This page is updated frequently with new Image Acquisition-related patent applications.
| Chromatic aberration correction in imaging system including variable focal length lens|
An image acquisition system is operated to provide an image that is relatively free of the effect of longitudinal chromatic aberration. The system includes a variable focal length lens (e.g., a tunable acoustic gradient index of refraction lens) that is operated to periodically modulate a focus position.
| Image processing apparatus, control method, and recording medium|
A distance image acquisition unit captures a low-resolution image of an object placed on a document board, and an object detection unit corrects the low-resolution image and generates a low-resolution corrected image. A camera image acquisition unit captures a high-resolution image of the object placed on the document board, and an image processing unit corrects the high-resolution image and generates a high-resolution corrected image.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
| Driving assistance apparatus|
A driving assistance apparatus includes an arrangement memory that stores a past captured image around a target parking region, a captured image acquisition section that acquires a present captured image around the target parking region at parking or departing with respect to the target parking region, and an obstacle specification section that specifies a non-stationary obstacle around the target parking region, based on a difference between the past captured image stored in the arrangement memory, and the present captured image acquired by the arrangement acquisition section. A report section performs a report indicating presence of a non-stationary object when approaching closely the non-stationary object..
| Device and three-dimensional reconstruction of a scene by image analysis|
A device and method for three-dimensional reconstruction of a scene by image analysis is provided. This device comprises an image acquisition device to capture images of the scene, an analysis device to calculate a three-dimensional reconstruction of the scene from at least one image of the scene taken by the image acquisition device, and a projection device to project a first light pattern and a second light pattern, which are complementary, on the examined scene, the first light pattern and the second light pattern being projected along separate projection axes forming a non-zero angle between them, so as to be superimposed while forming a uniform image with homogenous intensity in a projection plane..
| Apparatus and remote control using camera-based virtual touch|
A remote control apparatus comprises an image acquisition unit for acquiring an image of the body of a user by photographing the image, a location calculation unit for calculating coordinate data representing the locations of a first coordinate (eye) and a second coordinate (a finger or a pointer) of the body of the user by means of the image received from the image acquisition unit, and a match confirmation unit for checking whether the locations of the first and second coordinates of the body of the user match the extended connecting straight line, the coordinates having been confirmed on the basis of the camera lens-based coordinate data calculated in the location calculation unit, and if the match is confirmed, then concluding the setup intention of the user to be an affirmative.. .
Vtouch Co., Ltd.
| Medical imaging system capable of preventing unintended x-ray radiation to an object|
A medical imaging system having an x-ray image acquisition device, a plurality of proximity sensors located at components of the x-ray image acquisition device and a processing unit is able to prevent unintended x-ray radiation to an object in a field of irradiation. For this purpose, the processing unit is configured for determining temporal differences of distance information delivered by the proximity sensors, for generating reference distance information based on acquired distance information with an x-ray source, an x-ray detector and the patient support in fixed positions, for filtering out reference distance information from the acquired distance information and for generating a signal in case temporal differences are determined exceeding a predetermined threshold..
Koninklijke Philips N.v.
|Two-dimensional code generation device and two-dimensional code generation program product|
A two-dimensional code generation device includes a determination unit, an image acquisition unit, and a code generation unit. The determination unit determines whether point information is included in coding information, which is information for generating a two-dimensional code.
|Methods and systems for dynamically modifying acquisition parameter during image acquisition|
Systems and methods for automatically and dynamically modifying an image acquisition parameter for use in tomosynthesis breast imaging. A selected image acquisition parameter is modified in response to a measured characteristic of an imaged object such as a breast, and thus tailored to provide the highest quality image for the particular object.
|Cell evaluation device, cell evaluation method, and cell evaluation program|
The present invention provides a cell evaluation device, a cell evaluation method and a non-transitory computer readable recording medium storing a cell evaluation program capable of evaluating an evaluation target cell. The cell evaluation device includes an image acquisition unit that acquires a cell image obtained by imaging a cell group; a cell evaluation unit that specifies an evaluation target cell and peripheral cells around the evaluation target cell in the cell group, and evaluates the evaluation target cell based on evaluation results of the peripheral cells; and a boundary setting unit that sets a boundary in the cell image based on a state of the cell group, in which when specifying the peripheral cells, the cell evaluation unit specifies only cells that are present in a divided region where the evaluation target cell is present among plural divided regions divided by the boundary, as the peripheral cells..
