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|| List of recent Nitrogen-related patents
| Transgenic plants with enhanced agronomic traits|
This invention provides transgenic plant cells with recombinant dna for expression of proteins that are useful for imparting enhanced agronomic trait(s) to transgenic crop plants. This invention also provides transgenic plants and progeny seed comprising the transgenic plant cells where the plants are selected for having an enhanced trait selected from the group of traits consisting of enhanced water use efficiency, enhanced cold tolerance, increased yield, enhanced nitrogen use efficiency, enhanced seed protein and enhanced seed oil.
Monsanto Technology Llc
| Transgenic plants with enhanced traits|
This disclosure provides transgenic plants having enhanced traits such as increased yield, increased nitrogen use efficiency and enhanced drought tolerance; propagules, progeny and field crops of such transgenic plants; and methods of making and using such transgenic plants. This disclosure also provides methods of producing hybrid seed from such transgenic plants, growing such seed and selecting progeny plants with enhanced traits.
Monsanto Technology Llc
| Nitrogen-containing inorganic carrier materials|
The invention relates to nitrogen-containing inorganic carrier materials, more particularly to inorganic carrier materials containing organically bonded nitrogen, to their preparation and also to their use for stabilizing iodine-containing compounds, and also to binder formulations comprising them and to the use thereof for protecting industrial materials.. .
Lanxess Deutschland Gmbh
| Nitrogenous heterocyclic derivatives and their application in drugs|
The present invention relates to the field of medicine, provided herein are novel nitrogenous heterocyclic compounds, their preparation methods and their uses as drugs, especially for treatment and prevention of tissue fibrosis. Also provided herein are pharmaceutically acceptable compositions comprising the nitrogenous heterocyclic compounds and the uses of the compositions in the treatment of human or animal tissue fibrosis, especially for human or animal renal interstitial fibrosis, glomerular sclerosis, liver fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, peritoneal fibrosis, myocardial fibrosis, dermatofibrosis, postsurgical adhesion, benign prostatic hyperplasia, skeletal muscle fibrosis, scleroderma, multiple sclerosis, pancreatic fibrosis, cirrhosis, myosarcoma, neurofibroma, pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, diabetic nephropathy, alzheimer disease or vascular fibrosis..
Sunshine Lake Pharma Co., Ltd.
| Process for preparing a catalytic composition for the hydroconversion of petroleum fractions|
The invention relates to a method of preparing a catalytic composition comprising at least one non-noble metal from group viii and at least one metal from group vib of the periodic table. The invention also relates to the catalytic composition thus produced, which has a high specific activity in reactions involving the hydroprocessing of light and intermediate fractions, preferably in reactions involving the hydrotreatment of hydrocarbon streams, including hydrodesulphurisation (hds), hydrodenitrogenation (hdn) and hydro-dearomatisation (hda)..
Instituto Mexicano Del Petroleo
| Method of manufacturing semiconductor device|
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device of an embodiment includes: preparing a substrate; and growing a p-type sic single-crystal layer on the surface of the substrate from a liquid phase that contains si (silicon), c (carbon), a p-type impurity, and an n-type impurity, the p-type impurity being an element a, the n-type impurity being an element d, the element a and the element d forming a first combination that is at least one combination selected from al (aluminum) and n (nitrogen), ga (gallium) and n (nitrogen), and in (indium) and n (nitrogen), and/or a second combination of b (boron) and p (phosphorus), the ratio of the concentration of the element d to the concentration of the element a in the first or second combination being higher than 0.33 but lower than 1.0.. .
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
| Method for producing polybutylene terephthalate|
The present invention aims to provide a method for producing polybutylene terephthalate (pbt) with an excellent color using biomass-derived 1,4-butanediol (bg). The invention relates to a method for producing pbt comprising a step of subjecting a diol component containing raw material 1,4-bg having a nitrogen content of 0.01 to 50 ppm by mass and a dicarboxylic acid component to esterification or ester-exchange reaction, and a polycondensation reaction step for obtaining pbt from the reactant, wherein the content of gamma butyrolactone in the raw material 1,4-bg is 1 to 100 ppm by mass..
| Preparing catalyst for fuel cell and preparing membrane electrode assembly|
A preparing method of a catalyst for a fuel cell includes mixing a nitrogen-containing compound, a metal-containing compound, a carbon support, and a solvent to form a first composition, so that the nitrogen-containing compound and the metal-containing compound are dispersed in the solvent; removing the solvent of the first composition to form a second composition; performing a microwave process on the second composition.. .
