|| List of recent Polarity-related patents
|Method and apparatus for the treatment of headache|
A battery-operated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator (tens) to treat headache pain in an abortive and/or preventive manner. The tens unit and its electrodes are built into a unitary device which facilitates a self-administered treatment.
|Magnetic graphic wall system|
The practical application of incorporating magnetic receptive printing media coupled with the use of an underlying specifically referenced magnet allows the multi layering of magnetic media while maintaining the reference of position on the surface. This is achieved by aligning the polarity lines to the benefit of the intended design while fabricating the first layer to receive the second or subsequent layers to interact with the intended design..
|Electric circuit device, electric circuit module, and power converter|
The present invention provides an electric circuit device in which it is possible to achieve simultaneously the improvement of cooling performance and reduction in operating loss due to line inductance. The above object can be attained by constructing multiple plate-like conductors so that each of these conductors electrically connected to multiple semiconductor chips is also thermally connected to both chip surfaces of each such semiconductor chip to release heat from the chip surfaces of each semiconductor chip, and so that among the above conductors, a dc positive-polarity plate-like conductor and a dc negative-polarity plate-like conductor are opposed to each other at the respective conductor surfaces..
|Display apparatus incorporating reflective and absorptive polarizers|
This disclosure provides systems, methods and apparatus for reducing ambient light reflections from a surface of a display device in a power efficient manner. The display device includes a reflecting circular polarizer (rcp) and an absorbing circular polarizer (acp) having the same polarity.
A display device includes a display panel including gate lines which extends in a first direction, data lines which extends in a second direction, and sub-pixels connected to corresponding gate and data lines, a gate driver configured to drive the gate lines, a data driver configured to apply a gray-scale voltage to the data lines, and a timing controller configured to generate and apply control signals to the gate and data drivers, where a unit pixel of the display panel is defined by an even number of adjacent sub-pixels among the sub-pixels, each of the data lines is connected to corresponding sub-pixels of the sub-pixels, the data driver inverts a polarity of the gray-scale voltage every two data lines, and two adjacent sub-pixels in the unit pixel are applied with the gray-scale voltages having different polarities.. .
An electromagnetic relay includes a contact that includes a fixed contact and a movable contact, a permanent magnet provided on the peripheral side of the contact, and a non-magnetic body. The movable contact is displaceable in a first direction to move toward the fixed contact and in a second direction to move away from the fixed contact.
|Three terminal semiconductor device with variable capacitance|
Methods and apparatus for implementing variable, e.g., tunable, 3 terminal capacitance devices are described. In various embodiments vertical control pillars spaced apart from one another extend in a well having an opposite polarity than the polarity of the control pillars.
|Led device with voltage-limiting unit and voltage-equalizing and current limiting resistances|
The present invention provides a led device with voltage-limiting unit and voltage-equalizing and current-limiting resistances, in which a led is connected in parallel with a voltage-limiting unit, and a current-limiting resistance is connected in series between the led and the voltage-limiting unit, and two ends of each led are connected in parallel with an voltage-equalizing resistance for forming a light-emitting unit, so that a light-emitting unit set can be structured through connecting two or more than two of the mentioned light-emitting units in series or in series-parallel in the same polarity; with the two ends of each led being connected in parallel with the voltage-equalizing resistance, the end voltage of each light-emitting unit can be evenly stabilized; and the current-limiting resistance is connected in series between the connection joints of the led and the voltage-limiting unit for limiting the shunt current passing through the voltage-limiting unit.. .
|Nitride semiconductor light emitting device and fabrication method thereof|
A method of fabricating a nitride semiconductor light emitting device is provided. The method includes growing a first group-iii-nitride semiconductor layer on a substrate, the first group-iii-nitride semiconductor layer having a top surface formed as a group-iii-rich surface exhibiting a group-iii-polarity and a bottom surface formed as a n-rich surface exhibiting a n-polarity.
|Selectively incrementally actuated linear eddy current braking system|
The invention is an incrementally actuated eddy current braking system. The system comprises first and second primary members, which further comprise arrays of permanent magnets arranged in alternating polarity.
