|| List of recent Electrolyte-related patents
|Electric double layer capacitor material|
A material for constituting an electric double layer capacity that is stable at high temperatures and can expect a high electric capacity is provided. Such a material is an electric double layer capacitor material which is used as a material for constituting solid electrolytes 13 and 17 for an electric double layer capacitor 1 and is composed of a metal-salen complex compound..
|Polyelectrolyte-coated ion-exchange particles|
A polyelectrolyte-coated particle, devices for using the particle, methods for using the particle for separating pcr reaction products and/or dna sequencing reaction products, and compositions for coating the particle are provided.. .
|Solid, edible, chewable laxative composition|
The invention is directed to an edible solid composition having laxative properties. The composition has a smooth mouth feel, in non-gritty and has a pleasant taste.
|Solid oxide fuel cell and manufacturing method thereof|
There are provided a solid oxide fuel cell capable of firmly sealing an anode while simultaneously securing rigidity of an anode support structure, and a manufacturing method thereof. The solid oxide fuel cell includes an electrolyte layer, a cathode provided on one surface of the electrolyte layer, an anode provided on the other surface of the electrolyte layer, and at least one reinforcing member disposed within the anode to reinforce rigidity thereof..
|Immobilized heteropoly acids and the use of the same for electrode stabilization and enhancement|
The use of fuel cells to produce electricity are known as an environmentally clean and reliable source of energy, and show promise as an automotive power source if the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell can be made less expensive, more durable, reduce or eliminate humidification of the reactive gases, and operate at temperatures encountered during automotive operating conditions. The use of an electro-catalyst formed from heteropoly acids immobilized by a conductive material, such as carbon or platinum black, and stabilizing a metallic black with the immobilized conductive material addressed these automotive fuel cell needs.
|Electrolyte membrane-electrode structure with resin frame for fuel cells|
An electrolyte membrane-electrode structure with a resin frame is provided with: an electrolyte membrane-electrode structure that is provided with an anode-side electrode and a cathode-side electrode, with a solid polymer electrolyte membrane being held therebetween; and a resin frame member that is arranged around the outer periphery of the solid polymer electrolyte membrane. An intermediate layer is continuously arranged: between an outer peripheral end portion of the cathode-side electrode and a first inner peripheral end portion of the resin frame member; on an outer peripheral end portion of the solid polymer electrolyte membrane, said outer peripheral end portion being exposed outside the outer peripheral end portion of the cathode-side electrode; and between an outer peripheral end portion of the anode-side electrode and a second inner peripheral end portion of the resin frame member..
|Fuel cell stack|
A fuel cell stack includes a stacked body, a first terminal plate, a first insulator, a first end plate, a second terminal plate, a second insulator, a second end plate, a fluid manifold, a fluid channel, a fluid hole, a first connection passage, and a second connection passage. The stacked body includes a plurality of separators and a membrane electrode assembly.
|Enhanced bonding in fuel cells|
Methods, systems, and articles relating to enhanced bonding of layers in a planar fuel cell. A planar fuel cell having a composite layer is bonded to an outer layer (e.g., a fuel or fluid manifold) using intrusions that extend through an electrolyte layer and into an underlying layer (e.g., a substrate component or a current-collector component)..
|Fuel cell stack|
A fuel cell stack includes a plurality of power generation units, a reactant gas channel, and a coolant channel. The plurality of power generation units are stacked in a stacking direction to provide a stacked body and each includes a first separator, a first electrolyte electrode assembly, a second separator, a second electrolyte electrode assembly, and a third separator.
|Fuel cell apparatus|
A fuel cell apparatus includes a fuel cell generating electric power, and including a fuel electrode which includes an anode catalyst, which is disposed in one side of an electrolyte membrane, which is supplied with liquid fuel, and which discharges gas generated by a chemical reaction accelerated by the anode catalyst, and an oxidizing agent electrode which includes a cathode catalyst, which is disposed in the other side of the electrolyte membrane, and which is supplied with air, and a control unit controlling a load applied to the fuel cell. The control unit increases the load in at least one of two cases, one case being when electric power generated by the fuel cell lowers below a predetermined reference value and another case being at predetermined time intervals, and stops the increase of the load after elapsing a predetermined time period from the start of the increase of the load..
