|| List of recent Ionic-related patents
|Organic electroluminescent device and a operating an organic electroluminescent device|
An organic electroluminescent device includes a substrate, a first electrode arranged on the substrate, and a functional organic layer arranged on the first electrode. The functional organic layer emits electromagnetic radiation.
|Thermionic converter device|
Converter device for converting energy from electromagnetic radiation, in particular concentrated solar energy, in electrical power, comprising a thermionic emitter (2) and an absorber (1) of electromagnetic radiation, configured to transform electromagnetic radiation energy to thermal energy, having an outer surface (10) configured to be exposed to electromagnetic radiation and an inner surface integrally coupled to the thermionic emitter (2), the outer surface (10) being provided with a sub-micrometer periodic surface structure, the thermionic emitter (2) being monolithically integrated on said inner surface of the absorber (1), the absorber (1) being made of a material selected from the group comprising or consisting of carbide or aluminium nitride-based ceramic materials, and pyrolitic graphite, the thermionic emitter (2) being made of a material selected from the group comprising or consisting of thin film diamond deposited through chemical vapour deposition (cvd), thin film titanium nitride (tin) or molybdenum silicide or di carbides or di borides-based ceramic materials, and refractory metals.. .
Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche
|Functionalized ionic liquid combinations|
This invention is directed to functional ionic liquid hybrid materials having negligible vapor pressure, nonflammability, good room-temperature ionic conductivity, wide electrochemical windows, and favorable chemical and thermal stability.. .
Nohms Technologies, Inc.
|Thin film electrolyte based 3d micro-batteries|
Embodiments of a 3d micro-battery structure are disclosed. The 3d micro-battery structure includes an electrode micro-structure and a thin film electrolyte.
The Regents Of The University Of California
Thermionic converter with a linear arrangement of the components, suitable for the direct conversion of solar energy into electrical energy and the combined generation of heat and energy, including an elongated vacuum tube which houses a cathode and at least one anode, the cathode and the at least one anode being arranged longitudinally alongside each other along the vacuum tube, wherein the cathode is suspended centrally inside the vacuum tube at at least one end which forms a corresponding current output of the cathode, wherein the cathode is a cathode in the form of a spiral.. .
Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche
|Diagnostic devices and methods|
Apparatus is disclosed for identifying at least a first target condition in a human or animal body. The apparatus comprises one or more test portions for identifying a first analyte in a biological sample from the body, the first analyte providing a marker of the first target condition, and a second analyte in the biological sample, the second analyte being different from the first analyte.
Ellume Pty Ltd
|Screening solid state ionic conductors for high ionic conductivity|
Non-normal statistics applied to diffusivity calculations accelerate screening of ionic conductors for electrochemical devices such as electric storage batteries, fuel cells, and sensors. Displacements of atomic species within a crystalline structure for a candidate ionic conductor material are analyzed using a skellam distribution optionally combined with gaussian noise to calculate values for the standard deviation, upper error bound, and lower error bound for predicted values of diffusivity (d).
Massachusetts Institute Of Technology
|Method for treating metal surface|
The present invention relates to a method for treating a metal surface, comprising (a) providing an ionic liquid solution and a substrate of a first metal, wherein the ionic liquid solution comprises an ionic liquid and an ion of a second metal; and (b) immersing the substrate of the first metal in the ionic liquid solution to form a coating layer of the second metal on a surface of the substrate of the first metal by reducing the ion of the second metal. The surface of the substrate of the first metal is protected by the coating layer of the second metal, thereby improving the corrosion resistance..
National Central University
|Recombinant bacteria comprising novel sucrose transporters|
Recombinant bacteria capable of metabolizing sucrose are described. The recombinant bacteria comprise in their genome or on at least one recombinant construct, a novel nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide having sucrose transporter activity and a nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide having sucrose hydrolase activity.
E.i. Du Pont De Nemours And Company
|Fluorescent brightener premix|
A fluorescent brightener premix comprising from 1% to 15% of a fluorescent brightener and 10% to 80% of an alkoxylated nonionic surfactant, by weight of the premix. The premix, upon being added into a liquid composition, has minimized impact on the ph of the liquid composition..
