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Sugars patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Sugars-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Sugars RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Sugars RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Sugars RSS RSS


Integrated biorefineries for production of sugars, fermentation products, and coproducts

Cell-based production of nonulosonates

Date/App# patent app List of recent Sugars-related patents
12/11/14
20140360866
 Production of fuel from chemicals derived from biomass patent thumbnailProduction of fuel from chemicals derived from biomass
Hydrocarbons may be formed from six carbon sugars. This process involves obtaining a quantity of a hexose sugar.
12/04/14
20140357787
 Modified binder compositions patent thumbnailModified binder compositions
The invention relates to an aldehyde based resin composition that has an ultralow formaldehyde (ulf) emission both on curing and from the final cured product and to the use thereof as a binder or adhesive for the manufacture of mineral wool (glass fibre and stone fibre) products, non-woven materials, wooden boards, plywood, coated materials and/or impregnated material products. The invention further relates to a process for the manufacture of the resin composition, to a sizing composition for use in mineral wool applications, to a sizing composition for use in saturation or impregnation applications, and to a curable aqueous composition for use in board and wood applications, comprising the aldehyde resin composition according to the invention.
12/04/14
20140356915
 Integrated biorefineries for production of sugars, fermentation products, and coproducts patent thumbnailIntegrated biorefineries for production of sugars, fermentation products, and coproducts
Processes are described for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, comprising fractionating lignocellulosic biomass in the presence of a solvent for lignin (such as ethanol), a hydrolysis catalyst (such as sulfur dioxide), and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin; hydrolyzing the hemicellulose to produce hemicellulosic monomers; saccharifying the cellulose-rich solids to produce glucose; recovering the hemicellulosic monomers and the glucose, separately or in a combined stream, as fermentable sugars; and fermenting the fermentable sugars to a fermentation product having a higher normal boiling point than water. Process integration of mass and/or energy is disclosed in many specific embodiments.
12/04/14
20140356912
 Cell-based production of nonulosonates patent thumbnailCell-based production of nonulosonates
The present invention relates to the the cell-based production of bacterial nonulosonates and their biosynthetic precursors. Specifically, the present invention provides recombinant cells for the production of pseudaminic acid, legionaminic acid, udp-2,4-diacetamido-2,4,6-trideoxy-□-l-altropyranose, and udp-2,4-diacetamido-2,4,6-trideoxy-□-d-glucopyranose.
12/04/14
20140356486
 Sushi rice capable of being frozen and then conventionally thawed patent thumbnailSushi rice capable of being frozen and then conventionally thawed
The present invention relates to a method for making rice capable of being frozen and then defrosted by conventional means rather than microwaved to defrost. The product includes cooked sushi rice kernels that have been coated with trehalose such that the total sugars consist of between 9% and about 60% trehalose..
12/04/14
20140352379
 Method of forming fertilizer patent thumbnailMethod of forming fertilizer
A system and method of forming high nutritional fertilizer form swine feces in a reservoir underneath a swine facility. A pump system has a pump that conveys the feces to a remote location where the swine feces first goes through a filter and then into a treatment tank.
11/27/14
20140350085
 Novel sugar alcohol-based compositions for delivering nucleic acid-based drugs in vivo and in vitro patent thumbnailNovel sugar alcohol-based compositions for delivering nucleic acid-based drugs in vivo and in vitro
This invention relates to a composition and its use for formulating nucleic acid-based drugs/vaccines with sugar alcohol compositions into complexes for both in-vitro and in-vivo delivery. Particularly, the present invention includes the ingredients and processes necessary for formulating therapeutic and pharmaceutical nucleic acid compositions, such as mirna, microrna precursors, shrnas, sirnas, ribozymes, antisense rnas/dnas, rna-dna hybrids and dna vectors/vaccines, with glycylated sugar alcohols/sugars into delivery complexes, which can then be absorbed by cells in vivo and in vitro via active endocytosis.
