|| List of recent Evaporation-related patents
| Conductive resin composition and cured product thereof|
A conductive resin composition which includes an epoxy resin (a), a compound (b) having a (meth)acryloyl group and a glycidyl group, a phenolic resin curing agent (c), a radical polymerization initiator (d) and a conductive particle (e). The conductive resin composition which may be b-staged (semi-cured) at a relatively low temperature to exhibit sufficient tack-free properties and excellent pressure-sensitive tackiness.
| Cylindrical evaporation source|
Cylindrical evaporation source which includes, at an outer cylinder wall, target material to be evaporated as well as a first magnetic field source and a second magnetic field source which form at least a part of a magnet system and are arranged in an interior of the cylindrical evaporation source for generating a magnetic field. In this respect, first magnetic field source and second magnetic field source are provided at a carrier system such that a shape and/or a strength of the magnetic field can be set in a predefinable spatial region in accordance with a predefinable scheme.
| Rotary evaporator|
The invention relates to a rotary evaporator (1), including an equipment stand (2) with a protruding guide tower (3) which has a holder on which an evaporation vessel (5) is pivotably retained about a horizontal pivot axis (42). In one embodiment of the invention, the holder includes a holding part connected to the guide tower, wherein a carrying part (43) that can be connected to the evaporation vessel (5) is pivotably retained about a horizontal pivot axis on the holding part, and a spindle drive (44), which includes an adjustment spindle (45) with a self-locking spindle thread (46), is provided to adjust and secure the selected pivot position..
| Electrode fabricating apparatus for rechargeable battery|
An electrode fabricating apparatus for a rechargeable battery according to the present invention includes: a vacuum chamber having an inner space; and a lithium depositor receiving a lithium source and having an evaporation unit heating and evaporating the lithium source, and a nozzle unit positioned on the evaporation unit and controlling an aperture ratio to control a deposition amount of lithium.. .
| Flexographic printing process with wet on wet capability|
The invention refers to a flexographic printing process with wet on wet capability based on controlled polymer or polymer segment precipitation that leads to gel formation of ink compounds by controlling the solubility parameter of the ink system. The mechanism to obtain a desirable wet on wet color trapping is the formation and/or presence of a gel in the applied ink film due to a controlled physicochemical mechanism of resin precipitation.
| Device for detecting evaporation source and method for applying the same|
The present disclosure relates to a process for manufacturing organic light-emitting diode (oled) display panel, and in particular to a device and a method for detecting evaporation source. Through installing a mobile detector above a linear evaporation source, the vapor-deposition rate of the whole linear can be timely and effectively detected.
| Adsorption heat exchanger devices|
Adsorption heat exchanger devices (11, 25) are provided for use in solid sorption refrigeration systems (1) together with methods for making such devices and adsorbent structures therefor. The methods include applying a curable binder, in solution in a solvent, to granular adsorbent material, and then evaporating the solvent and curing the binder.
|Method for inhibiting oxygen and moisture degradation of a device and the resulting device|
A method for inhibiting oxygen and moisture degradation of a device and the resulting device are described herein. To inhibit the oxygen and moisture degradation of the device, a low liquidus temperature (llt) material which typically has a low low liquidus temperature (or in specific embodiments a low glass transition temperature) is used to form a barrier layer on the device.
|Method of fabricating nanotips with controlled profile|
A nanotip, is fabricated by modifying a precursor nanotip having an apex and a shank by applying an electric field in the presence of a reactive gas to perform field-assisted etching wherein atoms are preferentially removed from the shank by chemical interaction with the reactive gas, and controlling the reactive gas pressure and/or tip voltage to vary the electric field so as to promote field evaporation of apex atoms during fabrication of the nanotip and thereby control the overall profile of the resulting nano-tip. The method permits shaping of the overall tip profile..
|Method of recovering hydrocarbons from a reservoir|
A downhole steam generation apparatus and method of use are provided. The apparatus may include an injection section, a combustion section, and an evaporation section.
|Vapor compression refrigeration system|
A vapor compression refrigeration system includes a subcooler provided between a condenser and an evaporator, which is formed by a heat exchanger integrally having a primary side and a secondary side into which a refrigerant which has passed through the primary side flows and in which the primary side and the secondary side have the same heat transfer area and capacity. An expansion valve is provided at a refrigerant entrance on the secondary side of the subcooler, and a primary expansion valve is provided at a refrigerant entrance on the primary side of the subcooler to which the refrigerant is introduced in a vapor compression refrigeration cycle having stages of compression, condensation, expansion and evaporation of the refrigerant.
