|| List of recent Degrees Of Freedom-related patents
|Endoscopic surgical instruments|
An endoscopic surgical instrument may include: two surgical instrument modules, each of which is provided with a surgical instrument portion; and/or an endoscopic module configured to form a triangular shape with the two surgical instrument modules and configured to capture operations of the surgical instrument modules at different angles using a plurality of joints. Wires connecting respective members coupled by the plurality of joints may be configured to amplify drive forces of a drive portion applied to the plurality of joints.
|Slider control of catheters and wires|
One exemplary user interface for a medical robotics system may include a control panel and one or more sliders that may be slidably carried by the control panel to actuate one or more motors for moving a surgical instrument of the medical robotics system. The sliders may be configured to actuate the motors to move the surgical instrument along a respective one of a plurality of degrees of freedom..
|Single port access system|
Embodiments of a surgical access system useful for single or limited port procedures comprise a trocar comprising a fixation cannula, a retractor, and a gel cap removably coupled to the retractor. The gel cap comprises a gel pad that acts as an artificial body wall, through which instruments may be inserted into a body cavity, either directly or through one or more trocars.
|Communications connector with improved contacts|
A network cable jack includes a printed circuit board (pcb) for balancing both inductive and capacitive coupling. Using a pcb allows compact trace paths to be formed without significantly increasing manufacturing costs.
|Tray gripper head|
This invention relates to gripper head for unstacking a stack of trays, each tray provided with a relief of pockets with edge portions and loaded with eggs, the gripper head provided with a holder frame,—having included therein a matrix of suction heads connected with an air suction system, the suction heads, during pickup, transfer and deposition of one tray, being placed on the eggs and engaging them with suction,—having connected therewith at least two oppositely arranged grippers for engaging, simultaneously with the eggs, the tray at corresponding sides during pickup, transfer and deposition of the tray, and—having at least a mast piece which extends perpendicularly with respect to the matrix and is connected with at least an arm for displacing the gripper head between a pickup location and a delivery location, wherein the gripper head furthermore comprises a carrier unit which is connected through at least one spacer with the holder frame in a carrying manner, movably in at least three degrees of freedom. Several of such tiers can be provided..
|Anchoring system for seat back|
A seating system adapted for use in stadium, auditorium, and/or theater-type settings. The system utilizes seat back pins, support beams, and anchors for installing seat backs in series and without requiring custom components to account for variability in dimensions.
|Architected materials for enhanced energy absorption|
A three-dimensional lattice architecture with a thickness hierarchy includes a first surface and a second surface separated from each other with a distance therebetween defining a thickness of the three-dimensional lattice architecture; a plurality of angled struts extending along a plurality of directions between the first surface and the second surface; a plurality of nodes connecting the plurality of angled struts with one another forming a plurality of unit cells. At least a portion of the plurality of angled struts are internally terminated along the thickness direction of the lattice structure and providing a plurality of internal degrees of freedom towards the first or second surface of the lattice architecture..
|Reflecting parabolic splice solar smelter|
A revolution-of-a-parabolic-curve is sliced by two planes to form a reflecting-parabolic-splice-solar-smelter so as to focus the sun's noon light to a crucible for smelting rocks, glass and metals and for processing of chemicals, using zero degrees of freedom. (50 words).
|Multiple degrees of translational adjustment pedals|
A pedal system for an aircraft comprising a pedal and a pedal mounting mechanism is provided. The pedal is configured for manipulation through at least one operational degree of freedom by a pilot to provide control inputs to the aircraft.
|Selection of objects in a three-dimensional virtual scene|
A representation device for representing and interacting with a three-dimensional virtual scenario includes an input unit and at least one representation region for representing the three-dimensional scenario. A marking element may be moved on a virtual surface area with two translational degrees of freedom such that each virtual object in the three-dimensional virtual scenario may be selected with the marking element..
