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Hydrolytic degritter

Date/App# patent app List of recent Digestion-related patents
09/11/14
20140255539
 Nutritional compositions containing structured fat globules and uses thereof patent thumbnailNutritional compositions containing structured fat globules and uses thereof
The present disclosure relates to a lipid source for nutritional compositions, comprising an enriched lipid fraction which comprises structured fat globules. The enriched lipid fraction provides fat globules having a desired size and fatty acid composition and may be stabilized by components such as phospholipids, cholesterol, milk-fat globule membrane protein and combinations thereof.
09/11/14
20140255538
 Nutritional compositions containing structured fat globules and uses thereof patent thumbnailNutritional compositions containing structured fat globules and uses thereof
The present disclosure relates to a lipid source for nutritional compositions, comprising an enriched lipid fraction which comprises structured fat globules. The enriched lipid fraction provides fat globules having a desired size and fatty acid composition and may be stabilized by components such as phospholipids, cholesterol, milk-fat globule membrane protein and combinations thereof.
09/11/14
20140252221
 General mass spectrometry assay using continuously eluting co-fractionating reporters of mass spectrometry detection efficiency patent thumbnailGeneral mass spectrometry assay using continuously eluting co-fractionating reporters of mass spectrometry detection efficiency
The invention provides general methods for quantifying any conceivable compound including small organic molecules and biological molecules in mass spectrometric measurements. The methods include the use of chemical or biological reporters such as artificial polypeptides containing proteolytic cleavage sites, which provide proteolytic reporter peptides for standardization of mass spectrometric detection efficiency.
09/11/14
20140251903
 Hydrolytic degritter patent thumbnailHydrolytic degritter
The present invention relates to improving the results of anaerobic digestion of organic waste especially animal manure such as chicken manure by removing the grit in the waste. By digesting the waste in a slurry at a temperature of 50 degrees c.
09/11/14
20140251901
 Energy efficient system and process for treating sludge patent thumbnailEnergy efficient system and process for treating sludge
Apparatus and process is provided for hydrolyzing sludge from water treatment and for conditioning the hydrolyzed sludge for optimal anaerobic digestion. Methods provided include dewatering to produce dewatered sludge, hydrolyzing the dewatered sludge in a steam fed process, preheating the dewatered sludge before hydrolysis with sludge-to-sludge heat transfer, and cooling and diluting the sludge using sludge-to-water heat transfer and water injection, and anaerobically digesting the hydrolyzed sludge.
09/11/14
20140251899
 Secondary solid-phase anaerobic digestion producing more  biogas patent thumbnailSecondary solid-phase anaerobic digestion producing more biogas
The present invention relates to a method for taking liquid anaerobic digestion effluent and increasing the solids content by using the effluent and biomass to further digest both.. .
09/04/14
20140249224
 Methods for improving tolerance, digestion, and lipid soluble nutrient absorption in an infant, toddler, or child patent thumbnailMethods for improving tolerance, digestion, and lipid soluble nutrient absorption in an infant, toddler, or child
Disclosed are nutritional formulations including predigested fats that can be administered to preterm infants, infants, toddlers, and children for improving tolerance, digestion, and absorption of nutrients and for reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis, colic, and short bowel syndrome. The predigested fats include fatty acid-containing monoglycerides and/or a fatty acid component..
09/04/14
20140246369
 Wastewater treatment process and system patent thumbnailWastewater treatment process and system
A process and system for treating wastewater is described. The invention degrades sludge produced by treatment of the wastewater to reduce or eliminate the need for sludge dewatering and disposal.
09/04/14
20140246358
 Method for solid waste separation and processing patent thumbnailMethod for solid waste separation and processing
A method for solid waste separation and processing (10) comprising the method steps of: (a) passing a municipal solid waste (12) to a first size based separation step (14) producing at least a fine organic fraction(16) and a coarse fraction (18); (b) passing the fine organic fraction (16) to a digestion process (20) by way of a glass and grit separation step (24); and (c) recirculating the coarse fraction (18) of step (a) through the first size based separation step (14) at least once.. .
