|| List of recent Combustion-related patents
| Method for operating a serial hydraulic hybrid drive system|
The invention relates to a method for operating a preferably serial hydraulic hybrid drive system (1), comprising an internal combustion engine (8), a first expulsion machine (11), a second expulsion machine (12), a pressure accumulator (20) and an isolating valve device (30). For the purpose of optimization it is proposed that for various operating modes in each case a total efficiency level is read out from characteristic maps.
| Operating process for a fuel cell system|
A process for operating a fuel cell system (2), which is arranged in a vehicle (1) having a tachograph (6) and an internal combustion engine (3), and used for power supply of at least one electrical component (10) of the vehicle (1) with the internal combustion engine (3) switched off. With the fuel cell system (2) switched off, the control device (4) receives from the tachograph (6) a foreseeable break start time of an operating break following a drive mode, which is legally prescribed and/or planned by the driver of the vehicle (1), at which the internal combustion engine (3) is switched off.
| Control device|
A control device that controls a vehicle drive device in which a first engagement device, a rotating electrical machine, a second engagement device, and an output member are sequentially arranged in this order from an input member side on a power transmission path that connects the input member drivingly coupled to an internal combustion engine to the output member drivingly coupled to wheels. The control device controls both the first engagement device and the second engagement device to a slip engaged state, and causes the rotating electrical machine to generate electric power..
| Intake structure of outboard motor|
An intake structure of an outboard motor supplying intake air to an internal combustion engine for the outboard motor has an engine cover covering the internal combustion engine for the outboard motor, an inner cover disposed on an outside of the engine cover, and a top cover covering the inner cover. The inner cover and the top cover form an intake duct supplying intake air to the internal combustion engine for the outboard motor..
| Control apparatus for boat|
In an apparatus for controlling a boat equipped with an outboard motor mounted on its stem and having an internal combustion engine, a propeller to be driven by the engine and a propeller pitch changer adapted to variably change a pitch of the propeller, an opening of a throttle valve installed at an air intake system of the engine and its change amount are detected, and based on the change amount of the detected opening of the throttle valve, it is determined whether or not the pitch of the propeller is to be changed through the propeller pitch changer.. .
| Combustor for discrete low and high pressure vapour combustion|
A stack is provided for combustion of low pressure hydrocarbon vapors from various equipment, the combustion being discrete from periodic flaring of high pressure vapors from a top of the stack. A primary burner is positioned adjacent a base of the stack and a flare is positioned in the stack's bore adjacent a top thereof.
| Multi-compartment phae separation tank for multiple reductant injectors|
A cooling system in an aftertreatment unit for a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine is disclosed. The aftertreatment unit includes a selective catalyst reduction (scr) module, an exhaust conduit portion, and a number of reductant injectors.
| Heat integrated reformer with catalytic combustion for hydrogen production|
A heat integrated steam reformer, which incorporates a catalytic combustor, which can be used in a fuel processor for hydrogen production from a fuel source, is described. The reformer assembly comprises a reforming section and a combustion section, separated by a wall.
| Electric blower operable to provide combustion air to a fire|
A blower for use to provide combustion air to a fire (e.g., to assist in the lighting of a fire). The blower may include a cylindrical housing having an inlet opening and an outlet opening with a bore extending between the inlet and the outlet.
| Device and method for preparing liquified natural gas (lng) fuel|
A method for creating a supply of natural gas fuel for a combustion engine, comprising: obtaining boil-off gas from an lng storage tank containing liquified natural gas, compressing the boil-off gas in a compression stage consisting of a labyrinth-sealed piston-compressor or a piston-compressor sealed by piston rings, and compressing the natural gas in a compression stage consisting of a piston-compressor sealed by piston rings or a labyrinth-sealed piston-compressor, compressing the natural gas to a pressure of between 100 bar and 500 bar, and making the natural gas available at an outlet, wherein at least one of the piston-compressors has a bypass, and that natural gas is returned via the at least one bypass such that the natural gas at the outlet is at a required target pressure (psoll).. .
| System and apparatus for applying an electric field to a combustion volume|
A combustion system is provided, in which respective waveforms are applied to each of a plurality of electrodes positioned in a combustion volume, producing periodic electric fields between pairs of the electrodes. A safety circuit is configured to reduce or eliminate danger by grounding each of the plurality of electrodes or otherwise driving each of the electrodes to a safe state upon detection of a safety condition..
