|| List of recent Evaporation-related patents
|Thermal control of droplets by nanoscale field effect transistors|
Provided herein are methods and devices for rapidly and accurately heating fluid droplets surrounded by a gas-phase medium, such as air. Sub-nanoliter fluid droplets can be rapidly heated by nanoscale field effect transistors via microwave heating by an applied ac voltage to the fet.
|Evaporation device and evaporation method thereof|
The disclosure discloses an evaporation device and evaporation method. The evaporation device includes a main chamber for accommodating the evaporation source and the substrate; a first extension chamber and a second extension chamber respectively and alternately communicating with the main chamber; and a first metal mask inside the first extension chamber, intermittently entering the main chamber, and a second metal mask inside the second extension chamber, intermittently entering the main chamber with respective to the first metal mask, such that the evaporation material is able to pass the first or the second metal mask and then on the substrate..
|Method for continuous synthesis of metal oxide powders|
A method for the rapid and continuous production of crystalline mixed-metal oxides from a precursor solution comprised of a polymerizing agent, chelated metal ions, and a solvent. The method discharges solution droplets of less than 500 μm diameter using an atomizing or spray-type process into a reactor having multiple temperature zones.
|Low-noise computer heat dissipation device|
The present application discloses a low-noise computer heat dissipation device, which relates to electronic devices, and more particularly to the dissipation of heat generated by computer devices such as a server, a network device, a personal computer (pc), a notebook computer, etc. The computer heat dissipation device comprises a heat conduction member, a central radiator, and auxiliary heat dissipation fans.
|Apparatus and methods for forming chalcopyrite layers onto a substrate|
A method generally comprises providing heat to a substrate in at least one buffer chamber and transferring the substrate to at least one deposition chamber that is coupled to the buffer chamber via an conveyor. The method also includes depositing a first set of a plurality of elements, using sputtering, and a second set of a plurality of elements, using evaporation, onto at least a portion of the substrate in the deposition chamber..
|Distillation system under vacuum produced by a barometric column|
A high density water concentrator system of the invention comprises a high density water incoming line (t) in which high density water formed in a water distillation system is taken; a first part (i) comprising a first pond (i c) in which the water coming from the line (t) is accumulated and which is in connection with the atmosphere, an evaporation compartment (ia) in which at least some part of the water taken from the line (t) is transferred by a high density water transfer line (t l) and which is provided with a vacuum environment therein, and a first column (i b); a steam line (b) by which the steam is taken from a steam source, a part of which is located in the evaporation compartment (ia), which evaporates the water in the evaporation compartment (1a) by the passing of the steam; a second part (2) comprising a condensation compartment (2a) in which the steam coming from the steam line (b) and the steam obtained in the evaporation compartment (1a) are transferred, a cooling compartment (2b) in which condensation compartment (2a) is positioned, a second column (2c) which is in connection with the condensation compartment (2a) and in which the mixture of water and steam is accumulated; a distilled water outlet (a) by which the water in the second column (2c) is taken.. .
|Steam condensation and water distillation system|
The steam condensation and water distillation system of the present invention comprises a first part (3) which comprises an evaporation compartment (3b) in which later received from a water source is evaporated and which is provided with a vacuum environment therein and at least one first column (3a) in which high density water is accumulated; a steam line (b 1) a part of which is located in the evaporation compartment (3b); a condensation pool (2a) in which the steam in the steam line (b 1) is transferred; a second part (5) which comprises a condensation compartment (5c) in which the steam in the evaporation compartment (3b) is transferred and which is provided with a vacuum environment, a second column (5a) in which distilled water formed by the condensation of the steam is accumulated, and a distilled water compartment (5b) which is provided with an amount of clean water therein, in which condensation compartment (5c) is positioned; a first distilled water line (a1) which is in connection with the distilled water compartment (5b) and the second column (5a), and by which the water coming from them are transferred to the distilled water compartment (5b) again by being cooled; a second distilled water line (a2) by which distilled water is transferred for using.. .
