|| List of recent Radiation-related patents
|Method and a system for optimizing a radiation treatment plan|
A computer-based method for generating an improved radiation therapy treatment plan for a treatment volume having a target and an organ-at-risk. The method includes a step of accessing an existing radiation therapy treatment plan from a memory of a computer, a dose distribution of the existing radiation therapy treatment plan serving as a reference dose distribution; and performing machine parameter optimization on the existing radiation therapy treatment plan with the computer by pursuing an optimization goal to minimize doses to the organ-at-risk, thereby generating the improved radiation therapy treatment plan..
|Method of laser irradiation, laser irradiation apparatus, and method of manufacturing a semiconductor device|
If an optical path length of an optical system is reduced and a length of a laser light on an irradiation surface is increased, there occurs curvature of field which is a phenomenon that a convergent position deviates depending on an incident angle or incident position of a laser light with respect to a lens. To avoid this phenomenon, an optical element having a negative power such as a concave lens or a concave cylindrical lens is inserted to regulate the optical path length of the laser light and a convergent position is made coincident with a irradiation surface to form an image on the irradiation surface..
|Lighting systems and methods of using lighting systems for in vitro potency assay for photofrin|
Presently disclosed is a lighting system and methods of using the lighting system for in vitro potency assay for photofrin. The lighting system includes a lamp housing, a first lens, an infrared absorbing filter, an optical filter, and a second lens.
|Dental apparatus, image acquisition method, and information processing apparatus|
A dental apparatus includes a light irradiation unit for emitting a light to irradiate an oral cavity, an image capturing unit for image-capturing the oral cavity light irradiated by the light irradiation unit, and an output unit for outputting data for highlighting and displaying at least one of a plaque site and a calculus site on an image of the oral cavity based on an image captured result by the image capturing unit.. .
|Window with selectively writable image(s) and method of making same|
A writable window (e.g., ig window unit) is provided where images (e.g., advertisements, logos, designs, pictures and/or words) can be selectively written into the window. A substrate supports a solar coating such as a low emissivity (low-e) coating which may include at least one infrared (ir) reflecting layer (e.g., silver) and a contact/seed layer (e.g., zinc oxide and/or zinc stannate).
|Template washing method, pattern forming method, photowashing apparatus, and nanoimprint apparatus|
A template washing method and a photowashing apparatus which ensure removal of resist residual remaining on a pattern surface of a template, a pattern forming method and a nanoimprint apparatus which ensure formation of patterns with fewer defects are provided. The template washing method of the invention for photowashing the pattern surface of the template used in nanoimprint includes a vacuum-ultraviolet light irradiation process for irradiating the pattern surface of the template with vacuum ultraviolet light under an atmosphere of dry air..
|Radiation therapy for treating alzheimer's disease|
A method treating dementia of the alzheimer's type in a patient by administering ionizing radiation to the brain of the patient.. .
|Method of detecting and identifying substances or mixtures and determining their characteristics|
This invention relates to a method of non-contact detection and identification of the type of different substances and mixtures as well as determining their characteristics as concentration, hardness, etc. The method comprises irradiation of the inspected object by a wave pulse or a series of such pulses; reception (1), amplification (2) and analogue-to-digital conversion (3) of the signal, formation of output detailing wavelet coefficients and output approximating wavelet coefficients by means of fast discrete wavelet transformation of the digitized signal, by means of mallat's pyramidal algorithm and orthogonal base functions, filtering (7) of the output approximating and detailing wavelet coefficients up to preselected ones, comparison of the filtered approximating and/or detailing wavelet coefficients, in the capacity of recognition attributes with preselected respective reference coefficients by the classifying device (8), and according to the comparison result the presence and type is determined and/or the studied characteristics of the inspected object is determined..
|Radiation imaging system, radiation imaging apparatus,and method of controlling the same|
User-friendliness of a radiation imaging apparatus configured to reset a sensor array is improved. This invention is a radiation imaging apparatus including a two-dimensional sensor array.
