This page is updated frequently with new Cross Section-related patent applications.
|Rotor, and permanent-magnet-type rotational electric machine, electric drive system, and electric vehicle which are provided with said rotor|
A permanent magnet type rotational electric machine for an electric vehicle capable of ensuring an electric power generation torque or a peak torque instantaneously assisting a torque of an engine even by using a rare earth-less magnet and also capable of ensuring characteristics for high speed driving is provided. A rotator includes permanent magnets of which at least one side in an axial direction cross section is formed in an arc shape, and includes a plurality of permanent magnets, wherein where a center axis of a magnetic pole is denoted as d axis, and an axis that is 90 degrees from the d axis in an electrical angle is denoted as q axis, the rotator for the permanent magnet type rotational electric machine includes a first permanent magnet pair in which a line connecting a center point of the arc and the arc does not cross the d axis, and a second permanent magnet pair in which the line crosses the d axis..
Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
|Organic light emitting device|
Disclosed is an organic light emitting device, (oled) comprising a substrate on which a driving transistor is formed, a bank formed on the substrate providing a boundary for a pixel region, a first electrode formed on the substrate and electrically connected with the driving transistor, the first electrode comprising a first and second cross sectional area both oriented in a direction perpendicular to a vertical direction of the substrate, the first area adjacent to the bank, the second area surrounded by the first area, an organic layer formed on the first electrode within the boundary provided by the bank, and a second electrode formed on the organic layer, wherein during operation of the oled a first electric field between the first area of the first electrode and the second electrode is greater than a second electric field between the second area of the first electrode and the second electrode.. .
Lg Display Co., Ltd.
|Eyeglass frame having selectively interchangeable temples with simplified recessed interconnection clips|
An eyeglass frame having selectively interchangeable temples has a conventional frame front, combined with specially-designed hinges and the temples. Each temple has a longitudinal cavity of generally rectangular cross section, at the hinge end thereof, that is in communication with a rectangular aperture that opens to the inner surface of the temple.
Disclosed is a turbo-engine component comprising a wall, the wall comprising a hot gas side surface and a coolant side surface. At least one coolant discharge duct is provided in said wall and opening out onto the hot gas side surface at a coolant discharge opening.
Ansaldo Energia Ip Uk Limited
|Method for cooling a turbo-engine component and turbo-engine component|
Disclosed is a turbo-engine component and a method for cooling a turbo-engine component. The method includes guiding a working fluid flow along a hot gas side surface of a wall of the component and in a main working fluid flow direction, discharging a coolant discharge flow at the hot gas side surface from a coolant discharge duct provided in the wall, and supplying a coolant supply flow to the coolant discharge duct and through a coolant supply path.
Ansaldo Energia Ip Uk Limited
|Fiber-reinforced thermoplastic-resin molding material|
A fiber reinforced thermoplastic resin molding material includes 5 to 45 parts by weight of carbon fibers; 1 to 45 parts by weight of organic fibers; 20 to 93 parts by weight of a thermoplastic resin; and 1 to 20 parts by weight of a compound having a melt viscosity lower than the thermoplastic resin based on 100 parts by weight of the total amount of the carbon fibers, the organic fibers, the thermoplastic resin, and the compound having a melt viscosity lower than the thermoplastic resin, wherein the thermoplastic resin is contained at an outer side of a composite obtained by impregnating a fiber bundle including the carbon and organic fibers with the compound; the carbon and organic fibers are unevenly distributed in a cross section of the fiber bundle; and the length of the fiber bundle and the fiber reinforced thermoplastic resin molding material are substantially the same.. .
Toray Industries, Inc.
|Virus removal membrane|
A virus removal membrane is formed from a hydrophilized synthetic polymer, in which, when a solution containing gold colloids having a diameter of 20 nm is applied through a primary surface to the virus removal membrane to allow the virus removal membrane to capture the gold colloids for measurement of brightness in a cross section of the virus removal membrane, a value obtained by dividing a standard deviation of a value of an area of a spectrum of variation in the brightness by an average of the value of the area is 0.01 or more and 1.5 or less; and a thickness of a portion, where gold colloids having a diameter of 20 nm or more and 30 nm or less are captured, in the cross section of the virus removal membrane in a wet state is 10 μm or more and 30 μm or less.. .
