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 Method of manufacturing active material patent thumbnailMethod of manufacturing active material
According to an embodiment, a method of manufacturing an active material is provided. The active material includes particles of a composite oxide of the general formula ti1±xnb2±ymzo7−δ and a carbon-including phase.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba


 Organic electroluminescent materials and devices patent thumbnailOrganic electroluminescent materials and devices
In the structure of formula i, z is selected from si and ge; xa and xb are independently selected from the group consisting of o, s, and se; the y and z atoms forming the six-membered rings in formula i, ga, and gb are each independently selected from c or n; each r1, r2, ra1, ra2, rb1, and rb2 is independently selected from a variety of substituents; at least one ra1 is la-aa; at least one rb1 is lb-ab; aa and ab are each independently selected from carbazole, dibenzofuran, dibenzothiophene, dibenzoselenophene, triphenylene, and nitrogen-substituted variants thereof, which are optionally further substituted; and la and lb are each independently an organic linker. Formulations and devices, such as an oleds, that include the compound of formula i are also described..

 Polymer and solar cell using the same patent thumbnailPolymer and solar cell using the same
Z1 indicates carbon having an r1 group, nitrogen, or the like. Z2 indicates oxygen, sulfur, selenium, nitrogen having an r2 group, or the like.

 Semiconductor devices and methods of fabricating semiconductor devices patent thumbnailSemiconductor devices and methods of fabricating semiconductor devices
Semiconductor devices are provided. A semiconductor device includes a substrate including first through fourth areas.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.


 Diffusion barrier layer formation patent thumbnailDiffusion barrier layer formation
A method of forming a titanium nitride (tin) diffusion barrier includes exposing a deposition surface to a first pulse of a titanium-containing precursor and to a first pulse of a nitrogen-rich plasma to form a first tin layer with a first nitrogen concentration making a lower portion of the tin diffusion barrier, the first nitrogen concentration of the first tin layer is increased by the first pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma reducing a reactivity of the lower portion of the tin diffusion barrier to prevent fluorine diffusion. The first tin layer is exposed to second pulses of the titanium-containing precursor and the nitrogen-rich plasma to form a second tin layer with a second nitrogen concentration above the first tin layer making an upper portion of the tin diffusion barrier, the first pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma has a substantially longer duration than the second pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma..
International Business Machines Corporation


 Operating methods of purge devices for containers patent thumbnailOperating methods of purge devices for containers
Operating methods of purge devices for containers are provided. The operating methods comprise a step of aligning an opening of a container to a first purging unit and placing the container in the purge device.
Gudeng Precision Industrial Co., Ltd


 Nitrogen oxide abatement in semiconductor fabrication patent thumbnailNitrogen oxide abatement in semiconductor fabrication
Embodiments enclosed herein relate to methods and apparatus for reducing nitrogen oxides (nox) produced during processing, such as during semiconductor fabrication processing. A processing system may include an abatement controller and an effluent abatement system, wherein the abatement controller controls the effluent abatement system to reduce nox production, while ensuring abatement of the effluent gases from the processing system.
Applied Materials, Inc.


 Bearing steel patent thumbnailBearing steel
A steel alloy for a bearing is provided. The alloy having a composition including from 0.04 to 0.1 wt.
Skf Aerospace France S.a.s


 Systems and methods for monitoring the health of a mid-bed oxidant injection system patent thumbnailSystems and methods for monitoring the health of a mid-bed oxidant injection system
A system includes a controller programmed to determine an oxidation state of a three-way catalyst (twc) assembly based on a first signal representative of a measured oxygen (o2) storage of the twc assembly received from a radio frequency (rf) probe disposed within the twc assembly, to determine whether a temperature of a fluid flowing into an ammonia slip catalyst (asc) assembly is within a desired temperature operating range based on a second signal representative of the temperature of the fluid adjacent an inlet of the asc assembly, to determine whether a concentration of nitrogen oxides (nox) in the fluid exiting an outlet of the asc assembly is within desired limits based on a third signal representative of the concentration of nox in the fluid, and to determine whether to perform diagnostics on a component of an exhaust aftertreatment system based at least on the first, second, and third signals.. .
General Electric Company


 Method for conducting well testing operations with nitrogen lifting, production logging, and buildup testing on single coiled tubing run patent thumbnailMethod for conducting well testing operations with nitrogen lifting, production logging, and buildup testing on single coiled tubing run
A method for performing a pressure buildup test in an evaluation zone of a well includes the steps of perforating the well in the evaluation zone to allow the flow of hydrocarbon fluids from the reservoir, deploying a pressure buildup test system into the evaluation zone, supplying the lift fluid via the coiled tubing to lift the hydrostatic pressure to lift the hydrocarbon fluids from the evaluation zone toward the surface, moving the packer to the set position, monitoring the pressure data in the evaluation zone, closing the shut-in valve when the stable state of the pressure data is reached, and measuring a buildup pressure in the evaluation zone using the pressure monitoring device. The pressure buildup test system includes a packer, a sub port, a coiled tubing, a shut-in valve, a pressure monitoring device, and a plt..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


Method for double dislocation alloying and nanophase modification of steel by atomic nitrogen


A new technology of intense double alloying and modification involves introduction, during the process of secondary treatment of steel, of nitrogen-containing substance in urea (nh2)2co into a ladle with a steel melt, which at a temperature of the steel liquid phase of approximately 1650° c. Dissociates in an explosive manner, releasing atomic nitrogen.
Otkrytoe Aktsionernoe Obshhestvo Novolipetskij Metallurgicheskij Kombinat


Transgenic plants with enhanced agronomic traits


This invention provides transgenic plant cells with recombinant dna for expression of proteins that are useful for imparting enhanced agronomic trait(s) to transgenic crop plants. This invention also provides transgenic plants and progeny seed comprising the transgenic plant cells where the plants are selected for having an enhanced trait selected from the group of traits consisting of enhanced water use efficiency, enhanced cold tolerance, increased yield, enhanced nitrogen use efficiency, enhanced seed protein and enhanced seed oil.
Monsanto Technology Llc


Isolated polynucleotides and polypeptides, and methods of using same for increasing plant yield and/or agricultural characteristics


Provided are isolated polypeptides which are at least 80% homologous to seq id nos: 710-1153 and 9276-15726, isolated polynucleotides which are at least 80% identical to seq id nos: 1-709 and 1157-9275, nucleic acid constructs comprising same, transgenic cells expressing same, transgenic plants expressing same and method of using same for increasing yield, abiotic stress tolerance, growth rate, biomass, vigor, oil content, photosynthetic capacity, seed yield, fiber yield, fiber quality, fiber length, and/or nitrogen use efficiency of a plant.. .
Evogene Ltd.


