| Patent Application Title
||Patent App Num.
| Electroactive polymer actuator and method of manufacturing the same|| 20130117980 || 20130516 |
| A multilayer electroactive polymer actuator and a method of manufacturing the same. The multilayer electroactive polymer actuator is divided into an actuating area and a non-actuating area. A plurality of driving electrodes, each formed on a side of the respective polymer layer to correspond to the actuating area. A plurality of extension electrodes connected to the driving electrodes and a common electrode for vertically connecting the extension electrodes are formed to correspond to the non-actuating area. A via hole is formed through the plurality of non-actuating layers and has a diameter which increases in a stepwise manner upwards. The common electrode is formed in the via hole. The driving electrode includes an alloy of aluminum and copper. The extension electrode is formed of material having a...|
| Apparatus for determining and/or monitoring a predetermined fill level|| 20130118254 || 20130516 |
| An apparatus for determining and/or monitoring at least one fill level of a medium in a container comprising: a capacitive or conductive probe unit having at least one electrode; and a control/evaluation unit. The electrode is a hollow body, that an end region of the electrode protruding into the container is embodied as an oscillatable membrane. On an inner side of the membrane a driving/receiving unit is arranged, which excites the membrane to execute mechanical oscillations and receives mechanical oscillations therefrom and converts such into an electrical, received signal. The control/evaluation unit supplies the electrode at least at times with a voltage and determines the fill level of the medium capacitively or conductively, and/or that the control/evaluation unit supplies the driving/receiving unit at least at times...|
| Mems capacitive pressure sensor, operating method and manufacturing method|| 20130118265 || 20130516 |
| A MEMS pressure sensor wherein at least one of the electrode arrangements comprises an inner electrode and an outer electrode arranged around the inner electrode. The capacitances associated with the inner electrode and the outer electrode are independently measured and can be differentially measured. This arrangement enables various different read out schemes to be implemented and also enables improved compensation for variations between devices or changes in device characteristics over time.
| Gyroscope and method for manufacturing the same|| 20130118280 || 20130516 |
| A gyroscope and a manufacturing method are provided. The gyroscope comprises: a substrate with a bottom driving electrode and a bottom measuring electrode, and a dielectric layer with a sealed cavity comprising: a central axis on the substrate; a support ring on the substrate rotatable around the central axis; a mass ring surrounding and having common central axis with the support ring; cantilevers connected with the support ring and the mass ring and suspend the mass ring in the cavity; elastic components among the support ring, the mass ring and two adjacent cantilevers; a top driving electrode overlaying the support ring, the mass ring, the cantilevers and the elastic components; a conductive plug connected with top driving electrode and bottom driving electrode on the elastic components....|
| Chemical bath deposition system|| 20130118403 || 20130516 |
| A chemical bath deposition system is used for forming a buffer layer on a back electrode substrate having a photoelectric transducing layer. The chemical bath deposition system includes a chemical bath tank, a chemical-solution purification device, and a dosing device. The chemical bath tank is used for storing a buffer-layer solution including cation and anion. The cation is adapted to react with the anion to form the buffer layer when the back electrode substrate is immersed in the buffer-layer solution. The chemical-solution purification device is communicated with the chemical bath tank for removing residual cation to obtain a purified solution after the cation reacts with the anion to form the buffer layer. The dosing device is for performing compensation of the cation according to a component...|
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| Methods and apparatuses for cleaning at least one surface of an ion source|| 20130118523 || 20130516 |
| The present invention is concerned with methods and apparatus for cleaning the surface of an ion source in a mass spectrometer, for example an electrode of a MALDI ion source. The method includes directing UV light onto the surface to desorb contaminant material. The UV light source can be a laser and a moving reflecting surface can be used to direct the light on to the surface.
| Sealing structure for photoelectric conversion element, photoelectric conversion element, and photoelectric conversion element module|| 20130118560 || 20130516 |
| Provided is a sealing structure of a photoelectric conversion element in which the open side end section of the photoelectric conversion element can be surely and continuously sealed by a simple structure with high durability, and also the problem of insufficient sealing of the extraction electrode can be solved. A sealing structure 10 of a dye-sensitized solar cell as an example of the photoelectric conversion element is configured by a cylindrical dye-sensitized solar cell main body 12 and sealing sections 14a and 14b which respectively seal both ends of the dye-sensitized solar cell main body 12. Lid bodies 26a and 26b, each of which is formed of a conductive metal member, are respectively provided at both end sections of a transparent glass tube 16, so as...|
| Solar cell module and method of producing the same|| 20130118561 || 20130516 |
| Disclosed is a solar cell module in which a reduction in the adhesive strength of the sealing resin used is suppressed even after use in a severe environment for a long period of time, in which corrosion of an electrode is prevented, and which has favorable flame resistance. The solar cell module uses, as the sealing resin, a blended polymer of a thermoplastic ester polyol polyurethane resin including an ester-based polyol unit and a thermoplastic ether polyol polyurethane resin including an ether-based polyol unit. The blending mass ratio of the thermoplastic ester polyol polyurethane resin to the thermoplastic ether polyol polyurethane resin in the blended polymer is 10:90 to 50:50. The thermoplastic ether polyol polyurethane resin includes a polyurethane resin A having flame resistance and a...|
| Solar photovoltaic device and a production method for the same|| 20130118563 || 20130516 |
| Disclosed are a solar cell apparatus and a method for manufacturing the same. The solar cell apparatus includes a support substrate, a first back electrode on the support substrate, a light absorbing part on the first back electrode, a high resistance buffer on the light absorbing part, and a barrier layer extending from the high resistance buffer and provided on a lateral side of the light absorbing part.
| Photoelectric conversion member|| 20130118568 || 20130516 |
| The heat dissipation structure 31 contains 40 to 750 parts by mass of an expanded graphite powder (E) per 100 parts by mass of at least one type of polymer (S).
| Method for forming thin film solar cell with buffer-free fabrication process|| 20130118569 || 20130516 |
| A thin film solar cell and process for forming the same. The solar cell includes a bottom electrode layer, a light absorbing semiconductor layer, and top electrode layer. The absorber layer includes a p-type interior region and an n-type exterior region formed around the perimeter of the layer from a modified native portion of the p-type interior region, thereby forming an active n-p junction that is an intrinsic part of the absorber layer. The top electrode layer is electrically connected to the bottom electrode layer via a scribe line formed in the absorber layer that defines sidewalls. The n-type exterior region of the absorber layer extends along both the horizontal top of the absorber layer, and onto the vertical sidewalls of the scribe line to increase...|
| Conductive paste and electronic device and solar cell including an electrode formed using the conductive paste|| 20130118572 || 20130516 |
| A conductive paste includes a conductive powder, a metallic glass having a glass transition temperature of less than or equal to about 600° C. and a supercooled liquid region of greater than or equal to 0 K, and an organic vehicle, and an electronic device and a solar cell include an electrode formed using the conductive paste.
| Paste composition for electrode, photovoltaic cell element, and photovoltaic cell|| 20130118573 || 20130516 |
| The present invention provides a paste composition for an electrode comprising a phosphorus-containing copper alloy particle, a tin-containing particle, a nickel-containing particle, a glass particle, a solvent, and a resin.
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| Electrode for dye-sensitized solar cell, production method of same and dye-sensitized solar cell|| 20130118574 || 20130516 |
| The present invention is a production method of an electrode for a dye-sensitized solar cell, comprising: a first step of providing current collector wiring on an electrically conductive substrate; and a second step of producing an electrode for a dye-sensitized solar cell by sequentially forming a plurality of thermoplastic wiring protective layers on the current collector wiring so that softening points of the thermoplastic wiring protective layers become lower as the thermoplastic wiring protective layers move away from the current collector wiring, and by heat-treating the second and subsequent thermoplastic wiring protective layers from the current collector wiring at a heat treatment temperature lower than a softening point of the thermoplastic wiring protective layer formed immediately prior thereto.
| Cigs type solar cell and electrode-attached glass substrate therefor|| 20130118575 || 20130516 |
| To provide a CIGS type solar cell capable of diffusing an alkali metal in a CIGS layer without increasing steps of its manufacturing process or complicating its layer structure. A CIGS type solar cell comprising a glass substrate, a rear surface electrode layer provided on the glass substrate, a CIGS layer provided on the rear surface electrode layer, a buffer layer provided on the CIGS layer and a transparent front surface electrode layer provided on the buffer layer, wherein the rear surface electrode layer contains Mo (molybdenum) and W (tungsten), and the total W content in the rear surface electrode layer is at most 50 mol %.
| Thin film type solar cell and method for manufacturing the same|| 20130118577 || 20130516 |
| A thin film type solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same is disclosed, wherein the thin film type solar cell includes a first anti-oxidation layer formed on a front electrode, and a semiconductor layer formed on the first anti-oxidation layer, so that it is possible to prevent an oxide from being formed in the interface between the front electrode and the semiconductor layer by preventing a reaction between an oxidant contained in the front electrode and silicon of the semiconductor layer, to thereby realize improved cell efficiency, wherein the method for manufacturing the thin film type solar cell comprises forming the front electrode on a substrate; forming the first anti-oxidation layer on the front electrode; forming the semiconductor layer on the first anti-oxidation layer;...|
| Substrate for electronic device, and photoelectric conversion device including the same|| 20130118578 || 20130516 |
| A substrate for an electronic device is formed by an insulating layer-provided metal substrate, which includes an anodized alumina film on the surface of a metal substrate and has a cut end face at at least one side thereof, and an electrode layer, which is provided only at an inner area that is away from the cut end face by a distance of 200 μm or more.
| Photoelectric conversion device|| 20130118579 || 20130516 |
| A photoelectric conversion device includes a front electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer formed of a semiconductor material, a transparent conductive layer formed of a transparent conductive oxide, a back electrode formed of a metal material, and a conductive layer formed of a semiconductor material primarily of silicon and having a refractive index higher than the transparent conductive layer contactually sandwiched between the transparent conductive layer and the back electrode. The photoelectric conversion device exhibits a high photoelectric conversion efficiency by keeping low the electrical resistance between the semiconductor layer and the back electrode and by increasing reflectance for light having passed though the semiconductor layer.
| Transparent electrode for thin film solar cell, substrate having transparent electrode for thin film solar cell and thin film solar cell using same, and production method for transparent electrode for thin film solar cell|| 20130118580 || 20130516 |
| Disclosed are: a transparent electrode having a zinc oxide film wherein initial characteristics and humidity resistance during long-time use coexist; and a thin film solar cell provided with said electrode. The transparent electrode contains a transparent conductive layer mainly made of zinc oxide. The transparent conductive film preferably has the following characteristics: having surface irregularities; a carrier concentration of 9×1019 cm−3 or less; a crystal structure having a (110) preferred orientation; a ratio of a (110) peak intensity to a (002) peak intensity I(110)/I(002) measured by X-ray diffraction being 50 or more; and a crystallite with a (110) orientation has a size of: 23 nm or more and 50 nm or less, in a planar direction parallel to a substrate; and 30 nm or more and...|
| Apparatus and method for reactive ion etching|| 20130118895 || 20130516 |
| The invention relates to an apparatus for reactive ion etching of a substrate, comprising: a plasma etch zone including an etch gas supply and arranged with a plasma generating structure for igniting a plasma and comprising an electrode structure arranged to accelerate the etch plasma toward a substrate portion to have ions impinge on the surface of the substrate; a passivation zone including a cavity provided with a passivation gas supply; said supply arranged for providing a passivation gas flow from the supply to the cavity; the cavity in use being bounded by the injector head and the substrate surface; and a gas purge structure comprising a gas exhaust arranged between said etch zone and passivation zone; the gas purge structure thus forming a spatial division...|
| Electrochemical blood test strips and diagnosis systems using the same|| 20130118899 || 20130516 |
| Electrochemical blood test strips and diagnosis systems are presented. An electrochemical blood test strip for measuring HCT % and prothrombin time includes an electrode plate having electrode circuit patterns on an insulator substrate; a separation plate disposed on the electrode plate defining a blood sample region, a channel and three reaction regions; and a cover plate disposed on the separation plate having a blood sample inlet and vents. In measuring, one of the three reaction regions is used for detecting hemoglobin and hematocrit and the other two reaction regions are biochemical reaction regions and used for detecting prothrombin time.
| Cartridge and system for manipulating samples in liquid droplets|| 20130118900 || 20130516 |
| A cartridge manipulates samples in liquid droplets with an electrode array when a working film is placed on the array. The cartridge has a body with lower surface and wells to hold samples, each with a bottom opening to release liquid. A piercable bottom structure seals the bottom openings. A working film below the body has a hydrophobic upper surface. A peripheral spacer connects the working film to the body and forms a gap is between the body and surface. A top piercing system located in at least one of the wells has a piston and a piercing element, the piston being movable in the well and the piercing element piercing the piercable bottom structure for releasing a sample from a well into the gap.
| Method for reducing carbon dioxide|| 20130118907 || 20130516 |
| A method for reducing carbon dioxide utilizes a carbon dioxide reduction device including a cathode chamber, an anode chamber, a solid electrolyte membrane, a cathode electrode and anode electrode. The cathode electrode includes indium or indium compound. The anode electrode includes a region formed of a nitride semiconductor layer where an AlxGa1-xN (0<x≦1) layer and a GaN layer are stacked. The anode electrode is irradiated with a light having a wavelength of not more than 350 nanometers to reduce the carbon dioxide on the cathode electrode.
