|| List of recent Polarity-related patents
| Iontophoretic system for transdermal delivery of active agents for therapeutic and medicinal purposes|
An embodiment of a system includes a power source and at least two electrode assembles. The power source that an output current that alternates between a maximum current value and a minimum current value; a pair of electrode assemblies.
| Multistage capacitive crosstalk compensation arrangement|
Methods and systems for providing crosstalk compensation in a jack are disclosed. According to one method, the crosstalk compensation is adapted to compensate for undesired crosstalk generated at a capacitive coupling located at a plug inserted within the jack.
| Two-component color developer and image formation device using same|
A two-component color developer containing a toner and a resin-coated carrier, the toner containing at least a polyester resin as a binding resin, an organic pigment as a colorant and inorganic fine particles as an external additive, wherein the inorganic fine particles have a negative polarity, the toner has a volume resistivity of 40×109 to 220×109 Ωcm and a negative polarity, and the carrier has a coat durability of 90% or greater.. .
| Articles incorporating nickel tungsten alloy deposits having controlled, varying, nanostructure|
Bipolar wave current, is used to electrodeposit a nanocrystalline grain size. Polarity ratio is the ratio of absolute value of time integrated amplitude of negative and positive polarity current.
| Adaptive filter for video signal processing for decoder that selects rate of switching between 2d and 3d filters for separation of chroma and luma signals|
An adaptive temporal motion filter for a video decoder system operates in an infinite impulse response (iir), a max or a bypass mode. The adaptive temporal motion filter includes an adaptive time constant control module and a filter gain module.
| Memory system|
A memory system according to the embodiment comprises a cell array of unit cell arrays each including memory cells; and an access circuit, wherein the memory cell changes from a first resistance state to a second resistance state on application of a first polarity voltage, and changes from the second resistance state to the first resistance state on application of a second polarity voltage, the access circuit provides the first and second lines connected to an access-targeted memory cell with access potentials, and brings at least one of the first and second lines connected to an access-untargeted memory cell into a floating state to make access to the access-targeted memory cell, the unit cell array includes first spare lines to provide redundancy for the first lines, and an alignment of the first lines includes a certain number of the first spare lines arranged in a certain cycle.. .
| Liquid crystal display device and drive method thereof|
An object of the present invention is to prevent screen burn-in in a liquid crystal display device that performs a plurality of types of frame-reversal driving. When any gate bus line is focused, among a plurality of pixel electrodes in a display unit, pixel electrodes provided in pixel formation portions to which a scanning signal is provided from the focused gate bus line are arranged in a staggered manner with the focused gate bus line centered.
| Operational amplifier and touch sensing apparatus including the same|
A touch sensing apparatus is provided. The touch sensing apparatus includes a touch panel and a touch sensor configured to control the touch panel and sense a touch through the touch panel.
| Ad converter and ad conversion method|
An a/d converter includes a plurality of ad converting sections that sequentially operate at predetermined intervals. The ad converting section has an adc that converts an analog signal into a digital signal and outputs the digital signal, a memory that stores, as a specific polarity value, the polarity of a signal obtained by the adc digitizing an analog signal at a reference voltage, an analog polarity converting circuit that inverts the polarity of the analog signal based on the specific polarity value and a set polarity value, which is previously set, and a digital polarity converting circuit that inverts the polarity of the digital signal based on the specific polarity value and the set polarity value..
| Reference clock compensation for fractional-n phase lock loops (plls)|
In one embodiment, a method includes determining a phase difference between a reference clock and a feedback clock in even and odd cycles for a phase lock loop (pll). The even and odd cycles are alternating clock periods.
| Voltage measuring apparatus and battery management system including the same|
The voltage measuring apparatus is connected to a plurality of battery cells connected to each other in series to measure respective voltages of the battery cells. The voltage measuring apparatus includes a sample/hold amplifier configured to sample and hold positive electrode and negative electrode voltages of the battery cells to generate first and second output voltages, a differential voltage converter configured to generate a battery cell voltage according to a voltage difference between a positive input terminal and a negative input terminal, and a switching unit configured to control the first and second output voltages and connection between the positive input terminal and the negative input terminal so that a polarity of the voltage difference is constant.