|Immersive, flux-guided, micro-coil apparatus and method|
A pemf web using immersive, flux-guided, micro-coils to direct intense, deeply penetrating, magnetic flux into a subject from each micro-coil capable of pointing in an arbitrary direction. Micro-coils are spooled around iron cores, insulated properly, and soldered to connecting wires, all embedded in a polymeric resin, such as cold-cured silicone resin.
|Rotary powered surgical instruments with multiple degrees of freedom|
A surgical instrument may comprise a drive system that is configured to electrically generate a plurality of discrete rotary control motions. In at least one form, the surgical instrument may include an elongate shaft assembly that is operably couplable to the drive system for receiving a first rotary control motion therefrom for rotating the elongate shaft assembly about a shaft axis.
|Apparatus for monitoring one or more surgical parameters of the eye|
An apparatus for monitoring one or more surgical parameters of the eye over multiple sessions which are temporally spaced apart and between which the eye of the patient can have moved, said apparatus comprising: a camera for taking one or more images of the eye; a module for determining during a first session said at least one surgical parameter of the eye and its coordinates based on the image taken by said camera in a first coordinate system; a module for determining during a second session temporally spaced apart from said first session said at least one surgical parameter of the eye and its coordinates based on the image taken by said camera in a second coordinate system; a module for determining the eye motion in six degrees of freedom between said first and said second session and for determining a coordinate transformation based thereon; a module for transforming based on said determined eye motion said at least one surgical parameter of the eye and its coordinates from said first coordinate system into said second coordinate system; a module for quantifying and/or visualizing the change of said at least one surgical parameter of the eye and its coordinates between said first and said second session based on said surgical eye parameter and its coordinates measured during said second session and said transformed surgical eye parameter and its coordinates measured during said first session, wherein said surgical eye parameters are one or more of the following: implant-related parameters of the eye which are based on an implant which has been surgically placed in the eye of a patient; or the location and/or contour of corneal or limbal or scleral incisions.. .
|Swivel attachment and branch line restraint|
A swivel attachment and/or branch line restraint device with angular versatility and mobility for facilitating connection of installation components to support a pipe or other load relative to a support surface is provided. Advantageously, embodiments of the device provide a plurality of rotational or swivel degrees of freedom, which are substantially independently controllable, for its mating portions, which respectively engage corresponding mating portions of other installation components.
|Method to estimate real-time rotation and translation of a target with a single x-ray imager|
A method of real-time estimation of target rotation and translation for 6 degrees of freedom using a single planar 2-dimensional imager and an algorithm, such as the iterative closest point (icp) algorithm, that includes creating pairing, using a nearest neighbor algorithm, between a set of target points of at least three fiducial markers and a set of source points of the markers using k nearest neighbors, iteratively executing estimation of a rotation parameter r and a translation parameter t of the markers using a cost function such as root mean square error, terminating the estimation of r and t if the change in a mean distance between the set of target points of the markers and the set of source points of the markers is below a threshold or at a maximum iteration number, transforming the set of target points of the markers using estimated parameters, and re-associating a new set of the target points of the markers.. .
|Apparatus for monitoring one or more parameters of the eye|
An apparatus for monitoring one or more parameters of the eye of a patient over multiple sessions which are temporally spaced apart and between which the eye of the patient can have moved, said apparatus comprising: a camera for taking one or more images of the eye; an illumination unit for illuminating the eye by a ring-shaped light pattern to generate corneal reflections, said illumination unit being preferably located such that the center of the ring is coaxial with the optical axis of the camera; a module for determining during a first session the location of the corneal reflections in the image of the eye; a module for determining during said first session based on said determined location of the corneal reflections, at least one further parameter of the eye and its coordinates in a first coordinate system based on a geometrical model representing the eye as a spherical eyeball having a spherically shaped cornea mounted thereon; a module for determining during a second session temporally spaced apart from said first session said location of said corneal reflections of the eye and based thereon said further eye parameter and its coordinates in a second coordinate system; a module for determining the eye motion in six degrees of freedom between said first and said second session and for determining a coordinate transformation based thereon; a module for transforming based on said determined eye motion said further eye parameter and its coordinates from said first coordinate system into said second coordinate system; a module for quantifying and/or visualizing the change of said further eye parameter between said first and said second session based on said further parameter and its coordinates measured during said second session and said transformed parameter and its coordinates measured during said first session.. .
