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Saudi Arabian Oil
Oil well gas lift by hydrogen production through produced water electrolysis completion
Red Leaf Resources
Convective flow barrier for heating of bulk hydrocarbonaceous materials
|| List of recent Hydrocarbon-related patents
| System and remaining resource mapping|
A method for mapping remaining hydrocarbon resources in a subsurface reservoir, includes generating a pressure depletion map of the subsurface reservoir based on a pressure depletion dataset representing a pressure change in at least one well over a time interval, obtaining a hydrocarbon pore thickness map of the subsurface reservoir based on a hydrocarbon pore thickness dataset representing hydrocarbon pore thickness substantially at a beginning of the time interval, using the pressure depletion map and the hydrocarbon pore thickness map, generating a remaining resource map of the subsurface reservoir, for each of a plurality of infill wells located in the subsurface reservoir and operated during a portion of the time interval, determining an estimated ultimate recovery value, using each estimated ultimate recovery value with data from the remaining resource map for the locations of the infill wells to determine a correlation, and using the correlations and the remaining resource map, evaluating a location for a proposed infill well.. .
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.
| Process for producing chlorinated hydrocarbons|
The preparation of chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as pentachloropropanes, such as 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane, from tetrachloropropanes, such as 1,1,1,3-tetrachloropropane, in the presence of a polyvalent antimony compound that includes a pentavalent antimony compound, such as antimony pentachloride, is described. Also described are methods for preparing optionally chlorinated alkenes, such as, tetrachloropropenes, from chlorinated alkanes, such as pentachloropropanes, in the presence of ferric chloride and a polyvalent antimony compound that includes a pentavalent antimony compound..
Axiall Ohio, Inc.
| Process and catalyst system for the production of high quality syngas from light hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide|
The present invention describes a process and catalysts for the conversion of a light hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide input stream into high quality syngas with the subsequent conversion of the syngas into fuels or chemicals. In one aspect, the present invention provides an efficient, solid solution catalyst for the production of a carbon containing gas from carbon dioxide and light hydrocarbons.
Greyrock Energy, Inc.
| Process for producing optically active secondary alcohol|
The method of producing an optically active secondary alcohol according to the present invention is characterized in that a substrate carbonyl compound (provided that 3-quinuclidinone, 3-quinuclidinone derivative having a substituent, and a ketone having an aromatic hydrocarbon group and a heterocycle are excluded) is reacted with hydrogen and/or a hydrogen donating compound in the presence of a ruthenium complex selected from the compounds expressed by following general formula (1) ruxyab (1) [in the general formula (1), x and y are the same or different from each other and denote a hydrogen atom or an anionic group, a denotes an optically active diphosphine expressed by the general formula (2), b denotes an amine compound expressed by following general formula (3)].. .
| Alkylene oxide separation systems, methods, and apparatuses|
A propylene oxide separation system that comprises a distillation column, a decanter, and water wash system. The distillation column is configured to receive a crude propylene oxide stream, discharge an impurity stream that comprises methanol and water, and discharge a bottoms stream that comprises a majority of the propylene oxide entering in the crude propylene oxide stream.
Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.p.
| Hydrogenated branched conjugated diene copolymer, rubber composition and pneumatic tire|
Wherein r4 is a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, an alicyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, or an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, and then hydrogenating the resulting copolymer. The hydrogenated branched conjugated diene copolymer is useful as a rubber component of a rubber composition for a tire exhibiting excellent processability, enhancing both of abrasion resistance and grip performance to a high level and inhibiting generation of bleeding..
| Cosmetic composition for stimulating the cellular anti-aging functions of the skin|
The use of a compound of general formula (i), where: r1, r2, r3, r4, r5 are identical or different and each represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group or an —or′ radical in which r′ is a straight or branched, saturated or unsaturated c1-c16 hydrocarbon radical, wherein at least one group from among r1, r2, r3, r4, and r5 does not represent a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom; x is a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, a straight or branched, saturated or unsaturated optionally substituted c1-c14 hydrocarbon radical, or an —or″ radical in which r″ is a straight or branched, saturated or unsaturated optionally substituted c1-c14 hydrocarbon radical; and z is a covalent bond or a spacer arm, or of one of the salts thereof, in a cosmetic composition for stimulating the cellular anti-aging functions of the skin.. .
Universite Pual Sabatier Toulouse Iii
| Oil recovery|
An aqueous cleaning solution for treating hydrocarbon-contaminated soil and for cleaning hydrocarbon-contaminated surfaces is provided. Suitably it is prepared by progressively diluting a concentrate comprising: i) 10-60% by volume of a first emulsifier; (ii) 10-60% by volume of a second emulsifier and (iii) 20-70% by volume of vegetable oil in a preferred embodiment the concentrate comprises a polyethylene glycol sorbitan trioleate, a polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate and corn oil with the two sorbitan molecules having different hlb-values..
