|| List of recent Troche-related patents
|Systems and methods for delivering drugs|
A patch pump device generally includes at least one fluid source, a fluid communicator, and an electrochemical actuator. The fluid communicator is in fluid communication with the fluid source.
|Cell contacting arrangement for an energy storage device|
The present invention relates to a cell contacting arrangement for an energy storage module having a plurality of electrochemical storage cells, each storage cell having at least two electric connection terminals, the arrangement comprising: a carrier plate which is mountable on the energy storage module, and at least one cell connector inserted into the carrier plate for connecting at least two of the connection terminals of different storage cells, the carrier plate comprising at least one catch spring having a detent for fixing the cell connector in the carrier plate.. .
|Measurement of lactic acid in biological fluids|
We propose a procedure for the determination of lactic acid or lactate in biological fluids, which is simple and low cost with respect to the known methodologies. This procedure can be used by unskilled personnel and it can be implemented in disposable test strips and portable measure devices.
|Electrochemical assay for the detection of enzymes|
The invention relates to novel compositions and methods for the detection of enzymes using the nuclear reorganization energy, λ, of an electron transfer process.. .
|Versatile and sensitive biosensor|
Contemplated methods and devices comprise use of a charged probe and a neutralizer in the electrochemical detection of a wide range of analytes, including nucleic acids, proteins, and small molecules. In certain embodiments the neutralizer forms a complex with the probe that has a reduced charge magnitude compared to the probe itself, and is displaced from the probe when the complex is exposed to the analyte..
|Electrolyte including silane for use in electrochemical devices|
The electrolyte includes one or more salts and a silane. The silane has a silicon linked to one or more first substituents that each include a poly(alkylene oxide) moiety or a cyclic carbonate moiety.
|Electrolyte having eutectic mixture of hetero cyclic compound and lithium salt and electrochemical device containing the same|
An electrolyte includes an eutectic mixture composed of (a) a hetero cyclic compound having a predetermined chemistry figure, and (b) an ionizable lithium salt. An electrochemical device having the electrolyte.
|Separator for electrochemical device and manufacturing method thereof|
Disclosed are a separator for an electrochemical device substantially comprising inorganic particles to provide an excellent mechanical strength, an electrochemical device comprising the same, and a method of manufacturing the separator using a high internal phase emulsion (ripe).. .
|Structurally stable active material for battery electrodes|
A process of producing active material for an electrode of an electrochemical cell includes providing lithium-intercalating carbon particles having an average particle size of 1 μm to 100 μm as component 1, providing silicon particles having an average particle size of 5 nm to 500 nm as component 2, providing a polymer or polymer precursor which can be pyrolyzed to form amorphous carbon and is selected from the group consisting of epoxy resin, polyurethane resin and polyester resin, as component 3, mixing components 1 to 3 in to a mixture and heat treating the mixture substatually in the absence of atmospheric oxygen at a temperature at which the pyrolyzable polymer or the pyrolyzable polymer precursor decomposes to form amorphous carbon.. .
|Electrode for electrochemical device|
An electrode for electrochemical device which is provided with an electrode active material layer containing an electrode active material and a binder, comprising binder-covered parts 220 comprised of a binder which covers at least parts of the surfaces of particles of an electrode active material 210 and binder-connecting parts 230 comprised of a binder which is present in space parts 240 formed between pluralities of particles of the electrode active material 210 and which connects the binder-covered parts 220 formed at the surfaces of the pluralities of particles of the electrode active material 210 which form the space parts can be provided.. .
The invention pertains to an aqueous electrode-forming composition comprising:—at least one fluoropolymer [polymer (f)];—particles of at least one powdery active electrode material [particles (p)], said particles (p) comprising a core of an active electrode compound [compound (e)] and an outer layer of a metallic compound [compound (m)] different from lithium, said outer layer at least partially surrounding said core; and—water, to a process for its manufacture, to a process for manufacturing an electrode structure using the same, to an electrode structure made from the same and to an electrochemical device comprising said electrode structure.. .
