This page is updated frequently with new Nitrogen-related patent applications.
|| List of recent Nitrogen-related patents
|Platinum complex compound and organic electroluminescence device using the same|
Wherein each of ar1 and ar2 independently represents an aromatic ring or an aromatic heterocyclic ring; each of r1, r2, r3 and r4 independently represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent; each of z1 and z2 independently represents a carbon atom or a nitrogen atom; each of ring q1 containing a carbon atom and z1, and ring q2 containing a carbon atom and z2 independently represents an aromatic ring or an aromatic heterocyclic ring; and a1 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group.. .
|Semiconductor device structure and forming the same|
A semiconductor device structure is provided. The semiconductor device structure includes a semiconductor substrate.
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd
|Methods of forming a hard mask layer and of fabricating a semiconductor device using the same|
A method of forming a hard mask layer on a substrate includes forming an amorphous carbon layer using nitrous oxide (n2o). A source of carbon and the nitrous oxide (n2o) are introduced to the substrate under a plasma ambient of an inert gas.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
|Atomic layer deposition of high density silicon dioxide|
Atomic layer deposition methods for the low temperature deposition of silicon dioxide films having low nitrogen content and low wet etch rates. Silicon dioxide films are deposited and treated with plasma and re-oxidized resulting in low nitrogen content films..
Applied Materials, Inc.
|Argon recondensing apparatus|
An apparatus for condensing argon can include cold box, which is preferably sealed and largely maintenance free, where all instruments and valves requiring routine maintenance are to be located outside, a nitrogen separator disposed within the cold box, a heat exchanger disposed within the cold box, the heat exchanger is configured to condense a gaseous argon stream against a pressurized liquid nitrogen stream. The cold box is elevated as compared to an argon storage vessel, such that the condensed argon stream can flow to the argon storage vessel without the need for a pump..
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
|Argon recondensing method|
A method for condensing argon can include two flow streams interacting with each other in a heat exchanger found within a cold box: a stream of gaseous argon enters the heat exchanger to be cooled down below its liquefaction point by a stream of pressurized liquid nitrogen entering the heat exchanger. While passing through the heat exchanger, gaseous argon is gradually cooled down until it is condensed into liquid, flowing by gravity to the nearby liquid argon storage tank..
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et I'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
|Nitrided engine valve with hvof coating|
A valve for use in an internal combustion engine is disclosed. The valve includes a stem connected to a fillet disposed between the stem and a seat face.
|Method and estimating nitrogen oxides out of an engine|
A system is provided and includes a fuel module that, based on a crankshaft angle of an engine, generates a value indicative of an amount of fuel burned in a cylinder or a change in the amount of fuel burned. A heat release module, based on the value, determines an amount of heat released during a combustion event of the cylinder.
Gm Global Technology Operations Llc
|Psa separation of nitrogen from natural gas|
Disclosed is a new psa cycle that treats n2-contaminated natural gas at relatively high pressure, and yields a first product enriched in less strongly adsorbed components such as, for example, n2, and others (e.g., helium=he), and a second product that is enriched in more-strongly adsorbed components including, for example, ch4 and others (e.g., ethane=c2h6). The new psa cycle is characterized by: low power consumption and low adsorbent mass, and therefore relatively small adsorbers.
Kent S. Knaebel & Associates, Inc.
|Red phosphor, producing red phosphor, white light source, illuminating device, and liquid crystal display device|
A compound is provided containing silicon, aluminum, strontium, europium, nitrogen, and oxygen is used that enables a red phosphor having strong luminous intensity and high luminance to be obtained, and that enables the color gamut of a white led to be increased with the use of the red phosphor. The red phosphor contains an element a, europium, silicon, aluminum, oxygen, and nitrogen at the atom number ratio of the following formula: [a(m-x)eux]si9alyonn[12+y−2(n−m)/3].
Method for producing polyamide composite materials containing silicon
The invention relates to a method for producing polyamide composite materials containing silicon, comprising the copolymerisation of: a) at least one silicon compound (sv) having at least one silicon atom, said silicon atom having at least one lactamyl group of formula (a) bonded by means of the nitrogen atom thereof; b) the method also comprises copolymerisation with at least one comonomer (cm) that is selected from among ammonium salts of dicarboxylic acids, amino acids, amino acid amides and lactams. In formula (a), m represents a whole number between 1 and 11, in particular in between 2 and 9, and specifically 3, and # represents the connection to the silicon atom of the compound (sv)..
Method of preparing intermediate of salmeterol
A method of preparing an intermediate of salmeterol (compound 1, 2-amino-1-(2,2-dimethyl-4h-1,3-benzodioxin-6-yl)ethanol) includes: reacting compound 2 with 2-methoxypropene in a first organic solvent to produce a reaction solution including compound 3, compound 2 including a 2-bromo precursor of compound 1; reacting compound 3 with a nitrogen source to produce compound 4; reacting compound 4 with sodium borohydride in a second organic solvent to produce compound 5; and debenzylating compound 5 by ammonium formate/palladium-carbon catalytic transfer hydrogenation in a third organic solvent to produce compound 1. A method of preparing salmeterol includes preparing compound 1, and reacting compound 1 to prepare salmeterol..
Amphastar Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Water degassing system and method
A system for degassing water includes a membrane contactor of degassing water, and a membrane module for enriching nitrogen from a source having <98% nitrogen purity coupled to said degassing membrane module. The enriching membrane module may be physically connected to the degassing membrane contactor.
Rubber composition for conveyor belt, and conveyor belt
The present technology provides a rubber composition for a conveyor belt. The rubber composition comprises: a rubber component containing butadiene rubber and/or styrene butadiene rubber, carbon black, sulfur, and a vulcanization accelerator; the glass transition temperature of the butadiene rubber and the styrene butadiene rubber being −65° c.
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
Method for removing, by means of a laser beam, a bulge deposited on the surface of a workpiece when a through hole is formed
Methods and systems are implemented for forming a through hole in a workpiece using a laser beam and a process gas, such as oxygen or nitrogen, coming from a gas nozzle. A hole is formed in the workpiece using the laser beam and a process gas emerging from a gas nozzle, such that the formed hole extends only partially through the workpiece.
