|| List of recent Codes-related patents
| Drought tolerant plants and related constructs and methods involving genes encoding ferredoxin family proteins|
Isolated polynucleotides and polypeptides and recombinant dna constructs useful for conferring drought tolerance, compositions (such as plants or seeds) comprising these recombinant dna constructs, and methods utilizing these recombinant dna constructs. The recombinant dna construct comprises a polynucleotide operably linked to a promoter that is functional in a plant, wherein said polynucleotide encodes a ferredoxin family protein..
| Method and system for authenticating a network node in a uam-based wlan network|
The invention relates to a method and system for authenticating a mobile network node in a wireless local area network, wherein the mobile network node requests access to the wlan at an access point. Within a closed first network region, before authentication all network protocol layers up to the layer 3 protocol layer (l3) are set up.
| Systems and methods for solving computational problems|
Solving computational problems may include generating a logic circuit representation of the computational problem, encoding the logic circuit representation as a discrete optimization problem, and solving the discrete optimization problem using a quantum processor. Output(s) of the logic circuit representation may be clamped such that the solving involves effectively executing the logic circuit representation in reverse to determine input(s) that corresponds to the clamped output(s).
| Latency reduced error correction scheme with error indication function for burst error correction codes|
The present discloses provides a decoding method, decoding apparatus and decoder for correcting burst errors. In particular, the decoding method for correcting burst errors comprises: computing an initial syndrome of a received data frame, wherein the data frame is encoded according to cyclic codes for correcting burst errors; determining error correctability of burst error contained in the data frame based on the computed initial syndrome; and processing the burst error in the data frame and outputting the processed data frame based on the determined error correctability.
| Memory controller, storage device, and memory control method|
According to one embodiment, a memory controller includes: a first flash encoding unit that performs flash encoding on user data according to a first scheme to generate user data flash codes; an encoding unit that performs an error correction encoding process on the user data flash codes to generate parities; a second flash encoding unit that performs flash encoding on the parities according to a second scheme to generate parity flash codes; and a memory i/f that writes the user data flash codes and the parity flash codes to the nonvolatile memory.. .
| Test signal generator for low-density parity-check decoder|
A method for estimating error rates in low-density parity check codes includes calibrating an encoder according to specific channel parameters and according to dominant error events in the low-density parity-check code. Dominant codewords are classified based on characteristics of each codeword that are likely to produce similar error rates at similar noise levels; codeword classes that produce the highest error rate are then tested.
| Multi-purpose register programming via per dram addressability mode|
Embodiments of an apparatus, system and method for using per dram addressability (pda) to program multi-purpose registers (mprs) of a dynamic random access memory (dram) device are described herein. Embodiments of the invention allow unique 32 bit patterns to be stored for each dram device on a rank, thereby enabling data bus training to be done in parallel.
| Method of operating a duty-free store at an airport with a product storage area and product pickup area|
The disclosure provides a method of operating a duty-free retail operation at an airport. The airport includes a secure zone and a non-secure zone, which are separated for passengers by a security checkpoint.
| System and method for providing short message targeted advertisements over a wireless communications network|
A method and system for providing targeted advertisement information to consumers over a wireless communications network are provided. In one embodiment, local advertisers register to advertise on wireless communications devices that are in close proximity to the advertiser.
| Pathology, radiology and other medical or surgical specialties quality assurance|
Current electronic health systems and government sponsored international classification of diseases (idc-10) do not have the flexibility to describe diagnoses that are not clearly benign or cancerous and cannot relay recommendations from pathologist, radiologist, or other specialist. Software codes enable any specialty to efficiently communicate additional recommendations with time metrics to their referring sources.
| System and method for bill-of-materials low-level code harmonization|
Techniques for bill of material (bom) low-level code harmonization are disclosed. The boms from different sources for each product are ranked according to corresponding low-level codes of the end product.
| Multifunctional keyboard for a mobile communication device and method of operating the same|
An apparatus and method for telephony tone signal and character code generation for qwerty keyboards includes a qwerty style keyboard, a processor and a keyboard mode control software module. The qwerty style keyboard has a plurality of letter keys, wherein each letter key is configured to generate a unique input signal.
| Medical records storage system|
Electronic medical records have to evolve from the isolated hospital systems or insurance company owned storage data silos based on a binary code accessed by patients through portals to the patient themselves becoming the data silo with portals to which all hospital systems or insurance companies send data for storage and future access. Transfer processes for binary or non-binary data systems facilitate data into patient centered servers, which combine source of origination codes.