| Carburetor spacer having an embedded fan|
A modified carburetor spacer for providing greater efficiency in the operation of internal combustion engine having an attached carburetor (or “carburetor engine assembly”) comprising a conventional carburetor spacer body and a five-blade fan disposed at least one open section of said carburetor spacer body. The modified carburetor spacer can be attached underneath the carburetor of a carburetor engine assembly by means typical to the carburetor spacer installation, including through the use of two metal rods with accompanying nuts and bolts.
| Combustion-type power tool|
In a combustion-type power tool, when a safety unit is pressed against a workpiece to cause a valve sleeve to close a combustion chamber, a power region of a lever is actuated to permit a weight region of the lever to displace a holding member holding a fuel canister from a normal position to a pressed position. When the holding member is in the pressed position, a valve stem of the fuel canister is forced into pressing engagement with an intake port of a fuel canister actuation unit to permit delivery of a measured dose of fuel to the combustion chamber through the intake port..
| Method and apparatus for operating a linear lambda probe|
A signal from a linear lambda probe, which signal is meant to represent an air/fuel ratio for the gas flowing in the exhaust section, specifically prior to combustion of said gas, is determined based on a pump current. A difference signal is formed based on a difference between a pump voltage signal and a nernst voltage signal.
| Hydrogen feed method and systems for engines|
The invention provides a method for enriching air with hydrogen for subsequent use by internal combustion engines, the method comprising supplying a modified form of water; electrolyzing the water to produce hydrogen gas; mixing the gas with air to produce a hydrogen-air mixture; and injecting the mixture into the air intake of a combustion engine. Also provided is a system for enriching internal combustion engine air intake with hydrogen gas, the system comprising modified water; an electrolysis unit for producing hydrogen gas from the modified water; and process for mixing the gas with ambient air to create a mixture, and a venturi-based injector for inserting the mixture into the air intake system of the engine..
| On-site generation of a fracturing fluid stream and systems and methods utilizing the same|
On-site generation of a fracturing fluid stream system includes a fracturing fluid generation assembly and a fracturing fluid supply assembly. The fracturing fluid generation assembly is configured to receive a hydrocarbon stream and to generate a fracturing fluid stream from the hydrocarbon stream.
| Methods for recovering and recycling salt byproducts in biorefinery processes|
In some variations, the invention provides a process for fractionating biomass, comprising: in a digestor, fractionating a biomass feedstock in the presence of a solvent for lignin, sulfur dioxide, and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin; substantially removing the cellulose-rich solids from the liquor; hydrolyzing the hemicellulose contained in the liquor, to produce hemicellulosic monomers; hydrolyzing the cellulose-rich solids to produce glucose; neutralizing, with lime, a hydrolysate liquid containing the hemicellulosic monomers and the glucose, thereby generating gypsum; heating the gypsum to form calcium sulfate; reducing the calcium sulfate with a reductant (such as syngas) to generate calcium oxide and sulfur dioxide; and recycling the calcium oxide and the sulfur dioxide. In other variations, magnesium oxide is the base from neutralizing the hydrolysate, and the resulting magnesium sulfate is converted back to magnesium oxide and sulfur dioxide through combustion..
| Windowpane for combustion apparatuses|
Provided is a windowpane for a combustion apparatus in which a light-blocking layer containing an inorganic pigment powder and a glass powder is formed on a surface of a transparent crystallized glass plate and the light-blocking layer can sufficiently hide an adhesive, a gasket or the like used to fix the windowpane to the body of the combustion apparatus and which can reduce the occurrence of cracks due to heat in the light-blocking layer. A windowpane for a combustion apparatus in which a light-blocking layer containing an inorganic pigment powder and a glass powder is formed on a surface of a transparent crystallized glass plate, wherein the light-blocking layer contains 30 to 50% by mass of the inorganic pigment powder and 50 to 70% by mass of the glass powder and has a thickness of 1 to 10 μm and the inorganic pigment powder has an average particle size of 0.8 μm or less..
