|| List of recent Laminar Flow-related patents
|The tesla twin turbines combustion engine module|
A new type of engine module is described based on the tesla turbine. Our tesla twin turbines combustion engine module comprises of two tesla turbines welded together, forming a combustion chamber in between.
|Personal ventilation in an aircraft environment|
A method for providing purified air to an occupant of a seat in a mask lacking corporeal features that is generated by an apparatus. The apparatus includes a contaminant conditioning system that delivers purified air to a first and a second laminar flow generator.
|Laminar air flow cabinet|
A laminar air flow cabinet of the type comprising a laminar flow portion and two adjacent portions, a first adjacent portion located above the laminar portion and a second adjacent portion located below the laminar flow portion, in which the cabinet comprises at least one fan blowing air from the first of these adjacent portions to the laminar flow portion through a first filter, and a second filter located in the second of the adjacent portions, the cabinet comprising at least one spray located in the laminar flow portion, a hydraulic pump injecting fluid through the spray and at least one impermeable surface located between the second filter and the laminar flow portion.. .
|Multiple laminar flow-based particle and cellular identification|
The present invention provides a method and apparatus to identify at least one component from a plurality of components in a fluid mixture, the apparatus including a first input channel into which a first flow containing a plurality of components is introduced; a plurality of buffer input channels, into which additional flows of buffer solution are introduced, disposed on either side of the first input channel; wherein the first flow and the additional flows have a flow direction along a length of the apparatus; a detector apparatus which detects and identifies selected components of the plurality of components; a laser which emits a laser beam which damages or kills selected components of the plurality of components; and at least one channel disposed at the another end of the apparatus which is adapted to receive the first flow and the additional flows after operation of the laser on the selected components.. .
|Epitaxial chamber with customizable flow injection|
Apparatus for processing a substrate in a process chamber are provided here. In some embodiments, a gas injector for use in a process chamber includes a first set of outlet ports that provide an angled injection of a first process gas at an angle to a planar surface, and a second set of outlet ports proximate the first set of outlet ports that provide a pressurized laminar flow of a second process gas substantially along the planar surface, the planar surface extending normal to the second set of outlet ports..
|System and method for cleaning a nozzleplate|
A system and a method for cleaning a printhead by providing from a first slit a laminar flow of cleaning fluid that flows through a pretensioned brush for brushing the nozzle plate and collecting debris. The cleaning fluid with the debris is drained by a first slit having a first under pressure and next by a second slit that has a second under pressure that is greater than the first under pressure..
|Method for the densification and spheroidization of solid and solution precursor droplets of materials using microwave generated plasma processing|
A method for processing feed material to produce dense and spheroidal products is described. The feed material is comprised of powder particles from the spray-drying technique or solution precursor droplets from ceramic or metallic materials.
|Simple and efficient turbulator to promote the uniform heat exchange inside the battery cooling channel|
A cooling system for a battery pack includes a fluid source for providing cooling fluid and a turbulator in which the cooling fluid flows along an average flow direction. The turbulator includes a first support member, a second support member, a third support member, a first plurality of rods positioned between the first support member and the second support member, and a second plurality of rods positioned between the second and the third support members.
|Background-free magnetic flow cytometry|
The invention relates to an apparatus and a method for magnetic flow cytometry, wherein magnetic units (22, 24) are arranged in a flow channel (10) which is configured, with respect to the channel diameter (100) and the surface condition of the channel inner wall, in such a manner that a flow of a complex suspension can be produced in the flow channel (10) with a laminar flow profile (40). The forces (fm) that can be caused by the magnetic units (22, 24) and the forces (fs) that can be caused by the flow, applied to magnetic markers (26) that are not bound to cells, have the effect of holding back said magnetic markers (26) that are not bound to cells in the front channel section (240) and preventing them from continuing to flow along the flow channel (10) via the cell measuring device (20)..
|Laminar flow radial ceiling fan|
The prior art has used pitched blades attached to a stationary motor, normally electric. To move air within the confines of a structure or room.
|Natural laminar flow wingtip|
An aircraft wing tip device may include a unitized, monolithic leading edge torque box that may be formed of polymer matrix fiber-reinforced material. The leading edge torque box may include a skin that may define a continuous, uninterrupted outer mold line surface extending aftwardly from a winglet leading edge by a distance of at least approximately 60 percent of a local chord length.