| Method for determining the electrochemical characteristic of a test strip|| 20130118919 || 20130516 |
| This invention relates to a non-destructive means to determine electrochemical characteristics in biosensor test strips, including first applying a cyclic oxidative and reductive electric potential onto the inspection pads connecting to the reference electrode and working electrode, on which lies a drop of enzyme reagent solution, to homogenize the electrochemical characteristics of the biosensor test strips, and then applying an inspection electric potential within a short period of time over the inspection pads connecting to the reference electrode and working electrode to measure its electrical resistance to identify any abnormal biosensor test strips if present. Afterwards, embodiments of the present invention applies a reverse electric potential, having the same time interval as the inspection electric potential, onto the inspection pads connecting to the reference electrode and...|
| System, method and apparatus of a wedge-shaped parallel plate plasma reactor for substrate processing|| 20130119020 || 20130516 |
| A plasma process chamber includes a top electrode, a bottom electrode disposed opposite the top electrode, the bottom electrode capable of supporting a substrate. The plasma process chamber also includes a plasma containment structure defining a plasma containment region, the plasma containment region being less than an entire surface of the substrate. The plasma containment structure rotates relative to the substrate and wherein the plasma containment region includes a center point of the substrate throughout the rotation of the plasma containment structure relative to the substrate. The plasma containment structure includes multiple gaps. A vacuum source is coupled to the gaps in the plasma containment structure. A method of processing a substrate is also described.
| Vacuum switch and electrode assembly therefor|| 20130119021 || 20130516 |
| An electrode assembly is provided for a vacuum switch, including a vacuum envelope, a fixed contact assembly including a fixed contact disposed within the vacuum envelope, and a movable contact assembly including a movable contact disposed within the vacuum envelope and movable between a closed position in electrical contact with the fixed contact and an open position spaced apart from the fixed contact. The electrode assembly includes at least one electrode bundle having a plurality of electrodes coupled to a corresponding one of the fixed contact assembly and the movable contact assembly. The electrodes extend from at or about a corresponding one of the fixed contact and the movable contact toward the closer of the first end of the vacuum envelope and the second end of...|
| Graphitized edm wire|| 20130119023 || 20130516 |
| An electrode wire for use in an electrical discharge machining apparatus includes a core having a surface and one of a metal, an alloy of a metal, and a combination of a metal and alloy of a metal. An adherent coating of graphite is metallurgically bonded to the surface of the core.
| Method to improve gmaw and gtaw welding performance|| 20130119034 || 20130516 |
| A method of controlling a power source includes providing a power supply module. The power supply module includes a first circuit that has at least one first switch. The first circuit is configured to provide a welding current to an electrode of a welding system. The power supply module also has a second circuit that includes a load that is operatively connected to at least one second switch. The second circuit is configured to provide the welding current to the electrode through the load. The method also includes controlling the at least one first switch such that the welding current flows through the at least one first switch and to the electrode during a ramp up portion of a welding waveform and such that no current...|
| Welding assembly and method|| 20130119035 || 20130516 |
| A welding assembly including a current generator, an electrode electrically coupled to the current generator, the electrode including a first engagement surface, and a workpiece including at least two members, wherein at least one of the members includes a second engagement surface, defines a recess in the second engagement surface, and is electrically coupled to the current generator.
| Short arc welding system|| 20130119038 || 20130516 |
| A system for controlling a weld-current in an arc welding apparatus for short arc welding comprising a current regulator included in a voltage feedback loop from a power supply to a welding electrode and a ramp generator arranged to provide current ramps during a short circuit phase at said welding electrode.
| Semiconductor device|| 20110016266 || 20110120 |
| On a single semiconductor package PK1, m semiconductor chips CP1 to CPm are mounted, and the semiconductor package PK1 has external terminals T shared by m pad electrodes PD1 to PDm of the m semiconductor chips CP1 to CPm. An electrostatic protection circuit CD is mounted on only one CPm of the m semiconductor chips CP1 to CPm.
| Coronary venous pacing lead and anchoring screw system|| 20110015715 || 20110120 |
| A system implantable in the coronary venous system, including a pacing lead with an anchoring screw is disclosed. The system includes a stimulation lead (10) for stimulating a left heart cavity of a patient, and a removable catheter (26) for implanting the lead. The lead (10) has at least one stimulation electrode having an anchoring screw (14) that penetrates into the epicardial tissue of the patient. The catheter tube (26) is a pre-shaped tube with two curvatures in the absence of stress. The two curvatures are inscribed in two separate surfaces (38, 40) for self-orientating the distal end of the catheter tube into the target vein and maintaining the axis of the anchoring screw towards the epicardial wall during the screwing of the lead head.
| Systems and methods for reducing lead heating and the risks of mri-induced stimulation|| 20110015713 || 20110120 |
| An implantable medical lead is described herein wherein the lead includes a tubular body, an electrode, a lead connector end and a helical conductor. The tubular body includes a proximal end and a distal end. The electrode is coupled to the body near the distal end. The lead connector end is coupled to the body near the proximal end. The helical conductor coil extends through the body from the lead connector end to the electrode. In extending through the body, the helical conductor coil first extends distally for a distance, then proximally for the distance, and then distally for the distance within a single helical layer of the helical conductor coil. The electrode may be a ring electrode.
| Connection element for conduction coil|| 20110015709 || 20110120 |
| One aspect is a medical electrode system including a conduction coil and a stimulation electrode. The stimulation electrode encompasses a base body having a top area and an end area. The system is characterized in that the conduction coil encompasses a connection element. The connection element is thermally shrink-fitted onto the end area.
| Crimp connection between stimulation electrode and conduction coil|| 20110015710 || 20110120 |
| One aspect is a stimulation electrode including a base body. The base body encompasses a top area and an end area. The end area encompasses a groove-like, radially revolving coupling element, into which a connection area of a conduction coil can be pressed by means of plastic deformation.
| Connection between stimulation electrode and conduction coil|| 20110015711 || 20110120 |
| One aspect includes a stimulation electrode including a base body. The base body encompasses a top area and an end area, and the end area encompasses a screw thread at least area by area.
| Remote pace detection in an implantable medical device|| 20110015703 || 20110120 |
| A system embodiment for stimulating a neural target comprises a neural stimulator, a pace detector, and a controller. The neural stimulator is electrically connected to at least one electrode, and is configured to deliver a neural stimulation signal through the at least one electrode to stimulate the neural target. The pace detector is configured to use at least one electrode to sense cardiac activity and distinguish paced cardiac activity in the sensed cardiac activity from non-paced cardiac activity in the sensed cardiac activity. The controller is configured to control a programmed neural stimulation therapy using the neural stimulator and using detected paced cardiac activity as an input for the neural stimulation therapy.
| Remote sensing in an implantable medical device|| 20110015702 || 20110120 |
| An embodiment uses an accelerometer to sense heart sounds, and determines heart rate info nation using the sensed heart sounds. An embodiment uses an accelerometer to sense respiratory activity. An embodiment delivers a programmed neural stimulation therapy with a programmed duty cycle, where the programmed duty cycle includes a stimulation ON portion followed by a stimulation OFF portion. An electrode electrically connected to the implanted neural stimulation device is used to remotely detect cardiac activity. The remotely detected cardiac activity is used to detect heart rate information during the stimulation ON portion and to detect heart rate information during the stimulation OFF portion. The detected heart rate information and/or the detected respiration information are used to control a neural stimulation therapy performed by the neural stimulator...|
| Fitting of brightness in a visual prosthesis|| 20110015699 || 20110120 |
| The invention is a method of automatically adjusting an electrode array to the neural characteristics of an individual patient. The perceptual response to electrical neural stimulation varies from patient to patient and The response to electrical neural stimulation varies from patient to patient and the relationship between current and perceived brightness is often non-linear. It is necessary to determine this relationship to fit the prosthesis settings for each patient. It is advantageous to map the perceptual responses to stimuli. The method of mapping of the present invention is to provide a plurality of stimuli that vary in current, voltage, pulse duration, frequency, or some other dimension; measuring and recording the response to those stimuli; deriving a formula or equation describing the map from the individual points;...|
| Electrical wound healing system and method|| 20110015697 || 20110120 |
| A wound healing system comprising an array of electrodes incorporated in a device for applying an electrical signal to a wound. The electrodes are configurable to form at least one composite electrode and the electrical signal is applied to the wound via the composite electrode(s). The system preferably includes means for determining the state of the wound, the electrode composition of the composite electrode(s) depending on the determined state of the wound. Advantageously, the electrode composition of the composite electrode(s) is adjustable in response to changes in the determined state of the wound.
| Gastrointestinal electrical stimulation for the treatment of pancreatitis|| 20110015695 || 20110120 |
| A method of preventing acute pancreatitis comprising positioning stimulatory electrodes in the stomach of an individual in need thereof; and administering repetitive trains of short pulse gastrointestinal electrical stimulation effective for suppressing the inflammatory response in the pancreas is provided herein. The electrodes are placed by laproscopic, endoscopic or surgical means. The gastrointestinal stimulation activates vagal reflexes. The activation of the vagal reflexes is via the gastric and pancreatic afferents. The gastrointestinal stimulation also activates the axonal reflexes. The activation of the axonal reflexes is via the dichotomous branches of the spinal nerves. The electrical stimulation is administered concurrently with an endoscopic procedure or immediately following an endoscopic procedure. Also, provided herein is a method of preventing inflammation of a visceral organ comprising positioning a stimulatory...|
| Neurostimulation and neurosensing techniques to optimize atrial anti-tachycardia pacing for prevention of atrial tachyarrhythmias|| 20110015690 || 20110120 |
| Implantable systems and method for use therewith are provided that take advantage of various neuromodulation and neurosensing techniques for either preventing atrial fibrillation (AF) or terminating AF. Specific embodiments are for use with an implantable device that includes one or more atrial electrode for sensing atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or delivering AATP and one or more electrode for monitoring and/or stimulating atrial vagal fat pads.
| Treatment of various ailments|| 20110015689 || 20110120 |
| A method of treating a wide variety of heretofore considered unrelated ailments comprises delivering electricity through a circuit in the body. The circuit includes at least four nerves leading from at least two of the patient's extremities to various nerve roots adjacent the spinal column. Electrical energy from an electrical interferential therapy device is delivered through electrodes on the extremities adjacent the nerve endings until symptoms of the diagnosed ailment ameliorates. Sending impulses from the periphery to the central nervous system appears to the help the body manufacture various neuropeptides and other chemicals which control the essential basics of the body's health and well being.
| Tissue treatment systems with high powered functional electrical stimulation and methods for reducing pain during tissue treatments|| 20110015687 || 20110120 |
| Methods, apparatus, and systems for transcutaneously treating tissue located beneath a skin surface with electromagnetic energy delivered from a treatment electrode. A portion of the treatment electrode is contacted with the skin surface. While maintaining the contact between the portion of the treatment electrode and the skin surface, the electromagnetic energy is delivered from the treatment electrode in a plurality of power pulses through the skin surface to the tissue over a treatment time with a time gap between each consecutive pair of the pulses to lower a level of pain perceived by a patient.
| Shaped electrode and dissecting tool|| 20110015646 || 20110120 |
| Disclosed is a shaped electrode and dissecting tool configured to aid in controlling the path of an electrode as it is moved into its intended position within the epidural space of a patient. The shaped electrode and dissecting tool is configured with a contoured leading edge having at least one concavity that aids in moving the electrode and dissecting tool through the intended tissues within the patient's body. A variety of concavity contours may be provided and used for particular surgical applications.
| Device and method for destruction of cancer cells|| 20110015630 || 20110120 |
| The present invention provides devices and systems, as well as methods, of electric field delivery and non-thermal or selective ablation of target tissue regions, including selective ablation of cancerous cells and solid tumors. A method of the present invention includes delivering an electric field to a tissue, including positioning an electrode within a target tissue region comprising cancerous cells, and applying an alternating electrical current to the target tissue so as to non-thermally ablate cancerous cells of the target tissue region around the electrodes.
| Electrosurgical radio frequency energy transmission medium|| 20110015629 || 20110120 |
| A system and method for transmitting electro surgical energy from a generator to an electrosurgical instrument are provided. The electrosurgical system includes a generator adapted to generate electrosurgical energy for treating tissue. The generator includes one or more active output terminals which supply energy to the tissue. The active output terminals are operatively connected to one or more supply lines. The generator also includes one or more return output terminal which returns energy from the tissue. The return output terminals are operatively connected to at least one return line. The system also includes an electrosurgical instrument operatively connected to the one or more supply lines and one or more return electrodes operatively connected to one or more return lines. The system further includes an electrosurgical cable...|
| Method utilizing two wire electrode oscillator system for determining body impedance|| 20110015540 || 20110120 |
| A method for measuring an impedance of a body includes the steps of electrically coupling first and second electrodes to the body and electrically biasing a variable frequency relaxation oscillator. The oscillator has both a positive resistive feedback network and a negative feedback network which includes the electrodes. The method further includes a step of measuring the period of oscillation of the variable frequency oscillator. The measured period of oscillation is indicative of the impedance of the body.