Use of specific derivatives of quaternized nitrogen compounds as additives in fuels and lubricants


The invention relates to the use of specific quaternised nitrogen compounds which are also subjected to specific transesterification or amidation, as a fuel and lubricant additive or kerosene additive, such as in particular as a detergent additive, for decreasing or preventing deposits in the injection systems of direct-injection diesel engines, in particular in common rail injection systems, for decreasing the fuel consumption of direct-injection diesel engines, in particular of diesel engines having common rail injection systems, and for minimizing the power loss in direct-injection diesel engines, in particular in diesel engines having common rail injection systems. The invention further relates to the use as an additive for petrol, in particular for operation of disi engines..
Basf Se


Phosphorus-nitrogen intumescent flame retardant, synthesis method therefor and use thereof


This disclosure provides high-efficiency and low-energy-consumption synthetic methods of a series of phosphorus-nitrogen-based intumescent flame retardants and the use thereof in paint flame retarding. 1 part by weight of a phosphorization agent and 0.5-4.0 parts by weight of a nitrogen-containing foaming agent are uniformly mixed and stirred at room temperature, and an amount of water is further added to emit heat and initiate reaction.
Institute Of Advanced Technology, University Of Science And Technology Of China


Thermosetting resin composition


(wherein z1 is a carbonyl group or a —conh— group, z2 is a c1-5 alkylene group or a 5- or 6-membered divalent saturated heterocyclic group containing at least one nitrogen atom, and z3 is a 5- or 6-membered aromatic heterocyclic group containing two nitrogen atoms in which at least one of hydrogen atoms may be substituted by a c1-5 alkyl group)}.. .

Aromatic polycarbonate resin molding


Provided is an aromatic polycarbonate resin molded body, which is obtained by molding a resin molding material containing an aromatic polycarbonate resin (a), in which: the molded body has a thin-walled portion having a thickness of 0.5 mm or less; the molded body has an o-hydroxyacetophenone content of 1 ppm by mass or less and a nitrogen atom content of 15 ppm or less; and the molded body is free of an absorption maximum in a wavelength range of from 500 nm to 600 nm.. .
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.


Process for the preparation of dipeptidylpeptidase inhibitors


The present invention provides a process for the preparation of linagliptin, a compound of formula i, the process comprising deprotecting a compound of formula ii wherein r1 and r2 together with the nitrogen to which they are attached form a phthalimido group, wherein the aromatic ring of the phthalimido group is substituted with one or more r3 substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, alkyl, nitro and amino; or r1 is h and r2 is selected from the group consisting of trialkylsilyl, 2-trialkylsilylethoxycarbamates, acetyl, trihaloacetyl, 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl, trityl, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, diphenylphosphine and sulfonylethoxycarbonyl.. .
Glenmark Pharmacueticals Limited


Processes for producing fuels and biofertilizers from biomass and products produced


An ibtl system having a low ghg footprint for converting biomass to liquid fuels in which a biomass feed is converted to liquids by direct liquefaction and the liquids are upgraded to produce premium fuels. Biomass residues from the direct liquefaction, and optionally additional biomass is pyrolyzed using microwave pyrolysis to produce structured biochar, hydrogen for the liquefaction and upgrading, and co2 for conversion to algae, including blue green algae (cyanobacteria) in a photobioreactor (pbr).
Shanghai Advanced Research Institute Of The Chinese Academy Of Science


Control system for nitrogen and phosphorus removal


A central controller is used in a treatment method and system for removing at least one of nitrogen or phosphorus from wastewater. Based on data received from a plurality of sensors, each of which is coupled to a component of a wastewater treatment system, a control signal is sent from the central controller to at least one chemical delivery system, which dispenses at least one chemical compound into the wastewater in an amount effective to reduce the level of nitrogen or phosphorus in the wastewater..
Environmental Operating Solutions, Inc.


Process for preparing a powder comprising a solid solution of uranium dioxide and of a dioxide of at least one other actinide and/or lanthanide element


The invention relates to a method for preparing a powder of a solid solution of dioxide of uranium and of at least one other actinide and/or lanthanide element comprising a step for combustion of a solution comprising uranyl nitrate and at least one nitrate of the other actinide and/or lanthanide element and nitrogen-containing fuel used according to a specific predetermined amount so as to form at the end of this step, said solid solution.. .
Areva Nc


Apparatus and producing aluminum nitride powder and aluminum nitride powder prepared thereby


Disclosed herein are an apparatus and a method for producing aluminum nitride powder, and aluminum nitride powder prepared thereby. The apparatus for producing aluminum nitride powder includes: a vertical reactor including an aluminum source supplier for supplying aluminum source and a nitrogen source supplier for supplying nitrogen source, the vertical reactor causing chemical vapor reaction between the aluminum source and the nitrogen source supplied therein; a trap device including a membrane for passing resulting products from the reaction; and a bubbling device for capturing the products having passed through the trap device..
Oci Company Ltd.