|Solar cell module|
A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells each including a substrate, an emitter region positioned at a back surface of the substrate, first electrodes electrically connected to the emitter region, second electrodes electrically connected to the substrate, a first current collector positioned at ends of the first electrodes, and a second current collector at ends of the second electrodes, and a first connector connecting a first current collector of a first solar cell of the plurality of solar cells to a second current collector of a second solar cell adjacent to the first solar cell. The first current collector of the first solar cell and the second current collector of the second solar cell each have a different polarity..
|Burner systems configured to control at least one geometric characteristic of a flame and related methods|
In an embodiment, a burner system is configured to control a geometry of a flame. The burner system includes electrodes configured to have a polarity selected to interact with a flame that has been charged with a charger to control at least one geometric characteristic of the flame..
|High efficiency power regulator and method|
An embodiment high efficiency power regulator comprises a three-terminal converter and a protection device. The three-terminal converter comprises a first terminal coupled to a positive terminal of an input voltage bus, a second terminal coupled to a positive terminal of an output voltage bus and a third terminal coupled to the protection device.
A display device (1) includes (i) refresh rate changing means (15) for changing a refresh rate of a display panel (2) and (ii) a polarity reversal controlling section (20) for changing, in accordance with a change in the refresh rate, at least one of a temporal cycle and a spatial cycle of a polarity reversal of a source signal.. .
A collision cell for a mass spectrometer arranged to receive ions for fragmentation in a chamber and comprising an activation ion generator configured to irradiate the received ions with activation ions of the same polarity as the received ions. The activation ion generator is preferably a plasma generator, configured to generate a plasma comprising the activation ions..
|Phase-to-amplitude converter for direct digital synthesizer (dds) with reduced and and reconstructed add logic arrays|
A sine wave generator for a direct digital synthesizer (dds) converts a digital phase input into a digital sine wave output. Sine values and slopes are stored in read-only memory (rom) for coarse upper phase bits in a first quadrant.
|Collecting and providing information online|
Online posts may be categorized or sorted by poster's geographic location. The posts may also be categorized or sorted by post mood polarity.
|Steering apparatus for a steered vehicle|
A steering apparatus comprises a rotatable steering shaft and a sensor which senses angular movement of the steering shaft. An electromagnetic actuator actuates a stop mechanism to releasable engage the steering shaft.
|Systems and methods for enhancing or affecting neural stimulation efficiency and/or efficacy|
Systems and methods for enhancing or affecting neural stimulation efficiency and/or efficacy are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system and/or method may apply electromagnetic stimulation to a patient's nervous system over a first time domain according to a first set of stimulation parameters, and over a second time domain according to a second set of stimulation parameters.
|Multipurpose rotation structure|
Disclosed herein is a multipurpose rotation structure which is installed indoors or outdoors to be utilized for multiple purposes such as experience teaching tools by using repelling force between magnets disposed in an outer ring frame having the shape of a ring and in a weight body rotating in an inner space of the outer ring frame, by particularly using repelling force between magnets disposed in a weight body and a second weight body placed on the same guide ring, or by using repelling force between magnets disposed in an outer ring frame and an inner ring frame that are opposite to each other with respect to a weight body, or by using attractive force and repulsive force between magnets while sequentially changing the polarity of electromagnets disposed in an outer ring frame and an inner ring frame.. .
|Individual cell for a battery, and a battery|
A single cell for a battery includes an electrode foil stack situated in a housing formed from two enveloping metal sheets and a frame that electrically insulates the two enveloping metal sheets from one another. Current discharge tabs of electrode foils of one polarity are connected to one another to form a pole contact, and the respective pole contact is connected to an enveloping metal sheet, and an enveloping metal sheet in each case forms an electrical pole of the single cell.