|Air conditioner for vehicle|
When a refrigerant evaporation temperature of an interior evaporator cannot be set lower than a dew-point temperature of air flowing into the interior evaporator in a heating operation, a refrigerant circuit is switched to a normal heating operation mode in which a flow rate of the refrigerant flowing into the interior evaporator is set to zero by allowing the refrigerant to flow toward a bypass passage. In a case where the air cannot be dehumidified by the interior evaporator, an unnecessary heat exchange between the air and the refrigerant in the interior evaporator can be suppressed.
|Electrosurgical pencil with a smoke evaporation tube|
An electrosurgical pencil for cutting tissue during surgery by application of electrical energy supplied from a generator. A tube is provided for evacuation of smoke from the site of surgery.
|Heating evaporation deposition apparatus and evaporation deposition method using the same|
A joule-heating evaporation deposition apparatus which deposits a layer on a target substrate, the apparatus including: a base substrate facing the target substrate including a plurality of target areas defined thereon; a plurality of heating electrodes on the base substrate; and a deposition material on the plurality of heating electrodes and an entire surface of the base substrate. Plural heating electrodes among the plurality of heating electrodes respectively face each target area among the plurality of target areas..
There is provided a denitrification apparatus capable of reducing nox from a combustion facility and preventing evaporation of a reducing liquid in a lance and an injection nozzle in the combustion facility in operation at a low load by adjusting concentration of a reducing agent, thereby achieving complete evaporation of the reducing liquid in an exhaust gas duct. The denitrification apparatus of the present invention includes: a nozzle for spraying a reducing liquid containing a reducing agent for reducing nitrogen oxides in exhaust gas discharged from a combustion facility into the exhaust gas by using a flow of gas; a gas supply unit for supplying the gas to the nozzle; a reducing liquid supply unit for supplying the reducing liquid to the nozzle; and a concentration control unit for adjusting concentration of the reducing agent on the basis of a temperature of the exhaust gas and a supply amount of the reducing liquid by supplying a diluting liquid to the reducing liquid so that the reducing agent is not vaporized in the reducing liquid supply unit..
Disclosed is a piston ring (1) having a substrate (10) to which a wear resistant coating (20) is applied that includes at least one first element with a melting point tm≦700° c. The wear resistant coating (20) contains at least one second element with a melting point tm>760° c.
|System and method for rapid evaporative ionization of liquid phase samples|
According to some embodiments, systems and methods for rapid evaporation of liquid phase samples are provided. The method includes directing liquid samples to a thermal evaporation ionizing device, thermally evaporating the liquid samples to create gaseous molecular ions, and directing the gaseous molecular ions to an ion analyzer to analyze and provide information regarding the chemical composition of the liquid samples..
|Evaporator tube having an optimised external structure|
The invention relates to a metal heat exchanger tube for the evaporation of liquids on the outside of the tube, comprising a tube axis, a tube wall, and integrally formed ribs that run circumferentially on the outside of the tube. The ribs have a rib foot, rib flanks, and a rib tip, wherein the rib foot projects substantially radially from the tube wall.
|Coal-blended fuel, method for combusting the same, and coal fuel for use in coal-blended fuel|
This mixed coal fuel is obtained by mixing a low-grade coal and residual coal. The residual coal is obtained by separating, through evaporation, a solvent from concentrated solids left over when a solution portion, which contains soluble coal components in solvent, is separated from a slurry obtained by mixing and heating coal and a solvent.
|Cascade refrigeration system|
A method for cooling a fluid or a body by means of at least a first vapour compression circuit containing a first heat transfer fluid and at least a second vapour compression circuit containing a second heat transfer fluid, the method including: measuring the temperature of the external surroundings; and setting the temperature of the second heat-transfer fluid to evaporation, according to the temperature of the external surroundings. Also, an installation suited to implementing this method..
|Evaporative body-fluid containers and methods|
Body-fluid containers, methods, and systems are presented that include a container that has a container housing formed, at least in part, by a liquid-impermeable, vapor-permeable material. The liquid-impermeable, vapor-permeable material allows water to evaporate and be transmitted outside of the container.
|Evaporator burner for a mobile heating device|
An evaporator burner for a mobile heating device is provided having a combustion chamber, an evaporator accommodation, and an evaporator element for evaporation of liquid fuel. The evaporator element is accommodated in the evaporator accommodation at the side facing the combustion chamber.