Induction-coupled plasma synthesis of boron nitrade nanotubes


Described herein are processes and apparatus for the large-scale synthesis of boron nitride nanotubes (bnnts) by induction-coupled plasma (icp). A boron-containing feedstock may be heated by icp in the presence of nitrogen gas at an elevated pressure, to form vaporized boron.
Bnnt, Llc


Catalyst for ammonia synthesis and ammonia decomposition


The present invention relates to a catalyst for ammonia synthesis and ammonia decomposition. The catalyst includes a nitrogen-containing compound of a main group element and a related support and an additive.
Dalian Institute Of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy Of Sciences


Resin composition and molded article


The invention contains a resin and a near infrared fluorescent material which is one type or two or more types of compounds selected from general formulas (i1) to (i4) and has a maximum fluorescence wavelength of 650 nm or longer. In formulas, ra and rb, rc and rd, rh and ri, and rj and rk form rings together with the nitrogen atom to which ra, rc, rh, and rj are bonded; re and rf represent a halogen atom or an oxygen atom; each of rl, rm, rn, and ro independently represents a halogen atom, a c1-20 alkyl group, a c1-20 alkoxy group, an aryl group, or a heteroaryl group; rg, rr, and rs represent a hydrogen atom or an electron withdrawing group; and each of rp and rq independently represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a c1-20 alkyl group, a c1-20 alkoxy group, an aryl group, or a heteroaryl group..
National University Corporation Kochi University


Hydrogel formulation for dermal and ocular delivery


Formulations of cross-linkable polymers, capable of forming non-toxic and biocompatible hydrogels in situ, containing at least one of doxycycline or minocycline. Methods of using the hydrogels for treating the skin or ocular tissues of mammals exposed to vesicant compounds such as sulfur mustard (sm), nitrogen mustard (nm) or half mustard (2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (cees)) are also disclosed..
Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey


Agricultural or horticultural chemical, controlling plant diseases, and product for controlling plant diseases


(in the general formula, r1 represents an alkyl group having from 1 to 6 carbons, r2 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having from 1 to 3 carbons, an alkenyl group or an alkynyl group having from 2 to 3 carbons, a represents a nitrogen atom or a methine group, y1 represents a halogen atom, and n represents either 0 or 1).. .

Active material, nonaqueous electrolyte battery, battery pack, and battery module


In general, according to one embodiment, there is provided an active material. The active material contains a a niobium composite oxide.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba


Active material composite particle and lithium battery


Provided is an active material composite particle with which the reaction resistance of a battery can be reduced. The active material composite particle includes an active material and a lithium niobate layer formed on a surface of the active material, wherein the lithium niobate layer includes nitrogen..
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha


Biscarbazole derivative and organic electroluminescent element using same


And an organic electroluminescence device in which a plurality of organic thin-film layers including a light emitting layer are disposed between a cathode and an anode, and at least one of the organic thin-film layers include the biscarbazole derivative. The organic electroluminescence device exhibits high emission efficiency and has a long lifetime.

Diffusion barrier layer formation


A method of forming a titanium nitride (tin) diffusion barrier includes exposing a deposition surface to a first pulse of a titanium-containing precursor and to a first pulse of a nitrogen-rich plasma to form a first tin layer with a first nitrogen concentration making a lower portion of the tin diffusion barrier, the first nitrogen concentration of the first tin layer is increased by the first pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma reducing a reactivity of the lower portion of the tin diffusion barrier to prevent fluorine diffusion. The first tin layer is exposed to second pulses of the titanium-containing precursor and the nitrogen-rich plasma to form a second tin layer with a second nitrogen concentration above the first tin layer making an upper portion of the tin diffusion barrier, the first pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma has a substantially longer duration than the second pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma..
International Business Machines Corporation


Method for producing group iii nitride crystal, group iii nitride crystal, semiconductor device and producing group iii nitride crystal


The present invention is intended to provide a method of producing a group iii nitride crystal that prevents a halogen-containing by-product from adversely affecting crystal generation and is superior in reactivity and operability. A method of producing a group iii nitride crystal includes a step of causing a group iii metal to react with an oxidizing gas and nitrogen-containing gas, thereby producing a group iii nitride crystal..
Itochu Plastics Inc.


Method of forming resist pattern


A method of forming a resist pattern, including: step a in which a first resist pattern is formed on a substrate, step b in which a basic composition is applied to cover the first resist pattern, step c in which a base contained in the basic composition and the first resist pattern are neutralized to form a developing solution insoluble region on a surface of the first resist pattern, and step d in which the covered first resist pattern is developed, the basic composition containing a basic component, and the basic component containing a polymeric compound having a structural unit (x0) represented by general formula (x0-1) (r is h, c1˜5 alkyl group, c1˜5 halogenated alkyl group; vx01 is divalent hydrocarbon group having ether bond or amide bond or divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group; yx01 is single bond or divalent linking group; rx1 is substituent having nitrogen atom).. .
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.


System and generation of oxygen by low-temperature air separation


A system and method serve generate oxygen by low-temperature air separation in a distillation column system having a high-pressure column and a low-pressure column, a main condenser which is constructed as a condenser-evaporator, and an auxiliary column. A gaseous oxygen-containing fraction is introduced into the auxiliary column.

Emissions reduction system for an internal combustion engine


A system for an internal combustion engine can include a separation device and an engine component including first and second valves. The separation device can separate intake air into a volume of nitrogen-rich air and a volume of oxygen-rich air.
Denso International America, Inc.


Emissions reduction system for an internal combustion engine


The present teachings provide for an air system for an internal combustion engine (“ice”). The air system can include a compressor, separation device, first conduit, second conduit and a system for controlling a ratio of gasses that enter the combustion chamber during an intake stroke.
Denso International America, Inc.


Exhaust-gas purification device


An exhaust-gas purification device includes an injection nozzle provided inside an exhaust pipe and a catalyst reactor provided on a downstream side of the injection nozzle, and is configured to inject urea water from the urea water injection nozzle into exhaust gas and to reduce nitrogen oxide in the exhaust gas by a nox catalyst contained in the catalyst reactor, where the injection nozzle is disposed to inject the urea water toward the downstream side of the flow direction of the exhaust gas, and a mixer is connected to an upstream end of the catalyst reactor, the mixer having a plurality of plate members radially disposed around the axial center of the exhaust pipe, the plate members each being formed in such a way that angles of plate surfaces of the plate member to the flow direction are different values on the upstream side and the downstream side.. .
Yanmar Co. Ltd.


Process of production and extra-cellular secretion of lipids


The present disclosure relates to a process of production and extra-cellular secretion of lipids from an oleaginous microorganism by using a modified growth medium deficient in nitrogen and iron.. .

