| Patent Application Title
||Patent App Num.
| Radiation protector for mobile devices|| 20130117915 || 20130516 |
| A radiation protector is disclosed for protecting against radiation having a wavelength. The radiation protector comprises a carbon layer comprising a carbon weave in the form of a veil or mesh, and having an outer edge. A metal layer comprises a metal fabric weave, and has an outer edge. The outer edge of the metal layer is recessed from the outer edge of the metal layer by a width w, wherein w is a fraction of a the wavelength of the radiation.
| Shade shelters and systems and methods therefor|| 20130118095 || 20130516 |
| Shade shelters for reducing air conditioning loads of an associated shelter are provided. The shade shelters aim to reduce the thermal radiation effects of the sun on associated shelters, such as temporarily erected shelters. The shade shelters can be configurable so that natural convection is advantageously utilized for aiding in reducing heat transfer into the interior space of the associated shelter. The natural convection can be in the form of the “chimney effect” for reducing heat transfer into the interior space of the shelter.
| Optical sensor system for a gas turbine engine and method of operating the same|| 20130118183 || 20130516 |
| An optical sensor system includes a multi-color pyrometer in optical communication with a component. The pyrometer generates signals at least partially representative of radiation received from the component and from soot particles. The system includes at least one processing unit coupled to the pyrometer. The processing unit is programmed to receive the signals and distinguish portions of radiation received between at least two wavelength bands. The processing unit is also programmed to determine that a first portion of radiation within a first of the wavelength bands is representative of a temperature of soot particles and that a second portion of radiation within a second of the wavelength bands is representative of a temperature of the component. The processing unit is further programmed to filter out signals...|
| Laser heating system|| 20130118447 || 20130516 |
| A method for vaporizing fuel is provided. The method comprises heating the fuel in a cylinder of an engine via radiation to vaporize the fuel without ignition. In this way, the fuel may be heated to increase vaporization efficiency prior to ignition.
| Radiant heat circuit board and method for manufacturing the same|| 20130118782 || 20130516 |
| Disclosed are a radiant heat circuit board and a method for manufacturing the same. The radiant heat circuit board, which is used to mount a heat emitting device thereon, includes a metallic plate including a metallic protrusion having a solder to which the heat emitting device is attached, a bonding layer on the metallic protrusion, an insulating layer on the metallic plate to expose the metallic protrusion, and a circuit pattern on the insulating layer. Heat emitted from the heat emitting device is directly transferred to the metallic plate by providing the metallic plate including a heat radiation protrusion under the mounting pad, so that heat radiation efficiency is increased. The surface of the heat radiation protrusion is plated with an alloy including copper, thereby improving...|
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| Method and apparatus for salt production|| 20130118889 || 20130516 |
| A method of producing one or more precipitable substances such as salt (NaCl) from a feed liquid source (such as sea water) in a precipitation apparatus, the method involving steps of providing a first solar energy treatment arrangement having at least one treatment panel construction having an upper solar energy transmission wall capable of passing solar energy to a treatment member located beneath the upper solar energy transmission wall, the or each treatment panel construction being arranged to receive liquid from the feed liquid source, the solar radiation energy concentrating the precipitable substance or substances in the treatment liquid within the or each said treatment panel construction, the method further sensing via a sensor the density of the treatment liquid discharged from the first solar energy...|
| Dual sterilization containment vessel|| 20130118949 || 20130516 |
| The disclosure pertains to a vessel for holding replacement heart valves and associated positioning and installation apparatus which is configured and adapted to contain a biocidal sterilization fluid during and following exposure of a delivery system for the replacement heart valve to sterilization by ionizing radiation and methods of use therefor. The vessel includes a shield which limits exposure of biologically derived material therein to radiation. The vessel also provides a storage and shipping container for the replacement heart valve in which the biologically derived material is maintained in a sterile fluid environment.
| Solar-activated photochemical purification of fluids|| 20130118995 || 20130516 |
| Disclosed herein are embodiments of a solar-activated photochemical fluid treatment system, some of which comprise a fluid vessel, a porous enclosure positioned inside of the fluid vessel, a porous enclosure positioned inside of the fluid vessel, a fiber substrate contained within the enclosure, and a semiconductor photocatalyst coupled to the fiber substrate. The fluid vessel can be configured to contain a fluid in contact with the photocatalyst such that the fluid treatment system, responsive to solar radiation applied to the photocatalyst and to the fluid in the vessel, induces photochemical modification of contaminants and living organisms in the fluid. Related methods are also disclosed.
| Device and method for material processing by means of laser radiation|| 20130119029 || 20130516 |
| A device for material processing by laser radiation, including a source of laser radiation emitting pulsed laser radiation for interaction with the material, optics focusing the pulsed processing laser radiation to a center of interaction in the material, and a scanning unit shifting the positions of the center of interaction within the material. Each processing laser pulse interacting with the material in a zone surrounding the center of interaction assigned to the laser pulse so that material is separated in the zones of interaction. A control unit controls the scanning unit and the source of laser radiation such that a cut surface is produced in the material by sequential arrangement of zones of interaction. The control unit controls the source of laser radiation and the scanning...|
| Method for the induction brazing of parts having complex shapes, and single or multiple brazing station for implementing same|| 20130119048 || 20130516 |
| A method for brazing parts having complex profiles, while enabling reproducible implementation conditions to be defined. The method adjusts a heat cycle during brazing by controlling and mapping heat, while taking emissivity coefficient of the material to be brazed into account. Further, a brazing station includes a power generator configured to supply a predetermined voltage to a transformer connected to a circuit forming a shape inductor, the circuit having an overall shape of the parts to be brazed. A pressure mechanism exerts a load on the parts to be brazed. A camera establishes a heat map. A laser-sighted infrared pyrometer measures the brazing temperature by radiation after parameterizing an emissivity coefficient, other parameters being fixed. A controller supplies a set power to the generator on the...|
| Gas measurement module for use in therapeutic settings having a microspectrometer with a shortened optical path|| 20130119254 || 20130516 |
| Gas within a ventilation circuit (12) is analyzed by a spectrometer included in gas measurement module (16) that is inserted into the respiratory circuit. The gas measurement module includes an infrared source and a movable filter member comprising at least two filter elements. The optical path length of the spectrometer is reduced. This includes removing optical components configured to collimate or focus electromagnetic radiation within the spectrometer. However, path length of the spectrometer is reduced to the point that other enhancements associated with path length reduction outweigh losses to precision and/or accuracy caused by beam expansion in the spectrometer.
| Radiographic imaging device|| 20130119260 || 20130516 |
| A radiographic imaging device has two radiation detectors 20 (20A and 20B) that capture radiographic images. Sets of image information representing the radiographic images captured by the radiation detectors 20A and 20B can be individually read out, and sensor portions 13 configuring at least one of the radiation detectors 20 are configured to include an organic photoelectric conversion material that generates an electric charge by receiving light. Because of this, the radiographic imaging device can capture a variety of radiographic images.
| Radiation diagnosis apparatus|| 20130119262 || 20130516 |
| The radiation diagnosis apparatus includes: a first radiation detector; a second radiation detector for generating an output signal having a same polarity as that of the first radiation detector; an inverter formed at an output terminal of the first radiation detector to invert the polarity of the input output signal; a discriminator for receiving a common signal from the first and second radiation detector and outputting a control signal corresponding to the input common signal; and a data acquisition unit for converting an input signal to a digital signal according to the control signal while taking output signals of the plurality of inverters and the second radiation detector as inputs, and identifying an output signal of which detector of the first and second detectors the input...|
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| In situ holder assembly|| 20130119267 || 20130516 |
| An in situ optical specimen holder is disclosed which allows imaging and analysis during dynamic experimentation. This holder assembly includes a set of focusing and reflection optics along with an environmental cell. Electromagnetic radiation can be used to optically excite the specimen in the presence or absence of fluid and the source of such radiation may be located within the body of the holder itself. The spot size of the irradiation at the specimen surface can be varied, thus exciting only a specific region on the specimen. The window type cell provides a variable fluid path length ranging from the specimen thickness to 500 μm. The holder has the provision to continuously circulate fluids over the specimen. The pressure within the cell can be regulated by...|
| Apparatus for curing the coating of a component by means of free radicals generated by ultraviolet (uv) radiation|| 20130119269 || 20130516 |
| Apparatus for curing the coating of a workpiece (2), which comprises a tank (1) that contains an inert gas heavier than air and into which the workpiece (2) is inserted, and at least one UV-radiation source (4) situated on the exterior (E) of the tank (1) and facing at least one window (3) of the tank (1) to allow the UV radiation to pass through the window (3) towards the interior (I) of the tank (1). To prevent the interior of the tank (1) from overheating and to keep the inert gas atmosphere stable, the apparatus comprises at least one transparent filter (5) disposed between the UV-radiation source (4) and the window (3), where said transparent filter (5) is made of a material that absorbs IR...|
| Wafer level packaging, optical detection sensor and method of forming same|| 20130119282 || 20130516 |
| An optical detection sensor and method of forming same. The optical detection sensor be a proximity detection sensor that includes an optical system and a selectively transmissive structure. Electromagnetic radiation such as laser light can be emitted through a transmissive portion of the selectively transmissive structure. A reflected beam can be detected to determine the presence of an object.
| Boron nitride and boron nitride nanotube materials for radiation shielding|| 20130119316 || 20130516 |
| Effective radiation shielding is required to protect crew and equipment in various fields including aerospace, defense, medicine and power generation. Light elements and in particular hydrogen are most effective at shielding against high-energy particles including galactic cosmic rays, solar energetic particles and fast neutrons. However, pure hydrogen is highly flammable, has a low neutron absorption cross-section, and cannot be made into structural components. Nanocomposites containing the light elements Boron, Nitrogen, Carbon and Hydrogen as well dispersed boron nano-particles, boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) and boron nitride nano-platelets, in a matrix, provide effective radiation shielding materials in various functional forms. Boron and nitrogen have large neutron absorption cross-sections and wide absorption spectra. The incorporation of boron and nitrogen containing nanomaterials into hydrogen containing matrices provides composites that can...|
| Magnetically adjusting color-converting materials within a matrix and associated devices, systems, and methods|| 20130119419 || 20130516 |
| Magnetically adjusting color-converting particles within a matrix and associated devices, systems, and methods are disclosed herein. A magnetic-adjustment process can include applying a magnetic field to a mixture including a non-solid matrix and a plurality of color-converting particles (e.g. magnetically anisotropic color-converting particles). The magnetic field can cause the plurality of color-converting particles to move into a generally non-random alignment (e.g., a generally non-random magnetic alignment and/or a generally non-random shape alignment) within the non-solid matrix. The non-solid matrix then can be solidified to form a solid matrix. A magnetic-adjustment process can be performed in conjunction with testing and/or product binning of solid-state radiation transducer devices. For example, a position, direction, strength, or duration of a magnetic field used to perform a magnetic-adjustment process can be...|
| Power semiconductor unit, power module, power semiconductor unit manufacturing method, and power module manufacturing method|| 20130119525 || 20130516 |
| Heat radiation surfaces 7b and 8b of electrode lead frames 7 and 8 make thermal contact with heat radiation members 301 via insulation sheets 10 to dissipate heat from a power semiconductor element 5 to the heat radiation members (thick portions 301). Each of exposed areas of the heat radiation surfaces 7b and 8b and a surface 13b of a mold material (sealing material 13) adjacent to the exposed area produce an uneven step from which either one of the exposed area and the surface 13b adjacent to the exposed area projects. The step side surface formed between the convex surface and the concave surface of the uneven step has an inclined surface 7a or 13a so configured that an obtuse angle can be formed by...|
| Danger detector for operation in nuclear field, having heating system for heating typically non-radiation hardened semiconductor components to increase functional service life|| 20130120150 || 20130516 |
| A smoke detector or, more generally, a danger detector, operates in an area with increased radioactive radiation disposition danger detector has at least one detector unit for detecting at least one danger characteristic, a semiconductor component and other electrical components, at least for outputting an alarm signal. The danger detector also has a temperature control circuit. The temperature control circuit is configured to control the temperature of the at least one semiconductor component. The danger detector may be embodied as a linear smoke detector.
| Obstacle detection & notification system|| 20130120164 || 20130516 |
| A power line warning system for a helicopter, comprising a positioning system operable to determine the coordinates of the helicopter, an obstacle coordinate database comprising the coordinates of at least a portion of a first power line, a sensor operable to detect electromagnetic radiation from the first power line, and a visual display operable to represent a position of the first power line relative to the helicopter is described. When the coordinates of the first power line are within a predetermined distance of the coordinates of the helicopter, wherein the representation of the position of the first power line is modified when the sensor detects electromagnetic radiation from the first power line.
