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Hydrocarbon patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Hydrocarbon-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Hydrocarbon RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Hydrocarbon RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Hydrocarbon RSS RSS


System and method for online automation

System and method for online automation

System and method for reducing fouling rate in a hydrogenation reactor

System and method for reducing fouling rate in a hydrogenation reactor

System and method for reducing fouling rate in a hydrogenation reactor

Process for converting a solid biomass material

Date/App# patent app List of recent Hydrocarbon-related patents
11/20/14
20140343914
 Systems and methods for creating a model of composition for a composite formed by combining a plurality of hydrocarbon streams patent thumbnailSystems and methods for creating a model of composition for a composite formed by combining a plurality of hydrocarbon streams
Systems and methods for creating a model of composition for a current composite created by combining a plurality of hydrocarbon streams. The method comprises receiving at least one primary data value related to the current composite, associating the at least one primary data value with a profile of the current composite, selecting a modeling scenario for the current composite using a hierarchy of modeling scenarios, and creating a model of composition for the current composite using at least one processor, the modeling scenario is selected based at least in part on a collection of primary data values associated with the profile of the current composite.
11/20/14
20140343694
 System and method for online automation patent thumbnailSystem and method for online automation
A changepoint detector for modeling data received from at least one sensor in a process in the hydrocarbon industry. The data is segmented into a plurality of segments and for each segment a model is assigned and the data corresponding to the segment fit to that model.
11/20/14
20140343335
 System and method for reducing fouling rate in a hydrogenation reactor patent thumbnailSystem and method for reducing fouling rate in a hydrogenation reactor
Fouling rate inhibition for a hydrogenation reactor. A hydrocarbon hydrogenation method comprises passing a liquid feedstream through a magnetic field to separate magnetically susceptible particles, and introducing the magnetically lean stream into a fixed catalyst bed under hydrogenation conditions to saturate carbon-carbon double bonds in the hydrocarbon.
11/20/14
20140343333
 Process for converting a solid biomass material patent thumbnailProcess for converting a solid biomass material
A process for converting a solid biomass material comprising: a) providing a solid biomass material; b) contacting a feed comprising the solid biomass material and a petroleum-derived hydrocarbon composition, which petroleum derived hydrocarbon composition has a c7-asphaltenes content of equal to or more than 1.0 wt %, based on the total weight of the petroleum-derived hydrocarbon composition, co-currently with a source of hydrogen in one or more ebullating bed reactors comprising a catalyst at a temperature in the range from 350° c. To 500° c.
11/20/14
20140343332
 Inhibitors of top-of-line corrosion of pipelines conveying crudes from extraction of hydrocarbons patent thumbnailInhibitors of top-of-line corrosion of pipelines conveying crudes from extraction of hydrocarbons
A composition for inhibiting corrosion of the upper part (or roof) of a pipeline for conveying wet hydrocarbons, i.e. Hydrocarbons comprising a variable amount of water, comprises at least one amine 1 with vapour pressure greater than or equal to 10 mmhg, and at least one amine 2 with vapour pressure greater than or equal to 0.1 mmhg and less than 10 mmhg.
11/20/14
20140343175
 Processes and systems for synthesis gas conversion using a hybrid fischer-tropsch catalyst in a compact heat exchange reactor patent thumbnailProcesses and systems for synthesis gas conversion using a hybrid fischer-tropsch catalyst in a compact heat exchange reactor
Disclosed are a process and a system for synthesis gas conversion. The process includes contacting a synthesis gas feed of hydrogen and carbon monoxide having a h2/co ratio from 0.5 to 3.0 with a hybrid catalyst of particles having a particle size from 50 to 500 μm and having at least one zeolite and a fischer-tropsch component wherein the ratio of zeolite to fischer-tropsch component is from 0.1:1 to 30:1 and the hybrid catalyst includes from 0.5 to 40 wt % fischer-tropsch component.
11/20/14
20140343173
 Integration of molten carbonate fuel cells in fischer-tropsch synthesis patent thumbnailIntegration of molten carbonate fuel cells in fischer-tropsch synthesis
In various aspects, systems and methods are provided for integration of molten carbonate fuel cells with a fischer-tropsch synthesis process. The molten carbonate fuel cells can be integrated with a fischer-tropsch synthesis process in various manners, including providing synthesis gas for use in producing hydrocarbonaceous carbons.
