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Sugars patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Sugars-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Sugars RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Sugars RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Sugars RSS RSS


Biscuit structure

Cellulose-solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation with modest reaction conditions and reagent cycling

Date/App# patent app List of recent Sugars-related patents
07/10/14
20140194619
 Method to produce water-soluble sugars from biomass using solvents containing lactones patent thumbnailMethod to produce water-soluble sugars from biomass using solvents containing lactones
A process to produce an aqueous solution of carbohydrates that contains c6-sugar-containing oligomers, c6 sugar monomers, c5-sugar-containing oligomers, c5 sugar monomers, or any combination thereof is presented. The process includes the steps of reacting biomass or a biomass-derived reactant with a solvent system including a lactone and water, and an acid catalyst.
07/10/14
20140193544
 Biscuit structure patent thumbnailBiscuit structure
A biscuit structure contains a body formed in a circular column shape or a flatly elongated block shape, and a mixing ingredient of the body includes corns, rice, brown rice, egg yolk powders, sugars, salts, palm oil, soy flour (mixed from soybeans, wheat, salts and sugars), and maltodextrin. The body is molded and baked, and then a sticky ingredient is applied on the body, thereafter a crushed nut ingredient is sprayed on the sticky ingredient of the body.
07/10/14
20140193334
 Targeted delivery and prodrug designs for platinum-acridine anti-cancer compounds and methods thereof patent thumbnailTargeted delivery and prodrug designs for platinum-acridine anti-cancer compounds and methods thereof
Acridine containing cisplatin compounds have been disclosed that show greater efficacy against cancer than other cisplatin compounds. Methods of delivery of those more effective cisplatin compounds to the nucleus in cancer cells is disclosed using one or more amino acids, one or more sugars, one or more polymeric ethers, c1-6alkylene-phenyl-nh—c(o)—r15, folic acid, αvβ3 integrin rgd binding peptide, tamoxifen, endoxifen, epidermal growth factor receptor, antibody conjugates, kinase inhibitors, diazoles, triazoles, oxazoles, erlotinib, and/or mixtures thereof; wherein r15 is a peptide..
07/10/14
20140190471
 Cellulose-solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation with modest reaction conditions and reagent cycling patent thumbnailCellulose-solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation with modest reaction conditions and reagent cycling
Embodiments of the present invention overcome the well-known recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass in an economically viable manner. A process and system are provided for the efficient fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose sugars, lignin, and acetic acid.
07/03/14
20140187759
 Biorefining processes and apparatus for separating cellulose hemicellulose, and lignin from biomass patent thumbnailBiorefining processes and apparatus for separating cellulose hemicellulose, and lignin from biomass
The disclosed invention is a modification of the avap® technology, employing co2 (or derivatives thereof) rather than so2 in the cooking liquor. In some variations, the invention provides a process for fractionating cellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, comprising: fractionating the feedstock in the presence of a solvent for lignin, carbon dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin; substantially removing the cellulose-rich solids from the liquor; hydrolyzing the hemicellulose contained in the liquor, to produce hemicellulosic monomers; hydrolyzing at least some of the cellulose-rich solids to produce glucose (or recovering the cellulose-rich solids as a cellulose product); recovering the hemicellulosic monomers to produce fermentable sugars; and recovering the lignin which may be in the form of a lignocarbonate..
07/03/14
20140186901
 Processes and apparatus for producing fermentable sugars, cellulose solids, and lignin from lignocellulosic biomass patent thumbnailProcesses and apparatus for producing fermentable sugars, cellulose solids, and lignin from lignocellulosic biomass
In some variations, the invention provides a process for fractionating biomass, comprising: fractionating the biomass in the presence of a solvent for lignin, sulfur dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin; hydrolyzing the hemicellulose contained in the liquor, to produce hemicellulosic monomers; hydrolyzing the cellulose-rich solids to produce glucose; and recovering the hemicellulosic monomers and the glucose, as fermentable sugars, wherein a metal sulfite or metal bisulfite additive is introduced to react directly or indirectly with lignin to produce sulfonated lignin. The disclosed processes may enhance lignin separations as well as promote the co-product potential of lignin..
