|| List of recent Troche-related patents
| Optimized method for thermal management of an electrochemical storage system|
The present invention relates to an optimized method for thermal management of the surface and core temperature of an electrochemical system under nominal and extreme operating conditions. For applications relating to hybrid and electric vehicles, the thermal state (t) at the surface and in the core of the constituent elements of the system has to be controlled in order to prevent thermal runaway, fire and explosion risks.
| Optical neuron stimulation prosthetic using silicon carbide|
The microfabricated prosthetic device uses local, direct, and wavelength-specific optical stimulation to achieve an action potential from a single or small group of neurons within the central nervous system (cns). The device is biocompatible, mechanically flexible, and optically transparent.
| Process for producing rechargeable electrochemical metal-oxygen cells|
The invention relates to a process for producing a rechargeable electrochemical metal-oxygen cell, comprising at least one positive electrode, at least one negative metal-comprising electrode and at least one separator having two sides for separating the positive and negative electrodes, wherein, in one of the process steps, at least one side of the separator is coated with at least one material for forming one of the two electrodes (hereinafter referred to as electrode material) or at least one side of at least one of the two electrodes is coated with at least one material for forming the separator (hereinafter referred to as separator material) to form a separator-electrode assembly.. .
| Gas diffusion electrodes for metal-oxygen cells and their production|
The present invention further relates to processes for producing such gas diffusion electrodes and rechargeable electrochemical metal-oxygen cells comprising such gas diffusion electrodes.. .
| Temperature dependent ionic gate|
An electrochemical device having a liquid electrolyte which includes a protic solvent, an anode electrode disposed in contact with the liquid electrolyte, and a cathode electrode disposed in contact with the liquid electrolyte. A membrane which interrupts the transport of ions between the electrodes at a predetermined temperature is disposed in the liquid electrolyte between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode.
| Strips for linking an electrochemical converter's anodes and cathodes and converter comprising same|
A strip for linking anodes and cathodes of an electrochemical converter is made from a metallized porous substrate including a hydrophobic coating, at least in areas in contact with the anodes or cathodes.. .
| Electrochemical device comprising composite bipolar plate and method of using the same|
An electrochemical device and methods of using the same. In one embodiment, the electrochemical device may be used as a fuel cell and/or as an electrolyzer and includes a membrane electrode assembly (mea), an anodic gas diffusion medium in contact with the anode of the mea, a cathodic gas diffusion medium in contact with the cathode, a first bipolar plate in contact with the anodic gas diffusion medium, and a second bipolar plate in contact with the cathodic gas diffusion medium.
| Gas diffusion electrodes for rechargeable electrochemical cells|
The present invention further relates to a process for producing such gas diffusion electrodes and also rechargeable electrochemical cells comprising such gas diffusion electrodes.. .
| Sodium chalcogenide electrodes for sodium batteries|
A sodium-ion electrochemical cell described herein comprises a cathode, an anode, and a non-aqueous sodium-containing electrolyte therebetween. The electrolyte comprises a sodium salt dissolved in a liquid organic carrier.
| Electrochemical energy storage cell and electrochemical energy storage device comprising at least one such electrochemical energy storage cell|
An electrochemical energy storage cell (10) includes an electrode assembly (12), which comprises at least one first electrode (14) of a first polarity and at least one second electrode (16) of a second polarity, and a film-like casing (24), which at least partially encloses the electrode assembly (12). To improve safety, the casing (24) comprises at least one first functional layer (243), which is designed to be at least partially electrically conductive and is connected to the at least one first electrode (14) of the electrode assembly (12) in an electrically conductive manner (21), and at least one electrical insulating layer (245), which separates the first functional layer (243) of the casing (24) in a layering direction (25) of the casing from the electrode assembly (12) in the normal operating state of the energy storage cell (10)..
| System and method for closing a battery fill hole|
A battery module includes a hermetically sealed battery cell assembly. The battery cell assembly includes a housing and an electrochemical cell disposed in the housing, wherein the housing includes a fill hole configured to receive electrolyte into the battery cell assembly.
| Large area, low-defect gallium-containing nitride crystals, method of making, and method of use|
An ultralow defect gallium-containing nitride crystal and methods of making ultralow defect gallium-containing nitride crystals are disclosed. The crystals are useful as substrates for light emitting diodes, laser diodes, transistors, photodetectors, solar cells, and photoelectrochemical water splitting for hydrogen generators..
