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|| List of recent Boil-related patents
|Method for producing base lubricating oil from oils recovered from combustion engine service|
A method for producing ilsac gf5 or higher compatible oils from used oil, comprising separating material having a boiling point less than about 350° f. From recovered oil to produce de-volatized oil fraction and light oil fraction.
|Processes for upgrading algae oils and products thereof|
Algae oil feeds comprise a wide range of molecular species forming a complex mixture of molecules having varying sizes and therefore varying boiling points, comprise high nitrogen, oxygen, and fatty acid content, but comprise low sulfur, saturated hydrocarbons, and triglycerides. The wide range of molecular species in the algae oil feeds, very unusual compared to conventional refinery feedstocks and vegetable oils, may be upgraded into fuels by conventional refining approaches such as thermal and/or catalytic-hydroprocessing.
|Process for preparing trialkylgallium compounds|
The invention relates to a process for preparing trialkylgallium compounds of the general formula r3ga. The process is based on the reaction of gallium trichloride (gach), optionally in a mixture with partially alkylated products, with an alkylaluminium compound of the type raalclb (where r═c1-c5-alkyl, a=1, 2 or 3, b=0, 1 or 2 and a+b=3) in the presence of at least two alkali metal halides (e.g.
|Insulation material for electronic device|
The present invention relates to insulating material for an electronic device that may inhibit damage to electronic devices by a high temperature curing process, and simultaneously contribute to improvement in reliability of electronic devices. The insulating material for an electronic device comprises soluble polyimide resin comprising a specific repeat unit, and a residual solvent comprising a low boiling point solvent having boiling point of 130 to 180° c., wherein after curing at a temperature of 250° c.
|Ink set, recording method, recording apparatus, and recording material|
An ink set includes a first ink composition, and a second ink composition, in which the first ink composition contains a first pigment, and an alkyl diol having carbon atoms of 6 or less and a normal boiling point of 240° c. Or more, the second ink composition contains a second pigment, and the alkyl diol, in the first ink composition, a content of the first pigment is 2.5% by weight or more, and a content of the alkyl diol is 3% by weight to 15% by weight, in the second ink composition, a content of the second pigment is less than 2.5% by weight, and the content of the alkyl diol is 8% by weight to 30% by weight, and the content of the alkyl diol in the second ink composition is greater than the content of the alkyl diol in the first ink composition..
|Method for producing base lubricating oil from oils recovered from combustion engine service|
A method for producing ilsac gf5 or higher compatible oils from used oil, comprising separating material having a boiling point less than about 350° f. From recovered oil to produce de-volatized oil fraction and light oil fraction.
|Process and apparatus for winning oil from a vapor gas mixture|
A process for winning oil from a vapor gas mixture (vgm) containing a plurality of oil fractions obtained by the pyrolysis of a hydrocarbon containing material includes dedusting and cooling the vgm. The dedusted and cooled vgm are fractionated in at least two electrostatic precipitator stages at respective temperatures corresponding to respective boiling points of the oil fractions so as to separate the oil fractions..
|Compositions of matter comprising extracted algae oil|
Crude algae oils produced by practical extraction techniques comprise a wide range of molecular species that can be characterized by advanced analytical techniques. The algae oils comprise a complex mixture of a large number of molecules having varying sizes and therefore varying boiling points, and comprise high nitrogen, oxygen, and fatty acid content, but low sulfur, saturated hydrocarbons, and triglyceride content.
|Photosensitive resin composition, display device using the same and method of manufacturing the display device|
A photosensitive resin composition comprises about 10 wt % to about 50 wt % of a solute comprising about 100 parts by weight of an acryl-based copolymer and about 5 to about 100 parts by weight of a 1,2-quinonediazide compound; and a solvent comprising a glycol-based material having a boiling point of greater than about 190° c., wherein the acryl-based copolymer is a copolymer of an unsaturated carbonic acid or an anhydride thereof, an epoxy group-containing unsaturated compound, and an olefin-based unsaturated compound.. .
|Ink set for ink jet recording, and recording apparatus|
An ink set includes a recording ink and a displacement ink. The recording ink contains a pigment, a resin, water, and a first surfactant and is substantially free of alkyl polyols with a normal boiling point of 280° c.
|Method for recycling plate-making processing waste solution|
A method of recycling waste liquid from a plate-making process, including: performing a plate-making process using a development replenisher liquid that includes at least one selected from the group consisting of anionic surfactants having a naphthalene skeleton and nonionic surfactants having a naphthalene skeleton at a total content of from 1% by mass to 10% by mass, includes no or not more than 2% by mass of organic solvent having a boiling point of from 100° c. To 300° c., and has a ph of from 10 to 13; concentrating, by evaporating, the discharged plate-making process waste liquid, such that the ratio of the volume of the plate-making process waste liquid after concentration to the volume of the plate-making process waste liquid before concentration is within a range of from 1/10 to 1/2, thereby separating water vapor; and using the obtained regenerated water as diluent water and/or rinse water..
