|| List of recent Hydrolysis-related patents
| Edible composition|
Foods or meals high in available carbohydrate such as sucrose or starch increase postprandial blood glucose concentrations. Repeated high post-prandial plasma glucose “spikes” are associated with an increased risk of developing type ii diabetes.
| Enhanced fermentation from pretreatment products|
Provided are methods and compositions for higher yields through the addition of pretreatment/hydrolysis extracts in the fermentation process. These fractions increase the rate of growth for biocatalysts and result in improved composition of fermentation end products..
| Glycosyl hydrolase enzymes and uses thereof for biomass hydrolysis|
The present invention relates to compositions that can be used in hydrolyzing biomass such as compositions comprising a polypeptide having glycosyl hydrolase (gh) family 61/endoglucanase activity and/or a β-glucosidase polypeptide, methods for hydrolyzing biomass material, and methods for using such compositions.. .
| Process for preparing chromium(iii) oxide|
D) calcination of the hydrolysis product obtained in step c) at a temperature of from 700 to 1400° c., in particular from 800 to 1300° c.. .
| Functional reinforcing fillers modified with alkenylalkoxysilane and preparing method of the same|
Disclosed are a functional reinforcing filler including inorganic particles surface-modified with an alkenylsilanol obtained by hydrolyzing an alkenylalkoxysilane compound, and a method for preparing the same. Since the disclosed functional reinforcing filler has a functional group having a double bond, it has good reactivity for styrene-butadiene rubber and sulfur.
|Extraction of chitins in a single step by enzymatic hydrolysis in an acid medium|
A method of enzymatic extraction of chitin is realized in a single step wherein the chitin is obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of raw material constituted by animal biomass including chitin, the enzymatic hydrolysis using an enzyme active in acid medium. Also disclosed is a process of optimization of the method of enzymatic extraction of chitin, as well as the chitin susceptible to be obtained by the method of enzymatic extraction..
|Method for the enzyme-catalysed hydrolysis of polyacrylic acid esters, and esterases used therefor|
The invention relates to a method for the enzyme-catalysed hydrolysis of polyacrylic acid esters. According to said method, at least one polyacrylic acid ester is provided and incubated with at least one enzyme selected from enzymes (ec 3.1) acting on ester bindings, until the ester groups contained in the polyacrylic acid ester are partially or fully hydrolytically split, and optionally the modified polymer obtained thereby is isolated.
|Polyester polyol-containing polyurethane systems having improved hydrolytic stability|
An isocyanate reactive composition for making a polyurethane foam includes a tertiary amine urethane catalyst comprising a di(c1-c4)alkyl fatty alkyl amine and a polyester polyol. The use of one or more of fatty alkyl tertiary amine serves to reduce hydrolysis of the polyester polyol in the isocyanate reactive composition..
|Processes for extracting carbohydrates from biomass and converting the carbohydrates into biofuels|
A process for extracting carbohydrates from biomass and creating bioalcohol from the extracted carbohydrates. Subjecting the biomass to acid or alkali hydrolysis in a first hydrodynamic cavitation process.
|Fungal endoglucanases, their production and use|
Novel fungal endoglucanases cel5 and cel12 are disclosed. The endoglucanases are conveniently produced by recombinant technology, and means for their production are described.
|Device for recovering sicl4 slurry and method for the same|
A device for recovering sicl4 slurry and method for the same, comprising a paddle dryer for receiving sicl4 slurry containing chlorosilane; a first spray scrubber for receiving exhaust gas from the paddle dryer; a condenser for condensing and recovering the purifying exhaust gas from the first spray scrubber and discharging supersaturated vapor that after condensation and separation; a defogging separator for removing liquid droplets from supersaturated vapor which is cooled by the condenser; a hydrolysis tank for receiving and hydrolyzing a paste-like slurry from the paddle dryer and vapor from the defogging separator to produce mixture and exhaust gas; a drum pressure filter for receiving neutralization products from a neutralization stirring tank.. .
