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Carbohydrates patents



      
           
This page is updated frequently with new Carbohydrates-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Carbohydrates RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Carbohydrates RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Carbohydrates RSS RSS


Methods for the valorization of carbohydrates

Methods for the valorization of carbohydrates

Date/App# patent app List of recent Carbohydrates-related patents
10/23/14
20140315260
 Novel cellulose and ligno-cellulose active proteins patent thumbnailNovel cellulose and ligno-cellulose active proteins
Methods to digest carbohydrates, especially lignocelluloses and hemicelluloses, using fungal proteins previously not recognized as having this activity are described.. .
10/23/14
20140315220
 Cellular recognition conjugates and methods of use for the histological analysis of cancer tissue using maldi-ms imaging patent thumbnailCellular recognition conjugates and methods of use for the histological analysis of cancer tissue using maldi-ms imaging
Disclosed are conjugates that can bind to one or more site on cancer cell surface, for example, surface proteins, compound specific receptors and carbohydrates that comprise the surface of specific cell types. The disclosed conjugates can thereby serve as indicators identifying the presence of cancerous tissue..
10/16/14
20140309454
 Methods for the valorization of carbohydrates patent thumbnailMethods for the valorization of carbohydrates
There are provided methods for the valorization of carbohydrates. The methods comprise reacting a fluid comprising at least one carbohydrate with at least one metal catalyst or at least one metal catalytic system in a fluidized bed reactor so as to obtain at least one organic acid or a derivative thereof..
10/16/14
20140308724
 Yeast expressing saccharolytic enzymes for consolidated bioprocessing using starch and cellulose patent thumbnailYeast expressing saccharolytic enzymes for consolidated bioprocessing using starch and cellulose
The present invention is directed to a yeast strain, or strains, secreting a full suite, or any subset of that full suite, of enzymes to hydrolyze corn starch, corn fiber, lignocellulose, (including enzymes that hydrolyze linkages in cellulose, hemicellulose, and between lignin and carbohydrates) and to utilize pentose sugars (xylose and arabinose). The invention is also directed to the set of proteins that are well expressed in yeast for each category of enzymatic activity.
10/16/14
20140308718
 Fermentation process for producing chemicals patent thumbnailFermentation process for producing chemicals
The invention refers to a method of biotransforming a carbohydrate of a raw material into a chemical, by cultivating lactobacillus diolivorans in the presence of the raw material to produce a chemical substance, and isolating the chemical substance in the purified form, and the use of l. Diolivorans in one of a series of biotransformation methods, wherein carbohydrates from at least two different carbohydrate sources of low purity are transformed into chemicals..
10/16/14
20140308453
 Reduced salt precipitation in carbohydrate containing binder compositions patent thumbnailReduced salt precipitation in carbohydrate containing binder compositions
Aqueous binder compositions with reduced rates of salt precipitation are described. The compositions may include a carbohydrate and a sequestrant for sequestering one or more multivalent ions (e.g., ca2+, mg2+, ba2+, al3+, fe2+, fe3+, etc.).
10/16/14
20140308424
 Dried pulp preparation from unprocessed raw materials patent thumbnailDried pulp preparation from unprocessed raw materials
Disclosed is dried fruit or vegetable pulp preparation comprising dried fruit or vegetable pulp and at least one density modifying ingredient. The density modifying ingredient may be selected from the group consisting of complex carbohydrates or humectants..
10/16/14
20140308401
 Health food containing rice and flour and manufacturing method thereof patent thumbnailHealth food containing rice and flour and manufacturing method thereof
A health food made of grain and a manufacturing method thereof that keep its nutrition of the ingredients effectively, and take into account the health care effects at the same time. It contains the following ingredients: flour, egg yolk, butter, evaporated milk, yellow rice, tortoise powder, glabrous greenbrier rhizome powder, grass jelly powder, ganoderma lucidum powder.
