|| List of recent Hydrolysis-related patents
| Purification methods for betulonic acid and boc-lysinated betulonic acid, and organic synthesis of betulonic acid amides with piperazine derivatives|
The present invention provides a method of purifying betulonic acid contained the reaction product of organic synthesis of a jones oxidation reagent and betulin extracted from the bark of a birch, a method of preparing a piperazine betulonic acid amide derivative, which is used as a chemical having an antibacterial function, using the high-purity betulonic acid obtained by the purification method and a derivative prepared by this method, a method of purifying a boc-lysinated betulonic acid monomer ester contained in the reaction product of organic synthesis of lysine and the high-purity betulonic acid (starting material) obtained by the purification method, and a method of purifying boc-lysinated betulonic acid contained in the reaction product of hydrolysis of the high-purity boc-lysinated betulonic acid monomer ester.. .
| Additives for stabilizing polymers with respect to hydrolysis|
Use of copolymers (c) comprising at least one epoxy group and at least one alkoxysilane group as stabilizers for polymers (p), where the copolymers (c) are generally obtained via polymerization of monomers and said monomers comprise those that comprise epoxy groups or alkoxysilane groups or epoxy groups and alkoxysilane groups, or that are reacted during or after polymerization and, after the reaction, comprise epoxy groups or alkoxysilane groups, or epoxy groups and alkoxysilane groups. Processes for stabilizing polymers (p) with respect to hydrolysis, which comprise adding, to the polymers (p), an effective amount of copolymers (c).
| System for hydrolyzing a cellulosic feedstock slurry using one or more unmixed and mixed reactors|
Provided is a system for hydrolyzing a cellulosic feedstock slurry. The system comprises one or more unmixed reactors for receiving and partially hydrolyzing the cellulosic feedstock slurry so as to produce a mixture of partially hydrolyzed slurry.
| Animal digests having enhanced palatability for use in pet food|
The present invention concerns a method for preparing an animal digest having enhanced palatability, comprising: a) providing animal viscera; b) contacting said animal viscera with at least one alkaline endopeptidase in an appropriate amount; c) allowing said alkaline endopeptidase to hydrolyze said animal viscera for a suitable period of time; d) thermally treating the thus obtained digest product to inactivate said alkaline endopeptidase; and e) obtaining said animal digest having an appropriate degree of hydrolysis and exhibiting enhanced palatability. The present invention also relates to animal digests having enhanced palatability that are obtainable by such a method, and uses thereof for preparing pet food having enhanced palatability..
| Novel zeolitic materials with heteroatom substitutions on external surface of lattice framework|
A zeolite material is provided having non-boron heteroatoms on the external surface of the zeolitic material lattice framework and b heteroatoms, or silanols created from boron hydrolysis, throughout the remainder of the lattice framework. The lattice framework of the zeolite material comprises large pore 12 member ring or larger openings at the external surface of the framework, and 10 member ring or smaller openings beneath the external surface large pore openings.
| Method for producing cellulose nanofibers|
Provided is a method which is capable of producing a cellulose nanofiber dispersion liquid that has a low viscosity and excellent fluidity even at a high concentration, while exhibiting excellent transparency. In a method for producing cellulose nanofibers, wherein a cellulosic starting material is oxidized in water using an oxidant in the presence of an n-oxyl compound and a compound that is selected from the group consisting of a bromide, an iodide and a mixture thereof and the thus obtained oxidized cellulose is defibrated and dispersed, pulp which is obtained by carrying out kraft cooking after a hydrolysis process is used as the cellulosic starting material..
|Systems and methods for hydrolysis of biomass|
Systems and methods are disclosed for treating lignocellulosic biomass to be supplied to a fermentation system for production of a fermentation product. The systems and methods comprise pre-treating the biomass into pre-treated biomass and separating the pre-treated biomass into a liquid component comprising sugars and a solids component comprising cellulose and lignin.