An aerial vehicle includes independently controlled horizontal thrusters and vertical lifters to provide design and operational simplicity while allowing precision flying with six degrees of freedom and use of mounted devices such as tools, sensors, and instruments. Each horizontal thruster and vertical lifter can be mounted as constant-pitch, fixed-axis rotors while still allowing for precise control of yaw, pitch, roll, horizontal movement, and vertical elevation.
|Trophy mount and skull clamp|
A trophy mount and a skull clamp are disclosed. The trophy mount can comprise a skull coupling feature configured to interface with and support a skull, and a positioning device configured to provide rotation of the skull coupling feature in at least two rotational degrees of freedom to facilitate positioning of the skull.
|Enhanced system and method for presenting a view of a virtual space to a user based on a position of a display|
An enhanced system and method presents a view of a virtual space on a display based on a position of the display in one or more degrees of freedom. For such a position of the display, a corresponding field of view in the virtual space may be determined.
|Cab suspension system for a machine adapted to surface excavate rock or like materials|
A system for providing suspension to a cab of an excavation machine such as a trencher or a surface mining machine. The system includes air cushions and elastomeric dampeners positioned between a platform and the cab.
|System, method and computer program for autonomously emulating robot manipulators of continuously-varying configurations|
The invention is a modular and autonomously reconfigurable manipulator system which introduces a new dimension to the versatility of robot manipulation for diverse tasks. The hardware component is a redundant mechanism which can lock any number of its joints at any relative position to form a particular configuration with a certain number of degrees of freedom and specific values for kinematic, dynamic and control parameters, optimum for a given task to be performed.
|High degree of freedom (dof) controller|
Disclosed is a high degree of freedom control apparatus that includes a base attached to a strain gauge assembly movable in three orthogonal directions to provide signals indicative of a position of the strain gauge assembly relative to the base. An actuator assembly is supported on the base and movable by an operator's arm, hand, digit, or wrist relative to the base structure.
|Methods and devices for forming holes in bone to stimulate bone growth|
Methods and devices are provided for forming holes in bone to stimulate bone growth. In one exemplary embodiment, a surgical instrument set can include a driver having a first mating element, and a bone pick have a second mating element configured to releasably mate with the first mating element at any of a plurality of angular orientations.
|Concentrating photovoltaic solar panel|
The present invention relates to photovoltaic power systems, photovoltaic concentrator modules, and related methods. In particular, the present invention features concentrator modules having interior points of attachment for an articulating mechanism and/or an articulating mechanism that has a unique arrangement of chassis members so as to isolate bending, etc.
|Convertible rocking toys|
A convertible toy includes a body portion and a base selectively coupled to the body portion. The body portion includes a seat portion, a first pair of leg portions extending from the seat portion, and a first axle extending between the first pair of leg portions.
|Sleeve for cutting bur for dental cutting guide|
A dental cutting system for cutting a patient's tooth comprises a cutting guide with a slot to guide a cutting tool. Opposing channels are formed in opposing walls of the slot.
|Systems, devices, and methods for tracking moving targets|
A system for tracking a moving target having up to six degrees of freedom and rapidly determining positions of the target, said system includes an easy to locate precision optical target fixed to the target. This system includes at least two cameras positioned so as to view the optical camera from different directions with each of the at least two cameras being adapted to record two dimensional images of the precision optical target defining precise target point.
