|| List of recent Surface Treatment-related patents
| Surface treatment method for magnetic particles, magnetic composite prepared thereby, and magnetic composite for labeling target materials|
The present invention relates to a surface treatment method for magnetic particles, a magnetic composite prepared thereby, and a magnetic composite for labeling target materials. More specifically, the invention relates to a surface treatment method for magnetic particles and a magnetic composite having excellent dispersibility prepared thereby, wherein the surface treatment method comprises the steps of: performing the acid-treatment of magnetic particles and mixing the acid-treated magnetic particles with a water-soluble solvent in order to form a hydroxyl group (—oh) on the surface of the magnetic particles; and mixing the magnetic particles, in which the hydroxyl group is formed, with a surface treatment agent containing an organic ligand, which can be bonded to the hydroxyl group, so that the organic ligand is treated on the surface of the magnetic particles..
| Golf club head with textured striking face|
A golf club head includes a heel portion, a toe portion, a hosel, and a striking face. The striking face includes a plurality of scorelines each having an average depth no less than about 0.10 mm, a plurality of first micro-grooves each having an average depth no greater than about 0.010 mm, and a plurality of second micro-grooves overlaid on the first micro-grooves, each of the second micro-grooves having an average depth greater than the average depth of the first micro-grooves.
| Golf club head with textured striking face|
A golf club head includes a heel portion, a toe portion, a hosel, and a striking face. The striking face includes a plurality of scorelines each having an average depth no less than about 0.10 mm, a plurality of micro-grooves each having an average depth no greater than about 0.010 mm, and a plurality of textured surface treatment regions superimposed on the micro-grooves so as to at least partially intersect the micro-grooves..
| Hardmask surface treatment|
Compositions suitable for forming oxymetal hardmask layers are provided. Methods of forming oxymetal hardmask layers using such compositions are also provided, where the surface of the oxymetal hardmask layer formed has a water contact angle substantially matched to that of subsequently applied organic coatings..
| Non-photosensitive siloxane coating for processing hydrophobic photoimageable nozzle plate|
A method of forming a patterned photoresist layer having a hydrophobic surface is provided. The method includes forming a photoresist layer on a substrate and image patterning.
| Hardmask surface treatment|
Methods of treating the surface of a metal-containing hardmask used in the manufacture of semiconductors by contacting the hardmask surface with a composition capable of adjusting the water contact angle so as to substantially match that of subsequently applied organic coatings are provided.. .
| Duct fitting apparatus with reduced flow pressure loss and method of formation thereof|
A duct fitting apparatus comprising a duct fitting having an aspect ratio of generally 1:1 at each end and transitioning toward a middle section having a non-uniform aspect ratio up to about 2.4:1. The transition section may have an elliptical cross-sectional shape.
An object of the present invention is to obtain a dispersion in which a water-repellent inorganic powder is dispersed in water. The dispersion can be handled easily because the dispersion medium is water.
|Low grammage recording medium|
The present disclosure provides low grammage recording media, and associated methods and systems. In one example, a low grammage recording medium can comprise a raw base paper having a basis weight of 65 gsm or less, the raw base paper comprising wood fiber and 2 wt % to 10 wt % filler including calcium carbonate.
|Dental fillers including a phosphorus-containing surface treatment, and compositions and methods thereof|
The present application provides dental fillers, and methods of making and using dental fillers that include a treated surface that includes phosphorus and a divalent cation. Dental compositions including such dental fillers can be useful for delivering ions to the oral environment..
|Rotation and revolution magnetic stirring device for producing conductive gold balls|
An autorotation and revolution magnetic stirring device for producing conductive golden particles comprises a mounting holder, a rotary electric motor, a flask, a magnetic stirrer, and a magnetic rotor. The rotary electric motor is fixed to the mounting holder.
|Semiconductor devices and methods of manufacture thereof|
Semiconductor devices and methods of manufacture thereof are disclosed. In one embodiment, a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device includes providing a workpiece including an insulating material layer disposed thereon.
