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Hydrocarbon patents

      

This page is updated frequently with new Hydrocarbon-related patent applications.




 Resin composition, prepreg, metal-foil-clad laminate, resin composite sheet, and printed wiring board patent thumbnailResin composition, prepreg, metal-foil-clad laminate, resin composite sheet, and printed wiring board
Wherein r is a hydrogen atom or a substituent selected from a group consisting of a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an aryloxy group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, a hydroxyl group, an amide group, and a halogen atom, and n is an integer of 1 to 2.. .

 Silicon carbide epi wafer and  manufacturing same patent thumbnailSilicon carbide epi wafer and manufacturing same
An embodiment provides: a method for manufacturing a silicon carbide epi wafer, the method comprising the steps of preparing a wafer, applying a reaction gas to the wafer, heating the reaction gas to generate an intermediate compound, and forming a silicon carbide epi layer on the wafer using the generated intermediate compound, wherein the reaction gas contains a plurality of hydrocarbon compounds; and a silicon carbide epi wafer comprising a silicon carbide epi layer formed by a reaction gas containing a plurality of hydrocarbon compounds, wherein the c/si value of the silicon carbide epi layer is uniform on the wafer, and thus the uniformity of the silicon carbide epi layer on the wafer can be improved.. .
Lg Innotek Co., Ltd.


 Magnetic carrier, two-component developer, replenishing developer, and image-forming method patent thumbnailMagnetic carrier, two-component developer, replenishing developer, and image-forming method
A magnetic carrier having a ferrite-type core material and a resin coat layer present on the surface of the ferrite-type core material, wherein the ferrite-type core material contains a magnetic ferrite-type core material particle and an amino group-bearing primer compound; the resin coat layer contains a coating resin a that is a polymer of monomer containing a (meth)acrylate ester having an alicyclic hydrocarbon group; the content of the amino group-bearing primer compound in the ferrite-type core material and the content of the resin coat layer in the magnetic carrier are within the prescribed range.. .
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


 External additive for toner, process for producing the same, and toner comprising the same patent thumbnailExternal additive for toner, process for producing the same, and toner comprising the same
An external additive for a toner includes: a particulate of a polymerization product of at least one silicon compound selected from a silane compound represented by chemical formula 1: si(or1)4 (wherein r1 is a c1 to c6 monovalent hydrocarbon group) and a hydrolysis-condensation product thereof. The particulate has the following properties: a number average particle diameter of about 50 nm to about 250 nm, a first specific surface area (a) measured by a gas adsorption method of about 13 m2/g to about 80 m2/g, and true density measured by a nominal volume expansion method of about 1.9 g/cm3 to about 2.1 g/cm3..
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.


 Resin composition for forming color filter underlayer film patent thumbnailResin composition for forming color filter underlayer film
(where r0 is a hydrogen atom or methyl group; r1 is a c1-6 hydrocarbon group having at least one hydroxy group as a substituent; and the c1-6 hydrocarbon group further optionally has an ether bond).. .

 Measurement of liquid parameters using a microfluidic device patent thumbnailMeasurement of liquid parameters using a microfluidic device
A microfluidic apparatus has a microchannel that includes at least one vertically oriented segment with a top section having a relatively wide opening and a bottom section having a relatively narrow opening. The top section is larger in volume relative to the bottom sections, and the middle sections taper down in at least one dimension from the top section to the bottom section.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation


 Auto-ignition internal combustion engine suitable for hcci operation, and  operating an internal combustion engine of said type patent thumbnailAuto-ignition internal combustion engine suitable for hcci operation, and operating an internal combustion engine of said type
Methods and systems are provided for an auto-ignition internal combustion engine comprising an exhaust gas recirculation arrangement, an intake system, and an exhaust gas discharge system for the discharge of exhaust gases, in which the internal combustion engine is operable, at least in a first, stoichiometric operating mode, by way of a spatial ignition method (hcci mode). For the aftertreatment of the exhaust gas in the first operating mode, a three-way catalytic converter is provided in the exhaust gas discharge system for reducing nitrogen oxides and oxidizing unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc


 Hydraulic fracturing system and method patent thumbnailHydraulic fracturing system and method
A hydraulic fracturing system and method for enhancing effective permeability of earth formations to increase hydrocarbon production, enhance operation efficiency by reducing fluid entry friction due to tortuosity and perforation, and to open perforations that are either unopened or not effective using traditional techniques, by varying a pump rate and/or a flow rate to a wellbore.. .
Gas Technology Institute


 Radio frequency (rf) system for the recovery of hydrocarbons patent thumbnailRadio frequency (rf) system for the recovery of hydrocarbons
The present invention relates to a system for facilitating the extraction of hydrocarbons, in particular extraction by rf heating of high-viscosity hydrocarbons in situ by means of an antenna comprising a coaxial array of mode converters.. .
Eni S.p.a.


 Intermittent fracture flooding process patent thumbnailIntermittent fracture flooding process
A pressure-up blow-down method for recovering oil from an underground hydrocarbon formation, comprising the steps of: injecting an injection fluid into alternatingly-spaced multiple-induced fractures which extend radially outwardly and along a horizontal portion of a wellbore in the formation; ceasing injection of said injection fluid; recovering to surface oil which flows from remaining of the multiple induced fractures into the wellbore; and successively repeating the foregoing steps one or more times. Gas preferentially is initially used as the injection fluid and after one successive iteration water is then used.
Ior Canada Ltd.


Downhole lift gas injection system

A downhole lift gas injection valve is retrievably connected to a downhole hanger device from which a lift gas injection conduit is suspended within a production tubing of a hydrocarbon fluid production well, wherein the valve receives the lift gas from an annular space surrounding the tubing via a side inlet in the production tubing and a tubular packer device is retrievably connected to an upper end of the hanger device to seal the side inlet from a space in the production tubing above the packer device.. .
Shell Oil Company

System for production of a hydrocarbonaceous fluid

Embodiments of the disclosure pertain to a system for production of a hydrocarbonaceous fluid, the system having a tubing string deployed within a wellbore; a first pump system having a pump assembly operably engaged with a motor; and a control system operably engaged with the first pump system. The pump assembly includes a housing with a stator and rotor disposed therein.
Hivis Pumps As

Process for producing diesel from a hydrocarbon stream

A process and apparatus are disclosed for hydrocracking a hydrocarbon feed in a hydrocracking unit and hydrotreating a vaporous hydrocracked stream. The hydrotreated effluent stream can be separated and stripped to produce a ulsd stream fit for storage without further processing.
Uop Llc

Selective hydrodesulfurization of fcc gasoline to below 10 ppm sulfur

A process for reducing the sulfur content of a hydrocarbon stream is disclosed. A full range cracked naphtha is contacted with a hydrogenation catalyst to convert at least a portion of the dienes and mercaptans to thioethers and to hydrogenate at least a portion of the dienes.
Catalytic Distillation Technologies

Transportable liquid produced from natural gas

A system and a method for converting natural gas (ng) to high energy transportable liquid (such as gasoline) are disclosed. A semiconductor uv-source is used for initiate a photo lytic reaction between methane molecules and photons having energy equal or bigger than the energy of dissociation of the c—h bond in methane.

Internal friction control systems for hydrocarbonaceous subsiding bodies

Systems for extracting hydrocarbons from a crushed hydrocarbonaceous material can include a body of crushed hydrocarbonaceous material. A pipe can be oriented within the body of crushed hydrocarbonaceous material.
Red Leaf Resources, Inc.

Flooding operations employing chlorine dioxide

A method includes introducing a treatment fluid including a first polymer gel into a subterranean formation to generate a production fluid having an aqueous portion and a hydrocarbon portion, treating the aqueous portion of the production fluid with chlorine dioxide to separate additional hydrocarbons from the aqueous portion, and adjusting the viscosity of the treated aqueous portion prior to introducing the treated aqueous portion back into the subterranean formation.. .
Sabre Intellectual Property Holdings Llc

Road bitumen pellets

Bitumen pellets including at least one chemical additive chosen from: a compound of general formula (i): r1-(cooh)z in which r1 is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon-based chain including from 4-68 carbon atoms, and z is an integer ranging from a compound of general formula (ii): r—(nh)nconh—(x)m-nhco(nh)n-r′ in which: r and r′ are identical or different, contain a saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched, cyclic or acyclic hydrocarbon-based chain having from 1-22 carbon atoms and optionally including heteroatoms and/or rings having from 3-12 atoms and/or heterocycles having from 3-12 atoms; x contains a saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched, cyclic or acyclic hydrocarbon-based chain having from 1-22 carbon atoms and optionally including one or more heteroatoms and/or rings having from 3-12 atoms and/or heterocycles having from 3-12 atoms; n and m are integers having, independently of one another, a value of 0 or of 1.. .
Total Marketing Services

Novel polyamide, preparation process therefor and uses thereof

The present disclosure relates to a novel polyamide synthesized from biobased monomers. The novel polyamide comprises the repeating unit of formula i, described herein, in which r represents a covalent bond or a divalent hydrocarbon-based group chosen from saturated or unsaturated aliphatics, saturated or unsaturated cycloaliphatics, aromatics, arylaliphatics and alkylaromatics.
Rhodia Operations

Catalyst composition for the polymerization of olefins

The invention relates to a catalyst composition for the polymerization of olefins, in which the catalyst is produced using a metal-containing compound having the formula (i): mernx3-n (i), in which x is a halogen, me is a metal of group iii of mendelejev's periodic table of elements, r is a hydrocarbon moiety comprising>2 carbon atoms, and n is 1≦n<3, or a dimer of a compound of formula (i); and the average particle size of the catalyst as reflected by d50 (measured according to iso13320) is between 0.5 and 4.5 μηη. The invention also relates to a process for production of said catalyst composition.
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for preparing a halogenated elastomer with improved mooney viscosity stability

This invention relates to a method of preparing a brominated elastomer having a stabilized mooney viscosity. The method includes polymerizing isomonoolefins and at least one polymerizable unit to obtain an elastomer/polymer; brominating the elastomer/polymer to form a brominated elastomer effluent; neutralizing the brominated elastomer effluent to form a neutralized effluent; volatizing off the hydrocarbon solvent; and recovering a brominated elastomer.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Processes for producing chlorinated hydrocarbons and methods for recovering polyvalent antimony catalysts therefrom

The preparation of chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as pentachloropropanes, such as 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane, from tetrachloropropanes, such as 1,1,1,3-tetrachloropropane, in the presence of a polyvalent antimony compound that includes a pentavalent antimony compound, such as antimony pentachloride, is described. Also described are methods for preparing optionally chlorinated alkenes, such as, tetrachloropropenes, from chlorinated alkanes, such as pentachloropropanes, in the presence of polyvalent antimony compound that includes a pentavalent antimony compound, as well as methods for recovering polyvalent antimony compounds from such processes..
Axiall Ohio, Inc.

Methods of making chlorinated hydrocarbons

Methods for the manufacture of 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane from 1,1,1,3-tetrachloropropane and chlorine are disclosed. Improved methods are provided for the manufacture of 1,1,2,3-tetrachloropropene from 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane.
Occidental Chemical Corporation

Ethylene yield in oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane and ethane containing hydrocarbon mixtures

Methods and systems are provided for oxidative dehydrogenation of a hydrocarbon feed stream to produce a product stream with improved ethylene yield. The methods can include the steps of (i) combining a recycle stream with the feed stream to form a reactor feed stream, (ii) contacting the reactor feed stream with an oxide-based redox catalyst to produce the product stream comprising ethylene and one or more byproducts selected from the group consisting of methane, ethane, other byproducts, and mixtures thereof, and (iii) removing all or a part of the methane and ethane from the product stream to produce the recycle stream.
North Carolina State University

Methods for conversion of ethanol to functionalized lower hydrocarbons and downstream hydrocarbons

This application relates to the production of functionalized lower hydrocarbons and more particularly to the process of converting ethanol to functionalized lower hydrocarbons. In particular embodiments, the ethanol to functionalized lower hydrocarbon conversion is catalyzed by a znxzryavqsmnwoz mixed oxide catalyst or a bifunctional heterogeneous catalyst.
Gevo, Inc.

Method for removing single ring aromatic hydrocarbons

A method of removing at least one single ring aromatic hydrocarbon from a hydrocarbon contaminated fluid. The method includes contacting the hydrocarbon contaminated fluid with carbon nanotubes to adsorb the at least one single ring aromatic hydrocarbon while exposing the hydrocarbon contaminated fluid and the carbon nanotubes to uv irradiation from at least one uv light source, preferably a uv light emitting diode (led), with a wavelength of about 315-415 nm, preferably about 365 nm, to form a treated fluid having a reduced concentration of the at least one single ring aromatic hydrocarbon relative to the hydrocarbon contaminated fluid..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Oily cosmetic

(in the above formula, eo is an oxyethylene group and po is an oxypropylene group. The symbols p, q, and r are the average addition mole numbers, and they are p≧1, r≧1, 10≦p+r≦70, and 10≦q≦60.

Sulfur tolerant anode for solid oxide fuel cell

A solid oxide fuel cell (sofc) (100) for use in generating electricity while tolerating sulfur content in a fuel input stream. The solid oxide fuel cell (100) includes an electrolyte (106), a cathode (102), and a sulfur tolerant anode (104).
Ceramatec, Inc.

Light-emitting element, light-emitting device, electronic device, and lighting device

A novel light-emitting element is provided. A light-emitting element with a long lifetime is provided.
Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.

