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This page is updated frequently with new Pupil-related patent applications.




Date/App# patent app List of recent Pupil-related patents
03/31/16
20160094822 
 Imaging device, image processing device, imaging method, and image processing method patent thumbnailImaging device, image processing device, imaging method, and image processing method
An imaging device includes an optical filter, an image sensor, a multi-band estimation section, and a processor including hardware. The optical filter divides the pupil of an imaging optics into a first pupil and a second pupil that differs in wavelength passband from the first pupil.
Olympus Corporation


03/31/16
20160094784 
 Image processing apparatus, image processing method, computer program and imaging apparatus patent thumbnailImage processing apparatus, image processing method, computer program and imaging apparatus
The present invention provides an image processing apparatus that can prevent incorrect correction of an image, which originates in blurring, in image processing of a re-focus image. The image processing apparatus includes: a data acquiring unit which acquires light field data formed by an imaging unit having a pupil dividing function of an exit pupil of an imaging optical system for forming an optical image of an object; an image processing unit which performs a set image processing of image data; an image forming unit which forms the image data to be subjected to the set image processing, using the light field data; and a control unit which controls the image processing unit, to perform the set processing of the image data formed, to form the light field data corrected according to the predetermined image processing..
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


03/31/16
20160094776 
 Imaging apparatus and imaging method patent thumbnailImaging apparatus and imaging method
An imaging apparatus includes: an image pickup unit having a plurality of photoelectric converting units for receiving light fluxes from an object which passed through different pupil areas; a distance information generating unit configured to detect light from the object and generate distance information regarding a distance of the object; a determining unit configured to determine whether or not the object exists in a refocusable distance range by a process after an image pickup on the basis of the distance information and a pupil division construction of the plurality of photoelectric converting units; and a control unit configured to control the image pickup of the object by the image pickup unit in accordance with a result of the determination by the determining unit.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


03/31/16
20160094769 
 Image pickup apparatus with emission unit, control method therefor, and  storage medium storing control program therefor patent thumbnailImage pickup apparatus with emission unit, control method therefor, and storage medium storing control program therefor
An image pickup apparatus capable of obtaining focusing information at the time of photometry for emission control and of controlling an emission quantity appropriately. An image pickup device receives a pair of light beams that pass through different pupil division areas of an imaging optical system with a pair of photoelectric conversion sections.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


03/31/16
20160093024 
 Application processor for determining data transmission order based on position of display and devices including the same patent thumbnailApplication processor for determining data transmission order based on position of display and devices including the same
A portable electronic device comprises a double-sided display including a first display side and a second display side formed on a side opposite the first display side; a direct memory access (dma) controller configured to read first image data from a memory; at least one sensor configured to detect at least one of a position change of the double-sided display and a movement of a user's pupil and to output a detection signal; a status signal generator configured to interpret the detection signal output and to output a status signal; a transmission order determiner configured to receive the first image data from the dma controller, to determine a transmission order of the first image data based on the status signal, and to output second image data corresponding to the determined transmission order; and a display driver integrated circuit (ic) configured to transmit the second image data to the display.. .

03/31/16
20160091723 
 Optical display apparatus, method, and applications patent thumbnailOptical display apparatus, method, and applications
A see-through optical display apparatus includes an image generating component, a tilted primary mirror having a non-flat, freeform, front optical surface, and a tilted secondary mirror having a non-flat, freeform, front optical surface, wherein the apparatus has an external pupil. A method for designing/making a see-through optical display apparatus for displaying an image generated by or on an image generating component of the apparatus..
University Of Rochester


03/31/16
20160091721 
 Display device patent thumbnailDisplay device
A display device of the disclosure includes a projector including optical elements to project images on left or right eye of an observer and a frame connected to the projector for mounting on the observer. With the frame mounted on the observer, at least part of the projector is placed in visual fields of the eyes, and length from tangent point between leftmost one among lines of sight of the left eye overlapping outline of at least the part and the outline to intersection between an imaginary line through the tangent point parallel to direction of pupillary distance of the observer and rightmost one among lines of sight of the right eye overlapping the outline is shorter than the pupillary distance in a top plan view of the display device..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.


03/31/16
20160091701 
 Generating perspective views in microscopy patent thumbnailGenerating perspective views in microscopy
A microscope includes a spatial light modulator configured for adjusting the perspective angle of a view imaged at the light detector. The spatial light modulator is positioned at a pupil plane, or at an equivalent conjugate plane thereof, in the illumination light path or in the detection light path.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.


03/31/16
20160091422 
 Inspection apparatus and device manufacturing method patent thumbnailInspection apparatus and device manufacturing method
An inspection apparatus comprises an illumination system (12) for illuminating a target structure with illuminating radiation and a collection system for collecting the illuminating radiation after it has been scattered by the target structure. A programmable spatial light modulator (713) comprises an array of movable mirror elements (742) in a conjugate pupil plane (p″) of the illumination system.
Asml Netherlands B.v.


03/31/16
20160089027 
 Method for photographically observing and/or documenting the fundus of an eye, and fundus camera patent thumbnailMethod for photographically observing and/or documenting the fundus of an eye, and fundus camera
The invention relates to a method for photographically observing and/or documenting the fundus of an eye, comprising: producing a lighting beam path by means of a lighting module for lighting at least one partial area of the fundus by using an at least approximately punctiform or at least areally limited lighting source, producing an image plane in the lighting beam path for the creation of photographic recordings, separating the pupil cross-sectional area into a detectable observation region and an undetectable lighting region, producing an image area that contains the image of the fundus on the image plane, dividing the image area in strips in the lighting beam path into a lighted region and unlighted regions, and imaging the third and fourth purkinje reflection on the image area, wherein at least one purkinje reflection, the third and/or fourth purkinje reflection, is located in the unlighted regions of the image area.. .
Universitatsklinikum Erlangen


03/31/16
20160089021 

Photorefraction ocular screening device and methods


A photorefraction ocular screening device for assessing vision and corresponding disorders associated with the human ocular system is provided. More specifically, the present invention provides for a photorefraction ocular screening device employing advanced methods of pupil detection and refractive error analysis.
Welch Allyn, Inc.