|Post-passivation interconnect structure and methods for forming the same|
A method includes forming a polymer layer over a passivation layer, wherein the passivation layer further comprises a portion over a metal pad. The polymer layer is patterned to form an opening in the polymer layer, wherein exposed surfaces of the polymer layer have a first roughness.
|Chemical conversion treatment agent for surface treatment of metal substrate, and surface treatment method of metal substrate using same|
X represents an integer of 1 to 3].. .
|Surface treatment method for stainless steel and housing made from the treated stainless steel|
A surface treatment method for stainless steel as a colorful and smooth housing includes the steps of: a base layer including titanium is deposited on the stainless steel substrate by multi-arc ion plating. An aluminum transition layer is deposited on the titanium base layer by multi-arc ion plating, and an outermost layer including aluminum is deposited on the transition layer by magnetron sputtering.
|Masking method used in surface treatment process|
A masking method used in a surface treating process is disclosed. The masking method includes the following steps: preparing paint, coating the paint on inner surfaces of a hole in a workpiece, and curing the paint, thereby forming a protection coating layer on the inner surfaces of the hole to protect the inner surfaces of the hole during a surface treatment process.
|Wettable silicone hydrogel contact lenses and related compositions and methods|
Silicone hydrogel contact lenses having ophthalmically acceptable surface wettabilities are obtained from pre-extracted polymerized silicone hydrogel contact lens products having relatively large amounts of removable or extractable materials. The silicone hydrogel contact lenses can be obtained from non-polar resin based contact lens molds and without surface treatments or an interpenetrating polymeric network of a polymeric wetting agent.
|Surface treatment for bsi image sensors|
A backside illumination image sensor structure comprises an image sensor formed adjacent to a first side of a semiconductor substrate, wherein a first dielectric layer formed over the first side of the semiconductor substrate and an interconnect layer formed over the first dielectric layer. The image sensor structure further comprises a backside illumination film formed over a second side of the semiconductor substrate and a first silicon halogen compound layer formed between the second side of the semiconductor substrate and the backside illumination film..
|Printed circuit board and surface treatment method of printed circuit board|
According to the present invention, the surface treatment of the package board or interposer board having an ultra-fine pitch (300 μm or less) may be easily implemented by a cheap process. In addition, the surface treatment of the printed circuit board may be eco-friendly performed by using the pb-free solder, and it may be easy to surface treat the package board or interposer board based on the organic material sensitive to a high temperature..
|Surface treatment method for semiconductor device|
A surface treatment method for a semiconductor device includes providing a substrate where a plurality of projected patterns are formed, forming a hydrophobic coating layer on a surface of each of the plurality of projected patterns, rinsing the substrate with deionized water, and drying the substrate, wherein the hydrophobic coating layer is formed using a coating agent that includes phosphate having more than one hydrocarbon group, phosphonate having more than one hydrocarbon group, or a mixture thereof.. .
|Surface treatment methods and systems for substrate processing|
Embodiments provided herein describe methods and systems for processing substrates. A plasma including radical species and charged species is generated.
|Method to control depth profiles of dopants using a remote plasma source|
Methods and apparatus for processing using a remote plasma source are disclosed. The apparatus includes an outer chamber enclosing a substrate support, a remote plasma source, and a showerhead.
|Seperator for fuel cell|
A separator for a fuel cell includes a metal plate which defines a passage and a manifold, frames having gaskets which are integrated therewith using injection, and a bonding unit for bonding the frames to the metal plate. The gaskets may be differently formed.
|Bicycle component comprising a body made from aluminium and a body made from composite material, and method for manufacturing such a component|
The invention relates to a bicycle component, for example a rim, comprising a body made from aluminium and a body made from composite material coupled with a first surface portion of the body made from aluminium. Such a first surface portion has been subjected to a deoxidation surface treatment.