07/03/14
20140186899
 Biomass fractionation processes employing sulfur dioxide patent thumbnailBiomass fractionation processes employing sulfur dioxide
The present invention provides a process for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass, comprising: contacting biomass with so2, water, and optionally a first solvent, to produce intermediate solids; then contacting the intermediate solids with so2, water, and a second solvent, to produce cellulose-rich solids and a liquid phase comprising hemicelluloses and lignin. The first concentration of so2 may be lower or higher than the second concentration of so2.
07/03/14
20140186898
 Processes for fractionating whole plants to produce fermentable sugars and co-products patent thumbnailProcesses for fractionating whole plants to produce fermentable sugars and co-products
The invention provides processes for producing fermentable sugars from whole biomass that includes cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and non-lignocellulosic sugars. Some variations fractionate the whole feedstock in the presence of sulfur dioxide, a solvent for lignin, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, lignin, and the non-lignocellulosic sugars.
07/03/14
20140186896
 Use of glycoside hydrolase 61 family proteins in processing of cellulose patent thumbnailUse of glycoside hydrolase 61 family proteins in processing of cellulose
The invention provides recombinant gh61 proteins obtained from myceliophtora thermophila, and nucleic acids that encode such proteins. The invention also provides protein fractions isolated from m.
07/03/14
20140186513
 Boiled sugar sweet comprising non-fructosylated a-galactooligosaccharides patent thumbnailBoiled sugar sweet comprising non-fructosylated a-galactooligosaccharides
The present invention concerns a hard candy comprising a mixture of sugars composed of glucose and non-fructosylated α-galacto-oligosaccharides in particular proportions. It also concerns a method of manufacturing said candies, as well as the utilization, for manufacturing a hard candy, of a composition that includes the aforementioned mixture..
06/26/14
20140178980
Systems and methods of improved fermentation
Devices, systems and methods for processing cellulosic material to produce fermentable sugars are provided. Devices, systems and methods for increasing fermentation rates of microbes via biostimulation are provided.
06/26/14
20140178561
Potatoes with reduced cold-induced sweetening
Materials and methods are provided for making plants (e.g., solanum varieties) with decreased accumulation of reducing sugars and acrylamide in cold-stored potatoes, specifically, by making tale-nuclease-induced mutations in genes encoding vacuolar invertase.. .
06/26/14
20140178507
Weight management composition
A composition for oral administration for weight management includes at least approximately ⅔ (by weight) active or nutritional ingredients, and may include as much as and approximately ⅓ (by weight) of sweetening, flavoring and/or palatability ingredients. The composition is free of caffeine and free of added sugars..
06/26/14
20140174945
Systems and methods of improved fermentation
Devices, systems and methods for processing cellulosic material to produce fermentable sugars are provided. Devices, systems and methods for increasing fermentation rates of microbes via biostimulation are provided.
06/26/14
20140174944
Systems and methods of improved fermentation
Devices, systems and methods for processing cellulosic material to produce fermentable sugars are provided. Devices, systems and methods for increasing fermentation rates of microbes via biostimulation are provided.
06/19/14
20140171688
Decarboxylation of levulinic acid to ketone solvents
Ketones, specifically methyl ethyl ketone (“mek”) and octanedione, may be formed from six carbon sugars. This process involves obtaining a quantity of a six carbon sugar and then reacting the sugar to form levulinic acid and formic acid.
06/19/14
20140170721
Methods for producing sugars from biomass
The present invention provides methods for producing a mixture of sugars from a solid biomass feedstock using a counter current extraction apparatus and a dilute acidic solution.. .
06/12/14
20140163245
Process for producing furfural from black liquor
A process for making furfural using papermaking black liquor from the kraft pulping process as a feed material. First, the lignin is removed from the black liquor by carbonizing the black liquor to a ph below ph 10 to insolubilize the lignin, neutralize naoh and other inorganic components of the black liquor.
