|| List of recent Combustion-related patents
| Exhaust manifold pressure based misfire detection for internal combustion engines|
An engine cylinder misfire detection system is provided that detects changes in exhaust manifold pressure (emp) fluctuations, compares the emp fluctuations with diagnostic thresholds determined with other engine characteristic information obtained from engine sensor data, and determines whether a cylinder misfire has occurred. A method of monitoring and detecting emp fluctuations in combination with one or more sensed engine characteristics is disclosed to determine an engine cylinder misfire in a cycle of an internal combustion engine having at least one cylinder.
| Method and system for engine control|
Methods and systems are provided for use of a windshield wiper fluid having a reformulated composition including one or more non-ionic surfactants. The fluid is delivered to the windshield in response to an operator demand for wiping the windshield.
| Control apparatus of internal combustion engine|
In a turbocharged internal combustion engine, an amount of cylinder suction air is calculated with sufficiently high accuracy to suitably control the internal combustion engine in consideration of influences of an exhaust pressure on a volumetric efficiency equivalent value without requiring a huge memory capacity, in fewer adaptive man hours, and under a low operation load. A correction calculation parameter is calculated using an exhaust pressure, an exhaust pressure for pre-correction volumetric efficiency equivalent value, and an intake manifold pressure, and a post-corrected volumetric efficiency equivalent value is calculated by correcting a pre-correction volumetric efficiency equivalent value using the correction calculation parameter.
| Method for operating a motor vehicle in trailing throttle mode|
In a motor vehicle with an adjustable coupling (intermediate device) between the (crank)shaft and floor contact elements (wheels), wherein the coupling is set in over trailing throttle mode in such a way that the rotational speed of the shaft is reduced, in particular is adjusted to a predefined value, in order to reduce the internal losses of the drive, in particular an internal combustion engine.. .
| Vehicle control system|
A vehicle control system includes an internal combustion engine capable of switching an operating state and a non-operating state while a vehicle travels, an engaging device capable of switching an engaged state in which the internal combustion engine is engaged with a driving wheel so that a power can be transmitted therebetween and a release state in which the engagement is released, and a controller configured to control the internal combustion engine and the engaging device based on a vehicle speed parameter as to a traveling speed of the vehicle and a determination parameter different from the vehicle speed parameter, place the engaging device in a release state at the time stop permission conditions of the internal combustion engine as to the determination parameter have been established while the vehicle travels at deceleration.. .
| Control apparatus for continuously variable transmission|
A control apparatus for a continuously variable transmission is capable of continuously changing an output of an internal combustion engine mounted on a vehicle and allowing a transmission mode to be switchable between a continuous transmission mode in which a transmission ratio is set continuously and a stepped transmission mode in which the transmission ratio is set stepwise. A transmission mode selector is configured to change the transmission mode in such a manner that in a case where the stepped transmission mode is selected, when a engine rotation speed reaches a first predetermined rotation speed, then falls below a second predetermined rotation speed which is lower than the first predetermined rotation speed, and further falls below a third predetermined rotation speed, the transmission mode is switched from the stepped transmission mode to the continuous transmission mode..
It is possible to feed an injection objective substance to a depth of a skin structure of an objective living body without using any injection needle. A syringe having no injection needle comprises an ignition device which includes an ignition charge containing a fuel component and an oxidizing agent component, a combustion chamber into which a combustion product produced by a reaction of the fuel component and the oxidizing agent component during combustion of the ignition charge is allowed to flow and which accommodates a gas generating agent that is combustible by the combustion product to generate a predetermined gas, and an enclosing unit which encloses the injection objective substance, wherein the injection objective substance enclosed in the enclosing unit is pressurized by a pressure in the combustion chamber in this construction.
| Si3n4 insulator material for corona discharge igniter systems|
A silicon nitride material is disclosed which has properties beneficial for efficient operation of a corona discharge igniter system in an internal combustion gas engine.. .
| Hybrid vehicle control apparatus|
A hybrid vehicle control apparatus (100) is provided with: a first replacement controlling device which replaces regenerative braking torque of the rotating electrical machine by engagement torque of the clutch if probability of starting an internal combustion engine is high on demand of changing a connection state between a rotating electrical machine and a transmission mechanism in regenerative braking by the regenerative braking torque of the rotating electrical machine; and a second replacement controlling device which replaces the regenerative braking torque by friction braking torque if the start probability is low on the change demand.. .