|Devices and methods for the regeneration of bony defects|
This invention relates to methods for producing a composite bone graft material that can regenerate bony defects in the body. The invention further relates to methods that allow for the production of bioactive glass particles used in the composite that have been surface treated to allow for the production of a highly porous composite that can hold significant amounts of body fluid or other molecules that will aid in the regenerative process.
|Reduction of underfill filler settling in integrated circuit packages|
Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to techniques and configurations for an integrated circuit (ic) package having an underfill layer with filler particles arranged in a generally random distribution pattern. In some embodiments, a generally random distribution pattern of filler particles may be obtained by reducing an electrostatic charge on one or more components of the ic package assembly, by applying a surface treatment to filler to reduce filler electrical charge, by applying an electric force against the filler particles of the underfill material in a direction opposite to a direction of gravitational force, by using an underfill material with a relatively low maximum filler particle size, and/or by snap curing the underfill layer at a relatively low temperature.
|Oxide semiconductor device and surface treatment method of oxide semiconductor|
Oxygen defects formed at the boundary between the zinc oxide type oxide semiconductor and the gate insulator are terminated by a surface treatment using sulfur or selenium as an oxygen group element or a compound thereof, the oxygen group element scarcely occurring physical property value change. Sulfur or selenium atoms effectively substitute oxygen defects to prevent occurrence of electron supplemental sites by merely applying a gas phase or liquid phase treatment to an oxide semiconductor or gate insulator with no remarkable change on the manufacturing process.
|Surface treatment by chlorinated plasma in a bonding method|
Placing the treated surfaces in contact.. .
|Surface treatment process for implantable medical device|
A surface treatment process for improving the hydrophilicity of at least part of an implantable medical device. The process comprises applying to the surface of the implantable medical device a solution of a non-ionic substance having at least one polar covalently-bonded group and drying the implantable medical device to form a hydrophilic deposition of the substance on the surface of the implantable medical device..
|Fluorinated block copolymer and process for its production, and surface treatment agent|
A fluorinated block copolymer having rf groups with at most 6 carbon atoms, and a surface treatment agent containing such a copolymer, whereby a coating film excellent in both static liquid repellency and dynamic liquid repellency can be formed. The fluorinated block copolymer comprises a fluorinated moiety (a) having units (a) derived from a specific fluorinated monomer and a non-fluorinated moiety (b) having units (b) derived from a non-fluorinated monomer, wherein to all units, the proportion of the above units (a) is from 15 to 40 mol %, and the proportion of the above units (b) is from 60 to 85 mol %; a process for its production; and a surface treatment agent containing the fluorinated block copolymer..
|Surface treatment method|
A method of treating a grass-carrying surface, the method comprising applying to the g carrying surface: (a) a compound of formula (i): or a derivative salt thereof wherein l is a linking group; each of r1, r2 and r3 is independently selected from an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, aryl or alkoxy group; r4 is oxygen or an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aryl group; each of r5 and r6 is an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aryl group; and n is 0 or 1; (b) at least one cationic biocide; (c) a hydrocarbyl saccharide compound; and (d) a nonionic surfactant.. .
|Print medium surface treatment|
A print medium surface treatment includes a first composition that includes a filler, and a polymer that is non-film forming until it is subjected to film forming conditions. The first composition has a charge density that is large enough to promote crashing of particulate colorants of an ink and low enough to avoid crashing of the filler..
|Interconnect structure and fabrication method|
A carbon-containing dielectric layer can be formed on a substrate. A protective layer can be formed on the carbon-containing dielectric layer to prevent carbon loss from the carbon-containing dielectric layer by performing a surface treatment to the carbon-containing dielectric layer using a gas at least containing silicon and hydrogen.
|Interconnect structure and fabrication method|
An interconnect structure and fabrication method are provided. A substrate can include a semiconductor device disposed therein.
|Combinatorial processing using a remote plasma source|
Methods and apparatus for processing using a remote plasma source are disclosed. The apparatus includes an outer chamber, a remote plasma source, and a showerhead.
|Cosmetic and protective metal surface treatments|
An article having a metal surface is treated to have one or more desired optical effects. The surface is anodized to create an anodic film having pores therein.
