**Date/App#** |
**List of recent Gauss-related patents** |

04/17/14 20140108326 | **Method for updating a factor graph of an a posteriori probability estimator** A method for updating a factor graph (10;10′;10″) of an a posteriori probability estimator, the factor graph including at least one repetition node (13;13′;13″) and at least one sum node (11;11′;11″), wherein at least two connections are associated with each node, and wherein each connection is associated with an incoming message at the node and with an outgoing message from the node, wherein the method includes the steps of: storing the nodes' incoming and outgoing messages into memory (12;12′;12″) of the estimator as messages belonging to one same class of wrapped and/or sampled gaussian messages; updating the node of the factor graph (10;10′;10″) by using a resulting message belonging to the class of incoming messages, the resulting message being obtained by processing the incoming wrapped and/or sampled gaussian messages.. . |

04/17/14 20140107970 | **Geolocation using high order statistics** A specific emitter identification (sei) method and apparatus is capable of identifying and tracking objects within a geographical area of interest wherein the system and method has not been preprogrammed to look for particular signals. The system and method receives all of the emitted electromagnetic signals emitted from area of interest. |

04/10/14 20140099035 | **Systems and methods for relating images to each other by determining transforms without using image acquisition metadata** Systems and methods for relating images to each other by determining transform functions between the images and the three-dimensional world coordinate system of the object depicted in the image, without using image acquisition metadata are disclosed. Points of interest are independently selected on each image. |

04/03/14 20140095426 | **Heterogeneous data fusion using gaussian processes** A method and apparatus for processing data, the data including a set of one or more system inputs; and a set of one or more system outputs; wherein each system output corresponds to a respective system input; each system input includes a plurality of data points, such that at least one of these data points is from a different data source to at least one other of those data points, the method including performing a kernel function on a given system input from the data and a further system input to provide kernelised data; and inferring a value for further system output corresponding to the further system input; wherein the step of inferring includes applying a gaussian process to the kernelised data. The data sources may be heterogeneous data sources.. |

04/03/14 20140092719 | **Radio transceiver on a chip** An entire radio transceiver can be compeltely integrated into one ic chip. In order to integrate the if filters on the chip, directly modulated vco is used for both up-conversion during transmission, and down-conversion during reception. |

03/27/14 20140087632 | **Machining of an article** A method of forming a profile of a leading edge on an aerofoil having a leading edge extending along an axis and providing a fluid jet that has a gaussian energy distribution profile. The jet is traversed along a path that substantially follows the axis, the maximum energy of the fluid jet being directed to a location offset from the axis.. |

03/27/14 20140086503 | **Method and system for encoding an image using normalized feature vectors** A method, system and computer program product for encoding an image is provided. The image that needs to be represented is represented in the form of a gaussian pyramid which is a scale-space representation of the image and includes several pyramid images. |

03/20/14 20140081696 | **Embedding calendar knowledge in event-driven inventory forecasting** Systems and methods for automatically forecasting the future availability of one or more resources, such as internet advertising opportunities, are described herein. In accordance with various embodiments, a forecasting model that accounts for event-driven resource availability is trained based both on historical supply data and calendar information specifying events and event duration. |

03/20/14 20140078636 | **Systems and methods for magnetic shielding** Systems and methods for magnetic shielding are described. A magnetic shield formed of a material having a high magnetic permeability may be degaussed using a toroidal degaussing coil. |

03/20/14 20140078340 | **White balancing method and image capturing device** A white balancing method includes capturing an original image with red(r), green (g) and blue (b) color channels; computing and converting the r, g and b color channels into original color histogram; stretching the original color histograms over the entire grayscale width from 0 to 255 values; and adjusting a color of the original image based on the stretched color histograms to obtain a white balanced image. In the computing and converting the original color histograms, a sampling length follows a formula of spanm=min{(2h, h), (2w, w)}, wherein h=[log2 h]+1, w=[log2 w]+1, h represents a height of the original image, w represents a width of the original image, [ ] is the gaussian symbol, ( ) is greatest common divisor function, and min{ } means selecting the minimum value. |

