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 Silicon nitride film forming method and silicon nitride film forming apparatus patent thumbnailSilicon nitride film forming method and silicon nitride film forming apparatus
A silicon nitride film forming method includes accommodating a workpiece within a reaction chamber, forming a silicon nitride film on the workpiece accommodated within the reaction chamber, carbon-terminating a surface of the silicon nitride film by supplying a hydrocarbon compound having an unsaturated bond into the reaction chamber accommodating the workpiece on which the silicon nitride film is formed, and unloading the workpiece, on which the silicon nitride film having a carbon-terminated surface is formed, out of the reaction chamber.. .
Tokyo Electron Limited


 Method and system for an oxygen sensor patent thumbnailMethod and system for an oxygen sensor
Examples are provided for estimating an amount of fuel in an engine oil and an effect of the fuel on a gas sensor. In one example, an apparatus may include an analyzer to analyze an engine fluid and a computing device operably coupled to the analyzer, the computing device storing non-transitory instructions executable to determine fuel dilution in engine oil based on speciation of hydrocarbons in fuel in the engine oil determined based on output received from the analyzer..
Ford Global Technologies, Llc


 Chemical looping combustion process with multiple fuel reaction zones and gravity feed of oxidized particles patent thumbnailChemical looping combustion process with multiple fuel reaction zones and gravity feed of oxidized particles
An improved chemical looping combustion (clc) process and system includes a hopper containing oxygen carrier particles, e.g., metal oxides, that are gravity fed at a controlled rate of flow from the hopper into (a) a generally vertical downflow reactor where they are mixed with all of the hydrocarbon fuel feed to the system and (b) into one or more standpipes that are in communication with a plurality of staged fluidized reactor beds, the amount of the oxygen carrier particles introduced into the system being stoichiometrically predetermined to produce a syngas mixture of h2 and co2; or to complete combustion of the fuel to co2 and water vapor, thereby permitting capture of a majority of the co2 produced in an essentially pure form.. .
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


 Apparatus and  managing an engine in the presence of combustive gases patent thumbnailApparatus and managing an engine in the presence of combustive gases
An assembly for managing an engine in the presence of hydrocarbons may include a first hose, a second hose, a tank, a sensor, a shutoff valve, and a flapper valve. The first hose may provide pressurized air to the valve.
Cinaruco International, S.a.


 Optical fluid model base construction and use patent thumbnailOptical fluid model base construction and use
Apparatus, systems, and methods may operate to select a subset of sensor responses as inputs to each of a plurality of pre-calibrated models in predicting each of a plurality of formation fluid properties. The sensor responses are obtained and pre-processed from a downhole measurement tool.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.


 Method for conducting well testing operations with nitrogen lifting, production logging, and buildup testing on single coiled tubing run patent thumbnailMethod for conducting well testing operations with nitrogen lifting, production logging, and buildup testing on single coiled tubing run
A method for performing a pressure buildup test in an evaluation zone of a well includes the steps of perforating the well in the evaluation zone to allow the flow of hydrocarbon fluids from the reservoir, deploying a pressure buildup test system into the evaluation zone, supplying the lift fluid via the coiled tubing to lift the hydrostatic pressure to lift the hydrocarbon fluids from the evaluation zone toward the surface, moving the packer to the set position, monitoring the pressure data in the evaluation zone, closing the shut-in valve when the stable state of the pressure data is reached, and measuring a buildup pressure in the evaluation zone using the pressure monitoring device. The pressure buildup test system includes a packer, a sub port, a coiled tubing, a shut-in valve, a pressure monitoring device, and a plt..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


 Methods of controlling water production in horizontal wells with multistage fractures patent thumbnailMethods of controlling water production in horizontal wells with multistage fractures
A method for controlling water passage from an interval undergoing hydraulic fracturing to another interval in the same or a different well bore. The method introduces a relative permeability modifier at a pressure sufficient to create or enhance at least one fracture and fracture face in the subterranean formation surrounding the interval during fracturing.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.


 Processes for producing hydrocarbons from a reservoir patent thumbnailProcesses for producing hydrocarbons from a reservoir
There is provided a process for producing hydrocarbons from a reservoir. The process includes within the hydrocarbon reservoir, electrically heating a liquid heating fluid such that the liquid heating fluid is evaporated to produce a gaseous heating fluid, heating hydrocarbon-comprising material with the gaseous heating fluid such that the heated hydrocarbon-comprising material is mobilized and such that the gaseous heating fluid is condensed to produce a condensed heating fluid, and electrically heating at least a fraction of the condensed heating fluid such that the at least a condensed heating fluid fraction is re-evaporated, and while the evaporation, the condensing, and the re-evaporation are being effected, producing a produced fluid including at least the mobilized hydrocarbon-comprising material..
Nexen Energy Ulc


 Valves for autonomous activation of downhole tools patent thumbnailValves for autonomous activation of downhole tools
An autonomous valve includes a fluid-sensitive actuator operable to automatically actuate the valve in response to being exposed to a target fluid. The target fluid may be a fluid whose presence is generally undesirable in a production fluid, such as water, and the valve may be actuated to stop flow from an interval within a wellbore that is no longer expected to produce hydrocarbon-bearing fluids.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.


 Process gas preparation  an industrial furnace system and an industrial furnace system for gas carburizing and hardening of metal workpieces utilizing same patent thumbnailProcess gas preparation an industrial furnace system and an industrial furnace system for gas carburizing and hardening of metal workpieces utilizing same
A process gas preparation device for an industrial furnace system is disclosed. The gas preparation device includes a preparation reactor having a catalyst.
Ipsen, Inc.


