This page is updated frequently with new Enate-related patent applications.
| Metal removal with reduced surface roughness|
Methods are described for etching metal layers that are difficult to volatize, such as cobalt, nickel, and platinum to form an etched metal layer with reduced surface roughness. The methods include pretreating the metal layer with a local plasma formed from a hydrogen-containing precursor.
Applied Materials, Inc.
| Method of selective epitaxy|
Embodiments of the present disclosure generally relate to methods for trench filling of high quality epitaxial silicon-containing material without losing selectivity of growth to dielectrics such as silicon oxides and silicon nitrides. The methods include epitaxially growing a silicon-containing material within a trench formed in a dielectric layer by exposing the trench to a gas mixture comprising a halogenated silicon compound and a halogenated germanium compound.
Applied Materials, Inc.
| Method for automatically processing a number of log files of an automation system|
A method for automatically processing log files of different types of an automation system, said method determining a message part of a data set of the log file. All contents of the respective data sets of the log files are concatenated.
| Method for preparing a sulfurized alkaline earth metal dodecylphenate|
An overbased sulfurized alkaline earth metal alkylphenate is prepared by reacting an alkylphenol with an alkaline earth metal hydroxide or an alkaline earth metal oxide and sulfur in the presence of an alkylene glycol or dialkylene glycol, or ether thereof and in the presence of an oil of lubricating viscosity, and optionally further reacting the product thereof with carbon dioxide; thereby forming a sulfurized alkaline earth metal alkylphenate composition in oil. The composition is heated and subjected to steam stripping followed by filtration.
The Lubrizol Corporation
| Crosslinking rubber composition and crosslinked rubber production method|
A cross-linked rubber is excellent in both fuel oil resistance and cold resistance. A cross-linkable rubber composition contains: a nitrile group-containing copolymer rubber [a] including less than 30 wt % α,β-ethylenically unsaturated nitrile monomer units (a1), conjugated diene monomer units (b1), and α,β-ethylenically unsaturated dicarboxylic acid monoester monomer units (d1), wherein at least part of the conjugated diene monomer units (b1) is hydrogenated; a nitrile group-containing copolymer rubber [b] including not less than 30 wt % α,β-ethylenically unsaturated nitrile monomer units (a2) and conjugated diene monomer units (b2), wherein at least part of the conjugated diene monomer units (b2) may be hydrogenated; and an amine-based cross-linking agent..
| Uses of oxygenated cholesterol sulfates (ocs)|
Methods of preventing and/or treating ischemia, organ dysfunction and/or organ failure, including multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (mods), and necrosis and apoptosis associated with organ dysfunction/failure, are provided. For instance, the methods involve contacting organ(s) with an oxygenated cholesterol sulfate (ocs), e.g.
| Thieno- and pyrrolopyrimidine analogues as anticancer agents and methods of use thereof|
The present invention provides for the design and synthesis of halogenated thieno- and pyrrolopyrimidine compounds that exhibit cancer proliferation inhibitory activity and the use thereof for cancer treatment.. .
University Of Maryland, Baltimore County
|Apparatus and performing division|
An apparatus and method are provided, the apparatus comprising: storage circuitry to store an input data value; divider circuitry to split the input data value into at least one sub-value in dependence on a number of lanes for a current iteration, each sub-value occupying a lane, and to operate on each sub-value to generate a quotient corresponding to the division of that sub-value by a divisor, wherein the divisor is an odd integer; remainder circuitry to operate on each sub-value to generate a remainder corresponding to the remainder of dividing that sub-value by the divisor; concatenation circuitry to concatenate each quotient to produce a concatenated division value, and to concatenate each remainder to produce a concatenated remainder value, in each subsequent iteration, the input data value being formed from the concatenated remainder value of a preceding iteration; and output circuitry to output, after a plurality of iterations, a result of adding the concatenated division values produced by said plurality of iterations.. .
|Method for preparing dna unit composition, and creating concatenated dna|
Provided are: a method for preparing a dna unit composition in which the mol number of a plurality of dna units is more uniform, and a method for creating concatenated dna. The method for preparing a dna unit composition has: a step for preparing solutions which contain a plurality of dna units to which an added sequence is linked, and preparing a solution for each type of dna unit; and a step for, after preparing each of the solutions, measuring the concentration of the dna unit in each of the solutions in a state where the added sequence is linked to the dna unit, and on the basis of the results thereof, fractionating each of the solutions and making the mol number of the dna unit in each of the solutions closer to being identical to one another..