| Stylets for use with apparatus for intravascular placement of a catheter|| 20110015533 || 20110120 |
| An integrated catheter placement system for accurately placing a catheter within a patient's vasculature is disclosed. In one embodiment, the integrated system comprises a system console, a tip location sensor for temporary placement on the patient's chest, and an ultrasound probe. The tip location sensor senses a magnetic field of a stylet disposed in a lumen of the catheter when the catheter is disposed in the vasculature. The ultrasound probe ultrasonically images a portion of the vasculature prior to introduction of the catheter. ECG signal-based catheter tip guidance is included in the integrated system to enable guidance of the catheter tip to a desired position with respect to a node of the patient's heart. Stylets and catheters including various multiple bipolar and monopolar electrode configurations are...|
| Analyte monitoring device and methods of use|| 20110015510 || 20110120 |
| An analyte monitor includes a sensor, a sensor control unit, and a display unit. The sensor has, for example, a substrate, a recessed channel formed in the substrate, and conductive material disposed in the recessed channel to form a working electrode. The sensor control unit typically has a housing adapted for placement on skin and is adapted to receive a portion of an electrochemical sensor. The sensor control unit also includes two or more conductive contacts disposed on the housing and configured for coupling to two or more contact pads on the sensor. A transmitter is disposed in the housing and coupled to the plurality of conductive contacts for transmitting data obtained using the sensor. The display unit has a receiver for receiving data transmitted by...|
| Medical apparatus for collecting patient electroencephalogram (eeg) data|| 20110015503 || 20110120 |
| The EEG Processing Unit comprises a semi-rigid framework which substantially conforms to the Patient's head and supports a set of electrodes in predetermined loci on the Patient's head to ensure proper electrode placement. The EEG Processing Unit includes automated connectivity determination apparatus which can use pressure-sensitive electrode placement ensuring proper contact with Patient's scalp and also automatically verifies electrode placement via measurements of electrode impedance through automated impedance checking. Voltages generated by the electrodes are amplified and filtered before being transmitted to an analysis platform, which can be a Physician's laptop computer system, either wirelessly or via a set of tethering wires. The EEG Processing Unit includes an automatic artifacting capability which identifies when there is sufficient clean data compiled in the testing session. This process...|
| Electrode catalyst and process for producing the electrode catalyst|| 20110015058 || 20110120 |
| The method for producing an electrode catalyst comprises calcining a mixed material comprising a first material provided below and a second material provided below under conditions where the second material can be converted to a carbonaceous material: the first material that is a metal compound composed of one or more metal elements selected from the group consisting of Groups 4A and 5A, and one or more non-metal elements selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a nitrogen atom, a chlorine atom, a carbon atom, a boron atom and an oxygen atom; the second material that is a carbonaceous material precursor.
| Liquid crystal display device using thin-film transistor and method for manufacturing the same|| 20110014841 || 20110120 |
| In openings of a first light transmission type photosensitive resin formed on an insulating substrate, a gate electrode, a source line, and a pixel contact layer are prepared. On these components, a gate insulator, a semiconductor layer, an ohmic contact layer (n+ semiconductor layer) and a protective film are prepared. Further, in openings of a second light transmission type photosensitive resin, a source electrode, a drain electrode, and a pixel electrode are prepared. Also, the crossing portion connecting line formed at the opening of the second light transmission type photosensitive resin is, similarly to the source line or the gate line, made of baked silver produced by baking an ink containing silver fine particles plotted by ink jet process. This makes it possible to simplify the...|
| Assembly method of a led lamp|| 20110014840 || 20110120 |
| Simple, rapid and low-cost assembly methods of a LED lamp are provided. A standard lamp base having two electrodes and a cavity is soldered with a resistor to the first one of the electrodes, and then filled with a thermally conductive electric insulator in the cavity. A circuit board is attached onto the thermally conductive electric insulator and then soldered to the second electrode and the resistor. An LED device is soldered onto the circuit board such that the LED device and the resistor are serially connected between the electrodes. Preferably, the circuit board has a through hole through which a thermally conductive member is inserted into the thermally conductive electric insulator with its lower end, and the LED device is placed onto the upper end...|
| Method for manufacturing semiconductor device, and semiconductor manufacturing apparatus used in said method|| 20110014785 || 20110120 |
| This method includes an electrode pad forming process for forming an electrode pad on a substrate, a solder bump forming process for forming a solder bump on the electrode pad, at least part of the surface of the solder bump being covered with a flux, and an oxygen exposure process for supplying an oxygen gas having reactive properties, such as an ozone (O3) gas, to the solder bump.
| Semiconductor device having electrode and manufacturing method thereof|| 20110014783 || 20110120 |
| A manufacturing method of a semiconductor device includes a first electrode formation step of forming a control gate electrode above a surface of a semiconductor substrate with a control gate insulating film interposed between the control gate electrode and the semiconductor substrate, a step of forming a storage node insulating film on the surface of the semiconductor substrate, and a second electrode formation step of forming a memory gate electrode on a surface of the storage node insulating film. The second electrode formation step includes a step of forming a memory gate electrode layer on the surface of the storage node insulating film, a step of forming an auxiliary film, having an etching rate slower than that of the memory gate electrode layer, on a surface...|
| Aligning method of patterned electrode in a selective emitter structure|| 20110014772 || 20110120 |
| An aligning method of patterned electrode in a selective emitter structure includes the following steps. A substrate is provided. A barrier layer is then formed on the substrate. The barrier layer is patterned, and thus the substrate is partially exposed to form a patterned electrode region. Thereafter, the surface property of the substrate located in the patterned electrode region is changed, so as to form a visible patterned mark. Subsequently, the barrier layer is removed, and the visible patterned mark is used as alignment mark.
| Semiconductor device manufacturing method|| 20110014765 || 20110120 |
| A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device including forming a gate insulating film and a gate electrode over a Si substrate; forming a recess in the Si substrate at both sides of the gate electrode; forming a first Si layer including Ge in the recess; forming an interlayer over the first Si layer; forming a second Si layer including Ge over the interlayer; wherein the interlayer is composed of Si or Si including Ge, and a Ge concentration of the interlayer is less than a Ge concentration of the first Si layer and a Ge concentration of the second Si layer.
| Semiconductor device and manufacturing method of the same|| 20110014761 || 20110120 |
| The characteristics of a semiconductor device including a trench-gate power MISFET are improved. The semiconductor device includes a substrate having an active region where the power MISFET is provided and an outer circumferential region which is located circumferentially outside the active region and where a breakdown resistant structure is provided, a pattern formed of a conductive film provided over the substrate in the outer circumferential region with an insulating film interposed therebetween, another pattern isolated from the pattern, and a gate electrode terminal electrically coupled to the gate electrodes of the power MISFET and provided in a layer over the conductive film. The conductive film of the pattern is electrically coupled to the gate electrode terminal, while the conductive film of another pattern is electrically decoupled...|
| Method of fabricating non-volatile memory device|| 20110014759 || 20110120 |
| A method of fabricating a non-volatile memory device includes: forming a tunnel insulation layer pattern and a floating gate electrode layer pattern over a semiconductor substrate; forming an isolation trench by etching an exposed portion of the semiconductor substrate so that the isolation trench is aligned with the tunnel insulation layer pattern and the floating gate electrode layer pattern; forming an isolation layer by filling the isolation trench with a filling insulation layer; forming a hafnium-rich hafnium silicon oxide layer over the isolation layer and the floating gate electrode layer pattern; forming a hafnium-rich hafnium silicon oxynitride layer by carrying out a first nitridation on the hafnium-rich hafnium silicon oxide layer; forming a silicon-rich hafnium silicon oxide layer over the hafnium-rich hafnium silicon oxynitride layer; forming...|
| Random number generating device|| 20090327379 || 20091231 |
| A random number generating device includes: a pulse voltage generator configured to generate a pulse voltage having an amplitude of 26 mV or more; a random noise generating element including source and drain regions formed at a distance from each other on a semiconductor substrate, a tunnel insulating film formed on a portion of the semiconductor substrate located between the source region and the drain region, and a gate electrode formed above the tunnel insulating film and to which the pulse voltage is applied, the random noise generating element configured to generate a random noise contained in a current flowing between the source region and the drain region; and a random number generating unit configured to generate a random number signal based on the random noise.
| Triangular or crescent shaped defibrillation electrode|| 20090326632 || 20091231 |
| A defibrillation electrode for application to the front of the chest of a patient, the electrode comprising a metallic layer, a conductive liquid-containing layer in contact with the metallic layer and configured to contact the skin of the patient, an adhesive layer surrounding the conductive liquid-containing layer and having a layer of adhesive configured to adhere the electrode to the patient, a release layer configured to be removed from the electrode prior to application to the patient, the release layer being in contact with the adhesive and the conductive liquid-containing layer prior to removal, wherein the electrode has a lateral perimeter at or laterally outside of the adhesive layer, and wherein the lateral perimeter is generally triangular.
| Devices with cannula and electrode lead for brain stimulation and methods of use and manufacture|| 20090326627 || 20091231 |
| A device for brain stimulation includes a cannula configured and arranged for insertion into a brain of a patient; at least one cannula electrode disposed on the cannula; and an electrode lead for insertion into the cannula, the electrode lead comprising at least one stimulating electrode.
| System and method for lead fixation|| 20090326628 || 20091231 |
| A medical lead includes a pitted, grooved or threaded electrode array tip and a flexible tube or sheath encompassing the electrode array located near the lead tip. In some embodiments, the electrode array adheres to tissue, the tube or sheath adheres to the electrode array at the distal end of the electrode array or the tube or sheath adheres to tissue at the proximal end of the tube or sheath. Embodiments of the tube or sheath may be made from biodegradable material and can include electrode windows spaced along the tube or sheath corresponding to placement of electrode contacts of the electrode array.
| Stimulation lead design and method of manufacture|| 20090326626 || 20091231 |
| The invention is an implantable electrical stimulation lead for chronic or long term use that has an improved electrical connection between the electrode and conductor. This is accomplished through the use of metal coils embedded in the sidewall of the lead body. A wire conductor providing electrical continuity from a proximal electrode to a distal electrode has a protruding portion extending through the sidewall. This protruding portion can reside adjacent to either a proximal or a distal electrode. In any event, the protruding portion of the lire is captured underneath a ring electrode that is physically deformed into direct contact with the metal of the wire, preferably by swaging. This serve to make electrical conductivity between the wire and the electrode with the embedded coil serving...|
| Lead interconnect using a capured fixation member|| 20090326625 || 20091231 |
| Methods and devices for interconnecting a medical lead conductor member and an electrode are provided. One device includes a medical lead having a shaft. The shaft has a conductor member extending therethrough and a ring electrode disposed along the shaft. The ring electrode has a fixation device disposed within the ring electrode, and the fixation device forms an interference fit with the conductor member, forming an electrical contact therebetween. Also provided are methods for forming an electrical interconnect between a ring electrode and a conductor member.
| Variable pitch electrode array|| 20090326623 || 20091231 |
| The present invention is an implantable electrode array having electrodes with variable pitch and variable size. Electrode arrays of the prior art provide electrodes with a common spacing and size. However, this is not how the human body is arranged. As an example, the retina has closely spaced retinal receptors near the fovea. Those receptors are spaced farther apart, farther away from the fovea. Further, the amount of electrical current required to stimulate the perception of light increases with distance from the fovea. Hence, larger electrodes are required to transfer the necessary current farther away from the fovea.
| Method and apparatus for improving renal function|| 20090326613 || 20091231 |
| A method for improving renal function includes placing an electrode on a dorsal spinal cord within a central nervous system and applying an electrical current to the electrode. The electrode is positioned, and the electrical current is configured, to stimulate an afferent neuron without stimulating an efferent neuron, thereby causing an increase in renal excretion of sodium and water while having an insubstantial affect on a sympathetic nervous system.
| Method of powering implanted devices by direct transfer of electrical energy|| 20090326611 || 20091231 |
| In order to transfer electrical energy to an implemented medical device (04) power electrodes (02) are fitted in contact with the body of a human or animal into which the medical device has been implanted. The power electrodes (02) may be directly on the skin of the body or may penetrate the skin. The implanted medical device (04) has implanted electrodes (03) which receive electrical energy via the body. To power the implanted medical device (04), a power device (01) applies an electric potential in the form of a repetitive waveform to the power electrodes (02), thereby generating an electric current in the body, and transferring electrical energy via the implanted electrodes (03) to the implanted medical device (04). Preferably the waveform is a pulsed waveform...|
| Method of electrically stimulating tissue of a patient by shifting a locus of stimulation and system employing the same|| 20090326608 || 20091231 |
| In one embodiment, a method for assisting programming a pulse generator comprises: defining a set of unique electrode combinations in the controller device, each electrode combination within the set providing a unique locus of stimulation for a single stimulation pulse applied at a base location relative to loci of stimulation of other electrode combinations, the set of unique electrode combinations defining a two-dimensional range of multiple loci of stimulation; providing one or more user interfaces to the clinician to control pulse generation and delivery by the single-source pulse generator; and processing input from the clinician related to relocation of a locus of stimulation, the processing comprising (i) automatically selecting an electrode combination from the set, and (ii) automatically modifying an electrode combination used by the single-source...|
| Electrical stimulation method for treatment of peripheral neuropathy|| 20090326607 || 20091231 |
| An electrical stimulation method for the treatment of peripheral neuropathy is disclosed. In a preferred embodiment, the method utilizes an electrical stimulation device that includes a plurality of channels of electrodes each of which includes a first and second electrode positioned in electrical contact with tissue of a target region suffering from peripheral neuropathy. Agonist/antagonist muscles involved in abduction/adduction, flexion/extension, supination/pronation, protraction/retraction, and/or eversion/inversion in the peripheral body regions are stimulated with a patterned series of electrical pulses through channels of electrodes in accordance with a procedure for treating peripheral neuropathy. The patterned series of electrical pulses may comprise: a plurality of cycles of a biphasic sequential pulse train pattern; a plurality of cycles of a biphasic overlapping pulse train pattern; a plurality of cycles of...|
| Treatment of language, behavior and social disorders|| 20090326605 || 20091231 |
| Methods of treating language, behavioral and social disorders are described, including methods of treating language disorders associated with electrographic abnormalities in the primary or associative language cortex of persons with autism spectrum disorders, pervasive developmental delay or acquired epileptic aphasia. A language, behavioral and social disorder may be treated by detecting epileptiform activity or an electrographic seizure for a subject's brain and applying neurostimulation to a language cortical region of the subject's brain (e.g., a primary or associative language cortical region). Detection of epileptiform activity or an electrographic seizure and stimulation of language cortex may be performed by a sensing and/or stimulation electrode that is inserted into a subject's brain and connected to one or more neurostimulation devices for monitoring and/or stimulating the language cortex.