Sulfone cracking using supercritical water


The invention relates to a process for removing sulfur compounds from a hydrocarbon stream. The hydrocarbon stream is contacted with water, at supercritical conditions and also subjects an effluent hydrocarbon stream to separation techniques.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


Methods of successive elution of components of hydrocarbons


The inventive technology may involve, in particular embodiments, novel use of a non-porous, high surface energy stationary phase to adsorb, in reversible fashion, the most polar component of a resins fraction of an input hydrocarbon when a mobile phase is passed over the stationary phase. Such reversible adsorption prevents irreversibly adsorption of such components on active stationary phase(s) downflow of the non-porous, high surface energy stationary phase, thereby conserving stationary phase costs and increasing resolution of resins elutions, and accuracy of hydrocarbon component results.
University Of Wyoming Research Corporation D/b/a Western Research Institute


Use of magnetic nanoparticles for depletion of aromatic compounds in oil


A method of treating crude oil comprising depleting the content of aromatic hydrocarbons comprising contacting the crude oil with super-paramagnetic or paramagnetic nanoparticles comprising chemical functional groups. The method increases the api gravity of crude oil and reduces the viscosity of said oil.
MÆrsk Olie Og Gas A/s


Hydrocarbon resource processing device including radio frequency applicator and related methods


A hydrocarbon resource processing device may include a radio frequency (rf) source and an rf applicator coupled to the rf source. The rf applicator may include a base member being electrically conductive, and first and second elongate members being electrically conductive and having proximal ends coupled to the base member and extending outwardly therefrom in a generally parallel spaced apart relation.
Harris Corporation


Fluid composition for stimulation in the field of oil or gas production


The present invention relates to filamentous polymer particles useful in oil, condensate or gas recovery from subterranean locations as hydraulic fracturing fluids, diverting fluids, fluids that make it possible to improve the distribution and the flow profiles of the fluids or products injected (referred to as conformance fluids) or permeability control fluids, sand control gravel pack placement fluids, acid fracturing fluids, and the like. These fluids are stimulation fluids injected in wells which serve also as producing wells for the hydrocarbons initially present in the subterranean formations..
Arkema France


Amido-functionalized gemini surfactant for fluid control in subterranean formations


Controlling fluid flow in a subterranean formation containing water and hydrocarbons utilizing a gemini surfactant introduced to the formation via a wellbore. The gemini surfactant includes a head group having two cationic groups linked by an alkyl spacer, an amide extending from each of the cationic groups, and each amide having a hydrophobic tail extending therefrom..
Halliburton Energy Services Inc.


Engineering formation wettability characteristics


Methods and systems are provided to enhance recovery of hydrocarbons from a formation by altering wettability at a surface of the formation towards more water-wet. One method includes: providing a formation; providing an aqueous stream for injecting into the formation; adding a reducing agent to the aqueous stream; and injecting the aqueous stream with the reducing agent into the formation to alter a surface charge of the surface of the formation to become more water-wet to enhance recovery of hydrocarbons from the formation.
Chevron U.s.a, Inc.


Organic zinc catalyst, and manufacturing method thereof and manufacturing polyalkylene carbonate resin using the same (as amended)


The organic zinc catalyst is a zinc dicarboxylate-based organic zinc catalyst used for a reaction in which a polyalkylene carbonate resin is manufactured from carbon dioxide and epoxide and includes a monocarboxylic acid-derived moiety having a c3-c15 aliphatic hydrocarbon group (provided that at least one oxygen or carbonyl group is included or not included in the aliphatic hydrocarbon group) that is bonded to an end of at least one side of the zinc dicarboxylate-based organic zinc catalyst.. .

Process to prepare aluminoxanes by reaction of alkylaluminium with allylic alcohols


The present invention relates to a process to prepare alkylaluminoxanes by reaction of alkylaluminium with a substituted allylic alcohol of the formula wherein each r1 and r2 independently are an aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon group, and r3, r4, and r5 each independently may be the same hydrocarbon group as r1 and r2 or a hydrogen atom in the presence of an inert organic solvent. Additionally, it relates to the alkylaluminoxanes obtainable by the above process and their use..
Akzo Nobel Chemicals International B.v.


Use of stable lipophilic hydroxylamine compounds for inhibiting polymerization of vinyl monomers


The present invention generally relates to compounds and methods for inhibiting the radical polymerization of unsaturated compounds, particularly vinyl monomers. More particularly, it relates to the use of stable hydroxyl amines to inhibit the polymerization of unsaturated compounds (e.g., vinyl monomers) wherein said stable hydroxylamine is soluble in organic solvents, particularly hydrocarbon solvents consisting of unsaturated and, therefore, polymerizable constituents..
Ecolab Usa Inc.


Process and the production of para-xylene


A process for producing para-xylene (px) comprises supplying a hydrocarbon feed comprising xylenes and ethylbenzene (eb) to a px recovery unit, where a px-rich stream and at least one px-depleted stream are recovered from the feed. The px-depleted stream is then separated into an eb-rich stream and an eb-depleted stream in a divided wall column.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.


Method and applying plasma particles to a liquid and use for disinfecting water


The invention provides a method and apparatus for creating plasma particles and applying the plasma particles to a liquid. Liquid feedstock (e.g., water and/or hydrocarbons mixed with biomass) is pumped through a pipeline; the single-phase stream is then transformed into a biphasic liquid-and-gas stream inside a chamber.

System, blending cement


A system for blending cement and at least one additive during a blending job to create a cement slurry for use in an underground hydrocarbon well includes a mixing tub, at least first and second blenders and a rotatable platform upon which the blenders are mounted. Each blender includes at least one elongated, rotatable, mixing blade extending into the tub to mix the cement and at the additive(s) to form the cement slurry..
Baker Hughes Incorporated


Stable silicoaluminophosphate catalysts for conversion of alkyl halides to olefins


Disclosed is a method for converting an alkyl halide to an olefin. The method includes contacting a silicoaluminophosphate (sapo) catalyst with a feed that includes an alkyl halide under reaction conditions sufficient to produce an olefin hydrocarbon product that includes c2 to c4 olefins.
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.


Composite polyamide membrane post treated with nitrious acid


A method for making a composite polyamide membrane including a porous support and a thin film polyamide layer, wherein the method includes: (i) applying a polar solution comprising a polyfunctional amine monomer and a non-polar solution comprising a polyfunctional acyl halide monomer to a surface of a porous support and interfacially polymerizing the monomers to form a thin film polyamide layer; (ii) treating the thin film polyamide layer with a polyfunctional arene compound; and (iii) exposing the thin film polyamide layer to nitrous acid; wherein the polar and non-polar solutions further comprises at least one of the following: (a) at least one of the solutions further comprises a tri-hydrocarbyl phosphate compound represented by formula (i): and (b) the non-polar solution further comprises an acid-containing monomer comprising a c2-c20 hydrocarbon moiety substituted with at least one carboxylic acid functional group or salt thereof and at least one amine-reactive functional group.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc


Glass panel for display system


A glazing for information display includes an assembly of at least two transparent sheets of inorganic glass or of a plastic, connected together by a thermoplastic or adhesive interlayer or by multilayer sheets incorporating such an interlayer, at least one luminophore material being incorporated into the glazing to enable the display, wherein one of the luminophores includes a benzene ring substituted at least by: two hydroxyl oh groups, a carbon-based r group, the r group including an unsaturated heterocycle, a carbon-based r′ group of formula —coor″, wherein r″ is a hydrocarbon-based group or hydrogen.. .
Saint-gobain Glass France


Biscarbazole derivative and organic electroluminescent element using same


And an organic electroluminescence device in which a plurality of organic thin-film layers including a light emitting layer are disposed between a cathode and an anode, and at least one of the organic thin-film layers include the biscarbazole derivative. The organic electroluminescence device exhibits high emission efficiency and has a long lifetime.

