|| List of recent Evaporation-related patents
| Dressings and methods for treating a tissue site on a patient|
Dressings, systems, and methods for treating a tissue site on a patient involve allowing liquids from the tissue site or a priming fluid to evaporate and exit the dressing through a liquid-impermeable, vapor-permeable membrane. The dressing is able to process more liquids than would otherwise be possible without evaporation and potentially to create reduced pressure.
| Method of operating an oxy-fuel boiler system|
The present disclosure relates to a method of operating a boiler system that includes an oxyfuel boiler in which an oxygen stream and a fuel stream are combusted to generate a stream of flue gas, an oxygen gas source producing the stream of oxygen for the boiler, and a gas processing unit for cleaning and compressing at least a portion of the stream of flue gas generated in the boiler for producing a stream of pressurized fluid comprising carbon dioxide. The method includes operating the boiler system, at least for a period of time, in an evaporation mode, in which a stream of oxygen from the oxygen gas source in liquid form is evaporated prior to being introduced in the boiler by transferring heat energy to the stream of liquid oxygen from a first stream of carbon dioxide of the gas processing unit.
| Polymersomes, liposomes, and other species associated with fluidic droplets|
The present invention relates generally to vesicles such as liposomes, colloidosomes, and polymersomes, as well as techniques for making and using such vesicles. In some cases, the vesicles may be at least partially biocompatible and/or biodegradable.
| Method of alternatingly emitting two or more volatile materials|
A method of alternatingly emitting two or more volatile materials comprises the steps of activating a first heater and emitting a first volatile material for a first period of time by emitting the first volatile material at a first primary evaporation rate and emitting the first volatile material at a first secondary evaporation rate after evaporation of the first volatile material at the first primary evaporation rate. The method further includes the steps of deactivating the first heater, activating a second heater, and emitting a second volatile material for a second period of time by emitting the second volatile material at a second primary evaporation rate and emitting the second volatile material at a second secondary evaporation rate after evaporation of the second volatile material at the second primary evaporation rate.
| Method, apparatus and system for concentrating solutions using evaporation|
The present disclosure is directed at a system, apparatus and method for concentrating a solution. The system includes a humidification device and a solution flow path for flow of a solution to be concentrated to the humidification device.
| Evaporation fuel processing device|
The present invention provides an evaporation fuel processing device including: a passage formed inside so as to allow a fluid to flow through the passage; a tank port and a purge port formed on one end side of the passage; an atmospheric air port formed on the other end side of the passage; and adsorbent layers filled with adsorbent which can adsorb evaporation fuel components, the adsorbent layers being provided in the passage, wherein a region which is constituted of three or more adsorbent layers and separating parts for separating the adjacent adsorbent layers, and in which a total volume of the adsorbent layers is set smaller than a total volume of the separating parts, is provided on an atmospheric air port side of the passage.. .
| Evaporation fuel processing device|
An evaporation fuel processing device is provide including: a passage; a tank port and a purge port on one end side of the passage; an atmospheric air port on the other end side of the passage; and adsorbent layers filled with adsorbent for evaporation fuel components, provided in the passage; a region provided on an atmospheric air port side of the passage, being constituted of three or more adsorbent layers and separating parts for separating the adjacent adsorbent layers, in which a volume of the adsorbent layer is smaller in the adsorbent layer closer to the atmospheric air port, a volume of the separating part is larger closer to the atmospheric air port, and the volume of the separating part located farthest on a tank port side is larger than that of the adsorbent layer located farthest on the atmospheric air port side.. .
| Fluid delivery apparatus with flow rate sensing means|
A fluid delivery apparatus with a flow sensing means for delivering a first fluid into a second fluid. In a fluid delivery apparatus using a common rail method, which produces a pulsated flow, the flow sensing means generates sensing signals indicative of the flow rate and the temperature of the second fluid, the delivery rate of the first fluid, and the evaporating rate of the first fluid, while in a fluid delivery apparatus using a pump metering method, the flow sensing means is able to provide a sensing signal indicative of the delivery rate of the first fluid.
