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Methods for fabricating integrated circuits with the implantation of nitrogen
|| List of recent Nitrogen-related patents
| Genes for enhancing nitrogen utilization efficiency in crop plants|
The invention provides isolated nue (nitrogen utilization efficiency) nucleic acids and their encoded proteins. The present invention provides methods and compositions relating to altering nitrogen utilization and/or uptake in plants.
| Purification method and purification system for propane|
[solution] water, carbon dioxide, at least one of ethane and propylene, and at least one of isobutane and normal butane present in low-purity propane in a gaseous phase are adsorbed by means of a zeolite molecular sieve that preferentially adsorbs water and carbon dioxide over propane, an activated carbon molecular sieve that preferentially adsorbs ethane and propylene over propane, and activated carbon that preferentially adsorbs isobutane and normal butane over propane. Propane is condensed in a state in which nitrogen and oxygen are maintained in a gaseous state by introducing the low-purity propane in a gaseous phase into a partial condenser.
| Extraction of carboxylic acids from a dilute aqueous stream|
A process for removing free carboxylic acid from an aqueous solution including a mass fraction of less than 1% wt of the free carboxylic acid. The process includes the steps of: (a) contacting the aqueous solution with a depleted solvent including a polyamine extractant to obtain an extract enriched in free carboxylic acid and a raffinate having a reduced free carboxylic acid content; and (b) separating the raffinate from the extract, wherein the polyamine extractant is a compound containing at least two nitrogen atoms, and at least one double bond between a nitrogen atom and a carbon atom..
| Hydroxy group protecting agent and hydroxy group protection method|
[solution] a hydroxy group protecting agent in which at least one protecting group is bound to a nitrogen-containing electron-withdrawing heterocyclic ring through any one of an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom and a nitrogen atom. The heterocyclic ring is a triazine ring or the like, and the protecting group is a benzyl group or the like.
| Nitrogen-containing compounds and pharmaceutical compositions thereof for the treatment of atrial fibrillation|
Xa and xb are each independently a bond, lower alkylene, etc.. .
| Nitrogen-containing compounds and pharmaceutical compositions thereof for the treatment of atrial fibrillation|
Xa and xb are each independently a bond, lower alkylene, etc.. .
| Use of citral for treating focal segmental glomerulosclerosis|
The present invention relates to a new use of citral for manufacturing a medicament for treating focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (fsgs). Particularly, the present invention discloses that citral is effective in alleviating symptoms of fsgs, including reducing glomerular epithelial hyperplasia lesions (ephls), peri-glomerular inflammation or glomerular hyalinosis or sclerosis, and also reducing proteinuria or hematuria or lowering serum urea nitrogen level or serum creatinine level in the subject..
| Novel nitrogen-containing heteroaryl compounds and methods of use thereof|
The present invention relates to compounds suitable for use in mediating hypoxia inducible factor and for treating erythropoietin-associated conditions by increasing endogenous erythropoietin in vitro and in vivo.. .
| Beta2-adrenoceptor agonists|
Y is carbon or nitrogen and r1, r2, r3, r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, r10, x, n, p, q and r are as defined in the specification, their preparation and their use as pharmaceuticals, particularly for the treatment of obstructive or inflammatory airways diseases.. .
| 1,3,5 -triazine-2-amine derivatives, preparation thereof and diagnostic and therapeutic use thereof|
The present invention relates to compounds corresponding to formula (i) in which: —r1 represents a substituted phenyl; —r2 represents: —a substituted phenyl; —a heteroaromatic group, the said group being unsubstituted or substituted one or more times; —r3 represents a group alk; —r4 represents a hydrogen atom or a (c1-c4)alkyl; —r5 represents a hydrogen atom, a (c3-c6)cycloalkyl or a (c1-c4)alkyl-o-alk; —or alternatively r4 and r5, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, constitute a heterocyclic radical chosen from: azetidin-1-yl, pyrrolidin-1-yl, piperid-1-yl, morpholin-4-yl; —r6 represents a group —cooalk, a group —conh2 or a group —nhso2alk; —alk represents a (c1-c4)alkyl, which is unsubstituted or substituted one or more times with a halogen atom; in the form of the base or of an acid-addition salt. Preparation process and diagnostic and therapeutic use..