A gravoltaic cell converts a gravitational force into electrical energy. The cell includes a reaction vessel and a first stationary homogeneous phase of dissociated aqueous cations and a second stationary homogeneous aqueous phase of dissociated aqueous reactant cations, both phases being disposed within the reaction vessel, and providing bulk solvent and anions a stationary bulk volume of a homogeneous mixture of solvent and dissociated anions collectively disposed homogeneously throughout the two layers of dissociated aqueous cations.
|Method of operating pool cleaner with integral chlorine generator|
An automated self-propelled robotic pool cleaner having a housing and drive means for moving the pool cleaner over at least the bottom wall of a pool, is provided with an integral on-board electrochemical chlorine generator for producing chlorine from a chlorine compound, e.g., sodium chloride, that is dissolved in the pool water, a source of electrical power operatively connected to the electrochemical chlorine generator, control means for initiating and terminating the operation of the chlorine generator, and an outlet for discharging water containing chlorine ions produced by the electrochemical generator to thereby distribute the chlorine into the water proximate the exterior of the pool cleaner housing as the pool cleaner follows a programmed operational mode across the bottom and/or side walls of the pool. The operation of the chlorine generator is in response to a manually operated switch and/or signals transmitted directly or indirectly to the control means..
|Accurate analyte measurements for electrochemical test strip based on multiple calibration parameters|
Various embodiments for systems and methods that allow for a more accurate analyte concentration with a biosensor by obtaining two calibration codes, one for batch calibration due to manufacturing variations and the other for time calibration due to measured physical characteristics of the fluid sample.. .
|Process and catalyst for the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide|
A process for the catalyzed electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide wherein a metal organic framework comprising metal ions and an organic ligand is used as a catalyst and novel metal organic frameworks based on bisphosphonic acids.. .
|Method for producing electrically conductive structures on non-conductive substrates and structures made in this matter|
The method relates to a method for producing electrically conductive structures on electrically non-conductive substrates and to a method for the electrochemical deposition of metals on substrates, which is suitable in particular for producing metallic structures and/or electroplated plastics. The invention further relates to products obtainable in this way and to the use thereof..
|Electrochemical methods and products|
The use, in corrosion protection systems, dewatering systems, and systems to reduce biofouling, of an anode which comprises a conductive polymer composition comprising a polymer and, mixed with the polymer, a conductive filler which comprises an exfoliated graphite.. .
The present invention provides an apparatus and kit for tensioning a stud in a bolted joint to a desired preload, the apparatus comprising a locking means adapted for engagement with the stud, a removable bridge member arranged to at least partially enclose the locking means and to receive the stud therethrough, a removable actuator operable to actuate the locking means through the bridge member and removable tensioning means configured to apply tension to a load bearing surface of the bridge member so as to transfer tension to the stud, such that the actuator is operable to lock the locking means when the desired preload in the stud is achieved. The invention has application in many industries, including hydropower, wind, gas and steam turbines, nuclear, metal manufacturing, mining, shipbuilding and oil & petrochemical..
|Vertical embedded sensor and process of manufacturing thereof|
A scanning probe assembly having a nanometer sensor element defined at a tip apex and its method of fabrication using micro-electromechanical systems (mems) processing techniques. The assembly comprises a probe body, a cantilever extending outward, and a hollow tip at the end of the cantilever.
|System and method for translating data from data-driven engineering drawings to determine regulatory applicability|
A system and method for performing environmental, health, and safety regulation compliance assessments, recordkeeping, and reporting from “data-driven” engineering drawings (i.e., intelligent p&id/pfd systems). Eh&s regulations include but are not limited to usepa clean air act regulations, such as leak detection and repair (ldar), benzene waste operations neshap (bwon), and the greenhouse gas mandatory reporting rule (ghg mrr), as well as regulations administered by osha, such as process safety management (psm).