|Surface treatment of a metal part|
A process for the surface treatment of a metal part comprises: exposing a surface (1) of the metal part to a stream of substantially spherical particles, so that any portion of said surface receives said particles along several primary incidences, the primary incidences of the particles on a portion of the surface being essentially distributed in a cone or a conical film which has an outer half apex angle between 10° and 45°, until a surface layer (3) of nanostructures having an average thickness of several tens of microns is obtained, the particles having a diameter of less than 2 mm and greater than 0.1 mm and being projected at a speed between 40 m/s and 100 m/s. A thermochemical treatment is then applied, in particular a low-temperature treatment of the nitriding type or a high-temperature treatment of the low-pressure carbonitriding type..
|Preparing chloride-free polyethyleneimines|
Polyalkyleneimines obtained by such methods and formulations thereof likewise form part of the subject matter of the invention, especially those having a low proportion of chloride-containing compounds. Such polyalkyleneimines have uses in the field of medical technology, printing media, wastewater treatment, surface treatment, cosmetics, laundry detergents, biotechnology, packaging, electronics, paper, building construction chemistry, textiles, chromatography, ion exchangers, oil industry, ceramics, glass, membrane technology, catalysts, electroplating, biocides or wood protection.
|Silicon dioxide sol, surface treatment method for metal substrate using the silicon dioxide sol and article manufactured by the same|
A silicon dioxide sol comprises tetraethyl silicate, dimethylformamide, 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane, absolute ethanol, hydrochloric acid, and water. A surface treatment method for metal substrate using the silicon dioxide sol and a coated article manufactured by the method is also provided, the resulting coating providing significantly better anti-corrosion and anti-wear properties..
|Polydimethyl siloxane sol, surface treatment method for metal substrate using the polydimethyl siloxane sol and article manufactured by the method|
A polydimethyl siloxane sol includes polydimethyl siloxane, isopropyl alcohol, ethanol, fumed silicon dioxide, hydrochloric acid, and water. A surface treatment method for a metal substrate using the polydimethyl siloxane sol and a coated article manufactured by the method is also provided..
|Method for producing laminated porous film|
The present invention provides a method for producing a laminated porous film comprising a porous film substrate and a heat-resistant layer. The method comprises forming a heat-resistant layer mainly comprising a filler on the surface of the porous film substrate by applying a coating slurry comprising a solvent, a binder resin and the filler to the surface of the porous film substrate and then removing the solvent, wherein the coating slurry is prepared so as to have a contact angle of 75° or more with an untreated porous film substrate, and the method comprises conducting surface treatment of a porous film substrate so that the contact angle of the coating slurry with the porous film substrate can be 65° or less before applying the coating slurry to the surface of the porous film substrate..
|Aqueous alcoholic microbicidal compositions comprising copper ions|
Liquid treatment compositions comprise (or in certain preferred embodiments may consist essentially of, or may consist of): a copper source material which releases copper ions into the treatment composition, at least one alcohol which independently of other constituents present exhibits a microbicidal effect, at least one quaternary ammonium compound which provides a microbicidal benefit, optionally but very preferably also at least one detersive surfactant, further optionally one or more further constituents which impart one or more advantageous technical or aesthetic benefits to the compositions, including one or more detersive surfactants, and water, wherein the compositions are at a ph such that the surface treatment compositions, exhibit a microbicidal or germicidal or antimicrobial effect on treated inanimate surfaces or when used to treat an airspace, e.g. Ambient air, characterized in exhibiting a microbicidal benefit when tested against one or more challenge microorganisms, preferably against poliovirus type 1 sabin (“pv1”), according to one or more of the following standardized test protocols: astm e1052 standard test method for efficacy of antimicrobial agents against viruses in suspension, or astm e1053 standard test method to assess virucidal activity of chemicals intended for disinfection of inanimate, nonporous environmental surfaces, or european standard surface test, en13697, or aoac germicidal spray products as disinfectant test method, aoac index, 17th ed.