Method of forming resist pattern


A method of forming a resist pattern, including: step a in which a first resist pattern is formed on a substrate, step b in which a basic composition is applied to cover the first resist pattern, step c in which a base contained in the basic composition and the first resist pattern are neutralized to form a developing solution insoluble region on a surface of the first resist pattern, and step d in which the covered first resist pattern is developed, the basic composition containing a basic component, and the basic component containing a polymeric compound having a structural unit (x0) represented by general formula (x0-1) (r is h, c1˜5 alkyl group, c1˜5 halogenated alkyl group; vx01 is divalent hydrocarbon group having ether bond or amide bond or divalent aromatic hydrocarbon group; yx01 is single bond or divalent linking group; rx1 is substituent having nitrogen atom).. .
Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Co., Ltd.


Glass panel for display system


A glazing for information display includes an assembly of two transparent inorganic or plastic sheets, connected together by a thermoplastic or adhesive interlayer or by multilayer sheets incorporating the interlayer, wherein a luminophore material is incorporated to enable the display. One of the luminophores includes a benzene ring substituted at least by: a first ester —coor group, wherein r is a linear or branched carbon-based group including a main carbon-based chain of at least six consecutive carbon atoms, the r group including, if the chain is linear, more than 10 carbon atoms and, if the chain is branched, at least 7 carbon atoms, optionally a second —coor′ group, wherein r′ is another hydrocarbon-based group or hydrogen, the second group optionally being in para position on the benzene ring with respect to the first ester group, two hydroxyl —oh groups that are optionally in para position on the benzene ring..
Saint-gobain Glass France


Identifying sweet spots in unconventional hydrocarbon reservoirs


Techniques for identifying sweet spots in unconventional hydrocarbon reservoirs are described. A rock sample is obtained from an unconventional hydrocarbon reservoir.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


System and transporting hydrocarbons


Methods and systems are provided for producing hydrocarbons from production fluids that have water as an external phase. A method for transporting a hydrocarbon through a pipeline includes injecting water into a production stream at a production center.

Transport of natural gas through solution in liquid hydrocarbon at ambient temperature


A method of transporting natural gas by liquefaction of natural gas at ambient temperature, achieved by mixing the natural gas at high pressure with a hydrocarbon that is a stable liquid at ambient temperature and ambient pressure. The hydrocarbon liquid may be crude oil or a distillate of crude oil.

Methods for forming a tube assembly utilizing a joining agent


A method for joining a flexible tube to a connector having a female fitting that allows relatively facile connection and desirable retention force in a short amount of time. Tube assemblies having a tube bonded to the female fitting of the connector with a joining agent composition including an evaporable liquid hydrocarbon are disclosed..
Teknor Apex Company


Fluid homogenizer system for gas segregated liquid hydrocarbon wells and homogenizing liquids produced by such wells


A method of homogenizing a production fluid from an oil well having one or more wellbores includes separating gas from the production fluid in a vertical or horizontal section of a well casing at a first location spaced from a heel portion of a wellbore, and injecting the separated gas into the production fluid at a second location spaced from the heel portion of the wellbore and provided downstream of the first location.. .
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


Alkali metal silicides for high temperature wettability improvement in carbonate reservoirs


A process for altering a wettability characteristic of a carbonate formation to stimulate oil production includes selecting an oil bearing carbonate formation, injecting a silicide dispersion into the carbonate formation, and reacting the injected silicide dispersion with water. The reaction alters the wettability characteristic of the carbonate formation toward water wettability.
Signa Chemistry, Inc.


Steam assisted gravity drainage with added oxygen ("sagdox") in deep reservoirs


(d) optionally conveying the recovered liquid hydrocarbons to the surface; where the process is absent a removal step of any non-condensable gas from the reservoir.. .

Reducing the carbon emissions intensity of a fuel


Techniques for reducing a carbon emissions intensity of a fuel includes injecting a carbon dioxide fluid into a first wellbore; producing a hydrocarbon fluid from a second wellbore to a terranean surface; and producing a fuel from the produced hydrocarbon fluid, the fuel including a low-carbon fuel and assigned an emissions credit based on a source of the carbon dioxide fluid.. .

A containment system and a using said containment system


A containment system for recovering hydrocarbon fluid from a leaking device comprising a dome sealed to the seafloor around the leaking device and forming a cavity for accumulating hydrocarbon fluid. The dome comprises a first dome and a second dome connected to the first dome.
Total Sa


Antifoaming agents for the paper industry, based on oil in water emulsions


The present invention which provides antifoaming agents for the paper industry, based on oil-in-water emulsions, in which the oil phase accounts for from 5 to 50% by weight of the emulsion if the oil phase of the emulsions contains (a) an alcohol of not less than 12 carbon atoms, fatty esters of alcohols of not less than 22 carbon atoms and c1-c36-carboxylic acids, distillation residues which are obtainable in the preparation of alcohols having a relatively large number of carbon atoms by the oxo synthesis or by the ziegler method and which may furthermore be alkoxylated, a mixture of the stated compounds and (b) optionally a fatty ester of a c12-c22-carboxylic acid with a monohydric to trihydric c1-c18-alcohol and, (c) optionally a hydrocarbon having a boiling point above 200° c. Or a fatty acid of 12 to 22 carbon atoms, in combination with from 1 to 80% by weight of component (d) comprising (d1) polyglyceryl esters which are obtainable by not less than 20% esterification of a polyglycerol mixture of from 0 to 10% by weight of monoglycerol, from 15 to 40% by weight of diglycerol, from 30 to 55% by weight of triglycerol, from 10 to 25% by weight of tetraglycerol, from 0 to 15% by weight of pentaglycerol, from 0 to 10% by weight of hexaglycerol and from 0 to 5% by weight of polyglycerols having higher degrees of condensation with one or more fatty acids of 12 to 36 carbon atoms; and (d2) c18-c30 alkyl behenate.
Basf Se


Engineered recombinant enzymes for methane oxidation


Provided herein are soluble engineered polypeptides for oxidizing hydrocarbons, and methods of use, manufacture, and design thereof. In particular, soluble, polypeptides capable of oxidizing methane to methanol (e.g., hydroxylation) are provided..
Protabit Llc


Modified hydrocarbons


The present invention relates to branched saturated hydrocarbons which are covalently modified with haloalkylene units. Said modified hydrocarbons show low values of wear and friction with respect to the corresponding non modified hydrocarbons and can be conveniently used as lubricants in applications wherein higher resistance to wear and friction is required..
Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.p.a.


