one wind turbine (2) and is anchored to at least one anchor point (7,7′).
|Wind turbines augmented with rotating diffusers|
Diffuser-augmented wind turbines can include a first diffuser ring arranged to form a turbine rotor cowling, the diffuser being fixed to and rotatable with the turbine rotor about the horizontal axis of the wind turbine. The first diffuser ring may have one or more dynamic, aero-elastic, vortex entrainment devices attached to a trailing edge of the diffuser.
|Shock sensor for wind turbine generator|
A vibration sensor (5) mountable to a wind turbine generator for detecting excessive vibration of the wind turbine generator, the sensor comprising a pendulum having a pendulum bob (25) of pre-determined mass coupled to a detection switch (10), the detection switch arranged to detect oscillation of the pendulum exceeding a predetermined oscillation threshold; said pendulum bob selectively adjustable along said pendulum so as to vary the oscillation threshold of said sensor; wherein the sensor is arranged to exceed the oscillation threshold on receiving a forced vibration corresponding to a vibration threshold of the wind turbine generator.. .
|System and method for controlling speed and torque of a wind turbine during post-rated wind speed conditions|
A method and system for controlling a wind turbine generator at wind speeds in excess of rated wind speed to detect wind speeds and, at rated wind speed, control generator torque and generator rotational speed to achieve a rated power for the wind turbine generator. As wind speed increases beyond the rated wind speed, one of generator torque or generator rotational speed is increased and the other of generator rotational speed or generator torque is proportionally decreased to maintain the generator power substantially constant at rated power..
|Overload slip mechanism for the yaw drive assembly of a wind turbine|
A yaw drive assembly for a wind turbine has a releasable and re-engageable coupling operably configured between a drive gear that engages with a yaw bearing and the output of a gear assembly that is coupled to a drive motor. The coupling maintains a rotational drive engagement between the gear assembly output and drive gear up to a defined rotational torque, wherein the coupling disengages the gear assembly output from the drive gear.
|Assessing remaining useful life for portions of wind turbine support structures|
Methods for assessing the useful life that may remain for a portion of a wind turbine support structure. The methods may include identifying an overall expected useful life for the portion of the support structure and estimating an expended life from the extent of loading that has occurred to the portion of the support structure during the operative life of a wind turbine.
|Wind turbine bedplate support frame|
A bedplate assembly of a wind turbine is provided. The bedplate assembly includes a rotor shaft with a first end coupled to a rotatable hub of the wind turbine via a rotor flange and a second end coupled to a gearbox.
|Wind turbine blade comprising metal fibres and a transition region|
A wind turbine blade 2 for a rotor has a longitudinal direction extending from a root region 26 to a blade region. The wind turbine blade 2 is formed of a fibre-reinforced polymer material comprising a polymer matrix and a first and a second reinforcement fibre material being embedded in the polymer matrix.
|Blade body, wind turbine and wind power|
A blade comprises a first blade surface, a second blade surface forming the reverse surface of the first blade surface, a primary wind receptor protruding from the front end of the first blade surface in a direction away from the second blade surface and with the back surface formed in a curved shape concave toward the front side in a forward direction, a front edge connected to the front end of the primary wind receptor and the front end of the second blade surface and formed in a curved shape convex toward the forward direction, and a back edge connected to the back end of the first blade surface and the back end of the second blade surface and formed in an acute angle facing the back side of the forward direction.. .
|Control system and method for mitigating rotor imbalance on a wind turbine|
A wind turbine includes multiple blades, multiple micro inertial measurement units (mimus) for sensing parameter signals of the blades, and a control system. The control system includes a blade bending moment calculation unit, a blade bending moment error signal calculation unit, and a pitch angle compensation command calculation unit.
|Wind turbine yaw control|
A method for operating a wind farm is provided. The method includes determining a wind condition, determining a wake-effect between at least two wind turbines forming at least a sub-set of the wind farm, each of the at least two wind turbines having a yaw system, and determining a desired yaw angle setpoint for each of the at least two wind turbines so that a total power production of at least the sub-set is expected to be increased compared to independently operating the yaw systems of each of the at least two wind turbines.
|System for storing electrical power|
A wind turbine, which includes a base, a tower, the tower having a cavity therein, which houses a rechargeable battery, and one or more blades, which produce a source of electricity, which is stored in the rechargeable battery housed in the tower of the wind turbine.. .
|Method and apparatus for protecting wind turbines from extreme events|
A wind turbine has a lidar (20) device to sense wind conditions upstream of the wind turbine. Signals from the wind turbine are processed to detect an extreme change in wind direction.
