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Polar patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Polar-related patents. Subscribe to the Polar RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Polar RSS feeds.

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Date/App# patent app List of recent Polar-related patents
04/10/14
20140100688
 Tool trajectory display device having function for displaying inversion position of servo axis patent thumbnailTool trajectory display device having function for displaying inversion position of servo axis
A tool trajectory display device capable of displaying an inversion position of a servo axis on a tool trajectory. The display device has a position information obtaining part and velocity information obtaining part which obtain position information and velocity information of at least one servo axis, respectively, from numerical controller; a tool coordinate calculating part which calculates a coordinate value of a tool center point based on the position information and information of a mechanical constitution of the machine tool; an inversion position calculating part which calculates an inversion position where a polarity of a velocity of the servo axis is changed, based on the velocity information and the calculated coordinate value; and a displaying part which displays a trajectory of the tool center point based on the calculated coordinate, and displays the inversion position of the servo axis on the trajectory..
04/10/14
20140100625
 Left ventricular pacing protection in the context of multi-site left ventricular pacing patent thumbnailLeft ventricular pacing protection in the context of multi-site left ventricular pacing
In a pacing mode where the left ventricle is paced upon expiration of an escape interval that is reset by a right ventricular sense, there is the risk that the left ventricular pace may be delivered in the so-called vulnerable period that occurs after a depolarization and trigger an arrhythmia. To reduce this risk, a left ventricular protective period (lvpp) may be provided.
04/10/14
20140100624
 Cardiac pacing during medical procedures patent thumbnailCardiac pacing during medical procedures
An implantable medical device may comprise a therapy module configured to generate pacing therapy for a heart of a patient and a control module configured to control the therapy module. The control module may also be configured to detect a condition indicative of the presence of a magnetic resonance imaging (mri) device and switch operation from a first pacing therapy program to a second pacing therapy program in response to detecting the condition indicative of the presence of the mri device.
04/10/14
20140100569
 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension patent thumbnailBipolar forceps having monopolar extension
An endoscopic forceps for treating tissue includes a housing having a shaft affixed thereto which has first and second jaw members attached to a distal end thereof. The forceps also includes an actuator for moving jaw members relative to one another from a first position wherein the jaw members are disposed in spaced relation relative to one another to a second position wherein the jaw members cooperate to grasp tissue therebetween.
04/10/14
20140100488
 Muscle therapy system patent thumbnailMuscle therapy system
Some embodiments provide a system for treating diminished muscle function that includes an electrical member that delivers electrical energy to a portion of a mammalian body having a dysfunctional muscle; a joint motion assembly that couples to the body and provides joint motion to a joint to which the dysfunctional muscle ordinarily provides motion; and a control unit that controls a timing of electrical energy delivery by the member and an amount of electrical energy delivered by the member; the timing of electrical energy delivery is controlled to occur while the joint is positioned near an inflection point between the opposing joint movements in the cycle, and while motion is being provided to the joint by the joint motion assembly. The amount of electrical energy delivered is effective to result in a depolarization of at least one of the dysfunctional muscle and a nerve that innervates the dysfunctional muscle..
04/10/14
20140100462
 Polarization scrambling for intra-body fiber optic sensor patent thumbnailPolarization scrambling for intra-body fiber optic sensor
In an example, an optical system can include a polarization scrambler coupleable to a tunable first optical source configured to generate a coherent optical output. The system can include an intra-body optical sensor such as a an intravascularly-deliverable optical fiber transducer, configured to be coupled to the tunable first optical source through the polarization scrambler, the polarization scrambler configured to vary a polarization state of the optical energy provided by the tunable first optical source, the intravascularly-deliverable optical fiber transducer configured to reflect a portion of the optical energy modulated in response to a vibration, pressure, or strain.