|Fluid dynamic pressure bearing apparatus and spindle motor|
There is provided a fluid dynamic pressure bearing apparatus including a shaft, a bearing sleeve rotatably supporting the shaft, and a lubricating oil filled between the shaft and the bearing sleeve, wherein at least one of the shaft and the bearing sleeve is formed of a copper alloy containing 0.8 wt % to 5 wt % of lead, and a base oil of the lubricating is a member selected from the group consisting of monoester, dibasic acid diester, diol ester and mixtures thereof, and the lubricating oil contains 0.1 wt % to 1 wt % of condensed phosphate ester. The fluid dynamic pressure bearing apparatus is capable of suppressing the hydrolysis of the lubricating oil, and the wear of the shaft and the bearing sleeve..
|Outer layer having entanglement of hydrophobic polymer host blended with a maleated hydrophobic polymer co-host, and hydrophilic polymer guest|
The present disclosure provides, inter alia, a method of producing an outer layer material for forming into a structure and that comprises an entanglement having a hydrophobic polymer host and a hydrophilic guest, including in one embodiment the steps of: intermingling cloaked hydrophilic guest complexes with the hydrophobic host; crosslinking molecules of the guest with the guest; and performing a hydrolysis reaction.. .
|Method for producing siloxane oligomers|
[solving means] an embodiment of the present invention is a method for producing siloxane oligomers which includes using a 2-hydroxycarboxylic acid compound represented by a predetermined formula as a catalyst and subjecting an alkoxysilane to hydrolysis and condensation. According to the production method of the present invention, it is possible to synthesize siloxane oligomers with a low content of siloxanes having cyclic structures and a high molecular weight..
|Room temperature and humidity thickening thermo-conductive silicon grease composition|
(r1 is independently a substituted or non-substituted monovalent hydrocarbon group, r2 is independently an alkyl group, alkoxy alkyl group, alkenyl group, or acyl group, n is an integer between 2 and 100, and a is an integer between 1 and 3); (c) a silane compound which contains at least three hydrolysable groups bonded to a silicon atom in one molecule and/or a (partial) hydrolyzate or a (partial) hydrolysis condensate thereof; (d) a thickening catalyst; (e) a thermally conductive filler with a thermal conductivity of at least 10 w/m·° c.; and (f) silica fine powder.. .
|Post protein hydrolysis removal of a potent ribonuclease inhibitor and the enzymatic capture of dna|
The present invention concerns compositions and methods of extracting infectious pathogens from a volume of blood. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of creating a fibrin aggregate confining the pathogens and introducing a fibrin lysis reagent to expose the pathogens for analysis.
|Tannase, gene encoding same, and process for producing same|
Disclosed is a thermostable tannase derived from a microorganism. Specifically disclosed is a thermostable tannase derived from aspergillus awamori or aspergillus niger.
|Sugar products and fabrication method thereof|
In an embodiment of the present disclosure, a method for fabricating a sugar product is provided. The method includes mixing formic acid and lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, zinc chloride or iron chloride or lithium bromide, magnesium bromide, calcium bromide, zinc bromide or iron bromide or heteropoly acid to form a mixing solution, adding a cellulosic biomass to the mixing solution for a dissolution reaction, and adding water to the mixing solution for a hydrolysis reaction to obtain a sugar product.
|Sugar products and fabrication method thereof|
In an embodiment of the present disclosure, a sugar product and method for fabricating the same is provided. The method includes mixing an acid compound and lithium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, zinc chloride or iron chloride or lithium bromide, magnesium bromide, calcium bromide, zinc bromide or iron bromide or heteropoly acid to form a mixing solution, adding a cellulosic biomass to the mixing solution for a dissolution reaction, and adding water to the mixing solution for a hydrolysis reaction to obtain a sugar product.