Oti Greentech Group Ag
| In situ microemulsions used as spacer fluids|
Nanoemulsions, miniemulsions, microemulsion systems with excess oil or water or both (winsor iii) or single phase microemulsions (winsor iv) may be formed in situ during hydrocarbon recovery operations after drilling with obm or sbm using one or more fluid pills. The nanoemulsions, miniemulsions, microemulsion systems with excess oil or water or both or single phase microemulsions remove oil and solids from the well and wellbore surfaces.
Baker Hughes Incorporated
| Composition for forming highly adhesive resist underlayer film|
(wherein r2, r3, r5, and r6 are independently a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched hydrocarbon group having a carbon atom number of 1 to 4, r4 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, r7 is a linear or branched hydrocarbon group having a carbon atom number of 1 to 6, a c1-4 alkoxy group, a c1-4 alkylthio group, a halogen atom, a cyano group, or a nitro group, w1 is an integer of 0 to 3, w2 is an integer of 0 to 2, and x is an integer of 0 to 3), and v1 and v2 are independently 0 or 1; and an organic solvent.. .
Method of cmos manufacturing utilizing multi-layer epitaxial hardmask films for improved gate spacer control
An integrated circuit containing pmos transistors may be formed by forming a dual layer hard mask. A first layer of the hard mask is carbon-containing silicon nitride formed using a hydrocarbon reagent.
Texas Instruments Incorporated
Conversion systems for biomass
The efficient production of ethanol from low-cost biomass (e.g., corn, sugar beets, sugar cane, switchgrass and/or paper) has become increasingly important in making ethanol competitive with gasoline and decreasing the united states' dependence on foreign oil. For example, to reduce the cost of transporting biomass to ethanol production facilities, mobile systems for producing ethanol from biomass are provided.
Novel bioactive lipid derivatives, and methods of making and using the same
Compositions and methods for producing monoclonal antibodies and their derivatives reactive against bioactive lipid targets are described. These compositions include derivatized lipids, each of which comprises a bioactive lipid that having a polar head group and at least one hydrocarbon chain (e.g., a lysolipid such as lysophosphatidic acid or sphingosine-1-phosphate) in which a carbon atom has been derivatized with a pendant reactive group; immunogens made by linking a derivatized lipid to a carrier moiety (e.g., a carrier protein, polyethylene glycol, colloidal gold, alginate, or a silicone bead); monoclonal antibodies and derivatives produced by immunizing an animal with such an immunogen; and therapeutic and diagnostic compositions containing such antibodies and antibody derivatives.
Polymerizable composition, polymerization product, image display device, and producing same
In relation to a polymerizable composition for forming a transparent optical resin layer to be interposed between an image display section of an image display device and a light-transmissive protective section thereof, the present invention provides a polymerizable composition that does not give rise to display defects caused by the deformation of the image display section, enables high-luminance, high-contrast image displaying, has excellent heat resistance, and also has a low dielectric constant. This polymerizable composition comprises: (1) a urethane (meth)acrylate obtained by reacting a hydrogenated polyolefin polyol and a compound having an isocyanato group and a (meth)acryloyl group; (2) a (meth)acryloyl-group-containing compound having a hydrocarbon group with a carbon number of 6 or greater; and (3) a photopolymerization initiator..
Showa Denko K.k.
Polylactic acid formed body having a vapor-deposited film and producing the same
A polylactic acid formed body including a polylactic acid base material (1) and a hydrocarbon film (3) vapor-deposited on the surface of the base material by a plasma cvd method. The polylactic acid base material (1) exhibits a sharp x-ray diffraction peak in which a half-width of peak appearing in the 10°-25° wide angle x-ray measurement is not more than 1.22°, and the hydrocarbon film (3) is vapor-deposited on the surface of the polylactic acid base material (1), and includes two layers of a high ch2 layer (3a) having a ratio of ch2 per the total of ch, ch2 and ch3 of not less than 40% and a low ch2 layer (3b) formed on the high ch2 layer (3a) and having a ratio of ch2 per the total of ch, ch2 and ch3 of not more than 35%..
Toyo Seikan Group Holdings, Ltd.