| Rfid tag antenna for attached on high conductive object|| 20130120197 || 20130516 |
| An UHF RFID antenna for attached on any high conductive object is disclosed. The antenna radiation body has a first copper foil mounted thereon a backside surface of a FR4 glass fiber served as a ground plane, a second copper foil mounted thereon a front surface of the FR4 glass fiber as a main radiation plane. The main radiation plane contains two etched slits spaced each other. Each etched slit has a shape like a blade with a long handle. The two etched slits are mirror symmetry and a trench formed to connect the two etched slits for a RFID tag seated thereon so that There are short circuit microstrip and a feed-in microstrip are generated.
| Antenna device|| 20130120198 || 20130516 |
| An antenna element having directionality in a zenith direction, which includes a first radiation electrode and a second radiation electrode which face each other across a slit on a cuboid dielectric block, is arranged closer to one of corners of a substrate and so as that a longer length direction thereof is aligned to one side of the substrate. A first end portion of the first radiation electrode is connected to a ground electrode of the substrate, and a first end portion of the second radiation electrode is directly connected to a feed portion of the substrate or through a capacitance. When the antenna element is to be mounted on a left corner of the substrate, a position of the slit on the dielectric block is...|
| Multi leveled active antenna configuration for multiband mimo lte system|| 20130120200 || 20130516 |
| An active antenna system and algorithm is described that provides for dynamic tuning and optimization of antenna system parameters for a MIMO system where correlation and isolation between antennas in the system are dynamically altered to provide for greater throughput. As one or multiple antennas are loaded or de-tuned due to environmental changes, corrections to correlation and/or isolation are made by selecting the optimal antenna radiation pattern and by adjusting electrical length and/or reactive loading of transmission lines connecting the antennas. Multiple Isolated Magnetic Dipole (IMD) antennas are co-located and connected with a feed network that can include switches that adjust phase length for transmission lines connecting the antennas. Filtering is integrated into the feed network to improve rejection of unwanted frequencies. Filtering can also be...|
| Microwave scanner|| 20130120204 || 20130516 |
| A transmitting device for electromagnetic radiation includes a waveguide having an input for coupling an electromagnetic wave into the waveguide, and multiple openings in the waveguide for emitting the electromagnetic wave. A controllable closure element is provided for selectively closing at least one of the openings with respect to the electromagnetic radiation.
| Grounded antenna with cross-shaped high-impedance surface metal strips and wireless communication device having said antenna|| 20130120211 || 20130516 |
| A grounded antenna may include cross-shaped high-impedance surface metal strips and a wireless communication device having said antenna. The antenna may include an antenna radiation unit and a ground plate and may be set inside of a housing. Multiple high-impedance surface units may be arranged on the ground plate in intervals.
| Antenna grounded with u-shaped high-impedance surface metal strips and its wireless communication device|| 20130120212 || 20130516 |
| An antenna grounded with U-shaped high-impedance surface metal strips and its wireless communication device may include an antenna radiation unit and its ground plate, such that a plurality of high-impedance surface units are set in the ground plate at relevant intervals.
| Broadband antenna systems and methods|| 20130120213 || 20130516 |
| A multi-band antenna that may be designed to operate well in both Public Safety (PS) and Long-Term Evolution (LTE) wireless communication may employ a stepped T-shape structure in conjunction with patch tapering or a reconfigurable ground plane architecture and capacitive feeding to achieve broad bandwidth performance (e.g., over a frequency range from 220 MHz to 4900 MHz). To achieve desired performance, the antenna may include a three-dimensional structure having lateral dimensions of approximately 0.25λ in length and 0.01λ in height at a low desired frequency of operation (e.g., 426 MHz). In some embodiments, the disclosed antenna may exhibit good gain flatness and have a radiation pattern that remains substantially constant over a broad range of operating frequencies.
| Antenna structure|| 20130120214 || 20130516 |
| An antenna structure includes a radiation element, a grounding element, a short element, and a feeding element. The radiation element includes a first radiator and a second radiator, wherein the second radiator is extended from the first radiator and coupled to the first radiator. The short element includes a first end as well as a second end, wherein the first end of the short element is coupled to a joint in between the first radiator and the second radiator, and the second end of the short element is coupled to the grounding element. The feeding element includes a first end and a second end, and the first end of the feeding element is electrically connected with the radiation element. The short element is located on a...|
| Dual-polarized antenna|| 20130120215 || 20130516 |
| A dual-polarized antenna includes a ground plane, an inverted-F conductor unit with an inverted-F plane, an inverted-L conductor unit with an inverted-L plane and a stretched ground conductor unit with a T-shaped plane. The inverted-F plane is vertically connected to the inverted-L plane, the T-shaped plane and the ground plane respectively, and the T-shaped plane is vertically connected with the ground plane. Therefore, the inverted-F plane, the inverted-L plane and the stretched ground conductor unit correspond to each side of the ground plane respectively to form a dual-polarized radiation field.
| Special nuclear material simulation device|| 20110015914 || 20110120 |
| An apparatus for simulating special nuclear material is provided. The apparatus typically contains a small quantity of special nuclear material (SNM) in a configuration that simulates a much larger quantity of SNM. Generally the apparatus includes a spherical shell that is formed from an alloy containing a small quantity of highly enriched uranium. Also typically provided is a core of depleted uranium. A spacer, typically aluminum, may be used to separate the depleted uranium from the shell of uranium alloy. A cladding, typically made of titanium, is provided to seal the source. Methods are provided to simulate SNM for testing radiation monitoring portals. Typically the methods use at least one primary SNM spectral line and exclude at least one secondary SNM spectral line.
| Sensor interface system|| 20110015886 || 20110120 |
| A sensor interface system interfaces a collection of one or more sensors that can sense chemical, biological, radiation, nuclear, and explosives (CBRNE) materials. The system includes one or more digital and/or analog sensor interfaces for communicating with one or more sensors including: chemical sensors, biological sensors, radiation sensors, nuclear sensors, and explosives sensors. A processor is configured to receive and process signals from the one or more digital and/or analog sensor interfaces, and when the one or more sensors include a radiation sensor and/or nuclear sensor, the processor differentiates between gamma pulses and neutron pulses, by: receiving a signal from an output of a neutron detector; analyzing a pulse shape of the signal; differentiating the pulse shape between gamma pulses and neutron pulses; and determining that...|
| Spinal implant configured to apply radiation treatment and method|| 20110015741 || 20110120 |
| Embodiments of the invention include a vertebral implant configured to replace at least a portion of a central vertebra and to direct therapeutic radiation toward at least a treatable portion of tissue. The treatable portion of tissue may include one or more adjacent treatable vertebra.
| Tensioning system|| 20110015620 || 20110120 |
| An apparatus and a method for stretching a biaxially or radially deformable, resilient, flat or curved surface, comprising a radiation supplying means, such as intense pulsed light (IPL) or laser radiation, having an end portion through which said radiation is supplied to a radiation receiving part of said surface, and a handpiece comprising at its tip at least one anchoring means to be applied to said surface, said anchoring means being positioned laterally to said end portion and being operable to move in the direction of at least one of the axes of said biaxially or radially deformable, flat or curved surface and away from said radiation receiving part of said surface. In operation, said movement of the anchoring means away from said radiation receiving part...|
| Method and apparatus for treating a diseased nail|| 20110015549 || 20110120 |
| A diseased nail is treated using electromagnetic radiation and/or other forms of energy that are applied to the diseased area to eliminate, substantially eliminate or effectively reduce the source of disease in the nail. A sensor can be used to ensure proper placement of an applicator that applies the energy to the diseased area of the nail. A temperature monitor can be employed to monitor changes or temperature levels and then adjust the energy application accordingly. In additional, manual forms of adjustment can be used to control the application of energy.
| Means of tracking movement of bodies during medical treatment|| 20110015521 || 20110120 |
| Methods and systems enable accurate control of robotic treatments of internal features of a body by tracking movements of the exterior of the body. Such tracking enables programmed and automated or semi-automated surgical operations to compensate for movement of the patient's body during surgery. A tracking system that includes a marker, which may be disposable, that is attached to the body and accurately tracked in a three-dimensional coordinate system by a tracking system. Compensation for body movements may be accomplished by adjusting the movement or position of a surgical instrument, a surgical robot, a radiation source collimator and/or the operating room table. The markers may include a radiofrequency identifier (RFID) chip or memory chip that can be interrogated by the tracking system.
| Imaging device, method thereof, and program|| 20110015506 || 20110120 |
| To realize an imaging device, imaging method and program capable of improving image quality. This invention controls light sources so as to irradiate a body with irradiation light of a luminance level higher than that in the air arriving at the body, adjusts the imaging sensitivity of a solid imaging element for performing photoelectric conversion on pattern scattered light obtained through the inside of the body, and masks the luminance level deterioration region of a pattern image obtained from the solid imaging element to treat the masked image as an image to be composed with a reference image.
| Stabilizer of color former and use thereof|| 20110015391 || 20110120 |
| (2) at least one pigment substance selected from the group consisting of a compound represented by the following formula (I), a compound represented by the following formula (II), and a flavonoid pigment
| Apparatus for temporary wafer bonding and debonding|| 20110014774 || 20110120 |
| An improved apparatus for temporary wafer bonding includes a temporary bonder cluster and a debonder cluster. The temporary bonder cluster includes temporary bonder modules that perform electronic wafer bonding processes including adhesive layer bonding, combination of an adhesive layer with a release layer bonding and a combination of a UV-light curable adhesive layer with a laser absorbing release layer bonding. The debonder cluster includes a thermal slide debonder, a mechanical debonder and a radiation debonder.
| Coal-fired power station and method for operating the coal-fired power station|| 20110014578 || 20110120 |
| In a method for operating and controlling/regulating a power station comprising a coal-fired steam generator (11), the steam generator (11) of which is rated for the steam parameters achievable by the heat transfer onto the steam mass flow upon coal firing in the steam generator (11) carried out using combustion air, a solution is to be created, which enables the operation of coal-fired power stations rated for air operation utilizing a firing of the fuel carried out according to the oxy-fuel process in the firing chamber of the steam generator of the coal-fired power station. This is achieved in that a firing of the fuel containing coal is carried out in the steam generator (11) according to the oxy-fuel process utilizing approximately pure oxygen containing more...|
| System for engraving flexographic plates|| 20110014573 || 20110120 |
| A system for engraving flexographic printing plates includes a flexographic printing plate comprised of at least two ablation layers, a printing ablation layer and a non-printing ablation layer. In addition the system includes a laser source adapted to ablate the flexographic plate. The laser source is comprised of a first group of one or more radiation sources each emitting radiation on the printing ablation layer, and a second group of one or more radiation sources each emitting radiation on the non-printing ablation layer.
| Radiation-sensitive resin composition and polymer|| 20110014569 || 20110120 |
| A radiation-sensitive resin composition includes a solvent and a polymer. The polymer includes a first repeating unit shown by a general formula (1) in which R1 represents a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, or a trifluoromethyl group, and Z represents a monovalent group that generates an acid upon exposure to radiation.
| Resist composition and pattern forming method using the same|| 20110014570 || 20110120 |
| wherein n represents an integer of 1 to 6; w represents an integer of 1 to 6; p represents an integer of 1 to 6; m represents an integer of 1 to 6; Ra, Rb, Rc and Rd each independently represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group or an aralkyl group, provided that Ra and Rb may combine together to form a ring, and Rc and Rd may combine together to form a ring.
| Uv nanoimprint method, resin replica mold and method for producing the same, magnetic recording medium and method for producing the same, and magnetic recording/reproducing apparatus|| 20110014499 || 20110120 |
| A UV nanoimprint method comprising performing compression molding by pressing a mold having a pattern formed on the surface thereof against a work prepared by forming a thin film composed of an ultraviolet-curable resin on a substrate, and irradiating with ultraviolet light, either concurrently with the compression molding or after the compression molding, thereby transferring the pattern to the thin film, wherein the ultraviolet light is irradiated using an ultraviolet light irradiation apparatus equipped with temperature rise suppression means, and a light source that does not continuously emit heat rays together with ultraviolet light is used as a light source of the ultraviolet light irradiation apparatus.