|Composition and method of manufacture of hardened wood|
There is a hardened wood composition, comprising an acetylated whole wood portion that may have substantially all of its accessible interior volume impregnated with a hardened thermosetting plastic. A method of manufacturing a hardened wood comprising the steps of: acetylating a whole wood portion and impregnating the whole wood portion with a liquid-phase thermosetting polymer then curing such thermosetting polymer impregnated porous body by the steps of: enclosing the body in a fluid impermeable bag and subjecting the enclosed body to enhanced fluid pressure substantially, contemporaneously, with subjecting the enclosed body to a temperature sufficient to cure the thermosetting plastic impregnated therein by submerging the same in water near its boiling point..
|Silicon texturing formulations|
The present disclosure includes a texture formulation that includes an aliphatic diol, an alkaline compound and water which provides a consistent textured region across a silicon surface suitable for solar cell applications. The current invention describes silicon texturing formulations that include at least one high boiling point additive.
|Hydraulic engine mount solution composition|
Disclosed is a hydraulic engine mount solution composition, and more specifically a hydraulic engine mount solution composition, which maintains vibration absorbing ability at high temperatures as well as at low temperatures due to its higher boiling point than conventional engine mount solutions, and which inhibits aging and extends life of the engine mount by inhibiting flowing out and cohesion of chemical additives from an anti-vibration rubber of the engine mount by inclusion of a dispersion stabilizer, thereby preventing blocking of a flow channel, such as orifice of the engine mount. In particular, the hydraulic engine mount solution composition comprises a solvent containing ethylene glycol and propylene glycol; a dispersion stabilizer; and a phenol-based antioxidant, a heat stabilizer, a metal corrosion inhibitor and the like..
|Polymer, process and use|
There is described a process for producing a gel free hyperbranched polyamide polymer p having a polydispersity of at least 1.1 and a weight average molecular weight of at least 300 daltons, having primary amino groups (useful as a crosslinker). The process comprises the step of reacting reagent a, a compound comprising at least one amino group (—nh2) and one functional group selected from the group consisting of a further amino group (—nh2), thiol (—sh) and a secondary amine radical (—nhr); (where r denotes a hydrocarbo group) (=functional amine) and reagent b, an alpha-beta unsaturated michael-reactive ester comprising a plurality of ester groups (=diester); in a molar ratio of amine a to diester b greater than 1 but less than 3 (preferably 2.1 to 2.9); to form the polyamide in a two stage reaction michael addition and then amidation.
|Surface modifier for polyimide resin and surface-modifying method for polyimide resin|
The present invention relates to a polyimide resin surface modifier which modifies the surface of a polyimide resin to permit easy absorption of metal ions, and a surface-modifying method for polyimide resins using the same. The surface modifier contains an alkali component, an organic solvent having hydroxy groups and a boiling point of 120° c.
|Lanio3 thin film-forming composition and method of forming lanio3 thin film using the same|
A lanio3 thin film having extremely few voids is uniformly formed. Provided is a lanio3 thin film-forming composition for forming a lanio3 thin film.
|Process for in-situ formation of chlorides in the preparation of titanium dioxide|
This disclosure relates to a process for producing titanium dioxide, comprising: a) reacting an alloy comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of aluminum, titanium and mixtures thereof, wherein either aluminum or titanium is a major component of the alloy, and an element selected from the group consisting of li, be, b, na, mg, al, p, s, k, ca, sc, ti, v, cr, mn, fe, co, ni, cu, zn, ga, ge, as, se, rb, sr, y, zr, nb, mo, ru, rh, pd, ag, cd, in, sn, sb, te, cs, ba, la, ce, pr, nd, sm, eu, gd, tb, dy, ho, er, tm, yb, lu, hf, ta, w, re, os, ir, pt, au, hg, tl, pb, and bi, with chlorine gas to form chlorides of aluminum, titanium or mixtures thereof and chlorides of the element selected from the group consisting of li, be, b, na, mg, al, p, s, k, ca, sc, ti, v, cr, mn, fe, co, ni, cu, zn, ga, ge, as, se, rb, sr, y, zr, nb, mo, ru, rh, pd, ag, cd, in, sn, sb, te, cs, ba, la, ce, pr, nd, sm, eu, gd, tb, dy, ho, er, tm, yb, lu, hf, ta, w, re, os, ir, pt, au, hg, ti, pb, and bi, at or above the boiling point of the chloride of the major component of the alloy; with the proviso that the element does not comprise ti when the metal is ti and does not comprise al when the metal is al; (b) adding titanium tetrachloride to the chlorides formed in step (a); (c) oxidizing the chlorides formed in step (a), and titanium tetrachloride of step (b); and(d) forming titanium dioxide dioxide comprising the oxide of aluminum and an oxide of an element selected from the group consisting of li, be, b, na, mg, al, p, s, k, ca, sc, ti, v, cr, mn, fe, co, ni, cu, zn, ga, ge, as, se, rb, sr, y, zr, nb, mo, ru, rh, pd, ag, cd, in, sn, sb, te, cs, ba, la, ce, pr, nd, sm, eu, gd, tb, dy, ho, er, tm, yb, lu, hf, ta, w, re, os, ir, pt, au, hg, ti, pb, and bi.. .
