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|| List of recent Electrolyte-related patents
| Method of forming zinc oxide prominence and depression structure and method of manufacturing solar cell using thereof|
The method is effective in that a thin film can be uniformly formed on the prominence and depression structure, and an electrolyte or an organic material may uniformly penetrate between the prominence and depression structure.. .
| Temperature dependent ionic gate|
An electrochemical device having a liquid electrolyte which includes a protic solvent, an anode electrode disposed in contact with the liquid electrolyte, and a cathode electrode disposed in contact with the liquid electrolyte. A membrane which interrupts the transport of ions between the electrodes at a predetermined temperature is disposed in the liquid electrolyte between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode.
| Ion-conducting composite electrolyte comprising path-engineered particles|
An ion-conducting composite electrolyte is provided comprising path-engineered ion-conducting ceramic electrolyte particles and a solid polymeric matrix. The path-engineered particles are characterized by an anisotropic crystalline structure and the ionic conductivity of the crystalline structure in a preferred conductivity direction h associated with one of the crystal planes of the path-engineered particle is larger than the ionic conductivity of the crystalline structure in a reduced conductivity direction l associated with another of the crystal planes of the path-engineered particle.
| Sulphonate based compound, polymer electrolyte membrane comprising same and fuel cell comprising same|
The present invention relates to a novel sulfonate-based compound, a method for preparing the same, a polymer electrolyte membrane comprising the sulfonate-based compound, a membrane electrode assembly comprising the same and a fuel cell comprising the same.. .
| Fuel cell device and system|
Fuel cell devices and systems are provided. In certain embodiments, the devices include a ceramic support structure having a length, a width, and a thickness with the length direction being the dominant direction of thermal expansion.
| Metal-air battery|
A metal-air battery that includes a positive electrode layer, a negative electrode layer, and an electrolyte layer between the positive electrode layer and the negative electrode layer, in which a metal porous body is further provided between the negative electrode layer and the electrolyte layer.. .
| Electrolyte for rechargeable lithium battery and rechargeable lithium battery including same|
Disclosed are a non-aqueous electrolyte for a rechargeable lithium battery and a rechargeable lithium battery including the non-aqueous electrolyte, and the non-aqueous electrolyte for a rechargeable lithium battery includes a lithium salt; a non-aqueous organic solvent; and trialkylsilyl borate as an additive, wherein he non-aqueous organic solvent may include a solvent having a low melting point of less than or equal to about −50° c. And ionic conductivity of greater than or equal to about 6 s/cm at 25° c..
| Secondary battery|
A secondary battery which includes a positive electrode and a negative electrode, wherein the negative electrode has a negative electrode collector and a negative electrode active material layer, and the negative electrode collector has a base material which is formed of aluminum foil and an resin film which has a thickness of 0.01 to 5 μm and does not allow a nonaqueous electrolyte to permeate therethrough.. .
| Electrolyte-negative electrode structure, and lithium ion secondary battery comprising the same|
There are provided a constitution which can suppress a decrease in the cycle performance in repetition of charging and discharging, and a lithium ion secondary battery comprising the constitution. An electrolyte-negative electrode structure (7) comprises: a negative electrode (4) in which a negative electrode active material layer (3) comprising a material capable of intercalating lithium ions is formed on a current collector (2); and a solid electrolyte (6) comprising an inorganic particle having lithium ion conductivity, a polymer gel to be impregnated with an electrolyte solution, and an organic polymer acting as a binder for the inorganic particle and being capable of being impregnated with the polymer gel, wherein the negative electrode active material layer (3) and the solid electrolyte (6) are unified through the organic polymer as a medium..
| Positive-electrode active material, manufacturing method of the same, and nonaqueous electrolyte rechargeable battery having the same|
A positive-electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte rechargeable battery includes a core portion and a shell portion. The core portion contains an inorganic oxide with a polyanionic structure.
| Positive-electrode active material, manufacturing method of the same, and nonaqueous electrolyte rechargeable battery having the same|
A positive-electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte rechargeable battery includes a core portion and a shell portion. The core portion includes at least one of an inorganic oxide having a polyanionic structure and an inorganic compound oxide having a polyanionic structure and including a carbon.
| Nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery and manufacturing method thereof|
The present invention provides a method of manufacturing a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery in which graphite fissuring during rolling of the negative electrode mixture layer is prevented and a deterioration in the performance of the battery is thereby suppressed. The manufacturing method provided by the present invention is a method of manufacturing a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery that has a positive electrode and a negative electrode, and includes: a coating step of coating a current collector 22 with a positive electrode mixture 23 containing graphite 25; a magnetic field application step of applying, to the negative electrode mixture 23 made to coat the current collector 22 in the coating step, a magnetic field in which the magnetic lines of force are oriented in one direction parallel to the plane of the current collector 22 coated with the negative electrode mixture 23; a drying step of drying the negative electrode mixture 23 to which the magnetic field has been applied in the magnetic field application step; and a rolling step of rolling a negative electrode mixture layer resulted from the drying step..
| Electrolyte for rechargeable lithium battery and rechargeable lithium battery including same|
Disclosed is an electrolyte for a rechargeable lithium battery including boron containing compounds and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same.. .
| Polymer electrolyte and lithium rechargeable battery including the same|
A polymer electrolyte having improved reliability and safety by increasing thermal stability of a polymer of the polymer electrolyte and crosslinking density of a matrix of the polymer while improving electrode impregnation capability by inducing low viscosity in a pre-gel composition, and a lithium rechargeable battery including the same are disclosed. The polymer electrolyte is a cured product of a polymer electrolyte composition including a lithium salt, a non-aqueous organic solvent, and a pre-gel composition including a first monomer represented by chemical formula 1, a second monomer represented by chemical formula 2 and a third monomer represented by chemical formula 3..
| Nonaqueous electrolyte battery|
A nonaqueous electrolyte battery includes a positive electrode containing an active material, a negative electrode, and a nonaqueous electrolyte, the negative electrode including a current collector and a negative electrode active material supported by the current collector, the negative electrode active material having a li insertion potential not lower than 0.2v (vs. Li/li+) and an average primary particle diameter not larger than 1 μm, and a specific surface area of the negative electrode, excluding a weight of the current collector, as determined by the bet method falls within a range of 3 to 50 m2/g..
| Sodium chalcogenide electrodes for sodium batteries|
A sodium-ion electrochemical cell described herein comprises a cathode, an anode, and a non-aqueous sodium-containing electrolyte therebetween. The electrolyte comprises a sodium salt dissolved in a liquid organic carrier.
| Redox and plating electrode systems for an all-iron hybrid flow battery|
A system for a flow cell for a hybrid flow battery, comprising: a redox plate comprising a plurality of electrolyte flow channels; conductive inserts attached to the redox plate between adjacent electrolyte flow channels; a redox electrode attached to a surface of the redox plate; a plating electrode, comprising: a plurality of folded fins with an oscillating cross-section, the plurality of folded fins comprising: a first planar surface; a second planar surface, parallel to the first planar surface; a plurality of ridges intersecting the first and second planar surfaces such that the plurality of ridges divide the first planar surface into a first plurality of strips, and divide the second planar surface into a second plurality of strips; and a membrane barrier. In this way, the capacity and performance of hybrid flow batteries may be maximized, through decreasing the reaction kinetics, mass transport and ohmic resistance losses at both electrodes..
| Sodium-halogen secondary cell|
A sodium-halogen secondary cell that includes a negative electrode compartment housing a negative, sodium-based electrode and a positive electrode compartment housing a current collector disposed in a liquid positive electrode solution. The liquid positive electrode solution includes a halogen and/or a halide.
| System and method for closing a battery fill hole|
A battery module includes a hermetically sealed battery cell assembly. The battery cell assembly includes a housing and an electrochemical cell disposed in the housing, wherein the housing includes a fill hole configured to receive electrolyte into the battery cell assembly.
| Hybrid capacitor-battery and supercapacitor with active bi-functional electrolyte|
An electrode includes a substrate having a carbon nanostructure (cns) disposed thereon and a coating including an active material conformally disposed about the carbon nanostructure and the substrate. The electrode is used in a hybrid capacitor-battery having a bifunctional electrolyte capable of energy storage..