|Gas discharge chamber|
A gas discharge chamber that uses a calcium fluoride crystal which reduces a breakage due to mechanical stress (window holder and laser gas pressure), thermal stress from light absorption, and the like, increases the degree of linear polarization of output laser, and suppresses degradation due to strong ultraviolet (arf, in particular) laser light irradiation. A first window (2) and a second window (3) of the gas discharge chamber have an incident plane and an emitting plane in parallel with a (111) crystal plane of their calcium fluoride crystal.
|System and method for protecting a seed laser in an euv light source with a bragg aom|
A method and apparatus for protecting the seed laser in a laser produced plasma (lpp) extreme ultraviolet (euv) light system are disclosed in one embodiment, a bragg aom is used as a switch on the beam path from the seed laser to other optical components and ultimately to an irradiation site. Power is applied to the bragg aom and pulses from the seed laser are thus deflected onto the desired beam path rather than passing straight through the bragg aom.
|Optical disc device and optical disc reproduction method|
An optical disc device is configured to reproduce an optical disc. The optical disc device includes an optical pickup and a driver.
|Holographic optical pickup device, optical information recording and reproducing device, and method of recording and reproducing optical information|
An optical pickup device includes a galvanometer mirror that changes an incident angle of a reference beam to an optical information recording medium, an image sensor that detects a diffracted beam from a region to be reproduced upon irradiation of the recording medium with the reference beam, and sets the detected diffracted beam to a reproduction signal, and a photodetector that detects the diffracted beam generated from a plurality of recorded regions upon irradiation of the recording medium with the reference beam. The photodetector includes a plurality of light receivers, and generates an angular error signal indicating positional shifting of the incident angle of the reference beam from a differential signal of a plurality of signals derived from the respective light receivers so as to control the angle of the galvanometer mirror..
|Compact, method for producing compact, reactor, converter, and power conversion device|
A method for producing a compact by using coated soft magnetic powder that includes coated soft magnetic particles constituted by soft magnetic particles and insulating coatings coating outer peripheries of the soft magnetic particles includes a raw material preparation step and an irradiation step. In the raw material preparation step, a raw compact is prepared by press-forming coated soft magnetic powder.
Disclosed is a vehicle lamp, including a reflector reflecting light of a light guide, wherein the reflector includes a first reflection surface and a second reflection surface forming an inner circumferential surface, together with at least a part of a light emitting surface of the light guide and the inner circumferential surface is converged in a direction opposite to an irradiation direction to form a convergent point. By this configuration, it is possible to reduce manufacturing costs and manufacturing man hour of the vehicle lamp while increasing aesthetic appearance of the vehicle..
|System and method for separating a main pulse and a pre-pulse beam from a laser source|
A dichroic beam splitter module is disclosed for separating a main pulse laser beam from a pre-pulse laser beam each traversing a common beam path. In one embodiment, two dichroic elements are physically aligned along the beam path and are configured to pass the pre-pulse, a laser light having a first wavelength, to target material located near an irradiation site yet reflect the main pulse, a laser light having a second wavelength.
|Form measuring apparatus, structure manufacturing system, scanning apparatus, method for measuring form, method for manufacturing structure, and non-transitory computer readable medium storing program for measuring form|
There is provided a form measuring apparatus including: a light generator configured to generate a light; a projector configured to scan the measuring object with the light by changing an irradiation direction of the light generated by the light generator; a controller configured to control the light generator to periodically change an intensity of the light generated by the light generator, and to change an amplitude of the intensity change of the generated light according to the irradiation direction; an imager configured to take an image of the measuring object; and a measuring portion configured to calculate the three-dimensional form of the measuring object based on the image of the measuring object.. .