Adhesive skin patch
The present invention provides an adhesive skin patch containing a support and an adhesive layer containing a drug which is formed on the support, wherein the adhesive layer comprises a thermoplastic elastomer, a liquid component in an amount exceeding 300 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the thermoplastic elastomer, a therapeutic drug having an anticholinergic activity or a salt thereof for overactive bladder as a drug, (a) a non-volatile hydrocarbon oil as a liquid component, and one or more kinds selected from the group consisting of (b) an amide solvent, (c) an alcohol solvent and (d) a liquid organic acid as a liquid component, or a fatty acid salt, and optionally comprises a tackifier at a content of not more than 10 wt % of the adhesive layer.. .
Km Transderm Ltd.
Gel lubricant, rolling bearing, pivot assembly bearing, and hard disk drive
There is provided a gel lubricant including: a base oil containing an ester synthetic oil and a synthetic hydrocarbon oil in which the mass ratio (x:y) of the ester synthetic oil (x) to the synthetic hydrocarbon oil (y) is in the range of 35:65 to 75:25; and a gelatinizer which contains two kinds of styrene block copolymers and is included in the gel lubricant in an amount of 1.5% by mass to 10% by mass.. .
Minebea Co., Ltd.
Positive electrode for battery, and battery
(wherein r1, r2, r3, r5, r6, r7 and r9 are the same or different and denote a hydrogen atom, a methyl group or an ethyl group, r4 denotes a hydrocarbon group having 8 to 30 carbon atoms, r8 denotes a linear or branched alkylene group having 2 to 4 carbon atoms, x1 and x2 denote an oxygen atom or nh, and p denotes a number of 1 to 50.). .
Processes for the conversion of biomass to oxygenated organic compound, apparatus therefor and compositions produced thereby
Processes are disclosed for the conversion of biomass to oxygenated organic compound using a simplified syngas cleanup operation that is cost effective and protects the fermentation operation. The processes of this invention treat the crude syngas from the gasifier by non-catalytic partial oxidation.
Proton conducting membranes for hydrogen production and separation
In one embodiment, a membrane of proton-electron conducting ceramics that is useful for the conversion of a hydrocarbon and steam to hydrogen has a porous support coated with a film of a perovskite-type oxide. By including the zr and m in the oxide in place of ce, the stability can be improved while maintaining sufficient hydrogen flux for efficient generation of hydrogen.
University Of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
Two-stage plasma process for converting waste into fuel gas and apparatus therefor
A two-step gasification process and apparatus for the conversion of solid or liquid organic waste into clean fuel, suitable for use in a gas engine or a gas burner, is described. The waste is fed initially into a primary gasifier, which is a graphite arc furnace.
Pyrogenesis Canada Inc.
Coalescer assemblies and applications thereof
In one aspect, assemblies for removing water from hydrocarbon liquids are described herein. An assembly described herein comprises a coalescer element having interior and exterior surfaces and comprising a porous support tube and a medium positioned within the porous support tube, the medium having a structure for coalescing water droplets in the hydrocarbon liquid passing though the medium.
Kaydon Custom Filtration
Composite feedstock for recovery of hydrocarbons from hydrocarbonaceous material
A method of reducing settling of residual comminuted hydrocarbonaceous material during processing can comprise forming a constructed permeability control infrastructure which defines a substantially encapsulated volume; introducing a composite comminuted hydrocarbonaceous material into the control infrastructure to form a permeable body, said composite hydrocarbonaceous material comprising a comminuted hydrocarbonaceous material and a structural material; and heating the permeable body sufficient to remove hydrocarbons therefrom such that the hydrocarbonaceous material is substantially stationary during heating, exclusive of subsidence and settling. The structural material can provide structural integrity to the permeable body sufficient to maintain convective flow of fluids throughout the permeable body during heating..
Red Leaf Resources, Inc.
Methods and systems to remove polar molecules from refinery streams
The present invention relates to methods and systems for removing polar molecule contaminants from a refinery stream in connection with the processing of hydrocarbon fluids, chemicals, whole crude oils, blends and fractions in refineries and chemical plants that include adding high surface energy and/or high surface area nanoparticle compounds to a refinery stream to remove the polar molecule contaminants.. .
