|| List of recent Cathode-related patents
| Capacitor electrolyte|
A capacitor for an implantable medical device is presented. The capacitor includes an anode, a cathode, a separator therebetween, and an electrolyte over the anode, cathode, and separator.
| Method of forming a gated diode structure for eliminating rie damage from cap removal|
A method of fabricating a semiconductor structure provided with a plurality of gated-diodes having a silicided anode (p-doped region) and cathode (n-doped region) and a high-k gate stack made of non-silicided gate material, the gated-diodes being adjacent to fets, each of which having a silicided source, a silicided drain and a silicided hik gate stack. The semiconductor structure eliminates a cap removal rie in a gate first high-k metal gate flow from the region of the gated-diode.
| Fuel cell and a method of manufacturing a fuel cell|
A solid oxide fuel cell comprises a porous anode electrode, a dense non-porous electrolyte and a porous cathode electrode. The anode electrode comprises a first member and a plurality of parallel plate members extending from the first member.
| Cathode electrode material|
There is provided a fuel cell cathode electrode, comprising a porous skeletal medium, the surface of which medium is modified or otherwise arranged or constructed to induce enhanced activated behaviour, wherein the enhanced activated behaviour is induced by means of increasing the surface area for a given volume of the electrode and/or by increasing the number and/or availability of reactive sites on the electrode. A fuel cell having such a cathode electrode, a method of manufacturing such a cathode electrode, and use of such a cathode electrode in a fuel cell is also disclosed..
| Fuel cell and proces for manufacturing a fuel cell|
The present invention pertains to a fuel cell with a storage unit (4) for storing hydrogen (hx), with a proton conductive layer, which covers a surface of the storage unit (4), and with a cathode (7) on a side of the proton conductive layer, which side is located opposite, wherein the storage unit (4) is directly coupled with an anode and/or the storage unit (4) is incorporated in a substrate (1) of a semiconductor. The storage unit (4) is preferably connected to the substrate (1) at least via a stress compensation layer (3)..
| Selectively reacting to the minimum cell voltage drop rate in a fuel cell system|
A system and method that monitor the rate of a voltage drop of fuel cells in a fuel cell stack to determine whether the voltage drop is a result of cathode reactant starvation or anode reactant starvation. The method looks at a falling voltage of a fuel cell to determine whether the rate of the fall in voltage indicates that hydrogen starvation of the anode of the fuel cell is occurring.
| Lithium anodes for electrochemical cells|
Provided is an anode for use in electrochemical cells, wherein the anode active layer has a first layer comprising lithium metal and a multi-layer structure comprising single ion conducting layers and polymer layers in contact with the first layer comprising lithium metal or in contact with an intermediate protective layer, such as a temporary protective metal layer, on the surface of the lithium-containing first layer. Another aspect of the invention provides an anode active layer formed by the in-situ deposition of lithium vapor and a reactive gas.
| Particles containing a non-conducting or semi-conducting nucleus covered with a hybrid conducting layer, their processes of preparation and uses in electrochemical devices|
Mixture of particles comprising a non-conducting or semi-conducting nucleus covered with a hybrid conductor coating and hybrid conductor chains located between the particles of the mixture to constitute a conductivity network, that is prepared by mechanical crushing. Due to a very good conductivity of the network, a low resistivity, a very good capacity under elevated current and/or a good density of energy, these mixtures of particles are advantageously incorporated in anodes and cathodes of electrochemical generators, resulting in highly performing electrochemical systems..
| Alkaline storage battery cathode, method for manufacturing alkaline storage battery cathode, alkaline storage battery, method for manufacturing alkaline storage battery, alkaline storage battery cathode active material, and method for manufacturing alkaline storage battery cathode active material|
This alkaline storage battery cathode is provided with: nickel hydroxide particles covered by a cobalt-compound coating layer; a zinc compound; and an yttrium compound and/or an ytterbium compound. The zinc compound and the yttrium compound and/or ytterbium compound are blended at a blend ratio that is in accordance with the ratio of the capacity characteristics of the alkaline storage battery and the output characteristics of the alkaline storage battery..
| Single component sulfur-based cathodes for lithium and lithium-ion batteries|
The present invention pertains to the selection of cathode materials. The cathode materials of concern are the conducting polymer or backbone and the redox active species or sulfur species.