|Wind park control system|
A wind park control system for controlling reactive power output of wind turbines is described. The wind park delivers active power and reactive power to a utility grid.
|Fixing system for cables, in particular in wind turbines|
The invention relates to a fixing system for cables, in particular in wind turbines, comprising a main body (1) that can be fixed to a supporting structure, and comprising cable holders (11) that have an opening for cables to be inserted, which opening can be closed by a cover device (45). The fixing system is characterised in that cable holders (11) in the form of components that can be mounted on the main body (1) are provided and are arranged on the main body (1) in an arrangement extending at least over a part of a ring with the opening of the cable holders on the outside, and in that the cover device comprises retaining elements (45), by means of which the opening of the respective cable holders (11) can be blocked to secure inserted cables..
|Repair/cleaning scaffolding tower for wind turbines|
The invention relates to a repair/cleaning scaffolding tower for wind turbines, having an open and closed metal structure that is semi-automatic, including a robotic arm that supports a variable shape basket, with between three and an infinite number of sides depending on requirements. The basket includes a safety device allowing the same to be removed immediately from the path of the blades.
|Method and apparatus for the remote nondestructive evaluation of an object|
A method and apparatus for the remote nondestructive evaluation of an object such as a wind turbine blade involves applying mechanical and/or thermal stress to the object and then scanning the object using long-range thermographic and/or laser interferometric imaging. The laser interferometric imaging is preferably performed by a long range shearography camera capable of imaging deformation derivatives at long distances coupled with a blade stressing mechanism incorporating either thermal or internal blade pressurization for the purpose of detecting remotely and at high speed, changes in the structural integrity of an installed wind turbine blade..
|Precast concrete post tensioned segmented wind turbine tower|
A post-tensioned precast segmental concrete tower has a stack of annular segments with uniform cross-sections which varies over the tower height. The transition between tower segments occurs in stages and is achieved using annular members or segments which support and anchor post-tensioning tendons that transfer loads passing through the tower as a result of a change in tower geometry.
|Power system stabilization using distributed inverters|
A power grid of renewable sources is stabilized. Inverters for connecting power sources, such as wind turbines, batteries, or photovoltaics, to a grid are used to damp grid oscillations.
|Wind turbine blade comprising cylindrical metal inserts in a root region thereof|
A wind turbine blade for a wind turbine is a shell structure of a fibre-reinforced composite and comprises a root region and an airfoil region. The root region has a ring-shaped cross section and comprises a cylindrical insert 7 embedded in the fibre-reinforced polymer so as to substantially follow the circumference of the root region.
|Wind turbine blade with tapering root bushings|
A wind turbine blade for a wind turbine is a shell structure of a fibre-reinforced composite and comprises a root region and an airfoil region. The root region has a ring-shaped cross section and comprises a plurality of elongated bushings 7 with an inner thread 22 and which are embedded interspaced in the fibre-reinforced polymer so as to substantially follow the circumference of the root region and allow access from the outside to the inner threads 22.
|Wind turbine blade with elongated fastening members in the root region thereof|
A wind turbine blade for a wind turbine is a shell structure of a fiber-reinforced composite and comprises a root region and an airfoil region. The root region has ring-shaped cross section and comprises a plurality of elongated bushings 7 with an inner thread 22 and embedded interspaced in the fiber-reinforced polymer so as to substantially follow the circumference of the root region and allow access from the outside to the inner threads.
|Wind turbine blade having a root region with elongated fastening members provided with metal fibres|
A wind turbine blade for a wind turbine is a shell structure of a fibre-reinforced composite and comprises a root region and an airfoil region. The root region has ring-shaped cross section and comprises a plurality of elongated bushings 7 with an inner thread 22 and embedded interspaced in the fibre-reinforced polymer so as to substantially follow the circumference of the root region and allow access from the outside to the inner threads.
|Wind turbine blade comprising resistive heating means|
A wind turbine blade 2 comprises a profiled contour including a leading edge 34 and a trailing edge 33 as well as a pressure side and a suction side. The profiled contour is formed by a first shell part 10 and a second shell part 15 being bonded together in a bonding region between the first and the second shell part by a curable bonding means 40.
|Systems and methods for controlling tower clearance in a wind turbine|
A wind turbine control system includes a detecting unit for adjusting a reference nodding moment of a wind turbine rotor based on at least one of an aerodynamic thrust on the wind turbine rotor and a speed of wind; a compensating unit for determining a physical nodding moment of the wind turbine rotor, comparing the physical nodding moment with the reference nodding moment, and using the comparison to compute a pitch angle command for at least one wind turbine blade; and a driving unit for changing a pitch of the at least one blade based on the pitch angle command to control the physical nodding moment of the wind turbine rotor.. .
