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Focus adjustment apparatus, focus adjustment method and program, and imaging apparatus

Focus adjustment apparatus, focus adjustment method and program, and imaging apparatus

Registered reflective element for a brightness enhanced tir display

Registered reflective element for a brightness enhanced tir display

Registered reflective element for a brightness enhanced tir display

Induced high order aberrations corresponding to geometrical transformations

Date/App# patent app List of recent Pupil-related patents
11/20/14
20140340637
 Brightness-dependent adjustment of a spectacle lens patent thumbnailBrightness-dependent adjustment of a spectacle lens
Adjustment of an eyeglass lens or a pair of eyeglasses by means of an individual brightness-dependent centering of an eyeglass lens. In particular, a method for adjusting an individual eyeglass lens for at least one eye of an eyeglass wearer.
11/20/14
20140340567
 Focus adjustment apparatus, focus adjustment method and program, and imaging apparatus patent thumbnailFocus adjustment apparatus, focus adjustment method and program, and imaging apparatus
A focus detection apparatus has an obtaining unit for obtaining a first image signal corresponding to object light passing through a first pupil area of a focusing optical system and a second image signal corresponding to object light passing through a pupil area different from the first pupil area of the focusing optical system, a combination unit for generating a combination signal by combining the first and second image signals at least one of which is shifted by a predetermined step, wherein the shift and the generation of the combination signal are performed for a plurality of predetermined steps and a plurality of combination signals are generated, a calculation unit for calculating a contrast evaluation value from the plurality of combination signals, and a focus detection unit for detecting a defocus amount on the basis of the contrast evaluation value and the shift amount of the shift.. .
11/13/14
20140333989
 Registered reflective element for a brightness enhanced tir display patent thumbnailRegistered reflective element for a brightness enhanced tir display
The brightness of a tir-based display is enhanced with a registered reflective element by recycling and reflecting light that passes through the dark pupil region of each hemi-spherical protrusion in the hemi-spherical surface back to the viewer. A method to fabricate a brightness enhanced tir display comprising an apertured membrane with a thin conductive reflective metal layer facing and registered with the pupils of the hemi-spherical surface..
11/13/14
20140333894
 Induced high order aberrations corresponding to geometrical transformations patent thumbnailInduced high order aberrations corresponding to geometrical transformations
Wavefront measurements of eyes are typically taken when the pupil is in a first configuration in an evaluation context. The results can be represented by a set of basis function coefficients.
11/13/14
20140333795
 Digital camera and image capturing method patent thumbnailDigital camera and image capturing method
A portable device and image processing method for the device are disclosed. The method includes sensing an image, performing an eye-gazing detection process on the image to detect an eye-gazing direction of at least one eye of at least one object in the image, determining whether the eye-gazing direction meets a gazing criterion, wherein the gazing criterion defines a specific angle of the eye-gazing direction of the at least one eye of the at least one object with respect to the portable device, and wherein the eye-gazing direction is determined by analyzing pupils of the at least one eye, and triggering an application of the portable device in response to the eye-gazing direction meeting the gazing criterion..
11/13/14
20140333521
 Display property determination patent thumbnailDisplay property determination
A display apparatus may include an optical element having thereon an information area; an eye tracker configured to detect an activity of at least one pupil within eyes; a processor configured to change a display property of the information area based at least in part on the activity of the at least one pupil.. .
11/13/14
20140333517
 Phase control backlight patent thumbnailPhase control backlight
This document describes techniques and apparatuses for implementing a phase control backlight. A phase control backlight is configured to concentrate light to each pupil of a viewer of a display to cause images to be displayed to each pupil of the viewer.
11/13/14
20140332661
 Focus adjustment apparatus, focus adjustment method, storage medium  storing focus adjustment program, and imaging apparatus patent thumbnailFocus adjustment apparatus, focus adjustment method, storage medium storing focus adjustment program, and imaging apparatus
A focus adjustment apparatus has: an imaging unit that is capable of outputting a pair of focus detection signals by photoelectrically converting rays of light which pass through different pupil areas of a focusing optical system; a focus detection unit for detecting a first defocus amount by executing a first filter processing to the pair of focus detection signals; a determination unit for determining a focus state on the basis of the first defocus amount; an evaluation value generation unit for generating an evaluation value of the first defocus amount by executing a second filter processing to the pair of focus detection signals in accordance with a result of the determination; and a control unit for evaluating the result of the determination about the focus state on the basis of the evaluation value and controlling a focus adjustment in accordance with a result of the evaluation.. .