|Method of manufacturing coated substrate|
In a method of manufacturing a coated substrate having a coating film on a substrate, the method provides a highly durable coated substrate with high efficiency, while ensuring the storage stability of a coating film forming composition to be used. The method does not require a complicated processing.
|Base, products containing the same, preparation methods and uses thereof|
The present invention concerns a base characterized in that it is prepared by the following steps: (a) partial bio-hydrolysis of raw materials rich in precursors, and (b) thermal reaction steps of the resulting product from (a). Said base can be prepared with a further step, which is a subsequent or simultaneous fermentation of the resulting product from step (a)..
|Production method of quartz glass|
A method of manufacturing quartz glass includes depositing soot generated by flame hydrolysis of a raw material gas to a starting member, while the starting member is raised and rotated, to form a soot deposition member that includes an effective portion having a substantially constant outer diameter, the effective portion to become a material of a glass product, an upper ineffective portion formed at an upper end of the effective portion, and a lower ineffective portion formed at a lower end of the effective portion, each of the ineffective portions having an outer diameter changing in a tapering form, wherein the depositing includes forming the lower ineffective portion while decreasing a peripheral speed of a surface of the starting member to a predetermined final peripheral speed in a ratio of 1.3 m/minute or below per second during a period after the effective portion is formed.. .
|Process for producing powders from alkali metal salts of silanols|
Alkali metal silanolates are prepared by a process in which alcohol and water are removed from an alkali metal silanolate hydrolysis mixture in two steps, the second removal step occurring at a pressure lower than the first removal step.. .
|Aqueous cross-linking compositions and methods|
Water-borne cross-linking polymeric compositions and related embodiments, such as methods of making and using the compositions, as well as products formed with said compositions are described. The water-borne composition may comprise one or more polymers formulated from one or more monomers of which at least one is a monomer that yields acetaldehyde as a hydrolysis product, and incorporating cross-linking functionality such as, but not limited to, carbonyl or epoxy functionality, and a blocked cross-linking agent, for example, a hydrazone.
|Integrated processes for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to bioproducts and systems and apparatus related thereto|
An integrated biological process for cellulosic bioproduct production is provided, which, in one embodiment, results in high ethanol productivity, enzyme recycling and reuse of yeast cells. The integrated process can be an integrated separate hydrolysis and fermentation (shf) process or an integrated fast simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (fsscf) process.
|C1-c2 organic acid treatment of lignocellulosic biomass to produce acylated cellulose pulp, hemicellulose, lignin and sugars and fermentation of the sugars|
A process for production of c5 and c6 sugar enriched syrups from lignocellulosic biomass and fermentation products therefrom is described. A lignocellulosic biomass is treated with a c1-c2 acid (e.g., acetic acid) with washing thereof with a c1-c2 acid miscible organic solvent, (e.g., ethyl acetate).
|Cartridge for controlled production of hydrogen|
A reaction hydrogen production control mechanism is provided that includes, a solid sodium borohydride mixture, a liquid fuel reactant, at least one liquid delivery medium (ldm), a movable boundary interface (mbi) and a reaction zone, where the mbi is disposed to provide a constant contact between a reacting surface of the solid fuel mixture and the primary ldm to form the reaction zone. A reaction in the reaction zone includes a hydrolysis reaction.
|System and method for assessing adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis rate using double saturation transfer magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy|
A system and method for acquiring and using inversion-recovery data and spectral data. In particular, the inversion-recovery data and spectral data can be used to determine adenosine triphosphate (atp) hydrolysis rate of a subject without a quantification of inorganic phosphate..
|Hydrolysis of organochlorosilanes in tube bundle reactor|
A process for hydrolyzing organochlorosilanes involves reacting organochlorosilanes with water in a tube bundle reactor to form a polyorganosiloxane-containing crude hydrolyzate and hydrogen chloride.. .