|Compact total evaporator and device for carrying out the controlled mixing, evaporating and/or reaction of a number of fluids|
A total evaporator for fluids, including a cold chamber to prevent pre-evaporation, an evaporation region connected thereto having narrow flow cross-section for fast evaporation of the fluid, and a subsequent vapor chamber for pulsation damping and the controlled superheating of the vapor, the evaporation region being formed by a gap between concentrically nested cylindrical and/or conical tube sections and heat required for the evaporation and superheating processes is supplied by electric heating and/or by hot fluid and/or by catalytic or homogeneous combustion via the wall of the concentric tubes.. .
|Electron microscopic observation method for observing biological sample in shape as it is, and composition for evaporation suppression under vacuum, scanning electron microscope, and transmission electron microscope used in the method|
The sample observation method by an electron microscope according to the invention includes applying a composition for evaporation suppression containing at least one kind selected from an amphiphilic compound, oils and fats, and an ionic liquid to the surface of a sample to form a thin film, and covering the sample with the thin film, and displaying an electron microscopic image of the sample, which is covered with the thin film and accommodated in a sample chamber under vacuum, on a display device.. .
|Diketopiperazine salts for drug delivery and related methods|
Drug delivery systems have been developed based on the formation of diketopiperazine carboxylate salts and microparticles containing the same. The systems may further comprise a bioactive agent.
|Disinfection cap for disinfecting a male luer end of an infusion therapy device|
The present invention extends to a disinfection cap for disinfecting a male luer end of an infusion therapy device. The disinfection cap can include an internal reservoir containing an antimicrobial or saline solution which is sealed with a flexible septum to prevent the solution from evaporating.
|Liquid-liquid extraction process and apparatus|
This invention provides processes for extracting organic compounds from aqueous samples by using relatively small amounts of extraction solvent and of the aqueous sample to be extracted. This is accomplished by increasing the surface area of the extraction solvent while preventing evaporation of the extraction solvent, which allows for greater extraction efficiency.
|Leakage diagnosis apparatus for evaporated-gas purge system|
A leakage diagnosis apparatus is applied to an evaporated-gas purge system including a negative-pressure sensor and a pressure detecting portion. The negative-pressure sensor introduces a negative pressure into an evaporation system.
|Tetrafluoropropene-based supercritical heat-transfer fluids|
A method for heating a fluid or a body using a vapour compression circuit containing a heat-transfer fluid containing tetrafluoropropene, said method including, successively and cyclically, evaporation of the heat-transfer fluid, compression of the heat-transfer fluid, cooling of the heat-transfer fluid and expansion of the heat-transfer fluid, the heat-transfer fluid being in the supercritical state at the end of compression. Also, an installation suited to implementing this method..
|Method and apparatus for manufacturing organic el device|
Provided are a method and an apparatus for manufacturing an organic el device, which makes it possible to manufacture organic el devices capable of suppressing quality degradation. The method for manufacturing an organic el device, in which constituent layers of an organic el element are formed by deposition over a substrate in the form of a strip, while the substrate is being moved in the longitudinal direction, includes a constituent layer-forming step of performing deposition over one surface of the substrate, while the substrate is being moved in the longitudinal direction, sequentially in first and second deposition units arranged along the moving direction of the substrate by discharging a vaporized material from an evaporation source.
|Thermal conductivity and phase transition heat transfer mechanism including optical element to be cooled by heat transfer of the mechanism|
A thermal conductivity and phase transition heat transfer mechanism incorporates an active optical element. Examples of active optical elements include various phosphor materials for emitting light, various electrically driven light emitters and various devices that generate electrical current or an electrical signal in response to light.
|Fluid treatment methods and systems|
Methods and systems for treatment of wastewater. In some embodiments, the system may comprise one or more modules such as an electrochemical module, an electrocoagulation module, a flotation module, an evaporation module, and an ultrafiltration module.