|Reversible fuel cell and reversible fuel cell system|
A reversible fuel cell includes a positive electrode containing manganese dioxide, a negative electrode containing a hydrogen storage material, a separator disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and an electrolyte. Each of the negative electrode and the positive electrode is an electrode for power generation and is also an electrode that applies electrolysis to the electrolyte using electric current to be fed from the outside.
|Non-aqueous liquid electrolyte for secondary battery and secondary battery|
Wherein r11 to r15, r21 to r24 and r31 to r34 represent a hydrogen or a specific substituent; l11, l21, l31 and l32 represent a specific linking group; x represents an electron-withdrawing group; and n and m each independently represent 1 or 2.. .
|Electrolyte for secondary battery and lithium secondary battery including the same|
Disclosed are an electrolyte for a lithium secondary battery which includes a non-aqueous solvent and a lithium salt, wherein the non-aqueous solvent includes an anion receptor, a cyclic carbonate, and a linear solvent, wherein an amount of the cyclic carbonate is in a range of 1 wt % to 30 wt % based on a total weight of the non-aqueous solvent, and a lithium secondary battery including the same.. .
|Non-aqueous electrolyte solution and electricity-storage device using same|
Wherein r1 and r2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or an alkyl group having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, at least one hydrogen atom of which may be substituted by a halogen atom; and r3 represents a linear or branched alkenyl group having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms and having a double bond at an end thereof or a linear or branched alkynyl group having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms and having a triple bond at an end thereof.. .
|Lithium battery with composite solid electrolyte|
An electrochemical cell in one embodiment includes a negative electrode including a form of lithium, a positive electrode spaced apart from the negative electrode, a separator positioned between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, and a first lithium ion conducting and ionically insulating composite solid electrolyte layer positioned between the negative electrode and the positive electrode.. .
|Method for producing nonaqueous-electrolyte battery and nonaqueous-electrolyte battery|
Provided is a method for producing a nonaqueous-electrolyte battery. A positive-electrode body 1 is prepared that includes a positive-electrode active-material layer 12 including a powder-molded body, and a positive-electrode-side solid-electrolyte layer 13 that is amorphous and formed by a vapor-phase process.
|Electrode material; and battery, nonaqueous-electrolyte battery, and capacitor all incorporating the material|
The invention offers an electrode material that can accomplish both high capacity and high output and a battery, a nonaqueous-electrolyte battery, and a capacitor all incorporating the electrode material. The electrode material has a sheet-shaped aluminum porous body carrying an active material.
|Protective coatings for conversion material cathodes|
Battery systems using coated conversion materials as the active material in battery cathodes are provided herein. Protective coatings may be an oxide, phosphate, or fluoride, and may be lithiated.
|Carbon-sulfur composites encapsulated with polyelectrolyte multilayer membranes|
A carbon-sulfur composite coated with a membrane containing alternating layers of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes is provided. A cathode containing the coated carbon-sulfur composite and a battery constructed with the cathode are also provided..
|Nickel iron battery employing an untreated polyolefin separator with a surfactant in the electrolyte|
Provided is a nickel-iron battery. The battery comprises a positive nickel electrode, an iron negative electrode, an electrolyte comprising a surfactant, and a non-polar separator.
|Non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery|
The object is to provide a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery which can improve performance (increase in capacity) and reduce cost by improvement in heat stability. There are provided a positive electrode including a metal halide and a positive electrode active material containing a lithium transition metal oxide which includes nickel and manganese, a negative electrode including a negative electrode active material, and a nonaqueous electrolyte including a nonaqueous solvent, a fluorine-containing lithium salt, and a lithium salt which includes an oxalate complex as an anion..
