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Diffusion patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Diffusion-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Diffusion RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Diffusion RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Diffusion RSS RSS


Deep tissue flowmetry using diffuse speckle contrast analysis

Method of forming a gated diode structure for eliminating rie damage from cap removal

Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof

Date/App# patent app List of recent Diffusion-related patents
07/24/14
20140207047
 Transdermal drug delivery system and method patent thumbnailTransdermal drug delivery system and method
A bioactive agent delivery device having a plurality of reservoirs wherein each reservoir houses a solvent provides a means for separable and segregated delivery of bioactive agent(s) to a patient. The device can include a plurality of absorbent materials wherein each absorbent material is pretreated with a bioactive agent and a delivery mechanism operable to deliver to any of the plurality of absorbent materials a controlled portion of solvent from any of a plurality of reservoirs.
07/24/14
20140206980
 Deep tissue flowmetry using diffuse speckle contrast analysis patent thumbnailDeep tissue flowmetry using diffuse speckle contrast analysis
Blood flow rates can be calculated using diffuse speckle contrast analysis in spatial and time domains. In the spatial domain analysis, a multi-pixel image sensor can be used to detect a spatial distribution of speckles in a sample caused by diffusion of light from a coherent light source that is blurred due to the movement of scatterers within the sample (e.g., red blood cells moving within a tissue sample).
07/24/14
20140206160
 Method of forming a gated diode structure for eliminating rie damage from cap removal patent thumbnailMethod of forming a gated diode structure for eliminating rie damage from cap removal
A method of fabricating a semiconductor structure provided with a plurality of gated-diodes having a silicided anode (p-doped region) and cathode (n-doped region) and a high-k gate stack made of non-silicided gate material, the gated-diodes being adjacent to fets, each of which having a silicided source, a silicided drain and a silicided hik gate stack. The semiconductor structure eliminates a cap removal rie in a gate first high-k metal gate flow from the region of the gated-diode.
07/24/14
20140206155
 Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof patent thumbnailSemiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof
The reliability of a semiconductor device including a mosfet formed over an soi substrate is improved. A manufacturing method of the semiconductor device is simplified.
07/24/14
20140205919
 Gas diffusion layer with improved electrical conductivity and gas permeability and process of making the gas diffusion layer patent thumbnailGas diffusion layer with improved electrical conductivity and gas permeability and process of making the gas diffusion layer
A gas diffusion layer contains a substrate formed of a carbon containing material and a micro porous layer. The gas diffusion layer can be obtained by dispersing carbon black with a bet surface area of at most 200 m2/g, carbon nanotubes with a bet surface area of at least 200 m2/g and with an average outer diameter of at most 25 nm and a dispersion medium at a shearing rate of at least 1,000 seconds−1 and/or such that, in the dispersion produced, at least 90% of all carbon nanotubes have a mean agglomerate size of at most 25 μm.
07/24/14
20140205918
 Storage element and method for the production thereof patent thumbnailStorage element and method for the production thereof
A storage element for a solid electrolyte battery is provided. The storage element has a main member having a porous matrix of sintered ceramic particles in which particles that are made of a metal and/or a metal oxide and jointly form a redox couple are embedded.
07/24/14
20140205499
 Ultrasonic decontamination device patent thumbnailUltrasonic decontamination device
[means for solving problem] a decontamination device for decontaminating a device used to culture cells, manipulate microorganisms, or perform a sterility test, the device comprising an ultrasonic atomizer that atomizes a peracetic acid disinfectant by using ultrasonic oscillation to discharge droplets, a diffusion fan, a temperature-humidity sensor, and a controller.. .
07/24/14
20140205429
 Energy diffusing wear ring and methods thereof patent thumbnailEnergy diffusing wear ring and methods thereof
An energy diffusion sealing ring [872] for use with a hydrocyclone or pump is provided. The energy diffusion sealing ring [872] comprises a sacrificial suspension matrix [872a] comprised of a polymer, elastomer, or combination thereof, and a number of packed inserts [872b] suspended in the matrix [872].
07/24/14
20140205054
 Nuclear fuel rod for fast reactors including metallic fuel slug coated with protective coating layer and fabrication method thereof patent thumbnailNuclear fuel rod for fast reactors including metallic fuel slug coated with protective coating layer and fabrication method thereof
Provided are a nuclear fuel rod for fast reactors that includes a metallic fuel slug coated with a protective coating layer and a fabrication method thereof. The nuclear fuel rod for fast reactors that includes a surface treated metallic fuel slug and a cladding tube according to the present invention has an excellent effect of stabilizing components of the metallic fuel slug and fission products or impurities, because the interdiffusion between the metallic fuel slug and the cladding tube does not occur.