|Hydrogenated petroleum resin pellet production method|
After a cyclopentadiene compound and a vinyl aromatic compound are thermally polymerized, the obtained copolymer is subjected to a hydrogenation reaction to form a hydrogenated product. After most of the hydrogenation solvent is separated by a solvent evaporation tank from the hydrogenated product, an additive separately prepared by dissolving an antioxidant is added to the hydrogenated product to form a mixture.
|Co-evaporation alloy material and evaporation coating method using the same|
A co-evaporation alloy material includes a first evaporation material and a second evaporation material, the first evaporation material being completely covered by the second evaporation material. The second evaporation material is a metal or metal alloy different from the first evaporation material.
|Electrode cover and evaporation device|
The present invention provides an evaporation device for which maintenance is readily conducted, and further, provides an electrode cover which can prevent an evaporation material from being adhered to electrodes. Moreover, the present invention provides an evaporation device including an evaporation chamber; a holding portion for holding an object to be treated; an evaporation source; an electrode; an electrode cover; and a power supply, in which the evaporation chamber includes the holding portion in an upper portion, and includes the evaporation source, the electrode, and the electrode cover in a lower portion; the electrode cover covers at least a part of an exposed surface of the electrode; the electrode and the power supply are electrically connected..
|Inkjet head storage and cleaning|
Inkjet head cleaning and storage includes cleaning an orifice plate by inserting a tip of a shaped wiper into a slit of a printing mask, such that one or more shoulders of a handling end of the shaped wiper are in contact with respectively one or more edges of the slit. The shoulders of the shaped wiper facilitate the tip applying a predetermined pressure to an orifice surface during wiping.
|Evaporator with internal restriction|
An evaporator includes a vaporization chamber having a monomer inlet and a vapor outlet. There is a vapor nozzle in the vapor outlet.
|Carbon spark evaporation|
The invention relates to a method for operating a pulsed discontinuous spark discharge. The spark is fed via a capacitor.
|Method and device for non-invasive anatomical and systemic cooling and neuroprotection|
The present invention provides a method and device for non-invasive anatomical and systemic cooling. The method and device provide for cooling of various bodily fluid-containing spaces or surfaces, such as mucus-containing spaces or surfaces via delivery of a dry fluid not including a coolant into or upon the mucus-containing space or surface.
|System for supplying fuel to high-pressure natural gas injection engine having excess evaporation gas consumption means|
Provided is a fuel supply system for a high-pressure natural gas injection engine. The fuel supply system includes: a bog compression unit configured to receive bog, which is generated in a storage tank, from the storage tank and compress the received bog to a pressure of 12 to 45 bara; a reliquefaction apparatus configured to receive and liquefy the bog compressed by the bog compression unit; a high-pressure pump configured to compress the bog liquefied by the reliquefaction apparatus; a high-pressure gasifier configured to gasify the bog compressed by the high-pressure pump and supply the gasified bog to the high-pressure natural gas injection engine; and an excess bog consumption unit configured to consume excess bog corresponding to a difference between an amount of bog generated in the storage tank and an amount of bog required as fuel for the high-pressure natural gas injection engine..
|Refrigeration cycle apparatus|
A refrigeration cycle apparatus (1a) includes: a main circuit (2) composed of an evaporator (25), a first compressor (21), an intercooler (8), a second compressor (22), and a condenser (23) which are connected in this order; and an evaporation-side circulation path (5) that allows a refrigerant liquid retained in the evaporator (25) to circulate via a heat exchanger for heat absorption (6). The intercooler (8) is a heat exchanger that allows a refrigerant vapor compressed by the first compressor (21) to be cooled by the refrigerant liquid.
|Medical protruded pads or dressings for wound care including use with orthopedic and prosthetic devices|
Methods and devices for dressing a wound are disclosed. One such dressing includes a layer of spaced protrusions, each protrusion shaped to receive medication for treating a wound and a plurality of holes defined in the layer, the holes configured to allow evaporation of exudate from the wound.