|Method and apparatus for ultraviolet (uv) patterning with reduced outgassing|
A method and apparatus for ultraviolet (uv) and extreme ultraviolet (euv) lithography patterning is provided. A uv or euv light beam is generated and directed to the surface of a substrate disposed on a stage and coated with photoresist.
|Solid from liquid separation apparatus|
Solids are separated from a liquid in a separator including a cylindrical vessel, a tube extending downwardly from the top of the vessel with a plurality of horizontal rows of alternating large and small holes extending around the tube. Liquid containing solid particles is introduced into the top of the tube and discharged radially through the holes creating a laminar flow.
|Laminar burner system|
A high efficiency laminar flow burner system for proving a stream of heat energy including a supply input module for providing fuel and laminar streams of air to a combustion manifold. The combustion manifold includes an air-fuel mixing system, a stoichiometric unit, and a refractory unit each coupled to one another.
|Combustion efficiency control systems|
A high efficiency laminar flow burner system for proving a stream of heat energy including a supply input module for providing fuel and laminar streams of air to a combustion manifold. The laminar air delivery system includes a damper, a blower, and an air delivery controller.
|Flow passage network|
An exemplary embodiment of the present invention relates to a manufacturing method of a flow passage network and a flow passage network for minimizing energy loss occurring during fluid flow, and there are effects in which flow loss is reduced during fluid transport and the energy efficiency of flow passages increases by optimizing geometric factors of flow passages on the basis of biomimetic techniques and theoretical formulae of fluid mechanics. Further, it is effective in manufacturing microfluidics in which laminar flow with a low reynolds number is dominant..
|Spray drying apparatus of dehydration filtrate from desulfurization waste water, and air pollution control system|
A spray drying apparatus includes a gas inlet provided on a side wall in the vicinity of a top portion of the spray drying apparatus, for introducing a flue gas for drying a spray liquid of a dehydration filtrate; a rectifying plate provided in a spray drying apparatus main body, for decelerating the introduced flue gas so as to alter the flue gas flow to a laminar flow; a spray nozzle for spraying the dehydration filtrate emitted from the desulfurization waste water into the flue gas altered to the laminar flow; a gas outlet provided in the vicinity of a bottom portion of the spray drying apparatus main body, for discharging the flue gas contributed to drying of the dehydration filtrate; and a discharge hopper provided on the bottom portion side of the spray drying apparatus main body, for discharging an ash as a spray-dried solid.. .
|Microfluidic system for controlling a concentration profile of molecules capable of stimulating a target|
The invention relates to a microfluidic system for controlling a concentration profile of molecules capable of stimulating a target, for example formed by an assembly of living cells, this system comprising: -a microfluidic device (1) comprising at least one microfluidic channel (4) equipped with at least one inlet orifice (21) and with at least one outlet orifice (22) for at least one fluid; -at least one means for supplying the microfluidic channel (4) with at least one fluid comprising molecules capable of stimulating the target; -at least one chamber (8) or another microfluidic channel comprising a base (6) intended to receive the target; and -at least one microporous membrane (5) separating the chamber (8) or the other microfluidic channel from the microfluidic channel (4), said microporous membrane (5) being positioned away from the base (6) so that when the supply means provides the microfludic channel (4) with said at least one fluid flowing in laminar flow in contact with the microporous membrane (5), the molecules capable of stimulating the target then diffuse, after having passed through the microporous membrane (5) through the chamber (8) or said other microfluidic channel in order to finally form a stable concentration profile in this chamber (8) or this other microfluidic channel.. .
|Pressure based mass flow controller|
A mass flow controller (mfc) has a standard envelope with an enclosure and a corresponding base. A pressure transducer is communicatively coupled to a process gas in a proportional inlet valve without being physically coupled to the base.
|Method and apparatus of producing laminar flow through a fuel injection nozzle|
A method and apparatus for producing laminar flow through a fuel injection nozzle are provided. The method may comprise the steps of: providing a housing defining a cavity; providing a nozzle assembly having a first portion and a second portion extending from the first portion, the nozzle assembly being disposed within the cavity; placing the nozzle assembly in a closed position wherein the nozzle assembly is engaged with a valve seat defined by the housing; displacing the nozzle assembly and moving the nozzle assembly in an open position; expelling fuel through a gap defined between the second portion of the nozzle assembly and the housing, wherein the gap is sized to restrict fuel flow and create a laminar flow output stream having a reynolds number of equal to or less than 2000.
