|| List of recent Polarity-related patents
| Process for the in situ activation of zinc metal|
A non-carcinogenic process for the activation of zinc metal in a medium polarity solvent, wherein said zinc metal is activated by the reaction thereof with a halogen and a lithium compound selected from lithium halides and lithium pseudohalides, the use of said activated zinc metal for the preparation of an organozinc halide of formula r—znx, and a process for the preparation of compounds obtainable by the reaction of said organozinc halide of formula r—znx with compounds having functionality enabling them to react with said organozinc halide.. .
| Electrical energy storage module and method for producing an electrical energy storage module|
The invention relates to an electrical energy storage module, comprising at least one storage cell stack (7) that has a plurality of groups of first planar parallel energy storage cells (1), each having first electrode elements (1a), and a plurality of groups of second planar parallel energy storage cells (2) arranged planar parallel to the group of first energy storage cells (1), said second groups each having second electrode elements (2a). The groups of first and second energy storage cells (1; 2) are arranged alternately along a first direction of extension of the storage cell stack (7) and the first electrode elements (1 a) have a polarity on a side face of the storage cell stack (7) that is different from the second electrode elements (2a) on the side face of the storage cell stack (7).
| Image forming apparatus|
An image forming apparatus includes: a first image bearing member (drum); a second drum; a transfer belt; a first transfer member provided correspondingly to the first drum via the transfer belt; a second transfer member provided correspondingly to the second drum via the transfer belt; a high-voltage power source; and a controller. After an image is continuously formed on transfer materials by applying, to the first transfer member, a voltage of a predetermined polarity from the power source in a state that the first transfer member contacts the transfer belt and the second transfer member is spaced from the transfer belt, the controller executes an adjusting operation in which a voltage of a polarity opposite to the predetermined polarity is applied from the power source to the first transfer member in a state that the second transfer member is spaced from the transfer belt..
| Circuit arrangement and method for bidirectional data transmission|
A transformer arrangement for signal transmission is provided, the transformer arrangement having at least one transformer with a primary coil and a secondary coil and a controller. The controller is configured in a magnetization phase to control a first current to flow through the primary coil to increase until a predefined criterion is fulfilled, wherein the magnetization phase is longer than a time constant of the primary coil of the at least one transformer.
| Light source module|
A light source module includes a substrate, a circuit, at least one first light source unit, and at least one second light source. The circuit is disposed on the substrate and includes a first signal channel and a second signal channel.
| Liquid crystal display device|
According to one embodiment, a liquid crystal display device includes array substrate, counter substrate and liquid crystal layer. The array substrate includes a plurality of pixel electrodes, a plurality of gate lines, a plurality of source lines, a plurality of switching elements, a gate driver, and a source driver.
| Liquid crystal display device|
A liquid crystal display device includes: a first image signal generating unit for acquiring an image signal and for generating a first image signal in which at least a part of the pixel drive values are reduced; a second image signal generating unit for acquiring the image signal and for generating a second image signal in which at least a part of the pixel drive values are increased; a display signal selection unit for selecting one of the first image signal and the second image signal as a display signal; and a polarity control unit for controlling a polarity of the display signal. The polarity control unit inverts the polarity of the display signal.
| Source driver apparatus and driving method of display panel|
A source driver apparatus configured to drive a display panel is provided. The source driver apparatus includes a data operation circuit and a pixel driving circuit.
| Display device and method for driving the same|
Provided is a display device capable of switching a refresh rate while suppressing deterioration in display quality and degradation in liquid crystal. In the case of switching the refresh rate from 60 hz to 7.5 hz, a transition period for gradually changing the refresh rate from 60 hz to 7.5 hz is provided between a 60-hz period and a 7.5-hz period.
| Micro-electro-mechanical system (mems) structure and design structures|
Micro-electro-mechanical system (mems) structures, methods of manufacture and usage, and design structures are disclosed herein. The method includes applying a first voltage polarity to an actuator of a micro-electro-mechanical system (mems) structure to place the mems structure in a predetermined state for a first operating condition.
