|| List of recent Scattering-related patents
|Optical proximity correction for topographically non-uniform substrates|
Aspects of the invention relate to techniques of optical simulation for topographically non-uniform substrates. A layout design is simulated to generate an aerial image based on optical models for different types of substrates and for transition regions, along with models for one or more categories of light signals.
|Particle beam irradiation apparatus and particle beam therapy system|
A particle beam irradiation apparatus according to the present invention is provided with a vacuum duct that forms a vacuum region through which the charged particle beam passes, a vacuum window through which the charged particle beam is launched from the vacuum region, a scanning electromagnet that scans the charged particle beam; a monitoring apparatus including a position monitor that detects the passing position of a charged particle beam and the beam size thereof, a low-scattering gas filling chamber including the monitoring apparatus, and an irradiation management apparatus that controls irradiation of the charged particle beam; the particle beam irradiation apparatus is characterized in that the low-scattering gas filling chamber is changeably disposed in such a manner that the beam-axis-direction positional relationship between the monitoring apparatus and the vacuum window is a desired one and in that the low-scattering gas filling chamber is filled with a low-scattering gas.. .
|Carbon black, rubber composition and pneumatic tire|
The present invention provides carbon black, the standard deviation σ of aggregate size distribution of which is obtained by alight scattering method using an ultraviolet ray, the standard deviation σ satisfying the expression (1): σ<−48.7×(24m4dbp/dst)+161.8 (1). In the expression (1), 24m4dbp represents the dibutyl phthalate absorption number (cm3/100 g) of compressed sample, and dst (nm) is a stokes' equivalent diameter providing the mode in aggregate size distribution obtained by a centrifugal sedimentation method.
|Led light source|
Proposed is a lighting module 100 and an illumination device 200 comprising such a module. The lighting module comprises an array of leds 120 mounted on a substrate 110 and an optical structure 130 encompassing the led array for approximating in operation the led array as a single homogeneous light source.
|Liquid crystal light variable device|
Provided is a liquid crystal light variable device having a liquid crystal cell, comprising a mixture of a liquid crystal material and one or more dichroic dyes interposed between a first and a second substrate, each substrate having a conductive layer disposed thereon. The device further includes a voltage supply or controller coupled with the conductive layers for application of a voltage waveform across the liquid crystal cell.
|Electronically switchable privacy film and display device having same|
An electronically switchable privacy film suitable for use in display devices are described. The electronically switchable privacy film comprises a pair of mutually opposing transparent electrodes; an optically transparent microstructured layer disposed between the transparent electrodes, the microstructured layer comprising a plurality of microstructured ribs extending across a surface thereof such that the microstructured ribs form an alternating series of ribs and channels; and electronically switchable material disposed in the channels, the electronically switchable material being capable of modulation between high and low light scattering states upon application of an electric field across the transparent electrodes..
|Organic light-emitting component and method for producing an organic light-emitting component|
An organic light-emitting component, may include: a first electrode; an organic light-generating layer structure on or above the first electrode; a second translucent electrode on or above the organic light-generating layer structure; an optically translucent layer structure on or above the second electrode; and a mirror layer structure on or above the optically translucent layer structure, wherein the mirror layer structure has a light-scattering structure on that side of the mirror layer structure which lies toward the optically translucent layer structure.. .
The purpose of the invention is to provide a very safe opener cap that can easily open a film serving as a section to be opened without scattering the contents. A can body (10) and a screw cap (20) are screwed together, and the screw cap (20) and an opener (30) are ratcheted together so as to rotate as a unit in the direction of the screw cap (20) tightening.