National Taiwan University Of Science And Technology
| Anesthetic neutralization methods|
Embodiments of the invention relates to decreasing effects of local and/or regional anesthesia by administering to a patient in need thereof an agent selected from the group of agents consisting of reactive nitrogen species (rns), reactive oxygen species (ros) and/or an agent which induces formation of rns and/or ros. Exemplary agents which may be used include peroxynitrite and hydrogen peroxide..
Instigo Biotech Ltd.
| Method for producing aluminum nitride powder|
A method for producing an aluminum nitride powder includes mixing an alumina powder having an average particle diameter of not more than 5 μm; an eutectic melting agent; and a carbon powder are mixed to obtain a mixture thereof, and reductively nitriding the mixture by firing at a higher temperature than a melting point of the eutectic melting agent, while maintaining a nitrogen ratio within a range of 60 to 85 vol % in an atmosphere of mixed gases of nitrogen and carbon monoxide until a nitriding ratio of the alumina powder reaches at least 50%.. .
Process for producing ammonia synthesis gas
A process for producing ammonia synthesis gas from the reforming of hydrocarbons with steam in a primary reformer (1) equipped with a plurality of externally heated catalytic tubes and then together with air in a secondary reformer (2) is characterized in that the reaction of said hydrocarbons with said steam in said primary reformer (1) is performed at an operating pressure of more than 35 bar in the catalytic tubes, in that air is added to said secondary reformer in excess over the nitrogen amount required for ammonia synthesis and in that the excess of nitrogen is removed downstream the secondary reformer preferably by cryogenic separation or by molecular sieves of the tas or psa type. This process allows to obtain high synthesis gas production capacities and lower investment and energy costs..
Method for producing sio2 granulate
The invention relates to a process for producing sio2 granules by freezing and re-thawing an sio2 suspension, wherein a separation of liquid and sediment composed of agglomerated sio2 particles occurs in the course of thawing, the liquid removed is decanted and the residual moisture in the sediment is removed by a drying step with formation of the sio2 granules. According to the invention, an auxiliary comprising alkali metal-free bases in the form of nitrogen hydrides is added to the suspension to set the ph greater than 7..
Heraeus Quarzglas Gmbh & Co. Kg
Apparatus for the treatment of air
A gas treatment apparatus, suitable for use in an air purifying apparatus for the production of breathable air, includes a catalyst including palladium and iron oxide and a source of a volatile nitrogen-containing compound. The apparatus is useful in gas masks, emergency escape hoods and static air treatment apparatus..
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
Mixed metal 8-ring small pore molecular sieve catalyst compositions, catalytic articles, systems, and methods
Described are compositions and catalytic articles comprising both a copper-promoted 8-ring small pore molecular sieve and an iron-promoted 8-ring small pore molecular sieve. The catalytic articles are useful in methods and systems to catalyze the reduction of nitrogen oxides in the presence of a reductant..
Heesung Catalysts Corporation
Chitosan-based hemostatic textile
A microfibrillar high molecular weight chitosan-based textile can be used as a hemostat. The chitosan has been treated in a nitrogen field by applying energy to ionize nitrogen in and around the chitosan textile.
North Carolina State University
Heat-resistant bearing material made of an austenitic iron matrix alloy
A heat-resistant bearing material may include an austenitic iron matrix alloy having a proportion of sulphur sufficient to achieve a solid lubricating action on bearing surfaces of the heat-resistant bearing material. The iron matrix alloy may have a proportion of carbides to achieve a reduction of wear on bearing surfaces of the heat-resistant bearing material and a proportion of 1 to 6 percentage by weight of at least one alloying element including cobalt, niobium, rhenium, tantalum, vanadium, tungsten, hafnium, yttrium and zirconium.
Mahle International Gmbh
Compositions, optical component, system including an optical component, devices, and other products
The present inventions relate to optical components which include quantum confined semiconductor nanoparticles, wherein at least a portion of the nanoparticles include a ligand attached to a surface thereof, the ligand being represented by the formula: x-sp-z, wherein: x represents a primary amine group, a secondary amine group, a urea, a thiourea, an imidizole group, an amide group, an other nitrogen containing group, a carboxylic acid group, a phosphonic or arsonic acid group, a phosphinic or arsinic acid group, a phosphate or arsenate group, a phosphine or arsine oxide group; sp represents a spacer group, such as a group capable of allowing a transfer of charge or an insulating group; and z represents: (i) a reactive group capable of communicating specific chemical properties to the nanocrystal as well as provide specific chemical reactivity to the surface of the nanocrystal, and/or (ii) a group that is cyclic, halogenated, or polar a-protic. Compositions, systems, kits, films, inks, and tfel lamps are also disclosed..