|Vector wave recording medium, and multiple recording and reproducing method|
The present invention pertains to a vector wave recording medium which: has an information recording layer comprising a photo-induced birefringence material; irradiates a recording signal light of a first polarization state, and a recording reference light of a second polarization state that differs to the first polarization state; and carries out vector wave multiplex recording by holography on the information recording layer. The vector wave recording medium is configured in such a manner that ηmin/ηmax=0.1 is satisfied, where, assuming irradiation energy for the recording signal light and the recording reference light is constant, the maximum value of the diffraction efficiency of a playback signal light from diffraction gratings corresponding to information recorded in the information recording layer after the vector wave multiplex recording has been carried out by holography on the information recording layer, is regarded as ηmax, and the minimum value is regarded as ηmin.
|Printing device and printing method|
A printing device includes a head, a radiation unit and a control unit. The head is configured to eject metallic ink including a plurality of longitudinal metal fragments onto a medium.
|Window with uv-treated low-e coating and method of making same|
A coated article includes a low-emissivity (low-e) coating supported by a substrate (e.g., glass substrate) for use in a window, where the low-e coating is exposed to ultraviolet (uv) radiation in order to improve the coating's and thus the coated article's electrical, optical and/or thermal blocking properties. Exposing the low-e coating to uv radiation, e.g., emitted from a uv lamp(s) and/or uv laser(s), allows for selective heating of a contact/seed layer which transfers energy to the adjacent ir reflecting layer..
|Oil detection process|
A process for detecting oil or lubricant contamination in a manufactured product, the process comprising adding a fluorescent taggant to oils or lubricants contained in processing machinery for the product, irradiating the product with radiation, such as infrared or ultraviolet radiation, and detecting radiation emitted from the irradiated product.. .
|Uv curing system for semiconductors|
Embodiments of an ultraviolet (uv) curing system for treating a semiconductor substrate such as a wafer are disclosed. The curing system generally includes a processing chamber, a wafer support for holding a wafer in the chamber, a uv radiation source disposed above the chamber, and a uv transparent window interspersed between the radiation source and wafer support.
|Flow rectifier for closed pipelines|
A channel for a uv irradiation device, in which the uv irradiation device is disposed in a closed channel and an inlet cone is provided in the direction of flow upstream of a uv reactor, which, as part of the wall of the channel, increases the cross section of the channel from an incoming pipeline cross section to a cross section of the reactor, in which a flow rectifier with at least one inner first guide element and at least one outer second guide element is disposed in the inlet cone, wherein the inner guide element is a substantially circular, cylindrical pipe and the outer guide element runs substantially parallel to the outer wall and is disposed at a distance from the outer wall.. .
|Extreme ultraviolet light generation apparatus and extreme ultraviolet light generation method|
An extreme ultraviolet light generation apparatus may include a droplet production device configured to produce a droplet of a target substance in a predetermined traveling direction, a first laser device configured to generate a first laser beam and irradiate the droplet with the first laser beam to diffuse the droplet, a second laser device configured to generate a second laser beam and irradiate the target substance diffused by irradiation of the first laser beam with the second laser beam to produce plasma of the diffused target substance and generate extreme ultraviolet light from the plasma of the target substance, and a beam shaping unit configured to elongate a beam spot of the first laser beam in the traveling direction of the droplet produced by the droplet production device.. .
|Multi charged particle beam writing method and multi charged particle beam writing apparatus|
A multi charged particle beam writing method includes calculating first shot positions of multiple beams, each of which includes a distortion amount of an irradiating corresponding beam, in a case of irradiating each beam, based on control grid intervals, calculating first condition positions based on a pre-set condition, each of which is arranged in a corresponding first region surrounded by closest second shot positions of 2×2 in length and width of the first shot positions, calculating, for each of second regions respectively surrounded by closest second condition positions of the first condition positions, an area density of a figure pattern in overlapping with a second region concerned, calculating an irradiation amount or an irradiation time of each beam whose corresponding first shot position is in a corresponding second region, based on an area density, and writing a pattern by irradiating a beam of the calculated irradiation amount or time.. .