|Antireflection substrate structure and manufacturing method thereof|
A manufacturing method of antireflection substrate structure includes: providing a silicon wafer having a first rough surface; forming an antireflection optical film on the silicon wafer, wherein the antireflection optical film conformally overlays the first rough surface; performing a surface treatment on the antireflection optical film so that the antireflection optical film has a hydrophilic surface, and the hydrophilic surface is relatively far away from the silicon wafer; dropping a colloidal solution on the hydrophilic surface of the antireflection optical film, wherein the colloidal solution includes a solution and multiple nano-balls and the nano-balls are adhered onto the hydrophilic surface; and performing an etching process on the hydrophilic surface of the antireflection optical film by taking the nano-balls as an etching mask so as to form a second rough surface, wherein the roughness of the second rough surface is different from the roughness of the first rough surface.. .
|Surface treatment method for flexible substrate|
A surface treatment method for a flexible substrate is provided. A flexible insulation substrate is provided.
|Ultraviolet ray curable ink composition for use in ink jet method and printed object|
An ultraviolet ray curable ink composition adapted to be ejected by using an ink jet method is provided. The ultraviolet ray curable ink composition includes a polymerizable compound and metal powder.
|Ultraviolet ray curable ink composition for use in ink jet method and printed object|
An ultraviolet ray curable ink composition adapted to be ejected by using an ink jet method is provided. The ultraviolet ray curable ink composition includes a polymerizable compound, metal powder, and a liquid component having an alicyclic structure including a hetero atom.
|Surface treatment process for glass containers|
A glass container and a process for chemically modifying a surface portion of a glass container using an ion-exchange process. At least a portion of the glass container is immersed in or in contact with an aqueous electrolyte solution comprising salts of at least one group ia alkali metal and having a temperature of about 75 degrees celsius such that exchangeable alkali metal ions in a surface portion of the glass container are exchanged or replaced by alkali metal ions in the electrolyte solution.
|Surface treatment method for making high durability universal titanium dioxide rutile pigment|
A method is provided for the wet surface treatment of titanium dioxide, in order to produce durable universal grade titanium dioxide rutile pigment with superior optical properties. The method is characterized in that, a hydrous zirconia and silica composite layer is co-precipitated at acidic ph.
|System and method for surface treatment and barrier coating of fibers for in situ cnt growth|
A system for synthesizing carbon nanotubes (cnt) on a fiber material includes a surface treatment system adapted to modify the surface of the fiber material to receive a barrier coating upon which carbon nanotubes are to be grown, a barrier coating application system downstream of the surface treatment system adapted to apply the barrier coating to the treated fiber material surface, and a barrier coating curing system downstream of the barrier coating application systems for partially curing the applied barrier coating to enhance reception of cnt growth catalyst nanoparticles.. .
|Method of forming semiconductor fins|
An improved method of forming semiconductor fins is disclosed. Cavities are formed by etching a semiconductor substrate to a first depth.
|Resin composition for a surface treatment, and steel sheet coated with same|
Provided are a resin composition for surface treatment and a surface-treated steel sheet coated therewith. The resin composition for surface treatment includes a dispersing element having excellent thermal conductivity and heat dissipation, thereby maintaining physical properties of the conventional anti-fingerprint steel sheet, for example, high whiteness, fingerprint resistance, workability, electric conductivity and alkali resistance, and providing heat dissipation.
|Aqueous microbicidal compositions comprising copper ions|
Largely aqueous, liquid inanimate surface treatment compositions which impart a microbicidal benefit to treated surfaces which compositions comprise (or in certain preferred embodiments may consist essentially of, or may consist of): a copper source material which releases copper ions into the treatment composition, 0% wt. And up to but excluding 20% wt.
|Holding device for at least one-rim like body|
The present invention relates to a holding device for at least one rim-like body for the surface treatment of the at least one rim-like body, in particular for painting it by means of a spraying device or a spraying tool, the holding device comprising a stand frame, at least one bearing element which is mounted on the stand frame such that it can be rotated or pivoted around a rotation axis, and at least one holding element which is mounted on the bearing element such that it can be rotated or pivoted around a rotation axis and to which the at least one rim-like body can be fastened.. .