Ring opening cross metathesis of vinyl terminated polymers and their functionalized derivatives for fouling mitigation in hydrocarbon refining processes


A compound useful for reducing fouling in a hydrocarbon refining process is provided. A method for preparing the compound includes functionalizing a polymer having a vinyl chain end to obtain a terminal group having one or more anhydride units, and reacting the anhydride units with a polyamine.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company


Ring opening cross metathesis of vinyl terminated polymers and their functionalized derivatives for fouling mitigation in hydrocarbon refining processes


A compound useful for reducing fouling in a hydrocarbon refining process is provided. A method for preparing the compound includes functionalizing a polymer having a vinyl chain end to obtain a terminal group having one or more anhydride units, and reacting the anhydride units with a polyamine.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company


Process and producing and recycling cracked hydrocarbons


A process and apparatus is for recycling lco and/or hco to an fcc unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the fcc unit may be used to improve distillate yield.
Uop Llc


Process and producing and recycling cracked hydrocarbons


A process and apparatus is for recycling lco and/or hco to an fcc unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the fcc unit may be used to improve distillate yield.
Uop Llc


Process and cracking hydrocarbons with recycled catalyst to produce additional distillate


A process and apparatus is for recycling lco and/or hco to an fcc unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the fcc unit may be used to improve distillate yield.
Uop Llc


Process and hydroprocessing and cracking hydrocarbons


A process and apparatus is for recycling lco and/or hco to an fcc unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the fcc unit may be used to improve distillate yield.
Uop Llc


Process and hydroprocessing and cracking hydrocarbons


A process and apparatus is for recycling lco and/or hco to an fcc unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the fcc unit may be used to improve distillate yield.
Uop Llc


Integrated process for conversion of waste plastics to final petrochemical products


An integrated process for the conversion of waste plastics to high value products. The integrated process allows for operation with a hydroprocessing reactor which provides simultaneous hydrogenation, dechlorination, and hydrocracking of components of a hydrocarbon stream to specifications which meet steam cracker requirements..
Sabic Global Technologies, B.v.


Process for preparation of hydrocracking catalyst for use in hydrocracking of hydrocarbon streams


A process for activating and maintaining a catalyst for use in hydrocracking a hydrocarbon stream includes continuously contacting a hydrocarbon stream with a hydroprocessing catalyst in the presence of hydrogen. Sulphides and chloride compounds in the hydrocarbon stream are used such that the hydroprocessing catalyst has the ability to hydrogenate, dechlorinate, and hydrocrack components of the hydrocarbon stream..
Sabic Global Technologies, B.v.


Process for hydrocracking of hydrocarbon streams and pyrolysis oils


A process for hydrocracking of a hydrocarbon stream includes contacting the hydrocarbon stream with a hydroprocessing catalyst in the presence of hydrogen to yield a hydrocarbon product which meets steam cracker requirements for boiling end point, and in additional embodiments, chloride content and olefin content.. .
Sabic Global Technologies, B.v.


Method for selective hydrogenation using a catalyst containing copper and at least one metal selected from between nickel or cobalt


The invention relates to a method for selective hydrogenation of a hydrocarbon feedstock that contains at least 2 carbon atoms per molecule and that has a final boiling point that is less than or equal to 250° c. And that comprises at least one polyunsaturated compound, in which in the presence of hydrogen, said feedstock is brought into contact with at least one catalyst that comprises a substrate and an active metal phase deposited on said substrate; said active metal phase comprises copper and at least one metal that is selected from between nickel and cobalt in a molar ratio of cu:(ni and/or co) of greater than 1..
Ifp Energies Nouvelles


Method for selective hydrogenation using a catalyst containing iron and at least one metal selected from between zinc or copper


The invention concerns a method for selectively hydrogenating a hydrocarbon charge containing at least two carbon atoms per molecule, having a final boiling point which is less than or equal to 250° c., and comprising at least one polyunsaturated compound, wherein the charge, in the presence of hydrogen, is brought into contact with at least one catalyst comprising a carrier and an active metal phase deposited on the carrier, the active metal phase comprising iron and at least one metal selected from zinc and copper in a molar ratio of fe:(zn and/or cu) of between 0.35 and 0.99.. .
Ifp Energies Nouvelles


Process for dechlorination of hydrocarbon streams and pyrolysis oils


A process for dechlorination of a hydrocarbon stream includes contacting the hydrocarbon stream with a hydroprocessing catalyst in the presence of hydrogen to yield a hydrocarbon product which meets steam cracker requirements for chloride content, and in additional embodiments, requirements for olefin content.. .
Sabic Global Technologies, B.v.


Cavitation hydrocarbon refining


Short chain hydrocarbons such as methane, ethane and propane are upgraded by liquefying the hydrocarbons, subjecting the resulting liquids to cavitation to create free alkyl radicals and hydrogen ions, and allowing the free alkyl radicals and hydrogen ions to recombine to form longer chain hydrocarbons.. .
Mechcracker Corporation


Robust integrated process for conversion of waste plastics to final petrochemical products


A robust integrated process for the conversion of waste plastics to high value products. The robust integrated process allows for operation with a single hydroprocessing reactor which provides simultaneous hydrogenation, dechlorination, and hydrocracking of components of a hydrocarbon stream to specifications which meet steam cracker requirements, with the option to further dechlorinate the treated hydrocarbon stream in a polishing zone..
Sabic Global Technologies, B.v.


Liquid crystal aligning agent containing polyimide precursor having thermally-leaving group and/or polyimide


Wherein each of r1, r2, r3 and r4 which are independent of one another, is a hydrogen atom or a c1-20 monovalent hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent, and d is a protecting group to be replaced with a hydrogen atom by heat.. .