09/04/14
20140246158
 Two vessel reactor system and method for hydrolysis and digestion of wood chips with chemical enhanced wash method patent thumbnailTwo vessel reactor system and method for hydrolysis and digestion of wood chips with chemical enhanced wash method
A reactor vessel system including: a first reactor vessel having a hydrolysate and liquid extraction screen, a first region above the extraction screen that is maintained at conditions promoting a hydrolysis reaction in the cellulosic material, a second region below the extraction screen in which the hydrolysis is substantially suppressed and a wash liquid inlet below the extraction screen providing wash liquid at a temperature below a hydrolysis temperature; a transport pipe having an inlet coupled to the first reactor vessel and an outlet coupled to a second reactor vessel, and the second reactor vessel includes a liquid discharge that extracts a portion of liquid from the second reactor vessel and directs the portion of liquid to the first reactor vessel or to the transport pipe.. .
08/28/14
20140242661
Process control method
A process control method, the method comprising the steps of: (i) passing a portion of a biomass containing liquid from a first reactor (12) in which a batch anaerobic digestion of organic material is being or has been conducted to a liquid storage vessel (14), methane being produced in both the first reactor (12) and the liquid storage vessel (14); (ii) passing a portion of the liquid from the liquid storage vessel (14) back to a first reactor (12) that may or may not be the same reactor (12) of step (i); (iii) passing a portion of the liquid from either or both of the first reactor (12) and the liquid storage vessel (14) to a second reactor (16); and (iv) passing a portion of the liquid from the second reactor (16) to either the liquid storage vessel (14) or to the first reactor (12), wherein the direction of liquid to the second reactor (16) allows control of the level of volatile fatty acids (vfa) in the liquid to be returned to the first reactor (12) by way of exposure to additional anaerobic methanogenic microorganisms provided in that second reactor (16). An apparatus (10) for the control of process conditions in a process for the microbiological digestion of organic waste material is also disclosed..
08/28/14
20140242659
Method for producing renewable fuels
According to the present invention, organic material is converted to biogas through anaerobic digestion and the biogas is purified to yield a combustible fluid feedstock comprising methane. A fuel production facility utilizes or arranges to utilize combustible fluid feedstock to generate renewable hydrogen that is used to hydrogenate crude oil derived hydrocarbons in a process to make transportation or heating fuel.
08/21/14
20140234490
Buttiauxella sp. phytase variants
Provided herein are variants of buttiauxella sp. Phytases that may be used in industrial applications including methods for starch liquefaction, alcohol fermentations and for enhancing phosphate digestion in foods and animal feeds..
08/21/14
20140231346
Accelerated processing
This method improves and controls ex-situ or in-situ, aerobic or anaerobic digestion of organic materials and toxic or damaging compounds through increased control of multiple chemical and biological settings and conditions. The ability to control flow, natural processes, and biological activity, while adjusting to individual site conditions, offer many opportunities to modify results.
08/14/14
20140227758
Inerting method in digestion
A method for the inerting of vessels used in the digestion of organic waste, the method characterised by the method steps of: (i) capturing exhaust gas (14) from a chemical conversion means (12); (ii) directing at least a portion of the captured exhaust gas (14) from step (i) to a vessel (40) used in the digestion of organic waste; and (iii) purging the vessel (40) using the exhaust gas (14) so as to avoid an explosive mix of gases therein, wherein the exhaust gas (14) contains sufficient oxygen to prevent substantially the production of methane by anaerobic bacteria in the vessel (40).. .
08/07/14
20140220084
Use of plant cell membrane treatment of obesity
The present invention relates to the use of a composition comprising at least one cell membrane fraction or parts thereof, for the reduction of lipolytic activity and/or to retard fat digestion, suppress appetite, body weight and/or lower blood lipids. The invention also relates to the use of said hydrophobic peptide in a pharmaceutical as well as a food composition and methods of treating a mammal with said composition..
08/07/14
20140220070
Use of plant cell membrane treatment of obesity
The present invention relates to the use of a composition comprising at least one cell membrane fraction or parts thereof, for the reduction of lipolytic activity and/or to retard fat digestion, suppress appetite, body weight and/or lower blood lipids. The invention also relates to the use of said hydrophobic peptide in a pharmaceutical as well as a food composition and methods of treating a mammal with said composition..