|Membrane distillation device|
The invention relates to a membrane distillation device, comprising at least one condensation/evaporation stage, which comprises at least one condensation unit and at least one evaporation unit and to which vapor is fed and through which a liquid to be concentrated flows, wherein each condensation unit comprises a first vapor chamber that is bounded at least partially by a condensation wall and to which the fed vapor is supplied and each evaporation unit comprises a second vapor chamber that is bounded at least partially by a vapor-permeable, liquid-tight membrane wall, and in each condensation/evaporation stage at least one flow channel is provided, which is formed between such a condensation unit and such an evaporator unit adjacent to said condensation unit and which conducts the liquid to be concentrated, and thus the liquid to be concentrated is heated by means of the condensation wall, and vapor arising from the liquid to be concentrated enters the second vapor chamber through the membrane wall. At least one condensation/evaporation stage is expanded by an integrated apparatus for preheating the liquid to be concentrated, which apparatus comprises at least one additional vapor chamber, to which the vapor fed to the condensation/evaporation stage is supplied and in which the vapor is condensed, whereby the liquid to be concentrated is preheated..
|Heat dissipating devices and methods|
Heat dissipating devices and methods are disclosed. An example method may include evaporating a liquid working fluid, a resulting vapor phase to absorb heat.
|Photovoltaic device including a p-n junction and method of manufacturing|
A photovoltaic device includes a substrate structure and a p-type semiconductor absorber layer, the substrate structure including a cdsse layer. A photovoltaic device may alternatively include a cdsete layer.
|Solar direct steam generation power plant combined with heat storage unit|
This mixer-evaporator serves, in turn, for evaporation of condensate obtained in a condenser of a turbine unit; the evaporation process is based on utilization of sensible heat of the superheated steam.. .
|Roll-formed conduit-arch for leach field|
In an apparatus for disposing of wastewater in subsurface soil, corrosion-resistant wire-mesh is formed by profile-rolling into a conduit-arch skeletal framework with open floor and is covered with non-woven geofabric. This conduit, set in excavated trenches to form a leach field and is buried with permeable soil cover, allows dispersal of wastewater throughout the trenches without distribution pipe or crushed stone, and allows substantial evaporation from the trenches and substantial air infiltration into the trenches to encourage aerobic degradation of organics and ammonium.
|Plant and method for producing a semiconductor film|
The plant is suitable to produce a semiconductor film (8) having a desired thickness and consisting substantially of a compound including at least one element for each of the groups 11, 13, and 16 of the periodic classification of elements. The plant comprises an outer case (1) embedding a chamber (2) divided into one deposition zone (2a) and one evaporation zone (2b), which are separated by a screen (3) interrupted by at least one cylindrical transfer member provided with actuation means rotating about its axis (5).
|Dewatering method using a wicking material|
A wet material having at least a liquid portion is dewatered by providing one or more wicking members of wicking material arranged to transfer moisture passively by wicking therethrough from a contacting portion in contact with the wet material to an evaporating portion where the transferred liquid portion is arranged to be evaporated. In some embodiments conductive elements are included in the wicking member to assist in distributing heat across the wicking member which enhances the evaporation of moisture transferred therethrough from the wet material.
|Flexible belt evaporator|
The flexible belt evaporator employs an endless woven textile belt serving as a carrier for saline or otherwise contaminated water for evaporation of the water therefrom, and also serves as the evaporator surface. Mechanical equipment immersed in the saltwater and corresponding maintenance difficulties are largely avoided by placing most or all belt rollers clear of the liquid water tank of the system.
|Method of alloying reactive components|
Metal ingots for forming single-crystal shape-memory alloys (smas) may be fabricated with high reliability and control by alloying thin layers of material together. In this improved method, a reactive layer (e.g., aluminum) is provided in thin flat layers between layers of other materials (e.g., copper and layers of nickel).