| Method and apparatus for analysis and selective catalytic reduction of nox-containing gas streams|
An apparatus and method for measuring and controlling the nox and ammonia slip content of a nox-containing gas stream such as, for example, a combustion engine exhaust stream discharged from a selective catalytic reduction (scr) system. The apparatus includes an analyzer container which preferably has an ammonia slip catalyst element and a pair of automotive type nox sensors positioned therein.
| Edible fiber matrix candle|
A festive cake decoration and wax-type confection made of a complex mixture of waxes, organic fibers, sweeteners, and which optionally includes at least one natural gum. The invention is capable of carrying and sustaining a flame when placed adjacent to a source of combustion.
| Membrane catalytic heater|
A portable catalytic combustion heater, wherein fuel vapor (11) and air (10) are supplied to a catalyst (6) which promotes the flameless combustion of fuel and releases that. The fuel is supplied as a liquid, passes through a selectively permeable membrane (8) such that fuel vapor exits the membrane and is fed to the catalyst (6).
| Method and system for starting an intermittent flame-powered pilot combustion system|
A flame powered intermittent pilot combustion controller may include a first power source and a second power source separate from the first power source, a thermal electric and/or photoelectric device, an igniter and a controller. The thermal electric and/or photoelectric device may charge the first power source when exposed to a flame.
| Method and system for controlling an ignition sequence for an intermittent flame-powered pilot combustion system|
A locally powered intermittent pilot combustion controller may include an igniter, a thermal electric and/or photoelectric device that produces an electrical signal having power when exposed to a flame, and a local power source for providing power when the thermal electric and/or photoelectric device is not exposed to a flame. In some cases, the intermittent pilot combustion controller may include a memory for storing information about an ignition sequence for igniting a pilot flame, and a controller coupled to the memory.
| Exhaust gas purification apparatus for an internal combustion engine|
A reduction in the accuracy of a failure determination of a filter due to a reduction in the detection accuracy of a pm sensor is suppressed. In order to achieve this, provision is made for a filter, an nox selective reduction catalyst at the downstream side of the filter, a supply device for supplying a reducing agent to the nox selective reduction catalyst, a pm sensor for detecting an amount of particulate matter in an exhaust gas at the downstream side of the nox selective reduction catalyst, and a supply decrease part that makes an amount of supply of the reducing agent smaller in cases where at least one of the following conditions is satisfied than in cases where any of the conditions is not satisfied, wherein the conditions include: a condition in which the temperature of the nox selective reduction catalyst is equal to or less than a threshold value; a condition in which the temperature of the exhaust gas is equal to or less than a threshold value; a condition in which the flow rate of the exhaust gas is equal to or larger than a threshold value; and a condition in which the amount of adsorption of the reducing agent in the nox selective reduction catalyst is equal to or larger than a threshold value..
| Device for the sealed connection of communicating ducts in adjoining and/or connected components of an internal combustion engine|
A device for the sealed connection of communicating ducts in adjoining components or an internal combustion engine includes a connecting pipe inserted into the ducts and which has a pipe portion which projects into a first component. A sealing ring is disposed between the pipe portion and an associated duct wall of the first component.
| Ceramic composition and ceramic injection-molding process|
A ceramic composition for an injection-molding process for producing a combustion chamber pressure sensor, in particular for producing an insulation punch of a combustion chamber pressure sensor, includes a ceramic component in a proportion of greater than or equal to 50% by weight and a glass component in a proportion of less than or equal to 50% by weight. The ceramic component includes aluminum oxide.
A nailer includes a housing, a handle connecting the housing, a combustion chamber and a cylinder inside the housing, a piston whose rear end is inside the cylinder, a cage covering the exterior front end of the cylinder with the front end abutting on that of the cylinder, and a pin guide component that separately connects the nailer and further includes a nose piece, a guide sleeve whose lower end links the pin guide, an adjusting threaded rod whose front end connects the upper end of the guide sleeve and rear end links the upper end of the rear sleeve, a knob, a rear sleeve inserted into the adjusting threaded rod and fixed between the upper end of the guide sleeve and that of the rear sleeve, and a piston guide. The nailer boasts capability of pin guide replacement, quick troubleshooting and regulation of the nail driving depth..
| Reversion trigger for combustion-powered fastener-driving tool|
A fastener-driving tool has a housing including a combustion chamber, where the combustion chamber generates combustion for driving a fastener, and a processor associated with the housing and in communication with the combustion chamber. The processor is configured to cause an initial combustion in the combustion chamber and cause a fastener to be driven when a first actuation event and a second actuation event occur, and is configured to cause at least one subsequent combustion in the combustion chamber and cause at least one additional fastener to be driven when only the first actuation event occurs..