|Acid-cleavable linkers exhibiting altered rates of acid hydrolysis|
An acid-cleavable peptide linker comprising aspartic acid and proline residues is disclosed. The acid-cleavable peptide linker provides an altered sensitivity to acid-hydrolytic release of peptides of interest from fusion peptides of the formula pep1-l-pep2.
|Fish protein hydrolysate having a bone-stimulating and maintaining activity, nutraceutical and pharmacological compositions comprising such a hydrolysate and method for obtaining same|
The present invention relates to a fish protein hydrolysate having a biological activity of interest, in particular an effect on the stimulation and maintenance of bone. The fish protein hydrolysate is characterized in that it is obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of at least one protein source selected from the fish species micromesistius poutassou, clupea harengus, scomber scombrus, sardina pilchardus, trisopterus esmarki, trachurus spp, gadus morhua, pollachius virens, melanogrammus aeglefinus and coryphaenoides rupestris, and the species of fish belonging to the order siluriformes, said enzymatic hydrolysis being carried out by means of an endopeptidase enzyme derived from bacillus subtilis.
|Vertically aligned mesoporous thin film, method of manufacturing the same, and catalytic application thereof|
This invention relates to a vertically aligned mesoporous silicate film with site-selective metal deposition from a single polymeric precursor and to diverse catalytic applications thereof. There is an innovative approach of a single precursor to manufacture a vertically aligned mesoporous silicate thin film having high thermal and chemical resistance on a large-area silicon wafer (2 cm×3 cm).
High-yielding method for chemical hydrolysis of lignocellulose into monosaccharides. The process of the invention can additionally be applied to cellulose, xylan and related biomass polysaccharides, such as galactan, mannan, or arabinan.
|Method for manufacturing detoxificated lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysate with decreased or eliminated toxicity and method for manufacturing organic or and biofuel using the same|
Disclosed is a method for detoxifying a lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysate, including: preparing a hydrolysate by pretreating a lignocellulosic biomass by hydrolysis; and decreasing or removing toxicity by adding a surfactant to the hydrolysate. The detoxifying method according to the present disclosure may effectively remove toxicity of compounds derived from lignin that inhibit the growth of and fermentation by microorganisms during the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass.
|Multi-component filters for emissions control|
Catalytic articles, systems and methods for treating exhaust gas streams are described. A catalytic article comprising a wall flow filter having gas permeable walls, a hydrolysis catalyst, an optional soot oxidation catalyst, a selective catalytic reduction catalyst permeating the walls, an ammonia oxidation catalyst and an oxidation catalyst to oxidize co and hydrocarbons is described.
|Method for preparing sugars|
In an embodiment of the present disclosure, a method for preparing a sugar is provided. The method includes mixing an organic acid and a solid acid catalyst to form a mixing solution, adding a cellulosic biomass to the mixing solution to proceed to a dissolution reaction, and adding water to the mixing solution to proceed to a hydrolysis reaction to obtain a sugar..
A casein hydrolysate formed by controlled hydrolysis of a casein substrate by an aspergillus-derived (fugal) proteolytic preparation is described. The controlled hydrolysis employs a flavorpro-whey™ formulation and a degree of hydrolysis (% dh) of from 5% dh to 15% dh.
|Hydrolysis and fermentation process for animal feed production|
A method for production of an animal feed product comprises: a) partial hydrolysis of a fermentation feedstock or the non-ethanol by-product of a fermentation process performed on a fermentation feedstock, which partial hydrolysis converts non starch polysaccharides to soluble oligomers and monomers; b) fermentation of the soluble oligomers and monomers in the partially hydrolysed feedstock or non-ethanol by-product to produce ethanol; e) recovery of the non-ethanol by-product from the fermentation of step b) to produce an animal feed product more specifically an animal feed product with improved nutritional content. A method for production of an animal feed product comprises: a) partial hydrolosis of the non ethanol by-product of a fermentation process performed on a fermentation feedstock, which partial hydrolysis converts non starch polysaccharides to soluble oligomers and monomers; b) recovery of the partially hydrolysed product from step a), to exclude the soluble oligomers and monomers, to produce an animal feed product, more specifically an animal feed product with improved nutritional content.