| Therapeutic use of imidazopyridine derivatives|
The invention relates to the use of compounds corresponding to formula (i) in which r2 and r3 together form, with the carbon atoms of the phenyl nucleus to which they are attached, a 6-membered nitrogenous heterocycle corresponding to one of the formulae (a), (b) and (c) in which the wavy lines represent the phenyl nucleus to which r2 and r3 are attached, or of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for preparing a medicament for the treatment of bladder cancer.. .
| 1,2,4-triazine-6-carboxamide derivative|
The present invention provides a compound represented by the following general formula (i) or a salt thereof which has a syk inhibitory effect (in the formula r1 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted c1-c6 alkyl group; a represents a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted c1-c8 alkyl group, an optionally substituted c2-c6 alkenyl group, an optionally substituted c2-c6 alkynyl group, an optionally substituted c3-c10 cycloalkyl group, an optionally substituted c6-c14 aromatic hydrocarbon group, an optionally substituted 4- to 10-membered unsaturated heterocyclic group, or an optionally substituted 4- to 10-membered saturated heterocyclic group, or optionally forms a 4- to 10-membered unsaturated heterocyclic ring or a 4- to 10-membered saturated heterocyclic ring together with r1 and the nitrogen atom bonded thereto; r2 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted c1-c6 alkyl group; and b represents an optionally substituted unsaturated heterocyclic group).. .
| Pyrrole compound|
Provided is a highly safe and effective compound represented by the following general formula (1) or a salt thereof which acts on tubulin and has an anticancer effect, wherein ar represents an aryl group or a heteroaryl group; z1, z2, z3, and z4 each independently represent ch, a nitrogen atom, an oxygen atom, or a sulfur atom; r1 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, or the like; r2 and r3 are the same or different and each represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a carboxyl group, or the like; n units of r4 are the same or different and each represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, or the like; and n represents a number of 0 to 4.. .
| Stabalized glycosaminoglycan preparations and related methods|
Compositions comprising a glycosaminoglycan (e.g., a hyaluronan, hyaluronic acid, hyaluronate, sodium hyaluronate, dermatan sulfate, karatan sulfate, chondroitin 6-sulfate, heparin, etc.) in combination with at least one component selected from; i) polyglycols (e.g., polyethylene glycol), ii) long chain hydroxy polyanionic polysaccharides (e.g., dextran, sodium alginate, alginic acid, propylene glycol alginate, carboxymethyl cellulose and carboxyethyl cellulose, hydroxyl ethyl starch, hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose, hydroxy propyl ethyl cellulose, hydroxy propyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, polylysine, polyhistidine, polyhydroxy proline, poly ornithine, polyvinyl pyrolidone, polyvinyl alcohol, chitosan, etc.) and iii) long chain nitrogen containing polymers (e.g., polylysine, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and polyvinyl alcohol). The invention also includes methods for using such compositions (e.g., as substance delivery materials, tissue fillers or bulking agents, as moistening or hydrating agents, etc.).
| Limited slip friction modifiers for differentials|
An object of the present invention is to provide an oil soluble compound and a lubricating composition and method of using the same in a differential. The compound can be of formula r′n((ch2)2conhr″)2, wherein r′ can be h or a c8-28 hydrocarbyl group wherein up to 4 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbyl group may optionally be replaced by nitrogen or oxygen atoms, and r″ can be h or a c8-28 hydrocarbyl group.
| Aircraft air supply system for reducing an effective altitude of a flight deck|
An aircraft air supply system may include a primary duct to supply a primary air flow to a flight deck of an aircraft. A nitrogen generating system may be configured for generating nitrogen enriched air and oxygen enriched air.
| Method for manufacturing semiconductor device, method for processing substrate, substrate processing apparatus and recording medium|
There is provided a method for manufacturing a semiconductor device, including forming a thin film containing a specific element and having a prescribed composition on a substrate by alternately performing the following steps prescribed number of times: forming a first layer containing the specific element, nitrogen, and carbon on the substrate by alternately performing prescribed number of times: supplying a first source gas containing the specific element and a halogen-group to the substrate, and supplying a second source gas containing the specific element and an amino-group to the substrate, and forming a second layer by modifying the first layer by supplying a reactive gas different from each of the source gases, to the substrate.. .
