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Sugars patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Sugars-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Sugars RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Sugars RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Sugars RSS RSS


Process for the preparation of trivalent iron complexes with mono-, di- and polysaccharide sugards

Nucleic acid ligand diagnostic biochip

Date/App# patent app List of recent Sugars-related patents
10/09/14
20140302566
 Enhanced ethanol fermentation using biodigestate patent thumbnailEnhanced ethanol fermentation using biodigestate
Methods and systems for enhancing ethanol production using a suspending fluid are described. The suspending fluid includes organic material that has at least partially been anaerobically digested and anaerobic microorganisms, and is substantially free of non-anaerobic microorganisms.
10/09/14
20140302543
 Strategy for the assay of enzyme and enzyme mixtures for the hydrolysis ligno-cellulosic biomass patent thumbnailStrategy for the assay of enzyme and enzyme mixtures for the hydrolysis ligno-cellulosic biomass
The invention is to a novel method for assaying most or all of the activities of an enzyme or enzyme solution that could be used to convert ligno-cellulosic material into monomeric sugars. The method characterizes enzymes and enzyme mixtures for the hydrolysis of ligno-cellulosic biomass by measuring the protein concentration of an enzyme or enzyme mixture, adding the enzyme or enzyme mixture to a plurality of test vials creating a liquid fraction in the plurality of test vials wherein each test vial in the plurality of test vials contains a different substrate, incubating each test vial for a period of time sufficient to establish the conversion of the substrate in each test vial of the plurality of test vials at the same ph and temperature, while, if necessary, providing at least enough agitation to keep the substrate in suspension, quenching the reaction, and analyzing the optical absorbance of the liquid fraction of at least one test vial of the plurality of test vials..
10/02/14
20140296508
 Process for the preparation of trivalent iron complexes with mono-, di- and polysaccharide sugards patent thumbnailProcess for the preparation of trivalent iron complexes with mono-, di- and polysaccharide sugards
Process for the preparation of trivalent iron complexes with mono-, di- and polysaccharide sugars, consisting of the activation of the sugar by oxidation with nascent bromine generated in situ by reaction between an alkaline or alkaline earth bromine and an alkaline hypochlorite, the complexation of the activated sugar in solution with a ferric salt dissolved in an aqueous solution, the purification of the resulting solution through ultrafiltration and finally the stabilization of the trivalent iron-sugar complex by heating at a temperature between 60° c. And 100° c.
10/02/14
20140296102
 Nucleic acid ligand diagnostic biochip patent thumbnailNucleic acid ligand diagnostic biochip
A nucleic acid ligand “biochip” is disclosed, consisting of a solid support to which one or more specific nucleic acid ligands is attached in a spatially defined manner. Each nucleic acid ligand binds specifically and avidly to a particular target molecule contained within a test mixture, such as a bodily fluid.
10/02/14
20140295508
 Methods for preparing 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid patent thumbnailMethods for preparing 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid
Provided are methods of producing 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (fdca) from renewable sources such as seaweed, alginate, oligoalginate, pectin, oligopectin, polygalacturonate, galacturonate, and/or oligogalacturonate. The sugars in the renewable sources can be converted into one or more intermediates such as 4-deoxy-l-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronate (dehu), 4-deoxy-l-threo-5-hexosulose uronate (dthu), 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (hmf), 2,5-dihydroxymethyl furan (dhmf), and 5-formyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (ffa), which can be converted into fdca by dehydration and cyclization to produce 5-formyl-2-furancarboxylic acid (ffa), followed by oxidation to produce fdca.
10/02/14
20140295504
 Fungal cells and fermentation processes patent thumbnailFungal cells and fermentation processes
The present invention provides an isolated fungal cell that is capable of producing one or more biomass-degrading enzymes and that exhibits increased or decreased expression or copy number of a polynucleotide encoding a ptab-like protein. Also provided is a fermentation processes for producing one or more biomass-degrading enzymes comprising a fungal cells exhibiting increased or decreased expression or copy number of a polynucleotide encoding a ptab-like protein.