|Refillable material transfer system|
A material transfer system for storing, transferring and dispensing viscous material, such as fluids and liquids, includes a material containment vessel with an upper region incorporating a motive force and a bottom region with a material ingress and egress opening. A diconical or other shaped force transfer device is located in the material containment area.
|Method of surface treatment for zirconia dental implants|
A method of surface treatment for zirconium oxide implants and the etching formula for the same are disclosed. The processes are carried out at room temperature.
|Adhesive structure, surface treating agent, and method of separating the same|
An adhering structure is disclosed. The adhering structure includes an adhering member, an adhesive layer, and a surface treatment layer sandwiched between the adhering member and the adhesive.
|Polymer and method for producing same|
Provided are a polymer having low cytotoxicity and capable of imparting surface hydrophilicity and biocompatibility to medical device surfaces by simple processing, a method for producing the polymer, and a surface treatment agent for medical devices. The polymer of the present invention has a particular ratio of structural units represented by the formulae (1a) and (1b), and a particular weight average molecular weight, and is useful as a surface treatment agent for various medical devices..
|Surface treatment in the formation of interconnect structure|
A ultra-violet (uv) treatment is performed on an exposed surface of a low-k dielectric layer and an exposed surface of a metal line. After the uv treatment, an organo-metallic soak process is performed on the exposed surface of the low-k dielectric layer and the exposed surface of the metal line.
|Method for surface treatment|
A method for surface treatment is disclosed which relates to the technical field of producing thin-film devices by printing and solves the problem that the treatment of a substrate surface in the prior art can hardly meet the requirement for printing. The method for surface treatment includes a step of subjecting a surface of a base plate having at least two kinds of substrate patterns formed thereon to a surface treatment for forming a self-assembled monomolecular layer for at least once and a surface treatment by ultraviolet-ozone cleaning, so as to make the difference between the surface energies of the substrate patterns larger or smaller.
|Sports equipment comprising diffused titanium nitride|
A method for diffusing titanium and nitride into a sports equipment component. The method generally includes the steps of providing a sports equipment component providing a salt bath which includes sodium dioxide and a salt selected from the group consisting of sodium cyanate and potassium cyanate; dispersing metallic titanium formed by electrolysis of a titanium compound in the bath; heating the salt bath to a temperature ranging from about 430° c.
|Printhead having apertures for application of a surface treatment fluid|
A printhead enables surface treatment fluid to be applied to the face of the printhead through at least one aperture located in the printhead faceplate. The printhead receives pressurized surface treatment fluid, which flows through a reservoir in the printhead, through at least one channel in the jet stack, and out the at least one aperture onto the surface of the faceplate.
|Method of fabricating dielectric layer and shallow trench isolation|
A method of fabricating a dielectric layer includes the following steps. At first, a dielectric layer is formed on a substrate, and a chemical mechanical polishing (cmp) process is performed on the dielectric layer.
|Surface treatment device and method|
Disclosed is a surface treatment device with a robust nozzle configuration. The device includes a nozzle for ejecting a primary stream of combustible substance to a gaseous atmosphere in an ejection direction; an ignition unit configured to ignite the primary stream in a point of ignition; and an impermeable shield providing a planar surface that is substantially opposite to the ejection direction and has in front of the nozzle a hole that allows passage of the primary stream.
|Aqueous alcoholic microbicidal compositions comprising copper ions|
Compositions which impart a microbicidal benefit to treated surfaces which compositions comprise (or in certain preferred embodiments may consist essentially of, or may consist of): a copper source material which releases copper ions into the treatment composition, preferably a source of cu(i) and/or cu(ii) ions; preferably at least from about 20% wt. Of at least one alcohol, which is preferably a lower alkyl monohydric alcohol) and water, optionally one or more further surfactants, further optionally one or more constituents which impart one or more advantageous technical or aesthetic benefits to the compositions, including one or more detersive surfactants, and water, wherein the composition has a ph of at least 4, preferably at least 5, wherein the surface treatment compositions, exhibit a microbicidal or germicidal or antimicrobial effect on treated inanimate surfaces or when used to treat an airspace, e.g.
