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Carbohydrates patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Carbohydrates-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Carbohydrates RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Carbohydrates RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Carbohydrates RSS RSS


Date/App# patent app List of recent Carbohydrates-related patents
07/24/14
20140205718
 Milk-based formulation patent thumbnailMilk-based formulation
The invention relates to a milk-based formulation with a reduced carbohydrate content, having a ratio of carbohydrates to protein of at most 1.1, a protein content of at least 5.4% on dry matter basis, and a ratio of ash to protein is substantially similar to that of a milk raw material used as a starting material, and a method for the preparation thereof. The milk-based formulation can be used in the preparation of a recombined milk product with a reduced lactose content, having a full taste of normal milk without any deficiencies in its organoleptic properties..
07/17/14
20140199738
 Method for preparing volatile fatty acids from the pre-treated extracts of marine biomass residue patent thumbnailMethod for preparing volatile fatty acids from the pre-treated extracts of marine biomass residue
A method of preparing a volatile fatty acids (vfas) is provided. More particularly, the method includes chemically or biologically pretreating a residue of algae to obtain an extract of the algae residue, filtering the extract of the algae residue and anaerobically fermenting the filtrate.
07/10/14
20140194619
 Method to produce water-soluble sugars from biomass using solvents containing lactones patent thumbnailMethod to produce water-soluble sugars from biomass using solvents containing lactones
A process to produce an aqueous solution of carbohydrates that contains c6-sugar-containing oligomers, c6 sugar monomers, c5-sugar-containing oligomers, c5 sugar monomers, or any combination thereof is presented. The process includes the steps of reacting biomass or a biomass-derived reactant with a solvent system including a lactone and water, and an acid catalyst.
07/10/14
20140194378
 Methods of preventing or treating diseases and conditions using complex carbohydrates patent thumbnailMethods of preventing or treating diseases and conditions using complex carbohydrates
The invention relates to a method of preventing and treating diseases and conditions associated with allergies, autoimmunity, the adhesion cascade, the metastatic cascade or the coronary cascade comprising administering (i) at least one complex carbohydrate as the sole active ingredient, or (ii) at least one pharmaceutical composition which comprises as an active ingredient a pharmacologically effective amount of at least one low purity or cosmetic grade complex carbohydrate selected from the group consisting of oligosaccharides, sialylated oligosaccharides, polysaccharides and glycosaminoglycans, and an effective amount of at least one transdermal or transmucosal carrier in an amount effective to deliver the complex carbohydrate into the blood stream.. .
07/10/14
20140194367
 Agrocybe aegerita lectin aal-2, and encoding gene thereof, preparation method therefor and application thereof patent thumbnailAgrocybe aegerita lectin aal-2, and encoding gene thereof, preparation method therefor and application thereof
The isolated agrocybe aegerita lectin aal-2 is able to inhibit the growth of tumor cells by inducing apoptosis. In the animal study, the agrocybe aegerita lectin aal-2 has been showed to be capable for tumor therapy.
07/10/14
20140193554
 Method and system for preparation of fresh cooked meals patent thumbnailMethod and system for preparation of fresh cooked meals
The present invention relates to a method for preparing a ready-to heat, preservative free meal, comprising selecting at least one food product; preparing each food product; placing the prepared food products within a container; thermalizing; cooling down; and conditioning. The ready-to heat, preservative free meal comprises at least one of a protein portion, a portion of slow carbohydrates and a portion of vegetables..
07/03/14
20140187825
 Lignocellulosic conversion process intensification patent thumbnailLignocellulosic conversion process intensification
Economic conversion of lignocellulose requires both the maximization of conversion of available carbohydrates, as well as minimization of process capital cost. Process intensification minimizes capital cost while preserving conversion yield by combining into a single step those unit operations that are conducted at similar conditions.
07/03/14
20140187768
 Chlorination of carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives patent thumbnailChlorination of carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives
Disclosed is a method for chlorinating a carbohydrate or a derivative thereof to produce a polychlorinated carbohydrate or a derivative thereof, such as sucralose, the method involves (i) reacting the carbohydrate or derivative thereof with a chlorinating agent to obtain a reaction mixture comprising said polychlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof and at least one under-chlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof, (ii) returning the at least one under-chlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof to a chlorinating step and further chlorinating the at least one under-chlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof to obtain the desired polychlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof; and (iii) optionally repeating steps (i) and (ii) “n” times where n≧1. The polychlorinated carbohydrate or a derivative thereof is obtained in high yields..