03/13/14 20140074768 | **Methods and systems for a track of an object in a multi-dimensional space** Embodiments of the present invention characterizing the uncertainty of the orbital state of an earth-orbiting space object hereof using a gauss von mises probability density function defined on the n+1 dimensional cylindrical manifold n×. Additionally, embodiments of the present invention can include transforming a gauss von mises distribution under a diffeomorphism and approximating the output as a gauss von mises distribution. |

03/13/14 20140074767 | **Method and system for predicting a location of an object in a multi-dimensional space** Embodiments of the present invention characterizing the uncertainty of the orbital state of an earth-orbiting space object hereof using a gauss von mises probability density function defined on the n+1 dimensional cylindrical manifold n×. Additionally, embodiments of the present invention can include transforming a gauss von mises distribution under a diffeomorphism and approximating the output as a gauss von mises distribution. |

03/13/14 20140072233 | **Methods and systems for updating a predicted location of an object in a multi-dimensional space** Embodiments of the present invention characterizing the uncertainty of the orbital state of an earth-orbiting space object hereof using a gauss von mises probability density function defined on the n+1 dimensional cylindrical manifold n×. Additionally, embodiments of the present invention can include transforming a gauss von mises distribution under a diffeomorphism and approximating the output as a gauss von mises distribution. |

03/13/14 20140072084 | **Digital system and method of estimating quasi-harmonic signal non-energy parameters using a digital phase locked loop** The present invention proposes a digital system and method of measuring (estimating) non-energy parameters of the signal (phase, frequency and frequency rate) received in additive mixture with gaussian noise. The first embodiment of the measuring system consists of a pll system tracking variable signal frequency, a block of nco full phase computation (ofpc), a block of signal phase primary estimation (sppe) and a first type adaptive filter filtering the signal from the output of sppe. |

03/13/14 20140072075 | **Dynamic digital pre-distortion system** A dynamic digital pre-distortion (ddpd) system is disclosed to rapidly correct power amplifier (pa) non-linearity and memory effects. To perform pre-distortion, a ddpd engine predistorts an input signal in order to cancel pa nonlinearities as the signal is amplified by the pa. |

03/13/14 20140071561 | **Storage device having degauss circuitry generating degauss signal with multiple decay segments** A hard disk drive or other disk-based storage device comprises a storage disk, a write head configured to write data to the disk, and control circuitry coupled to the write head. The control circuitry comprises a write driver and degauss circuitry associated with the write driver. |

03/13/14 20140071440 | **Apparatus and method for determining optical center in camera module** An apparatus and method for determining optical center in camera module are provided, the method for determining optical center in camera module according to an exemplary embodiment comprising receiving a target image from a camera module including a lens; generating an error data, which is a difference between a pixel value of the target image and a pixel value of a gaussian distribution image; and determining the optical center of the lens based on the error data.. . |

03/06/14 20140067393 | **Model learning device, model generation method, and computer program product** According to an embodiment, a model learning device learns a model having a full covariance matrix shared among a plurality of gaussian distributions. The device includes a first calculator to calculate, from training data, frequencies of occurrence and sufficient statistics of the gaussian distributions contained in the model; and a second calculator to select, on the basis of the frequencies of occurrence and the sufficient statistics, a sharing structure in which a covariance matrix is shared among gaussian distributions, and calculate the full covariance matrix shared in the selected sharing structure.. |

03/06/14 20140064552 | **System and method for utilizing enhanced scene detection in a depth estimation procedure** A system for performing an enhanced scene detection procedure including a sensor device for capturing blur images of a photographic target. The blur images each correspond to a scene type that is detected from a first scene type which is typically a pillbox blur scene, and a second scene type which is typically a gaussian scene type. |

