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Methods for low temperature combustion and engines using the same
Power generation system
|| List of recent Boil-related patents
|Paper coating compositions comprising a polymer dispersion from room temperature liquid and gaseous monomers|
Paper coating compositions comprise inorganic pigments and an aqueous polymeric dispersion comprising dispersed polymeric particles. The polymers are obtainable by polymerization of a first monomer that is liquid at room temperature, has a boiling point of at least 50° c.
|Mixed chloride process for the extraction of alumina|
A process for the extraction of alumina from an aluminum-bearing ore or concentrate, comprising the steps of leaching the aluminum-bearing ore or concentrate with a lixiviant of hydrochloric acid and magnesium chloride at atmospheric pressure at a temperature of from 90° c. To the boiling point of the solution and at an eh of at least 200 mv.
|Methods for low temperature combustion and engines using the same|
This invention discloses a method for low temperature combustion using at least two fuels with low and high boiling points being directly injected into engine combustion chamber separately and sequentially with two different spray patterns, wherein the low boiling point fuel can be quickly vaporized to form a low temperature zone for containing fuel jet combustion of high boiling point fuels. An internal combustion engine using the disclosed low temperature combustion method is also provided..
|Power generation system|
To provide a power generation system that recovers heat from low-temperature exhaust gas of not more than 150° c. And utilizes the heat to increase an amount of generated electric power of a steam turbine, whereby efficiency in thermal use can be improved.
|Insulation material for electronic device|
The present invention relates to insulating material for an electronic device that may inhibit damage to an electronic device due to a high temperature curing process, and simultaneously exhibit excellent properties and reliability. The insulating material for an electronic device comprises soluble polyimide resin comprising a specific repeat unit, exhibits imidization degree of 70% or more after curing at a temperature of 250° c., and comprises a low boiling point solvent having boiling point of 130 to 180° c.
|Emulsion aggregation process|
The method of manufacturing toners disclosed herein includes a continuous temperature ramp and coalescence process that involves continuously passing toner slurry, such as an aggregated toner slurry, through at least one heat exchanger before being subjected to a cooling step. The heat exchanger is pressurized, so the temperature of the slurry may be increased above the atmospheric boiling point of water without boiling the water component of the slurry.
|Ink jet recording method and recorded matter|
The ink jet recording method according to the invention records an image by discharging liquid droplets of an ink composition from a recording head and allowing the droplets to adhere to a recording medium. The ink composition contains an alkanediol having 6 or less of carbon atoms and having a normal boiling point of 240° c.
|Ink set and recording method|
The ink set of the invention includes a first ink composition and a second ink composition. The first ink composition contains a first pigment and an alkanediol having 6 or less carbon atoms and having a normal boiling point of 245° c.
|Circuit breaker with fluid injection|
A circuit breaker including an ejection device including an arc-extinction medium for improved extinction of an arc formed during a breaker operation and an exhaust-cooling medium for improved cooling of exhaust gases in the circuit breaker. Thereby, the arc-extinction liquid includes an organofluorine compound having a boiling point tb at 1 bar higher than −60° c.
|Method for producing a diesel fuel|
A method relating to oil refining, which can be used to produce low-sulfur diesel fuel, comprising oil demineralization and distillation, and extraction and mixing of diesel fractions, followed by hydrogen refining of the mixture. In an atmospheric tower, two diesel fractions that boil at 171-341° c.
|Roll casting method with cryogenic cooling of casting rolls|
Molten metal poured into a mold region, delimited by a first casting roll that rotates about a first rotational axis, produces a metal strand upon solidification which is conveyed out of the mold region. A liquid coolant is applied to the surface of the first casting roll by a first cooling device via first coolant lines and first coolant applying devices.
|Conductive paste formulations for improving adhesion to plastic substrates|
A conductive paste for screen application to a substrate has a mixture of copper particles having a mean diameter between 1.0-5.0 micrometers and polymer-coated copper nanoparticles having a mean diameter from 10 nm to 100 nm. The ratio of the copper particles to the nanoparticles is between 2:1 and 5:1 by weight.