04/10/14
20140100410
 Dynamic multi-layer therapeutic magnetic device patent thumbnailDynamic multi-layer therapeutic magnetic device
A multi-layer magnetic device comprising two or more layers of containing magnets or ferromagnetic material to be applied to areas of the body of a mammal in which the first layer has one or more protrusions and the second layer has one or more receiving zones that are positioned to align with the protrusions of the first layer. At least a portion of the first layer has a first magnetic pattern, and at least a portion of the second layer has a second magnetic pattern such that, when the protrusions are aligned with the receiving zones, at least one region of the first magnetic pattern faces at least one region of the second magnetic pattern of like polarity thereby repulsing one another..
04/10/14
20140100311
 Thermoplastic elastomer compositions having biorenewable content patent thumbnailThermoplastic elastomer compositions having biorenewable content
Thermoplastic elastomer compositions, in particular derived from one or more styrenic block copolymers wherein at least one styrenic block copolymer comprises a controlled distribution copolymer block including a conjugated diene and a mono alkenyl arene, a plurality of biorenewable materials, preferably a softener and one or more synergistic additives such as a polar polymer; a synergistic block copolymer such as a relatively high molecular weight styrenic block copolymer; and/or filler. Numerous desirable articles can be formed from the compositions.
04/10/14
20140100310
 Thermoplastic elastomer compositions having biorenewable content patent thumbnailThermoplastic elastomer compositions having biorenewable content
Thermoplastic elastomer compositions, in particular derived from one or more styrenic block copolymers, a plurality of biorenewable materials, preferably a softener and one or more synergistic additives such as a polar polymer; a synergistic block copolymer such as a relatively high molecular weight styrenic block copolymer; and/or filler. In one preferred embodiment, the styrenic block copolymer comprises a controlled distribution copolymer block including a conjugated diene and a mono alkenyl arene.
04/10/14
20140099583
 Simultaneous photoresist development and neutral polymer layer formation patent thumbnailSimultaneous photoresist development and neutral polymer layer formation
A photoresist layer is lithographically exposed to form lithographically exposed photoresist regions and lithographically unexposed photoresist regions. The photoresist layer is developed with a non-polar or weakly polar solvent including a dissolved neutral polymer material.
04/10/14
20140099566
Resilient flow structures for electrochemical cell
An electrochemical cell is disclosed comprising, a first flow structure, a second flow structure, and a membrane electrode assembly disposed between the first and second flow structures. The electrochemical cell further comprises a pair of bipolar plates, wherein the first flow structure, the second flow structure, and the membrane electrode assembly are positioned between the pair of bipolar plates.
04/10/14
20140099562
Design of bipolar plates for use in conduction-cooled electrochemical cells
The present disclosure is directed towards the design of bipolar plates for use in conduction-cooled electrochemical cells. Heat generated during the operation of the cell is removed from the active area of the cell to the periphery of the cell via the one or more bipolar plates in the cell.
04/10/14
20140099537
Conductive film, current collector using same, battery and bipolar battery
A conductive film includes a layer 1 formed by a conductive material 1 that includes a polymer material 1 containing any of (1) an amine and an epoxy resin (where the epoxy resin and the amine are mixed in a ratio of 1.0 or more in terms of the ratio of the number of active hydrogen atoms in the amine with respect to the number of functional groups in the epoxy resin), (2) a phenoxy resin and an epoxy resin, (3) a saturated hydrocarbon polymer having a hydroxyl group, and (4) a curable resin and an elastomer and conductive particles 1. The conductive film has excellent stability in an equilibrium potential environment in a negative electrode and low electric resistance per unit area in the thickness direction.
04/10/14
20140099458
Liquid crystalline composition with a metallic appearance
A polymer composition that contains a liquid crystalline polymer and a metallic pigment formed from metal particles and a carrier resin is provided. The polymer composition also contains an organophosphorous antioxidant that can help reduce the production of odorous compounds at high temperatures.