| Mr electrical properties tomography|
The invention relates to a method of mr imaging of an object (10) placed in an examination volume of a mr device (1). It is an object of the invention to enable improved electrical properties tomography.
| Voltage measuring apparatus and battery management system including the same|
Disclosed are a voltage measuring apparatus and a battery management system including the same. The voltage measuring apparatus is connected to a plurality of battery cells connected to each other in series to measure respective voltage of the battery cells.
| Devices and systems having ac led circuits and methods of driving the same|
A lighting device and system having at least one circuit, the circuit having at least two leds connected in series, parallel or anti-parallel configuration and at least one current limiting diode. The device or system may be driven with ac or dc power and may further include a sensor and polarity switching circuit to utilize all leds within the circuit when drive by dc power..
| Power supply branching control apparatus and method for supplying power to electric loads|
Power supply current is supplied to a plurality of electric loads, the power supply current being generated by a dc power supply, flowing in and branching from a shared power supply switching device and then flowing in reverse connection protection devices that are a field-effect transistor and connected in series to the electric loads, respectively. The reverse connection protection devices are connected in a polarity such that the power supply current flows in the forward direction of parasitic diodes generated between the source terminal s and the drain terminal d of the field-effect transistor.
| Interdigitated capacitors with a zero quadratic voltage coefficient of capacitance or zero linear temperature coefficient of capacitance|
Disclosed are an interdigitated capacitor and an interdigitated vertical native capacitor, each having a relatively low (e.g., zero) net coefficient of capacitance with respect to a specific parameter. For example, the capacitors can have a zero net linear temperature coefficient of capacitance (tcc) to limit capacitance variation as a function of temperature or a zero net quadratic voltage coefficient of capacitance (vcc2) to limit capacitance variation as a function of voltage.
| Finfet structure and method for forming the same|
A method for forming finfets comprises forming a plurality of first fins and a plurality of second fins protruding over a substrate, wherein two adjacent first fins are separated from each other by a plurality of first isolation regions and two adjacent second fins are separated from each other by a plurality of second isolation regions. The method further comprises applying a first ion implantation process to the first isolation region, wherein dopants with a first polarity type are implanted in the first isolation region, applying a second ion implantation process to the second isolation region, wherein dopants with a second polarity type are implanted in the second isolation region and recessing the first isolation regions and the second isolation regions through an etching process..
| Jlt (junction-less transistor) device and method for fabricating the same|
A method for fabricating a junction-less transistor device that includes a substrate, a buried dielectric layer having a fin structure on the substrate, a doped region formed through the buried dielectric layer in the substrate, a semiconductor layer overlying the buried dielectric layer and the doped region, a gate structure on the semiconductor layer, and source/drain regions in the semiconductor layer at opposite sides of the gate structure. The semiconductor layer includes first, second, third regions, with the second region interposed between the first and second regions and disposed underneath the gate electrode structure.
| Mos transistor structure and method|
A mos transistor structure comprises a substrate including a bulk semiconductor region, a first gate formed in a first trench, a first drain/source region, a second drain/source region, wherein the first drain/source region and the second drain/source region are formed on opposing sides of the first gate. The mos transistor structure further comprises a second gate formed in a second trench, a third drain/source region, wherein the third drain/source region and the second drain/source region are formed on opposing sides of the second gate and a channel region formed in the bulk semiconductor region, wherein the channel region, the first drain/source region, the second drain/source region and the third drain source region share a same polarity..
| High performance surface illuminating gesi photodiodes|
A gesi avalanche photodiode (apd includes an anti-reflection structure, a ge absorption region, and a resonance cavity enhanced (rce) reflector. The anti-reflection structure includes one or more dielectric layers and a top contact layer which is heavily doped with dopants of a first polarity.