| Inspection apparatus and inspection method|
In accordance with an embodiment, an inspection apparatus includes an electron beam applying unit, a voltage applying unit, a substantially flat component with a lattice pattern, and a first detector. The electron beam applying unit generates an electron beam and applies the electron beam to a sample at a first voltage.
| Smart vehicle rescue battery apparatus|
A smart vehicle rescue battery apparatus includes a battery unit, a first switch unit, a second switch unit, a third switch unit, a fourth switch unit, a control unit and a voltage polarity detection unit. The first switch unit and the fourth switch unit are turned on, when the connection between the first switch unit and the third switch unit is judged to be a positive pole and when the connection between the second switch unit and the fourth switch unit is judged to be a negative pole.
| Hybrid excitation rotating electrical machine|
A hybrid excitation rotating electrical machine configured with a rotor having a shaft extended on at least one side in an axial direction, and first and second cores that are separated in the axial direction with a gap between the cores. First magnetic poles that are excited by a permanent magnet and second magnetic poles that are not excited by the permanent magnet are alternately arranged in a circumferential direction in each of the first and second cores.
| Scalable orthogonal spin transfer magnetic random access memory devices with reduced write error rates|
A magnetic device includes a pinned polarizing magnetic layer having a magnetic vector parallel to a plane of the pinned polarizing magnetic layer. The magnetic device also includes a free layer, separated from the polarizing magnetic layer by a first non-magnetic layer, having a magnetization vector with a changeable magnetization direction.
| Lateral diode compatible with finfet and method to fabricate same|
A structure includes a fin having first end and second ends and a substantially intrinsic portion between the first and second ends. The structure further includes a first region of doped semiconductor material disposed on the first end of the fin and a second region of doped semiconductor material disposed on the second end of the fin.
| Lateral diode compatible with finfet and method to fabricate same|
A method to fabricate a diode device includes providing a fin structure formed in a soi layer. The fin structure has a sacrificial gate structure disposed on the fin structure between a first end of the fin structure and a second end of the fin structure.
| System and method for delivering sprayed particles by electrospraying|
A spraying device for producing a spray of particles in a carrier gas at ambient pressure, includes a storage volume for a liquid substance; at least one nozzle having an inlet and an outlet, the nozzle inlet fluidly communicating with the storage volume; a counter electrode; an electric supply coupled between the at least one nozzle and counter electrode for providing a first potential and create a first electric field between the nozzle outlet and the counter electrode. The device further includes at least one discharge electrode coupled to the electric supply for providing a second potential between the discharge electrode and the counter electrode, the polarity of the second potential being opposite to the polarity of the first potential.
| System and method for electrowetting actuation utilizing diodes|
An electrowetting system and method for the movement of a droplet across the surface of a substrate, utilizing an applied voltage. The actuation of the droplet is achieved by introducing a diode into the idealized electrical circuit of the electrowetting system.
|Method for etching a group iii nitride semiconductor, method for producing a group iii nitride semiconductor crystal, and method for producing a gan substrate|
A mask layer is formed on a ga polarity surface of the gan substrate as a growth substrate. Subsequently, a protective film pf is formed on a n polarity surface of the gan substrate.
|Method for producing multipolar cell|
This invention provides a multipolar cell including three or more centrosomes dispersed therein and a multipolar spindle formed so as to extend from the three or more respective centrosomes. The multipolar cell production method provided by the present invention supplies cultured eukaryotic cells with a synthetic peptide as a multipolarity-inducing peptide, with the synthetic peptide having an amino acid sequence selected from seq id no: 1 to seq id no: 10 or an amino acid sequence formed by substituting, deleting and/or adding one, two or three amino acid residues in/from/to the selected amino acid sequence.
