|| List of recent Surface Treatment-related patents
|Surface treatment of a semiconductor light emitting device|
A method according to embodiments of the invention includes roughening (fig. 6) a surface (58) of a semiconductor structure (46-48, fig.
|Surface treatment agent for aluminum heat exchangers and surface treatment method|
A surface treatment agent for aluminum heat exchangers, which includes a zirconium element, vanadium element, fluorine element, aluminum element and an acrylic polymer, with the concentration of zirconium element in terms of zirconium being 100-100,000 ppm by mass, the concentration of vanadium element in terms of vanadium being 50-100,000 ppm by mass, the fluorine element concentration being 125-125,000 ppm by mass, the concentration of aluminum element in terms of aluminum being 5-10,000 ppm by mass and the concentration of the acrylic polymer being 100-100,000 ppm by mass. The surface treatment agent has a ph of 0.5-3, and suppresses odor generated from an aluminum heat exchanger, and the generation of white rust that deposits on the surface of an aluminum fin..
|Device for holding and centering elongated objects during rotational surface treatment|
The present invention relates to a device (1), such as a chuck intended for connection to a drive unit, intended to hold elongated objects (11) such as fishing rod parts in conjunction with surface treatment. The device (1) is comprised of at least one first inner part (9) and at least one outer second part (10) which are pivotally arranged relative to one another between at least one first position where the object (11) can be inserted into the device (1) and at least one second position where the object (11) can be fixed temporarily to the device (1) with at least three elastic bands (14).
|Carbon fiber manufacturing method and carbon fiber|
Provided is a carbon fiber manufacturing method including a surface treatment step of ejecting an ozone solution in which ozone is dissolved in solvent from a fluid ejecting port toward a carbon fiber bundle and causing the ozone solution to pass between single fibers of the carbon fiber bundle so as to contact surfaces of the single fibers so that the surfaces of carbon fibers are treated by the ozone solution. Also, provided is a carbon fiber subjected to a surface treatment by the carbon fiber manufacturing method..
|Module and method for producing thereof|
A module, for example a photovoltaic module, includes among other things a glass plate (11) as a front cover facing the direction of light incidence, a component (photovoltaic element) (15), and a plastic layer (14) provided as an embedding material, wherein the surface of the glass plate (11) on the side facing the plastic layer (14) is treated such that the index of refraction of the layer produced by the surface treatment has a value between the index of refraction of the glass of the cover (11) and the index of refraction of the plastic material of the layer (14).. .
|Workpiece surface treatment system|
A method for rinsing a treatment cell of a workpiece surface treatment system, which obtains a surface-treated workpiece by sequentially carrying the treatment cell containing the workpiece to a series of apparatuses for operations in the respective apparatuses is provided. A surface treatment apparatus performs a surface treatment on the workpiece by receiving the treatment cell from a carrying apparatus and supplying a surface treatment liquid to the inside of the treatment cell while rotating the treatment cell.
|Copolymer for cosmetics, surface treatment agent for cosmetic powder, powder for cosmetics, and cosmetic preparation|
Ch2═cr7—coo-q3-p(o)(oh)—r8 (d). .
|Disk drive unit|
A disk drive unit includes a base, a hub rotatably supported on the base and including a setting part on which a recording disk is to be set, and a bearing unit having one end fixed to the base and another end holding the hub. The hub includes a cut surface formed by cutting a nonferrous metal or a steel material, and the cut surface includes a surface treatment layer formed thereon and preventing peeling of micro residue adhered on the cut surface..
|Method for treating surface of aluminum heat exchanger|
A surface treatment method capable of imparting exceptional corrosion resistance and moisture resistance to an nb heat exchanger. The method includes subjecting an nb heat exchanger to a chemical conversion treatment to form a chemical conversion film on the surface thereof using a chemical conversion treatment agent that contains zirconium and/or titanium in a total amount of 5-5,000 ppm by weight, vanadium in an amount of 10-1,000 ppm by weight, and has a ph of 2-6; bringing the nb heat exchanger on whose surface the chemical conversion film is formed into contact with a hydrophilization agent containing a hydrophilic resin and a guanidine compound and/or a salt thereof; and baking the nb heat exchanger subjected to the contacting process, whereby a hydrophilic film is formed on the surface thereof..