11/20/14
20140343070
 Proton pump inhibitors patent thumbnailProton pump inhibitors
Wherein x and y are the same or different and each is a bond or a spacer having 1 to 20 carbon atoms in the main chain, r1 is an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group or an optionally substituted heterocyclic group, r2, r3 and r4 are the same or different and each is a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group, an optionally substituted thienyl group, an optionally substituted benzo[b]thienyl group, an optionally substituted furyl group, an optionally substituted pyridyl group, an optionally substituted pyrazolyl group, an optionally substituted pyrimidinyl group, an acyl group, a halogen atom, a cyano group or a nitro group, r5 and r6 are the same or different and each is a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group, which has a superior proton pump action and shows an antiulcer activity and the like after conversion to a proton pump inhibitor in the body, or a salt thereof, or a prodrug thereof is provided.. .
11/20/14
20140343038
 1,2,4-triazine-6-carboxamide derivative patent thumbnail1,2,4-triazine-6-carboxamide derivative
The present invention provides a compound represented by the following general formula (i) or a salt thereof which has a syk inhibitory effect (in the formula r1 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted c1-c6 alkyl group; a represents a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted c1-c8 alkyl group, an optionally substituted c2-c6 alkenyl group, an optionally substituted c2-c6 alkynyl group, an optionally substituted c3-c10 cycloalkyl group, an optionally substituted c6-c14 aromatic hydrocarbon group, an optionally substituted 4- to 10-membered unsaturated heterocyclic group, or an optionally substituted 4- to 10-membered saturated heterocyclic group, or optionally forms a 4- to 10-membered unsaturated heterocyclic ring or a 4- to 10-membered saturated heterocyclic ring together with r1 and the nitrogen atom bonded thereto; r2 represents a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted c1-c6 alkyl group; and b represents an optionally substituted unsaturated heterocyclic group).. .
11/20/14
20140343016
 Cosmetic composition comprising a modified alpha-alkoxysilane patent thumbnailCosmetic composition comprising a modified alpha-alkoxysilane
The invention relates to a cosmetic composition, in particular a composition for making up and/or caring for keratin materials, preferably a nail makeup, comprising the compound of chemical formula (i) below: (i) in which: a and b independently represent an integer between 0 and 20; r1, r2, r11 and r12 independently represent an ethoxy group, a group (c1-c20)alkyl optionally substituted with an amino group; r3, r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9 and r10 independently represent a hydrogen atom or a group (c1-c10)alkyl; x1 and x2 independently represent a carboxyl, carbamate, amide, carbonate, ureido or sulfonate group, an oxygen atom or a nh group; y represents a hydrocarbon-based group comprising from 2 to 800 carbon atoms, the said hydrocarbon-based group being a linear or branched divalent group, bearing one or more aromatic or non-aromatic rings. The invention also relates to a cosmetic process, characterized in that it comprises at least one step which consists in applying a cosmetic composition as above defined to keratin materials..
11/20/14
20140342628
Thermoplastic (co)polyimides and synthesis methods
The invention relates to navel thermoplastic (co)polyimides and to the methods of synthesis thereof. The invention specifically relates to semi-aromatic thermoplastic (co)polyimides obtained by polymerisation of at least one aromatic compound comprising two anhydride functions and/or the derivatives thereof, especially carboxylic acid and/or ester, and at least one diamine of formula (i) nh2—r—nh2 wherein r is a saturated aliphatic hydrocarbonated divalent radical, the two amine functions thereof being separated by 4 to 6 carbon atoms, and 1 or 2 hydrogen atoms of the divalent radical being substituted by 1 or 2 methyl and/or ethyl groups.
11/20/14
20140342440
Coir based bioremediation cleaning products and associated methods
Methods and products for spill response management also providing bioremediation of specific substrates such as protein, starch, carbohydrates, hydrocarbons, fats and greases through superior enzymatic activity in both aerobic and anaerobic environments with one product. In one illustrative embodiment, a product may include coir in a proportion of from about 85% to about 99% and a suitable microbe for initiating bioremediation in an appropriate form in a proportion of from about 20% to about 1%, by weight.
11/20/14
20140342288
Radiation-sensitive resin composition, resist pattern-forming method, acid generator and compound
The present invention provides a radiation-sensitive resin composition that contains a polymer having a structural unit that includes an acid-labile group; and an acid generator, wherein the acid generator includes a compound including a sulfonate anion having so3−, wherein a hydrogen atom or an electron-donating group bonds to an α carbon atom with respect to so3−, and an electron-withdrawing group bonds to a β carbon atom with respect to so3−; and a radiation-degradable onium cation. The compound preferably has a group represented by the following formula (1-1) or (1-2).
