|| List of recent Electrical Signal-related patents
|Systems and methods for an optical nanoscale array for sensing and recording of electrically excitable cells|
Systems for untethered sensing and recording of activity of one or more electrically excitable cells in a target region includes at least one untethered probe. Each untethered probe includes at least one signal detector, configured to electrically couple to the target region, measure the activity of the one or more electrically excitable cells, and produce an electrical signal in response to the activity of the one or more electrically excitable cells, and at least one light source, electrically coupled to the at least one signal detector, to receive the electrical signal and emit a light signal representing the activity of the one or more electrically excitable cells.
|Implantable microphone for hearing systems|
An implantable microphone for use in hearing systems includes a housing having a sidewall, a first membrane coupled to a top portion of the housing and configured to move in response to movement from an auditory ossicle, and a second membrane coupled to the sidewall such that an interior volume of the housing is divided into a first volume and a second volume. The first volume has an opening that permits fluid to flow out from the first volume.
|Vehicle drive system including a transmission|
A vehicle drive system including a transmission has a gear set with first, second, third and fourth elements. The second element connects with an output shaft of the transmission.
|Silicon-based visible and near-infrared optoelectric devices|
In one aspect, the present invention provides a silicon photodetector having a surface layer that is doped with sulfur inclusions with an average concentration in a range of about 0.5 atom percent to about 1.5 atom percent. The surface layer forms a diode junction with an underlying portion of the substrate.
|High-density fiber coupling and emission/detection system|
An optical system including an array of photonic devices that convert light signals to electrical signals or electrical signals to light signals are coupled together and optically coupled to an array of optic fibers of an information channel. A lens couples optical beams generated to at least one array of photonic devices and the array of optic fibers for an optical communication there-between.
An optical module includes first optical elements disposed on a first surface side of optical waveguides, first signal wirings disposed on the first surface side in parallel with each other in a direction intersecting with a transmission direction of an electrical signal transmitted by a first signal wiring, second optical elements disposed on a second surface side of the optical waveguides, and second signal wirings disposed on the second surface side in parallel with each other in a direction intersecting with a transmission direction of an electrical signal transmitted by a second signal wirings, the optical waveguides being disposed in parallel with each other in a direction intersecting with an optical waveguide direction of an optical signal guided by an optical waveguide at an interval which is narrower than an interval between the adjacent first signal wirings and narrower than an interval between the adjacent second signal wirings.. .
|Resource-efficient digital chromatic dispersioin compensation in fiber optical communication using spectral-shaping subcarrier modulation|
An optical receiver comprising a frontend configured to receive an optical signal and convert the optical signal into a plurality of digital electrical signals comprising a plurality of spectrally shaped subcarrier signals carrying symbol mapped data information, and a digital signal processor (dsp) unit coupled to the frontend and configured to receive the digital signals from the frontend, demulitplex the digital signals into the subcarrier signals, and compensate chromatic dispersion (cd) for each of the subcarrier signals by applying an equalizer, wherein each of the subcarrier signals is associated with a unique tone frequency and a unique spectral shape. Also disclosed is an optical transmitter comprising a digital signal processor (dsp) unit configured to map data symbols onto a plurality of electrical subcarrier signals that are non-overlapping and spectrally shaped in a frequency domain..
|Self-characterization tunable optical receiver|
A self-characterization optical receiver comprising a tunable filter comprising a first transmission peak and configured to receive an optical signal comprising a plurality of channels at different wavelengths and output one channel at a wavelength corresponding to the first transmission peak, an optical-to-electrical (oe) converter configured to convert the one channel optical signal into an electrical signal, a monitor unit configured to adjust at least one control parameter based upon a power level of the electrical signal, and a control unit configured to adjust a heater bias current based upon control parameters received from the monitor unit, and wherein adjusting the heater bias current shifts the wavelength corresponding to the first transmission peak.. .
|Optical fiber line characteristic analysis apparatus and analysis method thereof|
A test pulse is generated from a first and a second test light beam pulse with different wavelengths, with a predetermined time difference applied between the first and the second test light beam pulse. A circulator inputs the test pulse to a trunk fiber of a measurement target fiber line.
|In-line substrate media sensor and protective guide|
A sensing method and system to protect printer print heads from substrate media contact comprising a trip wire sensor to detect and signal a printer control system that substrate media carried by transport media is positioned to strike or contact the print head. The trip wire sensor is located upstream of the print heads, a controlled distance above the transport media in the direction normal to the plane of the media, and comprises a trip wire operatively connected to at least one transducer.
