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|| List of recent Nitrogen-related patents
|Isolated polynucleotides and polypeptides, transgenic plants comprising same and uses thereof in improving abiotic stress tolerance, nitrogen use efficiency, biomass, vigor or yield of plants|
Methods of improving abiotic stress tolerance, nitrogen use efficiency, biomass, vigor or yield of a plant are provided. According to an aspect the method comprising expressing within the plant an exogenous polynucleotide having a nucleic acid sequence at least 90% identical to seq id nos: 103, 101-102, 104-216, 223-227, 264-416, wherein the nucleic acid sequence is capable of regulating abiotic stress tolerance of the plant, thereby improving abiotic stress tolerance, nitrogen use efficiency, biomass, vigor or yield of the plant.
|Nitrogen and hindered phenol containing dual functional macromolecular antioxidants: synthesis, performances and applications|
Methods of producing compounds represented by structural formula (i). And their use in inhibiting oxidation in an oxidizable material..
|Graft polymer to which combined nitrogen molecules are grafted|
Sp is an atom or a group of atoms forming a bond between q and a.. .
|Amphiphilic macromolecular emulsifier with switchable surface activity and use thereof in preparation of polymer latex|
A macromolecular emulsifier with switchable surface activity, and use thereof for preparation of polymer latex is disclosed. By using the macromolecular emulsifier with switchable surface activity as an emulsifier, a reversibly coagulable and re-dispersible polymer latex can be prepared by emulsion polymerization.
|Antioxidant compositions and methods of using the same|
The invention provides non-irritating, stable topical compositions including at least vitamin c, vitamin e and a polyphenol antioxidant. Such compositions can be used to facilitate the prevention or treatment of free oxygen, nitrogen, and/or other free radical related skin damage.
|Treatment of ovarian cancer with benzylidenebenzohydrazides|
Wherein x is carbon or nitrogen.. .
|1,4- dihydropyridine derivatives with hsp modulating activity|
The invention provides 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives of formula (i) wherein r1 is optionally substituted c6-24aryl group or 5 to 6 membered heteroaryl group comprising 1 to 3 nitrogen atoms or other heteroatoms like oxygen and sulphur, and combinations thereof; r2 and r3 are independently hydrogen or c1-6alkyl group; r4 and r5 are independently hydrogen, c1-6alkyl group optionally substituted with amino, mono- or di(c1-6alkyl)amino, or with 5 to 24 membered optionally fused heterocyclic ring attached by nitrogen and optionally comprising additional 1 to 3 n, o, s heteroatoms and optionally substituted with c1-6alkyl group or c1-6 alkoxy group; r6 is c1-6alkyl, c3-7cycloalkyl, c3-7cycloalkylc1-6alkyl or arylc1-6alkyl group; and stereoisomers including enantiomers, diastereomers, racemic mixtures, mixture of enantiomers and combination thereof, as well as polymorphs, pharmaceutically acceptable salts, solvates, esters and prodrugs thereof for use in the therapeutic or prophylactic treatment of a disorder mediated by heat shock proteins.. .
|Pest control composition including novel iminopyridine derivative|
[in the formula (i), ar represents a 5- to 6-membered heterocycle which may be substituted, a represents a heterocycle having a 5- to 10-membered unsaturated bond including one or more nitrogen atoms, and has an imino group substituted with an r group at a position adjacent to the nitrogen atom present on the cycle, y represents hydrogen, halogen and the like, and r represents any one of groups represented by the following formulae (a) to (e), (y) or (z)].. .
|Compounds and compositions for use in the prevention and treatment of inflammation-related disorders, pain and fever, skin disorders, cancer and precancerous conditions thereof|
The present invention provides novel compounds and pharmaceutical compositions for the prevention and/or treatment of cancer and precancerous conditions thereof, for the treatment of pain and fever, for the treatment of skin disorders, and for treating and/or preventing inflammation-related diseases and/or cardiovascular diseases. The compounds of the invention also have analgesic properties and anti-platelet properties.
|Cationic polymers comprising a hydrophobic group as deposition enhancers for pesticides and crop production chemicals|
The present invention relates to the use of certain hydrophobically modified cationic polymers, prepared by polymerising an alkyl ester of acrylic acid or an alkyl ester of methacrylic acid, a nitrogen containing monomer; and an associative monomer; as deposition enhancers for pesticides and crop production chemicals, such as plant growth regulators, fertilizers and micronutrients, in aqueous solutions; an aqueous composition comprising these polymers and one or more pesticides and/or crop production chemicals, a process for preparing said aqueous composition, and the use of said composition for treatment of plants.. .