| Oil upgrading within combustion exhaust|
Methods and systems relate to upgrading hydrocarbons, such as bitumen, by contacting the bitumen with flue gas of oxy-combustion. Quenching a mixture formed of the bitumen and the flue gas controls conversion of the bitumen.
| System and process for preparing active carbon from coal flyash|
The present invention provides a system and a process for preparing activated carbon from fly ash. The system of the present invention comprises a flotation system and a carbonization system.
| Method for producing a receptacle for a sensor element|
A method for producing a receptacle for a sensor element, such as a combustion chamber pressure sensor, includes introducing a first amount of a pre-ceramic substance into an injection mold, forming a base layer of the receptacle by molding the pre-ceramic substance in the mold, and applying at least one conductor track to the base layer. A further amount of a pre-ceramic substance is introduced into the mold onto at least a partial region of the conductor track.
| In situ combustion process with reduced c02 emissions|
The present invention provides a method of recovering a hydrocarbon mixture from a subterranean formation comprising: (i) injecting an oxygen-rich gas into said formation; (ii) combusting said oxygen-rich gas in said formation thereby heating and reducing the viscosity of said hydrocarbon mixture and generating co2-rich gas; (iii) recovering said heated hydrocarbon; and (iv) capturing at least a portion of co2 from said co2-rich gas.. .
| Assembly for an electrically operated valve|
The invention relates to an assembly for an electrically operated valve in the automotive field aimed to increase the injection pressure of fuel distributed to combustion chambers, said assembly comprising both a coil unit, wherein a solenoid can control the movements of the electrically operated valve in a housing along a given axis, and an hydraulic unit to provide fuel at the injection pressure, a clip ring being located into a cavity of the coil unit and a cavity of the hydraulic unit to maintain the coil unit and the hydraulic unit associated. The invention is characterized in that the coil unit presents a plurality of slots providing access to the clip ring, across the coil unit, from the exterior of the assembly..
| Ignition and knock tolerance in internal combustion engine by controlling egr composition|
A method for improving ignition of a spark ignited internal combustion engine by controlling the composition of recirculated exhaust gas. It is assumed that the engine has a spark ignition system and an exhaust gas recirculation (egr) loop such that at least one of the combustion cylinders is an egr cylinder that generates an egr stream carried by the egr loop.
| Internal combustion engine having dedicated egr cylinder(s) with intake separate from intake of main cylinders|
A method and system for using an internal combustion engine with dedicated egr cylinders to provide an adjustable egr rate to the main (non dedicated) cylinders. The dedicated egr cylinder(s) are configured to receive fresh air via a fresh air intake or to receive a portion of the mixture of fresh air and egr gas via the same mixed intake line that delivers intake to the main cylinders.
| Supercharged internal combustion engine with twin-flow turbine and method for operating an internal combustion engine of said type|
A supercharged internal combustion engine may include a twin-flow turbine with variable vane geometry. One example method to operate the device permits optimized operation of the internal combustion engine at low exhaust gas flow rates..
| Internal combustion engines|
An internal combustion engine comprising at least one cylinder) and a crankshaft disposed at one end of the cylinder. Within each cylinder there is a pair of opposed, reciprocating pistons that form a combustion chamber (28) therebetween, including an outer piston being the piston furthest from the crankshaft and an inner piston.
| Hydraulically-actuated fuel delivery timing advance mechanism for diesel engines with mechanical fuel injection pumps|
A variable timing apparatus, for an internal combustion diesel engine equipped with a conventional mechanical fuel injection pump, includes a tubular extender having a front flange bolted to the normal injection pump mount and a rear mounting flange bolted to the injector pump. The tubular extender houses a timing drive shaft has a first end directly coupled to the engine's timing drive and a second free end equipped with a plurality of helical splines.
| Internal combustion engine having a fuel supply system for stop-and-go operation|
Embodiments for an internal combustion engine are provided. In one example, and internal combustion engine comprises at least two cylinders each including an injection nozzle and a fuel supply system for supplying the cylinders with fuel.
| Methods for reducing raw particulate engine emissions|
The methods described allow for reducing particulate emissions from a direction injection engine during a starting phase, while also maintaining the engine start phase within a predetermined threshold. In one particular example, the methods comprise adjusting at least one of a fuel release pressure threshold and enrichment factor based on an engine condition; activating a starting device to rotate a crankshaft coupled to an engine cylinder without injecting any fuel; supplying fuel to the cylinder based on the enrichment factor only when a fuel pressure exceeds the fuel release pressure threshold; and stratifying a cylinder charge while adjusting a fuel injection within a compression phase and/or expansion phase of the engine.