07/31/14
20140212341
Biomass conversion systems having a fluid circulation loop containing a centripetal force-based separation mechanism for control of cellulosic fines and methods for use thereof
Digestion of cellulosic biomass to produce a hydrolysate may be accompanied by the formation of cellulosic fines which may be damaging to system components. Biomass conversion systems that may address the issue of cellulosic fines may comprise a fluid circulation loop comprising: a hydrothermal digestion unit; a solids separation unit that is in fluid communication with an outlet of the hydrothermal digestion unit; where the solids separation unit comprises a centripetal force-based separation mechanism that comprises a fluid outlet and a solids outlet; and a catalytic reduction reactor unit that is in fluid communication with the fluid outlet of the centripetal force-based separation mechanism and an inlet of the hydrothermal digestion unit..
07/24/14
20140207103
Hand-held adipose processor and cell concentrator
Devices and methods are provided for processing adipose tissue with a hand-held device. This device may include a processing chamber, a cannula, a vacuum source, a digestion area, and a product cell concentration chamber..
07/17/14
20140199743
High-nitrogen loading for ammonia processing via anaerobic digestion
A method and system to improve anaerobic digestion are disclosed. Simultaneous digestion of dairy manures with various food wastes improves anaerobic process stability and methane production.
07/17/14
20140199690
Materials and methods for high-throughput determination of genome-wide dna methylation profile
The present invention provides materials and methods for rapid and sensitive determination of global methylation profile of genomic dna. In one embodiment, the present invention provides the fluorescence polarization (fp) based measurement of dna methylation (fpdm) assay, wherein the fpdm assay comprises restriction digestion of dna molecules using a pair of methyl-sensitive and methyl-insensitive restriction endonuclease enzymes, polymerase chain extension of digested dna molecules via the incorporation of fluorescently labeled dntp(s), and analysis via fluorescence polarization techniques..
07/17/14
20140199367
Topical transdermal method for delivering nutrients through the skin for expeditied wound healing and skin rejuvenation
This delivery system bypasses digestion and dilution. Key is a lipophilic carrier with nuclear and mitochondrial ligands that rapidly penetrate and permeate all membranes and truncates the inflammatory site quickly manifesting curation.
07/17/14
20140199304
Methods for repairing tissue damage using protease-resistant mutants of stromal cell derived factor-1
The present invention features methods for treating or ameliorating tissue damage using intravenous administration of compositions that include stromal cell derived factor-1 (sdf-1) peptides or mutant sdf-1 peptides that have been mutated to make them resistant to protease digestion, but which retain chemoattractant activity. Systemic delivery, and specifically intravenous (“iv”) delivery, of sdf-1 and protease resistant sdf-1 mutants is very effective for the treatment of tissue damage..
07/17/14
20140196859
Digester with improved vapor control
A digestion apparatus is provided that include a vessel, a closure, and a fluid-transporting system. The vessel has a digestion chamber therein and an opening that provides access to the digestion chamber.
07/10/14
20140195970
Food and digestion correlative tracking
Embodiments of the invention include methods and systems for correlating relationships between foods and symptoms such as gastrointestinal manifestations. Users can provide information regarding food intake and/or symptoms through any number of devices.
07/10/14
20140193463
Peptide for inhibiting dipeptidyl-peptidase iv
A method for inhibiting dipeptidyl-peptidase iv is provided and includes administering a peptide to the dipeptidyl-peptidase iv, in which the peptide is isolated from a gelatin hydrolysate produced by enzymatic digestion with alcalase (ala), bromelain (bro), and flavourzyme (fla).. .
06/26/14
20140178903
Determination of levels of immunogenic gluten peptides in human samples
The present invention, fitted in the medical-clinical sector, shows a method for monitoring the ingestion of gluten by measuring protein/gluten peptides present in fecal samples with antibodies against immunogenic peptides resistant to gastrointestinal digestion. The presence or absence of said immunogenic peptides is controlled by immunological assays based on reactive antibodies against immunogenic gluten peptides that are resistant to proteolysis.