|Resist composition and method for forming resist pattern|
A resist composition including a high-molecular weight compound having a constituent unit represented by general formula (a0-1), a constituent unit (a1) containing a group containing a monocyclic group or a chain group among acid decomposable groups whose polarity increases by action of acid, a constituent unit (a1′) containing a group containing a polycyclic group among acid decomposable groups whose polarity increases by the action of an acid, and a constituent unit (a2) containing a lactone-containing monocyclic group, with a proportion of the constituent unit (a1) being equal to a proportion of the constituent unit (a1′) or more; and a method for forming a resist pattern using the resist composition.. .
|Image forming apparatus|
An image forming apparatus includes: an image carrier; a transfer belt facing a surface of the image carrier, forming a nip serving as a transfer position with the image carrier, and configured to transfer a toner image formed on the surface of the image carrier to a recording paper sheet with a transfer bias of opposite polarity to the surface of the image carrier; a fixing section configured to heat the sheet having the transferred toner image thereon to fix the toner image; and a static eliminator disposed downstream of the transfer position in a direction of conveyance of the sheet and configured to expose a back surface of the sheet opposite to the surface having the transferred toner image thereon to a dc discharge having the same polarity as the transfer bias and directed toward a position where the sheet separates from the transfer belt.. .
|Multi-way coaxial loudspeaker with internal magnet motor and permanent magnet cylinder|
A loudspeaker includes a woofer having a first permanent magnet disposed substantially within a center pole having an associated magnetic polarity and generating a flux path through an air gap, a voice coil at least partially positioned in the air gap and having an inside diameter larger than an outside diameter of the first permanent magnet, a frame, a spider connecting the voice coil to the frame, and a diaphragm connected between the voice coil and the frame. A tweeter is generally coaxially positioned relative to the woofer and includes a second permanent magnet.
|Electric storage device and method for manufacturing the same|
An electric storage device having a multilayer body in which a separator layer is provided between a positive or negative first electrode and a second electrode of the opposite polarity to the first electrode, an electrolyte, and a package that holds the multilayer body and the electrolyte, and includes at least two first-polarity compound sheets, each configured by integrating a first-polarity collector electrode, a first-polarity active material layer provided on one main surface of the first-polarity collector electrode, and a separator layer that covers at least part of the one main surface. Another main surface of the first-polarity collector electrode in one of the at least two first-polarity compound sheets and another main surface of the first-polarity collector electrode in another of the first-polarity compound sheets are opposed to each other and joined via a joining layer.
|Load driving device|
A load driving method includes bringing an output transistor disposed between a first power supply line and an output terminal connected to a load into a conduction state by a protection transistor provided between a gate of the output transistor and a second power supply line when a polarity of a power supply coupled between the first power supply line and the second power supply lines is reversed, and forming a conductive path between the second power supply line and a back gate of the protection transistor via a transistor by a back gate control circuit when the polarity of the power supply is normal, the back gate control circuit including the transistor, a gate of the transistor being coupled to the first power supply line directly via a connection node located in a connecting line that couples the first power supply line and the output transistor, the transistor being coupled between the second power supply line and the back gate of the protection transistor.. .
|Linear vibration modules and linear-resonant vibration modules|
The current application is directed to various types of linear vibrational modules, including linear-resonant vibration modules, that can be incorporated in a wide variety of appliances, devices, and systems to provide vibrational forces. The vibrational forces are produced by linear oscillation of a weight or member, in turn produced by rapidly alternating the polarity of one or more driving electromagnets.
|Magnetoelastic torque sensor and method|
The invention provides a method for reducing the noise in a signal from a torque sensor caused by near magnetic field sources. The torque sensor comprises: a at least partially hollow longitudinally extending member, a magneto-elastically active region effective at the inner surface of the member in such a manner that torque applied to the member is proportionally transmitted to the active region, the active region comprising at least one region magnetically polarized such that the magnetized polarity becomes increasingly helically shaped as the applied torque increases; a plurality of primary magnetic field sensors arranged approximate the at least one region for outputting a first signal corresponding to a torque-dependent magnetic flux emanating from the active region; at least one secondary magnetic field sensor axially spaced in a first direction by a pre-determined first distance from the plurality of primary magnetic field sensors for outputting a second signal corresponding to an ambient magnetic flux emanating from a near magnetic field source; at least one secondary magnetic field sensor axially spaced in a second direction opposite the first direction by a pre-determined second distance from the plurality of primary magnetic field sensors for outputting a third signal corresponding to the ambient magnetic flux emanating from the near magnetic field source; means for adjusting the first signal using the second and the third signals thereby compensating for the effects of the near magnetic field source, characterized in that the primary and secondary magnetic field sensors are arranged inside the longitudinally extending member..
