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Hydrocarbon patents

      

This page is updated frequently with new Hydrocarbon-related patent applications.




 Secondary battery-use electrolytic solution, secondary battery, battery pack, electric vehicle, electric power storage system, electric power tool, and electronic apparatus patent thumbnailSecondary battery-use electrolytic solution, secondary battery, battery pack, electric vehicle, electric power storage system, electric power tool, and electronic apparatus
A secondary battery, includes: a cathode; an anode; and an electrolytic solution including a sulfuric acid compound represented by xn+[m(rf)a(cn)b(so4)c]m−, where xn+ is one of ions such as a metal ion, m is one of elements such as transition metal elements, rf is one of groups such as a fluorine group (—f), a is an integer of 0 to 4, b is an integer of 0 to 5, c is an integer of 1 to 4, m is an integer of 1 to 3, and n is an integer of 1 or 2, where one or more of rf's are a monovalent fluorinated hydrocarbon group in a case where x=lithium (li), m=boron (b), a=2, b=0, and c=1 are satisfied.. .
Sony Corporation


 Polycyclic compound and organic electroluminescence device including the same patent thumbnailPolycyclic compound and organic electroluminescence device including the same
Wherein in formula 1, cy1 is carbonyl-containing five- or six-membered and substituted or unsubstituted cyclic hydrocarbon or substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle, and r1 to r4 are each independently a hydrogen atom or a group represented by the following formula 2 or 3.. .

 Electroactive materials patent thumbnailElectroactive materials
In formula i: q1, q2, q3, q4, and q5 are the same or different and can be n or cr1; r1 is the same or different at each occurrence and can be h, d, cn, hydrocarbon aryl, heteroaryl, deuterated hydrocarbon aryl, or deuterated heteroaryl; and * represents a point of attachment to n in the n-heterocycle. In formula i, at least one of q1 through q5 is n and at least one of q1 through q5 is c—cn..

 System and  evaluating heterogeneous hydrocarbon extractor systems for hydrocarbon wells patent thumbnailSystem and evaluating heterogeneous hydrocarbon extractor systems for hydrocarbon wells
A hydrocarbon extractor (he) evaluator system includes a central controller and an he evaluator model that includes a hierarchical equipment model of heterogeneous he type, subtype, and property, a plurality of rules arrangeable as a hierarchical equipment rule set, and as a hierarchical well feature rule set, a rules engine, the hierarchical well feature rule set formatted for a multi-factor comparison by the rules engine between heterogeneous he types from disparate sources applied to the hierarchical equipment model. The rules engine configured to apply rules using class structure and one or more categories to an extracted portion of the hierarchical equipment model to generate results displayable to a user for determination of an he type suitable for a particular well.
General Electric Company


 Quantifying geologic growth history of subsurface oil field structures based on structural growth indications patent thumbnailQuantifying geologic growth history of subsurface oil field structures based on structural growth indications
A measure of structural growth of subsurface geological formations layers or intervals is obtained to investigate and analyze layer structure development history. The measure or indication can be considered a structural growth index (sgi) and is used to evaluate for possible presence of hydrocarbons in the layers or strata in a structure of concern.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


 Process for liquefying natural gas and carbon dioxide patent thumbnailProcess for liquefying natural gas and carbon dioxide
A process for producing liquefied natural gas (14) and liquid carbon dioxide (co2) (15) comprising at least the following steps: step a): separating a natural gas feed gas (1), containing hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide in a treatment unit (2), into a co2-enriched gas stream (4) and a co2-depleted natural gas stream (3); step b): liquefying the co2-depleted natural gas stream (3) resulting from step a) in a natural gas liquefaction unit (5) comprising at least a main heat exchanger (8) and a system (9) for producing frigories; step c): simultaneous liquefying of the co2-enriched gas stream (4) resulting from step a) in a co2 liquefaction unit (6); characterized in that all of the refrigeration necessary for the liquefaction of the co2-enriched gas stream (4) and for the liquefaction of the natural gas is supplied by said frigorie-producing system (9) of the natural gas liquefaction unit (5).. .
L'air Liquide, Société Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procédés Georges Claude


 Product for the depollution of exhaust gases, especially from an inernal combustion engine, and  the depollution of exhaust gases using said product patent thumbnailProduct for the depollution of exhaust gases, especially from an inernal combustion engine, and the depollution of exhaust gases using said product
According to the invention, the product comprises a mixture of a reductant containing ammonia or a compound generating ammonia by decomposition, or a hydrocarbon from a hydrocarbon-containing substance, oxygenated or not, and of an additive for catalysing particle oxidation.. .

 Method of simultaneous introducing of two or more than two chemical substances and/or water into a subterraneous hydrocarbon formation and/or control of the rate of chemical reactions of these substances, and a device for implementation of this method patent thumbnailMethod of simultaneous introducing of two or more than two chemical substances and/or water into a subterraneous hydrocarbon formation and/or control of the rate of chemical reactions of these substances, and a device for implementation of this method
Method of simultaneous introducing of two or more than two chemical substances and/or water into a subterraneous hydrocarbon formation and/or control of the rate of chemical reactions of these substances, and a device for implementation of this method this invention relates to the method of simultaneous introducing of two or more than two chemical substances and/or water into a subterraneous hydrocarbon formation and/or control of rate of chemical reactions of these substances and/or water by introducing their controlled amount into a subterraneous formation containing liquid and/or gaseous hydrocarbons, particularly crude oil, shale gas or natural, below a dedicated packer for exploration and production of these hydrocarbons and simultaneous inserting of a dedicated data cable (3) for interconnection of the measuring and/or regulating components in the wellbore, where the said chemical substances and/or water are supplied into the wellbore at controlled rate through the free casing (5) by means of at least three mutually separated flexible tubing (2a,b) (flexible injection lines) or the combination of these flexible tubing (flexible injection lines) with the solid wellbore tubing, or by means of at least one flexible multi-channel tubing containing inside at least three fix-attached flexible tubing (channels) of smaller diameter leading into the space in the wellbore and/or pay zone below/behind at least one remotely-adjustable packer connected with the well head that, after reaching the required position, seals off space in the wellbore below the packer and the pay zone (16) against the space above the packer in the wellbore and up to the well head. The invention also includes a device for the implementation of this method..
Galexum Technologies Ag


 Method for surface treatment of a steel component by nitriding or nitrocarburising, oxidising and then impregnating patent thumbnailMethod for surface treatment of a steel component by nitriding or nitrocarburising, oxidising and then impregnating
Disclosed is a method for surface treatment of a steel component, providing high resistance to wear and corrosion, including nitriding or nitrocarburising to form a compound layer with a thickness of at least 8 micrometers made up of iron nitrides having phases ε and/or γ′, oxidizing to generate a layer of oxides with a thickness of 0.1-3 micrometers, and soaking in an impregnation bath during at least 5 minutes at room temperature, the bath being made up of at least 70 wt %, ±1%, of a solvent made up of a mixture of hydrocarbons formed by a c9 to c17 alkane fraction, 10 to 30 wt %, ±1%, of at least one paraffin oil formed by a c16 to c32 alkane fraction, and at least one additive such as a synthetic phenolic additive with a concentration of 0.01 to 3 wt %, ±0.1%.. .
H.e.f.


 Process for producing c2 and c3 hydrocarbons patent thumbnailProcess for producing c2 and c3 hydrocarbons
The invention relates to a process for producing c2 and c3 hydrocarbons, comprising a) subjecting a mixed hydrocarbon feedstream to first hydrocracking in the presence of a first hydrocracking catalyst to produce a first hydrocracking product stream; b) separating the first hydrocracking product stream to provide a light hydrocarbon stream comprising c4− hydrocarbons and c) subjecting the light hydrocarbon stream to c4 hydrocracking in the presence of a c4 hydrocracking catalyst to obtain a c4 hydrocracking product stream comprising c2 and c3 hydrocarbons.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.


Process for removing metal naphthenate from crude hydrocarbon mixtures

The present invention provides a process for removing metal naphthenate from a crude hydrocarbon mixture comprising: —mixing said crude hydrocarbon mixture (1) comprising metal naphthenate with an acid (3) in the presence of water, wherein said acid converts said metal naphthenate to naphthenic acids and metal salts; —allowing said metal salt to partition into a water phase; —separating said crude heavy hydrocarbon mixture (5) comprising naphthenic acid and said water phase (6) comprising said metal salt; and —preferably pumping said water phase comprising metal salt to a formation.. .
Statoil Petroleum As

Process for producing synthetic liquid hydrocarbons from natural gas

A process synthesizes c5 and higher hydrocarbons from natural gas through intermediate conversion of natural gas to synthesis gas and subsequent conversion of co and h2 by fischer-tropsch synthesis. The process includes steam reforming of natural gas in a steam reforming reactor to form synthesis gas, separating carbon dioxide from the synthesis gas by a liquid absorption method to a residual carbon dioxide content in the synthesis gas no more than 5 vol.
Infra Xtl Technology Limited

Processing hydrocarbon-containing materials

hydrocarbon-containing feedstocks are processed to produce useful intermediates or products, such as fuels. For example, systems are described that can process a petroleum-containing feedstock, such as oil sands, oil shale, tar sands, and other naturally-occurring and synthetic materials that include both hydrocarbon components and solid matter, to obtain a useful intermediate or product..
Xyleco, Inc.

Enhanced oil recovery by in-situ steam generation

Embodiments of the invention provide methods and composition for stimulating a hydrocarbon-bearing, heavy oil containing formation, a deep oil reservoir, or a tight oil reservoir, whereby exothermic reactants are utilized to generate in-situ steam and nitrogen gas downhole in the formation or the reservoir as an enhanced oil recovery process. An oil well stimulation method is provided, which includes injecting, into the one of the formation and the reservoir, an aqueous composition including an ammonium containing compound and a nitrite containing compound.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Enhancements of gelled hydrocarbon systems

Gelled hydrocarbon fracturing fluids and their methods of preparation and use are provided. The gelled hydrocarbon fracturing fluid includes a hydrocarbon fluid, a phosphate ester, a crosslinker and a viscosifier.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Method of decreasing the viscosity of heavy oil downhole

Asphaltene produced during the production of hydrocarbons in an underground reservoir may be reduced and decomposed by introducing into the underground reservoir a fluid having a catalyst of from about 3 to about 7% ni with a magnesium oxide support or a catalyst of from about 15 to about 25% tungsten oxide with a zirconium oxide support or a mixture thereof. The viscosity of heavy oil within the underground reservoir is reduced in the presence of the catalyst..
Rice University

Water dispersion of gel particles, producing method thereof, and image forming method

A water dispersion of gel particles, in which the gel particles having a three-dimensional crosslinked structure including at least one of polymer structure (1) or polymer structure (2), having a hydrophilic group and a polymerizable group, and including photopolymerization initiators are dispersed in water, a method of producing the water dispersion, and an image forming method using the water dispersion are provided. P1 and p2 represent a polymer chain consisting of polyester and the like and having a number-average molecular weight of 500 or greater, z11 represents a (n1+1)-valent group, z12 represents a (m1+1)-valent group, m1, n1 and n2 each represent an integer of 1 or greater, x1 represents a single bond, a —ch2— group, or a —nh— group, z21 represents a (n2+1)-valent group, r1 represents a hydrocarbon group that may include a hetero atom..
Fujifilm Corporation

Hydrocarbon-containing polymers with two alkoxysilane end groups

The invention relates to a hydrocarbon polymer containing two alcoxysilane end groups having the following formula (i). The invention also relates to a method for preparing said polymer, to an adhesive composition containing said polymer, and to the use of said adhesive composition..
Bostik Sa

Compound, resin, material for forming underlayer film for lithography, underlayer film for lithography, pattern forming method, and purification method

Wherein each x independently represents an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, or non-crosslinking, r1 represents a single bond or a 2n-valent group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, the group may have an alicyclic hydrocarbon group, a double bond, a hetero atom, or an aryl group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms, each r2 independently represents a straight, branched or cyclic alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, an aryloxy group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms, or a hydroxyl group, in which at least one r2 represents an alkoxy group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms or an aryloxy group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms, each m is independently an integer of 1 to 6, each p is independently 0 or 1, and n is an integer of 1 to 4.. .

Polymerizable compound, polymerizable composition, polymer, and optically anisotropic substance

The present invention relates to: a polymerizable compound represented by a formula (i); a polymerizable composition comprising the polymerizable compound and an initiator; a polymer obtained by polymerizing the polymerizable compound or the polymerizable composition; and an optically anisotropic article comprising the polymer [in the formula, y1 to y8 are a chemical single bond, —o—, —o—c(═o)—, —c(═o)—o—, or the like; g1 and g2 are a divalent aliphatic group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or the like; z1 and z2 are an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, or the like; a1 is a tetravalent aromatic group, or the like; a2 and a3 are a divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 30 carbon atoms, or the like; a4 and a5 are a divalent aromatic group having 4 to 30 carbon atoms, or the like; ax1 and ax2 are an organic group having 2 to 30 carbon atoms that includes an aromatic ring, or the like; ay1 and ay2 are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or the like; q1 and q2 are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or the like; and m and n are 0 or 1]. According to the present invention, a polymerizable compound, a polymerizable composition, and a polymer that have a practical low melting point, exhibit excellent solubility in a general-purpose solvent, can be produced at low cost, and can produce an optical film that achieves uniform conversion of polarized light over a wide wavelength band, and also provide an optically anisotropic article..
Zeon Corporation

Liquid phase isomar process integration

Processes and apparatuses for producing a c8 aromatic isomer product are provided. The process comprises introducing a reformate stream comprising aromatic hydrocarbons to a reformate splitter column to provide a plurality of streams.
Uop Llc

Selective hydrogenation using a flow index

Wherein f is the flow rate of the hydrocarbon stream into the reaction zone in units of kg/h, [co] is the concentration of carbon monoxide in the hydrocarbon stream in units of mol %, and v is the volume of the reaction zone in units of ft3.. .

Method and plant for the production of synthesis gas

A method for producing syngas includes a) splitting a hydrocarbon into carbon and hydrogen using a plasma to obtain a first product including carbon and hydrogen, b) mixing steam and carbon dioxide with at least a portion of the first product to produce a product stream, wherein a first portion of the carbon in the first product is converted in an endothermic reaction with steam to carbon monoxide and hydrogen and a second portion of the carbon in the first product is converted in another endothermic reaction with the carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, and wherein heat is supplied to the endothermic reaction, and c) quenching the product stream of step b).. .
Deutsche Lufthansa Ag

Method for preparing a catalyst

The invention relates to a method for preparing a catalyst or catalyst precursor comprising a catalytically active material and a carrier material. The invention relates to a catalyst particle and catalyst precursor thereof obtainable by said method.
Shell Oil Company

Method for gas separation

A method for separating at least one hydrocarbon from a feed containing a mixture of at least one hydrocarbon and nitrogen, comprising contacting the feed with an adsorbent comprising a porous support wherein the porous support comprises exchangeable cations and at least a portion of the exchangeable cations are organic cations.. .
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.

System and reducing oxygen concentration in an exhaust gas stream

An oxygen scavenging system that includes a first catalytic converter unit configured to receive an exhaust stream from a power production unit. The exhaust stream includes oxygen.
General Electric Company

Lithium secondary battery

A lithium secondary battery including: a positive electrode which contains a positive electrode active material capable of absorbing and desorbing lithium; a negative electrode which contains a negative electrode active material capable of absorbing and desorbing lithium; and a non-aqueous electrolytic solution, wherein at least one of the positive electrode or the negative electrode contains a polymer that is a reaction product of a defined compound (a) and a defined compound (b) which is different from compound (a), and the non-aqueous electrolytic solution contains an additive (x). The additive (x) is at least one compound selected from the group consisting of: a carbonate compound having a carbon-carbon unsaturated bond, a carbonate compound having a halogen atom, an alkali metal salt, a sulfonic acid ester compound, a sulfuric acid ester compound, a nitrile compound, a dioxane compound, and a substituted aromatic hydrocarbon compound..
Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.