|Process and catalyst for the hydrotreatment of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock|
A method of hydrotreating a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock using a hydrotreating catalyst having specific properties that make it effective in removing nitrogen and sulfur from the feedstock is disclosed. The catalyst is composed of an alumina support particle having a specific pore diameter distribution which is achieved in part, by the use of pseudo-boehmite as the alumina source and specific calcining temperatures.
|Resistive random access memory cells having metal alloy current limiting layers|
Provided are semiconductor devices, such as resistive random access memory (reram) cells, that include current limiting layers formed from alloys of transition metals. Some examples of such alloys include chromium containing alloys that may also include nickel, aluminum, and/or silicon.
|Pressure-sensitive adhesive composition, pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet, surface protective sheet, and optical film|
Provided is a pressure-sensitive adhesive composition having antistatic properties that suppresses peeling electrification voltage when peeled off from a non-antistatic adherend, low adhesive strength at high peeling speeds, adhesive strength high enough to prevent problems such as lifting and unintended separation at low peeling speeds, and an optical film to which a pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet, a surface protective sheet, and a surface protective sheet are attached, each sheet having high transparency. A pressure-sensitive adhesive composition, comprising: 100 parts by mass of a polymer (a) with a glass transition temperature of less than 0° c.; 0.1 to 20 parts by mass of a polymer (b) having a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 or more to less than 100,000 and containing a monomer unit derived from a monomer having a nitrogen-containing structure; and 0.1 to 20 parts by mass of an acidic compound (c) with a pka of −12.0 or more to less than 3.5..
|Process for continuous production of boron nitride powder|
The present invention provides a process for continuously producing crystalline hexagonal boron nitride powder having a large particle size and high crystalline. The present invention relates to a process comprising: the first step of heating a boron-containing material and a nitrogen-containing material to obtain crude boron nitride powder having boron nitride content of 80% by weight or higher, and the second step of feeding the crude boron nitride powder and a boron-containing flux component in the content satisfying the following formula (1) with a heat-resistant container, and heating the container including the crude boron nitride powder and the boron-containing flux component at 1550 to 2400° c.
|Process for removing nitrogen oxides from gas using microwave catalytic reaction by microwave catalysis|
A method for removing nitrogen-oxides by microwave assisted catalysis, including: 1) charging a catalyst capable of absorbing and interacting with microwave into a reaction tube of a reactor device, to form a reaction bed; and 2) heating the reaction bed by microwaves; when a temperature of the reaction bed is raised to 100-600° c., passing a gas containing nitrogen-oxides through the reaction bed, and performing a gas-solid reaction between the gas and the catalyst to remove the nitrogen-oxides from the gas.. .
|Removal of atmospheric pollutants from gas, related apparatus, processes and uses thereof|
Methods related generally to the removal of atmospheric pollutants from the gas phase, are provided, as well as related apparatus, processes and uses thereof. A single-stage air scrubbing apparatus is provided that includes at least one reaction vessel, at least one introduction duct, and a turbulence component, wherein a residence time is sufficient to allow the conversion of at least one atmospheric pollution compound to at least one other compound, molecule or atom.
|Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof|
To control a grain growth on laminated polysilicon films, a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device is provided. The method includes: forming a first polysilicon film (21) on a substrate (10); forming an interlayer oxide layer (22) on a surface of the first polysilicon film (21); forming a second polysilicon film (23) in contact with the interlayer oxide layer (22) above the first polysilicon film (21); and performing annealing at a temperature higher than a film formation temperature of the first and second polysilicon films in a gas atmosphere containing nitrogen, after formation of the second polysilicon film (23)..
|Semiconductor device and method for fabricating the same|
A semiconductor device includes a base layer of a group iii-v compound, a channel layer disposed on the base layer and including a group iv element, a nitride layer disposed on the channel layer, a gate insulation layer disposed on the nitride layer and a gate electrode disposed on the gate insulation layer. The concentration of nitrogen atoms existing at a first interface between the nitride layer and the gate insulation layer is higher than that existing at a second interface between the nitride layer and the channel layer..
|Thin film transistor array substrate and method of manufacturing the same|
A tft array substrate includes a semiconductive oxide layer disposed on an insulating substrate and including a channel portion, a gate electrode overlapping the semiconductive oxide layer, a gate insulating layer interposed between the semiconductive oxide layer and the gate electrode, and a passivation layer disposed on the semiconductive oxide layer and the gate electrode. At least one of the gate insulating layer and the passivation layer includes an oxynitride layer, and the oxynitride layer has a higher concentration of oxygen than that of nitrogen in a location of the oxynitride layer closer to the semiconductive oxide layer..