Composition for enhanced fracture cleanup using redox treatment


A composition for improved hydrocarbon recovery from a formation due to cleanup of a residual viscous material is provided. The composition comprises an acid precursor, the acid precursor operable to trigger an exothermic reaction component; and the exothermic reaction component operable to generate heat, where the heat is operable to reduce a viscosity of the residual viscous material to create a reduced viscosity material, the reduced viscosity material operable to flow from the fractures..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


Particulate aggregating and surface modification with improved hydrocarbon fluid flow through the aggregated particulates and over solid surface reagents and methods for making and using same


Composition and methods using the compositions are disclosed, where the compositions include heterocyclic aromatic amines, substituted heterocyclic aromatic amines, poly vinyl heterocyclic aromatic amines, co-polymers of vinyl heterocyclic aromatic amine and non amine polymerizable monomers (ethylenically unsaturated mononers and diene monomers), or mixtures or combinations thereof reacted with sulfonic acids, alkyl sulfonic acids, sulfosuccinates, sulfamic acids, sulfuric acids or partially neutralized amine or other alkali sulfonate and/or reacted with alpha hydroxyl carboxcylic acids which form coatings that alter self-aggregating properties and/or aggregation propensities of the particles and surfaces. Furthermore, the coating can be used to improve filtration of fluids through particulate matter and it is found that the coating will increase hydrocarbon liquid and gas flow through or over treated particulates and surfaces..
Sumisaujana Tcm Chemicals Sdn. Bhd.


Particulate aggregating and surface modification with improved hydrocarbon fluid flow through the aggregated particulates and over solid surface reagents and methods for making and using same


Composition and methods using the compositions are disclosed, where the compositions include heterocyclic aromatic amines, substituted heterocyclic aromatic amines, poly vinyl heterocyclic aromatic amines, co-polymers of vinyl heterocyclic aromatic amine and non amine polymerizable monomers (ethylenically unsaturated mononers and diene monomers), or mixtures or combinations thereof reacted with sulfonic acids, alkyl sulfonic acids, sulfosuccinates, sulfamic acids, sulfuric acids or partially neutralized amine or other alkali sulfonate and/or reacted with alpha hydroxyl carboxcylic acids which form coatings that alter self-aggregating properties and/or aggregation propensities of the particles and surfaces. Furthermore, the coating can be used to improve filtration of fluids through particulate matter and it is found that the coating will increase hydrocarbon liquid and gas flow through or over treated particulates and surfaces..
Sumisaujana Tcm Chemicals Sdn. Bhd.


Methods and systems for hydrocarbon recovery


Methods and systems for hydrocarbon material recovery include injecting a monomer-containing solution into a subterranean formation that contains some amount of a hydrocarbon material. The monomer-containing solution includes at least one monomer that may polymerize into a polymer when exposed to a temperature above a monomer polymerization temperature.
Indian Institute Of Technology Madras


Particulate aggregating and surface modification with improved hydrocarbon fluid flow through the aggregated particulates and over solid surface reagents and methods for making and using same


Composition and methods using the compositions are disclosed, where the compositions include heterocyclic aromatic amines, substituted heterocyclic aromatic amines, poly vinyl heterocyclic aromatic amines, co-polymers of vinyl heterocyclic aromatic amine and non amine polymerizable monomers (ethylenically unsaturated mononers and diene monomers), or mixtures or combinations thereof reacted with sulfonic acids, alkyl sulfonic acids, sulfosuccinates, sulfamic acids, sulfuric acids or partially neutralized amine or other alkali sulfonate and/or reacted with alpha hydroxyl carboxcylic acids which form coatings that alter self-aggregating properties and/or aggregation propensities of the particles and surfaces. Furthermore, the coating can be used to improve filtration of fluids through particulate matter and it is found that the coating will increase hydrocarbon liquid and gas flow through or over treated particulates and surfaces..
Sumisaujana Tcm Chemicals Sdn. Bhd.


Barrier films and quantum dot polymer composite articles including the same


Wherein r1 and r2 are each independently hydrogen, an aliphatic hydrocarbon group, an alicyclic hydrocarbon group, an alkylsilyl group, an alkylamino group, an alkoxy group, or an aromatic hydrocarbon group, and wherein the thiol-ene polymer is a polymerization product of a monomer combination including a first monomer having at least two thiol groups at its terminal end and a second monomer having at least two carbon-carbon unsaturated bond-containing groups at its terminal end.. .

Method for producing dispersion liquid containing silver nanoparticles, and dispersion liquid containing silver nanoparticles


The present invention provides a dispersion liquid containing silver nano-particles that develops excellent conductivity by low-temperature calcining and has silver nano-particles stably and well dispersed in a dispersion solvent, and a method for producing the dispersion liquid containing silver nano-particles. [solution] a method for producing a dispersion liquid containing silver nano-particles, comprising: mixing a silver compound with amines comprising an aliphatic monoamine (a) comprising an aliphatic hydrocarbon group and one amino group, said hydrocarbon group having 6 or more carbon atoms in total; and further comprising at least one of: an aliphatic monoamine (b) comprising an aliphatic hydrocarbon group and one amino group, said hydrocarbon group having 5 or less carbon atoms in total; and an aliphatic diamine (c) comprising an aliphatic hydrocarbon group and two amino groups, said hydrocarbon group having 8 or less carbon atoms in total; to form a complex compound comprising the silver compound and the amines; thermally decomposing the complex compound by heating to form silver nano-particles; and dispersing the silver nano-particles in a dispersion solvent containing an alcohol-based solvent and an aliphatic hydrocarbon-based solvent in a specific ratio..
Daicel Corporation


Fluorinated ether composition, its production, coating liquid, substrate having surface-treated layer and its production


To provide a fluorinated ether composition useful for surface treatment to impart water/oil repellency to the surface of a substrate, a method for producing the fluorinated ether composition, and a coating liquid containing the fluorinated ether composition, as well as a substrate having a surface-treated layer, and a method for producing the same. Said composition comprises at least two fluorinated ether compounds which are represented by a-o-q-(cbf2bo)d—x—o—b10 and which are different in b10.
Asahi Glass Company, Limited


Plasticizers for polymers


The present invention refers to plasticizers derived from vegetable oils for thermoplastic polymers and resins, in particular, plasticizers for polyvinylchloride (pvc). Furthermore, the invention relates to a method for preparing such plasticizers.
Fluos S.a.s. Di Giuseppe Chiaradia & C.