Methods and yeast strains for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to lipids and carotenoids


The present invention provides for the use of oleaginous yeast strains that are capable of converting lignocellulosic hydrolysates to lipids. More specifically, under specific molar carbon to nitrogen ratios of treated biomass hydrolysates, oleaginous yeasts are able to accumulate lipids that are suitable for the manufacture of biofuels and other products of interest.
Michigan State University


Transgenic plants with enhanced agronomic traits


This invention provides transgenic plant cells with recombinant dna for expression of proteins that are useful for imparting enhanced agronomic trait(s) to transgenic crop plants. This invention also provides transgenic plants and progeny seed comprising the transgenic plant cells where the plants are selected for having an enhanced trait selected from the group of traits consisting of enhanced water use efficiency; enhanced cold tolerance, increased yield, enhanced-nitrogen use efficiency, enhanced seed protein and enhanced seed oil.
Monsanto Company, Llc


Genetically modified diazotrophs and methods of using same


This disclosure describes a genetically-modified diazotrophic microbe and methods that involve the genetically-modified diazotrophic microbe. Generally, the diazotrophic microbe is modified to excrete a nitrogen-containing compound in an amount greater than a comparable control diazotrophic microbe.
Regents Of The University Of Minnesota


Method for extraction and dissolution of hop acids in aqueous media


The invention relates to a method for extraction into an aqueous medium of hop acids from a hop acids containing matter and for dissolution in an aqueous medium of hop acids, comprising contacting a hop acids containing matter with carbon-containing chemical substances having at least one functional group containing a nitrogen atom with a lone electron pair and at least one other polar and/or hydrophilic functional group, thereby forming complexes of hop acids with the carbon-containing chemical substances with at least one functional group containing a nitrogen atom with a lone electron pair and at least one other polar and/or hydrophilic functional group. The present invention further relates to a method for preparing a brewed beverage, particularly for brewing a beer, and in particular to a method to improve the utilization of hop acids, including alpha-acids and iso-alpha-acids, in the brewing process..
Ifast Nv


Film containing a resin having a thiourethane bond and uses thereof


Disclosed is a film composed of a resin having a thiourethane bond, wherein the molar ratio (s/n) of sulfur to nitrogen contained in the resin is equal to or more than 0.8 and less than 3. A method for manufacturing a film is also disclosed.
Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.


Manufacturing silatrane with thiol group and preservation method thereof


A manufacturing method of silatrane with thiol group and a preservation method thereof are disclosed. (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane and triethanolamine are reacted for a pre-determined time at a pre-determined temperature under nitrogen atmosphere in presence or absence of catalyst, and then a recrystallization process is performed with a solvent to obtain silatrane with thiol group of formula (1).
National Chung Cheng University


4-aminomethylbenzoic acid derivative


A compound represented by general formula (1), a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof or a solvate thereof; wherein ar represents an aryl group, or a 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl group containing a nitrogen atom, an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom; y represents, for example, a hydrogen atom or a c1-c6 alkyl group; a represents a c1-c3 alkylene chain which may be substituted with two c1-c2 alkyl groups; x represents a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom; v represents an oxygen atom or a methylene chain; and r represents a group selected from the formulae below.. .

1,4-butanediol-containing composition


A 1,4-butanediol-containing composition having high thermal stability as compared with conventional 1,4bg, and a 1,4-butanediol-containing composition having a concentration of 1,4-butanediol of 99.00% by weight or more and not more than 99.99% by weight and containing an amide compound in a concentration, as converted into a nitrogen atom, of from 1.0 to 25 ppm by weight.. .
Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation


Compositions and methods for dust control and for the manufacture of construction materials


Compositions and methods for producing materials for construction and for dust control utilizing enzyme producing cells, an amount of a nitrogen source such as urea, and an amount of calcium such as calcium chloride. Calcium contributes to the formation of calcium carbonate which creates a solid structure, layer or shield.
Biomason, Inc.


Dual media system for treating wastewater containing selenium


A bioreactor has a biofilm supporting bed with at least two types of media. An upper media is relatively porous, preferably porous enough to admit particles of a lower media.
General Electric Company


Multi-step system for treating selenium-containing wastewater


This specification describes a process and apparatus for treating water comprising selenium. A process is described having the steps of treating the wastewater influent using a biological reduction process to produce an intermediary stream and reducing the concentration of unconsumed constituents in the intermediary stream by means of filtration optionally with upstream coagulation or flocculation.
General Electric Company


Hybrid reactor and process for removing selenium


A system for treating wastewater containing selenium has a sequencing batch reactor upstream of a fixed film reactor. The sequencing batch reactor may be operated under anoxic conditions while influent is mixed with residual sludge.
General Electric Company


Methods and regeneration of catalyst beds in reactors


The present invention relates to catalyst beds and, more particularly, regeneration of the catalyst by contacting the catalyst bed with nitrogen-rich gas, such as, air. The catalyst beds are typically positioned within a reactor vessel, such as, fixed-bed catalyst reactors.
Republic Chemical Technologies


An afterload device for a beating heart during examination thereof


An examination device for a heart. An afterload device connected to the aorta provides a counterpressure by an annular space delimited between a rigid cylinder and an elastic tube inserted in the rigid cylinder.
Vivoline Medical Ab


High protein distillers dried grains with solubles and methods thereof


Distillers dried grain with solubles (ddgs), such as ddgs from an ethanol process, can undergo a denaturing process resulting in higher measurable protein content. The denatured ddgs byproduct, which may include higher measurable rumen undegradable protein products or bypass proteins, can be used to produce distillers meal, which may be used as an animal feed and are able to survive the digestive process through the rumen of ruminant animals that results in more protein bioavaible to the ruminant animal in the later stages of digestion and absorption.
Novita Nutrition, Llc


Device and producing ice cream


The method for the production of ice cream comprises the treatment of chill molds with liquid nitrogen and the subsequent filling with ice cream mass.. .

Method of making and dispensing nitrogen-charged coffee


A method of making coffee is provided. After a cold-brewed coffee is extracted from coffee beans, nitrogen gas is charged into the cold-brewed coffee.
Paris Croissant Co., Ltd


Organic electroluminescent device; a charge transporting material for the organic electroluminescent device; and a luminescent device, a display device and a lighting system using the organic electroluminescent device


(r1, r2, and r19 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a phenyl group, a monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10, or a monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6, provided that at least one of r1, r2, and r19 represents a monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10 or a monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6, and that the phenyl group, the monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10, and the monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6 do not have an amino group as a substituent; r11 to r18 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; and a1 to a4 each independently represent a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom, provided that when a1 to a4 are a nitrogen atom, r1 and r11 to r13 connecting to the nitrogen atom do not exist.). .

