|| List of recent Fossil Fuel-related patents
|Ionization by magnetic induction for natural gas|
A magnetic ionization device is disclosed that reduces harmful greenhouse gases produced by the incomplete combustion of liquid or gaseous fossil fuels and increases performance efficiency. The magnetic ionization device comprises a pair of brackets secured together around a natural gas line, and at least two permanent rare earth magnet secured to the pair of brackets.
|Systems, methods and components for water treatment and remediation|
A modularizable system for residential water treatment having a low energy requirement to process water for reuse at the residence which results in a reduction in the amount of fossil fuels required to power large water processing stations and transfer ater from water plants to individual residences is disclosed. The system increases availability of water at the residential level in areas where water is a limited or limiting resource (e.g., in arid climates).
|Using fossil fuels to increase biomass-based fuel benefits|
In the production of fuel such as ethanol from carbonaceous feed material such as biomass, a stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide is added to the raw gas stream derived from the feed material, and the resulting combined stream is converted into fuel and a gaseous byproduct such as by a fischer-tropsch reaction. The gaseous byproduct may be utilized in the formation of the aforementioned stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide..
|Composition to improve oxidation stability of fuel oils|
The present invention describes a composition comprising at least one antioxidant and at least one ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer comprising units being derived from at least one alkyl (meth)acrylate having 1 to 30 carbon atoms in the alkyl residue. The composition is useful as cold flow improver and oxidation stabilizer in fossil fuel oil and or biodiesel fuel oil..
A ship that reduces the total amount of fossil fuels and other energy sources required, thereby saving energy. The ship (1) has a plurality of subsystems (10) constructed by dividing a network of power supply lines (3) and signal lines (4) into groups.
|Integrated process for the production of bio-oil from sludge coming from a wastewater purification plant|
Integrated process for the production of bio-oil from sludge coming from a wastewater purification plant comprising the following steps: (a) sending wastewater to said purification plant obtaining sludge; (b) subjecting the sludge obtained in said step (a) to liquefaction, obtaining a mixture including an oily phase consisting of bio-oil, a solid phase and an aqueous phase; (c) sending the aqueous phase obtained in said step (b) to said purification plant. The bio-oil (or “bio-crude”) thus obtained can be advantageously used in the production of bio-fuels which can be used as such, or in a mixture with other automotive fuels.
|Control system and method for power plant|
A method of operation of a thermal power plant having an air separation system with a plurality of air storage unit (asu) compressors and a liquid oxygen/liquid air (lox/la) storage facility for oxyfuel firing of fossil fuel and a power plant having a control system to perform the same are described. The method is characterized by the step of controlling the net power output of the plant in response to short term variations in grid demanded net plant output by dynamically adjusting the works power of the asu compressors preferably in conjunction with co-ordinated changes in firing demand.
|Liquefaction of carbonaceous material and biomass to produce a synthetic fuel|
The present invention relates to production of fuels from carbonaceous material and biomass. In some examples, the carbonaceous material is nonpetroleum fossil fuel or petroleum residuals.
|Renewable blended syngas from a plasma-based system|
A method and system for cost-effectively converting a feedstock using thermal plasma, or other styles of gassifiers, into an energy transfer system using a blended syngas. The feedstock is any organic material or fossil fuel to generate a syngas.
|Plasma feedwater and/or make up water energy transfer system|
A method and system for converting a feedstock using thermal plasma or other gassifier, into a feedwater or make up water energy transfer system. Feedstock is any organic material or fossil fuel.
|Renewable combined cycle low turbine boost|
A method and system for cost effectively converting a feedstock using thermal plasma, or other styles of gassifiers, into to a feedwater energy transfer system. The feedstock can be any organic material, or fossil fuel.
|Air foil for vehicles|
The invention provides an air foil for vehicles, is a specially designed cover for the backs of pickup trucks and trailers that provides them an aerodynamic quality and provides lift reducing their effective weight as they travel in a forward direction. The invention is a self contained system that reduces energy needed to power a motor vehicle without requiring an excess use of fossil fuels.
|Dry scrubber system|
An air quality control system (aqcs) useful for processing a gas stream, such as a flue gas stream emitted from a fossil fuel fired boiler, for at least partial removal of acidic and like pollutants therefrom. The air quality control system includes a cds reactor useful using a reducing agent slurry..
|Assmelby for fossil fuel distribution|
The present invention relates to the field of fossil fuel combustion arrangement. It relates in particular to a fuel distribution assembly for equal and homogenous pulverized fuel distribution in pulverized fuel conduits throughout.