|Method for forming a protective coating with enhanced adhesion between layers|
A method for forming a protective coating on a substrate comprising, applying a bond coating to the substrate, the bond coating having a first surface roughness, ionizing an inert gas which flows into the surface of the bond coating so as to impart a second surface roughness to the bond coating greater than the first surface roughness, wherein the inert gas is ionized and caused to flow into the surface of the bond coating by a reverse polarity current supplied to an electrode which removes at least one electron from the inert gas, and applying a top coating to the bond coating. Additionally, a method for preparing a surface to receive and adhere to a coating comprising roughening the surface to create a micro-roughening network on the surface.
|Virtual field buffer based decoding|
Aspects of virtual field buffer based decoding are described. In one embodiment, a current picture field is read from a coded picture buffer comprising coded pictures of video, for example.
|Substrate and terminals for power module and power module including the same|
According to example embodiments, a substrate for a power module includes first to third parts spaced apart from each other, where the third part surrounds the first and second parts, and a conductive layer on the first to third parts. A terminal of a first polarity is connected to the first part, and a terminal of a second polarity is connected to the second part.
|Spintronic oscillator, and use thereof in radiofrequency devices|
An oscillator is provided including a nanopillar and current injector for injecting a power supply current through the nanopillar, the nanopillar including at least one pattern including first and second layers made from a ferromagnetic material separated from each other by an intermediate layer made from a non-magnetic material. Each of the first and second ferromagnetic layers is prepared such that its remanent magnetic configuration corresponds to a vortex configuration and the polarity of the vortex core of the first layer is opposite the polarity of the vortex core of the second layer.
|Dcm and pfm management|
The present invention relates to a voltage regulating device comprising a power stage (30) comprising an inductor (l) between a first node (p1) and a second node (p2); a first switch (a) between the first node (pi) and a power supply node (p3) for which the potential (vbat) is non-zero and of constant polarity; a first capacitor (cneg) between a node (p5) at a reference potential and a second switch (b) coupled to the first node (p1); a second capacitor (cpos) between a node (p7) at the reference potential and a third switch (c) coupled to the second node (p2); a fourth switch (d) between the second node (p2) and a node (p8) at the reference potential; a fifth switch (e) between the first node (p1 and a node (p9) at the reference potential; a first output (p4) for delivering a first voltage corresponding to the voltage at the terminals of the first capacitor (cneg); a second output (p6) for delivering a second voltage corresponding to the voltage at the terminals of the second capacitor (cpos); the power stage further comprises at least one comparator (40, 41) arranged to detect an inversion of the current in the inductor and the power stage is further arranged to close the fourth and fifth switches and to open the first, second and third switches upon detection of an inversion of the current in the inductor.. .
|Tandem series coupled implantable subcutaneous cardioverter defibrillators and method|
An implantable subcutaneous cardioverter defibrillator system for therapeutically stimulating a portion of a patient's body. First and second implantable subcutaneous cardioverter defibrillators are coupled together with a conductor.
|Supercritical carbon dioxide-assisted solid-phase grafting modifiction method for polypropylene|
A supercritical carbon dioxide-assisted solid-phase grafting modification method for polypropylene, comprises swelling polypropylene for 0.5 to 10 hours in supercritical carbon dioxide having dissolved vinyl monomer and an initiator, then slowly relieving the pressure; moving the polypropylene that has undergone the swelling process into a reaction kettle, and adding xylene as an interface agent, the mass of xylene being 1% of the polypropylene; increasing the temperature to between 65° c. And 165° c.
|Magnetic construction system and method|
A magnetic construction system comprised of plural multi-shaped structural bodies each containing one or more captured magnets, wherein each magnet is free to rotate within its respective retaining pocket to align in magnetic polarity with rotatable magnets in adjacent structural bodies. Surface geometry around each magnet may include a radial detent feature which provides lateral and rotational stability between magnetically coupled structural bodies, or a radial recess which allows free rotation of respective structural bodies about the polar axis of magnetic coupling..