|System and method for storing crankcase gases to improve engine air-fuel control|
A system and method for improving processing of gases contained within the crankcase of an internal combustion engine is presented. The system is especially suited for single boiling point fuels because it allows the storage of such fuels until the fuel can be opportunistically combusted..
|Steam power cycle system|
There is provided a steam power cycle system that permits to perform an appropriate heat exchange between a working fluid that is a non-azeotropic mixture and a heat source, to enhance the performance of the whole system. More specifically, a plurality of condensers are provided so as to be connected to each other in series, and the working fluid in a gas phase from the expander is introduced into the respective condensers.
|System for cooling hard disk drives using vapor momentum driven by boiling of dielectric liquid|
A system for cooling hard disk drives (hdds) includes: an enclosure having a lower volume within which a cooling liquid is heated to a boiling point temperature to cause some of the cooling liquid to evaporate into a plume of rising vapor; a hdd cooling area with at least one hdd placed in the direct path of the rising vapor, which cools the at least one hdd during functional operation of the at least one hdd; and a heat source that dissipates heat into the lower volume of the enclosure, sufficient to heat the cooling liquid to the boiling point temperature. The system can also include a condenser located above both the hdd cooling area.
|Stand alone immersion tank data center with contained cooling|
A stand-alone immersion tank datacenter (sitdc) includes: a multi-phase heat transfer immersion cooling tank having external walls surrounding a tank volume within which a dielectric liquid is maintained and heated to a boiling point temperature; a plurality of servers having one or more processing and memory components submerged within the dielectric liquid for cooling of the one or more components via heat dissipation from the one or more components into the dielectric liquid when the one or more components are connected to an electric power supply; and a condenser located vertically above the plurality of servers and in a direct path of rising dielectric vapor created when the dielectric liquid absorbs sufficient heat from the one or more components to reach a boiling point temperature of the liquid. The condenser can be a passive heat exchanger, created by providing a heat conductive material as a top lid of the tank..
|Copper particulate dispersion, conductive film forming method and circuit board|
The copper particulate dispersion includes copper particulates, at least one kind of a dispersion vehicle containing the copper particulates, and at least one kind of dispersant which allows the copper particulates to disperse in the dispersion vehicle. The copper particulates have a center particle diameter of 1 nm or more and less than 100 nm.
|Partitioned, rotating condenser units to enable servicing of submerged it equipment positioned beneath a vapor condenser without interrupting a vaporization-condensation cycling of the remaining immersion cooling system|
An immersion cooling tank includes: a tank comprised of a base wall, and perimeter walls, and having a lower tank volume in which a liquid can be maintained and heated to a boiling point to generate a rising plume of vapor; a rack structure within the tank volume that supports insertion of multiple, heat dissipating electronic devices in a side-by-side vertical configuration; and a condenser configured as a plurality of individually rotatable condenser sub-units, with each condenser sub-unit located above a vertical space that extends vertically from the lower tank volume and within which an electronic device can be inserted. Each individual condenser sub-unit can be opened independent of the other sub-units and each other condenser sub-unit can remain in a closed position while a first condenser sub-unit is opened to allow access to a first vertical space and any existing electrical device contained therein below the first condenser sub-unit..
|Method for reclaiming usable products from biosolids|
The method of reclaiming usable products from sludge is disclosed. A predetermined level of solvent within an extractor is heated, below boiling point, and dried sludge is immersed within the headed solvent.
|Method of handling a solvent-containing solids stream in a non-aqueous oil sand extraction process|
The present invention provides a method of handling a solvent-containing solids stream in a non-aqueous oil sand extraction process, the method including the steps of: (a) providing a solvent-containing solids stream at a first pressure; (b) depositing the solvent-containing solids stream provided in step (a) as a bed in a vessel; (c) discharging the solvent-containing solids stream from the vessel at a second pressure via an outlet, thereby obtaining a depressurized solvent-containing solids stream; wherein the solvent-containing solids stream in the vessel in step (b) is at a temperature above the boiling point of the solvent in the depressurized solvent-containing solids stream at the second pressure in step (c).. .