An evaporative chiller utilizes an evaporative-cooled gypsum-ceramic casting to chill air passing through a passageway formed within the casting. Placed within an outer housing, the gypsum-ceramic casting has an outer wicking layer that maintains water saturation of the casting.
|Compact dessicant and zeolite bodies for use in a downhole sorption cooling system|
A sorption cooling apparatus for cooling a region in a downhole tool deployed on a wellbore conveyance device includes a container having an interior chamber in which a first region is formed, a liquid refrigerant residing in the interior chamber, a chamber located in a second region of the downhole tool, a compact desiccant body in the chamber, and a refrigerant passage between a first region containing the liquid refrigerant and the second region containing the compact desiccant body. The vapor generated during evaporation of the liquid refrigerant passes through the vapor passage to the compact desiccant in the second region..
|Refrigeration system with isentropic expansion nozzle|
A refrigeration system is provided that comprises a compressor, condenser, a thermal expansion valve, an isentropic expansion nozzle, and an evaporator. An isentropic expansion nozzle includes an inlet and an outlet with the isentropic expansion nozzle inlet fluidly coupled to a thermal expansion valve outlet.
|Cryogenic balloon ablation instruments and systems|
Cryogenic tissue ablation instruments for treating body tissue include an elongate flexible body with a proximal supply port for coupling with a pressurized coolant (e.g., liquid n2o), a supply lumen in fluid communication with the proximal supply port, and an expandable cryogenic balloon carried on a distal portion of the elongate body, the balloon having a wall defining an interior of the balloon. A dispersion member coupled to or otherwise formed out of a distal end portion of the elongate body has an interior lumen in fluid communication with or otherwise comprising a portion of the supply lumen, the dispersion member having one or more coolant dispersion apertures in fluid communication with the balloon interior and sized and located with respect to the balloon wall such that a pressurized flowable coolant in the supply lumen will enter the balloon interior through the one or more apertures in the form of a liquid spray that contacts and provides (through rapid evaporation) substantially uniform cooling of an interior wall surface of a treatment region of the balloon..
|Synthesis and use of polyhydroxyalkanoate (pha) nanocapsules as a protein carrier|
A method of synthesizing pha nanocapsules as a protein carrier, particularly, the synthesis of pha nanocapsules synthesized by a modified precipitation/solvent evaporation technique with neutralization. Specifically, the method comprises the steps of sonicating a first solution comprising a triblock pha copolymer, stirring the first solution into a second solution to give a third solution, the second solution containing a protein, and the second solution being acidic.
There is provided a method of producing a mixed metal compound comprising at least mg2+ and at least fe3 + having an aluminium content of less than 10000 ppm, having an average crystal size of less than 20 nm (200 a) comprising the steps of: (a) combining a mg2+ salt and a fe3 + salt with na2co3 and naoh to produce a slurry, wherein the ph of the slurry is maintained at from 9 5 to 1 1, and wherein the na2co3 is provided at an excess of 0 to 4.0 moles than is required to complete the reaction (b) subjecting the slurry to mixing under conditions providing a power per unit volume of 0 03 to 1.6 kw/m3 (c) separating the mixed metal compound from the slurry, to obtain a crude product having a dry solid content of at least 10 wt % (d) drying the crude product either by (i) heating the crude product to a temperature of no greater than 150° c. And sufficient to provide a water evaporation rate of 0.05 to 1 5 kg water per hour per kg of dry product, or (h) exposing the crude product to rapid drying at a water evaporation rate of 500 to 50000 kg water per hour per kg of dry product..
|Vacuum refining furnace|
A vacuum refining furnace, including a furnace body, a graphite heater, an electrode, and a sealed furnace housing. The furnace body includes an evaporation laminate, a graphite condensing casing, and a graphite insulating casing.
|Integrated thin film evaporation thermal spreader and planar heat pipe heat sink|
A heat dissipation device and method provides thermal spreading and cooling for a heat-producing body. A thin film evaporator in thermal communication with the heat-producing body removes heat from the heat-producing body using a working fluid.
The invention relates to an inhaler component for forming a vapour/air mixture or/and condensation aerosol by evaporation of a liquid material (18) and, if appropriate, condensation of the formed vapour, comprising: an electric heating element for evaporating a portion of the liquid material (18); a wick with a capillary structure, which wick forms a composite (10) with the heating element and automatically supplies the heating element with the liquid material (18); a carrier plate (11), preferably a printed circuit board, which carries the composite (10) and on which the heating element is electrically contacted; a capillary gap (16) formed at least partially by the carrier plate (11) and automatically supplying the composite (10) with the liquid material (18), by means of an end portion of the wick extending into the capillary gap (16); a liquid container (19) which contains the liquid material (18) and from which the capillary gap (16) draws the liquid material (18). In order to achieve a compact overall arrangement, it is proposed that the capillary gap (16) at least partially covers the liquid container (19) on the outside, in a view perpendicular to the carrier plate (11)..