07/03/14
20140187514
 Use of iron(iii) complex compounds patent thumbnailUse of iron(iii) complex compounds
The present invention relates to novel therapeutic uses of iron(iii) complex compounds with carbohydrates or derivatives thereof, in the preparation of a medicament for improving immune defense and/or brain performance.. .
07/03/14
20140186472
 Composition and method for improving gastrointestinal health of equine patent thumbnailComposition and method for improving gastrointestinal health of equine
A composition to moderate excessive and potentially harmful gastric acid levels in the gastrointestinal tract of horses is disclosed. The composition includes calcium oxide and/or calcium hydroxide, which may be in combination with various buffers and other ingredients such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium bentonite, sodium sesquicarbonate, calcium carbonate, magnesium oxide, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid sources, simple carbohydrates, and/or probiotics.
06/26/14
20140179542
Methods for rapidly identifying small organic molecule ligands for binding to biological target molecules
The present invention is directed to novel methods for rapidly and unambiguously identifying small organic molecule ligands for binding to biological target molecules. Small organic molecule ligands identified according to the methods of the present invention may find use, for example, as novel therapeutic drug lead compounds, enzyme inhibitors, labeling compounds, diagnostic reagents, affinity reagents for protein purification, and the like.
06/26/14
20140173977
Production method of the substrate for the growing of champignons and other cultivated mushrooms
The aim of the invention is to create a fundamentally new method of the substrate production, which would include the following: the processing of the parent materials, containing lignocellulose (for example, straw), by applying the methods of the primary processing (for example, steam explosion) in order to decompose the said parent material into the lower-level components; possible removal of the carbohydrates of the group c5 from the processed mass of lignocellulose; extrusion, pasteurization and sterilization of the initial substrate; adding of the components to the wetted initial substrate, its enrichment of materials necessary the growth of the mycelium and mushrooms; undersowing of the mycelium and its stirring in the volume of the prepared substrate. The selectivity and resistance of the substrate to diseases can be improved by inoculating and incubating the mass of ligninocellulose, (processed by the aforementioned methods) with thermophilic fungi, the development thereof corresponds to the optimum temperature of 45° c.
06/19/14
20140170233
Natural feed mixture for breeding domesticated water birds
The invention relates to a natural feed mixture for breeding domesticated water birds, comprising a high carbohydrate containing basic component poor in methyl-donors, a component rich in carbohydrates, having hepatic insulin-sensitizing properties, hypothalamic appetite-stimulating plant parts, natural substances blocking cholesterol synthesis in the liver, and an additive for protecting the formation of non-cholesterol- mevalonate products.. .
06/19/14
20140170128
Compositions for the management of glycated hemoglobin and blood glucose
Disclosed herein are compositions, products, and methods that treat glycated hemoglobin- and blood glucose-affected conditions by improving insulin function for the control and maintenance of blood glucose levels, alleviating oxidative stress, minimizing the risk of developing disease complications, facilitating the loss of weight and maintenance of healthy weight, and at the same time fulfill cravings for pleasant-tasting items of consumption and in turn increase the likelihood of patient compliance with the relevant therapy regimen. The disclosed compositions, products, and methods implement proteins and peptides that provide insulinotropic metabolic products in a sustained manner, in combination with ingredients that, for example, provide sustained release of carbohydrates, steady energy, sustained antioxidant effect relieve oxidative stress, and promote satiety, in order to reduce a1c and blood glucose levels and avert weight gain among subjects in need..
06/12/14
20140162881
Use of ribose to enhance plant growth
The present invention to methods a compositions for supplementing the soil/diet of plants in order to enhance plant growth, yield, hardening, as well as the recovery of plants which undergo transplantation. The present invention provides ribose and other pentose sugars and their derivatives, alone or in combination with other carbohydrates, electrolytes, minerals, enzymes, micronutrients, macronutrients, or other ingredients to enhance plant growth, yield, hardening, and aid in the recovery during and following transplantation.
