|| List of recent Surfactant-related patents
A composition for the treatment of acne includes hydrolyzed psoralea corylifolia, containing a component bakuchiol, is solubilized in a water-based solution. The composition is for topical application to the skin.
|Concentrated alkyl ether sulfate amine salt compositions|
Phase stable, concentrated liquid detergent compositions containing from 21% to 74% by weight of at least one alkyl ether sulfate amine salt anionic surfactant are disclosed. The concentrated liquid detergent compositions also include from 2% to 50% by weight nonionic surfactants and contain less than 50% by weight water.
|Compositions for delivering perfume to the skin|
A body wash composition comprising a surfactant, at least about 25% water, a cyclodextrin complex comprising a perfume, wherein 80% of the plurality of perfume raw materials comprise a fdv of at least 0.69.. .
|Crop oil concentrate adjuvants containing amine surfactants|
In agricultural practice it is known to use emulsifiable oils (commonly referred to a crop oil concentrates, coc) as bioefficacy enhancers for pesticides, especially herbicides. Cationic surfactants are widely known to be particularly effective bio-active enhancers for herbicides, especially for glyphosate-type herbicides.
|Stable and non-precipitating aqueous compositions containing the potassium salt of (s)-(+)-abscisic acid, and methods of their preparation and use|
The present invention generally relates to aqueous compositions containing salts of (s)-(+)-abscisic acid, the surfactant atlox™ 4913, and the color stabilizers sodium citrate and sodium acetate, methods of their preparation, and methods of their agricultural use.. .
|Semi-aqueous polymer removal compositions with enhanced compatibility to copper, tungsten, and porous low-k dielectrics|
A composition is provided that is effective for removing post etch treatment (pet) polymeric films and photoresist from semiconductor substrates. The composition exhibits excellent polymer film removal capability while maintaining compatibility with copper and low-κ dielectrics and contains water, ethylene glycol, a glycol ether solvent, morpholinopropylamine and a corrosion inhibiting compound and optionally one or more metal ion chelating agent, one or more other polar organic solvent, one or more tertiary amine, one or more aluminum corrosion inhibition agent, and one or more surfactant..
|Method of preparation for flame retarding composition|
The present invention teaches an acrylic or latex comprising flame retarding composition. The composition comprises: sodium polyacrylates, acrylic polymer solution, silicone surfactant, titanium dioxide pigment, ammonium polyphosphate, mono-pentacrythritol, melamine powder, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyethyl cellulose, ester alcohol, acrylic copolymer emulsion, soda lime borosilicate glass, hydrophobically modified ethylene oxide urethane and distilled water.
|Enhanced performance hydrogen peroxide formulations comprising proteins and surfactants|
Disclosed herein are compositions comprising: an oxidizing agent; a surfactant; and a protein component. Also disclosed are methods of cleaning a surface, the method comprising applying an aqueous solution to the surface, the solution comprising the above compositions..
|Stable lyophilized pharmaceutical preparations of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies|
The invention concerns lyophilized pharmaceutical preparations of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies which contain a sugar or an amino sugar, an amino acid and a surfactant as stabilizers. In addition the invention concerns a process for the production of this stable lyophilisate as well as the use of a sugar or amino sugar, an amino acid and a surfactant as stabilizers for therapeutic or diagnostic agents containing antibodies..
|Composition comprising a non-ionic surfactant and an ionic polymer|
The invention relates to compositions, preferably solid compositions, comprising a non-ionic surfactant and an ionic polymer, methods for their preparation and their use. The compositions are useful inter alia as flocculation auxiliaries for solid-liquid separation processes, for example in sludge dewatering/waste water purification and as retention aids or other additives in paper manufacture..
|Droplet actuators and techniques for droplet-based assays|
Droplet actuators and techniques for droplet-based assays are provided. A method of conducting an assay comprises: incubating a droplet in oil, the droplet comprising an umbelliferone substrate, a sample potentially comprising an enzyme which cleaves the umbelliferone substrate, and a zwitterionic surfactant; and detecting a signal emitted from the droplet..
|Branched viscoelastic surfactant for high-temperature acidizing|
A treatment fluid for use in a subterranean formation penetrated by the wellbore of a well includes: (i) water; (ii) a strong acid; and (iii) a branched viscoelastic surfactant having a hydrophobic portion with a total of 16 to 20 carbons; wherein the ph of the treatment fluid is less than 0.5; and wherein the viscosity of the treatment fluid is less than 5 cp at 40 sec-1. A method of treating a zone of a subterranean formation penetrated by a wellbore includes the steps of forming the treatment; (b) introducing the treatment fluid through the wellbore into the zone; and (c) allowing time for the strong acid in the treatment fluid to spend in the formation.