Monitoring of infants in an incubator may use cameras to measure vital signs and other medical parameters, including oxygen saturation of arterial blood. However, the images obtained by these cameras suffer from a reduced signal-to-noise ratio due to specular reflectance from light reflecting off the skin of the infant.
|Multi-user mimo via active scattering platforms|
Aircrafts flying near earth or naval vessels are used as active scattering platforms in a multipath communications channel in mimo communications systems. These man-made platforms in a communications channel, with techniques of beam forming and wavefront multiplexing in both transmitters at source and receivers at destinations enhance the ability to coherently combine the power of the communication signals, and improve the signal-to-noise ratio in addition to the mimo advantage of multiple times of channel capacity over a finite bandwidth via frequency reuse.
|Uniform illumination light diffusing fiber|
Light diffusing optical fibers for use in ultraviolet illumination applications and which have a uniform intensity that is angularly independent are disclosed herein along with methods for making such fibers. The light diffusing fibers are composed of a silica-based glass core that is coated with a number of layers including a scattering layer.
|Systems and methods of angle-resolved low coherence interferometry based optical correlation|
Systems and methods of angle-resolved low coherence interferometry based optical correlation are disclosed. According to an aspect, a method includes directing a sample beam towards a sample for producing a scattered sample beam from the sample.
|Flexible fibre optic deformation sensor system and method|
A cable for distributed fibre optic sensing comprising a flexible tape, an optical fibre suitable for brillouin scattering measurement forming at least two lengths, and at least one free end of at least one length being connectable to a reading unit, wherein at least a section of the longitudinal length of the flexible tape is situated between at least a section of the two lengths such that the two lengths are in close proximity such that a temperature gradient between the two lengths is minimized, and wherein the section of the tape and the section of lengths can flex together.. .
|Laminated substrate for organic led element, and organic led element|
A laminated substrate for an organic led element includes a translucent substrate, a scattering layer including glass and a solid scattering material provided on the translucent substrate and having a thickness of 30 μm or less, and an electrode provided on the scattering layer, and no covering layer including glass is provided between the scattering layer and the electrode.. .
|Memory cells and methods of forming memory cells|
Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells. Programmable material may be formed directly adjacent another material.
|Internally reflective chamber for flourescent radiation collection and concentration, and method for using the same|
A system for collecting and analyzing maximized amounts of fluorescent radiation using frequency scattering ports or waveguides that absorb a desired size of wavelengths.. .
An outdoor unit includes: a compressor, and a sound deadening material having sound deadening properties. The sound deadening material includes a first sound absorbing material made of glass fibers, a first scatter prevention member which prevents scattering of the glass fiber from one principal surface of the first sound absorbing material by covering the one principal surface, and a second scatter prevention member which prevents scattering of the glass fiber from the other the other principal surface of the first sound absorbing material by covering the other principal surface.
|Method and apparatus for performing qualitative and quantitative analysis of burn extent and severity using spatially structured illumination|
Frequent monitoring of early-stage burns is necessary for deciding optimal treatment and management. Superficial-partial thickness and deep-partial thickness burns, while visually similar, differ dramatically in terms of clinical treatment and are known to progress in severity over time.
|Device and method for performing a diagnostic test|
Devices and methods for performing a point of care diagnostic test for detecting and quantifying at least one analyte in a biological sample. The device may include an immunoassay apparatus and a holder with a variable angle stage for positioning the immunoassay apparatus relative to a light source and a detector device.
Provided is an optical probe that can perform low-noise precise oct measurement even if an object with a high scattering property is measured. The optical probe 20 includes an optical fiber 21 that transmits light between a proximal end 21a and a distal end 21b, an optical connector 22 connected with the optical fiber 21 at the proximal end 21a, a focusing optical system 23 and a deflecting optical system 24 connected with the optical fiber 21 at the distal end 11b, and a support tube 25 and a jacket tube 26 surrounding the optical fiber 21 and extending along the optical fiber 21.
|Optical fiber for coherent anti-stokes raman scattering endoscopes|
An optical fiber for use in a coherent anti-stokes raman scattering (cars) endoscope, comprising a core guiding lightwaves at a pump wavelength and at a stokes wavelength, the core being single-mode at both wavelengths. The core is surrounded by cladding layers, including an inner cladding layer, a trench cladding layer, an intermediate cladding layer and an outer cladding layer.