|Topic-specific sentiment extraction|
One or more embodiments of techniques or systems for sentiment extraction are provided herein. From a corpus or group of social media data which includes one or more expressions pertaining to a topic, target topic, or a target, one or more candidate expressions may be extracted.
|Method for preparing composite substrate used for gan growth|
A method for preparing a composite substrate for gan growth includes: growing a gan monocrystal epitaxial layer on a sapphire substrate, bonding the gan epitaxial layer onto a temporary substrate, lifting off the sapphire substrate, bonding the gan epitaxial layer on the temporary substrate with a thermally and electrically conducting substrate, shedding the temporary substrate, and obtaining the composite substrate in which the gan layer having a surface of gallium polarity is bonded to the conducting substrate. If the gan layer on the sapphire substrate is directly bonded to the conducting substrate, after the sapphire substrate is lifted off, a composite substrate in which a gan epitaxial layer having a surface of nitrogen polarity is bonded to the conducting substrate.
|Image forming apparatus|
An image forming apparatus includes an image carrier, a charging member, a transfer member, a cleaning member and a control device configured to switch a first mode and a second mode. When executing the second mode, the control device applies a second charging bias having the same polarity as a first charging bias and having an absolute value smaller than the first charging bias to the charging member, applies a second transfer bias having the same polarity as a first transfer bias and having an absolute value smaller than the first transfer bias to the transfer member, and applies a second cleaning bias having the same polarity as the charged polarity of the toner to the cleaning member and sets a potential difference between a surface potential of the image carrier and the second cleaning bias within a predetermined range..
|Connectors for smart windows|
This disclosure provides connectors for smart windows. A smart window may incorporate an optically switchable pane.
|Optical deflector including separated piezoelectric portions on piezoelectric actuators and its designing method|
In an optical deflector including a mirror, a frame, torsion bars, first and second piezoelectric actuators coupled to both of the torsion bars, and first and second coupling bars, each of the first and second piezoelectric actuators is divided into first, second and third areas in accordance with a polarization polarity distribution obtained by performing a simulation upon the optical deflector where piezoelectric portions with no slits are hypothetically provided in the first and second piezoelectric actuators while a predetermined rocking operation is performed upon the mirror. First piezoelectric portions are formed in the first and third areas of the first piezoelectric actuator, and second piezoelectric portions are formed in the first and third areas of said second piezoelectric actuator.
|Light scanning apparatus, light scanning control apparatus, and light scanning unit|
A light scanning apparatus includes torsion beams supporting a mirror supporting portion on opposite sides of the mirror supporting portion along an axis direction, the mirror supporting portion being swung around the axis direction by the torsion beams; a pair of drive beams sandwiching the mirror and the mirror supporting portion in a direction orthogonal to the axis direction; connection beams that connect mutually facing sides of each drive beam with the torsion beams; and a piezoelectric sensor formed on the connection beams and detecting displacement of the connection beams caused by a swing of the torsion beams around the axis when the mirror swings by a drive voltage, wherein a first bias voltage having a positive or negative polarity is applied to an upper electrode of the piezoelectric sensor, and a second bias voltage having an opposite polarity is applied to a lower electrode.. .
|Drive circuit for liquid crystal display device, and liquid crystal display device|
To reduce luminance unevenness by causing an effective voltage with positive polarity and an effective voltage with negative polarity of auxiliary capacitor lines to be equal to each other, an auxiliary capacitor line voltage-applying circuit 104 of a drive circuit for a liquid crystal display device includes a voltage generator circuit 121 configured to output voltages to be applied to a liquid crystal panel, where the voltages are with polarity being alternately reversed, and current adjustment circuits 121 each configured to adjust at least one of a current flowing out from the output circuit or a current flowing into the output circuit.. .