| Apparatus for stimulating components in, on, or near the pudendal nerve or its branches to achieve selective physiologic responses|| 20090326603 || 20091231 |
| Apparatus to control physiological functions, including urinary track physiological functions are described. The apparatus includes an electrode(s) configured to be placed on or in a targeted component of a pudendal nerve and to stimulate the targeted pudendal nerve pudendal. The targeted component of the pudendal nerve includes a pudendal nerve urethral afferent, and afferent nerve fibers in the deep perineal nerve. The apparatus includes a controller coupled to the electrode to apply an electrical signal having an amplitude and a selected frequency chosen to stimulate the targeted component. The controller operates in a first mode to apply a first frequency without substantially changing the amplitude for achieving a first physiologic response and the controller operates in a second mode to apply a second frequency, different than...|
| Treatment of indications using electrical stimulation|| 20090326602 || 20091231 |
| In one embodiment, a method includes implanting an implant entirely under the subject's skin. The implant includes a passive electrical conductor of sufficient length to extend from subcutaneous tissue located below one of a surface cathodic electrode and a surface anodic electrode to the tibial nerve. The surface electrodes are positioned in spaced relationship on the subject's skin, with one of the electrodes positioned over the pick-up end of the electrical conductor such that the portion of the current is transmitted through the conductor to the tibial nerve, and such that the current flows through the tibial nerve and returns to the other of the surface cathodic electrode and the surface anodic electrode. An electrical current is applied between the surface cathodic electrode and the surface...|
| Implantable transducer devices|| 20090326601 || 20091231 |
| Receiver-stimulators comprise a nearly isotropic transducer assembly, demodulator circuitry, and at least two tissue contacting electrodes. Use of near isotropic transducers allows the devices to be implanted with less concern regarding the orientation relative to an acoustic energy source. Transducers or transducer elements having relatively small sizes, typically less than ½ the wavelength of the acoustic source, enhance isotropy. The use of single crystal piezoelectric materials enhance sensitivity.
| Pressure sensing lead systems for implantable stimulators|| 20090326598 || 20091231 |
| Various different implementations of lead systems are disclosed for use with implantable stimulation systems. Generally, the lead systems incorporate, within an elongate lead body, one or more electrical conduits that connect to one or more distal electrodes, and a liquid-filled pressure transmission catheter lumen that extends proximally from a distal entry port. Use of the lead systems allows accurate pressure sensing at a location near where the electrodes are positioned. In addition, a defibrillator lead is disclosed having such features, and a system using that lead is capable of directly monitoring pressure within a heart chamber, and using that information to confirm the delivery of a defibrillation pulse.
| Electrical stimulation lead, system, and method|| 20090326594 || 20091231 |
| A paddle lead includes a plurality of electrodes configured in at least three rows of three electrodes with the second, intermediate row operable to provide anode guarding. The paddle lead further includes a plurality of grooves disposed on a surface opposite the electrodes to facilitate the insertion of the paddle lead within a patient by inhibiting the veering of the paddle lead to one side or the other of the dorsal column as the paddle lead is advanced along the dorsal column midline during implantation.
| Medical instrument|| 20090326531 || 20091231 |
| A medical tubular shaft instrument for gripping and cutting tissue which provides a safe mode of operation. The instrument includes electrodes by which a mechanical contact between a blade and an associated cutting surface can be electrically determined. This determination allows the operating physician to be provided with sufficient information to determine whether the tissue that is to be severed has been successfully severed.
| Method and apparatus for reducing image artifacts in electronic ablation images|| 20090326529 || 20091231 |
| At least one electrode lead outside the body and leading between an RF ablation power source and the unshielded probes in the patient is shielded to substantially eliminate artifacts during concurrent electronic imaging and RF ablation.
| Cardiac mapping instrument with shapeable electrode|| 20090326527 || 20091231 |
| An instrument including an elongated shaft and a non-conductive handle is disclosed. The shaft defines a proximal section and a distal section. The distal section forms an electrically conductive tip. Further, the shaft is adapted to be transitionable from a straight state to a first bent state. The shaft is capable of independently maintaining the distinct shapes associated with the straight state and the first bent state. The handle is rigidly coupled to the proximal section of the shaft. The instrument is useful for epicardial pacing and/or mapping of the heart for temporary pacing on a beating heart, for optimizing the placement of ventricular leads for the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure and ventricular dysynchrony and/or for use in surgical ablation procedures.
| Method for sterilizing and disinfecting body tissues by ising iontophoresis and the medical device|| 20090326438 || 20091231 |
| An iontophoresis-based medical device comprising a positive electrode section, a negative electrode section, a power source supplying an electric current to the positive electrode section and negative electrode section and a controller controlling the current value and conduction time of the electric current, the iontrophoresis-based medical device for allowing the drug solution to permeate into a lesion based on ionphoresis obtained by conducting current between the positive electrode section and negative electrode section, wherein the positive and negative electrode section are respectively given a handleable stick shape, the positive electrode section is provided with a drug solution retainer which retains the drug solution and contacts with a lesion, and the negative electrode section is provided with a solution retainer which retains the solution and contacts with...|
| Electroporation to deliver chemotherapeutics and enhance tumor regression|| 20090326436 || 20091231 |
| A method is disclosed for disrupting capillary blood flow and trapping materials such as chemotherapeutic agents in undesirable tissue, including cells of a cancerous or non-cancerous tumor. The method involves the placement of electrodes into or near the vicinity of capillary vessels supplying blood to capillaries in the undesirable tissue, and application of electrical pulses causing capillary blood flow disruption. In some cases, the electric pulses irreversibly permeate the cell membranes, thereby invoking cell death. The irreversibly permeabilized cells are left in situ and are removed by the body's immune system. The process may further comprise monitoring blood flow and/or infusion of a material such as a chemotherapeutic agent or marker into the blood.
| Device for producing shock waves|| 20090326421 || 20091231 |
| The invention relates to a device (1) for producing shock waves (2), especially for medical use. Said device comprises a housing (3), being penetrable to the shock waves (2), at least one pair of electrodes (4), arranged in the interior of the housing (3), between which respective voltages for producing shock waves (2) can be adjusted, and a liquid (5), surrounding the electrodes (4) and consisting entirely or partially of a plurality of water molecules (H2O). The aim of the invention is to substantially improve the efficiency and the service life of the device (1). For this purpose, the production of hydrogen, oxygen and hydroxide ions between the electrode lips (4) is not impeded. More specifically, the aim of the invention is to provide a device...|
| Providing impedance plethysmography electrodes|| 20090326408 || 20091231 |
| A method of measuring lung impedance of a subject can include positioning current-injection electrodes on or within the subject in a configuration such that a current injected between the current-injection electrodes propagates substantially through a first lung of the subject, and not through a heart and a second lung of the subject; positioning voltage-measurement electrodes on or within the subject in a configuration such that voltage measuring fields propagate substantially through the first lung and the second lung of the subject, but not through the heart of the subject; and injecting a current between the current-injection electrodes, as positioned, and measuring a resulting voltage between the voltage-measurement electrodes, as positioned, to obtain an impedance measure across lung tissue. The method can further include injecting current and...|
| Electrophysiological analysis system and method|| 20090326407 || 20091231 |
| The invention relates to an electrophysiological analysis system which comprises a plurality of electrodes (E1-E4), power supply means (10, 30) for successively applying a substantially continuous voltage ranging approximately from 1 to 5 volts and lasting from 0.1 to 5 seconds to different slotted electrode pairs, collecting and storing means (450) for recording the variation of a current flow in the electrode pairs to which said voltage slots are applied, means (50) for enabling the current variations obtained by comparison between at least two current variations caused by supposed identical conditions and means (50) for comparing data related to the current variations recorded for several electrode pairs and enabled with reference data. Said invention can be used for chronoamperometrically detecting pathologies, pathological areas and organ dysfunctions
| Single trial detection in encephalography|| 20090326404 || 20091231 |
| An EEG cap (8) having 64 or 128 electrodes (10) is placed on the head of the subject (11) who is viewing CRT monitor (14). The signals on each channel are amplified by amplifier (17) and sent to an analog-to-digital converter (20). PC (23) captures and records the amplified signals and the signals are processed by signal processing PC (26) performing linear signal processing. The resulting signal is sent back to a feedback/display PC (29) having monitor (14).
| Ecg electrode and electrode support|| 20090326400 || 20091231 |
| An electrically non-conductive back plate for supporting the back of a patient in a supine position comprises on its front face facing the back of the patient a pair or more of ECG electrodes capable of maintaining electrically conductive skin contact with the patient's back. The pair of ECG electrodes is disposed at a sharp angle with the mean heart vector, in particular so as to form an angle β of about 45°±25° with the projection S of the patient's spine on the back plate. Also disclosed is an ECG electrode for mounting in a recess of the back plate and an apparatus for treating cardiac arrest by compression of the sternum comprising the back plate.
| Clinical applications for electrical tomography derived metrics|| 20090326397 || 20091231 |
| Clinical applications for electrical tomography derived metrics are disclosed. One aspect of the present invention pertains to a method for generating clinical data by processing one or more metrics obtained via an electrical tomography. The method comprises receiving one or more metrics of an electrode stably associated with a tissue site of a subject, where the metrics are based on an induced signal of the electrode generated in response to one or more continuous electrical fields applied to the subject during an electrical tomography process. In addition, the method comprises generating clinical data of the internal organ of the subject based on the metrics.
| Electrocardiogram and respiration monitoring in animals|| 20090326387 || 20091231 |
| An ambulatory animal monitoring system includes a wearable structure constructed to be worn about a body of a non-human animal to be monitored. The system includes a plurality of electrical signal conduits each associated with the wearable structure and each connectable to a different one of a plurality of surface electrode components. The system includes processing and control device adapted to be worn with the wearable structure, the processing and control device comprising a) an ECG monitoring component and b) an impedance level monitoring component that generates data indicative of electrical impedance levels of the animal over time.
| Method for visually monitoring an irreversible electroporation treatment, and magnetic resonance imaging apparatus with integrated electroporation treatment device|| 20090326366 || 20091231 |
| In a method for implementing an irreversible electroporation treatment with an electroporation device having at least two treatment electrodes, magnetic resonance exposures are acquired for visual monitoring of the treatment, and magnetic resonance-compatible electrodes are used as treatment electrodes. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus has an electroporation device integrated therein, so as to be operable by co-use of at least some of the same components that arte used for image data acquisition.
|Piezoelectric vibrator and fabricating method thereof|| 20080313874 || 20081225 |
| The present invention relates to piezoelectric vibrators such as a resonator used as a timing element, discriminator, filter or the like, and fabricating methods thereof. The piezoelectric vibrators of the present invention may be fabricated by forming a piezoelectric body of piezoelectric sheets, of which the thickness is controlled, and simultaneously sintering the sheets along with cover layers, on which grooves are formed. Also, the piezoelectric vibrator of the present invention is fabricated by laminating the piezoelectric sheets, of which the thickness is controlled, providing internal electrodes between the sheets, and forming external electrodes insulated from the internal electrodes.
|Method of producing printed circuit board incorporating resistance element|| 20080313887 || 20081225 |
| The present invention provides a method of producing a resistance element incorporated in a printed circuit board at an accuracy of resistance value of ±1% or less, at low cost and with a good yield while the resistance element formed by a resistor paste is incorporated. A method of producing a printed circuit board incorporating a resistance element includes: preparing a double-sided copper clad board having a first metallic foil on one face of an insulating base material thereof and a second metallic foil on the other face of the insulating base material thereof; providing at least a pair of electrodes on one of the metallic foils; printing a resistor paste between the electrodes to form a resistor; preparing a circuit board having at least one...|
|Sensor with layered electrodes|| 20080313896 || 20081225 |
| A thin film sensor, such as a glucose sensor, is provided for transcutaneous placement at a selected site within the body of a patient. The sensor includes several sensor layers that include conductive layers and includes a proximal segment defining conductive contacts adapted for electrical connection to a suitable monitor, and a distal segment with sensor electrodes for transcutaneous placement. The sensor electrode layers are disposed generally above each other, for example with the reference electrode above the working electrode and the working electrode above the counter electrode. The electrode layers are separated by dielectric layer.