|Analyte monitoring: stabilizer for subcutaneous glucose sensor with incorporated antiglycolytic agent|
An analyte sensor including an antiglycolytic agent or a precursor thereof and a chelating agent that stabilizes the antiglycolytic agent positioned proximate to the working electrode of the sensor. Also provided are systems and methods of using the electrochemical analyte sensors in analyte monitoring..
|Design and fabrication of implantable fully integrated electrochemical sensors|
A fully integrated small size implantable sensing device is described, which can include a sensor and an electronic circuit to interface with the sensor and communicate with an external device. Various fabrication methods for the sensing device are described, including provision of wells, created using same fabrication technology as the electronic circuit, to contain electrodes of the sensor and corresponding functionalization chemicals.
|Protected reduced metal catalyst|
The invention relates to a process for producing a protected reduced supported metal catalyst powder, in particular catalysts used in a variety of chemical reactions, such as the hydrogenation of hydrocarbon compounds in petrochemical and oleo-chemical processes; the hydrogenation of unsaturated fats and oils, and unsaturated hydrocarbon resins; and in the fischer tropsch process. This invention also relates to a composition comprising said catalyst and a liquid.
|Assay buffer, compositions containing the same, and methods of using the same|
The invention relates to improved electrochemiluminescence assay methods for phosphorylated peptides or proteins employing phospho-specific antibodies and buffer compositions that are substantially free of inorganic phosphate.. .
|Electrocatalyst for electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide|
An electrocatalyst for the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons is provided. The electrocatalyst for the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide includes copper material supported on carbon nanotubes.
|Electrocatalyst for electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide|
The electrocatalyst for the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide includes a copper material supported on titania nanotubes. The copper material may be pure copper, copper and ruthenium, or copper and iron supported on the titania nanotubes.
|Methods and systems for producing products using engineered iron oxidizing bacteria|
Methods and systems for producing a biofuel using genetically modified iron-oxidizing bacteria (iob) are disclosed. In some embodiments, the methods include the following: providing an iob that have been genetically modified to enable them to generate a biofuel or chemical; feeding a first source of ferrous iron to the iob; feeding water, carbon dioxide, and oxygen to the iob; producing at least the biofuel or chemical, ferric iron, and an iob biomass; and preventing ferric precipitates from forming.
|Polymer ion exchange membrane and method of preparing same|
Disclosed are a polymer ion exchange membrane having a self-hydration capability at a high temperature under low humidity, a method of preparing the polymer ion exchange membrane, and a polymer electrolyte fuel cell system including the polymer ion exchange membrane. The polymer electrolyte membrane includes a hydrocarbon-based proton conductive polymercoating layer, and has a nano-crack on the hydrophobic surface and thus may secure ion conductivity and self-hydration capability under low humidity and remarkably improve electrochemical performance of an electrolyte..
|Proton/cation transfer polymer|
A polymer that provides for effective proton/cation transfer within, through, across the polymer. The polymer may be used in an electrochemical sensor and may include a redox active species and a facilitator of proton transfer that may provide for the “shuttling”/transfer of a proton through the polymer.
|Porous separator for a secondary battery including cellulose nanofibers and method for manufacturing same|
The present invention relates to a separator for secondary battery including cellulose nanofibers, and to a method for fabricating the same. The separator has a porous structure of micropores formed between the cellulose nanofibers.
|Electrochemical cell packaging material|
Provided is an electrochemical cell packaging material with excellent electrolyte resistance. An electrochemical cell packaging material includes the following in a laminated structure: a substrate layer that, at a minimum, includes resin film; a protective layer that is arranged as the outermost layer and protects the substrate layer; a thermal adhesion layer that is arranged as the innermost layer and which includes thermal adhesion resin; and a barrier layer that includes metal foil and is arranged between the substrate layer and the thermal adhesion layer.
|Electrolytes for lithium sulfur cells|
Disclosed is an additive for an electrochemical cell wherein the additive includes an n—o bond. The additive is most preferably included in a nonaqueous electrolyte of the cell.