| Method of producing structure containing phase-separated structure, method of forming pattern, and top coat material|
A method of producing a structure containing a phase-separated structure, including forming, on a substrate, a layer containing a block copolymer having a block of a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane structure-containing structural unit; forming a top coat film by applying, to the layer containing the block copolymer, a top coat material which undergoes a change in polarity upon heating, and controls a surface energy of the layer containing the block copolymer; and subjecting the layer containing the block copolymer on which the top coat film is formed to phase separation by thermal annealing.. .
| Seat drive device|
A seat drive device is provided with: a single rotary motor; a plurality of operating members, which are arranged to correspond to a plurality of positioning mechanisms; a plurality of tubular members, which are arranged to correspond to the positioning mechanisms and selectively connect an output shaft to the positioning mechanism corresponding to the operating member operated with the operation of any one of the operating members and input shafts rotated by the rotary motor; and a single switch, which passes an electric current through the rotary motor with a polarity corresponding to the direction of the operation with the operation of any one of the operating members.. .
|Method and apparatus for the treatment of headache|
A battery-operated transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator (tens) to treat headache pain in an abortive and/or preventive manner. The tens unit and its electrodes are built into a unitary device which facilitates a self-administered treatment.
|Magnetic graphic wall system|
The practical application of incorporating magnetic receptive printing media coupled with the use of an underlying specifically referenced magnet allows the multi layering of magnetic media while maintaining the reference of position on the surface. This is achieved by aligning the polarity lines to the benefit of the intended design while fabricating the first layer to receive the second or subsequent layers to interact with the intended design..
|Electric circuit device, electric circuit module, and power converter|
The present invention provides an electric circuit device in which it is possible to achieve simultaneously the improvement of cooling performance and reduction in operating loss due to line inductance. The above object can be attained by constructing multiple plate-like conductors so that each of these conductors electrically connected to multiple semiconductor chips is also thermally connected to both chip surfaces of each such semiconductor chip to release heat from the chip surfaces of each semiconductor chip, and so that among the above conductors, a dc positive-polarity plate-like conductor and a dc negative-polarity plate-like conductor are opposed to each other at the respective conductor surfaces..
|Display apparatus incorporating reflective and absorptive polarizers|
This disclosure provides systems, methods and apparatus for reducing ambient light reflections from a surface of a display device in a power efficient manner. The display device includes a reflecting circular polarizer (rcp) and an absorbing circular polarizer (acp) having the same polarity.
A display device includes a display panel including gate lines which extends in a first direction, data lines which extends in a second direction, and sub-pixels connected to corresponding gate and data lines, a gate driver configured to drive the gate lines, a data driver configured to apply a gray-scale voltage to the data lines, and a timing controller configured to generate and apply control signals to the gate and data drivers, where a unit pixel of the display panel is defined by an even number of adjacent sub-pixels among the sub-pixels, each of the data lines is connected to corresponding sub-pixels of the sub-pixels, the data driver inverts a polarity of the gray-scale voltage every two data lines, and two adjacent sub-pixels in the unit pixel are applied with the gray-scale voltages having different polarities.. .
An electromagnetic relay includes a contact that includes a fixed contact and a movable contact, a permanent magnet provided on the peripheral side of the contact, and a non-magnetic body. The movable contact is displaceable in a first direction to move toward the fixed contact and in a second direction to move away from the fixed contact.
|Three terminal semiconductor device with variable capacitance|
Methods and apparatus for implementing variable, e.g., tunable, 3 terminal capacitance devices are described. In various embodiments vertical control pillars spaced apart from one another extend in a well having an opposite polarity than the polarity of the control pillars.