Polyurethane foam and process for producing same


A polyurethane foam, polyisocyanurate foam or polyurea foam is obtainable from the reaction of a mixture comprising a) a compound reactive towards isocyanate (“nco-reactive compound”); b) a blowing agent selected from the group comprising linear, branched or cyclic c1 to c6 hydrocarbons, linear,branched or cyclic c1 to c6 fluorocarbons, n2, o2, argon and/or co2, where the blowing agent b) is present in the supercritical or near-critical state; c) a polyisocyanate; d) an amphiphilic isocyanate; and e) optionally a surfactant and f) optionally other auxiliaries and additives. The invention further relates to the production of this polyurethane foam, where the blowing agent is emulsified in the isocyanate component containing amphiphilic isocyanate..
Covestro Deutschland Ag


Flashline heater system and method


The present embodiments provide a system and method for separation within a polymer production process. Specifically, a flashline heater configured according to present embodiments may provide more time than is required for complete vaporization of liquid hydrocarbons that are not entrained within a polymer fluff produced within a polymerization reactor.
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company Lp


Silane-functionalized hydrocarbon polymer modifiers for elastomeric compositions


An elastomeric composition and method incorporating a hydrocarbon polymer modifier with improved permanence. The composition comprises elastomer, filler and silane-functionalized hydrocarbon polymer modifier (si-hpm) adapted to couple the si-hpm to the elastomer, filler or both, wherein the si-hpm comprises an interpolymer of monomers chosen from piperylenes, cyclic pentadienes, aromatics, limonenes, pinenes, amylenes, and combinations thereof.
Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.


Method for the purification of lecithin


Lecithin substantially free of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons, and a food or feed product comprising said lecithin.. .

Novel diamine, polyamic acid, and polyimide


Wherein each of x1 and x5 which are independent of each other, is a single bond or the like; each of x2 and x4 which are independent of each other, is —ch2— or the like; x3 is a c1-6 alkylene or the like; each of y1 and y2 which are independent of each other, is a single bond or the like; r is a c1-20 linear, branched or cyclic hydrocarbon group; and a is 0 or 1).. .

Process for the conversion of methane to c2+ hydrocarbons


A method of making ethane can comprise: introducing a chlorine stream and a methane stream to a first reaction zone comprising a metal oxide catalyst; converting the metal oxide to metal chloride and reacting the methane to form a product stream comprising the c2h4; introducing the metal chloride to a second reaction zone and introducing oxygen to convert the metal chloride to metal oxide and chlorine gas; and directing the metal oxide back to the first reaction zone. Also, a method of making ethane, comprising: introducing only a chlorine stream and a methane stream to a metal oxide catalyst to form the ethane and carbon dioxide, wherein the chlorine stream and the methane stream each comprise less than 1 vol % oxygen, and wherein metal oxide converts to metal chloride; and separately converting the metal chloride back to metal oxide with oxygen from an oxygen source, wherein chlorine gas is produced..
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation


Pneumatically agitated ionic liquid alkylation using vaporization to remove reaction heat


Systems and apparatus for ionic liquid catalyzed hydrocarbon conversion, such as alkylation, using vaporization to remove reaction heat from an ionic liquid reactor and to provide mixing therein, wherein hydrocarbon vapors are withdrawn from the ionic liquid reactor and the withdrawn hydrocarbon vapor is recovered by a hydrocarbon vapor recovery unit in fluid communication with the ionic liquid reactor for recycling condensed hydrocarbons to the ionic liquid reactor. Processes for ionic liquid catalyzed alkylation are also disclosed..
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.


Integrated process for converting light paraffins to gasoline and distillate


An integrated process for converting light (c2-c5) paraffins to hydrocarbon products in the gasoline and distillate boiling range in which a light paraffin fraction is subjected to steam cracking under conditions to maximize weight of c5+ molecules plus a multiple of the weight of c4− olefins. This multiple is preferably between 0.7-1 to result in maximum volume of gasoline and distillate production in the overall conversion to products.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company


Synthesis methods for halosilanes


Disclosed are methods of selectively synthesizing inorganic silanes, such as halosilane and dihalosilane, comprising the step of reacting the halide or halogen (i.e., hx or x2 wherein x is cl, br, or i) with rsih3, wherein r is an unsaturated c4 to c8 cyclic hydrocarbon or heterocycle group, provided that a c6 cyclic aromatic includes at least one hydrocarbyl ligand, in the presence of a catalyst, to produce rh and the inorganic silane having the formula sixhaxb, wherein x=1-4; a=1-9; b=1-9; and a+b=2x+2.. .
L'air Liquide, Société Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procédés Georges Claude


Catalyst for purification of co2 from chlorinated hydrocarbons


A process for the purification of co2 from chlorinated hydrocarbons and non-chlorinated hydrocarbons, comprising: contacting a co2 stream with a chromium oxide catalyst, wherein the stream comprises the co2, and impurities, wherein the impurities comprise the non-chlorinated hydrocarbons and the chlorinated hydrocarbons; forming a purified co2 stream by interacting the impurities with the chromium oxide catalyst to form additional co2 and chromium chloride; and regenerating the chromium oxide catalyst by contacting the chromium chloride with an oxygen containing gas stream.. .
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation


Prereformer bypass


A plant and a process for improved reforming of fluids comprising hydrocarbons. Said production process comprising the steps of: at a first steam mixing point adding a first amount of steam to a process stream obtaining a “first stream mix” and supplying the first stream mix to a prereformer.
Haldor TopsØe A/s


Process for producing ammonia synthesis gas and a revamping a front-end of an ammonia plant


A process for producing ammonia make-up synthesis gas and a procedure for revamping a front-end of an ammonia plant for producing ammonia make-up synthesis gas are disclosed, wherein the make-up synthesis gas is produced by means of steam reforming of a hydrocarbon gaseous feedstock; said front-end includes a primary reformer, a secondary reformer, a shift conversion section, a co2 removal section and optionally a methanation section; a shell-and-tube gas-heated reformer is installed after said secondary reformer, and a portion of the available feedstock is reformed in the tubes of said gas-heated reformer, and heat is provided to the shell side of said gas-heated reformer by at least a portion of product gas leaving the secondary reformer, possibly mixed with product gas leaving the tubes of said gas-heated reformer.. .
Casale Sa