Trumpf Werkzeugmaschinen Gmbh + Co. Kg
Systems and methods for treating substrates with cryogenic fluid mixtures
Disclosed herein are systems and methods for treating the surface of a microelectronic substrate, using a cryogenic fluid mixture used to treat an exposed surface of the microelectronic substrate. The fluid mixture may be expanded through a nozzle to form an aerosol spray or gas cluster jet (gcj) spray may impinge the microelectronic substrate and remove particles from the microelectronic substrate's surface.
Tel Fsi, Inc.
Systems and methods for treating substrates with cryogenic fluid mixtures
Disclosed herein are systems and methods for treating the surface of a microelectronic substrate, and in particular, relate to an apparatus and method for scanning the microelectronic substrate through a cryogenic fluid mixture used to treat an exposed surface of the microelectronic substrate. The fluid mixture may be expanded through a nozzle to form an aerosol spray or gas cluster jet (gcj) spray may impinge the microelectronic substrate and remove particles from the microelectronic substrate's surface.
Tel Fsi, Inc.
Osteoclast inhibitors for knee conditions
Oral dosage forms of osteoclast inhibitors, such as nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, can be used to treat or alleviate pain or related conditions.. .
Antecip Bioventures Ii Llc
Low bitter chicory products
The present invention provides a food product comprising at least 1.5%, 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, or more, by weight total ingredients of a low bitter chicory plant material or flour. The present invention also provides a method for obtaining a chicory product with reduced bitterness, comprising blanching chicory roots or root chips, drying the blanched chicory root chips, and optionally grinding the dried chicory root chips and incorporating it into flour, dough, or other food products.
Blue Prairie Brands Llc
Cathode device for fuel cell
An electrode for a fuel cell is disclosed. More particularly, the electrode includes a porous substrate and nitrogen-doped graphene included in the substrate.
Organic electroluminescent materials and devices
Is described. In the structure of formula ir(la)n(lb)3-n: a1, a2.
Organic electroluminescent materials and devices
Is described. In the structure of formula ir(la)n(lb)3-n: a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6, a7, and a8 are each carbon or nitrogen; at least one of a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6, a7, and a8 is nitrogen; ring b is bonded to ring a through a c—c bond; the iridium is bonded to ring a through an ir—c bond; x is o, s, or sc; r1, r2, r3, and r4 each independently represent no substitutions up to the maximum possible substitutions; any adjacent substitutions in r1, r2, r3, and r4 are optionally linked together to form a ring; each r1, r2, r3, r4, and r5 is independently selected from a variety of substituents; and n is an integer from 1 to 2.
Methods for reducing interface contact resistivity
Provided are methods of forming low resistivity contacts. Also provided are devices having such low resistive contacts.
Method of manufacturing nitride semiconductor template
A method of manufacturing a nitride semiconductor template that includes a base substrate of a sapphire substrate and a nitride semiconductor layer represented by a general formula alxga1-xn (0.3≦x≦1) includes: contacting the base substrate with a water vapor atmosphere, nitriding a surface of the base substrate by contacting the base substrate with a nitrogen raw material to form a nitrided area on the surface of the base substrate, and growing a nitride semiconductor layer on the nitrided area.. .
Integrated circuit having plural transistors with work function metal gate structures
The present invention provides an integrated circuit including a substrate, a first transistor, a second transistor and a third transistor. The first transistor has a first metal gate including a first bottom barrier layer, a first work function metal layer and a first metal layer.
United Microelectronics Corp.
Diffusion barrier layer formation
A method of forming a titanium nitride (tin) diffusion barrier includes exposing a deposition surface to a first pulse of a titanium-containing precursor and to a first pulse of a nitrogen-rich plasma to form a first tin layer with a first nitrogen concentration making a lower portion of the tin diffusion barrier, the first nitrogen concentration of the first tin layer is increased by the first pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma reducing a reactivity of the lower portion of the tin diffusion barrier to prevent fluorine diffusion. The first tin layer is exposed to second pulses of the titanium-containing precursor and the nitrogen-rich plasma to form a second tin layer with a second nitrogen concentration above the first tin layer making an upper portion of the tin diffusion barrier, the first pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma has a substantially longer duration than the second pulse of the nitrogen-rich plasma..
International Business Machines Corporation
Method of manufacturing semiconductor device
To provide a semiconductor device having improved performance while improving the throughput in the manufacturing steps of the semiconductor device. An insulating film portion comprised of first, second, third, fourth, and fifth insulating films is formed on a semiconductor substrate.
Renesas Electronics Corporation
Manufacturing silicon carbide semiconductor device
In producing a mos silicon carbide semiconductor device, after a first heat treatment (oxynitride) is performed in an oxidation atmosphere including nitrous oxide or nitric oxide, a second heat treatment including hydrogen is performed, whereby in the front surface of a sic epitaxial substrate, a gate insulating film is formed. A gate electrode is formed and after an interlayer insulating film is formed, a third heat treatment is performed to bake the interlayer insulating film.
Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.
Flowable low-k dielectric gapfill treatment
Methods are described for forming a flowable low-k dielectric film on a patterned substrate. The film may be a silicon-carbon-oxygen (si—c—o) layer in which the silicon and carbon constituents come from a silicon and carbon containing precursor while the oxygen may come from an oxygen-containing precursor activated in a remote plasma region.
Applied Materials, Inc.
Methods of forming and using materials containing silicon and nitrogen
Some embodiments include methods utilizing atomic layer deposition to form material containing silicon and nitrogen (e.g., silicon nitride). The atomic layer deposition uses sii4 as one precursor and uses a nitrogen-containing material as another precursor.
Micron Technology, Inc.
Electroconductive composition, electrical conductor, laminate and producing same, electroconductive film, and solid electrolyte condenser
The electroconductive composition of the present invention contains an electroconductive polymer (a) having a sulfonic acid group and/or carboxylic acid group, and a basic compound (b) having two or more nitrogen atoms. The electrical conductor of the present invention consists of the electroconductive composition.
Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd.
Integrative reductant system and method using constant volume injection
Various embodiments relate to a selective catalytic reduction system for treating exhaust gases of an internal combustion engine. The system includes an inlet section that receives exhaust gases from the engine.
Cummins Emission Solutions, Inc.
Apparatus for producing group iii nitride crystal, and producing the same
Apparatus and method for producing a group iii nitride crystal are to be provided. The apparatus for producing a group iii nitride crystal, contains: a chamber; a nitrogen element-containing gas supplying port for supplying a nitrogen element-containing gas to the chamber; a compound gas supplying port for supplying a compound gas of the group iii element to the chamber, so as to mix the compound gas with the nitrogen element-containing gas; a discharging port for discharging the compound gas and the nitrogen element-containing gas thus mixed, outside the chamber; a holder for holding a seed substrate at a position that is on a downstream side of a mixing point of the compound gas and the nitrogen element-containing gas and is an upstream side of the discharging port; a first heater for heating the seed substrate; and a second heater for heating a space between the mixing point and the seed substrate to a temperature that is higher than a temperature heated by the first heater..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
Methods and apparatuses for treating biomass
Methods and apparatuses for treating biomass are provided herein. In an embodiment, an exemplary method of treating biomass includes providing a biomass stream that includes a lipid component or a derivative thereof and a contaminant component that includes nitrogen, phosphorous, ammonia, or a combination thereof.
In which the free valencies on the oxygen atom and on the nitrogen atom may be combined to form a five-, six- or seven-membered ring and the benzene ring may also bear substituents at one or more of the free positions, and from 0.1 to 99% by weight of sulfur-containing organic compounds with antioxidant action. This synergistic mixture is suitable as a stabilizer for stabilizing inanimate organic material, especially mineral oil products and fuels, against the action of light, oxygen and heat..
Water-cooled extruder improvements
Water-cooled extrusion equipment capable of operating at high temperatures in forming chemical and plastic components is highly subject to water-influenced corrosion of, and/or deposition of water-borne dissolved solids on, the narrow conduits carrying the circulating coolant and the system components and auxiliaries in contact with the coolant. The inventive water-based coolant circulated through the extrusion equipment's cooling passages is purified, thus having a reduced amount of dissolved solids and incorporates: (1) a yellow metal inhibitor for preventing corrosion and fouling of non-ferrous metals forming the coolant-bearing passages; (2) an organic/inorganic alkaline nitrogen-based compound to raise the ph of the water and reduce corrosion; and (3) a reducing agent to passivate the equipment's steel surfaces to reduce metal loss.
Isocyanate-epoxide hybrid resins
The present invention relates to a method for producing at least one resin, which comprises mixing at least one polyisocyanate with at least one polyepoxide, the reaction taking place in the presence of a catalyst system based on at least one metal-free lewis base having at least one nitrogen atom, and also to resins obtainable by a method of the invention, and to the use of a resin obtainable by a method of the invention, or of a resin of the invention, for producing seals, for producing components for rotor blades, boat hulls, or vehicle body parts, or for coatings.. .
Calcium channel agonists
Wherein each bond depicted as “” is a single bond or a double bond as needed to satisfy valence requirements; z1, z2, z3, z4, and z5 independently are nitrogen or carbon; r1 and r3 are alkyl; r2 is alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, or heteroarylalkyl; and r4 is alkyl or hydroxyalkyl.. .
Compounds containing a pentalene unit and process for their preparation
Compound containing a pentalene unit having general formula (i) wherein r1 and r2, equal to or different from each other, are selected from: linear or branched c1-c20, preferably c2-c12, alkyl groups, saturated or unsaturated, optionally containing heteroatoms, cycloalkyl groups optionally substituted, linear or branched c1-c20, preferably c2-c12, alkoxyl groups, saturated or unsaturated, optionally substituted; or the groups r1 and r2 can be optionally bound to each other so as to form, together with the carbon atoms to which they are bound, a cycle or a polycyclic system containing from 3 to 14 carbon atoms, preferably from 4 to 6 carbon atoms, saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic, optionally containing one or more heteroatoms such as, for example, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, silicon, phosphorous, selenium; r3 is selected from aryl groups optionally substituted, heteroaryl groups optionally substituted; n is 0 or 1; with the proviso that: when n is 0, x represents a covalent bond and y represents a sulfur atom (s); when n is 1, x is equal to y, and represents a ch group, or a nitrogen atom (n). Said compound containing a pentalene unit, as such or after suit able functionalization and polymerization, can be advantageously used in the construction of photovoltaic devices (or solar devices) such as, for example, photovoltaic cells (or solar cells), photovoltaic modules (or solar modules), on both rigid and flexible supports.
Filter cartridge and a forming a filter medium
A method for forming a filter medium includes mixing activated carbon and nitrogen enriched plastic binder. The activated carbon and nitrogen enriched plastic binder are heated in order to bind the activated carbon to the nitrogen enriched plastic binder and form a filter medium block.
General Electric Company
Method for producing group iii nitride crystal, and producing the same
A method and apparatus for producing a group iii nitride in which the thermal decomposition of the nitrogen element-containing gas is suppressed to enhance the productivity. The method for producing a group iii nitride crystal, comprising: reacting an oxide or a metal of a group iii element under a heated atmosphere to form a compound gas of the group iii element; mixing a nitrogen element-containing gas at a temperature that is lower than that of the compound gas, with the compound gas; and reacting the nitrogen element-containing gas with the compound gas to form a group iii nitride crystal..
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
Pvdf pyrolyzate adsorbent and gas storage and dispensing system utilizing same
A polyvinylidene fluoride (pvdf) pyrolyzate adsorbent is described, having utility for storing gases in an adsorbed state, and from which adsorbed gas may be desorbed to supply same for use. The pvdf pyrolyzate adsorbent can be of monolithic unitary form, or in a bead, powder, film, particulate or other finely divided form.