11/27/14
20140349331
 Use of bacillus composition for increasing the amount of available sugars in animal feed patent thumbnailUse of bacillus composition for increasing the amount of available sugars in animal feed
Described are methods for assaying whether a bacillus composition comprising at least one bacillus strain is capable of increasing the amount of available sugar from animal feed comprising non-starch polysaccharides (nsp). Also described are methods for increasing the amount of available sugar from animal feed comprising non-starch polysaccharides (nsp), comprising adding to the animal feed a bacillus composition comprising at least one bacillus strain, which compositions produces 120 hexose equivalents (μmol/ml) or more when measured by the method described herein.
11/27/14
20140348925
 Antioxidant ingredient with low calorie content, method for obtaining same and use thereof patent thumbnailAntioxidant ingredient with low calorie content, method for obtaining same and use thereof
The present invention relates to an antioxidant ingredient with low calorie content obtainable by a process that comprises the following steps: (a) selecting as raw material at least one fruit and/or plant material with high antioxidant content, greater than 6 g/100 g dry matter; (b) obtaining juice and pulp by means of grinding, squeezing and/or pressing the raw material; (c) extracting sugars from the pulp obtained in the preceding step in order to produce a pulp with low calorie content; (d) dehydrating the pulp by means of a method selected from air drying, low-temperature drying with application of vacuum and/or freeze-drying; and (e) milling the pulp in order to produce the antioxidant ingredient with low calorie content. Likewise, the invention relates to the process for obtaining said ingredient and to the use thereof for the production of functional foods..
11/27/14
20140345603
 Process for commercial production of concentrated sugary syrup with low energy requirement patent thumbnailProcess for commercial production of concentrated sugary syrup with low energy requirement
The invention provides a progressive freeze-concentration process for the commercial production of sugar, particularly maple, syrup including the steps of exposure of collected raw sugar solutions and maple sap on-site to a predominantly or relatively naturally occurring cold surface, gradually cooling the sap to a temperature sufficient to commence freezing of a water ice, continuing the cooling and freezing to form a solid body of water ice and a liquid component separate from the solid body containing first sugars, continuing the cooling and freezing until the first sugars containing liquid component reaches a substantially thickened or gel consistency, and thirdly, separation of the first sugars containing liquid component from the said solid body.. .
11/20/14
20140343135
Method for obtaining an extract rich in ellagic acid tannins from fruits that contain these compounds, and resulting extract
A biotechnology process that employs membrane technology for obtaining an extract rich in tannins of ellagic acid from blackberries (rubus spp.) and from other fruits that contain these compounds, as well as to the extract obtained using this method. The method is essentially based on baromembrane technologies that allow mechanical separation and effective fractionation between the polyphenol compounds, by interactions between the physico-chemical properties thereof, the material of the membrane and the molar mass of same, thereby allowing enrichment of a fraction of the natural extract with ellagic acid tannins and modification of the content thereof in terms of anthocyanins and other compounds such as sugars and acids..
11/20/14
20140342421
Biocatalysts with enhanced inhibitor tolerance
Disclosed herein are biocatalysts for the production of biofuels, including microorganisms that contain genetic modifications conferring tolerance to growth and fermentation inhibitors found in many cellulosic feedstocks. Methods of converting cellulose-containing materials to fuels and chemicals, as well as methods of fermenting sugars to fuels and chemicals, using these biocatalysts are also disclosed..
11/20/14
20140341684
Whole cane storage and handling system and method
A whole cane sweet sorghum storage and handling system and method is described. The system and method places leaf-stripped whole cane stalks onto a storage pile which is ventilated to control conditions that prevent the deterioration of sugars in storage, which allows the production of sweet sorghum to ethanol after the harvesting season.
11/13/14
20140336418
Production of fuel from chemicals derived from biomass
Hydrocarbons may be formed from six carbon sugars. This process involves obtaining a quantity of a hexose sugar.