| Electrode useable in electrochemical cell and method of making same|
A method of making an electrode useable in an electrochemical cell, includes the steps of (a) providing an electrically conductive substrate; (b) forming nanostructured current collectors on the conductive substrate; and (c) attaching nanoparticles of a ternary orthosilicate composite to the nanostructured current collectors. The ternary orthosilicate composite includes li2mnxfeycozsio4, where x+y+z=1..
| Membrane-enabled reverse lung|
An air revitalization apparatus and method simultaneously removes carbon dioxide, water vapor, and heat from air and produces oxygen gas, hydrogen gas, and concentrated carbon dioxide gas, does not require an explosion proof enclosure, and includes a fan configured to blow air into a first gas-liquid contactor, an electrochemical cell including first through fourth passages configured to emit hydrogen gas, permit a flow of a carbonate-hydroxide solution, permit a flow of carbonate-bicarbonate solution, and emit oxygen gas, respectively, the first and fourth passages separated by at least three gas-impermeable membranes, and a second gas-liquid contactor, where the first gas-liquid contactor, second passage, and a first pump are configured to circulate the carbonate-hydroxide solution therethrough, where the second gas-liquid contactor, third passage, and a second pump are configured to circulate the carbonate-bicarbonate solution therethrough, and where the output of the first passage is operationally coupled to the second gas-liquid contactor.. .
| Method for physically processing and/or heating media, in particular liquids, and an apparatus for performing the method|
The invention relates to a method and apparatus for physically working and/or heating media, in particular liquids. The high expenditure of energy of the known methods can be avoided, with reduced environmental impact, by the hydrodynamically worked medium being exposed to polar and/or ionic electrochemical potentials and electrochemical signals rc ac.
| Method of charging an electrochemical cell|
A method of pulse charging a secondary electrochemical storage cell is provided. The secondary cell includes a negative electrode comprising an alkaline metal; a positive electrode comprising at least one transition metal halide; a molten salt electrolyte comprising alkaline metal haloaluminate; and a solid electrolyte partitioning the positive electrode from the negative electrode, such that a first surface of the solid electrolyte is in contact with the positive electrode, and a second surface of the solid electrolyte is in contact with the negative electrode.
| Electrochemical energy storage cell and electrochemical energy storage apparatus comprising at least one such electrochemical energy storage cell|
An electrochemical energy storage cell has an electrode assembly, containing at least one first electrode of a first polarity and at least one second electrode of a second polarity, a film-like casing, which at least partially encloses the electrode assembly; and at least one first current-conducting device, which is connected to at least one first electrode of the electrode assembly in an electrically conductive manner and projects out of the casing at least partially, and at least one second current-conducting device, which is connected to at least one second electrode of the electrode assembly in an electronically conductive manner and projects out of the casing at least partially.. .
| Membrane structure for electrochemical sensor|
A micro-electrochemical sensor contains magnetic compounds inserted within a substrate that exert a magnetic force of attraction on paramagnetic beads held in contact with an electrode. The magnetic compounds can be contained within a fluid that is introduced into a void in the substrate.
| Urea-based system for energy and waste recovery in water recycling|
The invention presents a urea bio-electrochemical (ube) system to achieve resource recovery from water recycling systems. A gac-urease bioreactor was used to recover urea from wastewater stream, and converted to ammonia.
| Nano catalytic dewaxing of heavy petroleum wastes ( >c-23 alkanes)|
A catalyst comprising of nano nickel-silica catalyst for dewaxing of heavy petroleum feed at a temperature 200-350° c. At 8 bar and 30 bar hydrogen pressure and in the presence of hydrogen is designed for petrochemical industries.
| Palladium coating thickness measurement|
The thickness of a palladium coating on copper (or another substrate) is measured by passing a cathodic current through a predetermined area of the coating in contact with an electrolytic solution and measuring the potential as a function of time. Protons from the electrolytic solution are electrochemically reduced to palladium hydride at cathodic potentials less negative than required for evolution of hydrogen.
| Biosensor performance increasing methods having enhanced stability and hematocrit performance|
The present invention relates to electrochemical sensor strips and methods of determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample or improving the performance of a concentration determination. The electrochemical sensor strips may include at most 8 μg/mm2 of a mediator.