06/12/14
20140162323
Methods of combined bioprocessing and related microorganisms, thermophilic and/or acidophilic enzymes, and nucleic acids encoding said enzymes
A genetically modified organism comprising: at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid isolated from alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and encoding a polypeptide involved in at least partially degrading, cleaving, transporting, metabolizing, or removing polysaccharides, cellulose, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, starch, sugars, sugar oligomers, carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, chitin, heteroxylans, glycosides, xylan-, glucan-, galactan-, or mannan-decorating groups; and at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid encoding a polypeptide involved in fermenting sugar molecules to a product. Additionally, enzymatic and/or proteinaceous extracts may be isolated from one or more genetically modified organisms.
06/12/14
20140161950
Processing quinoa for improved protein-to-carbohydrate formulations
Methods for processing quinoa or other seed that includes soaking the seeds in an aqueous system having alkaline agents, and/or coating the seed with lipases, proteases and/or esterase enzyme preparation to reduce saponin content. After the quinoa seed is ground, it may be steeped in water that is treated with enzymes or a series of combinations of enzymes.
06/12/14
20140161689
Process to produce biofuels from biomass
A process for producing biofuels from biomass is provided by removing sulfur compounds and nitrogen compounds from the biomass by contacting the biomass with a digestive solvent to form a pretreated biomass containing soluble carbohydrates and having less than 35% of the sulfur content and less than 35% of the nitrogen content, based on untreated biomass on a dry mass basis, prior to carrying out aqueous phase reforming and further processing to form a liquid fuel.. .
05/29/14
20140148605
Preparation of aminomethyl furans and alkoxymethyl furan derivatives from carbohydrates
Described herein are single step methods of making various classes of alkylamine derivatives of furan and tetrahydrofuran by simultaneous contact of a sugar with h2, an acid catalyst and hydrogenation catalyst in the presence of an alkylamide solvent. The hydrogenation catalyst is a heterogeneous catalyst comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of pt, pd, and nickel.
05/29/14
20140147574
Reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods
The invention relates to reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods that have a calorific value-containing portion and are mixed with talc. Calorific value-containing components of the calorific value-containing portion are selected from the group consisting of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
05/08/14
20140128834
Method, system and apparatus for calculating the insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio for diabetics
A more accurate method of determining an insulin to carbohydrate ratio for an individual diabetic is provided. The individual, who has been using or has been given a prior suggested dosage of rapid-acting insulin to be taken prior to meals, first plans a benchmark meal (“the meal”) and precisely counts the number of grams of carbohydrates which will be consumed in the meal.
05/08/14
20140128639
Methods for conversion of a glycol reaction product obtained from hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids into a dried monohydric alcohol feed
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may produce a glycol reaction product for subsequent processing. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids to form and process a glycol reaction product may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst in a hydrothermal digestion unit, the slurry catalyst being capable of activating molecular hydrogen; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of the slurry catalyst, a digestion solvent, and molecular hydrogen, thereby forming a liquor phase comprising soluble carbohydrates; performing a first catalytic reduction reaction on the soluble carbohydrates within the hydrothermal digestion unit, thereby at least partially converting the soluble carbohydrates into a reaction product comprising a glycol; at least partially drying the reaction product, thereby forming a dried reaction product comprising a dried glycol; and at least partially converting the dried glycol into a monohydric alcohol external to the hydrothermal digestion unit..
05/01/14
20140121634
Method, system and apparatus for setting insulin dosages for diabetics
A more accurate method of determining a carbohydrate to insulin ratio for an individual diabetic is provided. The individual, who has been using or has been given a prior suggested dosage of rapid-acting insulin to be taken prior to meals, first plans a benchmark meal (“the meal”) and precisely counts the number of grams of carbohydrates which will be consumed in the meal.
05/01/14
20140121423
Methods for hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids using a glycerol solvent system
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids in a glycerol solvent system can convert both the cellulosic biomass solids and the glycerol into a glycol reaction product for subsequent processing without the need for further solvent separation. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids in a glycerol solvent system can comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst in a hydrothermal digestion unit, the slurry catalyst being capable of activating molecular hydrogen; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of the slurry catalyst, molecular hydrogen, and a solvent system comprising glycerol, thereby forming soluble carbohydrates; and at least partially converting the soluble carbohydrates and the glycerol into a reaction product comprising a glycol within the hydrothermal digestion unit..