A desalination system in the form of a submerged gas evaporator that includes a vessel, a gas delivery tube partially disposed within the vessel to deliver a gas into the vessel and a fluid inlet that provides a fluid to the vessel at a rate sufficient to maintain a controlled constant level of fluid within the vessel. During operation, gas introduced through the tube mixes with the fluid and the combined gas and fluid flow at a high rate with a high degree of turbulence, thereby promoting vigorous mixing and intimate contact between the gas and the fluid, which leads to a more efficient and complete evaporation.
|Tube fitting with integrated seal|
A tube for a fuel injection system having an end form defining a spherical surface to seal against a receiver in fluid tight relation. The tube and end form may be made of steel or stainless steel.
|Electrolyte having eutectic mixture of hetero cyclic compound and lithium salt and electrochemical device containing the same|
An electrolyte includes an eutectic mixture composed of (a) a hetero cyclic compound having a predetermined chemistry figure, and (b) an ionizable lithium salt. An electrochemical device having the electrolyte.
|Composition for surface decoration and the production of various objects, and preparation method thereof|
A composition for the decoration of surfaces and for producing decorative objects includes a colloidal mix containing an organic binder with physical drying (evaporation of solvents), pearly pigments, coloring pigments, and mainly aliphatic organic solvents. The decorative composition is in the form of a homogenized liquid product that can be poured on a horizontal surface so as to form a uniform colored coat that has a random mosaic appearance after a drying time..
|Hydrothermal oxidation method for production of alkali metal dichromate from carbon ferrochrome|
The present invention provides a hydrothermal oxidation method for producing alkali metal dichromate from carbon ferrochrome, and the method comprises the following steps: formulating an initial reaction liquid by mixing carbon ferrochrome, an alkaline substance and water, in which the actual addition amount of the alkali is controlled smaller than the theoretically required amount; adding the initial reaction liquid into a reaction kettle, charging an oxidizing gas into the reaction kettle, and allowing the reaction to proceed for 0.5 to 3 h at a temperature of 150° c. To 370° c.
|Methods of milling carbide and applications thereof|
In one aspect, methods of milling carbide are described herein. A method of milling carbide comprises placing a particulate composition comprising carbide in a vessel containing milling media and placing an additive in the vessel, the additive undergoing evaporation or sublimation to provide a non-oxidative atmosphere in the vessel.
|Evaporator and thin film deposition system including the same|
The present invention relates to an evaporator and a thin film deposition system including the same. The evaporator according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes a container including an evaporation space, a heater configured to heat the container, an inflow part configured to spray a liquid raw material into the evaporation space, and a rotor disposed in the evaporation space, the rotor configured to evaporate the liquid raw material..
|Evaporative chiller using plate type string-screen-fills as heat exchanger and fabrication thereof|
The present invention involves an evaporative chiller using a plate type string-screen-fill heat exchanger which is formed of a multiplicity of plate type string-screen-fills with string screens on their both sides. The hot water sprayed on the top perforated plate of the heat exchanger is imbibed into holes on the top plate by surface tension of strings suspending over the holes and then flows down on the surface of strings.
|Heat pump unit and method for cooling and/or heating by means of said heat pump unit|
A heat pump unit (1) comprising at least one circuit (2) adapted to perform a heat pump cycle with a respective operating fluid, which comprises: an evaporator (s8) adapted to perform the evaporation of the operating fluid at a lower pressure of said heat pump cycle and intended to be connected to an external circuit of a first thermal user installation in a cooling operating mode of said heat pump unit; a condenser (s4) adapted to perform the condensation of the operating fluid at a higher pressure of said heat pump cycle and intended to be connected to an external circuit of a heat sink (20) in a cooling operating mode of said heat pump unit (1), and a first heat exchanger (s6), adapted to perform an undercooling of the operating fluid at the higher pressure of said heat pump cycle after the condensation of the same. The first heat exchanger (s6) is selectively connectable to an external circuit of a second thermal user installation (12) for transferring thereto heat power released by said operating fluid during said undercooling.