The Procter & Gamble Company
Process for the preparation of diene polymers or of random vinyl arene-diene copolymers
Process for the preparation of diene polymers or random vinyl arene-diene copolymers which comprises (co) polymerizing, anionically, in the presence of at least one hydrocarbon solvent, at least one conjugated diene monomer and optionally at least one vinyl arene, in the presence of at least one lithium-based initiator, at least one aprotic polar compound, and at least one compound containing one or more functional groups of the acetylenic type. Said process allows diene polymers or random vinyl arene-diene copolymers to be obtained, which can be advantageously used in the production of tyres, in particular in the production of tyre treads.
Long-acting polypeptides and methods of producing same
A polypeptide and polynucleotides encoding same comprising one carboxy-terminal peptide (ctp) of chorionic gonadotrophin attached to an amino terminus of a cytokine and two carboxy-terminal peptides (ctp) of chorionic gonadotrophin attached to a carboxy terminus of a cytokine are disclosed. Pharmaceutical compositions comprising the polypeptide and polynucleotides of the invention and methods of using same are also disclosed..
Opko Biologics Ltd.
Cationic steroidal antimicrobials
Disclosed herein are cationic steroidal antimicrobials (“csa compounds” or “ceragenins”) and methods of making the same. Particularly advantageous methods are identified for the synthesis of csa compounds.
Brigham Young University
(in the formula, r1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms; r2 represents an alkyl group having 8 to 20 carbon atoms; r3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; and n represents an integer of 1 to 12; wherein the number of carbon atoms in r2 is greater than that in r1.). .
Dehydrochlorination of hcfc -336 isomers to 1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butyne
Disclosed is a process for producing hexafluoro-2-butyne comprising, reacting hcfc-336 with an aqueous solution of an alkali metal hydroxide in the presence of a quaternary alkylammonium salt which comprises at least one alkyl group of at least 8 carbons, and recovering the hexafluoro-2-butyne, wherein the conversion of dichloro-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane is at least 50% per hour. Also disclosed is a process for producing hexafluoro-2-butyne comprising, reacting hcfc-336 with an aqueous solution of an alkali metal hydroxide in the presence of a quaternary alkylammonium salt having alkyl groups of from four to ten carbon atoms, and mixtures thereof, and a non-ionic surfactant, and recovering the hexafluoro-2-butyne, and wherein the conversion of dichloro-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane to hexafluoro-2-butyne is at least 20% per hour..
E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company
Method of preparing synthetic quartz glass substrate
A synthetic quartz glass substrate is prepared by immersing a starting substrate in an aqueous solution of a nonionic surfactant and precision polishing the substrate with a colloidal silica water dispersion. A synthetic quartz glass substrate having a few defects and low surface roughness is obtained while the polishing rate is improved and the polishing time is reduced..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
Method for producing ionic polymer membrane
At the time of obtaining an ionic polymer membrane by converting —so2f (group (1)) in a polymer sequentially to —so2nz1z2 (group (2)), —so2n−(mα+)so2(cf2)2so2f (group (3)), —so2n−(h+)so2(cf2)2so2f (group (4)) and —so2n−(mβ+)so2(cf2)2so3−mβ+(group (5)), the polymer is formed into a polymer membrane in the state of any one of the groups (1) to (4), and the polymer membrane is thermally treated in the state of group (4). Here, z1 and z2 are hydrogen atoms, etc., mα+ is a monovalent cation, and mβ+ is a hydrogen ion or a monovalent cation..
Catalyst complex with carbene ligand
Catalytic complexes including a metal atom having anionic ligands, at least one nucleophilic carbene ligand, and an alkylidene, vinylidene, or allenylidene ligand. The complexes are highly stable to air, moisture and thermal degradation.
Polymeric and solid-supported catalysts, and methods of digesting cellulosic materials using such catalysts
Provided herein are catalysts useful in non-enzymatic saccharification processes. The catalysts can be polymeric catalysts or solid-supported catalysts with acidic and ionic moieties.
Midori Renewables, Inc.
Composition for therapeutic use, including an organic lipid phase and a rare-earth radioisotope complex
The invention relates to a therapeutic composition including a complex having the following formula (1), including a rare-earth radioisotope in ionic form, said complex being solubilized in an organic lipophilic phase: [m(l)3] in which: m denotes the rare-earth radioisotope in ionic form, and l denotes a tropolone ligand or a ligand derived from tropolone.. .
Universite De Rennes I
Ophthalmic compositions with wax esters
A suspension comprising a mixture of wax esters suspended in a formulation vehicle. The formulation vehicle comprises a lightly cross-linked carboxy-containing polymer and a concentration of ionic salt components to provide the suspension with a calculated ionic strength of less than 0.1.
Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
Compositions and methods for enhancing neuronal phosphorylation homeostasis, and modulating dysfunctional exocytosis and neurotransmitter release
Provided are methods for treating pre-neuronal loss abnormalities in synaptic function, comprising administrating to a subject having neurons, an ionic aqueous solution comprising charge-stabilized oxygen-containing nanostructures having an average diameter of less than 100 nm in an amount and for a time period sufficient for preventing or reducing abnormalities in synaptic function that precede neuronal loss and/or nfts formation in taupathies. Also provided are methods for treating pre-neuronal loss abnormalities in synaptic function, comprising contacting neurons in vitro or ex vivo with an ionic aqueous solution comprising charge-stabilized oxygen-containing nanostructures having an average diameter of less than 100 nm in an amount and for a time period sufficient for preventing or reducing abnormalities in synaptic function that precede neuronal loss and/or nfts formation..
Dyeing composition comprising at least one fatty substance, at least one oxidizing agent and at least one non-ionic, anionic and amphoteric surfactant
The subject of the present invention is a composition for dyeing human keratin fibres such as the hair, comprising: (a) at least one colouring agent chosen from oxidation dye precursors, direct dyes and mixtures thereof; (b) at least one amphoteric or zwitterionic surfactant; (c) at least one non-ionic surfactant; (d)at least one anionic surfactant (e) one or more fatty substances at a total content of at least 10% by weight relative to the weight of the composition; (f) at least one cationic polymer; (g) at least one oxidizing agent other than atmospheric oxygen. The present invention also relates to a process for dyeing human keratin fibres, in which this composition is applied to said fibres, and also to a suitable multicompartment device..
Dye composition comprising a cationic o-alkyl-substituted meta-phenylenediamine derivative
The invention relates to a meta-phenylenediamine compound of formula (i) below, the addition salts thereof with an acid and the solvates thereof: in which: r represents a hydrogen or halogen atom; a c1-c4 alkyl radical; a carboxyl radical or a (c1-c4) alkoxycarbonyl radical, r1 represents a linear c1-c10 alkyl radical substituted with a cationic radical, said alkyl radical being optionally interrupted with one or more oxygen atoms and/or with one or more nr6 groups, said cationic radical being optionally substituted with one or more radicals chosen from c1-c4 alkoxy or c1-c4 (hydroxy)alkyl; r6 represents a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched c1-c4 alkyl radical; an− represents an anion or a mixture of anions which are organic or inorganic and cosmetically acceptable.. .
Cleansing composition for skin or hair
There is provided a cleansing composition for skin or hair which can provide a good durability of foam and rinse feel, enhance combing property of the hair during rinsing to impart softness to the hair, and impart a refreshing feeling upon application to the skin without causing stickiness. A cleansing composition for skin or hair contains the following (a) and (b): (a) an internal olefin sulfonate having 12 or more and 24 or less carbon atoms; and (b) an anionic surfactant having no sulfate group except the internal olefin sulfonate (a) and an anionic surfactant having two or more carboxylic acid groups..
Dye composition comprising nonionic guar gum or a nonionic derivative thereof, process and device for the same
The present invention relates to a composition for dyeing human keratin fibres such as the hair, in mousse form, comprising: (a) at least one oxidation dye precursor; (b) at least one amphoteric or zwitterionic surfactant; (c) at least a second surfactant chosen from nonionic and anionic surfactants, or mixtures thereof; (d) at least one fatty substance; (e) at least one nonionic guar gum. The invention also relates to a process for dyeing human keratin fibres, in which is applied a composition preferably in foam form, obtained by mixing the above mentioned composition, free of oxidizing agent other than atmospheric oxygen, with a composition comprising at least one oxidizing agent other than atmospheric oxygen, and also to a suitable multi-compartment device..
Bone stabilization device and production
The present disclosure discloses a bone stabilization device (also referred to as a bone tape), which includes a composite flexible construct including a rigidifiable biocompatible sheet structure having first and second opposed surfaces. A biocompatible cement is located on the first surface.
The Governing Council Of The University Of Toronto
Viscoelastic system for drift reduction
The invention relates to a viscoelastic system for drift reduction for pesticidal formulations, and the use thereof, wherein said formulation comprising at least one nitrogen-based cationic surfactant and at least one pesticide, wherein said pesticide contains at least one acid functional group associating with said cationic surfactant thereby forming a viscoelastic formulation.. .