Downhole fluid properties optical analysis probe having a removable optical tip

A downhole fluid properties optical analysis probe (1) to analyze at least one property of a multiphase flow mixture (100) flowing in a hydrocarbon well (51) has an elongated cylindrical body shape. It comprises an optical tip (5) at one end of the elongated cylindrical body arranged to be in contact with the multiphase flow mixture (100).
Openfield

Method and system for recovery of methane from hydrocarbon streams

The invention relates to a method for recovery of methane from hydrocarbon streams comprising the following steps: a. Introducing a feed fluid stream (f), which comprises methane fluid, at least one hydrocarbon free fluid, wherein in particular said at least one hydrocarbon free fluid is nitrogen, and at least one hydrocarbon fluid, into a demethanizer system (1); b.
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Systems and methods for limited emissions refueling

A method is presented, comprising, during a first condition, including an active refueling event, receiving an indication of hydrocarbon breakthrough from the fuel vapor canister; and flowing refueling vapors into an intake manifold responsive to the indication of hydrocarbon breakthrough. Flowing refueling vapors into an intake manifold traps the vapors there until engine start-up, when the vapor can be combusted by the engine.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Exhaust heat recovery and hydrocarbon trapping

Methods and systems are provided for exhaust heat recovery and hydrocarbon trapping at an exhaust bypass assembly. Exhaust gas may flow in both directions through an exhaust bypass passage and each of a hc trap and a heat exchanger coupled to the bypass passage.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Exhaust treatment treatment of an exhaust stream

An exhaust treatment system comprising: a first oxidation catalyst to oxidize nitrogen- and/or hydrocarbon compounds in an exhaust stream; a first dosage device downstream of said first oxidation catalyst to supply a first additive into said exhaust stream; a first reduction catalyst device, arranged downstream of said first dosage device, including a slip-catalyst primarily for reduction of nitrogen oxides (nox), and secondarily for oxidation of additive; a second oxidation catalyst arranged downstream of said first reduction catalyst; a particulate filter arranged downstream of said oxidation catalyst; a second dosage device, arranged downstream of said particulate filter to supply a second additive into said exhaust stream; and a second reduction catalyst device, arranged downstream of said second dosage device for reduction of nitrogen oxides in said exhaust stream, with the use of at least one of said first and said second additive.. .
Scania C V Ab

Multiple well elevated temperature column flow testing

A method of flow testing can include dispensing at least one solid material and at least one liquid into each of multiple wells in a filter plate, and then heating the filter plate with the solid material and liquid therein to an elevated temperature. A flow testing system can include a multiple well filter plate, each of the wells having disposed therein a selected combination of formation particles, a fracturing fluid and a liquid hydrocarbon, and a heating device that heats the filter plate to an elevated temperature..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

L-grade recovery

A fluid recovery system includes a separator configured to separate a hydrocarbon stream into l-grade, water, and natural gas. The system further includes a storage vessel in communication with the separator and configured to store the l-grade separated from the hydrocarbon stream.
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Y-grade ngl recovery

A fluid recovery system includes a separator configured to separate a hydrocarbon stream into an unfractionated mixture, water, and natural gas. The system further includes a storage vessel in communication with the separator and configured to store the unfractionated mixture separated from the hydrocarbon stream.
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Method of completing and producing long lateral wellbores

Long lateral wellbores are prepared for the production of hydrocarbons, by preparing only a portion of the wellbore for production at a time, starting at a remote end of the long lateral wellbore. The prepared production section is produced until production becomes uneconomic before a further production section is prepared and produced..

Downhole completion system

The present invention relates to a completion system for connecting several screens into a well tubular structure mounted from base pipe sections. The completion system comprises a first screen assembly and a second screen assembly, each screen assembly comprising a base pipe section mounted as part of the well tubular structure having a longitudinal extension, the base pipe section having an outer face, and a tubular screen element surrounding and being connected to the outer face of the base pipe section, the tubular screen element having an outer diameter, and an assembly connection part for connecting an end of the first screen assembly with an end of the second screen assembly, wherein the completion system further comprises a first tubular member having an inner diameter which is equal to or larger than the outer diameter of the tubular screen element, the first tubular member being arranged opposite the assembly connection part so that fluid flowing in through the tubular screen element of one of the screen assemblies flows on the outside of the assembly connection part.
Welltec A/s

Inhibitors of top-of-line corrosion of pipelines conveying crudes from extraction of hydrocarbons

The invention also relates to the use of such a composition, and also to the method of inhibiting top-of-line corrosion employing said inhibitor composition.. .

Chemical vapor deposition raw material comprising organic ruthenium compound and chemical vapor deposition method using chemical vapor deposition raw material

Wherein the substituents r1 to r12 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a linear or cyclic hydrocarbon, an amine, an imine, an ether, a ketone, or an ester, and the substituents r1 to r12 each have 6 or less carbon atoms.. .

Alkyl capped oil soluble polymer viscosity index improving additives for base oils in industrial lubricant applications

An industrial base oil formulation comprising a base oil, preferably a hydrocarbon base oil, having a kinematic viscosity of more than 100 centistokes, preferably 150 centistokes or more, at 40 degrees celsius and an ac-osp where the ac-osp has the structure of formula i: r1[o(r2o)n(r3o)mr4]p (i) where r1 is an alkyl having from one to thirty carbons, r2 and r3 are independently selected from alkyl groups having three or four carbons and can be in block form or randomly combined, r4 is an alkyl having from one to 18 carbon atoms, n and m are independently numbers ranging from zero to 20 provided that n+m is greater than zero and p is a number within a range of one to three; wherein the industrial base oil formulation has a kinematic viscosity of greater than 100 centistokes, preferably 150 centistokes or more, at 40 degrees celsius is useful in a lubricant for mechanical devices.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Corrosion-inhibiting compositions

The invention relates to a composition comprising a) at least one n-methyl-n-acylglucamine of formula (i), wherein r1 represents a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon chain with 7 to 21 carbon atoms, one or more organic acids of formula (ii) and/or the salts thereof, r2—coom, wherein r2 represents a linear or branched alkyl group or a linear or branched mono- or poly-unsaturated alkenyl group with 5 to 29 carbon atoms, and m represents hydrogen or one or more cations, wherein the cations are present in charge-equalizing amounts, and c) one or more alkanolamines of formula (iii), wherein nr1r2r3r1, r2 and r3 represent hydrogen, a linear or branched alkyl group with 1 to 4 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group with 5 to 7 carbon atoms, a linear or branched hydroxyalkyl group with 2 to 5 carbon atoms and 1 or 2 hydroxy groups or a hydroxyether group with 2 to 6 carbon atoms, with the provision that at least one of the groups is a hydroxyalkyl group or a hydroxyether group.. .
Clariant International Ltd.

Refrigerating machine oil, and working fluid composition for refrigerating machines

Wherein r1, r2 and r3, which may be the same as or different from each other, represent a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group; and r4 represents a hydrocarbon group or an organic group containing an oxygen atom, and having a number average molecular weight mn of 300 or more and 3000 or less and a ratio of a weight-average molecular weight mw to a number average molecular weight mn (mw/mn) of 1.10 or more and 2.00 or less, and the refrigerating machine oil being used with a refrigerant selected from the group consisting of difluoromethane, a mixture of difluoromethane and pentafluoroethane, a mixture of difluoromethane, pentafluoroethane and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane, a mixture of pentafluoroethane, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane and 1,1,1-trifluoroethane, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons, hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide.. .

Fuel composition

The present invention relates to a gasoline composition comprising a) 70-86% by volume of ethanol, b) a hydrocarbon component comprising hydrocarbons derived from feedstock comprising tall oil material, where said hydrocarbon component has ron of 50-70 and it comprises 25-60 mass % of naphthenes.. .
Upm-kymmene Corporation

Systems and processes for conversion of ethylene feedstocks to hydrocarbon fuels

Systems, processes, and catalysts are disclosed for obtaining fuel and fuel blends containing selected ratios of open-chain and closed-chain fuel-range hydrocarbons suitable for production of alternate fuels including gasolines, jet fuels, and diesel fuels. Fuel-range hydrocarbons may be derived from ethylene-containing feedstocks and ethanol-containing feedstocks..
Battelle Memorial Institute

Process for fluid catalytic cracking of heavy oil

Provided is a process for fluid catalytic cracking of a heavy oil by contacting the oil with a catalyst at an elevated temperature for a short period of time to produce light olefins such as propylene and butene. The process comprises contacting the heavy oil with a catalyst containing 12 to 24 percent by mass of a shape selective zeolite under conditions of a reaction zone outlet temperature of 580 to 630° c., a catalyst/oil ratio of 15 to 40 weight/weight and a hydrocarbon residence time in the reaction zone of 0.1 to 1.0 second to produce a cracked product having a secondary cracking activity (c2 olefin concentration/c4 olefin concentration) value in the range of 0.30 to 0.55..
Jx Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation

Small scale modular gas to liquids plant for stranded remote gas

A method of processing stranded remote gas comprising (a) introducing stranded remote gas and steam to a reforming unit to produce synthesis gas (syngas), wherein the stranded remote gas comprises methane, carbon dioxide, and sulfur-containing compounds, and wherein the syngas is characterized by a molar ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide of from about 1.7:1 to about 2.5:1; (b) introducing at least a portion of the syngas to a fischer-tropsch (ft) unit to produce an ft syncrude product, ft water, and ft tail gas, wherein the ft syncrude product comprises ft hydrocarbon liquids, wherein the ft syncrude product comprises ft wax in an amount of less than about 5 wt. %, and wherein the ft unit is characterized by an ft reaction temperature of from about 300° c.
Fluor Technologies Corporation

Conversion of polymer containing materials to petroleum products

Systems and methods achieve the conversion of polymer containing material into petroleum products such as hydrocarbon gas, wax, crude oil and diesel. The reactor and its system are designed to subject the polymer containing material to pyrolysis in a way that results in a higher petroleum product yield than conventional existing systems.
Pk Clean Technologies Inc.

Methods for enhancing hydrocarbon recovery from oil sands

The present invention generally relates to methods and process agents for bitumen extraction from ore. More specifically, the method comprises contacting a process agent to the ore and adding water to form a bitumen-containing slurry.
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Method for drilling a well with reduced infiltration

A drilling fluid system using retarded acid systems such as gelled acid (ves or polymer) and/or emulsified acid to drill carbonate formations (calcite and dolomite). Foamed acid may be used in low abnormal pressure carbonate reservoirs.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Oil field treatment fluids

A method of servicing a well is disclosed. The method comprises mixing ingredients to form a well servicing fluid.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Reversible aminal gel compositions, methods, and use

A well treatment composition for use in a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir comprising a reversible aminal gel composition is disclosed. The reversible aminal gel composition includes a liquid precursor composition.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Tire with a tread comprising an emulsion sbr having a high trans content

A tire, the tread of which comprising a rubber composition is provided. The rubber composition includes from 35 to 65 phr of an emulsion styrene/butadiene copolymer (e-sbr), from 35 to 65 phr of a polybutadiene (br); optionally, from 0 to 30 phr of another diene elastomer, from 90 to 150 phr of silica as reinforcing inorganic filler; optionally, less than 20 phr of carbon black; and a plasticizing system.
Michelin Recherche Et Technique, S.a.

Method for the transportation and/or storage of road bitumen

A process for the transportation and/or storage of road bitumen under cold conditions, including at least one chemical additive chosen from: a general formula compound (i): r1—(cooh)z wherein r1 is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon-based chain including 4 to 68 carbon atoms, and z is an integer ranging from 1 to 4, and a general formula compound (ii): r—(nh)nconh—(x)m—nhco(nh)n—r′ wherein: r and r′, which are identical or different, contain a saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched, cyclic or acyclic hydrocarbon-based chain having 1 to 22 carbon atoms and optionally including heteroatoms and/or rings having 3 to 12 atoms and/or heterocycles having 3 to 12 atoms; x contains a saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched, cyclic or acyclic hydrocarbon-based chain having 1 to 22 carbon atoms and optionally including one or more heteroatoms and/or rings having 3 to 12 atoms and/or heterocycles having 3 to 12 atoms.. .
Total Marketing Services

Crosslinked organopolysiloxane and producing same, mist suppressant, and solvent-free silicone composition for release paper

(r1 represents a group selected from a monovalent hydrocarbon group having no aliphatic unsaturated bond and an alkenyl group represented by the formula: —(ch2)a—ch═ch2 (wherein a represents a numerical value of 0 to 6), and the average polymerization degree of formula (3) is 3 to 2,000.). .

Catalyst for the polymerization of olefins

The present disclosure provides a catalyst system made from or containing: (a) a solid catalyst component made from or containing (i) a titanium compound supported on a magnesium dichloride; (b) an aluminum alkyl compound; and (c) a halogenated organic ester of formula a-coor, wherein r is a c1-c10 hydrocarbon group and a is a c1-c15 saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group in which at least one of the hydrogen atoms is replaced by a chlorine atom. The present disclosure also provides a process for preparing an olefinic polymer, including a polymerization step of polymerizing an olefin in the presence of the catalyst system.
Basell Poliolefine Italia S.r.l.

Additive for imparting ultraviolet absorbency and/or high refractive index to matrix, and resin member using same

Wherein r10a to r12a each represent a divalent hydrocarbon group or the like; and r13a represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group or the like.. .

Method and separation of colloidal suspension from a solution of organic compound, such as monoethylene glycol

The present disclosure relates to a method for separation of colloidal suspension from a solution of organic compound, wherein the solution of organic compound includes but is not limited to hydrocarbon based solution. More particularly the method provides for removal of colloidal suspension from the solution to obtain clarified hydrocarbon based solution including but not limiting to the compound(s) from the diol family such as mono ethylene glycol (meg), wherein said removal is achieved by contacting the solution with at least one flocculant followed by chemicals including but not limiting to precipitants.
Reliance Industries Limited

Method for producing fluorine group-containing haloolefin compound and composition

The present invention provides a method for producing a fluorine-containing haloolefin compound, said method being able to reduce the generation of overly fluorinated compounds as by-products in the production of the fluorine-containing haloolefin compound and produce the target product of high purity at a high yield. The invention also provides a halogenated hydrocarbon composition.
Daikin Industries, Ltd.

Offgas stream direct contact condenser

Methods and systems for the dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons include a direct contact condenser to remove compounds from an offgas process stream. The reduction of compounds can decrease duty on the offgas compressor by removing steam and aromatics from the offgas.
Fina Technology, Inc.

Method for methanol conversion to propylene over a monolithic catalyst system

A catalyst system and a process for methanol to light olefin conversion with enhanced selectivity towards propylene. The catalyst system comprises a honeycomb monolith catalyst support coated with aluminosilicate nanozeolite catalysts on the edges and inside the channels of the support structure.
King Fahd University Of Pertroleum And Minerals

Catalyst and process for selective production of lower hydrocarbons c1-c5 from syngas with low methane and co2 production

A catalyst composition containing cobalt manganese oxide which is modified with silicon in the form of a hydrophilic silica, the catalyst also containing at least one of lanthanum, phosphorus, fe, zr, and zn, and optionally one or more basic elements selected from the group of alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, and transition metals. Also, methods for preparing and using the catalyst composition for producing aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons using the catalyst composition..
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation

Laser ablation and filtration apparatus and process for removal of hydrocarbons and contaminants

A laser ablation and filtration process and apparatus wherein liquid containing hydrocarbons or other contaminates is purified. The liquid is exposed to laser energy at one or more selected wavelengths wherein the laser energy travels through the liquid and reaches the hydrocarbons or other contaminates and vaporizes, denatures, breaks down, neutralizes, renders inert and/or separates the hydrocarbons or contaminates from the liquid.