07/24/14
20140204970
 Semiconductor device patent thumbnailSemiconductor device
A semiconductor device has an active layer, a first semiconductor layer of first conductive type, an overflow prevention layer disposed between the active layer and the first semiconductor layer, which is doped with impurities of first conductive type and which prevents overflow of electrons or holes, a second semiconductor layer of first conductive type disposed at least one of between the active layer and the overflow prevention layer and between the overflow prevention layer and the first semiconductor layer, and an impurity diffusion prevention layer disposed between the first semiconductor layer and the active layer, which has a band gap smaller than those of the overflow prevention layer, the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer and which prevents diffusion of impurities of first conductive type.. .
07/24/14
20140204653
Semiconductor memory device
A semiconductor memory device includes: a plurality of word lines extending in a first direction; first to third bit lines extending in a second direction that intersects with the first direction; a plurality of variable resistance elements each having a first terminal connected to either one of the first and third bit lines; a plurality of active areas extending in a direction oblique to the first direction while intersecting with the first to third bit lines; a plurality of select transistors provided on the active areas and each having a gate connected to a corresponding one of the word lines, and a current path whose one end is connected to a second terminal of a corresponding one of the variable resistance elements; and a plurality of contact plugs each connecting the other end of the current path of a corresponding one of the select transistors to the second bit line, wherein each of the active areas includes two select transistors sharing a diffusion region, the variable resistance elements includes a first variable resistance element group and a second variable resistance element group, the first variable resistance element group including variable resistance elements aligned in the second direction below the first bit line, and each disposed between adjacent two of the word lines, the second variable resistance element group including variable resistance elements aligned in the second direction below the third bit line, and each disposed between adjacent two of the word lines, and the contact plugs are aligned in the second direction below the second bit line, and are each disposed between adjacent two of the word lines.. .
07/24/14
20140204606
Candle light led light bulbs
A light bulb includes a light emitting device at the base of the bulb and a light guide (320) that guides the emitted light to a diffusion element (330) above the base of the bulb. The diffusion element is configured to diffuse the light so as to emulate the predominantly radial light distribution pattern produced by a candle.
07/24/14
20140204605
Light-importing system, direct-lit backlight module and liquid crystal display device
The present invention provides a light-importing system, direct-lit backlight module and liquid crystal display device. The light-importing system includes ambient light collection system, facing and collecting ambient light, and outputting absorbed light; a plurality of light-guiding devices, each having light-entering end and light-exiting end, light-entering end adjacent to ambient light collection system, the absorbed light entering light-entering end and guided to light-exiting end, the plurality of the light-exiting ends being arranged in an array format underneath a light-entering surface of a diffuser; and a plurality of light diffusion devices, each disposed between light-exiting end and light-entering surface, expanding the light-emitting angle of the light-exiting end.
07/24/14
20140204425
Fast vector error diffusion
Subdividing a color space is described for vector error diffusion which includes obtaining color coordinates for each primary color in the color space, and comparing the color coordinates to a threshold value for each coordinate plane of the color space. In response to the comparing, each primary color is grouped into a quadrant of the color space, wherein each quadrant is defined by the threshold value for each coordinate plane.
07/24/14
20140204261
Finder optical system, image pickup apparatus, and image pickup system
A finder optical system 20 includes a focusing glass 21 including a collection surface 21a that collects a light beam and a diffusion surface 21b that diffuses the collected light beam, an eyepiece 23 that receives a part of the diffused light beam, a photometry lens 24 arranged near the eyepiece 23, and a photometry sensor 25 on which an image of another part of the light beam diffused by the diffusion surface 21b is formed via the photometry lens 24, a plurality of micro lenses are arranged on the diffusion surface 21b of the focusing glass 21, at least one micro lens of the plurality of micro lenses has at least two radii of curvature on its cross section in a predetermined direction, and the at least one micro lens satisfies r1<r2 where r1 and r2 are radii of curvature in first and second areas, respectively.. .