A surface treatment composition includes a surface treatment agent and an antimicrobial mixture comprising oxidizable antimicrobial particles distributed throughout a film-forming agent.. .
|Surface treatment method for plastic substrate and housing using the substrate|
A surface treatment method for plastic substrate provides an illusion of a three-dimensional weave surface with a high gloss finish. A first shielding sheet with a shielding area, and a plurality of parallel rows of first holes is provided.
|Apparatus and process for the surface treatment of carbon fibers|
A method for surface treating a carbon-containing material in which carbon-containing material is reacted with decomposing ozone in a reactor (e.g., a hollow tube reactor), wherein a concentration of ozone is maintained throughout the reactor by appropriate selection of at least processing temperature, gas stream flow rate, reactor dimensions, ozone concentration entering the reactor, and position of one or more ozone inlets (ports) in the reactor, wherein the method produces a surface-oxidized carbon or carbon-containing material, preferably having a surface atomic oxygen content of at least 15%. The resulting surface-oxidized carbon material and solid composites made therefrom are also described..
|Working chamber system for the surface treatment of workpieces|
A working chamber system for the surface treatment of workpieces comprises at least one tightly closable work chamber (101), a frame-like workpiece holder (10, 20, 30) which is displaceable on a guide rail between a mounting position outside the work chamber (101) and a working position in the work chamber (101), and a manipulator which, as seen in plan view, is arranged next to a group of parallel guide rails within the work chamber (101). At least one of the workpiece holders (10,20,30) has an external frame (11, 21, 31), via which it is guided in the guide rails, and an internal frame (12,, 22, 32) which is surrounded by the external frame (11, 21, 31) in a transporting position and which is displaceable into a position outside the main plane of the external frame (11, 21,31) in the mounting position and/or the working position..
|Semiconductor material surface treatment with laser|
A photovoltaic device and its method of manufacture are disclosed. The device is formed by forming a window layer over a substrate, forming an absorber layer over the window layer, and annealing the absorber layer using a laser beam to remove contaminants from the surface of the absorber layer and/or to reduce the thickness of the absorber layer..
|Autonomous coverage robot|
A surface treatment robot includes a chassis having forward and rear ends and a drive system carried by the chassis. The drive system includes right and left driven wheels and is configured to maneuver the robot over a cleaning surface.
|Surface treatment device and surface treatment method for long wirelike article|
A surface treatment device and a surface treatment method for a long wirelike article, capable of grinding the surface of the long wirelike article efficiently with powder by cyclically repeating pressing and release of an elastic tube filled with the powder. At least one surface treatment unit includes a tube filled with powder which can be supplied to and discharged from the tube, and having a long wirelike article movably passing through the powder, a pressing mechanism for cyclically pressing and releasing the tube, and a feed mechanism for moving the long wirelike article passing through the powder..
|Sprayable aqueous alcoholic microbicidal compositions comprising copper ions|
Sprayable, pressurized inanimate surface and air liquid treatment compositions comprise (or in certain preferred embodiments may consist essentially of, or may consist of): a copper source material which releases copper ions into the treatment composition, at least one alcohol which independently of other constituents present exhibits a microbicidal effect, at least one quaternary ammonium compound which provides a microbicidal benefit, propellant, water, optionally but very preferably at least one detersive surfactant, further optionally one or more further constituents which impart one or more advantageous technical or aesthetic benefits to the compositions, wherein the compositions are at a ph such that the surface treatment compositions, exhibit a microbicidal or germicidal or antimicrobial effect on treated inanimate surfaces or when used to treat an airspace, e.g. Ambient air, characterized in exhibiting a microbicidal benefit when tested against one or more challenge microorganisms, preferably against poliovirus type 1 sabin (“pv1”), according to one or more of the following standardized test protocols: astm e1052-96(2002) standard test method for efficacy of antimicrobial agents against viruses in suspension, or astm e1053-11 standard test method to assess virucidal activity of chemicals intended for disinfection of inanimate, nonporous environmental surfaces, or european standard surface test, en13697, or aoac germicidal spray products as disinfectant test method, aoac index, 17th ed.