| Composite cathode active material, cathode and lithium battery including the composite cathode active material, and preparation method thereof|
In an aspect, a composite cathode active material a cathode and a lithium battery including the composite cathode active material, and a method of preparing the composite cathode active material is disclosed.. .
| Battery cell of novel structure|
Disclosed herein is a battery cell configured to have a structure in which an electrode assembly is mounted in a battery case formed of a laminate sheet including a resin layer and a metal layer in a state in which the electrode assembly are connected to electrode terminals protruding outward from the battery case. The electrode assembly is configured such that separators are respectively disposed between cathodes and anodes, each of which is formed by applying a compound including an electrode active material to a current collector.
| Flexible fusible link, systems, and methods|
A fusible link includes a current collector element, a battery cell conductor pad, and at least one fusible conductor connecting the current collector element and the battery cell conductor pad. The current collector element can be a current collector conductor pad, a current collector conductor pad and a current collector plate, or a fuse sheet.
| Cathode active material coating|
Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to apparatus and methods for forming particles of cathode active materials with a thin protective coating layer. The thin protective coating layer improves cycle and safety performance of the cathode active material.
| X-ray source with moving anode or cathode|
An x-ray source comprising a cathode element adapted to generate a stream of electrons. The x-ray source includes an anode element adapted to present a focal spot position for the stream of electrons.
| Charging circuit for a power converter controller|
A controller includes a first controller terminal, a second controller terminal, a first p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor, and a second pmos transistor. The first controller terminal is to be coupled to a bypass capacitor coupled to a secondary side of an isolated power converter.
| Device for controlling the on and off time of the metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (mosfet), a device spark coating the surfaces of metal workpiece incorporating the said control device and a method of coating metal surfaces using the said device|
The present invention is a device for coating surfaces of metallic work pieces with an electrically conductive material by employing short duration high current packets of pulses in which the work piece forms the cathode and the consumable coating material forms the anode, which are connected to a generator for generating pulses by charging and discharging a bank of capacitors using a mosfet. The invention is also a device for controlling the on and off time of a metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (mosfet).
| Graphene-sulfur nanocomposites for rechargeable lithium-sulfur battery electrodes|
Rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries having a cathode that includes a graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can exhibit improved characteristics. The graphene-sulfur nanocomposite can be characterized by graphene sheets with particles of sulfur adsorbed to the graphene sheets.
| Electrical fuse structure and method of formation|
An embodiment is a fuse structure. In accordance with an embodiment, a fuse structure comprises an anode, a cathode, a fuse link interposed between the anode and the cathode, and cathode connectors coupled to the cathode.
| Optical sensor with integrated pinhole|
An optical sensor includes a semiconductor substrate having a first conductive type. The optical sensor further includes a photodiode disposed on the semiconductor substrate and a metal layer.
| Light-emitting diode display substrate, method for manufacturing same, and display device|
A light-emitting diode (led) display substrate, a method for manufacturing the same, and a display device are provided and involve the display field. The method for manufacturing the led display substrate comprises: forming a transparent conductive anode (201) on a substrate (200); forming a pixel region defined by a first pdl (202) and a second pdl (203) on the substrate (200) on which the anode (201) is formed, in which the second pdl (203) made of a hydrophobic material is disposed on the first pdl (201) made of a hydrophilic material; filling a luminescent material into the pixel region to form an emission layer (204) with the luminescent material; and forming a conductive cathode (205) on the substrate (200) on which the emission layer (204) is formed.
| Electro-optical device and electronic device|
An object of the present invention is to provide an el display device, which has a high operating performance and reliability. A third passivation film 45 is disposed so as to be in contact with an el element 203 which comprises a pixel electrode (anode) 46, an el layer 47 and a cathode 48, to make a structure in which heat generated by the el element 203 is radiated.
| Organic electroluminescent element|
Provided is an organic electroluminescent device (organic el device) that is improved in luminous efficiency, sufficiently secures driving stability, and has a simple construction. The organic electroluminescent device includes an organic layer including a light-emitting layer between an anode and cathode laminated on a substrate, and at least one layer of the organic layer contains a carbazole compound represented by the following formula (1).