07/24/14
20140204255
Solid-state imaging device and electronic apparatus
A solid-state imaging device includes a pixel region in which shared pixels which share pixel transistors in a plurality of photoelectric conversion portions are two-dimensionally arranged. The shared pixel transistors are divisionally arranged in a column direction of the shared pixels, the pixel transistors shared between neighboring shared pixels are arranged so as to be horizontally reversed or/and vertically crossed, and connection wirings connected to a floating diffusion portion, a source of a reset transistor and a gate of an amplification transistor in the shared pixels are arranged along the column direction..
07/24/14
20140204114
Spatio-temporal error diffusion for imaging devices
A method for reducing bit-depth of image data for an imaging device includes receiving an image frame for display to the imaging device. The method additionally includes applying temporal error diffusion for the image frame to produce a plurality of image subframes, wherein temporal errors generated in one subframe of the image frame are passed to a next subframe of the image frame for temporal error diffusion.
07/24/14
20140204087
Photon beam diffusion
An efficient numerical method for accurately rendering translucent materials using photon beam diffusion is provided that can account for multilayer materials and directional incident and exitant effects at the surface. In an embodiment, refracted incident light is represented continuously as a photon beam instead of as discrete photons.
07/24/14
20140203978
Semiconductor device
In a semiconductor device in which a copper plating layer is used for a conductor of an antenna and in which an integrated circuit and the antenna are formed over the same substrate, an object is to prevent an adverse effect on electrical characteristics of a circuit element due to diffusion of copper, as well as to provide a copper plating layer with favorable adhesiveness. Another object is to prevent a defect in the semiconductor device that stems from poor connection between the antenna and the integrated circuit, in the semiconductor device in which the integrated circuit and the antenna are formed over the same substrate.
07/24/14
20140203702
Plasma processing apparatus
Disclosed is a plasma processing apparatus including a mounting table within a processing container. The mounting table includes a lower electrode.
07/24/14
20140203700
Light emitting device and light sheet
A light-emitting device disclosed herein includes: an emission layer; a diffraction grating structure including a diffraction grating; and a diffusion layer having a structure for diffusing light which is transmitted from one face to another face. The light going out from the emission layer has a central wavelength λ.
07/24/14
20140203353
Method for manufacturing semiconductor device and semiconductor device
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device includes a first step of forming a fin-shaped semiconductor layer, a first insulating film around the fin-shaped semiconductor layer, and a pillar-shaped semiconductor layer on the fin-shaped semiconductor layer. A second step forms a gate insulating film around the pillar-shaped semiconductor layer, a gate electrode around the gate insulating film, and a gate line.
07/24/14
20140203310
Display panel and display unit
A display panel includes: a mounting substrate including light-emitting elements that are mounted for each pixel on a wiring substrate, in which the light-emitting elements have different luminescence wavelengths from each other; and a counter substrate provided in opposition to a surface, of the mounting substrate, on which the pixels are disposed, and including a light-shielding layer and a light diffusion layer. The light-shielding layer is provided on a surface, of a light transmissive substrate, that faces the pixels and has apertures at respective positions that face the light-emitting elements.
07/24/14
20140203235
Conductive bridge resistive memory device and method of manufacturing the same
A conductive bridge resistive memory device is provided, comprising a first electrode, a memory layer electrically coupled to the first electrode, an ion-supplying layer containing a source of ions of a first metal element capable of diffusion into and out of the memory layer, a semiconductor layer disposed between the memory layer and the ion-supplying layer, and a second electrode electrically coupled to the ion-supplying layer.. .
07/24/14
20140202659
Poultry carcass cooling and conveying system
In a hollow cylindrical housing which stores a coolant, a feeding device having a rotating shaft and spiral screw vanes fixedly installed on the periphery of the rotating shaft is provided. At least one first diffusion nozzle is provided in each pitch of the screw vanes on the inner wall of the housing.
07/24/14
20140202387
Vertical diffusion furnace
A diffusion furnace includes a boat which supports a semiconductor wafer thereon and is rotatable together with the semiconductor wafer. A heater is arranged on the periphery of a core tube which houses the boat therein.
07/24/14
20140202358
Seawater-mixed concrete, concrete structure constructed with the same, and design method of concrete structure constructed with seawater-mixed concrete
The present invention relates to concrete with necessary durability using seawater and sea sand. The seawater mixed concrete of the present invention is obtained by mixing a mixture including slag-containing cement and sea sand, with seawater.