|Touch panel and manufacturing method for touch panel|
The objective of the present invention is to achieve a manufacturing method that, in a capacitive touch panel, prevents the occurrence of residue in an electrode film caused by an etching defect for a touch panel in which electrode patterns are difficult to recognize. The manufacturing method for the touch panel includes: an electrode formation step for forming, upon an insulating substrate (10), first electrodes (11) and second electrodes (12) that extend in mutually intersecting directions; an insulating film formation step for forming insulating films (16) which cover portions of the insulating substrate (10), the first electrodes (11), and the second electrodes (12); and a bridge formation step for forming bridges (17) that connect neighboring second electrodes (12) together over the insulating films (16).
|Aerosol refill cartridge|
An apparatus for dispensing material through a refillable cartridge, comprising a container having a receptacle for receiving a refill cartridge, the container having a lid cooperating with the container to enclose the refill cartridge, the container further comprising an exit port and a channel for communicating material from the refill cartridge to the exit port, and a valve for controlling the flow of material out of the refill cartridge; and a reusable, refill cartridge sized to be received in the receptacle, the refill cartridge including compressed gas and material separated by a bi-conical thruster, the refill cartridge further comprising a first end having a material inlet and outlet manifold, and a second end having a compressed gas inlet. The system's performance can be improved by applying a surface treatment to the wetted surfaces of the system to change the physical properties at the fluid/vessel interface..
|Method and apparatus for surface treatment using inorganic acid and ozone|
Improved removal of ion-implanted photoresist in a single wafer front-end wet processing station is achieved by dissolving gaseous ozone into relatively cool inorganic acid, dispensing the acid ozone mixture onto a wafer, and rapidly heating the surface of the wafer to a temperature at least 30° c. Higher than the temperature of the acid ozone mixture..
|Surface treatment method for magnetic particles, magnetic composite prepared thereby, and magnetic composite for labeling target materials|
The present invention relates to a surface treatment method for magnetic particles, a magnetic composite prepared thereby, and a magnetic composite for labeling target materials. More specifically, the invention relates to a surface treatment method for magnetic particles and a magnetic composite having excellent dispersibility prepared thereby, wherein the surface treatment method comprises the steps of: performing the acid-treatment of magnetic particles and mixing the acid-treated magnetic particles with a water-soluble solvent in order to form a hydroxyl group (—oh) on the surface of the magnetic particles; and mixing the magnetic particles, in which the hydroxyl group is formed, with a surface treatment agent containing an organic ligand, which can be bonded to the hydroxyl group, so that the organic ligand is treated on the surface of the magnetic particles..
|Golf club head with textured striking face|
A golf club head includes a heel portion, a toe portion, a hosel, and a striking face. The striking face includes a plurality of scorelines each having an average depth no less than about 0.10 mm, a plurality of first micro-grooves each having an average depth no greater than about 0.010 mm, and a plurality of second micro-grooves overlaid on the first micro-grooves, each of the second micro-grooves having an average depth greater than the average depth of the first micro-grooves.
|Golf club head with textured striking face|
A golf club head includes a heel portion, a toe portion, a hosel, and a striking face. The striking face includes a plurality of scorelines each having an average depth no less than about 0.10 mm, a plurality of micro-grooves each having an average depth no greater than about 0.010 mm, and a plurality of textured surface treatment regions superimposed on the micro-grooves so as to at least partially intersect the micro-grooves..
|Hardmask surface treatment|
Compositions suitable for forming oxymetal hardmask layers are provided. Methods of forming oxymetal hardmask layers using such compositions are also provided, where the surface of the oxymetal hardmask layer formed has a water contact angle substantially matched to that of subsequently applied organic coatings..
|Non-photosensitive siloxane coating for processing hydrophobic photoimageable nozzle plate|
A method of forming a patterned photoresist layer having a hydrophobic surface is provided. The method includes forming a photoresist layer on a substrate and image patterning.
|Hardmask surface treatment|
Methods of treating the surface of a metal-containing hardmask used in the manufacture of semiconductors by contacting the hardmask surface with a composition capable of adjusting the water contact angle so as to substantially match that of subsequently applied organic coatings are provided.. .
|Duct fitting apparatus with reduced flow pressure loss and method of formation thereof|
A duct fitting apparatus comprising a duct fitting having an aspect ratio of generally 1:1 at each end and transitioning toward a middle section having a non-uniform aspect ratio up to about 2.4:1. The transition section may have an elliptical cross-sectional shape.
