|| List of recent Troche-related patents
| Direct carbon electrochemical cell|
A direct carbon fuel cell dcfc system (5), the system comprising an electrochemical cell, the electrochemical cell (10) comprising a cathode (30), a solid state first electrolyte (25) and an anode (20), wherein, the system further comprises an anode chamber containing a second electrolyte (125) and a fuel (120). The system, when using molten carbonate as second electrolyte, is preferably purged with co2 via purge gas inlet (60)..
| Fuel cell stack compression devices and methods|
A spring compression assembly is configured to apply a load to a stack of electrochemical cells. The assembly includes a ceramic leaf spring, a tensioner configured to apply pressure to a first side of the spring and a bottom plate located on a second side of the spring opposite the first side of the spring.
| Fuel cell system|
A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell module for generating electrical energy by electrochemical reactions of a fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas, and a condenser for condensing water vapor in an exhaust gas discharged from the fuel cell module by heat exchange between the exhaust gas and a coolant to collect the condensed water and supplying the collected condensed water to the fuel cell module. The condenser includes an air cooling condenser using the oxygen-containing gas as the coolant and a water cooling condenser using hot water stored in a hot water tank as the coolant.
| Electrochemical energy storage device, and active material for the same and production method thereof|
Disclosed is a high-capacity electrochemical energy storage device in which a conversion reaction proceeds as the oxidation-reduction reaction, and the separation (hysteresis) between the electrode potentials for oxidation and reduction is small. The electrochemical energy storage device includes a first electrode including a first active material, a second electrode including a second active material, and a non-aqueous electrolyte interposed between the first and second electrodes.
| Electrode assembly with tape and electrochemical device comprising the same|
The present disclosure relates to an electrode assembly for preventing a phenomenon of a separator being pressed and/or disconnected from occurring when a free edge electrode is wound into a jelly roll, and an electrochemical device comprising the electrode assembly.. .
| Redox-active ligand-based transition metal complex flow batteries|
Flow batteries including one or more metals complexed by one or more redox-active ligands are disclosed herein. In a general embodiment, the flow battery includes an electrochemical cell having an anode portion, a cathode portion and a separator disposed between the anode portion and the cathode portion.
| Electrochemical device|
Deterioration of a battery is prevented or the degree of deterioration of a battery is reduced, and charge and discharge performance of the battery is maximized and the charge and discharge performance of the battery is maintained for a long time. In a battery such as a sodium-ion secondary battery, various malfunctions or deterioration is caused by a reaction product deposited on an electrode surface.
| Electrochemical fabrication method including elastic joining of structures|
Forming multi-layer 3d structures involving the joining of at least two structural elements, at least one of which is formed as a multi-layer 3d structure, wherein the joining occurs via one of: (1) elastic deformation and elastic recovery, (2) relative deformation of an initial portion of at least one element relative to another portion of the at least one element until the at least two elements are in a desired retention position after which the deformation is reduced or eliminated, or (3) moving a retention region of one element into the retention region of the other element, without deformation of either element, along a path including a loading region of the other element and wherein during normal use the first and second elements are configured relative to one another so that the loading region of the second element is not accessible to the retention region of the first element.. .
| Compounds for electrochemical and/or optoelectronic devices|
The invention relates to substituted ullazine and analogs of ullazine as sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells (dsscs) and other photoelectrochemical and/or optoelectronic devices. The sensitizers may comprise donor substituents and/or acceptor substituents, besides an anchoring group suitable for attaching the sensitizer on a semiconductor surface.
| Modified bubbling transfer method for graphene delamination|
In the bb transfer, or so called electrochemical delamination process, a transfer film is firstly spray-coated on a stack formed by two graphene sandwiching a metal (cu or cr) foil as a protection layer. Then, direct current (dc) voltage is applied to the first stack as a cathode and an anode (from be a platinum wire, a carbon rod, or others) in an electrolyte aqueous solution.
| Systems and methods for separating components of a multilayer stack of electronic components|
Systems and methods for separating components of a multilayer stack of electronic components are disclosed herein. The multilayer stack may include an electronic assembly, a substrate, and a sacrificial anode portion that is located between the electronic assembly and the substrate and that operatively attaches the electronic assembly to the substrate.
| Electrochemical production of synthesis gas from carbon dioxide|
A method for electrochemical production of synthesis gas from carbon dioxide is disclosed. The method generally includes steps (a) to (c).