A device includes an excitation coil, a detector coil, and a processing circuit. The excitation coil is aligned about a volume.
|Spectroscopic detector and corresponding method|
The invention relates to a spectroscopic detector, including: at least one waveguide (70) arranged on a substrate (7) and having an input surface (700) to be connected to an electromagnetic source, in particular an infrared source, and a mirror (701) on the opposite surface, so as to generate a standing wave inside the waveguide; and a means for detecting electromagnetic radiation, which output an electrical signal according to the local intensity of the electromagnetic wave, characterised in that said detection means consists of suspended membrane bolometers (72 to 75) distributed between the input surface and the mirror, each membrane of said heat detectors being separated from said at least one waveguide by anchoring points (42) on said substrate (7), and in that means (702 to 705) for sampling a portion of the electromagnetic wave is provided between the input surface and the mirror.. .
|Scent disperser arrangement in an hvac system|
Scent dispenser arrangement for dispersing fragrance into a hvac system includes a flow sensor and a scent disperser assembly having a control module connected to the flow sensor and a canister for emitting a spray which is actuated by the control module. The flow sensor operates in response to air flow and creates an air flow dependent electrical signal transmitted to activate the control module of the spray disperser assembly.
|Device for checking the door of a vehicle|
A device for checking the door of a vehicle that includes a fixing member that is attached to a vehicle body; a checker arm, an edge of which is hinge combined with the fixing member to be rotated and is located between a door and the vehicle body; and a door checker that is attached to the door to maintain the door in a stop-state at a position on a moving path of the door while sliding in a length direction of the checker arm by accommodating the checker arm therein, wherein the door checker includes: a housing in which an accommodation space is formed; a transformation element that is accommodated in the housing and transforms a straight line motion of the checker arm into a rotational motion by being engaged with the checker arm; a rotation element that is disposed within the housing, rotates by being engaged with the transformation element, and includes a friction plate; a fixing element that is fixedly installed in the housing and restricts the rotation member by attracting the friction plate of the rotation element by an electromagnetic force when an electrical signal is applied thereto; and a control element that controls on and off of the electrical signal being applied to the fixing element.. .
|Imaging systems and methods|
In one preferred form of the present invention, there is provided method 10 of generating at least one image. The method 10 includes applying electrical signals to an individual at various spaced apart nodes; measuring impedance related data between a number of the nodes; and using the impedance related data to generate three dimensional image data..
|System and method for identification of implement motion in a power tool|
A method of operating a power tool identifies motion of an implement in a power tool. The method includes obtaining a plurality of samples of an electrical signal that passes through the implement, identifying a parameter for the plurality of samples corresponding to a variation in values of predetermined groups of samples in the plurality of samples, updating a status for the implement with a first status indicating that the implement is not moving with reference to the identified parameter being less than a predetermined threshold, and updating a status for the implement with a second status indicating that the implement is moving with reference to the identified parameter being greater than the predetermined threshold..
|System and method for identification of contact between a human and a static implement in a power tool|
A method of operating a power tool detects human contact with a non-moving implement in the power tool. The method includes generating a series of samples of an electrical signal passing through the non-moving implement, identifying a component for each sample in the series of samples of the electrical signal, identifying a first max−min value corresponding to a first plurality of samples in the series of samples occurring during a first periodic time interval with reference to a difference between a maximum value and a minimum value identified in the components of the first plurality of samples, and identifying human contact with the non-moving implement in response to the first max−min value being greater than a first predetermined threshold..
