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Cracking patents

      

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new patent Semiconductor device
The present disclosure provides a technique for improving the reliability of a semiconductor device where spreading of cracking that occurs at the time of dicing to a seal ring can be restricted even in a semiconductor device with a low-k film used as an interlayer insulating film. Vias are formed in each layer on a dicing region side.
Renesas Electronics Corporation


new patent Semiconductor device
A technique is provided that can prevent cracking of a protective film in the uppermost layer of a semiconductor device and improve the reliability of the semiconductor device. Bonding pads formed over a principal surface of a semiconductor chip are in a rectangular shape, and an opening is formed in a protective film over each bonding pad in such a manner that an overlapping width of the protective film in a wire bonding region of each bonding pad becomes wider than an overlapping width of the protective film in a probe region of each bonding pad..
Renesas Electronics Corporation


new patent Semiconductor substrates and methods for processing semiconductor substrates
Semiconductor substrates and methods for fabricating integrated circuits are provided. A method for fabricating an integrated circuit includes providing a semiconductor substrate having an outer edge, a central region, and a peripheral region between the outer edge and the central region.
Globalfoundries, Inc.


Reaction chamber and plasma processing apparatus
Embodiments of the invention relate to a reaction chamber and a plasma processing apparatus, which include a chamber body, a dielectric window and a power supply unit, the dielectric window is provided above and hermetically connected with the chamber body, and provided with plural sets of coils arranged at intervals in a vertical direction and wound around the dielectric window at an outer side thereof, and the power supply unit supplies power to the plural sets of coils. In the reaction chamber and the plasma processing apparatus, plasma can be distributed evenly and have an increased density in the reaction chamber, thereby improving uniformity and efficiency of the process; meanwhile, effective power for exciting plasma can be improved, and temperature rise and temperature gradient of the dielectric window during the process can be lowered, so as to prevent the dielectric window from cracking, and prolong service life of the dielectric window..
Beijing Nmc Co., Ltd.


Manufacturing magnet and magnet
A manufacturing method for a magnet includes performing pressure molding in which mixed powder of magnetic powder and a lubricant is molded under pressure so as to promote cracking of the magnetic powder and rearrangement of particles to obtain a molding of the magnetic powder. The pressure molding includes high-temperature pressure molding in which the mixed powder is pressurized and decompressed at a high elevated temperature equal to or higher than a melting point of the lubricant and equal to or lower than a decomposition temperature of the magnetic powder, and low-temperature pressure molding in which the mixed powder is pressurized and decompressed at a relatively low temperature lower than the melting point of the lubricant..
Jtekt Corporation


Gas turbine engine blade with increased wall thickness zone in the trailing edge-hub region
Airfoil outer wall thickness of a gas turbine engine blade is increased in the zone that is proximate the trailing edge and blade hub by forty to sixty percent (40-60%) greater than comparable greatest wall thickness anywhere else along the trailing edge from outboard that zone all the way to the blade tip. The increased thickness zone includes a transition zone that bridges the respective airfoil outer wall thicknesses proximate the hub and tip of the blade.
Siemens Energy, Inc.


Process for producing btx from a c5-c12 hydrocarbon mixture
The invention relates to a process for producing btx comprising: (a) contacting a feedstream comprising c5-c12 hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen with a reforming catalyst to produce a reformed product stream, wherein the reforming catalyst comprises a hydrogenation metal and a support of an amorphous alumina, (b) contacting the reformed product stream in the presence of hydrogen with a hydrocracking catalyst to produce a hydrocracking product stream comprising btx, wherein the hydrocracking catalyst comprises a hydrogenation metal and a zeolite and (c) separating the btx from the hydrocracking product stream, wherein the hydrocracking catalyst comprises 0.01-1 wt %, preferably 0.01-0.5 wt %, of the hydrogenation metal in relation to the total catalyst weight and the zeolite has a pore size of 5-8 a and a silica (sio2) to alumina (ai2o3) molar ratio of 5-200, preferably 30-120, wherein step (b) or steps (a) and (b)_are performed at a temperature of 425-580° c., a pressure of 300-5000 kpa gauge and a weight hourly space velocity of 0.1-15 h−1 preferably 0.1-10 h−1.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.