05/01/14
20140121420
Methods for production and processing of a glycol reaction product obtained from hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be conducted such that a glycol reaction product is formed for subsequent processing. Processing of a glycol reaction product may include a drying operation conducted prior to condensation of the glycol reaction product into higher molecular weight compounds.
05/01/14
20140120597
Method to produce ethanol using whole stillage
A method of producing ethanol is disclosed. The method includes fermentation of carbohydrates from multiple byproduct feedstocks simultaneously during the same fermentation batch by application of a bacterial microbe which converts said carbohydrates to ethanol.
05/01/14
20140120485
Furnace assembly
Provided are peptide analogues of pa-il and compositions containing them. The pa-il peptide analogues have altered carbohydrate binding specificity relative to a pa-il of seq id no:1, and thus the analogues contain amino acid substitutions in seq id no:1.
04/24/14
20140113832
Engineered thioredoxin-like fold proteins
The invention features compositions based on thioredoxin-like fold protein domains described as engineered thioredoxin-like fold proteins (etrxs). These proteins include one or more artificially diversified thioredoxin-like fold protein domains; each domain may be originated from the same or different thioredoxin-like fold protein domains.
04/17/14
20140107353
Reductive biomass liquefaction
The present invention provides methods, reactor systems, and catalysts for converting in a continuous process biomass to less complex oxygenated compounds for use in downstream processes to produce biofuels and chemicals. The invention includes methods of converting the components of biomass, such as hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin, to water-soluble materials, including lignocellulosic derivatives, cellulosic derivatives, hemicellulosic derivatives, carbohydrates, starches, polysaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, sugars, sugar alcohols, alditols, polyols, diols, alcohols, ketones, cyclic ethers, esters, carboxylic acids, aldehydes, and mixtures thereof, using hydrogen and a heterogeneous liquefaction catalyst..
04/17/14
20140106371
Peptide analogues of pa-il and their utility for glycan and glycoconjugate analysis and purification
Also included are methods for detecting changes in the glycosylation of carbohydrates and for separating biomolecules which contain glycoproteins or glycoconjugates.. .
04/17/14
20140106025
Infant nutrition with hydrolysed proteins
The invention concerns a method to treat and/or prevent childhood obesity comprising administering a nutritional composition containing fat, digestible carbohydrates and protein, wherein the protein comprises at least 25 wt. % peptides with a chain length of 2 to 30 amino acids based on dry weight of protein..
04/10/14
20140100189
Carbohydrates mixture
A carbohydrate mixture for dietetic foods and pharmaceuticals is provided. The carbohydrate mixture comprises two different, substantially soluble carbohydrate components a and b, which remain undigested in the gastrointestinal tract and enter the large intestine without being resorbed.
04/10/14
20140099687
Processes for extracting carbohydrates from biomass and converting the carbohydrates into biofuels
A process for extracting carbohydrates from biomass and creating bioalcohol from the extracted carbohydrates. Subjecting the biomass to acid or alkali hydrolysis in a first hydrodynamic cavitation process.
04/10/14
20140096830
Continuous process for conversion of lignin to useful compounds
This specification discloses an operational continuous process to convert lignin as found in ligno-cellulosic biomass before or after converting at least some of the carbohydrates. The continuous process has been demonstrated to create a slurry comprised of lignin, raise the slurry comprised of lignin to ultra-high pressure, deoxygenate the lignin in a lignin conversion reactor over a catalyst which is not a fixed bed without producing char.
04/10/14
20140096764
Biomass conversion systems and methods for use thereof
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids to form a hydrolysate may be accompanied by decomposition if the soluble carbohydrates produced from the biomass under hydrothermal digestion conditions are not transformed into a more stable reaction product. Biomass conversion systems may be configured to address this issue and others.
04/03/14
20140093574
Highly compactable and durable direct compression excipients and excipient systems
The present invention relates to solid dispersions including, but not limited to, co-processed carbohydrates with different solubilities and concentrations, which have a microcrystalline plate structure. The solid dispersions, excipient systems and formulations of the present invention are highly compactable and durable and when compressed into solid dosage forms demonstrate uniform densification, low friability at low pressures, and and/or relatively constant low disintegration times at various hardnesses.
03/27/14
20140087030
Ready to eat deep fried seafood as appetizer and snack food
The ready to eat deep fried seafood as appetizer and snack food comestible includes ingredients combined in proportions substantially including: seafood; cooking oils; and seasonings. The seafood is prepared by washing and removing internal organs.