07/17/14
20140200336
Flexible carbohydrate-bearing polymer
A sensor for the detection or measurement of a carbohydrate analyte in fluid comprises components of a competitive binding assay the readout of which is a detectable or measurable optical signal retained by a material that permits diffusion of the analyte but not the assay components, the assay components comprising: a carbohydrate binding molecule labelled with one of a proximity based signal generating/modulating moiety pair; and a carbohydrate analogue capable of competing with the analyte for. Binding to the carbohydrate binding molecule, the carbohydrate analogue being a flexible water-soluble polymer comprising: polymerized or co-polymerised residues of monomer units, the monomer unit residues bearing pendant carbohydrate or carbohydrate mimetic moieties and pendant moieties which are the other of the proximity based signal generating/modulating moiety pair..
07/17/14
20140199816
Method of fabricating a super junction transistor
A method of fabricating a super junction transistor is provided. A drain substrate is provided.
07/17/14
20140199731
Assay and other reactions involving droplets
The present invention generally relates to droplets and/or emulsions, such as multiple emulsions. In some cases, the droplets and/or emulsions may be used in assays, and in certain embodiments, the droplet or emulsion may be hardened to form a gel.
07/17/14
20140199730
Assays and other reactions involving droplets
The present invention generally relates to droplets and/or emulsions, such as multiple emulsions. In some cases, the droplets and/or emulsions may be used in assays, and in certain embodiments, the droplet or emulsion may be hardened to form a gel.
07/17/14
20140198523
Light diffusion plate and backlight module using same
A light diffusion plate includes a light-emitting region and an atomization reinforcing region connected to the light-emitting region. Light passing through the atomization reinforcing region is more greatly diffused than light passing through the light-emitting region..
07/17/14
20140198517
Vehicular headlamp
Disclosed is a vehicular headlamp including: a basic lamp unit configured to form a main light distribution pattern that is controlled in light distribution so as to satisfy illuminance requirements at a plurality of predetermined sites in a low beam light distribution pattern which is projected on a vertical virtual screen positioned in front of a vehicle; and a plurality of additional lamp units controlled in light distribution so as to irradiate light to any one of left and right diffusion regions adjacent to the main light distribution pattern. The low beam light distribution pattern is formed on the vertical virtual screen by combining the basic lamp unit and the plurality of additional lamp units..
07/17/14
20140198491
Illumination system
An illumination system, in particular for illuminating tiled wall protrusions, includes at least one elongate, substantially u-shaped profile that has a base arm and two side arms projecting from the latter and arranged lying opposite one another, the first side arm being made longer than the second arm, at least one illuminant that is fastened or can be fastened within the receiving space defined by the base arm and the two side arms of the profile, and at least one elongate diffusion disc cover fastened or that can be fastened to the profile.. .
07/17/14
20140198489
Illumination system
An illumination system for indirectly or directly illuminating an outer edge arrangement of a structure covered in tiles, such as for example a step of a staircase, includes at least one elongate profile that forms a base arm, a decorative arm projecting from a free end of the base arm and the outer surface of which forms a visible decorative surface in the correctly arranged state, and a fastening arm projecting from the other free end of the base arm, arranged opposite the decorative arm, at least one illuminant that is fastened or can be fastened within the receiving space defined by the base arm, the decorative arm and the fastening arm, and at least one elongate diffusion disc cover that can be fixed to the profile.. .
07/17/14
20140198483
Diffusion plate and direct type backlight module having same
A diffusion plate includes a substrate. The substrate has a light entrance surface, and a light emitting surface facing away from the light entrance surface.
07/17/14
20140198364
Three-dimensional imaging system based on stereo hologram
A three-dimensional imaging system based on a stereo hologram is disclosed. Images composed of sub-images having the same vertical-horizontal resolutions which are generated at plural image projection modules having a two-dimensional arrangement structure are projected to a prism array plate or a transmission-type diffusion plate, and are converted into light points, i.e., image points through a microlens array unit.
07/17/14
20140198241
Solid-state imaging element having image signal overflow path
Since the great number of elements constituting a unit pixel having an amplification function would hinder reduction of pixel size, unit pixel n,m arranged in a matrix form is comprised of a photodiode, a transfer switch for transferring charges stored in the photodiode, a floating diffusion for storing charges transferred by the transfer switch, a reset switch for resetting the floating diffusion, and an amplifying transistor for outputting a signal in accordance with the potential of the floating diffusion to a vertical signal line, and by affording vertical selection pulse φvn to the drain of the reset switch to control a reset potential thereof, pixels are selected in units of rows.. .