|Two-stage chemi-mechanical pretreatment for lignocellulosic biomass|
A process for pretreating lignocellulosic biomass that increases monomeric sugar yields in subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis and reduces specific energy consumption during production of the hydrolysable material. The pretreatment includes a chemical treatment followed by a mechanical size reduction such as a disc refining step, and includes a second chemical treatment, harsher than the first, which may precede or follow the size reduction..
|Transparent inorganic-organic hybrid materials via aqueous sol-gel processing|
A sol to form an inorganic-organic hybrid coating having a thick highly transparent hard coating is described. The hybrid coating is formed from a combined aqueous sol with least one hydrolyzable silane and at least one hydrolyzable metal oxide precursor where the only organic solvents present are those liberated upon hydrolysis of the silanes and metal oxide precursors.
|Process for the preparation of 4-amino-5-fluoro-3-halo-6-(substituted)picolinates|
4-amino-5-fluoro-3-halo-6-(substituted)picolinates are conveniently prepared from 4,5,6-trichloropicolinonitrile by a series of steps involving fluorine exchange, amination, halogen exchange, halogenation, nitrile hydrolysis, esterification, and transition metal assisted coupling.. .
|Addition-type organosilicon sealant for halogen-free conductive and flame-resistant electric products|
This invention refers to an addition-type organosilicon sealant for halogen-free conductive and flame-resistant electric products, which consists of: a) vinyl silicone oil; b) silicon dioxide treated by silane or aluminium oxide treated by silane; c) a compound in which every molecule contains h—si functional group, the mass content of h is 0.1-1.2%; d) hydrolysis product from hydrolysis reaction between vinyl trimethoxy (triethoxy) silane and γ-(2,3-epoxy propoxy) propyl trimethoxy (triethoxy) silane; e) chloroplatinic acid or 1,3-divinyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyl disiloxane platinum complex; f) any one or combination of carbon black, iron black, titanium dioxide, cerium oxide, benzotriazole, zinc carbonate and magnesium carbonate. The substance provided by this invention, which is halogen-free and flame-resistant with certain heat conductivity and viscosity, is quite applicable to sealing of electric products..
|Installation and method for biomass conversion into methane|
The present invention relates to apparatuses, such as small and medium scale processing plants, for conversion of biomass into methane and other high-grade products such as fertiliser. The present invention further relates to methods and uses of the present apparatuses for conversion of biomass into methane and other high-grade products such as fertiliser.
|Use of proline specific endoproteases to hydrolyse peptides and proteins|
The present invention relates to a process for the proteolytic hydrolysis of a peptide or a polypeptide, said peptide or polypeptide comprising 4 to 40, preferably 5 to 35, amino acid residues and said peptide or polypeptide is not hydrolysable by subtilisin whereby said peptide or polypeptide is hydrolysed by a proline specific endo protease at a ph of 6.5 or lower, preferably 5.5 or lower and more preferably 5.0 or lower to hydrolyse said peptide or polypeptide.. .
|Control of biofilm formation|
The invention relates to control of biofilm development. Specifically, some embodiments of the present invention relate to control of bacterial biofilm formation through addition or breakdown of signal(s) that induce biofilm formation.
|Calcium lsx and lithium-h-lsx zeolite oxygen enrichment system for an internal combustion engine|
A system for increasing the power of cars by increasing the oxygen content in the intake manifold supply using a zeolite filtration system. This system does not rely on the conventional method of injecting pure oxygen from a tank or using hydrolysis from water.
|Renewable energy system|
An integrated renewable energy system is provided for a tall multi-story building including solar, wind, and hydrogen subsystems. The solar subsystem includes a plurality of photovoltaic panels to produce a first source of electrical energy and a concentrated solar thermal system for producing a second source of electrical energy.