| Secondary air supply device for internal combustion engine|
A secondary air supply device for an internal combustion engine, the secondary air supply device includes a secondary air supply passage, an air pump, a control valve, a pressure sensor and an electronic control unit. The electronic control unit is configured to: (a) when the control valve is opened so that the secondary air supply passage is opened and the air pump is driven, control the air pump to maintain driving of the air pump and control the control valve to close so as to close the secondary air supply passage; (b) calculate a differential pressure between a maximum pressure and a convergence pressure of the pressures within the secondary air supply passage since just after the secondary air supply passage is closed; and (c) calculate a flow amount of secondary air supplied from the secondary air supply passage supplied to the exhaust gas passage based on the differential pressure..
| Engine apparatus|
An engine apparatus that utilizes a gas pressure regulation valve not only for pressure adjustment but also for removal of lubricant. An engine apparatus includes a blow-by gas returning device to return a leakage of blow-by gas from a combustion chamber to an intake system.
| Method for operating a drive assembly and drive assembly|
The present invention relates to a method for operating a drive assembly having a gasoline engine (1) and an exhaust gas cooling system. According to the method, combustion air fed through an inlet valve to a cylinder (3) of the gasoline engine (1) is compressed by an exhaust turbocharger (12) having a turbine (13) with variable turbine geometry.
| Egr controller for internal combustion engine|
While an engine is at idling state with an egr valve fully closed, an egr controller estimates a leak quantity of an exhaust gas flowing into an intake passage and performs a biasing-force-increase control in which the egr valve is biased toward a full-close position. When the leak quantity of the exhaust gas is greater than or equal to a specified value, the controller executes an abutting control in which the egr valve is opened and closed multiple times so that the egr valve is brought into contact with a valve seat multiple times after the engine is shut down..
| Egr controller for internal combustion engine|
When the engine is in a specified operation state in which the egr valve is brought into the full-close condition, the holding force for holding the egr valve at the full-close position is corrected by correcting the control duty signal of the egr valve. The control duty signal is corrected according to the target valve overlap quantity or the target phase of the valve timing.
| Internal combustion engine control system|
The internal combustion engine control system includes an injector 3 (116) to supply fuel to an internal combustion engine 11, means 110 for calculating power distribution time for the injector, a sensor 105 to detect a valve opening of the injector, and means 112 for calculating and storing valve opening delay time, which is a difference between a power distribution start time and a valve opening detection time. When a power distribution time determination section 114 determines that the power distribution time for the injector is not less than a predetermined value, the valve opening delay time is calculated and stored.
| Linear actuation for continuously variable-stroke cycle engine|
A variable-stroke reciprocating internal combustion engine, the engine having an engine shaft and a piston configured to reciprocate within a cylinder chamber having an axis, each piston having a first piston part operable to move in unison with or separately from a second piston part to define piston strokes for different thermal functions of the engine, includes an assembly pivotally coupled to the first piston part at a copy point and an actuator coupled to the assembly, wherein the actuator is operable to control motion of the assembly to thereby define substantially linear movement of the copy point along the cylinder chamber axis.. .
| Control apparatus for internal combustion engine|
A control apparatus for an internal combustion engine includes a fuel injection valve having a nozzle body that includes a fuel receiving part provided at a downstream side of a seat part with which a seat contact part comes into contact, and a plurality of nozzle holes. The control apparatus executes one or a plurality of small injections during one cycle in addition to main injection.
| Method for operating a direct fuel injection system|
A method, comprising: during engine cylinder operation with fuel from a first injector and not a second injector: increasing a rail pressure of a fuel rail coupled to the second injector in response to a temperature increase of a tip of the second injector. In this way, by raising the rail pressure of a fuel rail coupled to the second injector in response to a temperature increase of a tip of the second injector, the method may be utilized to prevent a vapor space from forming within the tip of the second injector which is exposed to the heat of combustion within the engine cylinder.
| Injector system, in particular injector block for fuel injection systems|
An injector system used as an injector block for fuel injection systems of mixture-compressing, spark-ignited internal combustion engines includes: a first block element which has a fuel distribution channel, and at least one second block element on which a first connecting piece and at least one second connecting piece are situated. Injectors are positioned within the first and second block elements in such a way that the first injector is assigned to the first connecting piece and the second injector is assigned to the second connecting piece.
| Arrangement and method for estimating a fuel mixture's content of a supplementary fuel|
An arrangement and a method for estimating a fuel mixture's content of a supplementary fuel. A combustion engine (1) includes a common rail system with a high-pressure pump (6) which feeds to an accumulator tank (7) for storage of the fuel mixture before it is injected into the engine (1).