|Liquid crystal display and display method thereof|
A liquid crystal display includes a plurality of dots arranged in a matrix formed with pixel columns and pixel rows, wherein each of the dots includes at least a pixel and displays a dot of a first resolution image and the dot size is at least 0.018 mm2 and at most 0.16 mm2, wherein each of the pixel columns is supplied with driving signals having the same polarity, wherein when the liquid crystal display receives a second resolution image signal having dots fewer than the first resolution image signal, a dot of a second resolution image is displayed by at least a high gray-level pixel and at least a low gray-level pixel which displays a gray level lower than the high gray-level pixel, and each of the pixel rows is formed by a plurality of the high gray-level pixels or a plurality of the low gray-level pixels.. .
|Display device for displaying images|
A display device includes a printed circuit board, a timing controller, a display panel, a plurality of source drivers, and a plurality of traces. The timing controller is disposed on the printed circuit board for generating a plenty of differential pairs.
|Antenna device and electronic device having the same|
An electronic device with an antenna device is provided. The electronic device include a radiator configured to transmit/receive an electromagnetic wave, a ground portion connected to one end of the radiator, the ground portion configured to conduct current such that a current corresponding to an opposite polarity of a current, which flows in the radiator, flowing in the ground portion, an expanded ground extending from a part of the ground portion, and a ground path extending from the ground portion to a region adjacent to the expanded ground so as to cause current to flow from the ground portion through a current path corresponding to the length of the radiator..
|Multiple output dual-polarity boost converter|
A dual-polarity multiple-output boost converter that includes an inductor coupled in series between a high-side switch and a low-side switch. A first terminal of the inductor is coupled to an output of the high-side switch and the second terminal of the inductor is coupled to an input of the low side switch, with an output of low-side switch being coupled to a reference terminal.
|Permanent magnet-type rotating machine|
A permanent magnet-type rotating machine comprising: a rotor 24 which has permanent magnets 30 disposed thereon; a stator 40 which has electromagnets 48 disposed thereon; a positional information acquisition unit 60 that acquires positional information of permanent magnets 30; and an electromagnet controller 92 that turns on/off the electromagnets 48 based on the positional information, the electromagnet 48 includes a first electromagnetic coil 52 that excites the magnetic pole of the core 50 that faces the magnetic pole of the permanent magnet 30 to a polarity opposite to a polarity of the magnetic pole of the permanent magnet 30 and a second electromagnetic coil 54, that excites the magnetic pole of the core 50 that faces the magnetic pole of the permanent magnet 30 to the same polarity as a polarity of the magnetic pole of the permanent magnet 30, the first electromagnetic coil 52 and the second electromagnetic coil 54 are coaxially arranged, the electromagnet controller 92 turns on the second electromagnetic coil 54 in a period of time from turning on to turning off of the first electromagnetic coil 52 and turns on the first electromagnetic coil 52 before residual magnetism in the core 50 by the second electromagnetic coil 54 becomes zero after the second electromagnetic coil 54 is turned off, based on the positional information.. .
A bypass diode includes a semiconductor substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite to each other, a p electrode as a first conductive type electrode and an n electrode as a second conductive type electrode arranged on the first surface, a back surface electrode arranged on the second surface and having a polarity identical to that of the semiconductor substrate, a first oxide layer arranged on the first surface, and a second oxide layer arranged on the second surface.. .
|Self-cleaning fuel pump|
A method and system for removing contaminants from a filter member positioned on the inlet of a fuel pump with an electric dc motor. The polarity of the motor control circuit is reversed causing the dc motor to run in reverse discharging residual fuel in the fuel pump through the filter member..