| Polishing composition|
A polishing composition of the present invention is to be used for polishing an object including a portion containing a group iii-v compound material. The polishing composition contains an oxidizing agent and an anticorrosive agent.
| Method and apparatus for single step selective nitridation|
Methods and apparatus for selective one-step nitridation of semiconductor substrates is provided. Nitrogen is selectively incorporated in silicon regions of a semiconductor substrate having silicon regions and silicon oxide regions by use of a selective nitridation process.
| Integrated circuit comprising an isolating trench and corresponding method|
An integrated circuit including at least one isolating trench that delimits an active area made of a monocrystalline semiconductor material, the or each trench comprising an upper portion including an insulating layer that encapsulates a lower portion of the trench, the lower portion being at least partly buried in the active area and the encapsulation layer comprising nitrogen or carbon.. .
| Methods for fabricating integrated circuits with the implantation of nitrogen|
A method for fabricating an integrated circuit includes forming a first gate electrode structure above a first active region and a second gate electrode structure above a second active region, forming a sacrificial spacer on sidewalls of the first and second gate electrode structures, and forming deep drain and source regions selectively in the first and second active regions by using the sacrificial spacer as an implantation mask. The method further includes forming drain and source extension and halo regions in the first and second active regions after removal of the sacrificial spacer and forming a nitrogen implant region in the halo region of the first active region after formation of the drain and source extension and halo regions..
| Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof|
The contact resistance between an oxide semiconductor film and a metal film is reduced. A transistor that uses an oxide semiconductor film and has excellent on-state characteristics is provided.
| Semiconductor device and method for manufacturing the same|
A semiconductor device is manufactured using a transistor in which an oxide semiconductor is included in a channel region and variation in electric characteristics due to a short-channel effect is less likely to be caused. The semiconductor device includes an oxide semiconductor film having a pair of oxynitride semiconductor regions including nitrogen and an oxide semiconductor region sandwiched between the pair of oxynitride semiconductor regions, a gate insulating film, and a gate electrode provided over the oxide semiconductor region with the gate insulating film positioned therebetween.
| Gas barrier film and method for producing gas barrier film|
Disclosed are a gas barrier film obtained by forming a gas barrier layer on a base material, and a method for producing such a gas barrier film, in which the gas barrier layer contains at least oxygen atoms, silicon atoms and nitrogen atoms, and in connection with the amount of nitrogen, the amount of silicon and the amount of oxygen measured by an xps analysis, when the surface of the gas barrier layer that is in contact with the base material is designated as a base material side, and the opposite surface is designated as a surface side, the gas barrier layer includes a first region constituted in the order of the amount of oxygen>the amount of silicon>the amount of nitrogen; a second region constituted in the order of the amount of silicon>the amount of oxygen>the amount of nitrogen; and a third region constituted in the order of the amount of oxygen>the amount of silicon>the amount of nitrogen, from the surface side toward the base material side.. .
| Diamond coated tool|
A diamond coated tool according to the present invention includes a base material, and a diamond layer coating a surface of the base material, the diamond layer containing a diamond, 1.0×1018 to 1.0×1022 atoms/cm3 of boron, and 1.0×1017 to 1.0×1021 atoms/cm3 of nitrogen.. .
| Time-resolved magnetic sensing with electronic spins in diamond|
A system for performing walsh reconstruction of time dependent fields with a quantum probe that includes a diamond structure that includes nitrogen-vacancy (nv) centers for sensing magnetic and electric fields. An arbitrary waveform generator and microwave waveguides manipulate the quantum spins in the diamond structure using a plurality of coherent control sequences to measure the arbitrary profile of time-varying magnetic fields.
| Nitride-based light-emitting element comprising a carbon-doped p-type nitride layer|
The present invention relates to a nitride-semiconductor light-emitting element in which a p-type nitride layer is doped with carbon, and to a production method therefor. More specifically, the present invention relates to a nitride-semiconductor light-emitting element comprising a p-type nitride layer formed from a nitride having a high concentration of free holes as the carbon is auto-doped in accordance with adjustment of the rate of flow of a nitrogen source.
| Organometallic complex, light-emitting element, light-emitting device, electronic appliance, and lighting device|
A light-emitting element including a phosphorescent organometallic complex is provided. The organometallic complex emits phosphorescence in the yellow green to orange wavelength range and has high emission efficiency and high reliability.