| Phenyl xanthene dyes|
Fluorescent phenyl xanthene dyes are described that comprise any fluorescein, rhodamine or rhodol comprising a particular c9 phenyl ring. One or both of the ortho groups on the lower c9 phenyl ring is ortho substituted with a group selected from alkyl, heteroalkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, amino, mercapto, alkylthio, cyano, isocyano, cyanato, mercaptocyanato, nitroso, nitro, azido, sulfeno, sulfinyl, and sulfino.
| Transmission scheme and image quality adaptive security camera and dvr system|
The present invention relates to an image quality adaptive video security system, a security camera generating an original video signal from a camera sensor, inserting an image quality discrimination signal including image quality information for video to the original video signal and generating a video signal. A dvr system determines whether a video signal from a security camera is transmitted in an analog transmission scheme or in a digital transmission scheme.
| Image type classifier for improved remote presentation session compression|
An invention is disclosed for classifying a graphic—e.g. As text or non-text.
| Semiconductor device and signal processing method thereof|
A semiconductor device includes a one-segment tuner i/f that is connected to a one-segment tuner, a tuner i/f that is connected to a digital terrestrial tuner, a decoder that selectively decodes a first broadcast signal supplied from the one-segment tuner i/f and a second broadcast signal supplied from the tuner i/f, a general purpose processor that is provided separately from the decoder and decodes the first broadcast signal, and a switch unit that, based on signal intensity of the second broadcast wave, switches the decoding by the decoder between the first broadcast signal and the second broadcast signal while the general purpose processor is decoding the first broadcast signal. The one-segment tuner i/f, the tuner i/f, the decoder, the general purpose processor, and the switch unit are integrated on one chip..
| Apparatus, system and method for providing clock and data signaling|
Techniques and mechanisms for exchanging communications which each represent a respective combination of data and clock signaling. In an embodiment, encoder logic generates a first signal pair, including encoding a first differential data signal pair with a first clock signal of a differential clock signal pair.
| Precoding method and apparatus|
A transmit node receives a transformed correlation matrix or a correlation matrix of a channel coefficient matrix, or a correlation matrix of an interference channel coefficient matrix from each of receive nodes sharing a radio resource. The transmit node determines a precoder based on a value maximizing values determined by the transformed correlation matrix or the correlation matrix of the channel coefficient matrix, or a value minimizing values determined by the correlation matrix of the interference channel coefficient matrix, and precodes a transmit signal by using the determined precoder..
| Tentpoles scheme to achieve reliable v2v communications|
A communications system including a transmitter and a receiver. The transmitter transmits a signal with normal data symbols and at least one dual-use data symbol, where the dual-use data symbol has user data and more data protection than the normal data symbols.
| Image processing device and image processing method|
Provided is an image processing device including a decoding section that, from an encoded stream of a first picture among two or more pictures associated with a common scene, decodes mostprobablemode information for a first prediction unit within the first picture, a first prediction section that conducts intra prediction on the first prediction unit using the mostprobablemode information decoded by the decoding section, and a second prediction section that conducts intra prediction using the mostprobablemode information used by the first prediction section on a second prediction unit corresponding to the first prediction unit within a second picture among the two or more pictures.. .
| Method, apparatus, receiver, computer program and storage medium for joint detection|
A method for performing joint detection includes adjusting a ranking order of codes in a matched filtering result, and a ranking order of column vectors in a system submatrix according to the power. The joint detection is performed using an adjusted matched filtering result and an adjusted system submatrix, and acquires demodulated signals corresponding to the codes.
| Cooperative wireless networks|
A cooperative multi-user multiple input, multiple output (mimo) system coordinates spatially distributed transceiver stations for communicating with wireless client devices. The system comprises a network interface communicatively coupled to the transceiver stations via a backhaul network, which may comprise a wireless local area network.
| Systems and methods for using a printer driver to create and apply barcodes|
Methods and systems for using a printer driver to create and manage barcodes are provided. The printer driver can apply barcodes to printed copies of documents without modifying the documents in their original form.
| Stylus for a digitizer system|
A signal emitting stylus for operation with a digitizer system includes a resonant circuit including a first capacitor and an inductor, the circuit operative to alternate between receiving a wirelessly transmitted first signal and generating electrical field; a controller and a power source. The controller operates the resonant circuit in a receive mode for receiving the first signal, decodes the received first signal and switches operation of the resonant circuit to a transmit mode for generating the electrical field and coupling the electrical field to a digitizer system in response to detecting the first signal.