|Porous body useful as a filter element|
A porous body consists essentially of a plurality of ceramic particles having an average size ranging from 8 to 100 nm. The ceramic particles are bonded to adjacent ceramic particles with a strength sufficient to render the porous body self-supporting.
|Cooling system of emergency cooling tank and nuclear power plant having the same|
The present disclosure provides a cooling system of an emergency cooling tank, which enables long-term cooling without refilling cooling water, in case of the change in a quantity of heat transferred to the emergency cooling tank according to a lapse of time upon an occurrence of an accident of a nuclear reactor, and a nuclear power plant having the same. The emergency cooling tank cooling system includes an emergency cooling tank configured to store cooling water therein, the cooling water receiving heat, transferred from a nuclear reactor or a containment, when an accident occurs in the nuclear reactor, a heat exchanging device installed to be exposed to an outside of the emergency cooling tank to operate in air, and configured to externally emit heat by way of a heat exchange between fluid in the emergency cooling tank and the air such that the operation of the emergency cooling tank is continued even without refilling the cooling water, and an opening and closing unit installed at an upper portion of the emergency cooling tank to be located higher than a water level of the cooling water, and configured to be open by a flow of the fluid generated by an evaporation of the cooling water, the flow being formed due to a pressure difference from external air at pressure higher than a preset pressure, such that some of the fluid is externally emitted when a heat load exceeding a cooling capacity of the emergency cooling tank is transferred..
|Materials and methods for oled microcavities and buffer layers|
The present teachings provide methods for forming organic layers for an organic light-emitting device (oled) using an inkjet printing or thermal printing process. The method can further use one or more additional processes, such as vacuum thermal evaporation (vte), to create an oled stack.
|Organic electroluminescence device and method for manufacture thereof|
An organic electroluminescence device (100, 200) comprises a substrate (110), an anode (130), a light emitting layer (160) and a cathode (190) stacked sequentially. The anode (130) comprises a light transmittance increased layer (131), a conductive layer (132) and a hole injection auxiliary layer (133) stacked on the substrate (110) sequentially.
|Oled device and manufacturing method thereof and display panel applying the same|
An organic light emitting device relates to a woled based top emission organic light emitting device and the manufacturing method thereof and a display panel which applies the organic emitting device. In the organic light emitting device, a plurality of emitting units are formed on a substrate and isolated respectively; a plurality of independent optical adjustment layers are formed between the reflective electrode and the transparent positive electrode of each emitting unit respectively; a color filter layer is formed above the emitting units.
|Filtered cathodic arc deposition apparatus and method|
Vacuum deposition apparatus including cathodic arc source for application of coatings on the substrate. Cathodic arc source comprises focusing magnetic source for generating magnetic field, arc cathode containing film forming material and anode.
A distiller including an evaporator having at least one evaporation surface for evaporating liquid into vapor. At least one movable liquid applicator assembly has a wiper applicator which can move over the at least one evaporation surface, for wiping and applying a thin even film of the liquid on the at least one evaporation surface for evaporation..
|Modular distillation unit and ethanol separating apparatus|
Modular ethanol distillation units housed within one or two shipping containers and ethanol distillation units that include an evaporative plate located inside a distillation tank to promote evaporation of the ethanol. Modular distillation units housed within shipping containers are easily transported and set up in remote locations where suitable feed stocks are available or can be cultivated to supply the unit and to distill ethanol for local use or export.
|Dissipation utilizing flow of refrigerant|
Technologies are generally described for devices, methods, and programs for heat dissipating utilizing flow of refrigerant. An example heat dissipating device includes a conductive chamber to receive a fluid refrigerant, and the conductive chamber itself includes an evaporation portion having an interior layer and an exterior layer that is in contact with a heat generating unit, a condensation portion, and a rotatable brush that is configured inside of the conductive chamber to have an axis that is parallel to the interior layer of the evaporation portion and that is further configured to sweep across the interior layer of the evaporation portion to form a thin film of the fluid refrigerant..