A particulate material for the production of a cement foam which material includes particles including, attached to the particle surface, a surfactant which renders the particles hydrophilic, the surfactant including a moiety which is hydrolysable under alkaline conditions, which surfactant, after loss of the moiety by alkaline hydrolysis, renders the particles partially hydrophobic.. .
|Foam dye composition comprising at least one particular oxyethylenated nonionic surfactant|
The invention relates to a composition for dyeing human keratin fibres such as the hair, in foam form, comprising at least one alkaline agent, at least one oxidizing agent, at least one oxidation dye precursor and at least one nonionic surfactant of forty (i) r-0-(ch2—ch2-0)n-h (i) in which r represents a linear or branched c10-c18 alkyl or alkenyl radical, n represents a number ranging from 10 to 15. The invention also relates to a process for dyeing human keratin fibres using this composition.
|Method for producing water absorbent resin particles|
There is disclosed a method for producing water-absorbent resin particles, comprising a polymerization step that includes mixing an oily liquid comprising a hydrocarbon dispersing medium and a surfactant, and an aqueous liquid comprising an aqueous solvent and a water-soluble ethylenically unsaturated monomer, forming a suspension comprising an oily liquid and an aqueous liquid dispersed in the oily liquid, and polymerizing the water-soluble ethylenically unsaturated monomer in the suspension. The hlb of the surfactant is 6 or greater, and the temperature of the suspension is kept at 35° c.
|Powdery hydrophilic polymer, method for producing the same, and flocculating agent using same|
Provided is a powdery hydrophilic polymer by aggregating a hydrophilic polymer comprising a water-in-oil emulsion in a liquid form by emulsion breaking and granulating the aggregate, followed by drying. As an emulsion breaker, ionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants having an hlb value of 11 to 20, or oil-soluble polymer compounds having a hydrophilic group and a hydrophobic group can be used.
|Biologically active compositions containing phenolic residue|
A composition for controlling pests. The composition includes an aqueous mixture of at least one phenolic aldehyde and a bisulfite salt with a suitable surfactant and a sufficient amount of the bisulfite salt to solubilize the aldehyde(s).
|Pharmaceutical compositions having desirable bioavailability|
The present invention is directed to the provision of pharmaceutical compositions. The compositions include a therapeutic agent and a relatively low amount of surfactant for providing higher bioavailability of the therapeutic agent.
|Pharmaceutical compositions of silodosin|
The present invention discloses a stable pharmaceutical composition comprising: (a) plurality of granules comprising silodosin or salts thereof and one or more pharmaceutical excipients; and (b) an extragranular portion comprising one or more lubricants and optionally one or more surfactants, wherein the granules are free of partially pregelatinized starch.. .
|Compound and method for treatment of alzheimer's disease|
An isolated protein selected from the group consisting of (i) proteins comprising an amino acid sequence having at least 70% identity to the c-terminal domain of lung surfactant protein c precursor (ctprosp-c, “ctc”) from a mammal; and (ii) proteins comprising an amino acid sequence having at least 70% identity to the brichos domain of ctprosp-c from a mammal, is disclosed for treatment of alzheimer's disease in a mammal, including man.. .
|Structured detergent or cleaning agent having a flow limit|
The invention describes a stable liquid washing agent or liquid cleaning agent having a yield point and very good dispersing properties. The agents contain anionic and nonionic surfactants as well as inorganic salt, at a specific ratio to one another.
A polishing composition of the present invention is used for polishing an object containing a phase-change alloy and is characterized by containing an ionic additive. Examples of the ionic additive include a cationic surfactant, an anionic surfactant, an amphoteric surfactant, and a cationic water-soluble polymer..
|Removable water-dispersible acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive composition and pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet|
The present invention provides an acrylic water-dispersible pressure-sensitive adhesive composition that can prepare a removable adhesive layer having low contamination of an adherent. The acrylic water-dispersible pressure-sensitive removable adhesive composition according to the present invention comprises an acrylic emulsion polymer (a) comprising an alkyl (meth)acrylate ester and a carboxyl group-containing unsaturated monomer as essential raw material constitutive monomers and prepared by polymerization with a reactive surfactant containing no oxyalkylene group..
|Coatings for surfactant-containing bars|
The present invention relates to coating compositions for surfactant-containing bars (e.g., soap bars and dish bars).. .