|Apparatus and processing magnetic resonance (mr) images|
Provided is an apparatus for processing a magnetic resonance (mr) image, including: an image acquisition unit configured to acquire a plurality of mr images by performing mr imaging on a moving object during temporally consecutive time intervals; a controller configured to sequentially compare two adjacent mr images from among the plurality of mr images to thereby detect an interval during which motion occurs; an image processor configured to calculate a transformation matrix for performing motion correction on at least one mr image corresponding to the detected interval and obtain a motion-corrected mr image by applying the transformation matrix to the at least one mr image; and an output unit configured to display the motion-corrected mr image.. .
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd
Image output device, image transmission device, image ireception device, image output method, and non-transitory recording medium
An image output device according to the present disclosure includes: an image acquisition unit that acquires an image with a first resolution; a high-resolution image acquisition unit that acquires an image with a second resolution, being an image of higher resolution than the image with the first resolution; an enlargement input unit that accepts input of an enlargement ratio; a determination unit that determines whether or not an evaluation score determined based on the accepted enlargement ratio is higher than a certain value; and a transmission unit that transmits the image with the second resolution if the evaluation score is determined to be higher than the certain value, and does not transmit the image with the second resolution if the evaluation score is determined not to be higher than the certain value.. .
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
Injection molding system
In an injection molding system, a compression ratio of an image acquired by a molded article image acquisition means is changed based on a physical quantity related to injection molding and stored in a storage means. Thus, an image of a molded article is compressed and stored according to the compression ratio obtained based on the physical quantity..
Systems and methods of image acquisition for surgical instrument reconstruction
Systems and methods of object reconstruction from x-ray imaging include receiving an input of a first angulation for a first x-ray image. A first score representative of a quality of a reconstruction of an object from an x-ray image acquired at the first angulation is calculated.
General Electric Company
Method and augmented-reality rendering on mirror display based on motion of augmented-reality target
Method and apparatus for augmented-reality rendering on a mirror display based on motion of an augmented-reality target. The apparatus includes an image acquisition unit for acquiring a sensor image corresponding to at least one of a user and an augmented-reality target, a user viewpoint perception unit for acquiring coordinates of eyes of the user using the sensor image, an augmented-reality target recognition unit for recognizing an augmented-reality target, to which augmented reality is to be applied, a motion analysis unit for calculating a speed of motion corresponding to the augmented-reality target based on multiple frames, and a rendering unit for performing rendering by adjusting a transparency of virtual content to be applied to the augmented-reality target according to the speed of motion and by determining a position where the virtual content is to be rendered, based on the coordinates of the eyes..
Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute
Posture estimation device, posture estimation system, posture estimation method, posture estimation program, and computer-readable recording medium on which posture estimation program is recorded
An image acquisition part acquires image data from an image sensor provided in a room. A storage stores information indicating a transition model of a human body posture and test information indicating a test area of the image data in each posture of the transition model.
University Of Hyogo
Treatment planning and evaluation for rectal cancer via image analytics
Methods and apparatus associated with predicting colorectal cancer tumor invasiveness are described. One example apparatus includes a set of circuits, and a data store that stores radiological images of tissue demonstrating colorectal cancer.
Case Western Reserve University
Diagnostic system for the detection of skin cancer
Methods and compositions are provided for the analysis of skin surfaces to determine the presence of neoplastic tissue. In the methods of the invention, a composition comprising a florescent probe that binds to a specific neoplasia associated marker is applied topically to the area of interest.
Method for controlling an image acquisition device, and a bicycle
Embodiments of the invention provide a method for controlling an image acquisition device, and a bicycle including a bicycle body, wherein the bicycle further includes: a main control apparatus, a button arranged on the bicycle body, and an image acquisition device fixed on the bicycle body, wherein the main control apparatus is connected with the button and the image acquisition device so that the main control apparatus is configured to control the image acquisition device as a result of the button being triggered. In the invention, the image acquisition device is fixed on the bicycle body, and the button is arranged on the bicycle body, so that if a bicycler triggers the button while bicycling, then the main control apparatus can control the image acquisition device as a result of the button being triggered..