|Controls of ambient environment during wafer drying using proximity head|
A method for processing a substrate is provided which includes generating a fluid meniscus to process the substrate and applying the fluid meniscus to a surface of the substrate. The method further includes reducing evaporation of fluids from a surface in the substrate processing environment..
|Cooling device and electronic device using the same|
When a cooling device employing an ebullient cooling system is mounted in a low-profile electronic device, not only is it impossible to obtain the sufficient cooling performance, but also the cooling efficiency of the entire electronic device decreases, therefore, a cooling device according to an exemplary aspect of the invention includes evaporating means for storing a refrigerant; condensing means for condensing and liquefying a vapor-phase refrigerant vaporized in the evaporation means and radiating heat; a pipe connecting the evaporating means to the condensing means; and flow regulating means for regulating a flow direction of air passing through the condensing means, wherein the evaporating means and the condensing means are located on roughly the same level in the vertical direction; the evaporating means includes an evaporation container and bulkhead means for separating the refrigerant disposed in the evaporation container; the height of the bulkhead means is larger than or equal to the height of a vapor-liquid interface of the refrigerant and is smaller than the height of the evaporation container; the pipe includes a vapor pipe through which vapor-phase refrigerant flows and a liquid pipe through which condensed and liquefied liquid-phase refrigerant flows; the condensing means includes first condensing means and second condensing means which differ in condensing-means height which is defined as the height in vertical direction of a condensation container composing the condensing means, and the condensing-means height of the first condensing means is configured to be larger than the condensing-means height of the second condensing means; the first condensing means includes a vapor pipe connection portion which is connected to the vapor pipe at the position above the condensing-means height of the second condensing means in vertical direction; and the flow regulating means is disposed in the upper part of the second condensing means.. .
|High performance heat pump unit|
A heat pump unit (1) comprises at least one main circuit (2) adapted to perform a main heat pump cycle with a respective operating fluid, which comprises: a main condenser (s4) adapted to perform the condensation of the operating fluid of the main heat pump cycle and intended to be connected to an external circuit of a first thermal user plant (10) in a heating operating mode of said heat pump unit (1); a first heat exchanger (s3), connected downstream of the main condenser (s4) and upstream of expansion means (l2) of said the main circuit (2), adapted to perform an undercooling of the operating fluid of the main heat pump cycle after the condensation of the same in the main condenser (s4), and a main evaporator (s8) adapted to perform the evaporation of the operating fluid of the main heat pump cycle and intended to be connected to an external circuit of a heat sink (20) in a heating operating mode of said heat pump unit (1). The first heat exchanger (s3) is selectively connectable to the external circuit of the first thermal user plant (10) so as to be in series with the main condenser (s4) in said external circuit..
|Method for recovering and purifying propionic acid|
The present invention provides a method for purifying and recovering propionic acid from an aqueous mixture containing a fermentation product obtained from a fermentation process using glycerol as substrate, the method comprising optionally acidifying the aqueous mixture to a ph below 4.5, subjecting the aqueous mixture to an extraction with extracting agent containing a heavy extractant and optionally a light extractant as a diluent to obtain an extract comprising the extracting agent and organic acids, and a raffinate comprising water and any unreacted glycerol, and subjecting the extract to vacuum evaporation to separate propionic acid-containing organic acids from the extractant.. .
|Device for improving the uniformity of the film for packaging and method for applying the same|
A device and a method for improving uniformity of a film, which uses the controllable magnets instead of permanent magnets and controlling the magnetic polarity by a programmable control device, so that when the clamping frame is aligned with the mask, the magnetic polarity of the electromagnet is controlled to generate an alternating magnetic field which will affect the coating material sprayed from the evaporation source. With the help of the alternating magnetic field, the coating material will be evenly sprayed to a substrate.
|Film forming personal care compositions and methods|
Compositions, kits and methods of preparing a biocompatible film for cosmetic or medical uses are disclosed. The compositions or kits contain polyvinyl acetal (pva), siloxane and a solvent.
