|| List of recent Columns-related patents
|Automatically generating column layouts in electronic documents|
In one aspect, a page layout editor is configured to automatically modify page layouts of web pages with sections and columns. An online wysiwyg html editor enables users to create page layouts with arbitrary numbers of sections and columns without specialized knowledge of html coding techniques.
|Method and system for optimizing rendering of data tables|
A method, system and computer program product for determining optimal column widths used in the rendering of data tables displayed in a graphical user interface. The method includes receiving a table parameter associated with the contents of the table and determining if the table parameter has changed.
|Channel coding method of variable length information using block code|
A method for channel-coding information bits using a code generation matrix including 32 rows and a columns corresponding to length of the information bits includes, channel-coding the information bits having “a” length using basis sequences having 32-bit length corresponding to columns of the code generation matrix, and outputting the channel-coded result as an output sequence. If “a” is higher than 10, the code generation matrix is generated when (a-10) additional basis sequences were added as column-directional sequences to a first or second matrix.
|Analysis of datasets without predefined dimensions|
Embodiments of systems, methods, and computer-readable mediums for analysis of datasets without predefined dimensions are generally described herein. In some embodiments, analysis of datasets without predefined dimensions may include receiving a selection of multiple dimensions of information from a database to be used for data analysis; receiving a selection for a type of report; and dynamically generating a query statement based on the selection of the multiple dimensions.
|System and method for automatically suggesting rules for data stored in a table|
A method and system are presented of automatically suggesting rules for data stored in a table, with the table comprising a plurality of columns. The table is profiled to identify a content type for each of one or more of the plurality of columns.
|Method of measuring road markings|
A method of measuring road markings. The steps of which include first projecting a red laser line onto the road including a portion on the road surface and a portion on the road markings.
A method of aligning masks for phase imaging or phase contrast imaging in x-ray apparatus using a pixel-type x-ray detector makes use of non-idealities of all real detectors. A mask may be provided before the sample to generate beams, adjacent to the pixels of the detector or both.
|Apparatus and method to reduce bit line disturbs|
A non-volatile memory device comprising a memory cell array including a plurality of non-volatile memory cells arranged in rows and columns, wherein memory cells arranged in a same row share a word line and memory cells arranged in a same column share a bit line; and at least an address decoder to provide a negative voltage to at least one non-accessed word line in said array when a programming or erasure voltage is provided along a shared bit line.. .
|Energy-proportional image sensor|
The subject disclosure is directed towards energy saving mechanisms of image sensor circuitry (e.g., in a camera). Image quality data, such as provided by an application, is processed to make energy consumption of image sensor circuitry more proportional to output image quality by controlling the operation of one or more controllable power saving mechanisms of the image sensor circuitry.
|Method for varying the scanning field of a laser scanning microscope|
Disclosed is a method for varying the size of the scanning field of a multifocal laser scanning microscope, said scanning field being scanned in x columns and y lines, and n laser spots being arranged at a distance d from one another in the scanning field along the slow scanning axis in the sample plane, the distance between the scanned lines in the sample plane being a=d/k, where k ε n, the size of the scanning field being varied by varying k. After scanning k lines, a vertical skip is made, e.g.
|Display device and electronic product having light sensors in plural pixel regions|
A display device includes: a screen unit; a drive unit; a signal processing unit; and a selector, wherein the screen unit includes rows of scanning lines, columns of signal lines, matrix-state pixel circuits and a light sensor, the drive unit includes a scanner supplying a control signal to the scanning lines and a driver supplying a video signal to the signal lines, the screen unit is sectioned into plural regions each having plural pixel circuits, the pixel circuit emits light in accordance with the video signal, the light sensor is arranged with respect to each region and outputs a luminance signal in accordance with the light emission, the selector supplies plural luminance signals to the signal processing unit by switching the signals, and the signal processing unit corrects the video signal in accordance with the luminance signals and supplies the video signal to the driver.. .