|Enzyme and receptor modulation|
Covalent conjugates of an α,α-disubstituted glycine ester and a modulator of the activity of a target intracellular enzyme or receptor, wherein the ester group of the conjugate is hydrolysable by one or more intracellular carboxylesterase enzymes to the corresponding acid and the α,α-disubstituted glycine ester is conjugated to the modulator at a position remote from the binding interface between the inhibitor and the target enzyme or receptor pass into cells and the active acid hydrolysis product accumulates within the cells.. .
|New boranophosphate analogues of cyclic nucleotides|
The present invention relates to novel boranophosphate analogues of cyclic nucleotides. The invention further relates to the use of such compounds as reagents for signal transduction research or as modulators of cyclic nucleotide-regulated binding proteins and isoenzymes thereof, and/or as hydrolysis- and oxidation-resistant ligands for affinity chromatography, for antibody production or for diagnostic applications e.g.
|Invert emulsion based completion and displacement fluid and method of use|
A method of cleaning a wellbore prior to the production of oil or gas, wherein the wellbore has been drilled with an invert emulsion drilling mud that forms an invert emulsion filter cake is disclosed. The method may include circulating a breaker fluid into the wellbore, where the breaker fluid includes a non-oleaginous internal phase and an oleaginous external phase, where the non-oleaginous phase includes a water soluble polar organic solvent, a hydrolysable ester of a carboxylic acid, and a weighting agent, and the oleaginous external phase includes an oleaginous fluid and an emulsifier, and where the hydrolysable ester is selected so that upon hydrolysis an organic acid is released and the invert emulsion of the filter cake breaks..
|Novel microbial biocatalysts that enables use of cellodextrin as biofuel|
The present disclosure provides genetically engineered biocatalysts which enable intracellular assimilation of cellodextrin. The genetically engineered biocatalyst co-expresses a cellodextrin phosphorylase (cdp) gene and a cellobiose phosphorylase (cbp) gene.
|Immunological control of beta-amyloid levels in vivo|
Disclosed herein are compositions and methods useful for controlling β-amyloid levels. In particular, the instant invention relates to an antibody that catalyzes hydrolysis of β-amyloid at a predetermined amide linkage are provided.
|Method for the preparation of cinacalcet and intermediates and impurities thereof|
A method for the preparation of cinacalcet is disclosed comprising treating (r)-1-naphthyl ethylamine with an aromatic aldehyde to form (1r)-1-(2-naphthyl)-n-(aryl methylene)ethanamine derivative of formula (iv), which is further treated with 1-(3-halopropyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzene of formula (v) to obtain an iminium salt of formula (vi), followed by hydrolysis to obtain cinacalcet free base.. .
|Solvent for recovery of maleic anhydride from a gas stream|
A process is described for producing crude maleic anhydride from a reactor effluent stream containing maleic anhydride. The reactor effluent stream is contacted with a solvent having a normal boiling point between about 250° c.
|Acid-cleavable linkers exhibiting altered rates of acid hydrolysis|
An acid-cleavable peptide linker comprising aspartic acid and proline residues is disclosed. The acid-cleavable peptide linker provides an altered sensitivity to acid-hydrolytic release of peptides of interest from fusion peptides of the formula pep1-l-pep2.
|Electrode binder for lithium secondary batteries, negative electrode for lithium secondary batteries using same, lithium secondary battery, automobile, method for producing electrode binder for lithium secondary batteries, and method for manufacturing lithium secondary battery|
Provided are an electrode binder for lithium secondary batteries, which is suppressed in deterioration in adhesive power, strength and stretchability caused by decomposition of imide groups by hydrolysis, said imide groups being contained in a polyamide-imide that is used as a binder for an electrode active material, and which is capable of prolonging the service life of a lithium secondary battery by suppressing deterioration of an electrode even in cases where water is generated due to repeated charging and discharging; a negative electrode for lithium secondary batteries; a lithium secondary battery; a method for manufacturing a lithium secondary battery having long service life, said lithium secondary battery being suppressed in deterioration of an electrode even in cases where water is generated due to repeated charging and discharging; a method for producing an electrode binder for lithium secondary batteries; and an automobile. This electrode binder for lithium secondary batteries contains a polyamideimide and a carbodiimide.