Asahi Kasei Medical Co., Ltd.
|Door weather strip|
A door weather strip includes an installation base member operatively coupled on a peripheral edge of a door of an automobile and a hollow seal member integrally molded with an inner-cabin side of the installation base member. The hollow seal member makes elastic contact with a door opening edge of a body when the door is in a closed position.
Nishikawa Rubber Co., Ltd.
Provided is a tire such that both tire weight reduction and high durability can be achieved by establishing a technology capable of ensuring the sufficient effect of preventing diameter growth even when the amount of steel used in a belt layer is decreased. The tire includes: two or more crossing belt layers 4 including rubberized layers of steel cords tilting and extending at an angle of 10° to 30° with respect to a tire equatorial plane, the rubberized layers being arranged such that the directions of the cords intersect each other; and a high-angle bell layer 3 including a rubberized layer of steel cords tilting and extending at an angle which is 5° or more greater than the angle of the crossing belt layers.
|Resin flow member for a vacuum assisted resin transfer moulding process|
The disclosure relates to a fibre reinforced plastic composite material, including a vacuum assisted resin transfer moulded fibre reinforced plastic laminate prepared by use of a resin flow enhancing member, including a cavity with a first opening and a second opening as well as an resin flow adjusting arrangement for changing a resin flow cross section in a resin flow direction from the first opening to the second opening in the resin flow enhancing member by applying vacuum to the second opening. The resin flow adjusting arrangement includes a plurality of vacuum expandable filler elements that includes gas-filled closed cell cavities and flexible walls.
Three-dimensional object forming apparatus, information process apparatus capable of communicating with three-dimensional object forming apparatus, controlling three-dimensional object forming apparatus, producing three-dimensional object using three-dimensional object forming apparatus, and three-dimensional object forming system
A three-dimensional object forming apparatus includes: a head unit; a curing unit; and a forming control unit. The determination unit determines a target voxel in which a dot is formed such that one or a plurality of pillars that extends in a predetermined direction is formed depending on a forming index value which is a value based on a probability that the dot is formed in the voxel on an inside of the three-dimensional object, and the number of pillars of the one or the plurality of pillars, which have a cross section of which a length in a first direction is greater than a length in a second direction crossing the first direction, is greater than the number of pillars, which have a cross section of which the length in the second direction is greater than the length in the first direction..
Seiko Epson Corporation
Component for establishing a form-locking riveted connection of a tool
An electric power tool is disclosed. In an embodiment, the electric power tool includes a tool, a tool holder part and a main body with a plurality of rivets integrated with the main body.
C. & E. Fein Gmbh
Drill insert and indexable drill
Provided is a drill insert to ensure sufficient chipping resistance with respect to a large cutting load, which is detachably attached to a distal portion of a drill body which is rotated around an axis, in which a polygon face of a polygonal plate-shaped insert body is a rake face, a side face disposed around the rake face is a flank face, a cutting blade is formed on a ridge portion in which the rake face and the flank face intersect each other, the cutting blade includes a honing face, the honing face includes a first convex curved face continuous with the rake face and a second convex curved face continuous with the flank face, and in a cross section orthogonal to the cutting blade, a curvature radius of the first convex curved face is larger than a curvature radius of the second convex curved face.. .
Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
Press forming method, and manufacturing press-formed part
A press forming method forms a metal plate into the part shape having at least a top surface portion and side wall portions continuous with both left and right sides of the top surface portion, the part shape having a u-shaped or hat-shaped cross section and having one or two or more bent portions bent in a longitudinal direction that is a direction intersecting the cross section. The press forming method includes: a first step of applying in-plane shear deformation to a plate portion on both sides or one side of the bent portions in the longitudinal direction of the metal plate, the in-plane shear deformation corresponding to a direction of bending the portion of the part shape; and a second step of implementing press forming for the metal plate into the part shape, the metal plate to which the in-plane shear deformation has been applied..
Jfe Steel Corporation
Loop flow bubble-generating nozzle
There is provided a loop flow type bubble generation nozzle capable of improving the bubble generation efficiency compared to conventional nozzles without reducing the bubble generation efficiency even when liquid containing impurities is used. A loop flow type bubble generation nozzle 10 includes a tubular bottomed member 1 having a circular cross section and a tubular member 2 which is fitted into the other end side of the bottomed member 1.