06/26/14
20140174433
Methods and systems for promoting hydrogen gas distribution within cellulosic biomass solids during hydrothermal digestion
Methods and systems for promoting hydrogen gas distribution within cellulosic biomass solids during hydrothermal digestion. One exemplary method can comprise providing cellulosic biomass solids in a hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of a digestion solvent and a slurry catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen; and heating the cellulosic biomass solids and the digestion solvent in the presence of molecular hydrogen, thereby forming an alcoholic component derived from the cellulosic biomass solids, at least a portion of the molecular hydrogen being introduced to the hydrothermal digestion unit via a plurality of spaced apart fluid inlets vertically disposed about the height of the hydrothermal digestion unit..
06/26/14
20140174432
Methods and systems for promoting hydrogen gas distribution within cellulosic biomass solids during hydrothermal digestion
Methods and systems for promoting hydrogen gas distribution within cellulosic biomass solids during hydrothermal digestion. On exemplary method can comprise: heating a first portion of cellulosic biomass solids being contacted by a continuous liquid phase and a second portion of cellulosic biomass solids being contacted by a continuous gas phase in the presence of an upwardly directed flow of molecular hydrogen and a slurry catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen in the continuous liquid phase; conveying at least a portion of the continuous liquid phase and at least a portion of the slurry catalyst to a location within the continuous gas phase above at least a portion of the cellulosic biomass solids; and after conveying the continuous liquid phase and the slurry catalyst, releasing them such that they contact the second portion of cellulosic biomass solids..
06/19/14
20140171694
Hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment of biomass using water tolerant catalysts
A method of hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treating biomass is provided. Lignocellulosic biomass solids is provided to a hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of a digestive solvent, and a supported hydrogenolysis catalyst containing (a) sulfur, (b) mo or w, and (c) co, ni or mixture thereof, incorporated into a group 4 metal oxide support; (ii) heating the lignocellulosic biomass solids and digestive solvent in the presence of hydrogen, and the supported hydrogenolysis catalyst thereby forming a product solution containing plurality of oxygenated hydrocarbons, said catalyst retaining a crush strength of at least 50% after being subjected to an aqueous phase stability test compared with before the aqueous phase stability test or a crush strength of at least 0.25 kg after being subjected to an aqueous phase stability test..
06/19/14
20140170745
Cell-matrix microspheres, methods for preparation and applications
A method has been developed to produce stable cell-matrix microspheres with up to 100% encapsulation efficiency and high cell viability, using matrix or biomaterial systems with poor shape and mechanical stability for applications including cell therapeutics via microinjection or surgical implantation, 3d culture for in vitro expansion without repeated cell splitting using enzymatic digestion or mechanical dissociation and for enhanced production of therapeutic biomolecules, and in vitro modeling for morphogenesis studies. The modified droplet generation method is simple and scalable and enables the production of cell-matrix microspheres when the matrix or biomaterial system used has low concentration, with slow phase transition, with poor shape and mechanical stability..
06/19/14
20140170297
Method of making an animal food product by customizing the amino acid profile, increasing usable energy levels, and improving digestibility, and compositions of the method
The method disclosed herein comprises creation of an enzymatic digest medium containing feathers which may be rendered with a meat material to form a product, or may be dried after digestion has reached a desired level and then mixed with a rendered material. The composition disclosed herein comprises a product which, whether used as animal feed or as an additive or flavor to animal feed, provides a product having at least one of an improved amino acid profile, improved digestibility and more desirable levels of protein, lysine, and ash compared to the same amount of a carrier 22 meat with which it is mixed..
06/19/14
20140166221
Recyclable buffer for the hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment of biomass
A method of hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treating biomass is provided. Lignocellulosic biomass solids is provided to a hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of a digestive solvent, at least one of ammonia or a source of ammonia, and a supported hydrogenolysis catalyst containing (a) sulfur, (b) mo or w, and (c) co, ni or mixture thereof, incorporated into a suitable support.
06/19/14
20140165456
Hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treatment of biomass using water tolerant catalysts
A method of hydrothermal hydrocatalytic treating biomass is provided. Lignocellulosic biomass solids is provided to a hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of a digestive solvent, and a supported hydrogenolysis catalyst containing (a) sulfur, (b) mo or w, and (c) co, ni or mixture thereof, incorporated into an alumina support, which support is predominantly alpha alumina; (ii) heating the lignocellulosic biomass solids and digestive solvent in the presence of hydrogen, and supported hydrogenolysis catalyst thereby forming a product solution containing plurality of oxygenated hydrocarbons, said alumina support having a specific surface area of up to about 30 m2/g and said catalyst retaining a crush strength of at least 50% after being subjected to an aqueous phase stability test compared with before the aqueous phase stability test or a crush strength of at least 0.25 kg after being subjected to an aqueous phase stability test..