An object of the present invention is to obtain a dispersion in which a water-repellent inorganic powder is dispersed in water. The dispersion can be handled easily because the dispersion medium is water.
|Low grammage recording medium|
The present disclosure provides low grammage recording media, and associated methods and systems. In one example, a low grammage recording medium can comprise a raw base paper having a basis weight of 65 gsm or less, the raw base paper comprising wood fiber and 2 wt % to 10 wt % filler including calcium carbonate.
|Dental fillers including a phosphorus-containing surface treatment, and compositions and methods thereof|
The present application provides dental fillers, and methods of making and using dental fillers that include a treated surface that includes phosphorus and a divalent cation. Dental compositions including such dental fillers can be useful for delivering ions to the oral environment..
|Rotation and revolution magnetic stirring device for producing conductive gold balls|
An autorotation and revolution magnetic stirring device for producing conductive golden particles comprises a mounting holder, a rotary electric motor, a flask, a magnetic stirrer, and a magnetic rotor. The rotary electric motor is fixed to the mounting holder.
|Semiconductor devices and methods of manufacture thereof|
Semiconductor devices and methods of manufacture thereof are disclosed. In one embodiment, a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device includes providing a workpiece including an insulating material layer disposed thereon.
|Post-passivation interconnect structure and methods for forming the same|
A method includes forming a polymer layer over a passivation layer, wherein the passivation layer further comprises a portion over a metal pad. The polymer layer is patterned to form an opening in the polymer layer, wherein exposed surfaces of the polymer layer have a first roughness.
|Chemical conversion treatment agent for surface treatment of metal substrate, and surface treatment method of metal substrate using same|
X represents an integer of 1 to 3].. .
|Surface treatment method for stainless steel and housing made from the treated stainless steel|
A surface treatment method for stainless steel as a colorful and smooth housing includes the steps of: a base layer including titanium is deposited on the stainless steel substrate by multi-arc ion plating. An aluminum transition layer is deposited on the titanium base layer by multi-arc ion plating, and an outermost layer including aluminum is deposited on the transition layer by magnetron sputtering.
|Masking method used in surface treatment process|
A masking method used in a surface treating process is disclosed. The masking method includes the following steps: preparing paint, coating the paint on inner surfaces of a hole in a workpiece, and curing the paint, thereby forming a protection coating layer on the inner surfaces of the hole to protect the inner surfaces of the hole during a surface treatment process.
|Wettable silicone hydrogel contact lenses and related compositions and methods|
Silicone hydrogel contact lenses having ophthalmically acceptable surface wettabilities are obtained from pre-extracted polymerized silicone hydrogel contact lens products having relatively large amounts of removable or extractable materials. The silicone hydrogel contact lenses can be obtained from non-polar resin based contact lens molds and without surface treatments or an interpenetrating polymeric network of a polymeric wetting agent.
|Surface treatment for bsi image sensors|
A backside illumination image sensor structure comprises an image sensor formed adjacent to a first side of a semiconductor substrate, wherein a first dielectric layer formed over the first side of the semiconductor substrate and an interconnect layer formed over the first dielectric layer. The image sensor structure further comprises a backside illumination film formed over a second side of the semiconductor substrate and a first silicon halogen compound layer formed between the second side of the semiconductor substrate and the backside illumination film..
|Printed circuit board and surface treatment method of printed circuit board|
According to the present invention, the surface treatment of the package board or interposer board having an ultra-fine pitch (300 μm or less) may be easily implemented by a cheap process. In addition, the surface treatment of the printed circuit board may be eco-friendly performed by using the pb-free solder, and it may be easy to surface treat the package board or interposer board based on the organic material sensitive to a high temperature..
|Surface treatment method for semiconductor device|
A surface treatment method for a semiconductor device includes providing a substrate where a plurality of projected patterns are formed, forming a hydrophobic coating layer on a surface of each of the plurality of projected patterns, rinsing the substrate with deionized water, and drying the substrate, wherein the hydrophobic coating layer is formed using a coating agent that includes phosphate having more than one hydrocarbon group, phosphonate having more than one hydrocarbon group, or a mixture thereof.. .