Energy storage in closed loop systems using microbial conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon fuel

The invention integrates electromethanogenesis, which uses electric energy to produce fuel, with a method to capture and recycle the carbon dioxide generated when the fuel is used to release energy.. .
The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University

Organic electroluminescent device

In the formula, ar1 to ar4 may be the same or different, and represent a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group, or a substituted or unsubstituted condensed polycyclic aromatic group.. .

Organic electroluminescent device

In the formula, ar4 to ar4 may be the same or different, and represent a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group, or a substituted or unsubstituted condensed polycyclic aromatic group.. .

Carbon film forming method, carbon film forming apparatus, and storage medium

There is provided a method of forming a carbon film on a workpiece, which includes: loading the workpiece into a process chamber; supplying a gas containing a boron-containing gas into the process chamber to form a seed layer composed of a boron-based thin film on a surface of the workpiece; and subsequently, supplying a hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas and a pyrolysis temperature lowering gas containing a halogen element and which lowers a pyrolysis temperature of the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas into the process chamber, heating the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas to a temperature lower than the pyrolysis temperature to pyrolyze the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas, and forming the carbon film on the workpiece by a thermal cvd.. .
Tokyo Electron Limited

Air-bearing design for hydrocarbon and lube pick-up improvements in hard disk drive (hdd)

A slider design for a hard disk drive (hdd) features an air-bearing surface (abs) topography with arrays of micro-dots formed on bases of a multiplicity of cavities at different depths. The design eliminates the accumulation of hydrocarbons (e.g., spindle oil and disk lubricant) deposits in regions of air stagnation within the cavities where backflows and foreflows of air meet and cancel during hdd operation.
Headway Technologies, Inc.

Method of exploitation of hydrocarbons of an underground formation by means of optimized scaling

The invention is a method for exploitation of a sedimentary basin containing hydrocarbons, including optimized scaling of the geological model. Based on categorical property measurements, a first meshed representation of a formation is constructed reflecting the categorical property measurements.
Universite De Nice

Photoconductor, image forming apparatus, and process cartridge

Where each of r1 and r2 independently represents an alkyl group or an aromatic hydrocarbon group.. .

Estimating downhole fluid volumes using multi-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance measurements

Downhole fluid volumes of a geological formation may be estimated using nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) measurements, even in organic shale reservoirs. Multi-dimensional nmr measurements, such as two-dimensional nmr measurements and/or, in some cases, one or more well-logging measurements relating to total organic carbon may be used to estimate downhole fluid volumes of hydrocarbons such as bitumen, light hydrocarbon, kerogen, and/or water.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Evaporative emissions control system including a purge pump and hydrocarbon sensor

An evaporative emissions (evap) control system for a vehicle includes a purge pump configured to pump fuel vapor trapped in a vapor canister to an engine of the vehicle via a vapor line when engine vacuum is less than an appropriate level for delivering fuel vapor to the engine, the fuel vapor resulting from evaporation of a liquid fuel stored in a fuel tank of the engine. The evap control system includes a hydrocarbon (hc) sensor disposed in the vapor line and configured to measure an amount of hc in the fuel vapor pumped by the purge pump to the engine via the vapor line.

Hydrocarbon vapor control using purge pump and hydrocarbon sensor to decrease particulate matter

An evaporative emissions (evap) control system for a vehicle includes a purge pump configured to pump fuel vapor to a direct injection (di) engine of the vehicle via a vapor line and a purge valve and a hydrocarbon (hc) sensor disposed configured to measure an amount of hc in the fuel vapor. The system also includes a controller configured to detect an hc vapor supply condition indicative of an operating condition of the di engine where engine vacuum is less than an appropriate level for delivering the fuel vapor to the di engine via the vapor line; and in response to detecting the hc vapor supply condition, controlling at least one of the purge pump and the purge valve, based on the measured amount of hc, to deliver a desired amount of fuel vapor to the di engine to decrease particulate matter (pm) produced by the di engine..

Hydrocarbon vapor start techniques using a purge pump and hydrocarbon sensor

An evaporative emissions (evap) control system for a vehicle includes a purge pump configured to pump fuel vapor to an engine of the vehicle via a vapor line and a purge valve. The system includes a hydrocarbon (hc) sensor disposed in the vapor line and configured to measure an amount of hc in the fuel vapor pumped by the purge pump to the engine via the vapor line.

Systems and methods for identifying two or more charges into reservoir using downhole fluid analysis

Systems and methods for identifying a likelihood that a reservoir of a geological formation received a secondary charge of hydrocarbons of relatively very different thermal maturity of composition are provided. One method includes positioning a downhole acquisition tool in a wellbore in a geological formation and testing one or more fluid properties of the formation fluid.
Sclumberger Technology Corporation

Hydrocarbon well production analysis system

An oil well production analyzing system receives production fluid samples from the oil well according to an automated sampling schedule. The fluid samples are taken from a pipeline through a sampling apparatus to obtain a representative sample.
Dwt Solutions, L.p., A California Limited Partnership

Enhanced hydrocarbon extraction

A method of extracting hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon well includes receiving an aqueous solution including dissolved inorganic carbon, and extracting the dissolved inorganic carbon from the aqueous solution to create co2 by changing a ph of the aqueous solution. The method also includes pumping the co2 into the hydrocarbon well and, in response to pumping the co2 into the hydrocarbon well, extracting the hydrocarbons from the hydrocarbon well..
Google Inc.

Pipe valve control and use

The present invention applies to flowing wells. Within a flowing well, production tubing moves fluid upward under immense pressures and is greatly exposed to damage, either accidental, or intentional.

Storage bag for polycrystalline silicon ingot, packing polycrystalline silicon ingot, and producing cz silicon single crystal

In the present invention, as a bag to store polycrystalline silicon ingots, there is used a bag in which the concentration of paraffinic hydrocarbons in a concentrate of solvent-soluble components obtained by soxhlet extraction using acetone as a solvent is lower than 300 ppmw as a value measured by gc-ms method; the concentration of antioxidants, lower than 10 ppmw; the concentration of ultraviolet absorbents, lower than 5 ppmw; and the concentration of antistatic agents and surfactants, lower than 50 ppmw. Then, when the polycrystalline silicon ingots are packed, preferably, the polycrystalline silicon ingots are put in the storage bag; thereafter, the storage bag is sealed; further, the storage bag is put and sealed in a linear low-density polyethylene bag containing an antistatic agent or a surfactant added in the bag material..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Method for forming carbon-containing silicon/metal oxide or nitride film by ald using silicon precursor and hydrocarbon precursor

An oxide or nitride film containing carbon and at least one of silicon and metal is formed by ald conducting one or more process cycles, each process cycle including: feeding a first precursor in a pulse to adsorb the first precursor on a substrate; feeding a second precursor in a pulse to adsorb the second precursor on the substrate; and forming a monolayer constituting an oxide or nitride film containing carbon and at least one of silicon and metal on the substrate by undergoing ligand substitution reaction between first and second functional groups included in the first and second precursors adsorbed on the substrate. The ligand may be a halogen group, —nr2, or —or..
Asm Ip Holding B.v.

Method of forming carbon film, apparatus of forming carbon film and storage medium

There is provided a method of forming a carbon film on a workpiece, which includes: loading the workpiece into a process chamber, and supplying a hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas and a pyrolysis temperature drop gas for dropping a pyrolysis temperature of the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas into the process chamber, pyrolyzing the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas by heating the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas at a temperature lower than a pyrolysis temperature of the hydrocarbon-based carbon source gas, and forming the carbon film on the workpiece by a thermal cvd method. An iodine-containing gas is used as the pyrolysis temperature drop gas..
Tokyo Electron Limited

Methods for isolating nucleic acids from samples

Techniques and methods are provided for isolating nucleic acids from a sample. The methods include adding a chelating agent to the sample to block nucleic acid binding sites on contaminants in the sample; heating the sample to remove hydrocarbons; and lysing the cells using freeze-thaw cycles..

Process for producing lpg and btx

The invention relates to a process for producing lpg and btx, comprising a) subjecting a mixed hydrocarbon feedstream to first hydrocracking in the presence of a first hydrocracking catalyst to produce a first hydrocracking product stream; b) separating the first hydrocracking product stream to provide at least a light hydrocarbon stream comprising at least c2 and c3 hydrocarbons, a middle hydrocarbon stream comprising c4 and/or c5 hydrocarbons and a heavy hydrocarbon stream comprising at least c6+ hydrocarbons and c) subjecting the heavy hydrocarbon stream to second hydrocracking to produce a second hydrocracking product stream comprising btx, wherein the second hydrocracking is more severe than the first hydrocracking, wherein at least part of the middle hydrocarbon stream is recycled back to the first hydrocracking in step a).. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for producing lpg and btx

The invention relates to a process for producing lpg and btx, comprising a) subjecting a mixed hydrocarbon stream to first hydrocracking in the presence of a first hydrocracking catalyst to produce a first hydrocracking product stream; b) separating the first hydrocracking product stream to provide at least a light hydrocarbon stream comprising at least c2 and c3 hydrocarbons, a middle hydrocarbon stream consisting of c4 and/or c5 hydrocarbons and a heavy hydrocarbon stream comprising at least c6+ hydrocarbons and c) subjecting the heavy hydrocarbon stream to second hydrocracking in the presence of a second hydrocracking catalyst to produce a second hydrocracking product stream comprising btx, wherein the second hydrocracking is more severe than the first hydrocracking, d) wherein at least part of the middle hydrocarbon stream is subjected to c4 hydrocracking optimized for converting c4 hydrocarbons into c3 hydrocarbons in the presence of a c4 hydrocracking catalyst to produce a c4 hydrocracking product stream.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for removing oxygenates from hydrocarbon streams

A method of removing oxygenates from a hydrocarbon stream comprises passing a hydrocarbon stream to a caustic tower having a plurality of loops, contacting the hydrocarbon stream with a sulfided catalyst between a first loop of the plurality of loops and a second loop of the plurality of loops to produce a reaction product, passing the reaction product to the second loop, removing at least a portion of the hydrogen sulfide in the second loop of the caustic tower to produce a product stream, and separating the product stream into a plurality of hydrocarbon streams in a separation zone located downstream of the caustic tower. The hydrocarbon stream comprises hydrocarbons, oxygen containing components, and sulfur containing compounds.
Fluor Technologies Corporation

Method of removing calcium from hydrocarbon fraction using extraction agent including 2-oxopropanol or derivatives thereof

Disclosed is a method of removing calcium from a hydrocarbon fraction using an extraction agent including 2-oxopropanal or derivatives thereof, the method including (s1) adding a hydrocarbon fraction with an extraction agent including 2-oxopropanal or derivatives thereof to give a mixture, (s2) converting an oil-soluble calcium compound into a water-soluble calcium compound by reacting the hydrocarbon fraction with the 2-oxopropanal or derivatives thereof, and (s3) removing the water-soluble calcium compound.. .
Korea Institute Of Energy Research

Water-based surface treatment agent

A surface treatment agent which is an aqueous emulsion containing: (a) a fluorine-free polymer including: (i) repeating units derived from a long-chain (meth)acrylate ester monomer represented by the formula: ch2═ca11-c(═o)—o-a12, wherein a11 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and a12 is a linear or branched aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 10-30 carbon atoms; (b) a surface active agent including both of a nonionic surface active agent and an anionic surface active agent, wherein the amount of the anionic surface active agent is at least 22% by weight, based on the total of the nonionic surface active agent and the anionic surface active agent; and (c) a liquid medium comprising water.. .
Daikin America Inc.

Photosensitive resin composition and adhesives composition

(wherein r1 and r2 are each independently a single bond, a methylene group, or an ethylene group, y is an alkylene group of formula (2) or a combination of the alkylene group of formula (2) with an alkylene group of formula (3), n is an integer of 1 to 110, and x is a divalent aliphatic hydrocarbon group, a divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon group, or a divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group) and a (meth)acryloyl group at both ends, a bifunctional (meth)acrylate compound, a polyfunctional thiol compound, a photo-radical generator and an organic solvent, and then the bifunctional (meth)acrylate compound contained in an amount of 5% to 50% by mass and the polyfunctional thiol compound is contained in an amount of 0.1% to 10% by mass, relative to the content of the polymer.. .

Method for producing biphenyl-skeleton-containing epoxy resin

(in the formula, k1 and l1 each represent an integer of 0 to 4, m and n each represent an integer of 1 to 5, r1 and r2 each independently represent a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms which may have a substituent group, and r1 and r2 may be identical to each other or different from each other. (provided that left and right phenyl structures of a biphenyl skeleton are different from each other.).

Block copolymers including high vinyl segments

A method for the preparation of block copolymers including at least one high vinyl segment, the method comprising (i) charging into a reactor a diene monomer in a hydrocarbon solvent, a catalytically effective amount of anionic initiator, and an oligomeric oxolanyl propane, whereby the reactor is optionally cooled, to form a first batch; (ii) allowing the monomer to polymerize at a peak polymerization temperature of at least about 18° c. And less than about 60° c.
Bridgestone Corporation

Fuel synthesis from an aqueous solution

A method of synthesizing fuel from an aqueous solution includes pumping the aqueous solution, containing dissolved inorganic carbon, from a body of water into a carbon extraction unit. The method further includes extracting the dissolved inorganic carbon from the aqueous solution to create co2 by changing a ph of the aqueous solution in the carbon extraction unit.
X Development Llc

Solvent recycle from heavies removal column

A process is presented for the recovery of solvent used in an alkylation process. The solvent removes heavy hydrocarbons from a c4 stream.
Uop Llc

Integrated processes and systems for conversion of methane to multiple higher hydrocarbon products

Integrated systems are provided for the production of higher hydrocarbon compositions, for example liquid hydrocarbon compositions, from methane using an oxidative coupling of methane system to convert methane to ethylene, followed by conversion of ethylene to selectable higher hydrocarbon products. Integrated systems and processes are provided that process methane through to these higher hydrocarbon products..
Siluria Technologies, Inc.

Process for the isomerizing dehydration of a primary alcohol feedstock substituted in position 2 by an alkyl group on a catalyst comprising an iron-type zeolite

Isomerizing dehydration of feedstock containing a primary alcohol substituted in position 2 by an alkyl group in which the feedstock is heated to the reaction temperature by indirect heat exchange then vaporization by mixing with a diluent effluent, the diluted and vaporized feedstock being dehydrated in at least one dehydration reactor operating in gas phase at an inlet temperature comprised between 250 and 375° c., at a pressure comprised between 0.2 mpa and 1 mpa and at a whsv comprised between 1 and 18 h−1, in the presence of a catalyst comprising a zeolite having at least one series of channels the opening of which is defined by a ring with 8 oxygen atoms (8mr) and a binder, the catalyst being coked beforehand in-situ or ex-situ, so as to produce a dehydration effluent, the latter being treated and separated into a diluent effluent, an alkenes effluent and a heavy hydrocarbons effluent.. .
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Establishing control of oil and gas producing wellbore through application of self-degrading particulates

Remediation of a hydrocarbon producing well bore in a subterranean formation includes injecting fluid containing self-degrading particulates into the well bore in order to stop production of hydrocarbon from the well bore prior to commencement of remedial operations and to temporarily seal the well bore from fluid transmission between the well bore and the formation prior to commencement of the remedial operations, and commencing the remedial operations upon the well bore. Examples of the remedial operations include injecting weighted fluid into the well bore, inserting a down-hole tool into the well bore, casing treatment, annulus treatment, well bore wall treatment, cementing, and refracturing.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

High charge density metalloaluminophosphosilicate molecular sieves

Where a is an alkali metal such as potassium, r is at least one quaternary ammonium cation such as ethyltrimethylammonium, m is a divalent metal such as zn and e is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. This family of metalloalumino(gallo)phosphosilicate materials are stabilized by combinations of alkali and quaternary ammonium cations, enabling unique, high charge density compositions.