|Led device with voltage-limiting unit and voltage-equalizing and current limiting resistances|
The present invention provides a led device with voltage-limiting unit and voltage-equalizing and current-limiting resistances, in which a led is connected in parallel with a voltage-limiting unit, and a current-limiting resistance is connected in series between the led and the voltage-limiting unit, and two ends of each led are connected in parallel with an voltage-equalizing resistance for forming a light-emitting unit, so that a light-emitting unit set can be structured through connecting two or more than two of the mentioned light-emitting units in series or in series-parallel in the same polarity; with the two ends of each led being connected in parallel with the voltage-equalizing resistance, the end voltage of each light-emitting unit can be evenly stabilized; and the current-limiting resistance is connected in series between the connection joints of the led and the voltage-limiting unit for limiting the shunt current passing through the voltage-limiting unit.. .
|Nitride semiconductor light emitting device and fabrication method thereof|
A method of fabricating a nitride semiconductor light emitting device is provided. The method includes growing a first group-iii-nitride semiconductor layer on a substrate, the first group-iii-nitride semiconductor layer having a top surface formed as a group-iii-rich surface exhibiting a group-iii-polarity and a bottom surface formed as a n-rich surface exhibiting a n-polarity.
|Selectively incrementally actuated linear eddy current braking system|
The invention is an incrementally actuated eddy current braking system. The system comprises first and second primary members, which further comprise arrays of permanent magnets arranged in alternating polarity.
|Solar cell module|
A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells each including a substrate, an emitter region positioned at a back surface of the substrate, first electrodes electrically connected to the emitter region, second electrodes electrically connected to the substrate, a first current collector positioned at ends of the first electrodes, and a second current collector at ends of the second electrodes, and a first connector connecting a first current collector of a first solar cell of the plurality of solar cells to a second current collector of a second solar cell adjacent to the first solar cell. The first current collector of the first solar cell and the second current collector of the second solar cell each have a different polarity..
|Burner systems configured to control at least one geometric characteristic of a flame and related methods|
In an embodiment, a burner system is configured to control a geometry of a flame. The burner system includes electrodes configured to have a polarity selected to interact with a flame that has been charged with a charger to control at least one geometric characteristic of the flame..
|High efficiency power regulator and method|
An embodiment high efficiency power regulator comprises a three-terminal converter and a protection device. The three-terminal converter comprises a first terminal coupled to a positive terminal of an input voltage bus, a second terminal coupled to a positive terminal of an output voltage bus and a third terminal coupled to the protection device.
A display device (1) includes (i) refresh rate changing means (15) for changing a refresh rate of a display panel (2) and (ii) a polarity reversal controlling section (20) for changing, in accordance with a change in the refresh rate, at least one of a temporal cycle and a spatial cycle of a polarity reversal of a source signal.. .
A collision cell for a mass spectrometer arranged to receive ions for fragmentation in a chamber and comprising an activation ion generator configured to irradiate the received ions with activation ions of the same polarity as the received ions. The activation ion generator is preferably a plasma generator, configured to generate a plasma comprising the activation ions..
|Phase-to-amplitude converter for direct digital synthesizer (dds) with reduced and and reconstructed add logic arrays|
A sine wave generator for a direct digital synthesizer (dds) converts a digital phase input into a digital sine wave output. Sine values and slopes are stored in read-only memory (rom) for coarse upper phase bits in a first quadrant.
|Collecting and providing information online|
Online posts may be categorized or sorted by poster's geographic location. The posts may also be categorized or sorted by post mood polarity.
|Steering apparatus for a steered vehicle|
A steering apparatus comprises a rotatable steering shaft and a sensor which senses angular movement of the steering shaft. An electromagnetic actuator actuates a stop mechanism to releasable engage the steering shaft.
|Systems and methods for enhancing or affecting neural stimulation efficiency and/or efficacy|
Systems and methods for enhancing or affecting neural stimulation efficiency and/or efficacy are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system and/or method may apply electromagnetic stimulation to a patient's nervous system over a first time domain according to a first set of stimulation parameters, and over a second time domain according to a second set of stimulation parameters.