Ok Engineering Co. Ltd.
Virus removal membrane
A virus removal membrane is formed from cellulose, in which, when a solution containing gold colloids having a diameter of 20 nm is applied through a primary surface to the virus removal membrane to allow the virus removal membrane to capture the gold colloids for measurement of brightness in a cross section of the virus removal membrane, a value obtained by dividing a standard deviation of a value of an area of a spectrum of variation in the brightness by an average of the value of the area is 0.01 or more and 1.5 or less; and a thickness of a portion, where gold colloids having a diameter of 20 nm or more and 30 nm or less are captured, in the cross section of the virus removal membrane in a wet state is 10.0 μm or more and 30.0 μm or less.. .
Asahi Kasei Medical Co., Ltd.
Removable embolus blood clot filter
A removable blood clot filter includes a number of locator members and anchor members disposed radially and extending angularly downward from a hub. The locator members include a number of linear portions having distinct axes configured to place a tip portion approximately parallel to the walls of a blood vessel when implanted to apply sufficient force to the vessel walls to position the filter near the vessel centerline.
C. R. Bard, Inc.
Device for reducing effect and symptomologies of bruxism and/or morsicatio buccarum
The present invention is a device for reducing or minimizing the symptoms and/or effects of bruxism and/or morsicatio buccarum comprising a single-piece main body having an approximately u-shaped cross section that fits over one or more teeth. The body has an upper surface, a lower surface and a descending skirt one on either side of said main body and parallel to one another.
Adjustable spine distraction implant
An adjustable spine distraction implant alleviates pain associated with spinal stenosis and facet arthropathy by expanding the volume and/or cross sectional area in the spinal canal and/or neural foramen. The adjustable implant provides a spinal extension inhibitor.
Life Spine, Inc.
Biological information detecting device
A biological information detecting device includes: a biological information detector which detects biological information of a subject; and a band. In the band, a first surface which is on the side of the subject when the band is worn is wave-shaped in a cross section taken along a long-side direction of the band..
Seiko Epson Corporation
Laminated foam mophead
A laminated foam mop head which includes a foam block having a top surface, a bottom surface, and two side surfaces, a fabric material laminated to the bottom and side surfaces of the foam block, and a bracket attached to the top surface of the foam block such that the bottom and side surfaces of the foam block are drawn upward and inward to form a mop head having an elliptical shaped cross section and the top surface of the foam block is pushed inward and not exposed.. .
Foamtec International Co., Ltd.
Zipper with inclined surface teeth
A zipper with inclined surface teeth includes a pair of zipper cloth tapes extending along an axial direction and left and right zipper teeth which are arranged on inners ides of the pair of zipper cloth tapes and can be mutually fastened, an outer combined lateral surface and an inner combined lateral surface being formed after the left and right zipper teeth are fastened, wherein from a cross section, the whole outer combined lateral surface forms a smoothly-transitioned inclined surface. When the zipper is in a fastened state, the whole outer combined lateral surface forms a smoothly-transitioned inclined surface, so that uneven areas of the outer combined lateral surface of the zipper teeth of the zipper are greatly reduced, the overall appearance of the outer combined lateral surface is optimized, and moreover, the user feels relatively smooth when touching the zipper teeth, and scratches to the hands are avoided..
Kee (guangdong) Garment Accessories Ltd.
Surface acoustic wave device
A surface acoustic wave device includes a piezoelectric substrate, an idt electrode that is provided on the piezoelectric substrate and includes combtooth-shaped electrode fingers, and a wiring electrode that is connected to the idt electrode. A line width of the electrode fingers at a lower edge thereof and a line width of the electrode fingers at an upper edge thereof in a cross section of the electrode fingers that is perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the electrode fingers is smaller than a maximum line width of the electrode fingers..
Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
A base end portion of a ground electrode of a spark plug includes a skin portion, an intermediate portion, and a core portion 52. A center cross section cp containing the center axis px of the spark plug and the center axis ex of the base end portion includes a first multilayer portion in which the intermediate portion is disposed inward of the skin portion and the core portion is disposed inward of the intermediate portion, and a second multilayer portion in which the skin portion and the core portion are in direct contact with each other.