|Method of fabricating copper indium gallium selenide (cigs) thin film for solar cell using simplified co-vacuum evaporation and copper indium gallium selenide (cigs) thin film for solar cell fabricated by the same|
A method of fabricating a cigs thin film for solar cells using a simplified co-vacuum evaporation process and a cigs thin film fabricated by the method are disclosed. The method includes: (a) depositing cu, ga and se on a substrate having a substrate temperature ranging from 500° c.
|Multiphase porous flow reactors and methods of using same|
Pfrs for running multiphasic processes are disclosed. The pfrs are single or multi-chamber devices having at least three types of regions (a liquid-contacting region, a gas-contacting region and a liquid-collection region), and a porous substrate providing fluid communication at least between the liquid-contacting and gas-contacting regions.
|Depositing polymer solutions to form optical devices|
Provided are methods of depositing polymer solutions on substrates to form various optical elements. A polymer solution may include about 0.1%-0% by weight of a specific polymer having rigid rod-like molecules.
|Method and device for attracting blood-sucking arthropods|
The invention relates to a method for producing co2 for attracting bloodsucking arthropods (2). In this method, at least one liquid or solid organic substance (11) is reacted in an oxidation process in a targeted manner, one portion completely and another partially, thus forming, in addition to co2, h2o and heat, at least one further partial oxidation product (p).
|Wear-resistant nanocrystalline hard noble metal coating|
A new class of electrically conductive, wear resistant, and high thermal stability nanocrystalline noble metal coatings achieved by codeposition of an insoluble, unreactive, and thermally stable, grain boundary segregated ceramic species that strengthens the base metal by inhibiting grain boundary mobility and recrystallization during deposition. These coatings exhibit high hardness and wear resistance while maintaining electrical conductivity effectively equivalent to that of the pure, fine-grained base metal.
|Thin stillage clarification|
Systems and methods for improving the quality of solids and liquids recovered at atmospheric pressure and temperature from a stillage stream generated as a by-product of an ethanol production process, the recovered solids having higher bio-available amino and fatty acids than evaporation-produced condensed solubles, the recovered liquids having less total solids and total suspended solids than evaporation-produced condensate. A static mixer includes an input for receiving the stillage stream combined with a gras anionic polymer, a cylindrical mixing chamber that controllably mixes the stillage stream and the polymer to generate wet flocculated solids and liquid co-product, and a discharge chute that outputs the wet flocculated solids and liquid co-products onto a moving, gravity filter belt having a membrane surface that separates the output from the static mixer into recovered liquids in the form of clarified, thin stillage and recovered solids in the form of dry flocculated solids..
|High performance heat pump unit|
A heat pump unit (1) comprises at least one main circuit (2) adapted to perform a main heat pump cycle with a respective operating fluid, which comprises: a main condenser (s4) adapted to perform the condensation of the operating fluid of the main heat pump cycle and intended to be connected to an external circuit of a first thermal user plant (10) in a heating operating mode of said heat pump unit (1), a first heat exchanger (s2), connected downstream of the main condenser (s4) and upstream of expansion means (l2) of said the main circuit (2), adapted to perform an undercooling of the operating fluid of the main heat pump cycle after the condensation of the same in the main condenser (s4), and a main evaporator (s8) adapted to perform the evaporation of the operating fluid of the main heat pump cycle and intended to be connected to an external circuit of a heat sink (20) in a heating operating mode of said heat pump unit (1). The heat pump unit (1) further comprises a secondary circuit (3) adapted to perform a secondary heat pump cycle with a respective operating fluid, which comprises: a secondary evaporator (s2) adapted to perform at least the evaporation of the operating fluid of the secondary heat pump cycle and in heat exchange relationship with the first heat exchanger (s2) to transfer heat power released by the operating fluid of the main heat pump cycle during said undercooling to the operating fluid of the secondary heat pump cycle, and a secondary condenser (s1) adapted to perform the condensation of the operating fluid of said secondary heat pump cycle (hpcs) and intended to be connected to the external circuit of the first thermal user plant (10) or to an external circuit of a second thermal user plant, different from the first thermal user plant (10)..
|Adhesive solid gel-forming formulations for dermal drug delivery|
The present invention is drawn to adhesive solid gel-forming formulations, methods of drug delivery, and solidified gel layers for dermal delivery of a drug. The formulation can include a drug, a solvent vehicle, and a gelling agent.