Closure system

The invention relates to a closure system on a fuel tank (2) of thermoplastics with barrier properties for hydrocarbons. The closure system comprises at least one orifice (4), with a closure cap (5) which closes the orifice (4) in a sealing manner and which cooperates in a form-fitting manner with closure means provided at the circumference of the orifice (4) and encloses at least one first sealing means between it and a tank wall (3).
Kautex Textron Gmbh & Co. Kg

High charge density metallophosphate molecular sieves

Where a is an alkali metal such as potassium, r is an organoammonium cation such as ethyltrimethylammonium, m is a divalent metal such as zinc and e is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The pst-16 family of molecular sieves are stabilized by combinations of alkali and organoammonium cations, enabling unique metalloalumino(gallo)phosphate compositions and exhibit the cgs topology.

High charge density metallophosphate molecular sieves

Where a is an alkali metal cation, r is at least one quaternary organoammonium cation, m is a divalent metal such as zinc and e is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. This family of high charge density metallophosphate materials are among the first metalloalumino(gallo)phosphate-type molecular sieves to be stabilized by combinations of alkali and quaternary organoammonium cations, enabling unique compositions.

High charge density metallophosphate molecular sieves

Where a is an alkali metal such as potassium, r is an organoammonium cation such as tetraethylammonium, m is a divalent metal such as zinc and e is a trivalent framework element such as aluminum or gallium. The pst-19 family of materials are among the first meapo-type molecular sieves to be stabilized by combinations of alkali and quaternary ammonium cations, enabling unique compositions.

Apparatus of hydrocarbon fuel reactors having carbon dioxide separated and purified with space efficiency

An apparatus of hydrocarbon fuel reactors separates and purifies carbon dioxide (co2). Interconnected fluidized beds are applied in chemical-looping combustion.
Institute Of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Executive Yuan, R.o.c.

Removal of oxygen from hydrocarbon-containing gas mixtures

The invention relates to a method for removing oxygen from hydrocarbon-containing gas mixtures, characterized in that a hydrocarbon-containing gas mixture containing 50 vol % of one or more hydrocarbons, 2 to 10 vol % of oxygen, and possibly one or more gases from the group comprising nitrogen, noble gases, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and water is introduced into an isothermally operated reactor, in which the oxygen contained in the hydrocarbon-containing gas mixture is at least partially converted into carbon dioxide and water in the presence of one or more catalysts, wherein the specifications in vol % relate to the total volume of the hydrocarbon-containing gas mixture introduced into the reactor and add up to 100 vol % in total.. .
Wacker Chemie Ag

Reducing fouling in amine systems

The invention generally relates to processes for reducing fouling in amine systems and to equipment useful in such processes. Such amine systems are useful for removing one or more acidic gases such as co2 or h2s from olefin containing hydrocarbon streams.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Device for reforming a voc gas

A device and method for producing a reformate fuel from a hydrocarbon gas source. The invention enables the conversion of a dilute hydrocarbon gas into a more easily consumable reformate fuel.
Detroit Edison Company

Transdermal delivery system

A transdermal delivery system comprising a drug-containing matrix layer, a release liner and a backing layer. The drug-containing matrix layer further comprises a methylphenidate base, an adhesive polymer made up of a styrene rubber block copolymer having a styrene content of 24% or above by weight of the adhesive polymer; the adhesive polymer is present in an amount of 20% to 45% by weight of the drug-containing matrix layer, a tackifier present in an amount of 30% to 45% by weight of the drug-containing matrix layer, and a hydrocarbon plasticizer present in an amount of 1% to 30% by weight of the drug-containing matrix layer..
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

High-temperature fuel cell system

A high-temperature fuel cell system includes a reformer that reforms a hydrocarbon-based raw fuel to generate a reformed gas containing hydrogen, a fuel cell that generates power by using the reformed gas and an oxidant gas, and a burner that heats the reformer. The burner includes an anode-off-gas gathering portion that has an anode-off-gas ejection hole and at which an anode off-gas discharged from an anode of the fuel cell gathers.
Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.

Methods and extraction of nad and proteins from crude oil and gas, drill cuttings, cores and other hydrocarbons and organics for unique spectral identification

A method of analyzing crude oil that may include the step of contacting the crude oil with an ionic liquid to form a treated sample. The method may further include determining presence of rad in the treated sample..
Waid Forensic Science Llc

Hydrocarbon leak imaging and quantification sensor

This invention consists of sensors and algorithms to image, detect, and quantify the presence of hydrocarbon gas (for example from leaks) using a short-wave infrared radiation detector array with multiple spectral filters under natural sunlight or artificial illumination, in combination with the hydrodynamics of turbulent gas jets and buoyant plumes. Multiple embodiments are recited and address detection and quantification of methane gas leaks.
Multisensor Scientific, Inc.

Bend sensor

A bend sensor comprising a sensor section in which a polymer electrolyte film is sandwiched between a pair of electrode films, wherein each of the electrode films contains: a block copolymer (z) having a polymer block (s) composed of a structural unit derived from an aromatic vinyl compound, and containing an ion-conducting group, and an amorphous polymer block (t) composed of a structural unit derived from an unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon; and a conducting particle; which block copolymer (z) forms a lamellar structure, which bend sensor therefore allows generation of enhanced voltage between the electrode films when deformation of the sensor occurs as it follows movement of an object, is provided.. .
Nippon Mektron, Ltd.

Use of metal silicides in hydrocarbon production and transportation

A method of hydraulic fracturing is provided which uses metal silicides to generate significant pressure inside a wellbore. The method comprises injecting a fracturing fluid and an aqueous or reacting fluid into the wellbore to react with the fracturing fluid.
Signa Chemistry, Inc.

Lubricant composition for refrigerating machines, and refrigerating machine

Wherein r represents cl, br, i, or h; p represents an integer of from 2 to 6; r represents an integer of from 1 to 12; and s represents an integer of from 0 to 11, provided that the molecule contains at least one carbon-carbon unsaturated bond, and the lubricating oil composition for a refrigerator contains a base oil and a cyclic organic compound having a cyclic hydrocarbon structure and having one or more non-conjugated double bond in a cyclic structure or a side chain thereof.. .

Crude unit overhead corrosion control using multi amine blends

A method for inhibiting corrosion on internal metal surfaces of an overhead condenser of a crude distillation unit in which hydrocarbons, water and amine hydrochlorides condense, the method includes adding to the overhead condenser an amine composition in an amount and at a rate sufficient to maintain the ph of water condensate in the condenser above a ph of about 5, the amine composition made of a mixture of four amines wherein the amines are monoethanloamine, methoxypropyl amine, morpholine and cyclohexylamine present in a weight ratio ranging from about 25:30:25:20 to about 30:40:15:15. Further, a system and method assess the corrosion rate and optimize the dosage of neutralizing amine composition during the operating conditions of overhead condensing system..
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd.

Process to upgrade partially converted vacuum residua

Processes for upgrading partially converted vacuum residua hydrocarbon feeds are disclosed. The upgrading processes may include: steam stripping the partially converted vacuum residua to generate a first distillate and a first residuum; solvent deasphalting the first residuum stream to generate a deasphalted oil and an asphaltenes fraction; vacuum fractionating the deasphalted oil to recover a deasphalted gas oil distillate and a heavy deasphalted residuum; contacting the first distillate and the deasphalted gas oil distillate and hydrogen in the presence of a first hydroconversion catalyst to produce a product; contacting the heavy deasphalted residuum stream and hydrogen in the presence of a second hydroconversion catalyst to produce an effluent; and fractionating the effluent to recover a hydrocracked atmospheric residua and a hydrocracked atmospheric distillate..
Lummus Technology Inc.

Heavy amines as hydrogen sulfide and mercaptan scavengers

The present invention generally relates to compositions and methods for scavenging hydrogen sulfide and/or mercaptans from fluids. More particularly, the invention relates to the use of compositions comprising a surfactant and the reaction product between a polyamine and a formaldehyde as a hydrogen sulfide or a mercaptan scavenger for hydrocarbon-containing fluids, particularly for natural gas, crude oil, field oil, fuel oil, naphtha, gasoline, kerosene, diesel, slurry oil, gas oil, resid, refinery gas, coal gas, tar, asphalt, coke gas, ammonia synthesis gas, gas from an industrial gas stream, or a sulfurization plant..
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Multi state fischer-tropsch reactor and methods of producing hydrocarbons

Disclosed herein are reactors comprising: a) a first mixing zone, b) a first reaction zone, c) a first cooling zone, d) a first h2o separation zone, e) a second mixing zone, f) a second reaction zone, g) a second cooling zone, and h) a second h2o separation zone, wherein the first mixing zone is in fluid communication with the first reaction zone, wherein the first reaction zone is in fluid communication with the first cooling zone, wherein the first cooling zone is in fluid communication with the first h2o separation zone, wherein the first h2o separation zone is in fluid communication with the second mixing zone, wherein the second mixing zone is in fluid communication with the second reaction zone, wherein the second reaction zone is in fluid communication with the second cooling zone, and wherein the second cooling zone is in fluid communication with the second h2o separation zone.. .
Sabic Global Technologyies B.v.

Polymerizable compound, mixture, polymerizable liquid crystal composition, polymer, optical film, optically anisotropic product, polarizing plate, flat panel display device, organic electroluminescence display device, and anti-reflection film

Disclosed is a mixture containing polymerizable compounds having formulas (iii) and (iv) wherein ar1 and ar2 are divalent aromatic hydrocarbon or heteroaromatic ring group having d1 or d2 as a substituent; d1 and d2 are c1-c20 organic group having at least one aromatic ring selected from the group consisting of aromatic hydrocarbon ring and heteroaromatic ring; a11-a22 and b11-b22 are alicyclic or aromatic group which may have a substituent, y11-y22 and l11-l22 are single bond, —o—, —co—, —c0—o—, —o—co—, —nr21—co—, —co—nr22—, —o—co—o—, —nr23—co—o—, —o—co—nr24— or —nr25—co—nr26— where r21-r26 are hydrogen or c1-c6 alkyl group; r4-r9 are hydrogen, methyl group or chlorine; one of f and k is integer of 1 to 3 with the other being integer of 0 to 3; g, j, m and q are integer of 1 to 20; and h, i, n and p are 0 or 1.. .
Zeon Corporation

Use of olefinic ester compositions in oil and gas fields

Compositions for stimulating hydrocarbon production from a subterranean formation are generally disclosed. In some embodiments, such compositions include olefinic ester compounds, such as alkyl esters of c10-18 unsaturated fatty acids.
Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.

Method of enhancing conductivity from post frac channel formation

A method of enhancing conductivity within a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir by building proppant pillars in a spatial arrangement in fractures created or enlarged in the reservoir. Two fluids of differing viscosity and stability are simultaneously pumped into the reservoir.
Baker Hughes Incorporated

Emulsified acidic treatment fluid with surface modification agents

Surface modification agents may be included in emulsified acidic treatment fluids to leave surfaces in carbonate formations water wet after acidizing operations. A method of acidizing a subterranean formation, comprising: providing a treatment fluid in the form of an invert emulsion, wherein the treatment fluid comprises: a hydrocarbon phase comprising an oil-soluble liquid and an emulsifier; and an aqueous acidic phase comprising water, an acid, and a surface modification agent; and introducing the treatment fluid into a wellbore..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Branched geminal zwitterionic liquids, obtaining same and use thereof as wettability modifiers having viscosity reducing properties

The branched germinal zwitterionic liquids of the present invention have moreover the property to act as viscosity reducers of heavy oils having high content of polar fractions, both for extraction and production, and transport and storage operations, so allowing increase the production level of this oil type. An additional advantage shown by the zwitterionic liquids, derived from their molecular structure, is that they can be handed in such a manner that can be dissolved by water, hydrocarbon or other polar and non-polar solvents..

Cationic ammonium surfactants as low dosage hydrate inhibitors

This disclosure relates to anti-agglomerant low dosage hydrate inhibitors that can inhibit the formation of hydrate agglomerants and/or plugs. The anti-agglomerant low dosage hydrate inhibitors can be surfactants.
Ecolab Usa Inc.

Reversible aminal gel compositions, methods, and use

A well treatment composition for use in a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir comprising a reversible aminal gel composition. The reversible aminal gel composition includes a liquid precursor composition.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Amine adducts preparable by michael addition

The invention relates to a process for preparing an amine adduct, in which a polyamine component (a), a polyester component (b) and a hydrocarbon component (c) are reacted. The amine adduct is of particularly good suitability as a wetting agent and dispersant, especially for coatings and plastics applications..
Byk-chemie Gmbh

Aqueous emulsion paint with improved stain removal and anticlogging properties

Wherein r1 is hydrogen or methyl, x is a divalent organic alkylene oxide group, n is an integer ranging from 1 to 50 and r2 is hydrogen or an alphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and a phosphate surfactant. When incoroporated into a coating composition, the coating composition show both improved stain-resistance properties and anti-clogging properties..

Block copolymers including high vinyl segments

A method for the preparation of block copolymers including at least one high vinyl segment, the method comprising (i) charging into a reactor a diene monomer in a hydrocarbon solvent, a catalytically effective amount of anionic initiator, and an oligomeric oxolanyl propane, whereby the reactor is optionally cooled; (ii) allowing the diene monomer to polymerize at a peak polymerization temperature of at least about 18° c. And less than about 60° c.
Bridgestone Corporation

Process for the preparation of diene polymers or random vinyl arene-diene copolymers

Process for the preparation of a diene polymer or a random vinyl arene-diene copolymer comprising anionically (co)polymerising at least one conjugated diene monomer, optionally in the presence of at least one vinyl arene, in the presence of at least one hydrocarbon solvent, at least one lithium-based initiator and at least one organic compound containing at least one nitroxide group having general formula (i) or (ii): wherein: r1, r2, r3 and r4, mutually identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom; or are selected from c1-c20, preferably c1-c8, linear or branched alkyl groups optionally containing heteroatoms such as, for example, oxygen, nitrogen,sulphur,optionally substituted cycloalkyl groups, optionally substituted c1-c20, preferably c1-c8, linear or branched alkoxy groups, optionally substituted aryl groups; −x is an integer ranging from 0 to 7, preferably ranging from 4 to 5; −y is an integer ranging from 1 to 3, preferably ranging from 1 to 2.. .
Versalis S.p.a.

Method for preparing 3-carbamoymethyl-5-methylhexanoic acid in recycling way

The present invention provides a method for recycling 3-carbamoymethyl-5-methylhexanoic acid from 3-carbamoymethyl-5-methylhexanoic acid chiral resolving mother liquor. The method comprises the following steps: (a) distilling 3-carbamoymethyl-5-methylhexanoic acid chiral resolving mother liquor, adding aromatic hydrocarbon, heating to dissolve, keeping the temperature and stirring; (b) after completing the reaction in step (a), cooling the reaction solution to 30-60° c., then adding alkali liquor dropwise, keeping the temperature and reacting; and (c) after completing the reaction in step (b), cooling the reactant to 20-30° c., layering, adjusting the ph of the separated water layer to 1 to 2, performing extraction by using an organic solvent, distilling an organic phase under a reduced pressure, and crystallizing at 0±5° c.
Zhejiang Huahai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.

Method for producing fluorinated methane

Wherein r1 and r2 are identical or different, and each represents a substituted or unsubstituted straight or branched monovalent aliphatic hydrocarbon group, substituted or unsubstituted monovalent aromatic hydrocarbon group, substituted or unsubstituted monovalent cyclic aliphatic hydrocarbon group, hydrogen atom, or halogen atom.. .