10/16/14
20140305969
 Apparatus, diabetic treatment system and method for sweetening food patent thumbnailApparatus, diabetic treatment system and method for sweetening food
The current invention relates to an apparatus, in particular a dietary dispenser, to a diabetic treatment system and to a method for sweetening food. The technical problem of enabling the consumer to be satisfied with the flavor, in particular the sweetness, of food and at the same time providing the optimal amount of calories and/or carbohydrates to the consumer in a simple and secure way is solved by an apparatus, in particular a dietary dispenser, comprising at least two reservoirs, at least one nozzle and a dispense mechanism.
10/09/14
20140302982
 Catalytic conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural patent thumbnailCatalytic conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
The present invention relates to catalysts and methods for efficient conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (hmf), which shows good activity and high selectivity for hmf preparation from saccharides. The catalyst is stable in aqueous system which makes it as an ideal catalyst for hmf production.
10/02/14
20140296093
Use of multiple recombination sites with unique specificity in combinational cloning
The present invention provides compositions and methods for recombinational cloning. The compositions include vectors having multiple recombination sites with unique specificity.
10/02/14
20140295040
Cocoa-based exercise recovery beverages
The invention provides, in one aspect, a method of producing a ready-to-drink cocoa beverage containing high levels of beneficial cocoa flavanols or cocoa polyphenols and with a particular ratio of carbohydrates to protein. The beverages can advantageously be used in an exercise recovery regimen.
10/02/14
20140294930
Streptococcal glcnac-lacking glycopolypeptides, cell wall carbohydrates, streptococcus vaccines, and methods for making and using them
In alternative embodiments, the invention provides vaccines, pharmaceutical compounds and formulations for diagnosing, preventing, treating or ameliorating group a streptococcus (gas), group c streptococcus (gcs), or group a streptococcus (ggs), infections, or other pathogenic streptococcus infections. In alternative embodiments, the invention provides compositions such as diagnostic tests, assays, immunoassays and test strips, and methods, for detecting or diagnosing the presence of a streptococcal infection, e.g., group a streptococcus (gas), group c streptococcus (gcs), or group a streptococcus (ggs), infections, or other pathogenic streptococcus infections..
10/02/14
20140294795
Nutritional composition
The present invention provides nutritional compositions that are employed as oral supplementation to the human diet. The compositions of the present invention provide for supplementation to the diet of the cancer patient, as well as preventative dietary supplementation aimed at supporting the human immune system for those not currently suffering from cancer.
09/25/14
20140287089
Nutritional tablet
To improve the solubility and the speed of dissolution of nutritional tablets comprising protein, fat and carbohydrates, dietary fibers are included in the nutritional tablets.. .
09/18/14
20140276574
Method and device utilizing insulin delivery protocols
A method of infusing liquid medicaments including insulin via an insulin pump, includes identifying an insulin delivery protocol associated with ingestion of carbohydrates wherein the insulin delivery protocol is likely to lead to a postprandial drop in blood glucose to a level below a basal level, then proposing at least one alternative insulin delivery protocol to inhibit the postprandial drop in blood glucose by delivering a metered amount of insulin that is appropriate to facilitate the metabolism of the carbohydrates without the postprandial blood glucose level drop. The invention further includes querying the patient as to whether to apply the alternative insulin delivery protocol, receiving instructions from the patient in response to the query, and applying the alternative insulin delivery protocol following receiving instructions from the patient to apply the alternative insulin delivery protocol..
09/18/14
20140276556
Clinical variable determination
A computer implemented method of determining a clinical variables utilizing an insulin pump that includes initiating blood glucose measurements, initiating ingestion of carbohydrates and receiving input data based on the blood glucose measurements and the ingestion of carbohydrates and utilizing the data to calculate clinical variables. The invention may include presenting instructions to a patient to take various actions and to input various data.