|Compositions and methods for the treatment of diseases on plants|
The present invention provides a method of treating root rot fungus, particularly armillaria, in plants comprising applying an effective amount of a composition comprising one or more surfactants, one or more alcohols, and one or more high terpene containing oil.. .
|Automotive surface conditioning system|
An automotive surface treatment system can include an aqueous antimicrobial composition which is formulated for use with automotive surfaces and has a volatile organic content no greater than 0.5% by weight. The aqueous antimicrobial composition includes an antimicrobial agent which is a combination of quaternary ammonium salts, a combination of surfactants which is at least one polyoxyalkylene surfactant, a fragrance, water, and at least one of a glycol solvent, a conditioner, a shine enhancer, a moisturizer, and uv protectant.
|Antimicrobial compositions and methods employing same|
An aqueous composition with a higher-than-neutral ph includes a significant amount of one or more surfactants and large amounts of osmotically active solutes. This composition, as well as an acidic counterpart and solid materials, can be used in a variety of applications such as wound care, oral care, medical equipment reprocessing, healthcare acquired infection and implant treatment..
|Oral care compositions|
The present invention relates to oral compositions, comprising select polyethylene oxide-polypropylene oxide block copolymer surfactants. Methods for using the compositions are also disclosed..
|Oral care compositions|
The present invention relates to oral compositions, comprising select polyethylene oxide-polypropylene oxide block copolymer surfactants. Methods for using the compositions are also disclosed..
|Water-based wetness-indicating composition and sensor|
A color-appearing ink composition includes a surfactant blend of at least two non-ionic surfactants having hydrophilic-lipophilic balance values greater than 10, or a non-ionic surfactant having a hydrophilic-lipophilic balance value greater than 10 and a charged surfactant. The composition includes one or more water-insoluble leuco dyes, a developer and a desensitizer.
|Ink set for ink jet recording, and recording apparatus|
An ink set includes a recording ink and a displacement ink. The recording ink contains a pigment, a resin, water, and a first surfactant and is substantially free of alkyl polyols with a normal boiling point of 280° c.
|Inkjet ink, inkjet recording method, and inkjet recording apparatus|
An inkjet ink of the present invention including: water; an organic solvent; a surfactant; and a colorant, wherein the organic solvent comprises the following (1), (2) and (3): (1) at least one polyhydric alcohol having an equilibrium moisture content of 30% by mass or higher at a temperature of 23° c. And humidity of 80% rh; (2) an amide compound expressed by the structural formula (i); (3) a compound expressed by the structural formula (ii); a compound expressed by the structural formula (iii), or a compound represented by the general formula (i), or any combination thereof..
|Combination and modified electrolyte to reduce risk of premature lithium ion battery failure, including in aircraft applications|
A combined system reinforces the safety of lithium ion batteries by redesign of electrolyte and the charging current a) modifying the electrolyte to inhibit or prevent dendrite growth preferably by the addition of lithiated polyphenoxy polyethylene glycol and/or a second surface active compound chosen from the family of fluorosurfactants, and/or a modest amount of lithium or sodium borate, b) modifying the charging cycle by a so-called ripple current in order to inhibit or prevent dendrite growth (ripple current meaning oscillation in the amount of amperage or voltage in the charging cycle), c) programmable battery management systems with temperature and electrical limits integrated in order to eliminate from the circuit and bypass malfunctioning cells based on past performance of the charging cycle and voltage endpoints achieved, d) minimizing any transient currents and voltages into or out of the battery system and e) maintaining a cool atmosphere in the battery space.. .
|Cement slurry compositions and methods|
A cement slurry composition is described as having cement, water, and organic polymeric particles. The composition also includes non-ionic surfactants, which may contain ethoxylate groups or contain both ethoxylate groups and propyxlate groups in the hydrophilic part.
|Phenol-alkoxylate co-solvent surfactant composition|
Provided herein are, inter alia, compositions including a surfactant and a phenol-alkoxylate co-solvent useful in enhanced oil recovery. The compositions and methods provided herein are particularly useful for oil recovery under a broad range of reservoir conditions (e.g.
|System, method and apparatus for manufacturing stable cement slurry for downhole injection|
A method for manufacturing stable lightweight cement slurry in a continuous manner for downhole injection comprising the steps of manufacturing a foamed gas having desired density ranging from about 2.15 to about 2.35 lb/cubic ft. And utilizing foam stabilizing nonionic surfactant.