|Multipurpose rotation structure|
Disclosed herein is a multipurpose rotation structure which is installed indoors or outdoors to be utilized for multiple purposes such as experience teaching tools by using repelling force between magnets disposed in an outer ring frame having the shape of a ring and in a weight body rotating in an inner space of the outer ring frame, by particularly using repelling force between magnets disposed in a weight body and a second weight body placed on the same guide ring, or by using repelling force between magnets disposed in an outer ring frame and an inner ring frame that are opposite to each other with respect to a weight body, or by using attractive force and repulsive force between magnets while sequentially changing the polarity of electromagnets disposed in an outer ring frame and an inner ring frame.. .
|Individual cell for a battery, and a battery|
A single cell for a battery includes an electrode foil stack situated in a housing formed from two enveloping metal sheets and a frame that electrically insulates the two enveloping metal sheets from one another. Current discharge tabs of electrode foils of one polarity are connected to one another to form a pole contact, and the respective pole contact is connected to an enveloping metal sheet, and an enveloping metal sheet in each case forms an electrical pole of the single cell.
|Method for forming a protective coating with enhanced adhesion between layers|
A method for forming a protective coating on a substrate comprising, applying a bond coating to the substrate, the bond coating having a first surface roughness, ionizing an inert gas which flows into the surface of the bond coating so as to impart a second surface roughness to the bond coating greater than the first surface roughness, wherein the inert gas is ionized and caused to flow into the surface of the bond coating by a reverse polarity current supplied to an electrode which removes at least one electron from the inert gas, and applying a top coating to the bond coating. Additionally, a method for preparing a surface to receive and adhere to a coating comprising roughening the surface to create a micro-roughening network on the surface.
|Virtual field buffer based decoding|
Aspects of virtual field buffer based decoding are described. In one embodiment, a current picture field is read from a coded picture buffer comprising coded pictures of video, for example.
|Substrate and terminals for power module and power module including the same|
According to example embodiments, a substrate for a power module includes first to third parts spaced apart from each other, where the third part surrounds the first and second parts, and a conductive layer on the first to third parts. A terminal of a first polarity is connected to the first part, and a terminal of a second polarity is connected to the second part.
|Spintronic oscillator, and use thereof in radiofrequency devices|
An oscillator is provided including a nanopillar and current injector for injecting a power supply current through the nanopillar, the nanopillar including at least one pattern including first and second layers made from a ferromagnetic material separated from each other by an intermediate layer made from a non-magnetic material. Each of the first and second ferromagnetic layers is prepared such that its remanent magnetic configuration corresponds to a vortex configuration and the polarity of the vortex core of the first layer is opposite the polarity of the vortex core of the second layer.
|Dcm and pfm management|
The present invention relates to a voltage regulating device comprising a power stage (30) comprising an inductor (l) between a first node (p1) and a second node (p2); a first switch (a) between the first node (pi) and a power supply node (p3) for which the potential (vbat) is non-zero and of constant polarity; a first capacitor (cneg) between a node (p5) at a reference potential and a second switch (b) coupled to the first node (p1); a second capacitor (cpos) between a node (p7) at the reference potential and a third switch (c) coupled to the second node (p2); a fourth switch (d) between the second node (p2) and a node (p8) at the reference potential; a fifth switch (e) between the first node (p1 and a node (p9) at the reference potential; a first output (p4) for delivering a first voltage corresponding to the voltage at the terminals of the first capacitor (cneg); a second output (p6) for delivering a second voltage corresponding to the voltage at the terminals of the second capacitor (cpos); the power stage further comprises at least one comparator (40, 41) arranged to detect an inversion of the current in the inductor and the power stage is further arranged to close the fourth and fifth switches and to open the first, second and third switches upon detection of an inversion of the current in the inductor.. .
|Tandem series coupled implantable subcutaneous cardioverter defibrillators and method|
An implantable subcutaneous cardioverter defibrillator system for therapeutically stimulating a portion of a patient's body. First and second implantable subcutaneous cardioverter defibrillators are coupled together with a conductor.