Methods for production of carbon and hydrogen from natural gas and other hydrocarbons

A method for producing elemental carbon and hydrogen gas directly from a hydrocarbon (for example, natural gas or methane) using a chemical reaction or series of reactions. In an aspect, other materials involved such as, for example, elemental magnesium, remain unchanged and function as a catalyst..
West Virginia University Research Corporation

Systems and methods for limited emissions refueling

A method is presented, comprising, during a first condition, including an active refueling event, receiving an indication of hydrocarbon breakthrough from the fuel vapor canister; and restricting flow of fuel vapor through a fuel vapor canister vent pathway responsive to the indication of hydrocarbon breakthrough. Restricting the fuel vapor canister vent pathway will cause fuel tank pressure to increase, thus triggering an automatic shutoff of a refueling dispenser.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Solid catalyst for the (co)polymerisation of alpha-olefins and process for the preparation thereof

An improved solid ziegler-natta type catalyst for the (co)polymerisation of ethylene and α-olefins, particularly in high-temperature processes, such as for example adiabatic solution processes and high-pressure adiabatic processes with elevated productivity, is provided. Said catalyst is obtained by means of an original process comprising dissolving in hydrocarbons, compounds of titanium, magnesium and optionally a metal selected from hafnium and zirconium, and reprecipitating them in two steps in succession, the first of which is chlorination and the second reduction..
Versalis S.p.a.

Filtration material, filtration filter, manufacturing filtration material, filtration method, copolymer, and manufacturing copolymer

A filtration material including a silica base material having a group represented by the following general formula (a0-1) [in formula (a0-1), ya01 represents a divalent linking group; ra01 represents a hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent; ra02 represents a hydroxyl group or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms which may have a substituent; n01 represents an integer of 0 to 5; and the symbol “*” represents a valence bond with respect to the silica base material].. .
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo., Ltd.

Integrated process to recover high quality native co2 from a sour gas comprising h2s and co2

The invention concerns a method for treating a hydrocarbon feed gas stream containing at least co2 and h2s to recover a high quality purified co2 gas stream, comprising a. Separating said hydrocarbon feed gas stream into a sweetened hydrocarbon gas stream, and an acid gas stream; b.
Total Sa

Methane conversion apparatus and process using a supersonic flow reactor

Apparatus and methods are provided for converting methane in a feed stream to acetylene. A hydrocarbon stream is introduced into a supersonic reactor and pyrolyzed to convert at least a portion of the methane to acetylene.
Uop Llc

Ceramic injector for fluid catalytic cracking unit

The invention relates to a feedstock injector (2′) for injecting an atomized hydrocarbon feedstock into a tubular-type reactor with substantially upward or downward flow that is intended to be used in a fluid catalytic cracking unit, having: at least one hollow cylindrical body (41); at least a first and a second inlet openings (40, 42) for respectively injecting a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock to be cracked and an atomizing gas into said cylindrical body (41); at least one contact chamber (46) arranged inside said hollow cylindrical body, in which said liquid hydrocarbon feedstock to be cracked and said atomizing gas are intended to be brought into contact in order to atomize said liquid hydrocarbon feedstock to be cracked; and at least one outlet opening (44) that opens on the inside of said reactor in order to eject said liquid hydrocarbon feedstock thus atomized. According to the invention, each element of the injector (2′) is formed of a ceramic material..
Total Raffinage Chimie

Process for carbon dioxide recovery from a gas stream containing carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons

The present invention relates to a process for purification of a carbon dioxide feedstock, for example from a production well, which comprises carbon dioxide and gaseous and liquid c1+ hydrocarbons. Specifically, a carbon dioxide feedstream is passed through one or more separation unit wherein each separation unit removes one or more c1+ hydrocarbon from the carbon dioxide feedstream to provide a richer carbon dioxide gas stream.
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Noxious arthropod control agent containing amide compound

Y represents an oxygen atom or the like, m represents any integer of 0 to 7, and q represents a c1-8 chain hydrocarbon group optionally having a phenyl group or the like, has the excellent noxious arthropod controlling effect.. .

Sustained release pheromone preparation

Provided is a sustained release pheromone preparation used for the control of insect pest, which can maintain a high release rate of a pheromone substance during the control period of the insect pest which has, as the pheromone substance, a c20-35 aliphatic hydrocarbon compound having such a melting point that the aliphatic hydrocarbon is in a solid form at normal temperature. More specifically, provided is a sustained release pheromone preparation comprising a membrane of an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, and a c20-35 aliphatic hydrocarbon compound which is carried by the membrane, is permeable through the membrane, and has such a melting point that the aliphatic hydrocarbon compound is in a solid form at normal temperature, wherein the preparation targets an insect pest having the aliphatic hydrocarbon compound as a pheromone substance..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Solid electrolyte composition, producing same, producing solid electrolyte-containing layer, electrolyte layer, and battery

A solid electrolyte composition comprising: a solid electrolyte that comprises li; and a solvent represented by the following formula (1). R1—(c═o)—r2 (1) wherein in the formula (1), r1 and r2 are independently a hydrocarbon group including 2 or more carbon atoms..
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

Compound, material for organic electroluminescent element, organic electroluminescent element, and electronic device

A compound is represented by a formula (1). In the formula (1); ar represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group or a heterocyclic group having 4 or more fused rings and 22 or less ring atoms; ar optionally has a substituent; r11 is a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group; when r11 is an aromatic hydrocarbon group having a substituent, the substituent is not a heterocyclic group; x1 represents a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom bonded with r12 (cr12); r12 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent; l1 represents a single bond or a linking group; x2 and x3 each independently represent a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom bonded with r2 (cr2); r1 and r2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; and l2 is a linking group..
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

Methods and systems for simulating a hydrocarbon field using a multi-point well connection method

Computing systems, computer-readable media, and methods may include determining, for a hydrocarbon field, one or more formation properties and one or more fluid properties and determining, for the hydrocarbon field, a location of one or more wells and a configuration of the one or more wells. The method may include dividing the hydrocarbon field into one or more grid cells.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Method for planning and executing real time automated decision support in oil and gas wells

Method for controlling the state of an operation in a hydrocarbon exploration and recovery environment, including creating at least one function model, said function model including at least one function, executing at least one function within said function model, defining a plurality of function controls, a pre-determined combination of given function controls within said plurality of function controls defining a signature event, an occurrence of said signature event being indicative of a specific state of said operation, and monitoring the occurrence of said signature event during execution of a certain function included in said at least one function model.. .
Exebenus As

System and modeling the effects of fluid changes in low porosity hydrocarbon reservoirs

A system and method for modeling fluid effects in a subsurface reservoir combines high quality shear modulus data from modern sonic logs with the inherent stability of vpvs ratio to derive more credible dry frame bulk modulus, in turn leading to improved fluid saturation modeling and improve fluid effect modeling. The system and model are designed primarily for low porosity and mixed lithology subsurface reservoirs although they may also be used with confidence in high porosity reservoirs..
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Tool for cutoff value determination in net-pay computation workflow

Methods, systems, and computer-readable media for assessing porosity and water saturation cutoff values for hydrocarbon volume estimation are described. The techniques can include determining a plurality of water saturation and porosity value pairs for locations regularly-spaced along at least one borehole.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Hydrocarbon sensing methods and apparatus

A chip-scale, reusable sensor can detect aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (btex), rapidly in water without sample preparation. The device is capable of real-time, continuous monitoring for btex solutes, which diffuse into a film, such as a polymer, on the sensors surface.
Colorado State University Research Foundation

Photometer/nephelometer device and using to determine proppant concentration

A system is described that provides for the measurement and control of proppant concentration in a liquefied gas fluid stream utilizing a non-nuclear optical detection device such as a near-infrared (nir), visible (vis), and ultraviolet (uv) photometer/nephelometer to be used in the fracture treatment of subterranean hydrocarbon formations.. .

Process and processing a hydrocarbon gas stream

A process for separating a mixed or raw gas feed to produce a dry gas product and a hydrocarbon liquid product is provided. The process comprises scrubbing heavier hydrocarbon components from the gas feed to produce a lighter ends gas stream and a heavier ends liquid stream; cooling the lighter ends gas stream and separating the cooled lighter ends gas stream into a cold liquid stream and the dry gas product; and using the cold liquid stream to assist in scrubbing the heavier hydrocarbon components from the gas feed..
Encana Corporation

Variable capacity, configurable hydrocarbon emissions trap

Methods and systems are provided for a vapor canister couple to a fuel tank of a vehicle. A series of fluidically coupled, variable capacity bleed elements, externally coupled to a sidewall of the vapor canister, capture the bleed emissions resulting from desorption of fuel vapors from an adsorbent material inside the vapor canister.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Control of hydrocarbon injection rate in an exhaust gas assembly

An exhaust gas assembly includes an exhaust gas tube configured to receive an exhaust gas from the internal combustion engine, which includes at least one cylinder. An oxidation catalytic device may be operatively connected to the exhaust gas tube and includes a catalyst.
Gm Global Technology Operations Llc

Compact hydrocarbon wellstream processing

A system (2) for offshore hydrocarbon processing comprises a host (6) at surface level, a subsea processing plant (4), and an umbilical (8) connecting the host and the subsea processing plant. The subsea processing plant is adapted to receive a multi-phase hydrocarbon stream (10) from a wellhead and to output at least a hydrocarbon gas-phase stream (14) satisfying a rich gas pipeline transportation specification to a pipeline.
Statoil Petroleum As

Effective solvent extraction system incorporating electromagnetic heating

A method of producing hydrocarbons from a subterranean reservoir comprises pre-heating by exposure to electromagnetic radiation from a electromagnetic radiation source, injecting through at least one injection well a solvent into the reservoir to dilute the hydrocarbons contained in the pre-conditioned portion, and producing through at least one production well a mixture of hydrocarbons and solvent. An apparatus for producing hydrocarbons from a subterranean reservoir comprises at least one radio frequency antenna configured to transmit radio frequency energy into a subterranean reservoir, a power source to provide power to the at least one radio frequency antenna, at least one injection well configured to inject a solvent from a solvent supply source into the subterranean reservoir to lower the viscosity of the hydrocarbons, and at least one production well configured to produce a mixture comprising hydrocarbons and solvent from the subterranean reservoir..
Harris Corporation

Multistage fracturing system with electronic counting system

The invention relates to a multistage high pressure fracturing system and tubular hydraulic valve (thv) system for connection to a completion string to enable isolation of a zone of interest within a well. In particular, the system enables access to a downhole formation for fracturing the zone of interest and for hydrocarbon production.
Completions Research Ag

Selective middle distillate hydrotreating process

A selective mid-distillate hydrotreating process is provided for production of hydrocarbon fuels with an ultra-low level of sulfur in which the initial hydrocarbon feedstock is introduced into to an aromatic extraction zone to produce an aromatic-lean fraction and an aromatic-rich fraction, which contain different classes of organosulfur compounds having different reactivities when subjected to hydrotreating reactions. The aromatic-lean fraction contains primarily labile heteroatom-containing compounds, and is passed to a first hydrotreating zone operating under mild conditions to remove the sulfur heteroatom from organosulfur hydrocarbon compounds.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Production of oilfield hydrocarbons

A process (20) to produce olefinic products suitable for use as or conversion to oilfield hydrocarbons includes separating (42) an olefins-containing fischer-tropsch condensate (64) into a light fraction (68), an intermediate fraction (82) and a heavy fraction (94), oligomerising (44) at least a portion of the light fraction (68) to produce a first olefinic product (72) which includes branched internal olefins, and carrying out either one or both of the steps of (i) dehydrogenating (50) at least a portion of the intermediate fraction (82) to produce an intermediate product (84) which includes internal olefins and alpha-olefins, and synthesising (52) higher olefins from the intermediate product which includes internal olefins and alpha-olefins to produce a second olefinic product (86), and (ii) dimerising (52) at least a portion of the intermediate fraction to produce a second olefinic product (86). At least a portion of the heavy fraction (94) is dehydrogenated (58) to produce a third olefinic product (96) which includes internal olefins.
Sasol Technology Proprietary Limited

Process for fractionating hydrocarbon feeds using a device comprising switchable bottom zones

The invention concerns a process for fractionating hydrocarbon feeds employing at least one fractionation zone provided with separation contact means, and at least two switchable bottom zones which can be connected to the bottom of the fractionation zone in a manner such that at least a first of the bottom zones operates with said fractionation zone, in alternation, for a period at most equal to a plugging period, in a manner such that when at least the first of the bottom zones becomes plugged or before it becomes plugged, it is disconnected from the fractionation zone in order to be cleaned while the feed fractionation process continues with at least one other of the bottom zones.. .
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Hydrocarbon condensate stabilizer and a producing a stabilized hydrocarbon condenstate stream

A mixed phase unstabilized hydrocarbon stream is created by partially evaporating an unstabilized hydrocarbon condensate stream, including indirectly heat exchanging the unstabilized hydrocarbon condensate stream against an effluent stream in a feed-effluent heat exchanger. The mixed phase unstabilized hydrocarbon stream is fed into a stabilizer column.
Shell Oil Company

Thermally unstable ammonium carboxylates for enhanced oil recovery

A process includes (a) injecting a steam composition into a subterranean location containing heavy hydrocarbons, preferably bitumen, wherein the steam composition comprises (i) steam and (ii) an ammonium carboxylate and (b) recovering the heavy hydrocarbon from the subterranean location to above the ground. The process is preferably a cyclic steam stimulation (css) process, a steam assisted gravity drainage (sagd), or a combination thereof..
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Compound of biodegradable surfactants for separating impurities in a hydrocarbon

Compounds of biodegradable surfactants useful for optimizing the separation of impurities typical of hydrocarbons, and designed to intervene and stabilize the molecular structure of crude oil, with no significant alterations of the crude's intrinsic composition are disclosed. The biodegradable surfactants compounds coexist with a non-ionic surfactant and an organic mix in emulsion form with the purpose of isolating crude from the pipeline, reduce friction to improve crude flow and to enter the crude macromolecule to modify the hydrocarbon chain to reduce its density and thus its viscosity; including compounds of biodegradable surfactants that comprise sodium hydroxide 1n, potassium chloride, sulphonic acid, dodecanoic acid, nonylphenol, terpene-1 and water, preferably hard water..
Environmental Development Products (endevpro), Limited

Thermally and electrically conductive adhesive composition

The present invention relates to a thermally and electrically conductive adhesive composition, which includes (a) an electrically conductive filler, (b) an epoxy resin, (c) a reactive diluent, and (d) a curing agent, wherein the component (a) is a silver powder having an average particle diameter of 1 to 10 μm, the component (b) has two or more epoxy functional groups and aromatic rings in each molecule, the component (c) is a compound having two or more glycidyl ether functional groups in an aliphatic hydrocarbon chain and also having a molecular weight of 150 to 600, and the component (d) is a compound having two or more phenol functional groups in each molecule, a compound having two or more aniline functional groups in each molecule, or a mixture of these compounds, and the content of each of the component (a), (b), (c), and (d) is within a specific range.. .
Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo K.k.