11/20/14
20140342256
Process for producing an adjustable gas composition for fuel cell application
A method for producing an adjustable gas composition to be used as an anode gas for a fuel cell, such as a solid oxide fuel cell (sofc), is performed in a system comprising (a) a fuel processing unit (1), wherein a hydrocarbon fuel raw material is converted to reformate gas, a combustion unit (2), wherein the reformate gas from the fuel processing unit (a) is partially or completely burned with an oxygen gas source, and (c) a post-processing unit (3), wherein the equilibrium composition of the reformate gas is catalytically changed by varying the temperature of the catalytic bed in the unit or by partially combusting the feed gas to the post-processing unit in the preceding combustion unit (2).. .
11/20/14
20140342171
Aqueous polymer dispersion obtainable by free-radically initiated emulsion polymerization in the presence of lignosulfonate
Described is an aqueous polymer dispersion comprising a chain growth addition polymer obtainable via free-radically initiated emulsion polymerization from ethylenically unsaturated, free-radically polymerizable monomers, wherein the chain growth addition polymer is formed to an extent of not less than 60 wt % from primary monomers selected from vinylaromatic compounds, conjugated aliphatic dienes, vinyl esters of saturated c1- to c20-carboxylic acids, esters of acrylic acid or of methacrylic acid with monohydric c1- to c20-alcohols, aliphatic hydrocarbons having 2 to 8 carbon atoms and one or two double bonds, or mixtures thereof, wherein the monomers are polymerized in the presence of lignosulfonate and wherein the chain growth addition polymer is branched or crosslinked. Also described is a process for preparing the aqueous polymer dispersion.
11/20/14
20140342167
Silicon-rich antireflective coating materials and method of making same
An antireflective coating (arc) formulation for use in photolithography is provided that comprises silicon-rich polysilanesiloxane resins dispersed in a solvent, as well as a substrate having a surface coated with the arc formulation and a method of applying the arc formulation to said surface to form an arc layer. The polysilanesiloxane resins comprise a first component defined by structural units of (r′)2sio2; a second component defined by structural units of (r″)sio3 and a third component defined by structural units of (r′″)q+2si2o4−q.
11/20/14
20140342084
Method of making silver carboxylates for conductive ink
A method of making silver carboxylate includes forming a mixture of at least one carboxylic acid and at least one aromatic hydrocarbon solvent, and at room temperature, introducing silver oxide into the mixture to form the silver carboxylate in the aromatic hydrocarbon solvent. The mixture may be free of alkali bases and mineral acids, with no additional materials being introduced into the mixture when introducing the silver oxide..
11/20/14
20140342083
Conductive pastes containing silver carboxylates
A paste composition includes a branched metal carboxylate, a solvent in which the branched metal carboxylate is soluble and a gelling agent, wherein the gelling agent is a linear metal carboxylate. The paste solvent may be an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent.
11/20/14
20140341781
Exhaust gas purification system and exhaust gas purification method
An exhaust gas purification system which feeds hydrocarbon by a post-injection under preset conditions to an upstream side of an exhaust gas purification device positioned on the exhaust path of an internal combustion engine, restoring the purifying capacity of the device or purifying the exhaust gas of the device. Under hydrocarbon feed conditions, if a combination of the exhaust gas temperature and exhaust gas flowrate or intake flowrate during control is deemed to be in a misfire region in which hydrocarbon which is fed to the exhaust path no longer combusts in the exhaust gas purification unit, the feed of hydrocarbon is stopped.
11/20/14
20140341455
Determining petrophysical properties using sodium nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) logs
The presence of hydrocarbons in a subsurface formation fluid may be inferred from a determined salt concentration. A sodium nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) measurement of a subsurface formation is obtained and a salt concentration of the fluid in the subsurface formation is determined from the sodium nmr measurement.
11/20/14
20140340984
Multilayer jacket for marine acoustic array applications
In various embodiments, a multilayer jacket for a seismic streamer is disclosed. The multilayer jacket comprises an outer layer comprising a water-resistant and wear-resistant material.
11/20/14
20140340502
Methods and apparatus for refractive flow measurement with three dimensions and uncertainty
An imaging method and corresponding apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention enables measurement and visualization of fluid flow. An embodiment method includes obtaining video captured by a video camera with an imaging plane.
11/20/14
20140340082
Formation core sample holder assembly and testing method for nuclear magnetic resonance measurements
A core sample holder assembly for performing a laboratory magnetic resonance measurement of a core sample taken from a hydrocarbon containing formation is provided. The assembly comprises a pressure chamber provided by a hull and one or more flanges are sealingly coupled with the hull.
11/20/14
20140339136
Methods for upgrading of contaminated hydrocarbon streams
A method of upgrading a heteroatom-containing hydrocarbon feed by removing oxidized-heteroatom contaminants is disclosed. The method includes contacting the oxidized-heteroatom-containing hydrocarbon feed with a caustic and a selectivity promoter, and removing the heteroatom contaminants from the heteroatom-containing hydrocarbon feed..