|Audio rendering device and audio rendering method|
An audio rendering device which uses multichannel speakers includes: a first delay computation unit which computes, based on rendering information about the multichannel speakers, a first delay corresponding to a primary wavefront which propagates in a predetermined traveling direction from a sound source that is each of speakers included in the multichannel speakers; a second delay computation unit which computes, based on the rendering information about the multichannel speakers, a second delay corresponding to a secondary wavefront which is generated by the primary wavefront and has a scattering wavefront; an addition unit which adds up the first delay and the second delay to compute a total delay; and a delay filter which applies the total delay to an input audio signal to generate a multichannel audio signal for use in rendering with the multichannel speakers, and outputs the multichannel audio signal to the multichannel speakers.. .
|Remote optical sensing of the integrity of a structure using reflected or scattered light|
A method and device for remotely detecting structural integrity using reflections or scattering from windows or other portions of a structure. The long geometrical lever arm of a reflection on a building window, when viewed with suitable instruments, produces detectable modulation in the reflected light from minute vibrational changes upon the glass surface, revealing fundamental resonances and structural changes and failure in the building housing the window.
|Method and system for measuring intraocular scattering|
The present invention relates to a method for measuring ocular scattering, comprising the steps of: sequentially projecting images from an extensive light source, corresponding to different visual angles, onto the retina; recording the output light in a camera or detector once it has passed through the eye twice; calculating the intensity at the center of each recorded image; calculating the psf for each angle from the previous intensities; and calculating the average of the value of the psf between the angles. The invention also relates to a system for carrying out said method.
|Organic electroluminescence element, illumination device and display device|
Provided are an organic electroluminescence element, an illumination device, and a display device having lower driving voltage and excellent luminous efficiency. An organic electroluminescence element has a supporting substrate; and a cathode, a light emitting layer and an adjacent layer provided on the supporting substrate, wherein the adjacent layer is arranged adjacent to the outer side of the cathode (i.e., the side opposite to the light emitting layer), wherein the cathode is a transparent layer containing a metal and having a film thickness of 2 nm or more but less than 10 nm; and wherein the adjacent layer has a refractive index of between 1.6 and 1.95, a film thickness of between 15 nm and 180 nm, and contains no light scattering particle..
|Self-light emitting device and electrical appliance using the same|
A self-light emitting device and an electrical appliance including the same are provided, in which extracting efficiency of light from a light emitting element, especially in an el element, can be improved. A light scattering body formed by etching a transparent film is provided on an insulator so that the extracting efficiency of light can be improved, and the self-light emitting device with high efficiency of light emission can be provided..
|Identification of objects using plasma resonant particles|
A method and apparatus for identifying an object having a pattern of plasmon resonant particles (pres) distributed in or on the object are disclosed. In the method, a field containing the pattern is illuminated, and one or more spectral emission characteristics of the light-scattering particles in the field are detected.
|Protein microarray assay imager|
An approach is described that combines distinct properties of a specialized porous nitrocellulose film (pnc) with quantum nanoparticles to create an improved assay and detection sensitivity, permitting the development of a camera-based imaging system for fluorescent detection of macromolecules in microarray format. The two properties of pnc that facilitate the approach are an extraordinarily high binding capacity and a newly observed internal scattering of light.
|Pure albumin and its method of preparation and detection|
The subject of the present invention is a pure monomeric bovine serum albumin, a method of producing it characterised by the use column chromatography in resin and a method of identifying it using dynamic light scattering.. .
|Water-in-oil emulsified sunscreen cosmetic|
The object of the present invention is to improve the poor texture due to a large blend ratio of said ultraviolet scattering agent powder and the poor washability due to the presence of the ultraviolet scattering agent powder in a water-in-oil emulsified sunscreen cosmetic into which hydrophobicized zinc oxide and hydrophobicized titanium dioxide are blended as ultraviolet scattering agent powder.. .
|Method for evaluating modulus of repulsion elasticity, hardness and energy loss of polymer material|
The present invention provides a method for evaluating the rebound resilience, hardness, or energy loss of polymer materials, capable of sufficiently evaluating the difference in performance between samples with excellent measurement accuracy. The present invention relates to a method for evaluating the rebound resilience, hardness, or energy loss of a polymer material, including irradiating the polymer material with x-rays or neutrons to perform x-ray scattering measurement or neutron scattering measurement..