Process for producing btx from a mixed hydrocarbon source using catalytic cracking
The present invention relates to a process for producing btx comprising catalytic cracking, aromatic ring opening and btx recovery. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a process installation to convert a hydrocarbon feedstream into btx comprising a catalytic cracking unit, an aromatic ring opening unit and a btx recovery unit..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.


Integrated hydrocracking process
An integrated hydrocracking process for production of olefinic and aromatic petrochemicals from a hydrocarbon feedstock including crude oil. An object of the present invention is to provide an integrated hydrocracking process for the production of olefinic and aromatic petrochemicals from a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising crude oil in which the portion of the crude oil converted to lpg is increased significantly..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.


An integrated hydrocracking process
An integrated hydrocracking process for production of olefinic and aromatic petrochemicals from a hydrocarbon feedstock having crude oil. An object of the present invention is to provide an integrated hydrocracking process for the production of olefinic and aromatic petrochemicals from a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising crude oil in which the portion of crude oil converted to lpg is increased significantly..
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.


Process for converting hydrocarbons into olefins

The present invention relates to a process for converting a hydrocarbon feedstock into olefins and preferably also into btx, said converting process comprising the following steps of: feeding a hydrocarbon feed-stock to a first hydrocracking unit, feeding the effluent from said first hydrocracking unit to a first separation section, separating said effluent in said first separation section feeding at least one stream to a dehydrogenation unit, and feeding the effluent from said at least one dehydrogenation unit to a second separation section.. .
Raúl Velasco Pelaez

Fluid catalytic cracking process and maximizing light olefins or middle distillates and light olefins

A fluid catalytic cracking apparatus and process is disclosed, providing for efficient conversion of heavy hydrocarbon feeds to light olefins, aromatics, and gasoline. A countercurrent flow reactor operating in bubbling or turbulent fluidization regimes is integrated with a fluid catalytic cracking riser reactor.
Lummus Technology Inc.

A sequential cracking process

A sequential cracking process for the thermal cracking of a hydrocarbon feedstock in a cascade of cracking units wherein said hydrocarbon feedstock is heated in a furnace to a predetermined maximum temperature and thermally cracked in the cascade of cracking, such that the formation of coke is reduced.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for fluid catalytic cracking of heavy oil

Provided is a process for fluid catalytic cracking of a heavy oil by contacting the oil with a catalyst at an elevated temperature for a short period of time to produce light olefins such as propylene and butene. The process includes contacting the heavy oil with a catalyst containing as a constituent thereof a fluid catalytic cracking catalyst with a weight ratio (wmat/wusy) of an active matrix weight (wmat) to an ultrastable y type zeolite weight (wusy) of 0 to 0.3, under conditions where the reaction zone outlet temperature is from 580 to 630° c., the catalyst/oil ratio is from 15 to 40 weight/weight and the residence time of hydrocarbon in the reaction zone is from 0.1 to 1.0 second..
Jx Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation

Methods of continuous fabrication of holes in flexible substrate sheets and products relating to the same

Systems and processes of cutting and drilling in a target substrate uses a laser (e.g., a pulsed laser) and an optical system to generate a line focus of the laser beam within the target substrate, such as a glass substrate sheet, are provided. The laser cutting and drilling system and process creates holes or defects that, in certain embodiments, extend the full depth of the glass sheet with each individual laser pulse, and allows the laser system to cut and separate the target substrate into any desired contour by creating a series of perforations that form a contour or desired part shape.
Corning Incorporated

Egg cracker, egg separator and/or egg mixer

An egg cracker may include a platform with a generally planar upper surface and a protrusion may extend upwardly from the generally planar upper surface of the platform to form an egg cracking structure. The platform may be connected to an annular support ring and connecting members may connect the platform and the annular support ring.
Runway Blue, Llc

Light extraction layered body, organic electroluminescence element, and manufacturing same

A light extraction layered body, characterized in being flexible enough to exhibit no cracking when a flex test is performed by inducing ten cycles of bending at a flex radius of 5 mm and a bend angle of 180° in a layered body in which a light extraction layer is provided on one main surface of a transparent substrate that measures 3 μm to 50 μm in thickness, and when subsequently a 500×500 μm surface region is observed in the light extraction layer using a light diffraction microscope.. .
Konica Minolta, Inc.