10/02/14
20140294919
 Vaccines patent thumbnailVaccines
The present invention relates to efficient devices for administration of pharmaceutical agents into the skin of the human body. In particular the present invention provides devices for vaccination into the skin.
10/02/14
20140294757
 Stabilisation of polypeptides patent thumbnailStabilisation of polypeptides
A method for preserving a polypeptide comprising: (a) providing an aqueous solution of (i) the polypeptide, (ii) one or more sugars, and (iii) a compound of formula (i) or a physiologically acceptable salt or ester thereof and/or a compound of formula (ii) or a physiologically acceptable salt or ester thereof; and (b) drying the solution to form a composition incorporating the polypeptide.. .
09/25/14
20140288398
 Compositions and devices for the detection of biomarkers in the gastrointestinal tract and methods for making and using them patent thumbnailCompositions and devices for the detection of biomarkers in the gastrointestinal tract and methods for making and using them
In alternative embodiments, the invention provides compositions such as devices, pills, beads, capsules, products of manufacture, particles, microparticles, nanoparticles, gels, liquid gels, liquid gel capsules, capsules, tablets, geltabs, liquids, sprays, emulsions, suspensions, pastes or yogurts, for the detection and isolation of biomarkers, nucleic acids, proteins or peptides, proteoglycans, lipids, fats, sugars or polysaccharides in the gastrointestinal tract for e.g., detecting the presence of particular exogenous or endogenous nucleic acids, e.g., dna or rna, or proteins, in the gastrointestinal tract, for example, to diagnose the presence of an infectious or exogenous agent such as a virus, a fungus, a parasite, a bacteria, intestinal helminths and protozoan parasites, and the like, or a biomarker such as a cancer-causing or cancer-predisposing allele, e.g., mutations of the kras2 oncogene in pancreatic cancer. In alternative embodiments, compositions of the invention comprise magnetic particles such as a magnetically-responsive microparticle or nanoparticle; a superparamagnetic bead or polystyrene bead; a superparamagnetic fine particle; a ferrimagnetic particle; or, a magnetic microsphere, nanosphere, microbead or nanobeads.
09/25/14
20140287923
 Method for enhancing crop yields by application of trehalose patent thumbnailMethod for enhancing crop yields by application of trehalose
A method for increasing and/or preserving yields and/or biomass in crop species including potatoes, beets, sugar cane, corn, soybeans and others by exogenous application of trehalose and/or trehalose derivatives at any time in the growing process such as before crop sowing, during sowing, or during plant establishment. The method, when applied early in crop production results in enhanced health and vigor of the mother plant resulting in healthier produce having reduced sugars from the mother plant.
09/25/14
20140284203
Controlling process gases
Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful intermediates and products, such as energy, fuels, foods or materials. For example, equipment, systems and methods are described that can be used to treat feedstock materials, such as cellulosic and/or lignocellulosic materials, in a vault in which hazardous gases are removed, destroyed and/or converted.
09/25/14
20140283569
Endophytic yeast strains, methods for ethanol and xylitol production, methods for biological nitrogen fixation, and a genetic source for improvement of industrial strains
The present invention provides novel endophytic yeast strains capable of metabolizing both pentose and hexose sugars. Methods of producing ethanol and xylitol using the novel endophytic yeast are provided herein.
09/18/14
20140283215
Methods for increasing starch content in plant cobs
Methods and compositions for increasing the starch content in cob tissues of a plant are provided. The method comprises down-regulating the activity of starch degradation enzymes in a plant.
09/18/14
20140275623
Nitric acid oxidation processes
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275622
Nitric acid oxidation process
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275621
Oxidation process
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275584
Production of aromatics from di- and polyoxygenates
Methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing in high yield aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from a mixture of oxygenates comprising di- and polyoxygenates are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like; and methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing the mixture of oxygenates from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like.
09/18/14
20140275571
Production of aromatics from di- and polyoxygenates
Methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing in high yield aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from a mixture of oxygenates comprising di- and polyoxygenates are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like; and methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing the mixture of oxygenates from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like.