|Composition for reducing polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon emissions|
Emissions of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs) from diesel engines may be reduced by blending a renewable hydrocarbon distillate with a base diesel fuel. The base diesel may be a fossil diesel fuel, a fischer-tropsch diesel fuel as well as a hydroprocessed biodiesel fuel or a combination thereof.
|Removing volatile compounds from polymer granules by vapour distillation|
The present invention relates to a process for treating polyolefin granules in a treatment vessel comprising the steps of: —providing a bed of granules in liquid in said treatment vessel —withdrawing a first stream of liquid from said treatment vessel, wherein said first stream of liquid contains hydrocarboneous compounds —introducing a first stream of vapour into said treatment vessel —withdrawing a second stream of vapour from said treatment vessel wherein said second stream of vapour contains volatile hydrocarboneous compounds —recovering the granules from said treatment vessel wherein said first stream of vapour has a temperature from tb to tb+10° c., wherein tb is the boiling point of the liquid at the applied pressure, and said first stream of vapour produces an upwards rising vapour stream in said treatment vessel, the superficial vapour velocity of which is no more than 0.2 m/s, and a plant suitable for conducting said process.. .
|Adhesive varnish, adhesive film and wiring film|
An adhesive varnish includes 100 parts by mass of a component a that includes a phenoxy resin including a plurality of hydroxyl groups in a side chain, 2 to 55 parts by mass of a component b that includes a polyfunctional isocyanate compound including, in a molecule thereof, an isocyanate and at least one of a vinyl group, an acrylate group and a methacrylate group, 5 to 30 parts by mass of a component c that includes a maleimide compound including a plurality of maleimide groups in a molecule thereof or/and a reaction product thereof, a component s1 including a low-boiling point solvent having a boiling point of not more than 100° c., and a component s2 including a high-boiling point solvent having a boiling point of more than 100° c.. .
|Fluoroalkyl and chlorofluoroalkyl benzenes|
This invention relates to fluoroalkyl and chlorofluoroalkyl benzenes with relatively high boiling points, having zero ozone depletion potential and low global warming potential. This invention also relates to the preparation of such fluoroalkyl and chlorofluoroalkyl benzenes.
|Method and apparatus for conditioning liquid hydrocarbon fuels|
In one embodiment of a method for vaporizing liquids such as fuels, the liquid is sprayed into a chamber such that the spray does not impinge on any surface. The energy for vaporization is supplied through the injection of a hot diluent such as nitrogen or oxygen depleted air.
|Method for reprocessing wastewater and water treatment machine|
Waste water from an industrial process, including an organic acid, is reprocessed by introducing the waste water into a heat exchange process in which a heat exchange medium is used so that the waste water which is to be treated is heated to a temperature between 60° c. And the boiling point of the waste water.
|Medical device comprising a wetted hydrophilic coating|
The invention is directed to the use of a wetting agent having a boiling point higher than 100° c. And a viscosity lower than 500 mpa.s, wherein the wetting agent comprises water in an amount between 0 and 4.9 wt % based on the total weight of the wetting agent, for the lubrication of a hydrophilic polymer coating.
|Method for preparing lactide using an ionic solvent|
Disclosed is a method for preparing lactide by using a solvent. According to the method, since an ionic liquid is used as a solvent in a second step in the course of preparing lactide, it is possible to secure mobility of the resulting reactant, and decrease a reaction temperature.
|Materials and methods for the base-assisted synthesis of substituted heteroaromatic compounds|
Disclosed herein are some methods for synthesizing the base-assisted coupling of aromatic alcohols with substituted aromatic compounds including some substituted heteroaromatic compounds such as pyrimidines or pyridines to form esters. The reactions may include inexpensive bases such as potassium hydroxide and take place in a solvent mixture comprised primarily of hindered tertiary alcohols that are at least partially immiscible with water.
|Method of manufacturing solid electrolytic capacitor|
A method of manufacturing a solid electrolytic capacitor having an even conductive polymer layer includes the steps of forming a conductive polymer layer on an anode element by bringing a dispersion containing a conductive solid and a first solvent into contact with the anode element having a dielectric film formed thereon, washing the anode element with a second solvent higher in boiling point than the first solvent, in which the conductive solid can be dispersed, after the conductive polymer layer is formed, and drying the anode element washed with the second solvent at a temperature not lower than the boiling point of the first solvent and lower than the boiling point of the second solvent.. .