02/27/14 20140056334 | **Enhanced communication over networks using joint matrix decompositions** The disclosure describes examples of systems and methods for communication networks including multiple-input multiple output mimo channels. In these examples, based on a novel decomposition of two or more channel matrices or functions thereof, a mimo channel may be treated as a plurality of parallel scalar additive white gaussian noise (awgn) channels.. |

02/20/14 20140050415 | **Filters and functions using exponential decay** The technology described in this document relates to filters and functions that are based on exponential decay functions. In one aspect, the technology is embodied in a method that includes using a computing device to compute a first function as a combination of (i) an exponential decay function, a decay factor for which is chosen based on a gaussian function, and (ii) at least a second function that is obtained by one or more convolution operations on the decay function. |

02/20/14 20140050250 | **Apparatus and method for generating gaussian pulse and ultra wideband communication apparatus for generating gaussian pulse** A pulse generation apparatus includes a delay pulse generator configured to generate a plurality of delay pulses, an amplitude modulator configured to modulate amplitudes of the plurality of delay pulses, and a gaussian pulse generator configured to generate a gaussian pulse based on the amplitude-modulated delay pulses.. . |

02/13/14 20140046662 | **Method and system for acoustic data selection for training the parameters of an acoustic model** A system and method are presented for acoustic data selection of a particular quality for training the parameters of an acoustic model, such as a hidden markov model and gaussian mixture model, for example, in automatic speech recognition systems in the speech analytics field. A raw acoustic model may be trained using a given speech corpus and maximum likelihood criteria. |

02/13/14 20140044143 | **Laser with a tailored axially symmetric pump beam profile by mode conversion a waveguide** A laser device comprising a pump source (10) operable to generate a pump beam (11) for a resonant cavity in which a laser medium (74) is arranged. A beam-shaping waveguide element (18) is arranged between the pump source and the resonant cavity. |

02/06/14 20140037195 | **Image tag pair graph for image annotation** An approach is described for automatically tagging a single image or multiple images. The approach, in one example embodiment, is based on a graph-based framework that exploits both visual similarity between images and tag correlation within individual images. |

01/30/14 20140029697 | **Gmsk-based modulation in a wireless local area network** A method includes modulating, at a first wireless device, a first signal based on a gaussian minimum shift keying (gmsk) modulation scheme to generate a modulated signal. The method also includes amplifying, at the first wireless device, the modulated signal using a nonlinear power amplifier to generate an output signal. |

01/30/14 20140029138 | **Storage device having degauss circuitry with ramp generator for use in generating chirped degauss signal** A hard disk drive or other disk-based storage device comprises a storage disk, a write head configured to write data to the disk, and control circuitry coupled to the write head. The control circuitry comprises a write driver and degauss circuitry associated with the write driver. |

01/30/14 20140028834 | **Method and apparatus for detecting minimum post spacing in imaging applications** A method includes receiving image data obtained by a laser imaging system. The method also includes identifying a minimum post spacing obtainable in a three-dimensional image constructed using the image data. |

01/30/14 20140027278 | **Magnetron sputtering apparatus** A magnetron sputtering apparatus for processing a substrate includes a target holding member for holding a target installed to face the substrate and a magnet installed at a side opposite to the substrate across the target. In the magnetron sputtering apparatus, plasma is confined on a surface of the target by forming a magnetic field on the target surface by the magnet, on the target surface, a plasma loop is formed around a region on a loop where a vertical magnetic field component perpendicular to the target does not substantially exist while a horizontal magnetic field component parallel to the target mainly exists, and the horizontal magnetic field component at all position on the loop where the horizontal magnetic field mainly exists is in a range of about 500 gauss to 1200 gauss.. |

01/23/14 20140023269 | **Feature descriptor for robust facial expression recognition** A method and system for generating a feature descriptor for robust facial expression recognition pre-processes a facial image using a gaussian filter to smooth the facial image. Then, gradient based images at m scales and n orientations are generated from the pre-processed facial image. |

01/09/14 20140010472 | **Image sharpening method and device** Embodiments of the present invention provide an image sharpening method and device. The method includes performing bilateral filtering processing and difference of gaussians filtering processing on original image information to obtain first image-layer information and second image-layer information respectively. |