Ngk Spark Plug Co., Ltd.
A fuel cell comprises an anode, a cathode, and a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the anode and the cathode. The cathode includes a main phase configured by a perovskite oxide including at least one of la or sr at the a site and that is expressed by the general formula abo3, and a secondary phase configured by strontium oxide.
Ngk Insulators, Ltd.
Electron microscope and measurement method
An electron microscope is provided which can measure, with high sensitivity and high positional resolution, an amount of deflection of an electron beam occurring when it is transmitted through a sample. The electron microscope (100) is adapted to measure the amount of deflection of the electron beam (eb) when it is transmitted through the sample (s), and has an electron beam source (10) producing the electron beam (eb), an illumination lens system for focusing the electron beam (eb) onto the sample (s), an aperture (30) having an electron beam blocking portion (32) for providing a shield between a central portion (eb1) and an outer peripheral portion (eb2) of the cross section of the beam (eb) impinging on the sample (s), and a segmented detector (20) having a detection surface (22) for detecting the electron beam (eb) transmitted through the sample (s).
Facial feature location using symmetry line
A method, system and product for locating facial features using symmetry line of the face. The method comprises: obtaining an image of a face of a subject; automatically detecting a symmetry line of the face, wherein the symmetry line intersects at least a mouth region of the face; and automatically locating a facial feature of the face using the symmetry line.
International Business Machines Corporation
Toner for electrostatic charge image development
The present invention relates to a toner for electrostatic charge image development containing toner base particles containing a binder resin containing a vinyl resin as a main component and a crystalline resin, and a release agent, comprising a structure body in which the crystalline resin is in contact with the release agent, and the crystalline resin having a lamellar crystal structure that is not in contact with the release agent, in a cross section of the toner base particles. According to the present invention, a toner for electrostatic charge image development having good low-temperature fixability, excellent post-fixing separability, document storability, and high-speed fixability, and small environmental dependence of charge amount can be provided..
Konica Minolta, Inc.
A rubbing roller is disclosed, which includes a cylindrical roller mandrel and a rubbing fabric in close contact with an outer surface of the roller mandrel; the rubbing fabric includes a first end face, an outer side face and a second end face in this order along an axial direction of the roller mandrel, and the first end face and the second end face are connected through the outer side; the outer side face of the rubbing fabric, at the first and second end faces, has a distance d1 from an axial line of the roller mandrel; the outer side face of the rubbing fabric, at a first cross section between the first and second end faces, has a distance d2 from the axial line of the roller mandrel, and d1>d2.. .
Hefei Xinsheng Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd
Terahertz measuring device and measuring test objects
Measuring device for measuring test objects includes a transmitter-receiver unit and a corresponding mirror arrangement. Mirror arrangement has a first mirror forming a first focal point and a second focal point in an x-y plane, and first mirror is, at least sectionally, elliptically curved for deflecting radiation between the focal points.
Heat exchanger tube and heating boiler having such a heat exchanger tube
A heat exchanger tube of a heating boiler, comprising an outer tube, which may be flown through by exhaust gases from the boiler firing and which may be surrounded by boiler water on the outside, and a profiled insert inserted into the outer tube, which comprises ribs running in longitudinal direction of the outer tube to enlarge the inner surface of the outer tube and which is in thermally conductive contact with the outer tube, are to achieve that an even greater heat transfer capacity from the combustion gases to the boiler water in the heating boiler is enabled. A first longitudinal section of the outer tube is formed in a cylindrical, smooth-walled manner and a second longitudinal section of the outer tube has at least one cross-sectional narrowing element narrowing the flow cross section.
Fastening device, selector level housing, force transmission element, switching device and fastening a switching device
The present invention relates to an attachment mechanism, a gearshift lever housing, a force transmitting element, a shift device, and a method for attaching a shift device, which reduce a system noise that is transmitted from an engine compartment into a motor vehicle interior space. The attachment mechanism comprises an aperture for receiving the gearshift lever device, a bearing surface section at least partially encompassing the aperture, for bearing on a bearing element, a sealant receiver disposed in the bearing surface section, and a mount for supporting a section of a force transmitting device, by means of which the gearshift lever device can be connected to a motor vehicle transmission device in a shift-effecting manner, wherein the mount is disposed on a side of the bearing surface section facing away from the sealant receiver.