11/06/14
20140330093
 Method for diagnosis of and therapy for  a subject having a central nervous system disorder patent thumbnailMethod for diagnosis of and therapy for a subject having a central nervous system disorder
A method is provided of systematically evaluating and treating dynamic autonomic dysregulation in a subject. The method includes having the subject sequentially assume a plurality of distinct postures that may include, for example, walking, standing, sitting or supine.
11/06/14
20140327962
 Binocular bridge for thermal viewing device patent thumbnailBinocular bridge for thermal viewing device
An improved monocular/binocular bridge and helmet mounting device employing same for an optical device are provided. The mounting device herein includes a mount with a bridge attachment for providing multiple options for a monocular or binocular viewing.
11/06/14
20140327882
Ophthalmoscopes
A scanning laser ophthalmoscope for scanning the retina of an eye is provided comprising a light source emitting a beam of light, scan relay elements, wherein the light source and the scan relay elements provide a two-dimensional scan of the light beam which is transferred from an apparent point source at a pupillary point of the eye to the retina of the eye, and a static aberration correction element (30) which has a shape defined to provide correction of aberrations of at least some of the scan relay elements and a location within the ophthalmoscope chosen to provide correction of aberrations of at least some of the scan relay elements, which location maintains transfer of the beam of light from the apparent point source at the pupillary point of the eye to the retina of the eye. The present solution further provides an aberration correction element and a method of determining a shape of the aberration correction element..
11/06/14
20140327602
Virtual image display apparatus
A rim portion or the like functioning as a boundary portion is arranged in a position corresponding to an interpupillary distance of an observer. Therefore, it is possible to cause a non-observer looking at the observer wearing a virtual image display apparatus from the outside to recognize that an outer frame portion is present in an appropriate position in terms of an eyeglass shape.
10/30/14
20140320957
Structured illuminating apparatus, structured illuminating microscopy apparatus, and structured illuminating method
A structured illuminating apparatus includes a branching unit branching an exit light flux from a light source into at least two branched light fluxes, an illuminating optical system making the two branched light fluxes to be respectively collected at mutually different positions on a pupil plane of an objective lens and making the two branched light fluxes to be interfered with each other to illuminate a specimen with an interference fringe of the two branched light fluxes, and an adjusting unit adjusting a height from an optical axis of the illuminating optical system to two collecting points formed on the pupil plane of the objective lens by the two branched light fluxes.. .
10/30/14
20140320820
Method and device for monitoring retinopathy
There is provided a method of monitoring retinopathy in a subject. The method involves measuring autofluorescence of a retina in response to high intensity blue light and infra-red reflectance of the anterior region of an eye in response to high intensity infra-red light of the subject over a total time period to obtain an autofluorescence intensity profile and an infra-red reflectance intensity profile.
10/30/14
20140320733
Image sensor, ranging apparatus, and imaging apparatus
Provided is a ranging apparatus or the like capable of high-accuracy ranging. The image sensor, comprising multiple pixels, wherein the pixels comprises a ranging pixel including a light collecting member, a waveguide, and first and second photoelectric conversion units, wherein: the first and second units are arranged along a first direction; when a region decentered from a center of pupil in a second direction opposite to the first direction is a first pupil region, a region decentered in the first direction is a second pupil region, a region located in the second direction is a first region, and a region located in the first direction is a second region, the collecting member collects lights passed through the first and second pupil regions to the second and first regions; and the waveguide guides lights collected in the second and first regions toward the first and second units..
10/23/14
20140313488
Method of measuring and analyzing ocular response in a subject using stable pupillary parameters with video oculography system
A method of measuring and analyzing an ocular response in a subject comprising the steps of: providing a video oculography based system for the subject with the system configured to collect eye images in excess of 60 hz and configured to resolve eye movements smaller than at least 3 degrees of motion; collecting eye data with the video oculography based system wherein at least one stimulus is presented to only one eye of the subject and configured to yield a pupil eye response from at least one eye of the subject; calculating pupilometry measurements from the eye data, wherein the pupil measurements are calculated independently for the subject's left and right eyes for each stimulus presented to the subject, and wherein comparative left and right pupilometry measurements from the eye data are calculated; analyzing a subject's ocular response based upon at least one of the calculated pupilometry measurements.. .
