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Additive for nonaqueous electrolyte, nonaqueous electrolyte, and electricity storage device
Method of encapsulating a phase change material with a metal oxide
|| List of recent Hydrolysis-related patents
|Glucanases, nucleic acids encoding them and methods for making and using them|
The invention relates to polypeptides having glucanase, e.g., endoglucanase, mannanase, xylanase activity or a combination of these activities, and polynucleotides encoding them. In one aspect, the glucanase activity is an endoglucanase activity (e.g., endo-1,4-beta-d-glucan 4-glucano hydrolase activity) and comprises hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-d-glycosidic linkages in cellulose, cellulose derivatives (e.g., carboxy methyl cellulose and hydroxy ethyl cellulose) lichenin, beta-1,4 bonds in mixed beta-1,3 glucans, such as cereal beta-d-glucans or xyloglucans and other plant material containing cellulosic parts.
|Additive for nonaqueous electrolyte, nonaqueous electrolyte, and electricity storage device|
In which a represents cmh(2m-n)zn, m being an integer of 1 to 6, n being an integer of 0 to 12, and z representing a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a silyl group, a phosphonic acid ester group, an acyl group, a cyano group, or a nitro group, the compound having a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy of −3.0 to 0.4 ev, a standard enthalpy of formation of −220 to −40 kcal/mol, and an enthalpy change with hydrolysis reaction of −5 to 5 kcal/mol.. .
|Method of encapsulating a phase change material with a metal oxide|
Storage systems based on latent heat storage have high-energy storage density, which reduces the footprint of the system and the cost. However, phase change materials (pcms), such as nano3, nacl, kno3, have very low thermal conductivities.
|Acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass with minimal use of an acid catalyst|
This specification describes a process of producing a monomeric sugar stream, with little or no acid addition, from an oligomeric sugar solution using the intrinsic features of the mildly pre-treated vegetable or ligno-cellulosic biomass, namely the presence of naturally occurring salts. This is accomplished by lowering the ph of the oligomer sugar solution with little or no addition of an acid and then exposing the biomass with the lowered ph to an elevated temperature greater than 80° c.
|Composition for forming titanium-containing resist underlayer film and patterning process|
The invention provides a composition for forming a titanium-containing resist underlayer film comprising: as component (a), a silicon-containing compound obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of one or more kinds of silicon compounds shown by the following general formula (a-i) and, as component (b), a titanium-containing compound obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of one or more kinds of hydrolysable titanium compounds shown by the following general formula (b-i). There can be provided a composition for forming a titanium-containing resist underlayer film to form a resist underlayer film having an excellent adhesiveness in fine patterning and an excellent etching selectivity relative to a conventional organic film and a silicon-containing film..
The present disclosure relates to hydrolysis of hexose-δ-lactones by use of an s. Thermophile extracellular aldonolactonase.
|Compositon for forming metal oxide-containing film and patterning process|
The invention provides a composition for forming a metal oxide-containing film comprising, as a component (a), a metal oxide-containing compound a1 obtained by hydrolysis and/or condensation of one or more kinds of hydrolysable metal compounds shown by the following general formula (a-1), as a component (b), an aromatic compound shown by the following general formula (b-1), the compound generating a hydroxyl group by thermal and/or an acid. There can be provided a composition for a resist lower layer film, which has high etching selectivity, capable of subjecting to stripping under mild conditions than the conventional process, has excellent pattern adhesiveness, and fine pattern formation can be performed..
|Method for producing solar cell module, solar cell backside sealing sheet, and solar cell module|
A method of producing a solar cell module including forming a silicon oxide layer by coating a paint containing at least one of silicate hydrolysis products and silica particles on at least one side of a base film; and adhering said silicon oxide layer with a silicone sealing material layer.. .
|Composition comprising fluorinated olefin/vinyl alcohol copolymer and alkoxysilane, compound, cured product formed from said composition, and film comprising said cured product|
A composition comprising a fluorinated olefin/vinyl alcohol copolymer, a predetermined alkoxysilane compound or its oligomer, a solvent and a hydrolysis/condensation catalyst, wherein the solvent is at least one member selected from the group consisting of a c3-10 ketone compound, a c2-10 nitrile compound, a c3-10 amide compound in which a hydrogen atom bonded to the nitrogen atom may be substituted by a c1-5 alkyl group, and a predetermined ether compound.. .