| Host for organic light emitting devices|
A first device comprising a first organic light emitting device (oled) is described. The first oled includes an anode, a cathode, and an emissive layer disposed between the anode and the cathode.
| Organic light-emitting element, method for manufacturing organic light-emitting element, display device and illumination device|
An organic light-emitting element (10) including: an anode layer (12) formed on a substrate (11); a first through-hole portion (16) formed to pass through the anode layer (12); a dielectric layer (13) formed to cover an upper surface of the anode layer (12) and an inner surface of the first through-hole portion (16); plural recessed portions (18) formed at an upper surface of the dielectric layer (13) not to pass through the dielectric layer (13); a second through-hole portion (17) formed to pass through the anode layer (12) and the dielectric layer (13); an organic compound layer (14) that includes a light emitting layer formed to cover at least the upper surface of the dielectric layer (13), an inner surface of each of the recessed portions (18) and an inner surface of the second through-hole portion (17); and a cathode layer (15) formed on the organic compound layer (14).. .
| Organic electroluminescent element, material for organic electroluminescent element, and ligth emitting device, display device and lighting device each using organic electroluminescent element|
An organic electroluminescent element which has a substrate, a pair of electrodes disposed on this substrate and composed of an anode and a cathode, and at least one organic layer disposed between these electrodes and including a light-emitting layer, and in which a compound expressed by general formula 1-1 is contained in at least one layer of the aforementioned light-emitting layer(s) exhibits high luminous efficiency, excellent blue color purity, and little change in chromaticity accompanying drive deterioration. (r1 to r10 [each] represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent, and at least one of r1 to r10 is a substituent expressed by general formula 1-2; however, a pyrene skeleton is never contained in r1 to r10; the asterisk indicates the bonding position with a pyrene ring; x1 to x5 [each] represent a carbon atom or a nitrogen atom, and at least one of x1 to x5 is a nitrogen atom; r11 to r15 [each] represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent, and at least one of r11 to r15 is an alkyl group or a silyl group; however, if x1 to x5 represent nitrogen atoms, there is no r11 to r15 bonded on these nitrogen atoms.).
| Diode and display panel|
The present invention provides a diode and display panel, which includes: cathode and anode; wherein, cathode and anode being disposed relatively. Electron transport layer is disposed between cathode and anode.
| Electrolyser and assembly comprising same, in particular for the production of h2 and o2|
The present invention relates to an electrolyser for the production of at least one chemical substance, such as hydrogen, oxygen, chlorine or hypochlorous acid, or sodium hydroxide, by electrolysis of pure water or of water containing at least one salt, base and/or acid such as nacl, h2so4, koh or naoh, comprising a stack of at least a first and a second consecutive electrolytic cells, each electrolytic cell (10) comprising; —an anode, —a cathode, —an ion exchange membrane (11) positioned between the anode and the cathode, the ion exchange membrane (11) of the first electrolytic cell and of the second electrolytic cell being separated by a bipolar electrode (15) constituting on the one hand, the anode of the first electrolytic cell and, on the other hand, the cathode of the second electrolytic cell.. .
| Electrolytic generation of graphite|
The embodiments herein relate to methods and apparatus for forming graphitic material from a carbon oxide feedstock in an electroplating chamber containing molten inorganic carbonate as electrolyte. Carbon dioxide flows into a reaction chamber containing one or more cathodes, one or more anodes, and a molten carbonate electrolyte.
| Electrodeionization apparatus for producing deionized water|
Provided is an electrodeionization apparatus for producing deionized water, capable of removing or reducing a biased flow of electric current in a deionization chamber. In the electrodeionization apparatus for producing deionized water, at least one deionization treatment unit including the deionization chamber and a pair of concentration chambers adjacent to both sides of the deionization chamber is disposed between a cathode and an anode.
| Modular manifold for an electrolyzed water processor|
An electrolyzed water processor chamber with an anodic chamber having an anode plate held in an anode tray, and a cathodic chamber having a cathode plate held within a cathode tray. The plates are charged by an electrical current, to separate an incoming water stream into its electromagnetically ionized alkaline and acidic components, across an ion exchange membrane sandwiched between the anode and cathode plate trays.