09/18/14
20140275518
L-glucose production from l-glusose/l-mannose mixtures using simulated moving bed separation
Disclosed is a process for the production of l-glucose from a mixture of l-mannose and l-glucose to provide a high purity l-glucose product. More particularly, the invention relates to a process for the isomerization of mixtures of l-mannose and l-glucose to favor the epimerization or transformation of the l-mannose into l-glucose combined with the selective removal of impurities and the selective separation of l-glucose by a multi-stage simulated moving bed smb separation process integrating ion exclusion and isomer separation.
09/18/14
20140273108
Process and method for improving the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass by addition of hydrothermally treated stillage
A method of producing hydrolysate from cellulosic material by adding hydrothermally treated stillage or a fraction thereof to cellulosic material, treating the mixture of hydrothermally treated stillage and cellulosic material with at least one hydrolyzing enzyme, and hydrolyzing and converting complex carbohydrates in the cellulosic material. The hydrolysate produced by the method.
09/18/14
20140273107
Hydrolysis of cellulosic fines in primary clarified sludge of paper mills and the addition of a surfactant to increase the yield
A method for processing a stream of cellulosic fines containing inorganic particles, to increase a hydrolysis yield of polysaccharide degradation enzymes, such fines in a waste stream from a recycled packaging paper mill to produce a stream of fermentable sugars, comprising treating the fines with a surfactant which selectively binds to the inorganic particles and which reduces binding to the inorganic particles by the polysaccharide degradation enzymes, and degrading polysaccharides in the waste stream with the polysaccharide degradation enzymes.. .
09/18/14
20140273105
Gradient pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass
Lignocellulosic biomass pretreated with ammonia where the concentration of the biomass in the reaction mixture is reduced over time was found to produce more sugars following saccharification, as compared to equivalent biomass pretreated at constant concentration. The concentration of biomass is a solids concentration, which is the percent of dry biomass relative to the total pretreatment reaction mixture on a weight to weight basis..
09/18/14
20140273104
Pretreatment and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass
Method and apparatus for enhanced production of sugars and lignin via fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass through sequential ionic liquid pretreatment and mild alkaline treatment. The resulting biomass is easily fractionated and amenable to efficient and rapid hydrolysis and catalytic conversion to valuable products with high recovery of the enzymes used in the hydrolysis..
09/18/14
20140272091
Meat paste noodle
The present invention discloses a meat paste noodle. The meat paste noodle comprises raw materials and auxiliary materials.
09/18/14
20140272068
Beverages containing rare sugars
Beverages comprising rare sugars and sweetness enhancers are provided herein, wherein the sweetness enhancers are present at or below the sweetness recognition threshold concentration. Also provided are methods for improving the sweetness of a beverage comprising rare sugars by adding a sweetness enhancer in a concentration at or below its sweetness recognition threshold.
09/18/14
20140271996
Beverages containing rare sugars
Beverages comprising rare sugars and sweetness enhancers are provided herein, wherein the sweetness enhancers are present at or below the sweetness recognition threshold concentration. Also provided are methods for improving the sweetness of a beverage comprising rare sugars by adding a sweetness enhancer in a concentration at or below its sweetness recognition threshold.
09/18/14
20140271951
Sugar-enriched extract derived from tobacco
The present disclosure describes methods of obtaining and/or deriving a sugar-enriched extract from plants of the nicotiana species and methods for incorporation of such extracts into various tobacco compositions. One exemplary method for preparing a sugar-enriched extract comprises contacting nicotiana plant material with a solvent and extracting sugars into the solvent to form a liquid sugar-containing extract; separating a solid extracted plant material from the liquid sugar-containing extract; clarifying the liquid sugar-containing extract to form a clarified sugar-containing extract and a solids fraction; and isolating the liquid sugar-containing extract to provide a sugar-enriched extract comprising a combined weight of fructose and glucose of at least about 10% by dry weight.
09/18/14
20140271748
Sweetener
A low or zero calorie sweetener composition with sweetness synergy, providing a reduction in off-taste and a desirable temporal profile. The sweetener composition is suitable for use as a substitute for high calorie sugars.