03/13/14
20140073022
Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates with a defined composition from an unrelated carbon source
Cells and methods for producing polyhydroxyalkanoates. The cells comprise one or more recombinant genes selected from an r-specific enoyl-coa hydratase gene, a pha polymerase gene, a thioesterase gene, and an acyl-coa-synthetase gene.
03/06/14
20140065264
Nutrition formulation and product produced therefrom
A nutritional composition is provided herein for optimizing fats, carbohydrates, and protein caloric ratios as it relates to balanced nutrition, general health, and muscle performance during exercise and for enhancing muscle cell repair and recovery following the cessation of exercise, comprising: a) about 18% to about 23% by weight, e.g. About 19% to about 21%, of whey protein, e.g.
02/27/14
20140057332
Gluco-oligosaccharide oxidases from acremonium strictum and uses thereof
This invention provides a description of novel polypeptides and nucleotide sequences having gluco-oligosaccharide oxidase (goox) activity. The polypeptides of the invention can be used for enzymatic processes that modify carbohydrates from wood fiber.
02/20/14
20140051872
Catalysts for hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated hydrocarbons
The present invention provides catalysts, methods, and reactor systems for converting oxygenated hydrocarbons to oxygenated compounds. The invention includes methods for producing cyclic ethers, monooxygenates, dioxygenates, ketones, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, and alcohols from oxygenated hydrocarbons, such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like, using catalysts containing palladium, molybdenum, tin, and tungsten.
02/13/14
20140045235
Construction of a lactobacillus casei ethanologen
An engineered bacterium for producing ethanol from one or more carbohydrates is disclosed. The bacterium can be made by (a) inactivating within a lactobacillus casei bacterium one or more endogenous genes encoding a lactate dehydrogenase; or (b) introducing into a lactobacillus casei bacterium one or more exogenous genes encoding a pyruvate decarboxylase and one or more exogenous genes encoding an alcohol dehydrogenase ii; or (c) performing both steps (a) and (b).
02/13/14
20140045150
Energy consumption estimator
An energy consumption estimator (10) includes a body motion sensor (17), a first calculation unit (18), an acquisition unit, and a second calculation unit (19). The body motion sensor (17) detects body motion by a user.
02/13/14
20140044830
Infant formula for use in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases
An infant formula comprising at least a source of proteins, a source of lipids, a source of carbohydrates, wherein the protein content is below 2.1 g/100 kcal, for use in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, in particular for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases associated with high blood pressure. Preferably said composition is a starter infant formula..
02/06/14
20140038485
Bio-based binders including carbohydrates and a pre-reacted product of an alcohol or polyol and a monomeric or polymeric polycarboxylic acid
An environmentally friendly, formaldehyde-free, aqueous binder composition that includes a carbohydrate, a crosslinking agent, and a pre-reacted product of an alcohol or polyol and monomeric or polymeric polycarboxylic acid or polyglycerol is provided. The pre-reacted product may include glycerol and esters of citric acid such a monoglyceryl citrate, diglyceryl citrate, and triglyceryl citrate as well as other higher molecular weight citric acid-based esters.
01/30/14
20140031599
Biomass conversion systems containing a moving bed catalyst for stabilization of a hydrolsate and methods for use thereof
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids to form a hydrolysate may be conducted with in situ catalytic reduction to transform soluble carbohydrates in the hydrolysate into a more stable reaction product. Biomass conversion systems for performing such a transformation can comprise: a hydrothermal digestion unit that also contains a first catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen, the first catalyst being fluidly mobile within the hydrothermal digestion unit; an optional hydrogen feed line that is operatively connected to the hydrothermal digestion unit; a fluid circulation loop comprising the hydrothermal digestion unit and a catalytic reduction reactor unit that contains a second catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen; and a catalyst transport mechanism external to the hydrothermal digestion unit, the catalyst transport mechanism being capable of conveying at least a portion of the first catalyst to another location from a catalyst collection zone located within the hydrothermal digestion unit..