|Ultrasound probe with an acoustical lens|
The present invention relates to an ultrasound probe (60) comprising: an ultrasound transducer (12) having an emission surface (24) for generating ultrasound waves, and an acoustical lens (12) with a first part (64) having an inner surface (66) facing the emission surface (24), wherein the inner surface (64) comprises a plurality of protrusions (74) and/or recesses (76) for scattering reflections of ultrasound waves.. .
|Light scattering and conversion plate for leds|
The invention relates to an illumination system having a light scattering and conversion plate comprising a non-converting but scattering layer and a thinner converting layer. By separating scattering and conversion, the characteristics of the illumination system can greatly be increased..
|Narrow bandwidth reflectors for reducing stimulated brillouin scattering in optical cavities|
An optical-fiber filter system to narrow a linewidth and to reduce noise fluctuations of an optical beam is provided. The optical-fiber filter system includes an optical fiber having a first end-face and an opposing second end-face, the first end-face and the second end-face setting a fiber length; a fiber bragg grating having a first reflectivity positioned at the first end-face; and a reflector having a second reflectivity positioned at the second end-face.
|Mems microdisplay optical imaging and sensor systems for underwater and other scattering environments|
A sensing system is provided that includes a transmitter assembly with a light source and a microdisplay device, wherein the transmitter assembly defines an optical beam transmission path to provide illumination of a substantially one-dimensional (1d) region of a target area, the microdisplay device comprising a plurality of controllable elements for causing the illumination to be a substantially 1d pattern of light along the 1d region. The system further includes a receiver assembly for defining a return optical signal transmission path from the 1d region and collecting return optical signals from the 1d region.
|Reflective liquid crystal display device and electronic apparatus provided therewith|
A reflective liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate provided with a reflective electrode, a second substrate provided with a transparent electrode, a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, and an anisotropic scattering member formed on the second substrate. The anisotropic scattering member has first and second surfaces each including a first refractive index region and a second refractive index region having a refractive index different from that of the first refractive index region.
|Multi-pitching angle suspended 3d display device with 360-degree field of view|
This invention discloses a multi-pitching angle suspended space 3d display device with 360° fov, comprising: a transmitted composite deflective diffusing screen, a high speed projector, an image generator, a detecting module and a rotating drive mechanism. The high speed projector projects the composite images of the 3d objects of different pitching angles and horizontal 360° views to the composite deflective diffusing screen that rotates at a high speed.
|Organic electroluminescence element|
The present invention relates to an organic electroluminescence element including a transparent electrode, a light-reflective electrode, and an organic layer including a light-emitting layer and being between the transparent electrode and the light-reflective electrode. The organic layer includes a scattering layer for scattering light from the light-emitting layer.
|Proton scattering analysis system|
Disclosed are systems and methods for characterizing interactions or proton beams in tissues. In certain embodiments, charged particles emitted during passage of protons, such as those used for therapeutic and/or imaging purposes, can be detected at relatively large angles.
|Methods for determining patient response to anti-platelet aggregation therapy|
Diagnostic methods for determining whether an individual will benefit from a particular anti-thrombotic therapeutic agent are disclosed. The methods involve obtaining a biological sample that comprises platelets, from a patient who has been pre-administered a particular therapeutic agent, which is an antagonist of a receptor associated with the biochemical pathways involved in platelet aggregation, and exposing the platelets to an agonist of the receptor.
|Organic light-emitting display and method of manufacturing the same|
An organic light-emitting display and a method of manufacturing the organic light-emitting display are disclosed. In one embodiment, the organic light-emitting display includes: i) a pixel electrode disposed on a substrate, ii) an opposite electrode disposed opposite to the pixel electrode, iii) an organic emission layer disposed between the pixel electrode and the opposite electrode; a light-scattering portion disposed between the substrate and the organic emission layer, including a plurality of scattering patterns for scattering light emitted from the organic emission layer in insulating layers having different refractive indexes.
|Facile route to the synthesis of resorcinarene nanocapsules|
Described is a direct method for the fabrication of resorcinarene nanocapsules by photopolymerization of compounds of formula (i), such as resorcinarene tetraalkene tetrathiol (rtatt), in the absence of any template or preorganization. Further, by varying the polymerization media, a variety of other polymeric architectures like lattices, fibrous networks, and nanoparticles were obtained.