|Arrangement for actuating an element in a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus|
The invention relates to arrangements for actuating an element in a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus. In accordance with one aspect, an arrangement for actuating an element in a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus comprises a first number (nr) of degrees of freedom, wherein an adjustable force can be transmitted to the optical element in each of the degrees of freedom, and a second number (na) of actuators, which are coupled to the optical element in each case via a mechanical coupling for the purpose of transmitting force to the optical element, wherein the second number (na) is greater than the first number (nr).
|Method for controlling a motion of optical elements in lithography systems|
A method for controlling a vibrating optical element of a lithographic system the optical element having a predetermined number of degrees of freedom comprises: detecting a number of displacements of the optical element, each displacement corresponding to a degree of freedom, wherein the number of detected displacements is larger than the number of degrees of freedom; for each displacement according to a degree of freedom, generating a sensor signal corresponding to a movement in a degree of freedom; wherein the optical element moves as a function of a rigid body transformation matrix, the optical element movement including a first type of movement and a second type of movement; and modifying the sensor signals as a function of a modified transformation matrix, wherein the modified transformation matrix at least partially reduces at least one eigen mode or resonance of one of the first type of movements or the second type of movements.. .
|Kinetic energy harvesting using cyber-physical systems|
The present invention provides a system for engaging a fluid flow. The system comprising one or more foil members operationally connected to a feedback control loop system.
|Method and apparatus for applying a stamp for micro-contact printing to a stamping roll|
An apparatus to facilitate the application of a micro-contact printing stamp to a roll. The apparatus preferentially constrains some of the stamp's six degrees of freedom, and then drives the stamp (or the assembly of the stamp and the master against which it was formed) into controlled contact with the printing roll so as to attach the stamp onto the outer surface of the roll..
|End effector module|
An end effector module includes a palm base and robotic fingers extended from the palm base. Each robotic finger is composed of four joint shafts pivotally coupled with one another, and one of the four joint shafts, namely a start joint shaft, has a driving mechanism for driving a corresponding robotic finger to rotate, and each joint shaft has a driving mechanism to drive a next corresponding joint shaft to turn pivotally and bend with respect to other corresponding joint shafts, so that each robotic finger is module with four degrees of freedom for fine-tuning the position of a suction device installed at an end joint shaft, and the suction device can move along the normal direction of a suction point selected on the surface of a clamped object to achieve the effect of clamping and sucking an object securely without the risk of being loosened easily..
|Stable device for intervertebral distraction and fusion|
Improved methods and apparatuses for vertebral body distraction and fusion in accordance with various embodiments employ mechanisms for stabilizing a device so that the device can stay in the body and stably support the disc space during vertebral fusion following distraction of the adjacent vertebra by operation of the device. The device is inserted into the disc space and distracted from a compressed configuration to an expanded configuration to distract the disc space.
|Active gripper for haptic devices|
An active gripper for a haptic device including a parallel kinematics structure providing at least three degrees of freedom including three translational degrees of freedom, wherein the gripper comprises a first contact surface being adapted for contact by a first portion of a hand of a user, a second contact surface being adapted for contact by a second portion of the user's hand, which hand's second portion being moveable in relation to the hand's first portion, and a moveable member arranged between the first contact surface and the second contact surface and being adapted to actively move the first contact surface and the second contact surface in relation to each other.. .
|Self-adaptive mechanical finger and method|
A mechanical finger comprises at least three phalanges, with a base phalanx pivotally connected at a proximal end to a base. At least one intermediate phalanx is pivotally connected at a proximal end to a distal end of the base phalanx.