11/20/14
20140339135
Composition and a method of making and use of such composition
A composition and method of making such a composition that has application in the hydroprocessing of hydrocarbon feedstocks. The method comprises selecting an organic additive by the use of a correlation model for predicting catalytic activity as a function of a physical property that is associated with the organic additive and incorporating the organic additive into a support material to provide the additive impregnated composition..
11/20/14
20140338921
Method for production of hydrocarbons using caverns
Embodiments described herein provide a system and methods for the production of hydrocarbons. The method includes flowing a stream directly from a hydrocarbon reservoir to a cavern and performing a phase separation of the stream within the cavern to form an aqueous phase and an organic phase.
11/20/14
20140338912

A treatment fluid for treating a portion of a subterranean formation comprises: a base fluid, wherein the base fluid comprises a hydrocarbon liquid; and a gellant, wherein the gellant: is a polymer; and is activated at an activation temperature, wherein the thermal activation of the gellant causes the treatment fluid to become a gel. A method of treating a portion of a subterranean formation includes introducing the treatment fluid into the portion of the subterranean formation, wherein the subterranean formation is penetrated by a well, wherein at least a portion of the well has a bottomhole temperature greater than or equal to the activation temperature, and wherein the step of introducing comprises introducing the treatment fluid into the portion of the well..
11/20/14
20140338904
Systems and method for separating dimethyl ether from oil and water
A system is provided for removing dimethyl ether (dme) from oil, water or brine and gas that includes a gas-oil-water separation module, a dme absorber, a water stripper, a liquid-liquid extractor, a water source, and an oil stripper, and a process is provided for separating dme from a mixture of dme, crude oil, water or brine, and a gas containing alkane hydrocarbons. A dme lean oil containing at most 1 ppmwt may be produced by the process..
11/20/14
20140338895
Method for recovery of hydrocarbon fluid
A method is described for recovery of a hydrocarbon fluid from a porous medium by injection of a fluid into the porous medium. The method includes determining a rayleigh time on the basis of the density of the fluid and the hydrocarbon fluid, the median pore diameter of the porous medium, and surface tension between the fluid and the hydrocarbon fluid.
11/20/14
20140338623
Methods to improve fuel combustion efficiency and lower exhaust pollution in spark ignited internal combustion engines
Methods of using mixtures containing gasoline type fuels composed primarily of hydrocarbon volatiles falling in a c4-c10 range in a spark ignited internal combustion engine are described.. .
11/20/14
20140338396
Methods for separating hydrocarbon gases
The present invention relates to a process for separating a hydrocarbon gas into a fraction containing a predominant portion of the methane or ethane and lighter components and a fraction containing a predominant portion of the c2 or c3 and heavier components in which process the feed gas is treated in one or more heat exchange, and expansion steps; partly condensed feed gas is directed into a separator wherein a first residue vapor is separated from a c2 or c3-containing liquid; and c2 or c3-containing liquids, at substantially the pressure of separation, are directed into a distillation column wherein said liquid is separated into a second residue is separated to recover a c2 or c3-containing product. The foregoing process is improved by cooling said second residue to partially condense it..
11/20/14
20140338254
Process for reducing fouling in the processing of liquid hydrocarbons
The present invention relates to the use of a polyester which bears hydroxyl groups and is preparable by polycondensation of a polyol containing two primary oh groups and at least one secondary oh group with a dicarboxylic acid or anhydride thereof or ester thereof bearing a c16- to c400-alkyl radical or a c16- to c400-alkenyl radical as an antifoulant in the thermal treatment of liquid hydrocarbon media in the temperature range from 100 to 550 deg c.. .
11/13/14
20140336436
Treatment of aromatic hydrocarbon stream
The invention is directed to a process of contacting at least one zeolite, selected from the mww family of zeolites, with an aromatic hydrocarbon stream in a system comprising at least one reactor containing the at least one zeolite, wherein the conditions in the reactor are adjusted in response to at least one measurement of the system so as to preferentially increase oxygenate removal or to preferentially increase olefin removal.. .
11/13/14
20140336434
Method for removal of organic amines from hydrocarbon streams
The present invention relates to a method for removal of an organic amine from a liquid hydrocarbon stream containing the amine, comprising: a) adding water to the hydrocarbon stream containing the amine, b) bubbling carbon dioxide through the hydrocarbon stream containing the amine, and c) separating a solid phase formed containing the amine from a liquid phase.. .
11/13/14
20140336433
Process for initiating operations of a separation apparatus
One exemplary embodiment can be a process for initiating operations of a separation apparatus. The process may include passing a hydrocarbon carrier having a sulfiding agent through an exchanger for heating the hydrocarbon carrier prior to entering a stripper..