10/23/14
20140313480
Ophthalmic device, and control method and program therefor
An ophthalmic device includes an acquisition unit configured to acquire a transillumination image of a pupil of a subject eye, and a determining unit configured to determine whether or not the subject eye includes an intraocular lens, based on the acquired transillumination image.. .
10/23/14
20140313371
Focus detection apparatus, focus detection method and program, and imaging apparatus
A focus detection apparatus for performing a focus detection on the basis of pixel data of an object obtained from an imaging unit having pupil dividing means of a photographing optical system, sets a focus detection area divided into division areas and a plurality of different first areas for deciding a focus state in the focus detection area, arithmetically operates first correlation data from the pixel data with respect to the object image of each division area to hold into a memory, adds the first correlation data of the division areas included in each first area read out from the memory, generates second correlation data of each first area, and discriminates focus states of a plurality of first areas in predetermined order on the basis of the second correlation data of each first area.. .
10/23/14
20140313308
Apparatus and method for tracking gaze based on camera array
An apparatus and method for tracking a gaze based on a camera array are provided. The apparatus may include a camera array including a plurality of cameras, and a plurality of light sources for the plurality of cameras, a light source controller to control the plurality of light sources so that the plurality of cameras capture a bright pupil image and a dark pupil image of a user, a detector to detect a position of a pupil center of the user, and a position of a glint caused by reflection of the plurality of light sources from the captured bright pupil image and the captured dark pupil image, and an estimator to estimate an interest position of eyes of the user by tracking a gaze direction of the eyes, based on the detected position of the pupil center and the detected position of the glint..
10/23/14
20140313124
Method and apparatus for tracking user's gaze point using mobile terminal
A method for tracking a user's gaze point using a mobile terminal is provided. The method includes detecting the user's eye area from a camera that is mounted in the mobile terminal and selecting reference points of the eye area, detecting a pupil corresponding to an interest area that is obtained from the reference points, generating a first virtual grid of the eye area using a pickup image of a gaze point of the pupil corresponding to each corner of the display and generating a second virtual grid having the same division areas as those of the first virtual grid in the display, and mapping a position of the pupil within the second virtual grid area corresponding to a position of the pupil within the first virtual grid..
10/16/14
20140307327
Projection lens and projection display apparatus
A projection lens that projects image information displayed on the reduction side conjugate position onto the magnification side conjugate position includes an aspherical lens having a positive refractive power that satisfies predetermined conditional expressions and, when the back focus of the entire system is taken as bf, the focal length of the entire system is taken as f, the maximum effective image circle diameter on the reduction side is taken as imφ, and the distance from the reduction side conjugate position to the reduction side pupil position is taken as dexp, satisfies conditional expressions (6): bf/f>2 and (7): 0.5<. .
10/16/14
20140307315
Torsional support for binocular display
A binocular head mounted display includes a first binocular eye piece including a first torsional brace and a second binocular eye piece including a second torsional brace configured to engage the first torsional brace. The binocular head mounted also includes a frame assembly holding the first binocular eye piece and the second binocular eye piece at an adjustable interpupillary distance.
10/16/14
20140307245
Illumination optical assembly, exposure apparatus, and device manufacturing method
An illumination optical system can form a pupil intensity distribution with a desired beam profile. The illumination optical system for illuminating an illumination target surface with light from a light source is provided with a spatial light modulator which has a plurality of optical elements arrayed on a predetermined surface and individually controlled and which variably forms a light intensity distribution on an illumination pupil of the illumination optical system; a divergence angle providing member which is arranged in a conjugate space including a surface optically conjugate with the predetermined surface and which provides a divergence angle to an incident beam and emits the beam; and a polarizing member which is arranged at a position in the vicinity of the predetermined surface or in the conjugate space and which changes a polarization state of a partial beam of a propagating beam propagating in an optical path..
10/16/14
20140307239
Illumination system of a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus having a temperature control device
An illumination system of a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus includes a primary light source, a system pupil surface and a mirror array. The mirror array is arranged between the primary light source and the system pupil surface.