|Super junction semiconductor device with an edge area having a reverse blocking capability|
A semiconductor device includes a semiconductor layer with a super junction structure including first columns of a first conductivity type and second columns of a second conductivity type opposite the first conductivity type. The super junction structure is formed in a cell area and in an inner portion of an edge area surrounding the cell area.
|Super junction semiconductor device with overcompensation zones|
According to an embodiment, a super junction semiconductor device may be manufactured by introducing impurities of a first impurity type into an exposed surface of a first semiconductor layer of the first impurity type, thus forming an implant layer. A second semiconductor layer of the first impurity type may be provided on the exposed surface and trenches may be etched through the second semiconductor layer into the first semiconductor layer.
|Semiconductor device with a super junction structure having a vertical impurity distribution|
A super junction semiconductor device includes a semiconductor portion with parallel first and second surfaces. An impurity layer of a first conductivity type is formed in the semiconductor portion.
|High-wing-aircraft fuselage support structure|
A structural support assembly for a high-wing aircraft may include a plurality of columns extending through a passenger compartment of the aircraft having a pair of wings mounted proximate a top of a fuselage. A column upper end of at least one of the columns may be coupled to a center wing box structure adjacent to a rear spar thereof.
|Clamping device for clamping a plurality of columns for sample preparation|
According to the invention, this object is achieved by a clamping device for clamping a plurality of columns for sample preparation which provides for a plurality of clamping blocks and a displacement mechanism for displacing at least one clamping block relative to an opposing clamping block between an open position and a clamping position. In this instance, in the open position, a column can be inserted between two opposing clamping blocks and, in the clamping position, the inserted column is clamped between the opposing clamping blocks in order to produce a fluid connection between the column and at least one of the opposing clamping blocks.
|Separation processes using divided columns|
The claimed invention provides a technique wherein the two column system is combined into a single column. The light components are concentrated on the prefractionation side (feed side) of the column, where they are removed as an overhead top product.
|System and method for a spreadsheet application supporting diverse formulaic functions|
A spreadsheet application or other application supporting formulaic cells that automatically provides support for a number of diverse formulaic functions. The automatically provided diverse formulaic functions include a function returning the value of the formula logic if the logic can be evaluated without an error.
|Data quality assessment|
According to one embodiment of the present invention, a system assesses the quality of column data. The system assigns a pre-defined domain to one or more columns of the data based on a validity condition for the domain, applies the validity condition for the domain assigned to a column to data values in the column to compute a data quality metric for the column, and computes and displays a metric for a group of columns based on the computed data quality metric of at least one column in the group.
|Blast protection damper|
A blast wave damper comprises a section of duct, with a multiplicity of rigid elements each extending across the duct. All the elements are parallel to each other, and they are arranged in an array consisting of a multiplicity of lines, each such line extending across the duct.
|Memory device and corresponding reading method|
An electrically erasable and programmable non-volatile memory device includes memory cells arranged in rows and columns, and each column of memory cells is associated with a respective local bit line. The local bit lines are divided into packets of local bit lines, each packet of local bit lines associated with a respective main bit line.
|Latch-based array with robust design-for-test (dft) features|
A latch-based memory includes a plurality of slave latches arranged in rows and columns. Each column of slave latches receives a latched data signal from a corresponding master latch.
|Vertically aligned nematic mode liquid crystal display having large tilt angles and high contrast|
A reflective liquid crystal on silicon (lcos) display comprises a transparent substrate, a reflective substrate, and liquid crystal fluid between the substrates. The lcos display further comprises a matrix of pixels, arranged in a plurality of rows and columns, wherein an intersection of a row and a column defines a position of a pixel in the matrix.
|Shared readout low noise global shutter image sensor|
A global shutter image sensor includes an array of pixel groups arranged in rows and columns, each pixel group including four pixels and a shared readout circuit having a floating diffusion. Each pixel includes a photodiode, a transfer gate and a charge coupled gate (ccg) device.