|Radiation image capturing device, radiation image capturing system, computer readable medium and radiation image capturing device control method|
A radiation image capturing device is provided with plural pixels, a detection unit and a control unit. The pixels are each provided with a sensor portion and a switching element that reads out charges generated at the sensor portion and outputs the charges to a signal line.
|Detector array having effective size larger than actual size|
One or more techniques and/or systems described herein provide for a detector array having an effective size that is larger than its actual size of its elements, thus reducing costs by reducing materials required. In one embodiment, one or more channels of the detector array are removed (e.g., and filled with a radiation absorbing material) to create what may be referred to as a sparse array.
|Ion beam processing apparatus|
An ion beam processing apparatus includes an ion beam irradiation optical system that irradiates a rectangular ion beam to a sample on a first sample stage, an electron beam irradiation optical system that irradiates an electron beam to the sample, and a second sample stage to hold a test piece, extracted from the sample. The ion beam can be tilted by rotating the second sample stage about a tilting axis.
|Laser machining apparatus|
A laser machining apparatus includes a chuck table for holding a workpiece, and an irradiation unit which irradiates a laser beam upon the workpiece held on the chuck table. The laser beam irradiation unit includes a condenser which condenses the laser beam and irradiates the condensed laser beam upon the workpiece held on the chuck table.
|Cutting device with endless conveyor belt and at least one laser|
A transport apparatus including an endless conveyor belt which is drivable by drive means, of which conveyor belt at least the outer side is embodied in a material which can withstand irradiation by the infrared laser radiation used to cut flat, thin materials such as textile, non-woven, sandpaper, cardboard, plastic film material present on the active upper part of the conveyor belt and carried along by this part. The invention further relates to a cutting device, comprising said transport apparatus.
|Fluid filtration system|
A fluid treatment system having in one version an irradiation chamber with uv lamps with a swirl vane pack in the inlet for effecting clockwise and counterclockwise swirl in fluid entering the chamber. Other versions employ a central filter media element with an irradiation chamber with uv lamps disposed annularly thereabout.
|Production method of multilayer printed wiring board and multilayer printed wiring board|
Multilayer printed wiring boards may be prepared by forming a via hole by laser irradiation in insulating layer formed by a prepreg, comprised of a glass cloth impregnated with a thermosetting resin composition, and subjecting the via hole to a glass etching treatment with a glass etching solution and then to a desmear treatment with an oxidizing agent solution. By such a process, etch back phenomenon and excessive protrusion of glass cloth from the wall surface of a via hole can be sufficiently suppressed, and a highly reliable via can be formed.
|Method of manufacturing a photovoltaic power generating window|
This disclosure provides systems, methods and apparatus including a light collector having a plurality of micro-lens and a plurality of multi-cone light redirecting structure that is optically coupled to one or more photovoltaic cells. In one aspect, the plurality of micro-lens is provided in an organic glass panel that is attached to an inorganic glass substrate.
|Integration of mri into radiation therapy treatment|
Apparatus for radiation therapy combines a patient table, an mri and a radiation treatment apparatus mounted in a common treatment room with the mr magnet movable from a position outside a radiation shielded door to an imaging position. An rf-shielded door is movable between a position, separating part of the treatment apparatus from the magnet and an open position allowing access of the patient to the treatment apparatus.
|Single-shot semiconductor processing system and method having various irradiation patterns|
High throughput systems and processes for recrystallizing thin film semiconductors that have been deposited at low temperatures on a substrate are provided. A thin film semiconductor workpiece (170) is irradiated with a laser beam (164) to melt and recrystallize target areas of the surface exposed to the laser beam.