| Solid electrolytic capacitor and method for manufacturing the same|
A solid electrolytic capacitor includes an anode body, a dielectric coating formed to cover the anode body, a first solid electrolyte layer formed to cover the dielectric coating, a second solid electrolyte layer made of a conductive polymer and formed to cover a relatively thin portion of the first solid electrolyte layer, and a cathode layer formed to cover the first solid electrolyte layer and the second solid electrolyte layer.. .
| Microstructure device for measuring molecular membranes and a method for producing said microstructure device|
The invention is related to a microstructure apparatus for the measurement of biological membranes, comprising a support substrate having an upper side for supporting the membrane, at least one microcavity of the support substrate for receiving an electrolyte, wherein the microcavity is open upward and ends in a microaperture in the upper side of the support substrate, wherein the microaperture has a first characteristic diameter d1 and has at least one electrode, which is at least partially arranged within the microcavity and which has a contact side for contacting an electrolyte, the contact side being arranged adjacent to the inner volume of the microcavity, characterized in that the contact side of the electrode has a characteristic diameter d2, being larger than d1. The invention further relates to a corresponding method for producing the microstructure apparatus..
| Method of charging an electrochemical cell|
A method of pulse charging a secondary electrochemical storage cell is provided. The secondary cell includes a negative electrode comprising an alkaline metal; a positive electrode comprising at least one transition metal halide; a molten salt electrolyte comprising alkaline metal haloaluminate; and a solid electrolyte partitioning the positive electrode from the negative electrode, such that a first surface of the solid electrolyte is in contact with the positive electrode, and a second surface of the solid electrolyte is in contact with the negative electrode.
| Separation of electrolytes|
Methods and articles relating to separation of electrolyte compositions within lithium batteries are provided. The lithium batteries described herein may include an anode having lithium as the active anode species and a cathode having sulfur as the active cathode species.
| Radical composition and battery using same|
The present invention provides a radical composition capable of suppressing elution of electrode components in an electrolyte solution when used in an electrode for a secondary battery, and a battery using the radical composition. The present invention relates to a radical composition including a pyrroline nitroxide polymer and polyethylene glycols..
| Electrolytic cell and method of use thereof|
In one embodiment of the present invention an electrolytic cell is provided comprising a containment vessel; a first electrode; a second electrode; a source of electrical current in electrical communication with the first electrode and the second electrode; an electrolyte in fluid communication with the first electrode and the second electrode; a gas, wherein the gas is formed during electrolysis at or near the first electrode; and a separator; wherein the separator includes an inclined surface to direct flow of the electrolyte and the gas due to a difference between density of the electrolyte and the combined density of the electrolyte and the gas such that the gas substantially flows in a direction distal to the second electrode.. .
| Aerobic oxidation of alkanes|
An aerobic method for oxidizing an alkane is disclosed herein. At least a portion of a surface of a platinum working electrode is activated at an interface between the platinum working electrode and an ionic liquid electrolyte (i.e., 1-ethyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-propyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-pentyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-hexyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-heptyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-octyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-nonyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, and 1-decyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imidem, and combinations thereof).
| Gas sensor|
In an electrochemical gas sensor (1), a carrier substrate (2) has an underside (3) and a top side (4), wherein an electrode structure (20) with an electrolyte layer (6) is arranged at the top side (4), while a gas inlet for a measurement gas is formed at the underside (3). A porous region (7) formed of a porous material is provided in the carrier substrate (2), such that diffusion openings in the porous material connect the underside (3) to the top side (4) in a gas-permeable manner, and a connection (5, 27) of a measurement electrode (25, 26) is formed in a gas-tight surface region (33, 34, 35) at the top side (4) adjacent to the porous region (7) and the connection (5, 27) is at least partly covered by the electrolyte layer (6)..
| Solid state battery fabrication|
Embodiments of the invention generally relate to solid state battery structures, such as li-ion batteries, methods of fabrication and tools for fabricating the batteries. One or more electrodes and the separator may each be cast using a green tape approach wherein a mixture of active material, conductive additive, polymer binder and/or solid electrolyte are molded or extruded in a roll to roll or segmented sheet/disk process to make green tape, green disks or green sheets.