A surgical tool for minimally invasive surgery. In one embodiment, the surgical tool includes a proximal joint and a distal joint at opposite ends of a tube that constrain pivoting of adjacent parts to be about two perpendicular, intersecting axes.
|Integrated exercise workspace|
An integrated exercise workspace (100) comprises an exercise device (110), a work surface (120), and elbow supports (130a, 130b). The exercise device (110) is operable by a lower extremity of a user.
|Device for determining surface defects|
A device for determining the existence or absence of surface defects includes a base, a movable platform, a support member, an image capturing unit, a light source unit, and a processing unit. The movable platform includes a main body for supporting the product, and a driving unit for moving the main body in six degrees of freedom, thereby orienting the product placed on the main body in different orientations.
|Optical position-measuring device|
An optical position-measuring device is adapted to detect the position of an object in several spatial degrees of freedom. The object is disposed in a manner allowing it to move at least along a first direction of movement and along a second direction of movement.
|Device for determining surface defects|
A device for determining the surface defects of a product includes a base, a support member, a platform, a lighting unit, an image capturing unit, and a processing unit. The lighting unit includes a driving unit, a frame and a number of light sources.
|Eye alignment assembly|
A bow sight with at least one sight pin mounted to a frame assembly. At least one optical fiber is attached to the sight pin.
|Fiber optic connectors having a rotatable ferrule holder and methods for making the same|
Fiber optic connectors and components for fiber optic connectors with improved side-loading performance are disclosed along with methods for making the same. The fiber optic connector includes a ferrule and a ferrule holder where the ferrule holder may be disposed within a housing.
|Interference exposure device and method|
An interference exposure device, including: a light source (100) for providing an exposure light beam; a light homogenizer-collimator (200) for homogenizing and collimating the exposure light beam; an interference unit (300) including at least two gratings (303) for converting the exposure light beam into at least two coherent light beams and making the coherent light beams converge on a substrate surface to form thereon an interference exposure pattern, the gratings (303) each having a period and being distributed in correspondence with a desired exposure pattern; a driving and supporting means (406) for supporting and carrying the substrate to move with at least three degrees of freedom; and a measuring element (500) for measuring an angle between coordinate systems of the interference unit (300) and the means (406) to adjust an exposure position of the means (406) based on a measurement result of the measuring element (500) before exposing the substrate.. .
|Epitaxial film on nanoscale structure|
An embodiment of the invention includes an epitaxial layer that directly contacts, for example, a nanowire, fin, or pillar in a manner that allows the layer to relax with two or three degrees of freedom. The epitaxial layer may be included in a channel region of a transistor.
|Docking station for tablet device|
A docking station for a tablet device includes a security frame that is releasably connected to a pedestal. An upper head portion of the pedestal is rotatable through three degrees of freedom to allow for angular adjustment of the frame as it retains a tablet device.
|Exposure apparatus, exposure method, and method of manufacturing device|
An exposure apparatus includes: an optical element positioned along an optical axis of a projection optical system and configured to include a surface having a rotationally asymmetric shape; a driving unit configured to drive the optical element with at least two degrees of freedom; and a control unit configured to control the drive with two degrees of freedom to correct an aberration having twofold symmetry in a direction represented by a linear sum of the aberration of components in two directions based on information showing a relationship between a driving amount with two degrees of freedom and the components of the aberration in the two directions, and an amount to be adjusted of each of the components of the aberration in the two directions.. .
|Drive transmission part for image forming apparatus|
Drive transmission part and system including a coupling member configured to have one or more restricted degrees of freedom, and a gear hub to rotationally engage the coupling member. The drive transmission part can be included in a rotating part of an apparatus, such as an image forming apparatus.
|Frequency resistance access magnetic memory|
The invention provides a multibit magnetic memory structure comprising a stack of two or more magnetic plaquettes, each of which has at least three distinct magnetic states. The invention provides for a new type of vertical memory where each layer encodes information in two degrees of freedom, which has the potential to increase the theoretical storage capacity by factor 4n.
|Two-dimensional, position-sensitive sensor-based system for positioning object having six degrees of freedom in space|
A two-dimensional, position-sensitive sensor-based system for positioning an object having six degrees of freedom in space, used for positioning of a silicon table and mask table of a lithography machine. The system comprises mainly a semiconductor laser 1, an optical fiber collimator 2, optical fibers 3, 7, 10, and 13, an optical fiber splitter 4, filter plates 6, 9, and 12, three psd sensors 5, 8, and 11, and a signal processing system.
