Follow us on Twitter
twitter icon@FreshPatents


Voltage Compensation patents

      

This page is updated frequently with new Voltage Compensation-related patent applications.




 Amoled pixel driving circuit and pixel driving method patent thumbnailAmoled pixel driving circuit and pixel driving method
The present invention provides an amoled pixel driving circuit and a pixel driving method. The amoled pixel driving circuit utilizes a 5t2c structure, comprising a first, a second, a third, a fourth and a fifth thin film transistors (t1, t2, t3, t4, t5), a first, a second capacitors (c1, c2) and an organic light emitting diode (oled), and the first thin film transistor (t1) is a drive thin film transistor; and a first, a second and a third global signal (g1, g2, g3) are involved, and the three and the scan signal (scan) are combined with one another and correspond to an initialization stage (1), a data signal writing stage (2), a threshold voltage compensation stage (3) and a drive stage (4) one after another.
Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.


 Amoled pixel driving circuit and pixel driving method patent thumbnailAmoled pixel driving circuit and pixel driving method
The present invention provides an amoled pixel driving circuit and a pixel driving method. The amoled pixel driving circuit utilizes a 5t1c structure, comprising a first, a second, a third, a fourth and a fifth thin film transistors (t1, t2, t3, t4, t5), a capacitor (c) and an organic light emitting diode (oled).
Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.


 Line voltage compensation ac led driving device patent thumbnailLine voltage compensation ac led driving device
Disclosed is a line voltage compensation ac led driving device. The line voltage compensation ac led driving device comprises a line voltage compensation module and an ac led driving module.
Shenzhen Sendis Green Power Integrations Technology Corporation


 Method and devices for extended insulation-fault search using a multifunctional test current patent thumbnailMethod and devices for extended insulation-fault search using a multifunctional test current
The invention relates to a method and to devices for extended insulation-fault search in an it power supply system using a multifunctional test current, wherein, selectively and depending on the application, the test current functions as a voltage compensation current so as to compensate a voltage increase in an active conductor of the it power supply system, as a tripping current so as to trip a residual current protection device arranged in a subsystem of the it power supply system and/or as a leakage-capacitance compensation current so as to compensate a capacitive leakage current. The test current can fulfil more than one of the cited functions simultaneously..
Bender Gmbh & Co. Kg


 Semiconductor device performing common mode voltage compensation using analog-to-digital converter patent thumbnailSemiconductor device performing common mode voltage compensation using analog-to-digital converter
A semiconductor device is provided that includes a first chip that generates a single signal by connecting a first signal line and a second signal line, to which differential signals are respectively provided, and outputs the single signal to a third signal line. The first chip is driven by a first power supply voltage.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.


 Pixel signal compensation for a display panel patent thumbnailPixel signal compensation for a display panel
This application relates to systems, methods, and apparatus for compensating voltage for pixels of a display panel based on the location of the pixels within the display panel. An amount of voltage compensation is assigned to each pixel or a group of pixels within the display panel in accordance with a calibration of the display panel.
Apple Inc.


 Pixel circuit and driving method thereof, and organic light emitting display patent thumbnailPixel circuit and driving method thereof, and organic light emitting display
Provided are pixel circuits using organic light emitting diodes (oleds) and a driving method thereof, and an organic light emitting display including the pixel circuits. The oled is driven to emit light by a drive transistor generating a drive current compensated with respect to a threshold voltage difference and mobility deviation.
Konkuk University Industrial Cooperation Corp.


 Gate driver, display apparatus and gate driving method patent thumbnailGate driver, display apparatus and gate driving method
The present disclosure discloses a gate driver, a display apparatus and a gate driving method, to achieve a function of outputting a multi-pulse waveform by the gate driver. The gate driver according to the present disclosure comprises multiple groups of driving units, each group of driving units comprising n driving units each of which comprises a shift register and a logic circuit, wherein n is an integer larger than 1, and an output of a shift register is connected to a logic circuit in each driving unit.
Boe Technology Group Co., Ltd.