Inorganic-organic hybrid nanoporous material with nitrogen selective adsorptivity and separating nitrogen-contaning gas mixture using the same
The present invention relates to a nitrogen adsorbent having nitrogen selective adsorptivity by including an organic-inorganic hybrid nanoporous material having a coordinatively unsaturated metal site with density of 0.2 mmol/g to 10 mmol/g in a skeleton, surface or pore; and use thereof, such as a device separating nitrogen from a gas mixture containing nitrogen and methane, a pressure swing adsorption separation device and a temperature swing adsorption separation device for separating nitrogen provided, a method for separating nitrogen and methane from a gas mixture containing nitrogen and methane, a device for separating nitrogen, oxygen or argon, a method for separating nitrogen, oxygen or argon from a gas mixture containing nitrogen, oxygen or argon, and a method for preparing nitrogen or high purity inert gas all separated from a gas mixture containing nitrogen and inert gas.. .
Korea Research Institute Of Chemical Technology
Methods and compositions for regulating biofilm development
The present invention relates to methods for promoting dispersal of, or preventing formation of microbial biofilms, comprising: exposing a biofilm to an effective amount of nitric oxide or at least one nitric oxide generating or releasing agent; treating a surface or medium susceptible to biofilm formation with an effective amount of nitric oxide or at least one nitric oxide generating or releasing agent; incorporating an effective amount of nitric oxide or at least one nitric oxide generating or releasing agent in a surface or medium susceptible to biofilm formation; or inducing the accumulation of one or more reactive oxygen or nitrogen species within microorganisms within said biofilm or capable of forming a biofilm. The invention also relates to methods for maintaining or enhancing or maintaining and enhancing the functioning of a biofilm, comprising exposing a biofilm to at least one nitric oxide scavenger, at least one antioxidant or at least one nitric oxide scavenger and at least one antioxidant.
Newsouth Innovations Pty Limited
A cryosurgery system for application of medical-grade liquid nitrogen to a treatment area via a small, low pressure, open tipped catheter. The system includes a console, including a touch panel computer, a cryogen module, a suction module and an electronics module, and a disposable spray kit.
Catalyst and process for the production of hydrogen from ammonia boranes
The present invention relates to a process for the production of hydrogen comprising contacting at least one complex of formula (i), (i) wherein: x− is an anion; m is a metal selected from ru, os, fe, co and ni; d is optionally present and is one or more monodentate or multidentate donor ligands; y1 is selected from cr13, b and n; z1 and z2 are each independently selected from ═n, ═p, nr14, pr15, o, s and se; or z2 is a direct bond between carbocyclic ring b and substituent r4; each of a and b is independently a saturated, unsaturated or partially unsaturated carbocyclic hydrocarbon ring; r3 and r4 are each independently selected from h, c1-6-alkyl, aryl and c1-6-haloalkyl, and a linker group optionally attached to a solid support; or r3 and r4 together form the following moiety: (ab) y2 is a direct single bond or double bond, or is cr18; r1, r2, r5-13 and r16-18 are each independently selected from h, c1-6-alkyl, c2-6-alkenyl, c2-6-alkynyl, aryl, c1-6-haloalkyl, nr19r20 and a linker group optionally attached to a solid support; or two or more of said r1-13 and r16-18 groups are linked, together with the carbons to which they are attached, to form a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group; r14, r15, r19 and r20 are each independently selected from h, c1-6-alkyl, c2-6-alkenyl, c2-6-alkynyl, aryl, c1-6-haloalkyl, and a linker group optionally attached to a solid support; with at least one substrate of formula (ii), r21r22nh—bhr23r24, wherein r21 to r24 are each independently selected from h, c1-6-alkyl, fluoro-substituted c1-6-alkyl, c6-14-aryl and c6-14-aralkyl, or any two of r21, r22, r23 and r24 are linked to form a c3-10-alkylene group or c3-10-alkenylene group, which together with the nitrogen and/or boron atoms to which they are attached, forms a cyclic group; or a substrate comprising two, three or four substrates of formula (ii) linked via one or more bridging groups so as to form a dimeric, trimeric or tetrameric species, and wherein the bridging group is selected from straight or branched c1-6-alkylene optionally substituted by one or more fluoro groups, boron, c6-14-aryl and c6-14-aralkyl; or a substrate comprising two, three or four substrates of formula (ii) which are joined so as to form a fused cyclic dimeric, trimeric or tetrameric species. Further aspects of the invention relate to a hydrogen generation system comprising a complex of formula (i), a substrate of formula (ii) and a solvent, and to the use of complexes of formula (i) in fuel cells.
Protected transition metal hexacyanoferrate battery electrode synthesis method
A protected transition metal hexacyanoferrate (tmhcf) battery cathode is presented, made from axmyfez(cn)n·mh2o particles, where the a cations are either alkali or alkaline-earth cations, and m is a transition metal. In one aspect the cathode pas tion layer may be materials such as oxides, simple salts, carbonaceous materials, or polymers that form a film overlying the axmyfez(cn)n·mh2o particles.
Sharp Laboratories Of America, Inc.
Novel pyrimidine derivatives and organic electroluminescent devices
Wherein w, x, y and z are carbon atoms or nitrogen atoms under the condition that only any one is a nitrogen atom to which none of the groups r6 to r9 are bonded, a and b are single bonds, divalent aromatic hydrocarbon groups or divalent aromatic heterocyclic groups, ar1 and ar2 are monovalent aromatic hydrocarbon groups or monovalent aromatic heterocyclic groups, and r1 to r9 are hydrogen atoms, deuterium atoms, fluorine atoms, chlorine atoms, cyano groups, alkyl groups having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, monovalent aromatic hydrocarbon groups or monovalent aromatic heterocyclic groups. The compound excels in electron injection/transporting capability, features high hole-blocking power and high stability in the form of a thin film, and can be favorably used as a material for producing highly efficient and durable organic el devices..