09/18/14
20140275623
Nitric acid oxidation processes
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275622
Nitric acid oxidation process
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275621
Oxidation process
A process utilizing nitric acid and oxygen as co-oxidants to oxidize aldehydes, alcohols, polyols, preferably carbohydrates, specifically reducing sugars to produce the corresponding carboxylic acids.. .
09/18/14
20140275584
Production of aromatics from di- and polyoxygenates
Methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing in high yield aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from a mixture of oxygenates comprising di- and polyoxygenates are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like; and methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing the mixture of oxygenates from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like.
09/18/14
20140275571
Production of aromatics from di- and polyoxygenates
Methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing in high yield aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from a mixture of oxygenates comprising di- and polyoxygenates are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like; and methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing the mixture of oxygenates from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like.
09/18/14
20140275507
Processes for isolating chitin and chitosan from fungal biomass
Methods of extracting chitin and chitosan from fungal biomass using a solution of one or more ammonia compounds, amines, and/or alkaline silicate compounds. The solution dissolves and extracts amino acids, fatty acids and other carbohydrates from the fungal cells leaving chitin and/or chitosan, and the extractant may be recovered from the liquid by simple phase changes such as heating or cooling, dissociation into volatile components, distillation and/or solidification and separation of immiscible extractants.
09/18/14
20140273108
Process and method for improving the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass by addition of hydrothermally treated stillage
A method of producing hydrolysate from cellulosic material by adding hydrothermally treated stillage or a fraction thereof to cellulosic material, treating the mixture of hydrothermally treated stillage and cellulosic material with at least one hydrolyzing enzyme, and hydrolyzing and converting complex carbohydrates in the cellulosic material. The hydrolysate produced by the method.
09/18/14
20140272000
Liquids and foodstuffs containing beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (hmb) in the free acid form and methods of manufacturing or producing the same
Liquids, substantially clear liquids and foodstuffs are described that contain free acid hmb. The liquids, substantially clear liquids and foodstuffs are substantially free of crude fat and may contain soluble proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, flavorings and other components.
09/18/14
20140271930
Noninvasive method for measuring metabolites for skin health
A noninvasive method for diagnosing skin health in a subject comprising collecting a skin sample from the subject; detecting a level of one or more small molecule biomarkers in the epithelial cell sample/skin cell sample; diagnosing the subject as having a skin condition based on the level of a detected small molecule biomarker, wherein the detected small molecule is at least one compound chosen from: a compound generated by metabolism of amino acids, a compound generated by dipeptides metabolism, a compound generated by nucleic acids, a compound generated by metabolism of lipids, a compound generated by metabolism of carbohydrates, and mixtures thereof and further small molecule biomarkers as listed in table 1. Further, a noninvasive method for evaluating the efficacy of products for skin health..
09/11/14
20140256983
Method of oxidation using nitric acid
A controlled nitric acid process employing oxygen and nitric acid as co-oxidants is used to oxidize organic compounds subject to nitric acid oxidation, to their corresponding carboxylic acids. Oxidation of some carbohydrates by this process can produce one or more of their corresponding acid forms.
09/11/14
20140256924
Carbohydrate functionalised surfaces
Carbohydrates are biomolecules that are involved in a range of biological processes and play key roles in, for instance, host immune response and cellular adhesion. Accordingly, functionalisation of medical devices such as stents, valves, catheters, prostheses and other devices for in vivoimplantation with carbohydrates is an area in which considerable interest is developing.
09/11/14
20140255526
Use of a ginseng extract to prevent and treat alopecia areata
Ginseng extracts as well as preparations such as medicaments, pharmaceuticals and food or dietary supplements for use to treat or prevent alopecia areata in subjects requiring such treatment or prevention are provided. The ginseng extract is a carbohydrate extract that contains between about 60-70 wt % carbohydrates, for example..