|Systems and methods for applying a novel antimicrobial coating material to a medical device|
An antimicrobial composition, generally comprising a biocidal agent, such as chlorhexidine gluconate, a lubricant, such as a modified siloxane, and a solvent, such as an alcohol and/or water. The biocidal agent acts as a highly effective biocide while the lubricant reduces friction between various components of a medical device during assembly.
|Film formation method and film formation apparatus|
Provided is a film formation apparatus with which an anti-fouling film having high usability and antiwear performance may be formed efficiently. According to a film formation apparatus (1) of the present invention, a substrate holder (12) which comprises a basal body holding surface for folding a plurality of substrates (14) is disposed in a vacuum container (10) in a rotatable manner.
|Ink for ink jet recording apparatuses and image forming method|
An ink for ink jet recording apparatuses contains water and a pigment dispersion containing a resin and carbon black. The ink additionally contains a surfactant including a compound expressed by the general formula (i) below, and the mass average molecular weight of the resin, the dbp oil absorption of the carbon black, the content of the resin with respect to the content of the carbon black in the pigment dispersion, and the dried-by-evaporation viscosity v40, which is the viscosity of the ink at the dryness of 40% by mass, are all within the respective predetermined ranges..
|Apparatus for preserving cooked food palatability|
An encapsulated environment is an air-circulation-restricted volume, preferably just large enough to hold a single serving of a cooked, protein containing food product. Restricting the air circulation reduces the evaporation of gases and liquids that are normally lost over time.
|Evaporative recirculation cooling water system, method of operating an evaporative recirculation cooling water system and a method of operating a water deionizing system|
An evaporative recirculation cooling water system, the system having a recirculation loop to recirculate water through the system, a construction with a space to cool the water in the recirculation loop by evaporation, and a water entry point to allow water into the recirculation loop. The system has a charge barrier flow through capacitor constructed and arranged to remove ions from the water and a dosing system whereby a scale inhibitor is continuously dosed into the inlet flow into the flow through capacitor..
|Solar-powered humidification-dehumidification desalination system|
The solar-powered humidification-dehumidification desalination system includes a supply of saline/brackish water passing through a dehumidifier/condenser. The saline/brackish water is preheated in the dehumidifier/condenser due to the condensation process.
|Method of manufacturing a flip chip package and apparatus to attach a semiconductor chip used in the method|
A method and apparatus to manufacture a flip chip package includes dotting a flux on a first preliminary bump of a package substrate, attaching a preliminary bump of a first semiconductor chip to the first preliminary bump of the package substrate via the flux, dotting a flux on a second preliminary bump of the package substrate, and attaching a preliminary bump of a second semiconductor chip to the second preliminary bump of the package substrate via the flux. Accordingly, an evaporation of the flux on the preliminary bump of the package substrate may be suppressed..
|Method and device for coating with polyimide solution|
A method and device for coating with polyimide solution are provided. The method includes the following steps: placing a glass substrate onto a support surface to form a face contact therebetween; heating the glass substrate to a preset coating temperature through the support surface; and coating the glass substrate with the polyimide solution.
|Method for drying-conservation of natural substances|
The invention comprises of an implementation of the lyophilization process in a method for a large-scale preservation of the entire biological material prior to the extraction and/or the utilization/manipulation of any substances of the biological content. The drying-conservation of all the natural substances is achieved via deep-freezing evaporation followed by complete drying of the biological material by the means of sublimation, and other additional manipulations and procedures suitable for the preparation of various commercially viable products further on..
|Ferroelectric energy conversion using phase changing fluids|
The invention provides apparatus and methods for heating and cooling ferroelectric materials during a conversion between thermal and electrical energy. One method comprises the use of a fluid that performs repeated heating and cooling cycles, e.g., ‘thermal cycling’, of ferroelectric materials during the evaporation and condensation of a phase changing fluid.
|Method for reprocessing wastewater and water treatment machine|
Waste water from an industrial process, including an organic acid, is reprocessed by introducing the waste water into a heat exchange process in which a heat exchange medium is used so that the waste water which is to be treated is heated to a temperature between 60° c. And the boiling point of the waste water.