03/24/16
20160088277 

Imaging device and imaging method


An imaging device includes an optics, an image sensor, and a processor including hardware. The optics includes a first pupil and a second pupil.
Olympus Corporation


03/24/16
20160087391 

Spatially distributed laser resonator


A distributed resonator laser system using retro-reflecting elements, in which spatially separated retroreflecting elements define respectively a power transmitting and a power receiving unit. The retroreflectors have no point of inversion, so that an incident beam is reflected back along a path essentially coincident with that of the incident beam.
Wi-charge Ltd.


03/24/16
20160085074 

Wide angle and high resolution tiled head-mounted display device


A tiled head-mounted display device, comprising: an optical component including a plurality of prisms with free-form surfaces, each prism being a wedge prism comprising a first optical surface, a second optical surface and a third optical surface; and a display component including a plurality of micro-displays, wherein the number of the micro-displays and the number of the prisms with free-form surfaces is identical. The tiled head-mounted display device according to the present invention is compact and light, provides wide field of view and high resolution, especially for the optical tiling head-mounted display device, the exit pupil planes of each display channels are coincident, thus avoiding pupil aberration and keeping exit pupil diameter and eye clearance same as the single ocular.
Beijing Institute Of Technology


03/24/16
20160085062 

Microscope and 3d high-resolution localization microscopy with an enlarged measurement region


A microscope for high-resolution imaging of a sample in a depth direction and transversely thereto has an excitation beam path for illuminating a sample,—an imaging beam path with an objective and two detectors,—and a phase element. The phase element is situated in a pupil of the imaging beam path and has a different influence on two halves of the pupil cross section.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmbh


03/24/16
20160081685 

Intraocular expansion and retention devices and methods


An intraocular expansion and retention device (“ierd”) expands the iris, enlarging the pupil during intraocular surgery, and can be removed following the procedure without damaging the eye tissue. The intraocular expansion and retention device includes a number of stepped blades that form pockets to cup the iris margins and expand the pupil allowing increased visualization during intraocular surgery..

03/24/16
20160081548 

Ophthalmoscope device


An ophthalmoscope device includes a support structure, an image capture device, and a display device. The support structure is configured to be worn by a subject.
Welch Allyn, Inc.


03/24/16
20160081543 

Photorefraction ocular screening device and methods


A photorefraction ocular screening device for assessing vision and corresponding disorders associated with the human ocular system is provided. More specifically, the present invention provides for a photorefraction ocular screening device employing advanced methods of pupil detection and refractive error analysis.
Welch Allyn, Inc.


03/17/16
20160080627 

Image processing apparatus, image-pickup apparatus, image processing method, non-transitory computer-readable storage medium


An image processing apparatus include a first acquirer (201, 203) configured to acquire first image data from one of a first pixel (j110a) and a second pixel (j110b) that share a single micro lens and receive light passing through different pupil areas of an optical system, a second acquirer (205) configured to acquire second image data as a sum of image data obtained from the first pixel and image data obtained from and the second pixel, and an image synthesizer (206) configured to synthesize the first image data and the second image data to generate a synthesized image, depending on an object brightness.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


03/17/16
20160077338 

Compact projection light engine for a diffractive waveguide display


The technology provides a waveguide display having a compact projection light engine and a diffractive waveguide. The diffractive waveguide includes input diffraction gratings with rolled k-vectors.

03/17/16
20160073871 

Apparatus and testing night vision


A method and an apparatus for testing night vision are disclosed. At least one visual mark is presented to a test person having an open pupil from a distance of several meters.
Carl Zeiss Vision Gmbh


03/10/16
20160070342 

Distracted browsing modes


Approaches to enable a computing device, such as a phone or tablet computer, to determine when a user viewing the content is being distracted or is generally viewing the content with a sufficient level of irregularity, and present an audible representation of the content during the times when the user is deemed distracted. The determination of when the user is distracted or is otherwise viewing the content with irregularity can be performed using sensor data captured by one or more sensors of the computing device.
Amazon Technologies, Inc.


03/10/16
20160070103 

Corrective optics for reducing fixed pattern noise in a virtual reality headset


A virtual reality (vr) headset includes an electronic display element and a corrective optics block. The electronic display element outputs image light via a plurality of sub-pixels of different colors that are separated from each other by a dark space.
Oculus Vr, Llc


03/10/16
20160069816 

Defect detection method and defect detection device and defect observation device provided with same


The disclosed device, which, using an electron microscope or the like, minutely observes defects detected by an optical appearance-inspecting device or an optical defect-inspecting device, can reliably insert a defect to be observed into the field of an electron microscope or the like, and can be a device of smaller scale. The electron microscope, which observes defects detected by an optical appearance-inspecting device or an optical defect-inspecting device, has a configuration incorporating an optimal microscope that re-detects defects, and a spatial filter and a distribution polarization element are inserted at the pupil plane when making dark-field observations using this optical microscope.
Hitachi High-technologies Corporation


03/10/16
20160066847 

Wearable physiology monitor computer apparatus, systems, and related methods


A computer-implemented method of detecting physiological attributes of a wearer of a computerized wearable device having one or more sensors comprises (1) using the information from the one or more sensors to assess the physiology of the wearer; and (2) notifying the wearer of the wearer's physiology. In various embodiments, the method involves using the wearable device to determine the wearer's current posture, balance, alertness, and/or physical state and comparing the current posture, balance, alertness and/or physical state to at least one baseline measurement.
Vision Service Plan


03/03/16
20160065952 

Method and configuring screen for virtual reality


Methods and apparatuses are provided for configuring a screen of an electronic device. A first object, corresponding to a left eye of a user of the electronic device, and a second object, corresponding to a right eye of the user, are displayed on the screen.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.