|Processes for making cellulose with very low lignin content for glucose, high-purity cellulose, or cellulose derivatives|
In some variations, the invention provides a process for producing purified cellulose, comprising: providing a feedstock comprising lignocellulosic biomass; contacting the feedstock with sulfur dioxide, water, and a solvent for lignin, to produce intermediate solids and a liquid phase comprising hemicelluloses and lignin; mildly bleaching the intermediate solids to further delignify the intermediate solids, thereby generating cellulose-rich solids; and washing the cellulose-rich solids to generate purified cellulose with less than 2 weight percent lignin. The bleaching may employ bleaching agents including lignin-modifying enzymes.
The present invention provides a compound which is useful as an active ingredient of a pharmaceutical composition, in particular, a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating diseases or conditions associated with and/or mediated by β-secretase activity, hydrolysis of a β-secretase site of a β-amyloid precursor protein, and/or β-amyloid protein accumulation, including a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating diseases including, but not limited to, glaucoma, mci (mild cognitive impairment) or alzheimer's disease, especially, alzheimer's disease.. .
|Whey protein hydrolysate containing tryptophan peptide consisting of alpha lactalbumin and the use thereof|
In a method for producing a whey protein hydrolysate, a whey substrate, selected from the group consisting of whey, commercially available whey powder, whey protein isolate, whey protein preparations, and α-lactalbumin obtained from whey, is enzymatically hydrolyzing at least with alcalase and trypsin as enzymes at a ratio of g enzymes/g whey substrate between 1:10 and 1:10,000 and at a temperature of between 30° c. And 70° c.
|Methods and apparatus for analysis of phase-i and phase-ii metabolites and parent compounds without hydrolysis|
An apparatus comprises: a first chromatographic column fluidically coupled to a source of sample and a source of a first chromatographic mobile phase solvent; a second chromatographic column fluidically coupled to the first column; a source of a second mobile phase solvent fluidically coupled between the first and second columns; and a detector, the first chromatographic column being configurable to receive, in a trapping step, the first solvent and sample and to retain a first portion of a plurality of analytes therein and to pass a second portion of the plurality of analytes therethrough, the second chromatographic column being configurable, in the trapping step, to receive the second portion of the plurality of analytes and the first and second solvents and to retain the second portion of the plurality of analytes therein, the detector being arranged to receive the second and first portions in respective first and second elution steps.. .
|Low flouride crustacean concentrated hydrolysate fraction compositions|
Fluorine being present in the exoskeleton of crustaceans, and especially krill represents a problem for using krill as a source for food, feed, food additives and/or feed additives. There has been developed a process for removing such fluorine from krill material by subjecting the krill to disintegration and to an enzymatic hydrolysis process prior to or simultaneously with a removal of the exoskeleton particles producing a fluorine-reduced product.
|Composition and use of hydrogenated alkyl ketene dimers|
Latent dispersants were made by the hydrogenation of an alkyl ketene dimer, alkenyl ketene dimer, or ketene multimer. Adding the latent dispersant to paper or paperboard increased its resistance to water and water vapor while maintaining recyclability and repulpability.
|Low formaldehyde vinyl ester/ethylene copolymer dispersions for use in adhesives|
Disclosed are low-formaldehyde aqueous dispersions of vinyl ester/ethylene, e.g., vinyl acetate/ethylene (vae), copolymers suitable for use in adhesives for applications such as tobacco or food products wherein only very low levels of formaldehyde are permitted. Such dispersions are prepared by emulsion copolymerization of a monomer mixture comprising a vinyl ester, ethylene, a stabilizing system comprising polyvinyl alcohol preferably having a degree of hydrolysis of at least 97 mole %, and a selected type of free radical redox polymerization initiator system.