09/18/14
20140271747
Sweetener
A low calorie sweetener composition with sweetness synergy, providing a reduction in off-taste and a desirable temporal profile. The sweetener composition is suitable for use as a substitute for high calorie sugars.
09/18/14
20140271746
Sweetener
A low calorie sweetener composition with sweetness synergy, providing a reduction in off-taste and a desirable temporal profile. The sweetener composition is suitable for use as a substitute for high calorie sugars.
09/11/14
20140256012
Process for the production of alcohols and/or solvents from lignocellulosic biomass with washing of the solid residue obtained after hydrolysis
To reduce the size of the fermenters, at least a portion of the solid residue contained in the hydrolyzate is extracted (ex1) in such a way as to obtain a stream of solid residue (9) comprising lignin and a hydrolyzate (8) that is low in solid residue. Then, the stream of solid residue is washed (l) with a liquid stream in such a way as to recover a sugar-enriched liquid stream (15).
09/11/14
20140255999
Simple sugar starved lignocellulosic biomass enzyme production
This specification discloses a process for producing at least one enzyme from a host cell for the hydrolysis of a first pre-treated ligno-cellulosic biomass under simple sugar starved conditions wherein the cultivation environment has very little, preferable no, simple sugars added other than those present in a ligno-cellulosic biomass used to feed and grow the host cell. The cultivation environment is substantially void of fermentation stimulators and inducers of enzyme production.
08/28/14
20140242642
Dual cofactor specific ribitol dehydrogenase and use thereof
There are provided a novel ribitol dehydrogenase, a residue determining double coenzyme specificity, and a method for preparing l-ribulose using the same, and more particularly, to a ribitol dehydrogenase producing rare sugars, nucleic acid molecules encoding the same, a vector including the nucleic acid molecules, a transformant including the vector, a mutant of the ribitol dehydrogenase, and a method for preparing l-ribulose using the ribitol dehydrogenase. The ribitol dehydrogenase having double coenzyme specificity, which is derived from zymomonas mobilis, can effectively be used for preparing high-priced rare sugars and an investigation of coenzyme specificity determinants for the ribitol dehydrogenase is applied for all of dedydrogenases as a based technique..
08/28/14
20140242286
Enhanced washability inks and methods of making the same
An enhanced washability ink composition has enhanced rinsability and/or washability from fabric, walls, or skin. The composition may comprise about 70 wt % to about 95 wt % water; about 5 wt % to about 35 wt % one or more sugars (e.g., dextrins); about 1 wt % to about 40 wt % one or more optional dye blockers; about 0.1 wt % to about 15 wt % one or more dyes; and one or more optional additives.
08/21/14
20140235575
Chemoenzymatic synthesis of heparin and heparan sulfate analogs
The present invention provides a one-pot multi-enzyme method for preparing udp-sugars from simple sugar starting materials. The invention also provides a one-pot multi-enzyme method for preparing oligosaccharides from simple sugar starting materials..
08/21/14
20140234936
Method for producing ethanol using cellulosic biomass as raw material
In the present disclosure, after a volatile organic acid is added as a catalyst to a slurry and the hydrolytic saccharification reaction of hemicellulose is performed, the volatile organic acid (including one added to the slurry and one produced as a by-product) contained in a c5 saccharified solution can be easily recovered by adding a small amount of sulfuric acid to the c5 saccharified solution and subjecting the c5 saccharified solution to air stripping treatment. The efficiency of hydrolytic saccharification of hemicellulose into c5 sugars using a volatile organic acid can also be continuously improved by adding the recovered volatile organic acid as a catalyst to another slurry of cellulosic biomass..
08/21/14
20140234935
Method for producing ethanol using cellulosic biomass as raw material
According to the method of the present invention, a cellulosic biomass slurry whose concentration of cellulosic biomass between 1% and 5% by mass is hydrothermally treated at a temperature of between 140° c. And 200° c.