|Method for recovering di-trimethylolpropane by distillation|
Distillative process for obtaining ditrimethylolpropane from solutions includes separating ditrimethylolpropane from the solution in a first distillation unit into a first tops fraction comprising low-boiling compounds having a lower boiling point than ditrimethylolpropane and a first bottoms fraction; introducing the first bottoms fraction into a second distillation unit having at least 5 theoretical plates, said unit being configured as a thin-film evaporator with a column attachement and drawing off a second tops fraction comprising intermediate-boiling compounds having a lower boiling point than ditrimethylolpropane as well as withdrawing a second bottoms fraction from the second distillation unit and introducing the second bottoms fraction into a third distillation unit having at least 4 theoretical plates, said unit being configured as a thin-film evaporator with a column attachement, such that ditrimethylolpropane is obtained as a third tops fraction and high boilers are removed as a third bottoms fraction.. .
|Method and system for downhole analysis|
Advanced remote self-contained chromatographic systems and techniques for analyzing a mixture comprising components having a wide range of boiling points. The chromatographic systems and techniques can utilize components and techniques that allow staged, simultaneous, and/or sequential vaporization of an analyte to facilitate rapid analysis.
|Solar turbine power generator system|
A solar powered electrical generation system can produce electrical power by utilizing energy from the sun to vaporize liquids, such as bromine. The system of the present invention allows liquid to be vaporized by a heating unit powered by the sun.
|Processing system and method for providing a heated etching solution|
A method and processing system are provided for independent temperature and hydration control for an etching solution used for treating a wafer in process chamber. The method includes circulating the etching solution in a circulation loop, maintaining the etching solution at a hydration setpoint by adding or removing water from the etching solution, maintaining the etching solution at a temperature setpoint that is below the boiling point of the etching solution in the circulation loop, and dispensing the etching solution into the process chamber for treating the wafer.
|Brake fluid composition comprising triazole and thiadiazole|
The present invention relates to a brake fluid composition comprising a glycol compound as a solvent, and triazole, thiadiazole mixture, and antioxidant as metallic corrosion inhibitors. Provided is a brake fluid composition having improved long-term metallic and high-temperature corrosion inhibition.
|Temporary adhesive composition, and method of producing thin wafer|
A temporary adhesive for which temporary adhesion and subsequent detachment are simple. The temporary adhesive composition includes: (a) an organopolysiloxane having a weight-average molecular weight of at least 15,000, obtained by a hydrosilylation reaction between (a1) and (a2) described below, and (b) an organic solvent having a boiling point of not more than 220° c., wherein (a1) is an alkenyl group-containing organopolysiloxane having a weight-average molecular weight exceeding 2,000, comprising 35 to 99 mol % of t siloxane units and 1 to 25 mol % of m siloxane units, and in which alkenyl groups bonded to silicon atoms represent at least 2 mol % of all the organic groups bonded to silicon atoms, and (a2) is a specific organohydrogenpolysiloxane having at least two silicon atom-bonded hydrogen atoms or a specific hydrosilyl group-containing compound..
|Method for producing base lubricating oil from oils recovered from combustion engine service|
A method for producing ilsac gf5 or higher compatible oils from used oil, comprising separating material having a boiling point less than about 350° f. From recovered oil to produce de-volatized oil fraction and light oil fraction.
|Processes for upgrading algae oils and products thereof|
Algae oil feeds comprise a wide range of molecular species forming a complex mixture of molecules having varying sizes and therefore varying boiling points, comprise high nitrogen, oxygen, and fatty acid content, but comprise low sulfur, saturated hydrocarbons, and triglycerides. The wide range of molecular species in the algae oil feeds, very unusual compared to conventional refinery feedstocks and vegetable oils, may be upgraded into fuels by conventional refining approaches such as thermal and/or catalytic-hydroprocessing.
|Process for preparing trialkylgallium compounds|
The invention relates to a process for preparing trialkylgallium compounds of the general formula r3ga. The process is based on the reaction of gallium trichloride (gach), optionally in a mixture with partially alkylated products, with an alkylaluminium compound of the type raalclb (where r═c1-c5-alkyl, a=1, 2 or 3, b=0, 1 or 2 and a+b=3) in the presence of at least two alkali metal halides (e.g.