|Glucanases, nucleic acids encoding them and methods for making and using them|
The invention relates to polypeptides having glucanase, e.g., endoglucanase, mannanase, xylanase activity or a combination of these activities, and polynucleotides encoding them. In one aspect, the glucanase activity is an endoglucanase activity (e.g., endo-1,4-beta-d-glucan 4-glucano hydrolase activity) and comprises hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-d-glycosidic linkages in cellulose, cellulose derivatives (e.g., carboxy methyl cellulose and hydroxy ethyl cellulose) lichenin, beta-1,4 bonds in mixed beta-1,3 glucans, such as cereal beta-d-glucans or xyloglucans and other plant material containing cellulosic parts.
|Additive for nonaqueous electrolyte, nonaqueous electrolyte, and electricity storage device|
In which a represents cmh(2m-n)zn, m being an integer of 1 to 6, n being an integer of 0 to 12, and z representing a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a silyl group, a phosphonic acid ester group, an acyl group, a cyano group, or a nitro group, the compound having a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy of −3.0 to 0.4 ev, a standard enthalpy of formation of −220 to −40 kcal/mol, and an enthalpy change with hydrolysis reaction of −5 to 5 kcal/mol.. .
|Method of encapsulating a phase change material with a metal oxide|
Storage systems based on latent heat storage have high-energy storage density, which reduces the footprint of the system and the cost. However, phase change materials (pcms), such as nano3, nacl, kno3, have very low thermal conductivities.
|Acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass with minimal use of an acid catalyst|
This specification describes a process of producing a monomeric sugar stream, with little or no acid addition, from an oligomeric sugar solution using the intrinsic features of the mildly pre-treated vegetable or ligno-cellulosic biomass, namely the presence of naturally occurring salts. This is accomplished by lowering the ph of the oligomer sugar solution with little or no addition of an acid and then exposing the biomass with the lowered ph to an elevated temperature greater than 80° c.
|Composition for forming titanium-containing resist underlayer film and patterning process|
The invention provides a composition for forming a titanium-containing resist underlayer film comprising: as component (a), a silicon-containing compound obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of one or more kinds of silicon compounds shown by the following general formula (a-i) and, as component (b), a titanium-containing compound obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of one or more kinds of hydrolysable titanium compounds shown by the following general formula (b-i). There can be provided a composition for forming a titanium-containing resist underlayer film to form a resist underlayer film having an excellent adhesiveness in fine patterning and an excellent etching selectivity relative to a conventional organic film and a silicon-containing film..
The present disclosure relates to hydrolysis of hexose-δ-lactones by use of an s. Thermophile extracellular aldonolactonase.
|Compositon for forming metal oxide-containing film and patterning process|
The invention provides a composition for forming a metal oxide-containing film comprising, as a component (a), a metal oxide-containing compound a1 obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of one or more kinds of hydrolysable metal compounds shown by the following general formula (a-1), as a component (b), an aromatic compound shown by the following general formula (b-1), the compound generating a hydroxyl group by thermal and/or an acid. There can be provided a composition for a resist lower layer film, which has high etching selectivity, capable of subjecting to stripping under mild conditions than the conventional process, has excellent pattern adhesiveness, and fine pattern formation can be performed..
|Method for producing solar cell module, solar cell backside sealing sheet, and solar cell module|
A method of producing a solar cell module including forming a silicon oxide layer by coating a paint containing at least one of silicate hydrolysis products and silica particles on at least one side of a base film; and adhering said silicon oxide layer with a silicone sealing material layer.. .
|Composition comprising fluorinated olefin/vinyl alcohol copolymer and alkoxysilane, compound, cured product formed from said composition, and film comprising said cured product|
A composition comprising a fluorinated olefin/vinyl alcohol copolymer, a predetermined alkoxysilane compound or its oligomer, a solvent and a hydrolysis/condensation catalyst, wherein the solvent is at least one member selected from the group consisting of a c3-10 ketone compound, a c2-10 nitrile compound, a c3-10 amide compound in which a hydrogen atom bonded to the nitrogen atom may be substituted by a c1-5 alkyl group, and a predetermined ether compound.. .