|Method and device for extracting glass melt from flow channels|| 20080314086 || 20081225 |
| A process and apparatus for removing molten glass from flow channels for the transport of production glass that are installed between a melting furnace and an extraction point for the production glass. The flow channel has a glass-resistant inner lining. A drainage unit for bottom glass is installed upstream of the extraction point for the production glass. In order to keep electrodes away from the molten glass, but still maintain a local and temporal influence on the temperature profile within the cross section, the inner lining, at least in the area of the drainage unit, of is formed of a fusion cast electrically conductive material which has a drainage opening for the bottom glass with a drainage slit above it. At least two electrodes are installed...|
|Breath-based sensors for non-invasive molecular detection|| 20080314116 || 20081225 |
| A method of diagnosing the health of an individual by collecting a breath sample from the individual and measuring the amount of each of a plurality of analytes in the sample. The amount of each analytes is measured by fitting a time response curve of a sample-evaluation fuel cell in which the fuel cell sample electrode is contacted with the sample with the analysis based on a function of standard time response curves for an equivalent fuel cell configuration obtained separately for each of the analytes on a fuel cell with equivalent construction as sample-evaluation fuel cell. Each of the plurality of analytes is generally indicative of an aspect of the individual's health. Suitable analytes include, for example, inorganic compounds as well as compositions that exhibit...|
|Detection and subsequent removal of an aperture blockage|| 20080314130 || 20081225 |
| The present invention relates to a particle characterisation apparatus in which particles suspended in a liquid are passed through an aperture, in principle one by one, to enable characterisation of the particles, for instance by Coulter counting. In particular the present invention relates to an apparatus for characterizing particles suspended in a liquid sample, comprising a housing with a mixing chamber 3 and a collection chamber separated by a wall containing an aperture 59 for passage of particles between the mixing chamber 3 and the collection chamber 5, the mixing chamber 3 further containing a mixing member, a first electrode 34 in the mixing chamber 3 and a second electrode 35 in the collection chamber 5 for conduction of an electrical current through the aperture 59,...|
|Plasma processing apparatus and method thereof|| 20080314318 || 20081225 |
| Disclosed is a plasma processing apparatus and a method thereof. A plasma processing apparatus includes a chamber for processing a semiconductor substrate by generating plasma, upper and lower electrodes installed in the chamber, a high frequency power supply for supplying high frequency power to the upper and lower electrodes, and a phase controller adjusting a phase difference of the high frequency power supplied to the upper and lower electrodes.
|Plasma processing apparatus|| 20080314321 || 20081225 |
| The object of the present invention is to provide a plasma processing apparatus capable of processing a substrate stably for a long period of time. The plasma processing apparatus has a substrate holder disposed in a processing chamber and an electrode cover for protecting a support stage of said substrate holder, for processing a wafer placed on said support stage using a plasma generated in the processing chamber, wherein at least a surface of said electrode cover that is positioned directly below an edge of the wafer, or at least a surface of said electrode cover that comes into contact with plasma, is coated with a material having resistance to plasma and comprising Y2O3, Yb2O3 or YF3, or a mixture thereof, as its main component.
|Spark plug and cylinder head assembly ensuring reliable ignition of air/fuel mixture|| 20080314354 || 20081225 |
| A spark plug and cylinder head assembly includes a spark plug and a cylinder head of an engine. The cylinder head has a bore and a surface which faces a combustion chamber of the engine and on which the bore opens. The spark plug is fit in the bore of the cylinder head, and includes a metal shell, an insulator retained in the metal shell, a center electrode secured in the insulator, and a ground electrode facing the center electrode through a spark gap. An end surface of the metal shell has an outer edge and an inner edge, and tapers from the outer edge to the inner edge in a direction toward the inside of an air pocket formed between the metal shell and the...|
|Plasma etching apparatus and chamber cleaning method using the same|| 20080314408 || 20081225 |
| The plasma etching apparatus effectively removes an outgrowth caused by the etching in the chamber after performing a fabrication process, and a chamber cleaning method using the plasma etching apparatus. The plasma etching apparatus includes: a chamber in which an etching process of a substrate is conducted using a plasma; upper and lower electrodes arranged in the chamber; a RF power-supply unit which simultaneously applies a RF power to the upper and lower electrodes; and a controller which adjusts a power ratio of the RF power simultaneously applied to the upper and lower electrodes, and controls a plasma distribution for cleaning an inner part of the chamber. As a result, the plasma is evenly formed in the chamber, so that a cleaning efficiency can be maximized.
|Nano engineered photo electrode for photoelectrochemical, photovoltaic and sensor applications|| 20080314435 || 20081225 |
| A unit nano photo cell comprised of a first component of conductive or semi conductive crystalline material, forming a backbone which spreads out in a three dimensional structural fashion, a second component of at least one photo active material bound to the first component, and a third component of carrier mobility promoter material bound to the second component, all of which together constitute a framework for separating electrons from holes when a light source is provide to the unit nano photo cell such that the second component acts as a photo active center, converting incoming photons into pairs of electron-holes, the first component transports electrons from the second component to a common bottom plate, and the third component extracts the holes from the second component and...|
|Transparent substrate provided with an electrode|| 20080314442 || 20081225 |
| Transparent substrate, especially made of glass, associated with an electrode, especially one suitable for solar cells, characterized in that the electrode comprises a first transparent electrically conducting layer composed of an undoped mineral oxide, said first layer being coated with a second transparent electrically conducting layer composed of the same mineral oxide, said mineral oxide however being doped.
|Electrically conductive paste and solar cell|| 20080314444 || 20081225 |
| An electrically conductive paste which can be formed into an electrode by being fired at relatively low temperatures, which exhibits excellent adhesion strength between a light-receiving surface electrode and a semiconductor substrate, and which can satisfactorily reduce the contact resistance between the two, is provided. The electrically conductive paste used as a material for a light-receiving surface electrode of a solar cell, includes a Ag powder, an organic vehicle, and glass frit, wherein the softening point of the above-described glass frit is 570° C. 760° C., and the glass frit contains B2O3 and SiO2 in such a way that the ratio, B2O3/SiO2, becomes 0.3 or less on a molar ratio basis and the first contains 0 to less than 20.0 percent by mole of Bi2O3.
|Dye-sensitized solar cell fabricating kit, dye-sensitized solar cell and method of using the same|| 20080314448 || 20081225 |
| A dye-sensitized solar cell fabricating kit for fabricating a dye-sensitized solar cell includes a semiconductor electrode having a semiconductor layer carrying a dye, an opposite electrode disposed opposite the semiconductor electrode, and an electrolyte made by dissolving electrolyte in a solvent and caused to fill between the semiconductor electrode and the opposite electrode during an initial assembly. The electrolyte is supplemented when decreased after assembly, so that a concentration of electrolyte at the time of supplement is lower than a concentration of electrolyte supplied during the initial assembly.
|Electrode active material, electrode, lithium-ion secondary battery, method of making electrode active material, and method of making lithium-ion secondary battery|| 20080314482 || 20081225 |
| The positive electrode active material in accordance with the present invention is used for a positive electrode for a lithium-ion secondary battery, includes Li, Mn, Ni, Co, and O atoms, and has a substantially halite type crystal structure. Specifically, it is preferably expressed by LiaMnbNicCodOe, where a is 0.85 to 1.1, b is 0.2 to 0.6, c is 0.2 to 0.6, d is 0.1 to 0.5, and e is 1 to 2 (the sum of b, c, and d being 1). Because of such composition and crystal structure, the positive electrode active material of the present invention reduces the amount of elution of the battery into the liquid electrolyte and enhances the stability at a high temperature.
|Biocompatible electroplated interconnection bonding method and electronics package suitable for implantation|| 20080314506 || 20081225 |
| The invention is directed to a method of bonding a hermetically sealed electronics package to an electrode or a flexible circuit and the resulting electronics package that is suitable for implantation in living tissue, such as for a retinal or cortical electrode array to enable restoration of sight to certain non-sighted individuals. The hermetically sealed electronics package is directly bonded to the flex circuit or electrode by electroplating a biocompatible material, such as platinum or gold, effectively forming a plated rivet-shaped connection, which bonds the flex circuit to the electronics package. The resulting electronic device is biocompatible and is suitable for long-term implantation in living tissue. The present invention is directed to a device comprising a substrate containing at least one contact, a flexible assembly containing...|
|Gas supply mechanism and substrate processing apparatus|| 20080314523 || 20081225 |
| A processing gas supply hole is constituted with a gas outlet hole formed at an electrode plate and a gas injection hole formed at a processing gas supply mechanism main unit. At the gas injection hole, a processing gas having flowed in on the upstream side is injected toward the gas outlet hole through an injection opening of a nozzle portion disposed on the downstream side, so as to generate a suction force at a suction flow passage formed around the nozzle portion by taking advantage of the ejector defect.
|Parallel chip embedded printed circuit board and manufacturing method thereof|| 20080314621 || 20081225 |
| A parallel chip embedded printed circuit board and manufacturing method thereof are disclosed. With a method of manufacturing a parallel chip embedded printed circuit board, comprising: (a) forming a parallel chip by connecting in parallel a plurality of unit chips having electrodes or electrically connected members formed on the upper and lower surfaces thereof, using at least one conductive member; (b) joining an electrode on one side of the parallel chip to a first board; and (c) joining an electrode on the other side of the parallel chip to a second board, chips may be embedded in a printed circuit board at a low cost, as a plurality of unit chips can be embedded at once, and a mechanical drill or router can be used instead...|
|Component adapted for being mounted on a substrate and a method of mounting a surface mounted device|| 20080314624 || 20081225 |
| A supporting component (1) adapted for being mounted on a substrate (11) and for serving as a support for a surface mounted device (15) comprises a body (2) having a first surface (3) adapted for being mounted on the substrate (11), and a second surface (4) being adapted for supporting the surface mounted device (15). The second surface (4) is inclined in relation to the first surface (3). The supporting component (1) further comprises a first supporting component conductor (6) adapted for forming an electrical contact between a first substrate conductor (12) of the substrate (11) and a first electrode (16) of the surface mounted device (15). In a method of mounting a surface mounted device (15) in an inclined manner on a substrate (11) the...|
|Electroded sheet (esheet) products|| 20080314626 || 20081225 |
| A sheet in an electronic display is composed of a substrate containing an array of wire electrodes. The wire electrodes are preferably electrically connected to patterned transparent conductive electrode lines. The wire electrodes are used to carry the bulk of the current. The wire electrodes are capable of being extended away from the substrate and connected directly to the printed circuit board. The transparent conductive electrode (TCE) is used to spread the charge or voltage from the wire electrode across the pixel. The TCE is a patterned film and must be at least 50% transparent, and, for most applications, is preferably over 90% transparent. In most applications, the electroded surface of the electroded sheet has to be flattened. Use of a thin polymer substrate yields a...|
|Electronic component and method for manufacturing the same|| 20080314627 || 20081225 |
| There are provided an electronic component in which two substrates are bonded to each other with a large bonding force and a method for manufacturing electronic components in which two substrates can be bonded to each other with a large bonding force and in which the substrates are not likely to be bent and broken. In an embodiment, a plurality of first connection portions 30 is formed on a first substrate 22, and in addition, a plurality of IDT electrodes 26 and a plurality of second connection portions 32 are formed on a second substrate 24. The first connection portions 30 are engaged in concave parts of the second connection portions 32, so that temporary bonding is performed. Between adjacent first connection portions 30, only the...|
|Position transducer|| 20080314654 || 20081225 |
| A position transducer having first and second spaced apart resistive surfaces (22, 24), the first resistive surface (22) being connected to a first pair of spaced apart and substantially parallel electrodes (14) and the second resistive surface (24) being connected to a second pair of spaced apart and substantially parallel electrodes (16) orientated at substantially right angles to the first pair of electrodes, wherein at least one of the resistive surfaces is capable of being bent to touch the other surface such that current can flow from one of the first pair electrodes to one of the second pair electrodes via the resistive surfaces.
|Power supply apparatus|| 20080314657 || 20081225 |
| To attain the afore-mentioned objective, there is provided a power supply apparatus, comprising a battery aggregation including a plurality of batteries connected to each other in series, the battery having a positive electrode in its one end portion and a negative electrode in its opposite end portion, and an electrical junction box being disposed between a plurality of the batteries and being configured to allow connection and disconnection of the battery aggregation and a load outside the power supply apparatus.
|Security element and methods for manufacturing and authenticating the same|| 20080314715 || 20081225 |
| A security element comprises at least one oscillating circuit (O1-On) and a digital signature (2). Each oscillating circuit (O1-On) comprises a capacitor (C1-Cn) as resonance frequency setting element wherein the capacitor (C1-Cn) consists of two electrodes (8, 10) which are spaced apart from each other and a dielectric (9) that is sandwiched between the two electrodes (8, 10). The capacitor (C1-Cn) of each oscillating circuit has a random capacitance value which randomness is caused by a non-uniform thickness (d) of the dielectric (9) and/or by an inhomogeneous dielectric material. The digital signature (2) comprises reference values indicative for the resonance frequencies (f1-fh) of the oscillating circuits wherein the reference values are digitally signed with a secret key.