|Process for the purification of a crude solvent stream comprising an n-alkylpyrrolidone|
N-alkylpyrrolidone and, as contaminant alongside this, the corresponding n-alkyl-succinimide, to give a pure solvent stream which meets the requirements for use in a process for the production of polymers, where compounds of higher and lower boiling point than the n-alkylpyrrolidone are removed by distillation, which comprises, prior to, during, or after the distillative purification process, adding a hydroxide of an alkali metal or of an alkaline earth metal in a molar amount corresponding to a molar ratio of at least 0.1:1 for this hydroxide with respect to the respective n-alkylsuccinimide in the appropriate solvent stream present prior to, during, or after the distillative purification process.. .
|Substrate treating method for treating substrates with treating liquids|
A method for treating substrates with treating liquids, using a treating tank for storing the treating liquids, a holding mechanism for holding the substrates and placing the substrates in a treating position inside the treating tank, a first and a second treating liquid supply device, a temperature control device, and a control device. A first treating liquid is supplied into the treating tank, then a second treating liquid of lower surface tension and higher boiling point than the first treating liquid, is supplied into the treating tank, and placed in a temperature range above the boiling point of the first treating liquid and below the boiling point of the second treating liquid, and then controlling the second treating liquid supply device to replace the first treating liquid stored in the treating tank with the second treating liquid, and controlling the temperature control device to maintain the second treating liquid in the same said temperature range..
|Integrated alkylation process to make blended alkylate gasoline|
We provide an extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), comprising a hydrogenated conjunct polymer naphtha, from a used ionic liquid catalyst, having a final boiling point less than 246° c. (475° f.), a bromine number of 5 or less, and at least 30 wt % naphthenes.
Provided is a hydrocarbon tar. The tar has 75 wt % or more of aromatics of 10 carbons to 75 carbons based on the total weight of the tar.
|Method to analyze alkylate products|
We provide an extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), comprising a hydrogenated conjunct polymer naphtha, from a used ionic liquid catalyst, having a final boiling point less than 246° c.(475° f.), a bromine number of 5 or less, and at least 30 wt % naphthenes. We also provide a blended alkylate gasoline (97 comprising the extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), and integrated alkylation processes to make the extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45) and the blended alkylate gasoline (97).
|Cooling of a memory device|
A system for providing cooling of a memory device comprises a cooling system arranged to store a coolant, a valve system connected to the output of the cooling system, and a control system connected to the valve system and arranged to open the valve system when power is lost to the control system. The system further comprises a delivery system connected to the output of the valve system and arranged to deliver the coolant to the memory device and the cooling system comprises a canister of low boiling point fluid..
|Methods and formulations for spray coating sol-gel thin films on substrates|
Methods and formulations are provided for: selecting a sol-gel precursor containing a material for forming a thin film layer on a substrate; selecting a solvent having a boiling point at or above a solvent boiling point threshold and a viscosity at or below a solvent viscosity threshold; combining the sol-gel and the solvent into a mixture; applying the mixture onto a surface of the substrate; permitting the mixture to spread and level on the surface; and at least one of drying and curing the mixture to form the thin layer on the substrate.. .
|Ink jet recording method, ink cartridge, and recording device|
An ink jet recording method for forming an image by adhering water-based ink to a non-absorbing or low-absorbing medium, including: forming an image while heating the medium, in which the water-based ink contains a first solvent having a boiling point of 210° c. To 280° c., a second solvent having a boiling point of 150° c.
|Processes for synthesizing nanocrystals and nanocrystal compositions|
A process of synthesizing nanocrystals, the process including contacting a first precursor, a ligand compound, and a second precursor in a solvent having a boiling point of less than or equal to about 150° c. And a polarity index of less than or equal to 5, and performing a thermal decomposition reaction between the first precursor and the second precursor at a higher pressure than atmospheric pressure and at a higher temperature than a boiling point of the solvent, wherein at least one of the first precursor and the second precursor is a metal-containing precursor..
|Process for the preparation of a gas oil fraction|
The invention provides a process for the preparation of a gas oil fraction comprising the steps of: (a) providing a stream of a first hydrocarbon product of which a major portion of the hydrocarbons have a boiling point in the range of from 370-540° c. And a stream of a second hydrocarbon product of which a major portion of the hydrocarbons have a boiling point of less than 370° c.; (b) separating at least part of the stream of the first hydrocarbon product in a separating section into a gaseous stream and a liquid stream; (c) separating at least part of the second hydrocarbon product stream in a separating section into a gaseous stream and a liquid stream; (d) introducing at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (b) and at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (c) into a fractionating section to obtain a number of fractions of hydrocarbons including a gas oil fraction, wherein the at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (b) is introduced into the fractionating section at a level which is lower than the level at which the at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (c) is introduced into the fractionating section; and (e) recovering from the fractionating section the gas oil fraction..