11/13/14
20140336430
Alkylation unit and process
A process for producing alkylated hydrocarbons includes the steps of: (a) combining a first feed stream comprising an olefin and an isoparaffin with an alkylation catalyst stream in a first alkylation reactor, (b) removing heat of reaction from the first alkylation reactor, (c) passing an effluent of the first alkylation reactor to a first reaction zone of a second alkylation reactor operating adiabatically to thereby form a first reaction zone effluent, (d) passing the first reaction zone effluent to a second reaction zone of the second alkylation reactor for mixture with a second feed stream comprising an olefin and an isoparaffin, and (e) passing an effluent of the second alkylation reactor to a settler for separation into a hydrocarbon stream and an alkylation catalyst effluent stream. An alkylation unit for carrying out the process is also disclosed..
11/13/14
20140336429
Hydrogenation of aromatics and other unsaturated organic compounds
The present invention relates to supported ni-catalysts optionally comprising zn as a promoter, methods for the production of said catalysts and uses of said catalysts for the hydrogenation of a hydrocarbon feed.. .
11/13/14
20140336427
Methods of and apparatuses for upgrading a hydrocarbon stream including a deoxygenated pyrolysis product
Methods of and apparatuses for upgrading a hydrocarbon stream are provided. In an embodiment, a method of upgrading a hydrocarbon stream includes providing the hydrocarbon stream that includes a deoxygenated pyrolysis product.
11/13/14
20140336418
Production of fuel from chemicals derived from biomass
Hydrocarbons may be formed from six carbon sugars. This process involves obtaining a quantity of a hexose sugar.
11/13/14
20140336411
Catalyst for the oxidation of hydrocarbons consisting of molybdenum, vanadium, niobium, tellurium, manganese and cobalt
A catalyst material for the oxidation and/or oxidative dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons, in particular for the selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid, comprising a) molybdenum (mo), b) vanadium (v), c) niobium (nb), d) tellurium (te), e) manganese (mn) and cobalt, in which the molar ratio of at least one element, which is selected from manganese and cobalt, to molybdenum lies in the range 0.01 to 0.2. Furthermore, a catalyst for the oxidation and/or oxidative dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons, a use of the catalyst material or of the catalyst, a method for producing a catalyst material for the oxidation and/or oxidative dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons, and a method for the selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid..
11/13/14
20140336346
Purification of a hydrocarbon stream
A process for producing a purified hydrocarbon stream can include contacting a hydrocarbon stream contaminated with one or more organoaluminum compounds with a chemical agent that is capable of reacting with the one or more organoaluminum compounds.. .
11/13/14
20140336311
Shoe sole comprising a rubber composition based on nitrile-butadiene rubber, an oil and a resin
A crosslinking system, such that the elastomer composition based on a nitrile-butadiene rubber and a mixture of two plasticizers, one liquid plasticizer and one resin, makes it possible to obtain shoe soles having a good grip on various floors, while retaining a good wear resistance and a low hydrocarbon absorption.. .
11/13/14
20140336287
Protected reduced metal catalyst
The invention relates to a process for producing a protected reduced supported metal catalyst powder, in particular catalysts used in a variety of chemical reactions, such as the hydrogenation of hydrocarbon compounds in petrochemical and oleo-chemical processes; the hydrogenation of unsaturated fats and oils, and unsaturated hydrocarbon resins; and in the fischer tropsch process. This invention also relates to a composition comprising said catalyst and a liquid.
11/13/14
20140336286
Modified fischer-tropsch monolith catalysts and methods for preparation and use thereof
Disclosed are hybrid synthesis gas conversion catalysts containing at least one fischer-tropsch component and at least one acidic component deposited on a monolith catalyst support for use in synthesis gas conversion processes and methods for preparing the catalysts. Also disclosed are synthesis gas conversion processes in which the hybrid synthesis gas conversion catalysts are contacted with synthesis gas to produce a hydrocarbon product containing at least 50 wt % c5+ hydrocarbons.
11/13/14
20140336041
Rhodium catalysts for ethanol reforming
Hydrotalcite-like compound of the formula (i): catalyst synthesis process involving such a compound, and the use of this catalyst for hydrocarbons reforming and for ethanol reforming.. .
11/13/14
20140336037
Electrocatalyst for electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide
An electrocatalyst for the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbons is provided. The electrocatalyst for the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide includes copper material supported on carbon nanotubes.