 A voltage compensation method, a voltage compensation device and a display device patent thumbnailA voltage compensation method, a voltage compensation device and a display device
The present invention provides a voltage compensation method, a voltage compensation device and a display device, which solves the existing problem of inappropriate compensation caused by compensating the common electrode with a fixed compensation voltage. The voltage compensation method comprises: obtaining a current ambient temperature; determining a compensated common electrode voltage corresponding to the current ambient temperature based on the current ambient temperature; outputting the compensated common electrode voltage..
Boe Technology Group Co., Ltd.


 Voltage compensation circuit including low dropout regulators and operation method thereof patent thumbnailVoltage compensation circuit including low dropout regulators and operation method thereof
A method of recovering a voltage drop at an output terminal of a voltage compensation circuit connected to a load including a variable load current according to a condition of the load. A circuit portion for a regulator having an output terminal connected to a load including a variable load current may be provided, the circuit portion may include a plurality of stages connected in parallel to said output terminal.
Sk Hynix Inc.


Pixel driving circuit, pixel driving method and display apparatus

The present disclosure relates to a pixel driving circuit, a pixel driving method and a display apparatus. In addition to a storage unit in a conventional pixel driving circuit, the pixel driving circuit comprises an auxiliary storage unit, which is charged to a data voltage in a charging phase and stables a gate potential of a driving unit when a data voltage write switch is turned off in a threshold voltage compensation phase, so that there is enough time for the storage unit of the driving unit to acquire the data voltage and a threshold voltage of the driving unit through self-discharge and the storage unit of the driving unit compensates for the driving unit in a driving phase.
Chengdu Boe Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Voltage regulation in wireless power

Techniques for voltage regulation in a system, method, and apparatus are described herein. An apparatus for voltage regulation in a wireless power receiver may include a rectifier having an output voltage.
Intel Corporation

Thin-film transistor with carrier injection structure

A thin-film transistor includes a substrate, a semiconductor channel region, a gate insulating layer, a source region, a drain region, a source electrode, a drain electrode and a gate electrode. The thin-film transistor also includes a carrier injection terminal, and the carrier injection terminal can provide the semiconductor channel region with a carrier of which the polarity is opposite to that of a channel carrier when the thin-film transistor is conducting.
Soochow University

Display with segmented common voltage paths and common voltage compensation circuits

A display has an array of pixels controlled by display driver circuitry. Gate driver circuitry supplies gate line signals to rows of the pixels.
Apple Inc.

Low capacitance drive with improved immunity

A supply voltage compensation circuit comprising a processor arranged to sense a signal indicative of a supply voltage on an input wherein if the signal indicates that the supply voltage is under a predetermined threshold, the processor is arranged to provide an output signal arranged to couple an auxiliary energy source to provide voltage compensation for supply under voltage.. .
Control Techniques Limited

Array substrate and manufacturing method thereof, display panel and display device

The invention provides an array substrate and a manufacturing method thereof, a display panel and a display device, the array substrate includes a base substrate, and a data line, a switching device and a voltage compensation module arranged on the base substrate, the switching device is connected between the data line and the voltage compensation module so that the data line is electrically connected to the voltage compensation module when a voltage on the data line is lower than a preset low voltage or higher than a preset high voltage. The array substrate uses a pn junction as the switching device between the data line and the voltage compensation module, and due to a low leakage current between a p terminal and an n terminal of the pn junction, the power consumption of the array substrate can be reduced..
Ordos Yuansheng Optoelectronics Co., Ltd.

Flyback converter, control circuit and control method therefor

The disclosure relates to a flyback converter, a control circuit and a control method therefor. In the control method, a power stage circuit is controlled at a light load to operate alternatively in a pulse width modulation mode (i.e.
Silergy Semiconductor Technology (hangzhou) Ltd.

Pixel circuit, display panel, and display device

A pixel driving circuit includes a signal loading component, a storage capacitor, a compensation component, a mirror component, and a drive transistor. In a data transmission stage, the signal loading component transmits a received image data signal to the gate of a drive transistor, which is stored in a storage capacitor; and in a threshold voltage compensation stage, the compensation component connects the gate of the drive transistor to the source of the drive transistor so as to generate a drive signal dependent upon the threshold voltage of the drive transistor from the signal stored in the storage capacitor and to drive an organic light emitting diode to emit light, thus eliminating an influence of the threshold voltage of the drive transistor on the current through the organic light emitting diode and preventing the brightness of the organic light emitting diode from varying over its operating period of time..
Wuhan Tianma Micro-electronics Co., Ltd.