|Polyols from biomass and polymeric products produced therefrom|
Polyol compositions containing methane linkages derived from amino acids. The polyols are obtained from the reaction of the carbonate with the cadres in the amino acids.
|Nutritional supplement, method for increasing the bacterial mass in the rumen of a ruminant and nutritional preparation and corresponding uses|
A nutritional supplement, a method for increasing the bacterial mass in the rumen of a ruminant and a nutritional preparation and corresponding uses. A nutritional supplement including proteins with a degree of hydrolysis above 28% and/or which have more than 23 mg α-amino nitrogen per gram of protein and/or have more than 10% of free amino acids.
|Sequential fermentation of hydrolsate and solids from a dilute acid hydrolysis of biomass to produce fermentation products|
A method of producing renewable material comprising (a) converting biologically a hemicellulose-derived material to form a first mixture comprising a first renewable material, and (b) convening a substantial amount of a material comprising cellulose and lignin in the presence of at least a portion of the first mixture to form a second mixture comprising second renewable material.. .
|Biomass fractionation processes, apparatus, and products produced therefrom|
Aspects of the avap® and green power+® technologies may be integrated, as disclosed herein. The present invention, in some variations, couples a first step of steam or hot-water extraction of biomass, with fractionation of the resulting solids using sulfur dioxide (or other acid), an alcohol (or other solvent), and water.
|Hydrolysis-stable polyurethane for coating elements in maritime applications|
A process for producing a polyurethane-coated conduit element includes mixing a) a mixture of aromatic and aliphatic polyisocyanate with, b) at least one polymeric compound having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate, c) at least one chain extender, d) a catalyst, and e) optionally at least one other auxiliary, additive, or both, to form a reaction mixture; applying the reaction mixture to a conduit element; and allowing the reaction mixture to react to form a polyurethane layer. The polyurethane-coating conduit element is suitable for maritime applications in the oil and gas industry, which polyurethane has improved hydrolysis stability at high temperatures and nevertheless satisfies the high mechanical demands in the oil and gas industry..
|Hydrolysis-stable polyurethane for use in the off-shore sector|
The present invention relates to a process for producing polyurethane-coated conduit elements, in which (a) aliphatic polyisocyanate is mixed with (b) compounds having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate, (c) catalyst and (d) optionally other auxiliaries and/or additives, to form a first reaction mixture, the reaction mixture is applied directly or indirectly to a pipe and allowed to react to form a polyurethane layer, wherein the compounds having at least two hydrogen atoms which are reactive toward isocyanate comprise a compound based on an alkoxylation product of an aromatic starter molecule. The present invention further relates to conduit elements which can be obtained by such a process..
|Piezoelectric device and method for manufacturing piezoelectric device|
In a method for manufacturing a piezoelectric device while stably achieving strong bonding, a moisture-absorbing layer is formed on a bonding surface side of a piezoelectric single-crystal substrate. The moisture-absorbing layer is allowed to absorb moisture.
|Aftertreatment system incorporating hydrolysis catalyst with particulate filtration and scr|
An aftertreatment system is disclosed. The aftertreatment system can include a hydrolysis catalyst disposed within a first canister adjacent to a downstream end of the first canister and a nozzle positioned to inject reductant into the first canister upstream of the hydrolysis catalyst.
|Processes and apparatus for lignin separation in biorefineries|
The present invention generally provides methods of improving lignin separation during biomass fractionation with an acid to release sugars and a solvent for lignin (such as ethanol). In some embodiments, a digestor is employed to fractionating a feedstock in the presence of a solvent for lignin, sulfur dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin.
|Comb polymers with delayed alkaline hydrolysis|
Comb polymers having carboxyl/carboxylate and ester groups, containing a) 0.1-0.9 mol fractions of a partial structural unit s1, which is derived from an acrylic/methacrylic or maleic acid unit, b) 0-0.4 mol fractions of a partial structural unit s2, which is derived, for example, from an acrylic/methacrylic or maleic acid unit, which is esterified by means of a c1 to c20-alkanol or a polyalkylene glycol, alkyl-capped on one end, preferably a polyethylene glycol, and c) 0.1-0.4 mol fractions of a partial structural unit s3, which is derived from an acrylic/methacrylic or maleic acid unit, which is esterified by means of a polyalkylene glycol monoalkyl ether, which has a terminal, secondary hydroxyl group of the form-ch(r3)oh, wherein r3 is bulky alkyl group, preferably a methyl group.. .