|Supercritical carbon dioxide-assisted solid-phase grafting modifiction method for polypropylene|
A supercritical carbon dioxide-assisted solid-phase grafting modification method for polypropylene, comprises swelling polypropylene for 0.5 to 10 hours in supercritical carbon dioxide having dissolved vinyl monomer and an initiator, then slowly relieving the pressure; moving the polypropylene that has undergone the swelling process into a reaction kettle, and adding xylene as an interface agent, the mass of xylene being 1% of the polypropylene; increasing the temperature to between 65° c. And 165° c.
|Magnetic construction system and method|
A magnetic construction system comprised of plural multi-shaped structural bodies each containing one or more captured magnets, wherein each magnet is free to rotate within its respective retaining pocket to align in magnetic polarity with rotatable magnets in adjacent structural bodies. Surface geometry around each magnet may include a radial detent feature which provides lateral and rotational stability between magnetically coupled structural bodies, or a radial recess which allows free rotation of respective structural bodies about the polar axis of magnetic coupling..
|Power source apparatus and image forming apparatus|
A power source apparatus includes a transformer configured to output a voltage, a feedback unit configured to output a feedback signal based on the voltage output from the transformer, and a driving unit configured to drive the transformer according to a setting signal for setting the output voltage and the feedback signal. Whichever of a voltage of positive polarity and a voltage of negative polarity is output, the feedback unit controls the voltage output according to a value of a difference between the output voltage and a threshold value..
|Read circuit for memory|
Embodiments are directed to detecting a state of a memory element in a memory device, comprising: applying a pulse of a predetermined magnitude and duration to the memory element to induce a transition in the state of the memory element when a polarity of the pulse is opposite to the state, monitoring, by a device, a signal associated with the memory element to detect a presence or absence of a transition in the signal in an amount greater than a threshold, and determining the state of the memory element based on said monitoring.. .
|System and method for producing magnetic structures|
A magnetizer for magnetizing magnetic field sources into a magnetizable material includes a magnetization subsystem, a motion control system, and a magnetizer control system. The magnetization subsystem includes a magnetizing inductor comprising a plurality of flat conductor layers and a plurality of insulating layers that form multiple turns of a coil having an aperture and a magnetization circuitry for applying a current to the magnetizing inductor to generate a magnetizing field having a high magnetic flux density in and near said aperture that is sufficient to magnetize said magnetizable material and having a low magnetic flux density elsewhere that is insufficient to substantially magnetize said magnetizable material.
|Area-efficient high voltage bipolar-based esd protection targeting narrow design windows|
An area-efficient, high voltage, single polarity esd protection device (300) is provided which includes an p-type substrate (303); a first p-well (308-1) formed in the substrate and sized to contain n+ and p+ contact regions (310, 312) that are connected to a cathode terminal; a second, separate p-well (308-2) formed in the substrate and sized to contain only a p+ contact region (311) that is connected to an anode terminal; and an electrically floating n-type isolation structure (304, 306, 307-2) formed in the substrate to surround and separate the first and second semiconductor regions. When a positive voltage exceeding a triggering voltage level is applied to the cathode and anode terminals, the esd protection device triggers an inherent thyristor into a snap-back mode to provide a low impedance path through the structure for discharging the esd current..
|Liquid crystal display device and driving method thereof|
Disclosed is a liquid crystal display device and a driving method thereof for displaying an image, in which the polarity of a voltage applied to the liquid crystal element is inverted in a first frame period and a second frame period which are sequential. The voltage applied to the liquid crystal element is compensated in the case where images of the first frame period and the second frame period are judged as a still image as a result of comparison of the image of the first frame period with the image of the second frame period and the absolute value of the voltage applied to the liquid crystal element in the first frame period is different from that of the voltage applied to the liquid crystal element in the second frame period..