|System and method for identification of contact between an object and a static implement in a power tool|
A method for operating a power tool detects human contact with a non-moving implement of the power tool. The method includes sampling an electrical signal that passes through the non-moving implement, identifying in-phase and quadrature phase components for the sample, identifying a first distance between the components of the sample and a centroid of a cluster of samples corresponding to human contact with the non-moving implement, identifying a second distance between the components of the sample and a second centroid identified for another cluster of samples corresponding to no human contact with the non-moving implement, and identifying human contact with the non-moving implement with reference to the first distance being less than the second distance..
|Heat-sensitive optical probes|
A method of directing energy to tissue includes the initial steps of determining target tissue location and/or target tissue margins, positioning an ablation device for delivery of energy to target tissue, and positioning one or more heat-sensitive optical probes into a tissue region to be monitored. Each heat-sensitive optical probe is adapted to utilize spectral properties of light to access one or more optical fiber portions of the heat-sensitive optical probe in response to heat.
|Computatonal tool for pre-surgical evaluation of patients with medically refractory epilepsy|
A method of identifying an epileptogenic zone of a subject's brain includes receiving a plurality of electrical signals from a corresponding plurality of surgically implanted electrodes, calculating a first plurality of connectivities between each pair of electrodes based on a portion of each of the plurality of electrical signals corresponding to a first time period, assigning a rank corresponding to each electrode for the first period of time based on the first plurality of connectivities to provide a first plurality of ranks, calculating a second plurality of connectivities between each pair of electrodes based on a portion of each of the plurality of electrical signals corresponding to a second time period, assigning a rank corresponding to each electrode for the second period of time based on the second plurality of connectivities to provide a second plurality of ranks, identifying a cluster of electrodes among the plurality of electrodes based on relative changes between the first plurality of ranks from the first time period and the second plurality of ranks at the second time period, and identifying the epileptogenic zone based on the cluster of electrodes.. .
|Implantable wireless neural device|
Systems and methods for providing an electrical interface to a body are provided. In one embodiment, an implantable module is disclosed, comprising: an implantable electrode array, implantable within a body and capable of providing a plurality of communication channels for communicating electrical signals detected in a body; an amplifier circuit for processing electrical signals received from the electrode array; a wireless transceiver for sending and receiving telemetry data between the amplifier circuit and a wireless receiver located outside of the body; and a sealed enclosure that houses the amplifier circuit and the wireless transmitter and is biocompatible with surrounding tissue, the enclosure having a window that is transparent to a wireless medium used by the wireless transceiver.
|Optical interconnection to an integrated circuit|
A system comprises an interposer positioned between an integrated circuit and a system planar. An electrical/optical transceiver is coupled to the interposer, wherein the electrical/optical transceiver converts electrical signals into optical signals.
|Optical io interconnect having a wdm architecture and cdr clock sharing receiver|
Systems and methods may provide for an optical module including an optical demultiplexer to receive a wavelength division multiplexed (wdm) signal from a single receive optical fiber and separate the wdm signal into a plurality of optical signals. Additionally, the optical module may include a receiver conversion unit to convert the plurality of optical signals into a corresponding plurality of electrical signals.
|Nonlinear compensation in wdm systems|
A compensator device may include a selection switch to receive a first optical signal and provide first and second groups of channels associated with the first optical signal; a polarization beam splitter to receive the first channels, and provide first and second components; a photodiode that provides an electrical signal indicative of an intensity of the first group of channels; a first modulator to receive the electrical signal and the first components and to modulate the first components to form first modulated channels; a second modulator to receive the electrical signal and the second components to modulate the second components to form second modulated channels; a polarization beam combiner to receive the first and second modulated channels to form combined modulated channels; and a coupler to receive the combined modulated channels and the second group of channels to form a second optical signal.. .
|Communication and speech enhancement system|
A communication and speech enhancement system featuring a first transducer designed to be temporarily affixed to a human such as a hospital patient to convert the audible vibrations of human speech into an electrical signal. The transducer provides this electrical signal to one or more electronic modules which modify and enhance the signal.
|Radiography imaging and radiation detection system|
A radiography imaging apparatus comprises a radiation source to generate radiation for irradiation of a patient. A radiation detection unit comprises a plurality of detection modules to detect radiation having passed through the patient and to convert the radiation into an electrical signal and to convert the electrical signal into a digital signal to provide digital data.
|Systems and methods for ejecting removable entities from electronic devices|
Systems and methods for ejecting removable entities from electronic devices are provided. A removable entity ejection system may include a driver that may be controllable by software (e.g., via a control unit that may be configured to send electrical signals to the driver).
|Monitoring and management for energy storage devices|
A monitoring and management system (mms) includes one or more fiber optic cables arranged within or on portions of an energy storage device. Each fiber optic cable includes multiple optical sensors.