|Heat pump hot-water supply device|
A heat pump hot-water supply device includes: a tank; a refrigerant circuit having a water heat exchanger; water conduits; an electrolysis device having an electrode pair provided in a water channel upstream of the water heat exchanger, in a flow channel of water that includes the water conduits; and a control unit that executes a reversal initial operation of reversing the polarity of the electrode pair in the electrolysis device, and discharging, at a position upstream of the water heat exchanger, water that is treated in the electrolysis device during a period after polarity reversal until a predetermined condition is satisfied.. .
|Electronic fine dust separator|
A method and to a device for the electrostatic separation of fine dust particles from gases that flow through a housing (1) containing perforated plates (6) and electrodes (4, 5). An electric field is created between the electrode (4) on the inflow opening side and the electrode or electrodes (5) having positive polarity on the outflow side.
|Ncc-based supramolecular materials for thermoplastic and thermoset polymer composites|
Nanocrystalline cellulose (ncc)-based supramolecular materials, a method for their preparation and their use in thermoplastic and thermoset polymer composites are disclosed. Supramolecular materials of ncc and one or two polymers are synthesized by in situ surface graft copohmerization in a multitude of solvent systems, including water.
|Connectors for smart windows|
This disclosure provides connectors for smart windows. A smart window may incorporate an optically switchable pane.
|Pattern forming method, actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive resin composition, resist film, method for manufacturing electronic device, and electronic device|
There is provided a pattern forming method, including: (a) forming a film by an actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive resin composition containing: (a) a resin capable of increasing polarity by an action of an acid to decrease solubility in an organic solvent-containing developer, (b) a compound capable of generating an acid upon irradiation with an actinic ray or radiation, (c) a solvent, and (d) a resin, which contains substantially no fluorine atom and silicon atom and is other than the resin (a), (b) exposing the film; and (c) performing development using the organic solvent-containing developer to form a negative type pattern, wherein a receding contact angle of water on the film formed by (a) is 70° or more.. .
|Rechargeable battery with wafer current collector and assembly method|
Apparatus and techniques herein related battery plates. For example, a first battery plate can include a conductive silicon wafer.
A rechargeable battery includes a case having an inner space, a first electrode assembly inside the case, a second electrode assembly inside the case, a current collecting member including a first current collecting piece electrically connected to an electrode of the first electrode assembly and a second current collecting piece electrically connected to an electrode of the second electrode assembly, the electrode of the second electrode assembly having a same polarity as the electrode of the first electrode assembly, a first terminal electrically connected to the first current collecting member and protruding outside the case, wherein the first current collecting piece and the second current collecting piece have different lengths.. .
|Method and a device for reproducing low frequency sound in a rectangular room|
For reproducing sound in a rectangular room in association with a video playback screen (10), from audio signals of the kind comprising at least three main channels (2, 3, 4) and a bass effects channel (1), at least five loudspeakers (11, 12, 13, 14, 15) are used that are specialized for reproducing audio frequencies lower than 120 hz, four of which (11, 13, 14, 15) are arranged in four respective corners of the room and at least one of them (12) is arranged in the proximity of the screen. The two loudspeakers (14, 15) arranged in the corners furthest away from the screen receive either a signal constituted by the sum of the signals for the other loudspeakers with polarity inversion, with individual delays, and with lowpass filtering, or else a signal coming from a microphone (23, 25) arranged in the immediate proximity of each of the two loudspeakers (14, 15) concerned, the microphone signal being inverted in polarity and lowpass filtered..
|Apparatus and method for measuring temperature and electrical resistivity of a movable object|
An apparatus for connecting an electrical measurement system, which includes at least a first and a second conductor, to a movable object to measure at least one of a temperature and an electrical resistivity of the movable object includes a first and a second connector, and a first and a second contact wire. The first and the second contact wires are electrically communicable with the first and the second conductors, respectively, and are wound around at least a portion of the first and the second connectors, respectively, such that the first and the second contact wires are engageable with the movable object at a first and a second contact point, respectively.