The invention relates to a method of crystallising lactose from a lactose-containing liquid comprising the steps of providing a lactose-containing liquid comprising less than 80% by weight total solids, providing an evaporator system that comprises a heat exchanger and an evaporation vessel, the heat exchanger comprising a tube or tubes that define a flowpath having an inlet and an outlet, heating the lactose-containing liquid in the heat exchanger to about 50 to about 90° c. Such that the lactose-containing liquid passes along the flowpath by forced circulation or thermo-siphoning, concentrating the lactose-containing liquid in the evaporation vessel, to generate crystallised lactose in the lactose-containing liquid in the evaporator system..
|Bio-based pre-reacted product of a polyol and a monomeric or polymeric polycarboxylic acid|
An environmentally friendly, pre-reacted product of a polyol and monomeric or polymeric polycarboxylic acid or polyglycerol is provided. The pre-reacted product may include glycerol and esters of citric acid such a monoglyceryl citrate, diglyceryl citrate, and triglyceryl citrate as well as other citric acid-based esters.
|Lubricant coating for laser printer wiper blades|
A lubricant coating for laser printer wiper blades is a solution applied to a laser printer wiper blade before install that reduces friction between the wiper blade and the photoconductor drum of a laser printer in order to reduce wear, prevent damage and increase life of the wiper blade and photoconductor drum. A leveling and wetting agent ensures uniform application and reduces coating defects.
|Evaporator with internal restriction|
An evaporator includes a vaporization chamber having a monomer inlet and a vapor outlet. There is a vapor nozzle in the vapor outlet.
|Colloidal nanocrystal-based thin film and solution apparatuses and methods|
Methods of exchanging ligands to form colloidal nanocrystals (ncs) with chalcogenocyanate (xcn)-based ligands and apparatuses using the same are disclosed. The ligands may be exchanged by assembling ncs into a thin film and immersing the thin film in a solution containing xcn-based ligands.
|System and process for aluminization of metal-containing substrates|
A system and method are detailed for aluminizing surfaces of metallic substrates, parts, and components with a protective alumina layer in-situ. Aluminum (al) foil sandwiched between the metallic components and a refractory material when heated in an oxidizing gas under a compression load at a selected temperature forms the protective alumina coating on the surface of the metallic components.
A steam-blocking apparatus includes: a rolling mill configured to roll a material; a transfer roller disposed at a rear side of the rolling mill and configured to transfer the material from the rolling mill; a descaler disposed above the transfer roller and configured to spray wash water toward the transfer roller; a width-measuring part disposed at a rear side of the descaler and configured to measure the width of the material; and a shield disposed between the descaler and the width-measuring part and configured to prevent steam, generated from evaporation of the wash water, from being introduced into the width-measuring part.. .
In a turbo refrigerator in which: a gas-phase refrigerant from an evaporator is compressed by a turbo compressor and then condensed by a condenser; the obtained liquid-phase refrigerant is evaporated by the evaporator; and a cooling target is cooled down by evaporation heat of the liquid-phase refrigerant, the compressor is a back-to-back two-stage centrifugal type, and the condenser is provided at a position outside a compressor rear stage so as to overlap the compressor rear stage when viewed from each of an axial direction and a radial direction. With this, the pressure loss of a vapor refrigerant is eliminated, and the deterioration in efficiency can be suppressed.
|Motor vehicle climate control system|
A vehicle climate control system includes a thermal-adsorption heat pump driven by engine exhaust heat, the heat pump including two adsorbers asynchronously switching between adsorbing and desorbing modes, each adsorber coupled with a corresponding antifreeze tank via a plurality of refrigerant-containing wick chambers. Cold heat transfer fluid (htf) flows through the adsorber during the adsorbing mode which causes evaporation of refrigerant from the wick chambers, thereby cooling antifreeze, whereas hot htf flows through the adsorber during the desorbing mode which causes condensation of refrigerant at the wick chambers, thereby heating antifreeze.