10/16/14
20140307151
Solid-state image sensor and camera
The solid-state image sensor includes image sensing pixels, first and second focus detection pixels configured to respectively detect lights passing through different regions of a pupil of an image sensing lens. The sensor includes a semiconductor substrate including photoelectric converters of the image sensing pixels, a photoelectric converter and a first well contact region of the first focus detection pixel, and a photoelectric converter and a second well contact region of the second focus detection pixel, a first contact plug electrically connected to the first well contact region, and a second contact plug electrically connected to the second well contact region.
10/16/14
20140307060
Image sensor
There is a problem that fluxes of light to pass through a peripheral region of the pupil do not reach a peripheral region of an image capturing element due to vignetting. Provided is an image capturing element provided two-dimensionally and cyclically with photoelectric converting element groups each consisting of plural photoelectric converting elements for converting incident light to electric signals, wherein apertures of aperture masks provided correspondingly for the plural photoelectric converting elements included in each photoelectric converting element group are positioned to let through fluxes of light from different partial regions in a cross-sectional region of incident light, the number of photoelectric converting elements included in each photoelectric converting element group is smaller in a photoelectric converting element group arranged in a peripheral region of an entire region in which the photoelectric converting element groups are arranged than in a photoelectric converting element group arranged in a center region..
10/16/14
20140306878
Near display and imaging
A method and device for eye gaze tracking has coincident display and imaging channel with shared field of view; a pupil forming/collimating subsystem that is part of the imaging channel; and a microdisplay that is part of the imaging channel. The method and device enable simultaneous display and eye tracking by using a pond of mirrors in a micromirror array..
10/16/14
20140306095
Solid-state imaging device and imaging apparatus
A solid-state imaging device includes a plurality of pixels, wherein one or more of the plurality of pixels have a pupil dividing portion and a light receiving portion, the light receiving portion includes a plurality of photoelectric conversion regions, an element isolation region is provided between adjacent ones of the plurality of photoelectric conversion regions, and wherein a scatterer is provided within the pupil dividing portion and above the element isolation region, and the scatterer is formed from a material of a refractive index smaller than a refractive index of a material of the pupil dividing portion peripheral to the scatterer.. .
10/09/14
20140304725
System and method for distribution of picture objects
A method for data communication is provided and may include, at a communications terminal, displaying picture objects and/or video objects received from a media center via a communications network. The communications terminal may transmit direction of view information (dov) of at least one eye of a user of the terminal with respect to the displayed objects from an eye tracker at the communications terminal.
10/09/14
20140300957
Catadioptric projection objective with pupil correction
A projection objective includes a plurality of optical elements configured so that, during use of the projection objective, radiation follows a path through the projection objective to image an object field in an object surface onto an image field in an image surface. The optical elements define a first group of refractive optical elements; a second group of optical elements downstream of the first group of refractive optical elements along the path, the second group of optical elements comprising a concave mirror; and a third group of refractive optical elements downstream of the second group of optical elements along the path.
10/09/14
20140300711
Display device and method
A display device (40) comprising: a display panel (41) comprising a set of pixels (41r, 41l) the pixels being spatially distributed over the display panel, and each pixel being for providing a light output, the set of pixels comprising a plurality of different subsets (411) of pixels, each subset of pixels comprising one or more pixels of the set of pixels, an imaging unit (42) arranged for imaging the one or more pixels of a subset of pixels to form pixel images on a plurality of view areas on an imaginary plane located at a first distance in front of the display, the plurality of view areas not overlapping each other, with at least one pixel image of each one of the different subsets of pixels overlapping on a same one of the plurality of view areas, the imaginary plane comprising an imaginary circle having the diameter of the pupil of an eye, and the imaginary circle enclosing at least a part of at least two of the plurality of view areas, where the at least two of the plurality of view areas at least partly enclosed within the imaginary circle differ from each other with respect to at least one of the pixel images therein. The display system may be for one eye only or for two eyes of a viewer or for more eyes of more viewers..
10/09/14
20140300538
Method for gaze tracking
A method for gaze tracking achieves high performances at the same time requiring both limited processor engagement and reduced power, so as to be particularly but not exclusively fit for mobile uses is described. The method includes the steps of: obtaining a digital video stream of a face through a camera, wherein eyes or pupils are identified in corresponding boxes in the spatial domain, the size thereof being function of the face position and orientation relative to said camera, the content of the boxes being the input for the further calculations; transferring the content of the boxes to the frequency domain; applying to the boxes transferred to the frequency domain one or more sparse zones, covering together a fraction of the boxed area transferred to the frequency domain, and a filtering kernel, at least partially overlapping the sparse zones; performing a multiplication between the frequency data within each sparse zone and the kernel, combining the results in a single value for each sparse zone; and repeating the above steps obtaining for each frame said single value, fluctuation of the single value being representative of gaze direction changes along time..