01/02/14 20140005945 | **Method for estimation of borehole and formation properties from nuclear logging measurements** Disclosed is a model-independent method for accurate prediction of formation and borehole properties from neutron capture cross section measurements. A mapping function is constructed which maps the input measurements to the properties of interest. |

01/02/14 20140005815 | **Method and system for blind audio watermarking** A method and system for blind audio watermarking has been envisaged. The system embeds an in-audible watermark by modifying a predetermined singular value in the wavelet domain. |

12/26/13 20130346936 | **Method and apparatus to generate pattern-based estimated rc data with analysis of route information** A method and apparatus for improving physical synthesis of a circuit design is described. In one exemplary embodiment, post-route information of nets in the circuit design is analyzed. |

12/26/13 20130345992 | **Method of determining the breaking stress in shear of a part of determined thickness** A method of determining the breaking stress in shear for a part of determined thickness and made up of two elements that are bonded together by a layer of adhesive. A plane sensor emits an ultrasound wave at the part of determined thickness. |

12/26/13 20130342848 | **System and method for optical coherence tomography** In order to obtain oct images in the simplest way possible and with the highest possible resolution and image quality, the light source (20) comprises a radiation source (21) for generating spatially incoherent light, and an optical filter (22) with a bell-shaped or gaussian-shaped spectral filter characteristic for filtering the light generated by the radiation source (21).. . |

12/26/13 20130342837 | **Method and flow cell for characterizing particles by means of non-gaussian temporal signals** The present disclosure relates to the field characterization of particles in a sample solution. More specifically, the present disclosure relates to a flow cell and a method for characterizing particles by means of collected non-gaussian temporal signals. |

12/26/13 20130341183 | **Oxide sintered body and sputtering target** Provided are an oxide sintered body and a sputtering target that are ideal for the production of an oxide semiconductor film for a display device. The oxide sintered body and sputtering target that are provided have both high conductivity and high relative density, are capable of forming an oxide semiconductor film having a high carrier mobility, and in particular, have excellent direct-current discharge stability in that long-term, stable discharge is possible, even when used by the direct-current sputtering method. |

12/19/13 20130339287 | **Method and system for parallel batch processing of data sets using gaussian process with batch upper confidence bound** A method and system for selecting a batch of input data from available input data for parallel evaluation by a function is disclosed. The function is modeled as drawn from a gaussian process. |

12/19/13 20130338983 | **System and method for use in simulating a subterranean reservoir** A computer-implemented method, system, and computer program product are disclosed for updating simulation models of a subterranean reservoir. An ensemble of reservoir models representing a subterranean reservoir having non-gaussian characteristics is provided and the ensemble of reservoir models is updated using a subspace ensemble kalman filter. |

12/19/13 20130338978 | **Generating facies probablity cubes** A method for generating one or more geological models for oil field exploration. The method includes receiving one or more well facies logs, a vertical facies proportion curve, a lateral proportion map, a variogram model and a global target histogram. |

12/19/13 20130338935 | **Mass spectrometry data processing device** In the case where a peak on a mass spectrum is saturated due to, for example, signal saturation in a detector or an amplifier provided downstream thereof, a data processor performs fitting with a gaussian function using data included in the rising part and the falling part (range a) of the peak which are not affected by the saturation, to thereby obtain a desired approximate peak shape b. Then, a mass spectrum in which the saturated peak is replaced with the approximate peak thus obtained is created, the mass-to-charge ratio of the peak top is calculated for this mass spectrum, and this mass spectrum is then displayed on a display screen. |

12/19/13 20130338927 | **Seismic anomaly detection using double-windowed statistical analysis** Method for identifying geologic features from seismic data (11) using seismic anomaly detection by a double-windowed statistical analysis. Subtle features that may be obscured using a single window on the data are made identifiable using two moving windows of user-selected size and shape: a pattern window located within a sampling window larger than the pattern window (12). |