06/12/14
20140163210
Processes and apparatus for lignin separation in biorefineries
The present invention generally provides methods of improving lignin separation during biomass fractionation with an acid to release sugars and a solvent for lignin (such as ethanol). In some embodiments, a digestor is employed to fractionating a feedstock in the presence of a solvent for lignin, sulfur dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin.
06/12/14
20140162881
Use of ribose to enhance plant growth
The present invention to methods a compositions for supplementing the soil/diet of plants in order to enhance plant growth, yield, hardening, as well as the recovery of plants which undergo transplantation. The present invention provides ribose and other pentose sugars and their derivatives, alone or in combination with other carbohydrates, electrolytes, minerals, enzymes, micronutrients, macronutrients, or other ingredients to enhance plant growth, yield, hardening, and aid in the recovery during and following transplantation.
06/12/14
20140162324
Biorefinery process for extraction, separation and recovery of fermentable saccharides, other useful compounds, and yield of improved lignocellulosic material from plant biomass
Non-food plant biomass is subjected hot-water extraction in a pressurized vessel at an elevated temperature up to about 250° c. Without addition of reagents, to yield an aqueous extract containing hemicellulosic components and a lignocellulosic residue.
06/12/14
20140162323
Methods of combined bioprocessing and related microorganisms, thermophilic and/or acidophilic enzymes, and nucleic acids encoding said enzymes
A genetically modified organism comprising: at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid isolated from alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and encoding a polypeptide involved in at least partially degrading, cleaving, transporting, metabolizing, or removing polysaccharides, cellulose, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, starch, sugars, sugar oligomers, carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, chitin, heteroxylans, glycosides, xylan-, glucan-, galactan-, or mannan-decorating groups; and at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid encoding a polypeptide involved in fermenting sugar molecules to a product. Additionally, enzymatic and/or proteinaceous extracts may be isolated from one or more genetically modified organisms.
06/12/14
20140162322
Biological production of pentose sugars using recombinant cells
The invention provides, inter alia, compositions and methods for the biological production of pentose sugars, such as 2-methylerythritol (2-me), 1-deoxyxylulose (1-dx), and monoacetylated-2-c-methylerythritols, using recombinant cells.. .
06/05/14
20140155301
Processes and apparatus for producing nanocellulose, and compositions and products produced therefrom
Processes disclosed are capable of converting biomass into high-crystallinity nanocellulose with surprisingly low mechanical energy input. In some variations, the process includes fractionating biomass with an acid (such as sulfur dioxide), a solvent (such as ethanol), and water, to generate cellulose-rich solids and a liquid containing hemicellulose and lignin; and mechanically treating the cellulose-rich solids to form nanofibrils and/or nanocrystals.
06/05/14
20140154759
Processes for producing low-ash biomass for combustion or pellets
This invention provides processes and apparatus to convert biomass, including wood and agricultural residues, into low-ash biomass pellets for combustion, alone or in combination with another solid fuel. Some embodiments provide processes for producing low-ash biomass from cellulosic biomass, comprising providing an aqueous extraction solution with acetic acid; extracting the feedstock to produce an extract liquor containing soluble ash, hemicellulosic oligomers, acetic acid, dissolved lignin, and cellulose-rich solids; dewatering and drying the cellulose-rich, lignin-rich solids to produce a low-ash biomass; hydrolyzing the hemicellulosic oligomers to produce hemicellulosic sugars, wherein additional acetic acid is generated; removing a vapor stream comprising vaporized acetic acid from the extract; and recycling the vapor or its condensate to provide some starting acetic acid for the extraction solution.
06/05/14
20140154757
Processes and apparatus for producing nanocellulose, and compositions and products produced therefrom
Processes disclosed are capable of converting biomass into high-crystallinity nanocellulose with surprisingly low mechanical energy input. In some variations, the process includes fractionating biomass with an acid (such as sulfur dioxide), a solvent (such as ethanol), and water, to generate cellulose-rich solids and a liquid containing hemicellulose and lignin; and mechanically treating the cellulose-rich solids to form nanofibrils and/or nanocrystals.