Akzo Nobel N.v.
Lithium-ion conductor and all-solid lithium-ion secondary battery
The lithium-ion conductor contains a crystal structure whose composition formula is represented by li7+2xp1-xbxs6 (0<x≦1). The crystal structure contains a lis4 tetrahedron and a bs4 tetrahedron, a triangle window of the lis4 tetrahedron through which lithium ions pass becomes large caused by the bs4 tetrahedron, and an ionic conductive path is expanded.
Garnet materials for li secondary batteries and methods of making and using garnet materials
Disclosed herein are garnet material compositions, e.g., lithium-stuffed garnets and lithium-stuffed garnets doped with alumina, which are suitable for use as electrolytes and catholytes in solid state battery applications. Also disclosed herein are lithium-stuffed garnet thin films having fine grains therein.
Method for producing polymer electrolyte molded article, polymer electrolyte material, polymer electrolyte membrane, and polymer electrolyte fuel cell
The present invention relates to a method for producing a polymer electrolyte molded article, which comprises forming a polymer electrolyte precursor having a protective group and an ionic group, and deprotecting at least a portion of protective groups contained in the resulting molded article to obtain a polymer electrolyte molded article. According to the present invention, it is possible to obtain a polymer electrolyte material and a polymer electrolyte molded article, which are excellent in proton conductivity and are also excellent in fuel barrier properties, mechanical strength, physical durability, resistance to hot water, resistance to hot methanol, processability and chemical stability.
Toray Industries, Inc.
Method for enhancing transport of semiconductor nanocrystals across biological membranes
Semiconductor nanoparticle complexes comprising semiconductor nanoparticles in association with cationic polymers are described. Also described are methods for enhancing the transport of semiconductor nanoparticles across biological membranes to provide encoded cells.
Life Technologies Corporation
Functionalized nanopipette biosensor
Disclosed are methods and devices for biomolecular detection, comprising a nanopipette, exemplified as a hollow inert, non-biological structure with a conical tip opening of nanoscale dimensions, suitable for holding an electrolyte solution which may contain an analyte such as a protein biomolecule to be detected as it is passed through the tip opening. Biomolecules are detected by specific reaction with peptide ligands chemically immobilized in the vicinity of the tip.
The Regents Of The University Of California
Sensing electrode of enzyme-based sensor and manufacturing the same
The present invention relates to a sensing electrode of an enzyme-based sensor, and the enzyme-based sensor comprising the same can be stably stored at room temperature. The sensing electrode comprises: an electrode substrate and an enzyme sensing layer formed thereon, wherein the enzyme sensing layer comprises sequentially laminated layers of: a first carbon material-nano metal layer containing a carbon material and nano-metal particles; an ionic liquid layer comprising an ionic liquid consisting of a cation and an anion; a second carbon material-nano metal layer containing a carbon material and nano-metal particles; and an enzyme layer.
National Central University
Device for providing a means for internal calibration in an electrochemical sensor
Internally calibrated ph and other analyte sensors based on redox agents provide more accurate results when the redox active reference agent is in a constant chemical environment, yet separated from the solution being analyzed in such a way as to maintain electrical contact with the sample. Room temperature ionic liquids (rtil) can be used to achieve these results when used as a salt bridge between the reference material and the sample being analyzed.
Senova Systems, Inc.
Process for applying composition containing a cationic trivalent metal and debonder and fluff pulp sheet made from same
A process is provided for making a fluff pulp sheet, comprising contacting at least one cationic trivalent metal, salt thereof, or combination thereof with a composition comprising fluff pulp fibers and water at a first ph, to form a fluff pulp mixture; forming a web from the fluff pulp mixture; and applying at least one debonder surfactant to the web and raising the ph to a second ph, which is higher than the first ph, to make the fluff pulp sheet. A fluff pulp sheet is also provided, comprising a web comprising fluff pulp fibers; at least one cationic trivalent metal, salt thereof, or combination thereof; at least one debonder surfactant; and a fiberization energy of <145 kj/kg.
International Paper Company
Filler suspension and its use in the manufacture of paper
Provided herein are filler suspensions comprising an ionic starch, a complementary ionic coadditive and filler particles. Pulp furnishes comprising the filler suspensions and paper comprising the pulp furnish are also provided.
Specialty Minerals (michigan) Inc.