|Method of dynamic charge sharing for a display device|
In a method of dynamic charge sharing for a display device, it is determined whether a current line of a data driver has polarity inverted from a preceding line. Charge sharing is performed globally, if it is determined that the current line is polarity inverted from the preceding line.
|Magnetism detection device and magnetism detection method|
The present invention relates to a magnetism detection device. First and second switch units switch a direction of a current flown from a bias generating unit across two opposite terminals of four terminals of a hall sensor, and switch a direction of a voltage to be available in remaining two opposite terminals in the direction orthogonal to the direction of the current, respectively, so that in a first period, a polarity of a hall electromotive force is a first polarity and a polarity of the hall offset voltage alternates four times, and in a second period, the polarity of the hall electromotive force is a second polarity opposite to the first polarity and the polarity of the hall offset voltage alternates four times..
|Method of manufacture for nitride semiconductor light emitting element, wafer, and nitride semiconductor light emitting element|
In a method of manufacture for a nitride semiconductor light emitting element including: a monocrystalline substrate; and an aln layer; and a first nitride semiconductor layer of a first electrical conductivity type; and a light emitting layer made of an algan-based material; and a second nitride semiconductor layer of a second electrical conductivity type, a step of forming the aln layer includes: a first step of supplying an al source gas and a n source gas into the reactor to generate a group of mn crystal nuclei having al-polarity to be a part of the aln layer on the surface of the monocrystalline substrate; and a second step of supplying the al source gas and the n source gas into the reactor to form the aln layer, after the first step.. .
|Method for using a photodetector having a bandwidth tuned honeycomb cell photodiode structure|
A photodetector with a bandwidth-tuned cell structure is provided. The photodetector is fabricated from a semiconductor substrate that is heavily doped with a first dopant.
|Magnetic hinge system|
A magnetic hinge system includes a first component that is associated with a first object, a second component that is associated with a second object, and an axle. The first component includes a first hole and a first magnetic structure having a first plurality of magnetic source regions having a first polarity pattern.
|Inorganic oxide transparent dispersion, resin composition used to form transparent composite, transparent composite, and optical member|
An inorganic oxide transparent dispersion, a resin composition used to form a transparent composite, a transparent composite, and an optical member which can improve the optical characteristics and mechanical characteristics of resins while maintaining the transparency of the resins are provided by uniformly dispersing inorganic oxide particles in a high-polarity solvent. The inorganic oxide transparent dispersion contains inorganic oxide particles which are modified using a surface modifier and have an average dispersed particle diameter in a range of 1 nm to 50 nm, a high-polarity solvent which dissolves resins and does not easily erode curable resins obtained by curing the resins, and a basic substance, and the high-polarity solvent is any one or two of alcohols and ethers..
|Method for operating a uwb device|
The method for operating a uwb device having at least one transmitting antenna and/or at least one receiving antenna comprises the following steps: controlling the transmitting antenna (12) or the receiving antenna (12′) with a control pulse signal (13,13′) having a sequence of substantially sinusoidal pulses of alternating polarity and differing amplitudes and particularly having the waveform of a fifth-order gaussian pulse signal, wherein the transmitting antenna (12) can be alternately supplied with current pulses of differing polarity and differing magnitude by switching on and off first electronic switch units (16) that are coupled to the transmitting antenna (12) and have resistances associated with the amplitudes of the pulses to be generated, wherein each first switch unit (16) has a specifiable, particularly equal, number of first switching transistors (18,19), each having substantially identical on-state resistance values (r), wherein the resistance of a first switch unit is adjusted either by using only one of the first switching transistors (18,19) or by using a plurality of first switching transistors (18,19) connected in parallel, and wherein the first switch units (16) are controlled sequentially according to a specifiable temporal schema and each for a control time interval of a predetermined length.. .