Qd Vision, Inc.
Systems and methods of semi-centralized power storage and power production for multi-directional smart grid and other applications
Systems and methods of semi-centralized energy storage and mobile power outflow for vehicle propulsion comprise at least one energy storage facility receiving energy via an electric grid and at least one mobile vehicle. The energy is generated at a first location, and the energy storage facility is at a second location different from the first location.
Expansion Energy Llc
Semiconductor element, display device, manufacturing semiconductor element, and manufacturing display device
A semiconductor element includes a semiconductor layer, a first and a second conductive unit, a gate electrode, and a gate insulating film. The semiconductor layer includes a first portion, a second portion, and a third portion provided between the first portion and the second portion.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
Organic semiconductor element and cmis semiconductor device including the same
There is provided with an organic semiconductor element. The organic semiconductor element has a source electrode portion, a drain electrode portion, an active layer region of an organic semiconductor, a gate insulating film, and a gate electrode portion.
Method for purification of ammonia, mixtures of nitrogen and hydrogen, or nitrogen, hydrogen and ammonia
Method for purification of ammonia or mixtures of nitrogen and hydrogen, or nitrogen, hydrogen and ammonia, where ammonia or a mixture of gases under pressure of from 0.1 to 25 mpa is passed through a column packed with aluminium oxide with a large specific surface area, the ammonia or mixture of gases is then passed through a column packed with cao, naoh, koh or an naoh/koh melt, separately or in a mixture, at 20 to 70° c. And under pressure of from 0.1 to 25 mpa, and the ammonia or mixture of gases is passed through a column packed with activated carbon having a specific area of 100-3000 m2/g with sodium, potassium, caesium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium or cerium nitrates(v) or nitrates(iii) deposited on its surface, separately or in a mixture..
Fire extinguishing apparatus
The present invention provides a fire extinguishing apparatus being inexpensive in manufacturing cost, easy to handle, and it enables a storage tank to be refilled with fire extinguishing sand during a fire extinguishing. A fire extinguishing apparatus of the present invention includes a sand container 3 having fire extinguishing sand a nitrogen gas cylinder 4, and an ejector 5 provided nitrogen gas taken out via a decompression valve 6 from the nitrogen gas cylinder 4.
Ngk Insulators, Ltd.
Nitrocarburized crankshaft member and steel for nitrocarburized crankshafts
A nitrocarburized crankshaft member made of a steel having essentially ferrite and perlite, and at least a portion of a steel surface thereof having a ferrite surface area of 50% or greater that is imparted with a nitrocarburized hard layer. The steel consists of c, si, mn, cu, ni, and cr as required elements and mo, n, s-al, ti, pb, bi, and ca as optional elements that may be included, and fe and inevitable impurities.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
A cell arrangement including a plurality of solar sub cells stacked above one another, wherein at least one solar sub cell of the plurality of solar sub cells comprises an alloy of gallium, nitrogen, arsenic and antimony.. .
Nanyang Technological University
Polycrystalline silicon and casting the same
Casting polycrystalline silicon includes placing a bottomless cooling crucible divided at least partially in the axis direction into a plurality of parts in the peripheral direction and having an inner surface coated with a release agent containing nitrogen, in an induction coil of a chamber charged with an inert gas; melting a raw material of polycrystalline silicon in the bottomless cooling crucible by electromagnetic induction heating using the induction coil; and pulling out the molten silicon downward while cooling and solidifying it. Pullout of the solidified molten silicon is performed through adjusting the carbon concentration of the molten silicon to 4.0×1017 atoms/cm3 or more to 6.0×1017 atoms/cm3 or less, the oxygen concentration thereof to 0.3×1017 atoms/cm3 or more to 5.0×1017 atoms/cm3 or less, and the nitrogen concentration to 8.0×1013 atoms/cm3 or more to 1.0×1018 atoms/cm3 or less..