| Electrochemical module configuration for the continuous acidification of alkaline water sources and recovery of co2 with continuous hydrogen gas production|
An electrochemical cell for the continuous acidification of alkaline water sources and recovery of carbon dioxide with simultaneous continuous hydrogen gas production having a center compartment, an electrolyte-free anode compartment having a mesh anode in direct contact with an ion permeable membrane, an endblock in direct contact with the anode where the endblock provides a gas escape route behind the anode, an electrolyte-free cathode compartment having a mesh cathode in direct contact with an ion permeable membrane, and an endblock in direct contact with the cathode where the endblock provides a gas escape route behind the cathode. Current applied to the electrochemical cell for generating hydrogen gas also lowers the ph of the alkaline water to produce carbon dioxide with no additional current or power.
| Coated overhead conductors and methods|
A coated overhead conductor having an assembly including one or more conductive wires, such that the assembly includes an outer surface coated with an electrochemical deposition coating forming an outer layer, wherein the electrochemical deposition coating includes a first metal oxide, such that the first metal oxide is not aluminum oxide. Methods for making the overhead conductor are also provided..
| Methods of forming three-dimensional structures having reduced stress and/or curvature|
Electrochemical fabrication processes and apparatus for producing single layer or multi-layer structures where each layer includes the deposition of at least two materials and wherein the formation of at least some layers includes operations for reducing stress and/or curvature distortion when the structure is released from a sacrificial material which surrounded it during formation and possibly when released from a substrate on which it was formed. Six primary groups of embodiments are presented which are divide into eleven primary embodiments.
| Nucleic acid sequencing by electrochemical detection|
Provided herein is technology relating to sequencing nucleic acids and particularly, but not exclusively, to devices, methods, and systems for sequencing-by-synthesis using changes in ph to monitor base addition. In some embodiments the electrochemical hydrogen ion sensor is a microfabricated mixed metal oxide electrode and in some embodiments the electrochemical hydrogen ion sensor is a membrane electrode.
| Light absorbing layer for photoelectrode structure, photoelectrode structure including the same, and photoelectrochemical cell including the photoelectrode structure|
A light absorbing layer for a photoelectrode structure, the light absorbing layer including copper oxide, wherein metallic copper (cu) is present at a grain boundary of the copper oxide. Also, a photoelectrode structure including the light absorbing layer, a photoelectrochemical cell including the photoelectrode structure, and a solar cell including the light absorbing layer..
| Electrochemical treatment based surface modification device|
The invention provides an electrochemical treatment based surface modification device that comprises a solution tank, a cathode terminal, and an anode terminal. The solution tank is filled with an acidic solution which contains first valence metal ions.
| Electrochemical cell having a cascade seal configuration and hydrogen reclamation|
An electrochemical cell includes a pair of bipolar plates and a membrane electrode assembly between the bipolar plates. The electrochemical cell further includes a first seal defining a high pressure zone, wherein the first seal is located between the bipolar plates and configured to contain a first fluid within the high pressure zone.
| Method for adjusting a gas sensor|
In a method for adjusting a gas sensor having a hollow chamber connected to a measuring gas chamber and having an electrochemical pump cell electrochemically pumping the gas component into or out of the hollow chamber, at least two pumping-in phases are provided in which the gas component is pumped into the hollow chamber by the electrochemical pump cell, and at least two pumping-out phases are provided in which the gas component is pumped out of the hollow chamber by the electrochemical pump cell. On the basis of at least one feature of the pump current during the pumping-out phases (mout), at least one piece of information for adjusting the gas sensor is generated.
| Method for calibration of sensors embedded or wirelessly connected to a mobile device|
Methods, systems, computer-readable media, and apparatuses for obtaining accurate gas sensor data are presented. A mobile device may receive gas sensor data from at least one gas sensor.
| Lyotropic liquid crystal coated analyte monitoring device and methods of use|
The present invention is directed to membranes composed liquid crystals having continuous aqueous channels, such as a lyotropic liquid crystal, including a cubic phase lyotropic liquid crystal, and to electrochemical sensors equipped with such membranes. The membranes are useful in limiting the diffusion of an analyte to a working electrode in an electrochemical sensor so that the sensor does not saturate and/or remains linearly responsive over a large range of analyte concentrations.
|Metal/air battery with gas separation nanostructure|
A metal/air electrochemical cell in one embodiment includes a negative electrode, a positive electrode, an oxygen supply, and a closed oxygen conducting membrane less than about 50 microns thick located between the oxygen supply and the positive electrode.. .