10/09/14
20140299742
Pattern irradiation apparatus
A pattern irradiation apparatus includes a light source unit, an objective that irradiates a sample plane with light emitted from the light source unit, a spatial light modulator of a phase modulation type that is arranged at a position conjugate with a pupil position of the objective and that modulates a phase of the light emitted from the light source unit, a light blocking member that is arranged in an optical path between the spatial light modulator and the objective and that is configured to block 0-order light generated by the spatial light modulator, and a control device that makes a correspondence between a focusing position of the 0-order light generated by the spatial light modulator and a position of the light blocking member.. .
10/02/14
20140293119
Image capturing apparatus, method of controlling the same, and storage medium
An image capturing apparatus comprises an image pickup device, a focus detection sensor including a first pixel group in which pixels configured to receive light beams passing through a partial area of a pupil of an imaging optical system are arranged and a second pixel group in which pixels configured to receive light beams passing through another partial area are arranged, and a correlation calculation unit configured to perform correlation calculation by using signals from pixels of the first pixel group and signals from pixels of the second pixel group, wherein the correlation calculation unit samples pixels, of the first pixel group, which have a positional shift amount of an integer multiple of a value obtained by dividing the predetermined interval, and performs correlation calculation by using signals from the sampled pixels of the second pixel group.. .
10/02/14
20140293115
Focus detection apparatus, focus detection method and program, and imaging apparatus
A focus detection apparatus is arranged to obtain image data of an object obtained by an imaging unit having a pupil division unit of a photographing optical system for forming an optical image of the object, obtain setting information of a focus detection mode of the photographing optical system, set a focus detection area set into a pixel array area of the imaging unit, by dividing a predetermined area into a plurality of division areas in accordance with the focus detection mode and arranging the plurality of division areas in accordance with a different positional relation, form focus detection information by using the image data of the set focus detection area, and generate a drive signal of the photographing optical system on the basis of the focus detection information.. .
10/02/14
20140293097
Optical system with slaved pupil encoding
In the field of optical systems comprising at least one optical objective, a photosensitive detector and an image processing unit, the optical objective comprising a pupil encoding filter, the image processing unit performing digital filtering of the images output by the photosensitive detector, a system has a processing unit comprising means arranged in such a way as to process at least one preset, the characteristics of the digital filtering applied to the image depending on this preset. The preset may come from external sensors of temperature and/or pressure or be one of the parameters of the optical objective such as the focal length value, the aperture of the iris, or the desired focal distance.
10/02/14
20140293021
Apparatus and method for measuring depth of the three-dimensional image
An apparatus for measuring a depth of a 3d image includes a display panel unit which produces a 3d image by displaying a left-eye and a right-eye image, a depth measurement unit which measures projecting distances or recessed distances of the 3d image and a real object, a parallax measurement unit which measures a distance between pupils of an experimenter based on the projecting distances or recessed distances of the 3d image and the real objects, and a depth value calculation unit which calculates an average value of the projecting distances or recessed distances of the real object with respect to a plurality of experimenters measured when a change in distance between pupils is the same as a change in distance between pupils measured by adjusting the projecting distance or recessed distance of the 3d image, and determines the calculated average value as a depth value of the 3d image.. .
09/25/14
20140289834
System and method for eye tracking during authentication
A system, apparatus, method, and machine readable medium are described for performing eye tracking during authentication. For example, one embodiment of a method comprises: receiving a request to authenticate a user; presenting one or more screen layouts to the user; capturing a sequence of images which include the user's eyes as the one or more screen layouts are displayed; and (a) performing eye movement detection across the sequence of images to identify a correlation between motion of the user's eyes as the one or more screen layouts are presented and an expected motion of the user's eyes as the one or more screen layouts are presented and/or (b) measuring the eye's pupil size to identify a correlation between the effective light intensity of the screen and its effect on the user's eye pupil size..
09/25/14
20140285789
Lithography method and structure for resolution enhancement with a two-state mask
A lithography process in a lithography system includes loading a mask that includes two mask states defining an integrated circuit (ic) pattern. The ic pattern includes a plurality of main polygons, wherein adjacent main polygons are assigned to different mask states; and a background includes a field in one of the mask states and a plurality of sub-resolution polygons in another of the two mask states.