Reaction tube and producing hydrogen cyanide


The reaction tube for preparing hydrogen cyanide comprises a cylindrical tube composed of ceramic, a catalyst comprising platinum applied to the inner wall of the tube and also at least one insert composed of ceramic, having three or four fins pointing from the tube axis to the inner wall of the tube, which is inserted into the cylindrical tube, wherein the fins divide the tube interior space into substantially straight channels with substantially identical circle segment cross sections and wherein the mean gap between the ends of the fins and the inner wall of the tube is in the range of 0.1 to 3 mm. In the method for preparing hydrogen cyanide, ammonia and at least one aliphatic hydrocarbon having 1 to 4 carbon atoms are reacted in the reaction tube at 1000 to 1400° c..
Evonik Degussa Gmbh


Sulfur scavenging materials


Materials which react with (“scavenge”) sulfur compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans, are useful for limiting sulfur-induced corrosion. Surface-modified particles incorporating a hexahydrotriazine moiety are disclosed and used as sulfur scavengers.
International Business Machines Corporation


Pneumatically agitated ionic liquid alkylation using vaporization to remove reaction heat


Systems and apparatus for ionic liquid catalyzed hydrocarbon conversion, such as alkylation, using vaporization to remove reaction heat from an ionic liquid reactor and to provide mixing therein, wherein hydrocarbon vapors are withdrawn from the ionic liquid reactor and the withdrawn hydrocarbon vapor is recovered by a hydrocarbon vapor recovery unit in fluid communication with the ionic liquid reactor for recycling condensed hydrocarbons to the ionic liquid reactor. Processes for ionic liquid catalyzed alkylation are also disclosed..
Chevron U.s.a. Inc.


Process and cracking hydrocarbons with recycled catalyst to produce additional distillate


A process and apparatus is for recycling lco and/or hco to an fcc unit to recover additional distillate. Spent catalyst recycle in the fcc unit may be used to improve distillate yield.
Uop Llc


Silanized highly hydrophobic silicic acids


Hydrophilic silicas, especially pyrogenic hydrophilic silicas, when hydrophobicized with alkoxysilanes bearing lower alkoxy groups and c12 and c14 hydrocarbon groups, exhibit higher hydrophobicity and uniformity of hydrophobicization as compared to silicas hydrophobicized with alkoxy silanes bearing hydrocarbon groups with greater carbon content.. .
Wacker Chemie Ag


Hair cosmetic composition


Wherein r1 and r2 represent h or ch3, and r3 represents a c1-30 hydrocarbon group.. .

Organic electroluminescent device; a charge transporting material for the organic electroluminescent device; and a luminescent device, a display device and a lighting system using the organic electroluminescent device


(r1, r2, and r19 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a phenyl group, a monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10, or a monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6, provided that at least one of r1, r2, and r19 represents a monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10 or a monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6, and that the phenyl group, the monovalent oligoaryl group having the number of rings of from 2 to 10, and the monovalent fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon group having the number of rings of from 2 to 6 do not have an amino group as a substituent; r11 to r18 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; and a1 to a4 each independently represent a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom, provided that when a1 to a4 are a nitrogen atom, r1 and r11 to r13 connecting to the nitrogen atom do not exist.). .

Thermoelectric conversion material, thermoelectric conversion element, article for thermoelectric power generation, and power source for sensor


In formula (1), ring a represents a conjugated hydrocarbon ring or a conjugated heterocyclic ring; x represents a group having one or two or more atoms selected from the group consisting of a carbon atom, an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, a nitrogen atom, a phosphorus atom, and a silicon atom, shared as ring-constituting atoms of the ring a; the average inter-unit distance of the ring a is 1.42 Å or less; r11 and r12 each independently represent a substituent, and may be bonded to each other to form a ring; and the symbol * represents a bonding position for the repeating unit.. .

Field deployable system to measure clumped isotopes


A system and method is provided for enhancing hydrocarbon production. The method and system involve geochemistry analysis and include multiply substituted isotopologue and position specific isotope geochemistry.

Solar calciner enhanced oil recovery


A method of supplying crushed alkaline carbonate from a carbonate resource to a first calcining site having a design calcining capacity; solar calcining crushed carbonate within a prescribed carbon dioxide (co2) delivery distance from a first enhancement location within a first hydrocarbon resource, whereby generating co2 with a local co2 generating capacity and an alkaline oxide; forming a first enhancing fluid comprising generated co2 and delivering it into the first enhancement site having an injector well weighted first enhancement location, whereby mobilizing hydrocarbon in the first enhancement site; producing a produced fluid comprising mobilized hydrocarbon and enhancing fluid; recovering liquid hydrocarbon from the produced fluid; wherein the prescribed co2 delivery distance is less than 67% of a remote co2 delivery distance, to the first enhancement location from a remote calcining site having an equal or greater design calcined co2 generating capacity. Then solar calcining co2 to enhance a second site..
Vast Power Systems, Inc.


Hydrocarbon production facility, production method and upgrade method


A hydrocarbon production facility includes: a hydrocarbon well; a hydrocarbon production line including: in the well, a production tube, and on the surface, an evacuation tube from the production tube; on the surface, a source of pressurized gas; an injection line of pressurized gas in the hydrocarbon production line, linked to the source of pressurized gas; a pump for circulation of hydrocarbon from the well hydrocarbon circulation; a pneumatic motor for supplying power to the pump, fitted on the injection line of the pressurized gas and adapted to be rotated by expansion of the pressurized gas. A corresponding production method and an upgrade method of a facility are also disclosed..
Total Sa


Directional drilling with adjustable bent housings


Adjustable drill string housings are described for use in the directional drilling of wellbores, e.g. Wellbores for hydrocarbon recovery wells.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.


Fluidized bed pyrocarbon coating


Arrangements are provided for assembling multiple substrates for coating within a fluidized bed coater so as to deposit a coating of uniform thickness across the entire exterior surface thereof. One embodiment includes a method for coating orthopedic implants having convex and concave surfaces with pyrocarbon by pyrolytic decomposition of a hydrocarbon..
On-x Life Technologies, Inc.