06/05/14
20140154756
Processes and apparatus for producing nanocellulose, and compositions and products produced therefrom
Processes disclosed are capable of converting biomass into high-crystallinity nanocellulose with surprisingly low mechanical energy input. In some variations, the process includes fractionating biomass with an acid (such as sulfur dioxide), a solvent (such as ethanol), and water, to generate cellulose-rich solids and a liquid containing hemicellulose and lignin; and mechanically treating the cellulose-rich solids to form nanofibrils and/or nanocrystals.
06/05/14
20140154752
Glycoside hydrolases having multiple hydrolase activities
Glycoside hydrolases having at least two different hydrolytic activities are provided. In one embodiment, an isolated recombinant hydrolase having at least two activities selected from a group including asparagine derivatives, glutamine derivatives, and histidine derivatives is provided.
06/05/14
20140154185
Use of non-labeled sugars and detection by mri for assessing tissue perfusion and metabolism
A method for magnetic resonance (mr) imaging or spectroscopy on a mr scanner to detect tissue physiological parameters in one or more tissue areas in a human or non-human subject includes administering to the subject a contrast enhancing physiologically tolerable amount of a sugar that is non-labeled, subjecting the subject to an mr procedure capable of generating mr signals encoding at least one tissue area in the subject in which the sugar either passes or is taken up, detecting a temporal variation in the mr signals in the at least one tissue area after the administering the sugar, determining at least one tissue-related parameter from the temporal variation, and ascertaining whether the at least one tissue-related parameter is abnormal.. .
06/05/14
20140150777
Compositions and processes for improving phosphatation clarification of sugar liquors and syrups
A process for improving phosphatation clarification of sugars can include adding to a sugar liquor a composition having at least one particulate sulfur reagent and at least one or more other particulate solids selected from, a particulate phosphorous reagent, a particulate carbonaceous reagent, a particulate aluminum reagent, a particulate filter aid, and a particulate ammonium reagent. The composition can be added to the phosphatation chemical reaction tank or prior to the phosphatation chemical reaction tank.
06/05/14
20140150334
Processes for producing energy-dense biomass for combustion
This invention provides processes to convert biomass into energy-dense biomass for combustion, alone or in combination with another solid fuel. Some embodiments provide processes for producing energy-dense biomass from cellulosic biomass, comprising extracting the feedstock with steam and/or hot water to produce an extract liquor containing hemicellulosic oligomers, dissolved lignin, and cellulose-rich solids; separating the extract liquor, to produce dewatered cellulose-rich solids; hydrolyzing the dewatered cellulose-rich solids, thereby removing a portion of the cellulose, to produce intermediate solids (with higher energy density) and a hydrolysate; drying the intermediate solids to produce energy-dense biomass; and optionally recovering fermentable sugars from the hydrolysate.
05/29/14
20140148627
Mos2 catalyst process for the conversion of sugar alcohol to hydrocarbons
Cellulose and hemicellulose from biomass can be broken down to c6 and c5 sugars and further converted to corresponding sugar alcohols. It is now found that a new catalyst, mos2, is active for the hydrogenation of sugar alcohols to hydrocarbons.
05/29/14
20140147873
Surface display of cellulolytic enzymes and enzyme complexes on gram-positive microorganisms
In various embodiments a system is provided that displays heterologous proteins on the surface of a gram-positive microorganism. In certain embodiments the system displays proteins using a sortase transpeptidase to covalently anchor proteins to the cell wall of the microbe.
05/29/14
20140147574
Reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods
The invention relates to reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods that have a calorific value-containing portion and are mixed with talc. Calorific value-containing components of the calorific value-containing portion are selected from the group consisting of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
05/29/14
20140147344
Mos2 catalyst system for the conversion of sugar alcohol to hydrocarbons
Cellulose and hemicellulose from biomass can be broken down to c6 and c5 sugars and further converted to corresponding sugar alcohols. It is now found that a new catalyst, mos2, is active for the hydrogenation of sugar alcohols to hydrocarbons.