|Lithium battery with composite solid electrolyte|
An electrochemical cell in one embodiment includes a negative electrode including a form of lithium, a positive electrode spaced apart from the negative electrode, a separator positioned between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, and a first lithium ion conducting and ionically insulating composite solid electrolyte layer positioned between the negative electrode and the positive electrode.. .
|Cathode unit for an alkaline metal/sulfur battery having an optimised arrester structure|
The invention relates to a cathode unit for an alkaline metal/sulphur battery, containing a cathode arrester, which comprises a carbon substrate, and an electrochemically active component, which is selected from sulphur or an alkaline metal sulphide and is in electrically conductive contact with the carbon substrate.. .
|High capacity lithium-ion electrochemical cells and methods of making same|
High capacity lithium-ion electrochemical cells and methods of making the same are provided that include a positive electrode that includes a lithium mixed metal oxide having a first irreversible capacity and a negative electrode that includes an alloy anode material having a first irreversible capacity when the anode is delithiated to 0.9 v vs. Li/li+.
|High capacity positive electrodes for use in lithium-ion electrochemical cells and methods of making same|
Positive electrode for lithium-ion electrochemical cells are provided that have capacity retentions of greater than about 95% after 50 charge-discharge cycles when comparing the capacity after cycle 52 with the capacity after cycle 2 when cycled between 2.5 v and 4.7 v vs. Li/li+ at 30° c.
|Three dimensional positive electrode for licfx technology primary electrochemical generator|
C) at least one binder.. .
An electrochemical cell of improved anti-leak property is provided. A silver oxide battery includes: a positive electrode canister having a form of a cylinder with a bottom portion; a negative electrode canister having a form of a cylinder with a lid portion and being contained in the positive electrode canister; and an electrolytic solution contained within a space formed by the positive electrode canister and the negative electrode canister.
|Battery module having a cell tray with thermal management features|
A battery module includes a plurality of electrochemical cells and a structure including an upper portion configured to support a bottom portion of each of the plurality of electrochemical cells and a lower portion coupled to the upper portion. The lower portion includes a thermal management feature having at least one passage provided therein.
|Electrochemical cell having a fixed cell element|
An electrochemical cell includes a cell element and a current collector disposed in a housing that includes a vent. The current collector includes an outer member and an inner member coupled together by one or more flexible arms.
|Method for manufacturing an electrode, and ink for an electrode|
The invention relates to a method for fabricating an electrode which includes coating of an aqueous ink over the whole or part of a current collector followed by drying of said ink. The aqueous ink is produced by acidification of an aqueous dispersion including an electrochemically active material having a titanium and lithium oxide base until a ph value comprised between 9.0±0.1 and 10.0±0.1 is obtained.
|Benzodioxepin-3-one compounds as dyes or as fluorescent emitters|
The invention relates to specific benzodioxepin-3-one compounds, to a process for the preparation thereof and to the use thereof as dyes or as fluorescent emitters for organic electroluminescent devices (oleds) or for organic light-emitting electrochemical cells (olecs), and to corresponding electronic devices.. .
|Asphaltene based photovoltaic devices|
Photovoltaic devices and methods of making the same, are disclosed herein. The cell comprises a photovoltaic device that comprises a first electrically conductive layer comprising a photo-sensitized electrode; at least one photoelectrochemical layer comprising metal-oxide particles, an electrolyte solution comprising at least one asphaltene fraction, wherein the metal-oxide particles are optionally dispersed in a surfactant; and a second electrically conductive layer comprising a counter-electrode, wherein the second electrically conductive layer comprises one or more conductive elements comprising carbon, graphite, soot, carbon allotropes or any combinations thereof..
|Fabrication of porous silicon electrochemical capacitors|
Methods of forming microelectronic structures are described. Embodiments of those methods may include forming an electrochemical capacitor device by forming pores in low-purity silicon materials.
|Method for producing a composite structure composed of porous carbon and electrochemical active material|
In order to provide an inexpensive product composed of a porous carbon provided with electrochemical active material, said product being suitable particularly for use as a cathode or anode material for a secondary battery, a process comprising the following process steps is proposed: (a) producing a template from inorganic material by gas phase deposition, said template comprising a framework of pores and nanoparticles joined to one another, (b) coating the template framework with an electrochemical active material or a precursor thereof, (c) infiltrating the pores of the template with a precursor substance for carbon, (d) carbonizing the precursor substance to form a carbon layer, (f) removing the template.. .