| Methods of adjusting the rate of galvanic corrosion of a wellbore isolation device|
A wellbore isolation device comprises a first material and pieces of a second material, wherein the first material: is a metal or a metal alloy; forms a matrix of the portion of the wellbore isolation device; and partially or wholly dissolves when an electrically conductive path exists between the first material and the second material and at least a portion of the first and second materials are in contact with the electrolyte, wherein the pieces of the second material: are a metal or metal alloy; and are embedded within the matrix of the first material; wherein the first material and the second material form a galvanic couple and wherein the first material is the anode and the second material is the cathode of the couple. The isolation device can also include a bonding agent for bonding the pieces of the second material into the matrix of the first material..
| Integrity monitor for reference cavity of capacitance diaphragm gauge|
A system and method detect the presence of an unacceptable quantity of gas molecules in the reference vacuum cavity of a capacitance diaphragm gauge (cdg). An independent pressure transducer has an active portion exposed to the reference vacuum cavity.
|Bioelectric battery for implantable device applications|
A bioelectric battery may be used to power implantable devices. The bioelectric battery may have an anode electrode and a cathode electrode separated by an insulating member comprising a tube having a first end and a second end, wherein said anode is inserted into said first end of said tube and said cathode surrounds said tube such that the tube provides a support for the cathode electrode.
|Solid oxide fuel cell having hybrid sealing structure|
A solid oxide fuel cell (“sofc”) sealed with a multi-layered hybrid structure, the sofc including: a cathode layer; a cathode current collector in contact with the cathode layer; an anode layer corresponding to the cathode layer; an anode current collector in contact with the anode layer; an electrolyte layer disposed between the cathode layer and the anode layer; a reaction barrier layer disposed between the electrolyte layer and the cathode layer; and at least two different types of sealing materials.. .
|Transient inlet relative humidity estimation via adaptive cathode humidification unit model and high frequency resistance|
An apparatus and method to determine the relative humidity of a fuel cell system. A controller is cooperative with a first device and a second device to receive a valve signal and a high frequency resistance value.
|Biological fuel cell and methods|
A fuel cell has an anode and a cathode with anode enzyme disposed on the anode and cathode enzyme is disposed on the cathode. The anode is configured and arranged to electrooxidize an anode reductant in the presence of the anode enzyme.
|Sodium-based energy storage device based on surface-driven reactions|
The performance of sodium-based energy storage devices can be improved according to methods and devices based on surface-driven reactions between sodium ions and functional groups attached to surfaces of the cathode. The cathode substrate, which includes a conductive material, can provide high electron conductivity while the surface functional groups can provide reaction sites to store sodium ions.
|Secondary battery including integrated anode and cathode leads and method of manufacturing the same|
Provided is a secondary battery including integrated anode and cathode leads and a method of manufacturing the same. An anode lead and a cathode lead of a secondary battery aligned to be parallel with respect to each other are encompassed by a single lead film.
|Alkali metal intercalation material as an electrode in an electrolytic cell|
The present invention provides an electrochemical cell that includes an anolyte compartment housing an anode electrode; a catholyte compartment housing a cathode electrode; and a solid alkali ion conductive electrolyte membrane separating the anolyte compartment from the cathode compartment. In some cases, the electrolyte membrane is selected from a sodium ion conductive electrolyte membrane and a lithium ion conductive membrane.
|Light emitting device|
A light emitting device includes: a ceramic substrate; a plurality of led chips; a printed resistor(s) connected in parallel with the plurality of led chips; a dam resin made of a resin having a low optical transmittance; a fluorescent-material-containing resin layer; and an anode-side electrode and a cathode-side electrode, (a) which are provided on a primary surface of the ceramic substrate so as to face each other along a first direction on the primary surface and (b) which are disposed below at least one of the dam resin and the fluorescent-material-containing resin layer. With the configuration in which a plurality of leds, which are connected in a series-parallel connection, are provided on a substrate, it is possible to provide a light emitting device which can achieve restraining of luminance unevenness and an improvement in luminous efficiency..