03/03/16
20160065835 

Focus-detection device, controlling the same, and image capture apparatus


Disclosed is a focus-detection device capable of performing phase-difference detection type focus detection using outputs of an image sensor, and a method for controlling the same. Phase differences between image signals each of which based on a light beam that has passed through different partial regions of an exit pupil of an imaging optical system, and an image signal based on a light beam that has passed through the entire region of the exit pupil is detected.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


03/03/16
20160063347 

System for capturing pupil and method thereof


A system for extracting a pupil includes an image obtainer configured to obtain front image data of a user; an illuminator configured to provide a lighting at the time of obtaining the image data; and a pupil extractor configured to receive the image data photographed in a light strength state having a predetermined reference value or more by the illuminator and apply a thresholding process to an eye region of interest (roi) within the image data.. .
Hyundai Motor Company


03/03/16
20160063334 

In-vehicle imaging device


The face image of a passenger is acquired by a camera set in a vehicle cabin, the positions of a pupil and corneal reflection light of the face image are detected, and a visual line direction is calculated from the pupil and the corneal reflection light. A condition for automatic exposure control is predetermined, and the exposure time (shutter time) of the camera is controlled in accordance with the exposure condition.
Alps Electric Co., Ltd.


03/03/16
20160063326 

Illumination imaging device and gaze detecting apparatus


An illumination imaging device includes a combination of a polarizing plate, which is a grid polarizer, and a wave plate is provided at the intersection of an optical axis of a first light source that emits light and an optical axis of an imaging member. The light emitted from the first light source is reflected by the polarizing plate, is transmitted through the wave plate, and is fed to an object.
Alps Electric Co., Ltd.


03/03/16
20160063319 

Method and tracking gaze


A method for tracking a gaze includes determining a position of a first center point of a cornea by using at least two lighting reflection points detected from an eyeball area of a first face image of a user and calculating a first vector connecting at least two first image feature points detected from the first face image to the position of the first center point of the cornea. A position of a second center point of the cornea is determined using the first vector and a position of the feature point detected from the second face image.
Hyundai Motor Company


03/03/16
20160063305 

Image processing device and image processing method


An image processing device for correcting at least a portion of a face image containing a person's face, includes an image acquisition unit that acquires a face image, a region extractor that extracts a pupil region containing a pupil from the face image, a determination unit that determines a presence or absence of halation in the pupil region, a first template acquisition unit that acquires a first template image which is a correction template image, a reference color acquisition unit that acquires a reference color corresponding to the person from the face image, a second template acquisition unit that generates a second template image using the first template image and the reference color, and a correction unit that composites the second template image with at least the region in the pupil region where the halation occurred to correct the halation.. .
Omron Corporation


03/03/16
20160063304 

Line-of-sight detection apparatus


In computation of a line-of-sight direction in a control unit, a first computed line-of-sight direction is obtained from the center of a pupil and a reflection point of cornea reflection light, a second computed line-of-sight direction is obtained by computing the ellipse shape of an iris or the pupil, and a third computed line-of-sight direction is obtained on the basis of a face orientation and the relative position of the iris or pupil in an eye. The line-of-sight direction can be computed over a wide range with high accuracy by selecting one of the computed line-of-sight directions..
Alps Electric Co., Ltd.


03/03/16
20160062245 

Method for stress-adjusted operation of a projection exposure system and corresponding projection exposure system


A projection exposure system and a method for operating a projection exposure system for microlithography with an illumination system are disclosed. The illumination system includes at least one variably adjustable pupil-defining element.
Carl Zeiss Smt Gmbh


03/03/16
20160062123 

Image display device and display apparatus


A display apparatus is provided with a frame 20 that is mounted to the head portion of an observer 10, and an image display device 20 which is attached to the frame 20, an image display device 30 is provided with an image forming device 40, an optical system 50 that guides an image from the image forming device 40 to a pupil of an observer, and a support member 601 that supports the image forming device 40. When a direction of the support member 601 that corresponds to a first direction of an image is set as an x direction, and a direction of the support member 601 that corresponds to a second direction of the image, which is different from the first direction, is set as a y direction, a support surface 61 of the support member 60 that supports the image forming device 40 is curved along the x direction and/or the y direction, and therefore, the image forming device 40 is curved..
Sony Corporation


03/03/16
20160062113 

Split exit pupil heads-up display systems and methods


Split exit pupil (or split eye-box) heads-up display (hud) systems and methods are described. The described hud system methods make use of a split exit pupil design method that enables a modular hud system and allows the hud system viewing eye-box size to be tailored while reducing the overall hud volumetric aspects.
Ostendo Technologies, Inc.


03/03/16
20160062112 

Compact, low dispersion, and low aberration adaptive optics scanning system and method


An adaptive optics scanning system and method using a beam projection module with four or more axes of motion that can project and control the position and angle of a beam of light to or from an adaptive optics element. The adaptive optics scanning system is compact in size, overcoming the challenges of a traditional lens and mirror based pupil relay design.
Thorlabs, Inc.


03/03/16
20160062111 

Microscopical imaging system


A microscopical imaging system for the widefield microscopical imaging of a sample. The imaging system includes a ray path with an objective, a tube lens system arranged behind the objective as seen from the sample, and a relay optical system with an objective-side component and an image-side component.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmbh


03/03/16
20160061723 

Focused beam scatterometry apparatus and method


The capacity to measure nanoscale features rapidly and accurately is of central importance for the monitoring of manufacturing processes in the production of computer integrated circuits. It is known that far-field scattered light requires a priori sample information in order to reconstruct nanoscale information such as is required in semiconductor metrology.
University Of Rochester


03/03/16
20160061582 

Scale estimating method using smart device and gravity data


A scale estimating method through metric reconstruction of objects using a smart device is disclosed, in which the smart device is equipped with a camera for image capture and an inertial measurement unit (imu). The scale estimating method is adapting a batch, vision-centric approach only using imu to estimate the metric scale of a scene reconstructed by algorithm with structure from motion like (sfm) output.
Lusee, Llc


03/03/16
20160061581 

Scale estimating method using smart device


A scale estimating method through metric reconstruction of objects using a smart device is disclosed, in which the smart device is equipped with a camera for image capture and an inertial measurement unit (imu). The scale estimating method is adapting a batch, vision-centric approach only using imu to estimate the metric scale of a scene reconstructed by algorithm with structure from motion like (sfm) output.
Lusee, Llc


03/03/16
20160061567 

Accessory display for optical sighting devices


Optical aiming systems having a primary direct view optical system and an accessory optical system are arranged to provide a user with distinct views of a primary image and accessory image display without head movement. The primary optical system may be a riflescope and the accessory optical system may include an electronic image display device that directs light through a side wall of the riflescope toward an optical combiner or mirror within a housing of the riflescope.
Leupold & Stevens, Inc.