The present invention relates to a camera module, the module including a case embedded with a lens, a base supporting the case and formed with a window for passing an optical image emitted by the lens, the window being formed with a staircase unit, and a pcb (printed circuit board) mounted with the base and an image sensor for converting the optical image to an electrical signal.. .
|Repeated spin current interconnects|
One embodiment includes a metal layer including first and second metal portions; a ferromagnetic layer including a first ferromagnetic portion that directly contacts the first metal portion and a second ferromagnetic portion that directly contacts the second metal portion; and a first metal non-magnetic interconnect coupling the first ferromagnetic portion to the second ferromagnetic portion. The spin interconnect conveys spin polarized current suitable for spin logic circuits.
The encoder includes a plurality of position-detection-signal generation systems that generates electrical signals as position detection signals having different cycles, respectively; a first computing unit that calculates first position data based on the position detection signals generated by the position-detection-signal generation systems; a second computing unit that calculates second position data based on electrical signals generated by fewer ones of the position-detection-signal generation systems than in the first computing unit; and a failure determination unit that determines whether the encoder is defective based on a comparison between the first position data and the second position data.. .
|Image pickup device|
An imaging device includes: a movable lens unit including at least one lens for converging light from a subject and a lens holder supporting the at least one lens; a body base supporting the movable lens unit so as to be capable of moving along a first direction and a second direction which are orthogonal to each other on a plane perpendicular to an optical axis of the at least one lens and along a third direction which is parallel to the optical axis of the at least one lens; an imager being supported by the body base for converting light transmitted through the movable lens unit to an electrical signal; a driving mechanism being provided on the movable unit and/or body base for driving the movable lens unit along the first, second, and third directions; and a plurality of strain detectors provided between the movable unit and the body base.. .
|System and method for reducing false positive detection between a human and a moving implement in a power tool|
A method for detection of false positive condition that an object is in contact with an implement in a power tool includes sampling an electrical signal received from the implement, identifying in-phase and a quadrature components of the sampled electrical signal, identifying a magnitude of each of the samples with reference to the in-phase component and the quadrature component for the samples, detecting an object approaching the implement with reference to the plurality of samples, identifying a signal-to-noise ratio for the samples, and identifying a false positive condition for the detected object with reference to the identified signal-to-noise ratio for the identified samples.. .
|System, apparatus and method for foot-operated effects|
A foot-operated pedal for programming audio and other effects, including an hmi or human-machine interface that digitally communicates with a cpu, providing the parameters of effects set by the user, where a pc interface is responsible for the mediation of the communication between the cpu and an external computer used to program the settings and adjustments of the device, with the audio interface having the function of promoting the compatibility between the electrical signal from the musical instrument and the cpu.. .
|Low-noise block down-converter and satellite television system|
An optical low-noise block down-converter for a satellite television system is disclosed. The optical low-noise block down-converter includes a first down-conversion module coupled to a satellite antenna of the satellite television system for converting a vertically polarized signal received by the satellite antenna into a first intermediate frequency signal, a second down-conversion module coupled to the satellite antenna for converting a horizontally polarized signal received by the satellite antenna into a second intermediate frequency signal, and a third down-conversion module having a first input terminal coupled between the satellite antenna and a first down-converter of the first down-conversion module and a second input terminal coupled between the satellite antenna and a second down-converter of the second down-conversion module for draining out part of the vertically polarized signal and the horizontally polarized signal to combine and convert into a legacy electrical signal..