Letv Sports Culture Develop(beijing) Co., Ltd.
Illuminating device, control illuminating device, and image acquisition system
To propose a novel and improved illuminating device, control method for an illuminating device, and image acquisition system that can adjust each of the light amounts of a plurality of light sources on the basis of the correlation between luminance acquired from a light receiving unit and the light amounts of the emission light beams, and accurately adjust the color temperature of the light receiving unit. The illuminating device includes a plurality of light sources capable of adjusting light amounts of emission light beams, a light monitor unit configured to detect each of light amounts of emission light beams; and a control unit configured to control the light amounts of the emission light beams on the basis of a correlation between luminance acquired from a light receiving unit and the light amounts of the emission light beams..
Status determination system
Provided is a status determination system which can easily and reliably acquire status information on a monitor screen from the monitor screen. A status determination system 1 includes: image acquisition unit 10 which captures a screen of a monitor x via an adapter device w and acquires the screen as an image; image determination unit 20 which determines whether or not the image is an image from which status information is to be acquired; color information acquisition unit 30 which acquires color information at a specific point on the image when it is determined that the image is an image front which status information is to be acquired; and status conversion unit 40 which converts the acquired color information at the specific point to the status information..
Biclick Co., Ltd.
Image processing system and microscope system including the same
An image processing system includes an image acquisition unit, a candidate value estimation unit, a band characteristics evaluation unit, an effective frequency determination unit and a candidate value modification unit. The acquisition unit acquires images.
Image processing apparatus and image acquisition apparatus
Provided is an image processing apparatus including a transformation unit that is configured to deform images so that corresponding points in a plurality of images obtained from several viewpoints with respect to the same subject are matched; a separating unit that is configured to separate specular-reflection components from the plurality of images transformed by the transformation unit and create an image from which the specular-reflection component is removed; and an image reconstructing unit that is configured to combine at least one of the specular-reflection components of the plurality of images, separated by the separating unit, and the image from which the specular-reflection component is removed.. .
National University Corporation Chiba University
Image acquisition for medical dose preparation system
Use of improved image acquisition for a medical dose preparation system. The medical dose preparation system may include a work station for capturing medical dose preparation images (e.g., to document preparation of a mediation dose).
Baxter Corporation Englewood
Method for controlling x-ray exposure
The present invention pertains to a system and method for x-ray imaging wherein a targeted fluence at the detector for projection images can be achieved at a plurality of projection angles around the imaging subject by control of exposure times implemented during image acquisition. Exposure time for a second projection image may be determined by the fluence in a first projection image, and in a third projection image by the fluence in a second projection image, where projection images are acquired within two degrees of one another.
Triple Ring Technologies, Inc.
Apparatus and monitoring of medication adherence
A system and method for positioning a pill to be ingested by a user in a field of view of an image acquisition camera. The method includes the steps of determining a desired location of the mouth of a user in a field of view of an image acquisition camera, determining a current position of a pill to be ingested by the user in the field of view of the image acquisition apparatus, and indicating on a display a movement to be made by the user to move the pill towards mouth of the user..
Ai Cure Technologies Llc
Medical imaging device, medical image acquisition system, and endoscope device
A medical imaging device includes: a spectroscopic unit configured to spectrally separate light from an outside into first light of a first color as a specific single color, and second light including specific second colors that are different from the first color; a first imaging element configured to include first pixels receiving the first light spectrally separated by the spectroscopic unit and converting the first light into an electrical signal; and a second imaging element configured to include: second pixels arranged with same array and interval as the first pixels of the first imaging element; and a color filter including filters each transmitting one of the second colors, the filters being arranged in accordance with the arrangement of the second pixels, the second imaging element being configured to receive the second light transmitted through the color filter and to convert the second light into an electrical signal.. .
Sony Olympus Medical Solutins Inc.
Decision support for disease characterization and treatment response with disease and peri-disease radiomics
Methods, apparatus, and other embodiments associated with classifying a region of tissue using textural analysis are described. One example apparatus includes an image acquisition logic that acquires an image of a region of tissue demonstrating cancerous pathology, a delineation logic that distinguishes nodule tissue within the image from the background of the image, a perinodular zone logic that defines a perinodular zone based on the nodule, a feature extraction logic that extracts a set of features from the image, a probability logic that computes a probability that the nodule is benign or that the nodule will respond to a treatment, and a classification logic that classifies the nodule tissue based, at least in part, on the set of features or the probability.