An exhaust system, and a catalyzed substrate, is disclosed. The system comprises a catalyzed substrate, a counterflow urea injector downstream of the catalyzed substrate, and a first selective catalytic reduction (scr) catalyst downstream of the counterflow injector.
|Automated method and system for introducing molecular iodine into drinking water|
A system for delivering molecular iodine or other substance into a pet's drinking water on a daily basis without exceeding the safe amount allowed for the pet. The system delivers a particular amount of molecular iodine into the pet water supply to achieve maximum benefit of i2 to reduce or eliminate bad pet breath and minimize total iodine in the pet diet so that 20-40 μg/ml/kg/day iodine is consumed for optimum thyroid health.
|Method of producing methionine|
The invention provides the following method capable of producing methionine in a shorter time by making rapid progress of the hydrolysis of 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin from an aqueous 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin solution containing ammonia component. A method of producing methionine is the method comprising hydrolyzing 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin in an aqueous 5-(2-methylmercaptoethyl)hydantoin solution containing ammonia component, wherein the hydrolysis is performed after the ammonia component is removed from the aqueous solution..
|Manufacture of a triiodinated contrast agent|
A new compound, (s)-5-(2-acetoxypropanamido)-2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid, of formula ii (s)-5-(2-acetoxypropanamido)-2,4,6-triiodoisophthalic acid. Said new compound is of use for the production of triiodinated contrast agent, especially lopamidol, with low content of acetyl and hydroxyacetyl analogs.
|Novel durable, hydrolysis-stable bio-based plastics based on polyhydroxyalkanoate (pha), method for producing same, and use thereof|
The invention relates to the invention provides innovative long-lived and hydrolysis-stable biobased plastics based on polyhydroxyalkanoate (pha) and featuring sufficient melt stability, a method for producing them and their use.. .
|Raw materials for vanadium-free or vanadium-reduced denox catalysts, and method for producing same|
A composition that comprises a titanium compound, an iron compound, and a tungsten compound, wherein the titanium compound has a microcrystalline anatase structure and/or is obtained in the production of tio2 according to the sulphate process, during hydrolysis of a solution which contains titanyl sulphate, and also in that the composition has a vanadium content, calculated as v, of less than 0.15 wt. % in relation to the solids content of the composition.
|Anaerobic digestion with supercritical water hydrolysis as pretreatment|
An hydrolysis stage of an anaerobic digestion (ad) process includes supercritical treatment in a reactor (r1). The treatment may use sub-stoichiometric oxygen so that there is not full oxidation.
|Strain of bacillus subtilis and applications thereof|
The present invention is directed to a strain of bacillus subtilis and applications using the strain to raise the efficiency and/or yield of generation of glucose produced by the hydrolysis of cellulose.. .
|Methods for improvement of enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellullosic material|
The present invention relates to a method of enzymatic hydrolysis of a lignocellulosic material, comprising the steps of: a) pretreating the lignocellulosic material to obtain a slurry having a ph of less than 6; b) adding naoh, ca(oh)2 and/or cao to the slurry to increase its ph to at least 8, said addition being carried out at a slurry temperature of at least 60° c.; c) reducing the ph of the slurry to below 7; and optionally cooling the slurry from step b) to a temperature below 60° c.; and d) adding hydrolytic enzymes to the slurry from c) and allowing the slurry to hydrolyze wherein no washing of the slurry is performed prior to step d). .
|Two step novel hydrogen system using additives to enhance hydrogen release from the hydrolysis of alane and activated aluminum|
Additionally, a process in which water is added directly without prior history to the alh3:pa composite is also disclosed,. .