Method for suppressing generation of yellow plum of complex thermal power plant using high thermal capacity gas
There is provided a method for suppressing a generation of a yellow plume from a complex thermal power plant, the method being characterized in that, in a complex thermal power generating method including combusting fuel and compressed air for combustion, supplied to a combustor, to generate exhaust gas; generating power using the exhaust gas generated in the combusting; recovering heat of the exhaust gas by a heat recovery steam generator (hrsg) and generating power using the recovered heat and a steam turbine, and controlling an amount of supplied high thermal capacity gas supplying the high thermal capacity gas together with the fuel in the combusting, in such a manner that nitrogen dioxide is contained in the exhaust gas in an amount of 10 ppm or less (based on exhaust gas containing an oxygen concentration of 15%).. .
Korea Electric Power Corporation
Polynucleotides and polypeptides for increasing desirable plant qualities
Polynucleotides and isolated polypeptides, nucleic acid constructs comprising the isolated polynucleotides, transgenic plants expressing same and methods of using same for increasing abiotic stress tolerance, yield, biomass, growth rate, vigor, oil content, fiber yield, fiber quality, and/or nitrogen use efficiency of a plant are disclosed.. .
Polynucleotides, polypeptides encoded thereby, and methods of using same for increasing abiotic stress tolerance, biomass and/or yield in plants expressing same
Provided are isolated polynucleotides comprising a nucleic acid sequence at least 80% identical to seq id no:619, 617, 606, 615, 629, 1-36, 40, 41, 43-45, 49, 52-56, 58, 113-343, 351, 354-358, 605, 607-614, 616, 618, 620-628, 630-638, 642, 645, 650, 651, 670, or 671. Also provided are nucleic acid constructs comprising same, isolated polypeptides encoded thereby, transgenic cells and transgenic plants comprising same and methods of using same for increasing abiotic stress tolerance, yield, biomass, growth rate, vigor, oil content, fiber yield, fiber quality, and/or nitrogen use efficiency of a plant..
Isolated polynucleotides and polypeptides, and methods of using same for increasing yield of plants
Provided are isolated polynucleotides and nucleic acid constructs which comprise a nucleic acid sequence at least 80% identical to a nucleic acid sequence selected form the group consisting of seq id nos: 1-219, 367-5628, 9688-9700, and 9709-9752; and isolated polypeptides which comprise an amino acid sequence at least 80% homologous to an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of seq id nos: 220-366, 5629-9400, 9701-9708, and 9753-9796. Also provided are transgenic cells and plants expressing same and methods of using same for increasing yield, growth rate, biomass, vigor, oil content, seed yield, fiber yield, fiber quality, nitrogen use efficiency, and/or abiotic stress of a plant..
Optical film, retardation plate, elliptica polarizing plate, liquid crystal display device and compound
An optical film including at least one compound represented by formula (1) is disclosed. In the formula, y11, y12 and y13 each independently represent methine or a nitrogen atom; r11, r12 and r13 each independently represent formula (a), (b) or (c) or a hydrogen atom, provided that at least two of r11, r12 and r13 each independently represent formula (a), (b) or (c).
Method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate, polyurethane foam-forming compositions, polyurethane foam and articles made therefrom
A method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate comprising heating paraformaldehyde in a solvent to a desired reaction temperature, wherein the solvent is present in at least an amount necessary to solvate or suspend the paraformaldehyde; adding at least one alkyl phosphite to the heated paraformaldehyde, to provide hydroxymethylphosphonate, the alkyl phosphite being added to the heated paraformaldehyde at a rate which will avoid or inhibit the production of a significant exotherm and resulting high/significant level of acid by-product(s), there being present in the reaction medium at least one hindered amine catalyst in which the nitrogen in the amine is directly bound to a secondary and/or tertiary carbon of an organic group; and, optionally, following the completion of the addition, heating the reaction mixture to an elevated temperature.. .
Icl-ip America Inc
Fabric softener active composition and making it
Reacting at least one tris-(2-hydroxyethyl)-amine fatty acid ester with dimethylsulfate at a molar ratio of dimethylsulfate to amine nitrogen of from 0.79 to 0.94 until the reaction mixture has a total amine number of from 7 to 20 mg koh/g provides novel fabric softener active compositions with a low content of methanol, comprising from 65 to 98% by weight of tris-(2-hydroxyethyl)-methylammonium methylsulfate fatty acid esters and from 1 to 1500 ppm methanol.. .