12/19/13 20130337436 | **Substrate coated with nanoparticles, and use thereof for the detection of isolated molecules** The present disclosure relates to a substrate having a surface comprising nanoparticles or groups of nanoparticles which the linear optical response does not depend on the polarisation of the incident field of a gaussian beam having an axis of propagation that is directed perpendicularly to the surface of the substrate. The shape or arrangement of the groups of nanoparticles has a cn-type axis of symmetry perpendicular to the surface, where n is a number equal to three or greater than four, and the shape of the nanoparticles has a cn-type axis of symmetry perpendicular to the surface, where n is a number no less than three, to allow strong enhancement of the beam close to the surface. |

12/19/13 20130336568 | **Apparatus, system, and method for image normalization using a gaussian residual of fit selection criteria** An apparatus and method for image normalization using a gaussian residual of fit selection criteria. The method may include acquiring a two-dimensional image of a plurality of particles, where the plurality of particles comprises a plurality of calibration particles, and identifying a calibration particle by correlating a portion of the image corresponding to the calibration particle to a mathematical model (e.g. |

12/12/13 20130332110 | **Non-iterative mapping of capped cylindrical environments** Method for mapping capped cylindrical environments. The method uses an algorithm for creating an environment map through 3d data segmentation and fitting of right planar capped cylinders. |

12/12/13 20130329972 | **Biomedical data analysis on heterogeneous platform** Methods and apparatus for biomedical data analysis to produce enhanced images of tubular structures are disclosed. A gaussian convolution of an input image is used to calculate a hessian matrix. |

12/12/13 20130329465 | **Quasi-resonant device and system and method for quasi-resonant control of switching power** A quasi-resonant device for a switching power, a quasi-resonant system for a switching power, and a method for a quasi-resonant control of a switching power are provided. The quasi-resonant device includes: a degaussing time sampling module, configured to sample a degaussing time tds of a secondary coil of the transformer according to a feedback signal output by the switching power after the switching tube is turned off; a valley sampling module, configured to sample a resonant valley signal of the quasi-resonant module according to the feedback signal; a time producing module, configured to produce a time t with a predetermined ratio d by processing the degaussing time tds; and a logic processing module, configured to obtain a first valley signal after the time t, and the first valley signal works as a switching signal t′ to turn on the switching tube.. |

12/12/13 20130329139 | **Cellular video, wi-fi and spread spectrum system and method** A modulated video signal, received from a satellite, in a transceiver of a ship and of other water based communication devices, is demodulated and processed in a processor into a baseband processed video signal. The baseband video signal is processed and modulated into a gaussian minimum shift keyed (gmsk) or a code division multiple access (cdma) or a orthogonal division multiple access (ofdm) modulated video signal. |

12/05/13 20130322754 | **Apparatus and method for extracting target, and recording medium storing program for performing the method** A target extracting apparatus and method for extracting a target through probability modeling of pixel brightness values in an image, and a recording medium storing a program for performing the method, are disclosed. The method includes extracting a background image from an input image, modeling brightness values of the input image and the background image based on a gaussian distribution to generate an input image modeling result and a background image modeling result, calculating likelihood ratios for determining whether a pixel in the input image corresponds to a target based on a correlation between the input image modeling result and the background image modeling result and target templates having different sizes; determining a location of the target based on the calculated likelihood ratios; and outputting the determined location of the target.. |

11/21/13 20130311129 | **Combining redundant inertial sensors to create a virtual sensor output** Included are embodiments for determining an inertial quantity. One embodiment of a method includes combining readings from a plurality of inertial sensors to produce an estimate of the value of an inertial quantity in a manner that is fault-tolerant, more accurate than traditional sensor arrangements, and able to handle non-linear and non-gaussian systems. |

11/21/13 20130308860 | **Feature detection in numeric data** Multiplied by the cosine wavelength, in which b is in the range of 0.75 to 1.25, or said filter bank is an nth-order gaussian derivative filter bank with n being in the range of 5 to 20.. . |