11/13/14
20140335246
Sweetener compositions and methods of making same
A natural sweetener composition comprises a blend of stevioside extract and rebaudioside a extract, wherein the ratio of rebaudioside a extract to stevioside extract is between about 12:1 to about 1:12 and the purity of both extracts is from about 60% to about 97.5%. The sweetener composition may further include sweet sugars and non-natural sugars..
11/13/14
20140331993
Green process to hydrolyze carbohydrates from tobacco biomass using subcritical water
Processes for recovering sugars and nicotine from a tobacco biomass include feeding a biomass of tobacco plants and subcritical water to a reactor, hydrolyzing the biomass of tobacco plants with the subcritical water at a temperature between about 150° c. And 305° c.
11/06/14
20140329292
Novel fungal enzymes
This invention relates to novel enzymes and novel methods for producing the same. More specifically this invention relates to a variety of fungal enzymes.
11/06/14
20140328950
Morus extracts rich in n-acids of imino sugars and or pipecolic acids
This invention relates to extracts rich in n-acids of imino sugars (as opposed to neutral and basic imino sugars) and/or pipecolic acids obtainable from the plant leaves of mulberry (morus). The extracts have been shown to have enzymatic activities making extracts rich in these compounds, and the compounds isolated from these extracts, to be good candidates for use in the treatment of diseases, particularly, but not exclusively, metabolic disorders, such as, for example, diabetes..
10/30/14
20140323759
Production of formic acid
Processes for producing formic acid from a carbohydrate-containing material include hydrolyzing a carbohydrate-containing material (e.g., cellulose) in the presence of a mineral acid to form an intermediate hydrolysate comprising one or more sugars, and hydrolyzing the intermediate hydrolysate to form a hydrolysate product including formic acid.. .
10/30/14
20140323694
Multiphase porous flow reactors and methods of using same
Pfrs for running multiphasic processes are disclosed. The pfrs are single or multi-chamber devices having at least three types of regions (a liquid-contacting region, a gas-contacting region and a liquid-collection region), and a porous substrate providing fluid communication at least between the liquid-contacting and gas-contacting regions.
10/30/14
20140322766
C1-c2 organic acid treatment of lignocellulosic biomass to produce acylated cellulose pulp, hemicellulose, lignin and sugars and fermentation of the sugars
A process for production of c5 and c6 sugar enriched syrups from lignocellulosic biomass and fermentation products therefrom is described. A lignocellulosic biomass is treated with a c1-c2 acid (e.g., acetic acid) with washing thereof with a c1-c2 acid miscible organic solvent, (e.g., ethyl acetate).
10/30/14
20140322763
C1-c2 organic acid treatment of lignocellulosic biomass to produce acylated cellulose pulp, hemicellulose, lignin and sugars and fermentation of the sugars
A process for production of c5 and c6 sugar enriched syrups from lignocellulosic biomass and fermentation products therefrom is described. A lignocellulosic biomass is treated with a c1-c2 acid (e.g., acetic acid) with washing thereof with a c1-c2 acid miscible organic solvent, (e.g., ethyl acetate).
10/30/14
20140322762
Treatment of cellulosic material and enzymes useful therein
The present invention relates to the production of sugar hydrolysates from cellulosic material. The method may be used e.g.
10/30/14
20140322389
Beverages containing rare sugars
Zero- and reduced-calorie frozen carbonated beverages comprising rare sugars are provided herein. The beverages contain a freezing point depressant composition comprising at least one rare sugar and, optionally, one or more other freezing point depressant compounds.
10/23/14
20140316162
Clean sugar and lignin from non-chemically pretreated lignocellulosic biomass
Methods of producing clean (e.g., low sulfur and metal ion content, and free of fermentation inhibitors) sugar and lignin-rich streams, and downstream conversion products, from lignocellulosic biomass, may include obtaining non-chemically pretreated, milled lignocellulosic biomass, reacting the milled lignocellulosic biomass with an enzymatic agent to produce a slurry that includes converted monomeric lignocellulosic sugars and lignin-rich residuals, and separating the slurry into a sugar stream that includes the converted monomeric lignocellulosic sugars and a lignin-rich stream that includes the lignin-rich residuals. The sugar stream, not including water, includes at least 75% monomeric lignocellulosic sugar, less than 0.20% sulfur, and less than 3.0% metal ion content, and the lignin-rich stream includes at least 35% lignin and less than 0.50% sulfur.