|Synchronized multiple imager system and method|
One embodiment relates to a synchronized multiple imager system includes a plurality of imagers. One or more respective sensors are coupled to the imagers.
|Display device and electronic product|
A display device includes: a screen unit; a drive unit; and a signal processing unit, wherein the screen unit includes rows of scanning lines, columns of signal lines, matrix-state pixel circuits and a light sensor, the drive unit includes a scanner supplying a control signal to the scanning lines and a driver supplying a video signal to the signal lines, the screen unit is sectioned into plural regions each having plural pixel circuits, the pixel circuit emits light in accordance with the video signal, the light sensor is arranged with respect to each region and outputs a luminance signal in accordance with the light emission; and the signal processing unit corrects the video signal in accordance with the luminance signal and supplies the signal to the driver.. .
|Display having staggered display element arrangement|
This disclosure provides systems, methods and apparatus for improving an aperture ratio of a display apparatus. In particular, display elements are configured to have a length that is greater in one dimension than that in the other dimension.
|Method for inducing strain in vertical semiconductor columns|
A vertical metal-oxide-semiconductor (mos) transistor includes a substrate and a nano-wire over the substrate. The nano-wire comprises a semiconductor material.
|Techniques for forming a contact to a buried diffusion layer in a semiconductor memory device|
Techniques for forming a contact to a buried diffusion layer in a semiconductor memory device are disclosed. The techniques may be realized as a semiconductor memory device.
|System and method for handling multiple workpieces for matrix configuration processing|
A system for loading workpieces into a process chamber for processing in a matrix configuration includes a conveyor configured to transport multiple workpieces in a linear fashion. A workpiece hotel is configured to receive the multiple workpieces from the conveyor.
|Chromatography columns, systems and methods|
The present invention relates to axial flow chromatography columns, methods for separating one or more analytes in a liquid by the use of such columns, and systems employing such columns. The column comprises a first port and a second port, the first port and said second port being at essentially the same level or elevation above the level of the bed space on the chromatography column..
|Packing of chromatography columns|
The invention provides a packing method for high efficiency chromatography columns starting from dry swellable particles, as well as columns packed by the method and the use of the columns in separation of biomolecules. In the packing method, an amount of dry swellable particles sufficient to give a swollen volume in a liquid of about 105-120% of the column chamber volume is transferred to the column, the column is closed and the liquid is provided to the column..
|Bicycle disc brake apparatus|
The present invention provides a bicycle disc brake apparatus comprising a u-shape elastic plate having two ends connected to two ring portions; the ring portions comprising through holes; the u-shape elastic plate comprising two brake pads abutting the ring portions; two compression discs outside the u-shape elastic plate and adjacent to the ring portions, comprising protrusions penetrating the through holes to act on the brake pads, compression disc rotating slots away from the protrusions and first guiding tread surface in a first direction; two roller seats adjacent to the compression discs and comprising roller rotating slots adjacent to the compression disc rotating slots; rollers provided between the rotating slots; the roller rotating slots having second guiding tread surface in a second direction opposite to the first direction with protruding columns; two bearings mounted on the protruding columns; and two sealing gaskets sealed onto the bearings away from the roller seats.. .
An object of the present invention is to provide an assembly tent that is easy to assemble, excellent in strength, and capable of being disassembled and compactly accommodated after use. The assembly tent is a tent assembled through coupling of a traverse beam member extending horizontally from two adjacent supporting columns at both ends of a coupling member, wherein coupling between the traverse beam member and the coupling member is formed by inserting, into one member of the traverse beam member and the coupling member, the other member in an axial direction.