|Motion simulation system and associated methods|
A motion simulation system includes actuators having a planetary gearbox engaged with and driven by a servomotor engaged with a crank. A connector rod has a proximal end engaged with the crank of each actuator, and a distal end engaged with a top plate configured to attach to a platform assembly.
|Modular service level objective (slo) subsystem for a network storage system|
A service level objective (slo) subsystem that includes an slo engine in a network storage system that allows new degrees of freedom to be added to the slo subsystem, without requiring any modification of an associated slo engine or the system's existing slos, and without requiring the slo engine to have any a priori knowledge of the new degrees of freedom. In certain embodiments, the system has a modular design which includes the slo engine and one or more slo modules that interface with the slo engine.
|Spherical motion mechanism|
This document discusses, among other things, a mechanism for providing motion having two degrees of freedom and centered on a single point within a sphere. Methods to design the mechanism consistent with specified parameters are also described..
|Method and apparatus for controlling a shift in a multi-mode powertrain system|
A method for operating a powertrain system includes executing a transmission shift between an initial electrically-variable transmission (evt) range and a target evt range. The transmission shift includes transitioning to operating with three speed degrees of freedom including controlling speed of a second torque machine to synchronize speed of an oncoming clutch associated with the target evt range and coincidentally controlling speeds of a first torque machine and an engine to achieve a preferred speed of the output member of the transmission.
|Precision tripod motion system with six degrees of freedom|
A precision tripod motion system is provided. The tripod motion system in one example includes a bottom plate including three spaced-apart bottom single-degree-of-freedom (sdof) hinge portions, a top plate including three spaced-apart top three-degrees-of-freedom (tdof) joint portions, with the top plate configured to receive a workpiece, three linear actuators pivotally coupled to the three bottom sdof hinge portions of the bottom plate and coupled to the three top tdof joint portions of the top plate, with each linear actuator of the three linear actuators configured to change length over a linear actuation span, and a rotator component and/or a positioning table affixed to the top plate and the bottom plate.
|Chip level sensor with multiple degrees of freedom|
A sensing assembly device includes a substrate, a chamber above the substrate, a first piezoelectric gyroscope sensor positioned within the chamber, and a first accelerometer positioned within the chamber.. .
|Flexible thermal interface for electronics|
A planar heat pipe for removing heat from an electronic device. The heat pipe includes a planar portion defining a cool end of the heat pipe and a plate portion mounted to the electronic device and defining a hot end of the heat pipe.
|Constant velocity joint|
The constant velocity joint consists of the input shaft (1), the output shaft (2), three spherical left arms (4l), three spherical right arms (4r), and the stabilising mechanism (3). The stabilising mechanism (3) is made up of three stabilising segments (3.1), (3.2), and (3.3).
|Joint prosthesis system with positionable head|
A method includes inserting a stem into a bone, positioning a solid articulating portion of a mounting element within a tapered bore so that the mounting element is substantially free to pivot in multiple degrees of freedom relative to the stem while maintaining substantially contiguous engagement between the solid articulating portion and a portion of a surface of the tapered bore defining a circle, engaging the joint component to the mounting element, manipulating the mounting element to vary an angular position of the joint component with the mounting element positioned in the tapered bore while maintaining the substantially contiguous engagement, and mechanically locking the solid articulating portion in the tapered bore to fix a position of the mounting element relative to the stem after manipulating the mounting element by forcing the solid articulating portion toward a bottom of the tapered bore.. .
|Expandable interbody fusion device|
An expandable interbody fusion device includes superior and inferior plates that are configured to receive a sequentially inserted stack of expansion members or wafers. The superior and inferior plates include features that at least initially interlock the two plates until the superior plate is dislodged by pressure from the growing wafer stack.
|Flexurally mounted kinematic coupling with improved repeatability|
A kinematic coupling apparatus where mating between two objects occurs at six contacting elements, each located and oriented in compliance with the laws of kinematic design, and where each mating surface is constrained in its normal direction while having relatively high compliance in the other five degrees of freedom. The contact surfaces are preferably planar.