02/25/16
20160054587 

Pupil size-independent lens design and preventing and/or slowing myopia progression


A lens includes a center of the ophthalmic lens having a negative power that provides foveal vision correction for myopia; a first peripheral zone surrounding the center having a power that gradually increases to a first peak having a dioptric power that is more positive than at the center; and a second peripheral zone surrounding the first peripheral zone and having a second peak having a dioptric power that is more positive than at the center and that is different than the power at the first peak. The power profile slows, retards, or prevents myopia progression independent of pupil size..
Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.


02/25/16
20160054554 

Microscope apparatus


A microscope apparatus includes an objective and a photodetector, and projects a pupil of the objective onto a light-receiving surface of the photodetector. The microscope apparatus further includes an optical element that is arranged between the objective and the photodetector.
Olympus Corporation


02/25/16
20160054552 

Confocal laser scanning microscope


A confocal laser scanning microscope includes a laser light source configured to emit laser light as illumination light, an objective, a scanner placed in an optical path between the laser light source and the objective for scanning the sample with the illumination light, and a stop placed on a pupil plane of the objective or in its vicinity, or on a plane that is optically conjugate with the pupil plane of the objective or in its vicinity, configured to block, of light from the sample, light that is a regular reflection of the illumination light cast on the sample. The stop is placed on a plane that is conjugate with the pupil plane of the objective or in its vicinity in an optical path between the laser light source and the scanner..
Olympus Corporation


02/25/16
20160054547 

Four-piece all-aspheric adapter fisheye lens


A four-piece all-aspheric adapter fisheye lens includes a negative meniscus lens, a biconcave lens, a positive meniscus lens, and a biconvex lens. The biconcave lens is between the negative meniscus lens and the positive meniscus lens; the positive meniscus lens is between the biconcave lens and the biconvex lens.
Omnivision Technologies, Inc.


02/25/16
20160054546 

Three-piece all-aspheric adapter fisheye lens


A three-piece all-aspheric adapter fisheye lens includes a negative meniscus lens, a biconvex lens, and a biconcave lens positioned between the negative meniscus lens and the biconvex lens. The lenses are coaxial and are arranged with an exit pupil to cooperatively generate an image with a camera lens that has greater field of view than the camera lens alone when the exit pupil is coplanar and coaxial with an entrance pupil of the camera lens.
Omnivision Technologies, Inc.


02/25/16
20160051244 

Pupil expander


The pupil expander 1 of the present invention is used to maintain a pupil in an expanded state during ophthalmologic surgery such as, e.g., cataract surgery. The pupil expander 1 is equipped with four arm sections 10 arranged serially in a manner as to form a circular shape as a whole and joint sections 20 which connect end sections of adjacent arm sections in a movable manner.
Frontier Vision Co., Ltd.


02/18/16
20160048011 

Sample observation device and sample observation method


A sample observation device includes an illumination optical system and an observation optical system, and the illumination optical system includes a light source, a condenser lens and an aperture member, and the observation optical system includes an objective lens and an imaging lens, and the aperture member has a light-shielding part or a darkening part and a transmission part, and the aperture member is disposed so that the light-shielding part or the darkening part includes an optical axis of the illumination optical system, and an image of an inner edge of the transmission part is formed inside of an outer edge of the pupil of the objective lens, and an image of an outer edge of the transmission part is formed outside of the outer edge of the pupil of the objective lens.. .
Olympus Corporation


02/18/16
20160045109 

Method, apparatus and computer program product for positioning pupil


A method, an apparatus and a computer program product for positioning pupil are provided. A pupil contour is obtained from a pupil image after the pupil image is obtained.
Utechzone Co., Ltd.


02/18/16
20160045108 

Vision protection method and system thereof


A vision protection method includes the steps of tracking at least one of eye activities of the viewer of the electronic device via a working condition detector; detecting possible eye conditions based on pupilary light reflex and responses; determining eye fatigue due to the eye activities of the viewer of the electronic device in a working mode of the electronic device; and generating a viewer eye result in response to the eye activities and possible eye conditions.. .

02/18/16
20160045107 

Method and system for determining the refractive properties of an eye of a child


The invention is directed to a system for determining the refractive properties of an eye. The system includes a wavefront measurement device for measuring the refractive properties of the eye.
Carl Zeiss Vision International Gmbh


02/11/16
20160044376 

System and distribution of picture objects


A method and system for data communication is provided and may include, at a communications terminal, displaying picture objects and/or video objects received from a media center via a communications network. The communications terminal may transmit direction of view information (dov) of at least one eye of a user of the terminal with respect to the displayed objects from an eye tracker at the communications terminal.
Swisscom Ag


02/11/16
20160044233 

Image capturing apparatus capable of storing focus detection data


An image capturing apparatus includes an image sensor having a first pixel group that photoelectrically converts an object image from a first exit pupil region, a second pixel group that photoelectrically converts an object image from a second exit pupil region, and a third pixel group for capturing that photoelectrically converts an object image from overall exit pupil region; a focus detection unit that detects focus information by performing a defocus calculation with use of a first image signal obtained from the first pixel group and a second image signal obtained from the second pixel group; an image processing unit that converts captured image data into an image file for recording and saving; and a data recording unit that records, in association with the image file, signals obtained from the first pixel group and the second pixel group such that the defocus calculation can be performed.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


02/11/16
20160044230 

Focus detection apparatus, control the same, and image capture apparatus


Signals of pixels are acquired from an image sensor in which a first pixel, a second pixel, and an imaging pixel are arranged, the first pixel receiving light flux that is restricted to light flux passing through a first portion of a pupil area of an imaging optical system, the second pixel receiving light flux that is restricted to light flux passing through a second portion that is different from the first portion of the pupil area, and the imaging pixel being different from the first and second pixels. Based on the acquired signals, estimated signals at a position at which the first and second pixel is not arranged are estimated.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


02/11/16
20160044216 

Image pickup device and light field image pickup lens


Where l is a pitch of the aperture elements, d is a diameter of an exit pupil of the imaging lens, p is a distance between the exit pupil of the imaging lens and an image plane of the imaging lens, a is a distance value from the image plane of the imaging lens to a front principal plane of the multiple aperture optical element, and b is a distance between a back principal plane of the multiple aperture optical element and the image plane of the image sensor. A light field image pickup lens is also provided..