07/17/14
20140198183
Sensing pixel and image sensor including same
A depth-sensing pixel included in a three-dimensional (3d) image sensor includes: a photoelectric conversion device configured to generate an electrical charge by converting modulated light reflected by a subject; a capture transistor, controlled by a capture signal applied to the gate thereof, the photoelectric conversion device being connected to the drain thereof; and a transfer transistor, controlled by a transfer signal applied to the gate thereof, the source of the capture transistor being connected to the drain thereof, and a floating diffusion region being connected to the source thereof.. .
07/17/14
20140197805
Diffusion-limited adaptive battery charging
Some embodiments of the present invention provide a system that adaptively charges a battery, wherein the battery is a lithium-ion battery which includes a transport-limiting electrode governed by diffusion, an electrolyte separator and a non-transport-limiting electrode. During operation, the system determines a lithium surface concentration at an interface between the transport-limiting electrode and the electrolyte separator based on a diffusion time for lithium in the transport-limiting electrode.
07/17/14
20140197725
Electric field discharge-type electron source
Increasing the volume or weight of zirconia which is a diffusion and supply source, to extend the life of a field-emission type electron source causes a problem that the diffusion and supply source itself or a tungsten needle is easily subjected to damage. As another problem, although it is considered to form the diffusion and supply source using a thin film to avoid the above-described problem, it is difficult to stably obtain practical life exceeding 8,000 hours.
07/17/14
20140197485
Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof
A semiconductor device includes a substrate, and a gate electrode formed on the substrate on a gate insulation film. The semiconductor device also includes a source diffusion layer and a drain diffusion layer which are formed on the substrate where the gate electrode is sandwiched between the source diffusion layer and the drain diffusion layer, one or more source contacts formed on the source diffusion layer; and one or more drain contacts formed on the drain diffusion layer.
07/17/14
20140197482
Semiconductor device and method of forming the same
A semiconductor device includes a semiconductor substrate having a first gate groove having first and second side walls facing to each other. A first gate insulating film covers the first and second side walls.
07/17/14
20140197473
Nonvolatile semiconductor storage device and method of manufacturing the same
A nonvolatile semiconductor storage device includes a substrate; an isolation film extending in a first direction and dividing the substrate into element regions; a cell string including memory cells in the element regions; a cell unit including the cell string and a select transistor on first directional ends of the cell string; diffusion layers formed in a portion of the element region first directionally beside the select gate electrode, the diffusion layers being adjacent to one another in a second direction intersecting with the first direction; and contacts extending through an interlayer insulating film and contacting the diffusion layers. An upper surface of the isolation film located between the diffusion layers is lower than an upper surface of the substrate.
07/17/14
20140197404
Thin-film transistor active device
The present invention relates to a thin-film transistor (tft) active device. The tft active device includes: a gate electrode; a gate insulation layer covering the gate electrode; an oxide semiconductor layer formed on the gate insulation layer; a first protection layer formed on the oxide semiconductor layer; a source/drain electrode electrically connected with the oxide semiconductor layer; and a second protection layer covering the source/drain electrode.
07/17/14
20140197183
Indexable dispenser cartridge
An indexable cartridge and method that is useable in either a stagnant fluid environment or in a moving fluid environment with the indexable cartridge floatable in a stagnant fluid environment and securable in a moving fluid environment with the indexable cartridge having a housing having one or more diffusion ports and a sleeve having one or more diffusion ports indexable to a diffusion port alignment through resilient yielding of the sleeve while a set of ribs inhibit lateral flow therebetween.. .
07/17/14
20140197075
Field enhanced separation of hydrocarbon fractions
Systems and methods are provided for using field enhanced separations to produce multiple fractions from a petroleum input. A liquid thermal diffusion and/or electric field separation is used to produce the fractions.
07/17/14
20140197071
Field enhanced separation of hydrocarbon fractions
Systems and methods are provided for using field enhanced separations to produce multiple fractions from a petroleum input. A liquid thermal diffusion and/or electric field separation is used to produce the fractions.
07/17/14
20140197003
Sliding member, clutch plate, and production methods thereof
A sliding member includes a base material portion formed of steel; a nitrogen diffusion layer with a thickness of 10 μm to 50 μm; and a nitrogen compound layer with a thickness of 10 μm to 50 μm. The nitrogen compound layer and the nitrogen diffusion layer are formed by performing a first heating process of performing heat treatment on a material formed of steel in an ammonia atmosphere at a temperature of 570° c.