Process for removing oxygenated contaminates from an ethylene stream

The present invention is, in a first embodiment, a process for removing oxygenated contaminants from an ethylene stream comprising: a) providing a dried ethylene stream (a) comprising essentially ethylene, up to 1 w % oxygenates, ethane, co, co2, h2, ch4 and c3+ hydrocarbons, b) sending said stream (a) to a stripper (also referred to as a demethanizer) to produce an overhead stream comprising essentially co, h2 and ch4, a bottom stream comprising essentially ethylene, oxygenates, ethane, co2 and c3+ hydrocarbons, c) sending said bottom stream of step b) to a deethanizer to produce a bottom stream comprising essentially ethane, oxygenates and c3+ hydrocarbons, an overhead stream consisting essentially of ethylene and co2, d) sending said overhead of step c) to a fixed bed co2 adsorption zone to recover an ethylene stream essentially free of co2. In another embodiment the co2 adsorption zone can be located at the inlet of the deethanizer.
Ifp Energies Nouvelles

Production of basestocks from paraffinic hydrocarbons

A process to convert paraffinic feedstocks into renewable poly-alpha-olefins (pao) basestocks. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, renewable feed comprising triglycerides and/or free fatty acids are hydrotreated producing an intermediate paraffin feedstock.
Emerging Fuels Technology, Inc.

Bioremediation composition with a time release material for removing hydrocarbons from contaminated environments

A composition for use in remediation of soil and groundwater containing hydrocarbons and halogenated compounds. The remediation composition includes: (a) a first bioremediation material including a first blend of organisms capable of degrading the hydrocarbons; (b) a second bioremediation material including a second blend of organisms differing from the first blend of organisms that is chosen for degrading the halogenated compounds; (c) an organic compound such as a complex carbohydrate (e.g., food grade starch); and (d) a third blend of organisms capable of degrading the organic compound.
Remediation Products, Inc.

Metal-inorganic frameworks

Metal-inorganic frameworks (“mifs”) having enhanced adsorption capabilities to hydrogen, co, co2, hydrocarbons, and a variety of other guest molecules are disclosed. All linkers in the mifs contain metal complexes, comprising metal atoms and inorganic or organic ligands, instead of only organic ligands as linkers in metal-organic frameworks (mofs).
University Of North Texas

Catalyzed scr filter and emission treatment system

Provided is a catalyst article for simultaneously remediating the nitrogen oxides (nox), particulate matter, and gaseous hydrocarbons present in diesel engine exhaust streams. The catalyst article has a soot filter coated with a material effective in the selective catalytic reduction (scr) of nox by a reductant, e.g., ammonia..
Basf Corporation

Systems and methods for concentrating waste water fluids

A method and apparatus for processing waste water generated during oilfield drilling operations with a mobile processing unit utilizing heat energy sourced from burning hydrocarbon fuel directly and/or capturing and using the exhaust heat energy generated by burning hydrocarbons in engines such as diesel engines in order to vaporize a dominant mass of the aqueous phase of the waste water while clarifying the heat source combustion gasses. The water vapor generated by the vaporization process may be discharged directly to the atmosphere or alternately condensed and captured for use as potable water.
Horizon Oilfield Solutions Inc.

Processing unit and separating hydrocarbons from feedstock material

A processing unit and method for separating hydrocarbons from feedstock material. The processing unit includes at least one rotating conveyor in communication with a material inlet and a material outlet; a vacuum pump providing a vacuum atmosphere within the rotating conveyor; at least one material transfer device positioned at the material inlet and at least one material transfer device positioned at the material outlet, each material transfer device configured to allow transfer of feedstock material into or out of the rotating conveyor whilst maintaining the vacuum atmosphere within the rotating conveyor; and an electrostatic generator connected to the rotating conveyor providing a static charge to the vacuum atmosphere within the rotating conveyor.
Fulcrum Environmental Solutions Inc.

Ite for cancer intervention and eradication

A method of cancer intervention or eradication by administering an effective amount of an endogenous ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon (ah) receptor (ahr) named ite or one of its analogs (the active ingredient) to a subject with cancer is disclosed. An effective dose and dosing frequency of the active ingredient are determined by measuring its blood levels of the subject after dosing.
Ariagen, Inc.

Stable fluorinated alkylated lithium malonatoborate salts for lithium-ion battery applications

Wherein r1 is an alkyl group (r′) containing at least one and up to twelve carbon atoms, and r2 and r3 are independently selected from fluorine atom, hydrocarbon groups r, alkoxy groups (—or), and ester groups —oc(o)r, wherein r2 and r3 can optionally interconnect via r functionalities to form a boron-containing ring. The invention is also directed to electrolyte compositions in which the above electrolyte salt is incorporated.

Sofc system and operating a sofc system

A sofc system having a fuel reformer for reforming a gaseous hydrocarbon stream and steam into a hydrogen rich gas, a solid oxide fuel cell stack including an anode and a cathode for electrochemically reacting the hydrogen rich gas and a cathode air stream to produce electricity, an anode exhaust stream and a cathode depleted air stream. The anode exhaust stream and the cathode depleted air stream are kept separate, a burner for combusting a mixture of the anode exhaust stream and a fresh air stream to complete combustion and produce heat for the reformer control unit and a blower are also provided.
Htceramix S.a.

Fluorinated compositions for ion source performance improvements in nitrogen ion implantation

Compositions, methods, and apparatus are described for carrying out nitrogen ion implantation, which avoid the incidence of severe glitching when the nitrogen ion implantation is followed by another ion implantation operation susceptible to glitching, e.g., implantation of arsenic and/or phosphorus ionic species. The nitrogen ion implantation operation is advantageously conducted with a nitrogen ion implantation composition introduced to or formed in the ion source chamber of the ion implantation system, wherein the nitrogen ion implantation composition includes nitrogen (n2) dopant gas and a glitching-suppressing gas including one or more selected from the group consisting of nf3, n2f4, f2, sif4, wf6, pf3, pf5, asf3, asf5, cf4 and other fluorinated hydrocarbons of cxfy (x≧1, y≧1) general formula, sf6, hf, cof2, of2, bf3, b2f4, gef4, xef2, o2, n2o, no, no2, n2o4, and o3, and optionally hydrogen-containing gas, e.g., hydrogen-containing gas including one or more selected from the group consisting of h2, nh3, n2h4, b2h6, ash3, ph3, sih4, si2h6, h2s, h2se, ch4 and other hydrocarbons of cxhy (x≧1, y≧1) general formula and geh4..
Entegris, Inc.

Novel sulfonium compound, making method, resist composition, and pattern forming process

A sulfonium compound having formula (1) exerts a satisfactory acid diffusion control function wherein r1, r2 and r3 are a c1-c20 monovalent hydrocarbon group which may contain a heteroatom, p=0-5, q=0-5, and r=0-4. A resist composition comprising the sulfonium compound is processed by lithography to form a resist pattern with improved resolution, lwr, mef and cdu..
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.

Photosensitive resin composition, planographic printing plate precursor, producing planographic printing plate, and polymer compound

Provided is a photosensitive resin composition, including: a polymer compound which has a polycyclic structure and a sulfonamide group in a main chain thereof; and an infrared absorbent, wherein the polycyclic structure has at least one structure selected from the group consisting of a fused cyclic hydrocarbon structure and a fused polycyclic aromatic structure.. .
Fujifilm Corporation

Nuclear magnetic resonance and saturation well logs for determining free water level and reservoir type

Provided in some embodiments are systems and methods for determining characteristics of a hydrocarbon reservoir. Embodiments include conducting a nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) logging operation of a targeted reservoir section of a wellbore extending into a hydrocarbon reservoir to generate a nmr log of the targeted reservoir section, conducting a resistivity logging of the targeted reservoir section to generate an uninvaded water saturation (sw) log of the targeted reservoir section, determining for each of a plurality of depths in the section, a t2 cutoff point based on values of the nmr and sw logs, identifying a subset of the t2 cutoff points that exhibit a hyperbolic trend, determining a theoretical cutoff curve corresponding to the subset of the t2 cutoff points, determining a free water level (fwl) of the reservoir based on the theoretical cutoff curve, and determining a rock type of the reservoir based on the theoretical cutoff curve..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Multi-stage compression and storage system for use with municipal gaseous supply

A multi-stage gas compression, storage and distribution system utilizing a hydrocarbon gas from a municipal gaseous supply line in a manner that does not affect an operational integrity of said municipal gaseous supply line includes an inlet line fluidly in fluid communication with a supply of hydrocarbon gas at a first pressure, a first compression unit configured to compress the hydrocarbon gas from the inlet line to a second pressure, a first storage vessel configured to receive the hydrocarbon gas from the first compression unit for storage at the second pressure, a second compression unit configured to compress the hydrocarbon gas from the first storage vessel to a third pressure, and a second storage vessel configured to receive the hydrocarbon gas from the second compression unit for storage at the third pressure.. .
Capat Llc

Determining characteristics of a fluid in a wellbore

An assembly for use in a wellbore can include a plurality of sensors positioned external to a casing string. The plurality of sensors can be positioned for detecting an amount of a hydrocarbon that is present in a fluid in the wellbore and a ph of the fluid in the wellbore.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Multistage fracturing system with electronic counting system

The invention relates to a multistage high pressure fracturing system and tubular hydraulic valve (thv) system for connection to a completion string to enable isolation of a zone of interest within a well. In particular, the system enables access to a downhole formation for fracturing the zone of interest and for hydrocarbon production.
Completions Research Ag

Method and converting carbon dioxide

The invention relates to a method for preparing a hydrocarbon by reducing co2, wherein co2 is reduced to a hydrocarbon with the aid of a directly heated electrode. A device for carrying out a corresponding method, a corresponding power plant and a system comprising said power plant and a vehicle with a combustion engine are also objects of the invention.
Gensoric Gmbh

Refrigerator oil

Wherein r1 and r2 each independently represent a monovalent hydrocarbon group, r3 represents a divalent hydrocarbon group and r4 represents a hydrogen atom or a monovalent hydrocarbon group; and an epoxy compound.. .

Reforming process with improved heater integration

A method and apparatus for processing a hydrocarbon stream are described. The method includes heating a feed stream in a convective bank.
Uop Llc

Direct olefin reduction of thermally cracked hydrocarbon streams

A process that catalytically converts olefinic (alkenes, typically liquid at standard temperature and pressure) material in thermally cracked streams to meet olefin content specifications for crude oil transport pipelines. A thermally cracked stream or portion of a thermally cracked stream is selectively reacted to reduce the olefin content within a reactor operating at specific, controlled conditions in the presence of a catalyst and the absence of supplemental hydrogen.
Meg Energy Corp.

Internal heat generating material coupled hydrocarbon cracking

A method of cracking a hydrocarbon feed which includes introducing vaporizing a hydrocarbon feed and a heat generating material (hgm) stream comprising at least one aldehyde or ketone to a cracking reactor. The hydrocarbon feed and the hgm stream are vaporized and may be vaporized prior or subsequent to introduction to the cracking reactor.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Chemical conversion of carbon dioxide and water to hydrocarbon fuels

Carbon dioxide is hydrogenated by water at elevated temperature in an inorganic sulfate fortified sulfuric acid medium, in the presence of a transition metal catalyst and the absence of a sacrificial metal or hydrogen gas. The reaction sequence forms formaldehyde, immediately forming glycolaldehyde then concatenating to longer hydrocarbon chains possessing at least one alcohol group to maintain solubility in the reaction medium.

High temperature viscoelastic surfactant (ves) fluids comprising polymeric viscosity modifiers

Where r1 is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group of from 17 to 29 carbon atoms, r2 and r3 are each independently selected from a straight chain or branched alkyl or hydroxyalkyl group of from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; r4 is selected from h, hydroxyl, alkyl or hydroxyalkyl groups of from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; k is an integer of from 2-20; m is an integer of from 1-20; and n is an integer of from 0-20.. .

Surfactant selection methods for fluid recovery in subterranean formations

Methods for selecting a surfactant for treating a subterranean formation based on the performance of the surfactant and the characteristics of the subterranean formation and the treatment fluids that may be used to treat that formation are provided. In one embodiment, the method may comprise providing a treatment fluid, formation materials, hydrocarbon, and a plurality of surfactants, wherein the hydrocarbon is acquired from a subterranean formation; selecting at least two surfactants from the plurality of surfactants by determining whether each of the plurality of surfactants separates a mixture of the treatment fluid and the hydrocarbon; and selecting at least one surfactant from the at least two surfactants by determining whether the hydrocarbon displaces the treatment fluid from the formation materials in the presence of each of the at least two surfactants..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.

Hydrocarbon recovery composition and a use thereof

The invention relates to a hydrocarbon recovery composition comprising one or more internal olefin sulfonates and/or one or more alkoxylated alcohols and/or alkoxylated alcohol derivatives and a method of recovering hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon formation comprising feeding a hydrocarbon recovery composition into the formation, allowing the hydrocarbon recovery composition to contact the formation for a period of time, and withdrawing a mixture of the hydrocarbon recovery composition and hydrocarbons from the formation.. .
Shell Oil Company

High temperature viscoelastic surfactant (ves) fluids comprising nanoparticle viscosity modifiers

Where r1 is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group of from 17 to 29 carbon atoms, r2 and r3, are each independently selected from a straight chain or branched alkyl or hydroxyalkyl group of from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; r4 is selected from h, hydroxyl, alkyl or hydroxyalkyl groups of from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; k is an integer of from 2-20; m is an integer of from 1-20; and n is an integer of from 0-20; brine solution; and at least one nanoparticle viscosity modifier comprising a particle size of 0.1 to 500 nanometers, or 0.1 to 100 nanometers.. .

Cationic benzoxazine derivatives and use in hair dyeing

The invention relates to novel cationic benzoxazine-based compounds of formula (i) below, in which •r represents a hydrogen atom or a c1-c4 alkyl or c1-c4 hydroxyalkyl radical, •—r2, r3, r4 and r5 independently represent: —a hydrogen atom, —a linear c1-c4 or branched c3-c4 alkyl radical, optionally substituted with a hydroxyl radical, •l represents a linear or branched, saturated c1-c30 hydrocarbon-based chain, •cat+ represents a cationic radical chosen from: —a cationic heterocyclic radical comprising 5 to 8 ring members containing at least one heteroatom chosen from o, n and s, —a tri(hydroxy)(c1-c4)alkylammonium radical, —a non-cationic heterocycle comprising 5 or 6 ring members containing at least one heteroatom chosen from o and n, such as pyrrolidine, substituted with a cationic radical, an− represents an anion or a mixture of anions which are organic or inorganic and are cosmetically acceptable.. .
L'oreal

Rubber composition for vibration damping rubbers

A rubber composition for vibration damping rubbers, comprises a rubber component, a sulfur-based vulcanizing agent, a resin, and a bismaleimide. The resin is a mixed resin comprising at least an aromatic hydrocarbon resin and an aliphatic hydrocarbon resin.
Toyo Tire & Rubber Co., Ltd.

Alkyd resin compositions

The present invention relates to an alkyd resin composition comprising a. 1-60 wt % of an imide compound according to anyone of formulas ia, ib, ic, id or ie wherein r1 is h or a c1-c20 optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; r2 and r5 are independently h, or a c1-c20 hydrocarbon group; r3 and r4 are independently h, or a c1-c20 hydrocarbon group; r6 is h or a methyl group; r7 and r8 are independently h, methyl or ethyl; b.
Dsm Ip Assets B.v.

Process for producing olefin polymer and olefin polymer

[in the formula [i], r1, r3 and r5 to r16 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a hydrocarbon group or the like; r2 is a hydrocarbon group or the like; r4 is a hydrogen atom; m is a transition metal of group iv; q is a halogen atom or the like; and j is an integer of 1 to 4].. .