|Gas injector for high volume, low cost system for epitaxial silicon depositon|
Apparatus for use in a substrate processing chamber are provided herein. In some embodiments, a gas injector for use in a process chamber may include first set of gas orifices configured to provide a jet flow of a first process gas into the process chamber, and a second set of gas orifices configured to provide a laminar flow of a second process gas into the process chamber, wherein the first set of gas orifices are disposed between at least two gas orifices of the second set of gas orifices..
|Electrodialysis unit for water treatment|
An electrodialysis unit 8 comprises a cathode 68, an anode 70, a membrane 71 between the cathode 68 and the anode 70, a cathode flow path 72 for water flow along the membrane 71 on the cathode side, an anode flow path 74 for water flow along the membrane 71 on the anode side, and a reaction zone formed between the membrane 71 and the cathode 68 where the cathode 68 faces the anode 70, wherein the cathode flow path 72 is arranged for laminar flow in the reaction zone and wherein the electrodialysis unit 8 comprises flow conditioning elements 64 arranged to promote laminar flow in the incoming water flow to the cathode flow path 72.. .
|Mass independent kinetic energy reducing inlet system for vacuum environment|
A particle inlet system comprises a first chamber having a limiting orifice for an incoming gas stream and a micrometer controlled expansion slit. Lateral components of the momentum of the particles are substantially cancelled due to symmetry of the configuration once the laminar flow converges at the expansion slit.
|Apparatus and methods for delivery of fluid injection boluses to patients and handling harmful fluids|
A hazardous fluid transport container and a hazardous fluid delivery system are disclosed. The hazardous fluid transport container includes a housing enclosing an at least partially shielded enclosure.
|Spray drying apparatus for dehydrated filtrate from desulfurization waste water, and air pollution control system|
A spray drying apparatus includes: a gas inlet provided in a side wall in the vicinity of a top (lid) portion of the spray drying apparatus, for introducing a flue gas for drying a spray of dehydrated filtrate; flow-adjusting plates provided in a body of the spray drying apparatus, for decelerating the introduced flue gas so as to change the flow of the flue gas to a laminar flow; a spray nozzle for spraying the dehydrated filtrate from the desulfurization waste water into the flue gas having been changed to the laminar flow; and a joining unit for joining a bottom portion of the body of the spray drying apparatus to a gas supply line that is a main flue gas duct for the flue gas so as to discharge spray-dried solids to the main flue gas duct.. .
|Low-wear slurry pump|
A centrifugal pump for a slurry combines design changes with respect to conventional configurations that produce quasi-laminar flow and materially extend the life of the casing. The cutwater clearance of the casing is increased to a range of 0.20 to 0.25 times the diameter of the impeller.
|Fuel cell housing for use in an alcohol breath tester|
An alcohol fuel cell sensor and the resultant alcohol breath tester assembly. The disclosed housing creates an alcohol breath tester assembly that protects the electrode sensor from liquid ingress, maximizes the sample contact with the platinum electrode surface, and provides a smooth path facilitating laminar flow of the sample through the sensor.
|Sheath flow method and apparatus for laminar flow systems|
A sheath flow system having a channel with first and second fluid transporting structures located on opposing surfaces facing one another across the channel in the top and bottom surfaces of the channel situated so as to transport the sheath fluid laterally across the channel to provide sheath fluid fully surrounding the core solution. At the point of introduction into the channel, the sheath fluid and core solutions flow side by side within the channel or the core solution may be bounded on either side by the sheath fluid.
|Oxygen-enriched air producing device and oxygen-enriched air producing method|
The invention is characterized in: forming a magnetic field inside a flow channel tube, the tube wall of which is formed from a material that is nonmagnetic and which, when the pressure outside the flow channel tube is lower than the pressure inside the flow channel tube, passes a portion of the air flowing inside the tube through the tube wall and discharges same to the outside thereof; supplying air to the flow channel tube so that at least a region of laminar flow is formed inside the flow channel tube; and reducing the pressure outside the flow channel tube to a prescribed pressure.. .
|Sweep core die device|
A sweep core die device for a throttle body, or other part, has a cover insert and an ej insert that engage leaving voids therein, a ram component entering the voids, and cores connected to the ram component by ball joints and other components for simultaneous movement in several axes within the voids. The cores are mirror image and connect to one end of a mount.
|Multi-lumen aspirator device|
A multi-lumen aspirator device having an elongated body with a plurality of lumens disposed therein for reducing the sound level generated during the operation of the device is disclosed. The elongated body defines a proximal opening that communicates with a distal opening through an inner conduit.