Filler suspension and its use in the manufacture of paper
Provided herein are filler suspensions comprising swollen cationic starch, anionic, water-soluble polymer and filler particles. Pulp furnishes comprising the filler suspensions and paper comprising the pulp furnish are also provided.
Specialty Minerals (michigan) Inc.
Treatment of beverages to reduce the effects of noxious constituents
A method of treating an beverage, comprising exposing a beverage to an ion exchange matrix that includes a mixture of cation exchange beads and anion exchange beads each capable of binding to one or more cationic or anionic constituents present in the beverage and thereby reduce concentrations of the one or more cationic or anionic constituents in the beverage and capable of maintaining a ph of the beverage within ±0.5 ph units of the beverage's pretreatment ph value. The cationic or anionic constituents have a noxious effect on humans and the cation exchange beads include a cationic mineral form and the anion exchange beads include a chloride mineral form..
Constellation Research, Llc
Fabric conditioning composition and use thereof
The present invention relates to a composition in order to reduce the residual water content (rwc) of a textile substrate. Said composition comprises at least an amphoteric or cationic or potentially amphoteric or cationic polymer, a cationic softening agent, and a silicone.
Hydrophobic, cationic polymers for treating construction aggregates
The present invention provides methods, admixture compositions for treating clay-bearing aggregates used for construction purposes, and aggregate compositions for construction purposes. The clay-bearing aggregates are treated with a cationic copolymer made from two and preferably three different monomer components.
W. R. Grace & Co.-conn.
Organosilicone emulsion composition
An organosilicone emulsion composition comprising (a) 100 parts by weight of an organopolysiloxane having a viscosity of at least 500 pa·s at 25° c., (b) 1-50 parts by weight of a polyether-containing organosiloxysilicate, (c) 1-50 parts by weight of a nonionic surfactant, and (d) 10-1,000 parts by weight of water is stable.. .
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
Synthesis of acridinium compounds by n-alkylation of acridans
A method is provided for n-alkylation of acridine compounds by reduction of acridines to corresponding acridans to improve the reactivity of the acridine nitrogen, and subsequent n-alkylation of the acridans in ionic liquid solvents to provide the corresponding acridinium compounds in high yield. This inventive process improves chemical conversion, and does not require the use of highly toxic alkylating agents, such as 1,3-propane sultone..
Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc.
Water treatment method and apparatus therefor
In a water treatment method and an apparatus therefor, after an anionic polymer flocculant is added to water to be treated, granulation is performed by stirring, and solid-liquid separation is then performed to obtain treated water, and flocs which are not disintegrated by a shearing force during stirring and have a preferable settling property can be formed, so that the quality of treated water is also improved. Particularly, a water treatment method includes a flocculating step of adding an anionic polymer flocculant to water to be treated to form flocculated flocs, a subsequent granulating step of stirring the water to be treated to granulate the flocculated flocs, and a solid-liquid separation step of performing solid-liquid separation of generated granulated substances, wherein a cationic polymer flocculant having a cationic group rate of 10 to 50 mole % is added to the water to be treated before the anionic polymer flocculant is added..
Kurita Water Industries Ltd.
Co2 sorption by supported amino acid ionic liquids
The present invention concerns the absorption and desorption behaviour of carbon dioxide (co2) using ionic liquids derived from amino acids adsorbed on porous carrier materials.. .
Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
Liquid formulation of long-acting insulin conjugate
The present invention relates to a liquid formulation of long-acting insulin conjugate, comprising a pharmaceutically effective amount of a long-acting insulin conjugate, wherein a physiologically active peptide, which is an insulin, is linked to an immunoglobulin fc region; and an albumin-free stabilizer, wherein the stabilizer comprises a buffer, a sugar alcohol, a non-ionic surfactant, and an isotonic agent, and a method for preparing the formulation. For preventing microbial contamination in multiple uses, a preservative can be added to the formulation.
Hanmi Pharm. Co., Ltd.
Formulations for alteration of biophysical properties of mucosal lining
Conductive formulations containing conductive agents, such as salts, ionic surfactants, or other substances that are in an ionized state or easily ionized in an aqueous or organic solvent environment, and methods of use, have been developed. One or more active agents, such as antivirals, antimicrobials, anti-inflammatories, proteins or peptides, may optionally be included with the formulation.