02/11/16
20160043124 

Imaging apparatus


Provided is an imaging apparatus having a plurality of light receiving parts for each one microlens in order for capturing a three-dimensional image, while being capable of obtaining a more natural image when creating a two-dimensional image. The imaging apparatus includes: a microlens array (2) having a plurality of microlenses (20) regularly aligned two-dimensionally; an imaging lens for imaging light from a subject onto the microlens array (2); and a plurality of light receiving parts (22l, 22r) disposed for each of the plurality of microlenses (20).
Olympus Corporation


02/11/16
20160041394 

Image display device and display apparatus


There is provided a display apparatus including: a frame 20 that is mounted on a head part of a viewer; and an image display device 30 that is mounted on the frame 20. The image display device 30 includes (a) an image forming device 40, and (b) an optical system 50 that guides an image, which originates from the image forming device 40, into a pupil of a viewer.
Sony Corporation


02/11/16
20160041393 

Video display device and head-mounted display


A video display device is provided with: a display element which modulates light from an illumination optical system, and displays video; and an ocular optical system for guiding video light from the display element into a pupil of an observer. The ocular optical system is provided with: an ocular prism which guides the video light therein; and a holographic optical element (hoe).
Konica Minolta, Inc.


02/11/16
20160041390 

Spherical birdbath mirror having a decoupled aspheric


The technology provides decoupling an aspheric optical element from a birdbath optical element in a near-eye display (ned) device. One or more aspheric lens are used with a spherical birdbath reflective mirror in a projection light engine of a ned device.

02/11/16
20160041366 

Autofocus device and sample observation device


The autofocus device for a sample observation device provided with an objective is provided with a photodetector, an autofocus optical system that includes a tube lens, that guides light to one of two regions of a pupil plane of the objective that has been divided into two, and that guides light that has passed through the other region after being reflected by a sample to the photodetector, and a light shielding member which is arranged between the tube lens and a light receiving plane of the photodetector and on which an aperture has been formed. The autofocus device satisfies 2.1<Φap/(2·Φld), where Φap represents a diameter of the aperture and Φld represents a light flux diameter, on the light shielding member, of light reflected by the sample in a state in which the light is condensed on the light receiving plane..
Olympus Corporation


02/11/16
20160038465 

Compositions and methods for non-surgical treatment of ptosis


Provided are pharmaceutical compositions, and methods of use of the compositions, for the non-surgical treatment of ptosis (eyelid droop). In one embodiment the composition includes oxymetazoline 0.1% formulated for topical administration to an eye.
Voom, Llc


02/11/16
20160038337 

Apparatus and methods for performing enhanced visually directed procedures under low ambient light conditions


A system, method, and apparatus for performing enhanced visually directed procedures under low ambient light conditions are disclosed. An example method includes acquiring at least one real-time high resolution video signal representing at least one view of an eye in at least one wavelength of light outside of the wavelengths of visible light.
Truevision Systems, Inc.


02/04/16
20160037102 

Image pickup apparatus, and control method thereof


An image processing apparatus obtains an image signal of an image pickup element having a pupil division unit that restricts light of an optical image of an object arriving at each pixel of the element to light from a specific pupil area of a photographing lens. A memory unit stores information of a pixel defect of the element.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


02/04/16
20160037066 

Image processing apparatus, image capturing apparatus, control method, and recording medium


An image processing apparatus obtains an image signal, which is captured by an image capturing apparatus, and in which respective pixels correspond to light fluxes of different combinations of pupil regions, where the light fluxes have passed through in an imaging optical system of the image capturing apparatus, and incident directions. The image processing apparatus sets a focal length corresponding to an object to be focused, and generates a reconstructed image focused on the object of the set focal length from the image signal.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


02/04/16
20160037054 

Solid-state imaging device with autofocus and electronic apparatus


There is provided a solid-state imaging device which includes a focus detection pixel that has a light shielding film, which is formed on a light receiving surface of a photoelectric conversion portion and shields light in a part of the light receiving surface, performs pupil division and photoelectric conversion of a received light flux and acquires a phase difference detection signal, where the light shielding film is formed avoiding a gate electrode of a reading gate portion to read a signal charge from the photoelectric conversion portion.. .
Sony Corporation


02/04/16
20160035096 

Scene documentation


A plurality of images are captured by an image capturing device that is an integral part of the mobile data collection platform from at least two different perspectives that depict a point of interest in a scene. Coincident with capture of each of the plurality of images, orientation information is obtained via orientation sensors of the mobile data collection platform, a position fix of an antenna associated with the mobile data collection platform is determined, and a position of an entrance pupil of the image capturing device is calculated.
Trimble Navigation Limited


02/04/16
20160033877 

Metrology method and inspection apparatus, lithographic system and device manufacturing method


Methods are disclosed for measuring target structures formed by a lithographic process on a substrate. A grating structure within the target is smaller than an illumination spot and field of view of a measurement optical system.
Asml Netherlands B.v.


02/04/16
20160033866 

Method to mitigate defect printability for id pattern


The present disclosure provides a method in accordance with some embodiments. The method includes loading a mask to a lithography system, wherein the mask includes an one-dimensional integrated circuit (1d ic) pattern; utilizing a pupil phase modulator in the lithography system to modulate phase of light diffracted from the mask; and performing a lithography exposing process to a target in the lithography system with the mask and the pupil phase modulator..
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.