10/23/14
20140315268
Method of producing biofuel using sea algae
The present invention relates to a method of producing biofuel, more specifically a method of producing biofuel comprising the steps of generating monosugars from marine algae, or from polysaccharides extracted from marine algae by treating the marine algae or the polysaccharides with a hydrolytic enzyme and/or a hydrolytic catalyst; and fermenting the monosugars using a microorganism to produce biofuel. The method of producing biofuel of the present invention solve the problem of raw material suppliance since it uses marine algae as a raw material for biomass, and reduce the production costs by excluding lignin eliminating process that has been required by the conventional method using wood-based raw materials, resulting in economic and environmental advantages..
10/23/14
20140315266
Accelerated process for the energy conversion of carbon dioxide
The present invention relates to a process for the energy conversion of carbon dioxide, comprising the steps of culturing phytoplankton in electromagnetic bioaccelerators, producing oxygen and biomass made up of lipids, hydrocarbons and sugars from the previous step, oxidizing the hydrocarbons produced in the previous step to generate carbon dioxide and nox and collecting the carbon dioxide and nox from the previous step until the cultures of the first step.. .
10/23/14
20140315262
Process for making hmf and hmf derivatives from sugars, with recovery of unreacted sugars suitable for direct fermentation to ethanol
Hydroxymethylfurfural is made from an aqueous hexose sugar solution, especially from a high fructose corn syrup product. By rapidly heating the sugar solution to the elevated temperatures involved as well as rapidly cooling the resultant product mixture, a limited per-pass conversion to hmf is obtained; correspondingly, however, the overall exposure of the hmf that is formed to acidic, elevated temperature conditions is also limited, so that byproducts are reduced.
10/23/14
20140315259
Cellulose co-feed for dry mill corn ethanol operations
The present application provide methods for producing ethanol from a biomass. The methods combine sugars produced from a feedstock containing starch with sugars produced from a cellulosic biomass.
10/23/14
20140315254
Clean sugar and lignin from non-chemically pretreated lignocellulosic biomass
Methods of producing clean (e.g., low sulfur and metal ion content, and free of fermentation inhibitors) sugar and lignin-rich streams, and downstream conversion products, from lignocellulosic biomass, may include obtaining non-chemically pretreated, milled lignocellulosic biomass, reacting the milled lignocellulosic biomass with an enzymatic agent to produce a slurry that includes converted monomeric lignocellulosic sugars and lignin-rich residuals, and separating the slurry into a sugar stream that includes the converted monomeric lignocellulosic sugars and a lignin-rich stream that includes the lignin-rich residuals. The sugar stream, not including water, includes at least 75% monomeric lignocellulosic sugar, less than 0.20% sulfur, and less than 3.0% metal ion content, and the lignin-rich stream includes at least 35% lignin and less than 0.50% sulfur.
10/23/14
20140315230
Process for rapidly screening enzyme and enzyme mixtures for the hydrolysis of ligno-cellulosic biomass
The invention is to a novel method for evaluating the hydrolysis conversion of a enzyme or enzyme mixture relative to a specific ligno-cellulosic biomass. The method evaluates the hydrolysis conversion of a enzyme or enzyme mixture relative to a specific ligno-cellulosic biomass by preparing a pretreated ligno-cellulosic biomass suspension, a buffer solution and an enzyme or enzyme mixture solution; dispensing a portion of one or more of the three components into a plurality of test vials, subjecting one or more of the plurality of test vials to varying incubation periods, reducing the rate of incubation at the end of each incubation period, and analyzing the resulting samples for dissolved sugars to determine the rate of reaction..