Case Western Reserve University
Image acquisition device and image acquisition method
An image acquisition device is an image acquisition device that acquires an x-ray transmission image of an object conveyed in a conveyance direction, and the image acquisition device includes an x-ray irradiator that outputs an x-ray, a belt conveyor that conveys the object in the conveyance direction, an x-ray detection camera having a scintillator that converts an x-ray penetrating the object into scintillation light, a line scan camera that detects the scintillation light and outputs a detection signal, and an amplifier that amplifies the detection signal at a predetermined set amplification factor and outputs a amplified signal, a controller that generates an x-ray transmission image based on the amplified signal, and an amplifier controller that sets one of a first amplification factor or a second amplification factor corresponding to an amplification factor lower than the first amplification factor as the set amplification factor based on a predetermined imaging condition.. .
Hamamatsu Ohotonics K.k.
Device and detection of counterfeit pharmaceuticals and/or drug packaging
Featured are a device (20) and method for the detection of counterfeit pharmaceuticals and/or packaging therefore. Counterfeit pharmaceuticals are detected by visual inspection upon exposing a suspected counterfeit pharmaceutical to one or more light sources having different wavelengths, and observing the differences in color and/or brightness between the suspected counterfeit and a genuine pharmaceutical/packaging.
The U.s.a, As Represented By The Secretary, Department Of Health & Human Services
Characterizing disease and treatment response with quantitative vessel tortuosity radiomics
Methods, apparatus, and other embodiments associated with classifying a region of tissue using quantified vessel tortuosity are described. One example apparatus includes an image acquisition logic that acquires an image of a region of tissue demonstrating cancerous pathology, a delineation logic that distinguishes nodule tissue within the image from the background of the image, a perinodular zone logic that defines a perinodular zone based on the nodule, a feature extraction logic that extracts a set of features from the image including a set of tortuosity features, a probability logic that computes a probability that the nodule is benign, and a classification logic that classifies the nodule tissue based, at least in part, on the set of features or the probability.
Case Western Reserve University
Interventional x-ray system with automatic iso-centering
An interventional x-ray system (10), comprises a processing unit (30), a table (20) for receiving a patient (44), an x-ray image acquisition device (12) having an x-ray source (16) and an x-ray detector (18) and at least one optical camera (46) adapted for acquiring optical images of a patient (44) situated on the table (20) and for providing image data to the processing unit (30). The processing unit (30) is adapted for segmenting an outline (64) of a patient from an existing three-dimensional model, for receiving acquired images from the at least one camera (46) for determining an optical outline (66) of the patient, for registering the optical outline (66) to the outline (64) obtained in the segmentation and for determining a translation vector (48) representing a required movement of the table for coinciding a center (42) of the anatomy of interest given in the three-dimensional model with the iso-center (38) of a rotational x-ray scan that will be performed.
Koninklijke Philips N.v.
System and tomosynthesis image acquisition
A method for image acquisition includes selectively concealing and exposing an x-ray source to a target object while the x-ray source travels along a first path, virtually moving an x-ray detector along a second path in a first direction while the x-ray source is exposed to the target object, and virtually moving the x-ray detector along the second path in a second direction generally opposite the first direction while the x-ray source is concealed from the target object.. .
General Electric Company
Method and generating an ultrasound scatterer representation
Realistic ultrasound imaging simulation requires modeling of scatterers corresponding to different imaging speckle appearances. A scatterer generator acquires a plurality of ultrasound signal samples, each corresponding to a different ultrasound capture and reconstructs a scatterer representation from the ultrasound signal samples and associated point spread functions.
Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich
User interface for efficiently displaying relevant oct imaging data
The present invention is an oct imaging system user interface for efficiently providing relevant image displays to the user. These displays are used during image acquisition to align patients and verify acquisition image quality.
Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.
System and performing tomographic image acquisition and reconstruction
Systems and methods for tomographic reconstruction of an image include systems and methods for producing images from k-space data. A k-space data set of an imaged object is acquired using know k-space data acquisition systems and methods.
Viewray Technologies, Inc.