A secondary battery that can avoid reduction in battery capacity over the lapse of charge-discharge cycles and can exhibit high performance is provided. The secondary battery includes a laminated body having a pair of electrodes and an electrolyte layer provided between the pair of electrodes, the electrolyte layer including electrolyte particles, the laminated body having an end portion, and a restrictor provided so as to cover at least the end portion of the laminated body for restricting expansion of the electrolyte layer in the plane direction thereof..
|Nonaqueous electrolyte battery separator and nonaqueous electrolyte battery|
Provided herein is a nonaqueous electrolyte battery separator capable of rendering a battery flame-retardant and suppressing a reduction in battery performance is provided. A porous front-side protective layer 47 is formed on a front surface 45a of a porous base material 45 made of a polyolefin-based resin.
|Methods and compositions for wound healing|
The present invention relates to methods and compositions for wound healing. In particular, the present invention relates to promoting and enhancing wound healing by utilizing cross-linker covalent modification molecules to attach and deliver wound active agents to a wound.
|Asphaltene based photovoltaic devices|
Photovoltaic devices and methods of making the same, are disclosed herein. The cell comprises a photovoltaic device that comprises a first electrically conductive layer comprising a photo-sensitized electrode; at least one photoelectrochemical layer comprising metal-oxide particles, an electrolyte solution comprising at least one asphaltene fraction, wherein the metal-oxide particles are optionally dispersed in a surfactant; and a second electrically conductive layer comprising a counter-electrode, wherein the second electrically conductive layer comprises one or more conductive elements comprising carbon, graphite, soot, carbon allotropes or any combinations thereof..
|Method for manufacturing an integrated circuit and an integrated circuit|
A method for manufacturing an integrated circuit may include forming an electronic circuit in or above a carrier; forming at least one metallization layer structure configured to electrically connect the electronic circuit; and forming a solid state electrolyte battery at least partially in the at least one metallization layer structure, wherein the solid state electrolyte battery is electrically connected to the electronic circuit.. .
|Lead-free electrochemical galvanic oxygen sensor|
A lead-free, self-corrosion-free electrochemical galvanic oxygen sensor is provided. The preferred sensor includes a container, the container including a lead-free anode, an alkali electrolyte, a carbon platinized with platinum cathode and a nickel wire current collector, wherein the container further includes a diffusion barrier that causes the sensor to operate in the limiting current region..
|Cathode-driven or assisted solar cell|
In one form, a photoelectrochemical cell comprising a p-type sensitized photocathode including a sensitizer dye and a water-based electrolyte. In another form, the sensitizer dye and an adjacent semiconductor may have a reduction potential that is sufficiently high to either reduce a desired chemical feedstock in the cell or reduce protons in the water to hydrogen gas.
|Dye-sensitized solar cell with metal foam electrode|
A dye-sensitized solar cell has a working electrode, electrolyte, and counter electrode. The counter electrode includes a nickel (ni) foam, titanium (ti) foam, manganese (mn) foam, or molybdenum (mo) foam, and has a surface that is nitrided.
|Electric double layer capacitor, lithium ion capacitor and manufacturing method thereof|
A thin energy storage device having high capacity is obtained. An energy storage device having high output is obtained.
|Procedure for obtaining a substrate with au nanoclusters attached to its surface, and the substrate and catalyst obtained through this procedure|
Method for producing a substrate with au (gold) nanoclusters affixed to the surface thereof and substrate and catalyst obtained by means of said method. The method consists in preparing a solution containing, in disperse form, au nanoclusters and, also in disperse form, a substrate with a surface functionalised with a polyelectrolyte that confers a net electric charge thereon, and in intensely agitating said solution to affix au nanoclusters to the substrate surface.
|Half-cell spacer material for enhanced flow distribution|
Disclosed is method for enhancing electrolyte flowing mechanism within electrodes in flow battery cells by employing half-cell spacer screens that may be welded to at least one surface of each electrode sheet. Half-cell spacer screens may provide a constant gap thickness between electrode sheet and micro-porous separator membrane.
|Redox flow battery stack and redox flow battery system having the same|
The disclosure discloses a redox flow battery stack and a redox flow battery system having the same, wherein the redox flow battery stack includes: flow frames, flow plates arranged inside the flow frame, ion exchange membranes arranged between the flow plates and forming a cavity for accommodating electrolyte with the flow plate, and electrodes arranged inside the cavity, wherein two groups of flow ports are provided on the sides of the flow frame, each group of flow ports includes: a liquid inlet and a liquid outlet, and the liquid inlet and the liquid outlet in each group of flow ports are provided in the manner of one-to-one correspondence and are interconnected with a corresponding cavity; the redox flow battery stack further includes: electrolyte pipelines, the liquid inlet and the liquid outlet in each group of flow ports respectively have a corresponding electrolyte pipeline and interconnect with the corresponding electrolyte pipeline. The disclosure provides a redox flow battery stack, with simple assembly, simple follow-up operation of maintenance and low cost, and provides a redox flow battery system having the redox flow battery stack, thereby effectively solving the problems of complex assembly and complex follow-up operation of maintenance in the conventional art..