|Aromatic heterocyclic derivative, material for organic electroluminescent element, and organic electroluminescent element|
In the formula (1), x1 to x3 each are a nitrogen atom or cr1, with a proviso that at least one of x1 to x3 is a nitrogen atom. A is represented by a formula (2) and b is represented by a formula (4) below..
|Organic light-emitting display apparatus and method of manufacturing the same|
An organic light-emitting display apparatus and a method of manufacturing the organic light-emitting display apparatus. The organic light-emitting display apparatus includes a substrate; a display unit on the substrate; and an encapsulating layer encapsulating the display unit.
|Process for sewage water purification|
Process and apparatus to remove colloids and nitrogen compounds from contaminated water by coagulating the colloids and separating them from the water. The water is then continuously oxidized with chlorine electrolytically to destroy the nitrogen compounds..
|Upgrading platform using alkali metals|
A method for removing sulfur, nitrogen or metals from an oil feedstock. The method involves reacting the oil feedstock with an alkali metal and a radical capping substance.
|Liquid natural gas cooling on the fly|
Described herein are systems and methods for cryogenic fluid delivery to achieve the lowest reasonable saturation pressure while dispensing a cryogenic fluid such as liquefied natural gas to a holding tank on a use device. The systems and methods utilize a liquid nitrogen component and a liquefaction engine, very cold liquefied natural gas and a liquefaction engine, or a combination of both very cold liquefied natural gas and a liquid nitrogen component to deliver lng to a holding tank on a use device..
|Fluid ionized compositions, methods of preparation and uses thereof|
Disclosed herein are fluid ionized compositions, such as fluid calcium cyanamide fertilizer compositions, methods of preparation and uses thereof. In some examples, a fluid composition includes a mixture of about 40 to 20 parts of dissolved acid or acid-formed approximately neutral ph nitrogen plant nutrient compounds (such as urea ammonium nitrate and h2o) and about 1 to about 5 parts of a mixture of insoluble or weakly soluble high ph calcium-formed plant nutrient compounds (such as calcium cyanamide and h2o).
The invention relates to a dosing module (10) for injecting a reduction agent, in particular a urea-water solution, into an exhaust pipe of an internal combustion engine, in particular of a self-igniting internal combustion engine, to reduce nitrogen oxides in the exhaust stream, wherein the dosing module has a main cooling element (12) through which a cooling liquid flows, in particular for cooling an injection valve (64) for the reduction agent. According to the invention, an additional cooling element (14), through which the cooling liquid likewise flows, in particular for cooling in the region of an electrical plug connection (22) and of an electromagnet (80) for actuating the injection valve (64), is placed on the basis cooling element (12), wherein a guide insert (30) for the cooling liquid is arranged in the main cooling element (12).
A venous compression element is provided which is useful in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, such as varicose veins. The compression element comprises a central core of fluid filled cells and an outer layer of soft material suitable for maintaining contact with skin for a prolonged period of time and which covers the core.
|Method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate, polyurethane foam-forming compositions, polyurethane foam and articles made therefrom|
A method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate comprising heating paraformaldehyde in a solvent to a desired reaction temperature, wherein the solvent is present in at least an amount necessary to solvate or suspend the paraformaldehyde; adding at least one alkyl phosphite to the heated paraformaldehyde, to provide hydroxymethylphosphonate, the alkyl phosphite being added to the heated paraformaldehyde at a rate which will avoid or inhibit the production of a significant exotherm and resulting high/significant level of acid by-product(s), there being present in the reaction medium at least one hindered amine catalyst in which the nitrogen in the amine is directly bound to a secondary and/or tertiary carbon of an organic group; and, optionally, following the completion of the addition, heating the reaction mixture to an elevated temperature.. .
|Nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds|
R4a represents an optionally substituted aromatic heterocyclic group) or the like, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; and the like, are provided.. .
|Inhibitors of the renal outer medullary potassium channel|
Wherein r is a 6-8 membered saturated heterocyclic ring having 2 nitrogen atoms connected with —(ch2)n1— and —(ch2)n2—, respectively, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof which are inhibitors of the renal outer medullary potassium (romk) channel (kir1.1). The compounds are useful as diuretics and natriuretics and therefore are useful for the therapy and prophylaxis of disorders resulting from excessive salt and water retention, including cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and chronic and acute heart failure..