|Biofuel containing furanic compounds and alkoxy benzene compounds and the process for obtaining these compounds from sugar cane by hydrolysis of cellulose, sugars and lignin in ionic liquids|
A biofuel consisting of a mixture of furanic compounds and polymethoxy benzene compounds which can be mixed with standard fuel consisting in hydrocarbons, and the process to obtain these compounds from sugar cane by converting cellulose, hemicellulose and sugars in furan derivatives and levullinic acid esthers and by converting lignin in alkoxy benzene compounds by hydrolysing the cellulose and lignin of sugar cane first in a mixture of n alkyl imidazolium chloride, hydrochloric acid 37% and an alcohol, dehydrating pentoses and hexoses so obtained from cellulose, stabilising the aldehyde groups as acetal and stabilising the phenolic hydroxyls obtained from lignin as alkyl ethers.. .
|Recombinant thermotolerant yeast with a substitute heat shock protein 104 promoter|
The invention provides a yeast strain and a method for making the same. The method has the step of replacing the regulation region upstream of the hsp104 gene in the genome of the yeast, so as to accelerate and prolong the expression span of hsp104 gene and enhance the capability of the yeast to ferment and produce ethanol in a high-temperature environment.
|Methods of anaerobic digestion of biomass to produce biogas|
Improved methods for anaerobic digestion of organic matter to produce biogas. Among the improvements given are including ferric iron in a hydrolysis reactor to increase the rate and efficiency of anaerobic hydrolysis to provide substrates for methanogenesis.
|Methods for preparing highly viscous ionomer-poly(vinylalcohol) coatings|
Disclosed are methods to form coatings on a substrate, the coatings comprising a blend of a poly(vinyl alcohol) composition comprising a poly(vinyl alcohol) characterized by a hydrolysis level of from about 85 to about 93 mole % and a 4 weight % aqueous viscosity at 20° c. Of about 16 to about 75 centipoise; and an ionomer comprising a parent acid copolymer that comprises ethylene and about 18 to about 30 weight % of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid, the acid copolymer having a melt flow rate from about 200 to about 1000 g/10 min., wherein about 50% to about 70% of the carboxylic acid groups of the copolymer are neutralized to carboxylic acid salts comprising potassium cations, sodium cations or combinations thereof.
|Organosiliconate powders, method for the production thereof and use thereof for hydrophobizing mineral building materials|
Solid alkali metal salts of organosilanols and/or their hydrolysis/condensation products are prepared by hydrolysis of organosilanes in water and in the presence of a basic alkali metal salt. The products contain predominately methyl and ethyl organic groups, and c4 or higher hydrocarbon groups as well.
|Polylactide resin and preparation method thereof|
The present invention is directed to an organometallic complex and a catalyst composition capable of producing polylactide resins with improved properties at a higher conversion rate, a method of producing the organometallic complex, polylactide resins having enhanced hydrolysis resistance and heat resistance together with superior mechanical properties, a preparation process therefor, and polylactide resin compositions including the same.. .
|Asymmetric synthesis method, related raw material and preparation method of (s,s)-2,8-diazabicyclo[4,3,0]nonane|
And in the formula (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), r is an amino-protecting group, especially c1-4 alkoxycarbonyl, benzyloxycarbonyl or benzyl which can be removed by hydrolysis or hydrogenation. Z═h2 or o; when z═h2, y is chlorine, bromine, iodine, methanesulfonate, tosylate, hydroxyl or hydroxyl with protection; and when z═o, y is or1, and r1 is c1-4 alkyl..
|Room-temperature-curable silicone rubber composition|
A room-temperature-curable silicone rubber composition comprises: (a) an organopolysiloxane having on silicon atoms in the molecular chain in one molecule at least two specific alkoxysilyl-containing groups; (b) an organopolysiloxane having on silicon atom in the molecular chain neither a hydroxyl group nor an alkoxy group; (c) an alkoxysilane or its partial hydrolysis and condensation product; (d) a condensation reaction catalyst; and optionally comprises (e) an adhesion promoter and/or (f) a re-inforcing filler. The composition cures at room temperature due to contact with atmospheric moisture and exhibits an excellent adhesiveness to substrate in contact with the composition during the cure of the composition..