System and detecting and tracking a curvilinear object in a three-dimentional space
A system for detecting and tracking a curvilinear object in a three-dimensional space includes an image acquisition system including a video camera arranged to acquire a video image of the curvilinear object and output a corresponding video signal, the video image comprising a plurality n of image frames each at a respective time ti, where i=1, 2, . .
The Johns Hopkins University
Image processing apparatus, communication system, communication method and imaging device
An image processing apparatus includes an image acquisition unit, an image recognition unit, a character information acquisition unit, and a communication unit. The image acquisition unit acquires an image.
Apparatus and recognizing lane-changing vehicle through recognition of adjacent lane
Disclosed herein is an apparatus and method for recognizing a lane-changing vehicle through recognition of an adjacent lane, the apparatus including: an image acquisition unit configured to photograph front and surrounding images of an ego-vehicle; a travel lane recognition unit configured to recognize a travel lane of the ego-vehicle; an adjacent lane recognition unit configured to recognize an adjacent lane; a vehicle information database configured to classify and store vehicle data and non-vehicle data; a vehicle recognition unit configured to extract a lane candidate group by recognizing a vertical edge and a horizontal edge, to train vehicle data and non-vehicle data, and then to recognize whether the extracted lane candidate group corresponds to a vehicle or a non-vehicle; and a control unit configured to warn a collision danger when a counterpart vehicle approaches a lane to which the ego-vehicle is to make a change.. .
Image sensor array and arrangement method thereof, image acquisition component and electronic device
An arrangement method of an image sensor array includes forming an m-row n-column non-standard rectangular pixel array with m×n image sensors, wherein the non-standard rectangular pixel array matches to optical distortion of an associated lens. The non-standard rectangular pixel array refers to that four edges of the non-standard rectangular are curves, and the m, n are an integer larger than or equal to 1.
Lenovo (beijing) Co., Ltd.
Active pixel image sensor operating in global shutter mode, subtraction of the reset noise and non-destructive read
An active pixel image sensor comprising a matrix of pixels organized in rows and columns and a read circuit comprising a distinct read pathway for each column of pixels, comprises: a photodiode, a storage node, a transfer transistor, a storage node reset transistor, a row select transistor and a transistor mounted as voltage follower; each read pathway comprises a subtraction block connected to receive, first, voltage at the terminals of the storage node of a pixel of the corresponding column and, second, a reference voltage of value substantially equal to the reset voltage of the pixels of the matrix seen at the input of the read pathway; the sensor comprises a controller for driving the transistors of pixels and the read circuit to perform an image acquisition in global shutter mode with subtraction of the reset noise and non-destructive reading of the pixels. A method for acquiring images is provided..
Microscope and generating a combined image from multiple individual images of an object
A microscope (10) for generating a combined image (34; 54; 64) from multiple individual images (28a to 28d; 52a to 52d; 62a to 62d) of an object (30; 50; 60) encompasses at least one illumination device (22) for illuminating the object (30; 50; 60) from at least two different illumination directions (24a, 24b); an image acquisition unit (26) for acquiring multiple individual images (28a to 28d; 52a to 52d; 62a to 62d) of the object (30; 50; 60) illuminated from the at least two different illumination directions (24a, 24b); and an image combination unit (32) for combining the individual images (28a to 28d; 52a to 52d; 62a to 62d) in order to obtain the combined image (34; 54; 64). The image combination unit (32) is embodied to combine the individual images (28a to 28d; 52a to 52d; 62a to 62d) so that an information loss connected with an image artifact of one of the individual images (28a to 28d; 52a to 52d; 62a to 62d) is compensated for utilizing an image datum of at least one other of the individual images (28a to 28d; 52a to 52d; 62a to 62d) in the combined image (34; 54; 64)..
Leica Instruments (singapore) Pte. Ltd.
Video-based parking occupancy detection
A spatiotemporal system and method for parking occupancy detection. The system can generally include suitable image acquisition, processing, transmission and data storage devices configured to carry out the method which includes generating and processing spatiotemporal images to detect the presence of an object in a region of interest, such as a vehicle in a parking stall..
Device for reading an identification code on a running glass sheet
The device includes an illumination; a camera configured to acquire at least one image of at least one portion of a symbol, the running substrate being illuminated by the illumination; and a processor connected to the camera and configured to be suitable for implementing an image-processing step in which the acquired image is processed by the processor and decoded. The camera used is linear and the illumination is a dark field illumination.