|System and method for cooling and extraction of heavy ashes with increase in total boiler efficiency|
A cooling system for heavy ashes of the type adapted to be used in association with a combustion chamber, in particular for large flow rates of heavy ashes deriving, for example from solid fossil fuel, in an energy-production unit is described. The cooling system has: a transport belt for transporting the heavy ashes, adapted to be arranged below the combustion chamber and having a containment casing and a transport surface equipped with openings for the transit of cooling air, and cooling means for cooling the heavy ashes received on the transport surface..
|Applying ozone nox control to an hrsg for a fossil fuel turbine application|
A method for reducing nox and recovering waste heat from a stream of exhaust gas from a fossil fuel fired turbine includes contacting the stream of exhaust gas between an economizer and an evaporator with ozone gas to convert the no to nitrogen dioxide (no2) thereby forming a stream of exhaust gas comprising no2 and residual no. The method further includes, contacting the stream of exhaust gas comprising no2 and residual no with water mist to create an exhaust stream comprising nitric acid (hno3) and residual no.
The present invention provides a stable fuel composition that can be used as a drop-in replacement for number 2 fuel oil without requiring infrastructure changes. The fuel comprises a continuous phase of mostly biofuel, an aqueous disperse phase, and at least one emulsifier.
|Boiler and operating method of same|
A boiler operating method operates a boiler by switching between air combustion mode and oxygen combustion mode when burning fossil fuel with first combustion gas and second combustion gas. The second combustion gas compensates for oxygen deficiency in the first combustion gas.
|Coolant-to-catalyst fuel modification method and apparatus|
Also disclosed is a method of pre-combustion fuel refinement consisting of the steps of transferring excess heat from engine coolant through a tube disposed through an inlet and outlet of a fuel chamber. In the chamber the heated fossil fuel is forced through the catalytic elements described before returning to the fuel line for injection and combustion..
A splitter divides a flow of low heating value biomass into a central stream and an annular stream. A stable flame may be achieved by combusting the central stream with oxygen.
|Method and apparatus for rapid adsorption-desorption co2 capture|
An apparatus for capture and sequestration of co2 from fossil fuel-fired power plant flue gas includes a polymer matrix embedded with a sorbent suitable for removing co2 from the flue gas and a spacer mated with the polymer matrix. The spacer is adapted to create channels between adjacent portions of the polymer matrix such that the flue gas flows through the channels and comes in contact with the sorbent.
|System for establishing synergism between renewable energy production and fossil energy production|
A method and system for synergism between a renewable energy system and a fossil energy system for the production of marketable energy forms such as electricity, methanol, petroleum-equivalent transportation fuels, urea fertilizer, and industrial hydrogen. Depending on configuration, the invention relates either to fossil-energy-assisted, renewable energy production or to renewable-energy-assisted, fossil energy production.
|Fuel system and process for its production for environmental protective energetic use of urban sewage sludge|
The present invention relates to a fuel system and to a process for the production of such a fuel system by using urban sewage sludge. Environment protective energetic use of urban sewage sludge and the reduction of fossil carbon dioxide are the important goals.
|Method for sootblowing optimization|
A controller determines and adjusts system parameters, including cleanliness levels or sootblower operating settings, that are useful for maintaining the cleanliness of a fossil fuel boiler at an efficient level. Some embodiments use a direct controller to determine cleanliness levels and/or sootblower operating settings.
|Modular, portable and transportable energy storage systems and applications thereof|
A modular transportable high capacity energy storage unit is disclosed. This feature facilitates discrete power generation whereby end-users can generate electricity from non-fossil fuel sources in the course of their normal daily activities, completely independent of the electricity grid or major generation facilities.
|Compositions and methods for recycling plastics comprising polymers via solvent treatment|
Compositions containing a turpentine liquid and methods are disclosed for dissolving, dissolving via melting, selectively dissolving via melting, decomposing plastic comprising a chlorine-containing polymer or thermosetting polymer, and/or co-dissolving plastic with fossil fuel for purifying, separating, recovering or recycling plastic-containing material.. .
The deuterium reactor is a fusion reactor whose design is based upon a non-singular electrostatic required by the quantization of electric charge. This potential allows for a significant reduction in the fusion barrier of deuterium nuclei when these nuclei are held in close proximity, as within a crystal, and preconditioned using a magnetic field.
|Method for establishing synergism between renewable energy production and fossil energy production|
A method and system for synergism between a renewable energy system and a fossil energy system for the production of marketable energy forms. Fossil-energy-assisted, renewable energy production or renewable-energy-assisted, fossil energy production uses coal, hydrocarbon fuel oil, or natural gas as the fossil energy source.