|Capillary device for use in heat pipe and method of manufacturing such capillary device|
A capillary device (102) for use in a heat pipe in which heat is transferred from at least one evaporation region to at least one condensation region by means of evaporated working fluid is disclosed. The capillary device comprises a body portion defining chambers (108) containing powdered material (110) therein, wherein at least part of the periphery of at least one said chamber is porous to allow flow of condensed working fluid, by means of capillary action, through said powdered material in said chamber when flowing from a condensation region to an evaporation region..
|Solar array system for covering a body of water|
Systems and methods for supporting a solar panel array are disclosed, with embodiments specifically directed to spanning bodies of water such as aqueducts, canals, or other waterways. Cable truss assemblies are used to support panel receivers and solar panels mounted over the panel receivers.
|Refrigeration valve block|
A service valve assembly that is designed to minimize leakage by reducing the number of leakage paths from the valve assembly. In addition, the service valve assembly is designed to permit connection to many different refrigeration systems and has higher flow capacity.
|Process for the treatment of a recyclying stream from a plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones|
Giving a pure n-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone stream (2) which can be returned to the plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones, via a final distillation in a final column (k), which comprises preceding the final distillation by a preliminary purification by evaporation in one or more evaporator stages for reducing the level of inorganic salts, where one or more vapor streams (3, 4, 5) are obtained, which are introduced as feed streams into the final column (k), and where the bottom stream from the last evaporator stage is removed, and where a substream (9) comprising 1.0% by weight to 10% by weight of the bottom stream (7) from the final column (k) is removed, and the rest of the bottom stream from the final column (k) is recycled into the last evaporator stage.. .
|Process for the treatment of a recycling stream from a plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones|
Giving a pure n-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone stream (2) which can be returned to the plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones, via a final distillation process in a final column (k), which comprises preceding the final distillation by a preliminary purification by evaporation in one or more evaporator stages for reducing the level of inorganic salts, where one or more vapor streams (3, 4, 5) are obtained which are introduced as feed streams into the final column (k), and where the bottom stream from the last evaporator stage is removed and the bottom stream from the final column (k) is recycled in full into the last evaporator stage.. .
|Telechelic macromer, method for producing telechelic macromer and composition containing telechelic macromer|
A telechelic macromer is disclosed having (meth)acrylic end-groups and a core. The macromer defined by formula 1 comprises a core y (formulas 2 to 9) that is linked to (meth)acrylic groups by urethane, ester or anhydride bonds and has iodine value ranging from 5 to 75.
|Moisture management support garment with a denier differential mechanism|
A moisture management fabric using denier differential to facilitate the movement of sweat away from the wearer's body is presented. An exemplary moisture management support garment constructed from an exemplary moisture management fabric is presented.
|Method and apparatus for maufacturing organic el device|
Provided is a method and an apparatus for manufacturing an organic el device which make it possible to manufacture organic el devices capable of suppressing quality degradation. The method for manufacturing an organic el device, in which constituent layers of an organic el element are formed over a substrate in the form of a strip by deposition, while the substrate is being moved in the longitudinal direction, includes: a constituent layer-forming step of performing deposition over one surface of the substrate, while the substrate is being moved in the longitudinal direction, sequentially in an upward deposition unit and a lateral deposition unit provided along the moving direction of the substrate by discharging a vaporized material from an evaporation source.
|Measurement device and method for vapour deposition applications|
In vapour deposition applications, especially oled mass production, where it is necessary to measure and/or control the deposition rate of evaporation sources within specific tolerances, a measurement system is adapted to use robust and accurate optical thickness measurement methods at high and low rate sources, so that the thickness of a layer deposited on a substrate can be measured and controlled. A first evaporation source (11) deposits a layer of material on a substrate (20).
The present invention relates to an air purifier, comprising a housing, an air dynamic unit, an ultraviolet light-emitting unit, an evaporation container for accommodating neutralizer, and a catalyst device. The air dynamic unit is disposed at the inlet of the housing.
|Process for the treatment of a recycling stream from a plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones|
Giving a pure n-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone stream (2) which can be returned to the plant for the production of polyarylene ether sulfones, via a final distillation in a final column (k), which comprises preceding the final distillation by a preliminary purification by evaporation in one or more evaporator stages for reducing the level of inorganic salts, where one or more vapor streams (3, 4, 5) are obtained which are supplied as feed streams to the final column (k), and where the bottom stream from the last evaporator stage is removed and the bottom stream from the final column (k) is supplied in part or in full to an additional column (k), in which it is separated into a bottom steam (11), which is removed, and into an overhead stream (12), which is recycled to the final column (k).. .