|Process for preparing formic acid|
Process for obtaining formic acid by thermal separation of a stream comprising formic acid and a tertiary amine (i), in which, in step (a), a liquid stream comprising formic acid, methanol, water and tertiary amine (i) is produced by combining methyl formate, water and tertiary amine (i), from there in step (b), methanol is separated off and in step (c), formic acid is removed by distillation from the liquid stream obtained in a distillation apparatus, wherein, when methyl formate, water and tertiary amine (i) are combined, methyl formate, water and optionally tertiary amine (i) are first introduced in step (a1) in a molar ratio of 0≦n(amine to a1)/n(mefo to a1)≦0.1, and from 70 to 100% of the hydrolysis equilibrium possible is set and then, in step (a2), tertiary amine (i) is introduced in a molar ratio of 0.1≦n(amine to a2)/n(mefo to a1)≦2, and the mixture is reacted.. .
|Emetine derivatives, prodrugs containing same, and methods of treating conditions using same|
Compounds are provided herein which are emetine derivatives that can be used as prodrugs which selectively undergo activation to release emetine in specific cellular conditions. In one aspect, a blocking group is incorporated onto the emetine molecule by the derivization of the n2′-position with moieties that can be selectively removed by hydrolysis in the cancer/tumor microenvironment.
|Processes for pretreating cellulosic material and improving hydrolysis thereof|
The present invention relates to processes for pre-treating cellulosic material and processes for improving hydrolysis thereof. In particular, cellulosic material such as woody biomass is contacted with one or more enzymes in a re-pulping step.
|Self-regulated production, under submerged conditions, of a gas generated by chemical reaction between a liquid and solid; associated device|
The present invention relates to a process for the self-regulated production as a function of the demand, under submerged conditions, of a gas (g), said gas (g) being generated by a chemical reaction between a liquid (l) and a solid (s) (hydrogen generated by hydrolysis of a metal hydride, for example) and not being polluted between the generation thereof and the delivery thereof. The present invention also relates to a device suitable for the implementation of said process..
|Back-face protection sheet for solar cell module, and solar cell module using same|
A back-face protection sheet for a solar cell module exhibits excellent adhesion strength and tensile strength even under a high-temperature and high-humidity environment, by using a plastic film that has excellent characteristics such as electrical insulation characteristic, heat resistance, dimension stability, mechanical strength, weatherability, and water resistance, and using a two-part type lamination adhesive having excellent weatherability. The back-face protection sheet is made to have excellent adhesion strength and tensile strength for a long period of time, even under a high-temperature and high-humidity environment, by improving weatherability (hydrolysis resistance) as base material films, and giving weatherability (hydrolysis resistance) to the two-part type lamination adhesive to be used in pasting together the base material films..
|Process for the preparation of 4-amino-3-chloro-5-fluoro-6-(substituted) picolinates|
4-amino-3-chloro-5-fluoro-6-(substituted)picolinates are conveniently prepared from 3,4,5,6-tetrachloropicolinonitrile by a series of steps involving fluorine exchange, amination, halogen exchange and hydrolysis, esterification and transition metal assisted coupling.. .
|Polylactic acid resin and method for producing same|
The present invention is directed to a method for producing a polylactic acid resin, including the step of subjecting a crystallized prepolymer, which is a prepolymer including a lactic acid unit as a main component, and has an optical purity (ea) of 60 to 94%, a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 to 100,000, and a crystal melting enthalpy (Δhma) of 4 to 50 j/g, to solid phase polymerization. According to the present invention, it is possible to obtain a polylactic acid resin which is excellent in moldability upon melt processing and drawdown resistance upon melt processing, and is also excellent in hydrolysis resistance..
|Process for synthesis of hybrid siloxy derived resins and crosslinked networks therefrom|
A hybrid siloxy derived resin and a method of making them and a method of applying them as a benign passivant on electrochemical electrodes is provided. These resins are made by the process of reacting a silane and an alkaline, transition metal or metalloid alkoxide, in the presence of a lewis acid.
|Post protein hydrolysis removal of a potent ribonuclease inhibitor and the enzymatic capture of dna|
The present invention concerns compositions and methods of extracting infectious pathogens from a volume of blood. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of creating a fibrin aggregate confining the pathogens and introducing a fibrin lysis reagent to expose the pathogens for analysis.