|Proton conducting electrochemical cell and method of making such a cell|
The present invention relates to a proton-conductive electrochemical cell (10), comprising an electrolytic membrane (13) made of a ceramic and an electrode (11, 12) made of a cermet, said electrochemical cell (10) being obtained directly by a method of co-sintering a ceramic layer, capable of forming the electrolytic membrane (13), and a cermet layer, capable of forming the electrode (11, 12), in a sintering tool at a sintering temperature of the ceramic that makes it possible to render said ceramic layer, capable of forming the electrolyte (13), gas-tight, wherein said cell (10) is characterised in that said cermet consists of the mixture of a ceramic and an electronically conductive passivatable alloy including at least 40 mol % chromium capable of forming a passive layer, the nature and the chromium content of said passivatable alloy enabling said electrochemical cell to be co-sintered with a membrane densification of more than 90% without melting said alloy.. .
|Electrolyte formation for a solid oxide fuel cell device|
A method of fabricating a ssz/sdc bi-layer electrolyte solid oxide fuel cell, comprising the steps of: fabricating an nio-ysz anode substrate from a mixed nio and yttria-stabilized zirconia by tape casting; sequentially depositing a nio-ssz buffer layer, a thin ssz electrolyte layer and a sdc electrolyte on the nio-ysz anode substrate by a particle suspension coating or spraying process, wherein the layers are co-fired at high temperature to densify the electrolyte layers to at least about 96% of their theoretical densities; and painting/spraying a ssc-sdc slurry on the sdc electrolyte to form a porous ssc-sdc cathode. A ssz/sdc bi-layer electrolyte cell device and a method of using such device are also discussed..
|Solid oxide fuel cell device|
In a fuel cell unit 16 that constitutes a fuel cell module 2 of an sofc device 1, a collector cap 86a is connected to an inner electrode layer 90 via a seal material 96 as an ag seal portion. A glass coating 30 (dense body) is filled up between the inner electrode layer 90 and an electrolyte layer 94 and the collector cap 86a to cover an upper end surface 96a of the seal material 96.
|Flow battery with two-phase storage|
A flow battery includes at least one cell that has a first electrode, a second electrode spaced apart from the first electrode, and an electrolyte separator layer arranged between the first electrode and the second electrode. A reactant material is stored within a storage portion and selectively delivered to the at last one cell.
|Zinc-air secondary battery|
Provided is a zinc-air secondary battery capable of preventing both of the short-circuiting between positive and negative electrodes caused by zinc dendrites and the carbon dioxide incorporation. This zinc-air secondary battery includes an air electrode (12) functioning as a positive electrode; an inorganic solid electrolyte body (14) provided in direct contact with one side of the air electrode and having hydroxide ion conductivity; a metal negative electrode (16) provided opposite to the air electrode with respect to the inorganic solid electrolyte body and comprising zinc or a zinc alloy; and an electrolyte solution in which the metal negative electrode is immersed, the electrolyte solution being separated from the air electrode by the inorganic solid electrolyte body..
|Solid ion conductor, solid electrolyte including the same, lithium battery including the solid electrolyte, and method of manufactureing the solid ion conductor|
|Non-aqueous electrolytic solution and lithium battery|
A non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising a non-aqueous solvent and an electrolyte, which further contains a combination of a nitrile compound and an s═o group-containing compound (or a dinitrile compound) in an amount of 0.001 to 10 wt. % imparts improved cycle performance and storage property to a lithium battery, particularly a lithium secondary battery..