06/12/14
20140162305
Patient in vivo gut diagnostic and treatment tool
An orally ingestible capsule device with monitoring and control instruments is provided for practicing physicians to use in patient examining rooms. The capsule is part of an in vivo gut healthcare system with capabilities of delivering medications to any point in the gut, administering them at any time, or autonomously based upon onboard measurements, and simultaneously measuring results, along with extra body function measurements.
06/12/14
20140158315
Use of sodium dithionite in pulping
A method of producing cellulose from lignocellulosic material by sulfite digestion or sulfate digestion in the presence of a salt of dithionous acid comprises using the salt of dithionous acid in an amount from 0.1 to 4.0 wt. % based on the amount of oven-dry lignocellulosic material..
06/05/14
20140154767
Anaerobic digestion with supercritical water hydrolysis as pretreatment
An hydrolysis stage of an anaerobic digestion (ad) process includes supercritical treatment in a reactor (r1). The treatment may use sub-stoichiometric oxygen so that there is not full oxidation.
06/05/14
20140154754
Systems and methods for anaerobic digestion and collection of products
Described herein are methods and systems that can provide independent energy generation as well as systems for the generation of other useful products, such as chemicals. In addition, the systems and methods can provide ways of harnessing the potential of biomass feedstock to generate of multitude of products including green crude, biogas, electricity, heat, fatty acids, biodiesel, ammonia, and chemical products.
05/29/14
20140150138
Novel proteinase inhibitor promotes resistance to insects
A novel beta vulgaris serine proteinase inhibitor gene (bvsti) and its protein are identified in response to insect feeding on b. Vulgaris seedlings.
05/29/14
20140147574
Reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods
The invention relates to reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods that have a calorific value-containing portion and are mixed with talc. Calorific value-containing components of the calorific value-containing portion are selected from the group consisting of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
05/29/14
20140144195
System and method for producing fertilizer from organic waste
In one aspect, a system for the production of fertilizer from organic waste comprises a microbial digester configured to digest the organic waste, wherein the digestion of the organic waste produces a digestate having a liquids component and a solids component. A spray dryer module is provided for receiving the digestate and reducing moisture content in the digestate to produce a substantially dry fertilizer product.
05/22/14
20140142169
Sn-2-monoacylglycerols and lipid malabsorption
The present invention relates generally to the field of lipids and in particular aims at improving lipid absorption, for example under conditions of lipid maldigestion or malabsorption. One embodiment of the present invention relates to a composition comprising a sn-2 monoacylglycerol derivative, wherein the sn-1 and sn-3 positions are blocked by protective groups.
05/15/14
20140134697
Process for the digestion of organic material
Digesting the liquid fraction to form biogas.. .
05/08/14
20140128639
Methods for conversion of a glycol reaction product obtained from hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids into a dried monohydric alcohol feed
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may produce a glycol reaction product for subsequent processing. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids to form and process a glycol reaction product may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst in a hydrothermal digestion unit, the slurry catalyst being capable of activating molecular hydrogen; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of the slurry catalyst, a digestion solvent, and molecular hydrogen, thereby forming a liquor phase comprising soluble carbohydrates; performing a first catalytic reduction reaction on the soluble carbohydrates within the hydrothermal digestion unit, thereby at least partially converting the soluble carbohydrates into a reaction product comprising a glycol; at least partially drying the reaction product, thereby forming a dried reaction product comprising a dried glycol; and at least partially converting the dried glycol into a monohydric alcohol external to the hydrothermal digestion unit..
05/08/14
20140127735
Characterization of n-glycan mixtures by nuclear magnetic resonance
The present disclosure provides nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) methods for characterizing mixtures of n-linked glycans. Without limitation, methods of the present disclosure may be useful in characterizing monosaccharide composition, branching, fucosylation, sulfation, phosphorylation, sialylation linkages, presence of impurities and/or efficiency of a labeling procedure (e.g., labeling with a fluorophore such as 2-ab).