| Packaging for filling and extraction of carbonated beverage|
A packaging for filling and extraction of carbonated beverage, preferably draught beer and beer, with addition of an appropriate gas for beverages with low solubility in the carbonated liquid, preferably nitrogen, and the said gas be deposited directly into the filling packaging and filling in contact with carbonated liquid, without being stored in external recipient or in internal device pressure regulator of the packaging, and said packaging include a body (10) provided with a hole where is positioned an extractor valve (20) coupled in a siphon tube (30) sized for the release of carbonated beverages without excessive foaming, whose siphon tube (30) presenting reason between measure diameter of siphon (30) and the respective measure of length up to 2.0%.. .
| Systems and methods for achieving partial nitrification in a biological nitrogen removal reactor|
Methods of controlling a nitrification reaction in a biological nitrogen removal reactor to favor partial nitrification of ammonia to nitrite instead of complete oxidation of ammonia to nitrate are disclosed. In some embodiments, the methods include the following: maintaining a ph in the reactor within a range that promotes growth of ammonia oxidizing bacteria; maintaining a concentration of dissolved oxygen in the reactor within a range that limits the ammonia oxidizing bacteria from completing nitrification; selecting an operational solids retention time within a range suitable for maintaining increasing concentrations of the ammonia oxidizing bacteria in the reactor while reducing concentrations of nitrite oxidizing bacteria in the reactor; and increasing a concentration of free ammonia in the reactor thereby inhibiting growth of the nitrite oxidizing bacteria in the reactor..
| Two stage diesel aromatics saturation process using base metal catalyst|
A process that provides for the improvement of the properties of a distillate feedstock that has significant concentrations of nitrogen and polyaromatic compounds. The process includes a first reaction zone that uses a base metal catalyst and is operated under high pressure conditions to provide for the hydrodenitrogenation of organic nitrogen and saturation of polyaromatic compounds contained in the distillate feedstock.
| Two-stage diesel aromatics saturation process utilizing intermediate stripping and base metal catalyst|
A process for making high cetane diesel. The process includes contacting a distillate feedstock in a hydrodenitrogenation and polyaromatics saturation zone and passing the resulting treated effluent to a high pressure stripping zone.
| Electrolysis device and refrigerator|
An anode, a cathode having a nitrogen-containing carbon alloy catalyst, and an electrolysis cell having a membrane electrode assembly composed of an electrolyte present between the anode and the cathode so that voltage is applied to the anode and the cathode, wherein the electrolyte is any one of acidic, neutral, or alkali, water is produced by the electrolysis device at the cathode, when the electrolyte is acidic, and hydroxide ion is produced by the electrolysis device at the anode, when the electrolyte is neutral or alkali.. .
| Method for fighting a fire or a temperature rise in a material stored in a large storage facility, a firefighting system and uses hereof|
A method and system for fighting a fire or a temperature rise in a material stored in a large storage facility such as a silo or a similar closed storage building for a biomass material, the method including detecting a fire or temperature rise in the stored material of the storage facility with detecting means, and applying liquid nitrogen to the interior of the storage facility from a firefighting system in the facility wherein the amount of applied liquid nitrogen is controlled with control means in relation to one or more values of the facility and/or stored material.. .
| Corn stover fuel objects with high heat output and reduced emissions designed for large-scale power generation|
A novel fuel object comprised of a proportion of corn stover and a proportion of wood fiber combined with a basically reacting compound. The object comprises fiber of the appropriate size and moisture content combined with an inorganic base.
|Optical sensor device and image processing unit for measuring chemical concentrations, chemical saturations and biophysical parameters|
Optical sensor devices, image processing devices, methods and computer readable code computer-readable storage media for detecting biophysical parameters, chemical concentrations, chemical saturations, vital signs and physiological information such as a malignant condition are provided. In some embodiments, the optical sensor includes an array of photodetectors, where each photodetector is configured to detect a spectrum of light.