|Elastomer composite and method for producing it|
A method of producing an elastomer composite. The method includes a) combining a first fluid comprising elastomer latex with a second fluid comprising particulate filler; b) causing the elastomer latex to coagulate, thereby forming masterbatch crumb; c) bringing the masterbatch crumb to a water content of about 1 weight percent to about 20 weight percent, thereby forming a dewatered coagulum; d) removing water from the dewatered coagulum by subjecting the dewatered coagulum to mechanical energy, thereby causing the dewatered coagulum to heat as a result of friction, while allowing the dewatered coagulum to achieve a temperature of about 130° c.
|Cell self-assembly array chip and manufacturing method thereof|
A cell self-assembly array chip comprises a first substrate, a second substrate and a plurality of spacer elements. The first substrate, the spacer elements and the second substrate are stacked to be one in turn, wherein the spacer elements are annularly arranged at interval and disposed on the second substrate, so as to define a cell self-assembly region and at least one drawing channel.
|Heat dissipation device with parallel and perpendicular fins|
A heat dissipation device includes a heat pipe, a first fin unit, a second fin unit, and a fan arranged on the first fin unit for drawing air from the first fin unit to the second fin unit. The heat pipe includes an evaporation section, a first condensing section and a second condensing section.
|Extruder with integrated die plate and method for degasing polymer mixtures|
The invention is directed to an extruder (10), particularly for extruding a synthetic rubber product, which comprises a barrel (24), one or several extruder elements (12, 14), particularly one or several extruder screws and/or a kneader elements (14), arranged inside the barrel (24) for conveying the product, optionally an inlet port for feeding a stripping agent into the barrel (24) and an outlet port for removing volatile compounds from the product and, where applicable, the stripping agent. According to the invention a perforated die plate (26) is fixed to the barrel (24) in flow direction before the outlet port.
|Synergistic emulsion polymer formulation and aqueous coating/ paint compositions involving the same|
A synergistic emulsion polymer formulation adapted for facilitating achieving desired open time or wet edge time of any aqueous coating/paint composition on application to thus result in improved workability of the coating/paint composition. The synergistic emulsion polymer formulation and the coating/paint composition including the same comprises a latex polymer derived from copolymerization of mono-ethylenically unsaturated monomers.
|Bio-based binders including carbohydrates and a pre-reacted product of an alcohol or polyol and a monomeric or polymeric polycarboxylic acid|
An environmentally friendly, formaldehyde-free, aqueous binder composition that includes a carbohydrate, a crosslinking agent, and a pre-reacted product of an alcohol or polyol and monomeric or polymeric polycarboxylic acid or polyglycerol is provided. The pre-reacted product may include glycerol and esters of citric acid such a monoglyceryl citrate, diglyceryl citrate, and triglyceryl citrate as well as other higher molecular weight citric acid-based esters.
|Paper-based fuel cell|
The present disclosure provides biological fuel cells comprising a paper-based fuel delivery layer which delivery fuel to the biological anode and cathode via capillary action and/or evaporation. In some embodiments the paper-based fuel delivery layer incorporates an outwardly extending fan-shaped region which enables a constant volumetric flow rate through the cell..
|Device for introducing, injecting or spraying a mixture of a carrier gas and liquid compounds and method for implementing said device|
The invention relates to a device for introducing a carrier gas and liquid compounds or a liquid solution into an evaporation chamber, comprising a mixing chamber, including at least:—a first inlet for the admission of said compounds or said solution,—a second inlet for the admission of the carrier gas,—and an outlet connected to an inlet of an injector, so that a mixture of carrier gas and droplets of said compounds or of said solution is periodically injected, through a single injector outlet, into the evaporation chamber.. .