| System and method for configuring the remote control functionality of a portable device|
A system and method used to configure a smart device to command functional operations of a target appliance. The smart device retrieves from a controllable appliance, such as a settop box, data indicative of a codeset identity of the target appliance wherein the codeset identity was determined during a process used to configure a conventional universal remote control to command functional operations of the target appliance and wherein the process used to configure the conventional universal remote control is performed in cooperation with the controllable appliance.
| Device for optically reading codes|
There is provided a device for reading a code on a subject. The device includes an imaging unit provided with an imaging element, a depth-of-field extending unit, and an optical distorting unit.
| Active tag codes|
Embodiments are disclosed herein that relate to the use of active tag codes that change as a function of time to incorporate a greater amount of data into the tag code compared to a static tag code of similar configuration. For example, one disclosed embodiment provides a method of presenting an active tag code to a receiving device.
| Credit card with alterable id/security features|
This invention relates to a card with alterable security features are displayed and method of enhancing security of a financial transaction card. The present invention provides a financial transaction card with alterable id/security features including an e-paper display unit on one or both surfaces of the card that displays alterable id/security features.
| Systems and methods for implementing virtual customer replaceable unit monitors for solid ink customer replaceable units in managed print service environments|
A system and method are provided for implementing virtual customer replaceable unit monitors (crums) for solid ink customer replaceable units (crus) that are used in image forming devices, particularly in managed print service environments. Molded products, including solid ink elements, are marked to aid in generally effecting identification and/or authenticity verification, and/or in specifically effecting compatibility matching in an image forming device in which the solid ink crus are used.
| Multi-label form for prescription delivery process|
A multi-label form, useful for printing data related to the medication delivering process is described. The form contains four main different label sections and most of the labels contain discreet and color defined subsections wherein the pertinent data is entered, organized and printed via a computer system.
|Operation of a dual instruction pipe virus co-processor|
Circuits and methods are provided for detecting, identifying and/or removing undesired content. According to one embodiment, a content object is stored by a general purpose processor to a system memory.
|Authenticating medium, authenticating terminal, authenticating server, and method for authentication by using same|
The present invention relates to an authenticating medium, an authenticating terminal, an authenticating server, and a method for authentication by using same. According to the present invention, an operating code for creating an authentication requesting code is periodically updated, and thus the authentication requesting code is also periodically changed.
|Application programming interfaces for data parallel computing on multiple processors|
A method and an apparatus for a parallel computing program calling apis (application programming interfaces) in a host processor to perform a data processing task in parallel among compute units are described. The compute units are coupled to the host processor including central processing units (cpus) and graphic processing units (gpus).
|Method for programming language dependent merging of program codes|
Method executed by a computer for automatically merging changes applied to a first modified program code of a program code and to a second modified program code of the program code, both modified program codes being electronically coded and comprising one or more items, the items being items of a specific programming language; the method comprising the steps of determining from each of the program code, the first modified program code and the second modified program code a respective data structure by programming language dependent parsing of the program code, the first modified program code and the second modified program code, thereby obtaining a syntax information of the program code and the first and second modified program code; determining a first data structure difference between the data structure of the program code and the data structure of the first modified program code by comparing items xi in the data structure of the program code with items yj in the data structure of the first modified program code and identifying items ym′ for which no equivalent in the data structure of the program code can be identified, the first data structure difference comprising the items ym′; determining a second data structure difference between the data structure of the program code and the data structure of the second modified program code by comparing items xi in the data structure of the program code with items zj in the data structure of the second modified program code and identifying items zk′ for which no equivalent in the data structure of the program code can be identified, the second data structure difference comprising the items zk′; generating a final program code by including at least one of the items ym′ and/or zk′ in the program code.. .
|System and method for creating integrated web form and database applications|
A system and method for creating integrated web form and database applications. One or more embodiments of the invention enable a system and method for creating integrated web form and database applications.
|Method and apparatus for reading data from non-volatile memory|
Methods and apparatus are disclosed, such as those involving a flash memory device that includes an array of memory cells. One such method includes detecting values of charges stored in selected memory cells in the memory cell array.