Semiconductor device and manufacturing the same
A semiconductor device according to an embodiment includes a sic layer, a gate electrode, a gate insulating film provided between the sic layer and the gate electrode, a first region provided between the sic layer and the gate insulating film, and a second region provided in the sic layer. The first region contains at least one element selected from the group consisting of n (nitrogen), p (phosphorus), as (arsenic), sb (antimony), sc (scandium), y (yttrium), la (lanthanum), lanthanoids (ce, pr, nd, pm, sm, eu, gd, tb, dy, ho, er, tm, yb, and lu), h (hydrogen), d (deuterium), and f (fluorine).
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
A semiconductor device according to an embodiment includes a sic layer including a first region provided at a surface. The first region satisfies na−nd<5×1015 cm−3 when a concentration of a p-type impurity is denoted by na, whereas a concentration of an n-type impurity is denoted by nd.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
Method of manufacturing semiconductor device, substrate processing apparatus and non-transitory computer-readable recording medium
The present invention increases controllability of a composition ratio of a multi-element film that contains a predetermined element and at least one element selected from the group consisting of boron, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen. There is provided a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, including: forming a laminated film where a first film and a second film are laminated on a substrate by performing a cycle a predetermined number of times, the cycle including: (a) forming the first film being free of borazine ring structure and including a predetermined element and at least one element selected from the group consisting of oxygen, carbon and nitrogen; and (b) forming the second film having a borazine ring structure and including at least boron and nitrogen..
Hitachi Kokusai Electric Inc.
Method for producing magnetic material
Provided is a method for producing a magnetic material, the method including preparing a mixed phase material including a first magnetic metal phase formed from a magnetic metal and a second phase containing any one of oxygen (o), nitrogen (n) or carbon (c) and a non-magnetic metal, conducting a first heat treatment to the mixed phase material at a temperature of from 50° c. To 800° c., forming nanoparticle aggregates including a plurality of magnetic metal nanoparticles formed from the first magnetic metal phase and the second phase, and conducting a second heat treatment to the nanoparticle aggregates at a temperature of from 50° c.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
Fuel enhancement process
A process for breaking hydrocarbon bonds during the combustion or heating of a particulate hydrocarbon containing fuel bound carbon and fuel bound nitrogen comprises the steps of: heating the particulate hydrocarbon with a fuel improver in a burner, the fuel improver comprising predominantly iron oxide and silicon dioxide. The proportion of fuel improver to fuel is up to 33%, by weight of particulate hydrocarbon.
International Innovative Technologies Limited
Apparatus for the recovery of hydrocarbonaceous and additional products from oil shale and sands via multi-stage condensation
A system for recovering products from a gas stream comprises a cooled chamber having an inlet that feeds the gas stream to a plurality of sequential conduit loops within the chamber. A critical orifice follows each loop, and each loop includes an output port.
General Synfuels International, Inc.
Electrochemical synthesis of ammonia in alkaline media
A method is provided for an electrochemical synthesis of ammonia in alkaline media. The method electrolytically converts n2 and h2 to nh3 in an electrochemical cell comprising an anode, a cathode, and an alkaline electrolyte.
Scratch-resistant materials and articles including the same
Embodiments of this disclosure pertain to a coating material comprising silicon and/or aluminum, hydrogen and any two or more of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and fluorine. The coating material exhibits a hardness of about 17 gpa or greater and an optical band gap of about 3.5 ev or greater.
Cleaning liquid composition
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a cleaning liquid composition useful in cleaning substrates, etc., which have undergone treatment such as chemical mechanical polishing (cmp) in a process for manufacturing electronic devices such as semiconductor elements. This cleaning liquid composition for cleaning substrates having cu wiring includes one or more basic compounds and one or more heteromonocyclic aromatic compounds containing a nitrogen atom, and has a hydrogen ion concentration (ph) of 8-11..
Kanto Kagaku Kabushiki Kaisha
Etching liquid, kit of same, etching method using same, producing semiconductor substrate product, and manufacturing semiconductor element
There is provided an etching liquid including nitric acid; a fluorine-containing compound; and a nitrogen-containing organic compound a containing a nitrogen atom, or a phosphorus-containing compound b.. .
Curable composition and joint structure produced using same
A curable composition is characterized by containing a polyalkylene oxide (a) having a hydrolyzable silyl group, an acrylic polymer (b) having a hydrolyzable silyl group, and an alkoxysilane oligomer (c) which is a hydrolysis-condensation product obtained from an alkylalkoxysilane and an aminoalkoxysilane and contains nitrogen atoms in an amount of 1% by weight or more.. .
Sekisui Fuller Company, Ltd.
N-maleimidyl polymer derivatives
The invention is directed to multi-functional n-maleimidyl polymer derivatives comprising a water soluble and non-peptidic polymer backbone having a terminal carbon, such as a poly(alkylene glycol), the terminal carbon of the polymer backbone being directly bonded to the nitrogen atom of a n-maleimidyl moiety without a linking group therebetween. The invention also provides two methods of preparing such linkerless n-maleimidyl polymer derivatives..
Improved process for the preparation of modified poly(alkylene terephthalate) employing an in-situ titanium-containing catalyst
Disclosed is an improved process for preparing a modified polyalkylene terephthalate by melt polycondensation followed optionally by solid state condensation comprising reacting an alkylene diol and polyethylene terephthalate, wherein polymerization occurs in the presence of a catalyst complex formed by reaction of tetra(alkyl) titanate and a compound selected from phosphorus-containing compounds, nitrogen-containing compounds, boroncontaining compounds, and combinations thereof.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.
Compounds for inhibiting drug-resistant strains of hiv-1 integrase
R8 and r9 is each independently h, optionally-substituted alkyl, optionally-substituted alkenyl, optionally-substituted alkynyl, optionally-substituted aryl, optionally-substituted cycloalkyl, optionally-substituted cycloalkylene, optionally-substituted heterocycle, optionally-substituted amide, optionally-substituted ester, or r8 and r9 together with the nitrogen to which r8 and r9 are attached form an optionally-substituted heterocycle.. .