|Feedthrough constructions and devices comprising the same|
Feedthrough constructions comprise a housing with a feedthrough disposed within a housing opening, wherein the feedthrough is configured to facilitate passage of electrical signals through the housing. The feedthrough has a circumference specially configured to reduce the variation in compressive stress imposed onto the feedthrough by the housing to reduce crack development and/or propagation to thereby extend effective service life..
|Method and device to monitor patients with kidney disease|
A medical monitoring device for monitoring electrical signals from the body of a subject is described. The medical monitoring device monitors electrical signals originating from a cardiac cycle of the subject and associates each cardiac cycle with a time index.
|Fabrication and use of epidermal electrodes|
An epidermal electrode operable independently of the ambient environment, such as the presence of water, sweat, or dry conditions, and achieve a suitable impedance with the epidermal surface for transmitting electrical signals indicative of bodily physiological process such as ecg signals for heart monitoring. The hydrophobic surface mountable electrode including a flexible, conductive substrate of pdms (polydimethylsiloxane) with dispersed carbon black and having a substantially planar sensing area adapted for communication with an electrically sensitive surface such as a patient's skin, and a terminal for connection to a monitor circuit, the terminal having electrical continuity with the planar sensing area..
|Physiological mapping for arrhythmia|
A non-transitory computer-readable medium can have instructions executable by a processor. The instructions can include an electrogram reconstruction method to generate reconstructed electrogram signals for each of a multitude of points residing on or near a predetermined cardiac envelope based on geometry data and non-invasively measured body surface electrical signals.
|Self-identifying one-way authentication method using optical signals|
In one aspect, the present disclosure relates to a self-identifying optical transmitter for broadcasting a one-way authentication code using light-based communication. The transmitter may include a memory for storing an identifier of the transmitter, a processor for generating a data signal including an identifier of the transmitter, a modulator for receiving the data signal and generating an electrical signal, the modular generating the electrical signal by modulating the data signal.
|Method and apparatus for a wireless optical link|
Example method, apparatus, and system embodiments are disclosed to provide a high data throughput optical communication link. An example embodiment comprises: a high frequency optical receiver configured to receive signals modulated with high frequency data; an optical waveguide having a receiving portion and a transmitting portion juxtaposed with the receiver, configured to transfer signals incident on the receiving portion, to the transmitting portion, and to transmit the signals to the receiver; a guide portion configured to releasably engage another apparatus, for positioning the waveguide with respect to the other apparatus, to receive at the receiving portion of the waveguide, signals from the other apparatus, for delivery to the receiver; and a wireless power circuit configured to exchange wireless power with the other apparatus, to convert between electrical signals modulated with high frequency data and the optical signals modulated with high frequency data received by the waveguide..
|Optical receiver, optical transmission system, and span-loss monitoring method|
An optical receiver includes a converter configured to convert, into an electrical signal, an optical signal including error correction information, the optical signal being received from a transmitting side; a corrector configured to correct an error on the electrical signal, based on the error correction information; a threshold controller configured to control a threshold value discriminating a power of the electrical signal, based on a result of the error correction; a table configured to form therein data of a relationship between the threshold value and a power of an optical noise occurring when the optical signal is amplified within an optical transmission path; and a deriving unit configured to obtain the power of the optical noise corresponding to the threshold value from the table.. .
|Hearing aid for providing phone signals|
A hearing system includes a first hearing aid, the first hearing aid comprising: a first microphone for converting sound into electrical signals; a processor communicatively coupled to the first microphone, wherein the processor is configured to provide an output based on the electrical signals from the first microphone; a first speaker communicatively coupled to the processor, and is configured to provide an acoustic signal based on the output provided by the processor; and a first communication device configured to receive a control signal transmitted from a second hearing aid in response to a reception or detection of a signal associated with a phone by the second hearing aid; wherein the first hearing aid is configured to reduce a gain of the first hearing aid to a non-zero value in response to the control signal received from the second hearing aid.. .