| Solar control film|| 20110014485 || 20110120 |
| An enclosure having a high efficiency solar control system is provided. The enclosure may have a transparent or opaque base layer and a film mounted to its exterior side. The film may reflect solar radiation in the near and mid infrared ranges yet allow high transmission of light in the visible range. The film may have a layer of silver which reflects the solar radiation in the near and mid infrared ranges. Since the silver is susceptible to oxidation and turns the silver into a black body which absorbs the near and mid infrared radiation, the film may be designed to slow the rate of oxidation of the silver layer to an acceptable level. The silver layer may be sandwiched between the base layer which may...|
| Low absorption spectral selective solar control film for fenestration|| 20110014481 || 20110120 |
| A building structure having a high efficiency solar control system is provided. The building structure may have a window defined by a sheet of glass and a film mounted to its exterior side. The film may reflect solar radiation in the near and mid infrared ranges yet allow high transmission of light in the visible range such that the occupants of the building structure may view his/her surroundings through the window. The film may have a layer of silver which reflects the solar radiation in the near and mid infrared ranges. Since the silver is susceptible to oxidation and turns the silver into a black body which absorbs the near and mid infrared radiation, the film may be designed to slow the rate of oxidation of...|
| Uv protecting treatment for wooden interior trim|| 20110014444 || 20110120 |
| The present disclosure is directed to a process for protecting wood components of the interior of an automotive vehicle from UVA radiation by coating the top surface of a stained wood substrate with a low gloss polyurethane-containing topcoat having a UV absorber and HALS component incorporated therein. The wood component can have a 60 degree surface gloss rating no greater than about 30 gloss units measured according to ASTM D523-08 test conditions. Methods of producing the vehicle interior component are also disclosed.
| Adhesive tape for electronic component fabrication|| 20110014443 || 20110120 |
| Means for Solving the Problem: The provided adhesive tape for electronic component fabrication in accordance with the present invention comprises: a base material film (3); and a adhesive layer (7), wherein an antistatic layer (5) which is comprised of an electrically conductive polymer is formed on one side or both sides of the base material film (3), the adhesive layer (7) is a radiation curable type, which has a copolymer of an acrylic system as a principal ingredient, each containing at least a radiation curable carbon-carbon double bond containing group, a hydroxyl group and a carbonyl group, that are individually attached to a principal chain, and which has a gel fraction higher than or equal to sixty percent.
| Method for modifying organic fiber cord|| 20110014393 || 20110120 |
| The method for modifying an organic fiber cord comprises the steps of dipping an organic fiber cord for tire reinforcement in an adhesive, the organic fiber cord comprising twisted organic fibers; drying the thus dipped organic fiber cord; and heat-treating the thus dried organic fiber cord for modification. In the drying step, the dipped organic fiber cord is consecutively irradiated with a microwave and a far-infrared radiation.
| Microwave disinfection and sterilization|| 20110014331 || 20110120 |
| A method and apparatus comprising microwave radiation pulses to reduce a microorganism population in an object.
| Method for the microwave thawing of food products|| 20110014332 || 20110120 |
| The invention related to a method and a device for thawing food products that comprises using at least one microwave radiation applicator in a chamber through which said products are passing, characterized in that before the insertion into the chamber or a first inlet area of the chamber, all the surfaces of the product are covered with a homogenous film of carbon dioxide snow in the form of electrostatically charged microparticles.
| Temperature gradient controller device in parts of machines for processing plastic materials|| 20110014313 || 20110120 |
| A temperature gradient controller device in parts of machines for processing plastic materials comprises heating means to be operatively activated on at least one part of a machine; this heating means comprises vector means adapted to transfer a predetermined amount of heat to said part of said machine by remote radiation.
| Therapeutic method of administering pharmaceutical titanium dioxide composite and light irradiation|| 20110014245 || 20110120 |
| A titanium dioxide composite is provided that can be stably dispersed in an aqueous solvent and easily administered into a living body, such as human, and allows elimination of the drug efficacy of a pharmaceutical compound supported thereon by light irradiation and a dispersion thereof. A composite is used in which a pharmaceutical compound is bound to titanium dioxide having photocatalytic activity through a hydrophilic polymer. The composite is stable in an aqueous solvent and easily administered into a living body, and adverse drug reactions of the pharmaceutical compound can be reduced by administering the composite into the body and irradiating the composite with a light to photoexcite the titanium dioxide to decompose the pharmaceutical compound in a region where the drug efficacy of the pharmaceutical...|
| Preparation of vaccines using photosensitizer and light|| 20110014239 || 20110120 |
| Methods are provided for treating a vaccine containing infectious particles which may be viral, bacterial, and/or cellular in nature. Preferred methods include the steps of adding an effective, non-toxic amount of an endogenous photosensitizer to the fluid and exposing the fluid to photoradiation sufficient to inactivate the infectious particles but not enough to damage the antigenic characteristics of the infectious particles.
| Psoralen-inactivated viral vaccine and method of preparation|| 20110014233 || 20110120 |
| A method to prepare inactivate viral vaccine by exposing the virus to a predetermined concentration of an inactivating psoralen, and a preselected intensity of ultraviolet radiation for a time period sufficiently long to render the virus non-infectious but less than that which would result in degradation of its antigenic characteristics.
| Methods for protecting the skin from radiation insults|| 20110014137 || 20110120 |
| The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the protection of skin and mucous membranes from undesirable side effects of ionizing radiation in a patient undergoing ionizing radiation therapy. In particular, the application describes compositions and methods comprising the topical use of Nrf2 inducers.
| Photoresponsive gas-generating material, micropump and microfluid device|| 20110014096 || 20110120 |
| A photoresponsive gas-generating material 13 is to be used in a micropump having fine channels formed in a substrate, and comprises a photo-sensitive acid-generating agent and an acid-sensitive gas-generating agent, and a micropump 10 has the photoresponsive gas-generating material 13 housed therein.
| Method of producing microfluidic device|| 20110014086 || 20110120 |
| There is provided a method of producing a microfluidic device including a substrate having a depressed portion and a cover member, whereby to reduce the dispersion of a geometric individual difference and the possibility that a non-joint area can occur in a joint portion between the substrate and the cover member. At the time of producing the microfluidic device, the depressed portion serving as a channel, a chamber and a reservoir is formed in advance in the substrate and a liquid-state energy ray curable resin is applied to the surface of the substrate in which the depressed portion is formed. The energy ray curable resin is cured by an energy ray irradiation unit and caused to serve as the cover on the depressed portion of the...|
| Micromechanically aligned optical assembly|| 20110013869 || 20110120 |
| An optical assembly includes a combination of laser sources emitting radiation, focused by a combination of lenses into optical waveguides. The optical waveguide and the laser source are permanently attached to a common carrier, while at least one of the lenses is attached to a holder that is an integral part of the carrier, but is free to move initially. Micromechanical techniques are used to adjust the position of the lens and holder, and then fix the holder it into place permanently using integrated heaters with solder.
| X-ray imaging device, method for detecting deviation of flat panel detector, and program for the same|| 20110013752 || 20110120 |
| An X-ray imaging device includes an X-ray generator, a filter plate detachably attached to an X-ray outlet of the X-ray generator, and a FPD. The filter plate has a plurality of circular markers of different sizes. The smallest marker is disposed at the center of the filter plate. The other markers are disposed on lines radiating from the smallest marker in increasing order of size and at regular intervals. An X-ray radiation beam passes through the markers and patient's body, and is incident upon an imaging surface of the FPD. The FPD produces a preliminary radiographic image from the incident X-ray radiation beam. A deviation vector detector chooses adjoining two marker images of different sizes from the preliminary radiographic image, and identifies to which markers the...|
| Radiosynthesis as an alternative energy utilization process in melanized organisms and uses thereof|| 20090328258 || 20091231 |
| This present invention provides methods of enhancing the growth of a microorganism or plant by increasing its melanin content and exposing it to radiation, and methods of using melanized microorganisms to contain or exclude radiation.
| Method and device for the autonomous determination of wind speed vector|| 20090326824 || 20091231 |
| Such determination is proposed for the first time and is if paramount importance for the navigation purposes, in particular, for the determination of ground speed vector of a moving object and also for meteorology. This solution is based on the determination and transformation of the horizontal projections of linear acceleration vector of the moving object by means of the sensors of acceleration developed by the authors previously with applying the value of the course of a moving object and its speeds.
| Irrigation control system|| 20090326723 || 20091231 |
| An irrigation control system and method for controlling irrigation based on weather data. Weather data such as wind, temperature, solar radiation, humidity, and rainfall, may be collected at one or more weather stations for a region. The weather data may be compiled on a computer and transmitted to a paging broadcast service. The weather data may then be transmitted by the paging broadcast service to controller interfaces associated with irrigation systems throughout the region. The controller interfaces may adjust irrigation controllers associated with the irrigation systems based on the weather data such that the proper amount of water is applied. This allows the water to be used more efficiently and the health of the landscape to be improved.
| Laser treatment device|| 20090326617 || 20091231 |
| There is provided a laser treatment device including: an image acquisition section that acquires an image of a treatment region including a lipid component inside a living body and surroundings of the treatment region; a position acquisition section that acquires a position of the treatment region in an optical axis direction of laser light, on the basis of image data of the image acquired by the image acquisition section; an irradiation section that irradiates laser light with a wavelength from 1201 nm to 1227 nm at the treatment region from outside the body; and a focusing section that focuses the laser light irradiated from the irradiation section at the position of the treatment region acquired by the position acquisition section.
| Method for controlling modulation strength in radiation therapy|| 20090326615 || 20091231 |
| Methods for developing and using treatment plans with improved modulation for radiation therapy are disclosed. The methods involve adding an extra component to the patient-related objective function in order to make the optimization algorithm used to develop the treatment plan arrive at a solution with increased modulation. The extra component may take many forms. For example, the user may specify that the treatment plan favor solutions using a range of monitor units. The present invention is particularly useful in conjunction with radiotherapy systems having multileaf collimators for beam shaping, and in connection with advanced radiotherapy techniques, such as IMRT and arc therapy.
| Solar cell for implantable medical device|| 20090326597 || 20091231 |
| An implantable medical device includes a solar cell configured to provide energy to recharge a power source such as a battery. The power source is coupled to a control circuit of the medical device and provides power to the circuit. The solar cell may be coupled to the power source via a wire and may be distanced from a housing of the medical device. The solar cell may also be attached to the housing or may be disposed in the housing. The medical device may be implanted in the body of a host such that a surface of the solar cell is provided under a layer of skin of the host. The translucent property of skin allows the solar cell to receive light or infrared radiation...|
| Object figuring device|| 20090326522 || 20091231 |
| A device for shaping objects by removal of material from the surface thereof with a pulsed laser beam and a deflecting device through which the laser bean is guided over the surface of the object. An optical device is provided for changing the distribution of the radiation intensity inside the laser beam cross section. After the passage of the laser beam through this optical device, the radiation intensity has a bell-shaped or Gaussian distribution, or a distribution similar to a bell-shaped or Gaussian distribution, in at least one cross-sectional direction through the laser beam.
| Method for treating cancer using porous silicon nanobomb based on near-infrared light irradiation|| 20090326520 || 20091231 |
| Provided is a method for treating cancer using a porous silicon nanobomb. The porous silicon nanobomb can be exploded by NIR light irradiation at a low intensity to selectively destroy cancer cells. Also, porous silicon itself shows good biocompatibility and biodegradability. Thus, the present invention can be used as an efficient method for treating cancer without the accumulation of toxic side effects.
| Device for treating the skin|| 20090326437 || 20091231 |
| A device for treating the skin, for instance for removing body hair. The device includes a working head, which includes an irradiating device for irradiating the skin surface to be treated, preferably by means of light; a contact surface surrounding the irradiating device for supporting the working head on the skin surface; and a safety device for controlling the irradiation and/or for providing a safety signal. The safety device includes a recording device for recording the support of the working head on the skin surface. The contact surface defines a bell-like pressure and/or sound chamber and the recording device encompasses an impermeability sensor device for determining the over-pressure and/or sound impermeability of the pressure and/or sound chamber.