10/23/14
20140314666
Targeted carriers for drug delivery across the gastrointestinal epithelium
A system and method for transcellular transport of compositions containing agents (e.g., research, analytical, reporter or molecular probes, diagnostic and therapeutic agents, biologically active agents, research agents, analytical agents, imaging agents, monitoring agents, enzymes, proteins, peptides, nucleic acids, lipids, sugars, hormones, lipoproteins, chemicals, viruses, bacteria, cells, including modified cells, biosensors, markers, antibodies and/or ligands) across the gastrointestinal epithelial layer including use of a composition containing the agent and a targeting moiety, specific for a determinant at the target location. An exemplary composition of the system includes an anti-icam antibody targeting moiety, specific for targeting icam-1.
10/16/14
20140308724
Yeast expressing saccharolytic enzymes for consolidated bioprocessing using starch and cellulose
The present invention is directed to a yeast strain, or strains, secreting a full suite, or any subset of that full suite, of enzymes to hydrolyze corn starch, corn fiber, lignocellulose, (including enzymes that hydrolyze linkages in cellulose, hemicellulose, and between lignin and carbohydrates) and to utilize pentose sugars (xylose and arabinose). The invention is also directed to the set of proteins that are well expressed in yeast for each category of enzymatic activity.
10/16/14
20140308720
Processes for producing levulinic acid from biomass
This invention provides processes to convert biomass, including wood and agricultural residues, to levulinic acid and co-products. Some variations treat feedstock with steam and/or hot water to produce an extract liquor containing hemicellulosic oligomers, lignin, and cellulose-rich solids, wherein the hemicellulosic oligomers comprise c5 hemicelluloses and c6 hemicelluloses; separate the cellulose-rich solids from the extract liquor, to produce dewatered solids containing cellulose and lignin; dehydrate the hemicellulosic oligomers to convert the c6 hemicelluloses directly to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural; and convert the 5-hydroxymethylfurfural to levulinic acid.
10/09/14
20140302566
Enhanced ethanol fermentation using biodigestate
Methods and systems for enhancing ethanol production using a suspending fluid are described. The suspending fluid includes organic material that has at least partially been anaerobically digested and anaerobic microorganisms, and is substantially free of non-anaerobic microorganisms.
10/09/14
20140302543
Strategy for the assay of enzyme and enzyme mixtures for the hydrolysis ligno-cellulosic biomass
The invention is to a novel method for assaying most or all of the activities of an enzyme or enzyme solution that could be used to convert ligno-cellulosic material into monomeric sugars. The method characterizes enzymes and enzyme mixtures for the hydrolysis of ligno-cellulosic biomass by measuring the protein concentration of an enzyme or enzyme mixture, adding the enzyme or enzyme mixture to a plurality of test vials creating a liquid fraction in the plurality of test vials wherein each test vial in the plurality of test vials contains a different substrate, incubating each test vial for a period of time sufficient to establish the conversion of the substrate in each test vial of the plurality of test vials at the same ph and temperature, while, if necessary, providing at least enough agitation to keep the substrate in suspension, quenching the reaction, and analyzing the optical absorbance of the liquid fraction of at least one test vial of the plurality of test vials..
10/02/14
20140296508
Process for the preparation of trivalent iron complexes with mono-, di- and polysaccharide sugards
Process for the preparation of trivalent iron complexes with mono-, di- and polysaccharide sugars, consisting of the activation of the sugar by oxidation with nascent bromine generated in situ by reaction between an alkaline or alkaline earth bromine and an alkaline hypochlorite, the complexation of the activated sugar in solution with a ferric salt dissolved in an aqueous solution, the purification of the resulting solution through ultrafiltration and finally the stabilization of the trivalent iron-sugar complex by heating at a temperature between 60° c. And 100° c.