A process for co-production of ammonia, urea and methanol
A process for co-production of ammonia, urea and methanol from natural gas, comprising the steps of (a) producing a synthesis gas by simultaneous feeding natural gas to an autothermal reformer (atr) and to a steam methane reformer (smr), the two reformers running in parallel, (b) feeding air to an air separation unit (asu), where the air is split into oxygen, which is fed to the atr, and nitrogen, (c) subjecting the synthesis gas from the smr to a water gas shift, (d) removing the carbon dioxide from the synthesis gas from step (c) and leading it to urea synthesis in a urea synthesis unit, (e) combining the hydrogen-rich gas from step (d) with the nitrogen from step (b), removing catalyst poisons from the gases and leading the gas mixture to ammonia synthesis in an ammonia synthesis unit, (f) optionally removing part of the carbon dioxide from the syngas from the atr in step (a) and leading it to urea synthesis in a urea synthesis unit and (g) leading the syngas from step (f) to the methanol synthesis unit, wherein synthesis gas from step (a) may be led either from the atr outlet to the smr outlet upstream from the shift stage or the other way.. .
Haldor Topsøe A/s
System for improving exhaust gas purifying performance of diesel hybrid electric vehicle
A system for improving exhaust gas purification performance of a diesel hybrid electric vehicle in which an scr catalyst is equipped in an exhaust line to reduce nitrogen oxide within exhaust gas may include a hybrid control unit configured to request an engine control unit to turn off an engine to make the diesel hybrid electric vehicle enter a hybrid driving mode, and an engine control unit configured to determine whether urea is required to be injected into a front of the scr catalyst when receiving a request of an engine off from the hybrid control unit.. .
Hyundai Motor Company
Provided is a work vehicle that can easily reduce the manufacturing cost by downsizing and simplifying a case support body and can easily simplify a support structure for a second case. The work vehicle includes an operation unit for an operator to get in, a first case for removing particulate matter in exhaust gas from the engine, and the second case for removing nitrogen oxides in the exhaust gas from the engine.
Yanmar Co., Ltd.
Catalyst for reducing nitrogen oxides and producing the same
The object is to provide an exhaust gas reduction catalyst that exhibit high nitrogen oxide reduction performance, and to provide a simple and efficient method for producing the catalyst, in which the amount of the waste liquid is reduced, further, an object of the invention is to provide a zeolite-containing catalyst for reducing nitrogen oxides, which does not use an expensive noble metal or the like and which has high nitrogen oxide reduction performance. The present invention relates to a catalyst for reducing nitrogen oxides, which comprises: zeolite at least containing an aluminium atom and a phosphorus atom in the framework thereof; and a metal supported on the zeolite, wherein a coefficient of variation of intensity of the metal is at least 20%, when performing an elemental mapping of the metal in the catalyst with an electron probe microanalyzer, and, a catalyst for reducing nitrogen oxides, which comprises the zeolite containing at least a silicon atom, a phosphorus atom and an aluminium atom, and having an adsorption retention rate of at least 80% in a water vapor cyclic adsorption/desorption test at 90° c..
Mitsubishi Plastics, Inc.
Methods for removing contaminants from exhaust gases
Industrial gas streams such as flue gas streams are treated for nitrogen oxides and other contaminants in dry or semi-dry scrubbers. After the flue gas stream has been contacted with a sorbent, ozone is mixed downstream into the flue gas stream thereby oxidizing the nitrogen oxides and other contaminants.
Compositions containing quaternary ammonium compounds
Compositions containing quaternary compounds in which the nitrogen atom is substituted by at least one alkyl group having at least 12 carbon atoms, and the composition includes at least 20% in weight by weight of the total composition, of ammonium halides in which the nitrogen atom is substituted by at least one alkyl group having at least 14 carbon atoms and more than 5%, preferably more than 7% in weight by weight of the total composition, of ammonium halides in which the nitrogen atom is substituted by at least one alkyl group having at least 16 carbon atoms. Also, ophthalmic oil-in-water emulsions containing such compositions, the ophthalmic emulsions being useful for eye care or for the treatment of eye conditions..
Composition, preparation, and use of chitosan powder for biomedical applications
A powder chitosan-based material can be used for biomedical applications. The chitosan has been treated in a nitrogen field by applying energy to ionize nitrogen in and around the chitosan material.
Loma Linda University
Methods of therapeutic monitoring of nitrogen scavenging drugs
The present disclosure provides methods for evaluating daily ammonia exposure based on a single fasting ammonia blood level measurement, as well as methods that utilize this technique to adjust the dosage of a nitrogen scavenging drug, determine whether to administer a nitrogen scavenging drug, and treat nitrogen retention disorders.. .
Horizon Therapeutics, Inc.
Device for analyzing exhaled air, and use of the device
A device for analyzing exhaled air comprises a gas sensor unit. The device is configured for measuring nitrogen oxides in the exhaled air.
Robert Bosch Gmbh
1,3,6-dioxazocan-2-ones and antimicrobial cationic polycarbonates therefrom
Eight-membered ring cyclic carbonates comprising a ring nitrogen at position 6 (1,3,6-dioxazocan-2-ones) were prepared by reaction of precursor diols with active carbonates. The ring nitrogen is linked to a pendant group y′ via a methylene linking group.
Agency For Science, Technology And Research
Semiconductor wafer, producing semiconductor wafer and electronic device
To provide a semiconductor wafer having a wafer, a compound semiconductor layer, a first insulating layer and a second insulating layer, wherein in the depth direction, oxygen atoms and nitrogen atoms are continuously distributed, the number of the nitrogen atoms along the depth direction shows its maximum in the first insulating layer, the total number of third atoms and fourth atoms along the depth direction becomes the largest in the compound semiconductor layer, the number of the oxygen atoms at the interface between the compound semiconductor layer and the first insulating layer is smaller than the number of the oxygen atoms at the interface between the first insulating layer and the second insulating layer.. .
Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
Method of manufacturing semiconductor device, substrate processing apparatus, and non-transitory computer-readable recording medium
A technique includes forming a film having a borazine ring structure and containing boron and nitrogen on a substrate by intermittently performing an act of simultaneously performing: (a) supplying borazine-based gas including a ligand to the substrate; and (b) supplying a ligand desorption gas which desorbs the ligand to the substrate, wherein the (a) and (b) are performed under a condition where the borazine ring structure in the borazine-based gas is held.. .