| Internally manifolded flow cell for an all-iron hybrid flow battery|
In one example, a system for a flow cell for a flow battery, comprising: a first flow field; and a polymeric frame, comprising: a top face; a bottom face, opposite the top face; a first side; a second side, opposite the first side; a first electrolyte inlet located on the top face and the first side of the polymeric frame; a first electrolyte outlet located on the top face and the second side of the polymeric frame; a first electrolyte inlet flow path located within the polymeric frame and coupled to the first electrolyte inlet; and a first electrolyte outlet flow path located within the polymeric frame and coupled to the first electrolyte outlet. In this way, shunt currents may be minimized by increasing the length and/or reducing the cross-sectional area of the electrolyte inlet and electrolyte outlet flow paths..
| 2d crystalline film based on zno integration of onto a conductive plastic substrate|
The invention relates to a method for forming, on a conductive plastic substrate, a 2d crystalline layer based on zinc oxide, possibly doped, characterized in that: the 2d layer is formed by electrochemical deposition; the electrochemical deposition is performed at a temperature ranging between 55° c. And 65° c.; the electrochemical deposition is performed in the presence of oxygen, by means of a solution including a zinc source at a concentration ranging between 2.5 mm and 7 mm; and a supporting electrolyte at a concentration ranging between 0.06 m et 0.4 m..
| Redox couple for electrochemical and optoelectronic devices|
The present invention provides an improved redox couple for electrochemical and optoelectronic devices. The redox couple is based on a complex of a first row transition metal, said complex containing at least one mono-, bi-, or tridentate ligand comprising a substituted or unsubstituted ring or ring system comprising a five-membered n-containing heteroring and/or a six-membered ring comprising at least two heteroatoms, at least one of which being a nitrogen atom, said five- or six-membered heteroring, respectively, comprising at least one double bond.
| Dye-sensitized solar cell, its photoelectrode and producing method thereof|
A dye-sensitized solar cell includes a negative electrode, a positive electrode, a photoelectrode mounted between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, and an electrolyte located between the photoelectrode and the positive electrode. The photoelectrode is adapted to absorb a dye.
| Silicon dioxide solar cell|
In order to increase the generation efficiency of a silicon dioxide solar cell, two conductive substrates are arranged so that the conductive surfaces thereof face each other, at least one of the substrates is disposed upon the substrate facing the light entry-side substrate, and an electrolyte is filled between the silicon dioxide particles compact and the light entry-side substrate. Silicon dioxide solar cells having this configuration exhibit a significantly increased short circuit current and open circuit voltage in comparison to solar cells in which the silicon dioxide and the electrolyte are mixed.
| Ultra high performance concrete reinforced with low-cost graphite nanomaterials and microfibers, and method for production thereof|
Ultra-high-performance cementitious materials are made using suitably functionalized and relatively low-cost carbon nanofibers and graphite platelets. Polyelectrolytes and surfactants are physisorbed upon these graphite nanomaterials in water, and dispersion of nanomaterials in water is achieved by stirring.
| Method and apparatus for increasing combustion efficiency and reducing particulate matter emissions in jet engines|
Hydrogen and oxygen is produced by an electrolyzer from nonelectrolyte water in a nonelectrolyte water tank. The system utilizes an onboard diagnostic (obd) interface in communication with the jet's control systems, to regulate power to the system so that hydrogen production for the jet engine only occurs when the jet engine is running.
| Molten salt battery and method for manufacturing molten salt battery|
The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a molten salt battery having a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator arranged between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and an electrolyte salt, which is solid at normal temperature. The solid electrolyte salt is retained on a surface of at least one of the positive electrode, the negative electrode, and the separator prior to assembly of the battery.
| Method for manufacturing gel lithim battery|
A method for manufacturing a gel lithium battery is provided. The method includes steps of: fabricating a core device; placing the core device in a bag and injecting a reactive electrolyte into the bag; pre-charging the core device and the reactive electrolyte to cause chemical reactions of the core device and the reactive electrolyte; performing a heating process on the bag to cause a gel formation and aging of the reactive electrolyte; and performing an activation procedure on the core device and the reactive electrolyte in the bag to complete manufacturing the gel lithium battery.