09/04/14
20140248363
Nanoparticulate phosphate adsorbent on the basis of maghemite or maghemite/magnetite, production and uses thereof
The present invention relates to a phosphate adsorbent on the basis of maghemite or maghemite/magnetite comprising (i) an iron oxide core comprising a crystal structure of inverse spinel iron oxide, (ii) a coating selected from monomeric carbohydrates, in particular monosaccharides or disaccharides, alditols, or mixtures thereof, and/or (iii) a pharmaceutical excipient selected from polymeric carbohydrates, wherein the phosphate adsorbent has the form of nanoparticles with a particle size of the iron oxide core (i) of less than 20 nm. The present invention further relates to a method for the production of a phosphate adsorbent on the basis of maghemite or maghemite/magnetite, to pharmaceutical compositions comprising the phosphate adsorbent, and to medical uses thereof, especially for the prevention and/or treatment of hyperphosphatemia..
08/28/14
20140242688
Photobioreactor
Provided herein is a transgenic bacteria engineered to accumulate carbohydrates, for example disaccharides. Also provided is a photobioreactor for cultivating photosynthetic microorganisms comprising a non-gelatinous, solid cultivation support suitable for providing nutrients and moisture to photosynthetic microorganisms and a physical barrier covering at least a portion of the surface of the cultivation support.
08/28/14
20140242313
Insulation moulding and method for its manufacture
A cavity between inner and outer walls of an open-box-shaped mould is filled with a polyurethane reaction mixture, containing an isocyanate and an emulsion of an isocyanate-reactive composition with three polyols and a blowing agent, which is cured to a polyurethane containing polymer. The inner and outer wall are a fixed distance from one another and each wall comprises a bottom and sides.
08/28/14
20140239231
Carbon dioxide conversion to fuels and chemicals
An environmentally beneficial process for the production of fuels and chemicals employs carbon dioxide from a natural source or from an artificial chemical source that would otherwise be discharged into the environment. The carbon dioxide is converted to formic acid and the formic acid is then non-biologically converted to fuels and/or chemicals without the intermediate process of hydrogenating the formic acid to methanol or reacting the formic acid with ammonia to form formamide.
08/21/14
20140234515
Nutraceutical formulation
This invention is directed to a nutraceutical formulation that provides a balance of 40% carbohydrates, 30% fat, and 30% protein. The nutraceutical formulation comprises egg protein, flax seed powder, coconut palm sugar, cocoa powder, raspberry extract, goji berry extract, sweet potato flour, wheat grass powder, and stevia extract.
08/14/14
20140228535
Catalyst systems based on phenolate complexes for immortal ring-opening polymerization of cyclic esters and carbohydrates
A method can include immortal ring-opening homopolymerisation of cyclic carbonates or cyclic esters in the presence of a catalytic system, or sequential two-step ring-opening block copolymerisation of one or more cyclic monomers selected from cyclic carbonates or cyclic esters in the presence of the catalytic system. The catalytic system can include a phenolate supported metallic complex.
08/07/14
20140221642
Low temperature chlorination of carbohydrates
Disclosed is a method of chlorinating a carbohydrate or derivative thereof, for example, a sucrose-6-ester at the 4,1′, and 6′ positions, with irreversible removal of hcl formed during the reaction to form the chlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof, for example, a 4,1′,6′-trichloro-4,1′,6′-trideoxy-6-o-ester of galactosucrose (tgs-6e). The irreversible removal of hcl can be carried out by an irreversible physical process and/or an irreversible chemical process.
07/31/14
20140213679
Emulsions and their use in the production of foams based on isocyanates
The invention relates to stable emulsions for the production of foams based on isocyanates, comprising at least three polyols a1a, a1b and a1c and at least one physical blowing agent t, wherein a1a is a polyether polyol, obtained by the addition of epoxies to starter compounds selected from carbohydrates and difunctional or higher-functional alcohols, a1b is a polyether polyol started on an aromatic amine and a1c is a polyester polyether polyol, obtained by the addition of epoxies to the esterification product of an aromatic dicarboxylic acid derivative and a difunctional or higher-functional alcohol. The invention further relates to a method for producing foams by reactions of such emulsions with isocyanates and to the foams obtainable in this way and their use for insulating purposes..