|Fluid dynamic pressure bearing oil, fluid dynamic pressure bearing using the same, and spindle motor|
It is provided a long life spindle motor that is excellent in startup characteristic in low-temperature environments such as 0° c., and that startup problems due to the evaporation or deterioration of lubricating oil can be avoided in high-temperature environments. The spindle motor includes a fluid dynamic bearing filled with a lubricating oil, containing a methyl pentanediol diester obtained by esterifying 3-methyl-1,5-pentanediol with n-decanoic acid and n-undecanoic acid at a molar ratio ranging from 90:10 to 20:80, and having a water content of not more than 1000 ppm..
|Plasma source and vacuum plasma processing apparatus provided with same|
A plasma source that is uniformly and efficiently cooled, a vacuum plasma processing apparatus including the plasma source, and a plasma source cooling method are provided. The vacuum plasma processing apparatus includes a vacuum chamber of which the inside is evacuated to a vacuum state and a plasma source which is provided inside the vacuum chamber.
|Fluid evaporator for an open fluid reservoir|
A reservoir evaporation system for evaporating fluid from an open reservoir of effluent containing a contaminant includes a fluid evaporator, an air pump, and an air supply conduit functionally connecting the fluid evaporator with the air pump. The fluid evaporator includes a vessel adapted to be positioned in an operative position partially submerged on the top surface of the effluent in the reservoir with a lower chamber submerged in the effluent and an upper chamber extending above the top surface of the effluent.
|Methods of forming a superhard structure or body comprising a body of polycrystalline diamond containing material|
A method of producing a free standing pcd comprises forming a mass of combined diamond particles and precursor compound(s) for the metals of the metallic network by suspending the diamond particles in a liquid, and crystallising and/or precipitating the precursor compounds in the liquid. The mass is then removed from suspension by sedimentation and/or evaporation to form a dry powder of combined diamond particles and precursor compound(s).
|Vehicle drive assembly comprising cooling by means of a heat-transfer fluid and a lubricating fluid|
An electric vehicle drive assembly includes an electric motor mounted to engage with a wheel of a vehicle. The electric motor includes a rotor and a magnetic assembly.
|Apparatus for diffusion-gap thermal desalination|
A thermal distillation apparatus including evaporation surfaces that are wetted with a solution, and from which at least some of the volatile solvent contained in the solution evaporates, condensers having an external surface in close proximity to, but not touching, a corresponding one of the one or more evaporation surfaces, and on which vapors of the solvent condense, releasing thermal energy that heats a flow of the solution moving upward within the condensers, spacers that prevent contact between the evaporating surfaces and the condensers, wherein spaces between the evaporating surfaces and the condensers are filled with a gaseous mixture composed of solvent vapor and one or more non-condensable gases, and except for diffusion of the solvent vapor relative to the non-condensable gases, the gaseous mixture is stationary.. .
|Method, apparatus and system for concentrating solutions using evaporation|
A system, apparatus and method for concentrating a solution. The system includes a humidification device and a solution flow path for flow of a solution to be concentrated to the humidification device.
|Evaporative cooling clothing system for reducing body temperature of a wearer of the clothing system|
The present invention discloses an evaporative cooling clothing system for reducing body temperature of a wearer of the clothing system. The clothing system may include a clothing article for covering the wearer and a liquid reservoir for storing liquid.
|One-pot, high-performance recycling method for polymer waste achieved through renewable polymer synthesis|
Compositions and processes for development of sustainable materials based upon a method of thermoplastic polymer recycling with a solvent that is also a monomer for renewable polymer synthesis. By combining petroleum-derived polymers with bio-based monomer feedstocks, biphasic, blended polymer products are produced and are shown to exhibit facile tunability of physical and material properties.
|Apparatus and method for producing solar cells|
A method and apparatus for forming a solar cell. The apparatus includes a housing defining a vacuum chamber and a rotatable substrate apparatus configured to hold a plurality of substrates on a plurality of surfaces.
|Apparatus and method for the evaporation and deposition of materials|
An apparatus and method for the evaporation and deposition of materials onto a substrate. A material hopper assembly may receive source material.