|Process and apparatus for the separation of the components of a liquid mixture|
Process and apparatus for the separation of the components having different boiling points of a liquid mixture, characterized in that forming bubbles by a carrier gas in the liquid mixture where the one or more volatile component is getting enriched in the bubbles, then after said bubbles leave the liquid phase the released vapor content of them is collected and condensed and the obtained liquid being enriched in the more volatile component(s) is separated from the carrier gas.. .
|Process for concentrating and recovering surfactant aqueous solution|
A process for concentrating and recovering a surfactant aqueous solution, by evaporating and concentrating a surfactant aqueous solution containing a gasifiable surfactant and an aqueous solvent to increase the concentration of the surfactant, which comprises storing the surfactant aqueous solution in an evaporator 12; adjusting the temperature of the surfactant aqueous solution in the evaporator 12 to be lower than the boiling point of the aqueous solvent under the pressure in the evaporator 12; withdrawing a part of the surfactant aqueous solution from the evaporator 12, superheating it by a superheater 14 under conditions that all the surfactant and the aqueous solvent are formed into an annular flow or an annular mist flow, and spraying it from a nozzle 32 having a shape such that the outlet side first narrows and then widens outward, into the evaporator 12; and evaporating and removing the aqueous solvent.. .
|Process for the preparation of prasugrel and several novel crystalline forms of prasugrel hydrochloride|
Disclosed herein are a process or method for the preparation of prasugrel and several novel crystalline forms of prasugrel hydrochloride. The process comprises preparation of prasugrel by acetylation in solvents which have low boiling point and/or low toxicity, and the process not only avoids using solvents which have high boiling point and/or high toxicity such as toluene, acetonitrile and so on, but also resolves the problem about thermal instability of prasugrel, and the loss of prasugrel is reduced, as well as the yield is raised.
|Polymer-electrolyte membrane, electrochemical fuel cell, and related method|
A polymer-electrolyte membrane is presented. The polymer-electrolyte membrane comprises an acid-functional polymer, and an additive incorporated in at least a portion of the membrane.
A nebulant suitable for sterilization comprising finely divided liquid droplets suspended in a gas, said droplets including a solute, which is advantageously hydrogen peroxide and a solvent, for example water, wherein the droplets have a concentration of greater than 60 wt % of solute and an average diameter of less than 1.0 micron, preferably less than 0.8 microns. Sterilization using the nebulant may be carried out in suitably adapted apparatus by nebulising a solution comprising a sterilizing agent in a solvent to form a nebulant of finely divided particles of the solution in a gas stream, said solution including a solvent having a lower boiling point than the sterilizing agent; subjecting the nebulant to energy of a kind and for a duration sufficient to vaporize solvent in preference to sterilizing agent, whereby to increase the concentration of the agent in the nebulant particles; removing the solvent vaporized from the gas stream at or above atmospheric pressure and, if necessary, cooling the nebulant to below 70° c.; and exposing a surface to be sterilized to the nebulant of concentrated sterilizing agent for a time sufficient to sterilize the surface..
An encapsulated switchgear that includes a housing defining, an insulating space, and an electrical active part arranged in the insulating space, the insulating space with an insulation medium. The switchgear is characterized in that the insulation medium with a dielectric compound having a boiling point of above −5° c..
|Dispersion of particulate clusters via the rapid vaporization of interstitial liquid|
A process for dispersing agglomerates or clusters of particles utilizing pressure generated from volatilization of an interstitial liquid. More particularly, the method relates to infusing the particles with a first liquid, placing the infused particles in a second liquid or fluid having a higher boiling point than the first liquid and heating the composition to a temperature above the boiling point of the first liquid thereby resulting in breakage of the particles.
|Ultra low density biodegradable shape memory polymer foams with tunable physical properties|
Compositions and/or structures of degradable shape memory polymers (smps) ranging in form from neat/unfoamed to ultra low density materials of down to 0.005 g/cc density. These materials show controllable degradation rate, actuation temperature and breadth of transitions along with high modulus and excellent shape memory behavior.
|Ink for forming functional layer, ink container, discharging apparatus, method for forming functional layer, method for manufacturing organic el element, light emitting device, and electronic apparatus|
An ink for forming a functional layer includes a first component that contains at least one kind of aromatic solvent of which a boiling point is higher than or equal to 250° c. And lower than or equal to 350° c., a second component that contains at least one kind of aliphatic solvent of which a boiling point is higher than or equal to 200° c., and a third component that is a positive hole injection material (m-mtdata) for forming a positive hole injection layer, in which a solubility of the third component in the first component is higher than the solubility of the third component in the second component, a mixing ratio of the second component is 30 vol %, the boiling point of the first component is higher than the boiling point of the second component, and a difference between the boiling points thereof is higher than or equal to 30° c..