Hitachi Kokusai Electric Inc.
Deposition of sin
Methods and precursors for forming silicon nitride films are provided. In some embodiments, silicon nitride can be deposited by atomic layer deposition (ald), such as plasma enhanced ald.
Asm Ip Holding B.v.
Graphene electrode based ceramic capacitor
A ceramic capacitor comprising at least a dielectric ceramic layer and at least a graphene electrode layer deposited on the ceramic layer, wherein the graphene electrode layer has a thickness no less than 2 nm and consists of a graphene material or a graphene composite material containing at least 0.1% by weight of a graphene material dispersed in a matrix material or bonded by a binder material, wherein the graphene material is selected from (a) a plurality of single-layer or multi-layer pristine graphene sheets having less than 0.01% by weight of non-carbon elements, or (b) one or a plurality of a non-pristine graphene material having at least 0.01% by weight of non-carbon elements, wherein the non-pristine graphene is selected from graphene oxide, reduced graphene oxide, graphene fluoride, graphene chloride, graphene bromide, graphene iodide, hydrogenated graphene, nitrogenated graphene, doped graphene, chemically functionalized graphene, or a combination thereof.. .
Forming conductive metal patterns using water-soluble polymers
A conductive pattern can be formed using a polymeric layer that contains a reactive composition having a reactive polymer. This reactive polymer comprises (i) a backbone, and (ii) pendant photosensitive non-aromatic unsaturated heterocyclic groups comprising an amide group that is conjugated with a carbon-carbon double bond.
Method for making lithographic printing plates
Lithographic printing plates are provided by imagewise exposing negative-working lithographic printing plate precursors having a negative-working radiation-sensitive imageable layer, followed by contacting with a processing solution that has a ph of at least 7 and up to and including 11. This processing solution also includes component (1) that is a nitrogen-containing base having an atmospheric pressure melting point of at least 40° c.; component (2) that is a non-ionic surfactant that independently has an atmospheric pressure melting point, glass transition temperature, or pour point of at least 40° c.; component (3) that is a hydroxy-containing solution promoter; and component (4) that is a hydrophilic surface protective compound.
Resin, resist composition and producing resist pattern
Wherein r3 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and r4 represents a c1 to c24 saturated hydrocarbon group having a fluorine atom where a methylene group may be replaced by an oxygen atom or a carbonyl group; r7 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or a c1 to c6 alkyl group that may have a halogen atom; ring x1 represents a c2 to c36 heterocyclic group containing a nitrogen atom and a carbonyl group, a hydrogen atom contained in the heterocyclic group may be replaced by a halogen atom, a hydroxy group, a c1 to c24 hydrocarbon, a c1 to c12 alkoxyl group, a c2 to c4 acyl group, or a c2 to c4 acyloxy group, and a methylene group contained in the heterocyclic group may be replaced by an oxygen atom or a carbonyl group.. .
A photomask blank includes a chromium-based material film as a hard mask film containing at least one selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon and hydrogen, wherein a ratio (a/b) of etching rates per unit film thickness is in a range from 0.7 to 0.9, and the chromium-based material film has a tensile stress or compressive stress corresponding to an amount of warp of up to 70 nm. The present invention provides a photomask blank having a thin film of chromium-based material which is enhanced in etch resistance and lowered in film stress.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
Integrated optical nanoscale probe
A diamond probe is suitable to be attached to an atomic force microscope and is created with a tip that incorporates a one or more nitrogen vacancy (nv) centers located near the end of the tip. The probe arm acts as an optical waveguide to propagate the emission from the nv center with high efficiency and a beveled end directs excitation light to the nv center and directs photoluminescence light emanating from the nv center into the probe arm.
Infinitum Solutions, Inc.
Conjugates of nano-diamond and magnetic or metallic particles
Techniques for imaging a characteristic of a sample with a plurality of conjugates of diamond-metallic nanoparticles having a nitrogen vacancy center. The plurality of conjugates can be exposed to a sample and the nitrogen vacancy centers can be optically pumped.
The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York
Condenser-reboiler system and method with perforated vent tubes
A system and method for the concurrent condensation of a nitrogen-rich vapor and vaporization of an oxygen-rich liquid in a distillation column based air separation unit is provided. The disclosed system includes a condenser-reboiler heat exchanger located between a lower pressure column and a higher pressure column and configured to condense a nitrogen-rich vapor from the higher pressure column and partially vaporize an oxygen-rich liquid from the lower pressure column.
Method for manufacturing superior 13cr friction-welded drillrod
The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a superior 13cr friction-welded drillrod, the method comprising the following steps: manufacturing a superior 13cr tube body; manufacturing a superior 13cr internally threaded coupler and a superior 13cr externally threaded coupler, respectively; connecting the superior 13cr internally threaded coupler and the superior 13cr externally threaded coupler respectively to the two ends of the superior 13cr tube body by means of frictional butt welding; after heating seam areas to 950° c.-1000° c., cooling same to below 200° c. By ejecting compressed air onto the surfaces of the seam areas, and then cooling the seam areas to room temperature by spraying water; and tempering the seam areas by heating same to 640° c.-700° c.
Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.
Reduction catalyst and chemical reactor
According to one embodiment, a reduction catalyst includes a charge collector having a metal layer on a surface; and a modified organic molecule bound to a surface of the metal layer and containing a quaternary nitrogen cation.. .
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
Gas barrier laminate, member for electronic device, and electronic device
The present invention is a gas barrier laminate comprising a base and a gas barrier unit, the gas barrier unit comprising at least two inorganic layers, at least one of the at least two inorganic layers being a silicon oxynitride layer, the silicon oxynitride layer including a composition-gradient region that has a thickness of 25 nm or more, the composition-gradient region being a region in which a content ratio of oxygen decreases and a content ratio of nitrogen increases in a thickness direction toward the base, and a ratio of the thickness of the composition-gradient region to the thickness of the entire silicon oxynitride layer being 0.15 or more. The present invention also relates to: an electronic device member that includes the gas barrier laminate, and an electronic device that includes the electronic device member.