|Solution utilizing nitrogen contained water for preserving or flushing organs for transplantation, method for preparing the solution and method for preserving or flushing organs for transplantation utilizing the solution|
A solution utilizing nitrogen contained water for preserving or flushing organs for transplantation, wherein a solvent of the solution is the nitrogen contained water which was prepared by adding nitrogen gas to water and reducing dissolved oxygen. A method for preparing a solution for preserving or flushing organs for transplantation, comprising a step of dissolving a composition comprising a plurality of component materials which are intended to be solutes of the solution in liquid which is intended to be a solvent of the solution.
|Systems, methods, and apparatus for production coatings of low-emissivity glass|
Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for forming a low emissivity panel. In various embodiments, a partially fabricated panel may be provided.
|Effective use of yeast and yeast extract residue|
To provide effective use from a yeast extract residue, an excess of which is produced as a byproduct of yeast extract, or reduction in amount of the yeast extract residue. Also to obtain various useful substances.
|Coated cutting tool and method of manufacturing the same|
A coated cutting tool includes a substrate and a surface coating, wherein the coating is a ti(c,n,o) layer comprising at least one columnar fine-grained mtcvd ti(c,n) layer with an average grain width of 0.05-0.4 μm and an atomic ratio of carbon to the sum of carbon and nitrogen (c/(c+n)) contained in the mtcvd ti(c,n) layer being on average 0.50-0.65. A method for manufacturing the coated cutting tool includes depositing the mtcvd ti(c,n) layer..
|Wiring structure, semiconductor device including wiring structure, and method of manufacturing semiconductor device|
There is provided with a wiring structure. The wiring stracture has a damascene wiring structure including a metal wiring.
|Charge-transporting material, organic electroluminescent element, and light-emitting device, display device and illumination device characterised by using said element|
An organic electroluminescent element having high durability can be provided by using a compound represented by the following general formula (1), wherein: z1 to z4 each represent a carbon atom or a nitrogen atom; a1 represents an atomic group which is combined with z1 and a nitrogen atom to form a 5- or 6-membered hetero ring; b1 represents an atomic group which is combined with z2 and a carbon atom to form a 5- or 6-membered ring; c1 represents an atomic group which is combined with z3 and a nitrogen atom to form a 5- or 6-membered hetero ring; d1 represents an atomic group which is combined with z4 and a carbon atom to form a 5- or 6-membered ring; n represents 1 or 2; l represents a single bond or a linking group; and g represents a fused ring with 3 or more rings.. .
|Filtration medium comprising a metal-containing particulate|
Described herein is a liquid filtration device is disclosed comprising a fluid conduit fluidly connecting a fluid inlet to a fluid outlet; and a water filtration medium disposed in the fluid conduit; the water filter medium comprising a metal-containing particulate, wherein the metal-containing particulate comprises a thermolysis product of a metal salt wherein the salt is selected from nitrogen-containing oxyanions, sulfur-containing anions, chlorides, phosphates, and combinations thereof; and methods of removing chloramines from aqueous solutions.. .
|Method for improving selectivity and recovery in the flotation of nickel sulphide ores that contain pyrrhotite by exploiting the synergy of multiple depressants|
A method of using the synergy of multiple depressants to improve the depression of iron sulphide without compromising the recovery of the valuable sulphide minerals in the flotation of non-ferrous metal sulphides, while reducing or eliminating the use of environmentally problematic chemicals such as polyamines. The method has significant economic and environmental benefits.
|Low-pressure process utilizing a stacked-bed system of specific catalysts for the hydrotreating of a gas oil feedstock|
A low-pressure process for hydrodenitrogenation and hydrodesulfurization of a gas oil feedstock. The process uses a multi-bed, stacked-bed reactor system.
|Process for upgrading a high endpoint gas oil containing high concentrations of thiophenes and nitrogen and providing for a reduced hydrogen consumption rate.|
A process and catalyst that provides for the upgrading of a high endpoint gas oil feedstock that contains significant concentrations of organic sulfur compound and organic nitrogen compounds. Included among the sulfur compounds are the dimethyl-dibenzothiophenes and derivative thereof.
|Working fluid for rankine cycle|
An organic rankine cycle working fluid comprising at least one compound having formula (i): rnq, wherein r is fluorinated or non-fluorinated methyl, ethyl, vinyl or ethynyl, n is element nitrogen, the connection of r—n is a ring structure or a straight chain structure, and q is a hydrogen and/or at least one fluorine atom. A process for converting thermal energy into mechanical energy, a method for power generation, an organic rankine cycle system, and the use of the working fluid for heat transfer or in a mechanical power generation device are also provided.