A refrigerating apparatus includes an insulation housing including an inner box. The inner box has first and second side plates and a first curved corner connecting the first and second side plates; and a first refrigerating circuit including a first compressor and a first evaporator constituted by a first evaporation pipe, the first evaporation pipe including a first portion extending a horizontal direction and a second portion extending a vertical direction.
A refrigerating apparatus includes an insulation housing including an inner box. The inner box has side plates and first and second refrigerating circuits including a first evaporation pipe and a second evaporation pipe, respectively.
|Single-dose pharmaceutical preparation of thyroid hormones t3 and/or t4|
The present invention relates to a single-dose formulation for oral use of the thyroid hormones triiodothyronine or liothyronine (t3) and tetraiodothyronine or thyroxine (t4) in water-alcohol solution, which is physically and chemically stable, protected against accidental or microbiological contamination, in a container for pharmaceutical use which is squeezable and impermeable to the evaporation of the volatile substances it contains, and the corresponding means for implementing it.. .
|Method for increasing evaporation rate of an evaporative pond using solar energy|
A method for increasing the evaporation rate of an evaporative pond comprising a pond liquor comprising water and at least 1% by weight of sodium carbonate, said evaporative pond being in contact with an ambient air at an ambient air temperature of more than 0° c., the method comprising the following steps: feeding part of the pond liquor to a heat exchanger; heating the pond liquor in the heat exchanger with heat and producing a heated pond liquor; feeding the heated pond liquor into a spraying device at a temperature called hereafter ‘operating temperature’ of at least 10° c. Above the ambient air temperature; and spraying the heated pond liquor into an open area of the evaporative pond with the spraying device, so as to evaporate at least part of the water of the pond liquor when sprayed..
|Organic light-emitting diode package structure and method for forming the same|
An oled package structure includes: a substrate, on which an organic light-emitting element is provided, and a cover plate having an annular groove surrounding the organic light-emitting element thereon. A packaging adhesive, partly inside the groove and partly outside the groove, adheres the cover plate to the substrate to seal the organic light-emitting element.
Evaporation source, in particular for use in a sputtering process or in a vacuum arc evaporation process, preferably a cathode vacuum arc evaporation process. The evaporation source includes an inner base body which is arranged in an outer carrier body and which is arranged with respect to the outer carrier body such that a cooling space in flow communication with an inlet and an outlet is formed between the base body and the carrier body.
|Method and apparatus for ethanol production|
An integrated bioethanol production and evaporation process and system produce reduces high quality ethanol and concentrated stillage. The process and system provide a significant energy savings over conventional bioethanol production and evaporation systems by using the energy (“vapor”) that drives the distillation process to also drive a multiple effect evaporator, preferably a multiple effect taste™ evaporator to “flash” or vaporize alcohol from the distillate.
|Method for increasing evaporation rate of an evaporative pond|
A method for increasing the evaporation rate of an evaporative pond containing pond liquor comprising water and at least 1% by weight of sodium carbonate, said evaporative pond being in contact with an ambient air at an ambient air temperature of more than 0° c., the method comprising the following steps: feeding part of the pond liquor to a heat exchanger; heating the pond liquor in the heat exchanger with heat and producing a heated pond liquor; feeding the heated pond liquor into a spraying device at an operating temperature of at least 10° c. Above the ambient air temperature; and spraying the heated pond liquor into an open area of the evaporative pond with the spraying device, so as to evaporate at least part of the water of the pond liquor when sprayed..
|Land based or floating wastewater evaporator|
At least one electric atomizing fan is mounted on a portable land craft or a raft. An electric pump delivers pond water to the land craft or raft to evaporate the pond water.
|Evaporation cooler and pad|
The evaporative cooler and pad operates on the principle of cooling the air by evaporation of water passing through one or more evaporator pads in the cooler. The evaporation of water cools the air as it is drawn through the cooler by an internal fan.