|Power source apparatus and image forming apparatus|
A power source apparatus includes a transformer configured to output a voltage, a feedback unit configured to output a feedback signal based on the voltage output from the transformer, and a driving unit configured to drive the transformer according to a setting signal for setting the output voltage and the feedback signal. Whichever of a voltage of positive polarity and a voltage of negative polarity is output, the feedback unit controls the voltage output according to a value of a difference between the output voltage and a threshold value..
|Read circuit for memory|
Embodiments are directed to detecting a state of a memory element in a memory device, comprising: applying a pulse of a predetermined magnitude and duration to the memory element to induce a transition in the state of the memory element when a polarity of the pulse is opposite to the state, monitoring, by a device, a signal associated with the memory element to detect a presence or absence of a transition in the signal in an amount greater than a threshold, and determining the state of the memory element based on said monitoring.. .
|System and method for producing magnetic structures|
A magnetizer for magnetizing magnetic field sources into a magnetizable material includes a magnetization subsystem, a motion control system, and a magnetizer control system. The magnetization subsystem includes a magnetizing inductor comprising a plurality of flat conductor layers and a plurality of insulating layers that form multiple turns of a coil having an aperture and a magnetization circuitry for applying a current to the magnetizing inductor to generate a magnetizing field having a high magnetic flux density in and near said aperture that is sufficient to magnetize said magnetizable material and having a low magnetic flux density elsewhere that is insufficient to substantially magnetize said magnetizable material.
|Area-efficient high voltage bipolar-based esd protection targeting narrow design windows|
An area-efficient, high voltage, single polarity esd protection device (300) is provided which includes an p-type substrate (303); a first p-well (308-1) formed in the substrate and sized to contain n+ and p+ contact regions (310, 312) that are connected to a cathode terminal; a second, separate p-well (308-2) formed in the substrate and sized to contain only a p+ contact region (311) that is connected to an anode terminal; and an electrically floating n-type isolation structure (304, 306, 307-2) formed in the substrate to surround and separate the first and second semiconductor regions. When a positive voltage exceeding a triggering voltage level is applied to the cathode and anode terminals, the esd protection device triggers an inherent thyristor into a snap-back mode to provide a low impedance path through the structure for discharging the esd current..
|Liquid crystal display device and driving method thereof|
Disclosed is a liquid crystal display device and a driving method thereof for displaying an image, in which the polarity of a voltage applied to the liquid crystal element is inverted in a first frame period and a second frame period which are sequential. The voltage applied to the liquid crystal element is compensated in the case where images of the first frame period and the second frame period are judged as a still image as a result of comparison of the image of the first frame period with the image of the second frame period and the absolute value of the voltage applied to the liquid crystal element in the first frame period is different from that of the voltage applied to the liquid crystal element in the second frame period..
|Method of dynamic charge sharing for a display device|
In a method of dynamic charge sharing for a display device, it is determined whether a current line of a data driver has polarity inverted from a preceding line. Charge sharing is performed globally, if it is determined that the current line is polarity inverted from the preceding line.
|Magnetism detection device and magnetism detection method|
The present invention relates to a magnetism detection device. First and second switch units switch a direction of a current flown from a bias generating unit across two opposite terminals of four terminals of a hall sensor, and switch a direction of a voltage to be available in remaining two opposite terminals in the direction orthogonal to the direction of the current, respectively, so that in a first period, a polarity of a hall electromotive force is a first polarity and a polarity of the hall offset voltage alternates four times, and in a second period, the polarity of the hall electromotive force is a second polarity opposite to the first polarity and the polarity of the hall offset voltage alternates four times..
|Method of manufacture for nitride semiconductor light emitting element, wafer, and nitride semiconductor light emitting element|
In a method of manufacture for a nitride semiconductor light emitting element including: a monocrystalline substrate; and an aln layer; and a first nitride semiconductor layer of a first electrical conductivity type; and a light emitting layer made of an algan-based material; and a second nitride semiconductor layer of a second electrical conductivity type, a step of forming the aln layer includes: a first step of supplying an al source gas and a n source gas into the reactor to generate a group of mn crystal nuclei having al-polarity to be a part of the aln layer on the surface of the monocrystalline substrate; and a second step of supplying the al source gas and the n source gas into the reactor to form the aln layer, after the first step.. .