| Anti-microbial photodynamic therapy|| 20090326434 || 20091231 |
| Antimicrobial molecular conjugates for the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms in human and animals are provided. The key to these conjugates is a special spacer connecting at least one photosensitizer to a microorganism receptor (vector) which in turn binds selectively to the surface of a microorganism bringing about photo-destruction upon irradiation. Spacers having hydrophilic structure such as ethylene glycol units and amino carboxyl end capped ethylene glycol units must be used for linking the vector to the photosensitizer. In a preferred embodiment a spacer would have at least 3 ethylene glycol units and be end capped with a carboxyl group on one end and a amino group at the other end. The present invention effectively works to combat bacterial infection in...|
| Optical imaging system and method|| 20090326382 || 20091231 |
| A device for determining a concentration-related quantity of a fluorescent contrast agent applied to an object (2), in particular a turbid medium. Said device generally comprises a source (4) of electromagnetic radiation for irradiating the object (2) at an excitation wavelength and at least one first detecting means (6, 7.1, 7.2, . . . , 8) for detecting fluorescent electromagnetic radiation emitted by the contrast agent at a fluorescence wavelength, said first detecting means producing fluorescence intensity data (F). The proposed device further comprises at least one second detecting means (6, 7.1, 7.2, . . . ) for detecting electromagnetic radiation transmitted by the object (2) at the excitation wavelength, said second detecting means producing transmission intensity data (T), and evaluating means (10) adapted to receive...|
| Method for assisting with percutaneous interventions|| 20090326373 || 20091231 |
| The present invention relates to a method for assisting with percutaneous interventions, wherein 2D x-ray images of an object region are recorded before the intervention using a C-arm x-ray system or a robot-based x-ray system at different projection angles and 3D x-ray image data of the object region is reconstructed from the 2D x-ray recordings. One or more 2D or 3D ultrasound images are recorded before and/or during the intervention using an external ultrasound system and registered with the 3D image data. The 2D or 3D ultrasound images are then overlaid with the 3D image data record or a target region segmented therefrom or displayed next to one another in the same perspective. The method allows a puncture or biopsy to be monitored with a low...|
| Surgical probe apparatus and system|| 20090326371 || 20091231 |
| A system for detecting and locating sources of radiation emissions. A hand-held probe includes a detector configured to generate a low-level electrical signal relating to a radiation source proximate the detector, and a probe wireless link configured to transmit a message containing gamma data relating to the low-level electrical signal. An instrumentation console includes a housing, an integral console wireless link within the housing and configured to receive the message transmitted by the probe wireless link, a receiver electrically coupled to the console wireless link to convert the message to corresponding electrical display signals, and a visually perceivable display electrically coupled to the receiver to convert the electrical display signals to a visually perceivable display relating to the amount of radiation detected.
| Non-invasive fast-response biodosimeter|| 20090326358 || 20091231 |
| Our invention disclosures a biodosimeter and method of measurements a dose of radiation and/or biological-chemical substances absorbed by human or animal body, microbes, plants. The invention describes a multiparametric analysis system to evaluate biochemical and physical patterns related to a range of doses of radiation and/or biological-chemical substances following exposure of human body by radiation and/or biological-chemical substances. In our invention we also propose to use a method of plasmon enhancement by which intrinsic biomolecular targets within human body may increase their fluorescence QY close to unity, especially for the variety of biochemicals. The disclosed robust biodosimeter provides fast-response field applications to normal populations exposed to radiation and/or biological-chemical substances release, and to first-responders evaluating those normal populations.
| Result validation in non-invasive cerebral oxygenation level monitoring|| 20090326345 || 20091231 |
| Methods, systems, and related computer program products for optically monitoring a chromophore level in a body part of a patient are described. An optical source introduces optical radiation into the body part, and an optical detector receives optical radiation that has propagated through at least a portion of the body part and produces a first signal representative of the received optical radiation. The first signal is processed to produce a chromophore level metric, which is output on a user display, and is further processed to produce a second signal known to exhibit measurably significant timewise fluctuations corresponding to at least one intrinsic physiological oscillation of the patient when the optical source and the optical detector are in proper optical coupling with the body part. An error...|
| Brachytherapy apparatus for asymmetrical body cavities|| 20090326314 || 20091231 |
| The present disclosure provides a brachytherapy apparatus, system and method that delivers partial breast irradiation treatment for post-lumpectomy patients via introduction of a catheter-like device through a trocar. The apparatus may be introduced post-surgically with local anesthesia under image guidance into the previous excision site and into a cavity by a surgeon. The brachytherapy apparatus includes one or more thin-walled tubes, each of said thin-walled tubes being configured to contain one or more radioactive sources, at least one radiation source configured to deliver a prescribed dose of radiation, a whisk adjuster configured to permit adjustment of each of the one or more thin-walled tubes so that the tubes substantially conform to a size of the body cavity; and an expansion element configured to expand outwardly said...|
| Compositions comprising an ultraviolet radiation-absorbing polymer|| 20090326182 || 20091231 |
| Ultraviolet radiation-absorbing polymers having a first pendant group that comprises an ultraviolet radiation-absorbing moiety and a second pendant group that comprises at least one siloxane linkage and/or an intermediate length carbon chain are disclosed. Personal care compositions including the ultraviolet radiation-absorbing polymer are provided.
| Low-viscosity coating compositions|| 20090326092 || 20091231 |
| The present invention relates to radiation-curable coating compositions which are of low viscosity and comprise (meth)acrylates and divinyl adipate.
| Novel radiation curable compositions|| 20090326091 || 20091231 |
| with the proviso that at least one aromatic and at least one aliphatic amine each have at least one alfa-hydrogen.
| Cancer combination therapy comprising azd2171 and imatinib|| 20090325977 || 20091231 |
| The present invention relates to a method for the production of an antiangiogenic and/or vascular permeability reducing effect in a warm-blooded animal such as a human which is optionally being treated with ionizing radiation, particularly a method for the treatment of a cancer, particularly a cancer involving a solid tumor or a leukaemia, which comprises the administration of AZD2171 in combination with imatinib; to a pharmaceutical composition comprising AZD2171 and imatinib; to a combination product comprising AZD2171 and imatinib for use in a method of treatment of a human or animal body by therapy; to a kit comprising AZD2171 and imatinib; to the use of AZD2171 and imatinib in the manufacture of a medicament for use in the production of an antiangiogenic and/or vascular permeability reducing...|
| Designer therapy of pancreatic tumors|| 20090325897 || 20091231 |
| Chemotherapeutic and Radiation sensitizing agents which target tumor cells, specifically, based on the elevation of enzyme pathways, provide highly selective drug therapy. These agents are combined with modulating doses of cytidine deaminase inhibitors to increase selectivity. Furthermore, high doses of these cytidine deaminase inhibitors have the potential of counteracting the aggressive and metastatic characteristics of pancreatic tumors. For tumors with high levels of cytidine deaminase, such as pancreatic tumors, this elevation provides a therapeutic approach with prodrugs that require deamination for their activation. For tumors with high levels of uridine/cytidine kinase, a different class of pyrimidine analogs can be activated selectively in tumors for a therapeutic advantage.
| Donor substrate and method of manufacturing display|| 20090325451 || 20091231 |
| The present invention provides a donor substrate used in forming a light emitting layer by forming a transfer layer containing light emission material, irradiating a radiation ray to the transfer layer while the transfer layer and a substrate to be transferred face each other, and sublimating or vaporizing the transfer layer so that the transfer layer is transferred to the substrate to be transferred. The donor substrate includes: a base; a photothermal conversion layer arranged on the base; and a heat interfering layer arranged between the base and the photothermal conversion layer, and including two or more layers with refraction index different from each other.
| Manufacturing method for semiconductor device and manufacturing apparatus for semiconductor device|| 20090325324 || 20091231 |
| A manufacturing method for a semiconductor device including: determining pattern dependency of a radiation factor of an element forming surface of one wafer having a predetermined pattern formed on the wafer; determining a heating surface of the wafer, based on the pattern dependency of the radiation factor; holding the one wafer having the determined heating surface and another wafer having a determined heating surface, spaced at a predetermined distance in such a manner that non-heating surfaces of the one wafer and the another wafer oppose to each other; and heating the each heating surface of the one wafer and the another wafer.
| Actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive resin composition and pattern forming method using same|| 20090325103 || 20091231 |
| In the formula, each of R, A, R0, Z, L and n represents the same as defined in the claims and in the specification.
| Photosensitive composition and pattern forming method using same|| 20090325102 || 20091231 |
| A photosensitive composition comprises (A) a resin whose solubility in an alkali developer is increased by the action of an acid, and (B) a compound that generates an acid when exposed to actinic rays or radiation, wherein the resin (A) contains two or more repeating units respectively having acid-decomposable groups that are different from each other in the acid decomposition ratio at an image formation sensitivity.
| Radiation curable urethane (meth)acrylate polymer and adhesives formulated with them|| 20090324961 || 20091231 |
| UV curable urethane(meth)acrylate polymers of Formula (1), where: R1 and R′ are each independently hydrogen or C1-20hydrocarbo, R2, R′2, R3 and R4 are each independently optionally substituted divalent organo group, and p is an integer from about 6 to about 100 which are useful as laminating and/or pressure sensitive adhesives are disclosed as is methods of making them. The oligomers/polymers comprise a urethane extended backbone formed by reacting diisocyanates with polyols derived from rubber oligomers/polymers.
| Radiation-curable mixture containing low-molecular, ethylenically unsaturated compounds having non-aromatic ring systems|| 20090324945 || 20091231 |
| wherein at least 10% by weight of the compounds B are compounds B1 containing at least one nonaromatic ring system.
| Forming ultra low dielectric constant porous dielectric films and structures formed thereby|| 20090324928 || 20091231 |
| Methods of forming a microelectronic structure are described. Embodiments of those methods include removing a portion of at least one of Si—C bonds and CHx bonds in a dielectric material comprising a porogen material by reaction with a wet chemical, wherein the portion of Si—C and CHx bonds are converted to Si—H bonds. The Si—H bonds may be further hydrolyzed to form SiOH linkages. The SiOH linkages may then be removed by a radiation based cure, wherein a portion of the porogen material is also removed.
| Process for printing on cleated surfaces|| 20090324888 || 20091231 |
| A printing process to be applied to the whole or any selected portion of the lower surface of a mat having carpet-engaging features substantially equally distributed over the whole of the lower surface. The application of a desired graphic pattern using a computer controlled ink jet that is spaced from the lower surface of the mat by a distance exceeding the height of the carpet-engaging features. The space between the computer controlled ink jet and the carpet engaging features is preferable sufficient to ensure that the carpet engaging features will have substantially all surfaces subjected to the ink delivered by the ink jet including the lower surface of the mat, and the lower and lateral surfaces of the carpet-engaging features. The ink can be reactive to...|
| Process for the preparation of a panel|| 20090324874 || 20091231 |
| The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of a panel comprising a ligno-cellulose containing strand-like material, comprising the steps of treating the ligno-cellulose containing strand-like material with a combination of UV-radiation and ozone, either in-situ or ex-situ, mixing the resulting product with an adhesive composition, applying the resulting mix onto a press-bottom, and pressing and at least partially curing the composition to obtain a panel.
|Remote voice detection system|| 20080314155 || 20081225 |
| A device and system to remotely detect vocalizations of speech. The skin located on the throat region of a speaking person or a reflective layer on the skin on the throat region vibrates in response to vocalizations of speech by the person. The vibrating skin or reflective layer is reflective of impinging radiation. A laser Doppler vibrometer transmits radiation onto the vibrating skin or the covering reflective layer and receives reflected radiation from the vibrating skin or reflective layer. The laser Doppler vibrometer generates voltage output signals that are representative of the speech causing the vibrations. A target tracker directs the impinging radiation and detects the reflected radiation to pass between the throat region and the laser Doppler vibrometer and includes a processor that removes non-speech...|
|Method for making a relief printing form|| 20080314271 || 20081225 |
| The invention provides a method for making a printing form having a relief surface on a floor from a photosensitive element. The method involves generating a polymerization rate curve for the photosensitive element from a step exposure test by measuring a cure response, such as floor thickness or one or more relief image characteristic/s, of the element relative to an energy density of a source of actinic radiation. The method exposes a photosensitive element to the source of actinic radiation based on energy density that accounts for changes in intensity of lamps used for the source of actinic radiation.
|Reactor for direct utilization of external radiation heat for thermal or thermochemical material processes|| 20080314411 || 20081225 |
| A reactor for direct utilization of external radiation heat includes a containment can having a longitudinal axis, an external driving mechanism for controllable rotating the containment can and a cavity having a cylindrical shape. The cavity is partially lined with an insulation layer and disposed in the containment can. The cavity has a gas inlet, a gas outlet and an aperture for allowing to insert the external radiation heat into the cavity. A feeder mechanism is moveable along the longitudinal axis into and out of the cavity for supplying the material subject to the thermal or thermo-chemical material process. The gas outlet is formed as a ring channel tube having an inner and an outer surface, wherein the feeder mechanism is at least partially hosted within...|
|Multiple heliostats concentrator|| 20080314437 || 20081225 |
| A multi heliostat concentrating (MHC) system for utilizing sun energy has at least on MHC module. A MHC module has at least one optical concentrator having a focusin reflective surface, aperture and an optical axis. A plurality of heliostats, which are preferably located symmetrically relative to the optical axis of an optical concentrator simultaneously reflect sun radiation towards its aperture. Flux error correcting an flux homogenizing device disposed at the focal region of an optical concentrato provides for further concentrating and homogenizing the flux of the focused su radiation. A receiver preferably comprising concentrated photovoltaic cells and a optional passive heat-sink provides for efficiently and economically generatin electrical power.