|Methods of and apparatus for reducing amounts of particles on a wafer during wafer de-chucking|| 20080314733 || 20081225 |
| Particles are trapped away from a wafer transport zone in a chamber. A first electrode is on one side of the zone. A second electrode is on an opposite side of the zone. A power supply connected across the electrodes establishes an electrostatic field between the electrodes. The field traps particles at the electrodes, away from the zone. For transporting the wafer from the chamber, the second electrode mounts the wafer for processing, and the first electrode is opposite to the second electrode defining a process space. The zone is in the space with a separate part of the space separating the zone from each electrode. Particles are urged away from the wafer by simultaneously terminating plasma processing of the wafer, connecting the second electrode to...|
|Carbonaceous solid fuel gasifier utilizing dielectric barrier non-thermal plasma|| 20080314734 || 20081225 |
| A system for producing a fuel gas from a carbon-containing material is provided that includes a non-thermal plasma generator, an electric power source, a process stream inlet, and a product stream outlet. The non-thermal plasma generator includes a high voltage electrode separated from a grounded electrode by a modification passage. Moreover, a dielectric layer exists between the high voltage electrode and the grounded electrode. The electric power source is energizable to create non-thermal electrical microdischarges within the modification passage. As the process gas flows through the system, the carbon-containing material is converted to fuel gas.
|Ozone generating electrolysis cell|| 20080314740 || 20081225 |
| The ozone generating electrolysis cell (10) according to the invention has a negative electrode (13) and an ozone generating positive electrode (16) comprising a mixture of lead dioxide and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). A proton conducting solid electrolytic membrane (15) is arranged between the negative and positive electrodes (13, 16). The ozone generating electrolysis cell (10) also comprises an electrically conducting, liquid and gas permeable first electrode support (17) in contact with a side of the positive electrode (16) located opposite to the membrane (15), wherein said side of the electrode support (17) has a surface covered with a platinum-containing layer. The positive electrode (16) is made of a mixture prepared by the high-pressure compression of lead dioxide grains of colloid size and PTFE filaments having a dimension...|
|Interdigitated microelectrode and a process for producing the interdigitated microelectrode|| 20080314744 || 20081225 |
| An interdigitated microelectrode (2) comprising a substrate (4), a first layer (6) of a first metal on the substrate (4), and a second layer (8) of a second metal on the substrate (4), the first layer (6) comprising a plurality of line microelectrodes (10) which are connected at a first end (12) and are not connected at a second end (14), the second layer (8) comprising a plurality of line microelectrodes (16) which are connected at a first end (18) and are not connected at a second end (20), the line microelectrodes (10) of the first layer (6) and the line microelectrodes (16) of the second layer (8) being such that they extend into each other but do not touch each other thereby to form an...|
|Analyzer|| 20080314746 || 20081225 |
| It is an object of this invention to measure small amounts of a plurality of sample solutions at the same time. The small amounts of sample solutions are respectively placed on measuring electrodes, a medium is placed across the plurality of sample solutions, a liquid joint of a reference electrode is brought into contact with the medium, and a potential difference between each of the measuring electrodes and the reference electrode via the medium is measured.
|Gas sensor|| 20080314748 || 20081225 |
| A gas sensor has a sensor element of a cup shape and an insulation electrical heater for heating the sensor element. The insulation electrical heater is placed in an inside of a hollow part of the sensor element. An insulation length extension area is formed on an outer peripheral surface of the insulation electrical heater between electrodes of the insulation electrical heater and a reference electrode metal member tightly bonded onto the sensor element. The insulation length extension area is composed of a plurality of flanges, a rectangle flange part formed in one body, a taper shaped flange part, or a bended flange part.
|Limiting current type oxygen sensor and method of sensing and measuring oxygen concentrations using the same|| 20070295058 || 20071227 |
| A limiting current type oxygen sensor comprises an ion conductor, a pair of electrodes, a gas diffusion mechanism for supplying a diffusion-rate-determined gas, and a heater for heating the ion conductor. The gas diffusion mechanism includes a gas diffusion bore and an internal space communicating with the gas diffusion bore. In a first embodiment, the gas diffusion mechanism is configured such that the thickness (lin) of the internal space is formed equal to or larger than the bore diameter (S1) of the gas diffusion bore. This makes it possible to dominate diffusion-rate-determinateness in the gas diffusion bore and minimize the influence of diffusion-rate-determinateness in the internal space, thereby sensing the limiting current value accurately. In a second embodiment, the gas diffusion mechanism is configured such that...|
|Method for estimating a tire running condition and an apparatus for effecting the method and a tire with sensors disposed therein|| 20070295074 || 20071227 |
| Prepare a tire with sensors disposed therein such that the first and the second deformation amount measurement means 11A and 11B positioned on the vehicle body side and on outside, respectively, each of which comprises a lengthy detection portion 11a made of a conductive rubber member buried in the tire tread 21 and placed in a circumferential direction of the tire and comprises of detection electrodes 11b, 11b at both ends of the detection portion; and upon computing contact length with the ground of the tire vehicle body side and on the outside, from detected resistance value of the detection portion 11a included in the means of 11A and the wheel speed and from the resistance value of 11a included in the means of 11A and...|
|Acoustic guitar control unit|| 20070295196 || 20071227 |
| An electromechanical control unit (12) for a musical instrument having keypad and/or touch pad areas (102) for controlling a signal processing unit, wherein the control unit (12) includes a surface element (101), whereby settings and values of said signal processing unit that can be changed by the user are controlled by touching of the surface element, which surface element has keypad and/or touch areas (102) provided with fixed and/or alternating symbols whereby changeable parameter values of the signal processing unit are controlled by touching and/or by gliding on said symbol with finger(s) or some other means, and wherein in order to adjust the parameter values that can be changed by the user the control unit consists of a thin and elastic layered structure whereby touching it...|
|Filling level sensor device for a reservoir having an outlet for supplying an electrically conductive fluid in a household appliance|| 20070295225 || 20071227 |
| A filling level sensor device for an electrically conductive reservoir for supplying an electrically conductive fluid in a household appliance includes an electrical control unit and an electrode. The electrical control unit includes an evaluation circuit, a memory and a power supply. The electrode is connected to the power supply so as to carry a current flow. The electrode is electrically insulated from the reservoir and disposed at least partially in a chamber of the reservoir. The evaluation circuit is configured to compare, to a reference value stored in the memory, a magnitude of the current flow or of a corresponding physical quantity. The power supply is configured to generate an alternating current between the power supply and the electrode. When a filling level of the...|
|Solar cell module and photovoltaic power generator using this|| 20070295381 || 20071227 |
| A surface electrode (5) is installed on the light receiving surface of a solar cell element, the surface electrode (5) comprises three bus bar electrodes (5a) for extracting light-produced at the solar cell element to the outside and collecting finger electrodes (5b) connected to these bus bar electrodes (5a), and the bus bar electrodes (5a) are not less than 0.5 mm and not more than 2 mm in width and the finger electrodes (5b) are not less than 0.05 mm and not more than 0.1 mm in width. A high-efficient solar cell module can be obtained with substantially lowered resistance by increasing the number of bus bar electrode (5a) and thereby decreasing the lengths of the finger electrodes (5b).
|Method and composition for polishing a substrate|| 20070295611 || 20071227 |
| Polishing compositions and methods for removing conductive materials from a substrate surface are provided. In one aspect, a composition includes an acid based electrolyte system, one or more chelating agents, one or more corrosion inhibitors, one or more inorganic or organic acid salts, one or more pH adjusting agents to provide a pH between about 2 and about 10, a polishing enhancing material selected from the group of abrasive particles, one or more oxidizers, and combinations thereof, and a solvent. The composition may be used in an conductive material removal process including disposing a substrate having a conductive material layer formed thereon in a process apparatus comprising an electrode, providing the composition between the electrode and substrate, applying a bias between the electrode and the substrate,...|
|Method for monitoring an electrochemical treatment process and electrode arrangement suited for carrying out this method|| 20070295614 || 20071227 |
| There is described a counter-electrode arrangement that, e.g. can be used when coating and removing coatings from turbine blades, and to a method for the operation thereof. The counter-electrode arrangement comprises a reference electrode arrangement that is connected to the counter-electrode in an electrically non-conductive manner via contact elements. During the treatment process, a balanced potential over the surface to be treated is created by adapting the reference electrode arrangement, which as individual electrodes, to a surface to be treated. In a method for operating the counter-electrode arrangement, a measuring current can be applied to this arrangement in a first step for creating a balanced potential. The individual electrodes of the reference electrode arrangement can be separately contacted in order to determine the respective local potential...|
|Detection of analytes in a dual-mediator electrochemical test strip|| 20070295616 || 20071227 |
| Determination of an analyte such as glucose in a sample is done making use of a plurality of electron transfer reagents, for example two electron transfer reagents, that work together to transfer electrons between the enzyme and the electrodes. The first electron transfer agent is a mediator that interacts with the enzyme after it has acted on the analyte to regenerate enzyme in its active form. The second electron transfer agent is a shuttle that interacts with the electrodes and optionally the mediator. The oxidation and reduction of the shuttle serves as the major source of current that is measured as an indication of analyte.
|Nozzle fastening for electrical switching apparatus|| 20070295693 || 20071227 |
| An electrical switching apparatus is disclosed with a moveable insulating nozzle for blowing an arc. According to the invention, the insulating nozzle is connected in an interlocking and force-fitting manner to at least one moveable component part of the switching apparatus by means of a clamping device and without a screw connection. Exemplary embodiments relate, inter alia, to: a clamping hold of the insulating nozzle on the moving buffer cylinder and/or at the opposite end on a part to be moved, in particular a moveable shielding electrode or an auxiliary gear mechanism for a contact system, which is driven on both sides. Advantages include: simple fitting of the insulating nozzle, small physical volume of the clamping device; precise coaxial fixing of the insulating nozzle in relation...|
|Electrode for electric discharge machining, and electric discharge machining method|| 20070295696 || 20071227 |
| A sintered electrode for electric discharge machining comprises a continuous phase consisting of a conductive region (3), and a dispersed phase consisting of microscopic polycrystalline diamond (2) dispersed in the continuous phase. The conductive region (3) is cobalt, nickel, cobalt nickel alloy or cemented carbide and imparts conductivity to the electrode (1). The microscopic polycrystalline diamond (2) imparts excellent mechanical strength and thermal diffusion to the electrode (1). The electrode (1) and the workpiece (5) are connected to a power supply (V1) in reverse polarity and a current pulse having ON-time of 60 μ seconds or less and 1 μ second or more and peak of 15 A or less and 1 A or more is supplied to the electrode (1) from the power supply (V1).
|Method for controlling a compensation cylinder unit, in particular for a welding device and associated compensation cylinder unit|| 20070295697 || 20071227 |
| The invention relates to a compensation cylinder unit that acts as a drive for the electrode arms of a welding device. The unit comprises a cylinder and at least two pressure chambers, which are sub-divided by a piston assembly and which can be alternately supplied with a pressurized medium by means of a valve assembly for controlling the drive displacement. According to the invention, the valve assembly comprises a proportional valve which can be controlled by a control unit, first in accordance with harmonized path signals that represent the position of the piston assembly and then by pressure signals that respectively represent the pressure in the pressure chambers, in such a way that the difference between the pressures that prevail in the pressure chambers in a...|
|Novel plasmatorch and its application in methods for conversion of matter|| 20070295701 || 20071227 |
| The present invention relates to a novel plasmatorch (1) and to its application within the field of chemicophysical conversion of matter The plasmatorch (1) comprises a pair of electrodes apart from each other, a plasma arc (10) existing between the two electrodes and a collimator (14) arranged for converging the plasma arc (10). The arcing material is stored within a special storage tank and is realised by a metal vapour, preferably by the vapour of an alkali or an alkali-earth metal.
|Projection nut feeding device|| 20070295745 || 20071227 |
| The front end of a feed rod (6) is provided with a projecting piece (31) for supporting a multi-sided projection nut (1) from below in such a manner that the projecting piece (31) is in intimate contact with the outer side surfaces (35) of the nut (1). The inner side of the projecting piece (31) is formed with crossed support surfaces (37) for supporting the outer side surfaces (35) of the nut (1). The corner lines (38) in the place where the two support surfaces (37) cross each other is arranged to be directed to the underside of the feed rod (6).
|Semiconductor device, manufacturing method and apparatus for the same|| 20070295786 || 20071227 |
| A highly reliable semiconductor chip electrode structure allowing control of interface reaction of bonding sections even in the case of using two- or three-element solder used conventionally is disclosed. A solder alloy making layer for preventing dissolving and diffusion of tin into tin-based lead free solder is thinly formed on a UBM layer. The tin-based solder is supplied in solder paste or solder ball form. A combined solder alloy layer composed of a combination of intermetallic compounds, one of tin and the solder alloy making layer, and one of tin and the UBM layer, is formed by heating and melting.
|Nozzle assembly and methods related thereto|| 20070295841 || 20071227 |
| Embodiments of the invention relate to a nozzle assembly for electrostatic deposition comprising a single point nozzle, the single point nozzle being conically shaped and including an apex and a circular base, the circular base including a smaller diameter cylindrical protrusion including a counter bore which connects to a passage leading to the apex; and a nozzle body, in contact with the single point nozzle and including a first through bore, a larger second through bore and a cross drilled port into the first through bore; and a cylindrical electrode, at least partially inserted within the first through bore of the nozzle body and in contact with the counter bore of the single point nozzle, the electrode including a bore mating aligned with the cross drilled...|
|Method for trapping uncharged multi-pole particles|| 20070295896 || 20071227 |
| Apparatus and method for trapping uncharged multi-pole particles comprises a bound cavity for receiving the particles, and a multiplicity of electrodes coupled to the cavity for producing an electric field in the cavity. In a preferred embodiment, the electrodes are configured to produce in the electric field potential both a multi-pole (e.g., dipole) component that aligns the particles predominantly along an axis of the cavity and a higher order multi-pole (e.g., hexapole) component that forms a trapping region along the axis. In one embodiment, the electrodes and/or the particles are cooled to a cryogenic temperature.