|Method for using a photodetector having a bandwidth tuned honeycomb cell photodiode structure|
A photodetector with a bandwidth-tuned cell structure is provided. The photodetector is fabricated from a semiconductor substrate that is heavily doped with a first dopant.
|Magnetic hinge system|
A magnetic hinge system includes a first component that is associated with a first object, a second component that is associated with a second object, and an axle. The first component includes a first hole and a first magnetic structure having a first plurality of magnetic source regions having a first polarity pattern.
|Inorganic oxide transparent dispersion, resin composition used to form transparent composite, transparent composite, and optical member|
An inorganic oxide transparent dispersion, a resin composition used to form a transparent composite, a transparent composite, and an optical member which can improve the optical characteristics and mechanical characteristics of resins while maintaining the transparency of the resins are provided by uniformly dispersing inorganic oxide particles in a high-polarity solvent. The inorganic oxide transparent dispersion contains inorganic oxide particles which are modified using a surface modifier and have an average dispersed particle diameter in a range of 1 nm to 50 nm, a high-polarity solvent which dissolves resins and does not easily erode curable resins obtained by curing the resins, and a basic substance, and the high-polarity solvent is any one or two of alcohols and ethers..
|Method for operating a uwb device|
The method for operating a uwb device having at least one transmitting antenna and/or at least one receiving antenna comprises the following steps: controlling the transmitting antenna (12) or the receiving antenna (12′) with a control pulse signal (13,13′) having a sequence of substantially sinusoidal pulses of alternating polarity and differing amplitudes and particularly having the waveform of a fifth-order gaussian pulse signal, wherein the transmitting antenna (12) can be alternately supplied with current pulses of differing polarity and differing magnitude by switching on and off first electronic switch units (16) that are coupled to the transmitting antenna (12) and have resistances associated with the amplitudes of the pulses to be generated, wherein each first switch unit (16) has a specifiable, particularly equal, number of first switching transistors (18,19), each having substantially identical on-state resistance values (r), wherein the resistance of a first switch unit is adjusted either by using only one of the first switching transistors (18,19) or by using a plurality of first switching transistors (18,19) connected in parallel, and wherein the first switch units (16) are controlled sequentially according to a specifiable temporal schema and each for a control time interval of a predetermined length.. .
An electromagnetic relay includes multiple contact sets each including a fixed contact and a movable contact displaceable in a first direction to approach the fixed contact and in a second direction to move away from the fixed contact; multiple permanent magnets each provided on the peripheral side of a corresponding one of the contact sets and having a polarity direction perpendicular to the first and second directions; and multiple ferromagnetic bodies parallel to the polarity directions of the permanent magnets and the first and second directions, wherein in a dc electric current flowing through each of the contact sets, the direction of a force exerted based on the permanent magnet is equal to the direction of a force exerted based on the ferromagnetic body.. .
A rotatable magnetic coupler includes disc carrying, circumferentially spaced magnets arranged in rows on a first side of the disc. The magnets are oriented such that one pole of a first magnetic polarity from each magnet faces outwardly from the disc rotation axis while the other pole of a second magnetic polarity for each magnet faces inwardly toward the axis of rotation.
|Systems and methods providing low current regulation for ac arc welding processes|
Systems and methods providing low current regulation for ac arc welding processes to regulate arc welding performance. In arc welding power source embodiments, configurations of bridge and arc regulation circuits allow for the directional switching of the welding output current through the welding output circuit path and induce a voltage between the electrode and the workpiece of the welding output circuit path that is sufficient to re-ignite the arc during polarity transition of the output current.
|Method for producing an organised network of semiconductor nanowires, in particular made of zno|
A method of forming an organized network of zno nanowires including the steps of obtaining, on a substrate, a zno layer of zn polarity, by epitaxial growth at low temperature, advantageously in the range from 400° c. To 650° c., and advantageously in the presence of dioxygen (o2); forming, on this layer, a mask provided with openings for the subsequent growth of nanorods; epitaxially growing zno nanorods..