|Organic luminescent display device|
An organic luminescent display device according to the invention includes: an element substrate; an organic film; and an organic electro luminescent element formed on the organic film. The organic electro luminescent element includes: an anode formed on the organic film; a light emitting layer formed on the anode; and a cathode formed on the light emitting layer.
|Oled pixel structure and oled panel|
The present disclosure provides an organic light emitting diode (oled) pixel structure and an oled panel. The pixel structure comprises a plurality of colored light emitting zones arranged in parallel.
|Capacitive conveyor-belt desalination|
Described herein is a novel deionization process for seawater desalination: seawater is contained in—or streams through—a semi-rectangular ionizing-chamber, two of its facing walls are wide electrostatic charged belts that continuously move through this chamber in a loop. The ions within the seawater separate under the force of the electrostatic field, the anions adhere to the anode belt and move with it, while the cations adhere to the cathode belt and move with it.
|Method and system for the electrochemical co-production of halogen and carbon monoxide for carbonylated products|
The present disclosure is a system and method for producing a first product from a first region of an electrochemical cell having a cathode and a second product from a second region of the electrochemical cell having an anode. The method may include a step of contacting the first region with a catholyte including carbon dioxide and contacting the second region with an anolyte including a recycled reactant.
|Fuel cell comprising a proton-exchange membrane, having an increased service life|
A fuel cell includes a proton-exchange membrane, and a cathode and anode fixed on its opposite sides. The anode delimits a flow conduit between a molecular-oxygen inlet area and a water outlet area.
|Cell for fuel-cell battery using a proton exchange membrane, with gas diffusion layers of different rigidity at the anode and at the cathode|
A cell structure for a fuel-cell battery, which allows the compromise necessary between the reduction in the non-uniformities of mechanical stress to be optimized, with the aim of obtaining a more uniform operation, and the independent accommodation with respect to the defects in planarity/thickness/alignment, while at the same time meeting the compactness constraint, comprises: a membrane/electrode assembly comprising a first electrode and a second electrode separated by a membrane; a gas diffusion layer stacked on each face of the assembly, between an electrode of the assembly and a current collector plate; and the gas diffusion layers stacked on either side of the assembly do not have the same rigidity, one of the gas diffusion layers having a young's modulus relative to an applied stress in the direction of the thickness, greater than the young's modulus of the other layer, in a ratio of the order of at least 100.. .
|Fuel cell system having a pump and related method|
A portable fuel cell system and related method are disclosed. The system includes a fuel cell having an anode port through which passes an anode gas, a cathode port through which passes a cathode gas, and an exhaust port through which passes an exhaust gas.
|Solid oxide fuel cell power plant having a fixed contact oxidation catalyzed section of a multi-section cathode air heat exchanger|
The multi-section cathode air heat exchanger (102) includes at least a first heat exchanger section (104), and a fixed contact oxidation catalyzed section (126) secured adjacent each other in a stack association. Cool cathode inlet air flows through cool air channels (110) of the at least first (104) and oxidation catalyzed sections (126).
|Fuel cell system having an air quality sensor suite|
A fuel cell system having an air quality sensor suite includes a fuel cell having an anode and a cathode, a fuel source providing a fuel flow, a fuel flow rate sensor having a fuel flow rate sensor output, a fuel flow control device, a fuel oxidizer flow conduit, a first mixing region coupled to the fuel source and the fuel oxidizer flow conduit, an anode chamber coupled to the anode, a combustion oxidizer flow conduit, a second mixing region coupled to the combustion oxidizer flow conduit, and at least one oxidizer flow rate sensor having an oxidizer flow rate sensor output. The system further includes at least one oxidizer pump, an air quality sensor having an air quality sensor output, and a control system coupled to the fuel flow rate sensor output, the oxidizer flow rate sensor output, and the air quality sensor output..
|Full cell system and method of humidifying and cooling the same|
A method of humidifying and cooling a fuel cell system is provided. The method of humidifying and cooling a fuel cell system includes: exhausting, by a fuel supply unit, a hydrogen gas to a reservoir in which condensed water of an anode is stored.
|Cathode active material, cathode and lithium battery including cathode active material, and method of preparing the cathode active material|
Me includes at least one metal selected from nickel (ni), cobalt (co), manganese (mn), iron (fe), chromium (cr), titanium (ti), copper (cu), aluminum (al), magnesium (mg), zirconium (zr), and boron (b).. .