|Methods and systems for trapping ion beam particles and focusing an ion beam|| 20070295901 || 20071227 |
| A focusing particle trap system for ion implantation comprising an ion beam source that generates an ion beam, a beam line assembly that receives the ion beam from the ion beam source comprising a mass analyzer that selectively passes selected ions, a focusing electrostatic particle trap that receives the ion beam and removes particles from the ion beam comprising an entrance electrode comprising an entrance aperture and biased to a first base voltage, wherein the first surface of the entrance electrode is facing away from a center electrode and is approximately flat, wherein the second surface of the entrance electrode is facing toward the center electrode and is concave, wherein the center electrode is positioned a distance downstream from the entrance electrode comprising a center aperture...|
|High resolution energy detector|| 20070295914 || 20071227 |
| Apparatus for detecting radiation, including a semiconductor which is arranged to interact with photons of the radiation, and a plurality of electrodes which are configured to sense respective charge distributions in response to interactions of the photons with a region of the semiconductor. The apparatus includes circuitry having respective detector circuits coupled to the electrodes to detect the interactions. The circuitry is configured to receive the respective charge distributions from two or more of the electrodes so as to generate respective energy distributions of the photons for each of the two or more electrodes, to compensate for variations in detection characteristics of the respective detector circuits so as to align the respective energy distributions with each other to form aligned distributions, to sum the aligned distributions...|
|Method for manufacturing high-density indium tin oxide target, methods for preparing tin oxide powder and indium oxide powder used therefor|| 20070295944 || 20071227 |
| A method for manufacturing an indium tin oxide (ITO) target and methods for preparing indium oxide powder (In2O3) and tin oxide powder (SnO2). The method for manufacturing an ITO (indium tin oxide) target includes preparing an In2O3 powder having a surface area of about 10-18 m2/g and an average particle diameter of between about 40 to 80 nm; preparing a SnO2 powder having a surface area of about 8-15 m2/g and an average particle diameter of about 60-100 nm; molding a mixture of the In2O3 powder and the SnO2 powder; and sintering the mixture at atmospheric pressure under oxidation atmosphere. The ITO target is applicable for a high-quality, transparent electrode for a display, such as a liquid crystal display, electroluminescent display, or field emission display.
|Phase change memory device and fabrication method thereof|| 20070295949 || 20071227 |
| A phase change memory device comprising an electrode, a phase change layer crossing and contacting the electrode at a cross region thereof, and a transistor comprising a source and a drain, wherein the drain of the transistor electrically connects the electrode or the phase change layer is disclosed.
|Variable resistance random access memory device and a method of fabricating the same|| 20070295950 || 20071227 |
| Provided is a variable resistance random access memory device having an n+ interfacial layer and a method of fabricating the same. The variable resistance random access memory device may include a lower electrode, an n+ interfacial layer on the lower electrode, a buffer layer on the n+ interfacial layer, an oxide layer on the buffer layer and having a variable resistance characteristic and an upper electrode on the oxide layer.
|Light emitting diode having vertical topology and method of making the same|| 20070295952 || 20071227 |
| An LED having vertical topology and a method of making the same is capable of improving a luminous efficiency and reliability, and is also capable of achieving mass productivity. The method includes forming a semiconductor layer on a substrate; forming a first electrode on the semiconductor layer; forming a supporting layer on the first electrode; generating an acoustic stress wave at the interface between the substrate and semiconductor layer, thereby separating the substrate from the semiconductor layer; and forming a second electrode on the semiconductor layer exposed by the separation of the substrate.
|Germanium phototransistor with floating body|| 20070295953 || 20071227 |
| A floating body germanium (Ge) phototransistor and associated fabrication process are presented. The method includes: providing a silicon (Si) substrate; selectively forming an insulator layer overlying the Si substrate; forming an epitaxial Ge layer overlying the insulator layer using a liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) process; forming a channel region in the Ge layer; forming a gate dielectric, gate electrode, and gate spacers overlying the channel region; and, forming source/drain regions in the Ge layer. The LPE process involves encapsulating the Ge with materials having a melting temperature greater than a first temperature, and melting the Ge using a temperature lower than the first temperature. The LPE process includes: forming a dielectric layer overlying deposited Ge; melting the Ge; and, in response to cooling the Ge, laterally...|
|Dispersant compound and method for preparing the same|| 20070295957 || 20071227 |
| Disclosed herein are a novel oligomeric compound with improved dispersion performance and a method for preparing the same. The oligomeric compound comprises a tail structure consisting of hydrophilic and hydrophobic blocks and an amine or imidazole head structure. The dye containing the compound can be used to prepare a paste composition for a semiconductor electrode of a solar cell. A semiconductor electrode produced using the paste composition and a solar cell fabricated using the semiconductor electrode exhibit greatly improved power conversion efficiency and superior processability.
|Organic light-emitting display device|| 20070295959 || 20071227 |
| An organic light-emitting display device wherein an IR drop across a first electrode can be prevented. The organic light-emitting display device includes a substrate; a plurality of stripe-shaped first electrodes disposed on the substrate and extending in a first direction; a plurality of stripe-shaped first insulators extending in a second direction to cross the stripe-shaped first electrodes; a plurality of stripe-shaped second electrodes disposed between the stripe-shaped first insulators to extend in the same direction as the stripe-shaped first insulators and cross the stripe-shaped first electrodes; an intermediate layer disposed at positions where the stripe-shaped first electrodes and the stripe-shaped second electrodes cross and including an emission layer; and first conductors disposed at positions where the stripe-shaped first electrodes and the stripe-shaped first insulators intersect and...|
|Semiconductor device, electro-optical device, electronic apparatus, and method of producing semiconductor device|| 20070295960 || 20071227 |
| A semiconductor device includes an organic semiconductor transistor provided on a substrate; a data line connected to a source electrode or a drain electrode of the organic semiconductor transistor; and a gate line that is disposed so as to intersect the data line and that is connected to a gate electrode of the organic semiconductor transistor. In the semiconductor device, the gate line includes the gate electrode, a first gate line that transmits signals to the gate electrode, and a second gate line intersecting the data line, with an interlayer insulation layer therebetween; the gate electrode, the first gate line, and the second gate line are connected in series; and the electric conductivity of the first gate line is higher than the electric conductivity of the...|
|Tft array substrate and method of manufacturing the same|| 20070295963 || 20071227 |
| A TFT array substrate includes a TFT having an ohmic contact film and a source electrode and a drain electrode formed on the ohmic contact film. It also includes a pixel electrode electrically connected with the drain electrode. The source electrode and the drain electrode are made of an Al alloy containing Ni as an additive.
|Semiconductor device and method for preparing the same|| 20070295964 || 20071227 |
| A semiconductor device and a method for preparing the same that can solve crack of a semiconductor film, capacitance electrodes and the like due to stress when forming a source electrode and a drain electrode in a semiconductor device having a thin film transistor and a holding capacitance with three or more capacitance electrodes is provided. Before forming the source electrode and the drain electrode, a crystalline silicon film for relaxing the stress is formed, then a contact hole connecting to the semiconductor film of the thin film transistor is opened, and a metal film to be the source electrode and the drain electrode is formed.
|Thin film transistor, method of fabricating the same, and method of fabricating liquid crystal display device having the same|| 20070295965 || 20071227 |
| A thin film transistor includes a gate electrode, a gate insulation layer on the gate electrode, source and drain electrodes formed on the gate insulation layer, a polysilicon channel layer overlapping the ohmic contact layers and on the gate insulation layer between the source and drain electrodes, ohmic contact regions over the source and drain electrodes for contacting the polysilicon channel to the source and drain electrodes, and doping layers over the source and drain electrodes.
|Conversion apparatus and imaging system|| 20070295966 || 20071227 |
| A conversion apparatus comprises a pixel region, on a substrate, including a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix, each pixel having a conversion element that converts radiation into electric signals and a switching element, wherein the switching element has a structure comprising a gate electrode, a first insulating layer, a second insulating layer and a semiconductor layer from the substrate side in this order, and the conversion element has a structure comprising a bottom electrode, the second insulating layer and a semiconductor layer on the first insulating layer from the substrate side in this order.
|Method of manufacturing semiconductor device|| 20060288572 || 20061228 |
| A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device includes (a) forming a first resin layer on a semiconductor substrate including an electrode pad and a passivation film, (b) curing the first resin layer, (c) forming a second resin layer which slopes more gently than the cured first resin layer on at least a lower portion of the first resin layer, (d) curing the second resin layer to form a resin protrusion including the first and second resin layers, and (e) forming a conductive layer which is electrically connected with the electrode pad and passes over the resin protrusion.
|Fluororesin thin film diaphragm pressure sensor and method of fabricating the same|| 20060288573 || 20061228 |
| A method of manufacturing a highly corrosion-resistant diaphragm pressure sensor capable of obviating the effects of temperature drift that arises when a pressure-travel coefficient changes with temperature of a fluid whose pressure is sensed. The diaphragm pressure sensor includes a pressure sensing element (10, 20) having a pressure receiving part with a deposition electrode formed on each of the opposing faces of sapphire or alumina ceramic diaphragms which are arranged in opposing relation, and a welding portion (10A, 20A) on a part of each of the surfaces of the diaphragms; and a fluororesin base (41, 61) for securing the pressure sensing element at the welding portion of the pressure sensing element. The pressure sensing element is coated with a fluororesin thin film having a cross-linked structure,...|
|Exhaust gas purifier|| 20060288689 || 20061228 |
| The exhaust emission control device with a post-processing device (catalyst regenerative particulate filter 10) for allowing exhaust gas to pass therethrough for gas purification incorporated in an exhaust pipe 9 of an internal combustion engine (diesel engine 1) comprises a plasma generator 11 arranged upstream of the post-processing device for discharging electricity in the exhaust gas 8 to generate plasma, flow-through type oxidation catalyst 12 arranged upstream of the plasma generator 11, fuel adding means (controller 17) arranged upstream of the oxidation catalyst 12 for adding fuel into the exhaust gas 8, temperature increasing means (suction throttling valve 22 or controller 17) for increasing the exhaust temperature to a level enough for oxidation reaction on the oxidation catalyst 12 of the fuel added by said fuel...|
|Gas sensor|| 20060288759 || 20061228 |
| To provide a gas sensor in which connection terminals are stably brought into contact with electrode terminal portions of a sensor element without superfluous load applied on the sensor element. A pair of element guide portions 33 are provided in a sleeve 30 in which a plate-like sensor element 10 is inserted. The pair of element guide portions 33 protrude from an opening end surface on a rear end side of an axial hole 31, store either of widthwise opposite side ends of the sensor element 10 and restrain the sensor element 10 from being inclined. The sensor element 10 is positioned coaxially with the sleeve 30 by the element guide portions 33. Electrode holders 40 in which electrode fitments 60 are held are fitted to...|
|Method of preparing terminal board|| 20060288826 || 20061228 |
| A terminal board having a plurality of terminals on which ball electrodes are formed can be prepared efficiently and economically without having any short-circuiting between terminals when its terminals formed in very close proximity to one another, as on an interposer (1), are made their heads uniform in height by causing the terminals (4) to project from surface of a board (2) coated with a resist film, and applying a cutting tool (19) to the surface of the board (2) having the terminals project therefrom to carry out lathe turning for heads of the terminals (4), while having the terminal board held by a rotatable chuck table (17) and rotating the chuck table (17).
|Device for measuring the quality and/or degradation of a fluid, particularly a food oil|| 20060288877 || 20061228 |
| The invention relates to a device for measuring the quality and/or degradation of a fluid, especially an oil, comprising a sensor consisting of at least one pair of electrodes which are distanced from each other. Said sensor is immersed in the fluid which is to be measured. The electrodes and the fluid form a capacitive element whose capacity varies according to the dielectric constant of the fluid. The sensor can provide an electric output signal representing said dielectric constant. The inventive device also comprises processing means which receive the output signal and which can determine the degree of quality and/or degradation of the fluid on the basis of said output signal. The invention is characterized in that the electrodes extend substantially on the same plane and...|
|Electrode assembly and plasma processing apparatus|| 20060288934 || 20061228 |
| An electrode assembly of a plasma processing apparatus that enables damage to an electrode plate to be prevented, and enables an increase in the number of parts to be prevented so that a worsening of the ability to carry out maintenance can be prevented. An upper electrode assembly has an upper electrode plate 32, a cooling plate (C/P) 34 and a spacer 37 interposed between the upper electrode plate 32 and the C/P 34. The upper electrode plate 32 has therein electrode plate gas-passing holes 32a that penetrate through the upper electrode plate 32. The C/P 34 has therein C/P gas-passing holes 34a that penetrate through the C/P 34. The spacer 37 has therein spacer gas-passing holes 37a that penetrate through the spacer 37. The electrode...|
|Heat roller for fixing apparatus|| 20060289028 || 20061228 |
| A heat roller for a fixing apparatus includes a conductive cylindrical roller body, and a resistance heater installed in the roller body. Caps at each end of the heat roller have electrodes for supplying a current to the resistance heater. A fastening means confines at least one cap to prevent the cap from being axially separated from the roller body and to substantially prevent the cap from being idled in the roller body.