07/31/14
20140212934
Biological synthesis of difunctional hexanes and pentanes from carbohydrate feedstocks
Provided herein are methods for the production of difunctional alkanes in microorganisms. Also provided are enzymes and nucleic acids encoding such enzymes, associated with the difunctional alkane production from carbohydrates feedstocks in microorganisms.
07/24/14
20140205718
Milk-based formulation
The invention relates to a milk-based formulation with a reduced carbohydrate content, having a ratio of carbohydrates to protein of at most 1.1, a protein content of at least 5.4% on dry matter basis, and a ratio of ash to protein is substantially similar to that of a milk raw material used as a starting material, and a method for the preparation thereof. The milk-based formulation can be used in the preparation of a recombined milk product with a reduced lactose content, having a full taste of normal milk without any deficiencies in its organoleptic properties..
07/17/14
20140199738
Method for preparing volatile fatty acids from the pre-treated extracts of marine biomass residue
A method of preparing a volatile fatty acids (vfas) is provided. More particularly, the method includes chemically or biologically pretreating a residue of algae to obtain an extract of the algae residue, filtering the extract of the algae residue and anaerobically fermenting the filtrate.
07/10/14
20140194619
Method to produce water-soluble sugars from biomass using solvents containing lactones
A process to produce an aqueous solution of carbohydrates that contains c6-sugar-containing oligomers, c6 sugar monomers, c5-sugar-containing oligomers, c5 sugar monomers, or any combination thereof is presented. The process includes the steps of reacting biomass or a biomass-derived reactant with a solvent system including a lactone and water, and an acid catalyst.
07/10/14
20140194378
Methods of preventing or treating diseases and conditions using complex carbohydrates
The invention relates to a method of preventing and treating diseases and conditions associated with allergies, autoimmunity, the adhesion cascade, the metastatic cascade or the coronary cascade comprising administering (i) at least one complex carbohydrate as the sole active ingredient, or (ii) at least one pharmaceutical composition which comprises as an active ingredient a pharmacologically effective amount of at least one low purity or cosmetic grade complex carbohydrate selected from the group consisting of oligosaccharides, sialylated oligosaccharides, polysaccharides and glycosaminoglycans, and an effective amount of at least one transdermal or transmucosal carrier in an amount effective to deliver the complex carbohydrate into the blood stream.. .
07/10/14
20140194367
Agrocybe aegerita lectin aal-2, and encoding gene thereof, preparation method therefor and application thereof
The isolated agrocybe aegerita lectin aal-2 is able to inhibit the growth of tumor cells by inducing apoptosis. In the animal study, the agrocybe aegerita lectin aal-2 has been showed to be capable for tumor therapy.
07/10/14
20140193554
Method and system for preparation of fresh cooked meals
The present invention relates to a method for preparing a ready-to heat, preservative free meal, comprising selecting at least one food product; preparing each food product; placing the prepared food products within a container; thermalizing; cooling down; and conditioning. The ready-to heat, preservative free meal comprises at least one of a protein portion, a portion of slow carbohydrates and a portion of vegetables..
07/03/14
20140187825
Lignocellulosic conversion process intensification
Economic conversion of lignocellulose requires both the maximization of conversion of available carbohydrates, as well as minimization of process capital cost. Process intensification minimizes capital cost while preserving conversion yield by combining into a single step those unit operations that are conducted at similar conditions.
07/03/14
20140187768
Chlorination of carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives
Disclosed is a method for chlorinating a carbohydrate or a derivative thereof to produce a polychlorinated carbohydrate or a derivative thereof, such as sucralose, the method involves (i) reacting the carbohydrate or derivative thereof with a chlorinating agent to obtain a reaction mixture comprising said polychlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof and at least one under-chlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof, (ii) returning the at least one under-chlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof to a chlorinating step and further chlorinating the at least one under-chlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof to obtain the desired polychlorinated carbohydrate or derivative thereof; and (iii) optionally repeating steps (i) and (ii) “n” times where n≧1. The polychlorinated carbohydrate or a derivative thereof is obtained in high yields..