|Surface treatment methods and systems for substrate processing|
Embodiments provided herein describe methods and systems for processing substrates. A plasma including radical species and charged species is generated.
|Method to control depth profiles of dopants using a remote plasma source|
Methods and apparatus for processing using a remote plasma source are disclosed. The apparatus includes an outer chamber enclosing a substrate support, a remote plasma source, and a showerhead.
|Seperator for fuel cell|
A separator for a fuel cell includes a metal plate which defines a passage and a manifold, frames having gaskets which are integrated therewith using injection, and a bonding unit for bonding the frames to the metal plate. The gaskets may be differently formed.
|Bicycle component comprising a body made from aluminium and a body made from composite material, and method for manufacturing such a component|
The invention relates to a bicycle component, for example a rim, comprising a body made from aluminium and a body made from composite material coupled with a first surface portion of the body made from aluminium. Such a first surface portion has been subjected to a deoxidation surface treatment.
|Devices and methods for the regeneration of bony defects|
This invention relates to methods for producing a composite bone graft material that can regenerate bony defects in the body. The invention further relates to methods that allow for the production of bioactive glass particles used in the composite that have been surface treated to allow for the production of a highly porous composite that can hold significant amounts of body fluid or other molecules that will aid in the regenerative process.
|Reduction of underfill filler settling in integrated circuit packages|
Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to techniques and configurations for an integrated circuit (ic) package having an underfill layer with filler particles arranged in a generally random distribution pattern. In some embodiments, a generally random distribution pattern of filler particles may be obtained by reducing an electrostatic charge on one or more components of the ic package assembly, by applying a surface treatment to filler to reduce filler electrical charge, by applying an electric force against the filler particles of the underfill material in a direction opposite to a direction of gravitational force, by using an underfill material with a relatively low maximum filler particle size, and/or by snap curing the underfill layer at a relatively low temperature.
|Oxide semiconductor device and surface treatment method of oxide semiconductor|
Oxygen defects formed at the boundary between the zinc oxide type oxide semiconductor and the gate insulator are terminated by a surface treatment using sulfur or selenium as an oxygen group element or a compound thereof, the oxygen group element scarcely occurring physical property value change. Sulfur or selenium atoms effectively substitute oxygen defects to prevent occurrence of electron supplemental sites by merely applying a gas phase or liquid phase treatment to an oxide semiconductor or gate insulator with no remarkable change on the manufacturing process.
|Surface treatment by chlorinated plasma in a bonding method|
Placing the treated surfaces in contact.. .
|Surface treatment process for implantable medical device|
A surface treatment process for improving the hydrophilicity of at least part of an implantable medical device. The process comprises applying to the surface of the implantable medical device a solution of a non-ionic substance having at least one polar covalently-bonded group and drying the implantable medical device to form a hydrophilic deposition of the substance on the surface of the implantable medical device..
|Fluorinated block copolymer and process for its production, and surface treatment agent|
A fluorinated block copolymer having rf groups with at most 6 carbon atoms, and a surface treatment agent containing such a copolymer, whereby a coating film excellent in both static liquid repellency and dynamic liquid repellency can be formed. The fluorinated block copolymer comprises a fluorinated moiety (a) having units (a) derived from a specific fluorinated monomer and a non-fluorinated moiety (b) having units (b) derived from a non-fluorinated monomer, wherein to all units, the proportion of the above units (a) is from 15 to 40 mol %, and the proportion of the above units (b) is from 60 to 85 mol %; a process for its production; and a surface treatment agent containing the fluorinated block copolymer..
|Surface treatment method|
A method of treating a grass-carrying surface, the method comprising applying to the g carrying surface: (a) a compound of formula (i): or a derivative salt thereof wherein l is a linking group; each of r1, r2 and r3 is independently selected from an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl, aryl or alkoxy group; r4 is oxygen or an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aryl group; each of r5 and r6 is an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aryl group; and n is 0 or 1; (b) at least one cationic biocide; (c) a hydrocarbyl saccharide compound; and (d) a nonionic surfactant.. .
|Print medium surface treatment|
A print medium surface treatment includes a first composition that includes a filler, and a polymer that is non-film forming until it is subjected to film forming conditions. The first composition has a charge density that is large enough to promote crashing of particulate colorants of an ink and low enough to avoid crashing of the filler..