04/10/14
20140099452
Peelable laminated film, peelable laminated film roll, manufacturing method thereof, film, optical film, polarizing plate, manufacturing method of polarizing plate and liquid crystal display device
Provided is a method for manufacturing a peelable laminated film including a layer a including cellulose ester and a layer b including a resin capable of a solution film-formation different from the cellulose ester, the layer a and the layer b having an adhesion of 5 n/cm or less, the method including: simultaneously or sequentially casting and laminating a dope a for forming the layer a, which includes cellulose ester and a solvent, and a dope b for forming the layer b, which includes a resin capable of a solution film-formation different from the cellulose ester and a solvent, on a casting support, peeling off a laminate of the dope a and the dope b from the casting support, and drying the laminate.. .
04/10/14
20140099253
Method and apparatus for magnetic treament of fuel and fluids for combustiion efficiency and reduction of carbon emissions
Magnetic treatment devices used in a system to enhance fuel combustion for the reduction of carbon emissions and to increase fuel efficiency. A series of uniquely constructed ferrous back plates with accompanying permanent homopolar magnetic assemblies are utilized to produce the aforementioned effect.
04/10/14
20140099108
System and method for heterodyne coherent detection with optimal offset
A heterodyne optical signal detector and method performed thereby, the signal detector including an optical signal spectrum shaper operable to modify the shape of the frequency spectrum of a received optical signal, a laser local oscillator (lo), and polarization beam splitters (pbss) to divide the signal and the lo into orthogonal components, waveguides in which intermediate frequency (if) signals are formed, balanced photodetectors (bpds) arranged to receive the if signals and operable to convert the if signals into electric signals, and analog to digital converters (adcs) that digitize the electric signals. In embodiments, the adcs have a predetermined bandwidth, the received signal has a spectrum which, if not shaped, would produce if signals with a bandwidth greater than that of the adcs, the spectrum shaper modifies the received signal spectrum to produce if signals that have a bandwidth substantially equal to half the bandwidth of the adcs, the laser frequency is adjusted produce if signals in the waveguides having a frequency spectrum centered at the midpoint of the adcs' bandwidth..
04/10/14
20140098722
Radio-frequency transceiver device in wireless communication system
A radio-frequency transceiver device, used in a wireless communication system, includes a housing; a first printed circuit board, disposed on a first surface of the housing; a second printed circuit board, disposed on a second surface of the housing, for cooperating with the first printed circuit board to process a receive signal; and a waveguide, connected to the housing, having an orthomode transducer, having a common port, for conveying a transmit signal and the receive signal; a first low-pass filter, coupled to a co-polar port of the orthomode transducer; and a diplexer, coupled to a cross-polar port of the orthomode transducer, for cooperating with the first low-pass filter to separate the transmit signal and the receive signal; wherein connection of the housing and the waveguide substantially conforms to an l shape.. .
04/10/14
20140098513
Display device
A display device includes a display panel including a display area for displaying an image and a non-display area adjacent to the display area, a polarizing plate positioned on the display panel and including a polarizing layer for polarizing light that passes through the polarizing layer, and a light shielding layer positioned between the display panel and the polarizing plate. The light shielding layer is formed at an edge of the display panel to correspond to the non-display area..
04/10/14
20140098420
Polarization conversion mechanism and method thereof
A polarization conversion mechanism for a touch screen display includes a crystal layer and a polarizing layer. The crystal layer utilizes a birefringent crystal glass for changing phase delay effect in accordance with crystal axial angle thereof.
04/10/14
20140098408
All-optical nand/not/and/or logic gates based on combined brillouin gain and loss in an optical fiber
A combined brillouin gain and loss process has been created in a polarization maintaining optical fiber to realize all-optical nand/not/and/or logic gates in the frequency domain. A model describing the interaction of a stokes, anti-stokes and continuous wave, and two acoustic waves inside a fiber, ranging in length from 350 m-2300 m, was used to theoretically model the gates.