|Ionically permeable structures for energy storage devices|
An electrochemical stack comprising carrier ions, an anode comprising an anode active material layer, a cathode comprising a cathode active material layer, a separator between the anode and the cathode comprising a porous dielectric material and a non-aqueous electrolyte, and an ionically permeable conductor layer located between the separator and an electrode active material layer.. .
|Internal insulation design using porous material for an electrochemical cell|
The prevention of lithium clusters from bridging between the negative and positive portions of a cell during discharge is described. This is done by providing a glass wool material at an intermediate location between the casing and anode current collector of a negative polarity and the cathode current collector and the terminal pin being of a positive polarity.
|Thermal interface composite material and method|
A composite thermal interface material and methods are shown. Devices such as lithium ion batteries incorporating composite thermal interface materials show significant improvement in cooling performance.
|Method of surface treatment of an implant, an implant treated by said method and an electrolyte solution for use in said method|
A method of surface treatment of at least part of an electro-conductive surface of an implant, in particular an orthopaedic or a dental implant is described which permits the simultaneous, electrochemical deposition of a therapeutic agent and a calcium phosphate coating in a combined single-step deposition process. The method involves the preparation of an electrolyte solution containing calcium and phosphorus ions and a therapeutic agent, preferably in combination with a complexing agent such that the resulting complex has a net positive charge.
|Fuel rod assembly and method for mitigating the radiation-enhanced corrosion of a zirconium-based component|
There is provided a fuel rod assembly comprising a first component of a zirconium-based material. The first component is in contact with or is located adjacent to a second component of a material different from the zirconium-based material, e.g.
|Battery state estimator combining electrochemical solid-state concentration model with empirical equivalent-circuit model|
A battery state estimator which combines an electrochemical solid-state concentration model with an empirical equivalent-circuit model. The battery state estimator uses a reduced-order physics-based electrochemical solid-state concentration model to calculate open circuit voltage of a battery cell, and uses the calculated open circuit voltage in an equivalent-circuit model to evaluate a diffusion voltage drop and other battery cell parameters.
|Fuel cell system|
A fuel cell system comprises: a fuel cell formed of a plurality of cells stacked therein, each cell generating electric power through an electrochemical reaction between a fuel gas and an oxidant gas; a cell monitor capable of detecting a group voltage for each group wherein each group is composed of two or more cells; and an estimation device that estimates a minimum cell voltage. The estimation device comprises a maximum cell voltage estimation part that estimates a maximum cell voltage, and the estimation device estimates the minimum cell voltage by using an estimated value of the maximum cell voltage and a minimum group-average voltage, where an average voltage of a group having the lowest voltage value among the group voltages is defined as the minimum group-average voltage..
|Compound for optoelectronic device, organic light-emitting diode including same, and display device including organic light-emitting diode|
Disclosed are a compound for an organic optoelectronic device, an organic light emitting diode including the same, and a display device including the organic light emitting diode. The compound for an organic optoelectronic device represented by a combination of the following chemical formula 1 and chemical formula 2 provides an organic light emitting diode having life-span characteristics due to excellent electrochemical and thermal stability, and high luminous efficiency at a low driving voltage..
|Method for liberating and detecting nitric oxide from nitrosothiols and iron nitrosyls in blood|
Amount of combined nitric oxide or nitric oxide presented as iron nitrosyls in a blood sample is determined by directing a low power electromagnetic radiation beam at a blood sample to liberate nitric oxide gas, dissolving the liberated nitric oxide gas and electrochemically detecting amount of dissolved nitric oxide gas.. .
|Capacitance detection in electrochemical assay|
A method and system are provided to determine fill sufficiency of a biosensor test chamber by determining capacitance of the test chamber.. .
|Disposable test sensor with improved sampling entrance|
A disposable electrochemical test sensor designed to facilitate sampling of fluid samples. It has a fluid chamber having a novel extra wide sampling entrance, but no additional air escape vent.