|Compliant underactuated grasper|
A compliant underactuated grasper includes a base and a plurality of fingers. At least one of the plurality of fingers includes: a proximal phalanx; a proximal joint connecting the proximal phalanx to the base; a distal phalanx; a distal joint connecting the distal phalanx to the proximal phalanx; and a member for moving the phalanges.
|Compliant underactuated grasper|
A compliant underactuated grasper includes a palm base and two fingers. Each of the fingers comprises: a proximal phalanx; a distal phalanx; a compliant flexure joint connecting the distal phalanx to the proximal phalanx; and a pin joint connecting the proximal phalanx to the palm base, the pin joint constraining angular movement of the proximal phalanx relative to the palm base to rotation about a pin pivot axis.
|Biomimetic controller for increased dexterity prosthesis|
A sliding mode biomimetic (bsm) controller for a prosthetic device, such as a prosthetic hand, includes an input classification component that receives electromyogram (egm) signals from two or more electromyogram (egm) sensors that are positioned on an amputee's body. The input classification component compares the egm input signals based on predetermined activation threshold values and identifies an input class to determine the amputee's intended movement of the prosthetic device.
|Multiaxial joint, particularly for robotics|
The present invention relates to a multi-axial joint (1), particularly for robotics. The multiaxial joint comprises a distal joint section (2) and a proximal joint section (4) that are pivotably and swivably connected relative to each other via at least one rotatory pivot joint (26) with a rotational axis (p) and at least one rotatory swivel joint (13) connected in series with the pivot joint (26) and having a swivel axis (r) extending perpendicular to the rotational axis (p).
|Fast initialization for monocular visual slam|
Apparatuses and methods for fast visual simultaneous localization and mapping are described. In one embodiment, a three-dimensional (3d) target is initialized immediately from a first reference image and prior to processing a subsequent image.
|Exploiting spatial degrees of freedom in multiple input multiple output (mimo) radio systems|
Methods and apparatuses, including computer program products, are provided for determining the null-space for a channel between a transmitter and an unintended receiver. In one aspect there is provided a method.
|Dynamic, asymmetric rings|
Dynamic, asymmetric rings and related communication equipment and methods are disclosed. Various features may be implemented to provide any or all of several degrees of freedom for managing resources in a communication network.
|External fixation device adaptable for bone fractures|
The current request reports an external fixation device to stabilize bone fractures with adaptable configuration during different stages of surgery or during treatment, through the generation of six degrees of freedom among the bone fragments. The device comprises numerous press-connector means, numerous cylindrical bars, numerous osteosynthesis screws and optionally from one to several rigid rings and one or more extension elements that permit generating diverse stable configurations to treat bone fractures..
|Expandable interbody fusion device|
An expandable interbody fusion device includes superior and inferior endplates that are configured to receive a sequentially inserted stack of interlocking expansion members or wafers. The like-configured wafers include features on their top and bottom surfaces that interlock the wafers in multiple degrees of freedom so that the wafer stack is not disrupted when the fusion device is fully expanded.
A robotic apparatus has eight actuators (m0-m7) and a linkage (link 0-link 5) that actuates an end effector. Three serial macro freedoms have large ranges of motion and inertias.
|Liquid processing system and liquid processing method|
A liquid processing system to process liquid biological material includes: a trunk provided turnable on an axis, set within a predetermined work space; a first arm provided to the trunk and having at least three degrees of freedom or higher degrees of freedom; a second arm provided to the trunk and having at least three degrees of freedom or higher degrees of freedom; a driving mechanism configured to drive each of the trunk, the first arm, and the second arm; and physiochemical equipment situated within the work space and within the range of movement of at least one of the first and the second arm. The driving mechanism is operated by teaching playback based on the positions and shapes of the physiochemical equipment, and the biological material is processed using the physiochemical equipment..