04/10/14
20140098373
Polarization-sensitive spectral interferometry
A polarization sensitive spectral interferometer apparatus and method for analyzing a sample by optical energy reflected from the sample. The polarization sensitive spectral interferometer apparatus and method determines polarization properties of the sample by optical energy reflected from the sample..
04/10/14
20140098331
Polarizing plate and liquid crystal display
A polarizing plate according to the invention includes a first protective film; a polarizer; a second protective film; and an adhesive layer in this order, in which a moisture vapor permeability of the first protective film is less than or equal to 200 g/m2/24 hours, the second protective film contains cellulose acylate as a major component, a creep amount of the adhesive layer is less than 100 μm, and a shrinkage force of the polarizing plate in an absorption axis direction thereof which is represented by the following expression (a) is lower than or equal to 2000 n/m. Expression (a) is the shrinkage force (n/m) of polarizing plate in absorption axis direction=elastic modulus (gpa) of polarizing plate in absorption axis direction×.
04/10/14
20140098330
Polarizer, liquid crystal display, and manufacturing method thereof
A polarizer includes an opening defined in the polarizer and through which light transmits; a non-opening which is adjacent to the opening and blocks the light; a plurality of metal lines elongated in a first direction, and separated from each other in a second direction different than the first direction, in the opening; and a plate-type pattern in the non-opening. A height of the metal lines is smaller than a height of the plate-type pattern, from a same reference; and an interval in the second direction and between adjacent metal lines is smaller than a wavelength of visible light rays..
04/10/14
20140098329
Va display mode compensation architecture and va display mode liquid crystal display device
The present invention relates to a va display mode compensation architecture and a va display mode liquid crystal display device. The va display mode compensation architecture includes, sequentially from top to bottom, a first tac layer, a first polarization layer, a second tac layer, a va lc cell, a biaxial compensation film, a second polarization layer, and a third tac layer.
04/10/14
20140098328
Va display mode compensation architecture and va display mode liquid crystal display device
The present invention relates to a va display mode compensation architecture and a va display mode liquid crystal display device. The va display mode compensation architecture includes, sequentially from top to bottom, a first tac layer, a first polarization layer, a biaxial compensation film, a va lc cell, a second tac layer, a second polarization layer, and a third tac layer.
04/10/14
20140098327
Structure of polarizer and liquid crystal panel
The present invention provides a structure of polarizer and liquid crystal panel. The polarizer includes, from top down, polarizer main body, electrostatic adsorption film and release film.
04/10/14
20140098325
Liquid crystal display device, polarizing plate, and polarizer protection film
The invention provides a liquid crystal display device, as well as a polarizer and a protective film suitable for the liquid crystal display device. The liquid crystal display device comprises a backlight light source, two polarizers, and a liquid crystal cell disposed between the two polarizers; the backlight light source being a white light-emitting diode light source; each of the two polarizers comprising a polarizing film and protective films laminated on both sides of the polarizing film; at least one of the protective films being a polyester film having an adhesion-facilitating layer; the polyester film having a retardation of 3,000 to 30,000 nm; and the adhesion-facilitating layer comprising a polyester resin (a) and a polyvinyl alcohol resin (b)..
04/10/14
20140098309
Short-wavelength infrared (swir) multi-conjugate liquid crystal tunable filter
A swir hyperspectral imaging filter has serial stages along an optical signal path with angularly distributed birefringent retarders and polarizers. The retarders can include active retarders such as tunable liquid crystal birefringent elements, passive retarders such as fixed retarders, and/or combinations thereof.
04/10/14
20140098204
Image display device
An image display device includes an image display panel including a plurality of pixels configured to display a 2d image or a 3d image, a driving circuit configured to apply a data voltage in a 2d image format or a data voltage in a 3d image format to the image display panel, a controller configured to control the driving circuit in a 2d mode for displaying the 2d image or in a 3d mode for displaying the 3d image, and a patterned retarder configured to convert light from the image display panel to alternately have a first polarization and a second polarization, wherein each pixel includes first to fourth subpixels, and the data voltage in the 2d image format is applied to the first to third subpixels and a luminance compensation voltage is applied to the fourth subpixel in the 2d mode, while the data voltage in the 3d image format is applied to the first to third subpixels and a dark gray voltage is applied to the fourth subpixel in the 3d mode.. .