|Sensor system for bottom electrodes of an electric arc furnace|
A sensor system for monitoring and controlling the performance of the bottom electrode and the deflection of an electric arc in an electric steel making furnace includes an organized matrix of anode pins interspersed with refractory material and extending toward an electrically conductive plate secured to distal ends of the anode pins. A sensing device includes two temperature sensors at spaced apart locations along each of a distributed select group of anode pins for providing corresponding electrical signals and a current sensor responsive to electrical current flowing through the anode pins of the distributed select group of anode pins for providing a corresponding electrical signal.
|Volumetric piezoelectric seismic wave source and related methods|
Seismic wave sources and related methods are provided. A seismic wave source includes a housing, plural pillars and an excitation system.
|Spatially resolved imaging of opto-electrical property variations|
Systems and methods for opto electric properties are provided. A light source illuminates a sample.
|Device and method for detecting liquid crystal display panel|
A device and method for detecting a liquid crystal display panel (100) can perform loaded electrical signal detection on an ffs-type liquid crystal display panel (100), thereby increasing the yield of products. The device comprises a transparent bearing platform (101), a first polarizer (102), a second polarizer (103) and a backlight source (104), and also comprises a first transparent electrode layer (105) which is located above the transparent bearing platform (101); a second transparent electrode layer (106) which is located beneath the transparent bearing platform (101); a signal loading unit (109) which is electrically connected to the first transparent electrode layer (105) and the second transparent electrode layer (106) and used for loading electrical signals to the first transparent electrode layer (105) and the second transparent electrode layer (106), to enable an electric field making liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal panel (100) to be detected on the transparent bearing platform (101) deflect to be formed between the first transparent electrode layer (105) and the second transparent electrode layer (106)..
|Downhole communication applications|
In some embodiments, an apparatus and a system, as well as a method and an article, may operate to transform acquired data into transformed data using at least one transform selected from a plurality of transforms according to an optimization metric calculation that operates on single, fixed-length packets of the transformed data, and a preselected quality criterion threshold. Further activity may include transmitting an amplified version of an electrical signal in a geological formation, the electrical signal including the transformed data.
|Apparatus and a method for detecting faults in the delivery of electrical power to electrical loads|
A method of and apparatus for fault detection utilizing a diagnostic procedure by a diagnostic device to detect a short circuit between at least two of a plurality of load electrical connections, the diagnostic procedure comprising applying a test electrical signal to each of the load electrical connections in turn and whilst applying the test electrical signal to a first one of the load electrical connections, detecting whether an electrical output is present, in response, on any other of the load electrical connections, wherein the detecting by the diagnostic device includes applying the test electrical signal to the first one of the load electrical connections in an operational mode of the apparatus when an electrically controlled switch connected to the first one of the load electrical connections is in an off state.. .
|Mold chase for integrated circuit package assembly and associated techniques and configurations|
Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed towards a mold chase for integrated circuit package assembly and associated techniques and configurations. In one embodiment, a method includes receiving a package substrate, the package substrate including a first die mounted on the package substrate by a plurality of first interconnect structures, and a plurality of second interconnect structures disposed on the package substrate and configured to route electrical signals of a second die, protecting a top surface of individual interconnect structures of the plurality of second interconnect structures from deposition of a mold material, and depositing the mold material on the package substrate between the individual interconnect structures of the plurality of second interconnect structures.
|Direct multiple substrate die assembly|
A direct multiple substrate die assembly can include a first and a second substrate, wherein each substrate can include at least one interlocking edge feature. An electrical interconnection area can be formed adjacent to or within the interlocking edge feature on each substrate and can be configured to couple one or more electrical signals between the substrates.
|Method and system for optoelectronic receivers utilizing waveguide heterojunction phototransistors integrated in a cmos soi wafer|
A method and system for optoelectronic receivers utilizing waveguide heterojunction phototransistors (hpts) integrated in a cmos soi wafer are disclosed and may include receiving optical signals via a top surface of a photonically-enabled cmos chip; and generating electrical signals in the chip utilizing one or more hpts that detect optical signals. The hpts may comprise a base and a split collector, with the split collector comprising a silicon-on-insulator (soi) layer and a germanium layer.