|Method of synthesizing hollow silica from sodium silicate|
Disclosed is a method of synthesizing hollow silica having the size of micrometers from sodium silicate. The method includes fabricating a polystyrene organic template from polystyrene latex, (b) cleaning the polystyrene organic template, (c) exchanging media by using a water-base medium, introducing the cleaned polystyrene organic template and sodium silicate, and preparing a silica-coated organic template by performing an acidic hydrolysis reaction, and (d) cleaning the silica-coated organic template included in the water-base medium by using water.
|Non-halogen multilayer insulated wire and method for producing the same|
A non-halogen multilayer insulated wire includes a conductor, an inner layer covering the conductor, and an outer layer formed on the external surface of the inner layer. The inner layer includes a polyolefin resin composition including 60 to 95 parts by mass of a high density polyethylene, 5 to 40 parts by mass of an ethylene copolymer, and 0.1 to 1 part by mass of a metal damage inhibitor.
|Non-halogen multilayer insulated wire|
A non-halogen multilayer insulated wire includes a conductor, an inner layer covering the conductor, and an outer layer on the inner layer. The inner layer includes a polyolefin resin composition including a high density polyethylene and a copolymer in a mass ratio on the range of 50:50 to 90:10, and the copolymer includes one of an ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymer including 9% to 35% by mass of ethyl acrylate and an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer including 15% to 45% by mass of vinyl acetate.
|Carbon dioxide separation member, method for producing same, and carbon dioxide separation module|
A carbon dioxide separation member is disclosed, which includes: a hydrophobic porous membrane that has heat resistance to a temperature of 100° c. Or higher; and a polymer compound layer that is formed on a surface of the porous membrane, the polymer compound layer including moisture, and at least one carbon dioxide carrier selected from the group consisting of alkali metal carbonates, alkali metal bicarbonates, and alkali metal hydroxides, and having a cross-linked structure that is formed with a specific single crosslinkable group and includes a specific hydrolysis-resistant bond, wherein the carbon dioxide separation member selectively allows a carbon dioxide gas in a mixture of the carbon dioxide gas and a hydrogen gas to permeate therethrough under temperature conditions of from 100° c.
|Glycan and glycopeptide capture and release using reversible hydrazone-based method|
Highly specific and novel methods for reversible hydrazone solid-phase extraction (rhspe) are provided for glycan or glycopeptide isolation from proteins, peptides, and other contaminants for glycan and glycopeptide analysis. Glycans or glycopeptides in complex mixtures can be conjugated onto solid support or affinity or chemical tags via reversible hydrazone bond.
|Process for the production of ethanol and solvents from lignocellulosic biomass with recycling of an ethanolic liquor obtained from the fermentation of pentoses|
In which at least a portion of the ex-pentose ethanolic liquor is recycled upstream of at least one of the enzymatic hydrolysis and/or ethanolic fermentation steps.. .
|Method of hydrolyzing cellulose slurry using cellulase and flocculent (as amended)|
A process for the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose to produce a hydrolysis product from a pre-treated cellulosic feedstock is provided. The process comprises introducing an aqueous slurry of the pre-treated cellulosic feedstock at the bottom of a hydrolysis reactor.
|System and apparatus for enhancing exhaust aftertreatment startup emissions control|
An aftertreatment system including a method which provides a selective catalytic reduction (scr) catalyst disposed in an exhaust stream of an engine; determines that an ammonia pre-load condition for the scr catalyst is present; determines a first amount of ammonia pre-load in response to the ammonia pre-load condition; injects an amount of ammonia or urea into the exhaust stream in response to the first amount of ammonia; and adsorbs a second amount of ammonia onto the scr catalyst in response to injecting an amount of ammonia or urea, where the second amount of ammonia is either the injected amount of ammonia or an amount of ammonia resulting from hydrolysis from the injected amount of urea.. .