|Insulation material for electronic device|
The present invention relates to insulating material for an electronic device that may inhibit damage to electronic devices by a high temperature curing process, and simultaneously contribute to improvement in reliability of electronic devices. The insulating material for an electronic device comprises soluble polyimide resin comprising a specific repeat unit, and a residual solvent comprising a low boiling point solvent having boiling point of 130 to 180° c., wherein after curing at a temperature of 250° c.
|Ink set, recording method, recording apparatus, and recording material|
An ink set includes a first ink composition, and a second ink composition, in which the first ink composition contains a first pigment, and an alkyl diol having carbon atoms of 6 or less and a normal boiling point of 240° c. Or more, the second ink composition contains a second pigment, and the alkyl diol, in the first ink composition, a content of the first pigment is 2.5% by weight or more, and a content of the alkyl diol is 3% by weight to 15% by weight, in the second ink composition, a content of the second pigment is less than 2.5% by weight, and the content of the alkyl diol is 8% by weight to 30% by weight, and the content of the alkyl diol in the second ink composition is greater than the content of the alkyl diol in the first ink composition..
|Method for producing base lubricating oil from oils recovered from combustion engine service|
A method for producing ilsac gf5 or higher compatible oils from used oil, comprising separating material having a boiling point less than about 350° f. From recovered oil to produce de-volatized oil fraction and light oil fraction.
|Process and apparatus for winning oil from a vapor gas mixture|
A process for winning oil from a vapor gas mixture (vgm) containing a plurality of oil fractions obtained by the pyrolysis of a hydrocarbon containing material includes dedusting and cooling the vgm. The dedusted and cooled vgm are fractionated in at least two electrostatic precipitator stages at respective temperatures corresponding to respective boiling points of the oil fractions so as to separate the oil fractions..
|Compositions of matter comprising extracted algae oil|
Crude algae oils produced by practical extraction techniques comprise a wide range of molecular species that can be characterized by advanced analytical techniques. The algae oils comprise a complex mixture of a large number of molecules having varying sizes and therefore varying boiling points, and comprise high nitrogen, oxygen, and fatty acid content, but low sulfur, saturated hydrocarbons, and triglyceride content.
|Photosensitive resin composition, display device using the same and method of manufacturing the display device|
A photosensitive resin composition comprises about 10 wt % to about 50 wt % of a solute comprising about 100 parts by weight of an acryl-based copolymer and about 5 to about 100 parts by weight of a 1,2-quinonediazide compound; and a solvent comprising a glycol-based material having a boiling point of greater than about 190° c., wherein the acryl-based copolymer is a copolymer of an unsaturated carbonic acid or an anhydride thereof, an epoxy group-containing unsaturated compound, and an olefin-based unsaturated compound.. .
|Ink set for ink jet recording, and recording apparatus|
An ink set includes a recording ink and a displacement ink. The recording ink contains a pigment, a resin, water, and a first surfactant and is substantially free of alkyl polyols with a normal boiling point of 280° c.
|Method for recycling plate-making processing waste solution|
A method of recycling waste liquid from a plate-making process, including: performing a plate-making process using a development replenisher liquid that includes at least one selected from the group consisting of anionic surfactants having a naphthalene skeleton and nonionic surfactants having a naphthalene skeleton at a total content of from 1% by mass to 10% by mass, includes no or not more than 2% by mass of organic solvent having a boiling point of from 100° c. To 300° c., and has a ph of from 10 to 13; concentrating, by evaporating, the discharged plate-making process waste liquid, such that the ratio of the volume of the plate-making process waste liquid after concentration to the volume of the plate-making process waste liquid before concentration is within a range of from 1/10 to 1/2, thereby separating water vapor; and using the obtained regenerated water as diluent water and/or rinse water..
|Composition and method of manufacture of hardened wood|
There is a hardened wood composition, comprising an acetylated whole wood portion that may have substantially all of its accessible interior volume impregnated with a hardened thermosetting plastic. A method of manufacturing a hardened wood comprising the steps of: acetylating a whole wood portion and impregnating the whole wood portion with a liquid-phase thermosetting polymer then curing such thermosetting polymer impregnated porous body by the steps of: enclosing the body in a fluid impermeable bag and subjecting the enclosed body to enhanced fluid pressure substantially, contemporaneously, with subjecting the enclosed body to a temperature sufficient to cure the thermosetting plastic impregnated therein by submerging the same in water near its boiling point..