01/30/14
20140030732
Microfluidic hplc-chip for glycopeptide analysis with integrated hilic enrichment
A microfluidic device for glycopeptide analysis includes an enrichment column capable of binding carbohydrates; a trapping column capable of binding peptides, wherein the trapping column is configured to be connected downstream of the enrichment column; a separation column, wherein the separation column is configured to be connected downstream of the trapping column; and a plurality of ports configured to work with a switching device to form a plurality of flow paths, wherein one of the plurality of flow paths allows the trapping column to be in fluid communication with the separation column. A method for glycopeptide analysis using a microfluidic device comprising a trapping column and a separation column, the method includes applying a sample of peptides to the microfluidic device; trapping the peptides on the trapping column; eluting the peptides from the trapping column into the separation column; and separating the peptides on the separation column..
01/23/14
20140024853
Synthesis of lactic acid and alkyl lactate from carbohydrate-containing materials
A method for synthesizing lactic acid and lactate is invented from carbohydrates, such as monosaccharides and/or polysaccharides in the presence of the catalyst that is the combinations of nitrogen-heterocycle aromatic ring cation salts and metal compounds. In the reaction, at least one alcohol and at least one solvent are used.
01/23/14
20140024581
Pre-thickened compact liquid nutritional composition for dysphagia patients
The invention pertains to a liquid enteral nutritional composition with an energy density between 1.0 and 4.0 kcal/ml, a viscosity between 150 and 1800 mpas measured at a shear rate of 50/second at 20° c., comprising digestible carbohydrates and fat, wherein the composition further comprises at least one of (a1)) between 8-20 g protein per 100 ml of the composition, where micellar casein comprises at least 50 wt % of the total protein content of the composition, or (a2) between 16-45 en % protein, where micellar casein comprises at least 50% of the protein caloric content; and (b) anionic fibers capable of sequestering of calcium, and (c) carrageenan between 0.015 and 0.25 g per 100 ml of the composition, and its use for preventing/treating dysphagia, and/or treating/preventing malnourishment or undernourishment associated with dysphagia.. .
01/23/14
20140024093
Process for the production of digested biomass useful for chemicals and biofuels
In the pretreatment, the biomass is contacted with a solution containing at least one α-hydroxysulfonic acid thereby at least partially hydrolyzing the biomass to produce a pretreated stream containing a solution that contains at least a portion of hemicelluloses and a residual biomass that contains celluloses and lignin; separating at least a portion of the solution from the residual biomass providing an solution stream and a pretreated biomass stream; then contacting the pretreated biomass stream with a cooking liquor containing at least one alkali selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium sulfide, potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, ammonium hydroxide, and mixtures thereof and water. A process that allows for higher recovery of carbohydrates and thereby increased yields is provided.
01/23/14
20140020679
Method for treating biomass and organic waste with the purpose of generating desired biologically based products
The present invention provides a method for treatment of lignocellulosic organic waste or biomass, by which the carbohydrates are rendered more available for subsequent hydrolysis, e.g. By means of addition of enzymes or direct fermentation to one or more desired products.
01/16/14
20140017797
Protein affinity tag and uses thereof
This invention concerns isotopically coded or non-isotopically coded affinity-tags for analysis of certain target molecules in complex samples, in particular for mass spectrometric analysis of proteomic samples. The affinity-tags have the following general formula x-spacer-opo3h2, wherein x is a functional group or moiety capable of reacting with a functional group of a protein, peptide, dna, lipid, sugar and/or steroid.
01/16/14
20140014748
System for shredding and grinding biomass
A method and system for processing biomass material from harvest to pelletizing includes a continuous shredding stage and grinding stage to reduce the size of the material. A fan pulls air through the shredder and the grinder to assist the movement of the biomass material through the shredder and the grinder.
01/09/14
20140010782
Antibacterial agent for treating infectious diseases of bacterial origin
The invention relates to medicine, namely to the antimicrobial agent for the treatment of infectious bacterial diseases including hospital infections and drug-resistant tb which represents the ion nanostructured complex (insc) synthesized from carbohydrates proteins and/or polypeptides (albumins, interleukins, interferons, signaling proteins, etc), which are to enhance the antimicrobial activity in vivo, by activating immune cells that contain at least one terminal amino acid such as phe, ala, val, ala, leu, ile, and others with electron-donor functional groups, iodine and halides of the alkali and alkaline earth elements in the fourth stage at a certain ionic strength; an antibacterial agent increases: the susceptibility of bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant, to antibiotics; activity of monocytes and macrophages; efficiency of antibiotic treatment of hospital infections and drug-resistant tb; it also has antiviral activity, stimulates hematopoietic function of bone marrow; has an antitumor effect and radioprotective properties; in acceptable concentrations of components can be used as non-pharmaceutical agent (bafs or parapharmaceutical); is presented in the pharmacological form suitable for parenteral, oral, external, or other application. Insc has the formula [{(ln(mei3)+)y[me(lm)i]+x}(cl—)y+x+k] with m=30-300 kda..