|Two step method of cleaning, sanitizing, and rinsing a surface|
Methods employing detergent compositions comprising phosphinosuccinic acid oligomers (pso) in combination with a sanitizing rinse aid are disclosed. The methods beneficially clean, sanitize and rinse a surface in an efficient two-step process.
|Hair care products with alkoxylated silicones and cationic silicones|
A foaming hair treatment agent includes alkoxylated silicones and cationic silicones. Together with the production of a fine-pore, creamy, and stable foam, side effects of environmental influences and of oxidative as well as surfactant hair treatments are to be reduced preferably during the oxidative or surfactant hair treatment but also after the oxidative or surfactant hair treatment without impairing the effectiveness of the oxidative or surfactant cosmetics, in particular with respect to color intensity, color fastness, lightening power, or waving effect, and while preventing oil buildup of the keratin fibers and the increased formation of dandruff..
The present invention relates to a fluid composition comprising water and a self-emulsifying cosmetic base consisting of resveratrol, a liquid phosphate ester surfactant, at least one cosmetic oil and optionally a co-emulsifier. The present invention also relates to the process to make such fluids..
|Mixed agrochemical emulsion composition comprising organic phosphorous pesticide and chlorpicrin|
(wherein, r1 represents a c1-4 linear or branched alkyl group; r2 represents a c1-4 linear or branched alkyl group; r3 represents a nitrogenated heterocyclic group which may have a substituent or a group —or4 (wherein r4 represents a nitrogenated heterocyclic group which may have a substituent; and x and y each independently represent an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, wherein y is a sulfur atom when x is an oxygen atom, and y is an oxygen atom when x is a sulfur atom); chloropicrin; and a nonionic surfactant. The composition has excellent storage stability and excellent emulsifying properties in water and can be sprayed and applied conveniently by diluting the composition with water, in spite of a fact that both chloropicrin and the organic phosphorous pesticide, which are effective for the control of pests, are contained..
|Topical pharmaceutical formulations containing a low concentration of benzoyl peroxide in suspension in water and a water-miscible organic solvent|
An aqueous formulation for topical application to the skin comprising water, a water-miscible organic solvent, and benzoyl peroxide, wherein the concentration of the organic solvent is sufficient to provide a stable suspension of benzoyl peroxide in the aqueous formulation without the inclusion of a surfactant in the formulation, wherein the ratio of concentrations of water and organic solvent in the formulation is sufficient to maintain the benzoyl peroxide in saturated solubility in the formulation following application to the skin, and wherein the concentration of benzoyl peroxide in the formulation is less than 5.0% and at least 1.0% w/w. The formulation may further contain a chemical compound in addition to benzoyl peroxide that is effective in the treatment of acne.
|Structured detergent or cleaning agent having a flow limit ii|
The invention describes a stable liquid washing agent or liquid cleaning agent having a yield point and very good dispersing properties. The agents contain anionic and nonionic surfactants as well as inorganic salt and cosurfactant.
|Hard surface cleaning compositions comprising phosphinosuccinic acid adducts and methods of use|
Methods employing detergent compositions effective for reducing hard water scale and accumulation on hard surfaces, namely within food, beverage and pharmaceutical applications are disclosed. The detergent compositions employ phosphinosuccinic acid adducts in combination with an alkalinity source and optionally polymers, surfactants and/or oxidizers, providing alkaline compositions having a ph between about 10 and 13.5..
|Rinse solution for lithography and pattern formation method employing the same|
The present invention provides a rinse solution for lithography and a pattern formation method using the solution. They can improve the pattern collapse, surface roughness and surface defects.
|Method for recycling plate-making processing waste solution|
A method of recycling waste liquid from a plate-making process, including: performing a plate-making process using a development replenisher liquid that includes at least one selected from the group consisting of anionic surfactants having a naphthalene skeleton and nonionic surfactants having a naphthalene skeleton at a total content of from 1% by mass to 10% by mass, includes no or not more than 2% by mass of organic solvent having a boiling point of from 100° c. To 300° c., and has a ph of from 10 to 13; concentrating, by evaporating, the discharged plate-making process waste liquid, such that the ratio of the volume of the plate-making process waste liquid after concentration to the volume of the plate-making process waste liquid before concentration is within a range of from 1/10 to 1/2, thereby separating water vapor; and using the obtained regenerated water as diluent water and/or rinse water..
|Nickel iron battery employing an untreated polyolefin separator with a surfactant in the electrolyte|
Provided is a nickel-iron battery. The battery comprises a positive nickel electrode, an iron negative electrode, an electrolyte comprising a surfactant, and a non-polar separator.