02/04/16
20160033771 

Method and head worn display with multiple exit pupils


A method for displaying an image viewable by an eye, the image being projected from a portable head worn display, comprises steps of: emitting a plurality of light beams of wavelengths that differ amongst the light beams; directing the plurality of light beams to a scanning mirror; modulating in intensity each one of the plurality of light beams in accordance with intensity information provided from the image, whereby the intensity is representative of a pixel value within the image; scanning the plurality of light beams in two distinct axes with the scanning mirror to form the image; and redirecting the plurality of light beams to the eye using a holographic optical element acting as a reflector of the light beams, whereby the redirecting is dependent on the wavelength of the light beam, to create for each light beam an exit pupil at the eye that is spatially separated from the exit pupils of the other light beams.. .
Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne


02/04/16
20160030239 

Pupil expander


The purpose of the present invention is to provide a pupil expander capable of being safely arranged without damaging an iris and capable of maintaining a sufficiently expanded state of a pupil during ophthalmologic surgery such as cataract surgery. This pupil expander 1 is used for maintaining a pupil p in an expanded state during cataract surgery and include: four arm sections 10 serially arranged so as to form a circular shape; and coupling sections 20 each made of a plastic material and configured to connect end sections of adjacent arm sections 10.
Frontier Vision Co., Ltd.


01/28/16
20160027823 

Backside illumination image sensor and image-capturing device


A backside illumination image sensor that includes a semiconductor substrate with a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements and a read circuit formed on a front surface side of the semiconductor substrate, and captures an image by outputting, via the read circuit, electrical signals generated as incident light having reached a back surface side of the semiconductor substrate is received at the photoelectric conversion elements includes: a light shielding film formed on a side where incident light enters the photoelectric conversion elements, with an opening formed therein in correspondence to each photoelectric conversion element; and an on-chip lens formed at a position set apart from the light shielding film by a predetermined distance in correspondence to each photoelectric conversion element. The light shielding film and an exit pupil plane of the image forming optical system achieve a conjugate relation to each other with regard to the on-chip lens..
Nikon Corporation


01/28/16
20160026863 

Pupil detection device and pupil detection method


A pupil detection device includes an identification unit that identifies a pupil region from a captured image of an eye, an extractor that extracts a contour of the pupil region identified by the identification unit, a selector that selects a plurality of points on the contour of the pupil region extracted by the extractor, a center calculator that calculates a center of a circle passing through the plurality of points selected by the selector, and a pupil detector that detects a center of the pupil region from the center of a circle calculated by the center calculator.. .
Jvc Kenwood Corporation


01/28/16
20160026847 

Pupil detection


Embodiments that relate to determining an estimated pupil region of an eye are disclosed. In one embodiment a method includes receiving an image of an eye, with the image comprising a plurality of pixels.

01/28/16
20160025985 

Head mounted display, and image displaying method in head mounted display


Disclosed herein is a head mounted display including: (a) an eyeglasses frame-like frame to be mounted to an observer's head; (b) an image display device; (c) an image sensing device mounted to the frame; and (d) a correction section, wherein the image display device includes (b-1) an image generating device, and (b-2) see-through type light guide section which is mounted to the image generating device, on which beams emitted from the image generating device are incident, through which the beams are guided, and from which the beams are emitted toward an observer's pupil.. .
Sony Corporation


01/28/16
20160025646 

Compressive sensing with illumination patterning


Methods and systems are provided, which pattern an illumination of a metrology target with respect to spectral ranges and/or polarizations, illuminate a metrology target by the patterned illumination, and measure radiation scattered from the target by directing, at a pupil plane, selected pupil plane pixels from a to respective single detector(s) by applying a collection pattern to the pupil plane pixels. Single detector measurements (compressive sensing) has increased light sensitivity which is utilized to pattern the illumination and further enhance the information content of detected scattered radiation with respect to predefined metrology parameters..
Kla-tencor Corporation


01/21/16
20160019801 

System and improving presentation skills


A system and method for improving social and presentation skills of persons with a social communication disorder such as autism. Social anxiety or a lack of confidence, the method including: rendering and displaying on a display device a presentation script for an oral presentation to be made by a user; monitoring eye movement of the user during the oral presentation to measure a user's pupil movement and/or a user's gaze direction; displaying an indicia on a separate display screen and/or an upper portion of the display device; periodically displaying within the presentation script a visual prompt to cue the user to look at the indicia; measuring eye movement using eye tracking software and/or an eye tracking device, at occurrence of the visual prompt; and evaluating whether the user made eye contact with the indicia when prompted..
Autismsees Llc


01/14/16
20160014357 

Image processing apparatus, image processing method and program, and image pickup apparatus including image processing apparatus


The image processing apparatus processes an image signal obtained from an image pickup element using an image pickup optical system arranged to obtain directional traveling information of object image light corresponding to a pupil division area of a photographing lens. The apparatus includes: a unit of setting a focal position at which the refocused image is generated; and a unit of correcting an image signal of a defect pixel of the image pickup element using an image signal of other pixel.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


01/14/16
20160012274 

Vehicle safety system and operating method thereof


There is provided a vehicle safety system including a sensing unit, a processing unit, a control unit and a display unit. The sensing unit is configured to capture an image frame containing an eyeball image from a predetermined distance.
Pixart Imaging Inc.


01/14/16
20160011520 

Method for measuring an angularly resolved intensity distribution and projection exposure apparatus


A method for measuring an angularly resolved intensity distribution in a reticle plane (24) of a projection exposure apparatus (10). The apparatus includes an illumination system (16), irradiating a reticle (22) arranged in the reticle plane (24) and having a first pupil plane (20).
Carl Zeiss Smt Gmbh


01/14/16
20160011419 

Methods and systems for displaying stereoscopy with a freeform optical system with addressable focus for virtual and augmented reality


Several unique hardware configurations and methods for freeform optical display systems are disclosed. A freeform display system includes primary freeform optical element(s) and secondary freeform optical element(s) in tiled arrangements to expand the horizontal field of view (fov) or the vertical field of view.
Magic Leap, Inc.