| Ionic gel electrolyte, energy storage devices, and methods of manufacture thereof|
An electrochemical cell includes solid-state, printable anode layer, cathode layer and non-aqueous gel electrolyte layer coupled to the anode layer and cathode layer. The electrolyte layer provides physical separation between the anode layer and the cathode layer, and comprises a composition configured to provide ionic communication between the anode layer and cathode layer by facilitating transmission of multivalent ions between the anode layer and the cathode layer..
|Novel amphiphilic graft copolymers|
A novel amphiphilic graft copolymer is described. A process to make amphiphilic graft copolymers via grafting either poly(ethylene oxide) or polylactide side chains onto an eva platform using oxo-anion ring-opening polymerization chemistry is also described.
|Small peptide modulators of potassium channel trafficking|
Provided herein are methods of improving electrolyte balance across a cell membrane and treating pathophysiological conditions associated with electrolyte imbalance. Improvement or treatment is effected by ontacting the cell or administering a peptide modulator that increases the surface expression of ca2+-activated potassium channels.
|Non ionic groups of amphoteric polysaccharide linear or branched alkyl or acid and base distillation reservoir liquid or gas mechanically refined and nano particle dispersion and recovery basin in vacuum processing for building materials and high wear-heat resistant parts brushes; windings; coils; battery cells; brake pads; bushings; 2.5 phase extrusions die cast molding; refrigeration; polarized glass; and central processing unit processors.|
Manufacture process scientific formula mechanically refined and nanoparticle dispersion preform slurry non ionic or electrolyte carbon nanofoam cnfs with or without ionic suspension elements manufactured, preform slurry high wear-heat resistant parts electronic component composite coils, composite windings, drawn, annealing, spun, coils, windings, wire, woven textile mesh, shielding, brushes, inductors, antinode couplers, electric rheostats, starters, motors, alternators, generators, ionic suspension element enhanced composite coils, composite windings, drawn, annealing, spun, coils, windings, wire, woven textile mesh, shielding, brushes, capacitors, battery cells, rheostats, electronic resistors, transformers, transducers, rectifiers, power supplies, or heat sinks, preform slurry carbon nanofoam cnfs extrusion high wear-heat resistant parts aerospace, automotive, and transportation brake calipers, rotors, pads, washers, spacers, and bushings, preform slurry carbon nanofoam cnfs extrusion high wear-heat resistant parts precision casting molds manufacturing highly pure metal, super alloy, acid-solid, alkaline, glass, acrylic, halide, alkalide, or ceramics specializing in 2.5 phase die cast molding.. .
|Fuel cell system and method of detecting abnormality of fuel cell system|
A fuel cell system and an abnormality detecting method therefor is provided. The fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell that includes at least one fuel-cell cell having an anode, a cathode and an electrolyte membrane, an anode-side passage supplying and exhausting fuel gas to and from the anode, a cathode-side passage supplying and exhausting oxidation gas to and from the cathode, a voltage detecting unit detecting a fuel cell voltage, a suppressing unit setting a suppression state where, after terminating normal power generation, introduction of the fuel and oxidation gas to the anode-side and cathode-side passages and emission of the fuel and oxidation gas from the anode-side and cathode-side passages to outsides are suppressed as compared with those during the normal power generation; and an abnormality detecting unit, after setting the suppression state, detecting abnormality of the fuel cell system based on the detected voltage or a variation thereof..
|Direct oxidation type fuel cell system|
Disclosed is a fuel cell system comprising: a fuel cell including an anode and a cathode to which a water-soluble fuel and an oxidant are supplied, respectively, and a water-permeable electrolyte membrane interposed therebetween; a fuel tank; a first fuel supply unit which supplies an aqueous fuel solution to the anode; a second fuel supply unit which supplies the fuel to the first fuel supply unit; an oxidant supply unit which supplies an oxidant to the cathode; a temperature sensor which detects a temperature ft of the fuel cell; and a control unit which controls the first, second, and oxidant supply units, and the fuel cell whether to start or stop power generation. The control unit allows at least the first fuel supply unit to operate while the fuel cell is stopped from generating power, provided that the temperature ft of the fuel cell as such meets specific requirements..