|Methods for recovering peptides/amino acids and oil/fat from one or more ...|
According to a first aspect, hydrolysis of a protein-containing raw material and separation of amino acids/peptides is carried out, wherein the hydrolysis is effected by using the endogenous enzymes of the protein-containing raw material. The hydrolysate is passed through a membrane filter, wherein peptide/amino acids follow a permeate stream, whilst the active enzymes continuously break down any protein residues that are deposited on the membrane surface.
|Method for producing ethanol and solvents from lignocellulosic biomass including the recirculation of a butyl wine obtained by fermenting pentoses|
F) butylic fermentation of pentoses contained in vinasses obtained in e2) by a solventogenic microorganism and production of butyl wine; at least a portion of butyl wine is recycled upstream from at least one enzymatic hydrolysis and/or ethylic fermentation.. .
|Processes and apparatus for producing fermentable sugars, cellulose solids, and lignin from lignocellulosic biomass|
Variations of this invention reduce or avoid lignin precipitation during acidic hydrolysis of biomass hydrolysates (such as hemicellulose-containing liquid extracts). Net acid usage and byproduct salt formation are significantly reduced.
|Wastewater processing method of hydrolysis-acidification enhanced by addition of zero-valent iron (zvi)|
The invention discloses a wastewater processing method of hydrolysis-acidification enhanced by addition of zero-valent iron (zvi), including the following steps: 3˜6 zvi-filling layers are settled in the middle of an anaerobic hydrolysis-acidification reactor. Excess sludge taken from sewage treatment plant using as seed sludge is added into this anaerobic hydrolysis-acidification reactor for startup and domestication.
|System and method for conditioning a hardwood pulp liquid hydrolysate|
A system and method for hardwood pulp liquid hydrolysate conditioning includes a first evaporator receives a hardwood mix extract and outputting a quantity of vapor and extract. A hydrolysis unit receives the extract, hydrolyzes and outputs to a lignin separation device, which separates and recovers a quantity of lignin.
|Thermoplastic polyester elastomer resin composition and molding article comprising the same|
Disclosed are a thermoplastic polyester elastomer resin composition and a molded article comprising the same. More specifically, disclosed is a thermoplastic polyester elastomer resin composition which comprises a glycidyl group-modified ethylene-octene based copolymer resin, as a chain extension/hydrolysis resistance agent for blow and extrusion molding to improve melt viscosity, and increases a molecular weight through reaction extrusion and thus exhibits superior heat resistance, weather resistance, heat aging resistance, hydrolysis resistance, fatigue resistance properties, melt viscosity and parison stability, and in particular, exhibits superior blow molding, contains no gel, reduces production of odor-causing substances such as volatile organic compounds (tvoc) during blow molding, and maintains a balance between physical properties, moldability and operation environments.
|Insert molded article|
Provided is an insert molded article provided with a resin member, which has superior heat shock resistance, flame resistance, and hydrolysis resistance, and an insert member. The insert molded article is provided with the insert member and resin member, and a polybutylene terephthalate resin composition in which a halogenated epoxy compound (b) having a specific molecular weight, an antimony oxide compound (c), and a carbodiimide compound (d) are mixed into a polybutylene terephthalate resin (a) is used for the starting material for the resin member.
|Alkaline hydrolysis resistant adhesive|
There is described herewith an alkaline hydrolysis resistant carpet adhesive comprising an n-butyl acrylate acrylic polymer.. .
|Hydrolysis resistant polyester films|
A biaxially oriented polyester film comprising polyester and at least one hydrolysis stabiliser selected from a glycidyl ester of a branched monocarboxylic acid, wherein the monocarboxylic acid has from 5 to 50 carbon atoms, wherein said hydrolysis stabiliser is present in the film in the form of its reaction product with at least some of the end-groups of said polyester, and wherein said reaction product is obtained by the reaction of the hydrolysis stabiliser with the end-groups of the polyester in the presence of a metal cation selected from the group consisting of group i and group ii metal cations.. .