|Polyester film, method for producing the same, back sheet for solar cell, and solar cell module|
A polyester film has excellent resistance to hydrolysis, excellent heat resistance in high temperatures and low humidity, and mechanical strength. The polyester film satisfies a stress heat resistant coefficient f(125)≧3 and a wet thermo retention (=100×s(120)/s(0)) of 30% or more.
|Triggerable compositions for two-stage, controlled release of active chemistry|
A triggerable composition for two-stage, controlled release of a functional active chemical includes an encapsulation material for encapsulating a betaine ester or betaine ester derivative including a functional active. The encapsulation material is triggerable to release the betaine ester or betaine ester derivative at a first stage upon the occurrence with an environmental stimulus, such as a ph change, an enzymatic change, and a temperature change.
|Process for the preparation of alkylene glycol|
The invention provides a process for the preparation of an alkylene glycol from an alkene. A gas composition from an alkylene oxide reactor is supplied to an alkylene oxide absorber comprising a column of vertically stacked trays or comprising a packed column.
|Process for preparing photoresponsive hybrid organic-inorganic particles|
A process for preparing photoresponsive hybrid organic-inorganic particles comprises (a) combining (1) at least one organosilane compound comprising at least two silicon-bonded groups selected from hydroxyl groups, hydrolyzable groups, and combinations thereof and (2) at least one neat photoactive material, to form a ceramic precursor composition; and (b) allowing or inducing hydrolysis of the hydrolyzable groups and condensation of the organosilane compound to form hybrid organic-inorganic particles comprising the photoactive material.. .
|Hydrolases, nucleic acids encoding them and methods for making and using them|
The invention provides hydrolases, polynucleotides encoding them, and methods of making and using these polynucleotides and polypeptides. In one aspect, the invention is directed to polypeptides, e.g., enzymes, having a hydrolase activity, e.g., an esterase, acylase, lipase, phospholipase (e.g., phospholipase a, b, c and d activity, patatin activity, lipid acyl hydrolase (lah) activity) or protease activity, including thermostable and thermotolerant hydrolase activity, and polynucleotides encoding these enzymes, and making and using these polynucleotides and polypeptides.
|Method for manufacturing polyarylene sulfide resin|
A method for producing a polyarylene sulfide resin, comprising: producing a slurry (i) containing a solid alkali metal sulfide by allowing a hydrous alkali metal sulfide, or a hydrous alkali metal hydrosulfide and an alkali metal hydroxide, and an aliphatic cyclic compound (c1) that can be ring-opened by hydrolysis to react with each other while conducting dehydration in the presence of a non-hydrolyzable organic solvent; adding an aprotic polar organic solvent after the production of the slurry (i) and distilling off water to conduct dehydration; and conducting polymerization by allowing a polyhaloaromatic compound (a), an alkali metal hydrosulfide (b), and an alkali metal salt (c2) of a hydrolysate of the compound (c1) to react with each other in the slurry (i) in a state where the amount of water existing in the reaction system is 0.02 moles or less relative to 1 mole of the aprotic polar organic solvent.. .
|Process for producing hydrolysis-resistant silicone compounds|
In one aspect, the invention relates to hydrolysis-resistant silicone compounds. In particular, disclosed are sterically hindered hydrolysis-resistant silicone compounds and improved purity hydrolysis-resistant silicone compounds.
|Organic-inorganic hybrid material compositions and polymer composites|
A method for the preparation of an organic-inorganic hybrid composition is performed through three major steps. In addition, a product is generated from this organic-inorganic hybrid composition.
|Method for producing optically active alpha-substituted proline|
The present invention aims to provide an industrial method practically suitable for producing optically active α-substituted prolines from an acyclic ketone compound by a small number of steps under mild conditions. The present invention relates to a production method of an optically active α-substituted proline (4) and/or an optically active α-substituted prolinamide (5), including (a) reacting an acyclic ketone compound (1) with at least one selected from ammonia, an ammonium salt, primary amine and a salt of primary amine, and a cyanating agent to give a cyclic nitrogen-containing compound (2), (b) hydrating the cyclic nitrogen-containing compound (2) to give an α-substituted prolinamide (3), and (c) resolving the α-substituted prolinamide (3) by one or more of (d) enzymatical hydrolysis, (e) resolution by diastereomeric salt formation, and (f) separation by column chromatography..