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company
Nanoparticle kinetic gas hydrate inhibitors
Inhibiting gas hydrate formation while transporting hydrocarbon fluids may include providing a kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor, adding the kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor to a fluid capable of producing gas hydrates, and transporting the fluid that comprises the kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor. Generally a kinetic gas hydrate inhibitor may include a heterocyclic compound comprising nitrogen, e.g., poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
Oil well gas lift by hydrogen production through produced water electrolysis completion
A method of using an electrochemical gas lift apparatus to induce artificial gas lift in a production fluid includes introducing the electrochemical gas lift apparatus into a well bore having a production zone, operating the electrochemical gas lift apparatus such that a combination of hydrocarbon fluid and formation water is introduced into the interior of the electrochemical gas lift apparatus, introducing electrical power to the electrochemical gas lift apparatus such that at least a portion of formation water in the interior of the electrochemical gas lift apparatus converts into product gases, operating the electrochemical gas lift apparatus such that the product gases form product gas bubbles in the interior of the electrochemical gas lift apparatus, and operating the electrochemical gas lift apparatus such that production fluid forms in the interior of the electrochemical gas lift apparatus. The production fluid comprises hydrocarbon fluid, unconverted formation water and product gas bubbles..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company
Convective flow barrier for heating of bulk hydrocarbonaceous materials
A system for disrupting convective heat flow within a body of hydrocarbonaceous material includes a body of hydrocarbonaceous material which is sufficiently porous that convective currents can form in void spaces of the material. A bulk fluid occupies these void spaces and the bulk fluid is heated by a heat source, causing the bulk fluid to flow through the void spaces in convective currents.
Red Leaf Resources, Inc.
Heater pattern for in situ thermal processing of a subsurface hydrocarbon containing formation
Embodiments of the present invention relate to heater patterns and related methods of producing hydrocarbon fluids from a subsurface hydrocarbon-containing formation (for example, an oil shale formation) where a heater cell may be divided into nested inner and outer zones. Production wells may be located within one or both zones.
Genie Ip B.v.
Systems and methods for producing gas wells with multiple production tubing strings
A system for producing hydrocarbons from a subterranean well including a wellbore extending from a surface into a subterranean formation, the system including a wellhead disposed at the surface. In addition, the system includes a production tree coupled to the wellhead.
Bp Corporation North America Inc.
Two-component hot-melt adhesive
A moisture-curing two-component composition consisting of a component a containing at least one polyoxyalkylene, polyolefin and/or polyacrylate prepolymer having at least one hydrolysable silane group and at least one solid inert additive selected from hydrocarbons, polyesters or polyamides, a component b containing at least one crosslinking compound for the prepolymers, and auxiliary substances and additives in one or both components, the component a and the two-component composition each having hot-melt adhesive properties.. .
Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa
Gas separation systems and methods using membranes
A gas separation method includes contacting a membrane filter with gas feed, permeating the gas from the gas feed through the membrane, and producing filtered gas from the filter. The filtered gas is produced from the filter as a result of the membrane removing any hydrocarbons containing six or more carbon atoms to produce a total of 0.001 ppm w/w or less.
The Boeing Company
Rocker shaft with diamond-like carbon coating
A rocker shaft for a valve train of an internal combustion engine, including: a substantially cylindrical outer circumferential surface; and a layer of amorphous hydrocarbon deposited on the substantially cylindrical outer circumferential surface. The rocker shaft is arranged to engage a rocker arm such that the rocker arm is at least partially rotatable about the rocker shaft.
Schaeffler Technologies Ag & Co. Kg
Removal of hydrogen sulfide as ammonium sulfate from hydropyrolysis product vapors
A system and method for processing biomass into hydrocarbon fuels that includes processing a biomass in a hydropyrolysis reactor resulting in hydrocarbon fuels and a process vapor stream and cooling the process vapor stream to a condensation temperature resulting in an aqueous stream. The aqueous stream is sent to a catalytic reactor where it is oxidized to obtain a product stream containing ammonia and ammonium sulfate.
Gas Technology Institute
Exhaust reducing particulate and no2 emissions
An exhaust system for reducing particulate and no2 emissions from diesel engine exhaust gases. The exhaust system includes a diesel particulate filter, an inlet for receiving the exhaust gases, a first conduit for providing a first fluid connection between the inlet and the diesel particulate filter, and a second conduit for providing a second fluid connection between the inlet and the diesel particulate filter.
Separation of hydrogen sulfide from natural gas
A process for increasing the selectivity of an alkanolamine absorption process for selectively removing hydrogen sulfide (h2s) from a gas mixture which also contains carbon dioxide (co2) and possibly other acidic gases such as cos, hcn, cs2 and sulfur derivatives of c1 to c4 hydrocarbons, comprises contacting the gas mixture with a liquid absorbent which is a severely sterically hindered capped alkanolamine. The improvement in selectivity is achieved at the high(er) pressures, typically least about 10 bara at conditions nearing the h2s/co2 equilibrium at which co2 begins to displace absorbed hydrosulfide species from the absorbent solution..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company
Separation of hydrogen sulfide from natural gas
A process for increasing the selectivity of an alkanolamine absorption process for selectively removing hydrogen sulfide (h2s) from a gas mixture which also contains carbon dioxide (co2) and possibly other acidic gases such as cos, hcn, cs2 and sulfur derivatives of c1 to c4 hydrocarbons, comprises contacting the gas mixture with a liquid absorbent which is a severely sterically hindered capped alkanolamine or more basic sterically hindered secondary and tertiary amine. The improvement in selectivity is achieved at the high(er) pressures, typically least about 10 bara at conditions nearing the h2s/co2 equilibrium at which co2 begins to displace absorbed hydrosulfide species from the absorbent solution..