|Trochoidal rotary device|
Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed toward a system including a trochoidal rotary device. The trochoidal rotary device includes a housing comprising an inner surface, a rotor having at least one bearing recess, a shaft eccentrically mounted to the rotor, wherein the shaft and the rotor are integrated with one another, and at least one bearing disposed between the bearing recess of the rotor and the inner surface of the hollow housing, wherein at least one of the inner surface of the hollow housing, the bearing recess of the rotor, and the at least one bearing comprise a bearing interface comprises a surface treatment..
|Burnishing tool and method for burnishing|
A method for providing a surface treatment along the surface of a work piece, using a burnishing tool having a tool head comprising a bearing for supporting a rolling element and an encasement for supporting the bearing. The bearing is formed from a polymer or polymer resin such as, but not limited to, polytetrafluoroethylene based resin, ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene based resin..
|Robotic surface treatment device|
A robotic surface treatment device includes at least two wheels, at least two electric motors, wherein one electric motor is connected to one corresponding wheel via a motor shaft, at least two treatment pads, wherein at least one treatment pad is attached to a bottom surface of a corresponding wheel, a main controller positioned on top of and in connection with drive controllers positioned on top of each electric motor, a plurality of sensors integrated in the main controller, and a rechargeable battery connected to the main controller. At least one treatment fluid tank may be positioned on the robotic surface treatment device, and at least one treatment fluid tube may extend from a bottom surface of the treatment fluid tank to a bottom surface of the robotic surface treatment device.
|Method and apparatus for bonding functional groups to the surface of a substrate|
A surface treatment method, machine, and system are disclosed for treating the surface of a substrate by providing a plasma jet generator that directs plasma through a gaseous composition to decompose the gaseous composition into functional groups. A carbon fiber substrate is disclosed that is treated by a plasma jet generator that is directed toward the surface through steam.
|Surface treatment agent with high photocatalytic and sanitary effects|
Surface treatment agent with high photocatalytic and sanitary effects based on tio2 nanoparticles comprising 10 to 500 g of tio2nanoparticles per 1 liter of water, and binding ingredient a, which is an inorganic binder selected from the group comprising zno, mgo, cao, ca(oh)2, mg(oh)2, caco3, mgco3, na2co3, k2co3 in the amount of 0.1 to 10% by weight related to the n weight of tio2. Agent for treatment of surfaces for application on surfaces, which comprise a minimum of 50% of substances selected from the group formed by caco3, mgco3 zno, mgo, cao, ca(oh)2, mg(oh)2 or their mixtures, where the agent contains 10 to 500 g of tio2 nanoparticles per 1 liter of water, and optionally contains a minimum of 0.1 wt % h2co3 related to the weight of tio2..
|Sprayable, aqueous alcoholic microbicidal compositions comprising copper ions|
Disclosed are pressurized surface treatment compositions which impart a microbicidal benefit to treated surfaces which compositions comprise (or in certain preferred embodiments may consist essentially of, or may consist of): a copper source material which releases copper ions into the treatment composition, preferably a source of cu(i) and/or cu(ii) ions, at least lower alkyl aliphatic monohydric alcohol which independently of other constituents present exhibits a microbicidal effect, a propellant; and, water. The compositions may further optionally include one or more further optional constituents such as a detersive surfactant and/or minor amounts of one or more constituents which impart one or more advantageous technical or aesthetic benefits to the compositions, including one or more detersive surfactants wherein the compositions have ph of at least 5.
|Wheel nut and method of manufacturing wheel nut|
Disclosed herein is a method of manufacturing a wheel nut. The method includes annealing an aluminum (al) alloy material and preheating the annealed al alloy material.