04/10/14
20140098164
Inkjet ink with non-swellable latex particles
An inkjet ink includes a non-polar carrier, a colorant dispersed in the non-polar carrier, a dispersant, and non-swellable latex particles of a cross-linked polymer dispersed in the non-polar carrier. The colorant is chosen from a pigment, a dye, or a combination of a pigment and a dye.
04/10/14
20140097910
Monolithic band switched coupled push-push oscillator
As provided herein, in some embodiments, monolithic oscillators with low phase noise, large swing voltages, wide tuning, and high frequency characteristics are obtained by a monolithic integrated circuit having an oscillator core configured to generate a first output signal, and one or more tuning units operatively coupled to the oscillator core. In some embodiments, the oscillator core is a push-push oscillator core having a bipolar junction transistor, and each of the tuning units uses a fet transistor to present a selectable capacitance.
04/10/14
20140097896
Offset current trim circuit
Apparatus and methods are disclosed related to trimming an input offset current of an amplifier. One such apparatus can include auxiliary bipolar transistors connected in parallel with bases of respective bipolar transistors of an input stage of an amplifier.
04/10/14
20140097847
Optical angular momentum induced hyperpolarisation in interventional applications
A magnetic resonance spectroscopy assembly includes a magnet to generate a steady magnetic field, an rf transmit/receive antenna to transmit an rf excitation field into an examination region and acquire magnetic resonance signals from the examination region and a magnetic resonance spectrometer coupled to the rf transmit/receive antenna to collect magnetic resonance spectroscopy data from the magnetic resonance signals. An interventional instrument is provided with the assembly.
04/10/14
20140097472
Bipolar field effect transistor structures and methods of forming the same
Bipolar field effect transistor (bifet) structures and methods of forming the same are provided. In one embodiment, an apparatus includes a substrate and a plurality of epitaxial layers disposed over the substrate.
04/10/14
20140097412
Brightness enhanced self-luminous display
A brightness enhanced self-luminous type display including a self-luminous display panel and a brightness enhancement stacked layer is provided. The self-luminous display panel includes pixels arranged in array, wherein each pixel includes light-emitting sub-pixels displaying different colors.
04/10/14
20140097401
Semiconductor structure for emitting light, and method for manufacturing such a structure
A semiconductor structure for emitting light including a substrate made of a first semi-conductor material having a first type of conductivity, a first electrical contact, a second semiconductor material, having a second type of conductivity to form a junction, a second electrical contact contacting the second semiconductor material, a polarizer configured to polarize at least one portion of the semiconductor structure, and a plurality of micro- or nano-structures each including a first end connected to the substrate. Each micro- or nano-structure includes at least one portion made from the second semiconductor material, or each micro- or nano-structure having the first type of conductivity, a second end contacting the second semiconductor material to form the junction..
04/10/14
20140096503
Magnetic de-icing
An apparatus has a first member having an exposed peripheral surface and an electrically and thermally conductive portion. A circumferential array of magnets of alternating polarity are mounted for rotation about an axis relative to the first member inboard of the peripheral surface, the magnets being in sufficient proximity to the electrically and thermally conductive portions so that the rotation of the magnets about the axis is effective to generate eddy currents, in turn, is effective to heat the electrically and thermally conductive portion and, thereby, heat the exposed peripheral surface..
04/03/14
20140094801
Multi-function bi-polar forceps
An end effector is disclosed. The end effector includes a first jaw member.
04/03/14
20140094798
Single action tissue sealer
An endoscopic bipolar forceps includes a housing and a shaft, the shaft having an end effector assembly at its distal end. The end effector assembly includes two jaw members for grasping tissue therebetween.