| Production of graphene|
A method of producing graphene by the electrochemical insertion of alkylammonium cations in a solvent into graphite is disclosed.. .
| Gas sensor|
In an electrochemical gas sensor (1), a carrier substrate (2) has an underside (3) and a top side (4), wherein an electrode structure (20) with an electrolyte layer (6) is arranged at the top side (4), while a gas inlet for a measurement gas is formed at the underside (3). A porous region (7) formed of a porous material is provided in the carrier substrate (2), such that diffusion openings in the porous material connect the underside (3) to the top side (4) in a gas-permeable manner, and a connection (5, 27) of a measurement electrode (25, 26) is formed in a gas-tight surface region (33, 34, 35) at the top side (4) adjacent to the porous region (7) and the connection (5, 27) is at least partly covered by the electrolyte layer (6)..
| Electrochemical test sensor and method of forming the same|
A method of depositing reagent on an electrochemical test sensor adapted to determine information relating to an analyte includes providing a base and forming an electrode pattern on the base. The method further includes depositing the reagent on at least the electrode pattern using a reagent-dispensing system.
| Alcohol-measuring device with fast operational readiness|
An alcohol-measuring device includes a mouthpiece (1), designed to enable a test subject to release breathing air into the mouthpiece, an electrochemical sensor (6), in fluidic connection with the mouthpiece (1) to measure alcohol in the breathing air of the test subject and a control unit. The sensor (6) has at least two heating elements (9, 10), one heating element arranged on the front side and one heating element arranged on the rear side of the sensor (6).
| Altering a composition at a location accessed through an elongate conduit|
A composition flowing along an elongate conduit to a location accessed by that conduit contains a precursor substance which, arriving at the location, is converted electrochemically to chemically reactive intermediate. This intermediate reacts with another constituent of the composition, thereby bringing about a change in the composition.
| 2d crystalline film based on zno integration of onto a conductive plastic substrate|
The invention relates to a method for forming, on a conductive plastic substrate, a 2d crystalline layer based on zinc oxide, possibly doped, characterized in that: the 2d layer is formed by electrochemical deposition; the electrochemical deposition is performed at a temperature ranging between 55° c. And 65° c.; the electrochemical deposition is performed in the presence of oxygen, by means of a solution including a zinc source at a concentration ranging between 2.5 mm and 7 mm; and a supporting electrolyte at a concentration ranging between 0.06 m et 0.4 m..
| Redox couple for electrochemical and optoelectronic devices|
The present invention provides an improved redox couple for electrochemical and optoelectronic devices. The redox couple is based on a complex of a first row transition metal, said complex containing at least one mono-, bi-, or tridentate ligand comprising a substituted or unsubstituted ring or ring system comprising a five-membered n-containing heteroring and/or a six-membered ring comprising at least two heteroatoms, at least one of which being a nitrogen atom, said five- or six-membered heteroring, respectively, comprising at least one double bond.
| Method for the manufacture of electrodes|
Method for manufacturing an electrode, in particular a negative electrode of an electrochemical cell, comprising the step of: drying a material of the electrode to be dried by means of a temperature gradient, wherein uv irradiation is present during the step of drying.. .
| Ionic gel electrolyte, energy storage devices, and methods of manufacture thereof|
An electrochemical cell includes solid-state, printable anode layer, cathode layer and non-aqueous gel electrolyte layer coupled to the anode layer and cathode layer. The electrolyte layer provides physical separation between the anode layer and the cathode layer, and comprises a composition configured to provide ionic communication between the anode layer and cathode layer by facilitating transmission of multivalent ions between the anode layer and the cathode layer..
|Immobilization of technetium by electroless plating|
A process of incorporating technetium into an electroless deposit, forming an alloy that is extremely resistant to corrosion and reduces the mobility of technetium on a geologic time scale is disclosed and claimed. The process includes providing a liquid containing technetium, such as an aqueous waste stream generated during the used nuclear fuel reprocessing activities.
|Integrated circuitry comprising nonvolatile memory cells and methods of forming a nonvolatile memory cell|
An integrated circuit has a nonvolatile memory cell that includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and an ion conductive material there-between. At least one of the first and second electrodes has an electrochemically active surface received directly against the ion conductive material.
|Hairpin-type probe for detecting target material and method for detecting target material using the same|
The present invention relates to a hairpin-type probe for detecting a target substance and a method for detecting a target substance using the probe. The hairpin-type probe comprises a loop comprising a target substance recognition site, and a stem comprising an aptamer having an electrochemical signaling material bound thereto.