Technology Research Association Of Highly Efficient Gene Design
Lubricating composition for use in the crankcase of an engine comprising: (i) a base oil comprising at least one monoester or a mixture of monoesters, wherein said monoester or mixture of monoesters has a kinematic viscosity at 100° c. Of not more than 4 mm2/s, a viscosity index of at least 130 and a noack evaporation loss of not more than 20 wt %; and (ii) a polymeric viscosity index improvers selected from (a) one or more comb polymers; (b) a poly(meth)acrylate polymer having 1 to 70 mol % of one or more (meth)acrylate structural units represented by formula (1) below (1) wherein r1 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and r2 is a straight chain or branched hydrocarbon group having not less than 16 carbon atoms; (c) styrene-diene hydrogenated copolymers; and (d) mixtures thereof.
Shell Oil Company
Hybrid fuel and making the same
A hybrid fuel and methods of making the same are disclosed. A process for making a hybrid fuel includes the steps of combining a biofuel emulsion blend and a liquid fuel product to form a hybrid fuel.
Bio-based synthetic fluids
A method is provided involving altering the viscosity of bio-derived paraffins to produce a paraffinic fluid, where the altering step includes chlorinating the bio-derived paraffins; the bio-derived paraffins include a hydrodeoxygenated product produced by hydrodeoxygenating a bio-based feed where the bio-based feed includes bio-derived fatty acids, fatty acid esters, or a combination thereof; the bio-derived paraffins include n-paraffins; and the n-paraffins have a biodegradability of at least 40% after about 23 days of exposure to microorganisms. Also provided are methods of protecting and/or cleaning a substance by applying the paraffinic fluid..
Reg Synthetic Fuels, Llc
Conversion of biomass or residual waste material to biofuels
The present invention provides a process for producing liquid hydrocarbon products from solid biomass and/or residual waste feedstocks, said process comprising the steps of: a) hydropyrolysing the solid feedstock in a hydropyrolysis reactor vessel in the presence of molecular hydrogen and one or more deoxygenation catalyst, producing a product stream comprising partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product, h2o, h2, co2, co, c1-c3 gases, char and catalyst fines; b) removing said char and catalyst fines from said product stream; c) hydroconverting said partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product in a hydroconversion reactor vessel in the presence of one or more hydroconversion catalyst and of the h2o, co2, co, h2, and c1-c3 gas generated in step a), producing a vapour phase product comprising substantially fully deoxygenated hydrocarbon product, h2o, co, co2, and c1-c3 gases; d) condensing the vapour phase product of step d) to provide a liquid phase product comprising substantially fully deoxygenated c4+ hydrocarbon liquid and aqueous material and separating said liquid phase product from a gas phase product comprising h2, co, co2, and c1-c3 gases; e) removing the aqueous material from the substantially fully deoxygenated c4+ hydrocarbon liquid; and f) hydroprocessing at least a portion of the substantially fully deoxygenated c4+ hydrocarbon liquid in a hydroprocessing reactor vessel in the presence of hydrogen and one or more hydroprocessing catalysts, each hydroprocessing catalyst comprising at least one reduced metal on a solid support, in order to provide an upgraded liquid hydrocarbon stream.. .
Shell Oil Company
Green pigment composition for color filter, and color filter
Provided are a green pigment composition for a color filter having high brightness and wide color reproduction range in a liquid crystal display, and a color filter formed including the same. A halogenated zinc phthalocyanine containing an average of 10 to 14 halogen atoms per molecule in which an average of 8 to 12 are bromine atoms and an average of 2 to 5 are chlorine atoms is used.
Stabilized plasticizers for thermoplastic polyurethane
The present invention relates to a process for producing a thermoplastic polyurethane, comprising the provision of a composition z(w) comprising at least one carbodiimide selected from the group consisting of monomeric aliphatic carbodiimides, oligomeric aliphatic carbodiimides, polymeric aliphatic carbodiimides, monomeric aromatic carbodiimides, oligomeric aromatic carbodiimides and polymeric aromatic carbodiimides, and at least one ester selected from the group consisting of citric acid esters, acetyl citric acid esters, phthalic acid esters, benzoic acid esters, adipic acid esters, hydrogenated phthalic acid esters and phosphoric acid esters; and the subsequent addition of the composition z(w) to a thermoplastic polyurethane or a reaction mixture for producing a thermoplastic polyurethane. Further, the present invention relates to a thermoplastic polyurethane obtainable or obtained by a process according to the invention and to the use of the composition z(w) as plasticizer for thermoplastic polyurethanes.