| Avoidance of a safety fuel cut-off during partial engine operation|
A method for operating an internal combustion engine that includes at least two cylinders, includes operating the internal combustion engine in a first operating mode in partial engine operation, in which at least one of the cylinders is not fired, monitoring the internal combustion engine during the partial engine operation for potentially torque-increasing errors, and switching over from the partial engine operation into a full engine operation in which all of the cylinders are fired when a potentially torque-increasing error is detected.. .
| Connecting rod with bearing-less large end|
A connecting rod of an internal combustion engine, that includes a large bore, and an interior bore surface. The current art uses soft metal bearing surfaces to reduce wear, and friction between the connecting rod inner diameter and the crankshaft journal surface.
| Internal combustion engine and control method therefor|
An engine including: a primary balancer driven by a crankshaft via a gear drive device and rotates in a direction reverse to a direction of the crankshaft; an electric motor driven by the primary balancer via a belt drive device to rotate in a direction reverse to the direction of the crankshaft; an auxiliary flywheel provided to a rotary shaft of the electric motor via a clutch. An engine control unit including a first device for increasing and decreasing effective moment of inertia around the crankshaft by engaging or disengaging the clutch in accordance with an operating condition of the engine, and a second device for controlling torque to be transmitted to the gear drive device via the belt drive device by power-driving or regeneratively driving the electric motor in accordance with a crank angular acceleration..
| Induced flow intake for an internal combustion engine|
The present concept is an intake system for a multi cylinder internal combustion engine head which includes a multi-cylinder longitudinally oriented inline cylinder head at least one intake valve corresponding to each cylinder, and an intake runner extending longitudinally within the head, the intake runner interconnecting and communicating intake gases to each intake valve. The intake runner terminating at each end at an intake inlet adapted to connect to an intake manifold..
| Work implement with an internal combustion engine|
A work implement has an internal combustion engine that drives a tool of the work implement via a clutch. The clutch has at least one driving element which is operatively connected to the internal combustion engine and at least one output element which is operatively connected to the tool.
| Variable valve timing control device of internal combustion engine|
When an intermediate lock by an intermediate lock mechanism is released, one of two lock keys, which restricts a shift in a direction opposite to a direction that valve timing of an intake valve has been controlled by controlling the valve timing of the intake valve to a phase-advance side with respect to an intermediate lock position, is pulled out of an engaging recessed portion. Thereafter, the other of the two lock keys is pulled out of an engaging recessed portion by controlling the valve timing of the intake valve to a phase-retard side with respect to the intermediate lock position.
| Camshaft phaser|
An internal combustion includes a crankshaft and a camshaft rotatable by the crankshaft. The internal combustion engine also includes an oil source, an engine cover, and a drive member disposed within the engine cover for transferring rotational motion from the crankshaft to the camshaft.
| Rotary valve internal combustion engine|
A rotary valve internal combustion engine has a piston connected to a crankshaft and reciprocatable in a cylinder, a combustion chamber being defined in part by the piston. The engine has a rotary valve rotatable in a valve housing fixed relative to the cylinder, the rotary valve having a valve body containing a volume defining, in part, the combustion chamber and further having a wall part thereof a port giving, during rotation of the valve, fluid communication successively to and from the combustion chamber via inlet and exhaust ports in the valve housing, wherein the rotary valve is rotatable about an axis parallel to the axis of rotation of the crankshaft, the valve being mounted in a bearing arrangement which restrains the valve from movement in the axial direction but permits movement in the radial direction..
| Use of organic fibre cement as a raw material in the production of cement clinker|
Fibre cement material, which contains organic fibres, is used as an additional raw material for the production of cement clinker. The cement clinker is produced in a system which comprises a cyclone tower (11) and a rotating drum kiln (15).
| Device for treating a gas stream flowing radially outwardly from a central area|
A device for treating a gas stream, especially an exhaust-gas stream of an internal combustion engine, includes at least one radial chamber radially conducting the gas stream and extending substantially radially from a central region to an outer collecting chamber. First and second, preferably parallel, substantially disk-shaped walls delimit the chamber.
| Membrane loop process for separating carbon dioxide for use in gaseous form from flue gas|
The invention is a process involving membrane-based gas separation for separating and recovering carbon dioxide emissions from combustion processes in partially concentrated form, and then transporting the carbon dioxide and using or storing it in a confined manner without concentrating it to high purity. The process of the invention involves building up the concentration of carbon dioxide in a gas flow loop between the combustion step and a membrane separation step.