|Medical imaging system|
A medical imaging system includes a radiographing apparatus and an image processing apparatus. The radiographing apparatus is provided with a talbot or talbot-lau interferometer and includes an x-ray source, an x-ray detector, and a subject table.
|Light guide plate with v-shaped micro-structures on light output surface|
A light guide plate includes a bottom surface and a light output surface opposite to the bottom surface. A number of scattering domes are positioned on the bottom surface.
|Diffuser component having scattering particles|
A diffuser component for a solid-state (led) light emitting device comprises a light scattering material, wherein the light scattering material has an average particle size that is selected such that the light scattering material will scatter excitation light from a solid-state excitation source relatively more than the light scattering material will scatter light generated by at least one photoluminescence material (phosphor) in a wavelength conversion component. The diffuser component is separately manufactured from the wavelength conversion component..
A display device includes a reflective image display unit having a sheet-like anisotropic scattering member. The sheet-like anisotropic scattering member has a surface in which both a low refractive index area and a high refractive index area exist.
|Method of fabricating translucent materials with desired appearance|
A method for creating a replication material corresponding to the appearance of a translucent or partially translucent target material. The appearance of the target material can be measured or may be prescribed by a user.
|Operating status warning lamp aparatus|
An operating status warning lamp apparatus for visually indicating at least one operating status or a plurality of different operating statuses for a technical appliance such as a machine, an installation, a vehicle or the like having at least one warning lamp unit (1, 4), wherein the warning lamp unit (1, 4) has at least one warning lamp element (3) for producing warning light (6), wherein the warning lamp unit (1, 4) has a radiating element (1), having at least one warning lamp radiating area (4), for radiating the warning light (6), wherein the radiating element (1) has at least one end face (2) oriented transversely with respect to the warning lamp radiating area (4), is proposed that can be produced without great design involvement, at reasonable cost and using new layout options. The invention achieves this in that the warning lamp element (3) is arranged on the end face (2) for the purpose of coupling the warning light (6) into the radiating element (1) and in that the radiating element (1) has scattering means (5, 12, 15) for scattering the warning light (6), as result of which the warning light (6) enters the radiating element (1) via the end face (2) and can be deflected to the warning lamp radiating area (4)..
|Methods, systems and devices for detecting insects and other pests|
We describe a method for detection of the presence of an invertebrate or an invertebrate component in a sample of substantially non invertebrate material, comprising impinging said sample with a source of electromagnetic radiation at a wavelength of at least 600 nm and detecting raman scattering/fluorescence of said invertebrate or a component of said invertebrate at a wavenumber where the non-invertebrate components of said sample either do not fluoresce or fluoresce with sufficiently low intensity wherein the non invertebrate material is edible and/or living.. .
|Chemically-selective, label free, microendoscopic system based on coherent anti-stokes raman scattering|
An endoscopic microscopic system for collecting and processing a sequence of images.. .
|Method and apparatus for optical waveguide-to-semiconductor coupling and optical vias for monolithically integrated electronic and photonic circuits|
An optical coupler has a waveguide coupled to a grating of multiple scattering units, each scattering unit having a first scattering element formed of a shape in a polysilicon gate layer and a second scattering element formed of a shape in a body silicon layer of a metal-oxide-semiconductor (mos) integrated circuit (ic). The couplers may be used in a system having a coupler on each of a first and second ic, infrared light being formed into a beam passing between the couplers.
The invention relates to a luminaire that enables the use of more sparsely distributed light sources, having a uniform fixture surface brightness and good color mixing. The luminaire comprises first and second light guide layers (10, 11) optically coupled together by at least one optical coupler (12a, 12b), which allows the passage of light from the first (10) to the second light guide layer (11).
|Illuminating member for reducing unified glare rating and lighting device using the same|
Disclosed is a lighting device capable of reducing ugr (unified glare rating). In a illuminating member, reflection efficiency of light significantly scattering to the left and right among light applied to the air gap through the diffusion plate is increased using the adhesion material pattern layer of periphery surrounding an air gap, and simultaneously, the ugr may be reduced by removing the process disposing the pattern with a specific structure and increasing the process efficiency..