|Processes for making cellulose with very low lignin content for glucose, high-purity cellulose, or cellulose derivatives|
In some variations, the invention provides a process for producing purified cellulose, comprising: providing a feedstock comprising lignocellulosic biomass; contacting the feedstock with sulfur dioxide, water, and a solvent for lignin, to produce intermediate solids and a liquid phase comprising hemicelluloses and lignin; mildly bleaching the intermediate solids to further delignify the intermediate solids, thereby generating cellulose-rich solids; and washing the cellulose-rich solids to generate purified cellulose with less than 2 weight percent lignin. The bleaching may employ bleaching agents including lignin-modifying enzymes.
The present invention provides a compound which is useful as an active ingredient of a pharmaceutical composition, in particular, a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating diseases or conditions associated with and/or mediated by β-secretase activity, hydrolysis of a β-secretase site of a β-amyloid precursor protein, and/or β-amyloid protein accumulation, including a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating diseases including, but not limited to, glaucoma, mci (mild cognitive impairment) or alzheimer's disease, especially, alzheimer's disease.. .
|Whey protein hydrolysate containing tryptophan peptide consisting of alpha lactalbumin and the use thereof|
In a method for producing a whey protein hydrolysate, a whey substrate, selected from the group consisting of whey, commercially available whey powder, whey protein isolate, whey protein preparations, and α-lactalbumin obtained from whey, is enzymatically hydrolyzing at least with alcalase and trypsin as enzymes at a ratio of g enzymes/g whey substrate between 1:10 and 1:10,000 and at a temperature of between 30° c. And 70° c.
|Methods and apparatus for analysis of phase-i and phase-ii metabolites and parent compounds without hydrolysis|
An apparatus comprises: a first chromatographic column fluidically coupled to a source of sample and a source of a first chromatographic mobile phase solvent; a second chromatographic column fluidically coupled to the first column; a source of a second mobile phase solvent fluidically coupled between the first and second columns; and a detector, the first chromatographic column being configurable to receive, in a trapping step, the first solvent and sample and to retain a first portion of a plurality of analytes therein and to pass a second portion of the plurality of analytes therethrough, the second chromatographic column being configurable, in the trapping step, to receive the second portion of the plurality of analytes and the first and second solvents and to retain the second portion of the plurality of analytes therein, the detector being arranged to receive the second and first portions in respective first and second elution steps.. .
|Low flouride crustacean concentrated hydrolysate fraction compositions|
Fluorine being present in the exoskeleton of crustaceans, and especially krill represents a problem for using krill as a source for food, feed, food additives and/or feed additives. There has been developed a process for removing such fluorine from krill material by subjecting the krill to disintegration and to an enzymatic hydrolysis process prior to or simultaneously with a removal of the exoskeleton particles producing a fluorine-reduced product.
|Composition and use of hydrogenated alkyl ketene dimers|
Latent dispersants were made by the hydrogenation of an alkyl ketene dimer, alkenyl ketene dimer, or ketene multimer. Adding the latent dispersant to paper or paperboard increased its resistance to water and water vapor while maintaining recyclability and repulpability.
|Low formaldehyde vinyl ester/ethylene copolymer dispersions for use in adhesives|
Disclosed are low-formaldehyde aqueous dispersions of vinyl ester/ethylene, e.g., vinyl acetate/ethylene (vae), copolymers suitable for use in adhesives for applications such as tobacco or food products wherein only very low levels of formaldehyde are permitted. Such dispersions are prepared by emulsion copolymerization of a monomer mixture comprising a vinyl ester, ethylene, a stabilizing system comprising polyvinyl alcohol preferably having a degree of hydrolysis of at least 97 mole %, and a selected type of free radical redox polymerization initiator system.