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company
Method and system of selecting hydrocarbon wells for workover
Selecting hydrocarbon wells for workover. At least some of the illustrative embodiment including: calculating a plurality of present-performance index values for a respectively plurality of wells, each present-performance index value based on a well's performance with respect to the plurality of wells, and each present-performance index value dimensionless; calculating a plurality of future-performance index values for the respective plurality of wells, each future-performance index value based on a well's expected future performance with respect to the plurality of wells, and each future-performance index value dimensionless; combining a present-performance index value and a future-performance index value for a first well to create a first combination index; combining a present-performance index value and a future-performance index value for a second well to create a second combination index; selecting the hydrocarbon well based on the first and second combination indices..
Landmark Graphics Corporation
Separation sequence for hydrocarbons from a gentle thermal cleavage
The invention describes a method for separating hydrocarbons in an installation for generating hydrocarbons from a hydrocarbon-containing charge by cleavage. The product gas of the cleavage, which contains gaseous hydrocarbons, is compressed, dried, and supplied as charge material into a separation stage (a front end c3/c4 separation).
Method and device for generating an alkene
The invention relates to a method for generating an alkene, in which a hydrocarbon-comprising feed material is subjected to a dehydrogenation and a product material comprising at least one alkene is generated. A gas stream coming from an adsorber is cooled by a gas stream which comprises the feed material, and the gas stream coming from the adsorber is cooled by a condensed component of the gas stream coming from the adsorber in a first cooling phase.
Uzm-39 aluminosilicate zeolite
Where “n” is the mole ratio of na to (al+e), m represents a metal or metals from zinc, group 1, group 2, group 3 and or the lanthanide series of the periodic table, “m” is the mole ratio of m to (al+e), “k” is the average charge of the metal or metals m, t is the organic structure directing agent or agents, and e is a framework element such as gallium. These zeolites are similar to tnu-9 and im-5 but are characterized by unique compositions and synthesis procedures and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes and separation properties for carrying out various separations..
Regeneration of olefin treating adsorbents for removal of oxygenate contaminants
Processes for eliminating oxygenates and water from a light hydrocarbon processing system, wherein oxygenates are removed from a light hydrocarbon stream by adsorption of the oxygenates on an oxygenate adsorption unit to provide a deoxygenated hydrocarbon stream, the oxygenate adsorption unit is regenerated via a regenerant stream to provide an oxygenated regenerant stream comprising the oxygenates, and the oxygenated regenerant stream is subjected to hydro-deoxygenation to convert the oxygenates into paraffins and water, wherein the water may also be permanently removed from the system.. .
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.
Oxygenate removal from light hydrocarbon processing
Processes for eliminating water and oxygenates from a light hydrocarbon processing system, wherein oxygenates are removed from a light hydrocarbon stream by adsorption of the oxygenates on a primary oxygenate adsorption unit to provide a deoxygenated hydrocarbon stream, the primary oxygenate adsorption unit is regenerated via a first regenerant stream to provide an oxygenated first regenerant stream, the oxygenated first regenerant stream is deoxygenated via a secondary oxygenate adsorption unit, and the secondary oxygenate adsorption unit is regenerated via a second regenerant stream to provide an oxygenated second regenerant stream for permanent removal from the system.. .
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.
Process and catalyst for c9+ aromatics conversion
The invention is directed to a multimetallic catalyst and its use in a reactor system in a c9+ aromatics conversion process in order to reduce the saturation of aromatic species, reduce the production of c6+ non-aromatics byproducts, and achieve higher benzene purity. The multimetallic catalyst exhibits improved selectivity towards aromatic hydrocarbons in comparison to a traditional pt/zsm-5 catalyst and comprises zsm-5, a group 6-10 metal, and an additional metal not in group 6-10.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.
Synthesis of high caloric fuels and chemicals
In one embodiment, the present application discloses methods to selectively synthesize higher alcohols and hydrocarbons useful as fuels and industrial chemicals from syngas and biomass. Ketene and ketonization chemistry along with hydrogenation reactions are used to synthesize fuels and chemicals.
Pioneer Energy, Inc.