07/03/14
20140187514
Use of iron(iii) complex compounds
The present invention relates to novel therapeutic uses of iron(iii) complex compounds with carbohydrates or derivatives thereof, in the preparation of a medicament for improving immune defense and/or brain performance.. .
07/03/14
20140186472
Composition and method for improving gastrointestinal health of equine
A composition to moderate excessive and potentially harmful gastric acid levels in the gastrointestinal tract of horses is disclosed. The composition includes calcium oxide and/or calcium hydroxide, which may be in combination with various buffers and other ingredients such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium bentonite, sodium sesquicarbonate, calcium carbonate, magnesium oxide, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid sources, simple carbohydrates, and/or probiotics.
06/26/14
20140179542
Methods for rapidly identifying small organic molecule ligands for binding to biological target molecules
The present invention is directed to novel methods for rapidly and unambiguously identifying small organic molecule ligands for binding to biological target molecules. Small organic molecule ligands identified according to the methods of the present invention may find use, for example, as novel therapeutic drug lead compounds, enzyme inhibitors, labeling compounds, diagnostic reagents, affinity reagents for protein purification, and the like.
06/26/14
20140173977
Production method of the substrate for the growing of champignons and other cultivated mushrooms
The aim of the invention is to create a fundamentally new method of the substrate production, which would include the following: the processing of the parent materials, containing lignocellulose (for example, straw), by applying the methods of the primary processing (for example, steam explosion) in order to decompose the said parent material into the lower-level components; possible removal of the carbohydrates of the group c5 from the processed mass of lignocellulose; extrusion, pasteurization and sterilization of the initial substrate; adding of the components to the wetted initial substrate, its enrichment of materials necessary the growth of the mycelium and mushrooms; undersowing of the mycelium and its stirring in the volume of the prepared substrate. The selectivity and resistance of the substrate to diseases can be improved by inoculating and incubating the mass of ligninocellulose, (processed by the aforementioned methods) with thermophilic fungi, the development thereof corresponds to the optimum temperature of 45° c.
06/19/14
20140170233
Natural feed mixture for breeding domesticated water birds
The invention relates to a natural feed mixture for breeding domesticated water birds, comprising a high carbohydrate containing basic component poor in methyl-donors, a component rich in carbohydrates, having hepatic insulin-sensitizing properties, hypothalamic appetite-stimulating plant parts, natural substances blocking cholesterol synthesis in the liver, and an additive for protecting the formation of non-cholesterol- mevalonate products.. .
06/19/14
20140170128
Compositions for the management of glycated hemoglobin and blood glucose
Disclosed herein are compositions, products, and methods that treat glycated hemoglobin- and blood glucose-affected conditions by improving insulin function for the control and maintenance of blood glucose levels, alleviating oxidative stress, minimizing the risk of developing disease complications, facilitating the loss of weight and maintenance of healthy weight, and at the same time fulfill cravings for pleasant-tasting items of consumption and in turn increase the likelihood of patient compliance with the relevant therapy regimen. The disclosed compositions, products, and methods implement proteins and peptides that provide insulinotropic metabolic products in a sustained manner, in combination with ingredients that, for example, provide sustained release of carbohydrates, steady energy, sustained antioxidant effect relieve oxidative stress, and promote satiety, in order to reduce a1c and blood glucose levels and avert weight gain among subjects in need..
06/12/14
20140162881
Use of ribose to enhance plant growth
The present invention to methods a compositions for supplementing the soil/diet of plants in order to enhance plant growth, yield, hardening, as well as the recovery of plants which undergo transplantation. The present invention provides ribose and other pentose sugars and their derivatives, alone or in combination with other carbohydrates, electrolytes, minerals, enzymes, micronutrients, macronutrients, or other ingredients to enhance plant growth, yield, hardening, and aid in the recovery during and following transplantation.