04/03/14
20140094599
Cellulose ethers having reactive anchor group, modified cellulose ethers obtainable therefrom and methods for the preparation thereof
Non-ionic water-soluble cellulose ethers modified with 3-azido-2-hydroxypropyl groups bound via an ether link are provided having a molar degree of substitution msahp in the range from 0.001 to 0.50. Exemplary cellulose ethers are alkyl celluloses, including methyl, hydroxyalkyl (e.g.
04/03/14
20140094506
Use of light sensitive genes
The invention relates to the use of a light-gated ion channel for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of blindness and a method for expressing said cell specific fashion, e.g. In on-bipolar cells, on-ganglion cells, or aii amacrine cells..
04/03/14
20140094467
Method and composition for modulating canonical wnt pathway using folate and inositol
The canonical wnt signaling pathway is implicated in many disorders including neural tube defects, limb malformations, and heart defects, developmental disorders associated with alcohol exposure (fetal alcohol syndrome) or exposure to bipolar medications (i.e. Lithium), wound healing, and alzheimer's disease.
04/03/14
20140094449
Treatment of bipolar disorder
The invention relates to sulphur- and/or selenium-containing compounds that can inhibit the enzyme inositol mono-phosphatase (impase), and which can be used in treating conditions that are treatable through inhibition of this enzyme, such as bi-polar disorder, the compounds having a structure of formula (i), or is a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; formula (i); in which: e is s or se and each of phenyl rings a and b is optionally substituted with one or more substituents, in which each substituent is selected independently from: (1) a halogen, which is preferably selected from f, cl and br; (2) c1-c4 alkyl, such as c1-c2 alkyl or c1 alkyl, optionally substituted with one or more halogen atoms, each of which is preferably selected from f, cl and br; and (3) c1-c4 alkoxy, such as c1-c2 alkoxy or c1 alkoxy; optionally substituted with one or more halogen atoms, each of which is preferably selected from f, cl and br.. .
04/03/14
20140093993
Device of monolithically integrated optoelectrics
A method is disclosed for fabricating optoelectronic component structures and traditional circuit elements on a single silicon substrate. Specific examples of optoelectronic components include, but are not limited to: photodiode structures, light emitter structures and waveguide structures.
04/03/14
20140093973
Epitope testing using soluble hla
The present invention relates generally to a methodology for assaying the binding of a peptide to an individual, specific, soluble hla molecule using fluorescence polarization. The peptides utilized in the method may be identified by indirect methods utilizing t lymphocytes, or by a direct method of epitope discovery described herein..
04/03/14
20140093964
Delivery of biological materials into cellular organelles
Systems, devices, and methods for delivering a biological material into an organelle of a cell are provided. In one aspect, for example, a method for introducing biological material into an organelle of a cell includes bringing into proximity a lance and a preselected biological material outside of a cell and charging the lance with a polarity and a charge sufficient to electrically associate the preselected biological material with a tip portion of the lance.
04/03/14
20140093827
Resist pattern formation method and resist composition
A resist pattern formation method including formation of a resist film, exposure, development, and subsequent rinsing using a resist composition containing a high-molecular compound having a constituent unit represented by the formula (a0-1), a constituent unit containing an acid decomposable group whose polarity increases by the action of an acid, and a constituent unit containing a group represented by the formula (a2-r-1). R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, or a halogenated alkyl group; ra01 represents a lactone-containing polycyclic group, an —so2-containing polycyclic group, or a cyano group-containing polycyclic group; ra′21 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, a halogen atom, a halogenated alkyl group, a hydroxyl group, —coor″, —oc(═o)r″, a hydroxyalkyl group, or a cyano group; r″ represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group; and n′ represents an integer of from 0 to 2..
04/03/14
20140093806
Electroformed bipolar plates for fuel cells
A bipolar plate assembly for a fuel cell is provided. The bipolar plate assembly includes a first electroformed unipolar plate disposed adjacent a second electroformed unipolar plate.