01/14/16
20160008106 

Method and apparatus of full mouth reconstruction


A full mouth reconstruction method and apparatus includes a denture molding structure mounted onto a patient's maxilla and mandible after being filled with an impression material, so that a static molding of the patient's gum can be performed based on the patient's occlusion. Important reference data including the vertical height of occlusion, facial midline, horizontal occlusion line, connecting line between two pupils and nose-ear horizontal line are recorded for facial and oral reconstructions while the patient is biting a first recording device, and the facial movements of the patient's chewing and speaking are recorded quickly while the patient is biting a second recording device.

01/07/16
20160005231 

Image display device


An image display device used while mounted on a head of an observer includes: a left-eye display unit having an optical section adapted to form a virtual image for a left eye of the observer; a right-eye display unit having an optical section adapted to form a virtual image for a right eye of the observer; and an interpupillary adjustment mechanism adapted to adjust a distance between the left-eye display unit and the right-eye display unit, wherein the interpupillary adjustment mechanism includes a first adjustment mechanism capable of simultaneously adjusting a position of the left-eye display unit and a position of the right-eye display unit, and a second adjustment mechanism capable of independently adjusting only either one of the position of the left-eye display unit and the position of the right-eye display unit.. .
Seiko Epson Corporation


01/07/16
20160004165 

Imaging optical system and projection exposure system for microlithography


An imaging optical system includes a plurality of mirrors that image an object field in an object plane into an image field in an image plane. At least one of the mirrors is obscured, and thus has a opening for imaging light to pass through.
Carl Zeiss Smt Gmbh


01/07/16
20160004074 

Pupil shaping optical system for lithography machine and generating off-axis illumination modes


A lithography pupil shaping optical system and method for generating off-axis illumination mode. The invention is composed of illumination mode generation unit, rotatable wave plate, polarization beam splitter unit, ring i generation unit and ring ii generation unit.
Shanghai Institute Of Optics And Fine Mechanics Chinese Academy Of Sciences


01/07/16
20160004065 

Endoscope with pupil expander


Disclosed are stereo endoscopes where the optical train of one optical system is separated in a left and right optical train. The separation in a left and right optical train is achieved by splitting the entrance pupil in a left and right pupil half.
Integrated Medical Systems International, Inc.


01/07/16
20160003735 

Structured illumination for contrast enhancement in overlay metrology


Contrast enhancement in a metrology tool may include generating a beam of illumination, directing a portion of the generated beam onto a surface of a spatial light modulator (slm), directing at least a portion of the generated beam incident on the surface of the slm through an aperture of an aperture stop and onto one or more target structures of one or more samples, and generating a selected illumination pupil function of the illumination transmitted through the aperture utilizing the slm in order to establish a contrast level of one or more field images of the one or more target structures above a selected contrast threshold, and performing one or more metrology measurements on the one or more target structures utilizing the selected illumination pupil function.. .
Kla-tencor Corporation


12/31/15
20150381883 

Image processing device, imaging device, program, and image processing method


Provided are an image processing device, an imaging device, and an image processing method which can perform focusing control using an intuitive operation. First and second images based on image signals that are output from an imaging element including first and second pixel groups on which an object image that passes through first and second regions of an imaging lens and is pupil-divided is formed are combined and displayed on a display unit having a touch panel.
Fujifilm Corporation


12/31/15
20150381871 

Image capturing apparatus


An image capturing apparatus includes: an image sensor in which multiple light receiving elements are arrayed with respect to one lens on an image sensing plane on which an object image is formed by an imaging lens, the lens being arranged such that the exit pupil of the imaging lens and the light receiving elements are in a conjugate relationship; a polarizer arranged at approximately the position of the exit pupil of the imaging lens, and having multiple areas that have different polarization directions corresponding to different areas of the exit pupil; and an image processing unit that generates multiple images corresponding to the areas of the polarizer from output of the light receiving elements.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


12/31/15
20150379348 

Adaptable eye artifact identification and correction system


An adaptable eye artifact identification and correction method is disclosed. Eye artifacts are identified and classified based on color, severity, shape, eye location, and cause.
Kodak Alaris Inc.


12/31/15
20150378262 

Discrete source mask optimization


A method for improving a lithographic process for imaging a portion of a design layout onto a substrate using a lithographic projection apparatus, the method including: calculating a discrete pupil profile based on a desired pupil profile; selecting a discrete change to the discrete pupil profile; and applying the selected discrete change to the discrete pupil profile. The methods according to various embodiments disclosed herein may reduce the computational cost of discrete optimization from o(an) to o(n) wherein a is constant and n is the number of knobs that can generate discrete change in the pupil profile..
Asml Netherlands B.v.


12/31/15
20150374234 

Illumination arrangement and surgical microscope incorporating the same


An illumination arrangement includes illumination optics defining an optical axis and a light source for generating at least one illumination beam path for illuminating an object field at a specific illumination angle with a viewing beam path. At least one mirror is provided in the illumination beam path for deflecting light from the light source and the mirror has a longitudinal extent along the optical axis.
Carl Zeiss Meditec Ag


12/31/15
20150374232 

Ophthalmic apparatus


An ophthalmic apparatus includes: an imaging optical system including an imaging diaphragm placed between an objective lens and an imaging device to restrict light from a fundus, the light having passed through a position conjugate with an examinee's pupil, to image a fundus image by the imaging device through the objective lens and the imaging diaphragm; a first light projecting optical system to project light having a first wavelength emitted from a first light source and restricted in range for passage through the pupil, as autofluorescence-inducing excitation light to the eye through the objective lens; and a first optical-path combining member to allow the imaging optical system and the first light projecting optical system to share at least part of an optical path. The first optical-path combining member is provided between the objective lens and a conjugate position with the pupil through the objective lens in the imaging optical system..
Nidek Co., Ltd.