Process for producing olefin polymer and olefin polymer

[in the formula [i], r1, r3 and r5 to r16 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a hydrocarbon group or the like; r2 is a hydrocarbon group or the like; r4 is a hydrogen atom; m is a transition metal of group iv; q is a halogen atom or the like; and j is an integer of 1 to 4].. .

Method for producing an organic electronic component, and organic electronic component

Wherein e1 and e2 are oxygen, wherein the substituent r1 is selected from the group consisting of branched or unbranched, fluorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons with 1 to 10 c atoms, wherein n=1 to 5, wherein the substituent r2 is selected from the group consisting of —cn, branched or unbranched aliphatic hydrocarbons with 1 to 10 c atoms, aryl and heteroaryl, and wherein m=0 to at most 5−n.. .

Oxaziridine compound and production method thereof

R1-r8 are each independently a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group or an optionally substituted heterocyclic group, or a salt thereof.. .

Process for operating an integrated gas-to-liquids facility

The present technology is directed to processes involving formation of hydrocarbons and oxygenated hydrocarbons through use of oxygen supplied by ion transport membranes. More particularly, the present technology relates in part to a process involving steam reforming and subsequent production of a synthetic product where carbon dioxide and/or hydrogen downstream of the process is reclaimed to generate the synthetic product.
Velocys Technologies, Ltd.

Process for producing chlorinated hydrocarbons in the presence of a polyvalent molybdenum compound

The preparation of chlorinated hydrocarbons by reacting a chlorinated alkane substrate, such as 1,1,1,3-tetrachloropropane, with a source of chlorine, such as chlorine (cl2), in the presence of a polyvalent molybdenum compound, such as molybdenum pentachloride, is described. With the method of the present invention, the chlorinated alkane product has covalently bonded thereto at least one more chlorine group than the chlorinated alkane substrate, and the chlorinated alkane substrate and the chlorinated alkane product each have a carbon backbone structure that is in each case the same..
Axiall Ohio, Inc.

Method and synthesizing hydrocarbon

A method for synthesizing a hydrocarbon by reducing carbon dioxide in water, said method comprising supplying oxygen to water containing carbon dioxide to generate oxygen nanobubbles, irradiating the water containing the oxygen nanobubbles with ultraviolet light in the presence of a photocatalyst to generate active oxygen, and reducing carbon dioxide in the presence of the active oxygen.. .
Si Energy Company Limited

Process for the preparation of syngas

The invention is directed to a process for the preparation of a syngas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a methane comprising gas, which process comprises the steps of: (a) reacting the methane comprising gas with an oxidising gas in an autothermal reformer to obtain a hot raw syngas comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen; (b) cooling the hot raw syngas resulting from step (a) to obtain the syngas, wherein step (b) comprises cooling the hot raw syngas by indirect heat exchange against the methane comprising gas used in step (a) and wherein sulphur is added upstream of cooling step (b). The invention also relates to a process for the preparation of hydrocarbon products in which a feed syngas is prepared in the process as described above followed by a desulphurisation treatment and the desulphurised syngas is subsequently converted into hydrocarbon products in a fischer-tropsch process..
Shell Oil Company

Hydrogen co-firing with carbon pre-capture for higher carbon ratio fossil fuels

An apparatus is disclosed for the pre-capture of carbon from natural gas and/or other light gaseous hydrocarbons and oils, and for co-firing the resulting hydrogen and any remaining hydrocarbons with higher carbon ratio fuels, such as coal and heavy oils and even lower carbon ratio natural gas, in a steam electric generator and/or other boilers, processes, reactors, power plants, engines and combustion turbines, and combined cycle units, to reduce their carbon dioxide production and emissions to the environment, and for co-processing the syngas with other feed materials to react them in a separate vessel and produce a desired outcome.. .

Vessel hull for use as a hull of a floating hydrocarbon storage and/or processing plant, producing such a vessel hull, vessel comprising such a vessel hull, as well producing such a vessel having such a vessel hull

The invention relates to a method for producing a vessel hull (1) for use as a hull of an fpso or fso, comprising producing a vessel hull with a stern portion (2), a bow portion (3) and a central portion (4), arranging a deck (6) on the hull, for supporting processing modules, arranging hydrocarbon storage tanks inside the hull, providing the hull with an anchoring connection arrangement (7), characterized by arranging process module reinforcements (8) in the deck for supporting the hydrocarbon process modules, providing both longitudinal hull sides with mooring line connection reinforcements (9) at or near the bow portion, arranging riser connection reinforcements (10, 14) on one or more longitudinal hull sides, in between the mooring line connection reinforcements in longitudinal direction, for a riser balcony (28, 29), and providing the bow portion with turret reinforcements (11, 12).. .
Single Buoy Moorings Inc.

Metal organic frameworks as catalysts and hydrocarbon oxidation methods thereof

A metal organic framework comprising zinc (ii) ions and second metal ions, such as iron (ii) ions, cobalt (ii) ions, and copper (ii) ions as nodes or clusters and coordinated 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid struts or linkers between them forming a porous coordination network in the form of polyhedral crystals that are isostructural to hkust-1. Transmetallation processes for producing the metal organic frameworks, as well as methods for applications of the metal organic frameworks as catalysts, specifically catalysts for the oxidation of cyclic hydrocarbons, such as toluene, cyclohexane, and methylcyclohexane..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Heat generating catalyst for hydrocarbons cracking

A method of making a heat generating catalyst for hydrocarbon cracking. The method includes providing at least one mordenite framework-inverted (mfi) zeolite having a si/al molar ratio of 15 or greater and providing at least one metal oxide precursor.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Compound, material for organic electroluminescence element, organic electroluminescence element, and electronic apparatus

In the formula (1), n is 1 or 2. Ar1 is represented by a formula (2) below.

Polymerizable composition, wavelength conversion member, backlight unit, and liquid crystal display device

A polymerizable composition provides a high brightness and suppressed decrease in brightness in an outer peripheral region when used in a wavelength conversion member, a wavelength conversion member, a backlight unit, and a liquid crystal display device. The polymerizable composition includes quantum dots having surfaces coordinated with a ligand, a polymerizable compound, and a dispersant, in which the ligand is a molecule that includes a saturated hydrocarbon chain having 6 or more carbon atoms and a coordinating group, a log p value of the polymerizable compound is 3.0 or lower, the dispersant has a nonpolar and a polar portion in a molecule, and the nonpolar portion is at least one selected from the group consisting of a saturated hydrocarbon chain having 6 or more carbon atoms, an aromatic ring, and a saturated aliphatic ring.
Fujifilm Corporation

System and methods for monitoring leaks in underground storage tanks

Leak detection system and method for monitoring leaks in underground and aboveground storage tanks, pipelines or other containments, including single, double or triple wall containments are provided. A leak detection apparatus includes an oxidation chamber, a chemical marker concentrator, a mass spectrometer (ms) ion trap and a scroll vacuum pump.
Leak Detection Technologies, Inc.

Process and chemical looping redox combustion with control of the heat exchanges

The invention relates to a process and to a unit for chemical looping oxidation-reduction combustion of a hydrocarbon feed, wherein heat exchanges are controlled through a level variation of a dense fluidized bed of active mass particles in an external heat exchanger (e1, e2), positioned on a transport line carrying particles circulating between a reduction zone (210) and an oxidation zone (200) for the particles in the chemical loop. The bed level variation is allowed through controlled application of a pressure drop on a fluidization gas outlet in the heat exchanger, said pressure drop being compensated by the level variation of an active mass particle bed in a reservoir zone provided on the particle circuit in the chemical loop..
Total Raffinage Chimie

Method and plant for chemical looping oxidation-reduction combustion of a gaseous hydrocarbon feedstock with in-situ catalytic reforming of the feed

The invention relates to a method and to a plant for chemical looping oxidation-reduction combustion (clc) of a gaseous hydrocarbon feed, for example natural gas essentially containing methane. According to the invention, catalytic reforming of the feed is performed within the reduction zone where combustion of the feed is conducted on contact with an oxidation-reduction active mass in form of particles.
Total Raffinage Chimie

Plant and chemical looping oxidation-reduction combustion of a gaseous hydrocarbon feedstock with catalytic pre-reforming of the feed

The invention relates to a plant and to a method for chemical looping oxidation-reduction combustion of a gaseous hydrocarbon feed, for example natural gas essentially containing methane. According to the invention, catalytic pre-reforming of the feed is performed in a pre-reforming zone comprising a fixed reforming catalyst, while benefiting from a heat transfer between the reduction or oxidation zone of the chemical loop and the pre-reforming zone adjoining the reduction or oxidation zone.
Total Raffinage Chimie

Renewable energy-driven carbon cycle economic and ecological operating systems

An integrated system for exploiting renewable energy sources based upon carbon dioxide captured from the atmosphere is provided, the system comprising: a solar energy collector; apparatus for capturing co2 from the atmosphere; a wind power driven electrical generator; water power driven electrical generator; electric power distribution control means from the renewable energy sources; energy storage systems; water desalinating means and water electrolysis means powered by the renewably generated electricity; hydrocarbon fuel preparation means utilizing the hydrogen and the carbon dioxide generated by this system; and a body of saline water adjacent the land on which the integrated system is built.. .

Piston assembly for an engine

In an engine piston assembly of the present invention, a piston structure, together with a piston ring set matched to the piston structure and an inner wall of a cylinder bore body, forms a crevice passage having at least two annular expansion chambers and also having a function of multistage throttling and expansion. The engine piston assembly of the present invention can not only greatly and effectively reduce the intra-cylinder carbon deposition and the hydrocarbon emissions in the exhaust gas emissions of the engine, but also significantly improve the engine efficiency and the overall performance of the engine, so that the present invention is suitable for wide applications..

Piston for an engine

The present invention discloses a piston for an engine. The piston comprises a piston body; wherein, a top land, a first compression ring groove, a second land, a second compression ring groove, a third land, an oil ring groove are disposed in turn on the periphery of the piston body from top to bottom; the ratio of the depth of the first compression ring groove to the depth of the second compression ring groove is less than or equal to 1.0; at least one of annular expansion grooves are disposed on the periphery of the second land and/or the third land, to reduce the intra-cylinder carbon deposition and the hydrocarbon emissions in the exhaust gas emissions of the engine and thus improve the engine efficiency and the overall performance of the engine..

Multistage throttling and expansion saving energy and reducing emissions of an engine

The present invention discloses an energy-saving and emission-reducing multistage throttling expansion method for engine. In a crevice passage disposed between the combustion chamber and the crankcase, a multistage throttling is disposed for converting pressure energy of the high-pressure blow-by gas into kinetic energy and momentum, and a multistage expansion is disposed for expanding and dissipating the incoming kinetic energy and momentum of the high-velocity blow-by gas into heat, so that to realize the multistage throttling and expansion method, reduce the leaking of the unburned fuel-air mixture and the burned gas, the hydrocarbon emissions hidden in the intra-cylinder carbon deposition and exhaust gas emissions of the engine, and also improve the engine efficiency and the overall performance of the engine..

Method and systems for analysis of hydraulically-fractured reservoirs

Various methods and well systems are provided for characterizing a hydraulically-fractured hydrocarbon-bearing formation that is traversed by a well partitioned into a number of intervals. The methods and well systems analyze surface flow characteristics of fluid that flows from the well (for example, using a multiphase flow meter) in order to characterize local formation properties for one or more intervals for one or more intervals (or other sections) of the well..
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Method and system for establishing well performance during plug mill-out or cleanout/workover operations

A method and system is provided that analyzes flow characteristics of return fluid that flows to a surface-located facility during well operations (such as plug mill-out or cleanout/workover operations) in order to characterize local formation properties of the formation. The method and system can be used to characterize a hydraulically-fractured hydrocarbon-bearing formation that is traversed by a well having a number of intervals that are hydraulically isolated from one another by corresponding plugs..
Schlumberger Technology Corporation

Processes for producing hydrocarbons from a reservoir

There is provided a process for producing hydrocarbons from a reservoir. The process includes within the hydrocarbon reservoir, electrically heating a liquid heating fluid such that the liquid heating fluid is evaporated to produce a gaseous heating fluid, heating hydrocarbon material with the gaseous heating fluid such that the heated hydrocarbon material is mobilized and such that the gaseous heating fluid is condensed to produce a condensed heating fluid, and electrically heating at least a fraction of the condensed heating fluid such that the at least a condensed heating fluid fraction is re-evaporated, and while the evaporation, the condensing, and the re-evaporation are being effected, producing a produced fluid including at least the mobilized hydrocarbon material..
Nexen Energy Ulc

A containment using said containment system

A containment system for recovering hydrocarbon fluid from a leaking device comprising a dome sealed to the seafloor around the leaking device and forming a cavity for accumulating hydrocarbon fluid. The system comprises a lower closing assembly for closing a lower opening during descent of the system to the seafloor..
Total Sa

High power laser perforating and laser fracturing tools and methods of use

There are provided high power laser perforating tools and methods of delivering laser energy patterns that enhance the flow of energy sources, such as hydrocarbons, from a formation into a production tubing or collection system. These tools and methods precisely deliver predetermined laser beam energy patterns, to provide for custom geometries in a formation.
Foro Energy, Inc.

Oil leak detection circuit and blocking mechanism for use in a storm water drainage system

A device for detecting the presence of hydrocarbon fluid in runoff water includes an outer canister and a cartridge situated within the outer canister. The cartridge includes a pre-filter, at least one containment vessel, a diffuser/separator member situated within the containment vessel, a hydrocarbon fluid accumulator and an electronic circuit.
Fabco Industries Inc.

Friction-reducing compound, producing same, and lubricant composition

Wherein r is an alkyl or alkenyl group having 8 or more carbon atoms, each le is an independently selected hydrocarbon group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and n is 1.. .

Process for reducing the benzene content of gasoline

In a process for reducing the level of benzene in a refinery gasoline feed containing benzene and at least one c4+ olefin, the feed is contacted with a first alkylation catalyst under conditions effective to react at least part of the c4+ olefin and benzene in the refinery gasoline feed and produce a first effluent containing c10+ hydrocarbons. At least part of the c10+ hydrocarbons is removed from the first effluent to produce a second effluent, which is then contacted with an alkylating agent selected from one or more c2 to c5 olefins in the presence of a second alkylation catalyst to produce a third effluent which has reduced benzene content as compared with the second effluent..
Badger Licensing Llc

Processing hydrocarbon-containing materials

Methods are provided for enhancing oxidative molecular weight reduction in a hydrocarbon-containing material. For example, some methods include (a) providing a first hydrocarbon-containing material comprising a first hydrocarbon, said first hydrocarbon-containing material having been exposed to irradiation from a beam of particles, the beam of particles imparting one or more functional groups to said first hydrocarbon containing material; and (b) oxidizing the first hydrocarbon-containing material with one or more oxidants in the presence of one or more compounds comprising one or more naturally-occurring, non-radioactive group 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 or 11 elements, the one or more elements participating in a fenton-type reaction while oxidizing, to produce a second hydrocarbon-containing material comprising a second hydrocarbon, the second hydrocarbon having a molecular weight lower than that of the first hydrocarbon, the functional groups enhancing the effectiveness of the oxidizing reaction..
Xyleco, Inc.