11/21/13 20130307651 | **System for providing a magnetic field** A system for providing a magnetic field wherein the system has a magnet exhibiting a magnetic surface field of 1,550 gauss; said magnet incorporated into a securing article; and said securing article is constructed and arranged to attach to a wearer.. . |

11/14/13 20130303776 | **Luminescent material, and organic light-emitting element, wavelength-converting light-emitting element, light-converting light-emitting element, organic laser diode light-emitting element, dye laser, display device, and illumination device using same** A luminescent material includes transition metal complex comprising a ligand in which an electron density of a p orbital of a highest occupied molecular orbital level is higher than 0.239 and lower than 0.711 when the electron density is calculated according to quantum chemical calculation (gaussian09/dft/rb3lyp/6-31g), the p orbital being in the outermost shell of an element coordinated to the metal.. . |

11/14/13 20130301950 | **Multiplierless coprocessor for difference of gaussian (dog) calculation** A hardware architecture is applied to the calculation of a difference-of-gaussian filter, which is typically employed in image processing algorithms. The architecture has a modular structure to easily allow the matching of the desired delay/area ratio as well as a high computational accuracy. |

11/14/13 20130301930 | **Hardware coprocessor for stripe-based interest point detection** A hardware coprocessor architecture calculates the difference-of-gaussian (dog) pyramid of an input image and extracts from this the interest points to be used in several image detection algorithms. Advantages of the architecture include the possibility to process the image by stripes, namely by blocks having one dimension coincident with the input image width, in the absence of an input frame buffer and the possibility to avoid ram memory. |

11/14/13 20130301896 | **Efficient point spread function model for multi-channel collimator in photon imaging including extra-geometric photons** The point spread function of a multi-channel collimator is modeled in photon imaging. The geometric aperture used in the point spread function is expanded to account for penetration, scattering, and/or imperfections of the collimator. |

11/14/13 20130300869 | **Vehicle vision system with lens pollution detection** A vision system for a vehicle includes a camera and a processor operable to process image data captured by the camera. When the vehicle is moving, the processor at least one of (a) reads a selected set of imager register values and compare a contrast of auto exposure control zones, and wherein, responsive to a determination that a range of contrast levels is less than a threshold level, the processor determines that there are contaminants at the lens or cover of the camera, and (b) monitors outputs of photosensing elements of the camera and, when the outputs fit a gaussian distribution, the processor classifies the photosensing elements as blocked elements and, responsive to a determination that a number of the blocked photosensing elements is greater than a threshold level, the processor determines that there are contaminants at the lens or cover of the camera.. |

11/14/13 20130299708 | **Positron ct apparatus and a reconstruction method** When calculating a system matrix (detection probability), adjustment is made by fitting a point spread function (psf) expressed by a gauss function to a profile of count values of radiation with respect to a distance from a point source which emits radiation of the same type as the positron-emitting drug, and a distance range of the above psf is adjusted for each layer in a depth direction of gamma-ray detectors indicating an incident direction in which the radiation strikes. By calculating the system matrix (detection probability) after adjusting the distance range of the function for each layer, improvement can be made in image quality of a reconstructed image.. |

11/07/13 20130295529 | **Method and apparatus for recognizing sign language using electromyogram sensor and gyro sensor** Provided are a method and apparatus for recognizing sign language using an electromyogram sensor and a gyro sensor. The method includes the steps of (a) receiving a gyro measurement signal and an electromyogram measurement signal from the gyro sensor and the electromyogram sensor which are attached to the body of a subject, (b) determining to which of groups clustered with similar fingerspelling motions the gyro measurement signal belongs, (c) acquiring a gaussian model for the electromyogram measurement signal, and (d) comparing the acquired gaussian model with gaussian candidate models for candidate fingerspelling motions which belong to the group determined in step (b), and recognizing the candidate fingerspelling motion corresponding to the gaussian candidate model that is most similar to the acquired gaussian model as the fingerspelling motion of the subject.. |