05/22/14
20140141473
Yeast cell capable of converting sugars including arabinose and xlose
Yeast cell belonging to the genus saccharomyces having introduced into its genome at least one xyla gene and at least one of each of araa, arab and arad genes and that is capable of consuming a mixed sugar mixture comprising glucose, xylose and arabinose, wherein the cell co-consumes glucose and arabinose, has genetic variations obtained during adaptive evolution and has a specific xylose consumption rate in the presence of glucose that is 0.25 g xylose/h, g dm or more.. .
05/15/14
20140135510
Process for converting polysaccharides in an inorganic molten salt hydrate
The derivatized (di) anhydro sugars are useful as fuel additives and fuel substitutes.. .
05/08/14
20140127768
Solar-assisted volatile fermentation products production processes
The present invention provides a method and apparatus for recapturing heat from a solar-assisted volatile fermentation product production process comprising harvesting a volatile fermentation product from a solar-assisted fermentation product production apparatus and utilizing a heat recovery apparatus for recapturing the heat produced during the solar-assisted fermentation product production process. The volatile fermentation product can be produced in an autotrophic organism or by a fermenting organism fermenting fermentable sugars from one or more sugar crops, starch-containing and lignocellulose-containing materials..
05/08/14
20140127755
Process for treating biomass to derivatize polysaccharides contained therein to increase their accessibility to hydrolysis and subsequent fermentation
A process is described for producing fermentable sugars derivable from biomass that contains polysaccharide, such as cellulose, made increasingly accessible as a substrate for enzymatic degradation or other methods of depolymerization. These fermentable sugars are subsequently able to be fermented to produce various target chemicals, such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones or acids..
05/08/14
20140127754
Methods and compositions for degradation of lignocellulosic material
Methods to convert lignocellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars with enzymes that degrade the lignocellulosic material are provided, as well as novel combinations of enzymes, including those that provide a synergistic release of sugars from plant biomass.. .
05/08/14
20140123973
Method and system for fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass
Methods and systems for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass including hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin, including exploding the biomass cells to devolatilize the biomass, hydrolyzing the hemicellulose to produce a liquid component including hemicellulosic sugars and a solid component including less than 10% hemicellulose, separating the liquid and solid components, vaporizing the cellulose in the solid component, and condensing the cellulosic sugar vapors. The methods and systems may vaporize the cellulose in a continuous steam reactor at a temperature of about 400-550° c.
05/01/14
20140120068
Solutions, systems and methods for cell, tissue and organ preservation
This disclosure provides solutions, systems, and methods for cell, tissue, and/or organ preservation. Some preservation solutions may include any combination of a balanced salt solution, electrolytes, antibiotic agents, antimycotic agents, protease inhibitors, anti-oxidants, simple sugars, starches impermeant ions, uric acid and/or amino acids.
04/24/14
20140113352
Recombinant thermoascus aurantiacus beta-glucosidase variants for production of fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass
The present invention provides compositions and methods for the expression of recombinant β-glucosidase variants, as well as their use in the production of fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass.. .
04/17/14
20140107355
Method to convert monosaccharides to 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural (hmf) using biomass-derived solvents
Described is a process to produce hydroxymethyl furfural (hmf) from biomass-derived sugars. The process includes the steps of reacting a c5 and/or c6 sugar-containing reactant derived from biomass in a monophasic or biphasic reaction solution comprising water and a co-solvent.
04/17/14
20140107353
Reductive biomass liquefaction
The present invention provides methods, reactor systems, and catalysts for converting in a continuous process biomass to less complex oxygenated compounds for use in downstream processes to produce biofuels and chemicals. The invention includes methods of converting the components of biomass, such as hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin, to water-soluble materials, including lignocellulosic derivatives, cellulosic derivatives, hemicellulosic derivatives, carbohydrates, starches, polysaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, sugars, sugar alcohols, alditols, polyols, diols, alcohols, ketones, cyclic ethers, esters, carboxylic acids, aldehydes, and mixtures thereof, using hydrogen and a heterogeneous liquefaction catalyst..