|Semiconductor manufacturing device and semiconductor device manufacturing method|
A semiconductor manufacturing apparatus according to an embodiment includes a stage capable of mounting a semiconductor substrate thereon, a first irradiation part configured to irradiate an etching beam onto the semiconductor substrate from a first direction inclined at an arbitrary angle with respect to a vertical direction to a surface of the semiconductor substrate, and a second irradiation part configured to irradiate an etching beam onto the semiconductor substrate from a second direction inclined at an arbitrary angle with respect to the vertical direction. The first and second irradiation parts simultaneously irradiate the etching beams when processing the semiconductor substrate or a material on the semiconductor substrate..
|Method for producing gas barrier film, gas barrier film, and electronic device|
An object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing a gas barrier film, capable of producing a gas barrier film which has production suitability in a roll-to-roll manner and is excellent in productivity and in gas barrier performance. The method for producing a gas barrier film including: a coating step for coating a first barrier layer formed on a base with a coating liquid containing a polysilazane compound to form a coating film; and an ultraviolet ray irradiation step for irradiation with a vacuum ultraviolet ray by light sources to form a second barrier layer, wherein an illuminance of the vacuum ultraviolet ray received on a coating film surface by the coating film from start to end of the irradiation with the vacuum ultraviolet ray is 160 mw/cm2 or less, there is a period t during which an illuminance of the vacuum ultraviolet ray on the coating film surface is 50 mw/cm2 or more and 160 mw/cm2 or less, and an amount of energy (e1) received on the coating film surface within t is 180 mj/cm2 or more and 1800 mj/cm2 or less..
|Image forming apparatus and image forming method|
An image forming apparatus includes an image forming unit that forms an unfixed toner image on a recording medium; a transfer unit that carries a layer of the uv-curable resin thereon and transfers a uv-curable resin to the recording medium, on which the image forming unit has formed the unfixed toner image, by making the uv-curable resin contact the recording medium; and an irradiation unit that irradiates the uv-curable resin transferred to the recording medium with uv rays.. .
|Apparatus for producing optical fiber, method for producing optical fiber, and optical fiber produced by method|
An apparatus produces an optical fiber by applying light to a photocurable composition and thereby curing the composition. The apparatus includes a nozzle for discharging the photocurable composition; a light irradiator for applying light to the fibrous photocurable composition discharged from the nozzle; and a controller that controls a light irradiation intensity at the nozzle orifice to 0.2 mw/cm2 or less.
|Systems and methods for processing irradiation targets through multiple instrumentation tubes in a nuclear reactor|
Apparatuses and methods produce radioisotopes in multiple instrumentation tubes of operating commercial nuclear reactors. Irradiation targets may be inserted and removed from multiple instrumentation tubes during operation and converted to radioisotopes otherwise unavailable during operation of commercial nuclear reactors.
To provide an illumination device in which there is no variation in light intensity distribution of the illumination device, and in which illumination spots, particularly light intensity spots, are not prone to occur in a read image in an image reading device, by maintaining a constant gap between a light source and an end face of a light guide. The illumination device includes: a light guide having an end face for taking in light, a diffuse reflecting surface for diffusely reflecting the light taken in from the end face, and a light exit surface for emitting the light that is diffusely reflected at the diffuse reflecting surface towards an irradiation surface.
|Transverse electric-field type liquid crystal display device, process of manufacturing the same, and scan-exposing device|
A process of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device of transverse electric-field type, wherein a halftone photomask which is used to form a photoresist pattern has a fully light-shielding area preventing uv irradiation of a portion of an active matrix substrate in which a thin-film transistor element is to be formed, so that the photoresist pattern includes a positive resist portion which has a first thickness and which is formed on the above-indicated portion of the substrate. The halftone mask further has a fully light-transmitting area which permits fully uv transmission therethrough to provide the photoresist pattern with a resist-free area which corresponds to a portion of the substrate in which a contact hole serving as a third connection portion connecting an external scanning-line driver circuit and a scanning-line terminal portion through a junction electrode is to be formed.