|Silicon texturing formulations|
The present disclosure includes a texture formulation that includes an aliphatic diol, an alkaline compound and water which provides a consistent textured region across a silicon surface suitable for solar cell applications. The current invention describes silicon texturing formulations that include at least one high boiling point additive.
|Hydraulic engine mount solution composition|
Disclosed is a hydraulic engine mount solution composition, and more specifically a hydraulic engine mount solution composition, which maintains vibration absorbing ability at high temperatures as well as at low temperatures due to its higher boiling point than conventional engine mount solutions, and which inhibits aging and extends life of the engine mount by inhibiting flowing out and cohesion of chemical additives from an anti-vibration rubber of the engine mount by inclusion of a dispersion stabilizer, thereby preventing blocking of a flow channel, such as orifice of the engine mount. In particular, the hydraulic engine mount solution composition comprises a solvent containing ethylene glycol and propylene glycol; a dispersion stabilizer; and a phenol-based antioxidant, a heat stabilizer, a metal corrosion inhibitor and the like..
|Polymer, process and use|
There is described a process for producing a gel free hyperbranched polyamide polymer p having a polydispersity of at least 1.1 and a weight average molecular weight of at least 300 daltons, having primary amino groups (useful as a crosslinker). The process comprises the step of reacting reagent a, a compound comprising at least one amino group (—nh2) and one functional group selected from the group consisting of a further amino group (—nh2), thiol (—sh) and a secondary amine radical (—nhr); (where r denotes a hydrocarbo group) (=functional amine) and reagent b, an alpha-beta unsaturated michael-reactive ester comprising a plurality of ester groups (=diester); in a molar ratio of amine a to diester b greater than 1 but less than 3 (preferably 2.1 to 2.9); to form the polyamide in a two stage reaction michael addition and then amidation.
|Surface modifier for polyimide resin and surface-modifying method for polyimide resin|
The present invention relates to a polyimide resin surface modifier which modifies the surface of a polyimide resin to permit easy absorption of metal ions, and a surface-modifying method for polyimide resins using the same. The surface modifier contains an alkali component, an organic solvent having hydroxy groups and a boiling point of 120° c.
|Lanio3 thin film-forming composition and method of forming lanio3 thin film using the same|
A lanio3 thin film having extremely few voids is uniformly formed. Provided is a lanio3 thin film-forming composition for forming a lanio3 thin film.
|Process for in-situ formation of chlorides in the preparation of titanium dioxide|
This disclosure relates to a process for producing titanium dioxide, comprising: a) reacting an alloy comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of aluminum, titanium and mixtures thereof, wherein either aluminum or titanium is a major component of the alloy, and an element selected from the group consisting of li, be, b, na, mg, al, p, s, k, ca, sc, ti, v, cr, mn, fe, co, ni, cu, zn, ga, ge, as, se, rb, sr, y, zr, nb, mo, ru, rh, pd, ag, cd, in, sn, sb, te, cs, ba, la, ce, pr, nd, sm, eu, gd, tb, dy, ho, er, tm, yb, lu, hf, ta, w, re, os, ir, pt, au, hg, tl, pb, and bi, with chlorine gas to form chlorides of aluminum, titanium or mixtures thereof and chlorides of the element selected from the group consisting of li, be, b, na, mg, al, p, s, k, ca, sc, ti, v, cr, mn, fe, co, ni, cu, zn, ga, ge, as, se, rb, sr, y, zr, nb, mo, ru, rh, pd, ag, cd, in, sn, sb, te, cs, ba, la, ce, pr, nd, sm, eu, gd, tb, dy, ho, er, tm, yb, lu, hf, ta, w, re, os, ir, pt, au, hg, ti, pb, and bi, at or above the boiling point of the chloride of the major component of the alloy; with the proviso that the element does not comprise ti when the metal is ti and does not comprise al when the metal is al; (b) adding titanium tetrachloride to the chlorides formed in step (a); (c) oxidizing the chlorides formed in step (a), and titanium tetrachloride of step (b); and(d) forming titanium dioxide dioxide comprising the oxide of aluminum and an oxide of an element selected from the group consisting of li, be, b, na, mg, al, p, s, k, ca, sc, ti, v, cr, mn, fe, co, ni, cu, zn, ga, ge, as, se, rb, sr, y, zr, nb, mo, ru, rh, pd, ag, cd, in, sn, sb, te, cs, ba, la, ce, pr, nd, sm, eu, gd, tb, dy, ho, er, tm, yb, lu, hf, ta, w, re, os, ir, pt, au, hg, ti, pb, and bi.. .