|Low disturbance, power-consumption, and latency in nand read and program-verify operations|
A hinand array with a hierarchical-bl scheme configured to divide a large global bit line (gbl) capacitance into j number of small local bit line (lbl) capacitances for reducing bit line precharge voltage and discharge time to achieve faster read and program-verify speed, lower power consumption, lower latency, and lower word line disturbance for a reliable dram-like latch sensing. A reduced precharge voltage can be increased by m-fold (m≧2) using a multiplier between each bitline and each latch sense amplifier (sa).
|Predictive pulse width modulation for an open delta h-bridge driven high efficiency ironless permanent magnet machine|
Embodiments of the present method and system permit an effective method for determining the optimum selection of pulse width modulation polarity and type including determining machine parameters, inputting the machine parameters into a predicted duty cycle module, determining the optimum polarity of the pulse width modulation for a predicted duty cycle based on a pulse width modulation generation algorithm, and determining the optimum type of the pulse width modulation for a predicted duty cycle based on the pulse width modulation generation algorithm.. .
|Fan motor driving device, driving method, and cooling device and electronic machine using the same|
A fan motor driving device driven based on a pair of out-of-phase hall signals may include a first driving portion, configured to (i) amplify a difference of the pair of the hall signals with a first polarity and generate a first control signal, and (ii) switch between a driving status and a regeneration status; a second driving portion, configured to (i) amplify the difference of the pair of the hall signals with a second polarity, and generate a second control signal, and (ii) switch between a driving status and a regeneration status; and a regeneration controller, controlling statuses of the first driving portion and the second driving portion, respectively.. .
|Multi-level memory arrays with memory cells that employ bipolar storage elements and methods of forming the same|
In some embodiments, a memory array is provided that includes (1) a first memory cell having (a) a first conductive line; (b) a first bipolar storage element formed above the first conductive line; and (c) a second conductive line formed above the first bipolar storage element; and (2) a second memory cell formed above the first memory cell and having (a) a second bipolar storage element formed above the second conductive line; and (b) a third conductive line formed above the second bipolar storage element. The first and second memory cells share the second conductive line; the first bipolar storage element has a first storage element polarity orientation within the first memory cell; the second bipolar storage element has a second storage element polarity orientation within the second memory cell; and the second storage element polarity orientation is opposite the first storage element polarity orientation.
|Electrical switching device, notably for direct current, equipped with a magnetic module for blowing the electric arc|
An electrical switching device (1) which comprises at least one double breaking pole provided with two fixed contacts (3, 4) that cooperate with two moving contacts (5, 6) arranged so as to move in a breaking plane (p) and define, with every fixed contact, a breaking zone. The device comprises a permanent magnet (11, 12) housed in an insulating holder arranged in the immediate environment, next to each breaking zone, symmetrically with respect to the breaking plane and oriented so as to generate a magnetic excitation vector parallel to the breaking plane (p) so that the induced electromagnetic force (fe) moves and stretches every electric arc (e1, e2), generated when opening the electrical circuit, in a direction perpendicular to the breaking plane (p), leading to the extinction of the electric arc regardless of the polarity of the magnet and/or of the current..
|Polarized electrode for flow-through capacitive deionization|
The polarized electrode flow through capacitor comprises at least one each electrode material, with a pore volume that includes meso and micropores, with contained anionic or cationic groups. The polarized electrodes are in opposite polarity facing pairs, separated by a flow path or flow spacer.
|Automatic current balancing with lock control for a clinician programmer|
A method of programming electrodes includes automatic current balancing and lock control. A virtual representation of a lead is displayed.
|Nanotechnology and other small scale injectable machines with multistage external magnetic and electrostatic actuation|
New nanotechnology and other small-scale devices for performing intravenous medical procedures are provided. In some aspect of the invention, a group of encapsulated injectable machines is delivered intravenously into a bloodstream via a syringe.
|Transfer device and image forming apparatus|
A transfer device includes a transfer member provided so as to be able to revolve, and a voltage application unit. The transfer member has an upper layer and a lower layer arranged in a thickness direction, the upper layer has a larger volume resistivity than the lower layer.