Amoled pixel driving circuit and pixel driving method

The present invention provides an amoled pixel driving circuit and a pixel driving method. The amoled pixel driving circuit utilizes the 5t1c structure and comprises a first, a second, a third, a fourth and a fifth thin film transistors (m1, m2, m3, m4 and m5), a capacitor (c1) and an organic light emitting diode (d1).
Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co. Ltd.

Organic light emitting diode display panel, driving method thereof, and display device

The present invention provides an organic light emitting diode display panel, a driving method thereof, and an organic light emitting diode display device, to solve the problem that the voltage compensation circuit of the existing organic light emitting diode display panel is complicated in structure. The organic light emitting diode display panel comprises: an array substrate provided with a plurality of sub-pixels; a power supply supplying power to the sub-pixels in the array substrate; a first lead connecting the array substrate with the power supply; a current detection unit configured to detect a current in the first lead; and a control unit configured to control an output voltage of the power supply according to a detection result of the current detection unit..
Boe Technology Group Co., Ltd.

Pixel circuit and driving method thereof, and display device

A pixel circuit and driving method thereof, and a display device can achieve a threshold voltage compensation function, which facilitates reducing the pixel size of amoled and achieving high ppi. The pixel circuit comprises a plurality of pixel units arranged in a matrix and each including a sub-pixel unit (b) and a light emitting element (a), the sub-pixel unit (b) including a driving transistor electrically connected with the light emitting element (a), corresponding to each row of pixel units, the pixel circuit further comprises a row sharing unit (c) electrically connected with each pixel unit of the corresponding row via a first connection line; corresponding to each column of pixel units, the pixel circuit further comprises a column sharing unit (d) electrically connected with each pixel unit of the corresponding column via a second connection line; the sub-pixel unit (b), the row sharing unit (c), and the column sharing unit (d) constitute a circuit having a function of compensating for a threshold voltage of the driving transistor in the sub-pixel unit..
Chengdu Boe Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Envelope tracking (et) closed-loop on-the-fly calibration

Apparatus and methods are provided to calibrate a closed-loop envelop tracking system for a power amplifier of a wireless transmitter using standardized modulation signals. In one novel aspect, a closed-loop adaptive method is used to track changes in pa nonlinearity due to environmental or circuitry changes during operating condition using standardized modulation signals.
Mediatek Inc.

Adjustable cable voltage compensation for battery chargers

A battery charger controller is configured to add a compensation current in the feedback control loop such that the output voltage varies with the output current to compensate charging cable voltage drop. In some embodiments, the output voltage is also proportional to a compensation resistor.
Shanghai Sim-bcd Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Offset voltage compensation

A bridge offset voltage compensation method and circuit having a bridge circuit and a tunnel magnetoresistance (tmr) resistor cascade. The bridge circuit includes a branch circuit.
Infineon Technologies Ag

Oled display panel with threshold voltage compensation and driving method thereof

In an oled display panel with threshold voltage compensation, a data programming transistor has a first control end for receiving a first control signal, a first end connected to a data line, and a second end. A driving transistor has a second control end, a third end, and a fourth end.
Innolux Corporation

Organic light-emitting display apparatus

A display apparatus includes a plurality of pixel circuits, each outputting a driving current to an output node connected to an organic light-emitting diode based on a data signal. Each pixel circuit sequentially operate in an anode initialization period, a threshold voltage compensation period, a data write period, and an emission period.
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.

Pixel drive circuit, array substrate, display device and pixel drive method

The present invention discloses a pixel drive circuit, an array substrate, a display device and a pixel drive method. The pixel drive circuit may include a drive unit, a switch unit, a threshold voltage compensation module and a light-emitting device, the threshold voltage compensation module is connected to a scan signal line, a first control line, a second control line, a second power supply and the switch unit, respectively, the light-emitting device is connected to the second power supply and the threshold voltage compensation module, respectively, the drive unit is connected to a first power supply and the threshold voltage compensation module, respectively, and the switch unit is connected to the scan signal line and a data signal line, respectively; and the threshold voltage compensation module includes a threshold voltage holding unit, an anti-interference unit, an auxiliary gating unit and a charge-and-discharge control switch unit..
Hefei Boe Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Compensation circuit for an x-ray detector

A pixel circuit includes a voltage compensation circuit connected to a body terminal of the pixel's switching tft to compensate for a decreasing threshold voltage drift of the tft.. .