11/13/14
20140335586
System and method for converting acids to hydrocarbon fuels
Herein disclosed is a method comprising: converting at least a portion of the biomass into medium-chain fatty acids or carboxylic acids ranging from c4 to c9; reacting at least a portion of the medium-chain fatty acids or carboxylic acids in a ketonization reactor to produce a ketonization product; and reacting at least a portion of the ketonization product in a hydrodeoxygenation reactor to remove substantially all oxygen and produce a hydrodeoxygenation product comprising n-paraffins. Herein also disclosed is a system comprising: a fermentation unit to convert the biomass into medium-chain fatty acids or carboxylic acids ranging from c4 to c9; a ketonization reactor configured to receive at least a portion of the medium-chain fatty acids or carboxylic acids and to produce a ketonization product; and a hydrodeoxygenation reactor configured to receive at least a portion of the ketonization product and to produce a hydrodeoxygenation product comprising n-paraffins..
11/13/14
20140335439
Polymer ion exchange membrane and method of preparing same
Disclosed are a polymer ion exchange membrane having a self-hydration capability at a high temperature under low humidity, a method of preparing the polymer ion exchange membrane, and a polymer electrolyte fuel cell system including the polymer ion exchange membrane. The polymer electrolyte membrane includes a hydrocarbon-based proton conductive polymercoating layer, and has a nano-crack on the hydrophobic surface and thus may secure ion conductivity and self-hydration capability under low humidity and remarkably improve electrochemical performance of an electrolyte..
11/13/14
20140335405
Nonaqueous electrolytes and nonaqueous-electrolyte secondary batteries employing the same
A nonaqueous electrolyte containing a monofluorophosphate and/or a difluorophosphate and a compound having a specific chemical structure or specific properties. The nonaqueous electrolyte can contain at least one of a saturated chain hydrocarbon, a saturated cyclic hydrocarbon, an aromatic compound having a halogen atom and an ether having a fluorine atom..
11/13/14
20140335261
De-acidification of fats and oils
The present invention relates to a method for treating vegetable oils and/or animal fats comprising a vacuum steam stripping operation, condensing the neutral oils from vapour phase at an elevated temperature, retaining and sending back to the stripping column, allowing steam, volatile fatty acids, micronutrients together with other volatiles to pass to a cold condensation zone, and condensing the volatile fatty acids, micronutrients together with other volatiles in the cold condensation zone, producing a condensate and a stream of steam, non-condensable gases along with traces of fatty acids and other lighter hydrocarbons vapours. The invention may include a distillation step, either between the high and low temperature condensation zones or following the cold condensation zone..
11/13/14
20140335167
Consumer products comprising silane-modified oils
A consumer product comprises silane-modified oil comprising a hydrocarbon chain selected from the group consisting of: a saturated oil, an unsaturated oil, and mixtures thereof; and at least one hydrolysable silyl group covalently bonded to the hydrocarbon chain. The silane-modified oil is substantially stripped of substantially stripped of reagents prior to formulating into the consumer products, such that the silane-modified oil comprises less than about 10%, preferably less than about 5%, preferably less than about 1%, preferably less than about 0.1%, by weight of said silane-modified oil, of residual reagent comprising silicon..
11/13/14
20140335035
Consumer products comprising silane-modified oils
A consumer product comprises silane-modified oil comprising a hydrocarbon chain selected from the group consisting of: a saturated oil, an unsaturated oil, and mixtures thereof; and at least one hydrolysable silyl group covalently bonded to the hydrocarbon chain. The consumer product further comprises a particulate benefit agent..
11/13/14
20140335034
Consumer products comprising silane-modified oils
A consumer product comprises silane-modified oil comprising a hydrocarbon chain selected from the group consisting of: a saturated oil, an unsaturated oil, and mixtures thereof; and at least one hydrolysable silyl group covalently bonded to the hydrocarbon chain. The consumer product further comprises a preservative..
11/13/14
20140335033
Consumer products comprising silane-modified oils
A consumer product comprises silane-modified oil comprising a hydrocarbon chain selected from the group consisting of: a saturated oil, an unsaturated oil, and mixtures thereof; and at least one hydrolysable silyl group covalently bonded to the hydrocarbon chain. The consumer product further comprises a perfume..
11/13/14
20140335032
Consumer products comprising silane-modified oils
A consumer product comprises silane-modified oil comprising a hydrocarbon chain selected from the group consisting of: a saturated oil, an unsaturated oil, and mixtures thereof; and at least one hydrolysable silyl group covalently bonded to the hydrocarbon chain. The consumer product further comprises a hydroxyl functional organic species and is substantially free of silica particles..