Nanoparticles of a metal and a biguanide
A process for making nanoparticles of biocompatible materials is described, wherein an aqueous reaction mixture comprising a metal ion, a biguanide, an oxidant, and water; optionally further comprising an alpha-amino acid or a nucleobase; is provided along with temperature conditions to directly form within the reaction mixture, a stable dispersion of metal-containing nanoparticles. Biocompatible nanoparticles comprised of cerium and a biguanide, and optionally containing an alpha-amino acid or a nucleobase, are also described.
Method for shaping the hair using at least one reducing composition, at least one care composition, and heating
The present disclosure relates to a method for shaping hair fibers comprising: applying to the hair fibers at least one reducing composition comprising at least one reducing agent and at least one cationic polymer, wherein the weight ratio of the at least one reducing agent to the at least one cationic polymer ranges from 0.1:1 to 10:1; rinsing the hair fibers; applying at least one care composition comprising at least one aminated silicone; optionally rinsing the hair fibers; and heating the hair fibers with a heating device at a temperature ranging from 50 to 280° c., the heating being carried out before or after an optional rinsing of the hair fibers.. .
Method and treating medical conditions
A method and apparatus for treating a condition in a patient such as bph, irretractable infection, cyst, fibroid, or any mass such as prostate or breast cancer, skin cancer, melanoma, or any other soft tissue cancerous or benign mass, employs a unique, three-dimensional software-controlled electronic amplifier array using arbitrary waveforms that dynamically and proportionally steer electrical currents by using two or more current vector paths, sequentially or simultaneously, through a defined area containing electrically-conductive ionic solutions so as to obtain 100% thermal heating or hyperthermia through the defined area. The condition is treated or a mass is destroyed with a minimally-invasive treatment which requires no radiation or chemotherapy which could be harmful to the patient..
Solid electrolyte containing ionic liquid
X+y is an integer in the range of 2≦x+y≦4.. .
Detachment of a self-supporting layer of silicon <100>
A method for detaching a self-supporting layer of silicon of crystalline orientation <100>, particularly with the aim of applications in the field of photovoltaics, wherein the method includes the steps of: a) implanting ionic species in a substrate made of silicon having a crystalline orientation <100> so as to create an embrittlement plane in the substrate, delimiting on both sides a self-supporting layer and a negative of the substrate, and b) applying a heat treatment to the substrate implanted at step a) with a temperature ramp greater than 30° c./s so as to detach the self-supporting layer of silicon.. .
Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives
Ultraviolet-curable liquid developer
An ultraviolet-curable liquid developer contains a cationically polymerizable liquid monomer, a photoinitiator, and a toner particle insoluble in the cationically polymerizable liquid monomer. The cationically polymerizable liquid monomer is a vinyl ether compound, and the photoinitiator is a compound having a particular structure..
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
Method of modeling concentration of reducible mobile ionic dopant in semiconductor device simulator
Various embodiments provide systems, computer program products and computer implemented methods. In some embodiments, a system includes a computer-implemented method of determining a dopant concentration in a semiconductor material proximate a metal interface, including determining an electric potential within the semiconductor material at a first voltage range using a known dopant concentration, wherein the dopant is a mobile ion dopant, determining a concentration of a reduced dopant in the semiconductor material, calculating a new expected average dopant concentration for the dopant, calculating a new average dopant concentration for the dopant using the equation with a first damping parameter having a value that is determined by a change in electric potential at a node point in the semiconductor material and determining whether ionic convergence has occurred by determining whether expected dopant concentration deviates from an average concentration by less than a threshold value..
International Business Machines Corporation
Method for preparing short-chain fatty acid having high propanoic acid content by continuous fermentation
Disclosed is a method for preparing short-chain fatty acids having high propanoic acid content, comprising: mix sludge and kitchen wastes for pre-fermentation to produce substrates required for synthesis of propionic acid, and then add propionibacterium to conduct anaerobic continuous fermentation, content of propionic acid in the final fermentation broth is as high as 71.2% of the total acid.. .
Process for treating organic materials
The present invention provides a process for the treatment of sewage sludge with enzymes, which process comprises treating a sewage sludge resulting from the treatment of municipal or industrial waste water with a composition comprising a fermentation supernatant product from a saccharomyces cerevisiae culture and a non-ionic surfactant, wherein said fermentation supernatant product is free of active enzymes, at conditions suitable for generating said active enzymes from said sewage sludge in situ.. .
Neozyme International, Inc.
Thickener containing a cationic polymer and softening composition containing said thickener, in particular for textiles
Of a nonionic monomer.. .