|Durable anti-mold packet|
A durable anti-mold packet comprises a holding pouch, an absorption material and an anti-mold evaporation substance. The holding pouch has an upper edge, a lower edge, a left edge and a right edge.
|Systems and methods for water purification|
An evaporator assembly includes an inlet member and a diffuser, and receives a mixture of a gas and a solution to vaporize a portion of a solvent from the solution. First portions of the diffuser and of the inlet member collectively define a first flow path.
|Water supply systems|
A water supply system, the system comprising: an evaporation station, the evaporation station comprising a water inlet, an air conduit, and a water evaporation system coupled to the water inlet and to the air conduit for converting water from the water inlet into water vapour and for providing the water vapour onto the air conduit to provide humidified air; a condensation station having an air inlet to receive the humidified air, a water outlet, and a water condensation system coupled to the air inlet and to the water outlet to extract water from the humidified air and provide the extracted water to the water outlet; a pipe coupled between the air conduit of the evaporation station and air inlet of the condensation station; and a system for driving an airflow through the air conduit of the evaporation station past the water evaporation system to enhance the spray evaporation.. .
|Method for manufacturing single crystal|
In consideration of influence of segregation, an evaporation area of a volatile dopant and influence of pulling-up speed at the time of manufacturing a monocrystal using a monocrystal pulling-up device, an evaporation speed formula for calculating evaporation speed of the dopant is derived. At predetermined timing during pulling-up, gas flow volume and inner pressure in a chamber are controlled such that a cumulative evaporation amount of the dopant, calculated based on the evaporation speed formula, becomes a predetermined amount.
|Hydrophilic structure for condensation management on the movable mulllion of a refrigerator|
A refrigerator appliance that includes a freezer compartment, a refrigeration compartment having two doors, and a mullion having an interior surface and an exterior surface. The mullion is movably coupled to, and configured to swing behind, at least one of the doors when the two doors are moved to a closed position.
|Evaporation unit and vacuum coating apparatus|
Vacuum coating apparatus for coating a web includes a first rotatable coating drum and a second rotatable coating drum disposed parallel to the first drum with a gap formed between the first and the second coating drums for transporting at least one web. A first evaporator has at least one evaporation source for generating a first evaporation beam, wherein the first evaporator is arranged next to the first coating drum.
|Preparation of drug particles using evaporation precipitation into aqueous solutions|
A method for preparing poorly water soluble drug particles is disclosed. The method comprises dissolving a drug in at least one organic solvent to form a drug/organic mixture, spraying the drug/organic mixture into an aqueous solution and concurrently evaporating the organic solvent in the presence of the aqueous solution to form an aqueous dispersion of the drug particles.
|High velocity mist evaporation|
An evaporation system and method having at least one fan operatively connected to drive means to effect fan rotation, at least one flow path to supply liquid to at least one nozzle to spray a mist of the liquid under centrifugal pressure. Velocity differential between the rotating nozzle(s) and airflow created by the at least one fan provides evaporation of the sprayed liquid.
|Method and apparatus for reduction of contaminants in evaporator distillate|
A method and apparatus for producing high purity distillate in evaporators is useful for evaporation of waters where volatile silica or organic compounds are encountered such as in production of hydrocarbons from geological formations. An evaporator having a contaminant reduction system is provided.
|Separating device and method for producing a crucible for said separating device|
The invention refers to a deposition apparatus comprising a crucible (1) and heating means (2) arranged for heating evaporation material (3) inside the crucible (1), whereby the crucible (1) comprises a metallic body (11) and a protection layer (13) comprising titanium oxide (tixoy), which is covering at least a part of the inside surface (12) of the metallic body (11). Furthermore, the invention refers to a method for producing a crucible for such a deposition apparatus..
|Apparatus and process for generation of energy by organic rankine cycle|
An apparatus (10) and a process for generation of energy through organic rankine cycle (orc) in which the heat exchanger (70) is of the hairpin type, so as to make the apparatus more flexible and optimise the cycle efficiency. The hairpin heat exchanger is able to stably carry out the preheating, once—through evaporation and superheating steps both at the nominal load and at the partial and transitory loads, either for sub-critical orc cycles or for super-critical orc cycles..