Evonik Industries Ag
Methods for etching an etching stop layer disposed on the substrate using a cyclical etching process are provided. In one embodiment, a method for etching an etching stop layer includes performing a treatment process on the substrate having a silicon nitride layer disposed thereon by supplying a treatment gas mixture into the processing chamber to treat the silicon nitride layer, and performing a chemical etching process on the substrate by supplying a chemical etching gas mixture into the processing chamber, wherein the chemical etching gas mixture includes at least an ammonium gas and a nitrogen trifluoride, wherein the chemical etching process etches the treated silicon nitride layer..
Applied Materials, Inc.
Selective etch of silicon nitride
A method of etching silicon nitride on patterned heterogeneous structures is described and includes a remote plasma etch formed from a fluorine-containing precursor and a nitrogen-and-oxygen-containing precursor. Plasma effluents from two remote plasmas are flowed into a substrate processing region where the plasma effluents react with the silicon nitride.
Applied Materials, Inc.
Thermal treatment for reducing transistor performance variation in ferroelectric memories
Thermal treatment of a semiconductor wafer in the fabrication of integrated circuits including mos transistors and ferroelectric capacitors, including those using lead-zirconium-titanate (pzt) ferroelectric material, to reduce variation in the electrical characteristics of the transistors. Thermal treatment of the wafer in a nitrogen-bearing atmosphere in which hydrogen is essentially absent is performed after formation of the transistors and capacitor.
Texas Instruments Incorporated
Photosensitive compound, photosensitive resin, and photosensitive composition
A photosensitive compound represented by formula (1) or formula (2). (chemical formula 1) (in formula (1) and formula (2), n is an integer of 1-3; r1 is a linear or branched alkyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms or an alkylene group having 2-6 carbon atoms formed from two r1 together; r2 is —nr3r4; r3 and r4 are each independently a linear or branched alkyl group or alkenyl group having 1-6 carbon atoms, a linear or branched alkylene group having 2-6 carbon atoms formed by r3 and r4 together, or a linear or branched alkylene group or alkenylene group having 3-8 carbon atoms optionally containing an oxygen atom or nitrogen atom.).
Toyo Gosei Co., Ltd.
Solid state electrolyte and barrier on lithium metal and its methods
A method of fabricating an electrochemical device comprising a lithium metal electrode, may comprise: providing a substrate with a lithium metal electrode on the surface thereof; depositing a first layer of dielectric material on the lithium metal electrode, the depositing the first layer being sputtering li3po4 in an argon ambient; after the depositing the first layer, inducing and maintaining a nitrogen plasma over the first layer of dielectric material to provide ion bombardment of the first layer for incorporation of nitrogen therein; and after the depositing, the inducing and the maintaining, depositing a second layer of dielectric material on the ion bombarded first layer of dielectric material, the depositing the second layer being sputtering li3po4 in a nitrogen-containing ambient. Electrochemical devices may comprise a barrier layer between the lithium metal electrode and the lipon electrolyte.
Applied Materials, Inc.
Gas barrier material and gas barrier laminate
A gas barrier material comprising a polycarboxylic acid polymer, and containing 0.10 to 1.4% by weight of a monovalent metal element, at least not less than 5.0% by weight of a polyvalent metal element, and 0.01 to 3.0% by weight of a nitrogen element per the total weight of nitrogen and carbon. The gas barrier material exhibits excellent gas barrier property, excellent waterproof property after the bend working and excellent appearance on the surface of the coating..
Toyo Seikan Group Holdings, Ltd.
Method and system for graphene formation
A method of forming graphene includes placing a substrate in a processing chamber and introducing a cleaning gas including hydrogen and nitrogen into the processing chamber. The method also includes introducing a carbon source into the processing chamber and initiating a microwave plasma in the processing chamber.
California Institute Of Technology
Select schiff base compounds for chemical agent detoxification
A schiff base compound configured to detoxify a toxic chemical agent. The toxic chemical agent includes at least one leaving group and the schiff base compound includes an imine having at least one lewis base and an alkyl substituent or an aryl substituent having an electron acceptor.
Government Of The United States As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force
Method for controlling the temperature in the combustion furnace of a claus unit
The invention relates to a method for reducing the nitrogen content in the oxygenous oxidation gas of a claus plant, by which control of the temperature in the combustion furnace of a claus plant can be achieved, by combusting a sulphurous acid gas in a claus combustion furnace so that a sulphur dioxide-containing product gas is obtained, from which a part-stream is branched off, which, as determined by a measured value, is recycled to the oxygenous oxidation gas so to avoid an undesired temperature increase in the combustion furnace, when, occasionally, an acid gas which is very rich in sulphur is fed to the combustion furnace of a claus plant, and to at the same time achieve a reduction of the nitrogen content in the claus tail gas.. .
Thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions Ag
Treatment of nitrogen oxides in flue gas streams
A method for removing nitrogen oxides in stationary source combustion flue gas streams includes introducing a reagent or a mixture comprising carbamide peroxide and water as a reducing agent.. .
Transition metal/zeolite scr catalysts
A method of converting nitrogen oxides in a gas to nitrogen by contacting the nitrogen oxides with a nitrogenous reducing agent in the presence of a zeolite catalyst containing at least one transition metal, wherein the zeolite is a small pore zeolite containing a maximum ring size of eight tetrahedral atoms, wherein the at least one transition metal is selected from the group consisting of cr, mn, fe, co, ce, ni, cu, zn, ga, mo, ru, rh, pd, ag, in, sn, re, ir and pt.. .
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
Exhaust gas purifier
An exhaust gas purification catalyst apparatus, which is superior in oxidation performance of, in particular, nitrogen monoxide, among hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate components such as soot, included in exhaust gas from a lean burn engine, and combustion performance of light oil. The exhaust gas purification apparatus arranged with an oxidation catalyst (doc) comprising a noble metal component for oxidizing carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, in particular, nitrogen monoxide among nitrogen oxides, and for combusting light oil, a catalyzed soot filter (csf) including a noble metal component for collecting a particulate component such as soot and removing by combustion (oxidation).
N.e. Chemcat Corporation
Multi-element standard for nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Organic compounds which contain nitrogen, fluorine, and phosphorus atoms together with carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms and which can be used as a multi-element standard for 1h—, 13c—, 15n—, 19f—, and 31p nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Also, a nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy method, preferably a quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy method, using said compounds and a method for qualitatively and/or quantitatively determining an analyte using such a nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy method..
Hot gasket with stainless steel
A metal gasket for establishing a gas and fluid-tight seal between two members and which is resistant to temperatures of greater than 430° c. And even up to 540° c.
Iron-based alloys and methods of making and use thereof
An iron-based alloy includes (in weight percent) carbon from about 1 to about 2 percent; manganese up to about 1 percent; silicon up to about 1 percent; nickel up to about 4 percent; chromium from about 10 to about 25 percent; molybdenum from about 5 to about 20 percent; tungsten up to about 4 percent; cobalt from about 17 to about 23 percent; vanadium up to about 1.5 percent; boron up to about 0.2 percent; sulfur up to about 0.03 percent; nitrogen up to about 0.4 percent; phosphorus up to about 0.06 percent; niobium up to about 4 percent; iron from about 35 to about 55 percent; and incidental impurities. The chromium/molybdenum ratio of the iron-based alloy is from about 1 to about 2.5.
L.e. Jones Company
Charged particle beam apparatus
Provided is a charged particle beam apparatus or charged particle microscope capable of observing an observation target sample in an air atmosphere or a gas environment without making significant changes to the configuration of a conventional high vacuum charged particle microscope. In a charged particle beam apparatus configured such that a thin film (10) is used to separate a vacuum environment and an air atmosphere (or a gas environment), an attachment (121) capable of holding the thin film (10) and whose interior can be maintained at an air atmosphere or a gas environment is inserted into a vacuum chamber (7) of a high vacuum charged particle microscope.
Hitachi High-technologies Corporation
Method and device for treating wastewater containing tetramethylammonium hydroxide and ammonium nitrogen
A method for treating wastewater containing tmah and ammonium nitrogen includes the steps of (a) introducing a first solution which contains ammonium nitrogen but no tmah into a single reactor with microorganisms comprising nitrifying bacteria and anammox bacteria, and denitrifying the first solution by the microorganisms under a dissolved oxygen concentration ranging from 0.1-0.5 mg/l and a ph value of 7-8; (b) when the denitrification efficiency reaches a steady state, introducing a second solution which contains ammonium nitrogen and tmah and has a concentration of tmah lower than 60 mg/l into the reactor; and (c) gradually increasing the concentration of tmah in the solution to be added into the reactor for several times whenever the denitrification efficiency reaches a steady state. Accordingly, the inhibition of tmah to the anammox bacteria can be significantly decreased, and both tmah and the ammonium nitrogen can be treated simultaneously..