|Patterning process and chemical amplified photoresist composition|
A lithography method includes forming a photosensitive layer on a substrate, exposing the photosensitive layer, baking the photosensitive layer., and developing the exposed photosensitive layer. The photosensitive layer includes a polymer that turns soluble to a base solution in response to reaction with acid, a plurality of photo-acid generators (pags) that decompose to form acid in response to radiation energy, and a plurality of quenchers having boiling points distributed between about 200 c and about.
|Ink jet recording method|
An ink jet recording method includes recording a white color-based image by discharging droplets of a white color-based ink composition from nozzles of an ink jet recording head, and then attaching the droplets of the white color-based ink composition on a recording surface of a flexible packing film, recording a color by discharging droplets of a color ink composition from the nozzles, and then attaching the droplets of the color ink composition on the white color-based image, and firstly heating at least the white color-based image and the color image at temperature higher than 40° c., in which the white color-based ink composition contains water, a coloring material of a white color base, and a urethane-based resin, but substantially does not contain alkyl polyols having a normal boiling point of 280° c. Or more, and the color ink composition contains water, and a coloring material of a color system..
The solder paste that is printed on a substrate through a mask member in which apertures are formed is supplied to the apertures of the mask member under decompression pressure and has a viscosity so that the solder paste is filled in the apertures under atmospheric pressure. It is preferable that the solder paste has a viscosity of 50 through 150 pa·s and a thixotropic ratio of 0.3 through 0.5.
|Method for dissolving and degassing polymer, and method for producing porous film|
A method for dissolving and degassing a polymer is described, including a dissolution/degassing step. In the dissolution/degassing step, a mixture containing the polymer and a solvent is agitated, in a pressure-reduced condition with a gauge pressure of −50 to −90 kpa and at a temperature lower than the boiling point of the solvent in the pressure-reduced condition but higher than the freezing point of the same, to dissolve the polymer and simultaneously degas the polymer solution, so as to obtain a polymer solution..
|Substrate treatment method and substrate treatment apparatus|
The inventive substrate treatment method includes: an organic solvent supplying step of supplying an organic solvent having a smaller surface tension than a rinse liquid to the upper surface of a substrate so that rinse liquid adhering to the upper surface of the substrate is replaced with the organic solvent; a higher temperature maintaining step of maintaining the upper surface of the substrate at a predetermined temperature higher than the boiling point of the organic solvent to thereby form a gas film of the organic solvent on the entire upper surface of the substrate including the gap of the minute pattern and to form a liquid film of the organic solvent on the gas film, the higher temperature maintaining step being performed after the organic solvent supplying step is started; and an organic solvent removing step of removing the organic solvent liquid film from the upper surface of the substrate.. .
|Method for manufacturing heat-ray shielding fine particle-containing composition and heat-ray shielding fine particle-containing composition, a heat-ray shielding film using the heat-ray shielding fine particle-containing composition and a heat-ray shielding laminated transparent base material using the heat-ray shielding film|
To provide a heat-ray shielding film and a method for manufacturing the same, capable of exhibiting excellent optical characteristics and high weather resistance, mainly composed of polyvinyl acetal resin and using composite tungsten oxide fine particles with high heat-ray shielding effect, the method comprising: a first step of obtaining a dispersion liquid by dispersing composite tungsten oxide fine particles expressed by a general formula mywoz and having a hexagonal crystal structure, and dispersing a dispersant into an organic solvent with a boiling point of 120 deg c. Or less; a second step of obtaining a mixture by mixing metal carboxylate into the dispersion liquid obtained by the first step; and a third step of drying the mixture obtained by the second step to thereby obtain a heat-ray shielding fine particle-containing composition, and setting a content of the organic solvent remained in the heat-ray shielding fine particle-containing composition to 5 mass % or less..
|Composition for printing and printing method using the same|
Provided are a composition for printing for use in a printing method which uses a silicon-based blanket, including: 1) a binder resin, 2) a low boiling point solvent having a boiling point of less than 100° c., 3) a medium boiling point solvent having a boiling point of 100° c. Or more and less than 180° c., and 4) a high boiling point solvent having a boiling point of 180° c.
|Mesoporous composite of molecular sieves for hydrocracking of heavy crude oils and residues|
A hydrocracking catalyst having a support of a composite of mesoporous materials, molecular sieves and alumina, is used in the last bed of a multi-bed system for treating heavy crude oils and residues and is designed to increase the production of intermediate distillates having boiling points in a temperature range of 204° c. To 538° c., decrease the production of the heavy fraction (>538° c.), and increase the production of gasoline fraction (<204° c.).