|System and method for storing crankcase gases to improve engine air-fuel control|
A system and method for improving processing of gases contained within the crankcase of an internal combustion engine is presented. The system is especially suited for single boiling point fuels because it allows the storage of such fuels until the fuel can be opportunistically combusted..
|Steam power cycle system|
There is provided a steam power cycle system that permits to perform an appropriate heat exchange between a working fluid that is a non-azeotropic mixture and a heat source, to enhance the performance of the whole system. More specifically, a plurality of condensers are provided so as to be connected to each other in series, and the working fluid in a gas phase from the expander is introduced into the respective condensers.
|System for cooling hard disk drives using vapor momentum driven by boiling of dielectric liquid|
A system for cooling hard disk drives (hdds) includes: an enclosure having a lower volume within which a cooling liquid is heated to a boiling point temperature to cause some of the cooling liquid to evaporate into a plume of rising vapor; a hdd cooling area with at least one hdd placed in the direct path of the rising vapor, which cools the at least one hdd during functional operation of the at least one hdd; and a heat source that dissipates heat into the lower volume of the enclosure, sufficient to heat the cooling liquid to the boiling point temperature. The system can also include a condenser located above both the hdd cooling area.
|Stand alone immersion tank data center with contained cooling|
A stand-alone immersion tank datacenter (sitdc) includes: a multi-phase heat transfer immersion cooling tank having external walls surrounding a tank volume within which a dielectric liquid is maintained and heated to a boiling point temperature; a plurality of servers having one or more processing and memory components submerged within the dielectric liquid for cooling of the one or more components via heat dissipation from the one or more components into the dielectric liquid when the one or more components are connected to an electric power supply; and a condenser located vertically above the plurality of servers and in a direct path of rising dielectric vapor created when the dielectric liquid absorbs sufficient heat from the one or more components to reach a boiling point temperature of the liquid. The condenser can be a passive heat exchanger, created by providing a heat conductive material as a top lid of the tank..
|Copper particulate dispersion, conductive film forming method and circuit board|
The copper particulate dispersion includes copper particulates, at least one kind of a dispersion vehicle containing the copper particulates, and at least one kind of dispersant which allows the copper particulates to disperse in the dispersion vehicle. The copper particulates have a center particle diameter of 1 nm or more and less than 100 nm.
|Partitioned, rotating condenser units to enable servicing of submerged it equipment positioned beneath a vapor condenser without interrupting a vaporization-condensation cycling of the remaining immersion cooling system|
An immersion cooling tank includes: a tank comprised of a base wall, and perimeter walls, and having a lower tank volume in which a liquid can be maintained and heated to a boiling point to generate a rising plume of vapor; a rack structure within the tank volume that supports insertion of multiple, heat dissipating electronic devices in a side-by-side vertical configuration; and a condenser configured as a plurality of individually rotatable condenser sub-units, with each condenser sub-unit located above a vertical space that extends vertically from the lower tank volume and within which an electronic device can be inserted. Each individual condenser sub-unit can be opened independent of the other sub-units and each other condenser sub-unit can remain in a closed position while a first condenser sub-unit is opened to allow access to a first vertical space and any existing electrical device contained therein below the first condenser sub-unit..
|Method for reclaiming usable products from biosolids|
The method of reclaiming usable products from sludge is disclosed. A predetermined level of solvent within an extractor is heated, below boiling point, and dried sludge is immersed within the headed solvent.