|System of vertical and horizontal movement of the transport cabin in a elevator translator plant for the overcoming of obstacles|
Handling system of a cabin of transportation (20) movable along a “u” portal (10), of the overhead type that connects two stations of departure (a) and arrival (b), which includes columns (11, 12, 13, 14) and guide beams (15, 16) to which the said cabin (20) is bound by means of slide means (200) apt to make the horizontal movement with respect to the guide beams (15, 1 6), with carriage means (300) apt to perform the vertical movement with respect to the guide columns (11, 12, 13, 14) said carriage means (300) being of the type engageable with said slide means (200) to accomplish said vertical movement with respect to the guide columns (11, 12, 13, 14), said cabin (20) moved in the vertical and horizontal way by a closed ring chain (100) to which is bound the slide (200), said chain (100) driven by a motor (110).. .
|Column deluge suppression system|
A column deluge suppression system for suppressing a hazard occurring in a grain dryer includes a plurality of vertical column sections and a segmented, annular manifold. The manifold is positioned around the upper section of the grain dryer in proximity to the grain columns.
|Internal staged suppression system|
An internal staged suppression system for suppressing a hazard occurring in a grain dryer includes a plurality of vertical column sections and at least one spray head positioned radially inward within the interior of the grain dryer. The spray head includes a deflector cap that generates a substantially horizontal spray of water sufficient to reach the walls defining the grain columns..
|Data storage and query method|
A data storage and query method supporting an agile development and horizontal scaling, in a field of computer applications, includes steps of: transforming data into a 2-tuple (key, minitable) and identifying any minitable (having a data set removed) with a unique key, wherein the minitable includes multiple data columns; a structure of each data column is limited by a pre-defined mode; and the data columns are sorted according to a primary key defined by the mode. The data storage and query method obtains a capability of the horizontal scaling via removing dependency among the data sets, and a capability of the agile development via supporting an analogous sql grammar by saving dependency among the data within the data sets.
|Fixed string dictionary|
The subject matter described herein relates to implementation of a dictionary in a column-based, in-memory database where values are not stored directly, rather, for each column, a dictionary is created with all distinct values. For each row, a reference to the corresponding value in the dictionary is stored.
|Video slot gaming machine|
A gaming machine and method are provided which provide a video slot game to a player. The video slot game includes a plurality of cells arranged in a grid.
|Sanding devices and methods|
The present disclosure describes a sanding device that has a motor coupled to a base plate for inducing vibration in the base plate. Further, the sanding device has a face plate that is coupled to the base plate, and the face plate has a plurality of sleeves for receiving a respective plurality of columns.
|Heat treatment method and heat treatment apparatus|
A substrate holder has two holder constituting bodies, each having a plurality of columns arranged on an imaginary circle, and substrate holding sections that hold circumferential portions of respective substrates. The holder constituting bodies hold the substrates so that either their front surfaces or their back surfaces face upward with a substrate having an upward facing front and a substrate having an upward facing rear being alternately arranged in a vertical direction.
A battery module includes a casing and a plurality of battery cells installed in the casing. The casing includes a sloping side panel.
|Lipstick case lipstick body lift seat anti-slipped structure|
A lipstick case lipstick body lift seat anti-slipped structure includes a lipstick case, an outer tube, a lift seat with an opening facing upward, and a lipstick body. A plurality of anti-slipped blocking grooves is formed on an upwardly inclined side of each of the two inclined guiding grooves.
|Method and device for feeding back channel information|
Disclosed are a method and device for feeding back channel state information. The method includes: generating a first codebook by using the number of antennae in each row of a planar antenna array; generating a second codebook by using the number of columns of the planar antenna array; and feeding back the channel state information by using the first codebook and the second codebook.
|Communication device and communication method|
A modulator generates modulation signals from input signals. A combiner arranges subcarrier modulation signals based on the modulation signals in order thereby to generate a compound matrix.
|Bad column management with bit information in non-volatile memory systems|
Column based defect management techniques are presented. Each column of the memory has an associated isolation latch or register whose value indicates whether the column is defective, but in addition to this information, for columns marked as defective, additional information is used to indicate whether the column as a whole is to be treated as defective, or whether just individual bits of the column are defective.