|Systems and methods for suppressing chromium poisoning in fuel cells|
A fuel cell assembly includes a fuel cell stack including a plurality of fuel cells, an incoming oxidizing gas flow path configured to deliver an oxidizing gas to the plurality of fuel cells, and a chromium-getter material located in the incoming oxidizing flow path. A fuel cell includes an electrolyte, a cathode electrode on a first side of the electrolyte, an anode electrode on a second side of the electrolyte, and a chromium-getter material on the cathode electrode..
|Positive electrode active material for lithium secondary battery, method of manufacturing the same, and lithium secondary battery including the material|
Provided is a positive electrode active material for a lithium secondary battery including a positive electrode active material particle and an electrolyte-containing metal oxide coating layer having a porous structure and a method of manufacturing the same. A lithium secondary battery to which the positive electrode active material including the electrolyte-containing metal oxide coating layer is applied can have improved charge/discharge efficiency and lifespan characteristics at the same time..
|Electrode body, all solid state battery, and method for producing coated active material|
The problem of the present invention is to provide an electrode body in which electron conductivity of a coated active material improves and reaction resistance decreases. The present invention solves the above-mentioned problem by providing an electrode body comprising a coated active material having an oxide active material and a coat layer for coating the surface of the above-mentioned oxide active material, containing an oxide solid electrolyte material, and a sulfide solid electrolyte material contacting with the above-mentioned coated active material, characterized in that the above-mentioned coat layer contains a conductive assistant..
|Glass ceramic that conducts lithium ions, and use of said glass ceramic|
A glass ceramic is provided that has at least one crystal phase that conducts lithium ions and a total content of ta2o5 of at least 0.5 wt. %.
|Electrolyte additive for rechargeable lithium battery and rechargeable lithium battery including same|
Wherein, r1 to r4 are each independently selected from hydrogen, an aliphatic saturated hydrocarbon group, an aliphatic unsaturated hydrocarbon group, an aromatic hydrocarbon group, a heterocyclic group, or a combination thereof, provided that at least one of r1 or r2 and at least one of r3 or r4 are independently an unsaturated hydrocarbon group including at least one carbon-carbon double bond, and r5 is selected from hydrogen, a halogen, an aliphatic saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group, an aromatic hydrocarbon group, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, a cyano group, an imino group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a carboxyl group, a heterocyclic group, or a combination thereof.. .
|Alkaline cell having increased interfacial area|
An alkaline cell comprising a housing having a bottom end and a top end, and an electrode assembly disposed within the housing. The electrode assembly comprises a single first electrode and a single second electrode, a separator therebetween, and an electrolyte.
|Separator for rechargeable lithium battery|
A separator for a rechargeable lithium battery includes a backbone polymer, an ion conductive polymer coating the backbone polymer, and an electrolyte solution immersing the backbone polymer, wherein the backbone polymer and the ion conductive polymer are different from each other.. .
|Lithium battery having a protected lithium electrode and an ionic liquid catholyte|
Active metal and active metal intercalation electrode structures and battery cells having ionically conductive protective architecture including an active metal (e.g., lithium) conductive impervious layer separated from the electrode (anode) by a porous separator impregnated with a non-aqueous electrolyte (anolyte). This protective architecture prevents the active metal from deleterious reaction with the environment on the other (cathode) side of the impervious layer, which may include aqueous or non-aqueous liquid electrolytes (catholytes) and/or a variety of electrochemically active materials, including liquid, solid and gaseous oxidizers.
|Reserve battery operated power supplies|
A power supply including: a reserve power source for providing power, the reserve power source including: a liquid reserve battery which requires activation to produce power; an activator having a liquid electrolyte for activating the liquid reserve battery upon a mechanical activation such that the liquid electrolyte is forced from the activator into the liquid reserve battery through a communication between the activator and the liquid reserve battery; a pair of terminals operatively connected to the liquid reserve battery for outputting the produced power; and a mechanical stop for preventing the activator from activating the liquid reserve battery, the stop being selectively removable when activation is desired. Where the activator includes a container having the liquid electrolyte contained therein and the activator further includes: a top and a bellow attached on one end to the top and to a portion of the liquid reserve battery at an other end..