|Method of handling a solvent-containing solids stream in a non-aqueous oil sand extraction process|
The present invention provides a method of handling a solvent-containing solids stream in a non-aqueous oil sand extraction process, the method including the steps of: (a) providing a solvent-containing solids stream at a first pressure; (b) depositing the solvent-containing solids stream provided in step (a) as a bed in a vessel; (c) discharging the solvent-containing solids stream from the vessel at a second pressure via an outlet, thereby obtaining a depressurized solvent-containing solids stream; wherein the solvent-containing solids stream in the vessel in step (b) is at a temperature above the boiling point of the solvent in the depressurized solvent-containing solids stream at the second pressure in step (c).. .
|Composition for reducing polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon emissions|
Emissions of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs) from diesel engines may be reduced by blending a renewable hydrocarbon distillate with a base diesel fuel. The base diesel may be a fossil diesel fuel, a fischer-tropsch diesel fuel as well as a hydroprocessed biodiesel fuel or a combination thereof.
|Removing volatile compounds from polymer granules by vapour distillation|
The present invention relates to a process for treating polyolefin granules in a treatment vessel comprising the steps of: —providing a bed of granules in liquid in said treatment vessel —withdrawing a first stream of liquid from said treatment vessel, wherein said first stream of liquid contains hydrocarboneous compounds —introducing a first stream of vapour into said treatment vessel —withdrawing a second stream of vapour from said treatment vessel wherein said second stream of vapour contains volatile hydrocarboneous compounds —recovering the granules from said treatment vessel wherein said first stream of vapour has a temperature from tb to tb+10° c., wherein tb is the boiling point of the liquid at the applied pressure, and said first stream of vapour produces an upwards rising vapour stream in said treatment vessel, the superficial vapour velocity of which is no more than 0.2 m/s, and a plant suitable for conducting said process.. .
|Adhesive varnish, adhesive film and wiring film|
An adhesive varnish includes 100 parts by mass of a component a that includes a phenoxy resin including a plurality of hydroxyl groups in a side chain, 2 to 55 parts by mass of a component b that includes a polyfunctional isocyanate compound including, in a molecule thereof, an isocyanate and at least one of a vinyl group, an acrylate group and a methacrylate group, 5 to 30 parts by mass of a component c that includes a maleimide compound including a plurality of maleimide groups in a molecule thereof or/and a reaction product thereof, a component s1 including a low-boiling point solvent having a boiling point of not more than 100° c., and a component s2 including a high-boiling point solvent having a boiling point of more than 100° c.. .
|Fluoroalkyl and chlorofluoroalkyl benzenes|
This invention relates to fluoroalkyl and chlorofluoroalkyl benzenes with relatively high boiling points, having zero ozone depletion potential and low global warming potential. This invention also relates to the preparation of such fluoroalkyl and chlorofluoroalkyl benzenes.
|Method and apparatus for conditioning liquid hydrocarbon fuels|
In one embodiment of a method for vaporizing liquids such as fuels, the liquid is sprayed into a chamber such that the spray does not impinge on any surface. The energy for vaporization is supplied through the injection of a hot diluent such as nitrogen or oxygen depleted air.
|Method for reprocessing wastewater and water treatment machine|
Waste water from an industrial process, including an organic acid, is reprocessed by introducing the waste water into a heat exchange process in which a heat exchange medium is used so that the waste water which is to be treated is heated to a temperature between 60° c. And the boiling point of the waste water.
|Medical device comprising a wetted hydrophilic coating|
The invention is directed to the use of a wetting agent having a boiling point higher than 100° c. And a viscosity lower than 500 mpa.s, wherein the wetting agent comprises water in an amount between 0 and 4.9 wt % based on the total weight of the wetting agent, for the lubrication of a hydrophilic polymer coating.
|Method for preparing lactide using an ionic solvent|
Disclosed is a method for preparing lactide by using a solvent. According to the method, since an ionic liquid is used as a solvent in a second step in the course of preparing lactide, it is possible to secure mobility of the resulting reactant, and decrease a reaction temperature.
|Materials and methods for the base-assisted synthesis of substituted heteroaromatic compounds|
Disclosed herein are some methods for synthesizing the base-assisted coupling of aromatic alcohols with substituted aromatic compounds including some substituted heteroaromatic compounds such as pyrimidines or pyridines to form esters. The reactions may include inexpensive bases such as potassium hydroxide and take place in a solvent mixture comprised primarily of hindered tertiary alcohols that are at least partially immiscible with water.