Process for desalting cruide oil
The present invention relates to a process of desalting crudeoil, in particular a process for desalting a crude oil which comprises an ionic liquid, an organic acid and any resulting organic salt.. .
Petroliam Nasional Berhad (petronas)
High-temperature high-pressure reservoir drilling fluid
A drilling fluid, comprising an aqueous continuous phase, a polymeric fluid loss control agent formed from at least an acrylamide monomer, and a sulfonated anionic monomer, and a gelling material comprising at least one of clay or a cross-linked polyvinylpyrrolidone.. .
Method for purifying 1,3-butadiene
It is an object of the present invention to provide a method for purifying 1,3-butadiene which can effectively remove an organic compound detrimental to anionic polymerization from 1,3-butadiene containing a polymerization inhibitor and suppress the formation of popcorn. The method includes: a water-washing step of washing 1,3-butadiene by using low-oxygen water having an oxygen concentration of less than 2 mg/l as wash water; and a polymerization inhibitor removing step of subsequently removing the polymerization inhibitor in 1,3-butadiene..
Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
Method of fabricating metal oxide
Provided is a method of fabricating metal oxide. The method includes mixing a metal precursor material, a base material, and distilled water with each other to fabricate a preparation solution, adding an anionic surfactant into the preparation solution to forming a precursor solution, forming metal oxide nanoparticles in the precursor solution, and fabricating a metal oxide sheet by coupling the metal oxide nanoparticles to each other.
Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute
Ink-jet print head having improved adhesion with time, its process of manufacturing and its use in combination with a water-based ink containing acidic species
Ink-jet print head for an ink-jet printer including at least a substrate and a photopolymer barrier applied onto the substrate. The photopolymer barrier includes an adhesive first layer and a second layer made of a photopolymerizable material and applied above said first layer.
Sicpa Holding Sa
Micellar composition having switchable viscosity
The present application provides a micellar composition having switchable viscosity. In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a micellar composition comprising: (a) a mixture of water and a switchable component comprising: (i) a non-switchable surfactant and a switchable water additive; (ii) a switchable anionic surfactant; or (iii) a switchable cationic surfactant; and (b) dissolved co2, wherein when the switchable component comprises a non-switchable surfactant and a switchable water additive or a switchable cationic surfactant, the dissolved co2 is present at an amount sufficient to reversibly maintain at least a substantial portion of the switchable component in the form of wormlike micelles in the water and removal of the dissolved co2 reversibly decreases viscosity of the mixture by disrupting the wormlike micelles and/or converting the wormlike micelles into spherical micelles, and wherein when the switchable component comprises a switchable anionic surfactant the dissolved co2 is present at an amount sufficient to reversibly inhibit formation of wormlike micelles and removal of the dissolved co2 reversibly increases viscosity of the mixture by causing the formation of wormlike micelles..
Queen's University At Kingston
Non-invasive vagal nerve stimulation to treat disorders
Devices, systems and methods are disclosed for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma, anaphylaxis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), exercise-induced bronchospasm and post-operative bronchospasm. The treatment comprises transmitting impulses of energy non-invasively to selected nerve fibers that activate neural pathways to reduce the release of acetycholine from airway-related vagal preganglionic neurons within the brain of the patient.
Liquid formulation of long-acting insulin and insulinotropic peptide
The present invention relates to a liquid formulation of a combination of long-acting insulin and insulinotropic peptide, comprising insulin which is a physiologically active peptide, insulinotropic peptide, and albumin-free stabilizer, wherein the stabilizer comprises a buffer, a sugar alcohol, a non-ionic surfactant, and an isotonic agent; and a method for preparing the liquid formulation. The liquid formulation of the present invention does not contain a human serum albumin and potentially toxic factors to the body, and thus it has excellent storage stability for insulin conjugate and insulinotropic peptide conjugate at high concentration, without a risk of viral contamination..
Hanmi Pharm. Co., Ltd.
Also disclosed are methods of producing the cationic lipid of formula (i).. .
Microcapsules containing retinoids, preparing same, and pharmaceutical compositions containing same
Microcapsules are described that include a pharmaceutical active agent selected from among retinoids, an anionic hydrophilic polymer (in particular, gum arabic), and a cationic hydrophilic polymer (in particular, type-a gelatin). Also described, are methods for preparing such microcapsules, topical pharmaceutical compositions including such microcapsules, and dermatological uses thereof..