Saint-gobain Glass France
With a microspectroscopy device provided with an objective lens with a high numerical aperture, a defocus arises from thermal drift, etc., necessitating auto-focusing. Conventional auto-focus based on through-focus image acquisition takes time, and thus, it cannot be applied to continuous measurement over a long time wherein high-speed sampling is carried out.
Hitachi High-technologies Corporation
3d scanning control apparatus based on fpga and control method and system thereof
The present invention discloses a 3d scanning control apparatus based on fpga, for controlling a 3d scanner to scan. The apparatus comprises: a first projection control module, for controlling a structured light generation unit to project to an object; a first image acquisition control module, for controlling a shooting unit to capture a projection image of the object when the first projection control module is projecting; a second projection control module, for controlling another structured light generation unit to project to the object for one more time; a second image acquisition control module, for controlling a corresponding shooting unit to capture the projection image of the object for one more time when the second projection control module is projecting; and a data processing module, for processing the captured projection images with at least one of the bayer color rendition, color space conversion and phase unwrapping, by using algorithm in the fpga..
Shenzhen Esun Display Co., Ltd
Medical image diagnosis assistance device, magnetic resonance imaging apparatus and medical image diagnosis assistance method
To provide a technique for supporting diagnosis by reducing a user's time and effort in quantitative diagnosis using a quantitative value acquired by a medical image acquisition apparatus. A user is allowed in advance to select only desired diagnostic information from vast amounts of diagnostic information such as images and numerical values.
Card registration payment service and mobile electronic device implementing the same
An electronic device having a processor configured to execute a payment application program stored on a memory, receive at least a part of information on a transaction card or an account, which is used to perform payment using the payment application program, through an image acquisition device or a user interface, transmit at least the part of the information to an outside through a communication circuit, receive an indication, which is selected on the basis of at least the part of the information from the outside, through the communication circuit, to request selected input items through the user interface on the basis of at least a part of the indication, to receive information that corresponds to the selected input items through the user interface, and to transmit the information to the outside through the communication circuit.. .
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Mobile terminal iris recognition having human-computer interaction mechanism
A mobile terminal iris recognition device having a human-computer interaction mechanism, the device includes a human-computer interaction module, an image acquisition module, an iris image analysis and processing module, a feedback control module and a power supply module. Also provided is an iris recognition method utilizing the device.
Beijing Irisking Co., Ltd
Passenger counting system, passenger counting method and passenger counting program
A passenger counting system that can count correctly the number of persons present in a vehicle, including persons sitting on the back seat, is provided. The passenger counting system includes an image capturing device 11 which is arranged outside the vehicle and which captures an image of the vehicle from the lateral direction of the vehicle, an image acquisition unit 31 that controls the image capturing device 11 and acquires an image in which the inside of the vehicle is captured as an input image, a profile detection unit 32 that detects a profile of a person from a partial image obtained from the input image based on an image feature amount calculated by using the partial image and outputs a detection result, and a passenger number determination unit 33 that determines the number of persons present in the vehicle based on the detection result..
A image acquisition using supervised high quality imaging
An image capture system and method for imaging biological samples disposed in culture media supported by a plate. The system has a calibration module, an image acquisition module and an image presentation module.
Bd Kiestra B.v.
Low-vision reading vision assisting system based on ocr and tts
A low-vision reading vision assisting system based on ocr and tts, having an image acquisition module, a processing module and an output module. The image acquisition module is used for scanning a read object and acquiring and outputting an image.
Image processing apparatus and image processing method
An image processing apparatus and method can combine images, while maintaining continuity without causing discomfort, that capture the surrounding area of an automobile. An image processing apparatus includes an image acquisition unit that acquires first and second images respectively capturing surrounding areas of an automobile including first and second areas, an outline detector that performs outline detection on the first and second images and generates first and second outlines respectively, a determiner that determines whether the first and second outlines each include an outline of the same object, and a area selector that performs area setting and perspective conversion on the first or second image when the first and second outlines are determined to include an outline of the same object, so that in a combined image generated by combining at least the first and second images, the first and second outlines are continuous at the same object..