An embodiment of an illumination device comprising a broad band artificial light source and a non-liquid chromatic diffuser transparent to visible light comprising a dispersion of elements of nanometrical dimensions of a first material with of certain refractive index in a second material with different refractive index, wherein the light is scattered producing a separation and different distribution between cold and hot components of the light originally produced by the source, according to a scattering process in “rayleigh” regime. The device allows illumination effects similar to those of natural outdoor environments to be reproduced in indoor environments..
|Patterned color conversion film and display device using the same|
A patterned color conversion film and a display device using the same are disclosed. The patterned color conversion film of the present invention comprises: a separator with plural openings; and plural pixel units disposed in the openings respectively, each pixel unit respectively comprising: a medium and scattering particles dispersed therein.
|Glass for scattering layer of organic led element, laminated substrate for organic led element and method of manufacturing the same, and organic led element and method of manufacturing the same|
Glass for a scattering layer of an organic led includes, as represented by mol percentage based on the following oxides, 26% to 43% of b2o3, 30% to 37% of zno, 17% to 23% of bi2o3, 2% to 21% of sio2, and 0 to 2% of p2o5, and a total amount of b2o3-content and zno-content is 78% or less.. .
|Short pulse fiber laser for ltps crystallization|
Laser pulses from pulsed fiber lasers are directed to an amorphous silicon layer to produce a polysilicon layer comprising a disordered arrangement of crystalline regions by repeated melting and recrystallization. Laser pulse durations of about 0.5 to 5 ns at wavelength range between about 500 nm and 1000 nm, at repetition rates of 10 khz to 10 mhz can be used.
|Portable water quality instrument|
A hand-held microfluidic testing device is provided that includes a housing having a cartridge receiving port, a cartridge for input to the cartridge receiving port having a sample input and a channel, where the channel includes a mixture of raman-scattering nanoparticles and a calibration solution, where the calibration solution includes chemical compounds capable of interacting with a sample under test input to the cartridge and the raman-scattering nanoparticles, and an optical detection system in the housing, where the optical detection system is capable of providing an illuminated electric field, where the illuminating electric field is capable of being used for raman spectroscopy with the raman-scattering nanoparticles and the calibration solution to analyze the sample under test input to the cartridge.. .
|Infrared dental imaging|
Dental imaging systems include an optical scanner that scans one or more interrogation beams across a portion of at least one tooth to produce a dentally modulated light flux associated with light scattering, absorption, or other interaction of the interrogation beam and a tooth interior. The dentally modulated light flux is detected and processed to produce picture information associated with the tooth.
|Inorganic fiber molded body and process for producing the same|
The inorganic fiber molded body of the present invention is characterized in that the molded body has an extremely light weight, and is free from problems such as scattering of fibers and particulate matters from a surface thereof and environmental pollution such as generation of harmful gases. In addition, the present invention provides an inorganic fiber molded body that is excellent in not only thermal shock resistance and mechanical shock resistance but also a high-speed wind erosion resistance, well-balanced in properties and can be used in the applications of various heat-insulating materials.
|Light absorption and scattering devices in a photonic integrated circuit|
A photonic integrated circuit is provided that may include a substrate; one or more optical sources, on the substrate, to output light associated with a corresponding one or more optical signals; one or more waveguides connected to the one or more optical sources; a multiplexer connected to the one or more waveguides; and one or more light absorptive structures, located on the substrate adjacent to one of the one or more optical sources, one of the one or more waveguides, and/or the multiplexer, to absorb a portion of the light associated with at least one of the corresponding one or more optical signals.. .
|Product image processor, product image processing method, information recording medium, and program|
In order to obtain feature images representing features of products from product images, in a product image processor (101), a receiver (102) receives product images each representing one product in a group of products with a common composition; a calculator (103) calculates a degree of scattering of pixel values at each of the positions in the composition from a pixel value at each of the positions in each of the received product images; a generator (104) generates a filter with a degree of transmittance defined at each of positions in the composition on the basis of a degree of scattering calculated at each of the positions; and an applicator (105) applies the generated filter to each of the received product images, thereby obtaining feature images, each representing a feature of each of the products.. .