|Vacuum insulated piping assembly method|| 20080314455 || 20081225 |
| Method of assembling a vacuum insulated piping run for conducting a cryogenic fluid in which piping sections are produced in a first location and then assembled in a second location into a piping run. Each of the piping sections incorporates an outer cylindrical casing and an inner pipe for transport of the cryogenic fluid to form an inner annular region for containing insulation that can be radiation shield insulation and aerogel blankets. The piping sections are joined by welding the ends of the inner pipes together and then joining the outer cylindrical casing by a shell-like section. Points of connections are tested by vacuum testing techniques as each of the connections is made. Thereafter, the annular region is purged with a condensable gas such as carbon...|
|Ic chip manufacturing method|| 20080314507 || 20081225 |
| The invention is a method for producing an IC chip, which comprises; at least a step 1 of fixing a wafer in a support plate by sticking the wafer to the gas generating agent-containing face of a pressure sensitive adhesive double-faced tape having a pressure sensitive adhesive layer containing a gas generating agent for generating a gas by light radiation in at least one face; a step 2 of grinding the wafer in a state of being fixed in the support plate through the pressure sensitive adhesive double-faced tape; a step 3 of radiating light to the pressure sensitive adhesive double-faced tape; and a step 4 of separating the pressure sensitive adhesive double-faced tape from the wafer, a gas releasing speed from the pressure sensitive adhesive...|
|Electronic component and method for manufacturing the same|| 20080314627 || 20081225 |
| There are provided an electronic component in which two substrates are bonded to each other with a large bonding force and a method for manufacturing electronic components in which two substrates can be bonded to each other with a large bonding force and in which the substrates are not likely to be bent and broken. In an embodiment, a plurality of first connection portions 30 is formed on a first substrate 22, and in addition, a plurality of IDT electrodes 26 and a plurality of second connection portions 32 are formed on a second substrate 24. The first connection portions 30 are engaged in concave parts of the second connection portions 32, so that temporary bonding is performed. Between adjacent first connection portions 30, only the...|
|Container that radiates far-infrared rays|| 20080314785 || 20081225 |
| A container that radiates far-infrared rays includes an airtight storage space for storing food, a far-infrared coating and multiple ceramic particles. The far-infrared coating is applied on an external wall of the container. The ceramic particles are spread in the far-infrared coating that radiates far-infrared rays. The far-infrared coating radiates far-infrared rays in a natural status with the ceramic particles. The storage space can be used to store solid food, soft drinks or the like, so as to prevent the food from bacteria propagation and also can keep fresh by the continuous radiation of the far-infrared rays. In this way, an expiry date of the food can be extended without adding excess preservatives. Moreover, the far-infrared rays radiated from the ceramic particles further can make water...|
|Apparatus and method for controlling a machining system|| 20080314878 || 20081225 |
| An apparatus for controlling a machining system is provided. The apparatus include an optical unit configured to capture an image of an object based upon radiation generated from the object and an image processing unit configured to process the image and to obtain real-time estimation of parameters associated with manufacture or repair of the object. The apparatus also includes a process model configured to establish target values for the parameters associated with the manufacture or repair of the object based upon process parameters for the machining system and a controller configured to control the process parameters for the machining system based upon the estimated and target values of the parameters associated with the manufacture or repair of the object.
|Laser processing method and equipment|| 20080314883 || 20081225 |
| A laser processing method and apparatus capable of forming an extremely minute modified area not exceeding half the diffraction limit value of the laser wavelength used for processing without causing plasma in a processing object such as a dielectric material substrate or semiconductor material substrate. In this technology, attention is paid to the fact that new damage is caused even at laser intensity that does not cause plasma at all, and a laser beam (1) that has lower laser intensity than the laser intensity threshold at which plasma occurs (for example, approximately 1/1.5 of that laser intensity threshold) is convergently radiated into a processing object (10) using an irradiation optical system (20) accuracy-designed so as not to cause a self-focusing effect at the convergence location (3).
|Radiant shield|| 20080314892 || 20081225 |
| A radiant shield and a furnace employing a radiant shield for controlled heating and treatment of material using infrared radiation. The furnace is capable of improved temperature control where material treated by the furnace may interfere with the quality of a measured temperature signal and temperature control based on that signal.
|Apparatus and method for producing a representation of an object scene|| 20080315072 || 20081225 |
| An apparatus (2) and a method for producing a representation of an object scene, including a detector arrangement (12) with a plurality of detector units (20, 22) and an optical unit (4, 8) for producing the image of the object scene on the detector arrangement (12). To produce a high information content from representations of the object scene the apparatus (2) includes a filter unit (16, 26, 32, 72) arranged in an imaging beam path, with a first radiation filter raster with a first filter property and at least one second radiation filter raster with a second filter property different from the first filter property, wherein the radiation filter rasters penetrate each other, and a motion unit (100) for stepwise movement of an image of the...|
|Objective lens, electron beam system and method of inspecting defect|| 20080315090 || 20081225 |
| An electron beam system or a method for manufacturing a device using the electron beam system in which an electron beam can be irradiated at a high current density and a ratio of transmittance of a secondary electron beam of an image projecting optical system can be improved and which can be compact in size. The surface of the sample S is divided into plural stripe regions which in turn are divided into rectangle-shaped main fields. The main field is further divided into plural square-shaped subfields. The irradiation with the electron beams and the formation of a two-dimensional image are repeated in a unit of the subfields. A magnetic gap formed by the inner and outer magnetic poles of the objective lens is formed on the...|
|Electron beam inspection method and electron beam inspection apparatus|| 20080315093 || 20081225 |
| An electron beam inspection apparatus images reflected electrons and cancels negative charging derived from electron-beam irradiation. Ultraviolet rays are irradiated and an irradiated area of ultraviolet rays is displayed as a photoelectron image. The photoelectron image and a reflected-electron image are displayed on a monitor while being superposed on each other, to easily grasp the positional relationship between the images and the difference in size between them. Specifically, the shape of the irradiated area of an electron beam includes the shape of the irradiated area of ultraviolet rays on a display screen. The intensity of the ultraviolet rays in the irradiated area of the electron beam is adjusted while the reflected-electron imaging conditions for the reflected-electron image are sustained. Moreover, an amount-of-ultraviolet ray adjustment mechanism is...|
|Photoconductive element for generation and detection of terahertz wave|| 20080315098 || 20081225 |
| A photoconductive element for generating or detecting a terahertz wave comprises a carrier generation layer for generating carriers on light irradiation, a pair of conductive electrodes provided in opposition on one face of the carrier generation layer, each containing a strip line, a pair of conductive antennas placed in opposition with a gap for light irradiation onto the carrier generation layer, each being joined to the electrodes, a pair of conductive adjusting stubs for adjusting a propagation state of the terahertz wave generated or detected by the carriers, wherein each of the adjusting stubs has a length of not longer than the wavelength λ of the terahertz wave generated by the carriers, and is placed at a distance of not more than the wavelength λ from...|
|Detector of infrared radiation having a bi-material transducer|| 20080315099 || 20081225 |
| A representative embodiment of the invention provides an infrared (IR) detector having a movable plate supported at an offset distance from a substrate by a suspension arm. In response to a temperature difference between the plate and the substrate generated by the incident IR radiation, the suspension arm deforms and changes the offset distance for the plate. In one embodiment, the suspension arm has three rod-shaped bimorph transducers that lie within a plane that is parallel to the substrate. The transducers are also parallel to one another, with the transducer that is attached to an anchor of the suspension arm being located between the two transducers that are attached to the plate.
|Multiple layer detector for spectral computed tomography imaging|| 20080315106 || 20081225 |
| A radiation detector (100) includes at least first (202) and second (204) scintillators which absorb radiation and generate light at respective first (212) and second (214) wavelengths. The detector also includes at least first (206) and second (208) photodetectors. The first photodetector (206) is substantially non-responsive to light of the wavelength (212) generated by the second scintillator (204). Detectors having three or more scintillators and photodetectors may also be implemented.
|Portable system for detection and identification of gamma, neutron and x-ray radiation|| 20080315107 || 20081225 |
| A portable hand-held system for identification of a radiation source includes a portable detection unit that detects gamma radiation, X-ray radiation and neutron radiation emitted due to nuclear decay in the radiation source being inspected and provides a corresponding detection signal based on the radiation. A radioisotope analysis unit analyzes radiation detected by the detection unit for determining radioisotope information. A display unit for displaying results of the analysis to a user, including radiation spectrum and the radioisotope information. A GPS receiver provides a current position information. A connecting unit communicates the results of the analysis and the current location to a remote computer. The detection unit, the radioisotope analysis unit, the display unit, the GPS receiver and the connecting unit form an integral device. The...|
|Radiation measurement using multiple parameters|| 20080315110 || 20081225 |
| An improved radiation detection device measures a broad range of dose rate levels. According to one arrangement, the radiation detection device calculates a radiation value based on, gamma count information representing counts for different energy levels of radiation in a radiation field as well as a radiation intensity indicator value (e.g., photomultiplier tube anode DC current, measured directly by conventional Analog to Digital Converters or indirectly by power or current consumption information indicating how much energy is required to maintain a photomultiplier tube at a constant voltage) that is at least proportional to an amount of overall radiation energy detected in the radiation sample. Based on a combination of the gamma count information and the radiation intensity indicator value, a controller associated with a corresponding radiation...|
|Particle therapy system|| 20080315111 || 20081225 |
| A particle therapy system is provided. The particle therapy system includes a rotatable gantry with a gantry wall that surrounds an interior. A small irradiation chamber, with an irradiation chamber wall, is located inside the interior. The irradiation chamber wall is spaced apart from the gantry wall, and a deflection chamber is embodied between the two walls. The irradiation chamber wall includes a plurality of wall elements, which to enlarge the irradiation chamber are adjustable in the direction of the deflection chamber, for example, when positioning a treatment table in the small irradiation chamber, such that an opening in the irradiation chamber wall is created.
|Optical uv lamp-on indicator|| 20080315116 || 20081225 |
| An observable optical lamp status display system is provided for an ultraviolet irradiation lamp concealed from view. An external lamp status display panel that is within the field of view of an observer registers the operating status of each ultraviolet light irradiation lamp in an array of irradiation lamps. A separate fiberoptic lamp status display filament extends between each ultraviolet radiation lamps and the display panel. The lamp status display filament has a first end terminated in optical communication with the ultraviolet lamp and an opposite end that terminates at an optical sensor in the lamp status display panel. An observer can determine whether or not a lamp is operating simply by observing the output of the optical sensor in the display panel for each lamp...|
|Fluorescence measurement probe|| 20080315118 || 20081225 |
| A fluorescence measurement probe capable of stably receiving a maximum received light amount of a fluorescent light generated from a specimen onto which an excitation light is radiated. The fluorescence measurement probe is applied to a fluorescence measurement system provided with an optical system. A light source emits an excitation light. A detector receives the fluorescent light. A solid light guide path serves as an optical path of the excitation light as well as the fluorescent light. A lens is disposed between an edge surface of the solid light guide path and the specimen. When a radiation angle of the excitation light is set to 2θ at a position where the excitation light is collected by the lens which collects the fluorescent light. A excitation light...|
|Method of analysing a sample and apparatus therefor|| 20080315119 || 20081225 |
| A method for performing photo-modification of a biological sample, the method comprising: (a) irradiating the sample; (b) detecting one or more signals based on the irradiated sample; (c) using one or more processor means to analyze the detected signals and determine one or more irradiation parameters, and, (d) returning to (a) conditioned on the irradiation parameters. Thus modifications may be determined and executed interactively as an experiment progresses, and therefore directed towards specific structures and/or events identified as of particular interest in the course of the experiment.
|Radiation detector, method of manufacturing a radiation detector and lithographic apparatus comprising a radiation detector|| 20080315121 || 20081225 |
| The invention relates to a radiation detector, a method of manufacturing a radiation detector and a lithographic apparatus comprising a radiation detector. The radiation detector has a radiation-sensitive surface. The radiation-sensitive surface is sensitive for radiation with a wavelength between 10-200 nm. The radiation detector has a silicon substrate, a dopant layer, a first electrode and a second electrode. The silicon substrate is provided in a surface area at a first surface side with doping profile of a certain conduction type. The dopant layer is provided on the first surface side of the silicon substrate. The dopant layer has a first layer of dopant material and a second layer. The second layer is a diffusion layer which is in contact with the surface area at the...|
|Method and apparatus for flattening solid surface|| 20080315128 || 20081225 |
| A method for flattening a sample surface by irradiating the sample surface with a gas cluster ion beam, generates clusters of source gas in a cluster generating chamber, ionizes the generated clusters in an ionization chamber, accelerates the ionized cluster beam in an electric field of an accelerating electrode, selects a cluster size using a magnetic field of a sorting mechanism, and irradiates the surface of a sample. An irradiation angle between the sample surface and the gas cluster ion beam is less than 30° and an average cluster size of the gas cluster ion beam is 50 or above.