09/25/14
20140285766
Portable device for indirect ophthalmology
A device for examining at least one selected portion of an eye of a subject and including a camera detachably mounted on a camera mounting unit. The camera includes an illuminating source, which generates illuminating radiation for irradiating the at least one portion of the eye thereby enabling the camera to generate a plurality of images of the at least one portion of the eye.
09/18/14
20140275948
Information terminal device
An information terminal device includes an imaging unit which captures a face image of a user, a main memory which extracts and stores an eyeball area and an under eye region from the face image, and a control unit which detects an amount of color change in a pupil and iris color at a current point in time relative to the pupil and iris color in the eyeball area at a past point in time after factoring in an amount of color change from face skin color in the entire face image that includes the eyeball area and the undereye region captured by the imaging unit at the current point in time compared to the entire face image that includes the eyeball area and the under eye region captured at a past point in time.. .
09/18/14
20140274391
Digital inter-pupillary distance adjustment
Stereoscopic viewing systems may be adjusted for a user's inter-pupillary distance (ipd). Software-generated calibration images may be presented on a display having two optics.
09/18/14
20140268749
Customized pupil stop shape for control of edge profile in laser annealing systems
Embodiments of the invention generally relate to laser annealing systems with optics for imaging a pattern on a substrate. The optics may comprise an aperture or plurality of apertures which shape an image to be exposed on a surface of a substrate.
09/18/14
20140268087
Lithography and mask for resolution enhancement
A lithography process in a lithography system includes loading a mask having multiple mask states and having a mask pattern consisting of a plurality of polygons and a field. Different mask states are assigned to adjacent polygons and the field.
09/18/14
20140268086
Extreme ultraviolet lithography process and mask
The present disclosure is directed towards lithography processes. In one embodiment, a patterned mask is provided.
09/18/14
20140268053
Eye imaging apparatus
An optical device combination with a portable electronic device utilizes a user's autonomic response to truth/false or beneficial/non-beneficial stimulus and provides immediate feedback to the user in the context of an applied kinesiology exam. Through measurements of the pupils dilation or constriction and processing of the measurements by the portable electronic device, the response is obtained and feedback is provided that reflects the pupillary response.
09/18/14
20140268047
Apparatus and method for assessing effects of drugs by recording ocular parameters
The invention is directed to quantification of the effects of drugs on a patient using pupillometric measures. Apparatus and processes for obtaining control and patient measures and deriving relationships from same are provided.
09/18/14
20140268034
Presbyopia lens with pupil size correction based on level of refractive error
Ophthalmic lenses for the treatment of presbyopia may be improved to enhance the visual experience of the patient. By adjusting the optical design of presbyopic lenses to account for changes in pupil size due to the degree of myopia or hyperopia, an enhanced visual experience may be achieved independent of the level of ametropia..
09/18/14
20140267668
Portable fundus camera
A portable hand-held ocular fundus camera system for imaging the fundus of the eye is disclosed. The camera system is comprised of a camera housing, one or more groups of lens in an internal cavity of the housing, a front group of lenses at the front end of the internal cavity, a contact member to contact at least a portion of the cornea, a light source configured to direct light from locations inside the camera through an annulus near the periphery of the front lens group, so that the light enters the eye through an annulus at the periphery of the pupil of the eye during contact with the cornea.
09/18/14
20140266986
Head mounted display with non-pupil forming optical path
A head mounted display device includes a structural frame arranged generally along a x-axis and a y-axis for viewing along a z-axis, the x, y, and z axes being mutually perpendicular. A micro-display is coupled to the structural frame, and configured to project visual content in a substantially forward direction along the z-axis away from a user.
09/11/14
20140257734
Pupil plane calibration for scatterometry overlay measurement
Methods and calibrations modules are provided, for calibrating a pupil center in scatterometry overlay measurements. The calibration comprises calculating fluctuations from a first statistical figure of merit such as an average of an overlay signal per pixel at the pupil and significantly reducing, for example minimizing, the fluctuations with respect to a second statistical figure of merit thereof, such as a pupil weighted variance of the fluctuations..