Galderma Research & Development
Filaggrin gene expression promoter
The present invention provides a novel substance that promotes expression of filaggrin gene involved in improvement of the moisture retention function of skin. The inventors of the present invention found that expression of filaggrin gene fluctuates rhythmically over a roughly 24 hour cycle, screened candidate substances based on the time at which expression reaches a maximum following addition of the candidate substance, and identified zanthoxylum extract, 3-(1′-piperidine)propionic acid, geranium oil, cypress oil, rose oil, galvanum oil, pepper oil, basil oil, methyl-o-toluate, methyl anthranilate and dimethyl anthranilate as filaggrin gene expression promoting agents..
Shiseido Company, Ltd.
Process for preparing a dermatological composition comprising oleosomes
A method is described for producing an oil-in-water emulsion including oil globules, the mean diameter of which is less than 500 nm and each of which is provided with a lamellar liquid crystal coating, and which are dispersed in an aqueous phase. Each oil globule is individually coated with a unilamellar or oligolamellar layer obtained from at least one lipophilic surfactant, at least one hydrophilic surfactant, and at least one separate anionic surfactant, characterized in that the number of steps in the method is no greater than 5, in that the temperatures used during the different steps are no higher than 75° c., and in that the method requires neither the use of a high-pressure homogenizer nor any pre-emulsification step..
Galderma Research & Development
Cleansing agent composition comprising sulfonate-type surfactant and/or sulfate-type anionic surfactant and heterocyclic compound
Wherein r1 and r2 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, a hydroxymethyl group, or a hydroxyethyl group, shows high detergency and low irritativeness, can suppress rough skin after washing and drying, and can be preferably used for cosmetic agents.. .
Layered electrolyte with high ionic conductivity
The electrolyte material comprises an electronically insulating oxide of a base metal and at least one additional metal or oxide of an additional metal, which enhances the base metal with ionic conductivity. According to the invention, the electrolyte material has a layer structure with b-layers in which at least 30% of the metal atoms and/or metal ions are of the base metal and a-layers in which at least 30% of the metal atoms and/or metal ions are of the additional metal.
Forschungszentrum Juelich Gmbh
Method for producing binder composition for storage battery device
Anionic emulsifying agent (b): an anionic emulsifying agent having a phenyl group in its molecule.. .
Semiconductor device, manufacturing the same, and rinsing liquid
A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device including: a process of applying a sealing composition for a semiconductor to a semiconductor substrate, to form a sealing layer for a semiconductor on at least the bottom face and the side face of a recess portion of an interlayer insulating layer, the sealing composition including a polymer having a cationic functional group and a weight average molecular weight of from 2,000 to 1,000,000, each of the content of sodium and the content of potassium in the sealing composition being 10 ppb by mass or less on an elemental basis; and a process of subjecting a surface of the semiconductor substrate at a side at which the sealing layer has been formed to heat treatment of from 200° c. To 425° c., to remove at least a part of the sealing layer..
Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
Composition comprising a specific ionic liquid
The invention relates to a composition comprising an ionic liquid consisting in the combination of a pyrrolidinium cation and a nitrate anion and comprising a solvent selected from lactone solvents, carbonate solvents, nitrile solvents and mixtures thereof. The composition may be used as an electrolyte, for example, for such applications as energy storage devices..
UniversitÉ FranÇois Rabelais
Solid electrolytic capacitor manufacturing method and solid electrolytic capacitor
A method for manufacturing a solid electrolytic capacitor which includes a capacitor element including: an positive electrode body with a dielectric film formed on a surface thereof; and a solid electrolyte layer formed over the positive electrode body, the method including the steps of: forming the dielectric film on the surface of the positive electrode body; forming the solid electrolyte layer on the dielectric film; heating and melting an ionic compound; impregnating the positive electrode body, on which the solid electrolyte layer is formed, with the melted ionic compound; and cooling and solidifying the ionic compound after impregnating the positive electrode body with the ionic compound.. .
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
Device and assisting with reconfiguration of an aircraft, aircraft including such a device and associated computer program product
A device and method for assisting with reconfiguration of an aircraft, an aircraft including such a device and an associated computer program product are disclosed. In one aspect, the aircraft has an operational configuration, is configured to move in an operational environment, and includes at least one avionic system, at least one avionic member, and at least one monitoring system configured to detect an abnormality of an avionic member or a perturbation of the operational environment and to generate a fault information.