01/02/14
20140005445
Methods for hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids in the presence of a slurry catalyst and a digestible filter aid
Digesting cellulosic biomass in the presence of a slurry catalyst may reduce degradation product formation, but catalyst distribution and retention can be problematic. Digestion methods can comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen in a digestion unit; providing a digestible filter aid in the digestion unit; distributing the slurry catalyst within the cellulosic biomass solids using fluid flow; retaining at least a portion of the slurry catalyst in a fixed location using the digestible filter aid; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the presence of the slurry catalyst, a digestion solvent, and molecular hydrogen, thereby forming a liquor phase comprising soluble carbohydrates; and performing a catalytic reduction reaction on the soluble carbohydrates within the digestion unit, thereby at least partially forming a reaction product comprising a triol, a diol, a monohydric alcohol, or any combination thereof in the digestion unit..
01/02/14
20140005444
Methods for hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids in the presence of a distributed slurry catalyst
Digesting cellulosic biomass solids in the presence of a well-distributed slurry catalyst capable of activating molecular hydrogen may limit the amount of degradation products that form during digestion. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids can comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst in a hydrothermal digestion unit, the slurry catalyst being capable of activating molecular hydrogen; distributing the slurry catalyst within the cellulosic biomass solids using upwardly directed fluid flow in the hydrothermal digestion unit; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of the slurry catalyst, a digestion solvent, and molecular hydrogen, thereby forming a liquor phase comprising soluble carbohydrates; and performing a first catalytic reduction reaction on the soluble carbohydrates within the hydrothermal digestion unit, thereby at least partially forming a reaction product comprising a triol, a diol, a monohydric alcohol, or any combination thereof in the hydrothermal digestion unit..
01/02/14
20140005069
Glycoprofiling with multiplexed suspension arrays
The present invention is includes compositions and methods directed to the multiplexed analysis of carbohydrates and carbohydrate containing compounds. The compositions and methods utilize suspension array technology (sat) and an array of different carbohydrate binding molecules, each carbohydrate binding molecules with a known carbohydrate binding specificity, to obtain a glycoprofile of the carbohydrate structure(s) in a sample.
01/02/14
20140000154
Biomass conversion systems providing integrated stabilization of a hydrolysate using a slurry catalyst and methods for use thereof
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids to form a hydrolysate may be conducted with integrated catalytic reduction during digestion to transform soluble carbohydrates in the hydrolysate into a more stable reaction product. Such integrated catalytic reduction may be conducted using a slurry catalyst.
01/02/14
20140000153
Biomass conversion systems providing integrated stabilization of a hydrolysate using a slurry catalyst following biomass pretreatment and methods for use thereof
Digestion of cellulosic biomass solids to form a hydrolysate may be conducted with integrated catalytic reduction during digestion to transform soluble carbohydrates in the hydrolysate into a more stable reaction product. Such integrated catalytic reduction may be conducted using a slurry catalyst.
12/26/13
20130345664
Managing blood glucose levels
A method, computer usable program product, or a system for managing a blood glucose level of a person including providing a device worn exterior to the person for monitoring a set of treatment factors and a set of environmental factors associated with the person, predicting a blood glucose level for the person based on the set of treatment factors and the set of environmental factors, and responsive to predicting a blood glucose level for the person dropping lower than a predetermined minimum value, supplying carbohydrates to the person.. .
12/26/13
20130344045
Nutritional composition comprising fiber and probiotics for reducing stress-related intestinal symptoms
The present invention provides a nutritional composition that is suitable to reduce the impact of stress on intestinal symptoms and/or conditions. The composition comprises one or more selected from a probiotic microorganism,one or more inactive probiotic, and one or more culture medium of one or more probiotic; and soluble fiber, and possibly other ingredients such as a milk ingredient, a source of carbohydrates and a source of protein.
12/26/13
20130340776
Smokeless tobacco lipid granules
A smokeless tobacco product includes a plurality of orally disintegrable granules. Each granule has a lipid core and at least one layer surrounding the core.