|Dye-sensitized solar cell|| 20060289056 || 20061228 |
| According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a dye-sensitized solar cell including: a first substrate having a light-transmitting property; a semiconductor electrode containing a sensitizing dye and arranged with a first surface thereof facing the first substrate; a first collector electrode arranged on a second surface of the semiconductor electrode; an insulating layer arranged in contact with the first collector electrode; a catalytic electrode layer arranged with a first surface thereof facing the insulating layer; a second substrate arranged on a second surface of the catalytic electrode layer; and an electrolyte material incorporated in the semiconductor electrode, the first collector electrode and the insulating layer. This dye-sensitized solar cell becomes lower in internal resistance without the need to provide a light-transmitting collector...|
|Dye-sensitized solar cell|| 20060289057 || 20061228 |
| According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a dye-sensitized solar cell including a first base member having a first light-transmitting substrate, a light-transmitting conductive layer formed on a surface of the first substrate, a first semiconductor electrode containing a sensitizing dye and arranged on a surface of the conductive layer, a second semiconductor electrode containing a sensitizing dye and arranged with a first surface thereof facing the first semiconductor electrode, a first collector electrode formed on a second surface of the second semiconductor electrode and an electrolyte layer arranged between the first and second semiconductor electrodes, a porous insulating layer arranged in contact with the second semiconductor electrode and the first collector electrode or with the first collector electrode, and a second...|
|Semiconductor device manufacturing apparatus and operating method thereof|| 20060289297 || 20061228 |
| A semiconductor device manufacturing apparatus is disclosed. The semiconductor device manufacturing apparatus applies a process to a semiconductor wafer by supplying a vapor of a corrosive liquid source to a processing container. An electrode is immersed in a storing container which stores the corrosive liquid source. The main material of the electrode is a metal whose ionization tendency is less than that of a metal of the storing container, and a protection current is applied between them by a DC power source. Or another electrode is used. The main material of the electrode is a metal whose ionization tendency is greater than that of the metal of the storing container and the metal of the electrode does not damage the semiconductor wafer. A protection current is...|
|Electrolytic processing apparatus and method|| 20060289298 || 20061228 |
| The present invention provides an electrolytic processing apparatus which can suppress the growth of a gas, which is inevitably generated during electrochemical processing, into bubbles thereby effectively preventing the formation of pits in a surface of a workpiece. The electrolytic processing apparatus includes an electrode section (44) including processing electrodes (76) and feeding electrodes (78) both having a diameter of not more than 1 mm, a substrate holder (42) for holding a workpiece (W), a power source (46) for applying a voltage between the processing electrodes and the feeding electrodes, a fluid supply section (72) for supplying a fluid between the electrode section and the workpiece, and a drive section (56, 62) for moving the electrode section and the workpiece relative to each other in such...|
|Multi-channel current probe|| 20060289299 || 20061228 |
| A current probe for measuring electrodeposition plating currents. The current monitoring probe includes a conductive layer located on a front face of the current monitoring probe, an insulating layer behind the conductive layer, and a plurality of current sensing circuits located behind the insulating layer. The insulating layer isolates the current sensing circuits from the conductive layer. A plurality of apertures are formed through the conductive layer and the insulating layer, each aperture exposing one of the plurality of current sensing circuits to metal ions incident to the aperture.
|Reactive oxygen species measuring device|| 20060289313 || 20061228 |
| A reactive oxygen species measuring device according to the present invention comprises a reactive oxygen species sensor provided with an electrode assembly capable of detecting the presence of reactive oxygen species or the like in terms of an electric current, a power source means for applying a measuring voltage to the reactive oxygen species sensor, and a reactive oxygen species concentration measuring means for measuring a concentration of the reactive oxygen species or the like from the current detected by the reactive oxygen species sensor. According to the present invention, a concentration of reactive oxygen species or the like such as in vivo or in vitro superoxide anion radical (O2−.) can be measured reliably, and the entire device can be formed in a smaller size and...|
|Mram wet etch method|| 20060289381 || 20061228 |
| An etching process is employed to selectively pattern the top magnetic film layer, the tunnel barrier, and the pinned bottom magnetic layer of a magnetic thin film structure. The pinned bottom magnetic film layer has an antiferromagnetic layer or a Ru spacer formed thereunder. The etching process employs various etching steps that selectively remove various layers of the magnetic thin film structure stopping on the antiferromagnetic layer or the Ru spacer. The progress of this etching process can be monitored by measuring the electrochemical potential difference of a part or wafer containing a magnetic structure with respect to a reference electrode simultaneously with the selective etching process.
|Method and apparatus for clamping an electrode tube in edm drill equipment|| 20060289392 || 20061228 |
| A method and apparatus for clamping an electrode tube in an EDM drill equipment is incorporated with an elastic seal and a collet. The method providing an insert having a through hole disposed at the center to concentrically accommodate and restrict the elastic seal, placing the insert into the collet, and inserting the electrode tube in the insert and the elastic seal, tightening the nut to the spindle to clamp the electrode tube and passing the EDM machining current from the spindle to electrode tube. The apparatus includes an insert having a retaining ring to restrict an elastic seal, a through hole to admit insertion by the electrode tube. The insert of the above method and apparatus comprises a guiding pipe to be secured in the...|
|Tig welding or braze welding with metal transfer via a liquid bridge|| 20060289394 || 20061228 |
| The invention relates to a arc welding process employing a TIG torch provided with a non-consumable electrode and a consumable filler wire, the end of said consumable wire being progressively melted by an electric arc generated between the non-consumable electrode and at least one workpiece to be welded so as to transfer molten metal from the wire to said workpiece and thus obtain a welded joint. The consumable wire is fed in at an angle of less than 50° to the axis of the electrode. Metal is transferred to the welded joint via a liquid bridge so that there is permanent contact between the puddle of molten metal forming the welded joint and the melted end of the filled wire.
|Cooled plasma torch and method for cooling the torch|| 20060289406 || 20061228 |
| The invention relates to a cooled plasma torch comprising an electrode, a plasma chamber surrounding the electrode, and a coolant space surrounding the plasma chamber with at least one common wall with the plasma chamber. The plasma torch further comprises means for feeding a coolant medium into the coolant space. The coolant medium pressure is reduced in a fashion that causes a phase change in the coolant medium as it is passed from the coolant feed means to the coolant space, whereby the plasma torch is cooled.
|Composite electrode for a plasma arc torch|| 20060289407 || 20061228 |
| A plasma arc torch that includes a torch body having a nozzle mounted relative to a composite electrode in the body to define a plasma chamber. The torch body includes a plasma flow path for directing a plasma gas to the plasma chamber in which a plasma arc is formed. The nozzle includes a hollow, body portion and a substantially solid, head portion defining an exit orifice. The composite electrode can be made of a metallic material (e.g., silver) with high thermal conductivity in the forward portion electrode body adjacent the emitting surface, and the aft portion of the electrode body is made of a second low cost, metallic material with good thermal and electrical conductivity. This composite electrode configuration produces an electrode with reduced electrode...|
|Gap measurement apparatus|| 20060289408 || 20061228 |
| A detection unit (8) is disposed for detecting the magnitudes of f1 and f2 frequency components of a composite signal which is passed through a center electrode cable (4). A detecting signal generating unit (9) generates a detecting signal corresponding to a gap between a nozzle (5) and a workpiece (6) from the magnitudes of the f1 and f2 frequency components of the composite signal, which are detected by the detection unit (8). As a result, even if plasma occurs in the gap between the nozzle (5) and the workpiece (6), the gap can be detected with a high degree of precision.
|Apparatus and method for laminating tape on electrode of rechargeable battery|| 20060289453 || 20061228 |
| An apparatus for laminating tape on an electrode for a rechargeable battery includes a supplying section for supplying an electrode having a current collector with surfaces on which active materials are coated at constant distances from each other. The electrode is wound a plurality of times on the supplying section. The apparatus also includes a first buffering section for carrying the electrode from the supplying section at a constant rate and a laminating section for receiving the electrode from the first buffering section and stopping movement of the electrode for a predetermined time. The laminating section laminates tape on end portions of the active materials after stopping the movement. A feeding section conveys the electrode from the laminating section at a desired pitch. A second buffering...|
|Electric heating device|| 20060289475 || 20061228 |
| An electric heating device includes an electric heater (10) and at least one heat radiator (30, 40) thermally attached to the electric heater. The electric heater includes a pair of electrode plates (12, 14) parallel to each other and a plurality of PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) heating elements (16) sandwiched between and electrically connecting the electrode plates. The heating elements are alternately arranged with a plurality of insulation sheets (18). An electrically-insulating and heat-conductive insulation frame (19) encloses the electrode plates therein for electrically insulating the electric heater from the heat radiator.
|Semiconductor memory card comprising semiconductor memory chip|| 20060289500 || 20061228 |
| A semiconductor memory card includes a circuit board and a cover case. The circuit board has a semiconductor memory chip on one surface and an electrode on the other surface. The cover case has a first storage section on one surface. The first storage section contains the semiconductor memory chip, and the circuit board is attached to the cover case by use of an adhesive material. A second storage section different from the first storage section is formed around the first storage section. The second storage section is located at a peripheral portion of the circuit board.
|Electron microscope application apparatus and sample inspection method|| 20060289755 || 20061228 |
| A charge control electrode emitting photoelectrons is disposed just above a wafer (sample) in parallel thereto, and the electrode has a through hole so that ultraviolet light can be irradiated to the wafer through the charge control electrode. Specifically, a metal plate which is formed in mesh or includes one or plural holes is used as the charge control electrode. By disposing the charge control electrode just above the sample in parallel thereto, when negative voltage is applied to the electrode, electric field approximately perpendicular to the wafer is generated. Therefore, photoelectrons are efficiently absorbed in the wafer. Also, by using the charge control electrode having approximately the same size as that of the wafer, charges on a whole surface of the wafer can be removed...|
|Apparatus for producing ions from an electrospray assembly|| 20060289782 || 20061228 |
| The present invention relates to an apparatus for producing ions from an electrospray assembly. The apparatus comprises an ionization chamber, an electrospray assembly, an isolating electrode, an isolated ionization region within the ionization chamber and optionally, a vacuum interface at a vacuum interface voltage and a vacuum chamber. Sample is introduced into the ionization chamber from an electrospray assembly and transported to an electric field region that is isolated from the electric field created by the electrospray assembly.
|Focused ion beam system|| 20060289801 || 20061228 |
| A focused ion beam (FIB) system that can automatically set processing and scanning conditions under which a specimen is processed includes an arithmetic unit for selecting optical conditions for condenser lenses, multiple variable apertures, beam-deflecting electrodes, and an objective lens based on data entered into the input device. The arithmetic unit automatically calculates the processing and scanning conditions under which the specimen is processed by the focused ion beam, according to the selected-optical conditions. The system further includes a setting condition data output portion for outputting data based on the optical conditions and processing and scanning conditions selected and calculated by the arithmetic unit. The system further includes a FIB driver portion for driving the condenser lenses, beam-blanking electrodes, apertures, deflecting electrodes, and objective lens based...|
|Adjustment of distance between source plasma and mirrors to change partial coherence|| 20060289810 || 20061228 |
| According to an embodiment of the invention, an adjustable EUV light source may be used for photolithography. The EUV light source, such as an electrode, is mounted in an adjustable housing. The housing can be adjusted to change the distance between the light source and focusing mirrors, which in turn changes the partial coherence value of the system. The partial coherence value can be changed to print different types of semiconductor features.
|Reducing oxidation of phase change memory electrodes|| 20060289848 || 20061228 |
| A phase change memory may be formed in a way which reduces oxygen infiltration through a chalcogenide layer overlying a lower electrode. Such infiltration may cause oxidation of the lower electrode which adversely affects performance. In one such embodiment, an etch through an overlying upper electrode layer may be stopped before reaching a layer which overlies said chalcogenide layer. Then, photoresist used for such etching may be utilized in a high temperature oxygen plasma. Only after such plasma treatment has been completed is that overlying layer removed, which ultimately exposes the chalcogenide.
|Phase change memory and phase change recording medium|| 20060289850 || 20061228 |
| A phase change memory comprises: a substrate; an insulation film formed on a main surface of the substrate; a first electrode deposited on the insulation film; a phase change recording film deposited on the first electrode; and a second electrode deposited on the phase change recording film. The phase change recording film contains at least two of Ge, Sb and Te as main constituting elements thereof. The first electrode comprises material of group of Ti, Si and N, or group of Ta, Si and N as main constituting material thereof.
|Apparatus for manufacturing a quantum-dot element|| 20060289853 || 20061228 |
| An apparatus for manufacturing a quantum-dot element is disclosed. The apparatus includes a reaction chamber for evaporating or sputtering at least one electrode layer or at least one buffer layer on the substrate. The substrate-supporting base is located inside the reaction chamber for fixing the substrate. The atomizer has a gas inlet and a sample inlet. More specifically, the gas inlet and the sample inlet feed the atomizer respectively with a gas and a precursor solution having a plurality of functionalized quantum dots, and thereby form a quantum-dot layer on the substrate. The apparatus of the present invention can form a quantum dot layer with uniformly distributed quantum dots and integrate the processes for forming a quantum-dot layer, a buffer layer, and an electrode layer together...|