Thermoelectric conversion material, thermoelectric conversion element, article for thermoelectric power generation, and power source for sensor


In formula (1), ring a represents a conjugated hydrocarbon ring or a conjugated heterocyclic ring; x represents a group having one or two or more atoms selected from the group consisting of a carbon atom, an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, a nitrogen atom, a phosphorus atom, and a silicon atom, shared as ring-constituting atoms of the ring a; the average inter-unit distance of the ring a is 1.42 Å or less; r11 and r12 each independently represent a substituent, and may be bonded to each other to form a ring; and the symbol * represents a bonding position for the repeating unit.. .

Method for increasing adhesion of copper to polymeric surfaces


Disclosed herein are methods and systems for conditioning a polymeric layer on a substrate to enable adhesion of a metal layer to the polymeric layer. Techniques may include conditioning the polymeric layer with nitrogen-containing plasma to generate a nitride layer on the surface of the polymeric layer.
Tel Nexx, Inc.


Novel onium salt compound, resist composition, and pattern forming process


Sulfonium and iodonium salts of nitrogen-containing carboxylic acids are novel. The onium salt functions as an acid diffusion controlling agent in a resist composition, enabling to form a pattern of good profile with high resolution, improved mef, lwr and dof..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.


Far-ultraviolet absorbance detection device for liquid chromatography


In order to achieve high sensitivity without an increase in device complexity or cost, a far-ultraviolet absorbance detection device for liquid chromatography is provided with: an optical system including a light source that emits light including far-ultraviolet light, a diffraction grating for dispersing the light emitted from the light source, a flow cell through which a liquid is passed, a slit for selecting a predetermined wavelength of +1 order light diffracted by the diffraction grating and causing the light to enter the flow cell, a first photodetector for detecting the light transmitted by the flow cell, and a second photodetector for detecting light other than the +1 order light diffracted by the diffraction grating; a mechanism for evacuating or substituting the optical system with nitrogen gas; and a computation unit that calculates absorbance from an output signal from the first photodetector and an output signal from the second photodetector. The second photodetector is fixedly disposed..
Hitachi High-technologies Corporation


Automatic vacuum drying device


An automatic vacuum drying device comprises a drying oven, a heating device used to heat the drying oven, a vacuum extraction device used to evacuate the drying oven, a nitrogen input device used to input nitrogen into the drying oven, and a transporting device located inside the drying oven and used to transport materials, two first openings are located at two opposite sides of the drying oven, an automatic sealing door is mounted on at least one of the first openings, the automatic sealing door includes a first door plank and a second door plank parallel to the first door plank, an elevator structure is located between the first door plank and the second door plank, the elevator structure is used to lift the first door plank and the second door plank. The automatic vacuum drying devices can form an automatic vacuum drying production line conveniently, and the automatic vacuum drying production line has high degree of automation, and high processing efficiency, such that it is possible to drastically improve the vacuum drying efficiency..
Shenzhen Time High-tech Equipment Co., Ltd


Condenser-reboiler system and method with perforated vent tubes


A system and method for the concurrent condensation of a nitrogen-rich vapor and vaporization of an oxygen-rich liquid in a distillation column based air separation unit is provided. The disclosed system includes a condenser-reboiler heat exchanger located between a lower pressure column and a higher pressure column and configured to condense a nitrogen-rich vapor from the higher pressure column and partially vaporize an oxygen-rich liquid from the lower pressure column.

Condenser-reboiler system and method with perforated vent tubes


A system and method for the concurrent condensation of a nitrogen-rich vapor and vaporization of an oxygen-rich liquid in a distillation column based air separation unit is provided. The disclosed system includes a condenser-reboiler heat exchanger located between a lower pressure column and a higher pressure column and configured to condense a nitrogen-rich vapor from the higher pressure column and partially vaporize an oxygen-rich liquid from the lower pressure column.

Engine device for work vehicle


A engine device for a work vehicle, in which an engine, a first case, and a second case can be constituted in the same vibration structure, and exhaust gas path structure between the engine and the second case can be constituted in such a manner as to reduce costs. The engine device for a work vehicle according to the present invention of the instant application includes the first case for removing particulate matter in exhaust gas of the engine and the second case for removing nitrogen oxides in the exhaust gas of the engine, and configured to connect the first case to the second case via a urea mixing pipe.
Yanmar Co., Ltd.


Nitrogen containing compounds and their use


Compound of formula (i), its preparation and use in preventing or treating bacterial infection is disclosed. Formula (i).
Wockhardt Limited


4,6-di- and 2,4,6-trisubstituted quinazoline derivatives useful for treating viral infections


This invention provides quinazoline derivatives represented by the structural formula: (i); wherein: r2 is hydrogen, nr′r″, c1-7 alkyl, arylc1-7 alkyl or c3-10 cycloalkyl; r4 is amino, c1-7 alkyl, c2-7 alkenyl, c3-10 cycloalkyl, c3-10 cycloalkenyl, aryl, heterocyclic, arylalkyl, heterocyclic-substituted c1-7 alkyl or c3-10 cycloalkyl-c1-7 alkyl; r5 is hydrogen or c1-7 alkyl, or r5 and r4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a heterocyclic ring; y is a single bond, c1-7 alkylene, c2-7 alkenylene or c2-7 alkynylene; r6 is halogen, heteroaryl or aryl; r′ and r″ are each independently hydrogen, c1-7 alkyl-carbonyl or c1-7 alkyl; provided that r4 is not phenyl substituted with morpholino when r2 is h and r5 is h, and provided that when nr4r5 is piperazinyl, said nr4r5 is either non-substituted or substituted with methyl or acetyl; a pharmaceutically acceptable addition salt, a stereoisomer, a mono- or a di-n-oxide, a solvate or a pro-drug thereof, for the treatment of viral infections.. .
Gilead Sciences, Inc.