| Spark plug for an internal combustion engine|
The invention relates to a spark plug for an internal combustion engine, in particular a gas engine. The spark plug includes a middle electrode and at least one earth electrode group, each comprising one or more earth electrode platelets.
| Pressurized engine enclosure with air filter for an agricultural work vehicle|
An engine enclosure (100, 200) for an agricultural work vehicle has a plurality of walls (114, 210, 216, 218, 230) that surround an internal combustion engine (102, 202) and a fan (122, 236) coupled to an air inlet (120, 238) in the plurality of walls for maintaining the inside of the engine enclosure (100, 200) at a pressure slightly higher than atmospheric pressure.. .
| Internal combustion engine|
To improve a propagation speed of a flame by effectively utilizing energy of the electromagnetic wave in the combustion chamber in an internal combustion engine that promotes combustion of fuel air mixture in a combustion chamber by means of an electromagnetic wave. The internal combustion engine includes, in addition to an internal combustion engine main body and an ignition device, an electromagnetic wave emission device and a control device.
| Gasoline fuel composition for improved performance in fuel injected engines|
A method for improving performance of fuel injectors, and a method for cleaning fuel injectors for an internal combustion engine. The methods include operating the engine on a fuel composition comprising a major amount of fuel and from about 1 to about 200 ppm by weight based on a total weight of the fuel of a reaction product of (i) a hydrocarbyl substituted compound containing at least one tertiary amino group and (ii) a halogen substituted c2-c8 carboxylic acid, ester, amide, or salt thereof, wherein the reaction product as made is substantially devoid of free anion species..
| Crankdisk bearing support for the waissi internal combustion engine|
An improvement to the waissi type opposed piston internal combustion engine is proposed. The engine has at least one pair of aligned and opposed cylinders with one reciprocating double-headed piston assembly in each cylinder pair.
| Liquid-cooled internal combustion engine with liquid-cooled cylinder head and with liquid-cooled cylinder block|
One approach to provide engine cooling for an internal combustion engine includes pumping coolant from a pump output, in parallel, directly to a block and a head upper coolant jacket; flowing coolant from the block directly to a head lower coolant jacket; discharging coolant from the upper and lower jackets only to a control block; and selectively directing cooling from the control block to each of: a cabin heater; radiator bypass line; and the radiator. In this way, an increased demand for pre-warmed coolant can be met, for example in the case of low outside temperatures..
| System and method for controlling one or more process parameters associated with a combustion process|
The present invention relates generally to the generation of steam via the use of a combustion process to produce heat and, in one embodiment, to a device, system and/or method that enables one to control one or more process parameters of a combustion process so as to yield at least one desirable change in at least one downstream parameter. In one embodiment, the present invention is directed to a system and/or method for controlling at least one process parameter of a combustion process so as to yield at least one desirable change in at least one downstream process parameter associated with one or more of a wet flue gas desulfurization (wfgd) unit, a particulate collection device and/or control of additives thereto and/or a nitrogen oxide control device and/or control of additives thereto and/or additives to the system..
| Combustion device and a method for combusting granular, solid fuel|
Disclosed is a combustion device and method for combusting granular, solid fuel, for example wood pellets. The combustion device includes a chamber having an outer wall and an inner wall, which inner wall divides the chamber into a combustion air space and a combustion chamber.
| A combustion system|
This invention relates to a combustion system. The combustion system includes a fireplace which has a fire base, a primary combustion zone for pyrolysising and/or combusting a biomass fuel, and a secondary combustion zone for combusting gases and/or particulate matter produced from the pyrolysis and/or combustion of the biomass fuel.
| Power take-off system for an internal combustion engine|
A power take-off system for an internal combustion engine that has a drive gear positioned within a crankcase includes a housing. The housing is coupleable to the internal combustion engine.