Oil soluble hydrogen sulfide scavenger
The concentration of hydrogen sulfide in a hydrocarbon can be mitigated by intruding therein a zinc carboxylate oxo complex composition prepared by reacting particulate zinc oxide with a mixture of two or more carboxylic acids wherein the zinc carboxylate oxo complex composition is soluble in hydrocarbons. Useful acids useful include acetic acid, oleic acid, isobutyric acid, lineoleic acid, cekanoic acid, and neodecanoic acid..
Baker Hughes Incorporation
Wherein, in formula (i), each of y1 and y2 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a hydroxy group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxy group, or a halogen atom; each of r1 and r2 independently represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group, an acyl group, an alkoxycarbonyl group, an aryloxycarbonyl group, or a carbamoyl group; l represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having from 4 to 10 carbon atoms; each x independently represents a hydroxy group or a carboxy group; and n represents an integer from 0 to 2.. .
Catalyst system for the polymerization of olefins
(c) an ester of formula r′ooc—(cr″2)m—coor′ in which m is an integer from 2 to 7, the r′ groups, equal to or different from each other, are c1-c10 alkyl groups and the r″ groups, independently, are hydrogen or c1-c15 hydrocarbon groups.. .
The present invention relates to a process for the introduction of liquid feeds to a polymerisation process, and in particular provides a process for the introduction of a fresh feed selected from fresh comonomer and fresh inert hydrocarbon to a polymerisation reactor, which process comprises passing said fresh feed and a process stream comprising a first component selected from hydrogen, nitrogen and methane and a second component which is a monomer to a separator at a pressure of 0.4 mpa (4 bar) or less to produce a first stream comprising the majority of the first component and a second stream comprising the majority of the fresh feed and the majority of the second component, and passing the second stream to the polymerisation reactor.. .
Ineos Europe Ag
Method for manufacturing hydrocarbon
The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a hydrocarbon, the method including bringing metal mg into contact with water and carbon dioxide and reducing the carbon dioxide. In the method, one or more elements selected from the group consisting of group 8 elements, group 9 elements, b, c, s, ca, v, mn, ni, ge, zr, nb, pd, ag, sn, pt, au, and ce are used as combination element(s), and the contact is effected under presence of one or more of simple substance(s) of the combination element(s), water-soluble compound(s) of the combination element(s), and ion(s) of the combination element(s)..
Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.
Friction modifiers for engine oils
Wherein r1 and r2 are independently selected from hydrocarbyl carbonyl moieties having 12 to 28 carbon atoms, or r1 and r2 form a hydrocarbon dicarbonyl containing ring with 12 to 32 carbon atoms, and r3 and r4 are independently selected from alkyl groups having 1 to 18 carbon atoms. Methods of using the engine oil to improve thin film and/or boundary layer friction in an engine are also provided..
Lubricating grease composition
The invention provides a grease composition containing a thickener and a base oil, wherein the base oil contains (a) a hydrocarbon oil extracted from botryococcus braunii and/or (b) a hydrocarbon oil obtainable by hydrogenating the hydrocarbon oil (a).. .
University Of Tsukuba
Method for inhibiting the plugging of conduits by gas hydrates
A method for inhibiting the plugging of a conduit containing a flowable mixture comprising at least an amount of hydrocarbons capable of forming hydrates in the presence of water and an amount of water, which method comprises adding to the mixture an amount of a functionalized dendrimer effective to inhibit formation and/or accumulation of hydrates in the mixture at conduit temperatures and pressures; and flowing the mixture containing the functionalized dendrimer and any hydrates through the conduit wherein the functionalized dendrimer comprises at least one polyalkylene glycol end group.. .
Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.v.
Process for converting banana tree stalk into fibers for absorption of hydrocarbons and corresponding system and product
A process for producing absorbent materials includes reducing a banana tree stalk into separated fibers, pressing the separated fibers to generate pressed fibers having less than 50% moisture content by weight, reducing moisture content of the pressed fibers by applying infrared heating to produce pre-dried fibers, and applying a non-thermal drying process to generate dried fibers having less than 10% moisture content by weight for employment in an absorbent material that absorbs hydrocarbons.. .
Nucleophilic porous carbon materials for reversible co2 capture
In some embodiments, the present disclosure pertains to methods of capturing co2 from an environment by associating the environment (e.g., a pressurized environment) with a porous carbon material that comprises a plurality of pores and a plurality of nucleophilic moieties. In some embodiments, the associating results in sorption of co2 to the porous carbon materials.
William Marsh Rice University
Integrated processes for the conversion of coal to chemicals
Integrated processes are disclosed for the conversion of coal containing mercury compounds, hydrocarbon-containing compounds, sulfur-containing compounds and nitrogen-containing compounds to chemicals in which coal is heated to remove mercury components, pyrolyzed to remove sulfur-containing and nitrogen-containing compounds and then gasified to provide syngas, and syngas is bioconverted to liquid product.. .