08/21/14
20140234919
Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation(ssf) of lignocellulosic biomass for single cell oil production by oleaginous microorganisms
Methods and systems for producing lipids which may be used as biofuel are provided. Sugars produced by pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass are utilized by heterotrophic oleaginous fungi or yeast to increase their biomass and to produce lipids without prior detoxification of the pretreated biomass.
08/21/14
20140234911
Systems and methods for hydrolysis of biomass
Systems and methods are disclosed for treating lignocellulosic biomass to be supplied to a fermentation system for production of a fermentation product. The systems and methods comprise pre-treating the biomass into pre-treated biomass and separating the pre-treated biomass into a liquid component comprising sugars and a solids component comprising cellulose and lignin.
08/14/14
20140227742
C1-c2 organic acid treatment of lignocellulosic biomass to produce acylated cellulose pulp, hemicellulose, lignin and sugars and fermentation of the sugars
A process for production of c5 and c6 sugar enriched syrups from lignocellulosic biomass and fermentation products therefrom is described. A lignocellulosic biomass is treated with a c1-c2 acid (e.g., acetic acid) with washing thereof with a c1-c2 acid miscible organic solvent, (e.g., ethyl acetate).
08/07/14
20140216442
Method for preparing sugars
In an embodiment of the present disclosure, a method for preparing a sugar is provided. The method includes mixing an organic acid and a solid acid catalyst to form a mixing solution, adding a cellulosic biomass to the mixing solution to proceed to a dissolution reaction, and adding water to the mixing solution to proceed to a hydrolysis reaction to obtain a sugar..
07/31/14
20140212933
Over-expression of a putative oxidoreductase (ucpa) for increasing furfural or 5-hydroxymethylfurfural tolerance
The subject invention pertains to overexpression of a putative oxidoreductase (ucpa) for increasing furfural tolerance in genetically modified microorganisms. Genetically modified microorganisms capable of overexpressing ucpa are also provided.
07/31/14
20140212927
Compositions comprising cellobiose dehydrogenase from pycnoporus cinnabarinus and their use for the degradation of lignocellulosic biomass
Enzyme compositions including at least a) a cocktail of cellulases from trichoderma reesei, and b) an enzymatic cocktail from pycnoporus cinnabarinus including a cellobiose dehydrogenase (cdh) or c) a recombinant cellobiose dehydrogenase (cdh) from pycnoporus cinnabarinus, preferably also including a family 61 glycoside hydrolase. Also, methods for degrading a lignocellulosic biomass, for producing a fermentation product, for producing gluconic acid, xylonic acid and/or xylobionic acid, for enhancing the production of gluconic acid, xylonic acid and/or xylobionic acid or for increasing the yield of sugars from a lignocellulosic biomass..
07/31/14
20140212543
Hydrolysis and fermentation process for animal feed production
A method for production of an animal feed product comprises: a) partial hydrolysis of a fermentation feedstock or the non-ethanol by-product of a fermentation process performed on a fermentation feedstock, which partial hydrolysis converts non starch polysaccharides to soluble oligomers and monomers; b) fermentation of the soluble oligomers and monomers in the partially hydrolysed feedstock or non-ethanol by-product to produce ethanol; e) recovery of the non-ethanol by-product from the fermentation of step b) to produce an animal feed product more specifically an animal feed product with improved nutritional content. A method for production of an animal feed product comprises: a) partial hydrolosis of the non ethanol by-product of a fermentation process performed on a fermentation feedstock, which partial hydrolysis converts non starch polysaccharides to soluble oligomers and monomers; b) recovery of the partially hydrolysed product from step a), to exclude the soluble oligomers and monomers, to produce an animal feed product, more specifically an animal feed product with improved nutritional content.
07/31/14
20140212520
Method, apparatus and compositions for the prophylaxis and treatment of colony collapse disorder
The liquid solution or suspension comprises tonic and nutrient ingredients, mainly consisting of milk powder, sugars and lower organic acids, antioxidant and antiseptic ingredients contained in plant extracts and healing ingredients to bees, such as essential oils of thyme and oxalic acid.. .