04/17/14
20140105839
Family of aryl, heteroaryl, o-aryl and o-heteroaryl carbasugars
The present invention relates to a compound of the following formula (i): as well as its process of preparation, pharmaceutical and cosmetics composition comprising it and use thereof, notably as an inhibitor of the sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter, such as sglt1, sglt2 and sglt3, in particular in the treatment or prevention of diabetes, and more particularly type-ii diabetes, diabetes-related complications, such as arthritis of the lower extremities, cardiac infarction, renal insufficiency, neuropathy or blindness, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, x syndrome and arteriosclerosis, as well as for its use as an anticancer, anti-infective, anti-viral, anti-thrombotic or anti-inflammatory drug, or for lightening, bleaching, depigmenting the skin, removing blemishes from the skin, particularly age spots and freckles, or preventing pigmentation of the skin.. .
04/10/14
20140100176
L-sugar colon cleansing agent and uses thereof
Disclosed is l-glucose monohydrate and compositions thereof. Also disclosed are methods for making l-glucose monohydrate and compositions thereof.
04/10/14
20140099420
Process for the production of cookies having improved organoleptic properties
A process is described for the production of shortbread-type cookies, characterised in that it comprises the steps of: mixing the ingredients of a cookie dough, forming the cookie dough to form semi-finished products, baking the semi-finished products formed from the dough, thus obtaining the cookies, cooling the cookies obtained and packaging of the cookies; wherein the step of baking the semi-finished products comprises a step of exposure thereof to a hot gas consisting of hot air and superheated steam, blown directly on the semi-finished products by means of an impingement system; a description is also given of a cookie comprising, in weight per total weight, a dietary fibre content comprised between 1 and 25%, a lipids content comprised between 4 and 23% and a simple sugars content comprised between 8 and 26%.. .
04/10/14
20140096923
Processes for producing cellulose pulp, sugars, and co-products from lignocellulosic biomass
The greenbox+ technology is suitable to extract hemicellulose sugars prior to pulping of biomass into pulp products. The revenue obtainable from the sugar stream can significantly improve the economics of a pulp and paper mill.
04/10/14
20140096922
Processes for producing cellulose pulp, sugars, and co-products from lignocellulosic biomass
The greenbox+ technology is suitable to extract hemicellulose sugars prior to pulping of biomass into pulp products. The revenue obtainable from the sugar stream can significantly improve the economics of a pulp and paper mill.
04/03/14
20140093920
Methods for treating lignocellulosic materials
The present invention provides compositions and methods for the pretreatment of lignocellulosic material. The present invention further provides for pretreated lignocellulosic material that can be used to produce products, such as fermentable sugars..
04/03/14
20140093918
Methods for converting lignocellulosic materials to useful products
The present invention provides compositions and methods for the pretreatment of lignocellulosic material. The present invention further provides for pretreated lignocellulosic material that can be used to produce useful products, such as fermentable sugars..
04/03/14
20140093917
Methods for converting lignocellulosic material to useful products
The present invention provides compositions and methods for the pretreatment of lignocellulosic material. The present invention further provides for pretreated lignocellulosic material that can be used to produce useful products, such as fermentable sugars..
04/03/14
20140093719
Closed-cell tannin-based foams without formaldehyde
Disclosed are foam compositions and processes to form closed-cell tannin-based foams. The foams comprises a continuous polymeric phase defining a plurality of cells, wherein the continuous polymeric phase comprises a tannin-based resin derived from a tannin and a monomer, wherein the monomer comprises furfural, glyoxal, acetaldehyde, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, acrolein, levulinate esters, sugars, 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid, 2,5-furandicarboxylic aldehyde, urea, difurfural (dff), furfuryl alcohol, glycerol, sorbitol, lignin, or mixtures thereof, and wherein the plurality of cells comprises a plurality of open-cells and a plurality of closed-cells with an open-cell content measured according to astm d6226-5, of less than 50%.