|Thermoelectric moisture detector|
The apparatus has a chemical energy reservoir that releases thermal energy upon contact with moisture. The apparatus furthermore has a converter that is embodied to convert the thermal energy into electrical energy; and a circuit that is embodied to generate, operated by the electrical energy, an electrical signal for reporting the event..
|Pulse data detecting apparatus, pulse data detecting method, and storage medium having pulse data detection program recorded thereon|
A pulse data detecting apparatus, pulse data detecting method, and pulse data detection program are provided capable of suppressing an influence of the condition of the body surface to be measured and obtaining an appropriate measurement result under a wide range of conditions. In the present invention, a blood-flow-suppressing-projection protrusion-control mechanism section causes a blood-flow-suppressing projection to protrude to press or compress the body surface to suppress a blood flow on a downstream side, thereby increasing a blood pressure of a measurement region at the time of measurement.
|Drive system including a transmission for a hybrid electric vehicle|
A drive system including a transmission for a hybrid electric vehicle is provided. The system includes a gear set having first, second, third and fourth elements.
|Wireless communication device having speech recognition, speech translation, and hearing aid functions|
Provided is a wireless communication device having speech recognition, speech translation, and hearing aid functions, which includes: an ite (in-the-ear) type radio transceiver including a microphone that receives an external voice, an ite (in-the-ear) type radio signal processor that processes radio data received from the microphone, a receiver that converts electrical signals from the radio signal processor into sound pressure, a volume controller that controls the intensity of the sound pressure, and a coil antenna for short-range wireless communications; and a portable radio repeater including a portable communication device that relays signals transmitted from the coil antenna of the ite type radio transceiver, a coil antenna for short-range wireless communications with the ite type radio transceiver, and a radio frequency (rf) antenna for two-way wireless communications with a portable radio repeater owned by another conversation partner.. .
|Coherent optical receiver, apparatus and method for detecting interchannel skew in coherent optical receiver|
In a coherent optical receiver, sufficient demodulation becomes impossible and consequently receiving performance deteriorates if an interchannel skew arises, therefore, a coherent optical receiver according to an exemplary aspect of the invention includes a local light source; a 90-degree hybrid circuit; an optoelectronic converter; an analog-to-digital converter; and a digital signal processing unit, wherein the 90-degree hybrid circuit makes multiplexed signal light interfere with local light from the local light source, and outputs a plurality of optical signals separated into a plurality of signal components; the optoelectronic converter detects the optical signals and outputs detected electrical signals; the analog-to-digital converter quantizes the detected electrical signals and outputs quantized signals; and the digital signal processing unit includes a skew compensation unit for compensating a difference in propagation delay between the plurality of signal components, and a demodulation unit for demodulating the quantized signals.. .
|Scalable and tunable neutron detection instrument|
A method for detecting particles is presented. The method comprises generating a reaction to a plurality of particles using a converter material, wherein the converter material is operable to interact with the plurality of particles, and wherein a subset of the plurality of particles comprises neutrons.
A display device includes: a display substrate in which a display for displaying an image is formed; an encapsulation substrate, which is assembled on the display substrate and has a first surface facing the display substrate and a second surface opposite to the first surface; and a circuit substrate for transferring an electrical signal to the display, where a plurality of pads, which are electrically connected to the display and connected to the circuit substrate, are formed on the first surface of the encapsulation substrate, and at least one connector is formed on surfaces of the display and the encapsulation substrate which face each other, the connector configured to provide a connection path between the display and the circuit board by being adhesively pressed in a vertical direction.. .
|Filter for selective transmission of visible rays and infrared rays using an electrical signal|
Disclosed is a filter for selective transmission of visible rays and infrared rays using an electrical signal. The filter comprises: a first filter for controlling the degree of absorption of visible rays by changing the molecular arrangement in accordance with the control of the electrical signal; and a second filter for controlling the degree of reflection of infrared rays by changing reflectivity in accordance with the control of the electrical signal..