|Laminar flow droplet generator device and methods of use|
A piezoelectric ejector device is provided which is designed to minimize the intake of air into the device upon actuation by providing for laminar flow of the fluid. In an ejector mechanism that includes a generator plate and a piezoelectric actuator operable to directly or indirectly oscillate the generator plate, at a frequency to generate a directed stream of droplets of fluid, the generator plate includes a fluid facing surface, a droplet ejection surface, and a plurality of holes formed through its thickness between the surfaces.
|Exhaust system for gas turbines|
An exhaust system is provided for mitigating condensate formation in a common exhaust stack and for effecting improved heat transfer. Reduced condensate formation and improved heat transfer is achieved by inducing non-laminar flow through the common exhaust stack and a heat exchanger operatively coupled to the common exhaust stack.
|Assay test card|
The present invention relates to the use of surfaces that exhibit different surface energies wherein the difference in surface energies is configured to disrupt capillary laminar flow of a fluid travelling between the two surfaces. The invention further relates to the use of such surfaces in assay methods including a device utilising same..
A plasma torch comprises a cascade between a cathode and an anode. The cascade is an inter-electrode insert.
|Laminar flow jets|
Further, a burner is constructed with adjacent gas delivery tubes of different cross-sectional shapes which are mechanically held in place radially. The tubes touch in a longitudinal direction at points along their respective inner and outer dimensions, achieving axial alignment and preserving the necessary laminar gas flow.
|Modification system for a vehicle in a fluid media|
Drag experienced by a vehicle traveling through an environmental media, such as air or water, may be modified by one or more energy beams which may increase or decrease drag. Environmental media may be adjusted by microwave, chemical, ultrasonic, acoustic (including subsonic, sonic, or ultrasonic), or electromagnetic energy.
|Measurement device and method for detection of airborne particles|
A measurement device and method for the detection of airborne particles. The device includes a nozzle designed to produce a laminar flow of air with a flow path beyond the nozzle, a first laser and a second laser being positioned for emitting time-amplitude modulated laser light with intersecting laser beams with a laser beam intersection region in a region of the air flow path, and two photodetectors positioned for the detection of laser light scattered in the laser beam intersection region by airborne particles contained in the laminar air flow.
|Plasma-enhanced active laminar flow actuator system|
The invention regards a plasma-enhanced active laminar flow actuator system (1) adapted to an aerodynamic surface (3) which has a nano-engineered composite material layer(5) comprising a set of electrodes arranged (7′, 7″) in at least an upper (p1) and a lower (p2) plane extending parallel with the aerodynamic surface (3); the electrodes (7′, 7″) comprising nano filaments (9); the electrodes (7′) of the upper plane (p1) are arranged in the aerodynamic surface (3) such that they define a smooth and hard aerodynamic surface (3);conductors (11, 11′) of nano filaments (9″) arranged for electrical communication between a control unit (13) and each of the electrodes (7′, 7″), wherein the control unit (13) is adapted to address current between cooperating electrodes (7′, 7″) of the upper and lower plane (p1, p2) from a current supply depending upon air flow characteristic signals fed from air flow sensor means (19).. .
|Directional isophasic toroidal whistle|
An acoustic projector includes a toroidal whistle having an annular mouth and a foot set in a bowl like reflector. The reflector extends radially outwardly from the foot and has a concave section circumscribing the annular mouth.
|Method and device for controlled laminar flow patterning within a channel|
A device and method of laminar flow patterning of at least one sample fluid in a main channel in a microfluidic device are provided. A first input channel is provided in the microfluidic device.
|Raw proportional toxic sampler for sampling exhaust|
Components of interest are captured on a resin column from a sample of exhaust gas from an operating vehicle. Makeup air is added to the residual exhaust gas flow exiting the resin column at a junction downstream of the resin column.
|Microfluidic device for cell culture|
A microfluidic cell culture apparatus includes a cell retention chamber and a perfusion channel. The cell retention chamber has a structured surface.
|Microwave plasma torch generating laminar flow for materials processing|
A microwave plasma torch providing two laminar flows is described. Two laminar flows are created using a set of at least three concentric, staggered dielectric tubes connected to a pressurized gas source.
|Apparatus and method for the production of trisilyamine|
There is described an apparatus, a tubular laminar flow, plug flow reactor, for making silylamines and particularly trisilylamine (tsa) in high yields from ammonia gas and a monohalosilane gas. The apparatus can be a tubular flow reactor comprising a first portion of the reactor defining a gas entry zone, a second portion of the reactor defining a reaction zone and a third portion of the reactor defining a separation zone, the reaction zone providing a reactant contacting region.