|Derivatization of carbon|
Derivatization of an elemental carbon surface is accomplished by exposing the carbon surface to an aprotic solvent containing a hydrazone molecule of formula (i) or the corresponding salt of formula (ii) wherein r1 is an organic group, and r2 is an organic group or hydrogen and decomposing the hydrazone in the presence of elemental carbon to create a carbene moiety of formula (iii): which attaches to the carbon surface. The attached groups may be redox active so that the derivatized carbon may be used in an electrochemical sensor..
|Derivatization of carbon|
Chemical modification of the surface of elemental carbon comprises a first stage of attaching a compound with an azo group to the elemental carbon and then a second stage of decomposing the azo group in the presence of one or more compounds with an olefinic group so that decomposition of the azo group forms radicals attached to the carbon surface and a said radical forms a covalent bond to a said olefinic group. The second stage may proceed as a polymerization of a vinyl monomer with a redox active group such as ferrocene, anthracene or anthraquinone.
|Electrochemical sensor for ph measurement|
A method of determining the ph of an aqueous liquid which contains little or no buffer, such as does not contain more than 0.01 moles per litre of ph-buffering partially dissociated acid, base and/or salt, uses an electrode with at least one redox active compound immobilized thereon convertible electrochemically between reduced and oxidized forms with transfer of at least one proton between the compound and the aqueous liquid. Varying potential is applied to the electrode, observing current flow as potential is varied, determining the applied potential at a maximum current for redox reaction of the compound, and determining ph from the potential at maximum current.
|Accurate analyte measurements for electrochemical test strip based on sensed physical characteristic(s) of the sample containing the analyte|
Various embodiments for methods and systems that allow for a more accurate analyte concentration with a biosensor by determining at least one physical characteristic of the sample containing the analyte and deriving one of a batch slope, sampling time, or combinations thereof to attain accurate glucose concentration.. .
|Hydrogen production process with carbon dioxide recovery|
A method for producing hydrogen by performing the steps of feeding a synthesis gas mixture to a pressure swing adsorption unit; producing hydrogen from the synthesis gas mixture in the pressure swing adsorption unit; feeding the remainder of the synthesis gas mixture at low pressure to an electrochemical cell wherein hydrogen is separated from the remainder of the synthesis gas mixture and is simultaneously pressurized; feeding the pressurized hydrogen from the electrochemical cell to join with the hydrogen generated in the pressure swing adsorption unit and recovering the combined hydrogen product. The synthesis gas mixture may be from a reformation unit and it may be subject to a water gas shift reaction.
|Process and apparatus for producing hydrogen|
A process for producing hydrogen for use in a subsequent methanation process includes electrochemically converting water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen is depleted with electrolyte aerosols.
|Low-voltage alkaline production using hydrogen and electrocatalytic electrodes|
An alkaline production system comprising an electrochemical unit comprising a hydrogen-oxidizing anode, a cathode compartment comprising a cathode and a hydrogen delivery system configured to deliver hydrogen gas to the anode, wherein the unit is operably connected to a carbon sequestration system configured to sequester carbon dioxide with the cathode electrolyte; and methods thereof. In another embodiment, a system comprising a hydrogen-oxidizing anode in communication with a cathode electrolyte comprising bicarbonate ion; and an hydrogen delivery system configured to deliver hydrogen gas to the anode; and methods thereof..
|Electrochemical ph measurement|
An electrode for the determination of ph is made by depositing a phenolic compound on a conductive substrate, where the phenolic compound has a phenolic hydroxy group attached to a carbon atom on an aromatic ring and also has an oxygen atom connected through one other atom to an adjacent carbon atom of the aromatic ring such that this oxygen atom can form a hydrogen bond to the phenolic hydroxy group; and then electrochemically oxidising the immobilized phenolic compound in a one electron one proton oxidation so as to form a polymeric, water-insoluble, redox-active deposit on the conductive substrate. The electrode is useful for electrochemical determination of ph and is capable of measuring ph of an unbuffered aqueous liquid..