An electric vehicle comprises a power supply operable on a non-fossil fuel supply and an on-board recharging system that includes a wrapped charging bar and that is operable to prevent a dcpcs from being completely discharged except under express command to do so.. .
|Method and apparatus for storing power from irregular and poorly controlled power sources|
Embodiments of the present invention feature storing excess energy from solar, wind, wave, tidal and geothermal energy sources and combinations thereof in the form of upgraded fossil fuels.. .
|Determining acid concentration by boiling point|
There is provided a method for determining total acid number (tan) in a fluid fossil fuel, such as a crude oil, comprising: separating said fluid fossil fuel by liquid chromatography into a plurality of fractions, comprising at least one acidic fraction; determining boiling point distribution of said crude oil, of said acidic fraction, and of said polyacidic fraction by simulated distillation (sd); and correlating said boiling point distributions to acid molecular weights to determine the tan.. .
|Industrial procedure for the obtaining of lower alcohols from solar energy|
The procedure according to the invention allows the obtaining of lower alcohols from the solar energy produced at a high temperature solar thermal power plant which provides, from an energy point of view, the power supply necessary for every step of the procedure, supplying both the electricity power necessary to perform the intermediate steps of the procedure and, essentially, the products involved in the different steps (h2, o2, steam and co2) starting from a supply of wet milled coal, wherein the by-products obtained during these different stages of the procedure are fed back to the procedure itself. The procedure allows the storage of the energy obtained from the sun as lower alcohols, and such alcohols, in turn, may become an alternative to the consumption of fossil fuels, eliminating the risk derived from the production of residues; consequently, it is an especially advantageous procedure, both from an environmental and a production point of view..
|Liquid combustion catalyst composition comprising an ionized metal compound|
Provided is a liquid combustion catalyst composition comprising an ionized metal compound, and more particularly, to a liquid combustion catalyst composition comprising an ionized metal compound, in which the ionic metal compound is added to fuel burning in a combustion engine to quickly achieve a chemical thermal equilibrium condition required for the combustion of fuel such as hydrocarbon fuel, fossil fuel and biomass, and to optimize the amount of air which contains oxygen required for the equilibrium condition in terms of chemical equivalence, thereby improving thermal efficiency and the efficiency of the combustion engine so that fuel consumption for a heat source can be reduced, and optimizing the combustion performed by the combustion device by controlling the generation of sludge, clinker and fouling which may be generated due to an inorganic substance so that a combustion rate per unit area and the productivity of the combustion device can be improved. Provided is a liquid combustion catalyst composition comprising an ionized metal compound or a complex ionic combustion catalyst composition which comprises an ionized metal compound and which has a hydrate form dried at 100° c.
|Localized aeration equipment for growing champignons and other cultivated mushrooms and the method of its usage|
The aim of this invention is a new method of growing champignons and other cultivated mushrooms, comprising of the usage of the shelving system and aeration equipment in order to effectively and equally aerate the compost/substratum and qualitatively/precisely control the temperature on the shelves and their parts. The method of usage of the aeration and management equipment/system integrated into the shelf ensures especially even oxygen supply for the nutrient medium, present on the shelf; very qualitative/precise temperature control not only on the shelf, but also locally in any part of the shelf; extremely high homogeneity control of the nutrient medium; considerably lower electric power consumption during the preparation of the nutrient medium; termination of the anaerobic processes to the minimum in the nutrient material; −10-30% shorter overall cycle of the champignon growing; −10-30% bigger yield collected from the same area; a considerable decrease in the prime cost of the champignons growing.
|Electric power generating speed bump|
The electric generating speed bump generates clean ecologically friendly renewable energy, reduces consumption of fossil fuels in national economy.. .
|Mitigation of harmful combustion emissions using sorbent containing engineered fuel feed stocks|
The invention relates to the use of engineered fuel feedstocks to control the emission of sulfur-based, chlorine-based, nitrogen-based, or mercury-based pollutants, such as so2, so3, h2so4, no, no2, hcl, and hg that are generated during the combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal. Disclosed are novel engineered fuel feedstocks, feedstocks produced by the described processes, methods of making the fuel feedstocks, methods of producing energy from the fuel feedstocks, and methods of generating electricity from the fuel feedstocks..
|Biomass-derived grinding aids|
Compositions and methods for increasing grinding efficiency of cement, cement clinker, raw materials for cement, and other inorganic particles. Use of biomass-derived polyols such as diols, triols, or mixtures thereof, optionally with a conventional grinding aid, cement quality improver, and/or hexavalent chromium reducer, are believed to provide less risk of sludging when compared to glycerides obtained from fossil fuel sources..