An electrochemical device includes a container, a storage element, and a structure. The container includes a container main body including a first inner surface, and a lid including a second inner surface that is opposed to the first inner surface, the lid being joined to the container main body.
|Lithium battery having a protected lithium electrode and an ionic liquid catholyte|
Active metal and active metal intercalation electrode structures and battery cells having ionically conductive protective architecture including an active metal (e.g., lithium) conductive impervious layer separated from the electrode (anode) by a porous separator impregnated with a non-aqueous electrolyte (anolyte). This protective architecture prevents the active metal from deleterious reaction with the environment on the other (cathode) side of the impervious layer, which may include aqueous or non-aqueous liquid electrolytes (catholytes) and/or a variety of electrochemically active materials, including liquid, solid and gaseous oxidizers.
|Augmenting cleaning chemicals|
Device, system and method for electrochemical generation of a liquid soap by electrolyzing a surfactant in an aqueous carrier in a cathode compartment of an electrolytic cell and electrolyzing an antimicrobial agent in an aqueous carrier in an anode compartment of the electrolytic cell with the compartments separated by a semipermeable membrane. Portions of the electrolyzed surfactant solution and portions of the electrolyzed antimicrobial solution are withdrawn from the cathode compartment and the anode compartment and combined to form the liquid soap.
|Systems for erasing an ink from a medium|
A system for erasing an ink from a medium includes the medium having the ink printed on a surface thereof, and an erasure fluid directly or indirectly applied to the surface. The system further includes an inert base upon which the medium is placed, and an electrochemical cell.
|Method for producing a semiconductor element of a direct-converting x-ray detector|
A production method of a semiconductor element of a direct-converting x-ray detector is disclosed, wherein at least one intermediate layer is applied to a semiconductor layer and at least one contact layer is applied to an exposed intermediate layer by chemically currentless deposition of a contact material from a solution in each instance. The materials for the individual layers are selected such that the electrochemical potential of the materials of the at least one intermediate layer is greater than the electrochemical potential of at least one element of the semiconductor layer and the electrochemical potential of the contact material of the contract layer is greater than the electrochemical potential of the materials of the intermediate layers.
|Methods of making low cost electrode active composite materials for secondary electrochemical batteries|
In one aspect, a method of synthesizing a phosphorous active electrode composite material ampo4 is disclosed. M is a first element selected from a group of transitional metals, such as iron (fe), manganese (mn), and others, and a is a second element selected from a group consisting of lithium (li), sodium (na), potassium (k) and a mixture thereof.
|Transportation apparatus for electrochemical energy storage apparatuses|
The invention relates to a transportation apparatus for hazardous materials, in particular for at least one electrochemical energy storage apparatus, having at least one accommodation apparatus for accommodating the hazardous material, said accommodation apparatus having at least one accommodation chamber; and at least one barrier device which screens the accommodation chamber at least in sections in at least one direction, wherein the barrier device has at least a first material and at least a second material, and said invention also relates to the production and use of said transportation apparatus.. .
|Carbon fibers, catalyst for production of carbon fibers, and method for evaluation of carbon fibers|
Provided are carbon fibers with low metal ion elution amount without subjecting to high-temperature heat treatment, in which the metal ion may be sometimes precipitated on an electrode of electrochemical devices such as batteries and capacitors to cause short-circuit. The carbon fibers comprises fe, at least one catalyst metal selected from the group consisting of mo and v, and a carrier; wherein the carbon fibers have an r value (id/ig) as measured by raman spectrometry of 0.5 to 2.0 and have an electrochemical metal elution amount of not more than 0.01% by mass..
|Stackable electrochemical analyte sensors, systems and methods including same|
In some aspects, an analyte sensor is provided for detecting an analyte concentration level in a bio-fluid sample. The analyte sensor has a base with first and second ends, a concave recess in the first end, a second end receiving surface, and a sidewall extending between the ends.
|Barrier layer removal method and apparatus|
A method and apparatus integrating semiconductor manufacturing processes of stress free electrochemical copper polishing (sfp), removal of the tantalum oxide or titanium oxide formed during sfp process and xef2 gas phase etching barrier layer ta/tan or ti/tin process. Firstly, at least a portion of the plated copper film is polished by sfp.