04/03/14
20140093468
Styling agents with an interesting texture
Agents for the temporary shaping of keratinic fibers are characterized by a pleasant product feel, light consistency and a lightweight application. The agents include in a cosmetically acceptable carrier, relative in each case to the total agent, 0.1 to 15 wt.
03/27/14
20140090107
Plant variant, method for producing plant variant, and method for accumulating soluble sugar
This invention is intended to allow accumulation of large quantities of soluble sugars in tissue other than plant seeds. A plant is modified so as to suppress a gene encoding a subunit exhibiting the highest sequence similarity with the subunit encoded by the agpl1 gene of rice among subunits constituting..
03/27/14
20140087175
Closed-cell tannin-based foams
Disclosed are foam compositions and processes to form closed-cell tannin-based foams. The foams comprises a continuous polymeric phase defining a plurality of cells, wherein the continuous polymeric phase comprises a tannin-based resin derived from a tannin, a first monomer, and a second monomer, wherein the first monomer comprises formaldehyde, paraformaldehyde, furfural, glyoxal, acetaldehyde, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, acrolein, levulinate esters, sugars, 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid, 2,5-furandicarboxylic aldehyde, urea, difurfural (dff), or mixtures thereof, and the second monomer comprises furfuryl alcohol, glycerol, sorbitol, lignin, or mixtures thereof, and wherein the plurality of cells comprises a plurality of open-cells and a plurality of closed-cells with an open-cell content measured according to astm d6226-5, of less than 50%.
03/27/14
20140083327
Bacterial cellulose based 'green' composites
‘green’ composites are fabricated using resins, such as soy-based resins, and reinforced with crystalline high strength bacterial cellulose (bc) fibers. Bacterial cellulose is produced by providing a bacterial cellulose-producing bacterium such as acetobacter xylinum; providing an inexpensive bacteria nutritional medium; culturing the bacterium in the bacteria nutritional medium under conditions to produce bacterial cellulose; and isolating bacterial cellulose produced by cultured bacteria from the bacteria nutritional medium.
03/27/14
20140083073
Corn stalk harvester
An apparatus for the harvesting and collecting of plant materials from the tops of the plants, such as a corn plant, or other types of crops, above the ear(s), either before, during or after pollination, sweet corn harvesting time or at the black layer, while the stalk is still alive, and has most of its moisture, or at any advantageous time in the growing cycle and collect such plant materials for livestock feed, fuels, sugars or other nutrients, and or for any other useful purpose.. .
03/20/14
20140075830
Biofuel containing furanic compounds and alkoxy benzene compounds and the process for obtaining these compounds from sugar cane by hydrolysis of cellulose, sugars and lignin in ionic liquids
A biofuel consisting of a mixture of furanic compounds and polymethoxy benzene compounds which can be mixed with standard fuel consisting in hydrocarbons, and the process to obtain these compounds from sugar cane by converting cellulose, hemicellulose and sugars in furan derivatives and levullinic acid esthers and by converting lignin in alkoxy benzene compounds by hydrolysing the cellulose and lignin of sugar cane first in a mixture of n alkyl imidazolium chloride, hydrochloric acid 37% and an alcohol, dehydrating pentoses and hexoses so obtained from cellulose, stabilising the aldehyde groups as acetal and stabilising the phenolic hydroxyls obtained from lignin as alkyl ethers.. .
03/13/14
20140073025
Method and apparatus for recycling and reusing beverages and other liquids and container materials
A system for destruction and recycling of containers (such as bottles, cans and the like), as well as associated liquids, food products or other residue, greatly reduces waste discharge and/or disposal requirements. Packaging and other solids are shredded, ground or otherwise processed, while associated liquids are collected.
03/13/14
20140073017
Cellulase compositions and methods of using the same for improved conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into fermentable sugars
The present invention relates to compositions that can be used in hydrolyzing biomass such as compositions comprising a polypeptide having β-glucosidase activity, methods for hydrolyzing biomass material, and methods for improving the stability and saccharification efficacy of a composition comprising such β-glucosidase polypeptides and/or activity.. .