Method and maximizing nitrogen removal from wastewater


A reactor and control method for maximizing nitrogen removal and minimizing aeration requirements through control of transient anoxia and aerobic srt, repression of nob, and control of dynamic do concentrations or aeration interval by keeping the reactor nh4 and nox concentrations approximately equal. Controls are provided for maximizing the potential for tin removal through nitrification, limited nitritation, nitritation, denitrification, limited denitritation, denitritation making use of 1) real time measurement of ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, 2) operational do and the proper use of do setpoints, and 3) proper implementation of transient anoxia within a wide range of reactor configurations and operating conditions..
Hampton Roads Sanitation District


Method and nitrogen removal in wastewater


A reactor and control method thereof for nitrogen removal in wastewater treatment achieves a measured control of maintaining high ammonia oxidizing bacteria (aob) oxidation rates while achieving nitrite oxidizing bacteria (nob) repression, using various control strategies, including: 1) ammonia and the use of ammonia setpoints, 2) operational do and the proper use of do setpoints, 3) bioaugmentation of a lighter flocculant aob fraction, and 4) proper implementation of transient anoxia within a wide range of reactor configurations and operating conditions.. .
Hampton Roads Sanitation District


Method and nitrogen removal in wastewater treatment


One or more reactor and one or more control methods are used for nitrogen removal in wastewater treatment to achieve measured control of maintaining high ammonia oxidizing bacteria (aob) oxidation rates while achieving nitrite oxidizing bacteria (nob) out-selection, using various control strategies, including: 1) ammonia and the use of ammonia setpoints; 2) operational do and the use of do setpoints; 3) bioaugmentation of anammox and lighter flocculant aob fraction; and 4) implementation of transient anoxia in several reactor configurations and conditions for removal of oxidized nitrogen using anammox or heterotrophic organisms. Controls described maximize nitrogen removal with minimal aeration, through control of transient anoxia and aerobic srt, out-selection of nob, and control of do concentrations or aeration interval by keeping the reactor ammonia (nh4) and oxidized nitrogen (nox) concentrations approximately equal, and maximize total inorganic nitrogen (tin) removal through nitrification, limited nitritation, nitritation, denitrification, denitritation or deammonification making use of the aforementioned strategies..
Hampton Roads Sanitation District


Resin-made porous particles and water treatment process using same


The water treatment process is a method for treating oil-containing water, comprising the steps of: preparing an oil-adsorbing material that is made of a lipophilic resin such as a pyridine resin and that has many pores in its surface and bears hydrophilic groups on an inner surface of the pores; and bringing oil-containing water into contact with the surface of the oil-adsorbing material. The step of preparing an oil-adsorbing material includes the step of converting some of hydrophobic groups, such as nitrogen-containing aromatic rings, on the inner surface of the pores to hydrophilic groups such as quaternized amine or sulfonic acid..

Method of treating phosphate-containing ash from waste-incineration plants by wet-chemical digestion in order to obtain compounds of aluminium, calcium, phosphorus and nitrogen


The invention concerns a method of treating phosphate-containing waste, in particular phosphate-containing ash from waste-incineration plants, by wet-chemical digestion in order to obtain compounds of aluminium, calcium, phosphorus and nitrogen.. .
Remondis Aqua Gmbh & Co. Kg


Aircraft supplementary cooling system by evaporating liquid nitrogen


A cooling system for an interior space of a vehicle comprises a main cooling system coupled with an air inlet for receiving air and coupled with the interior space for providing cooled air to the interior space, at least one air duct arranged between the air inlet and the interior space, a reservoir for liquid nitrogen having a nitrogen outlet and a valve arranged between the outlet and an injection port of the at least one air duct. The reservoir is couplable with the injection port of the at least one air duct via the valve on demand for evaporating nitrogen in the at least one air duct.
Airbus Defence And Space Gmbh


Nitrogen oxide reduction catalyst and preparing the same


Disclosed are a nitrogen oxide reduction catalyst and a method of preparing the same. The nitrogen oxide reduction catalyst includes a titanium oxide nanostructure as an active metal support, wherein the titanium oxide nanostructure has a polycrystalline structure formed through hydrothermal synthesis using a lithium hydroxide solution.
Industry Foundation Of Chonnam National University


Systems and methods for controlling aftertreatment systems


A system includes a nitrogen oxide reduction catalyst fluidly coupled to an exhaust conduit of an engine system. The nitrogen oxide reduction catalyst is configured to reduce nitrogen oxides in an engine exhaust.
General Electric Company


Scr catalyst for removal of nitrogen oxides


The present invention provides for catalysts for selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides. The catalysts comprise metal oxide supporters, vanadium, an active material, and antimony, a promoter that acts as a catalyst for reduction of nitrogen oxides, and at the same time, can promote higher sulfur poisoning resistance and low temperature catalytic activity.

Production of electric power from fossil fuel with almost zero air pollution


The co2 is separated from nitrogen (n2) using at least two cascaded stages of membrane separators. The permeance of the membranes of the first stage is at least 800 and preferably 2000-10,000.

Organometallic complex, light-emitting element, light-emitting device, electronic device, and lighting device


An organometallic complex that has high emission efficiency and high heat resistance and emits blue light is provided as a novel substance. In a light-emitting element including a light-emitting layer between a pair of electrodes, the light-emitting layer includes an organometallic complex, and the organometallic complex includes a central metal and two types of ligands coordinated to the central metal.
Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.


Organic electroluminescent materials and devices


Is disclosed wherein ring a is a 5-membered or 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring; z is nitrogen or carbon; r7 represents from mono-substitution to the possible maximum number of substitution, or no substitution; r1, r2, r3, r4, r5, r6, and r7 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrite, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof; any adjacent substituents of r1, r2, r3, r4, r5, r6, and r7 are optionally joined or fused into a ring or a double bond; the ligand la is coordinated to a metal m through the carbene carbon and z; and the ligand la is optionally linked with other ligands to comprise a tridentate, tetradentate, pentadentate or hexadentate ligand.. .

Methods of forming and using materials containing silicon and nitrogen


Some embodiments include methods utilizing atomic layer deposition to form material containing silicon and nitrogen (e.g., silicon nitride). The atomic layer deposition uses sil4 as one precursor and uses a nitrogen-containing material as another precursor.
Micron Technology, Inc.