The present invention relates to dyes of formula (1), wherein each of the residues d1 and d2 represents a radical of formula (2), wherein ar1 represents the tetravalent radical of a carbocylic or heterocyclic aromatic compound, r1, r2 and r3 are each independently of the other hydrogen, c1-c12alkyl, c1-c12alkoxy, halogen, —oh, —cn, —no2, —cf3, —so3h, —nhcor4, —coor5, —conr6r7, —so2nr8r9, —nr10so2r11, —so2r13— or —zch2ch2q, wherein z is —o—, —so2—, —nr12—, —conh— or —nhco—, q represents —oh, c1-c12alkyl, —so2r13—, —nhr14—, —och2ch2oh, —so2ch2ch2oh or —nhch2ch2oh, r4 is c1-c12alkyl, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, r10, r12, r13 and r14 are each independently of the others hydrogen or c1-c12alkyl, and r11 is c1-c122alkyl, with the proviso that at least one of the residues d1 and d2 is a radical of formula (2) wherein r3 is —coor5, —so2nr8r9, —so2r13— or —zch2ch2q, dichromatic and trichromatic mixtures containing these dyes and the use of these dyes for dyeing or printing hydroxyl group-containing or nitrogen-containing fibre materials.. .
|Genes and uses for plant improvement|
This invention provides transgenic plant cells with recombinant dna for expression of proteins that are useful for imparting enhanced agronomic trait(s) to transgenic crop plants. This invention also provides transgenic plants and progeny seed comprising the transgenic plant cells where the plants are selected for having an enhanced trait selected from the group of traits consisting of enhanced water use efficiency, enhanced cold tolerance, increased yield, enhanced nitrogen use efficiency, enhanced seed protein and enhanced seed oil.
|Method for producing vinyl acetate|
The present invention discloses a method for producing vinyl acetate. Inert gas is introduced into cycling gas to improve the explosion limit of oxygen, enlarge a stable area of a reaction system and improve the oxygen concentration of the reaction system, thus reducing the reaction temperature, prolonging the service life of a catalyst, and improving the selectivity of the vinyl acetate.
|Luminescent solar concentrator comprising disubstituted benzoselenadiazole compounds|
Luminescent solar concentrator (lsc) comprising at least one disubstituted benzoselenadiazole compound having general formula (i): r1, r2, r3, r4 and r5, equal to or different from each other, represent a hydrogen atom; or they are selected from linear or branched c1-c20, preferably c1-c10, alkyl groups, cycloalkyl groups optionally substituted, aryl groups optionally substituted, linear or branched c1-c20, preferably c1-c10, alkoxyl groups, optionally substituted; or r1 and r2, can be possibly bound to each other so as to form, together with the carbon atoms to which they are bound, a cycle or a polycyclic system containing from 3 to 14 carbon atoms, preferably from 4 to 6 carbon atoms, saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic, possibly containing one or more heteroatoms such as, for example, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, silicon, phosphorous, selenium; or r3 and r4, can be possibly bound to each other so as to form, together with the carbon atoms to which they are bound, a cycle or a polycyclic system containing from 3 to 14 carbon atoms, preferably from 4 to 6 carbon atoms, saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic, possibly containing one or more heteroatoms such as, for example, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, silicon, phosphorous, selenium; or r4 and r5, can be possibly bound to each other so as to form, together with the carbon atoms to which they are bound, a cycle or a polycyclic system containing from 3 to 14 carbon atoms, preferably from 4 to 6 carbon atoms, saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic, possibly containing one or more heteroatoms such as, for example, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, silicon, phosphorous, selenium.. .
|Methods for preparation of polyester/glyoxalated polyvinyl alcohol semi-interpenetrating polymer network hot-melt adhesive|
A polyester/glyoxalated polyvinyl alcohol semi-interpenetrating polymer network hot-melt adhesive and preparation method therefore, mainly inlcudes the steps of: 1) transesterification of certain amounts of dimethyl terephthalate and another dibasic ester with 1,4-butanediol and other diols in the presence of an organotin catalyst under a nitrogen atmosphere in a reactor, completed upon the amount of distillation of a monohydric alcohol byproduct reaching greater than 95% of the theoretical amount; 2) after the temperature is maintained for a period of time, adding in a stabilizer and a polycondensation catalyst and incrementally increasing the temperature to trigger a polycondensation reaction under a reduced pressure to produce particles of a copolymer, and freezing and pulverizing the copolymer particles to produce a powder of a copolyester; 3) uniformly blending a polyvinyl alcohol/glyoxal mixture with the powder produced in step 2) at ambient temperature to produce the target product. The product is capable of forming an internal semi-interpenetrating network at application temperatures..