|Quasi-bipolar battery cells and arrangements|
The current invention provides a quasi-bipolar battery assembly including at least two battery cells, each battery cell including a first metallic element and a second metallic element, an insulating sealing member disposed between edges of the first metallic element and the second metallic element, an anode and a cathode separated by a porous separator, with the anode being in electrical connection with the first metallic element and the cathode being in electrical connection with the second metallic element and an electrolyte disposed within the metallic elements and at least one air space disposed between two adjacent cells of the at least two battery cells, adapted to receive gaseous cooling fluid therethrough wherein the adjacent battery cells are connected by electrically conductive interconnections disposed in the at least one air space.. .
|Pressure balancing of electrolytes in redox flow batteries|
Methods and apparatuses are disclosed for mitigating electrolyte migration in a redox flow battery system. A first parameter of a first electrolyte in a first flow path of a redox flow battery cell block may be measured.
|Fuel cell comprising at least two stacked printed circuit boards with a plurality of interconnected fuel cell units|
A fuel cell comprising at least two stacked fuel cell boards (22) which each comprise a membrane of substantially gas impervious electrolyte material and at least two electrode pairs wherein the anode and cathode of each said electrode pair are arranged on respective faces of said membrane. An electrode of each pair of electrodes is connected to an electrode of an adjacent pair of electrodes by a through-membrane connection (13) or by an external connection on a printed circuit board, comprising an electrically conductive region of said electrolyte material.
|Method and arrangement for improved operability of a high temperature fuel cell system|
An arrangement for improved operability of a high temperature fuel cell device at higher fuel cell voltage values than nominal voltage values, each fuel cell in the fuel cell device including an anode side, a cathode side, and an electrolyte between the anode side and the cathode side, and the arrangement includes means for determining temperature information of the fuel cells and main power converter for loading fuels cells at least up to their rated power level. The arrangement includes a non-isolating pre-regulator for reducing the fuel cell voltage to a voltage level useable for the main power converter at least at substantially low power levels in start-up and low current load situations when the fuel cell voltage is significantly higher than in nominal operation conditions, the pre-regulator being located between the fuel cells and the main power converter, and the arrangement includes bypass means for bypassing the pre-regulator at substantially high current loads when the fuel cell voltage has decreased to the voltage level suitable for an input voltage of the main power converter..
|Solid electrolytic capacitor and manufacturing method therefor|
A solid electrolyte capacitor in which a valve-acting metal substrate with a dielectric oxide film formed on the surface of an anode body is immersed alternately in a monomer solution and an oxidant solution to form a first conductive polymer layer on the surface of the dielectric oxide film. Thereafter, the capacitor element with the first conductive polymer layer is immersed in a soluble conductive polymer solution or a conductive polymer suspension to form a second conductive polymer layer that varies little in film thickness.
|Laminate type energy device and method of manufacturing the same|
A laminate type energy device includes a plurality of cells, each having a laminated body of at least two layers laminated such that positive and negative electrodes are alternated, with a separator through which an electrolyte and ions are passed, interposed between the positive and negative active material electrodes, and positive and negative lead-out electrodes are exposed. Tab electrodes that allow electricity to flow outside of the laminate type energy device are joined to the lead-out electrodes via connecting portions.
|Thin film battery charge control and method|
A thin film battery and charging system is provided comprising a cathode material, a cathode current collector, an anode current collector, and an electrolyte layer separating the cathode material from the anode current collector configured to form a battery having at least one intercalating electrode. The system additionally comprises an integrated-circuit battery-charging and managing circuit and a user controlled input having selection capability for the user to choose from a plurality of levels of state of charge of the battery.
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Electrolyte topics: Electrolyte, Solid Electrolyte, Lithium Carbonate, Semiconductor, Conversion Efficiency, Sensitizer, Lens Array, Bipyridine, Electrostatically, Metalizing, Oxygenation, Cathodic Protection, Semiconductor Wafer, Random Access, Memory Cell
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