Volatile hydrocarbon separation and analysis apparatus and methods

At least one embodiment of the inventive technology may be described as a method for analyzing a hydrocarbon that comprises volatiles, said method comprising the steps of: segregating said volatiles from said hydrocarbon without oxidizing said hydrocarbon; generating a hydrocarbon residue and segregated hydrocarbon volatiles; and analyzing at least one of said hydrocarbon residue and said segregated hydrocarbon volatiles. The advantageous avoidance of oxidation may be achieved by placing the hydrocarbon under a vacuum, which may also enable the avoidance of cracking of the hydrocarbon while still achieving segregation of volatiles as desired.
The University Of Wyoming Research Corporation D/b/a Western Research Institute

Fuel production from fcc processing

Systems and methods are provided for upgrading catalytic slurry oil to form naphtha boiling range and/or distillate boiling range fuel products. It has been unexpectedly discovered that catalytic slurry oil can be separately hydroprocessed under fixed bed conditions to achieve substantial conversion of asphaltenes within the slurry oil (such as substantially complete conversion) while reducing/minimizing the amount of coke formation on the hydroprocessing catalyst.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Process for cracking hydrocarbons to make diesel

A process and apparatus is for recycling hco and/or naphtha from a first fcc unit to a second fcc unit to recover additional distillate and/or light olefins. A first catalyst stream for the first fcc unit may be isolated from a second catalyst stream for the second fcc unit.
Uop Llc

Fuel production from fcc products

Systems and methods are provided for upgrading catalytic slurry oil to form naphtha boiling range and/or distillate boiling range fuel products. It has been unexpectedly discovered that catalytic slurry oil can be separately hydroprocessed under fixed bed conditions to achieve substantial conversion of asphaltenes within the slurry oil (such as substantially complete conversion) while reducing or minimizing the amount of coke formation on the hydroprocessing catalyst.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company

Systems and methods for producing propylene

According to one or more embodiments described herein, a process for producing propylene, the process comprising at least partially metathesizing a first portion of a first stream to form a first metathesis-reaction product, at least partially cracking the first metathesis-reaction product to form a cracking-reaction product, the cracking reaction product comprising propylene and ethylene, at least partially separating ethylene from at least the cracking reaction product to form a first recycle stream, combining the first recycle stream with a second portion of the first stream to a form a mixed stream, and at least partially metathesizing the mixed stream to from a second metathesis-reaction product. In embodiments, the second metathesis-reaction product may comprise propylene, the first stream may comprise butene, and the first recycle stream may comprise ethylene..
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Dual catalyst system for propylene production

Embodiments of processes for producing propylene utilize a dual catalyst system comprising a mesoporous silica catalyst impregnated with metal oxide and a mordenite framework inverted (mfi) structured silica catalyst downstream of the mesoporous silica catalyst, where the mesoporous silica catalyst includes a pore size distribution of at least 2.5 nm to 40 nm and a total pore volume of at least 0.600 cm3/g, and the mfi structured silica catalyst has a total acidity of 0.001 mmol/g to 0.1 mmol/g. The propylene is produced from the butene stream via metathesis by contacting the mesoporous silica catalyst and subsequent cracking by contacting the mfi structured silica catalyst..
King Fahd University Of Petroleum & Minerals

Systems and methods for producing propylene

According to one embodiment described in this disclosure, a process for producing propylene may comprise at least partially metathesizing a first stream comprising at least about 10 wt. % butene to form a metathesis-reaction product, at least partially cracking the metathesis-reaction product to form a cracking-reaction product comprising propylene, and at least partially separating propylene from the cracking-reaction product to form a product stream comprising at least about 80 wt.
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Method of constructing a wind tower foundation

A fatigue resistant gravity based spread footing under heavy multi-axial cyclical loading of a wind tower. The foundation having a central vertical pedestal, a substantially horizontal continuous bottom support slab, a plurality of radial reinforcing ribs extending radially outward from the pedestal.