|Analyte monitoring device and methods of use|
An analyte monitor includes a sensor, a sensor control unit, and a display unit. The sensor has, for example, a substrate, a recessed channel formed in the substrate, and conductive material disposed in the recessed channel to form a working electrode.
|In vivo capsule device with electrodes|
A capsule endoscopic device with movement control is disclosed. The capsule endoscopic device comprises a capsule housing, one or more electrodes disposed fixedly through the capsule housing and a processing unit inside the capsule housing.
|Novel ferrocene labels for electrochemical assay and their use in analytical methods|
Compounds of general formula i are used as labels in an electrochemical assay: (i) in which: fc and fc′ are substituted or unsubstituted ferrocenyl moieties, x is a c1 to c6 alkylene chain which is optionally interrupted by —o— or —nh—; y is a c1 to c6 alkylene chain which is optionally interrupted by —o— or —nh—; z is a c1 to c12 alkylene chain which may optionally be substituted and/or may optionally be interrupted by —o—, —s—, cycloalkyl, —co—, —con r1—, —nr1co— or —nr1— in which r1 represents hydrogen or c1 to c4 alkyl; and r is a linker group. Compounds i are used to make labelled substrates, as well as functionalised compounds for making the labelled substrates..
|Bipolar plates for use in electrochemical cells|
The present disclosure is directed towards the design of electrochemical cells for use in high pressure or high differential pressure operations. The electrochemical cells of the present disclosure have non-circular external pressure boundaries, i.e., the cells have non-circular profiles.
|Metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts|
An electrocatalyst material comprising a functionalized catalytic substrate, the catalytic substrate comprising an electron-accepting material adsorbed thereto. In one embodiment, the catalytic substrate comprises carbon nanotubes or graphene sheets having a nitrogen-containing or nitrogen-free polyelectrolyte, e.g., poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (pdda), adsorbed thereto.
|Electrochemical device with protective membrane architecture|
Li/air battery cells are configurable to achieve very high energy density. The cells include a protected a lithium metal or alloy anode and an aqueous catholyte in a cathode compartment.
|Composite materials for lithium-sulfur batteries|
In addition, the present invention also relates to a process for producing inventive sulfur-carbon composite materials, to cathode materials for electrochemical cells comprising inventive sulfur-carbon composite materials, to corresponding electrochemical cells and to the use of carbon composite materials for production of electrochemical cells.. .
|Active materials for lead acid battery|
The present disclosure describes a series of improvements to the positive active material and negative active material of electrochemical cells. In particular, the present disclosure describes improvements in the lead oxide powder, processing, and additives used to make the positive active material and negative active material for pastes used to make electrodes for lead acid batteries.
|Porous carbon interlayer for lithium-sulfur battery|
The present disclosure relates to an electrochemical cell including an anode, a sulfur-containing cathode, a lithium-ion-containing electrolyte, and a porous carbon interlayer disposed between the anode and the cathode. The interlayer may be permeable to the electrolyte.
|Separator, method for producing the same and electrochemical device including the same|
A separator includes a porous substrate, a porous organic-inorganic coating layer formed on at least one surface of the porous substrate, and an organic coating layer formed on the surface of the organic-inorganic coating layer. The porous organic-inorganic coating layer includes a mixture of inorganic particles and a first binder polymer.
|Method and device for determining the internal temperature of an energy storage device|
A method is provided for determining the internal temperature of an electrochemical energy storage device, particularly for a motor vehicle. The internal temperature of a cell winding of the energy storage device is determined by calculation in a control device of the energy storage device by way of a thermal model for the energy storage device which is saved in the control device..
|Hybrid electrochemical energy storage devices|
Electrochemical energy devices such as batteries, flow cells and edlcs that employ redox active electrolytes are disclosed. Redox active electrolytes for use in these devices also are disclosed that includes one or more redox active salts and optional additive salts.
|Method for manufacture and structure of multiple electrochemistries and energy gathering components within a unified structure|
A method for using an integrated battery and device structure includes using two or more stacked electrochemical cells integrated with each other formed overlying a surface of a substrate. The two or more stacked electrochemical cells include related two or more different electrochemistries with one or more devices formed using one or more sequential deposition processes.