|Consolidated amorphous carbon materials, their manufacture and use|
A carbon based material produced from the consolidation of amorphous carbon by elevated temperature compression. The material having unique chemical and physical characteristics that lend themselves to a broad range of applications such as in electrical, electrochemical and structural fields..
|Stable photoelectrode surfaces and methods|
Disclosed herein are methods of treating a semiconductor surface by nitridation and deposition of a ruthenium alloy. Also disclosed are semiconductors treated with these methods, their incorporation into photoelectrochemical cells, and their use in photoelectrochemical water splitting..
|Device for the cathodic protection of a metal wall against corrosion in a saline environment|
A device for the cathodic protection of a metal wall against corrosion in a saline environment, includes an anode and means for connecting said anode to said wall. The anode has a higher electrochemical potential than the wall, wherein the anode is placed in a compartment delimited by a wall permeable to electrons and, optionally, to water.
|Carbon nanostructure electrochemical sensor and method|
Carbon nanostructures may be protected and functionalized using a layer-by-layer method whereby functional groups on the carbon nanostructure surface may be further derivatized to incorporate additional functional moieties. Exemplary moieties include redox mediator molecules, crown ethers, catalysts, boric acids, carbohydrates, oligonucleotides, dna or rna aptamers, peptide aptamers, proteins such as enzymes and antibodies, quantum dots and nanoparticles, cells, cell organelles, or other cellular components.
|Method for performing a physiological analysis with increased reliability|
A method for performing an electrophysiological analysis implemented in a system includes: a series of electrodes to be placed on different regions of the human body; a dc voltage source controlled so as to produce dc voltage pulses; a switching circuit for selectively connecting the active electrodes to the voltage source, the active electrodes forming an anode and a cathode, and for connecting at least one other high-impedance passive electrode used to measure the potential reached by the body; and a measuring circuit for reading data representative of the current in the active electrodes, and data representative of the potentials generated on at least certain high-impedance electrodes in response to the application of the pulses, the data allowing a value to be determined for the electrochemical conductance of the skin. The method also regenerates a high-impedance electrode connected to the voltage source as a cathode..
|Biosensor using redox cycling|
The present invention relates to a biosensor using dual amplification of signal amplification by means of enzymes coupled with signal amplification by means of redox cycling, and to the use of a technology that maintains a slow reaction state between redox cycling materials without the use of redox enzymes, and induces quick chemical-chemical redox cycling. In addition, the present invention relates to a biosensor which obtains triple amplification by inducing electrochemical-chemical-chemical redox cycling, in addition to signal amplification by means of enzymes and signal amplification by means of chemical-chemical redox cycling..
|High-temperature or fuel-cell electrochemical system having improved thermal management|
An electrochemical system including a stack of a longitudinal axis with alternating ceramic cells and interconnectors and including a thermal management mechanism incorporated in the stack, the thermal management mechanism including plates having a structured lateral surface through which a thermal transfer by radiation towards outside of the stack takes place.. .
|System and method for thermal priority operation of a fuel cell power plant|
A thermal priority fuel cell power plant includes a cell stack assembly for generating an electrical power output. The cell stack assembly includes an anode, a cathode, and a waste heat recovery loop.
|Rechargeable battery cell with improved high temperature performance|
An alkaline, rechargeable electrochemical cell includes a pasted electrode structure in which a composition comprising a paste matrix component includes cobalt in an amount greater than 6 weight percent ranging up to 14 weight percent. The matrix may also include a rare earth such as yttrium.
|Heat resisting separator having ultrafine fibrous layer and secondary battery having the same|
A polyolefin separator having an heat-resistant ultrafine fibrous layer and a secondary battery using the same, in which the separator has a shutdown function, low thermal contraction characteristics, thermal endurance, excellent ionic conductivity, excellent cycling characteristics at the time of battery construction, and excellent adhesion with an electrode. The present invention adopts a very simple and easy process to form an ultrafine fibrous layer through an electrospinning process, and at the same time, to remove solvent and to form pores.