|Non-aqueous secondary battery|
The object of the present exemplary embodiment is to provide a non-aqueous secondary battery effectively in which the decomposition of an electrolyte liquid is effectively reduced even under high-voltage and high-temperature condition, and which is excellent in the long-term cycle property. The present exemplary embodiment is a non-aqueous secondary battery including an electrolyte liquid including a supporting salt and a non-aqueous electrolyte solvent, wherein the non-aqueous electrolyte solvent includes a sulfone compound represented by a predetermined formula and a fluorine-containing ester compound represented by a predetermined formula; a content of the sulfone compound in the non-aqueous electrolyte solvent is 20 vol % or more and 70 vol % or less; and a content of the fluorine-containing ester compound in the non-aqueous electrolyte solvent is 20 vol % or more and 60 vol % or less..
|Architectures for solid state batteries|
Thin-film solid state batteries architectures and methods of manufacture are provided. Architectures include solid-state batteries with one or more cathodes, electrolytes, anodes deposited onto a substrate.
|Sulfide solid electrolyte material and electrochemical device|
A sulfide solid electrolyte material according to an embodiment of the present disclosure contains li, p, and bi. An electrochemical device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a sulfide solid electrolyte material containing li, p, and bi..
A configuration includes at least three successive layers, the three layers having a top electrode layer, a bottom electrode layer, and an electrolyte layer situated between the top electrode layer and the bottom electrode layer. At least the electrolyte layer and one of the top electrode layer or the bottom electrode layer have an organic matrix, and the organic matrix of the electrolyte layer has an ionic conductivity in a range of ≧10−6 s/cm.
|All solid state battery and method for producing same|
An all solid state battery can inhibit interface resistance between a cathode active material and a solid electrolyte material from increasing with time. The battery includes a cathode active material layer, an anode active material layer, and a solid electrolyte layer formed therebetween.
|Battery, battery separator and method for producing battery separator|
Disclosed is a battery with reduced contact resistance at the contact surfaces between the separator and the electrodes, a battery separator capable of reducing contact resistance with the electrodes, and a production method thereof. The battery includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator interposed therebetween, and an electrolyte.
|Positive electrode active material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, and nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery|
A positive electrode active material capable of improving an output performance of a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery is provided. A positive electrode active material of a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery 1 contains a first positive electrode active material and a second positive electrode active material.
|Anode active material and metal ion battery prepared therewith|
A main object of the present invention is to provide an anode active material capable of increasing energy density at the same time increasing battery safety, and a metal ion battery prepared with the anode active material. The present invention is an anode active material including an element that belongs to alunite group capable to insert and remove an ion(s) of at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of alkali metal elements and alkaline-earth metal elements, and a metal ion battery having a cathode, an anode, and an electrolyte filled between the cathode and the anode, the electrolyte conducting a metal ion(s), wherein the anode active material is contained in the anode..
|Electrolyte for a lithium battery and a lithium battery comprising the same|
The present invention relates to an electrolyte for a lithium battery and a lithium battery comprising the same. The electrolyte includes a non-aqueous organic solvent, a lithium salt, and a first additive capable of forming a chelating complex with a transition metal and which is stable at voltages ranging from about 2.5 to about 4.8 v..
|Battery components with leachable metal ions and uses thereof|
The disclosure describes compositions and methods for producing a change in the voltage at which hydrogen gas is produced in a lead acid battery. The compositions and methods relate to producing a concentration of one or more metal ions in the lead acid battery electrolyte.
|Fluorinated electrolyte compositions|
Electrolyte compositions containing a solvent mixture comprising 2,2,-difluoroethyl acetate and ethylene carbonate are described. The electrolyte compositions are useful in electrochemical cells, such as lithium ion batteries..
|Lithium solid state battery|
The problem of the present invention is to provide a lithium solid state battery in which reaction resistance is reduced. The present invention solves the above-mentioned problem by providing a lithium solid state battery including a cathode active material layer containing a cathode active material, an anode active material layer containing an anode active material, and a solid electrolyte layer formed between the above-mentioned cathode active material layer and the above-mentioned anode active material layer, wherein a reaction inhibition portion including a li ion conductive oxide having a b—o—si structure is formed at an interface between the above-mentioned cathode active material and a high resistive layer-forming solid electrolyte material that reacts with the above-mentioned cathode active material to form the high resistive layer..