10/02/14
20140296102
Nucleic acid ligand diagnostic biochip
A nucleic acid ligand “biochip” is disclosed, consisting of a solid support to which one or more specific nucleic acid ligands is attached in a spatially defined manner. Each nucleic acid ligand binds specifically and avidly to a particular target molecule contained within a test mixture, such as a bodily fluid.
10/02/14
20140295508
Methods for preparing 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid
Provided are methods of producing 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (fdca) from renewable sources such as seaweed, alginate, oligoalginate, pectin, oligopectin, polygalacturonate, galacturonate, and/or oligogalacturonate. The sugars in the renewable sources can be converted into one or more intermediates such as 4-deoxy-l-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronate (dehu), 4-deoxy-l-threo-5-hexosulose uronate (dthu), 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (hmf), 2,5-dihydroxymethyl furan (dhmf), and 5-formyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (ffa), which can be converted into fdca by dehydration and cyclization to produce 5-formyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (ffa), followed by oxidation to produce fdca.
10/02/14
20140295504
Fungal cells and fermentation processes
The present invention provides an isolated fungal cell that is capable of producing one or more biomass-degrading enzymes and that exhibits increased or decreased expression or copy number of a polynucleotide encoding a ptab-like protein. Also provided is a fermentation processes for producing one or more biomass-degrading enzymes comprising a fungal cells exhibiting increased or decreased expression or copy number of a polynucleotide encoding a ptab-like protein.
10/02/14
20140294919
Vaccines
The present invention relates to efficient devices for administration of pharmaceutical agents into the skin of the human body. In particular the present invention provides devices for vaccination into the skin.
10/02/14
20140294757
Stabilisation of polypeptides
A method for preserving a polypeptide comprising: (a) providing an aqueous solution of (i) the polypeptide, (ii) one or more sugars, and (iii) a compound of formula (i) or a physiologically acceptable salt or ester thereof and/or a compound of formula (ii) or a physiologically acceptable salt or ester thereof; and (b) drying the solution to form a composition incorporating the polypeptide.. .
09/25/14
20140288398
Compositions and devices for the detection of biomarkers in the gastrointestinal tract and methods for making and using them
In alternative embodiments, the invention provides compositions such as devices, pills, beads, capsules, products of manufacture, particles, microparticles, nanoparticles, gels, liquid gels, liquid gel capsules, capsules, tablets, geltabs, liquids, sprays, emulsions, suspensions, pastes or yogurts, for the detection and isolation of biomarkers, nucleic acids, proteins or peptides, proteoglycans, lipids, fats, sugars or polysaccharides in the gastrointestinal tract for e.g., detecting the presence of particular exogenous or endogenous nucleic acids, e.g., dna or rna, or proteins, in the gastrointestinal tract, for example, to diagnose the presence of an infectious or exogenous agent such as a virus, a fungus, a parasite, a bacteria, intestinal helminths and protozoan parasites, and the like, or a biomarker such as a cancer-causing or cancer-predisposing allele, e.g., mutations of the kras2 oncogene in pancreatic cancer. In alternative embodiments, compositions of the invention comprise magnetic particles such as a magnetically-responsive microparticle or nanoparticle; a superparamagnetic bead or polystyrene bead; a superparamagnetic fine particle; a ferrimagnetic particle; or, a magnetic microsphere, nanosphere, microbead or nanobeads.
09/25/14
20140287923
Method for enhancing crop yields by application of trehalose
A method for increasing and/or preserving yields and/or biomass in crop species including potatoes, beets, sugar cane, corn, soybeans and others by exogenous application of trehalose and/or trehalose derivatives at any time in the growing process such as before crop sowing, during sowing, or during plant establishment. The method, when applied early in crop production results in enhanced health and vigor of the mother plant resulting in healthier produce having reduced sugars from the mother plant.
09/25/14
20140284203
Controlling process gases
Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful intermediates and products, such as energy, fuels, foods or materials. For example, equipment, systems and methods are described that can be used to treat feedstock materials, such as cellulosic and/or lignocellulosic materials, in a vault in which hazardous gases are removed, destroyed and/or converted.