|Material for organic electronic device, and organic electronic device using same|
The present invention provides a novel compound that is capable of largely improving a life time, efficiency, electrochemical stability, and thermal stability of an organic electronic device, and an organic electronic device that comprises an organic material layer comprising the compound.. .
|Treatment of contaminated liquids|
Apparatus and method for the treatment of a contaminated liquid to remove contaminants from said liquid. The apparatus comprises a bed of a carbon based adsorbent material capable of electrochemical regeneration, at least one pair of electrodes operable to pass an electric current through said bed to regenerate the adsorbent material, and means to admit contaminated liquid into said bed to contact said adsorbent material at a flow rate which is sufficiently high to pass the liquid through the bed but below the flow rate required to fluidise the bed of adsorbent material..
|Hematocrit corrected glucose measurements using phase angles and impedance for electrochemical test strip|
Two techniques of determining hematocrit using impedance and phase angle to determine hematocrit are shown and described for correcting an analyte concentration.. .
|Methods of nondestructively delaminating graphene from a metal substrate|
Methods of delaminating a graphene film (60) from a metal substrate (50) are disclosed that substantially preserve the metal substrate. The methods include forming a support layer (80) on the graphene film and then performing an electrochemical process in an electrochemical apparatus (10).
|Anodic structure for horizontal cells for processes of metal electrodeposition|
The present invention concerns an electrode for oxygen evolution in electroplating plants comprising a valve metal substrate and an outer catalytic layer, the substrate consisting of a metal plate provided with slits of area ranging from 2 to 8 cm2, said slits being spaced apart by a distance of 5 to 25 cm. The invention also concerns a horizontal electrochemical cell for electro-plating processes comprising at least one of said electrodes, and an electroplating plant equipped with at least one of said cells.
|Method and apparatus for maintaining parallelism of layers and/or achieving desired thicknesses of layers during the electrochemical fabrication of structures|
Some embodiments of the present invention provide processes and apparatus for electrochemically fabricating multilayer structures (e.g. Mesoscale or microscale structures) with improved endpoint detection and parallelism maintenance for materials (e.g.
|Lead-free electrochemical galvanic oxygen sensor|
A lead-free, self-corrosion-free electrochemical galvanic oxygen sensor is provided. The preferred sensor includes a container, the container including a lead-free anode, an alkali electrolyte, a carbon platinized with platinum cathode and a nickel wire current collector, wherein the container further includes a diffusion barrier that causes the sensor to operate in the limiting current region..
|Integrated blood glucose measurement device|
A portable combination for measuring a glucose concentration value in a sample has a portable glucose meter (gm) having a test strip port for receiving a disposable electrochemical test strip, means for calculating a glucose concentration value in a sample applied to a test strip received in the test strip port, and optionally a rechargeable gm battery. Next the combination has a portable rechargeable supplemental battery pack (sbp).
|Cathode-driven or assisted solar cell|
In one form, a photoelectrochemical cell comprising a p-type sensitized photocathode including a sensitizer dye and a water-based electrolyte. In another form, the sensitizer dye and an adjacent semiconductor may have a reduction potential that is sufficiently high to either reduce a desired chemical feedstock in the cell or reduce protons in the water to hydrogen gas.
|Miniaturized implantable electrochemical sensor devices|
An implantable device having a communication system, a sensor, and a monolithic substrate is described. The monolithic substrate has an integrated sensor circuit configured to process input from the sensor into a form conveyable by the communication system..
|Quinoxaline derivative, and light emitting element, light emitting device, and electronic device using the quinoxaline derivative|
To provide a new bipolar organic compound. In particular, to provide a bipolar organic compound having excellent heat resistance and to provide a bipolar organic compound which is electrochemically stable.
|Sequence-specific analysis of nucleic acids|
The invention relates to a method for the sequence-specific analysis of nucleic acids in a sample in which the nucleic acid is present at least partially as a double strand, which method uses electrochemical detection methods (e.g. With [oso4(bipy)]).