|Compact security device with transaction risk level approval capability|
The present invention relates to the field of securing electronic transactions and more specifically to systems to indicate and verify the approval of the risk level of a transaction and to systems for generating transaction risk level approval codes.. .
|Computer-implemented system and method for visually suggesting classification for inclusion-based cluster spines|
A computer-implemented system and method for visually suggesting classification for inclusion-based document cluster spines are provided. A set of reference documents each associated with a classification code is designated.
|Mobile phone based rebate device for redemption at a point of sale terminal|
Virtual mobile rewards, gift cards, and/or physical world retailers' loyalty and reward programs are aggregated into a common account accessible and transactional from an internet capable mobile radio device. Subscribers gain access to discounted codes, coupons, rebates, gift cards, and/or limited time offers, on their mobile device for food, travel, lifestyle, electronics, and entertainment products that fit their lifestyle spending habits, enabling users to edit participating retailers, manage separate account balances, and present preferred discounted offers at retailers and apply discount towards purchase of goods..
|Parking facility monitoring systems, methods and components and real-time auditing of parking operations|
The present invention is directed to systems and methods for real-time auditing and management of parking facility operations. In particular, the invention allows for real-time auditing and management of transactions relating to parking credentials, such as parking tickets.
A computing apparatus is configured to: receive a search term from a user; identify a region within which a residence location of the user is located; obtain a spending profile generated based on aggregating transaction data of users residing in the region; and customize a search result based on the spending profile. For examples, spending of users residing in different regions (e.g., identified via zip+4 postal codes) can be aggregated within respective regions, and normalized and/or ranked across the regions to generate spending preference indicators.
|Method and apparatus for identifying patients overdue for an appointment using standard healthcare billing data|
A method and apparatus for identifying overdue patients using standard billing or other office management data, so that patients can be contacted and invited to make an appointment. The invention begins by querying the diagnosis codes for each visit from the billing or other encounter tables, and matching these with a set of target medical conditions requiring regular care.
|Method and device for keyword detection|
An electronic device with one or more processors and memory trains an acoustic model with an international phonetic alphabet (ipa) phoneme mapping collection and audio samples in different languages, where the acoustic model includes: a foreground model; and a background model. The device generates a phone decoder based on the trained acoustic model.
|Optically-based stimulation of target cells and modifications thereto|
Stimulation of target cells using light, e.g., in vivo or in vitro, is implemented using a variety of methods and devices. One example involves a vector for delivering a light-activated molecule comprising a nucleic acid sequence that codes for light-activated molecule.
|Cryptographic methods using nucleic acid codes|
Novel methods and systems for encoding cryptographic information are disclosed. A message can be encoded through a sequence of nucleic acids by assigning a binary value to a pair of nucleic acids, while other nucleic acids can be used for spacing.
|Method of processing a data packet before transmission over a radio communications network, a method of processing a received data packet, and associated devices and systems|
A method for processing a data packet before transmission over a radio communications network as a succession of waveforms transmitted at positions defined by hopping codes, which are time positions or frequency positions. The packet is transmitted over a communications channel of the network by a transmitter node to a destination node.
|Code forwarding and clock generation for transmitter repeaters|
A repeater includes a clock-and-data recovery element and a phase interpolator to extract an embedded clock frequency from a data stream. The phase interpolator determine a frequency offset and sends such offset as phase interpolator codes to a filter and scaler.
|Vsb communication system|
A vsb communication system comprises a vsb transmission system and a vsb reception system. The vsb transmission system multiplexes a coded mpeg data and a coded supplemental data having a null sequence inserted therein, with required multiplexing information included in a field synchronization signal or in a supplemental data according to a number of the supplemental data packets being transmitted.
|Moving picture coding device, moving picture coding method, moving picture coding program, transmitting device, transmitting method and transmitting program, and moving picture decoding device, moving picture decoding method, moving picture decoding program, receiving device, receiving method and receiving program|
A prediction information derivation unit derives inter prediction information candidates from inter prediction information of coded prediction blocks neighboring a prediction block subject to coding within the same picture as the prediction block subject to coding and inter prediction information of a prediction block in a coded picture that is different from the prediction block subject to coding. The prediction information derivation unit determines an inter prediction information candidate to be used for inter prediction of the prediction block subject to coding from the inter prediction information candidates that have been derived.