|Method for producing cellulose nanofibers|
Cellulose nanofibers are produced by means of a method comprising a step (a) of oxidizing a cellulosic starting material in the presence of an n-oxyl compound and a step (b) of forming the oxidized cellulosic starting material into nanofibers by defibrating the oxidized cellulosic starting material, and a step (c) of performing at least one selected from the following steps: a step (c-1) of treating the cellulosic starting material in water having a hydroxide ion concentration of 0.75 to 3.75 mol/l prior to performing the step (a); and a step (c-2) of subjecting the oxidized cellulosic starting material obtained from the step (a) to hydrolysis in an alkaline solution having a ph between 8 and 14 after performing the step (a) and prior to performing the step (b).. .
|Process for preparing methacrylic acid|
The present invention relates to a process for preparing methacrylic acid based on the hydrolysis of methacrylic esters.. .
|Fungal beta-xylosidase variants|
The present invention provides fungal xylanase and/or beta-xylosidase enzymes suitable for use in saccharification reactions. The present application further provides genetically modified fungal organisms that produce xylanase and/or beta-xylosidases, as well as enzyme mixtures exhibiting enhanced hydrolysis of cellulosic material to fermentable sugars, enzyme mixtures produced by the genetically modified fungal organisms, and methods for producing fermentable sugars from cellulose using such enzyme mixtures..
|Fluorinated ester monomer, making method, fluorinated ester polymer, and difluorohydroxycarboxylic acid|
A fluorinated ester monomer is provided having formula (1) wherein r1 is h, ch3 or cf3, r2 and r3 are h or a monovalent hydrocarbon group, or r2 and r3 forms a hydrocarbon ring, r4 is a monovalent hydrocarbon group, and k is 0 or 1. A polymer obtained from the monomer has transparency to radiation with a wavelength of up to 200 nm and appropriate alkaline hydrolysis, is constructed such that any of water repellency, water slip and surface segregation may be adjusted by a choice of its structure, and is useful in forming arf immersion lithography materials..
|Nano particle/polyamide composite material, preparation method therefor, and use thereof|
The present invention relates to the technical field of polymer composite material, and a nano particle/polyamide composite material, a preparation method therefor and a use thereof are disclosed. The nano particle/polyamide composite material comprises 0.01-99 parts by weight of inorganic nano particles and 1-99.99 parts by weight of a polyamide matrix.
|Process for the preparation of 4-amino-3-chloro-5-fluoro-6-(substituted)picolinates|
4-amino-3-chloro-5-fluoro-6-(substituted)picolinates are conveniently prepared from 3,4,5,6-tetrachloropicolinonitrile by a series of steps involving fluorine exchange, amination, reaction with hydrazine, halogenation, hydrolysis and esterification, and transition metal assisted coupling.. .
|Efficient lignocellulose hydrolysis with integrated enzyme production|
The present invention provides a process for degradation of lignocellulosic biomass, which has optionally been pre-treated. It is based on the finding that hydrolysis efficiency of the biomass is enhanced in the presence of a mechanically or chemically treated microorganism capable of producing the respective hydrolytic enzymes.
|Method and device for monitoring real-time polymerase chain reaction (pcr) utilizing electro-active hydrolysis probe (e-tag probe)|
A method for real-time electrochemical monitoring of pcr amplicons using a hydrolysis probe that is labeled with electro-active indicators and a microchip for implementing the method. The method provided is simpler and has higher specificity compared with the prior art.
|Precursor sol of aluminum oxide, optical member, and method for producing optical member|
A precursor sol of aluminum oxide contains a polycondensate formed by the hydrolysis of an aluminum alkoxide or an aluminum salt, a solvent, and an organic aluminum compound having a specific structure. An optical member is produced by a process including a step of immersing an aluminum oxide film in a hot water with a temperature of 60° c.