Leaderman & Associates Co., Ltd.
Carbon membrane, manufacturing carbon membrane, and carbon membrane filter
There is disclosed a method for manufacturing a carbon membrane in which a phenolic hydroxyl group is 10,000 ppm or less and whose separating function does not easily deteriorate even after exposure to acidic conditions. The method for manufacturing the carbon membrane has a drying step of drying a resin solution membrane including a phenol resin formed on a substrate; and a carbon membrane preparing step of heating the dried resin solution membrane at 600 to 900° c.
Ngk Insulators, Ltd.
Polysilicon etch with high selectivity
Provided are methods and systems for removing polysilicon on a wafer. A wafer can include a polysilicon layer and an exposed nitride and/or oxide structure.
Novellus Systems, Inc.
Thermionic power generator
A thermionic power generator includes an emitter generating thermions and a collector collecting the thermions. The emitter includes an emitter substrate having an electric conductivity, a low resistance layer stacked to the emitter substrate and made of an n-type diamond semiconductor that includes phosphorus as a donor, and an electron emission layer stacked to the low resistance layer and made of an n-type diamond semiconductor that includes nitrogen as a donor.
National Institute Of Advanced Industrial Science And Technology
Porous organosilicate layers, and vapor deposition preparing same
A vapor deposition system includes a deposition chamber having a substrate positioned therein. The system includes at least one vessel containing at least one silsequioxane precursor.
Micron Technology, Inc.
Process for preparing activated vegetable complexes and carbonated, doped or superdoped vegetable/organic matters complexes, and applications of same, especially for methanation or production of biogas
(en)the invention relates to the preparation of doped plant complexes by a process of fermenting a compost cp in particular of straw and of horse manure fermented for 3-6 days, with coverage by a special carbonated plant complex cvc. A doped or overdoped plant complex is obtained that has a very high concentration in particular of humic acid nuclei, mycorrhizae, and fixed gases (nitrogen, carbon), having an extremely improved biological activity with an application in the improvement of methanization, up to 200-350%..
Organometallic iridium complex, light-emitting element, light-emitting device, electronic device, and lighting device
An organometallic iridium complex has high emission efficiency and a long lifetime. The iridium complex includes the structure represented by formula (g1).
Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
Method of production of cross-linked rubber
A method of producing cross-linked rubber including a step of reacting a polyether rubber composition at 130 to 200° c., the polyether rubber composition containing 100 parts by weight of epihalohydrin monomer units, 0.1 to 100 parts by weight of a five-membered ring or six-membered ring nitrogen atom-containing aromatic heterocyclic type compound, and 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of at least one cross-linking agent which is selected from sulfur, a sulfur-containing compound, and triazine-based compound.. .
Engineered fuel storage, respeciation and transport
Techniques, systems and material are disclosed for thermochemical regeneration of biomass into renewable engineered fuel, storage of the renewable engineered fuel, respeciation of the renewable engineered fuel and transport. In one aspect, a method includes generating low density hydrogen fuel from biomass dissociation at a first location of a low elevation.
Mcalister Technologies, Llc
Quaternary ammonium salt of a polyalkene-substituted amine compound
A quaternary ammonium salt detergent made from the reaction product of the reaction of: (a) polyalkene-substituted amine having at least one tertiary amino group; and (b) a quaternizing agent suitable for converting the tertiary amino group to a quaternary nitrogen and the use of such quaternary ammonium salt detergents in a fuel composition to reduce intake valve deposits.. .
The Lubrizol Corporation
Lubricating oil composition for engine made of aluminum alloy and lubrication method
(wherein as represents a thioheterocycle; each of r1 and r2 independently represents a hydrogen atom, an amino group, a c1 to c50 hydrocarbyl group selected from among an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkenyl group, a cycloalkenyl group, and an aryl group, or, in the case of a hydrocarbyl group, a c1 to c50 heteroatom-containing group having an atom selected from among an oxygen atom, a nitrogen atom, and a sulfur atom, in the hydrocarbyl group; and each of k, l, m, and n is an integer of 0 to 5).. .