|Polarity configurations for parallel optics data transmission, and related apparatuses, components, systems, and methods|
Fiber optic connection assemblies for rearranging sets of fiber optic signals arranged in one parallel optical configuration into one or more different parallel optical configurations are disclosed. In one arrangement, two (2) data transmission pairs are connected between one multi-fiber connector from each of two connector sets in a first parallel optical configuration using a common set of fiber positions for each multi-fiber connector.
|Power converter control to avoid imbalance and transformer saturation|
A switched-mode power conversion circuit can include a switch control circuit including switch control outputs coupleable to switches included in a bridge network, the switches controllably coupling power input nodes to an isolation transformer according to switch states established by the switch control circuit. A current monitoring circuit can be coupled to the isolation transformer, the current monitoring circuit including an output indicative of a current flowing through a winding of the isolation transformer.
|Linear led display case light|
A linear led display case light provides an adjustable swath of light. The swath of light emanates from a linear led array residing in a generally round or polygonal cross-section housing.
|Scanning signal line drive circuit and display device equipped with same|
This liquid crystal display device allows outputs from rs-ff circuits (401 to 409) and switch circuits (411 to 419), which function as a shift register, to be provided as scanning signals that are selectively activated during odd and even scanning line selection periods, by simply changing the potential of an enable signal (en) (i.e., by simply providing an en signal line), which achieves interlacing drive that allows a reduction in the number of polarity inversions, thereby making it possible to reduce power consumption and a wiring area for control lines and achieve simple control which allows circuit simplification, resulting in a reduced frame area and a display panel which is compact as a whole.. .
|Information processing apparatus and control method thereof|
An information processing apparatus for determining polarity of a vertical synchronizing signal, in an effective state, included in a video signal measures a duration in which the vertical synchronizing signal maintains the same polarity, obtains the polarity of the vertical synchronizing signal when the measured duration exceeds a predetermined duration, and determines the polarity of the vertical synchronizing signal in the effective state based on the obtained polarity.. .
|Ink jet printhead with polarity-changing driver for thermal resistors|
An ink jet printhead device includes a substrate and a plurality of thermal resistors on the substrate. Each thermal resistor includes first and second electrodes and a resistive layer extending therebetween.
|Display device and electrical apparatus|
A display device is provided which is capable of preventing a malfunction and carrying out a common reverse drive without increasing electric power consumption. The display driver (a) supplies a voltage of a common electrode, whose a polarity is determined in accordance with (i) an oscillation circuit output signal (ocout) which is transmitted via a first wire different from a second wire used during a serial transmission and (ii) a scs signal and (b) controls a reverse timing of the polarity of the voltage of the common electrode in accordance with the oscillation circuit output signal (ocout) and the scs signal..
|Led device with shared voltage-limiting unit and individual equalizing resistance|
The present invention relates to a led device with shared voltage-limiting unit and individual voltage-equalizing resistance, wherein two ends of a led set constituted by a plurality of same-polarity series leds are in parallel connected with a shared voltage-limiting unit, and two ends of individual led are respectively in parallel connected with an voltage-equalizing resistance for providing an overvoltage protection to the leds.. .
|Magnetic power generator|
A magnetic power generator (10) includes at least one rotor assembly (12) that is positionable at selected angles relative to the horizontal. The rotor assembly includes a plurality of spokes (20) emanating from a central rotational axis (26), with high-performance magnetic coils (22) mounted on the outer end portions of the spokes.
The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, specifically to low-speed electrical generators, and can be used in particular in wind energy installations. In the proposed electromagnetic generator the rotor is equipped with permanent magnets (3, 4) and the stator comprises two parallel plates (5, 6), between which annular windings (7) are arranged.
|Polarity changing pin connector|
A welding system includes a welder configured to output welding power to generate an arc between a welding electrode and a workpiece. The welding system also includes a power pin configured to be coupled to the welder in a first orientation or a second orientation.
|Solid or phase change inks with improved properties|
A solid or phase change inkjet ink incorporating a polar acidic wax is described. The use of polar waxes as an ink additive improves the polarity of the ink and adhesion of the ink to paper.