07/17/14
20140196632
System for manufacturing a proportional slurry
A novel apparatus for the manufacture of high solid content lime and/or cement slurry that can be used in stabilization applications. The novel apparatus uses nozzles directed at a diffusion baffle to insure proper wetting of the lime or cement based material in order to produce a sufficiently homogenous slurry that sufficiently remains in suspension so that it can be used in stabilization applications without the need for additional mixing..
07/17/14
20140196564
Steering column of vehicle
The present invention relates to a steering column of a vehicle. In the steering column, inclined telescopic long holes are formed in the telescopic guide portions, thereby solving the problem of uneven diffusion of a lever force.
07/17/14
20140196384
Profile system
A profile system for finishing or defining a tile covering provided over a base includes at least one elongate profile that has a fastening arm and a profile section adjoining the latter which has a defining arm extending transversely, in particular at right angles, to the fastening arm and two side arms extending transversely, in particular at right angles to the free ends of the defining arm and arranged lying opposite one another, at least one illuminant that in the correct state is disposed in the receiving space defined by the substantially u-shaped profile section, and at least one elongate diffusion disc cover that can be secured to the profile.. .
07/10/14
20140195183
Method and system for estimating a diffusion potential of a diffusive property
Described herein are a method, system, and computer readable medium for estimating a diffusion potential (such as temperature) of a diffusive property (such as thermal energy, referred to herein as “heat”). The method includes modeling as a circuit a diffusion region having two subregions to which the diffusive property is introduced at different rates and through which the diffusive property linearly diffuses.
07/10/14
20140194749
Method and system for detection of cancer
A non-invasive and real-time optical method for detection of cancerous cells that includes the steps of optically irradiating an area of a tissue in which targeted nanoparticles are accumulated with a light source outputting an optical signal of ne or more specific wavelengths; identifying cancerous cells by measuring diffusion reflection of the irradiated tissue where the cancerous cells and the nanoparticles are located; and outputting data indicative of the identified cancerous cells.. .
07/10/14
20140194565
Non-spherical resin particles, manufacturing method thereof, and use thereof
Disclosed are non-spherical resin particles that allow for improvement of light diffusion, light reflection, and other related properties, and a manufacturing method thereof. The particles comprise first and second, different resin components (1) and (2), with the second resin component (2) residing locally near the surface of the non-spherical resin particles.
07/10/14
20140193977
Plasma etching method and plasma etching apparatus
A plasma etching apparatus includes a processing chamber; a holding unit for holding the substrate within the processing chamber; an electrode plate facing the holding unit; a plurality of supply parts arranged at different radial positions with respect to the substrate for supplying processing gas to a space between the holding unit and the electrode plate; a high frequency power supply that supplies high frequency power to the holding unit and/or the electrode plate to convert the processing gas supplied to the space into plasma; an adjustment unit that adjusts a supply condition for each of the supply parts; and a control unit that controls the adjustment unit to vary the supply condition between a position where an effect of diffusion of processing gas on an active species concentration distribution at the substrate is dominant and a position where an effect of flow of the processing gas is dominant.. .
07/10/14
20140193963
Techniques for forming 3d structures
A technique for forming 3d semiconductor structure is disclosed. In one embodiment, a substrate having at least two vertically extending fins is provided.
07/10/14
20140193755
Amplification method for photoresist exposure in semiconductor chip manufacturing
An electrical field is applied through an extreme ultraviolet (euv) photoresist layer along a direction perpendicular to an interface between the euv photoresist layer and an underlying layer. Secondary electrons and thermal electrons are accelerated along the direction of the electrical field, and travel with directionality before interacting with the photoresist material for a chemical reaction.
07/10/14
20140193738
Cell for fuel-cell battery using a proton exchange membrane, with gas diffusion layers of different rigidity at the anode and at the cathode
A cell structure for a fuel-cell battery, which allows the compromise necessary between the reduction in the non-uniformities of mechanical stress to be optimized, with the aim of obtaining a more uniform operation, and the independent accommodation with respect to the defects in planarity/thickness/alignment, while at the same time meeting the compactness constraint, comprises: a membrane/electrode assembly comprising a first electrode and a second electrode separated by a membrane; a gas diffusion layer stacked on each face of the assembly, between an electrode of the assembly and a current collector plate; and the gas diffusion layers stacked on either side of the assembly do not have the same rigidity, one of the gas diffusion layers having a young's modulus relative to an applied stress in the direction of the thickness, greater than the young's modulus of the other layer, in a ratio of the order of at least 100.. .