A digital media encoder/decoder uses a flexible quantization technique that provides the ability to vary quantization along various dimensions of the encoded digital media data, including spatial, frequency sub bands and color channels. The codec utilizes a signaling scheme to signal various permutations of flexible quantization combinations efficiently for primary usage scenarios.
|Communication method, mobile station apparatus, base station apparatus and mobile communication system|
A mobile station (ms) decodes at least one pdcch on at least a first downlink component carrier (dcc). The ms transmits harq control information for a pdsch transmission indicated by a detection of a pdcch and using a first pucch resource and a first pucch format, where the first pucch and the first pucch format are used for the transmission of the harq control information for the pdsch transmission on the second dcc, the pdsch transmission on the second dcc being indicated by the detection of the pdcch.
|Video display system, video display device, its control method, and information storage medium|
To provide a video display system for allowing a user to look at and listen to video and sound on various means. A video display system has a video display device and a portable video display device, connected to each other for communication.
|Content server and content providing method of the same|
A content server and a content providing method of the same, and more particularly, a content server and a content providing method of the same which transcodes content and transmits and receives the transcoded content. The content server communicates with at least one external device which includes a storage part which stores a content therein; and a controller which, upon receiving a request from a content receiver for a predetermined content and information on a content format that is supportable by the content receiver, searches the storage part and the at least one external device for the predetermined content transcoded into the content format, and if such content is found, receives the predetermined content transcoded into the content format and provides the content receiver with the predetermined content transcoded into the content format..
|Mobile wireless hand-held biometric capture, processing and communication system and method for biometric identification|
A mobile, wireless biometric identification system includes a biometric capture device, associated software and processes which enable a commercially available wireless communication device, such as a smartphone, using a commercially established wireless communication networks, to capture a digital image of a human biometric (iris, fingerprint, etc.) for transmission via a secure connection to a central server. The capture device is designed to focus on the difficult task of capturing the highest possible quality image for encoding and comparison, while the overall system is designed to leverage the existing cellular communication network.
|Method and apparatus tracking global navigation satellite system (gnss) signal, and gnss receiver|
Provided are a method and apparatus tracking a global navigation satellite system signal. The method includes generating respective replica codes including an e code, p code, l code, first code and second code, calculating correlation values for a received satellite signal and the replica codes, discriminating between gradients of a plurality of slopes derived from correlation points respectively corresponding to the replica codes, and detecting a time delay due to multipath signal components according to a discrimination result..
|Apparatus for generating digital thermometer codes|
Described is an apparatus for generating a thermometer code, the apparatus comprises: a 2-bit bi-directional shift register; and more than two multiplexers operable to form storage units and coupled together in a chain to generate the thermometer code, the more than two multiplexers controlled by outputs of the 2-bit bi-directional shift register.. .
|Systems and methods for scanning a user environment and evaluating data of interest|
According to various embodiments, a mobile device continuously and/or automatically scans a user environment for tags containing non-human-readable data. The mobile device may continuously and/or automatically scan the environment for tags without being specifically directed at a particular tag.
|Methods and systems for providing subject-specific survey content to a user with scanable codes|
Disclosed are methods, systems and computer program products for surveying a user using a scan-code tag, such as a quick response code. In one embodiment, a mobile communication device such as a smartphone, tablet computer or other mobile computer is adapted to include a survey client module for scanning and communicating scan code information, where the information can be used to identify a surveying entity and a subject-specific survey area or other auxiliary information.
|Method for improving the resistance of plants to viruses|
A method for improving the resistance of a plant to viruses, includes modifying the genome of the plant so as to at least partially inhibit the activity of a csn5 protein of the plant. The modification of the genome of the plant can involve mutating a gene of the plant that encodes the csn5 protein, or can be selected so as to cause the overexpression of a mini zinc finger (mif) protein..
|Device and method for generating and displaying graphic codes specific for medical devices and medical treatment|
The present invention relates to the field of information display and information playback on medical fluid management machines, in particular dialysis machines in which there should be a simple and reliable transmission of patient features and machine features to a mobile computer. The present invention is based on the problem of making available to the operating personnel information pertaining to the medical fluid management machine or a treatment to be performed therewith and doing so in a simple and convenient manner such that certain information should be readable only by certain groups of people.
|Television viewers interaction and voting method|
A method of providing audience feedback for a program includes a communication forming tag patterns embedded in an audio or video format. The communication is formed by software on a viewer device that encodes a message signal.