Method and integrated cable drop compensation of a power converter

A controller for a power converter includes a switching control circuit to output a drive signal to control switching of a switch to regulate the output power of the power converter, and output a switching signal representative of the drive signal. A cable drop compensator receives the switching signal, and outputs a compensated reference voltage signal to the switching control circuit.
Power Integrations, Inc.

Organic light emitting display and driving the same

An organic light emitting display includes a plurality of pixel row groups, a scan driver, a data driver, and a data distributor. Each pixel group includes the same number of pixel rows, and the pixel row groups are sequentially driven.
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.

Temperature compensation circuit, temperature compensation method and liquid crystal display

Disclosed are a temperature compensation circuit for a display panel, a temperature compensation method and a liquid crystal display. The temperature compensation circuit comprises: a temperature detection unit configured to detect a variation in the temperature; a temperature conversion unit configured to convert the detected variation in the temperature into a voltage compensation value; and a compensation signal generation unit configured to process the voltage compensation value to generate a compensation signal.
Beijing Boe Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Liquid crystal display

A display device includes a display panel including a first substrate and a second substrate; a source driver flexible film attached to the second substrate; a source driver circuit attached to the source driver flexible film; a common voltage line connected to the source driver circuit; common voltage compensation circuits connected to the common voltage line; and common voltage supply lines and common voltage feedback lines connecting the common voltage line and the common voltage compensation circuits, respectively, wherein the common voltage compensation circuits include a circuit line extending at a rear of the display panel connecting to a connection terminal on the source driver circuit.. .
Lg Display Co., Ltd.

Radio-frequency devices with gate node voltage compensation

Radio-frequency (rf) devices are disclosed having transistor gate voltage compensation to provide improved switching performance. Rf devices, such as switches, include a plurality of field-effect transistors (fets) connected in series between first and second nodes, each fet having a gate.
Skyworks Solutions, Inc.

Voltage compensating converter

A voltage compensating method is applied to a converter for converting a dc voltage into an ac voltage. The converter includes a first switch module, a second switch module, and an inductor.
Industrial Technology Research Institute

Display panel and display device

The present invention belongs to the field of display technology, and provides a display panel and a display device which can solve the problem that the common voltage compensation circuit in the prior art produces a disturbance on the display panel. The display panel of the present invention comprises at least one gate drive chip and at least one common voltage compensation circuit, wherein the common voltage compensation circuit is provided inside the gate drive chip.
Chongqing Boe Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Display apparatus, pixel circuit, and control display apparatus

A display apparatus includes a display unit including a plurality of pixel circuits, each of the pixel circuits includes: a light emitting device; a driving transistor; a display data updating circuit including a display data capacitor; a threshold voltage compensation circuit including a threshold voltage capacitor; and a switch transistor connected to the display data capacitor and the threshold voltage capacitor. The display data capacitor is electrically disconnected from the threshold voltage capacitor when updating of display data and compensation of a threshold voltage of the driving transistor are performed, and the display data capacitor is electrically connected to the threshold voltage capacitor when the light emitting device emits light..
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.

Voltage compensation type pixel circuit and driving the same

A voltage compensation pixel circuit includes a driving transistor coupled to the light emitting element between a high potential power line and a low potential power line to drive the light emitting element in response to a predetermined voltage applied to a gate, switching transistor including a first switching transistor being switched in response to a voltage of a first gate signal, a second switching transistor and a third switching transistor being switched in response to a voltage of a third gate signal, and a fourth switching transistor being switched in response to a voltage of a second gate signal, a storage capacitor coupled between a first node and a second node, and a setup transistor coupled between the light emitting element and the driving transistor and operated by the driving transistor. The first node is coupled to the driving transistor.
Foundation Of Soongsil University-industry Cooperation

Motor control device

A motor control device includes an electric power converter for generating three-phase voltages based on voltage instruction-values, and for supplying them to a motor; an induced-voltage estimation unit for estimating an induced voltage of the motor, based on the voltage instruction-values and electric current feedback values; a dead-time disturbance-voltage compensation unit; and a dead-time disturbance compensation-voltage modification unit for compensating a dead-time disturbance voltage(s) generated in the electric power converter, based on a fundamental wave component of an estimated induced voltage.. .