|Interim solution method for dust control on saline dry lakebeds using minimal water resources|
A method for controlling dust on a saline dry lakebed or similar environment enriched with sodium carbonate and sodium sulfate is disclosed comprising, the interim solution method that achieves resistance to windborne dust release. The interim solution is a dilute aqueous solution containing a divalent cation chloride salt and anionic polyacrylamide that can be applied to dust-emission prone lakebed surfaces by spraying or other means that achieves a relatively even application.
|Large-scale water purification and desalination|
Embodiments of the invention provide systems and methods for water purification and desalination. The systems have a preheater, a degasser, multiple evaporation chambers with demisters, heat pipes, and a control system, wherein the control system permits continuous operation of the purification and desalination system without requiring user intervention or cleaning.
The present disclosure relates to an inhaler component for producing a steam/air mixture or/and condensation aerosol in an intermittent and inhalation- or pull-synchronous manner, the inhaler component including: a housing; a chamber arranged in the housing; an air inlet opening for the supply of air from the surroundings to the chamber; an electrical heating element for evaporating a portion of a liquid material; and a wick having a capillary structure, which wick forms a composite structure with the heating element and automatically supplies the heating element with fresh liquid material after evaporation.. .
A refrigerator is provided. The refrigerator may include a body having storage chambers formed therein, and a compressor, a condenser, an expansion device, and an evaporator that form a refrigerating cycle to cool the storage chambers.
|Co2 cooling system and method for operating same|
There is provided a co2 cooling system which comprises: a compression stage in which co2 refrigerant is compressed; a cooling stage in which the co2 refrigerant releases heat; and an evaporation stage in which co2 refrigerant, having released heat in the cooling stage, absorbs heat. The co2 refrigerant exiting the evaporation stage is directed to at least one of the compression stage, before being directed to the cooling stage, and the cooling stage by at least one of gravity and natural convection.
|Flexographic printing process with wet on wet capability|
The invention refers to a flexographic printing process with wet on wet capability based on controlled polymer or polymer segment precipitation that leads to gel formation of ink compounds by controlling the solubility parameter of the ink system. The mechanism to obtain a desirable wet on wet color trapping is the formation and/or presence of a gel in the applied ink film due to a controlled physicochemical mechanism of resin precipitation.
|Lubricating oil composition for hydrodynamic bearing and hdd motor using the same|
There is provided a lubricating oil composition for a hydrodynamic bearing including: 95 to 99 wt % of an ester-based base oil; and 1.0 to 5.0 wt % of mixed oil containing at least two kinds of ester-based oils different from the ester-based base oil. According to the present invention, a hard disk drive (hdd) motor is manufactured using the lubricating oil composition for a hydrodynamic bearing having a low viscosity, a small evaporation loss, and improved oxidation stability at a room temperature, whereby the impact resistance and low-temperature operation stability of the hydrodynamic bearing motor may be improved..
|Evaporation source assembly, film deposition device and film deposition method|
An evaporation source assembly used for depositing film on a substrate is provided, the evaporation source assembly comprises: a body comprising a top element, a bottom element and side walls defining a hollow chamber together, the bottom element comprises a plurality of inlet openings communicating with the chamber; a plurality of nozzles located at the top element and communicate with the chamber; a plurality of evaporators for containing and evaporating the evaporating material, which are positioned below the body and correspond to inlet openings respectively; each evaporator has an opening through which the evaporators is connected with corresponding inlet openings; and a plurality of connecting pipes for connecting the opening of the evaporators with the inlet openings, the connecting pipes are tapered pipes with a broad top and a narrow bottom to improve the vapor pressure of the evaporating material in the body to reach pressure balance.. .
|Apparatus and method of manufacturing radiation detection panel|
According to one embodiment, an apparatus of manufacturing a radiation detection panel, includes an evaporation source configured to evaporate a scintillator material and emit the scintillator material vertically upward, a holding mechanism located vertically above the evaporation source, and holding a photoelectric conversion substrate, and a heat conductor arranged opposite to the holding mechanism with a gap.. .