04/03/14
20140093741
Hardcoat film, method for fabricating hardcoat film, antireflection film, polarizing plate, and image display device
There is provided a hardcoat film including a hardcoat layer provided at least one surface-side of a transparent support, wherein the hardcoat layer is formed from a hardcoat layer-forming composition containing a compound having a cyclic aliphatic hydrocarbon group and three or more ethylenically unsaturated double bond groups in a molecule of the compound, and a polymerization initiator.. .
04/03/14
20140093737
Polymerizable composition, antireflection film, polarizing plate and image display device each using the same, and water-repellent or oil-repellent film
There is provided a polymerizable composition comprising a compound (a) having a repeating unit having a perfluoropolyether structure and 4 or more polymerizable groups and represented by the specific general formula; an antireflection film comprising a transparent support having thereon at least one low refractive index layer, wherein the low refractive index layer is formed of the polymerizable composition; a polarizing plate comprising a polarization film and two protective films protecting the both surfaces of the polarization film, wherein at least one of the protective films is the antireflection film; an image display device comprising a display, and the antireflection film or the polarizing plate on the outermost surface of the display; and a water-repellent or oil-repellent film formed of the polymerizable composition.. .
04/03/14
20140093660
Method for manufacturing bipolar plate
A method for manufacturing bipolar plate includes placing a mixed material on a plate wherein the mixed material includes a carbon material as well as a resin and the material of the plate is metal, and irradiating a light to the mixed material for modifying the mixed material wherein the light is a laser light.. .
04/03/14
20140093648
Method for surface modification of a body
The invention concerns a method for modification of the surface of a body, especially a film-shaped body, wherein a fibre-containing substance comprising nano-sized polysaccharide fibre particles is dispersed in a medium essentially composed of water and a polar solvent to form a suspension. The suspension is applied on the surface by a printing method.
04/03/14
20140093555
Patch preparation containing amine oxide
Using an inorganic value and an organic value on an organic conceptual diagram, and an adhesive base, and the adhesive layer has an amine oxide content of 0.1-5 wt % and a low-polar liquid component content of 30-50 wt %.. .
04/03/14
20140093265
Image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus including: an intermediate transfer member configured to transfer the developer images on the plurality of photosensitive members; a secondary transfer member configured to transfer the developer images transferred onto the intermediate transfer member onto a recording sheet; a plurality of primary holding rollers provided to each of the plurality of photosensitive members, respectively; a collecting unit configured to collect developer remaining on the intermediate transfer member; and a control device configured to control biases applied to the secondary transfer member and the plurality of primary holding rollers, wherein, after printing control terminates, the control device is configured to perform cleaning control in which biases having opposite polarities to biases during the printing control are applied to the plurality of primary holding rollers and the secondary transfer member.. .
04/03/14
20140093240
Nonlinear compensation in wdm systems
A compensator device may include a selection switch to receive a first optical signal and provide first and second groups of channels associated with the first optical signal; a polarization beam splitter to receive the first channels, and provide first and second components; a photodiode that provides an electrical signal indicative of an intensity of the first group of channels; a first modulator to receive the electrical signal and the first components and to modulate the first components to form first modulated channels; a second modulator to receive the electrical signal and the second components to modulate the second components to form second modulated channels; a polarization beam combiner to receive the first and second modulated channels to form combined modulated channels; and a coupler to receive the combined modulated channels and the second group of channels to form a second optical signal.. .
04/03/14
20140093163
Perceptually lossless color compression
A system and method of color data compression may perform variations of mrc compression including taking into consideration means and/or variances within k×k cells of an image, background texture, background smoothed color, and gradient components for determination of which parts of an image belong to the background and foreground mrc layers, for calculating thresholds values for such determinations, and determining correctness of determined thresholds and polarity, and may determine the background and foreground layer colors based on the variances, the gradient components, and neighboring pixels of non-color-assigned pixels of the background and foreground layers.. .


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