|Interconnect structure and fabrication method|
A carbon-containing dielectric layer can be formed on a substrate. A protective layer can be formed on the carbon-containing dielectric layer to prevent carbon loss from the carbon-containing dielectric layer by performing a surface treatment to the carbon-containing dielectric layer using a gas at least containing silicon and hydrogen.
|Interconnect structure and fabrication method|
An interconnect structure and fabrication method are provided. A substrate can include a semiconductor device disposed therein.
|Combinatorial processing using a remote plasma source|
Methods and apparatus for processing using a remote plasma source are disclosed. The apparatus includes an outer chamber, a remote plasma source, and a showerhead.
|Cosmetic and protective metal surface treatments|
An article having a metal surface is treated to have one or more desired optical effects. The surface is anodized to create an anodic film having pores therein.
|Surface treatment of a metal part|
A process for the surface treatment of a metal part comprises: exposing a surface (1) of the metal part to a stream of substantially spherical particles, so that any portion of said surface receives said particles along several primary incidences, the primary incidences of the particles on a portion of the surface being essentially distributed in a cone or a conical film which has an outer half apex angle between 10° and 45°, until a surface layer (3) of nanostructures having an average thickness of several tens of microns is obtained, the particles having a diameter of less than 2 mm and greater than 0.1 mm and being projected at a speed between 40 m/s and 100 m/s. A thermochemical treatment is then applied, in particular a low-temperature treatment of the nitriding type or a high-temperature treatment of the low-pressure carbonitriding type..
|Preparing chloride-free polyethyleneimines|
Polyalkyleneimines obtained by such methods and formulations thereof likewise form part of the subject matter of the invention, especially those having a low proportion of chloride-containing compounds. Such polyalkyleneimines have uses in the field of medical technology, printing media, wastewater treatment, surface treatment, cosmetics, laundry detergents, biotechnology, packaging, electronics, paper, building construction chemistry, textiles, chromatography, ion exchangers, oil industry, ceramics, glass, membrane technology, catalysts, electroplating, biocides or wood protection.
|Silicon dioxide sol, surface treatment method for metal substrate using the silicon dioxide sol and article manufactured by the same|
A silicon dioxide sol comprises tetraethyl silicate, dimethylformamide, 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane, absolute ethanol, hydrochloric acid, and water. A surface treatment method for metal substrate using the silicon dioxide sol and a coated article manufactured by the method is also provided, the resulting coating providing significantly better anti-corrosion and anti-wear properties..
|Polydimethyl siloxane sol, surface treatment method for metal substrate using the polydimethyl siloxane sol and article manufactured by the method|
A polydimethyl siloxane sol includes polydimethyl siloxane, isopropyl alcohol, ethanol, fumed silicon dioxide, hydrochloric acid, and water. A surface treatment method for a metal substrate using the polydimethyl siloxane sol and a coated article manufactured by the method is also provided..
|Method for producing laminated porous film|
The present invention provides a method for producing a laminated porous film comprising a porous film substrate and a heat-resistant layer. The method comprises forming a heat-resistant layer mainly comprising a filler on the surface of the porous film substrate by applying a coating slurry comprising a solvent, a binder resin and the filler to the surface of the porous film substrate and then removing the solvent, wherein the coating slurry is prepared so as to have a contact angle of 75° or more with an untreated porous film substrate, and the method comprises conducting surface treatment of a porous film substrate so that the contact angle of the coating slurry with the porous film substrate can be 65° or less before applying the coating slurry to the surface of the porous film substrate..
|Aqueous alcoholic microbicidal compositions comprising copper ions|
Liquid treatment compositions comprise (or in certain preferred embodiments may consist essentially of, or may consist of): a copper source material which releases copper ions into the treatment composition, at least one alcohol which independently of other constituents present exhibits a microbicidal effect, at least one quaternary ammonium compound which provides a microbicidal benefit, optionally but very preferably also at least one detersive surfactant, further optionally one or more further constituents which impart one or more advantageous technical or aesthetic benefits to the compositions, including one or more detersive surfactants, and water, wherein the compositions are at a ph such that the surface treatment compositions, exhibit a microbicidal or germicidal or antimicrobial effect on treated inanimate surfaces or when used to treat an airspace, e.g. Ambient air, characterized in exhibiting a microbicidal benefit when tested against one or more challenge microorganisms, preferably against poliovirus type 1 sabin (“pv1”), according to one or more of the following standardized test protocols: astm e1052 standard test method for efficacy of antimicrobial agents against viruses in suspension, or astm e1053 standard test method to assess virucidal activity of chemicals intended for disinfection of inanimate, nonporous environmental surfaces, or european standard surface test, en13697, or aoac germicidal spray products as disinfectant test method, aoac index, 17th ed.