|Apparatus and method for improved modulation and coding schemes for broadband satellite communications systems|
Modulation and coding schemes are provided for improved performance of wireless communications systems to support services and applications for terminals with operational requirements at relatively low es/n0 ratios. The provided modulation and coding schemes will support current and future communications services and applications for terminals with operational requirements at relatively low es/n0 ratios, and will provide modulation and coding schemes that offer finer granularity within an intermediate operational range of es/n0 ratios.
|Apparatus and method for improved modulation and coding schemes for broadband satellite communications systems|
Modulation and coding schemes are provided for improved performance of wireless communications systems to support services and applications for terminals with operational requirements at relatively low es/n0 ratios. The new modulation and coding schemes provide new bch codes, low density parity check (ldpc) codes and interleaving methods..
|Apparatus and method for improved modulation and coding schemes for broadband satellite communications systems|
Modulation and coding schemes are provided for improved performance of wireless communications systems to support services and applications for terminals with operational requirements at relatively low es/n0 ratios and terminals at relatively high es/n0 ratios. The new modulation and coding schemes provide new bch codes, low density parity check (ldpc) codes and interleaving methods.
|Configurable coding system and method of multiple eccs|
A configurable coding system and method of multiple error correcting codes (eccs) for a memory device or devices are disclosed. The system includes a first ecc codec that selectively performs different error corrections with different parameters; means for providing a selected parameter to the ecc codec for initializing the ecc codec; and a second ecc codec that corrects the selected error-prone parameter in order to provide an error-free parameter to the first ecc codec..
|Parallel decomposition of reed solomon umbrella codes|
Systems, methods, apparatus, and techniques are presented for processing a codeword. A reed-solomon mother codeword n symbols in length and having k check symbols is received, and the n symbols of the received reed-solomon mother codeword are separated into v reed-solomon daughter codewords, where v is a decomposition factor associated with the reed-solomon mother codeword.
|Architecture for writing and reading data in a data storage system|
A system including an encoder module, a buffer first-in first-out (fifo) module, a buffer manager module, n fifo modules, and n input/output (i/o) modules. The encoder module encodes data received from a host and generates p units of encoded data, where p is an integer greater than 1.
|Cloud-based video delivery|
Techniques described herein provide for cloud-based media delivery that accepts or ingests media content, transcodes it according to various media profiles to create a plurality of video files, and provides notification that at least a portion of the video files is ready for delivery. The notification can be provided using a notification unique resource locator (url), which can be provided in a request to prepare the media content for delivery.
|System, apparatus, and method for sharing a screen having multiple visual components|
Embodiments of the invention provide a screen sharing technology including a local computing device and a remote computing device. The local computing device compresses pixel data captured from a frame buffer of the local computing device into a video stream.
|Computer-implemented system and method for providing visual classification suggestions for inclusion-based concept clusters|
A computer-implemented system and method for providing visual classification suggestions for inclusion-based concept clusters are provided. Reference concepts each associated with a classification code are designated.
|Systems and methods for scalable object storage|
The present disclosure provides an advantageous systems and related methods for scalable object storage. One embodiment relates to a system that includes at least a manifest tracking subsystem and a chunk payload subsystem.
|Systems and methods for parsing unknown codes obtained from a customizable spreadsheet application interface|
An improvement in a customizable spreadsheet application is provided. The improvement preferably provides an interface between the customizable spreadsheet application and a third party financial institution application.
|Systems and methods for secure wireless payment transactions when a wireless network is unavailable|
Systems, methods, and devices are disclosed which allow a mobile device user to complete financial transactions even when the mobile device is not connected to a wireless network. The systems, methods, and devices of the present disclosure may utilize a combination of an encrypted lockbox containing out of network payment codes on the mobile device and a matching set of out of network payment codes stored on a server of a payment authority..
|Method and system for managing construction projects|
Methods and systems for managing construction projects are provided. The methods and systems can be based on component-associated data where components can be assigned identifiers, drawings, cost codes, and man-hour values according to industry standards.
|Genomic/proteomic sequence representation, visualization, comparison and reporting using bioinformatics character set and mapped bioinformatics font|
Genomic or proteomic data are encoded as a genomic or proteomic character string comprising characters of a bioinformatics character set (20). Each base or peptide of the genomic or proteomic data is represented by a single character of the bioinformatics character set, and each character of the bioinformatics character set encodes (i) a base or peptide and (ii) at least one annotated datum value associated with the base or peptide.