09/11/14
20140253999
Compact internal field of view switch and pupil relay
An optical system incorporating a compact internal field of view switch configured to switch the field of view of the optical system between a narrow field of view and a wide field of view while maintaining a constant exit aperture size. In one example the optical system includes an active imaging sub-system optically coupled to the exit aperture, and the field of view switch is positioned between the exit aperture and the active imaging sub-system.
09/11/14
20140253892
Extreme ultraviolet lithography projection optics system and associated methods
The present disclosure provides an extreme ultraviolet lithography system. The extreme ultraviolet lithography system includes a projection optics system to image a pattern of a mask on a wafer.
09/11/14
20140253786
Image pickup apparatus, image pickup system, signal processing apparatus, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium
An image pickup apparatus includes an image pickup element including a plurality of focus detection pixels configured to generate a pair of image signals based on light beams passing through pupil regions different from each other in an image pickup optical system, a detection unit configured to detect a base line length of the plurality of focus detection pixels and a pupil division direction based on position information of a focus detection region in the image pickup element and information relating to the image pickup optical system, and a calculation unit configured to calculate a phase difference in the pupil division direction by using the pair of image signals.. .
09/04/14
20140247476
Lithography wave-front control system and method
Some embodiments include system and methods to obtain information for adjusting variations in features formed on a substrate of a semiconductor device. Such methods can include determining a first pupil in an illumination system used to form a first feature, and determining a second pupil used to form a second feature.
09/04/14
20140247437
Illumination system of a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus
An illumination system of a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus includes an optical raster element configured to produce a plurality of secondary light sources located in a system pupil surface. The optical raster element has a plurality of light entrance facets, each being associated with one of the secondary light sources.
09/04/14
20140247433
Device for projecting an image into a display area, having a screen for displaying an intermediate image
Device (1) for projecting an image into a display area (2), with an imager (31) generating the picture, a first projection device (30) for generating a real intermediate image (r), a screen (5) onto which the first projection device (32) projects the intermediate image (r) and to a second projection device (9) projecting the intermediate image (r) into the display area (2). In order to project the image with the least possible loss of brightness, the invention provides that main beam directions (h, h′, h″) of the screen (5) point into an entrance pupil (20) of the second projection device (9)..
09/04/14
20140247430
Image display system
In an image display system, a light distribution forming lens is placed between a laser light source and a spatial light modulator or a mems mirror device for adjusting a distribution of light intensity of the laser light so that light intensity at an exit pupil of a projection lens is greater in a radially intermediate part thereof than in a central part thereof. The light distribution lens is provided with a conical incident surface and a convex exit surface so as to function also as a collimator lens.
09/04/14
20140247385
Image sensing apparatus, image sensing system and focus detection method
An image sensing apparatus including: an image sensor including a plurality of focus detection pixel pairs that perform photoelectric conversion on each pair of light beams that have passed through different regions of a photographing lens and output an image signal pair; a flash memory that stores shift information on relative shift between an optical axis of the photographing lens and a central axis of the focus detection pixel pairs; a correction unit that corrects a signal level of the image signal pair based on the shift information and exit pupil information of the photographing lens so as to compensate for an unbalanced amount of light that enters each of the focus detection pixel pairs; and a focus detection unit that detects a focus of the photographing lens using the image signal pair corrected by the correction unit.. .
08/28/14
20140243971
Electronic ophthalmic lens with eye gaze sensor
A gaze direction tracking system for an ophthalmic lens comprising an electronic system is described herein. The gaze direction tracking system is part of an electronic system incorporated into the ophthalmic lens.
08/28/14
20140241615
Design and optimization of plenoptic imaging systems
The spatial resolution of captured plenoptic images is enhanced. In one aspect, the plenoptic imaging process is modeled by a pupil image function (pif), and a pif inversion process is applied to the captured plenoptic image to produce a better resolution estimate of the object..
08/28/14
20140240665
Electronic ophthalmic lens with rear-facing pupil diameter sensor
A rear-facing pupil diameter sensing system for an ophthalmic lens comprising an electronic system is described herein. The rear-facing pupil diameter sensing system is part of an electronic system incorporated into the ophthalmic lens.