07/31/14
20140209464
Separation and manipulation of a chiral object
Among other things, for use in directional motion of chiral objects in a mixture, a field is applied across the chamber and is rotating relative to the chamber to cause rotation of the chiral objects. The rotation of the objects causes them to move directionally based on their chirality.
07/31/14
20140209092
Systems and methods for acid recycle
Methods and systems for pretreating lignocellulosic biomass are disclosed. An acid solution between 1% to 1.6% sulfuric acid is applied to the biomass.
07/24/14
20140206053
Novel kluyveromyces marxianus strains and method of using strains
Described are novel kluyveromyces marxianus strains nrrl y-50798 and y-50799, that were obtained by uv-c irradiation of wild-type k. Marxianus nrrl y-1109 cultures.
07/24/14
20140206046
Methods of hydrolyzing and fermenting cellulosic material
Described herein are improved methods of degrading or converting cellulosic material into fermentable sugars using dithionite. Also described are improved methods of fermentation in the presence of dithionite..
07/24/14
20140202452
Systems and methods for sugar refining
A method comprising: (a) extracting a sugar mixture in an aqueous solution of at least 30% hcl/[hcl+water] by weight with an extractant including an s1 solvent; (b) increasing a monomeric sugar to oligomeric sugar ratio in the mixture to produce a monomeric sugar enriched mixture comprising at least 65% monomeric sugars by weight relative to total sugars; and (c) separating an s1/hcl liquid phase comprising more than 30% hcl/[hcl+water] from said sugar mixture.. .
07/10/14
20140194619
Method to produce water-soluble sugars from biomass using solvents containing lactones
A process to produce an aqueous solution of carbohydrates that contains c6-sugar-containing oligomers, c6 sugar monomers, c5-sugar-containing oligomers, c5 sugar monomers, or any combination thereof is presented. The process includes the steps of reacting biomass or a biomass-derived reactant with a solvent system including a lactone and water, and an acid catalyst.
07/10/14
20140193544
Biscuit structure
A biscuit structure contains a body formed in a circular column shape or a flatly elongated block shape, and a mixing ingredient of the body includes corns, rice, brown rice, egg yolk powders, sugars, salts, palm oil, soy flour (mixed from soybeans, wheat, salts and sugars), and maltodextrin. The body is molded and baked, and then a sticky ingredient is applied on the body, thereafter a crushed nut ingredient is sprayed on the sticky ingredient of the body.
07/10/14
20140193334
Targeted delivery and prodrug designs for platinum-acridine anti-cancer compounds and methods thereof
Acridine containing cisplatin compounds have been disclosed that show greater efficacy against cancer than other cisplatin compounds. Methods of delivery of those more effective cisplatin compounds to the nucleus in cancer cells is disclosed using one or more amino acids, one or more sugars, one or more polymeric ethers, c1-6alkylene-phenyl-nh—c(o)—r15, folic acid, αvβ3 integrin rgd binding peptide, tamoxifen, endoxifen, epidermal growth factor receptor, antibody conjugates, kinase inhibitors, diazoles, triazoles, oxazoles, erlotinib, and/or mixtures thereof; wherein r15 is a peptide..
07/10/14
20140190471
Cellulose-solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation with modest reaction conditions and reagent cycling
Embodiments of the present invention overcome the well-known recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass in an economically viable manner. A process and system are provided for the efficient fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose sugars, lignin, and acetic acid.
07/03/14
20140187759
Biorefining processes and apparatus for separating cellulose hemicellulose, and lignin from biomass
The disclosed invention is a modification of the avap® technology, employing co2 (or derivatives thereof) rather than so2 in the cooking liquor. In some variations, the invention provides a process for fractionating cellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, comprising: fractionating the feedstock in the presence of a solvent for lignin, carbon dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin; substantially removing the cellulose-rich solids from the liquor; hydrolyzing the hemicellulose contained in the liquor, to produce hemicellulosic monomers; hydrolyzing at least some of the cellulose-rich solids to produce glucose (or recovering the cellulose-rich solids as a cellulose product); recovering the hemicellulosic monomers to produce fermentable sugars; and recovering the lignin which may be in the form of a lignocarbonate..