|Focused ion beam processing system and method|| 20080315130 || 20081225 |
| A focused ion beam (FIB) processing system includes a FIB irradiation unit that irradiates a FIB onto a pattern formed in a wafer, to form a section of the pattern, an imaging unit that images the section of the pattern, a calculation unit that calculates a pattern size based on the image of the section, a judgment unit that judges whether or not a differential of the pattern size with respect to time is equal to or below a threshold; and a control unit that stops the FIB irradiation unit if the judgment unit judges that the differential of the pattern size is equal to or below the threshold.
|Method and device for characterising a structure by wavelength effect in a photoacoustic system|| 20080315131 || 20081225 |
| The invention relates to a structure characterising device comprising means which are used for generating a first pump radiation and a second probe radiation and for transmitting different wavelength radiation, means for producing a time offset between said first pump and second probe radiation on the structure by means of detecting means of said second beam after the reflection or transmission thereof to said structure in such a way that an analysis signal is generated, means for processing said signal and identifying an area corresponding to the signal jump, for determining the jump amplitude according to different wavelengths, for comparing said amplitude with a theoretical amplitude variation pattern according to the wavelengths and for determining, for the wavelength characteristic for said theoretical pattern, a characteristic value...|
|Uv irradiation unit|| 20080315133 || 20081225 |
| The invention relates to a UV irradiation unit comprising a housing (10), a rod-shaped lamp (12) which is arranged therein, a reflector (14) which extends along the UV-lamp (12) and which defines a lamp chamber (22) which surrounds the UV-lamp (12), in addition to a channel system (20) for guiding a cooling coolant through the reflector (14). According to the invention, the channel system (20) is arranged on the outside of the lamp chamber (22) such that it remains void of the coolant flow (24) for operating the lamp in an optimum manner.
|Optical system for radiation in the euv-wavelength range and method for measuring a contamination status of euv-reflective elements|| 20080315134 || 20081225 |
| An optical system for radiation in the EUV wavelength range, in particular a projection exposure apparatus, having at least one vacuum vessel, including: at least one EUV-reflective optical element arranged in an optical path, and a holder which includes at least one sample element, the sample element having an optical surface which is exposed to incident EUV-radiation outside of the optical path, the sample element being sensitive to chemical alterations under influence of the incident EUV-radiation which also affect the optical element. The optical system further includes at least one detection unit for online detection of the contamination status of the sample element during exposure of the sample element to the incident EUV-radiation.
|Terahertz electromagnetic wave radiation element and its manufacturing method|| 20080315216 || 20081225 |
| The present invention improves the efficiency of conversion from a non-radiation two-dimensional electron plasmon wave into a radiation electromagnetic wave, and realizes a wide-band characteristic. A terahertz electromagnetic wave radiation element of the present invention comprises a semiinsulating semiconductor bulk layer, a two-dimensional electron layer formed directly above the semiconductor bulk layer by a semiconductor heterojunction structure, source and drain electrodes electrically connected to two opposed sides of the two-dimensional electron layer, a double gate electrode grating which is provided in the vicinity of and parallel to the upper surface of the two-dimensional electron layer and for which two different dc bias potentials can be alternately set, and a transparent metal mirror provided in contact with the lower surface of the semiconductor bulk layer, formed into...|
|Nitrogen enriched cooling air module for uv curing system|| 20070295012 || 20071227 |
| A re-circulating cooling system can be used with a curing system in order to reduce the exhaust requirements for the system. Further, using a cooling fluid such as nitrogen reduces the production of ozone and the sealing requirements for the system. A simple heat exchanger can be used between return and supply reservoirs in order to remove heat added to the re-circulating fluid during circulation past the curing radiation source. The nitrogen can come from a nitrogen source, or from a membrane or other device operable to split feed gas into its molecular components to provide a source of gas rich in nitrogen. An ozone destruction unit can be used with such a cooling system to reduce the amount of ozone to acceptable levels, and to...|
|Infra-red emitting decoy flare|| 20070295236 || 20071227 |
| An infra-red emitting decoy flare capable of diverting an incoming missile equipped with a counter-countermeasures system away from an intended target consisting of a primer flare (2), a spectral flare (4) and a means for igniting the primer flare (22, 30), all contained within a flare casing (6). The primer flare (2) is formed from a fast burning pyrotechnic composition and is adapted to produce an intense infra-red source of short duration on ignition. The spectral flare (4) is ignited by the burning of the primer flare (2) and is adapted to produce a slower burning composition having a fixed ratio in the intensity of infra-red radiation emitted, when burning, in at least two fixed bands.
|Use of hydroxyl-functional polyalkylorganosiloxanes as solvents for cationic photoinitiators for use in radiation-curable silicones|| 20070295243 || 20071227 |
| as solvents for cationic photoinitiators and for the use of these solutions in cationically curable silicones.
|Apparatus and method for cleaning substrate|| 20070295355 || 20071227 |
| A method for cleaning a substrate by means of irradiation with UV light, wherein a second space containing a surface on the side of the substrate on which the cleaning is to be carried out (hereinafter referred to as the to-be-cleaned surface) and its vicinity, is an atmosphere comprising a gas or a liquid which generates at least one of ozone, excited state oxygen atoms and active oxygen species by the irradiation with the UV light, a first space containing a surface on the other side of the substrate (hereinafter referred to as the to-be-irradiated surface) is an atmosphere comprising a gas showing a low absorption of the UV light, and the UV light is permitted to enter via the first space into the to-be-irradiated surface...|
|Photovoltaic device with trimetaspheres|| 20070295395 || 20071227 |
| An exemplary photovoltaic device for conversion of an incident wavelength of electromagnetic radiation to electricity has an absorber of incident wavelength of electromagnetic radiation, a trimetasphere in electron transferring contact with the absorber, an anode in electrical contact with the trimetasphere, and a cathode in electrical contact with the absorber. The absorber and trimetasphere can be arranged as a heterojunction or a blended junction. An exemplary electrical circuit has an absorber of incident electromagnetic radiation, a trimetasphere-containing material in electron transferring contact with the absorber, an anode, a cathode and a current path from the anode to the cathode. An exemplary method of converting incident electromagnetic radiation to an electrical signal using a trimetasphere-containing material is also disclosed.
|Method for sealing a fiber-based material|| 20070295445 || 20071227 |
| The invention relates to a method for sealing a fibre-based material (1, 4) to a counter-surface to be bonded to it by melting polymer present at the sealing point. In accordance with the invention, the sealing is performed by directing a laser beam (8) through the fibre layer (4) of the material to a radiation-absorbing pigment disposed in the sealing area (9), with the absorption heat melting the polymer (5) and generating the sealing. The method allows sealing of plastic-coated paper or board to itself, to another plastic counter-surface or also to paper or board without any plastic coating. It is also possible to seal uncoated paper or board to paper or board containing plastic, such as plastic-coated paper or board, or to a plastic film....|
|Method and apparatus for microwave assisted high throughput high pressure chemical synthesis|| 20070295594 || 20071227 |
| A method and associated instrument are disclosed for increasing the sequential rate at which a series of microwave assisted chemical reactions that potentially generate high pressure can be carried out. The method includes the steps of opening a pressure-resistant valve on a microwave-transparent pressure-resistant vessel to define a unpressurized pathway through the valve into the vessel, inserting a tube through the pathway in the valve and into the vessel, transferring at least one composition into the vessel through the tube, removing the tube from the vessel and from the pathway in the valve, closing the valve to seal the vessel against pressure release, and exposing the vessel and its contents to microwave radiation. The instrument includes a source of microwave radiation, a cavity in microwave communication...|
|Composite materials and devices comprising single crystal silicon carbide heated by electromagnetic radiation|| 20070295716 || 20071227 |
| A composite material that increases in temperature upon exposure to electromagnetic radiation comprising single crystal silicon carbide whiskers and fibrils in a matrix material. Also, heat-generating objects comprising the composite material, and a method of generating heat.
|Method and apparatus for minimizing the effect of baseline depression in ionizing radiation measuring equipment|| 20070295898 || 20071227 |
| Methods and an apparatus for reducing the effect of background ionizing radiation depression in vehicle and container monitoring systems due to shielding effects from components of the vehicle or container or modifications thereof. The methods utilize measurements of background radiation in two spectral regions of interest to calculate a normalization constant, and then utilize the normalization constant to normalize measurements in the same regions of interest when a vehicle or container is tested for the presence of a relevant ionizing radiation source such as 137Cs and 76Ga. Subtracting the two measurements to calculate a net difference provides a substantially valid measure of radiation counts in one spectral region of interest. Preferably the regions of interest abut or overlap, and preferably the spectral widths of the regions...|
|Personal radiation detector and method of operation of same|| 20070295904 || 20071227 |
| A multipurpose, small-sized, ergonomic device determines and measures ionizing radiation and stores the obtained data for subsequent processing. An ionizing radiation detector is used as a sensing unit and is connected with a microcontroller by a converter. The device contains a nonvolatile memory for data arrangement and command set and an interface for connection with a computer. Measurements are carried out constantly, records are made periodically by the user setting. In the case of a value current or accumulated established criterion level excess, the device gives an alert signal and stores current value, not waiting for periodic write time. At connection with a computer, these data are automatically transferred to the computer and processed for identification and saving.
|Electronic system to manage external radiation effects|| 20070295905 || 20071227 |
| A system may include determination of a value of a radiation-related parameter, and changing of an operational parameter of a circuit based on the determined value. The radiation-related parameter may comprise an altitude of the circuit and/or a radiation level. In some aspects, the operational parameter may be a supply voltage and/or a period of a refresh cycle.
|Method and apparatus for use of thermally switching proteins in sensing and detecting devices|| 20070295907 || 20071227 |
| An apparatus and method for detecting infrared radiation is provided which comprises a temperature-sensing helical coiled-coil protein such as TIpA, CC1, collagen or myosin, incorporated into an electrically conductive film or gel deposited onto an electrically conductive medium, means for recording changes in conductivity or resistance of the conductive film or gel caused by the presence of infrared radiation and its effect on the thermal-sensing protein, and means to analyze the changes in conductivity or resistance in the conductive film caused thereby so as to determine if infrared radiation is present. By virtue of the present invention, a “biomimetic” infrared sensor is provided which can integrate a recombinantly produced thermally sensitive protein in a conductive polymer matrix, such as a film or gel, and provide a...|
|Particle beam irradiation method and particle beam irradiation apparatus used for the same|| 20070295910 || 20071227 |
| [Means for Resolution] The depth direction irradiation field spread is made active irradiation field spread to superimpose plural irradiation layers having different ranges in an irradiation direction of the particle beam, a bolus having a shape along a deepest part of the irradiation target in the depth direction is disposed to cross the particle beam, and at least one irradiation layer selected from the plural irradiation layers is re-irradiated once or more with the particle beam.
|High resolution energy detector|| 20070295914 || 20071227 |
| Apparatus for detecting radiation, including a semiconductor which is arranged to interact with photons of the radiation, and a plurality of electrodes which are configured to sense respective charge distributions in response to interactions of the photons with a region of the semiconductor. The apparatus includes circuitry having respective detector circuits coupled to the electrodes to detect the interactions. The circuitry is configured to receive the respective charge distributions from two or more of the electrodes so as to generate respective energy distributions of the photons for each of the two or more electrodes, to compensate for variations in detection characteristics of the respective detector circuits so as to align the respective energy distributions with each other to form aligned distributions, to sum the aligned distributions...|
|Euv illumination system|| 20070295919 || 20071227 |
| An illumination system is used to illuminate a specified illumination field of an object surface with EUV radiation. The illumination system has an EUV source and a collector to concentrate the EUV radiation in the direction of an optical axis. A first optical element is provided to generate secondary light sources, and a second optical element is provided at the location of these secondary light sources, the second optical element being part of an optical device which includes further optical elements, and which images the first optical element into an image plane into the illumination field. Between the collector and the illumination field, a maximum of five reflecting optical elements are arranged. These optical elements reflect the main beam either gratingly or steeply. The optical axis,...|
|Conversion apparatus and imaging system|| 20070295966 || 20071227 |
| A conversion apparatus comprises a pixel region, on a substrate, including a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix, each pixel having a conversion element that converts radiation into electric signals and a switching element, wherein the switching element has a structure comprising a gate electrode, a first insulating layer, a second insulating layer and a semiconductor layer from the substrate side in this order, and the conversion element has a structure comprising a bottom electrode, the second insulating layer and a semiconductor layer on the first insulating layer from the substrate side in this order.