|Method of peptide hydrolysis, peptidase, the composition for use as a bacteriostatic and bactericidal agent, a kit and the uses of the active form of lytm from s. aureus or derivatives thereof|
The invention relates to new method of peptide hydrolysis, in particular of the cell walls of gram-positive bacteria, wherein the active form of lytm or derivative thereof is contacted with a peptide substrate, preferably with the cell walls of gram-positive bacteria, in an aqueous environment of conductivity lower than 10 ms/cm. The invention also relates to composition comprising active form of lytm or derivative thereof and new uses of active form of lytm or derivative thereof..
|Equipment including epitaxial co-crystallized material|
An electric submersible pump motor can include a housing; and a hermetically sealed cavity defined at least in part by the housing that includes at least one material susceptible to hydrolysis, and a polymeric material that includes epitaxial co-crystals of perfluoroalkoxy (pfa) and polytetrafluoroethylene (ptfe). Various other apparatuses, systems, methods, etc., are also disclosed..
|Method of making 6-aminocaproic acid as active pharmaceutical ingredient|
The present invention provides a method for making 6-aminocaproic acid as an active pharmaceutical ingredient. The method comprises: performing a hydrolysis procedure to have ε-caprolactam react with acid or base to generate a first reaction mixture, performing a modification procedure to have a solubility regulating agent reacts with 6-aminocaproic acid in the first reaction mixture to form a second reaction mixture including an aminocaproic acid intermediate, performing a separation procedure to have the intermediate separated from the second reaction mixture and performing a hydrogenation procedure to have the aminocaproic acid intermediate hydrogenated to form a 6-aminocaproic acid product..
Dental composition comprising (i) a particulate filler; (ii) a polymerizable hydrolysis-stable compound of the following formula (1) axn wherein a is a linker group containing at least n nitrogen atoms and optionally one or more acidic groups, x are moieties containing a polymerizable double bond and forming an amide bond with a nitrogen atom of a, which x may be the same or different and are represented by the following formula (2) wherein r1 and r2 are independent from each other and represent a hydrogen atom, a c1-6 alkyl group or a group —(ch2)m—z, wherein z is coom, opo3m2, po3m2, so3m, and m is independently a hydrogen atom or a metal atom, and m is an integer of from 0 to 6, l is a bond, a c1-6 alkylene group; and n is an integer of at least 1; provided that at least one x cannot be a (meth)acryl group; and (iii) an initiator system.. .
The present disclosure relates to hydrolysis of hexose-δ-lactones by use of an s. Thermophile extracellular aldonolactonase.
|Method for producing porous granules from inorganic material and the use thereof|
Build-up granulation and compaction granulation methods are generally known for producing granules from porous inorganic material. In order to allow a cost-efficient yet also reproducible production of porous granules having a more pronounced hierarchical pore structure, the invention relates to a method comprising the following steps: (a) supplying a feedstock flow to a reaction zone in which the feedstock is converted to material particles by means of pyrolysis or hydrolysis, (b) depositing the material particles on a deposition surface (1a) forming a soot layer (5), (c) thermally hardening the soot layer (5) to form a porous soot plate (5a), and (d) comminuting the soot plate (5a) to form porous granules (13)..
|Processes and apparatus for lignin separation in biorefineries|
The present invention generally provides methods of improving lignin separation during lignocellulosic biorefining, comprising the steps of (i) catalyzing fractionation or hydrolysis with an acid to release sugars into an acidified solution containing lignin, (ii) neutralizing the acidified solution with a base to form a salt in a neutralized solution; (iii) in a separation unit, separating the salt and the lignin, each in free or combined form, from the neutralized solution; and then (iv) recycling a portion of the salt and optionally a portion of the lignin to step (i) to combine, physically or chemically, with the lignin, to improve lignin separation in the separation unit. In certain embodiments, the acid is a sulfur-containing acid and the base is lime, forming gypsum which is then recycled, in part, to the hydrolysis reactor..