|Nose for supersonic flying object|
Provided is a nose for a supersonic flying object, which has a natural laminar flow nose shape capable of suppressing laminar-turbulent transition and drastically reducing a frictional drag. The nose for a supersonic flying object has a low resistive body shape symmetrical about a central axis as a base shape, wherein the base shape is approximately a cone shape having a linear, simple convex curve, or simple concave curve generatrix and a deformation element having a wavy shape is added to the base shape..
|Organometallic compound preparation|
A method of continuously manufacturing organometallic compounds is provided where two or more reactants are conveyed to a reactor having a laminar flow contacting zone, a heat transfer zone, and a mixing zone having a turbulence-promoting device; and causing the reactants to form the organometallic compound.. .
|Organometallic compound preparation|
A method of continuously manufacturing an organometallic compound is provided where two or more reactants are conveyed to a contacting zone of a reactor in a manner so as to maintain a laminar flow of the reactants; and causing the reactants to form the organometallic compound.. .
|High-positioned 3-position variable camber krueger|
A system and method to enable natural laminar flow over a fluid-dynamic body using a variable camber krueger flap is disclosed. A sequence of flap positions is deployed where the variable camber krueger flap is below and aft of the wing leading edge before reaching a configured takeoff and landing position.
|Internally heated fluid transfer pipes with internal helical heating ribs|
A system for transferring and heating fluid is disclosed comprising a fluid transfer pipe having an internal surface and an external surface, and at least one helical heating rib connected to the internal surface of the fluid transfer pipe structured and arranged to generate non-laminar flow and to heat the fluid as it flows through the fluid transfer pipe. A method of heating fluid contained in a pipe is also disclosed.
|Aircraft vehicle combination|
Means and methods for combining aerodynamic technology with automotive technology to produce maximum efficiency of land vehicle movement in high speed land travel by instantaneous articulation of vehicle components to as near as possible zero degrees heading into prevailing winds, instantaneous sensing of changes of efficiency and adjustments of component relative direction, laminar flow and inner vehicle pressures along with means for stabilizing the vehicle in all three aerodynamic axes.. .
|Combination assay device and method for detecting compounds in vaginal fluid|
A combination assay device and method for simultaneously detecting the presence of hydrogen peroxide and d-lactic acid in vaginal fluid. The methods for detecting the hydrogen peroxide and the d-lactic acid are colorimetric-based.
|In situ-dilution method and system for measuring molecular and chemical interactions|
The present invention relates to a method for testing multiple analyte concentrations within a biosensor system through a single injection of sample. The method involves flowing a fluid sample containing a neat analyte concentration along a flow path in a fluid system and diluting the sample by causing it to merge with a fluid that is free of analyte in a second flow path under laminar flow conditions.
|Remotely sensing and adapting irrigation system|
An irrigation system continuously monitors status of lawns or plants under its care and directs water to where it is needed when it is needed to maintain lawn or plant health. The system can significantly reduce water usage, unnecessary seepage, and runoff.
|Product filler assembly having a nozzle cutoff assembly|
A product filler assembly (i.e., fill valve) configured for use in association with any number of flowable material, however, it is particularly well suited for flowable material that is otherwise difficult to fill due to viscosity, surface tension and/or poor separation characteristics. Most preferably, the device is configured to provide a laminar flow of the product being filled, proportional to the size of the package.
|Method and device for thinly coating a component on all sides, in particular a decorative element, and component with a thin coating|
A method and a device for thinly coating a component on all sides are provided. A single layer is applied onto the component by casting in a casting mold, wherein during the casting process the material to be applied moves as laminar flow in the region of the decorative element.
|Method of producing a lipid bilayer and microstructure and measuring arrangement|
The present invention relates to a method of producing a lipid bilayer over a microcavity open on one side and to a microstructure for investigating lipid bilayers and an associated measuring arrangement. The method of producing a lipid bilayer over a microcavity open on one side comprises the following steps: filling the microcavity with an electrolyte solution; moving a fluid containing dissolved lipids in a first direction onto the microcavity; moving the fluid in a second direction away from the microcavity; monitoring the formation of the lipid bilayer over the microcavity by detecting an impedance between a counter-electrode connected to the fluid and a measuring electrode, which is arranged inside the microcavity.