Methods and systems for acoustically-assisted hydroprocessing at low pressure


Hydroprocessing can be performed at low pressure using acoustic energy. For example, hydroprocessing a feedstock having one or more hydrocarbon compounds carried in, or mixed with, a transport gas involves flowing the feedstock through a reaction zone in a reactor that has a bulk pressure less than 68 atm and applying acoustic energy through the reaction zone.
Battelle Memorial Institute


Pre-processing bio-oil before hydrotreatment


Described are methods and systems for preparing stabilized bio-oil suitable for subsequent hydrotreatment and forming a hydrocarbon product from a stabilized bio-oil. For example, preparing stabilized bio-oil suitable for subsequent hydrotreatment may include filtering bio-oil effective to remove at least a portion of particles having an effective particulate diameter greater than about 10 micrometers; treating the bio-oil effective to remove at least a portion of inorganic species from the bio-oil; and catalytically stabilizing the bio-oil to provide the stabilized bio-oil suitable for subsequent hydrotreatment.
Battelle Memorial Institute


The process for producing hydrocarbons from crude tall oil and tall oil pitch


The present invention relates to a process for producing hydrocarbons, wherein the process comprises the steps, where feedstock comprising cto and top is subjected to pretreatment comprising at least two evaporative steps to yield an evaporated feedstock comprising 30 ppm or less of sodium, 35 ppm or less of phosphorus and 30 ppm or less of silicon, a light fraction and a residue fraction, and subjecting the evaporated feedstock to catalytic hydroprocessing in the presence of hydrogen to yield a hydroprocessing product comprising hydrocarbons boiling in the liquid fuel range. The invention also relates to hydrocarbon components useful as transportation fuel or as a blending component in transportation fuel, obtainable by said process..
Upm-kymmene Corporation


Foam assisted liquid removal using alcohol ether sulfonates


A composition comprising an alcohol ether sulfonate is provided for use in methods of removing a fluid from a subterranean hydrocarbon-containing formation.. .
Ecolab Usa Inc.


Compositions of hydrochlorofluoroolefins


The present invention relates to solvent/cleaner and heat transfer fluid compositions comprising at least one hydrochlorofluoroolefin (hcfo), 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (hcfo-1233zd), particularly the trans-isomer. The hcfo of the present invention can be used in combination with co-agents including, hydrofluorocarbons (hfcs), hydrofluoroolefins (hfos), hydrocarbons, ethers including hydrofluoroethers (hfes), esters, ketones, alcohols, 1,2-transdichloroethylene and mixtures thereof..
Arkema Inc.


Anionic fatty amides used as a dispersant for pigment preparations


The invention relates to aqueous, binder-free pigment preparations containing at least one anionic fatty amide of formula (i), where r is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated c7 to c17-aliphatic hydrocarbon group, a is an anionic group, such as a sulphate, phosphate or methyl-carboxylate group or a sulfosuccinic acid half-ester group, and n represents a whole number between 1 and 30.. .
Clariant International Ltd.


Polymerizable compound, polymerizable composition, polymer, and optically anisotropic product


D represents an alkylene group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or the like, a1 represents a trivalent aromatic group or the like, a2 and a3 represent a divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 30 carbon atoms or the like, a4 and a5 represent a divalent aromatic group having 4 to 30 carbon atoms or the like, q1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms or the like, and m and n are 0 or 1.. .

Acrylonitrile manufacture


A method includes reacting, at a first pressure and in the presence of a catalyst, ammonia, oxygen, and a hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of propane, propylene and isobutylene, and combinations thereof, to provide a reactor effluent stream that includes acrylonitrile. The method includes quenching the reactor effluent stream with a first aqueous stream to provide a quenched stream that includes acrylonitrile.
Ineos Europe Ag


Process for converting oxygenates to olefins


A process for converting oxygenates to olefms comprising: a) contacting an oxygenate containing stream with a molecular sieve catalyst under oxygenate to olefms conversion conditions in a reactor to form an effluent comprising olefms; b) separating c3-hydrocarbons from c4+ hydrocarbons in the effluent; c) separating c1 hydrocarbons and other light gases from c2+ hydrocarbons; d) separating c2 hydrocarbons from the c3 hydrocarbons; e) sending the c3 hydrocarbons to a c3 splitter to separate pro pylene from propane; f) removing propylene from the c3 splitter; and g) removing propane from the c3 splitter.. .
Shell Oil Company


System and removal and eradicating residual oil from produced waters


A system for processing oilfield produced water comprises an onsite non-turbulent fractioning centrifuge configured to pretreat the produced waters and remove emulsified oil therefrom to generate de-oiled water. The centrifuge comprises separating a heavier component from a lighter component within a mixed fluid via a separator chamber, a stack of driven flat discs, a disc shaft rotator, a first outlet for the heavier component and a second outlet for the lighter component and a feed pump that supplies raw fluids to the separator.

High surface area pentasil zeolite and process for making same


Where m is an alkali, alkaline earth, or rare earth metal such as sodium or strontium, r can be a mixture of organoammonium cations and e is a framework element such as gallium, iron, boron, or indium. These zeolites are characterized by unique x-ray diffraction patterns and compositions and have catalytic properties for carrying out various hydrocarbon conversion processes..

Fuel treatment device


A fuel treatment device (2) converts a hydrocarbon-containing fuel into a fuel for a fuel cell (3). The fuel treatment device (2) has for this purpose a mixture formation space (7) for forming and processing a mixture of fuel and another component, a reformer (8) for converting the mixture into a synthesis gas and a desulfurization stage (9) for removing sulfur from the synthesis gas or from the mixture.

Catalyst and process for thermo-neutral reforming of liquid hydrocarbons


The invention relates to a four-component catalyst and a seven-component catalyst and refractory supports for use in the thermoneutral reforming of petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbon fuels.. .
Saudi Arabian Oil Company


Process and reforming a high sulfur-containing liquid fuel


A reforming process and apparatus exhibiting improved catalyst longevity towards reforming a high sulfur-containing liquid fuel. The process involves contacting in a first reforming zone a first oxidant and a liquid fuel containing high molecular weight organosulfur compounds with a partial oxidation catalyst under cpox reaction conditions to form a first reformate stream containing a mixture of unconverted and partially-converted hydrocarbons and one or more low molecular weight sulfur compounds; and then contacting in a second reforming zone the first reformate stream with steam and optionally a second oxidant in the presence of an autothermal reforming catalyst under atr reaction conditions to form a second reformate stream containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen and one or more low molecular weight sulfur compounds.
Precision Combustion, Inc.




Hydrocarbon topics:
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Combustion
  • Exhaust Gas
  • Internal Combustion Engine
  • Refrigerant
  • Hydrofluoroolefin
  • Adsorption
  • Rf Antenna
  • Condensation
  • Functional Groups
  • Carbon Atoms
  • Downstream
  • Frameworks
  • Fractionation
  • Liquefied Natural Gas


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