|Low voltage bootstrapping method for write assist|
Embodiments of a memory are disclosed that may allow for a negative boost of data lines during a write. The memory device may include a data input circuit, an address decode circuit and a plurality of sub-arrays.
|Dram with segmented page configuration|
This description is directed to a dynamic random access memory (dram) array having a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns. The array further includes a plurality of cells, each of which are associated with one of the columns and one of the rows.
|Touch sensing element and touch panel having the same|
A touch sensing element is provided comprising an insulating substrate and a conductive layer located on a surface of the insulating substrate. The conductive layer comprises: a plurality of first conductive traces arranged at intervals along a first direction, each first conductive trace extending along a second direction; and a plurality of second conductive traces arranged to form second conductive trace columns, each second conductive trace column comprises a plurality of second conductive traces arranged at intervals along the second direction, each second conductive trace column is correspondingly located corresponding to a lateral direction of the first conductive trace.
|Pixel-grouping image sensor|
The invention relates to matrix image sensors organized into pixel rows and columns, and more specifically to image sensors produced with active pixels in mos technology. The matrix is organized into groups of at least two pixels with means for grouping the charges engendered in the two pixels into one pixel, with the aim of improving sensitivity.
|Display apparatus, driving method for display apparatus and electronic apparatus|
Disclosed here in is a display apparatus, including, a pixel array section including a plurality of pixels arrayed in rows and columns and each including an electro-optical device, a pixel circuit provided commonly to each plural ones of the pixels in the same pixel row in the pixel array section and including a writing transistor for writing an image signal, a holding capacitor for holding the image signal written by the writing transistor and a driving transistor for driving the electro-optical devices of the plural pixels, and a plurality of scanning circuits configured to time-divisionally and selectively place the electro-optical devices included in the pixels into a forwardly biased state.. .
|Surface mount device-type low-profile oscillator|
A surface mount device-type low-profile oscillator is provided. A main surface of an ic chip unit is joined to a bottom surface where the external terminals of a crystal unit section are formed.
|3-d memory arrays|
A 3-d memory array comprises a plurality of elevationally extending strings of memory cells. An array of select devices is elevationally over and individually coupling with individual of the strings.
|Low power consumption type gas sensor and method for manufacturing the same|
The present disclosure provides a gas sensor including: a substrate; an electrode formed on the substrate; and a gas-sensing layer formed on the electrode, wherein the gas-sensing layer is a self-heating nanocolumnar structure having nanocolumns formed on the electrode and inclined with respect to the electrode with an angle of 60-89° and gas diffusion pores formed between the nanocolumns. The gas sensor according to the present disclosure requires no additional heater since it self-heats owing to the nanocolumnar structure and exhibits superior gas sensitivity even when no heat is applied from outside.
|Matrix of pixels with programmable clusters|
An imaging device comprising a matrix (10; 20; 30) of pixels (p(i,j); q(i,j); r(i,j); x(i,j); y(i,j)) organized in rows and columns, and a method for implementing said device. Each current pixel (p(i,j); q(i,j); r(i,j); x(i,j); y(i,j)) comprises: a row grouping switch (b(i,j)) making it possible to group the current pixel (p(i,j); q(i,j); r(i,j); x(i,j); y(i,j)) with the following pixel (p(i,j+1); q(i,j+1); r(i,j+1); x(i,j+1); y(i,j+1)) of the same row; a column grouping switch (a(i,j)) making it possible to group the current pixel (p(i,j); q(i,j); r(i,j); x(i,j); y(i,j)) with the following pixel (p(i+1,j); q(i+1,j); r(i+1,j); x(i+1,j); y(i+1,j)) of the same column; and storage means (m(i,j); u(i,j); v(i,j)) making it possible to define the state, on or off, of the two grouping switches (a(i,j), b(i,j))..