|Structure for pixel sensor cell that collects electrons and holes|| 20070296006 || 20071227 |
| The present invention relates to a design structure for a pixel sensor cell. The pixel sensor cell approximately doubles the available signal for a given quanta of light. A design structure for a pixel sensor cell having reduced complexity includes an n-type collection well region formed beneath a surface of a substrate for collecting electrons generated by electromagnetic radiation impinging on the pixel sensor cell and a p-type collection well region formed beneath the surface of the substrate for collecting holes generated by the impinging photons. A circuit structure having a first input is coupled to the n-type collection well region and a second input is coupled to the p-type collection well region, wherein an output signal of the pixel sensor cell is the magnitude of...|
|Gas discharge tube|| 20070296338 || 20071227 |
| A gas discharge tube which generates discharge between an anode 24 and a cathode 56 disposed within a sealed container 12 in which a gas is sealed, includes a cylindrical part 28 restricting the discharge path, the cylindrical part being disposed between the anode and the cathode and having a through hole 42 for narrowing the discharge path between the anode and the cathode, and a discharge shielding part 50 which is disposed so as to cover a surrounding of the part restricting the discharge path and is electrically insulated from the part restricting the discharge path, wherein the part restricting the discharge path has a cathode side end projecting by a predetermined projecting amount more than a surface on the cathode side of the discharge...|
|Substrate having fluorescent member, image display apparatus and image receiving and displaying apparatus|| 20070296344 || 20071227 |
| A substrate having a fluorescent member arranged on a pixel area in a plane of a surface of the substrate, wherein the fluorescent member emits light by an irradiation with an electron and comprises a first fluorescent member having a larger gamma value and arranged in the pixel area, and a second fluorescent member having a smaller gamma value and arranged at a peripheral of the first fluorescent member within the pixel area.
|Method and apparatus for packaging circuitry within a lightbulb|| 20070296350 || 20071227 |
| A device has an electrical connector, a radiation generator, and a flexible carrier with circuitry that is operatively coupled between the connector and the radiation generator. In response to electrical power received through the connector, the circuitry energizes the radiation generator, and the radiation generator emits radiation. In a different embodiment, a device has an electrical connector, a radiation generator, and a member with circuitry embedded therein. The circuitry is operatively coupled between the connector and the radiation generator. In response to electrical power received through the connector, the circuitry energizes the radiation generator, and the radiation generator emits radiation.
|Power amplifier suppressing radiation of second harmonic over wide frequency band|| 20070296505 || 20071227 |
| Two trap circuits different in frequencies at which short-circuit is established are provided in an output matching circuit. Out of the two trap circuits, the trap circuit higher in frequency at which short-circuit is established is arranged closer to a power amplification element. Thus, a frequency band higher than a frequency twice as high as a central frequency of a transmission frequency band is trapped, impedance of the output matching circuit with respect to the frequency in a frequency band twice as high as the transmission frequency band on the side of an output end of the power amplification element is kept in a state close to short-circuit, and the trap circuit lower in frequency at which short-circuit is established traps the frequency band lower than...|
|Aperture-coupled antenna|| 20070296634 || 20071227 |
| An aperture-coupled antenna has a first radiation electrode, a ground area and a wave guide which is implemented to supply energy to the antenna. The wave guide is arranged spaced apart from the ground area on a first side of the ground area, and the first radiation electrode is arranged spaced apart from the ground area on a second side of the ground area. The ground area has an aperture including a first slot in the ground area, a second slot in the ground area and a third slot in the ground area. The first slot and the second slot together form a slot in the shape of a cross. The third slot passes through an intersection of the first slot and the second slot. The...|
|Planar multiband antenna|| 20070296635 || 20071227 |
| The present invention provides a planar multiband antenna having a ground area, a first radiation electrode, a second radiation electrode, a third radiation electrode and a feeder. The feeder is implemented to feed the first radiation electrode. The first radiation electrode is arranged at least partly between the ground area and the second radiation electrode and does not protrude from an external periphery of the third radiation electrode. The third radiation electrode is arranged such that it completely surrounds an external periphery of the second radiation electrode, wherein there is a gap between the second radiation electrode and the third radiation electrode.
|Wireless communication device and antenna thereof|| 20070296637 || 20071227 |
| A wireless communication device (10) includes an antenna (12), an electronic element (14), and a support member (18). The antenna for radiating and receiving electromagnetic signals is disposed on one side of the electronic element. The support member includes at least one support portion disposed between the antenna and the electronic element to form a space for spacing the antenna and the electronic element to enhance the radiation efficiency of the antenna.
|Mobile terminal using an internal antenna with a conductive layer|| 20070296638 || 20071227 |
| A mobile communication terminal may be made smaller by using an internal antenna and a conductive layer. The conductive layer is spaced apart from the antenna by a fixed gap, and the conductive layer may be located either internally or externally to the terminal housing. The addition of the conductive layer provides a second resonant frequency in a higher frequency band than a first resonant frequency. Because the conductive layer has a relative smaller amount of radiation and is more directly affected by a human body than the internal antenna with a relatively larger amount of radiation, the performance characteristics of the terminal can be increased by a corresponding amount.
|Multi-beam antenna with shared dielectric lens|| 20070296640 || 20071227 |
| An integrated multi-beam antenna with a shared dielectric lens is disclosed. The antenna is formed by positioning the feed apertures of a plurality of waveguide feeds at positions located on the surface of the shared dielectric lens. The angular direction and shape of radiation beams produced by the waveguide feeds are determined by the physical and dielectric characteristics of the lens, the location of feed apertures of the waveguide feeds on the surface of the lens, and the frequency of electromagnetic energy propagating in the waveguide feeds. The principles of the invention are applied to realize an inexpensive, integrated multi-feed antenna adapted to provide desired angular areas of coverage for both a long range and short range radar in an automotive radar safety system.
|Ink jet recording method and ink jet recording device|| 20070296790 || 20071227 |
| The invention provides an ink jet recording method that records an image by ejecting, onto a recording medium, an ink that is cured by irradiation of an active energy ray, the method comprising: applying an undercoating liquid onto the recording medium; half-curing the undercoating liquid; and forming an image by ejecting an ink onto the half-cured undercoating liquid, and an ink jet recording device. According to the ink jet recording method in the invention, ink bleeding can be effectively suppressed when using any type of non-absorbing recording media, a high degree of uniformity in an image between various recording media can be obtained, and unevenness in line width or color caused by mixing between the liquid droplets can be suppressed.
|Illumination optics and projection display apparatus|| 20070296926 || 20071227 |
| An object of the present invention is to provide illumination optics that enables improvement in brightness and reestablishment of an irradiation state which is provided with illumination light and which corresponds with a display area, and is to provide illumination optics including a first fly-eye lens and a second fly-eye lens where emission light from the first fly-eye lens enter, wherein at least one of lens elements configuring the second fly-eye lens covers an irradiation area smaller than an irradiation area provided by the second fly-eye lens.
|Method of reducing a wave front aberration, and computer program product|| 20070296938 || 20071227 |
| A method of reducing a wave front aberration is provided for a lithographic process whereby the reducing is based on the selected pattern to be printed and the selected illumination mode used for exposure. Wave front aberrations of a projection system of a lithographic apparatus are measured and reduced by calculating adjustments of optical elements of the projection system and applying the calculated adjustments to the projection system. The calculation of adjustments is based on information on a spatial distribution of radiant intensity in a pupil of the projection system as present during exposing the radiation sensitive layer, and is limited to aberrations in projection lens pupil areas of relative high radiant flux.
|Lithographic apparatus and method|| 20070296942 || 20071227 |
| A lithographic apparatus comprises an illumination system, an array of individually controllable elements, a projection system, and a control system. The illumination system conditions a radiation beam. The array of individually controllable elements modulates the cross-section of the radiation beam. The projection system projects the modulated radiation beam onto a target portion of a substrate. The control system calculates a pattern that is to be formed on the array of individually controllable elements. The calculation includes an adjustment of the pattern, such that its focal plane is shifted in response to a measured separation between the target portion of the substrate and a focal plane of the projection system.
|Method and apparatus for selective solar control|| 20060288645 || 20061228 |
| This invention is a system of transparent or translucent panel units that permit selective transmission of light and solar radiation or glare across the system and can be adjusted and controlled according to a user's varying needs using light-controlling members mounted for rotation about their longitudinal axes. The system can illuminate the interior space by reflected sunlight, conducting both light from the brightest part of the sky and low-angle sunlight efficiently into the interior space, and also shading or deflecting the intense light found when the sun is at high elevation. Alternatively, the amount of a selected portion of the radiation spectrum passed through the system can be set at will, and can be amplified to allow increased light passage and transmission.
|Coated abrasive products and processes for forming same|| 20060288649 || 20061228 |
| A coated abrasive product is disclosed, which includes a substrate and an abrasive layer overlying the substrate. The abrasive layer includes abrasive grains and a binder, the binder being formed from a binder formulation having first and second binder components mixed together uniformly with the abrasive grains, wherein the first binder component is radiation curable and the second binder component comprises a powder and is thermally curable.
|Apparatus and method for controlling a cryocooler by adjusting cooler gas flow oscillating frequency|| 20060288710 || 20061228 |
| Systems and methods are provided for a variable cooling capacity cryocooler for a superconducting magnetic resonance imaging device having a liquid cryogen pressure vessel to provide cryogenic temperatures to a magnet assembly, a vacuum vessel surrounding the pressure vessel and a radiation shield spaced from the cryogen pressure vessel, and a pressure sensor positioned inside the cryogen pressure vessel pressure boundary for sensing pressure variations. A controller for varying the heat removal rate of the cryocooler based on the pressure variations in the cryogen pressure vessel and where the cooling capacity of the cryocooler is adjusted by modifying the speed of the electric power drive (DC or AC motors) or by changing the mechanical transmission ratio between the constant speed electric power drive and the cryocooler...|
|High temperature near infrared for measurements and telemetry in well boreholes|| 20060288769 || 20061228 |
| A borehole logging system for the measure and the telemetry of properties and conditions of a well borehole environs. The system is embodied to measure fluids within the borehole, to measure high resolution images of the wall of the borehole, to transfer of data to and from equipment operating within the borehole environment, and to determine the status of equipment operating within the borehole. The embodiments are based upon emission, measurement and processing of electromagnetic radiation in the near infrared (NIR) region of the radiation spectrum.
|Method and apparatus suitable for measuring the displacement or load on an aircraft component|| 20060288796 || 20061228 |
| The load on an aircraft component, such as the load on a landing gear leg during braking, is measured with a contactless, all-weather displacement measuring system. The system includes a control unit a controllable microwave emitter of electromagnetic radiation and a microwave detector comprising a plurality of antennae. When the aircraft component is subjected to a load relative movement of the emitter and detector is caused. The detector generates in response to microwave radiation received from the focused beam of radiation emitted by the emitter a signal that is received by a signal processor of the control unit. The signal received by the control unit depends on the relative positions of the emitter and detector. The control unit is arranged to provide an output signal representative...|
|Dye-sensitized solar cell|| 20060289057 || 20061228 |
| According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a dye-sensitized solar cell including a first base member having a first light-transmitting substrate, a light-transmitting conductive layer formed on a surface of the first substrate, a first semiconductor electrode containing a sensitizing dye and arranged on a surface of the conductive layer, a second semiconductor electrode containing a sensitizing dye and arranged with a first surface thereof facing the first semiconductor electrode, a first collector electrode formed on a second surface of the second semiconductor electrode and an electrolyte layer arranged between the first and second semiconductor electrodes, a porous insulating layer arranged in contact with the second semiconductor electrode and the first collector electrode or with the first collector electrode, and a second...|
|Methods of making medical devices|| 20060289112 || 20061228 |
| Methods of making medical devices are disclosed. In some embodiments, a method for welding together two components is described. The two components are non-coaxial and contact one another. A fixture holds the two components in a desired configuration. Electromagnetic radiation is directed at an area where the two components are in contact. The radiation causes the two portions to fuse together. The fixture has an open area or a transmissive material in the path of the electromagnetic radiation so that at least a portion of the radiation impinged up on the two components.
|Method for curing adhesive joints using interference-free microwave irradiation|| 20060289113 || 20061228 |
| A method is provided for manufacturing a component having two individual or shaped parts to be connected using an adhesive containing a magnetic filler and capable of being cured by heat. At least one part of the component, in particular the adhesive joint lying between the parts, is exposed to circularly polarized electromagnetic radiation, particularly in the microwave wavelength range, in order to apply heat to the adhesive.