|Redox flow battery|
A redox flow battery including a cathode cell having a cathode and a catholyte solution; an anode cell having an anode and an anolyte solution; and an ion exchange membrane disposed between the cathode cell and the anode cell, wherein the catholyte solution and the anolyte solution each include an electrolyte, wherein the electrolyte includes a plurality of metal-ligand coordination compounds, wherein at least one of the metal-ligand coordination compounds includes two or more different ligands, and wherein a dipole moment of the metal-ligand coordination compound is greater than 0.. .
|Power conversion circuit|
A power conversion circuit includes a high side switching device connected at its collector to the high potential side of a power supply, a low side switching device connected at its emitter to the lowpotential side of the power supply, a first junction to which the emitter of the high side switching device and the collector of the low side switching device are connected, a first diode connected at its cathode to the collector of the high side switching device, a second diode connected at its anode to the emitter of the low side switching device, a second junction to which the anode of the first diode and the cathode of the second diode are connected, an inductance connected between the first and second junctions, and a snubber circuit connected to the first junction and adapted to absorb stored energy in the inductance when a freewheeling current flows.. .
|Bootstrap circuit and method for controlling the same|
A bootstrap circuit includes: a charging voltage source; a charging diode, having an anode coupled to the charging voltage source; a high-voltage transistor, having a control terminal defined as a first connecting node and a channel coupled between a cathode of the charging diode and a bootstrap capacitor; a logic control circuit, having a first and a second logic outputs, and a logic input for receiving a charging command; a high-voltage control transistor, having a control terminal defined as a second connecting node and a channel coupled between charging voltage source and the first connecting node; a cut-off resistor, coupled between the first and the second connecting nodes; a charging control transistor, having a channel coupled between the second connecting node and a ground terminal, and a control terminal coupled to the second logic output; a control capacitor, coupled between the first connecting node and the first logic output.. .
The object of the presently disclosed embodiment is to improve heat dissipation and an overall cooling efficiency to raise a peak oscillation output. To achieve the object, there is provided a coaxial magnetron having the following configuration: around a cathode, vanes and an anode cylinder form an anode resonant cavity, and a cylindrical side body forms an outer cavity.
|Magnetron and device using microwaves related applications|
The magnetron according to the present invention includes an anode portion, a cathode portion arranged in a central portion of the anode portion, an output antenna connected to the anode portion, an exhaust pipe arranged around the output antenna to serve as a part of a vacuum tube, and an antenna cap covering a chip-off portion included in the exhaust pipe. The antenna cap and the exhaust pipe are welded to each other..
|Electric field emitting source, element using same, and production method therefor|
An electric field emitting source is equipped with an electron emitting film which comprises a nano-sized electron emitting substance and has a first surface and a second surface constituting the surface opposite thereto, and a cathode which secures one end of the electron emitting film and comprises a first block and a second block respectively corresponding to the first surface and the second surface of the electron emitting film.. .
|Finfet compatible diode for esd protection|
A diode for integration with finfet devices is disclosed. An in-situ doped epitaxial silicon region is grown on the cathode or anode of the diode to increase the surface area of the junction and overall silicon volume for improved heat dissipation during an esd event..
|Organic electroluminescence element|
An organic electroluminescent element includes a light-emitting layer between an anode and a cathode. The light-emitting layer contains a phosphorescent light-emitting organic metal complex and at least one host compound.
|Organic light-emitting diode device|
An organic light-emitting diode device includes a substrate, a patterned anode layer, an organic semiconductor layer and a cathode layer. The patterned anode layer is disposed on the substrate.
|Oled micro-cavity structure and method of making|
An organic light emitting diode, including: a substrate; a first cavity electrode in a first micro-cavity region of the substrate; a first transparent electrode of a first thickness in the first micro-cavity region, the first transparent electrode overlaps beyond a first side of the first cavity electrode; a first emissive layer in electrical connection with the first transparent electrode; and a cathode layer on the first emissive layer.. .
|Ion induced impact ionization detector and uses thereof|
Disclosed are systems, devices and methodologies relating to an ion induced impact ionization detector and uses thereof. In certain implementations, the detector can include a dielectric layer having one or more wells.