Improved delayed coking

Disclosed is an improved system and method for carrying out the petroleum coking process. The improvements provide for recovery of gaseous hydrocarbons from operational units and use of the recovered gaseous hydrocarbons in place of steam during the coking process and during the stripping of volatile compounds from the coke drums..
The University Of Tulsa

Proppants for hydrocarbon recovery

A method of sequestering at least one target species, including exposing a proppant for use in subterranean hydrocarbon recovery via hydraulic fracturing which comprises a material adapted to sequester the at least one target species formed external to the subterranean formation and formed external to the proppant and the material, at least one of (a) prior to injecting a fluid comprising the proppant into a subterranean fracture or (b) subsequent to injecting the fluid comprising the proppant into the subterranean fracture; or exposing the material of the proppant to the at least one target species prior to completing formation of the proppant.. .
University Of Pittsburgh - Of The Commonwealth System Of Higher Education

Viscoelastic surfactant compatible acid corrosion inhibitor and methods of using same

An acid corrosion inhibitor is provided that is compatible with viscoelastic surfactants and useful for enhancing the production of hydrocarbon bearing formations. The viscoelastic surfactant can used in fracturing of subterranean formations penetrated by an oil or gas well or in connection with acidizing or other treatment processes.
Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc

Method for microbial control of injection liquid flow in a hydrocarbon reservoir

Disclosed herein are methods of establishing a microbial plug in a hydrocarbon-containing geological formation which has been flooded with water. Also disclosed herein are methods of maintaining such plugs and methods of controlling alteration of the position and/or extent of an established plug.
Goe-ip As

Coating agent, decorative film, and article

An object of the present invention is to provide a coating agent giving a coating film that has good adhesion and stability over time, a decorative film having at least one layer formed from the coating agent; and an article decorated with the decorative film. The coating agent of the present invention contains, in a specific ratio, an olefin polymer (a) having a heat of fusion of in the range of 0 to 50 j/g and having a weight average molecular weight (mw) as measured by gpc of 1×104 to 1000×104, a hydrocarbon-based synthetic oil (b) having a 40° c.
Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.

Composition for powder coating material, powder coating material and coated article

To provide a powder coating material capable of forming a coating film excellent in weather resistance, coating film appearance and surface smoothness; and a coated article having a coating film made of such a powder coating material. A powder coating material comprising a powder composed of a first composition which is a first composition for powder coating material comprising a fluororesin having a fluorine content of at least 10% by mass and a plasticizer having a melting point of from 60 to 200° c.
Asahi Glass Company, Limited

Film-forming composition containing tannic acid derivatives

The invention provides a film-forming composition containing a tannic acid derivative in which hydrogen atoms in at least some of hydroxyl groups of tannic acid are substituted by a chain hydrocarbon group having 3 to 18 carbon atoms. The film-forming composition of the invention can provide a good enough film on a variety of substrate materials, having improved effects on rust prevention or the like..
National Institute For Materials Science

Rubber composition and manufacturing rubber composition

Wherein, r20's are each independently hydrogen or a monovalent hydrocarbon group, and at least one of r20's is a substituted or unsubstituted linear alkyl group having from 7 to 18 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted branched-chain alkyl group having from 7 to 18 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having from 7 to 18 carbon atoms.. .

Curable resin composition

The present technology provides a curable resin composition that contains a urethane prepolymer having an isocyanate group, a coated amine formed by using a filler to coat solid amine having a melting point of 50° c. Or higher, an isocyanate group-containing compound having an isocyanate group bonded to an aliphatic hydrocarbon group and having a hydrolyzable silyl group or (meth)acryloyl group, and a tertiary amine compound..
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.

Precipitation promoter and precipitation method in which same is used

Precipitation promoters, which are an organic compound having one or more linear aliphatic hydrocarbon groups having not less than 10 carbon atoms, wherein the aliphatic hydrocarbon group has not less than 20 carbon atoms in total are useful for precipitating an organic compound protected by an organic group having one or more aliphatic hydrocarbon groups having not less than 10 carbon atoms from a solvent.. .
Ajinomoto Co., Inc.

Hydroxysultaine- and sulfobetaine-based geminal zwitterionic liquids, obtaining same, and use thereof as wettability modifiers having corrosion inhibiting properties

The geminal zwitterionic liquids of the present invention have also the property of acting as corrosion inhibitors of ferrous metals used in pipelines and equipment for crude oil extraction, production, transport and storage operations. A further advantage shown by zwitterionic liquids derived from their molecular structure is they can be dissolved in distilled water, brine, hydrocarbon solvents, aromatics and alcohols..

Thickening and stabilizing agent, and thickening and stabilizing composition using same

Where r1 is a group resulting from removing four hydrogen atoms from the structural formula of butane; r2 and r3 are different from each other and are aliphatic hydrocarbon groups each containing 4 or more carbon atoms; and n is an integer of 1 to 3.. .

Catalyst arrangement with optimized void fraction for the production of phthalic acid anhydride

The invention relates to a catalyst arrangement for preparing phthalic anhydride by gas-phase oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons, which comprises a reactor having a gas inlet end for a feed gas and a gas outlet end for a product gas and also a first catalyst zone made up of catalyst bodies and at least one second catalyst zone made up of catalyst bodies, where the first catalyst zone is arranged at the gas inlet end and the second catalyst zone is arranged downstream of the first catalyst zone in the gas flow direction and the length of the first catalyst zone in the gas flow direction is less than the length of the second catalyst zone in the gas flow direction, characterized in that the first catalyst zone has a higher gap content compared to the second catalyst zone.. .
Clariant International Ltd.

Ether blends via reactive distillation

A method for forming a blend of ethers from a blend of alcohols includes a step of reacting a hydrocarbon-containing gas with an oxygen-containing gas to form first product blend. The first product blend includes a blend of partially oxygenated compounds.
Gas Technologies Llc

Method for isolating hfc-245cb and (e)-hfo-1234ze from composition containing both compounds

The present invention provides a method for separating hfc-245cb and (e)-hfo-1234ze having close boiling points, i.e., boiling points with only 1° c. Difference, by extractive distillation from a composition containing the hfc-245cb and the (e)-hfo-1234ze.
Daikin Industries, Ltd.

Method and producing hydrocarbons

A method for producing hydrocarbons is proposed, in which a product stream containing hydrocarbons is produced from a methane-rich feed stream and from an oxygen-rich feed stream in a reaction unit which is configured for implementing a method for oxidative coupling of methane, the product stream or at least a stream formed therefrom being treated cryogenically in at least one separation unit using at least one liquid, methane-rich stream. It is provided that in the at least one separation unit (10) a recycle stream is formed from methane contained in product stream (c) and from methane contained in the at least one liquid, methane-rich stream (e, v), the recycle stream being fed to the reaction unit (1) as the methane-rich feed stream (a), and in that the liquid, methane-rich stream (e, v) is provided as makeup..
Linde Aktiengesellschaft

Tandem transfer hydrogenation and oligomerization for hydrocarbon production

A method for coupling an alkane with an alkene using a hydrogen transfer catalyst and an alkene dimerization catalyst to form one or more higher molecular weight hydrocarbons.. .
The California Institute Of Technology

Method for forming light olefins from methanol

A catalyst system and a process for methanol to light olefin conversion with enhanced selectivity towards propylene. The catalyst system comprises a honeycomb monolith catalyst support coated with aluminosilicate nanozeolite catalysts on the edges and inside the channels of the support structure.
King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals

Composition with a time release material for removing halogenated hydrocarbons from contaminated environments

A composition remediation of soil and groundwater containing halogenated compounds. The remediation composition includes an elemental iron-based composition, which may include activated carbon capable of absorbing the halogenated compounds with numerous pores impregnated with elemental iron.
Remediation Products, Inc.

Method and plant for chemical looping oxidation-reduction combustion of a gaseous hydrocarbon feedstock with intermediate catalytic steam reforming of the feed

Fig. 2 to be published..

Method and producing a hydrogen-containing product

Process and apparatus for producing a hydrogen-containing product by steam-hydrocarbon reforming of multiple hydrocarbon feedstocks in a production facility utilizing a prereformer in addition to the primary reformer. The temperature of the reactant mixture introduced into the prereformer is controlled depending on the composition of the reactant mixture fed to the prereformer..
Air Products And Chemicals, Inc.

Process to prepare a composite ionic liquid

The present invention provides a process to prepare a composite ionic liquid, the process at least comprising the steps: (a) mixing an ammonium salt and a solid aluminium salt to obtain a first mixture; (b) stirring under heating the first mixture of step (a); (c) adding to the first mixture of step (b) one or more solid metal salts to obtain a second mixture, wherein the metal salts are selected from halides, sulfates, or nitrates of aluminium, gallium, copper, iron, zinc, nickel, cobalt, molybdenum and platinum; (d) stirring under heating the second mixture of step (c); (e) adding to the second mixture of step (d) a hydrocarbon to obtain a third mixture; (f) stirring under heating the third mixture of step (e) until the solids of the aluminium salt of step (a), and the solids of the metal salts of step (c) disappear and the mixture is converted into a composite ionic liquid; and (g) cooling the composite ionic liquid of step (f).. .
China University Of Petroleum (beijing)

Method and system for characterizing fractures in a subsurface region

A method and system are described for characterizing fractures in subsurface regions, using the fracture characterizations in subsurface models, and using the subsurface models in hydrocarbon operations. In the methods and systems, one or more zones are identified in a subsurface model for fracture characterization; a multi-layer model is created for the selected zone; and macromechanical geological loads are applied and simulated to generate fractures for the zone..

Method and system for forming and using a subsurface model in hydrocarbon operations

A method and system are described for creating a subsurface model and using the subsurface model in hydrocarbon operations. In the method and systems, a global model and one or more local models are obtained.

System and acquiring and processing electromagnetic survey data in hydrocarbon exploration

Systems and methods for acquiring and processing electromagnetic data in subsurface formations. In one example, a system includes an electromagnetic source, a plurality of electromagnetic receivers, and an electromagnetic data processor.

A the isokinetic sampling of a multiphase stream

The present invention refers to a method for the isokinetic sampling of liquids and gases present in streams having many fluid phases, and to an apparatus suitable for achieving it. The method and apparatus have application in particular in the field of oil extraction, wherein, after the extraction of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons possibly accompanied by water and suspended solids, it is necessary to know the composition of the mixture extracted and also the flow rate of the single phases..

Exhaust system

An exhaust system includes a diesel oxidation catalyst (doc) device mounted to an exhaust pipe for exhausting an exhaust gas of an engine and purifying hydrocarbon (hc) and carbon monoxide (co) among the exhaust gas, an urea injector positioned at a rear of the diesel oxidation catalyst device for injecting an urea aqueous solution to an inside of the exhaust pipe, a mixer positioned at the rear of the urea injector, a diesel particulate matter filter (dpf) positioned at the rear of the mixer and coated with a catalyst devoid of a noble metal or a hydrolysis catalyst that does not oxidize ammonia and hydrolyzes the injected urea to reduce a particulate material of the exhaust gas, and a selective catalytic reduction (scr) device positioned at the rear of the diesel particulate matter filter.. .

Method for forming a gas phase in water saturated hydrocarbon reservoirs

The present disclosure describes a method of recovering oil and gas from a hydrocarbon-containing reservoir generally having some degree of water saturation within the reservoir pore network by injecting a gas into the reservoir. The method applicable to reservoirs having high water saturation of about 50 percent or greater.

Method for forming a gas phase in water saturated hydrocarbon reservoirs

The present disclosure describes a method of recovering oil and gas from a hydrocarbon-containing reservoir generally having some degree of water saturation within the reservoir pore network by injecting a gas into the reservoir. The method applicable to reservoirs having high water saturation of about 50 percent or greater.

System and autonomous tools

Autonomous tools for use in tubular members associated with managing hydrocarbons. The autonomous tools are at least partially fabricated from a dissolvable material, which is configured to dissolve in the fluid within the tubular member.

Control system and a monitoring a filter in an underwater hydrocarbon well

A control system for monitoring a filter in a subsea control module (scm) of an underwater hydrocarbon well is presented. The control system includes an upstream pressure transducer disposed upstream of a filter of the scm and configured to sense an upstream pressure.

Valve assembly and control extraction wells under emergency conditions

A safety valve assembly for extradition of hydrocarbons includes a valve body including a passage duct, configured to be traversed by a production and/or drilling line. The valve body includes housings for a punch and counter-punch, arranged diametrically opposite to one another with a common longitudinal axis substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the valve.

Process for biodegradation of hydrocarbons in oily sludge

A process of biodegradation of hydrocarbons using a plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (pgpr) consortium mixed with the oily sludge, the pgpr consortium is created by inoculating a nutrient broth with pure culture of isolated bacterial strains of bacillus pumilus, bacillus subtilis, pseudomonas putida and exiguobacterium at optical density 1 at 660 nm and bacterial density of 106 cells/ml, and incubating the inoculated nutrient broth in a shaker incubator for forty-eight to seventy-two hours at 150 rpm.. .

Method for the conversion of biomass to liquid and/or gaseous energy carriers

The invention relates to a method for the pyrolysis of a hydrocarbon-containing solid biomass for the obtention of liquid and/or gaseous energy carriers in the presence of a heat carrier, whereby a mixture of the heat carrier and the biomass is heated to the pyrolysis of the biomass. The method according to the invention is characterized in that the biomass is impregnated with a volatile, non-aqueous liquid before being mixed with the heat carrier..

Anti-dust additive composition for construction material

An anti-dust additive composition for industrial mortars, dry coatings, cements and tile adhesives, includes at least a hydrocarbon fluid, a surfactant and 0.01% to 5% wt of water, preferably from 0.01% to 2% wt, more preferably from 0.01% to 1% wt and even more preferably from 0.05% to 0.5% wt of water. A process of preparation of construction material includes the step of adding the anti-dust additive composition to a material powdery binder.

Coating liquid for forming planarization film and metal foil coil with planarization film

Problems to be solved: to provide a metal foil coil with a planarization film, with which an electronic device can be formed by a roll to roll process. Solution: a quick curable coating liquid for a planarization film prepared by adding into an organic solvent, with respect to 1 mol of a phenyltrialkoxysilane, 0.1 mol to 1 mol of acetic acid and 0.005 mol to 0.05 mol of organic tin as a catalyst, hydrolyzing the silane with 2 mol to 4 mol of water, then distilling away the organic solvent at a temperature of 160° c.

Water/oil-repellent coating composition

The object of the present invention is to provide a water/oil-repellent coating composition for forming a film capable of attaining both water/oil repellency and abrasion resistance. The water/oil-repellent coating composition comprises: an organosilicon compound (a) and a metal compound (b), wherein at least one first hydrocarbon chain-containing group and at least one hydrolyzable group are bonded to a silicon atom in the organosilicon compound (a), where in at least one hydrolyzable group is bonded to a metal atom in the metal compound (b), wherein a second hydrocarbon chain-containing group having a length shorter than the length of the first hydrocarbon chain-containing group may be bonded to the metal atom in the metal compound (b), and wherein a molar ratio of the metal compound b) to the organosilicon compound (a) as metal compound (b)/organosilicon compound (a) is not less than 18 and not more than 48..

2-mercaptobenzimidazole derivatives as corrosion inhibitors

The present invention generally relates to methods and compounds for preventing metal corrosion. More specifically, the method comprises contacting a hydrocarbon-containing liquid with a composition in an effective amount to prevent metal corrosion..

Fluoroelastomer composition

The invention pertains to a fluoroelastomer composition comprising:—at least one fluoroelastomer [perfluoroelastomer (a)], said fluoroelastomer (a) comprising iodine and/or bromine atoms and having a backbone comprising:—recurring units derived from tetrafluoroethylene (tfe);—recurring units derived from at least one perfluorinated monomer selected from the group consisting of:—perfluoroalkylvinylethers complying with formula cf2═cforf1 in which rn is a c1-c6 perfluoroalkyl (monomers of this type being referred to, herein after, as pave), e.g. —cf3, —c2f5, —c3f7;—perfluoro-oxyalkylvinylethers complying with formula cf2=cfox0, in which x0 can be (i) a c1-c12 perfluorooxyalkyl having one or more ether groups, e.g.