Method of manufacturing semiconductor device, substrate processing apparatus, and recording medium
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, includes: forming a thin film containing silicon, oxygen and carbon or a thin film containing silicon, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen on a substrate by performing a cycle a predetermined number of times. The cycle includes supplying a precursor gas serving as a silicon source and a carbon source or a precursor gas serving as a silicon source but no carbon source, and a first catalyst gas to the substrate; supplying an oxidizing gas and a second catalyst gas to the substrate; and supplying a modifying gas containing at least one selected from the group consisting of carbon and nitrogen to the substrate.
Hitachi Kokusai Electric Inc.
Semiconductor device including buried gate, module and system, and manufacturing
An embodiment of the semiconductor device includes a recess formed in an active region, a gate buried in a lower part of the recess, a first capping insulation film formed over the gate, a second capping insulation film formed over the first capping insulation film, and a third capping insulation film formed over the second capping insulation film. In the semiconductor device including the buried gate, mechanical stress caused by a nitride film can be reduced by reducing the volume of a nitride film in a capping insulation film formed over a buried gate, and the ratio of silicon to nitrogen of the nitride film is adjusted, so that mechanical stress is reduced, resulting in improvement of operation characteristics of the semiconductor device..
Sk Hynix Inc.
Non-planar iii-v field effect transistors with conformal metal gate electrode & nitrogen doping of gate dielectric interface
A high-k gate dielectric interface with a group iii-v semiconductor surface of a non-planar transistor channel region is non-directionally doped with nitrogen. In nanowire embodiments, a non-directional nitrogen doping of a high-k gate dielectric interface is performed before or concurrently with a conformal gate electrode deposition through exposure of the gate dielectric to liquid, vapor, gaseous, plasma, or solid state sources of nitrogen.
Method of manufacturing magnetoresistive element
According to one embodiment, a method of manufacturing a magnetoresistive element, the method includes forming a first non-magnetic layer on a first magnetic layer, forming a second magnetic layer on the first non-magnetic layer, forming a second non-magnetic layer on the second magnetic layer, forming a third magnetic layer on the second non-magnetic layer, patterning the third magnetic layer by a rie using an etching gas including a noble gas and a nitrogen gas until a surface of the second non-magnetic layer is exposed, and patterning the second non-magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer after patterning of the third magnetic layer.. .
Mask blank, transfer mask, and methods of manufacturing the same
This invention provides a mask blank in which a thin film for transfer pattern formation is provided on a main surface of a transparent substrate. The thin film is made of a material containing a transition metal and silicon and further containing at least one of oxygen and nitrogen.
Rigid decorative member having white rigid coating layer, and producing the same
A rigid decorative member of the present invention is a rigid decorative member comprising a base and a rigid coating layer laminated on or above the base, wherein the rigid coating layer comprises a reaction compound of raw metal, in which a metal m1 and a metal m2, and in addition, selectively a metal m3 are combined, and of a non-metallic element selected from one or two or more of nitrogen, carbon, and oxygen, or comprises an alloy in which a metal m1 and a metal m2, and in addition, selectively a metal m3 are combined; the metal m1 is selected from one or two of mo and w; the metal m2 is selected from one or two or more of nb, ta, and v; and the metal m3 is selected from one or two or more of cr, ti, hf, and zr.. .
Citizen Holdings Co., Ltd.
Silicon carbide epitaxial substrate and manufacturing silicon carbide epitaxial substrate
A silicon carbide epitaxial substrate having a main surface (second main surface) includes: a base substrate; and a silicon carbide epitaxial layer formed on the base substrate and including the main surface (second main surface), the second main surface having a surface roughness of 0.6 nm or less, a ratio of standard deviation of a nitrogen concentration in the silicon carbide epitaxial layer at a surface layer including the main surface (second main surface) within a plane of the silicon carbide epitaxial substrate to an average value of the nitrogen concentration in the silicon carbide epitaxial layer at the surface layer within the plane of the silicon carbide epitaxial substrate being 15% or less.. .
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
Therapeutic stem cell composition and stimulant, facilitator, accelerator, and synergizer thereof, growth factor, anti-inflammatory composition and uses thereof
The present invention relates to a non-invasive medical therapy and a composition for avoiding organ transplantation, or controlling biological rejection of transplanted organs, or treating organs under consideration for replacement by transplant, and otherwise treating aged, diseased and/or abnormal tissues and/or organs. More specifically, the non-invasive medical therapy involves administering to a patient an elemental nutritional feeding comprising a free amino acid profile simulating and/or replicating a targeted diseased or transplanted tissue and/or organ.
Immunopath Profile, Inc.
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