07/03/14
20140186901
Processes and apparatus for producing fermentable sugars, cellulose solids, and lignin from lignocellulosic biomass
In some variations, the invention provides a process for fractionating biomass, comprising: fractionating the biomass in the presence of a solvent for lignin, sulfur dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin; hydrolyzing the hemicellulose contained in the liquor, to produce hemicellulosic monomers; hydrolyzing the cellulose-rich solids to produce glucose; and recovering the hemicellulosic monomers and the glucose, as fermentable sugars, wherein a metal sulfite or metal bisulfite additive is introduced to react directly or indirectly with lignin to produce sulfonated lignin. The disclosed processes may enhance lignin separations as well as promote the co-product potential of lignin..
07/03/14
20140186899
Biomass fractionation processes employing sulfur dioxide
The present invention provides a process for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass, comprising: contacting biomass with so2, water, and optionally a first solvent, to produce intermediate solids; then contacting the intermediate solids with so2, water, and a second solvent, to produce cellulose-rich solids and a liquid phase comprising hemicelluloses and lignin. The first concentration of so2 may be lower or higher than the second concentration of so2.
07/03/14
20140186898
Processes for fractionating whole plants to produce fermentable sugars and co-products
The invention provides processes for producing fermentable sugars from whole biomass that includes cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and non-lignocellulosic sugars. Some variations fractionate the whole feedstock in the presence of sulfur dioxide, a solvent for lignin, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, lignin, and the non-lignocellulosic sugars.
07/03/14
20140186896
Use of glycoside hydrolase 61 family proteins in processing of cellulose
The invention provides recombinant gh61 proteins obtained from myceliophtora thermophila, and nucleic acids that encode such proteins. The invention also provides protein fractions isolated from m.
07/03/14
20140186513
Boiled sugar sweet comprising non-fructosylated a-galactooligosaccharides
The present invention concerns a hard candy comprising a mixture of sugars composed of glucose and non-fructosylated α-galacto-oligosaccharides in particular proportions. It also concerns a method of manufacturing said candies, as well as the utilization, for manufacturing a hard candy, of a composition that includes the aforementioned mixture..
06/26/14
20140178980
Systems and methods of improved fermentation
Devices, systems and methods for processing cellulosic material to produce fermentable sugars are provided. Devices, systems and methods for increasing fermentation rates of microbes via biostimulation are provided.
06/26/14
20140178561
Potatoes with reduced cold-induced sweetening
Materials and methods are provided for making plants (e.g., solanum varieties) with decreased accumulation of reducing sugars and acrylamide in cold-stored potatoes, specifically, by making tale-nuclease-induced mutations in genes encoding vacuolar invertase.. .
06/26/14
20140178507
Weight management composition
A composition for oral administration for weight management includes at least approximately ⅔ (by weight) active or nutritional ingredients, and may include as much as and approximately ⅓ (by weight) of sweetening, flavoring and/or palatability ingredients. The composition is free of caffeine and free of added sugars..
06/26/14
20140174945
Systems and methods of improved fermentation
Devices, systems and methods for processing cellulosic material to produce fermentable sugars are provided. Devices, systems and methods for increasing fermentation rates of microbes via biostimulation are provided.
06/26/14
20140174944
Systems and methods of improved fermentation
Devices, systems and methods for processing cellulosic material to produce fermentable sugars are provided. Devices, systems and methods for increasing fermentation rates of microbes via biostimulation are provided.
06/19/14
20140171688
Decarboxylation of levulinic acid to ketone solvents
Ketones, specifically methyl ethyl ketone (“mek”) and octanedione, may be formed from six carbon sugars. This process involves obtaining a quantity of a six carbon sugar and then reacting the sugar to form levulinic acid and formic acid.
06/19/14
20140170721
Methods for producing sugars from biomass
The present invention provides methods for producing a mixture of sugars from a solid biomass feedstock using a counter current extraction apparatus and a dilute acidic solution.. .


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