12/05/13
20130323831
Integrated versatile kit for isolating components in biological samples
The instant invention provides an intergrated kit with solutions and instruments to isolate various biological samples from biological samples. The kit enables an user to preserve specimens and isolate biomolecules with features and benefits of high quality, easy, fast, no toxicity, safe to user and environment, low demanding, cost-effective, reducing waste, saving nature resources and protecting environment, and leads to a low-carbon and green economy in preparation of specimens.
12/05/13
20130323822
Yeast expressing saccharolytic enzymes for consolidated bioprocessing using starch and cellulose
The present invention is directed to a yeast strain, or strains, secreting a full suite, or any subset of that full suite, of enzymes to hydrolyze corn starch, corn fiber, lignocellulose, (including enzymes that hydrolyze linkages in cellulose, hemicellulose, and between lignin and carbohydrates) and to utilize pentose sugars (xylose and arabinose). The invention is also directed to the set of proteins that are well expressed in yeast for each category of enzymatic activity.
12/05/13
20130323796
Methods and compositions for synthesis of nucleic acid molecules using multiplerecognition sites
The present invention provides compositions and methods for recombinational cloning. The compositions include vectors having multiple recombination .sites and/or multiple topoisomerase recognition sites.
12/05/13
20130323390
Water activity reducing agent, food product including the agent, and water activity reducing method
Provided are a water activity reducing agent including two or more carbohydrates selected from the group consisting of sorbitol (a), glucose (b), xylitol (c), erythritol (d), and glycerin (e), a food product including the water activity reducing agent, and a method for reducing the water activity of a food product using the water activity reducing agent.. .
11/21/13
20130305594
Method for producing liquid hydrocarbon fuels directly from lignocellulosic biomass
A process that directly converts carbohydrates, particularly biomass derived carbohydrates and more specifically biomass (e.g., lignocellulosic biomass), to furfural-/hmf-ketone adducts for liquid hydrocarbon production under mild conditions.. .
11/14/13
20130303791
Preparation of aminomethyl furans and alkoxymethyl furan derivatives from carbohydrates
Described herein are single step methods of making various classes of alkylamine derivatives of furan and tetrahydrofuran by simultaneous contact of a sugar with h2, an acid catalyst and hydrogenation catalyst in the presence of an alkylamide solvent. The hydrogenation catalyst is a heterogeneous catalyst comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of pt, pd, and nickel.
11/14/13
20130302858
Methods of combined bioprocessing and related microorganisms, thermophilic and/or acidophilic enzymes, and nucleic acids encoding said enzymes
A genetically modified organism comprising: at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid isolated from alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and encoding a polypeptide involved in at least partially degrading, cleaving, transporting, metabolizing, or removing polysaccharides, cellulose, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, starch, sugars, sugar oligomers, carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, chitin, heteroxylans, glycosides, xylan-, glucan-, galactan, or mannan-decorating groups; and at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid encoding a polypeptide involved in fermenting sugar molecules to a product. Additionally, enzymatic and/or proteinaceous extracts may be isolated from one or more genetically modified organisms.
11/07/13
20130296266
Pharmaceutical composition of complex carbohydrates and essential oils and methods of using the same
The invention discloses the discovery that a pharmaceutical composition containing complex carbohydrates with or without natural or synthetic essential oils can work effectively as a topical, oral or mucosal pharmaceutical composition. Such pharmaceutical compositions reduce inflammation, assist in wound healing, protect against bruising, relieve itching, relieve pain and swelling and treat topical bacterial infections such as acne and decubitus ulcers and prevent and treat numerous other conditions and diseases.
10/24/13
20130281719
Method of catalytic conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
The present invention relates to a method for efficient conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (hmf) in the presence of tantalum-containing solid acid, which shows good activity and high selectivity for hmf preparation from saccharides. The catalyst is stable in aqueous system which makes it as an ideal catalyst for hmf production.


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Carbohydrates topics: Carbohydrates, Nucleotide, Breast Milk, Antibodies, Infant Formula, Polypeptide, Nucleic Acid, Aspergillus, Nutritional Formula, Complex Carbohydrate, Hydroxymethylfurfural, Carboxymethylcellulose, Emulsifiers, Maltodextrin, Crystallin

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