03/06/14
20140065693
Method for treating cellulosic material and cbhii/cel6a enzymes useful therein
The present invention relates to the production of sugar hydrolysates from cellulosic material. The method may be used, for example for producing fermentable sugars for the production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic material.
03/06/14
20140065682
Processes and apparatus for producing fermentable sugars, cellulose solids, and lignin from lignocellulosic biomass
Variations of this invention reduce or avoid lignin precipitation during acidic hydrolysis of biomass hydrolysates (such as hemicellulose-containing liquid extracts). Net acid usage and byproduct salt formation are significantly reduced.
03/06/14
20140065678
Recombinant beta-glucosidase variants for production of soluble sugars from cellulosic biomass
The invention relates to recombinant expression of a variant form of a fungal c1 strain β-glucosidase. The invention also relates to the generation of fermentable sugars from biomass and the production of biofuels by fermentation of the sugars using genetically modified organisms expressing the β-glucosidase variant.
03/06/14
20140065282
Coffee-derived surfactants
Coffee-derived surfactants are provided by transesterification reactions of sugars and coffee oil. The coffee-derived surfactants are especially useful in the production of coffee oil emulsions for use with, or incorporation into, coffee products..
03/06/14
20140060522
Methods of producing sugars from biomass feedstocks
Provided herein are catalysts useful in non-enzymatic saccharification processes. The catalysts can be polymeric catalysts or solid-supported catalysts with acidic and ionic moieties.
02/27/14
20140057332
Gluco-oligosaccharide oxidases from acremonium strictum and uses thereof
This invention provides a description of novel polypeptides and nucleotide sequences having gluco-oligosaccharide oxidase (goox) activity. The polypeptides of the invention can be used for enzymatic processes that modify carbohydrates from wood fiber.
02/27/14
20140053453
Portable organic herbicide applicator
Embodiments provide an applicator configured to pressurize and heat a mixture of water and herbicide, and expel the heated and pressurized water/herbicide mixture from the applicator. In some embodiments, the herbicide may be an organic herbicide such as organic acids, simple sugars, surfactants, or ammonia.
02/20/14
20140051873
Methods for furfural production from branched non-fermentable sugars in stillage or syrup
Furfural is obtained selectively and in good purity from non-fermentable branched sugars found in soluble waste streams of lignocellulosic biomass. In a monophasic method, stillage or syrup is contacted with water and an acid catalyst under suitable reaction conditions to convert the branched non-fermentable branched sugars to furfural.
02/20/14
20140051872
Catalysts for hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated hydrocarbons
The present invention provides catalysts, methods, and reactor systems for converting oxygenated hydrocarbons to oxygenated compounds. The invention includes methods for producing cyclic ethers, monooxygenates, dioxygenates, ketones, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, and alcohols from oxygenated hydrocarbons, such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like, using catalysts containing palladium, molybdenum, tin, and tungsten.
02/20/14
20140051725
Method for increasing the activity of lysosomal enzymes
Method for enhancing in a mammalian cell the activity of an enzyme associated with gaucher disease by administering a competitive inhibitor of glucocerebrosidase in an amount effective to enhance the activity of the enzyme. Preferred compounds for use in the method are imino sugars and related compounds.
02/20/14
20140051128
Endoglucanases for treatment of cellulosic material
The present invention relates to production of fermentable sugars from lignocellulosic material by enzymatic conversion. The fermentable sugars are useful e.g.
02/20/14
20140051119
Fungal beta-xylosidase variants
The present invention provides fungal xylanase and/or beta-xylosidase enzymes suitable for use in saccharification reactions. The present application further provides genetically modified fungal organisms that produce xylanase and/or beta-xylosidases, as well as enzyme mixtures exhibiting enhanced hydrolysis of cellulosic material to fermentable sugars, enzyme mixtures produced by the genetically modified fungal organisms, and methods for producing fermentable sugars from cellulose using such enzyme mixtures..


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