|Optical article comprising a temporary antifog coating based on sorbitan surfactants|
An optical article includes a substrate having a main surface coated with an antireflection coating and, directly contacting the antireflection coating, a precursor coating of an antifog coating obtained through the grafting on the antireflection coating of at least one compound b bearing a polyoxyalkylene group, the coating precursor of the antifog coating being coated with a surfactant film so as to form an antifog coating. The surfactant film contains at least one surfactant a having a sorbitan ring hydroxyl groups functionalized with oh-terminated polyoxyalkylene groups and r1 groups of formula: —(rdo)z—(y)n2—r′, in which rd is an alkylene group, z is an integer >1, y is a divalent group, n2 is 0 or 1 and r′ is a saturated hydrocarbon group having 12 to 1 9, preferably 1 3 to 19 carbon atoms.
Acidic aqueous compositions for elimination of spores of spore forming bacteria comprise from about 100 to about 2000 ppm dissolved chlorine dioxide and a surfactant system having both a wetting effect and a spore solubilising effect.. .
|Topical dermal delivery compositions using self assembling nanoparticles with cetylated components|
The invention, a transdermal delivery method, relates to penetration-enhancing pharmaceutical compositions comprising a novel, stable mixture of cetylated esters, cetyl or stearyl alcohols, polar solvents and surfactants, which, under appropriate conditions, combine into amphiphilic nanoparticles within a stabilized liquid dispersion for use in delivery of medicinal agents through the skin. The term cetosomes is used to describe these particles in order to differentiate them from other nanoparticles, such as niosomes, cerasomes, polymeric micelles, dendrimers, liposomes, lipoids, solid lipid nanoparticles and other particles.
A stomatological composition is provided. The stomatological composition is capable of stably compounding an antibody obtained from a hen egg yolk, and preventing diseases in an oral cavity such as odontonecrosis and periodontal disease from occurring, or improving such diseases in the oral cavity.
|Asphaltene based photovoltaic devices|
Photovoltaic devices and methods of making the same, are disclosed herein. The cell comprises a photovoltaic device that comprises a first electrically conductive layer comprising a photo-sensitized electrode; at least one photoelectrochemical layer comprising metal-oxide particles, an electrolyte solution comprising at least one asphaltene fraction, wherein the metal-oxide particles are optionally dispersed in a surfactant; and a second electrically conductive layer comprising a counter-electrode, wherein the second electrically conductive layer comprises one or more conductive elements comprising carbon, graphite, soot, carbon allotropes or any combinations thereof..
|Drill cuttings re-injection|
A method for re-injecting formation solids into a subsurface formation includes obtaining a volume of solid particles from drilling returns, and then obtaining an aqueous operations fluid comprising at least one surfactant. Mixing a volume of the operations fluid with the volume of solid particles to form a slurry which is injected into a disposal well which includes a naf filter cake.
|Low alkaline low temperature ware wash detergent for protein removal and reducing scale build-up|
Caustic-free detergent compositions are provided. Detergent compositions including an aminocarboxylate, water conditioning agent, non-caustic source of alkalinity and water beneficially do not require the use of additional surfactants and/or polymers to provide suitable detergency and prevent scale build-up on treated surfaces and enhance protein removal from the treated surfaces.
|Process for treating keratin fibres with input of heat|
A process for treating keratin fibres may include applying a hair treatment composition to the keratin fibres. The composition may comprise at least one of fatty substances, surfactants, polymers with a glass transition temperature (tg) ranging from about 40° c.
|Cosmetic composition comprising an anionic surfactant, a nonionic or amphoteric surfactant and a solid fatty alcohol, and cosmetic treatment process|
The present invention relates to a composition for washing and conditioning keratin materials, comprising, in a physiologically acceptable medium: a) one or more anionic surfactants, b) one or more surfactants chosen from nonionic surfactants, and amphoteric or zwitterionic surfactants, and c) one or more solid branched fatty alcohols containing more than 25 carbon atoms. The invention also relates to the use of the said composition for washing and conditioning keratin materials, and to a process for washing and conditioning keratin materials using it..
|Compositions comprising salbutamol sulphate|
A pharmaceutical composition is described that is suitable for delivery from a pressurised container. The composition is free of polar excipients and comprises: (a) a propellant component that consists essentially of 1,1-difluoroethane (r-152a); (b) a surfactant component that comprises oleic acid; and (c) a drug component that consists of salbutamol sulphate.