|Method and apparatus for treating fluid columns|
Methods and apparatuses are disclosed including a method of neutralizing charges of solid contaminants and weakening cell walls and membranes of biological contaminants in a fluid, comprising the steps of: establishing a flow of a fluid through a fluid treatment chamber surrounded by a sidewall of a fluid treatment vessel shaped as a conduit having a fluid input port, and a fluid output port, the sidewall constructed of a shielding material; and energizing a coil of at least one antenna within the fluid treatment chamber with at least one electrical energizing unit to produce pulsed radiation within the fluid treatment chamber to treat the flow of the fluid therein, wherein the sidewall of the fluid treatment vessel establishes a chamber having a capacity to restrict propagation of the pulsed radiation out of the fluid treatment vessel.. .
|Liquid distribution device utilizing packed distribution troughs and a mass transfer column and process involving same|
A flow distributor for a liquid descending in a vertically elongated mass transfer column, a mass transfer column employing the same, and a method of treating a fluid stream in the mass transfer column is provided. The flow distributor includes a central distribution member for passing liquid to a plurality of outwardly extending side arm members, which, in turn, feed the liquid into a plurality of distribution troughs located below the elongated side members.
|Solar power structure|
A standalone or partially standalone solar photovoltaic structure and methods for assembling the structure are described. The solar photovoltaic structure can employ a hinged photovoltaic roof deck that can be folded for transportation.
|Rooftop system with integrated photovoltaic modules and method for constructing the same|
This invention provides a novel design of a rooftop with structurally and functionally integrated photovoltaic modules that includes photovoltaic modules, which can be commercially available and which are augmented with additional framing including additional structural and functional layers. The modules are mounted on a grid like supporting structure sitting on vertical elevation structures, such as building walls or columns.
|Hybrid apparatus for drying a flow of compressed gas|
Hybrid apparatus for drying compressed gas and including an adsorption dryer with first and second columns and an outflow device for the dried gas therefrom, a first diverting device to convey the compressed gas toward and through the first and second columns, a second diverting device to convey toward a downstream connected device the compressed gas coming from the first or second column, in which is arranged the command and control device to implement an adsorption cycle and a regeneration cycle that includes, for each column, an initialization, gas exhausting, regeneration, cooling and pressurization phases, and in which the initialization phase includes the determination of an assigned time within which subsequent phases must be maintained; the regeneration phase including tapping previously heated gas from the first column and feeding it into the second. The apparatus also includes a heating device connected to the second diverting device for the regeneration phase..
|System and method for controlling a display of data|
A system and method for displaying a scroll-bar or toggle-button-set to control a display of data of an individual column and/or row. A table of intersecting columns and rows is displayed, each intersection forming a cell, and a scroll-bar or toggle-button-set is displayed for an individual column and/or row if a cell of the column and/or row contains data, the display settings of the data requiring for a display of the data an area that is larger than an area allotted to the cell..
|Web page reflowed text|
In embodiments of web page reflowed text, a computing device can display a web page in a browser application interface, where the web page includes displayable text. The computing device implements a text reflow browser extension to determine a size of a viewable area in which the web page is displayable in the browser application interface.
|Decoder, reception apparatus, decoding method, and reception method|
Disclosed are an encoder, a transmitting device, a coding method and a transmission method with which the transmission amount is reduced and a deterioration in transmission efficiency is suppressed while improving reception quality when qc-ldpc or a like block coding is used. A puncture pattern setting unit searches for a puncture pattern for each integral multiple of the number of columns or for each divisor of the number of columns of a sub block matrix that forms a check matrix (h) of a qc-ldpc code, and a puncture unit (data reduction unit) switches the puncture pattern for each integral multiple of the number of columns or for each divisor of the number of columns of the sub block matrix that forms the check matrix of the qc-ldpc code..