Substrate having annealed aluminum nitride layer formed thereon and manufacturing the same


A substrate having an annealed aln layer includes a substrate made of a material selected from among a group including sapphire, silicon carbide (sic), and aluminum nitride (aln), and an aluminum nitride (aln) layer formed on the substrate and having a thickness of 100 nm or greater. The aluminum nitride layer is annealed at a prescribed annealing temperature and in a nitrogen/carbon monoxide (n2/co) mixed gas atmosphere, and the nitrogen/carbon monoxide (n2/co) mixed gas has a mixture ratio of n2 gas/co gas in a range of 0.95/0.05 to 0.4/0.6..
Mie University


Columnar crystal containing light emitting element and manufacturing the same


A method of manufacturing a semiconductor element by forming, on a substrate, columnar crystals of a nitride-base or an oxide-base compound semiconductor, and by using the columnar crystals, wherein on the surface of the substrate, the columnar crystals are grown while ensuring anisotropy in the direction of c-axis, by controlling ratio of supply of group-iii atoms and nitrogen, or group-ii atoms and oxygen atoms, and temperature of crystal growth, so as to suppress crystal growth in the lateral direction on the surface of the substrate.. .
Sophia School Corporation


Engine device for work vehicle


An engine device for a work vehicle, in which an exhaust purification unit can be placed on an engine in the neighborhood of the final process in the assembly work of the engine, thereby improving the assembly workability of the engine. The engine device includes a first case that removes particulate matter in the exhaust gas of the engine and a second case that removes nitrogen oxides in the exhaust gas of the engine and connects the first case to the second case via a urea mixing pipe.
Yanmar Co., Ltd.


Method and forming carbon film


A method for forming a carbon film on a process surface to be processed of a workpiece includes forming a seed layer on the process surface of the workpiece by supplying an aminosilane-based gas, an aminosilane-based gas having high-order equal to or higher than that of aminodisilane, or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound gas onto the process surface; and forming the carbon film on the process surface on which the seed layer is formed by supplying a hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas and a thermal decomposition temperature lowering gas for lowering a thermal decomposition temperature of the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas onto the process surface on which the seed layer is obtained, and by setting a film formation temperature to be lower than the thermal decomposition temperature of the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas.. .
Tokyo Electron Limited


Bearing steel


A steel alloy for a bearing, the alloy having a composition comprising: (a) from 0.5 to 0.9 wt. % carbon, (b) from 1.2 to 1.8 wt.
Aktiebolaget Skf


Compositions comprising a polypeptide having cellulolytic enhancing activity and a nitrogen-containing compound and uses thereof


The present invention relates to compositions comprising: a polypeptide having cellulolytic enhancing activity and a nitrogen-containing compound. The present invention also relates to methods of using the compositions..
Novozymes, Inc.


Fatty amine salts as friction modifiers for lubricants


The present invention relates to the use of a partly neutralised fatty amine salt where the fatty amine is having the formula where r is a hydrocarbyl group having 12-24 carbon atoms; x is h, a c1-c4 alkyl group, benzyl or —ch2ch2ch2nh2, m is 2 or 3 and n is 0-3, provided that when n is 0, then x is —ch2ch2ch2nh2, and m is 3; and where the acid neutralising the fatty amine has the formula r′cooh (ii), where r′co is an acyl group having 16-24 carbon atoms; and where the molar ratio between the moles of nitrogen atoms in the fatty amine and the moles of fatty acid is 5:1 to 1.25:1; as a friction modifier for a lubricating oil, especially for an internal combustion engine. The invention also relates to a lubricating oil composition comprising the partly acid neutralised product (i), and to a method for lubrication of interfacing mutually movable surfaces by bringing the surfaces into contact with the said lubricating oil..
Akzo Nobel Chemicals International B.v.


Use of quaternized alkyl amines as additive in fuels and lubricants


The present invention relates to the use of quaternized alkylamine nitrogen compounds as a fuel additive and lubricant additive, such as, more particularly, as a detergent additive; for reduction or prevention of deposits in the injection systems of direct injection diesel engines, especially in common rail injection systems, for reduction of the fuel consumption of direct injection diesel engines, especially of diesel engines with common rail injection systems, and for minimization of power loss in direct injection diesel engines, especially in diesel engines with common rail injection systems; and as an additive for gasoline fuels, especially for operation of disi engines.. .
Basf Se


Process for the conversion of a paraffinic feedstock


The invention relates to a process for the conversion of a paraffinic feedstock that comprises at least 50 wt % of compounds boiling above 370° c. And which has a paraffin content of at least 60 wt %, an aromatics content of below 1 wt %, a naphthenic content below 2 wt %, a nitrogen content of below 0.1 wt %, and a sulphur content of below 0.1 wt %, the process comprising: a) subjecting the paraffinic feedstock to a hydroprocessing step to obtain an at least partially isomerised feedstock; b) separating the at least partially isomerised feedstock into one or more middle distillate fractions and a first residual fraction, wherein step a) is carried out by contacting the paraffinic feedstock with a first catalyst having hydrocracking and hydroisomerising activity and then with a second catalyst having hydrocracking and hydroisomerising activity, wherein the second catalyst is more active in hydroisomerisation and less active in hydrocracking than the first catalyst..
Shell Oil Company


Modified carbon black and preparation method therefor


The present invention provides a modified carbon black, with an unsaturated coupling agent being grafted on the surface thereof. An unsaturated double bond on one end of the coupling agent is grafted on the surface of the carbon black to serves as a grafting group; and an active group on the other end serves as a crosslink group to retain a crosslinking function with rubber in the future.

Low hysteresis carbon black


A carbon black product comprises aggregates of carbon black characterized as having an oan of between 139 and 149 ml/100 g, a coan of between 95 and 105 ml/100 g, an iodine adsorption number i2 no of between 52 and 62 mg/g, and a multipoint nitrogen adsorption n2sa of between 54 and 64 m2/g. Tires manufactured with the carbon black product exhibit low rolling resistance and low heat build-up under service conditions..
Sid Richardson Carbon, Ltd.


Resin composition for encapsulating a semiconductor element and a semiconductor device


The purposes of the present invention is to provide a resin composition which provides a cured product which has a high glass transition temperature, a low moisture absorption and a good solder reflow property and small heat decomposition in storage at a high temperature for a long time, and has good moldability and good adhesiveness to a cu lead frame. Thus, the present invention is to provide a composition comprising (a) an epoxy compound represented by the general formula (1); (b) a copolymer obtained by a hydrosilylation between an alkenyl group-containing epoxy compound and an organopolysiloxane represented by the average compositional formula (2); (c) a phenol compound represented by the general formula (3); (d) an inorganic filler; (e) at least one compound selected from the group consisting of organic phosphines, tetra-substituted phosphonium tetraphenylborates and adducts of phosphines and quinones; and (f) a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound represented by the formula (i) or a salt thereof represented by the formula (ii).
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.