Urethane oligomer and active energy ray curable resin composition containing same
By using a (meth)acrylamide-based urethane oligomer of the present invention which has a carbonate skeleton, a diene-based skeleton or a hydrogenated diene-based skeleton in the molecule, one or more (meth)acrylamide groups and a component having a molecular weight of less than 1,000 (excluding a (meth)acrylamide compound (a) having a hydroxyl group) at a content of 5% by weight or less, it is possible to obtain a urethane oligomer which has excellent compatibility with organic solvents, general purpose acrylic monomers and oligomers, and a high curability and to obtain an active energy ray curable resin composition which contains the urethane oligomer and has excellent adhesion, tack resistance, moisture resistance and shrinkage resistance.. .
Process for the cycloaddition of a halogenated 1,3-dipole compound with a (hetero)cycloalkyne
The present invention relates to a cycloaddition process comprising the step of reacting a halogenated aliphatic 1,3-dipole compound with a (hetero)cycloalkyne according to formula (1): preferably, the (hetero)cycloalkyne according to formula (1) is a (hetero)cyclooctyne. The invention also relates to the cycloaddition products obtainable by the process according to the invention.
Device and treating a liquid containing an organic pollutant
A device for treating a liquid including an organic pollutant, the device including: a device for injecting, into the liquid, microbubbles of an containing fluid containing an oxygenated constituent, the oxygenated constituent being capable of reacting with the ferrous cations fe2+ so as to generate hydroxyl radicals oh° and hydrogen peroxide h2o2; a cavitation generator capable of generating bubbles in the liquid by cavitation; a bubble implosion chamber; a generator of ferrous cations fe2+, the cavitation bubble implosion chamber being placed in a region in which the liquid contains the ferrous cations.. .
Catalyst and aromatization of c3-c4 gases, light hydrocarbon fractions and aliphatic alcohols, as well as mixtures thereof
The invention relates to hydrocarbon feedstock processing technology, in particular, to catalysts and technology for aromatization of c3-c4 hydrocarbon gases, light low-octane hydrocarbon fractions and oxygen-containing compounds (c1-c3 aliphatic alcohols), as well as mixtures thereof resulting in producing an aromatic hydrocarbon concentrate (ahcc). The catalyst comprises a mechanical mixture of 2 zeolites, one of which is characterized by the silica/alumina ratio sio2/al2o3=20, pre-treated with an aqueous alkali solution and modified with oxides of rare-earth elements used in the amount from 0.5 to 2.0 wt % based on the weight of the first zeolite.
Ngt Global Ag
Process for making styrene using microchannel process technology
The disclosed invention relates to a process for converting ethylbenzene to styrene, comprising: flowing a feed composition comprising ethylbenzene in at least one process microchannel in contact with at least one catalyst to dehydrogenate the ethylbenzene and form a product comprising styrene; exchanging heat between the process microchannel and at least one heat exchange channel in thermal contact with the process microchannel; and removing product from the process microchannel. Also disclosed is an apparatus comprising a process microchannel, a heat exchange channel, and a heat transfer wall positioned between the process microchannel and heat exchange channel wherein the heat transfer wall comprises a thermal resistance layer..
Process for reforming hydrocarbons
A process for the production of synthesis gas by the use of autothermal reforming in which tail gas from downstream fischer-tropsh synthesis is hydrogenated and then added to the autothermal reforming stage.. .
Haldor Topsoe A/s
Biomass conversion process to hydrocarbons
A process for the production of a higher hydrocarbon useful as gasoline component from solid biomass is provided. The process provides for longer zsm-5 condensation catalyst life by contacting the stable oxygenated hydrocarbon intermediate containing diols produced from digestion and hydrodoxygenation of the solid biomass to an amorphous silica alumina catalyst to reduce the diols content, and optionally removing water, prior to contacting with the zsm-5 condensation catalyst..
Shell Oil Company
Stabilization of polyurethane foam polyol premixes containing halogenated olefin blowing agents
The invention provides polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for the preparation thereof. More particularly, the invention relates to polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams having an open-cell, closed-cell or a combination of open and closed cell structure, and methods for their preparation.
Honeywell International Inc.
Hydrogenated tetracyclododecene-based ring-opening polymer and producing same
The present invention is: a hydrogenated tetracyclododecene-based ring-opening polymer comprising a repeating unit (a) derived from tetracyclododecene in a ratio of 40 wt % or more based on a total amount of repeating units, a ratio of meso diads in the repeating unit (a) being 65% or more; and a method for producing the same. By means of the present invention, provided are: a crystalline hydrogenated tetracyclododecene-based ring-opening polymer having a high melting point and a high glass transition temperature, and exhibiting excellent heat resistance and excellent processability even after forming due to melt forming; and a method for producing the same..
Catalyst for the polymerization of olefins
The present disclosure relates to catalyst systems for the polymerization of olefins of the general formula ch2═chr that show improved polymerization activity, wherein r is an alkyl, cycloalkyl or aryl radical having 1-12 carbon atoms, comprising (a) a solid catalyst component comprising ti, mg, and halogen, (b) an aluminum alkyl compound, and (c) a halogenated cyclic ether compound.. .