Polyesters, polyurethanes, elastomers, processes for manufacturing polyesters and processes for manufacturing polyurethanes

Provided is a starting material for polyurethanes having excellent hydrolysis resistance and heat resistance, especially heat aging resistance. Further provided is polyurethanes and elastomers obtained by using the polyesters, as well as processes for manufacturing the polyesters and processes for manufacturing the polyurethanes.
Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc.

Zeolites for hydrocarbon conversion

A process is provided for the conversion of a hydrocarbon feedstock using catalyst system comprising one or more zeolites. The zeolites have been identified to be capable of selectively catalyzing the hydroisomerization reactions of linear or slightly branched long-chain hydrocarbons.

Conversion of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, or a combination thereof over hybrid catalyst

A feedstream comprising hydrogen and a gas selected from carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, or a combination thereof is converted to a product mixture containing a combination of saturated and unsaturated two carbon atom and three carbon atom hydrocarbons via contact with a mixed catalyst comprising a mixed metal oxide catalyst selected from a copper oxide, copper oxide/zinc oxide, copper oxide/alumina, copper oxide/zinc oxide/alumina catalyst, a zinc oxide/chromium oxide catalyst, or a combination thereof, in admixture with a molecular sieve catalyst having a cha, aei, ael, afi, bea, or ddr framework type, or a combination of such molecular sieves. Exemplary molecular sieve catalysts include sapo-34, sapo-18, sapo-5, and beta.
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Method for producing graphene with controlled number of layers, and manufacturing electronic device using same

Disclosed is a method of producing graphene, which includes bringing a metal catalyst into contact with hydrogen gas (step a), bringing the metal catalyst in step a into contact with at least one selected from among a hydrocarbon gas, nitrogen gas, and an inert gas (step b), and forming graphene on the metal catalyst by bringing the metal catalyst in step b into contact with hydrogen gas and a hydrocarbon gas (step c), whereby the number of layers of graphene can be variously controlled as needed, regardless of the initial surface roughness of a metal catalyst layer, and also, the time required to form graphene can be shortened, thus reducing processing costs.. .
Center For Advanced Soft Electronics

Friction control composition with high and positive friction characteristics

A friction control composition having high and positive frictional properties for sliding steel surfaces includes a water insoluble hydrocarbon that enables a reduced water content, a rheological additive, a freezing point depressant, a friction modifier, and a lubricant.. .
Whitmore Manufacturing, Llc

System and carbon dioxide capture and sequestration from relatively high concentration co2 mixtures

A system and method of reducing the net carbon dioxide footprint of an industrial process that generates power from the combustion of hydrocarbon fuels in which ambient air is admixed with up to 50% by volume of an effluent gas from the power generator of the industrial process, in order to substantially increase the co2 concentration in the air prior to treatment. The treatment comprises adsorbing co2 from the admixed ambient air utilizing a cooled, porous substrate-supported amine adsorbent, wherein the porous substrate initially contacts the mixed ambient air containing condensed water in its pores, which act as an intrinsic coolant with respect to the exothermic heat generated by the adsorption process.

System and generating power and enhanced oil recovery

A method for producing a purified carbon dioxide product suitable for eor and surplus electricity uses a vaporous hydrocarbon feed and a sofc system. A sofc system includes a condensate removal system, an acid gas removal system, a hydrodesulfurization system, a sorption bed system, a pre-reformer, a solid oxide fuel cell, a co2 separations system and a co2 dehydration system operable to form the purified carbon dioxide product, where the sofc system is operable to produce surplus electricity from the electricity produced by the solid oxide fuel cell.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Adhesive for laminating metal foil to resin film, laminate obtained using said composition, packaging material for battery casing, and battery case

There are provided an adhesive for laminating a metal foil to a resin film and the like, the adhesive comprising: a polyurethane polyol (a); and a saturated aliphatic and/or saturated alicyclic polyisocyanate (b), wherein the polyurethane polyol (a) is obtained by polyaddition of components comprising a chain polyolefin polyol (a1) and/or a polyester polyol (a2) having a constituent unit derived from a hydrogenated dimer acid and a constituent unit derived from a hydrogenated dimer diol, a hydroxylated hydrocarbon compound (b) having a saturated or unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbon structure and two or more hydroxy groups, and a polyisocyanate (c).. .
Showa Denko K.k.

Low gradient magnetic resonance logging for measurement of light hydrocarbon reservoirs

An embodiment of a method of performing a nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) measurement includes disposing a nmr measurement device in a carrier in an earth formation, applying a static magnetic field into a formation, and emitting a plurality of pulse sequences into the formation, the plurality of pulse sequences including at least a first pulse sequence having a first wait time and a second pulse sequence having a second wait time. The method also includes receiving a long wait-time echo train based on the first pulse sequence and a short wait-time echo train based on the second pulse sequence.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

System and recovering hydrocarbons from a subsurface formation that minimizes surface disturbance

The present disclosure provides a system and method for recovering hydrocarbons that minimize surface disturbance. The system includes an electrical heater, electrical cables substantially within the subsurface formation that connect to the electrical heater, electrical pathways substantially within the subsurface formation that are configured to transmit power to the electrical heater, and a first local electrical room that is configured to (i) detect a pathway error within the electrical pathways based on pathway characteristics of pathway sensors and (ii) correct the pathway error by switching power transmitted from a first one of the electrical pathways to a second one of the electrical pathways that is separate from the first one of the electrical pathways..

Hydrocarbon production method comprising a productivity index of the wells subject to thermal effect

The present invention relates to a production method for hydrocarbons contained in an underground formation penetrated by at least one well. The method is based on the determination of at least one productivity index ip dependent on the temperature and pressure..
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

A hydrocarbon heating system

A hydrocarbon heating system for a hydrocarbon production and/or transportation system comprising at least one electrical conductor and an alternating current (ac) power source connected to the at least one electrical conductor. The alternating current power source generates heat in the at least one electrical conductor by providing alternating current power to the at least one electrical conductor..
Tullow Group Services Limited

Downhole sub with collapsible baffle

A collapsible baffle sub installable within a casing string of a hydrocarbon well. The collapsible baffle sub includes a movable sleeve and a collapsible baffle.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Powder mixture of absorbent fibres

This invention relates to a powder mixture of absorbent fibers with oleophilic and hydrophobic properties, to a process for separating and/or collect oil, petroleum and all kinds of hydrocarbons, solvent or other selected liquid from oil, gasoline, diesel, solvents, antifreezes, acetone, ether, paraffins, waxes or oil paints, or combinations thereof, both in water and earthy soils involves the use of a powder mixture of absorbent fibers and recyclable adsorbents, the method for producing the mixture and their applications.. .

Methods for reducing flue gas emissions from fluid catalytic cracking unit regenerators

Methods for reducing flue gas particulate emissions from fluid catalytic cracking unit regenerators are provided. In one embodiment, a method for reducing flue gas particulate emissions from an fcc unit regenerator includes the steps of combining biochar with a hydrocarbon feedstock to generate a biochar-containing feedstock and contacting the biochar-containing feedstock with an fcc catalyst.
Uop Llc

Oil conditioning unit and process

An oil conditioning unit includes a pump for receiving unstabilized crude oil at a first pressure and pumping the unstabilized crude oil at a second pressure higher than the first pressure, a first pre-heater downstream of the pump for heating the unstabilized crude oil to a first temperature, and a degassing vessel downstream of the first pre-heater. The degassing vessel is configured to separate light hydrocarbon gases from the unstabilized crude oil at the first temperature to produce stabilized crude oil having a reid vapor pressure less than or equal to 13.7 psia.
Hellervik Oilfield Technologies Llc

Nanoparticle kinetic gas hydrate inhibitors

Inhibiting gas hydrate formation while transporting hydrocarbon fluids may include providing a kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor, adding the kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor to a fluid capable of producing gas hydrates, and transporting the fluid that comprises the kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor. Generally a kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor may include a heterocyclic compound comprising nitrogen, e.g., polyvinyl pyrrolidone)..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Controlled break enzyme formulations

The present disclosure relates to enzyme formulations and methods of using the enzyme formulations to reduce the viscosity of fluids used in hydrocarbon recovery. Some embodiments provide particles for well treatment, where the particles comprise an acidifier carrier and an enzyme co-encapsulated within a shell.
Basf Enzymes Llc

Tire with low rolling resistance

A tire tread comprises a rubber composition based on at least: an elastomer matrix comprising more than 50% by weight of a solution sbr bearing a silanol function at the chain end, a reinforcing filler present at a content of between 40 and 80 phr, which reinforcing filler comprises between 40 and 80 phr of a silica, a coupling agent for coupling the silica to the solution sbr, 10 to 50 phr of a hydrocarbon-based resin having a tg of greater than 20° c., and 0 to less than 5 phr of a liquid plasticizer. Such a tire has a good performance compromise between rolling resistance and grip..
Michelin Recherche Et Technique S.a.

Tire with low rolling resistance

A tire tread comprises a rubber composition based on at least: an elastomer matrix comprising more than 50% by weight of a solution sbr bearing a silanol function and an amine function, a reinforcing filler present at a content of between 40 and 80 phr, which reinforcing filler comprises between 40 and 80 phr of a silica, a coupling agent for coupling the silica to the solution sbr, 10 to 50 phr of a hydrocarbon-based resin having a tg of greater than 20° c., and 0 to less than 5 phr of a liquid plasticizer. Such a tire has a good performance compromise between rolling resistance and wet grip..
Michelin Recherche Et Technique S.a.

Perfluoroelastomer composition

The invention pertains to a perfluoroelastomer composition comprising: at least one perfluoroelastomer comprising iodine and/or bromine atoms [perfluoroelastomer (a)]; from 0.5 to 5 weight parts, per 100 parts by weight of said perfluoroelastomer (a), of at least one bis-olefin [bis-olefin (of)] having general formula (1) wherein r1, r2, r3, r4, r5 and r6, equal or different from each other, are h, a halogen, or a c1-c5 optionally halogenated group, possibly comprising one or more oxygen group; z is a linear or branched c1-c18 optionally halogenated alkylene or cycloalkylene radical, optionally containing oxygen atoms, or a (per)fluoropolyoxyalkylene radical; from 0.1 to 3 weight parts, per 100 parts by weight of said perfluoroelastomer (a), of at least one organic peroxide; from 0.1 to 3 weight parts, per 100 parts by weight of said perfluoroelastomer (a), of at least one organic base [base (b)] selected from the group consisting of: (i) non-aromatic primary amines or amides complying with general formula (b1m) or (bid): rbm—[c(0)]t-nh2 (b1m) h2n—[c(o)]t′—rdm—[c(o)]t″—nh2 (bid) wherein: each of t, t′ and t″, equal to or different from each other and at each occurrence is zero or 1; rbm is a monovalent hydrocarbon non-aromatic group having 12 to 30 carbon atoms; rdm is a divalent hydrocarbon non-aromatic group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms; and (ii) cycloaliphatic secondary or tertiary amines complying with general formula (ii) (b2m) or (b2d) wherein: cy represents a divalent aliphatic group comprising at least 4 carbon atoms, optionally comprising one or more than one ethylenically unsaturated double bond, and optionally comprising one or more catenary nitrogen atoms, forming a cycle with the nitrogen atom which is connected thereto; cy′ represent a trivalent aliphatic group comprising at least 5 carbon atoms, optionally comprising one or more than one ethylenically unsaturated double bond, and optionally comprising one or more catenary nitrogen atoms, forming a cycle with the nitrogen atom which is connected thereto.. .
Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.p.a.

Block copolymer

A block copolymer includes a polystyrene block including a styrene unit, and a polyalkyl (meth)acrylate block including an alkyl (meth)acrylate unit. The block copolymer includes an organic group that is bound to at least one end of a main chain of the block copolymer and that comprises a hetero atom.
Jsr Corporation

Water-soluble hydroxyalkyl polymer obtained by a inverse suspension or inverse emulsion polymerisation

This invention relates to a water-soluble polymer in bead or powder form, characterized in that it has a brookfield viscosity greater than 100 cps, and in that it is obtained by inverse suspension or inverse emulsion polymerization, in the presence of a transfer agent, of monomers where less than 20 mol % is made up of a hydroxyalkyl monomer with formula h2c═cr1r2, r1 being a hydrogen atom or a methyl group and r2 being a hydrocarbon group containing at least one oh pendant group or at least one epoxide group and optionally at least one n or o heteroatom in the hydrocarbon chains; r2 being different from the c(═o)—oh group.. .
S.p.c.m. Sa

Ionic complex, electrolyte for nonaqueous electrolyte battery, nonaqueous electrolyte battery and ionic complex synthesis method

To provide a material suitable for a nonaqueous electrolyte battery having high-temperature durability. An ionic complex of the present invention is represented by any of the following formulae (1) to (3).
Central Glass Company, Limited

Thermosetting composition, and manufacturing thermoset resin

A thermosetting composition comprising: (a) a (meth)acrylate compound having a viscosity at 25° c. Of 1 to 300 mpa·s with which a substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic hydrocarbon group including 6 or more carbon atoms is ester-bonded; (b) spherical silica; and (c) a white pigment, and having a shear viscosity at 25° c.
Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.

Method of manufacturing aromatic polyketone film, aromatic polyketone film, substrate provided with aromatic polyketone film, optical element, and image display device

Provided is a method of manufacturing an aromatic polyketone film, the method including: applying a coating liquid to at least a part of a surface of a substrate to form a coating liquid layer, the coating liquid including a solvent and an aromatic polyketone having a structural unit represented by formula (1) or (2); drying the coating liquid layer; and after the drying, subjecting the coating liquid layer to a heat treatment. In formula (1) or (2), each r1 independently represents an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms; each r2 and each r3 independently represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms; x represents a specific divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group, or a divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 30 carbon atoms; and y represents a specific divalent functional group..
Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd.