11/13/14
20140335013
Catalytic dehydration of alcohols using phase pure, calcined single- and multi-site heterogeneous catalysts
The disclosure describes a new class of isomorphously metal-substituted aluminophosphate materials with high phase purity that are capable of performing selective brönsted acid catalyzed chemical transformations, such as transforming alcohols to olefins, with high conversions and selectivities using mild conditions. Isomorphous substitutions of functional metal ions for both the aluminum ions and the phosphorous ions were successful in various alpo structures, along with multiple metal substitutions into a single aluminum site and/or a phosphorous site.
11/13/14
20140335010
Process for high-yield production of graphene via detonation of carbon-containing material
A method of producing pristine graphene particles through a one-step, gas-phase, catalyst-free detonation of a mixture of one or more carbon-containing compounds hydrocarbon compounds and one or more oxidizing agents is provided. The detonation reaction occurs very quickly and at relatively high temperature, greater than 3000 k, to generate graphene nanosheets that can be recovered from the reaction vessel, such as in the form of an aerosol.
11/13/14
20140335006
Method for producing tetrahalosilanes
A method produces tetrahalosilanes (six4) (x=halogen, more particularly cl, f) from processed rock masses including high-viscosity hydrocarbons and sio2 and/or silicates, or from the residue masses obtained in the course of such processing. The masses may be heated in a stream of hydrogen halide, and the (six4) which forms in the course of this heating is captured or distilled off.
11/13/14
20140334989
Zpgm diesel oxidation catalysts and methods of making and using same
Diesel oxidation zpgm catalyst systems are disclosed. Zpgm catalyst systems may oxidize toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides that may be included in exhaust gases.
11/13/14
20140332727
Steam reforming
A process for the steam reforming of hydrocarbons comprises partially oxidising a feedgas comprising a hydrocarbon feedstock with an oxygen-containing gas in the presence of steam to form a partially oxidised hydrocarbon gas mixture at a temperature >1200° c. And passing the resultant partially oxidised hydrocarbon gas mixture through a bed of steam reforming catalyst, wherein the bed comprises a first layer and a second layer, each layer comprising a catalytically active metal on an oxidic support wherein the oxidic support for the first layer is a zirconia..
11/13/14
20140332726
Alkaline earth metal/metal oxide supported catalysts
Disclosed is a hydrocarbon gas reforming supported catalyst, and methods for its use, that includes a catalytic material capable of catalyzing the production of a gaseous mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a hydrocarbon gas, and a support material comprising an alkaline earth metal/metal oxide compound having a structure of d-e, wherein d is a m1 or m1m2, m1 and m2 each individually being an alkaline earth metal selected from the group consisting of mg, ca, ba, and sr, e is a metal oxide selected from the group consisting of al2o4, sio2, zro2, tio2, and ceo2, wherein the catalytic material is attached to the support material.. .
11/13/14
20140332725
Clay mineral supported catalysts
Disclosed is a hydrocarbon gas reforming supported catalyst, and methods for its use, that includes a catalytic material capable of catalyzing the production of a gaseous mixture comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a hydrocarbon gas, and a clay support material comprising a clay mineral, wherein the catalytic material is attached to the clay support material.. .
11/13/14
20140332679
Apparatus and method relating to an improved mass spectrometer
The present disclosure provides a mass spectrometer including means for producing a primary beam of ions for bombarding a sample under vacuum and a detector for detecting a secondary beam of ions released from the sample. The primary beam of ions includes a gaseous mixture of a cluster forming gas and one or more hydrogen-rich hydrocarbons..
11/13/14
20140332451
Fracture water treatment method and system
A method and system for treatment of flow-back and produced water from a hydrocarbon well in which fracturing operations are carried out using a phase separation and creating of positive charge in the water.. .
11/13/14
20140332447
Process and system for treating oil sands produced gases and liquids
The present disclosure provides a process and system for removing at least a portion of organosulfur compounds from an oil sands produced gas and transferring the organosulfur compounds to a bitumen-based liquid. One example of the system includes an absorber to contact the gas with an amount of liquid hydrocarbon sufficient to absorb some of the organosulfur compounds, producing an organosulfur enriched liquid hydrocarbon.
11/13/14
20140332445
Pyrolysis reactor materials and methods
In one aspect, the invention includes a reactor apparatus for pyrolyzing a hydrocarbon feedstock, the apparatus including: a reactor component comprising a refractory material in oxide form, the refractory material having a melting point of at least 2060° c. And which remains in oxide form when exposed to a gas having an oxygen partial pressure of 10−15 bar, a carbon partial pressure above the carbon partial pressure of the zirconium carbide and zirconium oxide phase transition at the same temperature, and at temperatures below the temperature of the zirconium triple point at the oxygen partial pressure of 10−15 bar; and ii) when exposed to a gas having an oxygen partial pressure of 10−15 bar and at temperatures above the zirconium triple point at the oxygen partial pressure of 10−15 bar.