|Back-scattering inspection systems and methods for human body|
Human body back-scattering inspection systems and methods are disclosed. In the invention, x-rays modulated by the flying-spot forming unit having spirally distributed flying-spots have a distribution having alternating peaks and valleys on the irradiated surface.
|Back scatterning inspection systems for human body|
A human body back-scattering inspection system is disclosed. The system comprises a flying-spot forming unit configured to output beams of x-rays, a plurality of discrete detectors which are arranged vertically along a human body to be inspected, and a controlling unit coupled to the flying-spot forming unit and the plurality of detectors, and configured to generate a control signal to control the flying-spot forming unit and the plurality of detectors to perform a partition synchronous scan on the human body to be inspected vertically.
|Method of measuring scattering of x-rays, its applications and implementation device|
Method of measuring scattering of x-rays, characterized in that a compound to be analyzed is installed in a receptacle (1) comprising a flat bottom permeable to x-rays, in that an analysis by scattering of the x-rays is carried out by sending a stream of x-rays upwards in the direction of said bottom permeable to the x-rays and by measuring the stream of scattered x-rays that is reflected downwards, and in that a thermostatically controlled fluid at the same temperature as that of the compound to be analyzed in the receptacle is projected towards the flat bottom (3) permeable to x-rays, from outside the receptacle (1), and device for measuring scattering of x-rays characterized in that it comprises a receptacle (1) comprising a bottom shut off by a membrane (3) transparent to x-rays, as well as a diffractometer whose goniometer (4, 5) is installed so as to direct a beam of x-rays from below towards the membrane (3) transparent to x-rays and the detector (5) being installed for the measurement of the x-rays scattered therebelow.. .
|Methods and apparatus for transparent display using scattering nanoparticles|
Transparent displays enable many useful applications, including heads-up displays for cars and aircraft as well as displays on eyeglasses and glass windows. Unfortunately, transparent displays made of organic light-emitting diodes are typically expensive and opaque.
|Instrument with dial for a motor vehicle and method for producing the same|
An instrument is provided with dial for a motor vehicle and a method for producing the same. The dial includes, but is not limited to a support disc, a display area on the support disc and a transparent chromatographically colored ring element, which surrounds the display area.
|Despeckling red laser light|
A method of despeckling light that includes mixing high-speckle far-red laser light with low-speckle green laser light in amounts selected to achieve a desired color point in a digital image. The far-red laser light may be red laser diodes with wavelengths in the range of 640 to 680 nm.
|Calibration apparatus and calibration method|
A calibration apparatus includes an insertion portion into which a measurement probe is inserted and a reference reflection plate that is arranged at a position away from a distal end of the measurement probe by a predetermined distance in a state in which the measurement probe has been inserted in the insertion portion and that has uniform reflectivity of light in a range of a wavelength to be measured in an irradiation plane of an illumination light, wherein a material forming the reference reflection plate has a scattering mean free path that is greater than a spatial coherence length at the predetermined distance.. .
|Method of light dispersion and preferential scattering of certain wavelengths of light for light-emitting diodes and bulbs constructed therefrom|
A light emitting diode (led) bulb configured to scatter certain wavelengths of light. The led bulb includes a base having threads, a bulb shell, at least one led, and a plurality of particles disposed within the bulb shell.
|Nitride semiconductor light emitting device and method of manufacturing the same|
A nitride semiconductor light emitting device and a method of manufacturing the same are disclosed. The nitride semiconductor light emitting device includes an n-type nitride layer; an active layer formed on the n-type nitride layer; a p-type nitride layer formed on the active layer; a current blocking pattern formed on the p-type nitride layer; a transparent conductive pattern formed to cover upper sides of the p-type nitride layer and the current blocking pattern, and having a contact hole through which a portion of the current blocking pattern is exposed; and a p-electrode pad formed on the current blocking pattern and the transparent conductive pattern, and directly connected to the current blocking pattern.