| Method for diagnosing a low pressure exhaust gas recirculation system of an internal combustion engine and device for carrying out the method|
A method and device for diagnosing a low pressure exhaust gas recirculation system (lpegrs) of an internal combustion engine having an intake area for supplying fresh air which includes in succession in the flow direction a first section having a low pressure in which an air mass flow sensor is situated, a compressor and a second section having a high pressure, the engine exhaust area including a second section having a low exhaust gas pressure, and the lpegrs which has an adjustable lpegr valve recirculating at least a portion of the exhaust gas in the second section of the exhaust area to the first section of the intake area. The fresh air mass flow taken in is measured by the air mass flow sensor, the total mass flow flowing through the compressor being ascertained, the lpegr mass flow being ascertained from the difference between the total mass flow and the fresh air mass flow taken in, an estimated value being calculated for the lpegr mass flow, the difference between the ascertained lpegr mass flow and the estimated value being formed, and an error signal being output for a deviation.
| Water cooled oxygen lance for use in a float glass furnace and/or float glass furnace using the same|
A float glass furnace includes a melting furnace which heats raw materials to form a molten glass batch, a working end where the molten glass batch is cooled, at least one regenerator which introduces heated combustion air into the melting furnace through a port neck, and at least one oxygen lance in or proximate the port neck. The oxygen lance includes a lance pipe in fluid communication with the port neck, an outer shell surrounding the lance pipe, an inlet water passageway in fluid communication with a channel(s) between an exterior surface of the lance pipe and an interior surface of the outer shell, and an outlet water passageway in fluid communication with the channel(s)..
| Combustion arrangement and turbine comprising a damping facility|
A combustion arrangement for a turbine is provided including: a casing; a combustion chamber within the casing, an inner casing volume may be defined as a volume inside the casing but outside the combustion chamber; a partitioning wall partitioning the inner casing volume into first and second volume portions, the partitioning wall may have at least one aperture to allow fluid communication between the first and second volume portions; and a valve may be arranged at the casing to allow an outgoing fluid flow from the inner casing volume to an outside of the casing depending on a valve operating position. The combustion chamber has a combustion entry port for supplying an oxidant into the combustion chamber, where the combustion entry port may be in fluid communication with the first volume portion.
| Lean-rich axial stage combustion in a can-annular gas turbine engine|
An apparatus and method for lean/rich combustion in a gas turbine engine (10), which includes a combustor (12), a transition (14) and a combustor extender (16) that is positioned between the combustor (12) and the transition (14) to connect the combustor (12) to the transition (14). Openings (18) are formed along an outer surface (20) of the combustor extender (16).
| Hybrid vehicle control device and hybrid vehicle|
In controlling a hybrid vehicle, an internal combustion engine and an electric motor are controlled such that, when a power request is received while traveling with an operation of the internal combustion engine stopped and a requested power required for traveling is higher than a predetermined power, the operation of the internal combustion engine is started with an intake air volume based on the requested power and the hybrid vehicle travels with the requested power. When the power request is received for the first time after ignition-on, the start control for controlling the internal combustion engine is performed such that the operation of the internal combustion engine is started with an intake air volume lower than that based on the requested power.
| Method and apparatus for reducing emissions and/or reducing friction in an internal combustion engine|
A method and apparatus for reducing at least one of hc, co, and nox emissions from an operating internal combustion engine fueled by hydrocarbon or similar fuels, such as alcohols, wherein a portion of the internal combustion chamber has aluminum and/or titanium containing surfaces coated with a titanium dioxide coating further comprising a dopant in and/or on the adherent titanium dioxide coating.. .
| Assembly and method for reducing nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons in exhausts of internal combustion engines|
An assembly and method for reducing nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons in exhausts of internal combustion engines, wherein the exhaust is acted upon in a first stage catalytic converter. A first portion of the first stage catalytic converter output is cooled and a second portion of the catalytic converter output is not cooled.
| The tesla twin turbines combustion engine module|
A new type of engine module is described based on the tesla turbine. Our tesla twin turbines combustion engine module comprises of two tesla turbines welded together, forming a combustion chamber in between.
| Glycerol containing fuel mixture for direct injection engines|
The invention provides fuel mixtures containing fuel oil, glycerol, glycerol impurities and non-ionic surfactants. The mixtures remain homogeneous longer and are more chemically stable than previous mixtures.
| Push rod removal tool|
A tool for engaging and pivoting the rocker arm of an internal combustion engine to enable removal of a push rod from the engine by disengaging the rocker arm from the push rod includes a handle, a pair of bifurcated arms extending from the handle which fit on opposite sides of the rocker arm and further including connected outer ends of the bifurcated arms defining a prong to depress the valve spring. A transverse plate connecting the bifurcated arms engages the underside of a rocker arm as the bifurcated arms are positioned on the bracket supporting the rocker arm to enable pivoting the rocker arm and permit removal of the engine push rod..