05/08/14
20140124438
Wastewater treatment method and device
Installation and method for processing wastewater, comprising: a) providing wastewater for processing; b) reducing o2 content of said wastewater by unactivated aerobic digestion; c) subsequently to ‘b’, eliminating substantially all o2 from said wastewater by anaerobic digestion; d) subsequently to ‘c’, transferring said wastewater to a closed photobioreactor; and e) subsequently to ‘d’, maintaining said wastewater in said photobioreactor in conditions favorable for algal photosynthesis, thereby allowing algae to grow in said photobioreactor. A method for growing algae is also disclosed whereby time, density and flow speed are controlled.
05/01/14
20140121423
Methods for hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids using a glycerol solvent system
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids in a glycerol solvent system can convert both the cellulosic biomass solids and the glycerol into a glycol reaction product for subsequent processing without the need for further solvent separation. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids in a glycerol solvent system can comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst in a hydrothermal digestion unit, the slurry catalyst being capable of activating molecular hydrogen; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of the slurry catalyst, molecular hydrogen, and a solvent system comprising glycerol, thereby forming soluble carbohydrates; and at least partially converting the soluble carbohydrates and the glycerol into a reaction product comprising a glycol within the hydrothermal digestion unit..
05/01/14
20140121420
Methods for production and processing of a glycol reaction product obtained from hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be conducted such that a glycol reaction product is formed for subsequent processing. Processing of a glycol reaction product may include a drying operation conducted prior to condensation of the glycol reaction product into higher molecular weight compounds.
05/01/14
20140121419
Methods and systems for processing lignin during hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by release of lignin therefrom. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids in a digestion solvent; at least partially converting the cellulosic biomass solids into a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin, an aqueous phase comprising an alcoholic component derived from the cellulosic biomass solids, and an optional light organics phase; combining at least the phenolics liquid phase and the aqueous phase with one another, thereby forming a combined phase; and separating at least a portion of the alcoholic component from at least a portion of the combined phase..
05/01/14
20140121418
Method and systems for procesing lignin during hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids while producing a monohydric alcohol feed
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by release of lignin therefrom. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids in the presence of a digestion solvent, molecular hydrogen, and a slurry catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen; at least partially converting the cellulosic biomass solids into a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin, an aqueous phase comprising a glycol derived from the cellulosic biomass solids, and an optional light organics phase; wherein at least a portion of the slurry catalyst accumulates in the phenolics liquid phase as it forms; combining the glycol with the phenolics liquid phase, thereby forming a combined phase; and heating the combined phase in the presence of molecular hydrogen; wherein heating the combined phase reduces the viscosity of the phenolics liquid phase and transforms at least a portion of the glycol into a monohydric alcohol..
05/01/14
20140120594
Method for reducing water usage in a cellulosic conversion process
Disclosed herein is a process for recycling water in a cellulosic conversion process that comprises selecting process stream(s) that may contain reduced levels of inhibitors and subsequently subjecting the stream(s) to a treatment process to produce treated water. The treated water is thereafter recycled to the cellulosic conversion process, associated utilities or the seal water system.
05/01/14
20140117277
Methods and systems for processing lignin during hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic bionass solids
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by release of lignin therefrom. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids in a digestion solvent; at least partially converting the cellulosic biomass solids into a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin, an aqueous phase comprising an alcoholic component derived from the cellulosic biomass solids, and an optional light organics phase; and separating the phenolics liquid phase from the aqueous phase..
05/01/14
20140117276
Methods and systems for distributing a slurry catalyst in cellulosic biomass solids
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by release of lignin therefrom. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids may comprise: heating cellulosic biomass solids and a digestion solvent in the presence of molecular hydrogen and a slurry catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen, thereby forming a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin, an aqueous phase comprising an alcoholic component derived from the cellulosic biomass solids, and an optional light organics phase, the slurry catalyst being distributed in the cellulosic biomass solids and at least a portion of the slurry catalyst accumulating in the phenolics liquid phase as it forms; conveying at least a portion of the phenolics liquid phase and the slurry catalyst to a location above at least a portion of the cellulosic biomass solids; and after conveying the phenolics liquid phase and the slurry catalyst, releasing them such that they come in contact with the cellulosic biomass solids..