|Cationic polymers and methods of providing antistatic properties to coating materials|
Use of cationic polymers comprising quaternary nitrogen atoms as antistat in coating compositions, characterized in that the polymers are selected from the group consisting of compounds according to the formula (i), polydiallyldialkylamines and copolymers thereof, polyalkyleneimines, polyvinylimidazoles and copolymers thereof, and mixtures of these. The effect of the antistat is that dust adheres to a lesser degree to the coating of the composition.
|Stabilization of compounds containing iodine having polymers comprising nitrogen|
The invention relates to the production of nitrogen containing polymers from aziridines, to the use of these nitrogen containing polymers for stabilizing iodine containing compounds, to compositions comprising at least the nitrogen containing polymers and also iodine containing compounds, and to the use of these compositions as biocides and/or for controlling microorganisms.. .
|Nitrogen mustard derivatives|
The disclosure includes compounds of formula (1): wherein x1, x2, q, z, r1, and r2 are defined herein. Also disclosed is a method for treating a neoplastic disease or an immune disease with these compounds..
|Nitrogen-containing fused ring compounds as crth2 antagonists|
The present application relates to nitrogen-containing fused ring compounds shown by general formula (i), a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a stereoisomer thereof as crth2 antagonist, wherein x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, w, x, y, l1, l2, l3, a, b are as defined in the description; the present application further relates to a method for preparing the compounds, a pharmaceutical formulation and a pharmaceutical composition comprising the compounds, a use of the compounds for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases related to activity of crth2.. .
|Ortho-condensed pyridine and pyrimidine derivatives (e.g., purines) as protein kinases inhibitors|
The invention provides a compound for use as a protein kinase b inhibitor, the compound being a compound of the formula (i) or salts, solvates, tautomers or n-oxides thereof, wherein t is n or cr5; j1-j2 is n═c(r6), (r7)c═n, (r8)n—c(o), (r8)2c—c(o), n═n or (r7)c═c(r6); e is a monocyclic carbocyclic or heterocyclic group of 5 or 6 ring members, the heterocyclic group containing up to 3 heteroatoms selected from o, n and s; q1 is a bond or a saturated c1-3 hydrocarbon linker group, one of the carbon atoms in the linker group being optionally be replaced by an oxygen or nitrogen atom, or an adjacent pair of carbon atoms may be replaced by conrq or nrqco where rq is hydrogen or methyl, or rq is a c1-4 alkylene chain linked to r or a carbon atom of q1 to form a cyclic moiety; and wherein the carbon atoms of the linker group q1 may optionally bear one or more substituents selected from fluorine and hydroxy; q2 is a bond or a saturated hydrocarbon linker group containing from 1 to 3 carbon atoms, wherein one of the carbon atoms in the linker group may optionally be replaced by an oxygen or nitrogen atom; and wherein the carbon atoms of the linker group may optionally bear one or more substituents selected from fluorine and hydroxy, provided that the hydroxy group when present is not located at a carbon atom a with respect to the g group; and provided that when e is aryl or heteroaryl, then q2 is other than a bond; g is hydrogen, nr2r3, oh or sh provided that when e is aryl or heteroaryl and q2 is a bond, then g is hydrogen; r1 is hydrogen or an aryl or heteroaryl group, with the proviso that when r is hydrogen and g is nr2r3, then q is a bond; and r2, r3, r4, r6 and r8 are as defined in the claims.. .
|Dieletric cap having material with optical band gap to substantially block uv radiation during curing treatment, and related methods|
A dielectric cap and related methods are disclosed. In one embodiment, the dielectric cap includes a dielectric material having an optical band gap (e.g., greater than about 3.0 electron-volts) to substantially block ultraviolet radiation during a curing treatment, and including nitrogen with electron donor, double bond electrons.
|Method of forming ultra shallow junction|
The present invention discloses a method of forming ultra shallow junction, wherein the method includes the following steps: (1) providing a grid side wall etched semiconductor structure; (2) after the implantation of the nitrogen source ion into the said semiconductor structures, implanting the boron ions into the said structure of semiconductor by lightly doped drain (ldd) process; (3) forming an ultra shallow junction on the semiconductor structure by continuous processes of the heavily doped ions implantation and the anneal. The new source of n28 was introduced into this invention.
|Algae strain for biodiesel fuel production|
Use of an algal for biodiesel fuel selected for growing strain of production, the genus desmodesmus wherein said strain was under high nutrient conditions and is characterized as having a determined fatty by acid nuclear methyl ester content of 2.6% magnetic resonance analysis, nitrogen content of 11.3% and a carbon content of 46.3%. Given the growth and elemental composition of this strain t the instant algal strain is of particular use as a biomass source for biofuel lipids and/or biodiesel fuel production..