Composite perfluorohydrocarbon membranes, their preparation and use

Composite porous hydrophobic membranes are prepared by forming a perfluorohydrocarbon layer on the surface of a preformed porous polymeric substrate. The substrate can be formed from poly(aryl ether ketone) and a perfluorohydrocarbon layer can be chemically grafted to the surface of the substrate.
L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude

Non-aqueous electrolytic solution and non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery using the same

Wherein each of r1, r2, and y represents a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms and optionally having a substituent, and x represents a hydrogen or fluorine atom, wherein r1, r2, and y are the same or different.. .

Method for forming multi-layer film and patterning process

The present invention provides a method for forming a multi-layer film, including (i) forming an under layer film on a substrate by applying an under layer film material containing one or more species selected from resins having a repeating unit shown by the formula (1), resins having a repeating unit shown by the formula (2), and compounds shown by the formula (3), each containing a fluorene structure, and curing the same by heat treatment at 300° c. To 800° c.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Method for diagnosing oil-filled electrical apparatus

The method for diagnosing the oil-filled electrical apparatus in the present invention is a method for diagnosing whether or not discharge has occurred inside the oil-filled electrical apparatus. The diagnosing method includes: an in-oil gases analyzing step of analyzing hydrogen gas and a gas selected from the group consisting of methane, ethane, ethylene, acetylene, hydrocarbon having a carbon number of 3 or 4, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and nitrogen, contained in an insulating oil used inside the oil-filled electrical apparatus; a step of analyzing a causative substance serving as a cause of generation of hydrogen in the insulating oil irrespective of whether or not the discharge has occurred; and a step of diagnosing whether or not the discharge has occurred based on an analysis result of the in-oil gases analyzing step and an analysis result of the step of analyzing the causative substance..
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation

Apparatus and recovering off-gases from natural gas dehydrator

An apparatus and method for reclaiming uncondensed hydrocarbons normally exhausted to the atmosphere from a still column of a glycol dehydrator system, and combusting the uncondensed hydrocarbons in a burner assembly of a reboiler after the burner assembly has been ignited by fuel gas.. .

Downhole fluid properties analysis probe, tool and method

A downhole fluid properties optical analysis probe (1) to analyze at least one property of a multiphase flow mixture (100) flowing in a hydrocarbon well (51) has an elongated cylindrical body shape and comprises an optical tip (5) at one end of the elongated cylindrical body arranged to be in contact with the multiphase flow mixture (100), and an optoelectronics module (11) at another end of the elongated cylindrical body arranged to be separated from the multiphase flow mixture (100) and coupled to the optical tip (5) by an optical fiber bundle. The optoelectronics module (11) comprises at least one light source (13) arranged to emit electromagnetic radiations in a wavelength range such that reflectance occurs when gas (g) is present at the optical tip (5) and fluorescence occurs when oil (o) is present at the optical tip (5), at least one reflectance light detector (14) arranged to be responsive to a reflectance light and to provide a reflectance signal (u1(t)) and at least one fluorescence light detector (15) arranged to be responsive to a fluorescence light and to provide a fluorescence signal (u2(t)).
Openfield

Collet baffle fracking a hydrocarbon formation

A baffle system for use in well casing having a plurality of landed subs therein, for progressive injection of a fracking or treating fluid into a hydrocarbon formation via existing or created perforations in the well casing. The baffle members provide a plug seat, and are each frangibly affixed to a conveying tool and have collet finger protuberances thereon.
Sc Asset Corporation

Magnetic attachment system for communication through hydrocarbon production systems

Embodiments of the present disclosure may provide an acoustic transceiver system and a method for installing the acoustic transceiver system. The acoustic transceiver system may include at least one acoustic transceiver.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Method and composition for contemporaneously dimerizing and hydrating a feed having butene to produce a gasoline composition

Methods for producing alcohols and oligomers contemporaneously from a hydrocarbon feed containing mixed butenes using an acid based catalyst are provided. Additionally, methods for producing fuel compositions having alcohols and oligomers prepared from mixed olefins are also provided as embodiments of the present invention.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Process for producing hydrocarbons

A process for converting biomass to products is described. Biomasss is contacted with hydrogen in the presence of a fluidized bed of hydropyrolysis catalyst in a reactor vessel under hydropyrolysis conditions; and products and char are removed from the reactor vessel.
Shell Oil Company

System and process for the manufacture of hydrocarbons and upgraded coal by catalytic mild temperature pyrolysis of coal

A process for upgrading a solid carbonaceous material includes heating the solid carbonaceous material in the presence of a catalyst under partial pyrolysis conditions and obtaining an upgraded solid carbonaceous product, a gaseous product, and a spent catalyst.. .
Lp Amina Llc

Method of using multicarboxylate compositions in enhanced oil recovery

The present disclosure relates to the use of a multicarboxylate, such as an alkyl alkoxy dicarboxylate, in enhanced oil recovery processes. A specific embodiment relates to the use of an aqueous stream including a compound having the chemical formula: r1—r2—r3, wherein r1 comprises a branched or unbranched, saturated or unsaturated, cyclic or non-cyclic, hydrophobic carbon chain having 7-150 carbon atoms; an oxygen atom linking r1 and r2; r2 comprises an alkoxylated chain comprising ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, butylene oxide, or a combination thereof; and r3 comprises a branched or unbranched hydrocarbon chain comprising 2-12 carbon atoms and 2-5 —cooh or —coom groups wherein m is a monovalent, divalent, or trivalent cation..
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Stabilization of petroleum surfactants for enhancing oil recovery

The present technology relates to compositions and related methods for stabilizing surfactants capable of increasing liquid hydrocarbon production from subterranean reservoirs. In some embodiments, the technology relates to the stabilization of sulfonate based surfactants for enhanced oil recovery (“eor”) operations.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Asphaltene inhibitors for squeeze applications

Reaction products of polymeric alkyl phenol formaldehyde resins are useful as additives to inhibit or prevent the deposition or precipitation of asphaltenes in hydrocarbon fluids, particularly crude oil produced from a subterranean formation. These reaction products are formed by reacting a polymeric alkyl phenol formaldehyde resin with a co-reactant having functional groups including, but not necessarily limited to, amines, esters, silanes, ketones, epoxides, alkoxides, aryloxides, halogens, alkali metals, alkali earth metals, acetamides, non-metal oxides, metal oxides, where the co-reactant optionally has a carbon chain length between 1 and 22 and the reaction is conducted in the presence of at least one of various solvents.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Composition, process for producing sheet, sheet, laminate, and laminate with device wafer

This composition includes an elastomer having a 5% thermal mass reduction temperature of 375° c. Or higher when heated at an elevation rate of 20° c./min from 25° c., a solvent represented by the following general formula (1) and having a boiling point of 160° c.

Process for stabilizing phenolic resins containing calixarenes

This invention relates to a process for stabilizing a phenolic resin containing a mixture of linear phenolic resins and calixarenes and a demulsifier composition comprising the stabilized phenolic resins prepared from the process. The process comprises contacting the phenolic resin with an alkylene carbonate, in the presence of a base catalyst, to at least partially alkoxylate the phenolic hydroxyl groups of the calixarenes.
Si Group, Inc.

Elastomeric blend for tires comprising high glass transition temperature hydrocarbon resins

This invention relates to an elastomeric composition comprising at least one elastomer and a hydrocarbon polymer additive, wherein the hydrocarbon polymer additive has a glass transition temperature in the range of about 40 to about 70° c. And is selected from at least one of dicyclopentadiene (dcpd)-based polymer, a cyclopentadiene (cpd)-based polymer, a dcpd-styrene copolymer, a c5 homopolymer and copolymer resin, a c5-styrene copolymer resin, a terpene homopolymer or copolymer resin, a pinene homopolymer or copolymer resin, a c9 homopolymer and copolymer resin, a c5/c9 copolymer resin, an alpha-methyl styrene homopolymer or copolymer resin, and combinations thereof; and wherein, the composition has a permeability coefficient at 40° c.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Benzothiazole compound and medicine containing same

It is intended to provide: a compound useful as an amyloid oxidation catalyst which is applicable in vivo and is applicable not only to aβ peptides but to other amyloids; and a prophylactic or therapeutic drug for an amyloid-related disease, comprising the same. The present invention provides a benzothiazole compound represented by the following formula (1) wherein x represents a halogen atom; r1 represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; r2 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; r3 and r4 are the same or different and each represent a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group, an alkoxy group, a halogen atom, an amino group, a nitro group, or a cyano group; r2 and r4 optionally together form an alkylene group; and r5 represents an anion..
Japan Science And Technology Agency

Aryl compound and making method

An aryl compound terminated with at least three glycidyl groups and at least three (meth)allyl groups, having formula (1) wherein r1 is a c3-c20 hydrocarbon, r2 is hydrogen or methyl, and n is 3 or 4 is novel. It is prepared by reacting an aryl compound having at least three (meth)allyl-containing phenol groups with a 2-halomethyloxirane..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Fluoroalkylating agent

A compound of the general formula (3): r4—s—r1 having an introduced c1 to c8 fluoroalkyl group is easily obtained by reacting a compound of the general formula (2): r4—s—z wherein r4 is a hydrocarbon group or the like; and z is a leaving group, with the compound of the general formula (1).. .

Heterogeneously catalyzed chemical reduction of carbon dioxide

The presently disclosed and/or claimed inventive concept(s) relates generally to the reduction of carbon dioxide by heterogeneous catalysis. More particularly, but not by way of limitation, the presently disclosed and/or claimed inventive concept(s) relates to the reduction of carbon dioxide by heterogeneous catalysis with a heterogeneous hydrogenation catalyst comprising structurally frustrated lewis pairs, wherein, for example but not by way of limitation, formic acid is produced and hydrocarbons are indirectly produced.
University Of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.

Increasing co/co2 ratio in syngas by reverse water gas shift

The present application relates to a production plant comprising—a synthesis gas generation step (1) arranged to receive a hydrocarbon or carboneous feedstock (2) and in a synthesis gas generation process provide a syngas, —a production step (4) arranged to receive the syngas and produce a product stream (5), —a reverse water gas shift step (4) arranged to receive a h2 rich gas stream (7) and a c02 feed (8) and in a rwgs step obtain a reverse shifted gas stream (9), and—means (10) for adding said reverse shifted gas stream (9) to the synthesis gas stream (3).. .
Haldor Topsøe A/s

Cooling of aerospace flight systems

The invention relates generally to a novel cooling system and fuel preheating system for use in an advanced, high speed aerospace vehicle. A hydrocarbon fluid, such as fuel is accelerated to supersonic conditions within a cooling channel located proximate a high-temperature flight surface.
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.

Systems for ionic liquid catalyzed alkylation based on a modular reactor

We provide systems for ionic liquid catalyzed hydrocarbon conversion that comprise a modular reactor comprising a plurality of mixer modules. The mixer modules may be arranged in series.
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Nonaqueous electrolyte and electricity storing device in which same is used

Wherein n is an integer of 1 or 2; and when n is 1, l represents a straight or branched unsaturated hydrocarbon group of which at least one hydrogen atom is optionally substituted by a halogen atom, a cycloalkyl group of which at least one hydrogen atom is optionally substituted by a halogen atom, or an aryl group of which at least one hydrogen atom is optionally substituted by a halogen atom; and when n is 2, l represents a saturated or unsaturated divalent hydrocarbon group which optionally contains ether bond(s), or an arylene group.. .

Solid state electrolyte for lithium secondary battery

Provided is a solid state electrolyte composition for a rechargeable lithium battery. The electrolyte composition comprises a lithium ion-conducting polymer matrix or binder and lithium ion-conducting inorganic species that is dispersed in or chemically bonded by the polymer matrix or binder, wherein the lithium ion-conducting inorganic species is selected from li2co3, li2o, li2c2o4, lioh, lix, roco2li, hcoli, roli, (roco2li)2, (ch2oco2li)2, li2s, lixsoy, or a combination thereof, wherein x=f, cl, i, or br, r=a hydrocarbon group, x=0-1, y=1-4; and wherein the polymer matrix or binder is in an amount from 1% to 99% by volume of the electrolyte composition.

Light emitting device

Wherein m may be an iridium atom, n1 represents an integer of 1 or more, n2 may be 0 or more, e1 and e2 may be a carbon atom, ring l1 represents an aromatic heterocyclic ring, ring l2 may be an aromatic hydrocarbon ring, a1-g1-a2 represents an anionic bidentate ligand, and at least one of rings l1 and l2 has an aryl group, a monovalent heterocyclic group or a substituted amino group.. .

Method of making an electrode

A method of making an electrode for an organic electronic device comprises the steps of depositing an ink on a light emitting layer, and drying said ink to form said electrode. The ink comprises conductive metal or carbon particles, a binder and a hydrocarbon solvent selected from 1, 1′-bicyclohexyl, cis-decalin trans-decaiin or n-undecane..
Cambridge Display Technology Limited

High selectivity nitride removal process based on selective polymer deposition

A silicon nitride cap on a gate stack is removed by etching with a fluorohydrocarbon-containing plasma subsequent to formation of source/drain regions without causing unacceptable damage to the gate stack or source/drain regions. A fluorohydrocarbon-containing polymer protection layer is selectively deposited on the regions that are not to be etched during the removal of the nitride cap.
Zeon Corporation

High selectivity nitride removal process based on selective polymer deposition

A silicon nitride cap on a gate stack is removed by etching with a fluorohydrocarbon-containing plasma subsequent to formation of source/drain regions without causing unacceptable damage to the gate stack or source/drain regions. A fluorohydrocarbon-containing polymer protection layer is selectively deposited on the regions that are not to be etched during the removal of the nitride cap.
Zeon Corporation

Cut-off regulator

The present invention relates to a sensor assembly for measuring dielectric properties in a hydrocarbon fluid flow in a pipe, especially measuring salinity of said flow, comprising a microwave cavity resonator being adapted to be positioned in the wall of said pipe, and being designed to operate at a chosen resonant frequency. The sensor assembly also comprises a metallic plate at a distance from said sensor, wherein the plate defines a waveguide enclosing the microwave cavity resonator, the waveguide being open along the axis of the pipe for allowing said flow to pass through, the waveguide having a cutoff frequency being higher than the resonant frequency of the microwave cavity resonator..
Roxar Flow Measurement As

Nuclear magnetic resonance gas isotherm technique to evaluate reservoir rock wettability

Nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) gas isotherm techniques to evaluate wettability of porous media, such as hydrocarbon reservoir rock, can include constructing a nmr gas isotherm curve for a porous media sample gas adsorption under various pressures. A hydrophobic or hydrophilic nature of the porous media sample can be determined using the nmr gas isotherm curves.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Hydrocarbon gas processing