05/01/14
20140117275
Methods and systems for processing lignin during hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by lignin release therefrom, which can produce a highly viscous phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin polymer. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids in the presence of a digestion solvent, molecular hydrogen, and a slurry catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen; at least partially converting the cellulosic biomass solids into a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin, an aqueous phase comprising an alcoholic component derived from the cellulosic biomass solids, and an optional light organics phase; wherein at least a portion of the slurry catalyst accumulates in the phenolics liquid phase as it forms; and reducing the viscosity of the phenolics liquid phase..
05/01/14
20140116425
Methods and systems for processing lignin through viscosity reduction during hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be complicated by lignin release therefrom, which can produce a highly viscous phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin polymer. Systems for processing a phenolics liquid phase comprising lignin polymer may comprise: a hydrothermal digestion unit; a viscosity measurement device within the hydrothermal digestion unit or in flow communication with the hydrothermal digestion unit; a temperature control device within the hydrothermal digestion unit or in flow communication with the hydrothermal digestion unit; and a processing device communicatively coupled to the viscosity measurement device and the temperature control device, the processing device being configured to actuate the temperature control device if the viscosity of a fluid phase comprising lignin exceeds a threshold value in the biomass conversion system..
04/24/14
20140113361
Plant for production of biogas
The present disclosure refers to a plant (1) for production of biogas (18). The plant (1) comprises a digester (4) including a bag-like casing (5) of flexible material and fluid-tight, wherein the bag-like casing (5) is adapted for the containing a sewage (14).
04/10/14
20140096764
Biomass conversion systems and methods for use thereof
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids to form a hydrolysate may be accompanied by decomposition if the soluble carbohydrates produced from the biomass under hydrothermal digestion conditions are not transformed into a more stable reaction product. Biomass conversion systems may be configured to address this issue and others.
04/03/14
20140093942
Gene, ars-r anchorage cassette, ars-r expression-anchorage cassette, recombinant plasmid, bacterial transgenic lineage, use of said gene, use of said lineage in environmental bioremediation processes
The present invention relates to the construction and insertion of a dna plasmid vector of broad spectrum for gram-negative bacteria, that carries a gene sequence which, when expressed, enables the anchorage of a chelator protein for arsenic ions on the gram-negative bacteria cellular surface. For that end, the structural sequence of the regulatory arsr gene without stop codon (seq id no 1) was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (pcr) using as a template the chromosome 1 of cupriavidus metallidurans, ch34 lineage and inserted into the pgem-t cloning vector, yielding the pgemt-as plasmid (seq id no 2).
03/27/14
20140088330
Biomass conversion systems having a single-vessel hydrothermal digestion unit/catalytic reduction reactor unit for integrated stabilization of a hydrolysate and methods for use thereof
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be conducted in a pressure vessel that contains both a hydrothermal digestion unit and a catalytic reduction reactor unit. Biomass conversion systems incorporating such a feature may comprise: a pressure vessel that comprises a first section comprising a hydrothermal digestion unit and a second section comprising a first catalytic reduction reactor unit that contains a first catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen; wherein the hydrothermal digestion unit and the first catalytic reduction reactor unit are in fluid communication with one another; a biomass feed mechanism that is operatively connected to the pressure vessel, the biomass feed mechanism being capable of introducing cellulosic biomass solids to the pressure vessel and also capable of withdrawing a reaction product from the first catalytic reduction reactor unit; and a hydrogen feed line that is operatively connected to the first catalytic reduction reactor unit..
03/27/14
20140087407
Methods of measuring protein and/or fat digestibility and uses thereof
The present invention provides methods for continuous measurement of protein and/or triglyceride digestibility during a meal. Stable isotope of 15n-spirulina protein and 2h5-phenylalanine was added to the nutritional supplement.
03/20/14
20140081237
Hand-held micro-liposuction adipose harvester, processor, and cell concentrator
Devices and methods are provided for aspirating adipose tissue with a portable device. This device may include a processing chamber, a cannula, a vacuum source, a filter or screen for separating connective tissue strands from adipose tissue, a digestion area, and a product cell concentration chamber..