|Compositions comprising 3,3,3-trifluoropropene and ammonia|
A composition based on 3,3,3-trifluoropropene and ammonia, and to the use thereof, especially as a heat transfer fluid. A heat-transfer composition including the composition based on 3,3,3-trifluoropropene and ammonia and also one or more additives chosen from lubricants, stabilizers, surfactants, tracers, fluorescers, odorant agents and solubilizers, and mixtures thereof.
|Method for producing crystallized salt and bittern with a system through the evaporation process.|
A floating salt farm is a system which uses extracted seawater to reliably and regularly produce substantial amounts of crystallized salt and bittern through the evaporation process. The seawater used for the evaporation process of the floating salt farm can be 1) seawater affected by volcanic activities, 2) seawater affected by spring water from thermal springs, and 3) seawater extracted from specific water depths and from specific offshore locations.
|Evaporator, evaporation method and substrate processing apparatus|
Disclosed are an evaporator, an evaporation method, and a substrate processing apparatus, which can increase the concentration of generated vapor of an organic solvent and efficiently heat the organic solvent. The evaporator includes a fluid tube, a liquid organic solvent supply device for supplying the organic solvent liquid to one end of the fluid tube, and heating units for heating the fluid tube.
|Substrate processing method, substrate processing apparatus and storage medium|
A substrate processing method and apparatus for preventing evaporation of an anti-drying fluorine-containing organic solvent from a substrate during transportation of the substrate into a processing container and can prevent decomposition of a fluorine-containing organic solvent in the processing container. A substrate, the surface of which is covered with a first fluorine-containing organic solvent, is carried into a processing container.
|Shadow mask module and organic vapor deposition apparatus and thermal evaporation apparatus using the same|
The present invention provides a shadow mask module and an organic vapor deposition apparatus and a thermal evaporation apparatus using the same. The shadow mask module is disposed between a gas outlet and a substrate, and includes a pixel mask and a thermal resist mask.
|Gas recovering system|
The invention related gas recovering system contains at least one gas supply system, a gas treatment system, and a gas separation system. The gas supply system includes a gas supply unit and a supply source.
|Lubricating oil composition for fluid dynamic bearing and motor for hdd fabricated using the same|
And thus, the motor for an hdd is fabricated using the lubricating oil composition for a fluid dynamic bearing having low viscosity, low evaporation loss, and improved oxidation stability at a practicable temperature, thereby preventing a deterioration in product reliability due to long-time use of the motor.. .
|Method for preparing nano-scale platinum|
The invention discloses a preparation method of nano-scale platinum (pt) using an open-loop reduction system. The preparation method comprises the steps of: utilizing carbon nanotubes (cnts) as a catalyst support; mixing platinum salt with a reducing agent and deionized water to form a precursor solution in a flask; heating the precursor solution in the flask at a predetermined temperature range to reduce nano-scale platinum nanoparticles on the carbon nanotubes by the process of water evaporation; allowing the water vapor to flow through a connection tube to a condenser; filling a cooling substance into the condenser via the first opening and draining the cooling substance from the condenser via the second opening to lower the temperature of the water vapor in the inner tube by the cooling substance and condense the water vapor into liquid water, which is collected with a beaker placed under the condenser..
|Systems and methods for communication of date information between an ink tank and a printing device|
Some or all of the needs above can be addressed by embodiments of the invention. According to one embodiment of the invention, a method for determining ink evaporation from at least one ink tank can be provided.
|Method of converting thermal energy into mechanical energy, and an apparatus therefor|
The invention relates to a method of converting thermal energy into mechanical energy wherein a working liquid such as is evaporated to generate a stream of a working fluid. According to the invention, the stream of the working fluid is a stream of pressurized distillate produced by evaporation and condensation using a direct contact membrane distillation (dcmd) unit, said stream of pressurized distillate having a pressure of at least one bar, and a converter such as a turbine is used for generating mechanical energy from said stream of said pressurized distillate.