|System and method for generating power using a supercritical fluid|
A dual cycle system for generating shaft power using a supercritical fluid and a fossil fuel. The first cycle is an open, air breathing brayton cycle.
|Electric supercharged co-power hybrid vehicle|
Systems and methods to achieve an electric supercharged co-power hybrid drive mechanism using a rankine cycle system to reduce fossil fuel consumption are disclosed. The hybrid drive mechanism can be used by a vehicle or by stationary machine when fast changes of load are required.
|Fuel and combustible mixture used as a substitute for fossil fuels in thermoelectric power plants, industrial and central heating furnaces|
Present invention discloses new combustible mixture and fuel, which during burning releases energy 15 times greater than that of lignite and 4-5 times than that of coke. The combustible mixture consists of the liquid and solid phases, where the solid phase comprises: aluminium powder; at least one m1x2, where m1 can be any metal in oxidation state +2, and x can be any halogen; m2co3, where m2 can be any two-valent metal; zinc ammonia chloride, sio2 in the form of quartz sand; and quick lime; whereas the liquid matter comprises: at least one c1 to c6 carboxylic acid, or at least one anhydride of the mentioned carboxylic acids, or at least one its ester or amide; methylcellulose; and formaldehyde, or its commercially accessible solution—formalin; and water.
|Heteropoly acid promoted catalyst for scr of nox with ammonia|
The present invention concerns the selective removal of nitrogen oxides (nox) from gases. In particular, the invention concerns a process, a highly alkali metal resistant heteropoly acid promoted catalyst and the use of said catalyst for removal of nox from exhaust or flue gases, said gases comprising alkali or earth alkali metals.
|Fossil fuel-fired power station having a removal apparatus for carbon dioxide and process for separating carbon dioxide from an offgas from a fossil fuel-fired power station|
A fossil fuel-fired power station having a removal apparatus for carbon dioxide which is located downstream of a combustion facility and through which an offgas containing carbon dioxide may flow is provided. The removal apparatus comprises an absorption unit and a desorption unit.
|Method and system for fuzzy constrained sootblowing optimization|
A system and method to control of sootblowers in a fossil fueled power plant, in particular to plant applications systems using a graphical programming environment in combination with a set of rules to activate sootblowers. The system can be constrained by time limits and/or rule based time limits.
|Co-gasification of aquatic biomass and coal|
The invention also relates to co-gasification processes for forming syngas from aquatic biomass and a fossil fuel. In one aspect, the invention is to a process for producing syngas, comprising: introducing aquatic biomass, a fossil fuel, water and oxygen to a gasifier and forming syngas comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide; and feeding aquatic biomass with carbon dioxide derived from the syngas.
|Power plant with co2 capture and method to operate such power plant|
A fossil fuel fired power plant for the generation of electrical energy comprises a water steam cycle and a plant (10) for the capture of co2 from exhaust gases emitted by the power plant and a steam jet ejector (24) configured and arranged to receive an input steam flow from a low- or intermediate pressure extraction point in the power plant and to increase its pressure. It is further arranged to receive motive steam (25) from a further extraction point in the power plant.
|Hybrid fossil fuel and solar heated supercritical carbon dioxide power generating system and method|
The present disclosure provides an integrated power generating system and method that combines combustion power generation with solar heating. Specifically, a closed cycle combustion system utilizing a carbon dioxide working fluid can be increased in efficiency by passing at least a portion of a carbon dioxide working fluid through a solar heater prior to passage through a combustor..
|High efficiency conterbalanced dual axis solar tracking array frame system|
A high efficiency, environmentally friendly system comprising a plurality of photovoltaic solar collecting panels (pv panels) is disclosed. The system comprises an outer frame to which a plurality of inner frames are mounted to which the plurality of pv panels are attached.
|Process for the removal of acid gases from the air and from combustion gases from burners and internal combustion engines by means of absorption with sodium hydroxide solution and process for obtaining sodium carbonate in order to acquire carbon credits|
The present invention consists of an absorption process with a chemical reaction to capture acid gases such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide from the ambient air and from combustion gases from burners and internal combustion engines using fossil fuels; the aim of the invention being the acquisition of carbon credits in accordance with the “kyoto protocol on climate change”. The process is carried out in a horizontal spray absorber using an 8% solution of sodium hydroxide as absorption liquid, obtaining sodium carbonate, sodium sulphite, sodium nitrite and nitrate as byproducts.
|Fluid-driven power generation apparatus and system for generating electricity and method of assembling the fluid-driven power generation apparatus|
Fluid-driven power generation apparatus and system for generating electricity and method of assembling the fluid-driven power generation apparatus. The fluid-driven power generation apparatus and system comprises a container for containing a fluid, such as water.