|Spad sensor circuit with biasing circuit|
A deep spad structure uses the substrate as the anode terminal of its multiplication p-n junction. A bias voltage for the spad (in excess of the spad's breakdown voltage) is coupled to the spad's cathode terminal.
|Proximity sensor and method of sensing a distance of an object from a proximity sensor|
A proximity sensor may include an array of geiger mode avalanche photodiodes, each including an anode contact and a cathode contact. A common cathode contact may be coupled to the cathode contacts of the array to define a first connection lead at a back side of the array.
|Actuation of valves using electroosmotic pump|
A method of actuating a valve, comprises operatively coupling the valve with an electroosmotic pump; flowing a fluid through the electroosmotic pump; and generating a fluidic pressure of at least 0.75 psi to actuate the valve, wherein the electroosmotic pump comprises one or more thin, porous, positive electroosmotic membranes and one or more thin porous, negative electroosmotic membranes; a plurality of electrodes comprising cathodes and anodes, and a power source; wherein each of the positive and negative electroosmotic membranes are disposed alternatively and wherein at least one of the cathodes is disposed on one side of one of the membranes and at least one of the anodes is disposed on the other side of the membrane and wherein at least one of the cathodes or anodes is disposed between a positive and a negative electroosmotic membrane.. .
|Method for supplying sequential power impulses|
The invention relates to a method for supplying power impulses for pvd sputtering cathodes subdivided into partial cathodes. In said method, the power impulse intervals acting on the partial cathodes are selected in such a way as to overlap, thereby dispensing with the need to interrupt the drawing of power supplied by the generator..
|Power generation system and method of stopping power generation system|
A gas turbine including a compressor and a combustor, an sofc including an air electrode (cathode) and a fuel electrode (anode), a first compressed air supply line adapted to supply a compressed air compressed by the compressor to the combustor, a second compressed air gas supply line adapted to supply a part of a compressed air compressed by the compressor to the air electrode (cathode), a first fuel gas supply line adapted to supply a fuel gas to the combustor, a second fuel gas supply line adapted to supply a fuel gas to the fuel electrode (anode), a fuel gas recirculation line adapted to return an exhausted fuel gas discharged from the fuel electrode (anode) to the fuel electrode (anode), a cooler provided in the fuel gas recirculation line are provided.. .
|High temperature fuel cell system with integrated heat exchanger network|
A fuel cell system includes a plurality of fuel cells arranged into a stack. A combustor receives a cathode exhaust flow from the fuel cell cathodes and a flow of fuel.
|Humidification apparatus for fuel cell system|
A humidification apparatus for a fuel cell system is provided herein. A membrane humidifier includes humid air inlets, through which humid air discharged from a cathode of a fuel cell stack is introduced, and air outlets, through which air humidifying dry air in hollow fiber membranes is discharged, an air line connected from a cathode outlet of the fuel cell stack to the humid air inlets of the membrane humidifier to supply humid air.
|Method to diagnose fuel cell humidification problems|
A system and method for determining if an rh sensor that measures the relative humidity of cathode inlet air provided to a fuel cell stack or an hfr circuit that measures stack water content is operating properly. The method provides the cathode inlet air through a wvt unit that increases the water content of the cathode inlet air.
|Lithium ion battery|
A lithium ion battery includes a cathode, an anode, and an electrolyte sandwiched between the cathode and the anode. The cathode includes a cathode active material.
|Cathodic active material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, cathode for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, and nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery|
A cathodic active material for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery according to the invention includes a lithium-containing transition metal phosphate containing li and a transition metal. A transition metal site and p site of the lithium-containing transition metal phosphate are replaced by elements other than elements contained in the lithium-containing transition metal phosphate, and the quantity of p site is excessive with respect to a stoichiometric proportion of the lithium-containing transition metal phosphate.
|Carbon fluoride cathodes and batteries made therefrom|
Electrochemical cells containing a stoichiometric capacity ratio of carbon-treated carbon monofluoride to carbon monofluoride being greater than 1:1 provide electrochemical cells having a tunable end-of-service indication.. .