The wastewater evaporator provides for effluent evaporation in a septic system to eliminate need for a drain field. The evaporator tank contains a plurality of evaporator trays in a vertical array.
|Thermodynamic balancing of combined heat and mass exchange devices|
A carrier-gas mixture is directed through a fluid flow path in a combined heat and mass transfer device, which can be operated at sub-atmospheric pressure. Heat and mass are transferred from or to the carrier-gas mixture via interaction with a liquid composition that includes a vaporizable component in a liquid state to substantially change the content of the vaporizable component in the carrier-gas mixture via evaporation or condensation.
|Device for producing stoichiometry gradients and layer systems|
A process and a device for coating substrates with a stoichiometric gradient in an in-line coating system include at least two evaporation devices, each with an evaporator tube. The evaporator tubes are implemented so as to be tiltable independently of one another, whereby the transition area of the two vapor lobes can be adapted to the requirements of the gradient profile.
|Method for operating a solar installation|
Method for operating a solar installation. The solar installation includes a solar field with direct evaporation accompanied by the generation of superheated live steam, a turbine for expanding the live steam, and a generator driven by the turbine for generating electrical energy.
|Method for flavoring corn beans for popcorn and corn bean product obtained by said method|
The method comprises the steps of: i) applying a portion of adhesive liquid on the unpopped kernels, comprising said adhesive liquid an aqueous based adhesive composition; ii) after step i), applying a portion of flavorant on said kernels, keeping said kernels under movement at a temperature from 50° c. To 70° c.
|Method for fabrication of localized plasmon transducers|
A method is presented for use in fabrication of metal islands on an oxide substrate. The method comprises: depositing a selected metal on the oxide substrate by evaporation of said selected metal; and annealing a film of the selected metal on said substrate at temperatures including an annealing temperature being less than 50° c lower than a glass transition temperature, thereby forming the metal islands partially embedded in said substrate..
|Method and substrates for forming crystals|
A structured substrate is described which is suitable for forming and hosting a crystal array, as well as associated methods for making and using such a structured substrate. The structured substrate is made by injection molding and has on one side a combination of macro- and micro-structured features.
|Method and apparatus for treating tailings using alternating current|
There is a method described of treating tailings which are composed of at least some water and clay particles. Within the tailings, at least some water molecules are weakly bond to the clay particles to form a gel like fluid from which water does not readily separate.
|Evaporation device for a vaccum deposition apparatus and vacuum deposition apparatus comprising such an evaporation device|
An evaporation device for a vacuum deposition apparatus includes a crucible to contain a material to be evaporated and a bottom, a body and an opening, and a heating element surrounding at least partially the crucible body, the evaporation device being placed inside a chamber with pressure <10−3 mbar. The device also includes at least one thermal shield between the crucible body and the heating element, the thermal shield including at least one element movable with respect to the crucible and designed so the heat received by the body of the crucible at a considered point of this body conforms, at a given instant of time, to a non-constant function of the distance between the considered point and the bottom of the crucible, this function being adjustable as regards at least one degree of movability of the first element of the thermal shield with respect to the crucible..
|Method and apparatus for in-line process control of the cigs process|
An in-line production apparatus and a method for composition control of copper indium gallium diselenide (cigs) solar cells fabricated by a co-evaporation deposition process. The deposition conditions are so that a deposited cu-excessive overall composition is transformed into to a cu-deficient overall composition, the final cigs film.
|Co2 refrigeration system for ice-playing surface|
A co2 refrigeration system comprising a transfer circuit for heat exchange between a supracompression circuit of co2 refrigerant, and an evaporation circuit of co2 refrigerant. A transfer circuit absorbs heat from the evaporation circuit, and releases heat to the supracompression circuit.