Hydrocarbon ionomer compositions, layerings, electrodes, methods for making and methods for using
There is a composition comprising 1 to 17.5 wt. % ionomer composition comprising hydrocarbon ionomer and 50 to 99 wt.
E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company
Carbon material and producing same
By subjecting a carbon material, in which a closed-pore-ratio and an amount of remaining hydrogen in the material are set to be within a proper range, to hot isostatic pressing treatment, a vapor phase growth reaction of graphite is generated in closed pores as nuclei using hydrogen and hydrocarbon generated from the carbon material, thereby producing a large amount of targeted porous carbon material at low cost. Flaky graphite being similar to graphene is produced by applying physical impact to the obtained porous carbon material or by generating a graphite intercalation compound using the porous carbon material as a host and then quickly heating the compound..
Magnetic recording medium and producing protective film thereof
A method for producing a protective film for a magnetic recording medium comprises steps of (a) providing a magnetic layer formed on a substrate; and (b) forming a protective film on the magnetic layer by means of a plasma cvd method using mixed gas of specific lower saturated hydrocarbon gas and specific lower unsaturated hydrocarbon gas as source gas. Step (b) includes (b-1) of forming a first protective film on the magnetic layer and (b-2) of forming a second protective film on the first protective film.
Fuji Electric (malaysia) Sdn, Bhd.
Method for reducing nitrogen oxides in diesel-engine exhaust gases and exhaust gas aftertreatment system for carrying out the method
An exhaust gas aftertreatment system, in particular for v-type diesel engines, is provided. The system includes, disposed in the exhaust line of the engine in the direction of the exhaust gas flow, a first scr stage, a catalytically activated particulate filter (cdpf), a second scr stage, and an ammonia slip catalyst (asc).
A semiconductor composition for producing a semiconducting layer with consistently high mobility is disclosed. The semiconductor composition includes a diketopyrrolopyrrole-thiophene copolymer and an aromatic non-halogenated hydrocarbon solvent.
Processes for forming alkylated aryl phosphite compositions from complex hydrocarbon streams
Processes for alkylating hydroxyaryl compounds by reacting a hydroxyaryl with at least one olefin of a complex hydrocarbon stream. The complex hydrocarbon stream preferably comprises a fraction of a cracked hydrocarbon feed stream or the reaction products of a dehydrogenation of a paraffinic feedstock.
Addivant Usa Llc
Process for refining a hydrocarbon feedstock of the vacuum residue type using selective deasphalting, a hydrotreatment and a conversion of the vacuum residue for production of gasoline and light olefins
The invention relates to a process for refining a heavy feedstock of the vacuum residue type. Selective deasphalting of the feedstock is conducted in a single-stage liquid/liquid extraction in an extractant.
Ifp Energies Nouvelles
Measuring biological substance and measuring device therefor
Provided is a measuring method for a biological substance, a measuring chip, and a measuring device which exhibit improved electrical responsiveness and reliability. For example, the device or chip provided for measuring the amount of a biological substance in a liquid being measured comprises immobilized antibodies, a substance that is labeled with an ion-conductive compound and that is bonded to the antibodies, and an electrode containing a working electrode and a counter electrode, and the working electrode has a thin film on the surface thereof that contains a hydrocarbon group..
Breaker fluids for wellbore fluids and methods of use
Compositions for controlling fluid loss may include an aqueous fluid, a viscosifier, a water soluble polar organic solvent, a delayed acid source, and a weighting agent. The composition may further comprise at least one selected from bridging solids, cleaning agent, dispersant, interfacial tension reducer, ph buffer, thinner, or surfactant.
Pre-positioned capping device and diverter
Systems and methods contain fluids discharged from a subsea well or at the surface by capping the well blowout with a pre-positioned capping device and diverting flow of hydrocarbons to a secondary location for disposal/handling in situations where casing integrity is compromised preventing ability to close in the flow of the hydrocarbons. The capping device includes at least one blind shear ram and is separate from a blowout preventer.
Sequestering polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in asphalt
This invention is based upon the discovery that activated carbon can be used to sequester polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that may be present in asphalt and creosote compositions. The treatment of asphalt and creosote compositions with activated carbon accordingly reduces the level of free polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in such compositions by sequestering them therein or removing them from the composition.
Flow Polymers Llc
Petroleum substitute comprised of an organic solvent extract of herbaceous plant biomass
A preferred embodiment of the present invention is directed generally to a composition of matter and, more specifically, to a composition comprising a petroleum substitute produced from renewable, herbaceous plant-based sources through a solvent extraction process. The plant sources are typically hydrocarbon-bearing plants capable of producing significant quantities of liquid terpenes such that the process of extracting hydrocarbons from the plant material is economically viable.