|Carrier resins with improved relative humidity sensitivity|
The disclosure generally describes carrier resins, and in particular, resins used for carrier coatings which include at least one ester functional group and at least one cyclic aliphatic group containing at least one nitrogen atom in the cyclic ring structure. Carriers having such resins in the coating exhibit high charge and excellent relative humidity (rh) sensitivity of charge to changing environmental conditions..
|Air electrode catalyst|
This invention proposes metal complexes of polyphenylenediamines as the precursors of carbonized materials used as air electrode catalysts. Method of production includes mixing phenylenediamine monomer with a catalyst carrier in a solvent and adding an oxidant with metal salt to produce a metal complex of polyphenylenediamine.
|Mesoporous metal nitride materials and methods|
A plurality of mesoporous metal nitride materials may be formed by a method that includes treating with ammonia (or a related bonded nitrogen and hydrogen containing reducing material) a mixed metal oxide material that comprises at least one first metal that forms an unstable product with ammonia and at least one second metal that forms a stable product with ammonia to form the metal nitride materials that include the second metal but not the first metal. The method contemplates forming metal nitride materials, as well as metal oxynitride materials.
A method for applying a zinc oxide coating to a substrate, comprising the steps of: (i) applying a nitrogen-containing aromatic heterocycle functionalised coating to the substrate; (ii) contacting the nitrogen-containing aromatic heterocycle functionalised coating with an agent comprising palladium(ii) and/or platinum(ii), resulting in a coating comprising complexed palladium(ii) and/or platinum(ii); (iii) reducing the complexed palladium(ii) and/or platinum(ii) in the coating to palladium(0) and/or platinum(0); and (iv) contacting the coating comprising complexed palladium(0) and/or platinum(0) with a zinc salt in the presence of a reducing agent under aqueous conditions to form a zinc oxide coating on the substrate.. .
|Plasma cleaning method|
A plasma cleaning method is disclosed, the method includes the steps of performing a remote plasma cleaning; performing an in-situ radio-frequency nitrogen plasma cleaning; and depositing a seasoning film, wherein a reactant gas introduced in depositing the seasoning film does not include any nitrogen-containing gas. Advantageously, the combined use of the remote plasma cleaning and in-situ rf nitrogen plasma cleaning processes, as well as the non-use of any nitrogen-containing gas during the deposition of the seasoning film, can together greatly improve the conventional wafer backside metal contamination problem..
|Fruit breaking system and method|
Methods as described in the present disclosure generally include cryogenically freezing sweetened, dried fruit having a moisture content between 8% and 18%, and then breaking the frozen fruit into pieces having an appropriate size distribution. Cryogenically freezing the fruit may be accomplished by passing the fruit through a cold gas tunnel or by immersing or otherwise exposing the fruit to a cryogenic substance such as liquid nitrogen, liquid oxygen, solid carbon dioxide, gaseous nitrogen, or a mixture of liquid nitrogen and gaseous nitrogen.
|Selective catalytic reduction catalyst system|
Described are scr catalyst systems comprising a first scr catalyst composition and a second scr catalyst composition arranged in the system, the first scr catalyst composition promoting higher n2 formation and lower n2o formation than the second scr catalyst composition, and the second scr catalyst composition having a different composition than the first scr catalyst composition, the second scr catalyst composition promoting lower n2 formation and higher n2o formation than the first scr catalyst composition. The scr catalyst systems are useful in methods and systems to catalyze the reduction of nitrogen oxides in the presence of a reductant..
|Carbazole-based polymer and organic electroluminescence element using same|
A polymer including a structural unit represented by the following formula (a). In the formula (a), p is independently a group represented by the following formula (p), a is an integer of 2 to 5, and b is an integer of 0 to 5.
|Slurry oil upgrading while preserving aromatic content|
Methods relating to methods for producing a needle coke precursor from slurry oil having low levels of nitrogen and sulfur. Nitrogen-containing compounds are removed by chromatography, followed by hydrotreating at relatively mild conditions that focus on the more easily-removed sulfur-containing compounds while largely preserving aromatic content of the slurry oil.
|Method for the use of nitrates and nitrate reducing bacteria for mitigating biogenic sulfide production|
A method of controlling sulfides in a fluid including determining selected conditions of the fluid and selecting a nitrogen reducing bacteria (nrb) based on those conditions. The method further includes injecting an nrb into the fluid and injecting an inorganic nitrate into the fluid..