Laser cladding with carbide hard particles

A laser cladding deposited on a metal component protects the metal component against wear and tear. The laser cladding includes an alloy matrix having carbide hard particles embedded within or bonded with the alloy matrix.
Eaton Corporation

Process for modifying the physical and chemical properties of faujasite y-type zeolites

The present invention relates to a process for modifying the physical and chemical properties of faujasite y-type zeolites (fau), mainly used as a base material of catalyst used in the fluid catalytic cracking (fcc) process, for the interest of the oil refining industry, in which the conversion of oil heavy fractions into lighter fractions, with a higher commercial value, is carried out. The process produces a modified faujasite y-type zeolite, with lower sodium content, as low as 75%, than that of the starting faujasite y-type zeolite.
Instituto Mexicano Del Petroleo

Encryption method and encryption device

The present disclosure discloses an encryption method and an encryption apparatus. The encryption method comprises: generating an aes initial key by using an saes encryption algorithm, and expanding the aes initial key to obtain an aes encryption key; and encrypting information to be encrypted by using the aes encryption key according to an aes encryption algorithm to generate encrypted data.
Shenzhen Huiding Technology Co., Ltd.

Cell, cell stack device, module, and module housing device

Problem: to provide a cell capable of suppressing cracking, a cell stack device, a module, and a module housing device. Solution: the cell of the present invention comprises a first layer (7), in a region of a solid electrolyte layer (4) devoid of a second electrode layer (6).
Kyocera Corporation

Curable resin composition, optical element and optical semiconductor device

Disclosed is a curable resin composition that has significantly high transparency in the uv region, uv resistance and heat resistance, does not cause cracking, peeling or coloration even when used for sealing a uv led to which high power is applied, and inhibits shrinking during curing. The curable resin composition includes 20-85 wt % of an alkoxy oligomer having a specific structure and present as liquid at room temperature and 15-80 wt % of a silicone resin present as solid at room temperature.
Hoya Candeo Optronics Corporation

Photo pattern method to increase via etching rate

Semiconductor devices are provided having large vias, such as under bonding pads, to increase the via open area ratio, increase the via etching rate, and avoid inter-metal dielectric cracking and damage to the integrated circuit. The via is defined as a large open area in the inter-metal dielectric layer between an isolated conductive bottom substrate layer and a conductive top layer.
Macronix International Co., Ltd.

Molten metal-containing vessel, and methods of producing same

Exemplary embodiments of the invention provide a vessel for containing or conveying molten metal therein. At least part of the outer surface of the vessel incorporates a web of metal wires embedded in the surface, the wires being mutually overlaid with openings formed therebetween.
Novelis Inc.

Method for cracking a hydrocarbon feedstock in a steam cracker unit

The present invention relates to a process for cracking a hydrocarbon feedstock in a steam cracker unit, comprising the following steps of: feeding a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock to a hydrocracking unit, separating the stream thus hydrocracked in said hydrocracking unit into a high content aromatics stream and a gaseous stream comprising c2-c4 paraffins, hydrogen and methane, separating c2-c4 paraffins from said gaseous stream, feeding said c2-c4 paraffins thus separated to the furnace section of a steam cracker unit.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Method of producing aromatics and light olefins from a hydrocarbon feedstock

The present invention relates to method of producing aromatics and light olefms from a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising the steps of: (a) subjecting the hydrocarbon feedstock to a solvent extraction process in a solvent extraction unit; (b) separating from the solvent extracted hydrocarbon feedstock obtained in step (a) a raffinate fraction comprising paraffms and a fraction comprising aromatics and naphtenes; (c) converting said fraction comprising aromatics and naphtenes in a hydrocracking unit and separating into a high content aromatics fraction and a stream high in light paraffins; (d) converting said raffinate fraction in a steam cracking unit into light olefins.. .
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation

Process for upgrading refinery heavy residues to petrochemicals

The present invention relates to a process for upgrading refinery heavy residues to petrochemicals, comprising the following steps of: (a) separating a hydrocarbon feedstock in a distillation unit into a to overhead stream and a bottom stream (b) feeding said bottom stream to a hydrocracking reaction area (c) separating reaction products, which are generated from said reaction area of step (b) into a stream rich in mono-aromatics and in a stream rich in poly-aromatics (d) feeding said stream rich in mono-aromatics to a gasoline hydrocracker (ghc) unit, (e) feeding said stream rich in poly-aromatics to a ring opening reaction area.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process and installation for the conversion of crude oil to petrochemicals having an improved carbon-efficiency

The present invention relates to an integrated process to convert crude oil into petrochemical products comprising crude oil distillation, hydrocracking and olefins synthesis, which process comprises subjecting a hydrocracker feed to hydrocracking to produce lpg and btx and subjecting the lpg produced in the process to olefins synthesis. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a process installation to convert crude oil into petrochemical products comprising: a crude distillation unit comprising an inlet for crude oil and at least one outlet for one or more of naphtha, kerosene and gasoil; a hydrocracker comprising an inlet for a hydrocracker feed, an outlet for lpg and an outlet for btx; and a unit for olefins synthesis comprising an inlet for lpg produced by the integrated petrochemical process installation and an outlet for olefins.
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process for converting hydrocarbons into olefins

A process for converting hydrocarbon feedstock into olefins and btx including feeding a hydrocarbon feedstock to a first hydrocracking unit, feeding effluent from the first hydrocracking unit to a first separation section to be separated, feeding a steam including propane to a dehydrogenation unit, and feeding effluent from the dehydrogenation unit to a second separation section.. .
Sabic Global Technologies, B.v.

Method for converting a high-boiling hydrocarbon feedstock into lighter boiling hydrocarbon products

The present invention relates to a process for converting a high-boiling hydrocarbon feedstock into lighter boiling hydrocarbon products, said lighter boiling hydrocarbon products being suitable as a feedstock for petrochemicals processes, said converting process comprising the following steps of: feeding a hydrocarbon feedstock having a boiling point of >350 deg celsius to a cascade of hydrocracking unit(s), feeding the bottom stream of a hydrocracking unit as a feedstock for a subsequent hydrocracking unit, wherein the process conditions in each hydrocracking unit(s) are different from each other, in which the hydrocracking conditions from the first to the subsequent hydrocracking unit(s) increase from least severe to most severe, and processing the lighter boiling hydrocarbon products from each hydrocracking unit(s) as a feedstock for one or more petrochemicals processes.. .
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Process and installation for the conversion of crude oil to petrochemicals having an improved btx yield

The present invention relates to an integrated process to convert crude oil into petrochemical products comprising crude oil distillation, reforming, dearomatization, fluid catalytic cracking and aromatic ring opening, which process comprises: subjecting crude oil to crude oil distillation to produce naphtha and one or more of kerosene and gasoil; subjecting naphtha to reforming to produce reformer gasoline; subjecting kerosene and/or gasoil to dearomatization to produce a first stream enriched for alkanes and naphthenes and a second stream enriched for aromatics; subjecting the stream enriched for alkanes and naphthenes to pyrolysis to produce a pyrolysis gasoline or to fluid catalytic cracking to produce a fcc gasoline; subjecting the stream enriched for aromatics to aromatic ring opening to produce a aro gasoline; and subjecting one or more of reformer gasoline, fcc gasoline and aro gasoline to gasoline treatment to produce btx. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a process installation to convert crude oil into petrochemical products using the process of the present invention.
Sabic Global Technologies B.v.