| Particulate filter overheat protection|
A thermal fuse is installed in the exhaust flow path in or from a diesel particulate filter (dpf) of a combustion engine. At a temperature corresponding to overheating, or imminent overheating, of the dpf, the thermal fuse is activated to generate a signal initiating steps to avoid overheating of the dpf, such as shutting down of the engine..
| Method and test bench for testing a starter motor|
To enable testing of a starter motor on a test beach with an electrical dynamometer as a replacement for the real combustion engine, a simulation unit (20) is provided in which a mathematical model of the combustion engine is implemented, and the simulation unit (20) determines a new load setpoint (ns, ts) using the mathematical model from measured actual values (φi, ni, ti) of the operation of the electrical dynamometer (3) at every scanning time point of the regulation, which new load setpoint (ns, ts) is fed to the regulator (21).. .
| Method for diagnosing the malfunctioning of a device for adding an additive into a fuel for a vehicle, and system for implementing said method|
The invention relates to a method for diagnosing the malfunctioning of a device for adding an additive into a fuel for a vehicle comprising an internal combustion engine, said method including: a step of analyzing the fuel in order to determine a variation in the amount of additive in the fuel; a step of comparing the variation in the amount of additive, measured during the previous step, with a theoretical variation in said amount; a step of sending information when the difference between the measured variation and the theoretical variation exceeds a set value. The invention also relates to a system for adding an additive into fuel and for diagnosis for a vehicle comprising an internal combustion engine, which is intended for implementing said method..
| Production method for non-alkali glass|
The present invention relates to a production method for a non-alkali glass, containing putting glass raw materials in a melting furnace, heating to a temperature of 1,350 to 1,750° c. To prepare a molten glass, and forming the molten glass into a sheet shape by float method, in which the heating in the melting furnace concurrently utilizes heating by combustion flame of burners and electrical heating of the molten glass by heating electrodes arranged so as to be dipped in the molten glass in the melting furnace, and in which when electrical resistivity at 1,350° c.
| Combustion chamber for a gas turbine and gas turbine and a method of use|
A combustion chamber (10, 20) for a gas turbine (1) having a housing (12, 23), a combustion zone (21, 22, 47) surrounded by the housing (12, 23), and at least one burner arrangement (11, 25), which has at least one pre-mixing passage (28) opening into the combustion zone (21, 22) for preparation of a fuel/air mixture. To enable suppression of combustion chamber pressure fluctuations, at least one interference body (50) is provided against which a flow can take place and to which a strouhal number can be assigned, the flow generating fluidically induced sound waves.
| Gas turbine engine and method of operating thereof|
A gas turbine engine and method for operating a gas turbine engine includes compressing an air stream in a compressor and combusting the compressed air stream to generate a post combustion gas. The post combustion gas is expanded in a first turbine.
| Combustion equipment for use in a gas turbine engine|
Combustion equipment for use in a gas turbine engine is provided. The combustion equipment includes an inner and outer case, wherein the outer case encloses the inner case creating a cavity located between the two cases.
| Fuel air premix chamber for a gas turbine engine|
The f/a premix flow thru the central longitudinal tubes yields an exiting spouting velocity into the primary combustion zone for swirl/circumferential flow combustion yielding flame stability. Circumferentially close spaced premixing chambers about the combustor outer wall, are tangentially positioned for internal combustion hot gas flow, preheating the adjacent premix chamber and generates internal sweeping hot gas flow preventing combustion chamber carbon issues.
| Supercharger-equipped internal combustion engine|
A supercharger-equipped internal combustion engine in the present invention includes a turbo-supercharger (20) which includes, at some point in an intake passage (26), a centrifugal compressor (20b) having an impeller section (20b4) for housing a compressor impeller (20b3). In the supercharger-equipped internal combustion engine, egr gas and blow-by gas are introduced into an intake system in such a way as to flow into the centrifugal compressor (20b) via an egr gas introduction section (40a) and a blow-by gas introduction section (48a).
| Exhaust gas recirculation and control with twin scroll turbines|
Systems and methods for internal combustion engine operation with exhaust gas recirculation and turbocharging are disclosed. The systems include an exhaust gas recirculation loop for recirculating exhaust gas flow from a first portion of the cylinders of the engine into an intake system prior to combustion.