The present invention provides a catalyst complex or ligand, and compositions thereof, for use in a variety of organic reactions having high reactivity and enantioselectivity. The catalyst is a n-heterocyclic carbene having three fused rings with first and second rings being six-membered rings and the third being a five-membered ring.
|Nitrogen-containing six-membered aromatic ring derivatives and pharmaceutical products containing the same|
In which nx group is preferably a 6-membered aromatic ring containing two nitrogen atoms; r0, r1 and r2 are each independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an amino group or the like; e is an oxygen atom or an —nr8 group (wherein r8 is an alkyl group or the like); n is an integer of 0 to 5; x and y are each a connecting bond, a cycloalkyl group, —co— or the like; and q is a hydrogen atom or a phenyl group.. .
|Recombinant nitrogen-fixing bacterial strain, inoculum containing the same and application methods|
Recombinant bacterial strains comprising heterologous nif genes in its genome, and capable of fixing nitrogen. The strain may be, for example, a recombinant pseudomonas fluorescens strain comprising heterologous nif genes in its genome.
|Method for cold gas spraying|
The invention relates to a method for cold gas spraying in which a spray powder containing photocatalytically active spray particles is accelerated by means of a carrier gas in a nozzle and forms a coating upon striking a substrate. According to the invention, the method is characterized in that at least one part of the photocatalytically active spray particles consists of nanocrystalline agglomerates having a porosity of 200 to 800 m2/g, the porosity being determined by means of a bht measurement with nitrogen.
|Systems and methods for lithography masks|
Structure of mask blanks and masks, and methods of making masks are disclosed. The new mask blank and mask comprise a tripe etching stop layer to prevent damages to the quartz substrate when the process goes through etching steps three times.
|Single crystal cvd synthetic diamond material|
A single crystal cvd synthetic diamond material comprising: a total as-grown nitrogen concentration equal to or greater than 5 ppm, and a uniform distribution of defects, wherein said uniform distribution of defects is defined by one or more of the following characteristics: (i) the total nitrogen concentration, when mapped by secondary ion mass spectrometry (sims) over an area equal to or greater than 50×50 μm using an analysis area of 10 μm or less, possesses a point-to-point variation of less than 30% of an average total nitrogen concentration value, or when mapped by sims over an area equal to or greater than 200×200 μm using an analysis area of 60 μm or less, possesses a point-to-point variation of less than 30% of an average total nitrogen concentration value; (ii) an as-grown nitrogen-vacancy defect (nv) concentration equal to or greater than 50 ppb as measured using 77k uv-visible absorption measurements, wherein the nitrogen-vacancy defects are uniformly distributed through the synthetic single crystal cvd diamond material such that, when excited using a 514 nm laser excitation source of spot size equal to or less than 10 μm at room temperature using a 50 mw 46 continuous wave laser, and mapped over an area equal to or greater than 50×50 μm with a data interval less than 10 μm there is a low point-to-point variation wherein the intensity area ratio of nitrogen vacancy photoluminescence peaks between regions of high photoluminescent intensity and regions of low photolominescent intensity is <2× for either the 575 nm photoluminescent peak (nv0) or the 637 nm photoluminescent peak (nv); (iii) a variation in raman intensity such that, when excited using a 514 nm laser excitation source (resulting in a raman peak at 552.4 nm) of spot size equal to or less than 10 μm at room temperature using a 50 mw continuous wave laser, and mapped over an area equal to or greater than 50×50 μm with a data interval less than 10 μm, there is a low point-to-point variation wherein the ratio of raman peak areas between regions of low raman intensity and high raman intensity is <1.25×; (iv) an as-grown nitrogen-vacancy defect (nv) concentration equal to or greater than 50 ppb as measured using 77k uv-visible absorption measurements, wherein, when excited using a 514 nm excitation source of spot size equal to or less than 10 μm at 77k using a 50 mw continuous wave laser, gives an intensity at 575 nm corresponding to nv0 greater than 120 times a raman intensity at 552.4 nm, and/or an intensity at 637 nm corresponding to nv− greater than 200 times the raman intensity at 552.4 nm; (v) a single substitutional nitrogen defect (ns) concentration equal to or greater than 5 ppm, wherein the single substitutional nitrogen defects are uniformly distributed through the synthetic single crystal cvd diamond material such that by using a 1344 cm−1 infrared absorption feature and sampling an area greater than an area of 0.5 mm2, the variation is lower than 80%, as deduced by dividing the standard deviation by the mean value; (vi) a variation in red luminescence intensity, as defined by a standard deviation divided by a mean value, is less than 15%; (vii) a mean standard deviation in neutral single substitutional nitrogen concentration of less than 80%; and (viii) a colour intensity as measured using a histogram from a microscopy image with a mean gray value of greater than 50, wherein the colour intensity is uniform through the single crystal cvd synthetic diamond material such that the variation in gray colour, as characterised by the gray value standard deviation divided by the gray value mean, is less than 40%.. .