|Combination device and methods for treating congestive heart failure and stroke|
According to some embodiments, the present invention provides a device, system, and methods for treating a plurality of conditions in a patient, where the device, system, and methods provide a stimulation signal for each condition, wherein each stimulation signal has one or more of polarity, direction, and pulse patterns selected for the respective condition. According to some embodiments, the conditions comprise congestive heart failure and stroke..
|Electric storage device and manufacturing method thereof|
Provided is an electric storage device including: a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate having a polarity opposite to that of the first electrode plate, and a separator interposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate, wherein the first electrode plate includes a current collector, a conductive layer laminated onto the current collector, and a mixture layer laminated onto the conductive layer, the mixture layer contains a binder and primary particles of an active material as its constituents, and the primary particles as a constituent of the mixture layer are partially retained in the conductive layer.. .
|Electric storage device and manufacturing method thereof|
Provided is an electric storage device including: a first electrode plate; a second electrode plate having a polarity opposite to that of the first electrode plate; and a separator interposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate, wherein the first electrode plate includes a current collector and a mixture layer laminated onto the current collector, the mixture layer contains at least one of the binder and the conductive additive, primary particles of an active material, and secondary particles each having a hollow region formed therein by aggregation of a plurality of the primary particles, and the at least one of the binder and the conductive additive is partially distributed in the hollow region.. .
|Non-volatile storage system using opposite polarity programming signals for mim memory cell|
A reversible resistance-switching metal-insulator-metal (mim) stack is provided which can be set to a low resistance state with a first polarity signal and reset to a higher resistance state with a second polarity signal. The first polarity signal is opposite in polarity than the second polarity signal.
|Driving circuit and method for driving a display|
In one aspect of the invention, a driving circuit for driving a display having pixels spatially arranged in a matrix form, includes an input interface for processing input image signals into pixel signals associated with the pixel matrix and grayscales of the display; a timing controller for generating a polarity control signal; a pair of multiplexors electrically coupled to the input interface for receiving the pixel signals therefrom and controlled by the polarity control signal for selecting transmitting paths of the parallel pixel signals; a data register electrically coupled to the pair of multiplexors for stored the pixel signals including its transmitting paths determined by the polarity control signal; and a source driver having a latch array electrically coupled to the data register for receiving the stored pixel signals therefrom, the source driver configured to write the stored pixel signals into the pixel matrix according to the polarity control signal.. .
|Self testing fault circuit apparatus and method|
A process for self testing a fault circuit includes disabling an actuator, performing a self test by creating a simulated fault signal across at least a portion of a half cycle of a first polarity and across at least a portion of a hall cycle of a second polarity, and determining whether the self test was successful.. .
|Magnetic drive apparatus|
A primary disc and the secondary discs are each fitted with magnetic means, typically in the form of permanent magnets of the same polarity, located along a radial line from the centre point of the discs, and arranged generally transverse to the axis of rotation of the respective disc. These magnets are also located at or adjacent to the periphery of the disc(s).
Two flow passages are provided for allowing the passage of air sent out from a blower in the same direction individually and discharging the air to outside. An ion generation unit for generating positive ions by only corona discharge is arranged at one flow passage, and an ion generation unit for generating electrostatic atomized water particles with negative polarity by electrostatic atomizing phenomenon is arranged at the other flow passage.
|Wireless charger circuit and method|
A charging system for a mobile device includes a transmitter and a receiver. The transmitter includes (a) a first interface to a power source; (b) a second interface to the receiver; (c) a polarity detection circuit for detecting polarities of the; and (d) first and second switches controlled by the polarity detection circuit, wherein each switch selectively connects a terminal of the first interface to a terminal of the second interface.