|Laser beam irradiation apparatus and pattern drawing method|| 20060289412 || 20061228 |
| A laser source emits a laser beam. A diffractive optical element is disposed at a position which the laser beam emitted from the laser source is incident on. The diffractive optical element splits the incident laser beam into laser beams. The laser beams are incident on a first zoom lens system. The first zoom lens system focuses the incident laser beams onto a first virtual plane.
|Drive circuit board and flat panel display apparatus having the same|| 20060289429 || 20061228 |
| A drive circuit board and a flat panel display apparatus having the same includes a printed circuit board (PCB), a plurality of circuit devices connected to the PCB, and at least one radiation member positioned between the circuit devices to absorb heat generated by the circuit devices and to radiate the heat to surroundings of the radiation member. The circuit devices are positioned on opposite sides of the radiation member.
|Apparatus and method for reducing stray light in substrate processing chambers|| 20060289434 || 20061228 |
| A method and apparatus for heating semiconductor wafers in thermal processing chambers is disclosed. The apparatus includes a non-contact temperature measurement system that utilizes radiation sensing devices, such as pyrometers, to determine the temperature of the wafer during processing. The radiation sensing devices determine the temperature of the wafer by monitoring the amount of radiation being emitted by the wafer at a particular wavelength. In accordance with the present invention, a spectral filter is included in the apparatus for filtering light being emitted by lamps used to heat the wafer at the wavelength at which the radiation sensing devices operate. The spectral filter includes a light absorbing agent such as a rare earth element, an oxide of a rare earth element, a light absorbing dye, a...|
|Electric pcb heating component, electronic circuit board and heating method|| 20060289464 || 20061228 |
| The disclosed embodiments generally relate to an electric PCB heating component for heating electric components coupled to an electronic circuit board. The PCB heating component includes a fastening element, a heating element for generating thermal energy, and a heating body. The heating body emits thermal energy via a heat radiating surface. For a low cost PCB heating component, the heating element is a PTC heating element. A plurality of heating projections of the heating element cooperate to form a relatively large heat radiating surface such that thermal energy can be emitted in a substantially directional mode. The heating projections can be convection or radiation elements.
|Scanned rapid thermal processing with feed forward control|| 20060289504 || 20061228 |
| A thermal processing system and method including scanning a line beam of intense radiation in a direction transverse to the line direction for thermally processing a wafer with a localized effectively pulsed beam of radiant energy. The thickness of the wafer is two-dimensionally mapped and the map is used to control the degree of thermal processing, for example, the intensity of radiation in the line beam to increase the uniformity. The processing may include selective etching of a pre-existing layer or depositing more material by chemical vapor deposition.
|Apparatus for cooking food products on both sides thereof|| 20060289514 || 20061228 |
| Apparatus for cooking food products on both sides thereof, comprising a base member (2) associated to a bottom heating surface (3) adapted to support food products to be cooked, an upper member (4) associated to a top heating surface (5) and joined in an articulated manner to the base member (2) so that, when the upper member (4) is displaced towards the base member (2), the top heating surface (5) comes to lie opposite to the bottom heating surface (3) so as to enclose the food products therebetween. The upper member (4) is adapted to close in onto the base member (2) so as to form a cooking cavity (6) containing said heating surfaces (3, 5), the base member (2) comprising a microwave generator (7) adapted...|
|Microwave leakage indicator card|| 20060289525 || 20061228 |
| The present invention discloses a microwave oven leakage detector comprising: a) A support member. b) An antenna formed on said support layer that has a region of resistive coating capable of being heated by microwave radiation due to current flow through said antenna which includes said resistive region. c) A temperature sensitive color indicator layer in thermal contact with said resistive region, characterized in that the antenna layer has i.) Is able to effectively collect the microwave radiation leakage from said microwave oven to result in current flow which in turn causes localized heating in its resistive region and ii.) Sufficient heat generating capacity of the resistive region to affect a change in the temperature sensitive, color change indicator layer.
|Vacuum microwave thawing method and vacuum microwave thawing machine|| 20060289529 || 20061228 |
| A thawing cycle, wherein after reduced-pressure process (G) is carried out to reduced-pressure balanced range (B), pressure restoration process (F) is started, and when the reduced-pressure of pressure restoration process (F) reaches a lower limit (P1) at which vacuum discharge does not occur, irradiation of microwaves is started, and after pressure restoration is carried out to a preset pressure restoration upper limit (D), reduced-pressure process (G′) is carried out once again, and irradiation of microwaves continues until the reduced-pressure reaches a lower limit (P1) at which vacuum discharge does not occur, and sublimation cooling by sublimation is carried out in the reduced-pressure process to reduced-pressure balanced range (B′) after the irradiation of microwaves is terminated, is carried out repeatedly.
|Electromagnetic wave detector with an optical coupling surface comprising lamellar patterns|| 20060289728 || 20061228 |
| The invention relates to a detector comprising a multiple quantum well structure operating on interband or intersubband transitions by absorption of radiation having a wavelength λ having a polarization comprising a component perpendicular to the plane of the multiple quantum well structure, and comprising optical coupling means for coupling said radiation, wherein the coupling means comprise a set of first diffractive lamellar features that are distributed along at least a first direction and a set of second diffractive lamellar features that are distributed along at least a second direction, said first and second directions being mutually perpendicular and lying in a plane parallel to the plane of the multiple quantum well structure.
|Charged particle beam apparatus|| 20060289753 || 20061228 |
| The charged particle beams is provided, which can analyze contamination of the inner wall of the system without being disassembled and supply information on appropriate maintenance timing. The contamination level of the inner wall of the system is identified by measuring the spectrum of the X-rays emitted from the inner wall due to irradiation of a charged particle beam or a recoil electron.
|Charged particle beam apparatus|| 20060289754 || 20061228 |
| The charged particle beams is provided, which can analyze contamination of the inner wall of the system without being disassembled and supply information on appropriate maintenance timing. The contamination level of the inner wall of the system is identified by measuring the spectrum of the X-rays emitted from the inner wall due to irradiation of a charged particle beam or a recoil electron.
|Standard reference for metrology and calibration method of electron-beam metrology system using the same|| 20060289756 || 20061228 |
| An electron-beam metrology system includes a specimen stage to mount a specimen on which a device pattern is formed, electron optics to radiate the device pattern with an electron-beam, a secondary electron detector to detect a secondary electron generated by the radiation of the electron-beam, and an information processing system to analyze a signal obtained from the secondary electron detector. A standard reference for metrology is held on the specimen stage, and the standard reference includes a first grating unit pattern including an array of gratings having pitch sizes which are verified by an optical method, and a second grating unit pattern including an array of gratings having pitch sizes which are smaller than he pitch sizes of the first grating unit pattern.
|Nanowire based plasmonics|| 20060289761 || 20061228 |
| Nanoscaled, tunable detector devices for ultrasensitive detection of terahertz (THz) radiation based on the fabrication of one-dimensional (1D) plasma devices having clouds of strongly correlated and spatially confined electronic charge carriers are disclosed. These one-dimensional collective excitations (“plasmons”) are realized using coaxial semiconducting core-shell nanowires or by electrostatically confining a two dimensional charge to one dimension. By exploiting the properties of plasmons confined to reduced dimensions and under a selected device configuration, conventional limitations on carrier drift and transit times that dictate the speed and sensitivity of transistors can be circumvented, and detector sensitivity can be improved. 1D devices with sub-picosecond response times will be important for a range of applications in diverse areas such as remote sensing and imaging, molecular spectroscopy, biotechnology, and in a...|
|Thermal direction unit|| 20060289762 || 20061228 |
| A device, and method for its use, which may be worn by a firefighter for detecting the source of a fire in a smoke-filled or noisy environment, the device having directional infrared sensors for detecting the direction of maximum or minimum intensity of infrared radiation in two or more directions relative to the wearer and reporting at least the direction of maximum or minimum intensity to the wearer by a tactile indicator contacting the skin of the wearer.
|Apparatuses for and methods of monitoring optical radiation parameters for substrate processing operations|| 20060289763 || 20061228 |
| One or more problems related to processing workpieces using processes that involve optical radiation are presented along with solutions to one or more of the problems. One embodiment of the invention comprises a sensor apparatus for collecting optical radiation data representing one or more process conditions used for processing a workpiece. In a further embodiment, the sensor apparatus is also configured for measuring data other than optical radiation.
|Infrared radiation detector|| 20060289764 || 20061228 |
| Electronic devices are disclosed that may be used for infrared radiation detection. An example electronic device includes a substrate, a transistor included in the substrate and a silicon-germanium (Si—Ge) structural layer coupled with the transistor. The structural layer has a stress in a predetermined range, where the predetermined range for the stress is selected prior to deposition of the structural layer. Also, the structural layer is deposited on the substrate subsequent to formation of the transistor such that deposition of the structural layer does not substantially adversely affect the operation of the transistor.
|Electromagnetic radiation detecting apparatus, radiation detecting apparatus, radiation detecting system and laser processing method|| 20060289769 || 20061228 |
| As to an electromagnetic radiation detecting apparatus, a radiation detecting apparatus, a radiation detecting system and a laser processing method, a TFT is disposed on an insulating substrate. A conversion element converting electromagnetic radiation into an electric signal is disposed over the TFT. A member for marking the position of the switching element is disposed on the conversion element. The position of a switching element having a defect can be located by means of the member on the conversion element. By radiating laser light to be focused on the member, it becomes possible to perform repair accurately.
|Cassette reading processing device, cassette reading processing method and cassette|| 20060289770 || 20061228 |
| A cassette to record a radiation image of an object to be radiographed, is provided with a sheet-shaped recording medium including a layer of needle imaging plate having a thickness of 20 μm to 2 mm, wherein the needle imaging plate are formed by a deposition method; a front member through which the recording medium receives the radiation image of the object; and a back member positioned opposite to the front member; wherein the front and back members are relatively attached to each other so as to form an accommodation space in which the sheet-shaped recording medium is accommodated or detached from each other and the attaching or detaching direction of the front and back members is substantially the same direction with a growing direction of...|
|Radiographic imaging apparatus, control method thereof, and radiographic imaging system|| 20060289774 || 20061228 |
| A radiographic imaging apparatus includes a radiation detection circuit in which a plurality of conversion elements to convert radiation emitted from a radiation source and transmitted through an object into an electrical signal are arranged two-dimensionally, a driving mechanism which changes a positional relationship between the object and the radiation source and the radiation detection circuit, a memory which stores, as image data, the electrical signal detected by the radiation detection circuit, an imaging control unit which controls the radiation source to change energy of the radiation emitted from the radiation source between radiography of a first frame and radiography of a second frame different from the first frame and controls driving of the driving mechanism in capturing a plurality of continuous radiographic images of the...|
|Nuclear threat detection|| 20060289775 || 20061228 |
| A detector for detecting radiation, the detector comprising: a plurality of elongate scintillator segments arranged in a side by side array; and at least one pair of light sensors optically coupled to ends of each of the elongate scintillator such that they receive light from scintillations produced in the scintillator and generate electrical signals responsive thereto.
|Method and apparatus for reversing performance degradation in semi-conductor detectors|| 20060289776 || 20061228 |
| A system reverses degraded energy resolution of semiconductor radiation detection elements (44) which are used in a radiation detector assembly. A means (38) identifies semiconductor elements which exhibit degraded energy resolution as compared to an initial level of energy resolution after application of the forward bias. A means (40) restores the degraded semiconductor elements to the initial level of energy resolution by applying the reverse bias. A heater (74) accelerates the restoration process by supplying an elevated ambient temperature. A screening means (48) screens new semiconductor elements to identify the elements which are susceptible to degradation. A forward bias is applied by a forward bias means (50) to induce the degradation. A heater (52) increases an ambient temperature to accelerate the performance degradation in the new...|
|Apparatus and method for detection of vacuum ultraviolet radiation|| 20060289778 || 20061228 |
| Vacuum ultraviolet radiation detection apparatus (10) comprises a radiation detector (30) in a chamber (12). The detector (30) receives ultraviolet radiation from a radiation source (36). The chamber is evacuated using a dry vacuum pump (18) to a relatively poor vacuum of no less than 5 Pa. UV transparent gas is supplied from a gas supply (26), into the chamber (12) at a relatively low flow rate (around 0.1 litres/minute) so as to provide an overall pressure in the chamber (12) of between 100 and 1,000 Pa. The use of a relatively inexpensive pump coupled with a lower gas flow rate provides significant cost savings.