Data voltage compensation circuit and display device including the same

A data voltage compensation circuit includes a compensation information provider, a gamma register, and a compensation data voltage provider. The compensation information provider generates a test data voltage based on a test power supply voltage and a test reference voltage, and provides compensation information corresponding to the test data voltage.

Led pixel unit circuit, driving method thereof, and display panel

Provided are an amoled pixel unit circuit, a driving method thereof and a display panel for realizing the threshold voltage compensation. The amoled pixel unit circuit includes: a light emitting module; a driving module configured to drive the light emitting module; a light emitting control module configured to control the light emitting module to emit light; a threshold compensation module configured to perform threshold voltage compensation for the driving module; a data voltage writing module configured to input a data voltage to the driving module; and an initialization module configured to initialize the threshold compensation module.
Chengdu Boe Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Common voltage compensation circuit, compensating method thereof, array substrate and display apparatus

The present disclosure discloses a common voltage compensation circuit, a compensating method thereof, an array substrate and a display apparatus, when a difference between the common voltage on the common electrode line and a reference voltage is great, the comparison module outputs a zero voltage signal to an inversion module, the common voltage on the common electrode line is compensated by the common voltage compensation circuit; when the difference between the common voltage on the common electrode line and the reference voltage is small, the comparison module outputs a first level signal to the inversion module, the common voltage on the common electrode line is not compensated by the common voltage compensation circuit, the common voltage on the common electrode line can be stabilized, thus a problem of abnormities occurred in a display picture of the display panel could be avoided.. .
Chongqing Boe Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.

Pixel circuit, display panel, and display device

A pixel driving circuit includes a signal loading component, a storage capacitor, a compensation component, a mirror component, and a drive transistor. In a data transmission stage, the signal loading component transmits a received image data signal to the gate of a drive transistor, which is stored in a storage capacitor; and in a threshold voltage compensation stage, the compensation component connects the gate of the drive transistor to the source of the drive transistor so as to generate a drive signal dependent upon the threshold voltage of the drive transistor from the signal stored in the storage capacitor and to drive an organic light emitting diode to emit light, thus eliminating an influence of the threshold voltage of the drive transistor on the current through the organic light emitting diode and preventing the brightness of the organic light emitting diode from varying over its operating period of time..
Wuhan Tianma Micro-electronics Co., Ltd.

Regulator circuit and integrated circuit

A regulator circuit includes: a regulator part configured to generate a constant internal power supply voltage based on an external power supply voltage; a connection port configured to receive power from the regulator part and to be connected to a connection cable having a predetermined cable resistance, the connection cable is configured to electrically connect the connection port to an external device; a current detecting part configured to detect a power supply current when the connection cable is connected to the connection port; and a voltage compensation part configured to compensate a voltage corresponding to a voltage drop due to the cable resistance according to a current value detected by the current detecting part.. .
Rohm Co., Ltd.

Vsl-based vt-compensation and analog program scheme for nand array without csl

A yukai nand array comprising multiple strings of all tlc and mixed tlc+slc memory cells associated with hierarchical global/local bit lines (gbl/lbl) and each string being associated with one lbl and having adjacent lbl as a dedicated local source line (lsl) with full bl-shielding without wasting extra silicon area and without a common source line to connect all strings. Each of the lbls is interleavingly associated with either an odd or even string selected via one pair of dummy cells inserted in each string and is used as one on-chip pcache register with full bl-shielding to perform concurrent abl, anp and alt-wl program under multi-passes program schemes with lbl program voltage compensations and half-bl odd/even program-verify and read operations with individual vsl-based vt-compensation to mitigate high wl-wl and bl-bl coupling effects..