|Proton conducting electrochemical cell and method of making such a cell|
The present invention relates to a proton-conductive electrochemical cell (10), comprising an electrolytic membrane (13) made of a ceramic and an electrode (11, 12) made of a cermet, said electrochemical cell (10) being obtained directly by a method of co-sintering a ceramic layer, capable of forming the electrolytic membrane (13), and a cermet layer, capable of forming the electrode (11, 12), in a sintering tool at a sintering temperature of the ceramic that makes it possible to render said ceramic layer, capable of forming the electrolyte (13), gas-tight, wherein said cell (10) is characterised in that said cermet consists of the mixture of a ceramic and an electronically conductive passivatable alloy including at least 40 mol % chromium capable of forming a passive layer, the nature and the chromium content of said passivatable alloy enabling said electrochemical cell to be co-sintered with a membrane densification of more than 90% without melting said alloy.. .
|Water recapture/recycle system in electrochemical cells|
A system for managing water content in one or more electrochemical cells, each comprising a plurality of electrodes and a liquid ionically conductive medium, includes a first gas-phase conduit for receiving humid gas-phase associated with the electrochemical cell. The system also includes a desiccator unit communicated to the first air conduit and configured for extracting water from the humid gas-phase.
|Production method for a support type coating membrane using tape casting|
The present invention relates to a production method for a support type ceramic membrane using tape casting, wherein, when producing a multifunctional membrane comprising a membrane structure such as a general electrochemical device or electrolysis cell or fuel cell, a dense-structure coating membrane or porous functional (separation) membrane is produced on one or more surfaces of a porous support.. .
|Sulfide solid electrolyte material and electrochemical device|
A sulfide solid electrolyte material according to an embodiment of the present disclosure contains li, p, and bi. An electrochemical device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a sulfide solid electrolyte material containing li, p, and bi..
|Composite silicon or composite tin particles|
The specification relates to a composite particle for storing lithium. The composite particle is used in an electrochemical cell.
|Slurry wth improved dispersibility and its use|
The present disclosure relates to an invention directed to controlling a viscosity of a slurry used to manufacture an electrochemical device, by adjusting a particle diameter of an inorganic matter that is an ingredient of the slurry, so that a sinking rate of the inorganic particles may remarkably slow down and dispersibility may be dramatically improved, and as a result, the content of the inorganic particles may relatively increase and the inorganic particles may be uniformly distributed in a coating layer on a substrate, thereby preventing a reduction in battery performance.. .
|Zinc anode alkaline electrochemical cells containing bismuth|
A negative electrode active material for a zinc anode alkaline electrochemical cell includes (i) particles, comprising bismuth, and (ii) powder, comprising zinc. The particles have an average particle size of at most 135 nm..
The present invention provides novel cathodes having a reduced resistivity and other improved electrical properties. Furthermore, this invention also presents methods of manufacturing novel electrochemical cells and novel cathodes.
|Fluorinated electrolyte compositions|
Electrolyte compositions containing a solvent mixture comprising 2,2,-difluoroethyl acetate and ethylene carbonate are described. The electrolyte compositions are useful in electrochemical cells, such as lithium ion batteries..
|Method of protecting transparent nonmetallic electroconductive parts|
A method of protecting a transparent nonmetallic electroconductive part formed by, e.g., ito, on a transparent substrate, e.g., a glass substrate, from electrochemical corrosion, is characterized by coating the transparent nonmetallic electroconductive part with a room-temperature-curable silicone rubber composition that contains from 1 weight-ppm to 30 weight % of a triazole compound, e.g., a 1,2,4-triazole compound or a benzotriazole compound; and thereafter curing the composition.. .
|Intermittent coating of moving surfaces|
A method of intermittently coating a moving surface with paste containing electrochemically active particles by a nozzle having a slot-shaped delivery opening includes supplying paste to the delivery opening from a paste reservoir via a transport channel and regulating paste supply to the delivery opening with a rotatably mounted control axle which enables the paste supply to the delivery opening in a first switching position and, in a second switching position, blocks the transport channel and disconnects a section of the transport channel extending as far as the delivery opening from the paste supply, wherein the rotatably mounted control axle comprises a passage via which the paste reservoir is in communicating connection with the delivery opening in the first switching position and the disconnected section of the transport channel is in communicating connection with the reduced pressure source in the second switching position.. .
|Preparation of lithium carbonate from lithium chloride containing brines|
This invention relates to a method for the preparation of lithium carbonate from lithium chloride containing brines. The method can include a silica removal step, capturing lithium chloride, recovering lithium chloride, supplying lithium chloride to an electrochemical cell and producing lithium hydroxide, contacting the lithium hydroxide with carbon dioxide to produce lithium carbonate..