|Polyols from biomass and polymeric products produced therefrom|
Polyol compositions containing methane linkages derived from amino acids. The polyols are obtained from the reaction of the carbonate with the cadres in the amino acids.
|Nutritional supplement, method for increasing the bacterial mass in the rumen of a ruminant and nutritional preparation and corresponding uses|
A nutritional supplement, a method for increasing the bacterial mass in the rumen of a ruminant and a nutritional preparation and corresponding uses. A nutritional supplement including proteins with a degree of hydrolysis above 28% and/or which have more than 23 mg α-amino nitrogen per gram of protein and/or have more than 10% of free amino acids.
|Sequential fermentation of hydrolsate and solids from a dilute acid hydrolysis of biomass to produce fermentation products|
A method of producing renewable material comprising (a) converting biologically a hemicellulose-derived material to form a first mixture comprising a first renewable material, and (b) convening a substantial amount of a material comprising cellulose and lignin in the presence of at least a portion of the first mixture to form a second mixture comprising second renewable material.. .
|Biomass fractionation processes, apparatus, and products produced therefrom|
Aspects of the avap® and green power+® technologies may be integrated, as disclosed herein. The present invention, in some variations, couples a first step of steam or hot-water extraction of biomass, with fractionation of the resulting solids using sulfur dioxide (or other acid), an alcohol (or other solvent), and water.
|Hydrolysis-stable polyurethane for coating elements in maritime applications|
A process for producing a polyurethane-coated conduit element includes mixing a) a mixture of aromatic and aliphatic polyisocyanate with, b) at least one polymeric compound having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate, c) at least one chain extender, d) a catalyst, and e) optionally at least one other auxiliary, additive, or both, to form a reaction mixture; applying the reaction mixture to a conduit element; and allowing the reaction mixture to react to form a polyurethane layer. The polyurethane-coating conduit element is suitable for maritime applications in the oil and gas industry, which polyurethane has improved hydrolysis stability at high temperatures and nevertheless satisfies the high mechanical demands in the oil and gas industry..
|Hydrolysis-stable polyurethane for use in the off-shore sector|
The present invention relates to a process for producing polyurethane-coated conduit elements, in which (a) aliphatic polyisocyanate is mixed with (b) compounds having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate, (c) catalyst and (d) optionally other auxiliaries and/or additives, to form a first reaction mixture, the reaction mixture is applied directly or indirectly to a pipe and allowed to react to form a polyurethane layer, wherein the compounds having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate comprise a compound based on an alkoxylation product of an aromatic starter molecule. The present invention further relates to conduit elements which can be obtained by such a process..
|Piezoelectric device and method for manufacturing piezoelectric device|
In a method for manufacturing a piezoelectric device while stably achieving strong bonding, a moisture-absorbing layer is formed on a bonding surface side of a piezoelectric single-crystal substrate. The moisture-absorbing layer is allowed to absorb moisture.
|Aftertreatment system incorporating hydrolysis catalyst with particulate filtration and scr|
An aftertreatment system is disclosed. The aftertreatment system can include a hydrolysis catalyst disposed within a first canister adjacent to a downstream end of the first canister and a nozzle positioned to inject reductant into the first canister upstream of the hydrolysis catalyst.
|Processes and apparatus for lignin separation in biorefineries|
The present invention generally provides methods of improving lignin separation during biomass fractionation with an acid to release sugars and a solvent for lignin (such as ethanol). In some embodiments, a digestor is employed to fractionating a feedstock in the presence of a solvent for lignin, sulfur dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin.
|Comb polymers with delayed alkaline hydrolysis|
Comb polymers having carboxyl/carboxylate and ester groups, containing a) 0.1-0.9 mol fractions of a partial structural unit s1, which is derived from an acrylic/methacrylic or maleic acid unit, b) 0-0.4 mol fractions of a partial structural unit s2, which is derived, for example, from an acrylic/methacrylic or maleic acid unit, which is esterified by means of a c1 to c20-alkanol or a polyalkylene glycol, alkyl-capped on one end, preferably a polyethylene glycol, and c) 0.1-0.4 mol fractions of a partial structural unit s3, which is derived from an acrylic/methacrylic or maleic acid unit, which is esterified by means of a polyalkylene glycol monoalkyl ether, which has a terminal, secondary hydroxyl group of the form-ch(r3)oh, wherein r3 is bulky alkyl group, preferably a methyl group.. .