Transparent film

The object of the present invention is to attain both water/oil repellency and hardness. The transparent film of the present invention comprises: a polysiloxane backbone; and a first hydrocarbon chain-containing group bonded to a part of silicon atoms forcing the polysiloxane backbone, wherein the thickness of the transparent film is not less than 6 nm and not more than 50 nm..

Curable epoxy composition, film, laminated film, prepreg, laminate, cured article, and composite article

Where, in the formula (2), each of r1 and r2 respectively independently represents a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, the pluralities of r1 and r2 may be the same or different, and each of “m” and “n” respectively independently represents an integer of 0 to 5.. .

Biodegradable hybrid polymers usable in medical technology or in biology, starting silanes therefor, and preparation process therefor and uses thereof

The invention relates to a silane or silane mixture obtainable by reacting a hydrolysable silane of the formula (a): sir4 in which r is a hydrolytically condensable group or hydroxyl with a compound r*(oh)x where x is 1, 2, 3 or greater 3, where r* has a straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon skeleton which, according to the number x, is monovalent, divalent, trivalent or multivalent, and has a hydrocarbonaceous chain interrupted by at least two —c(o)o— groups, wherein there are a maximum of 8 successive carbon atoms in the individual hydrocarbon units formed by interruptions within this chain and the, or in the case of branched structures at least one, end of the hydrocarbonaceous chain at the opposite end to the sole hydroxyl group or one of the hydroxyl groups bears an organically polymerizable group, wherein the alcohol is otherwise unsubstituted or has further substituents. The invention further relates to an organically modified silica polycondensate formed as a result of hydrolytic condensation of the silane or silane mixture and optionally a subsequent organic polymerization of the organically polymerizable groups, with optional addition of an organic, at least difunctional compound to the silica polycondensate prior to the organic polymerization..

Method for producing ketone and/or alcohol, and system thereof

This invention provides producing having an objective ketone and/or alcohol by decomposing of a hydrocarbon compound rapidly and selectively having a same number of carbon atoms as a hydrocarbon compound by decomposing a hydroperoxide in a reaction solution obtained from oxidizing the hydrocarbon compound using molecular oxygen of this invention involves, a hydroperoxide decomposition step for decomposing the hydroperoxide into the ketone and/or alcohol by contacting the reaction solution with an aqueous solution containing a carbonate of an alkaline earth metal or a carbonate of an alkali metal and a transition metal compound, a separation step for separating into an oil phase comprising the ketone and/or alcohol, and a water phase comprising the carbonate of an alkaline earth metal or carbonate of an alkali metal and the transition metal compound, a recovery step for recovering the carbonate of an alkali metal or carbonate of an alkaline earth metal and the transition metal compound by combusting the water phase, and a recycling step for recycling to the hydroperoxide decomposition step by dissolving at least the carbonate of the alkali metal or the carbonate of the alkaline earth metal among the recovered substances obtained from the recovery step in water.. .

Oxygen transfer agents for the oxidative dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons and systems and processes using the same

A oxygen transfer agent useful for the oxidative dehydrogenation of saturated hydrocarbons includes at least one mixed oxide derived from manganese or compounds thereof, as well as a promoter, such as tungsten and/or phosphorus. The oxygen transfer agent may also include an alkali metal or compounds thereof, boron or compounds thereof, an oxide of an alkaline earth metal, and an oxide containing one or more of one or more of manganese, lithium, boron, and magnesium.

An apparatus, moving material discharged from a vibratory separator

A collection system for collecting materials, such as cuttings, drilling fluid, wellbore fluid, lost circulation material, hydrocarbons and mixtures thereof, from a vibratory separator in a collection trough and facilitating movement of the collected materials to a discharge conduit utilizing a squeegee member. The squeegee may be moved along a track between the discharge conduits to move the material in the collection trough to the discharge conduits.

Reactors for separating wax products from lightweight gaseous products of a reaction

A reactor for hydrocarbon production that separates wax reaction products from lightweight gaseous reaction products. The reactor has a housing, a catalyst bed, a product recovery zone, and a stripping zone.

Reforming furnace comprising reforming tubes with fins

A reforming furnace for producing hydrogen is provided. The reforming furnace includes a plurality of reforming tubes that allow a flow of hydrocarbons and at least one fluid inside the tubes, from top to bottom, and have, on at least part of the upper half of the outer surface at least one fin that has a thickness of between 1 and 30 mm, a width of between 3 and 100 mm, and a length of between 1 m and an length equivalent to the height of the furnace..

System and production of ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass

The disclosure provides a system and method for synthesizing ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass waste. The present invention comprises a gasifier, an oils and tars filter, a steam generator, a water gas shift reactor (“wgs”), a heat-exchange two-phase water separator, a scrubber, a hydrogen separator, and fluid conduits in fluid communication with the various system components, which together convert hydrocarbon-based biomass, e.g., woodchips, into ultra-pure hydrogen gas.

Granule reactor for treating polluting agents present in particulate-containing industrial gases, treatment apparatus comprising said reactor and treatment implemented by said apparatus

A granule reactor (10), an apparatus comprising said reactor and a method implemented by said apparatus are described for treating polluting agents present in industrial gases, particularly but not only, when such gases comprise nox, volatile organic compounds (vocs), carbon monoxide (co), hydrocarbons and similar pollutants. The pellet reactor is adapted to be used in the treatment of industrial gases, capable of treating industrial gases and removing particulate from said gases while maintaining a constant efficiency.

Defoaming agent

There is provided a defoaming agent having excellent defoaming persistence. The defoaming agent includes; hydrophobic silica having a hydrophobicity (mx) of 50 to 85, and a rate of change (my/mx) of a hydrophobicity (my) after immersion for 1 hour in a methanol/ion-exchange aqueous solution (volume ratio of 80/20) of sodium hydroxide with a ph of 13 at 25° c.

Biocompatible self-lubricating polymer compositions and their use in medical and surgical devices

The invention comprises self-lubricating polymer compositions that are especially useful in medical devices and valves and gaskets of medical devices. In a preferred embodiment, the polymer compositions comprise a thermosetting or thermoplastic silicone elastomer in combination with a lubricity enhancing polyfluoropolyether fluid or hydrocarbon-based synthetic oil.

An agent for improving mitochondrial function

Provided is an agent for improving mitochondrial function including a hydroxycitric acid derivative represented by the following formula (i) or a salt thereof, as an active ingredient [(in formula (i), r1 and r2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or any one group selected from the group represented by the following formula (ia) (here, r1 and r2 do not represent hydrogen atoms at the same time), x1 to x3 each independently represent a nitrogen or an oxygen atom, and r3, r4, r5, r3′ r4′, and r5′ each independently represent a hydrogen atom, or a chained hydrocarbon group (here, in a case where x1, x2, and x3 each independently represent an oxygen atom, corresponding r3′, r4′, or r5′ does not exist). In formula (ia), r6 to r8 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an aryl group, or a chained hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms]..

Active package

An active package having lta zeolites exchanged with palladium is described. This solution is capable to improve the quality of the gaseous atmosphere within the package itself, with particular reference to the presence of ethylene.

Varnish mitigation process

A method of flushing a hydraulic system including a fluid circuit and an in-service fluid flowing therein includes fluidly coupling a kidney loop to the fluid circuit such that at least a portion of the in-service fluid may flow therethrough, the kidney loop including a depth media filter and a micro-glass filter arranged in a parallel flow pattern and introducing a solvent cleaner into the in-service fluid at a concentration level between approximately 2.5% and approximately 6%, the solvent cleaner including at least one hydrocarbon group v fluid. The method further includes maintaining a temperature of the in-service fluid between approximately 100 degrees fahrenheit and approximately 155 degrees fahrenheit and controlling the flow of the in-service fluid at a flow rate between approximately 3 gallons per minute and approximately 6.8 gallons per minute..
Reladyne, Llc

Intake manifold dual port seal gasket

A gasket arrangement for use between an intake manifold and a cylinder head of an internal combustion engine is provided. Individual runner grooves are formed around each of the manifold runner openings.
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Method of forming a fuel-air mixture for internal combustion engine

A method of serially phased, phase forming a fuel-air mixture for internal combustion engine is disclosed. The technical result increases the compression ratio of the engine, resulting in economical fuel burning and improved environmental characteristics.
Astrotane, Llc

Systems and methods for oxidation of hydrocarbon gases

The present disclosure relates to systems and methods wherein a dilute hydrocarbon stream can be oxidized to impart added energy to a power production system. The oxidation can be carried out without substantial combustion of the hydrocarbons.
8 Rivers Capital, Llc

Method and system for generating a mechanical output and producing reaction products in a parallel manner

A process for the combined generation of mechanical power and manufacture of hydrocarbons is proposed, wherein in order to generate the mechanical power at least one internal combustion engine (1) is fired up, thereby producing a combustion exhaust gas (c), and in order to produce the hydrocarbons at least one reactor (2) is heated using a fuel (e) and a combustion support gas (d). The invention provides that at least a proportion of the combustion support gas (d) is heated by indirect heat exchange with at least a proportion of the combustion exhaust gas (c) from the internal combustion engine (1).
Linde Aktiegesellschaft

Downhole wet gas compressor processor

A fluid processor for use in a downhole pumping operation includes a fluid processing stag, a nozzle stage and a gas compressor stage. The nozzle chamber is configured as a convergent-divergent nozzle and the variable metering member is configured for axial displacement within the convergent section to adjust the open cross-sectional area of the nozzle.
Ge Oil & Gas Esp, Inc.

Methods for liquid extraction of rare earth metals using ionic liquids

Wherein r1 is selected from hydrogen atom and hydrocarbon groups containing 1 to 6 carbon atoms; r2 and r3 are independently selected from hydrocarbon groups containing 1 to 12 carbon atoms; and x− is an anionic species; to produce a composition of the formula (re)(amide)yxz at least partially dissolved in the protic ionic liquid, wherein re is at least one rare earth element having an atomic number selected from 39, 57-71, and 90-103; y is 2-6; z is a number that charge balances the total positive charge of re; and the amide is the conjugate base of the cationic portion of the protic ionic liquid of formula (1) and has the following formula:. .

Recombinantly engineered diazotrophs for whole cell hydrocarbon production and methods for making and using them

In alternative embodiments, provided are genetically or recombinantly engineered nitrogen-fixing, nitrogenase expressing bacteria capable of enzymatically synthesizing hydrocarbons, and methods for making and using them. In alternative embodiments, provided are genetically or recombinantly engineered nitrogen-fixing, nitrogenase expressing bacteria including nitrogen-fixing diazotrophs such as nitrogen-fixing bacteria of the family pseudomonadaceae, or the genus azotobacter, for the whole cell synthesis of hydrocarbons and carbon-carbon bonds.
The Regents Of The University Of California

Fuel composition having low vapour pressure

A liquid fuel composition is provided that is suitable use in a spark ignition engine; the composition comprises a mixture of hydrocarbons and exhibits a vapour pressure of greater than around 25 kpa and below around 50 kpa. The composition provides improvements in fuel 5 economy particularly in hybrid electric vehicles that comprise a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine as part of the powertrain.
Shell Oil Company

Process for reducing haze in heavy base oil and hydroisomerization catalyst system having reduced haze

A process for reducing haze in a heavy base oil includes: obtaining a first effluent oil by contacting a hydrocarbon feedstock with a first catalyst including a zeolite of the zsm-12 family; and obtaining a second effluent oil by contacting the first effluent oil with a second catalyst including a zeolite of the zsm-48 family. A hydroisomerization catalyst system having reduced haze includes: a first catalytic region having a first catalyst disposed therein, the first catalyst including a zeolite of the zsm-12 family; and a second catalytic region having a second catalyst disposed therein, the second catalyst including a zeolite of the zsm-48 family.
Sk Lubricants Co., Ltd.

Ebullated bed process for high conversion of heavy hydrocarbons with a low sediment yield

An ebullated bed process for the hydroconversion of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks that provides for high conversion of the heavy hydrocarbon with a low sediment yield. The process uses for its catalyst bed an impregnated shaped ebullated bed catalyst having a low macroporosity and a geometry such that its characteristic cross section perimeter-to-cross sectional area is within a specifically defined range..
Shell Oil Company

Method of operating an ebullated bed process to reduce sediment yield

An improved method of operating a conventional ebullated bed process for the hydroconversion of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks so as to provide for low or reduced sediment content in the conversion product without the loss of hydrodesulfurization function.. .
Shell Oil Company

Ebullated bed process for high conversion of heavy hydrocarbons with a low sediment yield

An ebullated bed process for the hydroconversion of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks that provides for high conversion of the heavy hydrocarbon with a low sediment yield. The process uses for its catalyst bed small particles of a specifically defined shaped hydroprocessing catalyst which is contacted with the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock under hydroconversion conditions and yields a hydrocarbon conversion having a relatively low sediment content..
Shell Oil Company

Method and processing hydrocarbons

A method and apparatus break down compounds, typically hydrocarbons, through oxidation. The compounds may still be in-situ or in a man-made location.
Eko Harden Technologies Oy

Catalysts and methods for converting carbonaceous materials to fuels

This disclosure relates to catalysts and processes designed to convert dme and/or methanol and hydrogen (h2) to desirable liquid fuels. These catalysts produce the fuels efficiently and with a high selectivity and yield, and reduce the formation of aromatic hydrocarbons by incorporating h2 into the products.
Alliance For Sustainable Energy, Llc

Process for the removal of the heavy oil from tar sand (either oil/hydrocarbon wet or water wet deposits) and the cleaning up of the effluent

A process for the removal of heavy oil/bitumen from oil/hydrocarbon wet and/or water wet tar sand. The tar sand is mixed with an inorganic liquid such as water or a treated effluent and an inorganic solid which is a silicate or metasilicate for a period of time sufficient for the inorganic liquid and the inorganic solid to interact and strip the heavy oil/bitumen from the tar sand.

Controlled release of chemicals in oilfield operations

Particulates, such as proppants, that are coated with a coating agent selected from the group consisting of: organosilanes, organosiloxanes, polysiloxanes, long carbon chain hydrocarbon amines containing no silicon or fluoro-based groups in the molecule, amine functionalized polyolefins and polymerizable natural oils; and a chemical additive selected from the group consisting of: a scale inhibitor, a biocide, and an h2s scavenger. The coating agent controls the release of the additive from the particulate surface into surrounding fluid, providing a slow release that promotes the long lasting effect of the additive.
Trican Well Service Ltd.

Asphaltene inhibition

A method of inhibiting asphaltene precipitation and/or deposition in a hydrocarbon, preferably crude oil, by adding to the hydrocarbon a polyester asphaltene dispersing agent which is the reaction product of an alk(en)yl substituted succinic anhydride wherein the average number of succinic groups per alk(en)yl group is less than 2.0, and at least one polyol.. .
Croda, Inc.