|Iron flow batterty|
An iron based redox flow cell. The redox flow cell comprises a first half-cell comprising a first electrolyte providing a source of fe2+ ions and an electrode disposed within the first half-cell; a second half-cell comprising a second electrolyte providing a source of fe2+ and fe3+ ions and an electrode disposed within the second half-cell; and a separator between the first and second half-cells, where (a) the second electrolyte comprises a fe3+ stabilizing agent; (b) the first electrolyte comprises a hydrogen evolution suppressing agent; or (c) the first electrolyte comprises a hydrogen evolution suppressing agent, and the second electrolyte comprises a fe3+ stabilizing agent..
|Cable-type secondary battery|
Provided is a cable-type secondary battery extending longitudinally including a lithium ion supplying core comprising an electrolyte, an inner electrode support of a hollow structure formed to surround an outer surface of the lithium ion supplying core, an inner electrode formed on a surface of the inner electrode support and including an inner current collector and an inner electrode active material, a separation layer formed to surround an outer surface of the inner electrode to prevent a short circuit between electrodes, and an outer electrode formed to surround an outer surface of the separation layer and including an outer electrode active material layer and an outer current collector.. .
|Rechargeable lithium batteries comprising means for the sorption of harmful substances in the form of a multilayer polymeric sheet|
Rechargeable lithium batteries are described comprising an airtight container, electrodes immersed in an electrolytic solution and spaced apart by means of one or more separators, electrical contacts connected to the electrodes and a means for sorbing harmful substances formed of a multilayer polymeric sheet comprised of an inner layer of a polymeric material containing particles of one or more getter materials for the sorption of the harmful substances, and at least one external protective layer of a polymeric material impermeable to the electrolyte, wherein all the polymeric materials are permeable to the harmful substances.. .
|Systems and methods for selective cell and/or stack control in a flowing electrolyte battery|
The invention provides in various embodiments methods and systems relating to controlling energy storage units in flowing electrolyte batteries.. .
|Lithium secondary-battery pack, electronic device using same, charging system, and charging method|
A lithium secondary-battery pack of the present invention includes: a lithium secondary battery including an electrode body and a non-aqueous electrolyte, the electrode body including a positive electrode and a negative electrode facing each other, and a separator interposed therebetween; a ptc (positive temperature coefficient) element; and a protection circuit including a field-effect transistor, wherein the negative electrode includes a negative electrode material mixture layer containing a si-containing material as a negative electrode active material, and, where z represents an impedance (Ω) of the lithium secondary-battery pack and q represents a capacity (ah) of the lithium secondary-battery pack, an impedance capacity index represented by z/q is 0.055 Ω/ah or less.. .
|Radioactive and/or magnetic metal nanoparticles and process and apparatus for synthesizing same|
A process for manufacturing magnetic and/or radioactive metal nanoparticles, the process comprising: preparing an electrolyte solution including metal ions and a stabilizer; generating a plasma at an interface of the electrolyte solution at atmospheric pressure; and recovering magnetic and/or radioactive metal nanoparticles. The magnetic metal nanoparticles can comprise magnetoradioactive nanoparticles.
|Integration of energy storage devices onto substrates for microelectronics and mobile devices|
In an embodiment of the invention, an energy storage device is described including a pair of electrically conductive porous structures, with each of the electrically conductive porous structures containing an electrolyte loaded into a plurality of pores. A solid or semi-solid electrolyte layer separates the pair of electrically conductive porous structures and penetrates the plurality of pores of the pair of electrically conductive porous structures.
|Flexible transparent electrochomic device, and a method for the preparation thereof|
A flexible transparent electrochromic device, which includes the following components, each of which is a flexible film: a working electrode comprising a transparent conducting substrate supporting an working electrode active material; a counter electrode including a transparent conducting substrate supporting a counter electrode active material; a solid polymer electrolyte (spe) including a solution of a lithium salt in a polymer solvent. A method for preparing an electrochromic device includes the steps of: preparing a working electrode film, preparing a counter electrode film, preparing a polymer electrolyte film, and assembling the electrodes and the electrolyte, the method being implemented continuously..