|Process for bonding two substrates|
The invention relates to a method for bonding two substrates, in particular two semiconductor substrates which, in order to be able to improve the reliability of the process, provides the step of providing a gaseous flow over the bonding surfaces of the substrates. The gaseous flow is preferably a laminar flow that is essentially parallel to the bonding surfaces of the substrates, and has a temperature in a range of from room temperature up to 100° c..
|Glass treatment apparatus and methods of treating glass|
A glass treatment apparatus, in one example, can include a fluid dispensing device configured to dispense a substantially laminar flow of a fluid film. In another example, a shroud substantially circumscribes an outer peripheral surface of a working wheel.
|Bulged catheter tip|
Among other things, a catheter assembly including a main catheter portion and a deformable tip portion is disclosed. Embodiments of the catheter have a lumen extending between distal and proximal ends.
|Device to expose cells to fluid shear forces and associated systems and methods|
The present technology relates generally to devices to expose cells to fluid shear forces and associated systems and methods. In particular, several embodiments are directed toward devices to expose cells to fluid shear forces in order to measure changes in internal cell forces.
|Flow sensor with bypass taps in laminarizing channel and flow restrictor in a bpyass channel|
A flow sensor includes a main flow body, a laminar flow element, a first main flow body sensor tap, a second main flow body sensor tap, and a bypass flow body. The bypass flow body is coupled to the main flow body and has a first bypass flow port, a second bypass flow port, and a bypass flow channel between the first and second bypass flow ports.
|Flow sensor with bypass taps in laminar flow element laminarizing channel|
A flow sensor includes a main flow body, a laminar flow element, a first bypass tap, and a second flow element sensor tap. The main flow body has a first main flow port, a second main flow port, a main flow channel, a first bypass tap, a second bypass tap, and a bypass flow channel.
|Flow sensor with multi-position laminar flow element having integrated bypass channels|
A flow sensor includes a main flow body, a laminar flow element, and first and second bypass channels. The first bypass channel is formed in, and extends at least partially around, the outer surface of the laminar flow element, and is in fluid communication with the main flow channel and defines a first bypass flow passage between the laminar flow element and the main flow body.
|Laminar flow device|
A laminar flow device including a containing body and an air circulating unit is disclosed. The containing body is separated into a first containing part and a second containing part, with a surrounding wall of the first containing part having a processing window, with a cover being capable of sealing the processing window, and with the cover having a transparent part.
|Bubble generation for aeration and other purposes|
Uses of a method of producing small bubbles of gas in a liquid include gas transfer in airlift bioreactors and anaerobic digesters, and particle separation. The method uses a source of the gas under pressure, a conduit opening into a liquid and oscillating the gas passing along the conduit.
|Laminar air flow cage changing cabin made of plastic material|
The present invention relates to a cage changing cabin (1) for replacing cages in which laboratory animals are housed, of the type comprising a supporting surface (21) supported by a lower box-like portion (20) and surmounted by a plenum or upper box-like portion (30), said lower box-like portion (20) and said upper plenum (30) comprising means for forced air circulation in laminar flow substantially tangent to the periphery of said supporting surface (21), characterized in that said lower box-like portion (20) and said upper plenum (30) are made of plastic material.. .
|Paint drying system|
A system comprises a blower for moving a volume of air. A motor is operable for controlling the blower.
|Atomic layer deposition apparatus|
A reactor configured to subject a substrate to alternately repeated surface reactions of vapor-phase reactants is disclosed. The reactor may include a reaction chamber that defines a reaction space and a gas flow control guide structure; and a substrate holder.
|Multi-surface rim for enhanced efficiency|
Embodiments described herein provide for one or more of: (1) airflow enhancement around a rim using cusps that create virtual surfaces of air with the bike in motion, which also encourage favorable air attachment around the rim; (2) wake reduction by streamlining the airfoil around the rim using trip edges at various points of rim surface transition, which cause a laminar flow to go turbulent for enhancing the streamline effect; (3) a double rim surface, which provides an air slot between the two rim surfaces at a distance that enhances flow attachment and adds energy of air flow around the rim by moving air between areas of high and low pressure; and (4) a tubeless tire rim kit capable of converting conventional rims into tubeless ones and also promoting the sealing of the tire to the rim with minimal air pressure necessary to create the seal.. .
|Tangential flow particle separator and method therefor|
A particle separating apparatus for fluids containing particulate material, treatment system for treating effluent from a processing plant, and a method of separating particles from fluid. A treatment vessel has an inlet for injecting fluid containing particulate material, and a plurality of outlets for separately discharging separated supernatant on the one hand, and separated particles on the other hand, from the fluid.