12/31/15
20150374229 

Fundus imaging apparatus, controlling fundus imaging apparatus, and storage medium


A fundus imaging apparatus comprising: position detection means for detecting a position of a pupil of an eye to be examined; wavefront detection means for detecting a wavefront of return light from the eye irradiated with light through an illumination optical system; correction means for correcting an aberration based on the detected wavefront; and determination means for determining a correction effective region of the correction means based on the detected position.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


12/24/15
20150373254 

Image pickup apparatus, control apparatus, control method, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium


An image pickup apparatus includes an image pickup unit configured to receive an incident light beam from regions of a pupil of an optical system different from each other to output a first image signal and a second image signal, and a calculation unit configured to calculate an evaluation value while relatively shifting the first and second image signals from pixels included in a predetermined range to calculate a defocus amount, and the calculation unit is configured to change a size of the predetermined range so that a center of a visual field range relative to a position of a target pixel does not vary depending on a shift amount between the first and second image signals.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


12/24/15
20150370057 

Method for operating a light microscope and optical assembly


The invention relates to a method for operating a light microscope, which comprises at least the following components: a modulator diaphragm for restricting a light cross-section, a sample plane, which is located in a beam path behind the modulator diaphragm and in which a sample can be positioned, a phase ring, which is arranged in the beam path behind the sample plane and along the cross-section of which incident light can be differently influenced, and a pupil camera for capturing a pupil image. The method involves the following steps: with the aid of a beam splitter, which is located in the beam path in front of the phase ring, light that emanates from the sample is guided in part to the pupil camera and in part to the phase ring; a pupil image, which is not influenced by the phase ring, is recorded and a sample image is simultaneously emitted; with the aid of electronic image processing means in the recorded pupil image, the position and size of an image of the modulator diaphragm, which is influenced by a sample but not influenced by the phase ring, is measured; a relative displacement between the phase ring and the modulator diaphragm is performed on the basis of the measured position and of the measured size of the image of the modulator diaphragm with the aid of electronic control means.
Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmbh


12/24/15
20150366704 

Pupil expansion device


A flexible pupil expansion ring having a u-shaped groove formed along an external diameter of the ring to substantially fully engage and support an iris of a patient's eye, at least one positioning plate extending from a leg of the u-shaped groove, and having an opening within the plate to assist with positioning of the ring with the iris engaged within the groove, and an expansion mechanism for moving the flexible ring from an engagement position to an expansion position enlarging the diameter of the groove and engaged iris.. .

12/24/15
20150366659 

Prosthetic capsular devices, systems, and methods


Prosthetic capsular devices (e.g., bag, bowl, housing, structure, cage, frame) include technology devices such as a computer, virtual reality device, display device, wifi/internet access device, image receiving device, biometric sensor device, game device, image viewers or senders, gpss, e-mail devices, combinations thereof, and/or the like. The technology devices can be used in combination with an intraocular lens.
Omega Ophthalmics Llc


12/24/15
20150366656 

Prosthetic capsular devices, systems, and methods


Prosthetic capsular devices (e.g., bag, bowl, housing, structure, cage, frame) include technology devices such as a computer, virtual reality device, display device, wifi/internet access device, image receiving device, biometric sensor device, game device, image viewers or senders, gpss, e-mail devices, combinations thereof, and/or the like. The technology devices can be used in combination with an intraocular lens.
Omega Ophthalmics Llc


12/17/15
20150363853 

System, assembly, and providing corrective eyewear


A method of providing corrective eyewear is disclosed, the method including providing a kiosk having a plurality of eyeglass frame. The plurality of eyeglass frames vary in at least one of a dimension and a size from one another and each of the plurality of eyeglass frames has at least one reference dimension on a body of the eyeglass frame.
Eyempower, Llc


12/17/15
20150362992 

Customized see-through, electronic display device


An augmented reality device includes a frame assembly including a nose piece and a pair of temple pads configured to accommodate a plurality of fit points of a user. A set of mountings on the frame assembly is configured to mount to the frame assembly any of a plurality of different see-through display modules having different exit pupil distances.
Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc


12/17/15
20150362843 

Illumination device, exposure apparatus, adjusting method, and manufacturing object


An illumination device includes a plurality of light source units, each including a light source, a mirror that reflects light from the light source, and one or more light blocking members that block the light that is reflected by the mirror and travels toward the illumination surface; and an illumination optical system that forms a light intensity distribution of superposed light, in which the light from each of the light source units is superposed, in a pupil plane and illuminates the illumination surface with the superposed light. In the light intensity distribution in the pupil plane of the illumination optical system, positions of shadows of all of the light blocking members included in one of the light source units are separated from positions of shadows of all of the light blocking members included in at least one of the remaining light source units..
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


12/17/15
20150362718 

Infrared up-conversion telescope


There is presented to an up-conversion infrared telescope (110) arranged for imaging an associated scene (130), wherein the up-conversion infrared telescope (110) comprises a non-linear crystal (120) arranged for up-conversion of infrared electromagnetic radiation, and wherein a first optical component (101) has an entrance pupil with a first diameter d 1, and an optical component system which is arranged for forming an first image (136) of the back-focal plane (132) of the objective optical component (100), which has a diameter (given by the diameter of a circle enclosing all optical paths at the plane of the external image) which is denominated d2 and wherein d1 is larger than a second diameter d2 and wherein the telescope further comprises a third optical component (103) and a fourth optical component (104) arranged for re-imaging the first image into a second image of the back-focal plane (132) of the first optical component (101).. .
Danmarks Tekniske Universitet


12/17/15
20150362403 

Measurement apparatus, measurement method, optical element fabrication apparatus, and optical element


A measurement apparatus configured to measure a shape or transmitted wavefront of an object surface includes an illumination optical system configured to irradiate the object surface with light from a light source as illumination light, an imaging optical system configured to guide reflected light beams or transmitted light beams from the object surface as detection light, a sensor disposed on an image plane of the imaging optical system and configured to detect the detection light guided by the imaging optical system, and a drive unit configured to change a distance between an entrance pupil of the imaging optical system and a sensor conjugate plane conjugate to the sensor with respect to the imaging optical system.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha




Pupil topics: Aberration, Imaging System, Nose Surgery, Eyeglasses, Refractive Error, Dysphotopsia, Multifocal, Traumatic Brain Injury, Physiologic, Postoperative, Ocular Lens, Intraocular, Intraocular Lens, Anterior Chamber, Image Capture

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