09/25/14
20140283569
Endophytic yeast strains, methods for ethanol and xylitol production, methods for biological nitrogen fixation, and a genetic source for improvement of industrial strains
The present invention provides novel endophytic yeast strains capable of metabolizing both pentose and hexose sugars. Methods of producing ethanol and xylitol using the novel endophytic yeast are provided herein.
09/18/14
20140283215
Methods for increasing starch content in plant cobs
Methods and compositions for increasing the starch content in cob tissues of a plant are provided. The method comprises down-regulating the activity of starch degradation enzymes in a plant.
09/18/14
20140275623
Nitric acid oxidation processes
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275622
Nitric acid oxidation process
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275621
Oxidation process
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275584
Production of aromatics from di- and polyoxygenates
Methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing in high yield aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from a mixture of oxygenates comprising di- and polyoxygenates are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like; and methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing the mixture of oxygenates from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like.
09/18/14
20140275571
Production of aromatics from di- and polyoxygenates
Methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing in high yield aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from a mixture of oxygenates comprising di- and polyoxygenates are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like; and methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing the mixture of oxygenates from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like.
09/18/14
20140275518
L-glucose production from l-glusose/l-mannose mixtures using simulated moving bed separation
Disclosed is a process for the production of l-glucose from a mixture of l-mannose and l-glucose to provide a high purity l-glucose product. More particularly, the invention relates to a process for the isomerization of mixtures of l-mannose and l-glucose to favor the epimerization or transformation of the l-mannose into l-glucose combined with the selective removal of impurities and the selective separation of l-glucose by a multi-stage simulated moving bed smb separation process integrating ion exclusion and isomer separation.
09/18/14
20140273108
Process and method for improving the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass by addition of hydrothermally treated stillage
A method of producing hydrolysate from cellulosic material by adding hydrothermally treated stillage or a fraction thereof to cellulosic material, treating the mixture of hydrothermally treated stillage and cellulosic material with at least one hydrolyzing enzyme, and hydrolyzing and converting complex carbohydrates in the cellulosic material. The hydrolysate produced by the method.
09/18/14
20140273107
Hydrolysis of cellulosic fines in primary clarified sludge of paper mills and the addition of a surfactant to increase the yield
A method for processing a stream of cellulosic fines containing inorganic particles, to increase a hydrolysis yield of polysaccharide degradation enzymes, such fines in a waste stream from a recycled packaging paper mill to produce a stream of fermentable sugars, comprising treating the fines with a surfactant which selectively binds to the inorganic particles and which reduces binding to the inorganic particles by the polysaccharide degradation enzymes, and degrading polysaccharides in the waste stream with the polysaccharide degradation enzymes.. .
09/18/14
20140273105
Gradient pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass
Lignocellulosic biomass pretreated with ammonia where the concentration of the biomass in the reaction mixture is reduced over time was found to produce more sugars following saccharification, as compared to equivalent biomass pretreated at constant concentration. The concentration of biomass is a solids concentration, which is the percent of dry biomass relative to the total pretreatment reaction mixture on a weight to weight basis..
09/18/14
20140273104
Pretreatment and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass
Method and apparatus for enhanced production of sugars and lignin via fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass through sequential ionic liquid pretreatment and mild alkaline treatment. The resulting biomass is easily fractionated and amenable to efficient and rapid hydrolysis and catalytic conversion to valuable products with high recovery of the enzymes used in the hydrolysis..
09/18/14
20140272091
Meat paste noodle
The present invention discloses a meat paste noodle. The meat paste noodle comprises raw materials and auxiliary materials.
09/18/14
20140272068
Beverages containing rare sugars
Beverages comprising rare sugars and sweetness enhancers are provided herein, wherein the sweetness enhancers are present at or below the sweetness recognition threshold concentration. Also provided are methods for improving the sweetness of a beverage comprising rare sugars by adding a sweetness enhancer in a concentration at or below its sweetness recognition threshold.