11/13/14
20140332391
Fracture water treatment method and system
A method and system for treatment of flow-back and produced water from a hydrocarbon well in which fracturing operations are carried out using a phase separation and creating of positive charge in the water.. .
11/13/14
20140332379
Hydrocarbon gas sensor
Provided is a gas sensor capable of accurately obtaining a hydrocarbon gas concentration even if a measurement gas contains water vapor. A main pumping cell adjusts an oxygen partial pressure of a first internal space such that a hydrocarbon gas in a measurement gas is not substantially burned in the first internal space.
11/13/14
20140332378
Hydrocarbon gas sensor
Provided is a gas sensor capable of accurately obtaining a hydrocarbon gas concentration even if a measurement gas contains water vapor. A main pumping cell adjusts an oxygen partial pressure of a first internal space such that a hydrocarbon gas in a measurement gas is not substantially burned in the first internal space.
11/13/14
20140332372
Plasma etching method
An isotropic etching process can be performed with high uniformity. A plasma etching method of etching an etching target layer containing silicon includes preparing a processing target object having the etching target layer in a processing chamber; removing an oxide film on a surface of the etching target layer by generating plasma of a first processing gas that contains a fluorocarbon gas or a fluorohydrocarbon gas but does not contain oxygen; removing a carbon-based reaction product generated when the removing of the oxide film by generating plasma of a second processing gas that does not contain oxygen; and etching the etching target layer without applying a high frequency bias power to a lower electrode serving as a mounting table configured to mount the processing target object thereon by generating plasma of a third processing gas containing a fluorocarbon gas or a fluorohydrocarbon gas with a microwave..
11/13/14
20140332366
Treatment of hydrocarbon containing materials
An apparatus for separating a hydrocarbon content from a material matrix composes the hydrocarbon content and a water content, the apparatus comprising: a material feeder arranged to feed material through a treatment chamber, the treatment chamber comprising a window which is substantially transparent to microwaves; a microwave emitter arranged in use to expose feed material in the treatment chamber to microwaves via the window in order to cause rapid heating of at least part of the water content of the matrix to form steam, so as to remove at least part of the hydrocarbon content from the matrix; wherein the material feeder and treatment chamber are arranged so that in use, the treatment chamber is substantially tilted with material/matrix.. .
11/13/14
20140332282
Method for cleaning oil from drill cuttings
This application relates to an apparatus and method for cleaning drill cuttings recovered from a wellbore. Specifically, the apparatus includes an effective system for handling and washing drill cuttings at a well site to remove hydrocarbon contaminants.
11/13/14
20140332218
Apparatus and methods for recovery of hydrocarbons
Embodiments of the invention described herein relate to methods and apparatus for recovery of viscous hydrocarbons from subterranean reservoirs. In one embodiment, a system for recovering hydrocarbons comprises a downhole steam generator for coupling with a packer in an injector well, an umbilical device coupled to the downhole steam generator for lifting or lowering the downhole steam generator in the injector well, a first shear point disposed between the downhole steam generator and the packer, and a second shear point disposed between the umbilical device and the downhole steam generator, wherein the first shear point has a shear strength that is different than a shear strength of the second shear point..
11/13/14
20140332212
Compositions and methods for enhanced hydrocarbon recovery
Compositions of and methods of using a fluid formulation for increasing flow, production, and/or recovery of oil and gas hydrocarbons from a subterranean formation.. .
11/13/14
20140332210
Top-down oil recovery
Methods relate to producing hydrocarbons, such as bitumen in an oil sands reservoir. The methods include utilizing an injector well with multiple horizontal laterals to provide downward fluid drive toward a producer well.
11/13/14
20140332208
Seawater transportation for utilization in hydrocarbon-related processes
Systems and methods for transporting seawater from a seawater source to an inland site for utilization as a drilling and/or fracturing fluid are disclosed. In an aspect, systems and methods are disclosed wherein seawater is pumped from an ocean at a coastal location and transported to an inland drilling and hydraulic fracturing site, thereby providing a consistent, large volume supply of seawater for use in drilling and/or hydraulic fracturing operations.
11/13/14
20140332201
Apparatus and methods for recovery of hydrocarbons
Embodiments of the invention described herein relate to methods and apparatus for recovery of viscous hydrocarbons from subterranean reservoirs. In one embodiment, a completion string for an enhanced oil recovery system is provided.


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Hydrocarbon topics: Hydrocarbon, Combustion, Exhaust Gas, Internal Combustion Engine, Refrigerant, Hydrofluoroolefin, Adsorption, Rf Antenna, Condensation, Functional Groups, Carbon Atoms, Downstream, Frameworks, Fractionation, Liquefied Natural Gas

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