|Method for producing fatty acid|
A method for producing a fatty acid, which comprises adding an organic solvent to a culture of an alga obtained by culturing the alga in a culture medium, and stirring the culture medium to allow a transesterification or hydrolysis reaction of a lipid, and collecting a fatty acid ester or a fatty acid from the reaction mixture.. .
|Process for treating biomass to derivatize polysaccharides contained therein to increase their accessibility to hydrolysis and subsequent fermentation|
A process is described for producing fermentable sugars derivable from biomass that contains polysaccharide, such as cellulose, made increasingly accessible as a substrate for enzymatic degradation or other methods of depolymerization. These fermentable sugars are subsequently able to be fermented to produce various target chemicals, such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones or acids..
|Flavor improving agent|
Disclosed is a flavor improving agent that is a fraction derived from fruit juice or squeeze. A fraction wherein the amount of substance ratio between polyphenols and saccharides, the latter after acid hydrolysis of the fraction, (polyphenol/saccharide) is 0.1-10, and even more preferably, wherein the amount of substance ratio of the polyphenol and the saccharide before acid hydrolysis of the fraction (polyphenol/saccharide) is 1-100, and is used as a flavor improving agent.
|Method and system for fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass|
Methods and systems for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass including hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin, including exploding the biomass cells to devolatilize the biomass, hydrolyzing the hemicellulose to produce a liquid component including hemicellulosic sugars and a solid component including less than 10% hemicellulose, separating the liquid and solid components, vaporizing the cellulose in the solid component, and condensing the cellulosic sugar vapors. The methods and systems may vaporize the cellulose in a continuous steam reactor at a temperature of about 400-550° c.
|Method and improved pharmaceutical composition for improving the absorption of an ester prodrug|
The present invention relates to a method and an improved composition for improving the absorption of an ester prodrug in a subject. The method includes co-administering to the subject an effective amount of the ester prodrug or a pharmaceutical acceptable salt thereof, and a sufficient amount of adjuvant to impede a carboxylesterase-mediated hydrolysis of the ester prodrug in vivo, wherein the adjuvant is selected from the gnzup consisting of triacetin, triethyl citrate and a combination of both.
|Methods of activating enzyme breakers|
A method of treating a subterranean formation, the method including placing a well treatment fluid comprised of at least an enzyme and a breaker additive in the subterranean formation. Initially, the ph of the well treatment fluid is about 11.5.
|Compositions of low-k dielectric sols containing nonmetallic catalysts|
A sol composition for producing a porous low-k dielectric material is provided. The composition can include at least one silicate ester, a polar solvent, water, an acid catalyst for silicate ester hydrolysis, an amphiphilic block copolymer surfactant, and a nonmetallic catalyst that reduces dielectric constant in the produced material.
|Thin film forming composition for lithography containing titanium and silicon|
A hydrolysis product, or a hydrolysis-condensation product of the mixture, wherein the number of moles of ti atom is 50% to 90% relative to the total moles in terms of ti atom and si atoms in the composition.. .
|Fluorinated monomer, polymer, resist composition, and patterning process|
A fluorinated monomer has formula (1) wherein r1 is h, f, methyl or trifluoromethyl, r2 and r3 are h or a monovalent hydrocarbon group, r4 to r6 each are a monovalent fluorinated hydrocarbon group, a is a divalent hydrocarbon group, and k1 is 0, 1 or 2. A polymer derived from the fluorinated monomer may be endowed with appropriate water repellency, water slip, acid lability and hydrolysis and is useful as an additive polymer in formulating a resist composition..
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Hydrolysis topics: Hydrolysis, Carboxylic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Conductive Polymer, Biodegradable, Aurintricarboxylic Acid, Infectious, Polysaccharides, Oleaginous Yeast, Fermentation Broth, Microfiltration, Chlorosilane, Personal Care, Fragmentation, Molybdenum
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