An exhaust system, and a catalyzed substrate, is disclosed. The system comprises a catalyzed substrate, a counterflow urea injector downstream of the catalyzed substrate, and a first selective catalytic reduction (scr) catalyst downstream of the counterflow injector.
|Automated method and system for introducing molecular iodine into drinking water|
A system for delivering molecular iodine or other substance into a pet's drinking water on a daily basis without exceeding the safe amount allowed for the pet. The system delivers a particular amount of molecular iodine into the pet water supply to achieve maximum benefit of i2 to reduce or eliminate bad pet breath and minimize total iodine in the pet diet so that 20-40 μg/ml/kg/day iodine is consumed for optimum thyroid health.
|Method of producing methionine|
The invention provides the following method capable of producing methionine in a shorter time by making rapid progress of the hydrolysis of 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin from an aqueous 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin solution containing ammonia component. A method of producing methionine is the method comprising hydrolyzing 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin in an aqueous 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin solution containing ammonia component, wherein the hydrolysis is performed after the ammonia component is removed from the aqueous solution..
|Manufacture of a triiodinated contrast agent|
A new compound, (s)-5-(2-acetoxypropanamido)-2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid, of formula ii (s)-5-(2-acetoxypropanamido)-2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid. Said new compound is of use for the production of triiodinated contrast agent, especially lopamidol, with low content of acetyl and hydroxyacetyl analogs.
|Novel durable, hydrolysis-stable bio-based plastics based on polyhydroxyalkanoate (pha), method for producing same, and use thereof|
The invention relates to the invention provides innovative long-lived and hydrolysis-stable biobased plastics based on polyhydroxyalkanoate (pha) and featuring sufficient melt stability, a method for producing them and their use.. .
|Raw materials for vanadium-free or vanadium-reduced denox catalysts, and method for producing same|
A composition that comprises a titanium compound, an iron compound, and a tungsten compound, wherein the titanium compound has a microcrystalline anatase structure and/or is obtained in the production of tio2 according to the sulphate process, during hydrolysis of a solution which contains titanyl sulphate, and also in that the composition has a vanadium content, calculated as v, of less than 0.15 wt. % in relation to the solids content of the composition.
|Anaerobic digestion with supercritical water hydrolysis as pretreatment|
An hydrolysis stage of an anaerobic digestion (ad) process includes supercritical treatment in a reactor (r1). The treatment may use sub-stoichiometric oxygen so that there is not full oxidation.
|Strain of bacillus subtilis and applications thereof|
The present invention is directed to a strain of bacillus subtilis and applications using the strain to raise the efficiency and/or yield of generation of glucose produced by the hydrolysis of cellulose.. .
|Methods for improvement of enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellullosic material|
The present invention relates to a method of enzymatic hydrolysis of a lignocellulosic material, comprising the steps of: a) pretreating the lignocellulosic material to obtain a slurry having a ph of less than 6; b) adding naoh, ca(oh)2 and/or cao to the slurry to increase its ph to at least 8, said addition being carried out at a slurry temperature of at least 60° c.; c) reducing the ph of the slurry to below 7; and optionally cooling the slurry from step b) to a temperature below 60° c.; and d) adding hydrolytic enzymes to the slurry from c) and allowing the slurry to hydrolyze wherein no washing of the slurry is performed prior to step d). .
|Two step novel hydrogen system using additives to enhance hydrogen release from the hydrolysis of alane and activated aluminum|
Additionally, a process in which water is added directly without prior history to the alh3:pa composite is also disclosed,. .