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for a compact processing assembly to improve the recovery of c2 (or c3) and heavier hydrocarbon components from a hydrocarbon gas stream. The preferred method of separating a hydrocarbon gas stream generally includes producing at least a substantially condensed first stream and a cooled second stream, expanding both streams to lower pressure, and supplying the streams to a fractionation tower.
S.m.e. Products, Lp

Method for the production of liquefied natural gas

A system and method for producing liquefied natural gas are provided. The method may include compressing a process stream containing natural gas in a compression assembly to produce a compressed process stream.
Dresser-rand Company

A hydrocarbon condensate stabilizer and a producing a stabilized hydrocarbon condenstate stream

A mixed phase pressurized unstabilized hydrocarbon stream is fed into a stabilizer column at a feed pressure. A liquid phase of stabilized hydrocarbon condensate is discharged from a bottom end of the stabilizer column, while a vapour phase of volatile components from the pressurized unstabilized hydrocarbon condensate stream is discharged from a top end of the stabilizer column.
Shell Oil Company

Systems and methods for mitigating the impact of vanadium in heavy fuel oil

The present application provides a gas turbine engine for combusting a flow of hydrocarbon based liquid fuel with vanadium contaminants therein. The gas turbine engine may include a combustor for combusting the flow of hydrocarbon based liquid fuel, an upstream magnesium mixing system for mixing a flow of magnesium with the flow of hydrocarbon based liquid fuel, a turbine, an air extraction system in communication with the turbine, and a downstream magnesium mixing system for providing the flow of magnesium to the air extraction system..
General Electric Company

Fiber optics to monitor pipeline cathodic protection systems

A system implementing fiber optics to monitor pipeline cathodic protection systems includes a cathodic protection system coupled to a hydrocarbon pipeline and a fiber optic system connected to the cathodic protection system. The cathodic protection system passes a current through the hydrocarbon pipeline to control corrosion of the hydrocarbon pipeline.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Process for oxidative desulfurization and sulfone disposal using solvent deasphalting

Embodiments provide a method and apparatus for upgrading a hydrocarbon feedstock. According to at least one embodiment, the method includes the steps of (a) supplying a hydrocarbon feedstock to an oxidation reactor, wherein the hydrocarbon feedstock is oxidized in the presence of a catalyst under conditions sufficient to selectively oxidize sulfur and nitrogen compounds present in the hydrocarbon feedstock; (b) separating the hydrocarbons and the oxidized sulfur and nitrogen compounds by solvent extraction; (c) collecting a first residue stream that includes the oxidized sulfur and oxidized nitrogen compounds; (d) supplying the first residue stream to a deasphalting unit; (e) supplying the hydrocarbons to an adsorption column to produce a high purity hydrocarbon product and a second residue stream; and (f) supplying spent adsorbent to the deasphalting unit to remove additional contaminants from the high purity hydrocarbon product in the deasphalting unit..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Optimization of a isolation of paraffinic hydrocarbons

A method and system isolate paraffinic hydrocarbons. In an embodiment, a method includes providing cutter stock to a tank containing a sludge.
Tristar Petroserv, Inc.

Optimization of a isolation of paraffinic hydrocarbons

A method and composition for isolating a paraffinic hydrocarbon layer from a sludge comprising paraffinic hydrocarbons, water, and solids. The method includes contacting the sludge with isopropylamine dodecylbenzene sulfonate, a cutter stock, and water.
Tristar Petroserv, Inc.

Composition and isolation of paraffinic hydrocarbons

A method and composition for isolating a paraffinic hydrocarbon layer from a sludge comprising a mixture of paraffinic hydrocarbons, water, and solids are provided. The method comprises providing a paraffinic hydrocarbon isolation composition comprising isopropylamine dodecylbenzene sulfonate, a surfactant, and a solvent; contacting the sludge with the paraffinic hydrocarbon isolation composition; and allowing the paraffinic hydrocarbon isolation composition to separate the sludge into a three phase separation comprising a paraffinic hydrocarbon layer, a water layer, and a layer of settled solids..
Tristar Petroserv, Inc.

A cracking and/or demulsification of hydrocarbons and/or fatty acids in emulsions

The invention relates generally to a method for cracking and/or demulsification of hydrocarbons and/or fatty acids in emulsions, wherein these hydrocarbons and/or fatty acids in emulsions are exposed to an electromagnetic field created by a microwave emitting process, whereas this electromagnetic field is correlated with the oscillation frequency of the longer chained molecules of these hydrocarbons and/or fatty acids, by either adapting the exact correlated frequency and/or by adjusting the electromagnetic field to the properties of the targeted hydrocarbon and/or fatty acid molecules and its emulsions by adding suitable catalysts and by applying the correlated microwave output power.. .
Galexum Technologies Ag

Branched acid emulsifier compositions and methods of use

Compositions may contain an oleaginous base fluid, and a branched amidoamine surfactant prepared from the reaction of an alkylene amine or an oligoalkylene amine and a branched acid having a c4 to c24 primary hydrocarbon chain, and having one or more c1 to c24 branches. Methods may include emplacing a wellbore fluid into a wellbore, wherein the wellbore fluid contains an oleaginous base fluid; and a branched amidoamine surfactant prepared from the reaction of an alkylene amine or an oligoalkylene amine and a branched acid having a c4 to c24 primary hydrocarbon chain, and having one or more c1 to c24 branches..
M-i L.l.c.

Hydrocarbon based refrigerant

An environmentally friendly hydrocarbon refrigerant mixture may be used as a substitute for existing refrigerant in a refrigerant system. The hydrocarbon refrigerant mixture offers greater operating efficiency and effectively replaces chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants.
Glant, Llc

Formulation of novolak resins for enhancing the acid resistance of polyamide compositions

Novolak resins ere incorporated for enhancing the acid resistance of polyamide compositions. Polyamide compositions containing such novolak resins are useful for producing various plastic shaped articles, such as calibrated particles or injection-molded parts, and are particularly useful for the recovery of sludge, liquids, and gases present in underground reservoirs, especially in the field of hydrocarbon extraction such as crude oil or natural gas..
Rhodia Operations

Resin-extended rubber composition and tire rubber compositions prepared therewith

A process for the preparation of a shaped rubber composition comprising combining a rubber compound with an extender compound to produce a mixture; drying the mixture to produce a dried mixture; and shaping the mixture wherein the extender compound comprises a natural or hydrocarbon resin, which possesses a glass transition temperature of at equal to or greater than about −70° c. And an acid value of 50 mg koh/g or less and wherein the mixture is shaped into particles or bales..
Arizona Chemical Company, Llc

Terminal-modified polyamide resin, producing same, and producing molded articles

Wherein n ranges from 2 to 100; r1 represents a hydrocarbon group of 2 to 10 carbon atoms; r2 represents a hydrocarbon group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms; —x— represents —nh— or —n(ch3)—; and n r1s in the general formula (i) may be the same or different.. .

Diaryl-azole compound

Wherein r1-3 are c1-6 chain hydrocarbon, etc.; p=0-3; q=0-4; n=0-2; x is n, ch, etc.; ar is phenyl, or 5-6-member aromatic heterocyclic ring; g is c1-6 chain hydrocarbon, etc.; and het is a group selected from formulas (h1) (h2) (h3) described in the specification. The diaryl-azole compound of formula (1) has an excellent controlling effect against arthropod pests.

Plasma arc furnace and applications

A plasma arc reformer for creating a useful fuel, such as methanol, using any of methane, municipal solid waste, farm or forest waste, coal orchar rock from oil shale production, petrochemical hydrocarbons, (any carbon containing charge), water, and/or municipal sewage, as the source material. A high temperature plasma arc de-polymerizes the source material into atoms which, upon partial cooling, creates a gas stream rich in co and h2 (syngas).

Apparatus for producing chemical product and producing chemical product

The present invention provides an apparatus and a method which can be used for improving energy efficiency in production of a chemical product. The apparatus 1 for producing a chemical product comprises a synthesis gas generation unit 11, a synthesis unit 16, and a reforming unit 12.
Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.

Methods for gas phase oxidative desulphurization of hydrocarbons using cuznal catalysts promoted with group vib metal oxides

A catalytic composition is disclosed, which exhibits an x-ray amorphous oxide with a spinel formula, and crystals of zno, cuo, and at least one group vib metal oxide, and preferably, at least one acidic oxide of b, p. Or si, as well.
Boreskov Institute Of Catalysis

Method for producing surface-modified silica nanoparticles, and surface-modified silica nanoparticles

(each r1 is independently a hydrocarbon group of c1 to c20 and r2 is a hydrocarbon group of c1 to c3), to modify the surface of the silica nanoparticles.. .

Novel methods to grow two dimensional nano-materials by using solid-state materials as feedstock

This invention is particularly addressing a novel method to grow two dimensional carbon nanomaterials. Using our technologies, only solid state carbon sources are used as feedstock to grow this kind of carbon nanomaterials, while no hydrocarbon gases or other carbon contained gases are required as feedstock.

Method for producing aluminosilicate catalyst, aluminosilicate catalyst, and producing monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

A method is provided for producing an aluminosilicate catalyst. The method includes a first phosphorus treatment step of treating a crystalline aluminosilicate with a first phosphorus compound, a mixing and firing step of mixing the phosphorus-treated crystalline aluminosilicate obtained in the first phosphorus treatment step with a binder and then performing firing to form an aluminosilicate mixture, and a second phosphorus treatment step of treating the aluminosilicate mixture with a second phosphorus compound..
Jx Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation

Carbohydrate-mediated purification of petrochemicals

A separation medium consisting of a cyclodextrin metal-organic framework (cd-mof) for separating aromatic compounds and methods of preparing the same are presented. Bottom-up preparations include the following steps: (a) preparing a first mixture comprising a cyclodextrin, an alkali metal salt, water and an alcohol; (b) performing one of the following two steps: (i) stirring the first mixture; or (ii) adding an amount of a surfactant to the first mixture to form a second mixture; and (c) crystallizing the cd-mof from the first mixture or the second mixture.
King Abdulaziz City For Science And Technology

Reactor for use with an ionic liquid catalyst

A combined heat exchanger and reactor for use with an ionic liquid catalyst reaction. The reactor includes an outer shell configured to receive a cooling fluid which may remove heat from reactions occurring within hollow members disposed inside of the outer shell.
Uop Llc

Method and system for blending natural gas liquids into hydrocarbons

A method and system for blending natural gas liquids into liquid hydrocarbons may include using multiple blending tanks with internal mixer eductors, a plurality of analyzers, and, optionally, a recirculation tank, wherein natural gas liquid may be added into the system at each blending tank, creating a more accurately mixed final product.. .

Ammonia slip catalyst

Provided is an ammonia slip catalyst article having supported palladium in a top or upstream layer for oxidation of carbon monoxide and/or hydrocarbons, an scr catalyst either in the top layer or in a separate lower or downstream layer, and an ammonia oxidation catalyst in a bottom layer. Also provided are methods for treating an exhaust gas using the catalyst article, wherein the treatment involves reducing the concentrations of ammonia and optionally carbon monoxide and/or hydrocarbons in the exhaust gas..
Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company

Non-irritating, non-whitening photoprotective compositions

A photoprotective composition can be utilized for a variety of cosmetic compositions. A photoprotective composition comprises one or more photoactive agents, at least one aliphatic hydrocarbon, and at least one ester.
Eveready Battery Company, Inc.

Sprayable sunscreen composition with oil beads

A composition in form of an oil-in-water emulsion comprises a) a dispersed hydrophobic phase comprising at least one hydrophobic uv-screening agent and optionally at least one oil, said oil being selected from the group consisting of silicone oils, hydrocarbonated oils, and any mixture thereof; b) a continuous aqueous phase comprising from 0.1% to 20% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition, of at least one c1-c4 alcohol with at least one hydroxyl group, linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated; and c) at least one hydrophobic particle selected from the group consisting of hydrophobic silicas, hydrophobic cellulose, starch, talc, silicone resin powders, hollow hemispherical silicone particles, polyamide powders, hydrophobic pigments, and any mixture thereof; d) at least one gellan gum or a derivative thereof, and e) at least one hydrophilic uv-screening agent.. .
L'oreal

Fungicidal composition and controlling plant diseases

Wherein x is a halogen atom, a nitro group, a substitutable hydrocarbon group, a substitutable alkoxy group, a substitutable aryloxy group, a substitutable cycloalkoxy group, a hydroxyl group, a substitutable alkylthio group, a cyano group, a carboxyl group which may be esterified or amidated, or a substitutable amino group, n is 1, 2, 3 or 4; r1 is a substitutable alkyl group, r2′ is a substitutable alkyl group, a substitutable alkoxy group, a substitutable aryloxy group, a substitutable cycloalkoxy group or a hydroxyl group, p is 1, 2 or 3, and r2″ is a substitutable alkoxy group or a hydroxyl group, provided that at least two of r2′ and r2″ optionally form a condensed ring containing an oxygen atom and (b) at least one other fungicide.. .

Composition and light emitting device using the same

Wherein m represents an integer of 0 to 4, n represents an integer of 0 to 3, rt1 represents an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, an aryl group, a monovalent heterocyclic group or the like, rx represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, an aryl group, a monovalent heterocyclic group or the like, ar represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group or a heterocyclic group, na and nb represent an integer of 0 to 3, and la and lb represent an alkylene group, a cycloalkylene group, an arylene group or a divalent heterocyclic group.. .

Compound for forming organic film, composition for forming organic film, forming organic film, and patterning process

Wherein r10 represents a hydrogen atom or a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, wherein a hydrogen atom of the benzene ring in formula (1c) may be substituted with a methyl group or methoxy group. This compound for forming an organic film can provide organic film composition having good dry etching resistance, heat resistance to 400° c.

Optical filter

In the formula (u), y is an oxygen atom, a methylene group or a dimethylene group, r1 is a monovalent hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent, or the like, r2 to r5 are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group or the like, and x is a bivalent group represented by any one of the formulae (x1) to (x5) or the like.. .