07/10/14
20140193737
Membrane-electrode assembly, fuel cell stack, fuel cell system and operation method thereof
A membrane-electrode assembly includes: a polymer electrolyte membrane; catalyst layers disposed on the polymer electrolyte membrane; and gas diffusion layers respectively disposed on the catalyst layers. Each of the gas diffusion layers is constituted by a porous member containing electrically-conductive particles and polymer resin as major components, and a ratio (y/x) of a tensile strength y (n/cm) of the gas diffusion layer to a dry-wet size change rate x (%) of the polymer electrolyte membrane is 0.10 or higher..
07/10/14
20140193665
Galvannealed layer and steel sheet comprising the same, and method for producing the same
The galvannealed steel sheet wherein a galvannealed layer is formed on a base steel sheet including a high-strength steel having predetermined component composition; the average amount of fe in the galvannealed layer is in a range of 8.0 to 12.0%; and the absolute value Δfe of a difference between the amount of fe in the vicinity of an interface with the base steel sheet (the amount of fe in the vicinity of an internal side) and the amount of fe in the vicinity of the external surface of the plated layer (the amount of fe in the vicinity of an external side) in the plated layer is in a range of 0.0 to 3.0%. Further, in a method for producing the galvannealed steel sheet, intra-plated-layer diffusion treatment for flattening the concentration gradient of fe in the plated layer is performed after finishing hot dip galvanizing and alloying treatment..
07/10/14
20140193583
Method and device for coating with polyimide solution
A method and device for coating with polyimide solution are provided. The method includes the following steps: placing a glass substrate onto a support surface to form a face contact therebetween; heating the glass substrate to a preset coating temperature through the support surface; and coating the glass substrate with the polyimide solution.
07/10/14
20140193266
Coupling apparatuses and methods of forming the same
Coupling apparatuses and methods of forming coupling apparatuses are provided herein. In an embodiment, a coupling apparatus includes a first component that includes a first metal substrate and a second component that includes a second metal substrate.
07/10/14
20140193072
Adaptive background estimation
Various methods and systems are provided for adaptive background estimation. In one embodiment, among others, a signal processing device includes at least one processing unit and a memory storing a background estimation system executable in the at least one processing unit.
07/10/14
20140192589
Reduced diffusion in metal electrode for two-terminal memory
Providing for two-terminal memory that mitigates diffusion of external material therein is described herein. In some embodiments, a two-terminal memory cell can comprise an electrode layer.
07/10/14
20140192556
Backlight unit
A back light unit includes a light source and a light guide unit having a first surface emitting light to a display panel, a second surface facing the first surface, and a plurality of connecting surfaces connecting the first surface and the second surface. The connecting surfaces includes a first side surface, a second side surfaces and a third side surface between the first side surface and a second side surface, a first included angle of the first incident surface and the first diffusion surface is equal to or greater than about 90 degree..
07/10/14
20140192552
Backlight module
The present invention provides a backlight module which contains a collection device for collecting sunlight, an optical fiber cable, at least a light guide device connecting the collection device through the optical fiber cable, and a diffusion device and an optical member fixed at a distance from a side of each light guide device. Sunlight is collected by the collection device and is introduced into each light guide device; and each light guide device then guides and projects the collected sunlight onto the diffusion device and the optical member sequentially.
07/10/14
20140192540
Illuminating member for reducing unified glare rating and lighting device using the same
Disclosed is a lighting device capable of reducing ugr (unified glare rating). In a illuminating member, reflection efficiency of light significantly scattering to the left and right among light applied to the air gap through the diffusion plate is increased using the adhesion material pattern layer of periphery surrounding an air gap, and simultaneously, the ugr may be reduced by removing the process disposing the pattern with a specific structure and increasing the process efficiency..
07/10/14
20140192250
Imaging apparatus, signal processing method, and program
The present disclosure provides an apparatus and a method for generating a wide dynamic range image by executing a pixel value combination process of a plurality of different exposure time setting pixels. Control of a different exposure time is performed for each of a plurality of pixels of the same colors configuring a pixel block and an addition pixel value obtained by adding outputs of the plurality of pixels of the same colors of the pixel block is generated.


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Diffusion topics: Ventilation, Semiconductor

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