|Methods of converting mixtures of palmitoleic and oleic acid esters to high value products|
The invention describes methods and systems for making particular organic compounds from unsaturated fatty acids derived from biological materials. Particular embodiments describe synthesizing civetone and olefins from a mixture of palmitoleic and oleic unsaturated fatty acid esters.
|Stabilization of polymers that contain a hydrolyzable functionality|
A process for treating a polymer having a hydrolyzable functionality, the method comprising: (i.) providing a polymer having hydrolyzable functionality; and (ii.) introducing a stabilizing agent to the polymer, where the stabilizing agent is defined by the formula (i) where ÷ is a hydrolyzable group that forms an acidic species upon hydrolysis, where r2, r3, and r4 are each independently a halogen atom, a hydrocarbyl group, a hydrocarboxylate group, or a hydrocarbyloxy group.. .
|Free enzyme and cellulosome preparations for cellulose hydrolysis|
Disclosed herein are combinations of free fungal enzymes and cellulosomes useful for the hydrolysis of cellulose and the conversion of biomass. Methods of degrading cellulose and biomass using the combinations are also disclosed..
|Multilayer resist process pattern-forming method and multilayer resist process inorganic film-forming composition|
A multilayer resist process pattern-forming method includes providing an inorganic film over a substrate. A protective film is provided on the inorganic film.
|Whey protein- and glycine-containing compositions|
Compositions are disclosed that include undenatured whey protein and glycine. The undenatured whey protein is preferably included at a final concentration of about 20%-80%, while the glycine is present at a final concentration of about 5%-35%.
|Aminopyridine compounds and their uses|
The invention generally relates to aminopyridines and methods of use thereof. In certain embodiments, the invention provides an aminopyridine or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof, in which the aminopyridine or the salt thereof includes a cleavable functional group that substantially prevents extra-hepatic hydrolysis..
|Process for the production of digested biomass useful for chemicals and biofuels|
In the pretreatment, the biomass is contacted with a solution containing at least one α-hydroxysulfonic acid thereby at least partially hydrolyzing the biomass to produce a pretreated stream containing a solution that contains at least a portion of hemicelluloses and a residual biomass that contains celluloses and lignin; separating at least a portion of the solution from the residual biomass providing an solution stream and a pretreated biomass stream; then contacting the pretreated biomass stream with a cooking liquor containing at least one alkali selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfide, potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, ammonium hydroxide, and mixtures thereof and water. A process that allows for higher recovery of carbohydrates and thereby increased yields is provided.
|Use of a hypoallergenic cereal composition for inducing specific oral tolerance|
A partial hydrolysate of cereal protein for use in inducing specific oral tolerance in a young mammal with allergy to said cereal protein, wherein the hydrolysate has a degree of hydrolysis between 9 and 18%, is disclosed.. .
|Method for treating biomass and organic waste with the purpose of generating desired biologically based products|
The present invention provides a method for treatment of lignocellulosic organic waste or biomass, by which the carbohydrates are rendered more available for subsequent hydrolysis, e.g. By means of addition of enzymes or direct fermentation to one or more desired products.
This invention relates to the use of a tunicate or an extract obtained from a tunicate for the production of one or more biofuel selected from an alcohol and biodiesel. The invention also relates to a method for producing a biofuel from a tunicate wherein the biofuel is selected from an alcohol and biodiesel and wherein said method comprises the steps of: (a)(i) subjecting said tunicate or one or more polysaccharides extracted from said tunicate to enzymatic or acid hydrolysis to form a hydrolysate containing one or more monosaccharides and (ii) fermenting said one or more monosaccharides to form an alcohol; or (b)(i) extracting lipids/fatty acids from said tunicate and (ii) converting said lipids/fatty acids into biodiesel by transesterification or alcoholysis or (iii) subjecting said tunicate to transesterification or alcoholysis thereby converting lipids/fatty acids present in said tunicate into biodiesel..