09/18/14
20140271996
Beverages containing rare sugars
Beverages comprising rare sugars and sweetness enhancers are provided herein, wherein the sweetness enhancers are present at or below the sweetness recognition threshold concentration. Also provided are methods for improving the sweetness of a beverage comprising rare sugars by adding a sweetness enhancer in a concentration at or below its sweetness recognition threshold.
09/18/14
20140271951
Sugar-enriched extract derived from tobacco
The present disclosure describes methods of obtaining and/or deriving a sugar-enriched extract from plants of the nicotiana species and methods for incorporation of such extracts into various tobacco compositions. One exemplary method for preparing a sugar-enriched extract comprises contacting nicotiana plant material with a solvent and extracting sugars into the solvent to form a liquid sugar-containing extract; separating a solid extracted plant material from the liquid sugar-containing extract; clarifying the liquid sugar-containing extract to form a clarified sugar-containing extract and a solids fraction; and isolating the liquid sugar-containing extract to provide a sugar-enriched extract comprising a combined weight of fructose and glucose of at least about 10% by dry weight.
09/18/14
20140271748
Sweetener
A low or zero calorie sweetener composition with sweetness synergy, providing a reduction in off-taste and a desirable temporal profile. The sweetener composition is suitable for use as a substitute for high calorie sugars.
09/18/14
20140271747
Sweetener
A low calorie sweetener composition with sweetness synergy, providing a reduction in off-taste and a desirable temporal profile. The sweetener composition is suitable for use as a substitute for high calorie sugars.
09/18/14
20140271746
Sweetener
A low calorie sweetener composition with sweetness synergy, providing a reduction in off-taste and a desirable temporal profile. The sweetener composition is suitable for use as a substitute for high calorie sugars.
09/11/14
20140256012
Process for the production of alcohols and/or solvents from lignocellulosic biomass with washing of the solid residue obtained after hydrolysis
To reduce the size of the fermenters, at least a portion of the solid residue contained in the hydrolyzate is extracted (ex1) in such a way as to obtain a stream of solid residue (9) comprising lignin and a hydrolyzate (8) that is low in solid residue. Then, the stream of solid residue is washed (l) with a liquid stream in such a way as to recover a sugar-enriched liquid stream (15).
09/11/14
20140255999
Simple sugar starved lignocellulosic biomass enzyme production
This specification discloses a process for producing at least one enzyme from a host cell for the hydrolysis of a first pre-treated ligno-cellulosic biomass under simple sugar starved conditions wherein the cultivation environment has very little, preferable no, simple sugars added other than those present in a ligno-cellulosic biomass used to feed and grow the host cell. The cultivation environment is substantially void of fermentation stimulators and inducers of enzyme production.
08/28/14
20140242642
Dual cofactor specific ribitol dehydrogenase and use thereof
There are provided a novel ribitol dehydrogenase, a residue determining double coenzyme specificity, and a method for preparing l-ribulose using the same, and more particularly, to a ribitol dehydrogenase producing rare sugars, nucleic acid molecules encoding the same, a vector including the nucleic acid molecules, a transformant including the vector, a mutant of the ribitol dehydrogenase, and a method for preparing l-ribulose using the ribitol dehydrogenase. The ribitol dehydrogenase having double coenzyme specificity, which is derived from zymomonas mobilis, can effectively be used for preparing high-priced rare sugars and an investigation of coenzyme specificity determinants for the ribitol dehydrogenase is applied for all of dedydrogenases as a based technique..
08/28/14
20140242286
Enhanced washability inks and methods of making the same
An enhanced washability ink composition has enhanced rinsability and/or washability from fabric, walls, or skin. The composition may comprise about 70 wt % to about 95 wt % water; about 5 wt % to about 35 wt % one or more sugars (e.g., dextrins); about 1 wt % to about 40 wt % one or more optional dye blockers; about 0.1 wt % to about 15 wt % one or more dyes; and one or more optional additives.


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