06/12/14
20140162323
Methods of combined bioprocessing and related microorganisms, thermophilic and/or acidophilic enzymes, and nucleic acids encoding said enzymes
A genetically modified organism comprising: at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid isolated from alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and encoding a polypeptide involved in at least partially degrading, cleaving, transporting, metabolizing, or removing polysaccharides, cellulose, lignocellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, starch, sugars, sugar oligomers, carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, chitin, heteroxylans, glycosides, xylan-, glucan-, galactan-, or mannan-decorating groups; and at least one nucleic acid sequence and/or at least one recombinant nucleic acid encoding a polypeptide involved in fermenting sugar molecules to a product. Additionally, enzymatic and/or proteinaceous extracts may be isolated from one or more genetically modified organisms.
06/12/14
20140161950
Processing quinoa for improved protein-to-carbohydrate formulations
Methods for processing quinoa or other seed that includes soaking the seeds in an aqueous system having alkaline agents, and/or coating the seed with lipases, proteases and/or esterase enzyme preparation to reduce saponin content. After the quinoa seed is ground, it may be steeped in water that is treated with enzymes or a series of combinations of enzymes.
06/12/14
20140161689
Process to produce biofuels from biomass
A process for producing biofuels from biomass is provided by removing sulfur compounds and nitrogen compounds from the biomass by contacting the biomass with a digestive solvent to form a pretreated biomass containing soluble carbohydrates and having less than 35% of the sulfur content and less than 35% of the nitrogen content, based on untreated biomass on a dry mass basis, prior to carrying out aqueous phase reforming and further processing to form a liquid fuel.. .
05/29/14
20140148605
Preparation of aminomethyl furans and alkoxymethyl furan derivatives from carbohydrates
Described herein are single step methods of making various classes of alkylamine derivatives of furan and tetrahydrofuran by simultaneous contact of a sugar with h2, an acid catalyst and hydrogenation catalyst in the presence of an alkylamide solvent. The hydrogenation catalyst is a heterogeneous catalyst comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of pt, pd, and nickel.
05/29/14
20140147574
Reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods
The invention relates to reduced-calorie and digestion-promoting foods that have a calorific value-containing portion and are mixed with talc. Calorific value-containing components of the calorific value-containing portion are selected from the group consisting of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
05/08/14
20140128834
Method, system and apparatus for calculating the insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio for diabetics
A more accurate method of determining an insulin to carbohydrate ratio for an individual diabetic is provided. The individual, who has been using or has been given a prior suggested dosage of rapid-acting insulin to be taken prior to meals, first plans a benchmark meal (“the meal”) and precisely counts the number of grams of carbohydrates which will be consumed in the meal.
05/08/14
20140128639
Methods for conversion of a glycol reaction product obtained from hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids into a dried monohydric alcohol feed
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may produce a glycol reaction product for subsequent processing. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids to form and process a glycol reaction product may comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst in a hydrothermal digestion unit, the slurry catalyst being capable of activating molecular hydrogen; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of the slurry catalyst, a digestion solvent, and molecular hydrogen, thereby forming a liquor phase comprising soluble carbohydrates; performing a first catalytic reduction reaction on the soluble carbohydrates within the hydrothermal digestion unit, thereby at least partially converting the soluble carbohydrates into a reaction product comprising a glycol; at least partially drying the reaction product, thereby forming a dried reaction product comprising a dried glycol; and at least partially converting the dried glycol into a monohydric alcohol external to the hydrothermal digestion unit..
05/01/14
20140121634
Method, system and apparatus for setting insulin dosages for diabetics
A more accurate method of determining a carbohydrate to insulin ratio for an individual diabetic is provided. The individual, who has been using or has been given a prior suggested dosage of rapid-acting insulin to be taken prior to meals, first plans a benchmark meal (“the meal”) and precisely counts the number of grams of carbohydrates which will be consumed in the meal.