Two stage hydrocracking process and apparatus

An apparatus and process is disclosed for hydrocracking a hydrocarbon feed in a hydrocracking reactor and hydrocracking a liquid first hydrocracked stream and a recycle oil stream in a second hydrocracking reactor. A vapor first hydrocracked stream and the second hydrocracked stream are fractionated to provide the recycle oil stream..
Uop Llc

Catalytic reforming processes

Processes for catalytic reforming in which a cracking inhibitor, such as an olefin, or a light olefin, is used to inhibit thermal cracking of larger hydrocarbons in non-reactive zones. The cracking inhibitor may be added at various positions through the processes, such as in the recycle gas stream, before a heater, before a stream is passed into a reforming zone, after an effluent stream is recovered from a reforming zone.
Uop Llc

Solvent extraction process to stabilize, desulphurize and dry wide range diesels, stabilized wide range diesels obtained and their uses

A process allowing the removal of contaminants from an unstable oil such as those produced by thermal or catalytic cracking, wherein, in at least one step of the process, mixing of the unstable oil with a pure or impure solvent having a dipole moment greater than 2 is performed. The stabilized diesels thereby obtained exhibit interesting properties among which significant stability features and are useful in numerous applications, some of these stabilized wide range diesels are new as well as their uses..
Envirollea Inc.

Method and cracking hydrocarbon

A method for cracking hydrocarbon includes: providing hydrocarbon; and feeding the hydrocarbon into an apparatus having an inner surface accessible to hydrocarbon, the inner surface comprising a perovskite material and a tuning material; wherein a yield of coke in the apparatus is lower than that in an apparatus without the perovskite material; and a yield of carbon monoxide in the apparatus is lower than that in an apparatus without the tuning material. An associated apparatus is also described..
General Electric Company

Polymerizable composition containing reactive silsesquioxane compound

A polymerizable composition that is suitable to produce a molded product that can suppress cracking and dimensional change caused by a high-temperature heat history with a high refractive index of a cured product maintained. A polymerizable composition including (a) 100 parts by mass of the specific reactive silsesquioxane compound, (b) 10 to 500 parts by mass of the specific fluorene compound, a cured product obtained by the polymerizable composition and a material for a high-refractive index resin lens including the polymerizable composition..
Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd.

Process for manufacturing methyl tertiary-butyl ether (mtbe) and other hydrocarbons

A process for manufacturing methyl t-butyl ether (mtbe) including (a) an optional first step including cracking raw material made from or containing ethane and/or propane, to form ethylene and recovering the residual uncracked raw material, (b) a second step including dimerizing ethylene to form n-butylene, (c) a third step including isomerizing the n-butylene to form isobutylene, (d) an optional fourth step including oxidizing methane to form methanol, (e) a fifth step including etherifying the isobutylene with methanol to form methyl t-butyl ether, and (f) a sixth step including collecting the methyl t-butyl ether is provided. The process can also be used to prepare gasoline alkylate, a higher molecular weight ethylene oligomer, a higher-molecular-weight-ethylene-oligomer-based methyl ether, an isomerized higher molecular weight ethylene oligomer, or an isomerized-higher-molecular-weight-ethylene-oligomer-based methyl ether..
Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.p.

A multipurpose device

A stand-alone multipurpose lifting device includes an elongated vertical support section having a planar base section with an upper end including a substantially u-shaped receiving bearing including a plurality of pivot slots on either side of the u-shaped bearing and an angled elongated lever arm section. The lever arm section includes an angle strengthening gusset and a detachable extension arm and handle including a receiving sleeve for fitting over and receiving the end of the lever arm section.

Improved body ply shape for a tire

A tire is provided having a body ply that is displaced from the conventional equilibrium curve along the shoulder and upper side wall region of the tire in a manner that provides more uniform inflation growth along the crown region so as to reduce differences in rigidity between the center and shoulders of the tire, reduce load sensitivity, and/or decrease the propensity for cracking. A method for designing or constructing such a tire is also provided..
Michelin Recherche Et Technique S.a.

Measurement corrosion testing of coatings and materials

A measurement system permits environmental, corrosion damage, and mechanical property measurements to assess protection properties of coatings. The system includes one or more multi-sensor panels, each multi-sensor panel having sensors for assessing coating barrier properties, free corrosion, and galvanic corrosion.
Luna Innovations Incorporated



Cracking topics:
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Fluoropolymer
  • Air Cleaning
  • Hydrocracking Process
  • Tungsten Carbide
  • Bisphenol A
  • Polycarbonate
  • Riser Reactor
  • Downstream


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