Process for the preparation of (co)polymers of conjugated dienes in the presence of a catalytic system comprising an oxo-nitrogenated complex of cobalt


Process for the preparation of (co) polymers of conjugated dienes which comprises polymerizing at least one conjugated diene in the presence of a catalytic system comprising at least one oxo-nitrogenated complex of cobalt having general formula (i), wherein: —r1 and r2, equal to or different from each other, represent a hydrogen atom; or they are selected from linear or branched c1-c20, preferably c1-c15, alkyl groups, optionally halogenated; cycloalkyl groups optionally substituted; aryl groups optionally substituted; —y represents an oxygen atom; or a group —n—r3 wherein r3 represents a hydrogen atom, or it is selected from linear or branched c1-c20 preferably c1-c15, alkyl groups, optionally halogenated, cycloalkyl groups optionally substituted-; aryl groups optionally substituted; or, when y represents a group —n—r3, r2 and r3 can be optionally bound to each other to form, together with the other atoms to which they are bound, a cycle containing from 3 to 6 carbon atoms, saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic, optionally substituted with linear or branched c1-c20 preferably c1-c15, alkyl groups, said cycle optionally containing heteroatoms such as, for example, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, silicon, phosphorous, selenium; —x1 and x2, equal to or different from each other, represent a halogen atom such as, for example, chlorine, bromine, iodine; or they are selected from linear or branched c1-c20 preferably c1-c15, alkyl groups, —ocor4 groups or —or4 groups wherein r4 is selected from linear or branched c1-c20 preferably c1-c15, alkyl groups.. .
Versalis S.p.a.


1,3-dipolar compound bearing an imidazole functional group


In a 1,3-dipolar compound of formula q-a-b, q comprises a dipole containing at least and preferably one nitrogen atom, a, which is preferably divalent, is an atom or a group of atoms connecting q to b, and b comprises an imidazole ring. An unsaturated polymer modified by grafting the 1,3-dipolar compound is also disclosed..
Michelin Recherche Et Technique S.a.


Dissolution and processing of cellulose


The invention relates to a method for dissolving the components of gel forming materials suitable for use in wound care comprising the steps of admixing said components with an ionic liquid. The ionic liquid may be selected from the group of tertiary amine n-oxides, n,n-dimethyl formamide/nitrogen tetroxide mixtures, dimethyl sulphoxide/paraformaldehyde mixtures and solutions of limium chloride in n,n-dimethyl acetamide or n-methyl pyrrolidone..
Convatec Technologies Inc.


Process for acidic scrubbing of dinitrotoluene in the presence of hydrocyanic acid


Ii) in a second scrubbing step (ws-ii), the prescrubbed crude mixture comprising dinitrotoluene is extracted with a scrubbing acid ii in a scrub comprising at least one, preferably at least 2, extraction stage(s), where the scrubbing acid discharged from the first extraction stage (ws-ii-1) of the second scrubbing step (ws-ii) has a ph of less than or equal to 4, giving a dinitrotoluene-comprising mixture which is essentially free of nitric acid, sulfuric acid, nitrogen oxides and hydrocyanic acid and has a content of not more than 300 ppm of nitric acid and nitrogen oxides, not more than 3 ppm of sulfate and not more than 50 ppm of hydrocyanic acid.. .

Removal and recovery of phosphate from liquid streams


An economical method for recovering phosphate or phosphate and nitrogen from liquid streams. A liquid containing phosphate is introduced into a culture of autotrophic microorganisms in the presence of natural or artificial light, thereby producing a liquid effluent with elevated ph and reduced alkalinity.

Sulphur cycle-associated denitrifying enhanced biological phosphorus removal (sd-ebpr) utilizing sulphur compounds as electron carriers for biological nutrient removal of wastewater treatment


Sewage treatment is performed by using sulphur to facilitate electron flow. A first cycle uses a sulphur composition having sulphur and/or sulphur compounds to transfer electrons from organic carbon to oxygen, nitrate and nitrite, and to convert phosphorus-containing compounds to solid material, which is retained in sewage sludge.
The Hong Kong University Of Science And Technology


Biofiltration system and process for combined and simultaneous treatment of methane and of leachate


The present invention relates to a system and process for combined and simultaneous treatment of methane and of nitrogenous liquid effluent, inter alia, landfill leachates. Principally, the invention provides a biofiltration system and process for the combined and simultaneous treatment of gas containing methane (ch4) and of nitrogenous liquid effluents by virtue of synergy between nitrifying and methanotrophic microorganisms.
Centre De Recherche Industrielle Du Quebec


Ammonia synthesis for fertilizer production


A method for synthesizing ammonia for agricultural fertilizers employs water (h2o) as the source of hydrogen (h2) in ammonia (nh3) synthesis, and gathers carbon monoxide (co) as a limiting reagent for combining in a wgs (water-gas-shift) reaction for producing hydrogen. The wgs reaction employs co with the water to produce carbon dioxide (co2) and h2, consuming undesirable co from other industrial applications.

Ammonia synthesis for fertilizer production


A method for synthesizing ammonia for agricultural fertilizers employs water (h2o) as the source of hydrogen (h2) in ammonia (nh3) synthesis, and gathers carbon monoxide (co) as a limiting reagent for combining in a wgs (water-gas-shift) reaction for producing hydrogen. The wgs reaction employs co with the water to produce carbon dioxide (co2) and h2, consuming undesirable co from other industrial applications.

Silicon nitride film, production method therefor, and production device therefor


The invention provides a method capable of reducing carbon atom content ratio and/or hydrogen atom content ratio relative to contents of silicon atoms and nitrogen atoms in a silicon nitride film formed by a plasma cvd method using an organic silane as a material, as well as improving film quality such as electrical properties. A silicon nitride film according to the invention is formed by forming a plasma of an organic silane and at least one additive gas selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and ammonia by a plasma cvd method.
Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation






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