|Metadata tracking for a pipelined search language (data modeling for fields)|
Embodiments are directed towards determining and tracking metadata for the generation of visualizations of requested data. A user may request data by providing a query that may be employed to search for the requested data.
|Methods, apparatus and system for a multi-resolution visual crosstab|
Methods, systems, and computer program products for visually representing and displaying data are described. One or more cells may be selected from a plurality of displayed cells in a crosstab, wherein the subset of cells has a context defined at least by one or more rows and one or more columns.
|Efficient join with one or more large dimension tables|
Embodiments of the invention relate to processing queries that utilize fact and/or dimension tables. In one aspect, a pre-join filtering phase precedes a star join.
|Fan array fan section in air-handling systems|
A fan array fan section in an air-handling system includes a plurality of fan units arranged in a fan array and positioned within an air-handling compartment. One preferred embodiment may include an array controller programmed to operate the plurality of fan units at peak efficiency.
|Method and apparatus for reduction of deblocking filter|
A method and apparatus for deblocking of reconstructed video are disclosed. In one embodiment, the method divides a block boundary into two sub-boundaries and separates lines or column across the sub-boundaries into two groups.
|Ultrasonic measurement device, ultrasonic head unit, ultrasonic probe, and ultrasonic image device|
An ultrasonic measurement device includes: an ultrasonic element array that has at least one reception column connected to a reception terminal, and equipped with ultrasonic elements for reception and that has at least one transmission column connected to a transmission terminal, and equipped with ultrasonic elements for transmission; a reception circuit that receives a signal from the reception terminal; and a transmission circuit that outputs a signal to the transmission terminal. The reception column and the transmission column are alternately arranged every column, or any multiple of columns in a scanning direction.
|Nonvolatile logic array with built-in test drivers|
A system on chip (soc) provides a nonvolatile memory array that is configured as n rows by m columns of bit cells. Each of the bit cells is configured to store a bit of data.
|Nonvolatile logic array with built-in test result signal|
A system on chip (soc) provides a nonvolatile memory array that is configured as n rows by m columns of bit cells. Each of the bit cells is configured to store a bit of data.
|Memory cell array latchup prevention|
A memory including current-limiting devices and methods of operating the same to prevent a spread of soft errors along rows in an array of memory cells in the memory are provided. In one embodiment, the method begins with providing a memory comprising an array of a plurality of memory cells arranged in rows and columns, wherein each of the columns is coupled to a supply voltage through one of a plurality of current-limiting devices, next, each of the plurality of current-limiting devices are configured to limit current through each of the columns so that current through a memory cell in a row of the column due to a soft error rate event does not result in a lateral spread of soft errors to memory cells in the row in an adjacent column.
|Tft array substrate and manufacturing method thereof and liquid crystal display device|
The present invention discloses a tft array substrate and a manufacturing method thereof and a liquid crystal display device, which is aiming at lowering the resistance value of a common electrode and not diminishing the aperture ratio of pixels on the premise that the manufacturing cost is not additionally increased. The tft array substrate includes: a substrate, a common electrode layer arranged on the substrate, a first insulating layer arranged on the common electrode layer and a plurality of pixel electrodes arranged in an array on the first insulating layer, wherein via holes penetrating through the first insulating layer are formed between adjacent pixels in some of a plurality of pixels, and common electrode lines are grown between rows and/or columns of pixels in some of the plurality of pixels, and in parallel with the common electrode layer below the first insulating layer through the via holes..
|Efficient transforms and efficient row generation for kronecker products of hadamard matrices|
If a hadamard matrix hn of order n=bf is a kronecker product hf hb of an order f hadamard matrix and an order b hadamard matrix, then transformation by hn may be implemented by a fast hadamard transform at coarse scale followed by fast hadamard transforms at fine scale. Alternatively, transformation by hn may be achieved by performing order b transforms on columns of a two-dimensional array and order b transforms on rows of the array.