05/01/14
20140121423
Methods for hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids using a glycerol solvent system
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids in a glycerol solvent system can convert both the cellulosic biomass solids and the glycerol into a glycol reaction product for subsequent processing without the need for further solvent separation. Methods for digesting cellulosic biomass solids in a glycerol solvent system can comprise: providing cellulosic biomass solids and a slurry catalyst in a hydrothermal digestion unit, the slurry catalyst being capable of activating molecular hydrogen; heating the cellulosic biomass solids in the hydrothermal digestion unit in the presence of the slurry catalyst, molecular hydrogen, and a solvent system comprising glycerol, thereby forming soluble carbohydrates; and at least partially converting the soluble carbohydrates and the glycerol into a reaction product comprising a glycol within the hydrothermal digestion unit..
05/01/14
20140121420
Methods for production and processing of a glycol reaction product obtained from hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids
Hydrothermal digestion of cellulosic biomass solids may be conducted such that a glycol reaction product is formed for subsequent processing. Processing of a glycol reaction product may include a drying operation conducted prior to condensation of the glycol reaction product into higher molecular weight compounds.
05/01/14
20140120597
Method to produce ethanol using whole stillage
A method of producing ethanol is disclosed. The method includes fermentation of carbohydrates from multiple byproduct feedstocks simultaneously during the same fermentation batch by application of a bacterial microbe which converts said carbohydrates to ethanol.
05/01/14
20140120485
Furnace assembly
Provided are peptide analogues of pa-il and compositions containing them. The pa-il peptide analogues have altered carbohydrate binding specificity relative to a pa-il of seq id no:1, and thus the analogues contain amino acid substitutions in seq id no:1.
04/24/14
20140113832
Engineered thioredoxin-like fold proteins
The invention features compositions based on thioredoxin-like fold protein domains described as engineered thioredoxin-like fold proteins (etrxs). These proteins include one or more artificially diversified thioredoxin-like fold protein domains; each domain may be originated from the same or different thioredoxin-like fold protein domains.
04/17/14
20140107353
Reductive biomass liquefaction
The present invention provides methods, reactor systems, and catalysts for converting in a continuous process biomass to less complex oxygenated compounds for use in downstream processes to produce biofuels and chemicals. The invention includes methods of converting the components of biomass, such as hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin, to water-soluble materials, including lignocellulosic derivatives, cellulosic derivatives, hemicellulosic derivatives, carbohydrates, starches, polysaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, sugars, sugar alcohols, alditols, polyols, diols, alcohols, ketones, cyclic ethers, esters, carboxylic acids, aldehydes, and mixtures thereof, using hydrogen and a heterogeneous liquefaction catalyst..
04/17/14
20140106371
Peptide analogues of pa-il and their utility for glycan and glycoconjugate analysis and purification
Also included are methods for detecting changes in the glycosylation of carbohydrates and for separating biomolecules which contain glycoproteins or glycoconjugates.. .
04/17/14
20140106025
Infant nutrition with hydrolysed proteins
The invention concerns a method to treat and/or prevent childhood obesity comprising administering a nutritional composition containing fat, digestible carbohydrates and protein, wherein the protein comprises at least 25 wt. % peptides with a chain length of 2 to 30 amino acids based on dry weight of protein..
04/10/14
20140100189
Carbohydrates mixture
A carbohydrate mixture for dietetic foods and pharmaceuticals is provided. The carbohydrate mixture comprises two different, substantially soluble carbohydrate components a and b, which remain undigested in the gastrointestinal tract and enter the large intestine without being resorbed.


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Carbohydrates topics: Carbohydrates, Nucleotide, Breast Milk, Antibodies, Infant Formula, Polypeptide, Nucleic Acid, Aspergillus, Nutritional Formula, Complex Carbohydrate, Hydroxymethylfurfural, Carboxymethylcellulose, Emulsifiers, Maltodextrin, Crystallin

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