Zf Friedrichshafen Ag
Internal combustion engine cooling
An internal combustion engine for a motor vehicle drive includes a housing having a cylinder head water jacket, an exhaust water jacket and a combustion chamber water jacket. A valve is operable for adjusting a flow through a multi-channel coolant inlet.
Gm Global Technology Operations Llc
Thermal shielding in a gas turbine
A turbine blade having labyrinth of internal channels for circulation of coolant, the novel labyrinth geometry includes; inlet arranged on axially upstream face of terminal portion leading to an upstream duct portion having first section adjacent the inlet and a second section, the second section having reduced cross section compared to first section; a first passage intersecting first section and extending through the blade body towards tip of the blade, a proximal end of leading edge passage arranged to capture incoming air flow; a main blade passage intersecting a downstream duct portion, the downstream duct portion arranged in axial alignment with the upstream duct portion but separate from upstream duct portion; and a restrictor passage intersecting with the mid-blade passage and extending towards a mid-blade duct portion, the mid-blade duct portion in axial alignment with the upstream and downstream duct portions and in fluid communication with the upstream duct portion.. .
Stinger with metal c-ring seal
An oilfield tubular, such as a stinger (1), designed to be installed in a tubing hanger (2) in an xmt (christmas tree) located on the sea bed, is presented. The oilfield tubular (1) is exposed to the production bore (4) pressure, and includes axial sealing means (6) located on an end (1a) of the tubular (1).
Aker Solutions As
Serpentine fluid reactor components
Some embodiments of the present invention provide components for a serpentine fluid reactor which is optimized for one or more objective functions of interest such as pressure drop, erosion rate, fouling, coke deposition and operating costs. The components are designed by computer modeling the components individually and collectively in which the cross section of flow path is substantially circular under industrial conditions to validate the model design and its operation.
Nova Chemicals (international) S.a.
Trapezoidal storage device
An exemplary design for upright storage devices, such as dressers or cabinets or shelving units, to dramatically improve stability, and thus safety, is provided. In general, such storage devices can be constructed with one or both base angles measuring less than 90 degrees, giving them a trapezoidal cross section..
Pressure bulkhead for an aircraft fuselage
A pressure bulkhead (1) for an aircraft fuselage (3) having a sandwich structure (5) which defines a central axis (9) and which extends between a circumferential edge area (7), wherein the sandwich structure (5) includes an inner cover layer (13), an outer cover layer (17), and a core layer (19), which extends between the inner and outer cover layers (13, 17) and connects them. The object of providing a pressure bulkhead (1) for an aircraft fuselage (3) which, even in the case of larger fuselage diameters, can particularly effectively absorb the occurring pressure forces and which can also be built with minimal weight, is achieved in that, between the inner and the outer cover layers (13, 17), in addition to the core layer (19), a support structure (23) is provided, which is connected to the cover layers (13, 17) and which extends from the inner cover layer (13) to the outer cover layer (17), and in that the support structure (23) comprises at least one layer (25) which, viewed in a cross section (21) parallel to the central axis (9), extends from a first section (7a) of the edge area (7) to an opposite second section (7b) of the edge area (7)..
Airbus Operations Gmbh
Bumper assembly with closing plate
A bumper assembly for a motor vehicle comprising a cross member that extends transverse the motor vehicle, and has an open hat-shaped hollow profile with a rear-sided web and legs, extending from the web, wherein flanges extend from a free end of the legs in the vertical direction; and an opening pointing away from the motor vehicle, in the longitudinal direction. At least one closing plate is arranged allowing the opening to be completely closed in the vertical direction and arranged allowing a partial length of less than 50% of the length of the opening to be closed in the transverse direction; and that the flanges are offset from each other with an offset in the longitudinal direction; and that the cross member has a varying cross section over its length, wherein a central region is offset upwards from the end regions with a height offset to the vertical direction..
Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh
Innovative self cleaning filter mechanism
This invention relates to at least one filter system with inner flow or outer flow, at least one shaft, at least one back wash outlet and at least one back wash valve, at least one volume separator rotating disk containing at least one back wash hole located between the insert and back wash outlet, at least one filter cleaning mechanism enabling the cleaning of the dirt particles generated on the filter insert without opening the filter cover, containing at least two flow cross-section reducing plates, realizing the speedy passage of the liquid in the insert through the gap between the flow cross section reducing plates and the surface of the insert, forming a pressure drop in that area during the speedy passage and as well as a process of cleaning on the surface of the insert with the passage of the liquid from outside the insert to inside.. .
Eko Muhendislik Sanayi Ve Ticaret Limited Sirketi
Intermittent urinary catheter
A catheter has an entrance opening defined by the first end of a catheter body and non-circular inner surface in cross section. The entrance opening intersects a longitudinal axis extending longitudinally through the center of a lumen adapted to drain urine from a bladder.
A cutter bar has a cutter body with a substantially rectangular cross section formed by an upper face, two side faces and a lower face. The upper face together with at least one side face defines a cutting edge, which is formed by one or more hard metal profile strips fastened in a groove in the cutter body.
Gebrueder Busatis Gesellschaft M.b.h.
Longwall face support in an underground mine
The invention relates to the longwall face support of an underground mine having supports (plates 1-18), which longwall face support comprises camera housings (35) each having two cameras (36), which record a monitoring area of the face having a plurality of plates in the longitudinal direction of the gallery and the most complete registration possible of the cross section of the gallery. The cameras in a monitoring area are assigned to a common power supply unit (48) for the power supply and are equipped with intrinsically safe electronics.
Tiefenbach Control Systems Gmbh
A vehicle includes: an inverter; a high-voltage connector and a low-voltage connector that are connected to the inverter; and a wire harness arranged at the rear of the inverter. The high-voltage connector includes fixing members that fix the high-voltage connector to the inverter, and the fixing members have release portions.
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
Crimp terminal and crimping structure with respect to electrical wire thereof
A crimp terminal includes a conductor crimping portion having a u-shaped cross section and including a bottom plate and a pair of conductor caulking pieces extending upward from both side edges of the bottom plate. The other conductor caulking piece includes a bending portion being folded and is formed so that a tip positioned at a tip side from the bending portion faces downward.
A horn antenna includes a metallic horn having a rear end adapted for connection with a waveguide. The horn antenna further includes a dielectric horn connected with the metallic horn and extending forward from a front end of the metallic horn.
Tokyo Keiki Inc.
Multilayer ceramic capacitor
A multilayer ceramic capacitor includes a laminated body and first and second external electrodes respectively on both end surfaces of the laminated body. When regions where first internal electrodes or second internal electrodes are not present are regarded as side margin portions in a cross section of the laminated body as viewed from the laminating direction, the side margin portions include multiple side margin layers, and the content of si in the side margin layer closest to the internal electrode is lower than that in the side margin layer other than the side margin layer closest to the internal electrode..
Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Iron powder for iron powder cores and selecting iron powder for iron powder cores
Provided is an iron powder for iron powder cores, and a method for selecting the same. The following powder is an iron powder in which orientations are measured in a cross section of a compact formed with a molding pressure of 0.98 gn/m2 by electron backscatter diffraction (ebsd) and the average of kams calculated using ebsd analysis software is to 3.00° or less.
Jfe Steel Corporation
Flying spot forming apparatus and design method
A flying spot forming apparatus includes a radiation source and a shielding body. A side wall of the shielding body is provided with at least two pairs of helical grooves.
Powerscan Company Limited
3-d vessel tree surface reconstruction method
A method for reconstructing 3-d vessel geometry of a vessel includes: receiving a plurality of 2-d rotational x-ray images of the vessel; extracting vessel centerline points for normal cross sections of each of the plurality of 2-d images; establishing a correspondence of the centerline points; constructing a 3-d centerline vessel tree skeleton of the vessel; constructing an initial 3-d vessel surface having a uniform radius normal to the 3-d centerline vessel tree skeleton; and constructing a target 3-d vessel surface by deforming the initial vessel surface to provide a reconstructed 3-d vessel geometry of the vessel.. .
Siemens Healthcare Gmbh
One piece eyewear with concealed hinges
The present invention generally concerns a one piece eyewear having concealed hinges made via 3d printing. More specifically, the invention includes a u-shaped hinge with irregular offsets that are blended parametric curves that connect a lens frame to temple bars.