|Multilayer structure including a layer of a specific copolyamide and a barrier layer|
The invention relates to a multilayer structure including: a so-called outer layer (l1) consisting of a composition that primarily includes one or more semicrystalline copolyamides (h), the melting point of which is at least 220° c. And which contains at least 80 mol % of the following two units (s) and (a), wherein the (s) unit denotes one or more semiaromatic (s) units consisting of one of more sub-units from aromatic diacid (sr) and one or more sub-units from aliphatic diamine (sa) having 9 to 13 carbon atoms, and the (a) unit denotes one or more aliphatic units having 8 to 13 carbon atoms per nitrogen atom, the molar ratio (s)/(a) being 1 to 3; and a layer (l2) consisting of a composition primarily containing one or more tetrafluoroethylene (tfe) copolymers, said tfe copolymer being necessarily functionalized when layer (l2) is in contact with layer (l1) or with an intermediate layer that primarily includes one or more polyamides.
|Process for manufacturing a bellows and/or bellows|
A process for manufacturing a bellows, made of austenitic high-grade steel with high compressive strength and fatigue strength, forms a single-layer or multilayer sleeve into a bellows with hydraulic forming. The pressure resistance and fatigue strength are improved by the bellows being cleaned after the forming and by the bellows being exposed to a surrounding area containing carbon and/or nitrogen atoms at temperatures between 100° c.
|Non-aqueous solvent composition and its use as barrier liquid|
A non-aqueous solvent composition comprising 0 to 10 wt. % of n-alkyl pyrrolidone, 0 to 5 wt.
|Compositions for colouring keratinous fibres|
An active agent combination of (a) at least one water-soluble polymer comprising at least one *—si(or)x(r′)3-x residue, in which r and r′, independently of one another, denote a (c1 to c4)alkyl group, and x denotes 1, 2 or 3, and (b) at least one polar alkoxysilane compound of formula (si), in which g denotes a (c1 to c3)alkylene group, k″ denotes a connectivity selected from a covalent bond or from a molecular fragment having two free valences, r1 denotes a molecular fragment comprising at least one polar substituent selected from the group consisting of quaternized nitrogen atoms, amino groups, anionic residues, and combinations thereof, x denotes 1, 2 or 3, r and r′, independently of one another, denote a (c1 to c4)alkyl group, is suitable for improving synthetic colorings of coloring compounds on keratin-containing fibers.. .
|Compositions for dyeing keratin fibers|
Star polymers comprising (1) a structural fragment acting as a center, and (2) at least three groups radially bound to this center, wherein these groups (i) each have at least one polyether structural unit comprising a polyoxyalkylene chain consisting of either ethylene oxide units or both ethylene oxide and propylene oxide units, wherein the polyoxyalkylene chain has a maximum proportion of 50 wt. % of propylene oxide units, relative to the weight of the polyoxyalkylene chain, and (ii) each have at least one residue comprising: (a) at least one *—si(or)x(r′)3-x group, in which r and r′, independently of one another, denote a (c1 to c4) alkyl group, x denotes 1, 2 or 3; (b) at least one anionic group; (c) at least one quaternized nitrogen atom; or (d) combinations thereof; are suitable for improving synthetic colorings of coloring compounds on keratin-containing fibers..
|Nucleic acid agents for overexpressing or downregulating rna interference targets and uses of same in improving nitrogen use efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, biomass, vigor or yield of a plant|
A method of improving nitrogen use efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, biomass, vigor or yield of a plant is provided by expressing within the plant an exogenous polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence at least 80% homologous to seq id nos: 687-981, 992-1248, 1281-1310, 1389-1391, and 2806-3081. Also provided is a method of improving nitrogen use efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, biomass, vigor or yield of a plan by expressing within the plant an exogenous polynucleotide which downregulates an activity or expression of a polypeptide having an amino acid sequence at least 80% homologous to seq id nos: 311-514, 2007-2436, 1311-1320, 982-991, 1249-1280, 1321-1388.
|Isolated polynucleotides expressing or modulating dsrnas, transgenic plants comprising same and uses thereof in improving nitrogen use efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, biomass, vigor or yield of a plant|
A method of improving nitrogen use efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, biomass, vigor or yield of a plant is provided by expressing within the plant an exogenous polynucleotide at least 90% identical to seq id nos: 1-56, 62, 63, 110, 116, 117, 119-161, 200, 201-255, 1027-1031, 1459-1836. Also provided is a method of improving nitrogen use efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, biomass, vigor or yield of a plant by expressing within the plant an exogenous polynucleotide which downregulates an activity or expression of a gene encoding an rnai molecule having a nucleic acid sequence selected from the group consisting of seq id nos: 57-61, 64-115, 118, 162-200, 260-262, 265-267, 271, 1032-1455, 1810-1827, 1842-2265, 2620-2643, 2742-2792.
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