08/28/14
20140240664
Method for measuring morpho-geometric parameters of a spectacle wearing individual
The invention relates to a method for measuring at least one geo-morphometric parameter of an individual wearing glasses (10), said method involving a stand-alone computing device (1) comprising: a screen (8); a target (12); a compact image acquisition system (7) comprising a means for determining its inclination and connected to said screen (8); and a processing unit allowing the image acquisition system (7) to be controlled and the images obtained to be processed. The main feature of a method according to the invention is that it comprises the following steps: adjusting the inclination of the image acquisition system (7) so that it lies in an acceptable angular range; adjusting the height of the image acquisition system (7) so that the individual can see the target (12) along a substantially horizontal line of sight; observation of the target (12), by the individual, in a comfortable position subject to no positional constraints; acquiring at least one image of the eyes of the individual and of the frame (10), in said observation position; processing said at least one image using the processing unit in order to determine each geo-morphometric parameter of the individual from the position of their pupils and the inclination of their glasses (10); and returning the result of the measurements..
08/28/14
20140240656
Electronic ophthalmic lens with pupil convergence sensor
A pupil position and convergence detection system for an ophthalmic lens comprising an electronic system is described herein. The pupil position and convergence detection system is part of an electronic system incorporated into the ophthalmic lens.
08/28/14
20140239206
Stereoscopic optical system
A stereoscopic optical system includes: two objective optical systems arrayed parallel to each other with a space therebetween; two parallelogram prisms that bring optical images close to each other by respectively deflecting lights collected by the objective optical systems twice; an image pickup element arranged at image formation positions of the light fluxes collected by the objective optical systems to take the two optical images brought close to each other by the prisms; and a diaphragm member that blocks a portion of the light flux on at least one of an inner side and an outer side in a direction of the space at any position apart from a pupil position of each of the objective optical systems in a direction of an optical axis, wherein the diaphragm member is arranged on the inner side in the direction of the space, and satisfies a conditional expression l0−ihy−w>z0×sin θ.. .
08/21/14
20140236260
Visual prosthesis apparatus
Visual prosthesis apparatus includes an image receiver, a processor coupled to the image receiver, a stimulation device coupled to the processor, and an eye monitoring device coupled to the processor. The image receiver receives a sequence of images and the processor produces a stimulation signal at least partially in accordance with the received images.
08/21/14
20140235597
Ophthalmologic irrigation solutions and method
Solutions for perioperative intraocular application by continuous irrigation during ophthalmologic procedures are provided. These solutions include multiple agents that act to inhibit inflammation, inhibit pain, effect mydriasis (dilation of the pupil), and/or decrease intraocular pressure, wherein the multiple agents are selected to target multiple molecular targets to achieve multiple differing physiologic functions, and are included in dilute concentrations in a balanced salt solution carrier..
08/21/14
20140233806
Determining a viewing distance for a computing device
A method, computer readable storage device, and apparatus for determining the distance a computing device is located from a user's face. An image of an individual is obtained.
08/21/14
20140233025
Method and apparatus for angular-resolved spectroscopic lithography characterization
An apparatus and method to determine a property of a substrate by measuring, in the pupil plane of a high numerical aperture lens, an angle-resolved spectrum as a result of radiation being reflected off the substrate. The property may be angle and wavelength dependent and may include the intensity of tm- and te-polarized radiation and their relative phase difference..
08/21/14
20140233008
Illumination optical system, exposure apparatus, device production method, and light polarization unit
An illumination optical system which illuminates an illumination objective surface with a light from a light source. The illumination optical system includes a spatial light modulator which includes a plurality of optical elements arranged within a predetermined plane and controlled individually, and which forms a light intensity distribution in an illumination pupil of the illumination optical system; and a polarization unit which is arranged in a position optically conjugate with the predetermined plane, and which polarizes an incident light beam having a first and second partial light beams, coming into the polarization unit such that the first and second partial light beams have polarization states different from each other, and emits the polarized incident light beam as an outgoing light beam, wherein the polarization unit changes, in a cross section of the outgoing light beam, a ratio between a cross sectional areas of the first and second partial light beams..
08/21/14
20140233006
Method and device for monitoring multiple mirror arrays in an illumination system of a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus
Microlithographic illumination system includes individually drivable elements to variably illuminate a pupil surface of the system. Each element deviates an incident light beam based on a control signal applied to the element.


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Pupil topics: Aberration, Imaging System, Nose Surgery, Eyeglasses, Refractive Error, Dysphotopsia, Multifocal, Traumatic Brain Injury, Physiologic, Postoperative, Ocular Lens, Intraocular, Intraocular Lens, Anterior Chamber, Image Capture

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