An electromagnetic relay includes multiple contact sets each including a fixed contact and a movable contact displaceable in a first direction to approach the fixed contact and in a second direction to move away from the fixed contact; multiple permanent magnets each provided on the peripheral side of a corresponding one of the contact sets and having a polarity direction perpendicular to the first and second directions; and multiple ferromagnetic bodies parallel to the polarity directions of the permanent magnets and the first and second directions, wherein in a dc electric current flowing through each of the contact sets, the direction of a force exerted based on the permanent magnet is equal to the direction of a force exerted based on the ferromagnetic body.. .
A rotatable magnetic coupler includes disc carrying, circumferentially spaced magnets arranged in rows on a first side of the disc. The magnets are oriented such that one pole of a first magnetic polarity from each magnet faces outwardly from the disc rotation axis while the other pole of a second magnetic polarity for each magnet faces inwardly toward the axis of rotation.
|Systems and methods providing low current regulation for ac arc welding processes|
Systems and methods providing low current regulation for ac arc welding processes to regulate arc welding performance. In arc welding power source embodiments, configurations of bridge and arc regulation circuits allow for the directional switching of the welding output current through the welding output circuit path and induce a voltage between the electrode and the workpiece of the welding output circuit path that is sufficient to re-ignite the arc during polarity transition of the output current.
|Method for producing an organised network of semiconductor nanowires, in particular made of zno|
A method of forming an organized network of zno nanowires including the steps of obtaining, on a substrate, a zno layer of zn polarity, by epitaxial growth at low temperature, advantageously in the range from 400° c. To 650° c., and advantageously in the presence of dioxygen (o2); forming, on this layer, a mask provided with openings for the subsequent growth of nanorods; epitaxially growing zno nanorods..
|Combination device and methods for treating congestive heart failure and stroke|
According to some embodiments, the present invention provides a device, system, and methods for treating a plurality of conditions in a patient, where the device, system, and methods provide a stimulation signal for each condition, wherein each stimulation signal has one or more of polarity, direction, and pulse patterns selected for the respective condition. According to some embodiments, the conditions comprise congestive heart failure and stroke..
|Electric storage device and manufacturing method thereof|
Provided is an electric storage device including: a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate having a polarity opposite to that of the first electrode plate, and a separator interposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate, wherein the first electrode plate includes a current collector, a conductive layer laminated onto the current collector, and a mixture layer laminated onto the conductive layer, the mixture layer contains a binder and primary particles of an active material as its constituents, and the primary particles as a constituent of the mixture layer are partially retained in the conductive layer.. .
|Electric storage device and manufacturing method thereof|
Provided is an electric storage device including: a first electrode plate; a second electrode plate having a polarity opposite to that of the first electrode plate; and a separator interposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate, wherein the first electrode plate includes a current collector and a mixture layer laminated onto the current collector, the mixture layer contains at least one of the binder and the conductive additive, primary particles of an active material, and secondary particles each having a hollow region formed therein by aggregation of a plurality of the primary particles, and the at least one of the binder and the conductive additive is partially distributed in the hollow region.. .
|Non-volatile storage system using opposite polarity programming signals for mim memory cell|
A reversible resistance-switching metal-insulator-metal (mim) stack is provided which can be set to a low resistance state with a first polarity signal and reset to a higher resistance state with a second polarity signal. The first polarity signal is opposite in polarity than the second polarity signal.
|Driving circuit and method for driving a display|
In one aspect of the invention, a driving circuit for driving a display having pixels spatially arranged in a matrix form, includes an input interface for processing input image signals into pixel signals associated with the pixel matrix and grayscales of the display; a timing controller for generating a polarity control signal; a pair of multiplexors electrically coupled to the input interface for receiving the pixel signals therefrom and controlled by the polarity control signal for selecting transmitting paths of the parallel pixel signals; a data register electrically coupled to the pair of multiplexors for stored the pixel signals including its transmitting paths determined by the polarity control signal; and a source driver having a latch array electrically coupled to the data register for receiving the stored pixel signals therefrom, the source driver configured to write the stored pixel signals into the pixel matrix according to the polarity control signal.. .