|Battery with an anode preloaded with consumable metals|
A method is provided for fabricating a battery using an anode preloaded with consumable metals. The method forms an ion-permeable membrane immersed in an electrolyte.
|Battery anode with preloaded metals|
A method is presented for fabricating an anode preloaded with consumable metals. The method provides a material (x), which may be one of the following materials: carbon, metals able to be electrochemically alloyed with a metal (me), intercalation oxides, electrochemically active organic compounds, and combinations of the above-listed materials.
|Advanced, high power and energy battery electrode manufactured by co-extrusion printing|
A battery has an anode, a separator adjacent the anode, and a cathode adjacent the separator opposite the anode, the cathode comprising interdigitated stripes of materials, one of the materials forming a pore channel.. .
|Sulfur-infused carbon for secondary battery materials|
In one aspect, a method of producing a sulfur-infused carbonaceous material as a cathode material for use in a li—s battery is described, including providing a carbonaceous material; mixing elemental sulfur with the carbonaceous material; and heating the mixed sulfur and the carbonaceous material at a temperature from about 445° c. To about 1000° c.
|Cathode formed using aqueous slurry|
In one embodiment, a positive electrode is formed by a process that includes forming a slurry including particles dispersed within a liquid from a electrode formulation and the liquid such that the particles have a particle size distribution d50 of 15 microns or less, coating the slurry on a collector; and drying the coated collector to form the positive electrode. The electrode formulation includes an electrode active material, a conductive carbon source, an organic polymeric binder, and a water-soluble polymer.
|Electrode assembly of stair-like structure|
Disclosed herein is an electrode assembly mounted in a battery case of a secondary battery. The electrode assembly is configured to have a structure in which a cathode and an anode are stacked in a state in which a separator plate is disposed between the cathode and the anode.
|Electrochemical device with improved cycle characteristics|
Disclosed is an electrochemical device. The electrochemical device includes: (a) a composite separator including a porous substrate, a first porous coating layer coated on one surface of the porous substrate, and a second porous coating layer coated on the other surface of the porous substrate; (b) an anode disposed to face the first porous coating layer; and (c) a cathode disposed to face the second porous coating layer.
|Lithium secondary battery cell structure|
A lithium secondary battery that has a battery cell structure, with improved electrochemical stability between an electrode and an electrolyte. In addition, the lithium secondary battery improves ion conductivity while applying a solid electrolyte.
|Secondary battery comprising insulator|
Disclosed is a secondary battery having a structure in which a jelly-roll having a cathode/separator/anode structure is mounted in a cylindrical battery case, wherein a plate-shaped insulator mounted on top of the jelly-roll includes a perforated inlet enabling gas discharge and penetration of electrode terminals, a plurality of fine pores having a size that allows permeation of an electrolyte solution, but does not allow permeation of foreign materials, and a plurality of strip or bead shaped protrusions disposed in transverse and/or longitudinal directions on one or both surfaces of the insulator.. .
|Safety apparatus of battery module for vehicle|
Disclosed herein is a safety apparatus of a battery module for a vehicle. The apparatus includes a plurality of cell terminals which includes an anode terminal and a cathode terminal of a battery cell and the cell terminals are disposed diagonally adjacent to each other.
|Method of fabricating sulfur-infiltrated mesoporous conductive nanocomposites for cathode of lithium-sulfur secondary battery|
Disclosed is method of fabricating sulfur-infiltrated mesoporous conductive nanocomposites for a cathode of a lithium-sulfur secondary battery, whereby a cathode material having a relatively high content of sulfur is fabricated and a high energy density in a lithium-sulfur secondary battery is realized, including: a) performing thermal treatment on sulfur particles in a reactor at a high temperature to melt the sulfur particles; b) adding a mesoporous conductive material in macroscale to a sulfur solution in the reactor; c) pressurizing the mesoporous conductive material in macroscale in the reactor so that the mesoporous conductive material in macroscale is completely immersed in the sulfur solution, and then maintaining the pressurized and molten state; d) cooling the sulfur particles and the mesoporous conductive material in macroscale so that sulfur within pores of the mesoporous conductive material in macroscale is crystallized; and e) grinding sulfur-infiltrated mesoporous conductive composites to fabricate sulfur-infiltrated mesoporous conductive nanocomposites.. .