Method of determining a map of height of liquid hydrocarbon in a reservoir

This invention relates to a method for determining a map of expectation and/or of variance of height of liquid hydrocarbon in a geological model. The method allows analytical resolution of these maps while taking account of the uncertainties in the variables allowing this calculation such as the porosity or oil saturation of the rock and also the uncertainty in the presence of certain types of facies given by the apportionment cubes of architectural elements pae(c) and proportion cubes for each facies, these proportions then having a triangular distribution defined by the following three values pa,ae,min(c), pa,ae,max(c) and pa,ae,mode(c).
Total Sa

Method of pipeline interior drying

Pipeline transport of hydrocarbons detect the moisture accumulation location along the pipeline and increase effectiveness of the drying process. Drying air moisture content reduction is obtained by the installing additional intermediate air drying devices in by-pass lines at block valve station along the pipeline to be dried.
Publichnoe Aktsionernoe Obschestvo "gazprom"

Tank system for a motor vehicle

A tank system (1) for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine to which fuel is supplied from a tank (2), wherein the tank (2) is assigned, in a ventilation path to the atmosphere (7), a flushable filter device (6, 6) for being loaded with hydrocarbon vapors of the fuel. The filter device (6, 6) has multiple mutually separate activated carbon filters (6).
Dr. Ing. H.c.f. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft

Valve unit with purge air pump

The present disclosure relates to internal combustion engines in general. Some embodiments of the teaching may include valve units for use in a fuel tank system of an internal combustion engine having a fuel tank and a storage element for temporary storage of hydrocarbons, wherein the fuel tank and the storage element are connected together such that the hydrocarbons which gasify out of a fuel in the fuel tank are stored in the storage element.
Continental Automotive Gmbh

Combustible gas composition

The present invention provides a method and a system for synthesizing a combustible gas composition as well as a combustible gas composition obtained by such a method. In particular, the method comprises providing a primary gas (30) obtained by splitting water (12) by means of an electric field; and mixing the primary gas (30) with a secondary gas (44) and with air, wherein the secondary gas (44) comprises a combustible gaseous hydrocarbon..
Narwa Technologies Ag

Anode slurry for cathodic protection of underground metallic structures and application thereof

An anode slurry for cathodic protection to underground metallic structures, preferably for casings of hydrocarbon producing wells or water injecting/producing wells, comprising a granulated electrical conducting material as anode and optionally a granulated filler with high electrical conductivity (backfill). There is also disclosed a method for providing cathodic protection to underground metallic structures by injecting an anode slurry into the underground formation containing the metallic structures..
Ypf Technologia S. A.

Hard surface cleaning compositions

Cleaning compositions that include a non-functionalized alkyl polyglycoside, a nonionic surfactant system, and water. In certain embodiments, the cleaning compositions are substantially free of alkyl phenol ethoxylates.
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Lubricant composition for speed reducer and speed reducer

The invention provides a lubricant composition for an eccentrically oscillating speed reducer of planetary gear type, which is capable of extending the life of the speed. Reducer under high temperatures and keeping low input torque at low temperatures, and includes (a) a base oil containing a synthetic oil, (b) a hydrocarbon wax, and (c) at least one calcium salt selected from the group consisting of a calcium salt of petroleum sulfonic acid, a calcium salt of alkyl aromatic sulfonic acid, a calcium salt of oxidized wax, an overbasic calcium salt of petroleum sulfonic acid, an overbasic calcium salt of alkyl aromatic sulfonic acid, and an overbasic calcium salt of oxidized wax..
Nabtesco Corporation

Renewable dvpe adjustment material, fuel blend containing the same, and producing a fuel blend

The present invention relates to a light fuel composition comprising fossil fuel, ethanol, and a bio-hydrocarbon composition as a dvpe adjustment material.. .
Neste Oyj

Renewable hydrocarbons, producing the same and use thereof

The present invention relates to a method for conversion of levulinic acid and to a hydrocarbon composition obtainable by the method. The method comprises a step of providing a feedstock, a conversion step of subjecting the feedstock to a c—c coupling reaction and a hydrotreatment, and a hydrodeoxygenation step.
Neste Oyj

Encapsulation and controlled delivery of strong mineral acids

A polymer-encapsulated mineral acid solution and a method for forming the polymer-encapsulated mineral acid solution. Introducing a strong mineral acid solution to a monomer solution occurs such that a primary emulsion that is a water-in-oil type emulsion forms.
Rti International

Method for predicting the optimal salinity of internal olefin sulfonate compositions

The present invention provides a method for predicting the optimal salinity of individual members of a class of internal olefin sulfonate compositions in a mixture containing the individual member, a brine and hydrocarbons, wherein the internal olefin sulfonate compositions comprise a mixture containing hydroxy alkane sulfonates and alkene sulfonates. The invention further provides use of the weight ratio of hydroxy alkane sulfonates to alkene sulfonates in an internal olefin sulfonate composition to predict the optimal salinity of the surfactant composition in a mixture of the surfactant composition, a brine and an oil..
Shell Oil Company

Ink, ink cartridge, inkjet recording apparatus, printed matter, photopolymerizable compound, photocurable composition, three-dimensional object formation material, and three-dimensional object

Provided is an ink containing a compound represented by general formula (1) below where r1 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, n represents an integer of 2 or greater, a plurality of r1 may be the same as or different from each other, x represents a hydrocarbon group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, y represents a tertiary hydroxyl group, or a group having an ester structure, and m represents an integer of 1 or greater.. .

Polymeric compositions

Water soluble polymeric compositions are provided including at least one polyanionic polymer component (e.g., a copolymer containing maleic and itaconic repeat units), and at least one high molecular weight component selected from copolymers different than the polyanionic polymer and preferably having dicarboxylic repeat units, and a cellulose or cellulose derivative. The compositions are preferably substantially free of hydrocarbons and can be used to coat solid fertilizers in order to reduce fines..
Verdesian Life Sciences, Llc

Rubber composition for tire and studless tire

A rubber composition for a tire contains: 100 parts by mass of a diene rubber (a); from 30 to 100 parts by mass of a filler (b); from 0.3 to 30 parts by mass of a crosslinkable component (c) that is not miscible with the diene rubber (a); and a fibrillated fiber (d). The fibrillated fiber (d) is dispersed in advance in the crosslinkable component (c) in a proportion of 0.1 to 10 mass % of the crosslinkable component (c), and the crosslinkable component (c) is a polyether-based, polyester-based, polyolefin-based, polycarbonate-based, aliphatic-based, saturated hydrocarbon-based, acrylic-based, or plant-derived polymer or copolymer..
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.

Process for producing ethylene/alpha-olefin copolymer

A process capable of producing an ethylene/α-olefin copolymer having a high molecular weight even under the conditions of a high polymerization temperature is provided. The process for producing an ethylene/α-olefin copolymer includes copolymerizing ethylene and an α-olefin having 3 or more carbon atoms in the presence of an olefin polymerization catalyst including a crosslinked metallocene compound (a) represented by the following general formula [i] and a cocatalyst component (b).
Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.

Preparation 1-palmitoyl-3-acetylglycerol, and preparation 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetylglycerol using same

Disclosed are a method for preparing 1-palmitoyl-3-acetylglycerol in high purity and high yield without a purification process using a column chromatography, and a method for preparing 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetylglycerol in high purity and high yield using the same as a key intermediate,. The method for preparing 1-palmitoyl-3-acetyl glycerol comprises the steps of: forming a reaction mixture including 1-palmitoyl-3-acetyl glycerol of the formula 1 in the specification by reacting 1-palmitoylglycerol of the formula 2 in the specification and an acetylating agent; and separating the optically active 1-palmitoyl-3-acetylglycerol by crystallizing the reaction mixture in a saturated hydrocarbon solvent having 5 to 7 carbon atoms..
Enzychem Lifesciences Corporation

Molecular sieves mediated unsaturated hydrocarbon separation and related compositions, materials, methods and systems

Described herein are compositions having an eight-membered monocyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon, methods and system to separate the eight-membered monocyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon from a hydrocarbon mixture including additional nonlinear unsaturated c8h2m hydrocarbons with 4≦m≦8, by contacting the hydrocarbon mixture with a 10-ring pore molecular sieve having a sieving channel with a 10-ring sieving aperture with a minimum crystallographic free diameter greater than 3Å and a ratio of the maximum crystallographic free diameter to the minimum crystallographic free diameter between 1 and 2, the molecular sieve having a t1/t2 ratio≧20:1 wherein t1 is an element independently selected from si and ge, and t2 is an element independently selected from al, b and ga, the 10-ring pore molecular sieve further having a counterion selected from nh4+, li+, na+, k+ and ca++.. .
California Institute Of Technology

Method of converting levulinic acid or a derivative thereof to hydrocarbons and hydrogen, and methods of the production of hydrocarbons and hydrogen

The present invention relates to a method of converting levulinic acid or a derivative thereof to hydrocarbons and hydrogen by providing a source of levulinic acid or a derivative thereof and converting the levulinic acid or a derivative thereof in the source to hydrocarbons and hydrogen, where converting is carried out in a single reactor. The present invention also relates to methods for producing hydrocarbons and hydrogen..
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.

High volumetric energy density rocket propellant

A rocket propellant includes a hydrocarbon blend having a total aromatic compounds content less than 0.5 mass percent, a specific energy of at least 18.4 kbtu/lb, and a mass density of at least 0.8150 grams per cubic centimeter. The propellant, which can be prepared by blending a refined kerosene with an isoparaffin and/or a cycloparaffin, exhibits a high volumetric heat of combustion and excellent thermal stability.
Johann Haltermann Limited

High aspect ratio catalytic reactor and catalyst inserts therefor

The present invention relates to high efficient tubular catalytic steam reforming reactor configured from about 0.2 inch to about 2 inch inside diameter high temperature metal alloy tube or pipe and loaded with a plurality of rolled catalyst inserts comprising metallic monoliths. The catalyst insert substrate is formed from a single metal foil without a central supporting structure in the form of a spiral monolith.

Process and system for recovering water from an emulsion produced from a hydrocarbon production operation

A process for recovering water from an emulsion produced from a hydrocarbon production operation. The process includes heating the emulsion to generate water vapor, separating the water vapor from oil in the emulsion, compressing the water vapor separated from the oil, thereby increasing pressure to provide condensate, wherein heat generated from compression of the water vapor to provide condensate is utilized to provide heat for heating the emulsion, and separating at least one of remaining oil, gas, or water from the condensate..
Cenovus Energy Inc.

Non-toxic adjuvant formulation comprising a monophosphoryl lipid a (mpla)-containing liposome composition and a saponin

Provided herein is an adjuvant formulation comprising a monophosphoryl lipid a (mpla)-containing liposome composition to saponin (e.g., qs-21), wherein the liposome composition comprises i) a lipid bilayer comprising phospholipids in which the hydrocarbon chains have a melting temperature in water of ≧23° c. And ii) cholesterol at a mole percent concentration of greater than about 50% (mol/mol), preferably about 55% to about 71% (mol/mol), or more preferably about 55% (mol/mol).
The Government Of The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army

Tetracycline topical formulations, preparation and uses thereof in treating an ocular condition

The invention relates to a topical suspension formulation that includes a tetracycline, a liquid medium and a polymeric gelling agent. The tetracycline may be in the form of its pharmaceutically acceptable salts, hydrates, or polymorphs and is in a suspended form within the formulation.
Hovione International Ltd.

Dispersion comprising a partially neutralized esterified cellulose ether

An aqueous composition comprising at least 10 weight percent of a dispersed esterified cellulose ether, based on the total weight of the aqueous composition, wherein the esterified cellulose ether comprises (i) groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh or (ii) a combination of aliphatic monovalent acyl groups and groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh, r being a divalent aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon group, and at least a part of the groups —c(o)—r—cooh are neutralized with an ammonium salt of carbonic acid, formic acid or acetic acid, and wherein d90 of the dispersed esterified cellulose ether particles is up to 10 micrometers, d90 being the diameter where 90 mass percent of the particles have a smaller equivalent diameter and the other 10 mass percent have a larger equivalent diameter, is useful for preparing coating dosage forms including tablets, capsules and others, or for the formation of capsules shells.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Capsule shells comprising an esterified cellulose ether

A polymeric capsule shell of high quality is prepared from an aqueous composition which comprises (a) at least one esterified cellulose ether comprising aliphatic monovalent acyl groups and groups of the formula —c(o)—r—cooh, r being a divalent aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon group, wherein at least a part of the groups —c(o)—r—cooh are neutralized with an ammonium salt of carbonic acid, formic acid or acetic acid, and (b) from 0 to 7 weight percent of a non-polymeric plasticizer, based on the weight of the esterified cellulose ether, wherein the weight of said at least one esterified cellulose ether is at least 80 percent of the total polymer weight in the aqueous composition.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc

Dental polymerizable monomer compositions

Provided are dental polymerizable monomer compositions that can give cured products having high toughness and high rigidity, and dental compositions containing such dental polymerizable monomer compositions and cured products thereof having high mechanical properties. The dental polymerizable monomer composition includes a urethane acrylate compound (a) and a polymerizable compound (b) having at least one polymerizable group selected from methacryloyl groups and acryloyl groups, the urethane acrylate compound (a) being obtained by reacting a specific hydroxyacrylate (a1) with a diisocyanate (a2) having two isocyanate groups bonded to a divalent c6-9 aromatic hydrocarbon group or a divalent c6-9 bridged cyclic hydrocarbon group via a methylene group optionally substituted with a hydrocarbon group in place of a hydrogen atom, the proportion of the number of acryloyl groups present in the urethane acrylate compound (a) being 10% to less than 90% relative to the total number of (meth)acryloyl groups in the monomer composition..
Sun Medical Co., Ltd.

Organic electroluminescent device

Ar1 to ar4 each represent a monovalent aromatic hydrocarbon group or a monovalent aromatic heterocyclic group.. .

Low damage low-k dielectric etch

A method of forming an interconnect structure for an integrated circuit. A dielectric stack is formed on the substrate including an etch-stop layer, a low-k or ulk dielectric layer, and a hard mask layer.
Texas Instruments Incorporated

Method for cleaning substrate

A method for cleaning a substrate is provided. The method includes providing a substrate.
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Methods for optimizing petrochemical facilities through stream lined transferal

Methods and processes for moving towards optimizing one or more parameters in a parallel train comprising two hydrocarbon cracking facilities where the two facilities either have non-identical process unit configurations or are operating under non-identical process conditions are disclosed. These methods and processes use models to simulate the impact of interconnecting the facilities by partially withdrawing an intermediate stream from within one cracking facility and adding the partially withdrawn stream to the second cracking facility in order to better optimize the overall operation of the parallel train..
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Method for exploitation of hydrocarbons from a sedimentary basin by means of a basin simulation taking account of geomechanical effects

Application in particular to the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbon deposits.. .