Pixel structure, driving method thereof and display device

A pixel structure includes a plurality of data lines, a plurality of scan lines, a plurality of pixels located in an area defined by the data lines crossing the scan lines, a common voltage line connected with the plurality of pixels, a voltage detection unit connected with the data lines and configured to detect voltages on the data lines, and a voltage compensation unit connected with the data lines and configured to compensate voltages on the data lines so that brightness differences between different pixels corresponding to the plurality of scan lines is the lowest, so as to improve or eliminate effectively linear cloudy strips with uniform bright and dark strips and improve the image quality of a displayed image on a liquid crystal display panel.. .
Tianma Micro-electronics Co., Ltd.

Array substrate and display apparatus

There are provided an array substrate and a display apparatus. The array substrate comprises a voltage driving circuit (1) for driving display pixels to display images, a current sensing circuit (2), and further comprises test pixels (3), a current comparison circuit (4), and a voltage compensation circuit (5), wherein the current sensing circuit (2) is connected to the test pixels (3) and the current comparison circuit (4), and the current comparison circuit (4) is connected to the voltage compensation circuit (5); the current comparison circuit (4) compares the current value of the current sensed by the current sensing circuit and flowing through the test pixels (3) with a set threshold, and outputs the comparison result to the voltage compensation circuit (5); and the voltage compensation circuit (5) compensates for the driving voltage of the voltage driving circuit (1) when the current value is smaller than the set threshold.
Ordos Yuansheng Optoelectronics Co., Ltd.

Organic light emitting display, driving the same, and manufacturing the same

An organic light emitting display, a method for driving the same, and a method for manufacturing the same are discussed. The organic light emitting display according to an embodiment includes a panel including subpixels each having a compensation circuit including a reference voltage supply transistor, which receives a reference voltage and initializes a node of a gate electrode or a drain electrode of a driving transistor using the reference voltage, a scan driver supplying a scan signal to scan lines of the panel, a data driver supplying a scan signal to data lines of the panel, a timing controller that controls the scan driver and the data driver, and a reference voltage compensation unit supplying the reference voltage including a reverse voltage opposite a ripple generated in the reference voltage to the subpixels and cancel the ripple..
Lg Display Co., Ltd.

Display device and driving the same

A display device includes a timing controller, a data driver, and a display panel. The timing controller includes a first compensator receiving a first image data, selecting a temperature compensation value in accordance with the external temperature, and converting the first image data to a second image data on the basis of the selected temperature compensation value and a second compensator selecting a kickback voltage compensation value predetermined in accordance with the areas of the display panel and converting the second image data to the output image data on the basis of the kickback voltage compensation value selected in accordance with the areas..
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.

Adaptive cancellation of voltage offset in a communication system

Described embodiments include a receiver for a serial-deserializer or the like. The receiver has adaptive offset voltage compensation capability.
Lsi Corporation

Voltage regulator output overvoltage compensation

Multi-stage amplifiers which provide a constant output voltage subject to load transients are presented. The amplifier has a pass device to source a load current at an output voltage.
Dialog Semiconductor Gmbh

Power converter and regulating line transient response of the power converter

A power converter includes an input and an output with an energy storage circuit and a power switching circuit coupled between the input and the output. A feedback circuit generates a feedback voltage which is differentially compared to a reference in an error amplifier circuit to generate an error amplification signal.
Stmicroelectronics (shenzhen) R&d Co. Ltd



Voltage Compensation topics:
  • Voltage Compensation
  • Reference Voltage
  • Transistors
  • Electrostatic Discharge
  • Liquid Crystal
  • Liquid Crystal Display
  • Oled Display
  • Light Emitting Diode Display
  • Power Management
  • Leakage Current
  • Conductive Layer
  • Capacitive Touch
  • Semiconductor
  • Semiconductor Device
  • Redundancy


  • Follow us on Twitter
    twitter icon@FreshPatents

    ###

    This listing is a sample listing of patent applications related to Voltage Compensation for is only meant as a recent sample of applications filed, not a comprehensive history. There may be associated servicemarks and trademarks related to these patents. Please check with patent attorney if you need further assistance or plan to use for business purposes. This patent data is also published to the public by the USPTO and available for free on their website. Note that there may be alternative spellings for Voltage Compensation with additional patents listed. Browse our RSS directory or Search for other possible listings.


    0.2529

    file did exist - 2909

    1 - 1 - 52