03/20/14
20140080196
Method for the complete anaerobic digestion of polymer mixtures
Iv) 0 to 2% by weight, based on the polymer obtainable from components i to iii, of at least one polyfunctional compound comprising at least two isocyanate, isocyanurate, oxazoline or epoxide groups or at least three alcohol or carboxylic acid groups.. .
03/13/14
20140072994
Methods of anaerobic digestion of biomass to produce biogas
Improved methods for anaerobic digestion of organic matter to produce biogas. Among the improvements given are including ferric iron in a hydrolysis reactor to increase the rate and efficiency of anaerobic hydrolysis to provide substrates for methanogenesis.
03/06/14
20140065685
System and method for producing ethanol and biogas
A system and process for producing ethanol and biogas. An incoming feedstock and water is directed to a preparation unit that frees sugar from the feedstock.
03/06/14
20140061106
System and method for thermophilic anaerobic digester process
A new approach is proposed that contemplates systems and methods to support an environmentally-friendly, “green” thermophilic anaerobic digestion system. The system includes a thermophilic anaerobic digester as well as various independent modular anaerobic units to generate bio-methane from certain organic energy sources, including but not limited to, among other things, green municipal waste, restaurant and organic waste and effluents from industries such as breweries, grocery stores, food processing plants, granaries, wineries, pulp and paper mills, ethanol and biodiesel plants, fat and animal rendering, agricultural field crops, organic sludge accumulation within lagoons and waterways, marine organic matter and animal manure..
02/27/14
20140057327
Single vessel production of butanol from biomass using engineered thermophilic microorganisms
The present invention relates to the production of biofuels by utilizing efficient biomass digestion and fermentation by a new thermophilic microorganism generated after fusion of two different bacteria clostridium thermocellum and c. Acetobutylicum and properly mutating the fused bacteria to produce biofuels and other economically important chemicals in a single vessel from lignocellulosic derived renewable biomass.
02/27/14
20140057274
Methods for sequencing polynucleotides
The invention relates to methods and systems for sequencing and constructing a high resolution physical map of a polynucleotide. In accordance with the invention, nucleotide sequences are determined at the ends of restriction fragments produced by a plurality of digestions with a plurality of combinations of restriction endonucleases so that a pair of nucleotide sequences is obtained for each restriction fragment.
02/27/14
20140054007
Process and apparatus for cooling a digestion vessel of a calorimeter after use
To cool a digestion vessel (2) of a calorimeter (3) by means of a liquid coolant, a recess (4) over which the digestion vessel (2) is invented during the cooling possess and which has one or more ports (10) for a cooling liquid by means of which the inside of the digestion vessel (2) is wetted in such a way that the coolant runs down over part or the entireties of this inside of the digestion vessel (2) so as to remove the heat thereof is provided.. .
02/27/14
20140053993
System and method for reclaiming rejects in sulfite pulping
Systems and methods are provided for refining and reclaiming rejects in a sulfite pulping process. Wood chips and sulfite cooking liquor are provided to a digester for delignification.
02/20/14
20140047767
Aquaponics system
The present invention relates to an aquaponics system and method. There is provided an aquaponics system including a tank (10) for housing at least one aquatic animal species; a plant growing apparatus (18) for housing one or more plant species growing in an aqueous environment; and a biofilter module including a solids removal means (12) and a biological waste digestion unit (14) including a biological species for digesting solids to produce plant nutrients.
02/06/14
20140038278
Methods for gasification of carbonaceous materials
The present disclosure is generally directed to process of gasification of carbonaceous materials to produce synthesis gas or syngas. The present disclosure provides improved methods of gasification comprising adding a molecular oxygen-containing gas and optionally adding water into said gasifier.


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Digestion topics: Carbon Dioxide, Liquid Fraction, Wastewater, Ferrous Sulfate, Esophageal, Delivery Tube, Duodenal Bulb, G Proteins, Identifying Proteins, Chromatograph, Silicic Acid, Hydrogen Fluoride, Ultraviolet, Renewable Energy, Pasteurization

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