|Wind turbine lifetime estimator|
A method of operating at least one wind turbine is described, comprising: determining a plurality of stress events of at least one component of the at least one wind turbine; determining at least one accumulated stress from at least two of the plurality of stress events; determining at least one residual lifetime based at least partially on the at least one accumulated stress.. .
|Device and method for determining a blade position and for ending a safety run|
A wind turbine assembly has a hub, a rotor blade, a bearing that can be installed between the rotor blade and the hub, and an adjusting device. The rotor blade is arranged on the hub so as to be rotatable substantially its longitudinal axis.
|Wind turbine control method|
A wind turbine control method is described comprising the detection of the presence of an anomaly in the aerodynamic profile of the blades and operation of the wind turbine in accordance not only with the determination of said anomaly, but also taking into account the characteristics thereof.. .
|Method and device for mounting of wind turbine blades|
A method for mounting a wind turbine blade to a wind turbine hub by use of a crane boom is provided. The orientation of the blade is kept substantially horizontal when the blade is lifted off the ground and mounted to the rotor hub.
|Apparatus for managing, storage, securing, delivering, and tracking energy and communication transactions|
The apparatus is an alternative energy wireless solar panel wind turbine communication server appliance node mechanism with built in communications server array, wireless energy and communications mechanism with protection, sharing, storage, accessing, authentication, battery management, certification, processing attachment and tracking mechanisms. The apparatus for energy generation and transfer is utilized via networked servers, solar panels, light and wireless electronic devices (online network and offline network) as well as mobile (wireless) communications devices built into one waterproof, temperature, controlled self-sensing hardware package.
|Wind turbine rotor blade components and methods of making same|
Structural preform layers of multiple rigid unidirectional strength elements or rods are constructed and arranged for use in fabricating load-bearing support structures and reinforcements of wind turbine blades. Individual preform layers include multiple elongate unidirectional strength elements or rods arranged in a single layer along a longitudinal axis of the preform layer.
|Wind turbine blade having a corrosion protection structure, and wind turbine having the same|
The present invention relates to a wind turbine component, having a connecting portion for connecting the wind turbine component to another turbine component and at least part of the connecting portion is formed of a first type of metal, characterized in that: the connecting portion is further provided with an additional part formed of a second type of metal which is connected to the metallic part of the connecting portion; and the second type of metal is more active than the first type of metal, whereby the additional part forms a sacrificial anode. The present invention further relates to a wind turbine having the above component..
|Seal for rolling bearing used in a wind turbine|
The rolling bearing comprises an inner ring 1, an outer ring 2, at least one row of rolling elements and at least one seal 7 provided between the outer and inner rings. The seal 7 has, in cross section, the overall shape of an h and comprises internal lips 21, 22 and external lips 23, 24 forming the two substantially parallel branches of the h.
|Wind turbine generator and maintenance of its main bearing|
A generator for a wind turbine is proposed. The generator has a stator, a rotor having a rotor housing surrounding the stator, and a main bearing to support the rotor housing such that the rotor housing is rotatable about an axis of rotation.
|Contactless power transfer system|
A contactless inductively coupled power transfer system is provided_including multiple pairs of power transmitter and power receiver coils and a power management module for controlling the supply of power to transmitter coils or the power supplied by the power receiver module to loads. The design is particularly suited for use in a wind turbine to supply power to the nacelle.
|Solar tree with optional wind turbine generator|
An apparatus for generating electricity. The apparatus comprises a plurality of solar energy collectors for generating electricity from solar energy; a plurality of wind turbines for generating electricity from wind energy; a support structure having arms extending radially from a vertical shaft, the arms positioned at different vertical distances along the vertical shaft and the arms having decreasing lengths in a direction toward a top of the apparatus; solar energy collectors affixed to terminal ends of the arms and disposed at different vertical distances along the vertical shaft, the solar energy collectors shaped and oriented to direct wind streams striking the solar energy collectors toward the wind turbines; and each one of the plurality of wind turbines rotatably supported by the vertical shaft to rotate about the vertical shaft and disposed at different vertical distances along the vertical shaft..
|Method and apparatus for adaptively controlling wind park turbines|
A wind turbine park (242) connected to a transmission system (234). The wind turbine park includes a component (230) for determining a short circuit ratio and based thereon for determining a parameter adjustment recipe, and a controller (238) for controlling an output of the wind turbine park, the controller (238) executing a control algorithm using a determined parameter adjustment recipe, the determined parameter adjustment recipe responsive to the short circuit ratio and determined within the component (230) or within the controller (238)..