|Polarity switching flow battery system and method|
A flow battery system and method are provided. The flow battery system may include a feed system feeding positive electrolyte from a first storage tank to a positive inlet of a battery stack and negative electrolyte from a second storage tank to a negative inlet of the battery stack, a return system returning charged electrolyte from the battery stack to the first and second storage tanks, and a controller to selectively control at least one of the feed system and the return system so positive electrolyte, from the first storage tank, is applied a negative charge by the battery stack and then returned by the return system to the second storage tank, and so negative electrolyte, from the second storage tank, is applied a positive charge by the battery stack and then returned by the return system to the first storage tank..
|Receiver with dual clock recovery circuits|
A receiver derives the desired data sampling clock phase by averaging the phase information of transitions before and after a data eye. The average of the phase information reduces data clock phase error due to variations in the phases of transitions in received data signals depending on the polarity and positions of the transitions..
|Apparatus for converting terminal polarity for r s communication|
An apparatus for converting terminal polarity for rs communication includes a comparator configured to discriminate polarities of a first signal line and a second signal line by comparing voltage levels indicated on the first and second signal lines of a cable for rs-485 communication, a switch unit configured to connect a trxd+ terminal to the first signal line and connect a trxd− terminal to the second signal line, or to connect a trxd+ terminal to the second signal line or connect a trxd− terminal to the first signal line in response to a provided switch control signal, and a switch controller configured to transmit the switch control signal to the switch unit in response to a polarity discrimination result by the comparator relative to the first signal line and the second signal line.. .
|System and method for affecting flux of multi-pole magnetic structures|
A shunt plate is provided that is associated with a first side of a multi-pole magnetic structure. The shunt plate provides a magnetic short between opposite polarity magnetic sources on the first side of said magnetic structure, the magnetic short causing a magnetic flux of said opposite polarity magnetic sources to be routed from said first side of the magnetic structure through said magnetic structure to the second side of said magnetic structure.
|Generator having variable power generation|
The present invention is disclosed a generator having variable power generation in which a plurality of rotors are inserted into one rotating shaft, a central connecting shaft of one rotor is detachably provided to one end of a connecting shaft of another rotor, magnets respectively arranged on ends of the two connecting shafts adjacent to each other are arranged to allow surfaces thereof having the same polarity to oppose each other, thereby spacing the two rotors apart from each other through a repelling force between the magnets, and when an external pressure greater than or equal to the repelling force between the two magnets is applied in the shaft direction, the connecting shafts of the two rotors are coupled to each other to transmit a rotational force to both of the two rotors, thereby generating power and successively increasing the power generation in accordance with the external environment.. .
|Power supply device for electric discharge machining|
In a power supply device for electric discharge machining, the polarity of the voltage to be applied is determined on the basis of a result of determination whether the machining gap is in open state or not, an average value of voltages applied across the machining gap voltage during machining, and the number of successive open states with the same polarity. This eliminates the need to significantly vary the voltages to be applied from positive to negative and from negative to positive, thereby reducing the output energy required by the machining power supply..
A dust remover which comprises a power supply and an electrode applied with voltage by said power supply. The dust attached to the object of dust removal is removed therefrom by bringing the electrode into contact with the object of dust removal or approaching toward the object of dust removal.
|Mechanism for facilitating dynamic cancellation of signal crosstalk in differential input/output channels|
A mechanism is described for facilitating dynamic cancellation of signal crosstalk in input/output differential channels according to one embodiment. A method of embodiments may include detecting crosstalk between a first differential signal channel pair (“differential pair”) and a second differential pair of a plurality of differential pairs at a computing system, and switching polarity relating to the first transmission links of the first differential pair to cancel out the crosstalk with the second differential pair..
|Apparatus for therapeutic treatment with pulsed resonant electromagnetic waves|
An apparatus for therapeutic treatment with electromagnetic waves comprising a control circuit configured for generating a signal to be transmitted to an antenna for the generation of electromagnetic waves. The signal comprises a plurality of base pulses grouped in pulse packets and pulse trains, where each pulse packet consists of a series of base pulses followed by a first pause, and where each pulse train consists of a series of pulse packets followed by a second pause.