Apparatus for producing hot-dop metal coated steel sheet with superior workability and corrosion resistance
This device includes lower gas discharge bars spaced apart from the surface of the coating bath by a predetermined distance and discharging a nitrogen gas in a direction of the surface of the coating bath along a circumference of the coated steel sheet; a side cover extending upwardly slopingly in a direction of the coated steel sheet from the sides of the lower gas discharge bars; and upper gas discharge bars formed at an upper end of the side cover and discharging a nitrogen gas downwardly.. .
Tire rubber composition
A tire rubber composition comprises from 30 to 60 parts by weight of a silica, from 20 to 50 parts by weight of a carbon black with a nitrogen adsorption specific surface area of from 120 to 150 m2/g, and from 50 to 80 parts by weight of an inorganic filler, which includes the silica and the carbon black, are blended per 100 parts by weight of a diene rubber that includes from 50 to 80 wt. % of a terminal-modified styrene-butadiene rubber having a vinyl unit content of 40 wt.
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
Coating compositions containing polysiloxane michael adducts
There is provided a curable composition comprising more than 50% by weight of one or more compounds having at least two free radical polymerizable groups and at least 0.1% by weight of one or more polysiloxane additives comprising from 5 to 250 sio-units and one or more terminal groups t selected from —n(r12)r—[ch2chr9—c(═o)o—r10—(oco—cr11═ch2)n]2-r or —s—ch2—chr9—c(═o)o—r10—(oco—cr11═ch2)n wherein r12 represents a group having from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, which may contain sulfur, nitrogen and/or oxygen, r is 0 or 1, r10 represents a linking group containing from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, which may contain sulfur, nitrogen and/or oxygen atoms, r9 and r11 represent h or a ch3 group and n is 1 to 5. Also provided are methods of making the curable compositions.
3m Innovative Properties Company
Composition, cured film, color filter, laminate, and pigment dispersant
The composition includes (a) a pigment; and (b) a polymer having (b-1) a bulky amine moiety, (b-2) an acid group, and (b-3) a constituent unit derived from a macromonomer having a weight average molecular weight of 1000 to 50000, in which the bulky amine moiety (b-1) has a nitrogen atom, carbon atoms x1 bonded with the nitrogen atom, and carbon atoms y1 bonded with the carbon atoms x1, and a total carbon number of the carbon atoms x1 and the carbon atoms y1 is 7 or more.. .
A producing activated sugar chain derivative and activated sugar chain derivative produced therefrom
When manufacturing a sugar chain compound having an activating group, there was a problem with the ammonium carbonate method that is the conventional technology that during the process of introducing an amino group at the reducing terminal of the sugar chain, the unit sugar located at the reducing terminal of the sugar chain is subjected to ring-opening, thus causing a mixture of α and β anomers to be produced. The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a sugar chain compound having an activating group with high β selectivity using a compound having a sugar chain asparagine structure as the source material by cleaving the sugar chain from the sugar chain peptide so that the reducing terminal of the sugar chain and the nitrogen atom derived from the asparagine side chain will remain in a bound state, and introducing an activating group to said nitrogen atom while retaining not only the covalent bond between the reducing terminal of said sugar chain and said nitrogen atom but also the β configuration.
Fertilizer compositions and methods thereof
Disclosed herein are fertilizer compositions comprising: a fertilizer comprising a nitrogen compound, a phosphorus compound, and a potassium compound. The fertilizer composition also comprises a filler.
Saudi Bacsic Industries Corporation
Moving bed media flow equalization reactor
Moving bed media serving as a growth surface for bacteria that remove soluble carbonaceous bod, soluble inorganic ammonia nitrogen, phosphorous, nitrate nitrogen or nitrite nitrogen from wastewater are contained in a variable liquid depth, variable volume, hydraulic flow equalization basin. The equalization basin can be divided into different treatment sections by installing separator screens.
Method for reinforcing die and reinforced die
A method for reinforcing a die is described. A die material made of a high speed tool steel for hot dies including a matrix high speed tool steel, an alloy tool steel for hot dies or a stainless steel is irradiated as an irradiated object with a large-area electron beam so that a smooth surface modification layer of 2 to 5 μm in thickness is formed by elution of a contained substance in the die material.
Sodick Co., Ltd.
Composite separation membrane including graphene oxide coating layer and manufacturing the same
The present invention relates to a composite separation membrane including a graphene oxide coating layer. The composite separation membrane of the present invention has both high carbon dioxide permeability and high selectivity for carbon dioxide over nitrogen, hydrogen or methane gas, is free of surface defects, and exhibits remarkably increased selectivity for carbon dioxide over other gases (hydrogen, nitrogen, methane, etc.) without any change in carbon dioxide permeability, particularly even when exposed to water.
Iucf-hyu (industry-university Cooperation Foundation Hanyang University)
Substituted diketopiperazines and their use as oxytocin antagonists
Wherein r1 is 2-indanyl, r2 is 1-methylpropyl, r3 is 2-methyl-1,3-oxazol-4-yl and r4 and r5 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached represents morpholino, process for their preparation, pharmaceutical compositions containing them and their use in medicine.. .
Organic electroluminescent materials and devices
Imidazophenanthridine ligands and metal complexes are provided. The compounds exhibit improved stability through a linking substitution that links a nitrogen bonded carbon of an imidizole ring to a carbon on the adjacent fused aryl ring.
Universal Display Corporation
Magnetic memory and manufacturing the same
According to one embodiment, a magnetic memory is disclosed. The magnetic memory includes a substrate, an electrode provided on the substrate, a first insulating film surrounding a side surface of the electrode.
Magnetoresistive element and manufacturing method thereof
According to one embodiment, a magnetoresistive element is disclosed. The magnetoresistive element includes an underlayer containing aluminum (al), nitrogen (n) and x.
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