|Antireflection substrate structure and manufacturing method thereof|
A manufacturing method of antireflection substrate structure includes: providing a silicon wafer having a first rough surface; forming an antireflection optical film on the silicon wafer, wherein the antireflection optical film conformally overlays the first rough surface; performing a surface treatment on the antireflection optical film so that the antireflection optical film has a hydrophilic surface, and the hydrophilic surface is relatively far away from the silicon wafer; dropping a colloidal solution on the hydrophilic surface of the antireflection optical film, wherein the colloidal solution includes a solution and multiple nano-balls and the nano-balls are adhered onto the hydrophilic surface; and performing an etching process on the hydrophilic surface of the antireflection optical film by taking the nano-balls as an etching mask so as to form a second rough surface, wherein the roughness of the second rough surface is different from the roughness of the first rough surface.. .
|Surface treatment method for flexible substrate|
A surface treatment method for a flexible substrate is provided. A flexible insulation substrate is provided.
|Ultraviolet ray curable ink composition for use in ink jet method and printed object|
An ultraviolet ray curable ink composition adapted to be ejected by using an ink jet method is provided. The ultraviolet ray curable ink composition includes a polymerizable compound and metal powder.
|Ultraviolet ray curable ink composition for use in ink jet method and printed object|
An ultraviolet ray curable ink composition adapted to be ejected by using an ink jet method is provided. The ultraviolet ray curable ink composition includes a polymerizable compound, metal powder, and a liquid component having an alicyclic structure including a hetero atom.
|Surface treatment process for glass containers|
A glass container and a process for chemically modifying a surface portion of a glass container using an ion-exchange process. At least a portion of the glass container is immersed in or in contact with an aqueous electrolyte solution comprising salts of at least one group ia alkali metal and having a temperature of about 75 degrees celsius such that exchangeable alkali metal ions in a surface portion of the glass container are exchanged or replaced by alkali metal ions in the electrolyte solution.
|Surface treatment method for making high durability universal titanium dioxide rutile pigment|
A method is provided for the wet surface treatment of titanium dioxide, in order to produce durable universal grade titanium dioxide rutile pigment with superior optical properties. The method is characterized in that, a hydrous zirconia and silica composite layer is co-precipitated at acidic ph.
|System and method for surface treatment and barrier coating of fibers for in situ cnt growth|
A system for synthesizing carbon nanotubes (cnt) on a fiber material includes a surface treatment system adapted to modify the surface of the fiber material to receive a barrier coating upon which carbon nanotubes are to be grown, a barrier coating application system downstream of the surface treatment system adapted to apply the barrier coating to the treated fiber material surface, and a barrier coating curing system downstream of the barrier coating application systems for partially curing the applied barrier coating to enhance reception of cnt growth catalyst nanoparticles.. .
|Method of forming semiconductor fins|
An improved method of forming semiconductor fins is disclosed. Cavities are formed by etching a semiconductor substrate to a first depth.
|Resin composition for a surface treatment, and steel sheet coated with same|
Provided are a resin composition for surface treatment and a surface-treated steel sheet coated therewith. The resin composition for surface treatment includes a dispersing element having excellent thermal conductivity and heat dissipation, thereby maintaining physical properties of the conventional anti-fingerprint steel sheet, for example, high whiteness, fingerprint resistance, workability, electric conductivity and alkali resistance, and providing heat dissipation.
|Aqueous microbicidal compositions comprising copper ions|
Largely aqueous, liquid inanimate surface treatment compositions which impart a microbicidal benefit to treated surfaces which compositions comprise (or in certain preferred embodiments may consist essentially of, or may consist of): a copper source material which releases copper ions into the treatment composition, 0% wt. And up to but excluding 20% wt.