|Avalanche photodiode with special lateral doping concentration|
Avalanche photodiodes having special lateral doping concentration that reduces dark current without causing any loss of optical signals and method for the fabrication thereof are described. In one aspect, an avalanche photodiode comprises: a substrate, a first contact layer coupled to at least one metal contract of a first electrical polarity, an absorption layer, a doped electric control layer having a central region and a circumferential region surrounding the central region, a multiplication layer having a partially doped central region, and a second contract layer coupled to at least one metal contract of a second electrical polarity.
|Photoresist pattern trimming methods|
Provided are methods of trimming a photoresist pattern. The methods comprise: (a) providing a semiconductor substrate; (b) forming a photoresist pattern on the substrate, wherein the photoresist pattern is formed from a chemically amplified photoresist composition comprising: a matrix polymer comprising an acid labile group; a photoacid generator; and a solvent; (c) coating a photoresist trimming composition on the substrate over the photoresist pattern, wherein the trimming composition comprises: a matrix polymer, an aromatic acid that is free of fluorine; and a solvent; (d) heating the coated substrate, thereby causing a change in polarity of the photoresist matrix polymer in a surface region of the photoresist pattern; and (e) contacting the photoresist pattern with a rinsing agent to remove the surface region of the photoresist pattern, thereby forming a trimmed photoresist pattern.
|Electrode assembly of stair-like structure|
Disclosed herein is an electrode assembly mounted in a battery case of a secondary battery. The electrode assembly is configured to have a structure in which a cathode and an anode are stacked in a state in which a separator plate is disposed between the cathode and the anode.
|Write method for writing to variable resistance nonvolatile memory element and variable resistance nonvolatile memory device|
A write method for writing to a variable resistance nonvolatile memory element, comprising applying a set of strong recovery-voltage pulses at least once to the variable resistance nonvolatile memory element when it is determined that the resistance state of the variable resistance nonvolatile memory element fails to change to a second resistance state, remaining in a first resistance state, the set of strong recovery-voltage pulses including pulses: (1) a first strong recovery-voltage pulse which has a greater amplitude than a normal second voltage for changing the resistance state to the first resistance state, and has the same polarity as the second voltage; and (2) a second strong recovery-voltage pulse which follows the first strong recovery-voltage pulse and has a longer pulse width than the pulse width of the normal first voltage for changing the resistance state to the second resistance state, and has the same polarity as the first voltage.. .
|Method for driving liquid crystal panel, method for testing flicker and liquid crystal display apparatus|
A method for driving a liquid crystal panel, a method for testing flicker and a liquid crystal display apparatus are disclosed. They relate to the technical field of liquid crystal display.
|Method of controlling polarity of data voltage and liquid crystal display using the same|
Discussed herein is a method of controlling polarity of a data voltage and a liquid crystal display using the same, the method including calculating a direct current dc value of the data from each group which data to be output through i-channels adjacent to each other in a source drive ic belong; accumulating the dc value; comparing an absolute value of the accumulation dc value of the n-th group obtained by adding the accumulation dc value of the n−1-th group accumulated up to the n−1-th group to the dc value of the n-th group (n is positive integer) with a predetermined threshold value; and changing a group polarity data when the absolute value of the accumulation dc value of the n-th group exceeds the threshold value.. .
|Correlated magnetic system and method|
An improved magnetic system includes a first magnetic structure comprising a first plurality of magnetic sources having a first polarity pattern, a second magnetic structure comprising a second plurality of magnetic sources having a second polarity pattern and at least one mechanical support structure. The first magnetic structure is movable relative to the second magnetic structure.
|Switch driving circuit, inverter apparatus and power steering apparatus|
A switch driving circuit electrically opens and closes a switch circuit including two n-channel type semiconductor switching elements series connected in a reverse direction, thereby electrically opening and closing a path between a dc power supply and an inverter circuit. The switch driving circuit has a reference potential point in common with the inverter circuit and supplies an opening/closing control signal to the switch circuit.