|Compositions and methods for improving creatine solubility and stability|
Disclosed are methods for improving nitrogenous acid (e.g., creatine) solubility, and products made by the method.. .
|Blank for nanoimprint mold, nanoimprint mold, and methods for producing said blank and said nanoimprint mold|
The present invention relates to a blank for a nanoimprint mold, comprising a glass substrate and a hard mask layer formed on the glass substrate, wherein the hard mask layer contains chromium (cr) and nitrogen (n) and has a cr content of 45 to 95 at %, an n content of 5 to 55 at % and a total content of cr and n of 95 at % or more and the thickness of the hard mask layer is 1.5 nm or more and less than 5 nm.. .
|Method of preparing silver loaded activated carbon fiber|
A method of preparing a silver loaded activated carbon fiber includes the following steps. A viscose fiber is treated with a hydroxyalkyl cyclodextrin aqueous solution to obtain a hydroxyalkyl cyclodextrin loaded viscose fiber.
|Method of removing sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides in the flue gas|
The present invention discloses a method of removing sulfur oxides and/or nitrogen oxides in a regeneration flue gas emitted from a regenerator of a catalytic cracking plant and recovering the elemental sulfur and an apparatus therefor.. .
|Scr catalyst for removal of nitrogen oxides|
The present invention provides for catalysts for selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides. The catalysts comprise metal oxide supporters, vanadium, an active material, and antimony, a promoter that acts as a catalyst for reduction of nitrogen oxides, and at the same time, can promote higher sulfur poisoning resistance and low temperature catalytic activity.
|Zpgm diesel oxidation catalysts and methods of making and using same|
Diesel oxidation zpgm catalyst systems are disclosed. Zpgm catalyst systems may oxidize toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides that may be included in exhaust gases.
|Process for upgrading heavy and highly waxy crude oil without supply of hydrogen|
A continuous process to upgrade heavy crude oil for producing more valuable crude feedstock having high api gravity, low asphaltene content, and high middle distillate yield, low sulfur content, low nitrogen content, and low metal content without external supply of hydrogen and/or catalyst. Heavy crude oil having substantial amount of asphaltene and heavy components is mixed with highly waxy crude oil having large amount of paraffinic components and water to decompose asphaltene compounds and remove sulfur, nitrogen, and metal containing substances under supercritical conditions.
|Use of nitrogen compounds in the pickling of stainless steel|
The present invention relates to an acidic aqueous solution suitable for the pickling of stainless steel grades that comprises accelerators based on water soluble inorganic compounds comprising at least one nitrogen atom in an oxidation state in the range of −2 to −⅓. The present invention further encompasses a process for the pickling of stainless steel that makes use of a pickling solution comprising the above-mentioned accelerators..
|Mobile transport cart|
This mobile, cylinder transport cart is based on a four cylinder transport cart, designed to minimize the handling of nitrogen and oxygen cylinders in the loading, transporting and servicing process and to provide boosted compressed gas for an aircraft, oxygen to fill crew and passenger oxygen bottles. The cylinders are locked into place by a cylinder locking clamp.
|Systems and methods of semi-centralized power storage and power production for multi-directional smart grid and other applications|
Systems and methods of semi-centralized power storage and distributed power generation comprise at least one power storage facility at a first location, at least one distributed power generation facility at a second location different than the first location, and at least one mobile stored power transportation unit. The power storage facility includes a power storage medium comprising liquid air, nitrogen, oxygen, or a combination thereof.
|Production method of phosphor|
A production method of a phosphor includes firing a starting material mixture in a nitrogen atmosphere at a temperature range between 1,500° c. Inclusive and 2,200° c.
|Device and method for reducing contact resistance of a metal|
A structure for an integrated circuit with reduced contact resistance is disclosed. The structure includes a substrate, a cap layer deposited on the substrate, a dielectric layer deposited on the cap layer, and a trench embedded in the dielectric layer.