Basell Poliolefine Italia S.r.l.
Biomass conversion process to hydrocarbons
An improved process for the production of a higher hydrocarbon from solid biomass is provided. Solid biomass that has been digested and hydrodeoxygenated in a liquid digestive solvent in the presence of a hydrothermal hydrocatalytic catalyst is separated to an organic rich phase and an aqueous rich phase containing diols.
Shell Oil Company
Biomass conversion process to hydrocarbons
A process for the production of a higher hydrocarbon from solid biomass is provided. The process provides for ready separation of organic phase from aqueous phase which organic phase maybe recycled as a digestive solvent in a digestion and/or deoxygenation of solid biomass.
Shell Oil Company
Methods for removing halogenated ethylene impurities in 2, 3, 3, 3-tetrafluoropropene product
Disclosed is a composition comprised of at least one compound selected from 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-1-propene and 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene and halogenated impurity selected from the group consisting of hfo-1141 (ch2═chf), hcfo-1140 (ch2═chcl), and hcfo-1131 (ch2═cfcl and/or trans/cis-chf═chcl) and combination thereof, said halogenated impurity being present in said composition in an amount of 50 ppm or less.. .
Honeywell International Inc.
Encapsulated active ingredients for controlled enteric release
A method of forming a granule having an internal three-dimensional framework of channels to control and sustain the release of an active ingredient for enteric delivery of the active ingredient in an animal fed the granule. In the composition of the granules hydrogenated vegetable oil, hvo for example, is combined with a modifier to create a granule with channels through which the active ingredient is released.
Kemin Industries, Inc.
View interpolation for visual storytelling
A plurality of frames of a video recorded by a video camera and depth maps of the plurality of frames are stored in a data storage. One or more target video camera positions are determined.
General spatial-gesture grammar user interface for touchscreens, high dimensional touch pad (hdtp), free-space camera, and other user interfaces
A system for a spatial-gesture user interface employing grammatical rules at various levels. Various distinct subset of the gestemes can be concatenated in space and time to construct a distinct gestures.
Phenol-containing hydrogenated nitrile rubber
Novel hydrogenated nitrile rubbers having a specific phenol content are provided, as are a process for production thereof, vulcanizable mixtures based thereon and vulcanizates thus obtained. The vulcanizates feature particularly good moduli and compression set values, and very good storage stabilities..
Arlanxeo Deutschland Gmbh
Rubber composition for flexible coupling
Disclosed is a rubber composition for flexible coupling. In particular, the rubber composition for flexible coupling is prepared by mixing a filler including an hnbr alloy and carbon blacks having different average particle diameters with a hydrogenated acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber such that performance deterioration due to hydrolysis can be prevented even in hot and humid environments and the rubber composition has superior heat resistance and improved mechanical strength..
Hyundai Mobis Co., Ltd.
Farnesene-based polymers and liquid optically clear adhesive compositions incorporating the same
A low viscosity polymer having a linear or branched backbone derived from farnesene monomers and at least one terminal-end functionalized with a hydroxyl group. This polymer may be further hydrogenated to reduce unsaturation and acrylated, such that it may be incorporated into a loca composition.
Fina Technology, Inc.
Method for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomasses into mono-oxygenated or poly-oxygenated molecules
The invention relates to a process for transformation of lignocellulosic biomass or cellulose using in a simultaneous manner an original combination of at least two homogeneous catalysts and one or more heterogeneous catalyst(s). The use of these catalysts makes it possible to obtain mono-oxidized or poly-oxidized upgradable products directly and to limit the formation of non-upgradable products.
Ifp Energies Nouvelles
Endoscope system, processor endoscope system, and operating endoscope system
In the special observation mode, second illumination light including different-absorption-wavelength light that has different absorption coefficients for oxygenated hemoglobin and reduced hemoglobin is emitted, a turn-off state is thereafter initiated, and signal reading is performed for some of a plurality of pixel rows in accordance with a skip read method. Subsequently, first illumination light, which is normal light, is emitted, a turn-off state is thereafter initiated, and signal reading is performed for all of the pixel rows in a column direction in accordance with a pixel addition read method.
Systems for monitoring and applying electrical currents in an organ perfusion system
Electrode systems have been developed for use in perfusion systems to measure the electrical activity of an explanted heart and to provide defibrillation energy as necessary. The perfusion systems maintain the heart in a heating state at, or near, normal physiological conditions; circulating oxygenated, nutrient enriched perfusion fluid to the heart at or near physiological temperature, pressure and flow rate.