A lens module includes a lens set, an image sensor, a circuit board and a case. The lens set is configured to receive an optical image.
|System and method for maintaining soft switching condition in a gradient coil driver circuit|
In one embodiment, a system includes a gradient coil driver configured to supply electrical signals to a gradient coil of a magnetic resonance imaging system. The gradient coil driver includes an electronic circuit.
|Electronic sensor apparatus for detecting chemical or biological species, microfluidic apparatus comprising such a sensor apparatus, and method for producing the sensor apparatus and method for producing the microfluidic apparatus|
An electronic sensor apparatus for detecting chemical or biological species includes a semiconductor chip, a sensor device, and a substrate. The chip is produced from a semiconductor substrate and is configured for one or more functions such as: amplifying and/or evaluating an electrical voltage, amplifying and/or evaluating an electric current, amplifying and/or evaluating an electrical charge, and amplifying and/or reading out capacitance changes.
|Nonvolatile memory element and method of manufacturing nonvolatile memory element|
A nonvolatile memory element includes: a first electrode; a second electrode; and a variable resistance layer between the first and second electrodes. The variable resistance layer having a resistance value that reversibly changes according to an electrical signal provided between the electrodes.
|Glass-panel lithium-6 neutron detector|
A thermal neutron detector includes a planar detector housing having two glass panels spaced apart by a gas-tight seal defining a detection chamber including an inert detection gas and lithium foils adhered to inner surfaces of the glass panel(s). The lithium foils emit alpha particles and tritons in response to incident thermal neutrons, and the inert detection gas is ionized by the particles to generate drift electrons.
|Tunable detection instrument for subatomic particles|
A method for detecting particles is presented. The method comprises generating a reaction to a plurality of particles using a converter material, wherein the converter material is operable to interact with the plurality of particles.
|Sensitivity adjustment device|
A sensitivity adjustment device may include: a light receiver configured to receive a reflected light that has been emitted from a light emitting unit and reflected by a reflector, the light receiver being configured to convert the reflected light into an analog electrical signal; an a/d converter configured to convert the analog electrical signal into a digital signal; a threshold value calculator configured to calculate a threshold value with reference to a voltage level of the digital signal that has been sequentially converted and output by the a/d converter; and a determination unit configured to compare a high voltage level of the digital signal with the threshold value.. .
|Flexible data cable|
A multi-layered cable consisting of three or more conductive layers separated by layers of dielectric and/or adhesive material. The bottom layer and the top layer may act as return path for the transmitted signals and as a shield to prevent interference between these and external electrical signals.
|Optoelectronic pickup for musical instruments|
An optoelectronic pickup for a musical instrument includes at least one light source which directs light to impinge a sound generating element of the musical instrument in at least one photoreceiver located to detect the reflected light, so as to generate an electrical signal that is responsive to sound generating element movement.. .
A glow plug includes: a heater power-conduction shaft that supplies power to a heater; a pressure detection element that is provided in an axial-direction end portion of the heater power-conduction shaft and converts pressure that the heater power-conduction shaft receives in the axial direction into an electrical signal; a first insulation member that surrounds an outer periphery of the pressure detection element with respect to the axis, and allows a signal output terminal of the pressure detection element to protrude toward an outer peripheral side of the axis; a power supply wire that is provided on an outer peripheral side of the first insulation member with respect to the axis, and is connected to the heater power-conduction shaft to supply power to the heater; a signal processing circuit that is provided on an outer peripheral side of the power supply wire with respect to the axis, and is connected to the signal output terminal to process an electrical signal of the pressure detection element; and a second insulation member that is provided between the power supply wire and the signal processing circuit, and insulates the signal processing circuit from the power supply wire.. .
|Interface for storage device access over memory bus|
A nonvolatile storage or memory device is accessed over a memory bus. The memory bus has an electrical interface typically used for volatile memory devices.
|Bus node and control system for controlling a work machine|
A bus node for an electric coupling of a bus system to a functional module arrangement, having an electronic circuit for converting electrical signals between a bus protocol provided by the bus system and an internal communications protocol provided by the functional module arrangement, and having a first coupling means for electrically connecting the electronic circuit to the functional module arrangement, and having a second coupling means for electrically connecting the electronic circuit to the bus system, wherein the first coupling means comprises a first contact means that is configured for a direct electrical contact with a ground connection of the functional module arrangement.. .