|Method of cooling boil off gas and an apparatus therefor|
The disclosure relates to a method and apparatus for cooling, preferably liquefying a boil off gas (bog) stream from a liquefied cargo in a floating transportation vessel, said liquefied cargo having a boiling point of greater than −110° c. At 1 atmosphere, said method comprising at least the steps of: -compressing a boil off gas stream (01) from said liquefied cargo in three or more stages of compression comprising at least a first stage (65), a second stage (70) and final stage (75) to provide a compressed discharge stream (06), wherein intermediate compressed bog streams (02, 04) are provided between consecutive stages of compression; -cooling the compressed discharge stream (06) to provide a cooled compressed discharge stream (07); -heat exchanging an expanded, optionally further cooled, portion of the cooled compressed discharge stream (07), with (i) one or more intermediate compressed bog streams (04) from consecutive stages selected from between the second and final stages (75) of compression to provide one or more cooled intermediate compressed bog streams (05) and optionally (ii) one or more portions (07a, 108a), optionally after further cooling, of the cooled compressed discharge stream (07); and -passing the one or more cooled intermediate compressed bog streams (05) to the next stage of compression (75)..
|Use of 1,1-diethoxyethane for increasing knocking resistance of automotive gasoline|
The present invention relates to the use of 1,1-diethoxyethane for increasing the knocking resistance of low-boiling gasoline with an initial boiling point (ibp) of 80° c. To 120° c.
|Process and composition of catalyst/additive for reducing fuel gas yield in fluid catalytic cracking (fcc) process|
The present invention relates to a catalyst for fluid catalytic cracking (fcc) which contains a combination of a fcc catalyst component and an additive component with certain physical properties attributed therein. The present invention is also directed to provide methods for the preparation of the catalyst for fcc.
|Method for producing conjugated diolefin and apparatus for production|
A method for producing a conjugated diolefin that can suppress reaction byproducts with high boiling point from remaining in steps following a quenching step by a quenching tower, and producing a conjugated diolefin (e.g., 1,3-butadiene) that can be used as a raw material for synthetic rubber, resin and the like, even when using an industrial grade mixed hydrocarbon that may not necessarily have a high purity as a raw material to produce the conjugated diolefin (e.g., butadiene). The method includes a step of producing a product gas by reaction containing a conjugated diolefin by feeding a hydrocarbon containing a monoolefin having 4 or more carbon atoms and oxygen to a reactor accommodated with a catalyst containing a metal oxide and a carrier, and a step of sending the product gas by reaction to a quenching tower and washing with a quenching agent (e.g., an organic amine aqueous solution)..
|Detergent for lubricant oil and production process thereof|
A lubricant oil detergent and a producing process thereof are disclosed. A process for producing a lubricant oil additive having a tbn from about 100 to about 400 includes reacting, at an elevated temperature, of composition (a) an alkyl salicylic acid or an alkyl salicylate ester, composition (b) an alkaline earth metal hydroxide added by one time or plural times during the reaction; composition (c) which contains at least one compound which is (i) an alcohol, or (ii) an carboxylic acid or an carboxylic anhydride; composition (d) base oil; and composition (e) carbon dioxide introduced after the composition (b) by one time, or introduced each time when the composition (b) is added if the composition (b) is added by plural times; solvent having a low boiling point is removed from the reacted mixture after the overbasing under vacuum, and the reacted mixture is filtered to obtain a clear liquid product..
|Process and additive to improve adhesion of compositions to substrates|
The present invention provides a process to prepare a powdery additive suitable for improving adhesion of building material compositions to substrates having a surface energy of 50 mj/m2 or lower, measured according to din 5660-2:2011-12, the additive comprising a polysaccharide and a plasticizer, wherein the plasticizer is liquid at 50° c. Or lower, has a boiling point of 100° c.
|Multi-stage hydrocarcking proess for the hydroconversion of hydrocarbonaceous feedstocks|
A process for the hydroconversion of a hydrocarbon feedstock. The process includes contacting the hydrocarbon feedstock with a catalyst in a first hydrocracking section to obtain a first hydrocarbon effluent stream which is separated into a gaseous stream, a light liquid stream and a heavy liquid stream.
|Electrolyte formulations for oxygen activated portable heater|
An oxygen based heater and various electrolyte solution formulations for same wherein the boiling point and/or relative humidity of the electrolyte solution are used as a determining basis for using that electrolyte solution in the heater.. .
|Production of renewable biofuels|
A process and system for separating and upgrading bio-oil into renewable fuels is provided. The process comprises separating bio-oil into a light fraction and heavy fraction based on their boiling points.
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