|Francis electric vehicle range extender charge system|
The nature of this invention is to show that just may be, “we” as a nation can free our selves from the grips of “fossil fuel” that has the ability to create havoc and turmoil around the entire world at one time or another. It became perfectly clear to me that this can become the beginning of a new era when key management of our environment is finally in our future.
|Mercury gas sensing using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy|
Disclosed are methods and apparatuses for detecting mercury species in various gas streams, such as those generated from fossil fuel combustion.. .
|Method for managing drilling pipes, drilling tools, well tubing, and the like in ground drilling|
A method for managing drilling rods, drilling tools, well—tubing and the like for ground drilling, particularly for exploring deposits of fossil fuels or geothermal reservoirs. An electronic data processing system stores information regarding the inventory and the present storage location of parts to be inserted into the well, such as drilling rods, drilling pipes, lining tubing, intermediate parts, drill bits, and the like, with additional information being saved in the computing system regarding the installation position and/or installation sequence of all parts inserted into the well so that the computing system can indicate to a user when and from where which part shall be fed to the well hole—supply system and/or to what location which part shall be returned to for storage when it must be removed from the well, and/or the computing system controls an automatic storage, supply, and restorage device..
|Method and apparatus for reduction of pollutants in combustion effluent|
Selective non-catalytic reduction (sncr) of pollutant remissions in a fossil fuel combustion furnace having water cannons installed therein for removing combustion incrustation is accomplished by using the water cannons intended for de-slagging by mixing a reagent with water and administering the mixture under high velocity and high blast flow rate to the interior of the furnace for reduction of pollutant emissions, such as nox, with the water cannons. The water cannons may be switched from the sncr function to a de-slagging function..
|Gas lift assist for fossil fuel wells|
When a fossil fuel well is producing fossil fuel, lift gas injected into the well to bring the naturally occurring fluids in the well to the surface along with the fossil fuel and the plunger if the well has a plunger. An instrument is programmed to use the predetermined criteria to dynamically control the rate of injection of the lift gas into the well..
|Oxycombustion in transport oxy-combustor|
A pressurized transport oxy-combustor with different configurations is disclosed. Substantially pure oxygen is fed to the transport oxy-combustor under pressure to combust fossil fuels, generating steam for power generation.
|Roasting and/or grilling apparatus and heating insert for a roasting and/or grilling apparatus of this kind|
The invention provides a roasting and/or grilling apparatus for cooking purposes, having a cooking chamber, a food holding unit which is arranged in the cooking chamber, and a combustion chamber for arranging a heating apparatus. The combustion chamber surrounds the cooking chamber at least in sections at the sides and the combustion chamber is open to the cooking chamber.
|Vehicle speed, fuel, and revenue optimizer|
Apparatus and methods are used to sense powered vehicle operating conditions, and compute and display to the operator the instant, most advantageous or optimum speed for conditions based on variable and fixed costs for that particular vehicle. Instead of the conventional or traditional display of fuel consumption relative to distance, the invention computes and displays the speed at which all cost factors result in optimal utilization of resources.
|Device to replace nuclear and fossil-fuel steam supply power plants with zero co2 and safe efficient superheated steam|
The invention provides processes and apparatuses for safely, rapidly, cost-effectively producing superheated steam. These processes and apparatuses involves producing clean low-cost electricity by the long rigid power arms generator thereby operating electric-arc furnaces side by side, melting steel repeatedly and tungsten steam pipes bedded in molten steel to produce superheated steam, this method of producing steam will replace nuclear, coal and other fossil fuel method of producing steam on the steam producing side of the equation without dismantling the entire nuclear or coal fired power plants, by merely discarding the nuclear side or the coal side of the either plant altogether.
|Lignin and other products isolated from plant material, methods for isolation and use, and compositions containing lignin and other plant-derived products|
Lignin polymers having distinctive properties, including a generally high molecular weight and generally homogeneous size distribution, as well as preservation of native reactive side groups, are isolated by solvent extraction of plant materials. Methods for isolation of lignin polymers, and for use of the isolated lignin polymers are disclosed.
|Process for treating carbon dioxide containing gas|
A process is disclosed for recycling carbon dioxide emissions from a fossil-fuel power plant into useful carbonated species the process primarily comprises the steps of: a) burning the fossil fuel, thereby generating heat and a hot exhaust gas containing co2; and b) converting the heat into energy. The process is characterized in that it further comprises the steps of: c) cooling the exhaust gas; and d) biologically transforming the co2 contained in the cooled exhaust gas into carbonated species, thereby obtaining a low co2 exhaust gas and producing useful carbonated species.