|Donor-acceptor compounds with nitrogen containing polyaromatics as the acceptor|
Wherein x1 to x12 is independently selected from the group consisting of c—r and n, wherein at least one of x1 to x12 is n, wherein each r is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof; and at least one of the r comprises a donor group with at least two electron-donating nitrogens.. .
|Etching method and etching liquid used therein|
An etching method having the step of: applying an etching liquid to a substrate, the etching liquid containing: a fluorine ion, a nitrogen-containing compound having at least 2 of nitrogen-containing structural units, and water, the etching liquid having a ph of being adjusted to 5 or less; and etching a titanium compound in the substrate.. .
A nitrogen-free gas generator 10 includes an autoignition composition that contains an alkali metal chlorate such as potassium chlorate as an oxidizer, a carboxylic acid such as dl tartaric acid as a fuel, and a desiccant in operable communication therewith. Gas generating systems 180 such as vehicle occupant protection systems 180, containing the gas generator 10, are also provided..
|Multilayer polyamide film for rear panel of photovoltaic module|
The use of a multilayer polyamide film as a rear protective sheet in a photovoltaic module. Also, a photovoltaic module containing photovoltaic cells protected by an encapsulant, a front protective layer, and a rear protective layer, wherein the rear protective layer is formed by a multilayer polyamide film including: a ca layer including, as predominant polymer, at least one polyamide a exhibiting a mean number of carbon atoms per nitrogen atom of between 4 and 8, a cb layer including: (a) as predominant polymer, at least one polyamide b exhibiting a mean number of carbon atoms per nitrogen atom of between 8 and 15, the polyamide(s) b exhibiting a mean number of carbon atoms per nitrogen atom which is strictly greater than the mean number of carbon atoms per nitrogen atom of the polyamide(s) a, and (b) at least one additive for combating uv radiation..
|Cleaning formula for motor vehicle intake and exhaust systems|
A cleaning system is provided to reduce, minimize, or eliminate deposits located within gaseous intake, processing, and emissions portions of a vehicle engine. The cleaning system includes use of a cleaning composition for removing such deposits.
|Silicon carbide powder, method for manufacturing the same and method for growing single crystal|
A silicon carbide powder according to the embodiment includes nitrogen having a concentration in a range of about 100 ppm to about 5000 ppm. A method for manufacturing silicon carbide powder according to the embodiment includes preparing a mixture by mixing a silicon source including silicon with a solid carbon source or a carbon source including an organic carbon compound; heating the mixture; cooling the mixture; and supplying a nitrogen-based gas into the mixture..
|Acid-free quaternized nitrogen compounds and use thereof as additives in fuels and lubricants|
The present invention relates to novel acid-free quaternized nitrogen compounds, to the preparation thereof and to the use thereof as a fuel and lubricant additive, more particularly as a detergent additive, as a wax antisettling additive (wasa) or as an additive for reducing internal diesel injector deposits (idid); to additive packages which comprise these compounds; and to fuels and lubricants thus additized. The present invention further relates to the use of these acid-free quaternized nitrogen compounds as a fuel additive for reducing or preventing deposits in the injection systems of direct-injection diesel engines, especially in common-rail injection systems, for reducing the fuel consumption of direct-injection diesel engines, especially of diesel engines with common-rail injection systems, and for minimizing power loss in direct-injection diesel engines, especially in diesel engines with common-rail injection systems..
|Method for the manufacture of polybranched organic/inorganic hybrid polymers|
Polybranched organic/inorganic hybrid polymer and method for its manufacture. The hybrid polymer has the form of an inorganic core carrying organic branches.
|Cyclic azine compound having nitrogen-containing fused aromatic group, method for producing same, and organic electroluminescent element comprising same as constituent component|
Wherein, y is c—h or a nitrogen atom, ar1 is a c6-18 aromatic hydrocarbon group, which may be substituted with an c1-4 alkyl group or a phenyl group, ar2 is a hydrogen atom, or a c6-18 aromatic hydrocarbon group, which may be substituted with a phenyl group or a pyridyl group, or is a nitrogen-containing condensed ring c9-15 aromatic group, ar3 is a nitrogen-containing condensed ring c9-15 aromatic group, x is a phenylene group, and n is an integer in the range of 0-3. The cyclic azine compound is useful as a constituent of an organic electroluminescent device..
|Paracyclophane-based ligands, their preparation and use in catalysis|
Wherein x1 and x2 are linking groups comprising between 2 to 4 carbon atoms, y1 and y2 are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halide, oxygen, nitrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl and z is a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, aryl group or heteroaryl group. The substituted paracyclophane provides transition metal catalysts that are useful in c—c and c—n bond formation and asymmetric hydrogenation reactions..