| Diesel engine|
First and second turbochargers for supercharging a first cylinder group which continues or stops an operation by a valve stopping mechanism for reduced cylinders, and a second cylinder group which stops or continues the operation by the valve stopping mechanism for reduced cylinders, respectively, and a third turbocharger in which air from the first and second turbochargers is supplied to the first and second cylinder groups via separate independent intake passages, to supercharge the first and second turbochargers. If a reduced-cylinder operation system provided with this valve stopping mechanism is provided in addition to the turbo-charging system, a drop in a supercharging amount during a reduced-cylinder operation is prevented, a sufficient air amount is supplied into operating cylinders, deterioration of combustion in the operating cylinders and deterioration of a state of an exhaust gas are prevented, and fuel efficiency is improved..
| Coordinating variable valve actuation and turbocharger operation in an internal combustion engine|
An engine control system coordinates control of a pressure regulating mechanism associated with a turbocharger turbine and control of a variable valve actuating (vva) mechanism for expanding the range of possible exhaust gas recirculation rates over a large portion of an engine operating map to provide egr rates which are greater than typical present-day levels while mitigating engine pumping losses by causing the turbocharger to operate with better efficiency in some regions of the map where it otherwise would not. Turbocharger efficiency is improved by controlling the vva mechanism to set the timing of operation of its respective cylinder valves in accordance with a predetermined correlation of operating efficiencies of a compressor to timing of operation of respective engine cylinder valves, causing the compressor to operate at points of better efficiency than it otherwise would without use of vva..
| Air gap-insulated exhaust manifold|
An air gap-insulated exhaust manifold (10) for a supercharged internal combustion engine (1), preferably of a motor vehicle has an engine flange (11) fastening the exhaust manifold to an engine block (2) and a turbine flange (12) fastening the exhaust manifold to a turbine (8) of an exhaust gas turbocharger (7). Two inner pipes (13, 14) lead from an inlet opening, for exhaust gas, adjacent to the engine flange to an outlet opening (18), for exhaust gas, adjacent to the turbine flange.
| Control device for internal combustion engine|
A control device for an internal combustion engine includes a scr system disposed in an exhaust passage and a particulate matter sensor disposed downstream of the scr system. The control device applies a particulate matter trapping voltage to the particulate matter sensor, and acquires an output of the particulate matter sensor at a first timing after the start of application of the particulate matter trapping voltage.
| Diesel engine with in-cylinder soot and nox control using water or aqueous injection|
A method of controlling emissions in the exhaust gas of a diesel engine, the engine having one or more combustion cylinders that each generates a combustion jet having a soot region. A water injector is operable to inject a spray of water or aqueous solution into the combustion jet, specifically toward the area of highest soot concentration.
| System and method for a movable exhaust aftertreatment device in an internal combustion engine|
The present application relates to an exhaust-gas aftertreatment device and to a method for exhaust-gas aftertreatment. According to one aspect of the present application, the exhaust-gas aftertreatment device has, in the exhaust manifold of the internal combustion engine, a filter passage with, for the exhaust-gas stream, a through-path that is variably adjustable over time during the operation of the exhaust-gas aftertreatment device..
| Continuous ignition systems|
A head assembly for an ignition system includes a head block and a plurality of igniters seated in the head block. The head block has an issue aperture and defines an issue axis, and is configured and adapted for sealably coupling with an igniter combustion chamber.
| Fluidized-bed gasification method and facility therefor|
Provided are a fluidized-bed combustion furnace 1, a separator 8 for separation into bed material 11 and an exhaust gas, a fluidized-bed gasification furnace 40 into which the bed material 11 is introduced through a downcomer 46 and into which raw material is introduced, a circulation passage for circulating char and the bed material 11 to the combustion furnace 1, a dispersion section 43 extending along a width of a bed-material-introduction-side wall 41 of the gasification furnace 40 to receive the bed material 11 from the downcomer, fluidizing-gas introduction means 47 for blowing fluidizing gas into the dispersion section 43 to fluidize the bed material 11 in the section 43, and a supply section 48 for supplying the bed material 11 in the dispersion section 43 to the fluidized-bed gasification furnace 40 substantially evenly throughout the width on the bed-material-introduction side.. .