Liquid developer

A liquid developer for electrophotography or electrostatic recording is obtained by dispersing, in an insulating solvent, colored resin particles obtained according to the coacervation method from at least a pigment, pigment dispersion agent and binder resin, wherein the insulating solvent has been mixed in such a way that aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent having 11 to 12 carbon atoms accounts for 8.0 to 20.0 percent by mass, and aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent having 17 to 30 carbon atoms accounts for 2.0 to 45.0 percent by mass, and a total of these aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents having 11 to 30 carbon atoms accounts for 99 percent by mass or more, relative to the total mass of insulating solvent, and also in such a way that the viscosity of the insulating solvent at 25° c. Becomes 2.0 to 10.0 mpa·s..
Sakata Inx Corporation

Gradient multi-frequency nuclear magnetic resonance with inter-band interference

Nmr logging of hydrocarbon formations may be performed with a gradient multi-frequency nmr technique using an increased packing density of the sensitive volumes such that the radiofrequency (rf) pluses for adjacent sensitive volumes interfere. An exemplary method may include applying first and second sequences of rf pulses at first and second frequencies, respectively, the second sequence being applied at a time interval following the first sequence; acquiring the nmr relaxation data from first and second sensitive volumes corresponding to the first and second frequencies, respectively; and selecting the first and second frequencies and the time interval to allow for interference between the first sequence of rf pulses and the nmr relaxation data from the second sensitive volume in order to increase a signal-to-noise ratio and a signal-to-noise ratio per square root of time of the nmr relaxation data..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Chip dryer with integrated exhaust gas treatment

According to a first embodiment, a dryer for removing hydrocarbons and/or moisture from metal chips is provided. The dryer includes a top portion and a base portion.
Pyrotek, Inc.

Flow management and co2-recovery apparatus and use

An apparatus and method for flow management and co2-recovery from a co2 containing hydrocarbon flow stream, such as a post co2-stimulation flowback stream. The apparatus including a flow control zone, a gas separation zone, a pretreatment zone, and a co2-capture zone.
General Electric Company

Process and heavy hydrocarbon removal from lean natural gas before liquefaction

A process is described herein for removing high freeze point hydrocarbons, including benzene compounds, from a mixed feed gas stream. The process involves cooling process streams in one or more heat exchangers and separating condensed compounds in multiple separators to form a methane-rich product gas stream.
Lummus Technology Inc.

Systems and methods for recovering desired light hydrocarbons from refinery waste gas using a back-end turboexpander

Systems and methods for recovering light hydrocarbons from refinery waste gas using a back-end turboexpander to generate a higher recovery of the light hydrocarbons for use as petrochemical feedstock and to remove the liquid light hydrocarbons before entering the turboexpander.. .
Bechtel Hydrocarbon Technology Solutions, Inc.

Ice machine with a dual-circuit evaporator for hydrocarbon refrigerant

An ice making machine having a refrigeration system designed for hydrocarbon (hc) refrigerants, and particularly propane (r-290), that includes dual independent refrigeration systems and a unique evaporator assembly comprising of a single freeze plate attached to two cooling circuits. The serpentines are designed in an advantageous pattern that promotes efficiency by ensuring the even bridging of ice during freezing and minimizing unwanted melting during harvest by providing an even distribution of the heat load.
True Manufacturing Co., Inc.

Incineration of bio-hazard material

A system for incinerating bio-hazardous waste includes a chamber having there within a hydrocarbon feedstock and a plurality of electrodes between which an electric arc is formed, producing an arc-based gas. The system includes at least one primary combustion chamber in which an amount of bio-hazardous waste is incinerated.
Magnegas Corporation

Apparatus, thermal management of subsea pipeline

Disclosed are apparatus, systems and methods for maintaining desired thermal properties of a flowing hydrocarbon fluid in a subsea pipeline. An insulating layer including a plurality of elongated hollow elements containing an insulation material can surround the pipeline.
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

Thermal extraction geochemical measurement of oil in place and movable oil in liquid rich fine grain rocks

A method for analyzing total oil in place and fraction that is movable oil in a fine gain rock formation includes monitoring thermal extraction of hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon compounds from a sample of a subsurface formation by heating the sample. The heating has a selected initial temperature, and a temperature increase at a selected rate to a final temperature.
Apache Corporation

Evaluation of production performance from a hydraulically fractured well

An analytical solution is obtained for a pseudo-steady state production from a vertically fractured well with finite or infinite fracture conductivity. The analytical solution may be used to compute a pseudo-steady state constant for the reservoir.
Arizona Board Of Regents On Behalf Of Arizona State University

Acoustic downhole oil-water separation

Systems and method for separating hydrocarbon fluids from water and solid material within a main tubular of a subterranean well include locating a transducer assembly within the subterranean well, the transducer assembly including a plurality of piezo electric transducers spaced along a length of the main tubular. Standing acoustic waves are generated with the plurality of piezo electric transducers, the standing acoustic waves passing through the main tubular transverse to the central axis.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Eliminating discrete fracture network calculations by rigorous mathematics

A method for computing a production rate of hydrocarbons from an earth formation includes: obtaining information about a discrete fraction network relating to locations, orientations and apertures of fractures; computing an average distance of the fractures to a wellbore penetrating the formation and a standard deviation of the distances; computing an average velocity of fluid from each of the fractures to the wellbore and a standard deviation of the velocities; computing a characteristic time representing a time for fluid to flow from each fracture to the wellbore and a standard deviation of the characteristic times; computing a range of hydrocarbon production rates using the characteristic time and the standard deviation of the characteristic times to provide the range of hydrocarbon production rates as a function of standard deviation values; and providing a graph of the range of hydrocarbon production rates as a function of standard deviation values.. .
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Pressure assisted oil recovery

Estimates of global total “liquid” hydrocarbon resources are dominated by structures known as oil sands or tar sands which represent approximately two-thirds of the total recoverable resources. This is despite that the canadian athabasca oil sands, which dominate these oil sand based recoverable oil reserves at 1.7 trillion barrels, are calculated at only a 10% recovery rate.

Method of modelling hydrocarbon production from fractured unconventional formations

A method of modeling hydrocarbon flow from a fractured unconventional reservoir, where the formation has variability in stimulated reservoir properties caused by multi-stage fracturing treatment. A map is created which divides the formation into a plurality of closed production regions, each of which in turn is divided into a plurality of flow sub-systems extending between fractures in the formation.

Estimation of oil recovery in foam flooded hydrocarbon reservoirs

A novel method for the estimation of oil recovery factor in a foam flooded hydrocarbon reservoir. The hydrocarbon reservoir is divided into three sweep sub-zones, with sweep efficiency and displacement efficiency for each zone being estimated.

Molded product having effective thickness of 1 mm or more and containing aliphatic polyester resin, and downhole tool member for hydrocarbon resource recovery

Provided are a molded product having an effective thickness of 1 mm or more, the molded product being formed from an aliphatic polyester resin composition containing from 1 to 30 parts by mass of a carboxylic acid anhydride and preferably further containing from 1 to 50 parts by mass of at least one type of a short fiber reinforcing material, a thermoplastic elastomer, or an acrylic rubber core-shell polymer per 100 parts by mass of an aliphatic polyester resin containing not less than 50 mass % of a polyglycolic acid resin, the effective thickness being 1 mm or more; a downhole tool for hydrocarbon resource recovery formed from the molded product having an effective thickness of 1 mm or more; an aliphatic polyester resin composition for the downhole tool member for hydrocarbon resource recovery; and a well drilling method.. .
Kureha Corporation

Oilfield apparatus and methods of use

The invention in one of its aspects provides a connection apparatus for a subsea hydraulic circuit and method of use in a sampling application. The apparatus comprises a longitudinal body configured to be removably docked with a subsea hydraulic circuit receptacle.

System and performing well operations

System and associated method for performing well operations in a plurality of hydrocarbon wells (120a, 120b, 120c) of a wellhead cluster (104), has a main drilling rig (106) with a main drilling unit (107) displaying a drill floor (108) and having a drilling and hoisting system (109) arranged to operate on the drill floor about a well center (110), wherein the main drilling unit is positioned at least partially vertically above the wellhead cluster enabling the drilling and hoisting system to perform well operations in the plurality of hydrocarbon wells. A plurality of secondary drilling units (105a, 105b), each having its own drilling equipment for performing drilling operations, are positioned on the wellhead cluster below the main drilling unit for performing well operations in the plurality of hydrocarbon wells, wherein the main drilling unit and at least one of the plurality of secondary drilling units are arranged for performing alternating well operations in at least one of the plurality of hydrocarbon wells..
Odfjell Drilling As

Method of making hydrocarbon liquids

V. A phenyl group substituted with a halogen atom, an aliphatic group or halogenated aliphatic group.

Processing materials

Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems are described that can use feedstock materials, such as cellulosic and/or lignocellulosic materials and/or starchy materials, to produce ethanol and/or butanol, e.g., by fermentation.
Xyleco, Inc.

Catalyst composition for producing hydrocarbons and producing hydrocarbons

There are provided a catalyst composition for producing hydrocarbons and a method for producing hydrocarbons which exhibit a high co conversion rate, generates minimal amount of gaseous components, and is also capable of efficiently obtaining, from a syngas, a gasoline fraction which is selective for and rich in the components having a high octane number, such as aromatic, naphthenic, olefinic and branched paraffinic hydrocarbons, by using a fischer-tropsch synthesis catalyst that contains at least one type of metal exhibiting activity in fischer-tropsch reaction and manganese carbonate and a zeolite serving as a solid acid.. .
Cosmo Oil Co., Ltd.

Methods for expanding and enriching hydrocarbon diluent pools

The invention provides a method for enriching diluents with butane so as not to violate pre-defined limits for liquid hydrocarbon fuels with respect to density, volatility and low density hydrocarbon content.. .
Texon Lp

Method of continuous production of liquid and gaseous fuels from the part of organic substances in the waste

Method of continuous production of liquid and gaseous fuels from the part of organic substances in the waste, in particular in the industrial, agricultural and municipal waste, including their mixtures, consists in thermic decomposition of these wastes into fuels—usable low-molecular hydrocarbons, as well as other residual inorganic or other parts intended for recycling or to any landfill, where the treated waste with a content of organic substances, especially in the form of paper, plastics, rubber, including non-crushed used tires, wooden elements, sawdust, rests of meals and fats, and their packaging, in a hermetically sealed reaction space with non-access of air thermically decomposes by the heated gaseous inert medium. By the influence of the electrostatic charge, resulting from the decomposition of organic, in particular polymeric substances, pass from them decomposed low-molecular substances in the form of hydrocarbons altogether in the mixture with gaseous inert medium as the carrier gas in the aerosol, which is then further conducted to its cooling, precipitation and the mutual separation in it contained gaseous, and liquid low-molecular hydrocarbons.
Alpajar Group S.r.o

Nanoparticle design for enhanced oil recovery

The present invention relates generally to hydrocarbon recovery, and more particularly, a method of designing a nanoparticle tailored to support hydrocarbon recovery in a subterranean formation, a method for using nanoparticles to extract hydrocarbon from a subterranean formation, and a nanoparticle structure. Embodiments may including determining environmental conditions of a subterranean formation, defining nanoparticle parameters based on the environmental conditions, and forming a nanoparticle comprising the nanoparticle parameters.
International Business Machines Corporation

Composition containing mixture of fluorinated hydrocarbons, and producing same

The mixture being an alternative refrigerant for r404a that is a mixed refrigerant.. .

Use of a bituminous composition as an adhesive binder

A bituminous composition is used as an adhesive binder. The bituminous composition has at least one acidic additive of general formula (i): r—(cooh)z in which r is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon-based chain having from 4 to 68 carbon atoms, preferably from 4 to 54 carbon atoms, more preferentially from 4 to 36 carbon atoms and z is an integer ranging from 1 to 4, preferably from 2 to 4..
Total Marketing Services

Methods for reducing odors in asphalt

Compositions and methods for reducing the foul odors of a hydrocarbonaceous material such as asphalt comprise the addition of an odor reducing amount of a reducing carbohydrate and/or a soluble zinc compound. The reducing carbohydrate may be a monosaccharide, oligosaccharide or polysaccharide, including a starch; and it may be used as a sole odor reducing agent or in combination with soluble zinc compounds and/or other odor reducing compounds..
Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc

Silicone elastomer composition

A silicone elastomer composition (“composition”) has customizable sensory characteristics. The composition includes a pituitous silicone fluid that includes a hydrosilylation reaction product and a carrier fluid.
Dow Corning Corporation

Methods for designing polyisocyanurate foam-forming compositions, related polyisocyanurate foam-forming compositions, and foams produced thereby

Disclosed are methods for designing a polyisocyanurate foam-forming composition with good low temperature insulation performance. The methods include: (a) measuring the lttr of a first polyisocyanurate faced foam laminate prepared from a first polyisocyanurate foam-forming composition comprising a blowing agent composition comprising one or more hydrocarbon blowing agents with an atmospheric pressure boiling point of at least 68° f.
Covestro Llc

Methods for recovering chlorinated hydrocarbons

Processes for isolating 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane from a crude product stream containing the 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane and ferric chloride. The processes may include deep distillation of the crude, treatment of the crude with a reagent that deactivates the ferric chloride followed by distillation on the deactivated crude stream, aqueous washing of the crude product stream to remove ferric chloride followed by distillation on the deactivated crude stream.
Occidental Chemical Corporation

Method for producing fluorinated hydrocarbon

The present invention is a method for producing a fluorohydrocarbon represented by a structural formula (3) comprising bringing a secondary or tertiary ether compound represented by a structural formula (1) into contact with an acid fluoride represented by a structural formula (2) in a hydrocarbon-based solvent in the presence of a boron trifluoride complex. (in structural formulae (1) to (3), each of r1 and r2 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, r3 represents a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, or an ethyl group, and each of r4 and r5 represents a methyl group or an ethyl group, provided that r1 and r2 are optionally bonded to each other to form a ring structure.).
Zeon Corporation

Process for the selective hydrogenation of olefinic feeds with a single principal reactor and a guard reactor of reduced size

The present invention relates to a process for the selective hydrogenation of a feed of hydrocarbons containing polyunsaturated molecules comprising at least 3 carbon atoms, using a single principal fixed bed reactor r1 containing at least two catalytic beds a1 and a2 and a fixed bed guard reactor which is reduced in size, said hydrogenation reactors being disposed in series for use in a cyclic manner in accordance with a sequence of steps which can be used to short-circuit the catalytic bed or beds of the principal reactor which have been at least partially deactivated with the aid of the guard reactor, while ensuring the continuous operation of the process.. .
Ifp Energies Nouvelles



Hydrocarbon topics:
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Combustion
  • Exhaust Gas
  • Internal Combustion Engine
  • Refrigerant
  • Hydrofluoroolefin
  • Adsorption
  • Rf Antenna
  • Condensation
  • Functional Groups
  • Carbon Atoms
  • Downstream
  • Frameworks
  • Fractionation
  • Liquefied Natural Gas


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