Wherein x represents an oxygen atom or the like, r1 represents formula (ii) wherein y1 represents a nitrogen atom or the like, r5 represents halogen or the like, r6 and r7 may be the same or different, and each represents a hydrogen atom or the like, and r3 represents a hydrogen atom or the like.. .
|Pa 12 powder for use in a generative layer-wise manufacturing method|
A powder mixture is described, which is suitable for a layer-wise manufacturing of a three-dimensional object by solidifying a building material in powder form. The powder mixture consists of a mixture of a first polyamide 12 powder and a second polyamide 12 powder, wherein the first polyamide 12 powder is characterized by an increase of its viscosity number determined in accordance with iso 307 that is less than 10%, when the powder is exposed for 20 hours to a temperature that lies 10° c.
|Phosphorous based polyaddition / polyurethane-urea polyols|
Embodiments of the invention include a polymer polyol dispersions. The polymer dispersions include a reaction product of a reaction system, where the reaction system includes: at least one polyol, at least one phosphorus based flame retardant having at least one active hydrogen attached to a nitrogen or oxygen atom, at least one of a co-reactant having an equivalent weight of up to 400 and at least one active hydrogen attached to a nitrogen or oxygen atom, at least one catalyst, and at least one polyisocyanate..
Wherein, r1 represents —o-lower alkyl, -lower alkylene-phenyl, or the like; r2 and r3 are the same as or different from each other and represent h, lower alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl or the like, or, r2 and r3 may be combined with a nitrogen atom to which they bind to form 5- to 7-membered saturated cyclic amino; r4's are the same as or different from each other and represent halogen, lower alkyl; and n represents 0 to 2.. .
|Nox removal catalyst for high-temperature flue gas, manufacturing method thereof, and nox removal method for high-temperature flue gas|
A nox removal catalyst for high-temperature flue gas according to the present invention is a nox removal catalyst for high-temperature flue gas that contains nitrogen oxide in which tungsten oxide with the number of molecular layers of tungsten oxide (wo3) being five or less is supported on a complex oxide carrier containing titanium oxide. Even when high-temperature denitration is continued, a bonding force with a carrier of wo3 can be properly maintained and volatilization can be suppressed while maintaining a high nox removal performance.
|High temperature catalysts for decomposition of liquid monopropellants and methods for producing the same|
Ceramic catalyst carriers that are mechanically, thermally and chemically stable in a ionic salt monopropellant decomposition environment, high temperature catalysts for decomposition of liquid high-energy-density monopropellants and ceramic processing techniques for producing spherical catalyst carrier granules are disclosed. The ceramic processing technique is used to produce spherical catalyst carrier granules with controlled porosities and desired composition and allows for reproducible packing densities of catalyst granules in thruster chambers.
|Manufacturing method of semiconductor device, semiconductor device and electronic apparatus|
A manufacturing method of a semiconductor device includes exposing a wiring layer which is formed of an alloy including two or more types of metals having different standard electrode potentials, on one surface side of a semiconductor substrate and performing a plasma process of allowing plasma generated by a mixture gas of a gas including nitrogen and an inert gas or plasma generated by a gas including nitrogen to irradiate a range which includes an exposed surface of the wiring layer.. .
|Method and plant for separating carbon dioxide from crude gases containing methane|
A method for removing carbon dioxide from methane-containing crude gases, especially biogas, by pressure scrubbing, using a physical solvent, includes circulating the contaminated scrubbing solution after regeneration. A plant suitable for carrying out the method considerably reduces the methane loss which arises through methane slippage and improves the overall energy balance of the method.
|Screening for nitrogen fixation|
An essentially glutamine-free medium comprising a whole-cell glutamine biosensor, comprising a glutamine auxotrophic e. Coli and a lux reporter gene, for detecting glutamine in an analyte.
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