Provided are a mask, a method of manufacturing the same, a light irradiation device, a method of radiating light, and a method of manufacturing an orientationally ordered photo-alignment layer. By the mask, collimated light or nearly collimated light may be irradiated with uniform illumination to a surface of an object to be irradiated.
|Liquid crystal panel and method of liquid crystal alignment|
The present invention provides a method of liquid crystal (lc) alignment and lc panel, which includes: providing first substrate, forming first alignment film on surface of first substrate; providing second substrate, disposed oppositely to first substrate, and forming common electrodes, pixel electrodes disposed with separating space, and second alignment film covering common electrodes and pixel electrodes on surface of second substrate; filling lc composite between first alignment film and second alignment film, lc composite comprising reactive monomers and lc molecules; applying high frequency alternating electric field to common electrodes and pixel electrodes so that reactive monomers and lc molecules arranged perpendicular to high frequency alternating electric field with pretilt angle; continuing applying high frequency alternating electric field and using uv radiation to fix pretilt angle to perform alignment. The present invention does not use rubbing to perform alignment, and avoids pollution to lc panel..
A laser marker includes a laser irradiation device that irradiates a card with a laser beam; a base unit that supports the card; a drive roller that is provided in the base unit and that is in contact with a lower surface of the card; a rotation member that rotates between a holding position and a withdrawn position, the holding position being a position in which the rotation member holds the card in cooperation with the base unit, the withdrawn position being outside of an optical path of the laser beam; a pinch roller that is provided in the rotation member, that is in contact with an upper surface of the card, and that transports the card in cooperation with the drive roller; and a prism that is fixed to the rotation member and that transmits and refracts the laser beam when the rotation member is in the holding position.. .
|Method and device for producing colour images by way of a uv laser on pigmented substrates, and products produced as a result|
A method is described for producing a character, pattern, symbol and/or image (8) on a substrate (2) by way of pigment particles (1) which are arranged thereon and lose their colour effect under the action of a laser (23), wherein different pigment particles (1) with at least three different colour effects are arranged on and/or in the substrate (2). The invention is distinguished by the following method steps: (a) production of a colour chart (14), in which the individual colour effect of individual pigment particles (1) or individual clusters of pigment particles is contained as a function of their spatial coordinate on and/or in the substrate (2); (b) spatially resolved irradiation, which changes the colour effect of only individual pigment particles (1) or individual clusters of pigment particles, by way of a laser (23) at a single frequency on the basis of the colour chart (14) in order to produce a resulting colour effect.
|Detection device, input device, projector, and electronic apparatus|
A detection device (10) includes an imaging unit (15) which images a wavelength region of infrared light, an irradiation unit (11) which irradiates first infrared light for detecting the tip part of an indication part on a detection target surface and second infrared light to be irradiated onto a region farther away from the detection target surface than the first infrared light, and a detection unit (19) which detects an orientation of the indication part on the basis of an image imaged by the imaging unit (15) by irradiating the first infrared light and the second infrared light, and detects a position of the tip part on the detection target surface on the basis of an image region of the tip part extracted on the basis of an image imaged by irradiating the first infrared light and the detected orientation of the indication part.. .
A display device includes: a pixel array unit with pixel circuits disposed in matrix form, the pixel circuit including a driving transistor, an electro-optic element, a storage-capacitor, and a sampling transistor, with the electro-optic element emitting light by generating a driving current based on information stored in the storage-capacitor at the driving transistor to be applied to the electro-optic element; and a control unit, of which the output stage includes a buffer transistor, to output a pulse signal for driving the pixel array unit from the buffer transistor; wherein the pixel array unit and the control unit are formed with long laser beam irradiation to be scanned in the vertical direction; and with the control unit, buffer transistors for outputting a pulse signal for sampling to an input video signal to each signal line are arrayed in a column in the longitudinal direction of the laser beam irradiation.. .