Phytoleum Technologies Group, L.l.c.
Differential equitable allocation of hydrocarbon component yields using phase behavior process models
A method for equitable allocation of hydrocarbon component yields which uses the output of process modeling of the hydrocarbon processing system with the individual source streams commingled into a single inlet stream to create a differential value table which can be used to provide the allocation of output product to the individual source streams that are accountable for the individual component yield.. .
Catalyst for conversion of hydrocarbons, process of making and process of using thereof - ge zeolite
In an embodiment a catalyst comprises a medium or large pore zeolite having germanium incorporated into the zeolite framework. The zeolite can have a pore structure that is one dimensional, two dimensional or three dimensional.
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
Manufacture of butadiene from ethylene
A method of producing butadiene includes: (1) dimerizing ethylene to butene followed by (2) oxidatively dehydrogenating the butene to butadiene and (3) recovering the butadiene by (i) absorbing the product with a hydrocarbon absorber oil and (ii) stripping a crude product stream from the absorber oil. The absorber oil is selected so as to be effective to sequester ethylene dimerization-derived impurities from the system..
Tpc Group Llc
Method for production of hydrocarbons by increasing hydrocarbon chain length
The present invention provides a method for increasing hydrocarbon chain length. The method comprises providing a feedstock comprising fatty acids and/or fatty acid esters with hydrocarbon chain length below c23 into a reaction zone in which ketonisation is conducted in the presence of a hydrotreatment catalyst under hydrogen pressure.
Neste Oil Oyj
Method and device for the hydroformylation of isobutene and for the separation of the product mixture
The invention relates to a method for producing a product mixture (2) by means of the technical hydroformylation of a hydrocarbon stream (1) that contains isobutene, and for separating the product mixture (2) that is obtained, as well as to a device for the claimed method and to the use of a claimed device. The problem addressed thereby is that of providing a method and an associated device that allow the amount of high-boiling substances in the product mixture (2) to be kept as low as possible and thus the yield of the reaction to be increased.
Evonik Degussa Gmbh
Nucleating agents for biopolymers
A compound or a combination of compounds for crystallization of poly-hydroxy-alkanoate (pha), poly-lactic acid (pla) or combinations thereof, wherein each of the compounds has a core motif with two oxalamide motifs, flanked by two arms, wherein the core motif has the formula: r—nh—c(o)—c(o)—nh—(ch2)n—nh—c(o)—c(o)—nh—r′, wherein n ranges from 1 to 10 and the arms r and r′ are each independently chosen from: (i) h; (ii) an alkyl group with a total number of carbon atoms between 1 and 20; (iii) an aromatic ring; or (iv) an ester group, for example —x-ester-y, or —x-ester-x-ester-y, wherein x is a saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, y is chosen from h, an alkyl group with a total number of carbon atoms ranging from 1 and 20 or an aromatic ring. Also described are processes for the crystallization of poly-hydroxy-alkanoate, poly-lactic acid, or combinations thereof..
Reversible switching between super hydrophobic and super hydrophilic states
The present invention disclosed herein is a reversible switching system that switches surfaces from being hydrophilic to hydrophobic and vice-versa. More particularly, the invention relates to reversible switching system comprising a positively charged conjugated polymer; a micelle and a hydrocarbon component that is affected by a potential such that the system switches from being super hydrophilic to super hydrophobic due to, the polyvalent interaction between surfactant assemblies and delocalized charges of an insoluble polymer results in surface modification of the polymer.
Council Of Scientific & Industrial Research
Catalyst activation fischer-tropsch synthesis
The present invention relates to: a catalyst activation method for fischer-tropsch synthesis; a catalyst regeneration method for fischer-tropsch synthesis; and a method for producing a liquid or solid hydrocarbon by using the fischer-tropsch synthesis reaction. The temperatures required for a metal carbide producing and activating reaction is markedly lower than existing catalyst activation temperatures, and the catalyst can be activated under conditions that are the same as fischer-tropsch synthesis reaction conditions, and thus there is no need for separate reduction equipment in the reactor, and a fischer-tropsch synthesis catalyst which has been used for a long time can be regenerated within the reactor without the catalyst being isolated or extracted from the reactor..
Korea Research Institute Of Chemical Technology
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Hydrocarbon topics: Hydrocarbon, Combustion, Exhaust Gas, Internal Combustion Engine, Refrigerant, Hydrofluoroolefin, Adsorption, Rf Antenna, Condensation, Functional Groups, Carbon Atoms, Downstream, Frameworks, Fractionation, Liquefied Natural Gas
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