Sealant material

Use of a sealing material which is a multifilament or spun yarn coated with a joint sealing composition to seal a joint in a pipe system in which system a fluid having corrosion inhibitors such as diammonium dimolybdate or benzotriazole; and/or sludge removers; and/or an alcohol such as propane diol, or ethylene glycol; and/or a hydrocarbon such as diesel, including biodiesel, fuel oil, or hydraulic oil; and/or steam at a temperature of at least 180° c. And a pressure of at least 10 bar (1000 kpa); is to be passed through the sealed joint.
Henkel Ip & Holding Gmbh

Silver particle coating composition

The present invention provides a silver coating composition that develops excellent conductivity (low resistance value) by low-temperature and short-time calcining, and that is excellent in fine-line drawing performance and suitable for intaglio offset printing. A silver particle coating composition comprising: silver nano-particles (n) whose surfaces are coated with a protective agent containing an aliphatic hydrocarbon amine; a surface energy modifier; and a dispersion solvent.
Daicel Corporation

Surface physical property modifier composition, thermoplastic resin composition containing same, and resin molded article therefrom

A surface physical property modifier composition includes (a) a wax, (b) a vinyl (co)polymer, and (c) an aliphatic hydrocarbon having a carbon number of 5 to 14. Component (a) is set to be at least one selected from the group consisting of (a1) paraffin wax, (a2) microcrystalline wax, (a3) fischer-tropsch wax, and (a4) polyethylene wax, and component (b) is produced from at least one of (b1) a (meth)acrylonitrile, (b2) a (meth)acrylic acid having a carbon number of 1 to 4, (b3) a hydroxyethyl (meth)acrylate or hydroxypropyl (meth)acrylate, (b4) styrene, and (b5) predetermined (meth)acrylic acid alkyl esters.
Nof Corporation

Polyglycolic acid resin composition, molded product for well drilling, and downhole tool member

In light of increasingly severe and diverse excavation conditions for hydrocarbon resource recovery, such as the drilling of very deep wells, provided is a highly impact-resistant polyglycolic acid resin composition that is resistant to damage even from contact or collision with various members during molding, transport, and well drilling; has excellent mechanical properties and heat resistance; can easily be removed as necessary after the completion of well treatment; and contributes to reducing the cost and shortening the process of well drilling. Also, provided is a molded product for well drilling, such as a downhole tool member..
Kureha Corporation

Renewable resins and unsaturated polyesters and methods of making the same

Where n is an integer between 1 and 1000, and r1 is a first hydrocarbon group.. .

Pyrimidinone compound

Wherein: a1 represents a nitrogen atom or a cr4; a2 represents a nitrogen atom and a3 represents a cr3b, or a2 represents a cr3a and a3 represents a nitrogen atom; q represents an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom; g represents a c2-c10 chain hydrocarbon group having one or more halogen atoms, etc.; r1 represents a c1-c6 chain hydrocarbon group optionally having one or more halogen atoms; r2 represents a c1-c6 chain hydrocarbon group optionally having one or more halogen atoms, etc.; r4 represents a hydrogen atom, etc.; r3, r3a, and r3b represent independently of each other a hydrogen atom, etc.; n represents 0, 1, or 2; and p represents 0, 1, 2, or 3 has an excellent efficacy for controlling harmful arthropods.. .

Sulfonium salt, photoacid generator, and photosensitive composition

A novel sulfonium salt having high sensitivity with respect to active energy rays, a photoacid generator including the sulfonium salt, and a photosensitive composition containing the photoacid generator. The sulfonium salt is represented by formula (a1).
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.

Continuous process for producing a surfactant in a tube reactor

The invention relates to a continuous method for producing a tenside, containing a compound of the formula (1), wherein r2 is a fatty acid alkyl residue and r1 is a linear or branched c1 to c12 hydrocarbon residue, and x is in the range from 1 to 15 by conversion of fatty acid alkyl esters or fatty acid triglycerides having an n-n-alkylized polyhydroxy compound in the presence of an alkali catalyst or a catalyst selected from hydroxides or alcoholates of the 2nd and 4th secondary group of the periodic system at a temperature in the range from 40 to 300° c.. .
Clariant International Ltd.

Sulfur as a selective oxidant in oxidative hydrocarbon processing over oxide/chalcogenide catalysts

Methods for oxidative coupling of methane using metal oxide catalysts and a sulfur oxidant.. .
Northwestern University

Catalytic aromatization

The invention relates to catalytic aromatization, e.g., for the conversion of non-aromatic hydrocarbon to higher-value aromatic hydrocarbon, to catalysts useful for such aromatization, to methods for making such catalysts, and to systems and apparatus for carrying out aromatization in the presence of the catalyst.. .
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.

Storage facility for the storage of highly volatile hydrocarbons

The invention relates to a storage facility for the storage of highly volatile hydrocarbons, comprising at least one vertical round tank (i) which is equipped with a floating cover (5), covering the liquid surface, in the form of a floating roof or a floating ceiling, wherein an annular space (8) formed between the cover (5) and tank wall (3) is sealed by means of flexible sealing elements (9) and wherein fittings (12, 13) for automatic control of overpressures and under pressures in the space (4) under the cover (5) are integrated into the cover (5). The fittings (12, 13) of the at least one round tank (i) are connected to a vapour line (14), the upper end of which is led out of the tank (1) and is in turn connected to a separate vapour expansion tank (15), wherein the round tank (i) and the vapour compensation tank (15) form a closed system..

Tire laminate, inner liner material for tire, and pneumatic tir

This tire laminate comprises a film of a thermoplastic resin composition and a layer of a rubber composition, and is characterized in that the rubber composition contains at least one type of rubber component, a condensate of formaldehyde and the compound represented by formula (1) (r1 to r5 in the formula are defined in the specification), at least one type of methylene donor and a vulcanizing agent, and in that there are 0.5-20 parts by mass of the condensate per total 100 parts by mass of the at least one type of rubber component, there are 0.25-200 parts by mass of the at least one type of methylene donor per total 100 parts by mass of the at least one type of rubber component, the mass ratio of the at least one type of methylene donor and the condensate is 0.5:1-10:1, and, based on the total amount of the at least one type of rubber component, the at least one type of rubber component includes 10-80 mass % of rubber in which the vinyl content in side chains of aliphatic unsaturated hydrocarbons exceeds 11 mol %. This tire laminate exhibits improved adhesive strength between the film of the thermoplastic resin composition and the layer of the rubber composition..
The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd

Catalyst trap

A catalytic converter includes a hydrocarbon catalyst trap including bea zeolite configured to adsorb iso-octane at ambient temperatures and desorb iso-octane at temperatures between 150° c. And 170° c., and active metal supercage impregnated usy zeolite configured to adsorb and coke iso-octane at temperatures greater than 150° c..
Ford Global Technologies, Llc

Reactor comprising radially placed cooling plates and methods of using same

A reactor for hydrocarbon production that separates wax reaction products from lightweight gaseous reaction products. The reactor has a housing, a catalyst bed, a product recovery zone, and a stripping zone.
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Gel/gel composition comprising a uv-screening agent

A composition, in particular a cosmetic composition, for making up and/or caring for keratin materials, including at least one aqueous phase gelled with at least one non-starchy hydrophilic gelling agent; at least one oily phase gelled with at least one non-cellulose-based lipophilic gelling agent other than apolar hydrocarbon-based waxes with a melting point of greater than 75.0° c. And silicone polyamides; the phases forming therein a macroscopically homogeneous mixture; the composition also including at least one uv-screening agent..
L'oreal

Conditioning compositions

A hair conditioning composition comprising: a) at least one cationic surfactant compound; b) at least one fatty acid ester of an ethoxylated alkyl glucoside; c) at least one nonionic, amphiphilic, emulsion polymer; d) an aqueous carrier; and optionally, e) at least one other auxiliary conditioning agent different than (a) said other conditioning agent is selected from a silicone, a hydrocarbon oil, a natural oil, an ester oil, a cationic compound, a cationic polymer, and combinations thereof.. .
Lubrizol Advanced Materials, Inc.

Fuel cell system with combined passive and active sorbent beds

A fuel cell system including a hydrocarbon fuel stream including a sulfur compound; a passive sorbent bed including a selective sulfur sorbent configured to remove the sulfur compound from the hydrocarbon fuel stream; a scso reactor, and an active sorbent bed comprising a sulfur oxide sorbent, wherein the active sorbet bed is configured to receive an effluent stream from the scso reactor and remove at least a portion of the sulfur oxides via the sulfur oxide sorbent. During start-up of the fuel cell system, the hydrocarbon fuel stream may be directed along a first flow pathway through the passive sorbent bed to remove the sulfur compound from the fuel stream during a first time period and then directed along a second flow pathway during a second time period that does not pass through the passive sorbent bed, e.g., once the scso reactor/active sorbent bed have reached operating temperature..

Multi-reaction process for forming a product gas from solid carbonaceous material

A direct carbonaceous material to power generation system integrates one or more solid oxide fuel cells (sofc) into a fluidized bed gasifier. The fuel cell anode is in direct contact with bed material so that the h2 and co generated in the bed are oxidized to h2o and co2 to create a push-pull or source-sink reaction environment.

Ultra-conformal carbon film deposition

Embodiments of the disclosure relate to deposition of a conformal carbon-based material. In one embodiment, the method comprises depositing a sacrificial dielectric layer over a substrate, forming patterned features on the substrate by removing portions of the sacrificial dielectric layer to expose an upper surface of the substrate, introducing a hydrocarbon source, a plasma-initiating gas, and a dilution gas into the processing chamber, generating a plasma in the processing chamber at a deposition temperature of about 80° c.

Method and exhaust purification for an internal combustion engine

An exhaust aftertreatment system for purifying an exhaust gas feedstream that is expelled from an internal combustion engine that is operable at an air/fuel ratio that is lean of stoichiometry is described. The exhaust aftertreatment system includes a barrier discharge plasma reactor that is disposed upstream relative to a catalytic reactor and electrically connected to a plasma controller.

Exhaust system for a diesel engine

An exhaust system for treating an exhaust gas produced by a diesel engine comprises: (a) an emissions control device (ecd) for oxidising carbon monoxide (co) and/or hydrocarbons (hcs), wherein the emissions control device comprises a platinum group metal (pgm) and a substrate, wherein the pgm is platinum, palladium or a combination thereof; (b) an injector for introducing an ammonia precursor into the exhaust gas, which is downstream of the ecd; (c) a first selective catalytic reduction (scr) catalyst downstream of the injector, wherein the first scr catalyst comprises a substrate and a first scr composition, wherein the substrate is either a flow-through substrate or a filtering substrate; (d) a second scr catalyst downstream of the first scr catalyst, wherein the second scr catalyst comprises a flow-through substrate and a second scr composition; and wherein at least one of the ecd and the first scr reduction catalyst has a filtering substrate.. .

Automatic purifying device for engine exhaust gases

An automatic purifying device for engine exhaust gases is disclosed. Exhaust gases flow through a necked portion to be speeded and the temperature of the exhaust gases is kept uniform after entering an exhaust inlet, and the speeded exhaust gases then pass through a flared mouth so as to be diffused through metal catalyst carriers and a straight-through ceramic filter or wall-flow filter, allowing the poisonous emissions such as nitrogen oxides (nox) to collide with the metal catalyst carriers to generate high heat to ignite carbon particles, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and the like which are then decomposed and reduced to nitrogen gas and water by added urea or ammonia in the middle of passing through the straight-through ceramic filter or wall-flow filter, where the generated water can then be discharged through a drain port, thereby decreasing pollution to the environment..

Hydraulic fracturing system and method

A hydraulic fracturing system and method for enhancing effective permeability of earth formations to increase hydrocarbon production, enhance operation efficiency by reducing fluid entry friction due to tortuosity and perforation, and to open perforations that are either unopened or not effective using traditional techniques, by varying a pump rate and/or a flow rate to a wellbore.. .

Deploying mineral insulated cable down-hole

Methods, system and devices for deploying an mi cable heater down-hole into a hydrocarbon reservoir are provided, wherein one or more mi cables are housed inside a protective jacket, and connected to a pump-in device. The pump-in device allows the cable to be deployed by pumping fluid down-hole, and the pump-in device catches the fluid and pulls the cable down-hole, even in a horizontal well..

Multi-stage drilling waste material recovery process

A process for removing free liquids from oil base mud contaminated drill cuttings waste. A process is described wherein a high gravity centripetal separator and low temperature thermal process are cooperatively used to enhance the mechanical and thermal separation methods, resulting in improved efficiency of the hydrocarbon and water removal process.

Multipurpose double abutment sealed connection

A threaded connection including first and second tubular components configured for exploration or operating a hydrocarbon well; the first tubular component including an external abutment, a male threaded connection portion extended by a non-threaded terminal portion defining an internal abutment at its axial end; the second tubular component including a female end defining at a free end a bearing surface forced against the external abutment, a female threaded connection portion made up with the male threaded connection portion and terminating in an internal shoulder forced against the internal abutment, an initial non-threaded portion connecting the female threaded connection portion to the internal shoulder, which includes a maximum radial interference locally forming a sealing surface located between the male threaded connection portion and the internal abutment, and located at a non-zero distance from the internal abutment, the distance being more than half of an axial distance of the terminal portion.. .

Structure with supporting inflatable beam members, and containing and recovering hydrocarbons or toxic fluids leaking from a compromised sub-sea structure

A resiliently deformable containment structure having an open bottom end and a raised center portion. A central hub, situated centrally in a textile containment sheet, is provided.

Ionic liquid, lubricant, and magnetic recording medium

Where, in general formula (a), r1, r2, and r3 are each independently a group including a hydrocarbon group, with the proviso that at least one of the hydrocarbon groups in r1, r2, and r3 is a straight-chain hydrocarbon group having 6 or greater carbon atoms.. .

Chemical process for sulfur reduction of hydrocarbons

Treatment of hydrocarbon streams, and in one non-limiting embodiment refinery distillates, with high ph aqueous reducing agents, such as borohydride, results in reduction of the sulfur compounds such as disulfides, mercaptans and thioethers that are present to give easily removed sulfides. The treatment converts the original sulfur compounds into hydrogen sulfide or low molecular weight mercaptans that can be extracted from the distillate with caustic solutions, hydrogen sulfide or mercaptan scavengers, solid absorbents such as clay or activated carbon or liquid absorbents such as amine-aldehyde condensates and/or aqueous aldehydes..

Process for the production of high value chemicals from biologically produced materials

The present invention relates to a process for the production of high value chemicals, preferably including at least ethylene and propylene, by steam cracking a mixture of non-cyclic paraffin stream (a) comprising at least 90% of components having at least 12 carbon atoms, with either a mixture of hydrocarbons having from 3 to 4 carbon atoms or a mixture of hydrocarbons comprising at least 90% of components having a boiling point ranging from 15° c. To 200° c..

Metal nanoparticle ink dispersion

A metal nanoparticle ink dispersion is made by mixing ingredients comprising: a first solvent being nonpolar and having a boiling point above 160° c. At 1 atmosphere pressure; a second solvent having a boiling point above 230° c.

Processes for recycling polystyrene waste

There are provided recycled polystyrene polymers having a melt flow index of less than about 25 g/10 min. There are provided processes for recycling polystyrene waste.

Polyisocyanate composition and isocyanate polymer composition

The present invention relates to a polyisocyanate composition comprising, on the basis of the total mass of the polyisocyanate composition, 97 weight % or more of a polyisocyanate, and 2.0 mass ppm or more and 1.0×104 mass ppm or less of a compound having at least one unsaturated bond in which the compound is a different compound from the polyisocyanate, or 5.0 mass ppm or more and 2.0×104 mass ppm or less of at least one inactive compound selected from the group consisting of a hydrocarbon compound, an ether compound, a sulfide compound, a halogenated hydrocarbon compound, a si-containing hydrocarbon compound, a si-containing ether compound, and a si-containing sulfide compound.. .

Composition for display sealing material, organic protection layer comprising same, and display device comprising same

The present invention relates to a composition for a display sealing material having a photopolymerization initiator and a photocurable monomer, the photocurable monomer comprising: a monomer not having the aromatic hydrocarbon group; and a monomer having two or more substituted or unsubstituted phenyl groups of chemical formula 1, wherein about 5 wt % to about 45 wt % of the monomer having two or more substituted or unsubstituted phenyl groups is comprised on the basis of the photocurable monomer and about 55 wt % to about 95 wt % of the monomer not having the aromatic hydrocarbon group is comprised on the basis of the photocurable monomer.. .



Hydrocarbon topics:
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Combustion
  • Exhaust Gas
  • Internal Combustion Engine
  • Refrigerant
  • Hydrofluoroolefin
  • Adsorption
  • Rf Antenna
  • Condensation
  • Functional Groups
  • Carbon Atoms
  • Downstream
  • Frameworks
  • Fractionation
  • Liquefied Natural Gas


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