|Additive for asphalt mixes containing reclaimed bituminous products|
The present invention relates to a method of improving the incorporation of recycled bituminous products by using at least one surfactant as an alternative to the known rejuvenating oils, for the preparation of asphalt mixes containing recycled bituminous products. The use of such alternative surfactant(s) results in better mechanical properties of the asphalt mix, while using smaller amounts of fresh bitumen and greater amounts of recycled bituminous products..
|Compositions and methods for providing a benefit|
Compositions and methods useful for providing one or more benefits, including a color rejuvenation and/or color maintenance benefit to a fabric are disclosed. The disclosed compositions contain at least one cationic polymer.
|Method of laundering a fabric|
A method of laundering a fabric, comprising the steps of; (i) contacting a fabric with a lipid esterase; (ii) contacting the fabric from step (i) with a cationically charged fabric softening active, wherein the cationically charged fabric softening active is a substrate for the lipid esterase; (iii) contacting the fabric from step (ii) with a laundry detergent composition, wherein the laundry detergent composition comprises an anionic surfactant, wherein the anionic surfactant is present at the ratio of anionic surfactant to fabric on a weight to weight basis of from 1:200 to 1:500.. .
|Method of laundering a fabric|
A method of laundering a fabric comprising the steps of; (i) contacting the fabric with a lipid esterase selected from class e.c. 188.8.131.52, class e.c.
|Extended surfactant for emulsion polymerization|
N is 1 to 50.. .
|Water repellent for concrete|
The invention provides a water repellent composition for treating porous substrates comprising an emulsion which includes water, at least one surfactant, and a siloxane copolymer having the formula (i) wherein r is an alkyl radical having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; a has a value of from 1 to 12; r′ is an alkyl radical having 8 to 12 carbon atoms, b≧2; (a+b) is at least 5. This composition shows a good depth of penetration of porous substrates especially reinforced concrete and has a low volatile organic content to astm d 5095..
|Dishwasher rinse aids and detergents|
Rinse aids and dishwashing agents that contain anionic surfactant(s) having at least one sulfate group or sulfonate group, as well as nonionic surfactant(s), produce very good drying of the dishes cleaned in an automatic dishwashing method. The automatic dishwashing agents additionally contain polycarboxylic acid in combination with methyglycinediacetic acid or glutaminediacetic acid or ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid, or salts thereof..
|Paint, in particular for temporary road markings, containing biodegradable polymers|
The invention relates to removable temporary paint having a release agent including a non-ionic surfactant and having a ph of 3 to 6. The paint includes: 10 wt % to 50 wt % of a natural alkyd resin in an aqueous emulsion, the alkyd resin having a molar mass mp of 3,000 g/mol to 100,000 g/mol, a polydispersity index lp of 1 to 20, an oil length of 20% to 40%, and an acid index of 10 to 35; at least one inorganic filler and/or pigment; and a sufficient amount of water.
|Mild cosmetic cleansing composition|
In which r1 denotes a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated alkyl residue having 6 to 30 carbon atoms, at least one of the residues r2 to r5 denotes a c1-c4 alkyl residue, and the other residues independently of one another denote a hydrogen atom or a c1-c4 alkyl residue, and m+ denotes an ammonium, alkanolammonium or metal cation, b) 2 to 10 wt. % of at least one amphoteric and/or zwitterionic surfactant and c) 0.5 to 10 wt.
|Paraffinic oil and class b gibberellin biosynthesis inhibitor compositions|
This disclosure features combinations that include a paraffinic oil and a class b gibberellin biosynthesis inhibitor. The combinations can further include (but are not limited to) one or more of the following: one or more emulsifiers, one or more pigments, one or more silicone surfactants, one or more anti-settling agents, and water.
|Method for producing metal substrate for flue gas denitration catalyst|
A metal substrate for flue gas-denitration catalyst that, like sus304, can be used without corroding is provided by improving the corrosion resistance of sus430 substrate that is inexpensive and can easily be supplied stably. A method for producing the metal substrate for flue gas-denitration catalyst, wherein the method comprising the steps of: lath-processing a band-shaped steel plate made of ferrite stainless steel into a band-shaped metal lath; (1) degreasing process oil adhering to the metal lath; (2) passing the metal lath through a solution containing phosphoric acid and surfactant to load the solution; (3) draining off the excess solution; and (4) drying and heating the solution-loaded metal lath to react the phosphoric acid with the substrate, in which respective steps are carried out sequentially to form a film of phosphate compound on a surface of the substrate..