|Method of manufacturing solid electrolytic capacitor|
A method of manufacturing a solid electrolytic capacitor having an even conductive polymer layer includes the steps of forming a conductive polymer layer on an anode element by bringing a dispersion containing a conductive solid and a first solvent into contact with the anode element having a dielectric film formed thereon, washing the anode element with a second solvent higher in boiling point than the first solvent, in which the conductive solid can be dispersed, after the conductive polymer layer is formed, and drying the anode element washed with the second solvent at a temperature not lower than the boiling point of the first solvent and lower than the boiling point of the second solvent.. .
|Process for the purification of a crude solvent stream comprising an n-alkylpyrrolidone|
N-alkylpyrrolidone and, as contaminant alongside this, the corresponding n-alkyl-succinimide, to give a pure solvent stream which meets the requirements for use in a process for the production of polymers, where compounds of higher and lower boiling point than the n-alkylpyrrolidone are removed by distillation, which comprises, prior to, during, or after the distillative purification process, adding a hydroxide of an alkali metal or of an alkaline earth metal in a molar amount corresponding to a molar ratio of at least 0.1:1 for this hydroxide with respect to the respective n-alkylsuccinimide in the appropriate solvent stream present prior to, during, or after the distillative purification process.. .
|Substrate treating method for treating substrates with treating liquids|
A method for treating substrates with treating liquids, using a treating tank for storing the treating liquids, a holding mechanism for holding the substrates and placing the substrates in a treating position inside the treating tank, a first and a second treating liquid supply device, a temperature control device, and a control device. A first treating liquid is supplied into the treating tank, then a second treating liquid of lower surface tension and higher boiling point than the first treating liquid, is supplied into the treating tank, and placed in a temperature range above the boiling point of the first treating liquid and below the boiling point of the second treating liquid, and then controlling the second treating liquid supply device to replace the first treating liquid stored in the treating tank with the second treating liquid, and controlling the temperature control device to maintain the second treating liquid in the same said temperature range..
|Integrated alkylation process to make blended alkylate gasoline|
We provide an extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), comprising a hydrogenated conjunct polymer naphtha, from a used ionic liquid catalyst, having a final boiling point less than 246° c. (475° f.), a bromine number of 5 or less, and at least 30 wt % naphthenes.
Provided is a hydrocarbon tar. The tar has 75 wt % or more of aromatics of 10 carbons to 75 carbons based on the total weight of the tar.
|Method to analyze alkylate products|
We provide an extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), comprising a hydrogenated conjunct polymer naphtha, from a used ionic liquid catalyst, having a final boiling point less than 246° c.(475° f.), a bromine number of 5 or less, and at least 30 wt % naphthenes. We also provide a blended alkylate gasoline (97 comprising the extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45), and integrated alkylation processes to make the extracted conjunct polymer naphtha (45) and the blended alkylate gasoline (97).
|Cooling of a memory device|
A system for providing cooling of a memory device comprises a cooling system arranged to store a coolant, a valve system connected to the output of the cooling system, and a control system connected to the valve system and arranged to open the valve system when power is lost to the control system. The system further comprises a delivery system connected to the output of the valve system and arranged to deliver the coolant to the memory device and the cooling system comprises a canister of low boiling point fluid..
|Methods and formulations for spray coating sol-gel thin films on substrates|
Methods and formulations are provided for: selecting a sol-gel precursor containing a material for forming a thin film layer on a substrate; selecting a solvent having a boiling point at or above a solvent boiling point threshold and a viscosity at or below a solvent viscosity threshold; combining the sol-gel and the solvent into a mixture; applying the mixture onto a surface of the substrate; permitting the mixture to spread and level on the surface; and at least one of drying and curing the mixture to form the thin layer on the substrate.. .
|Ink jet recording method, ink cartridge, and recording device|
An ink jet recording method for forming an image by adhering water-based ink to a non-absorbing or low-absorbing medium, including: forming an image while heating the medium, in which the water-based ink contains a first solvent having a boiling point of 210° c. To 280° c., a second solvent having a boiling point of 150° c.
|Processes for synthesizing nanocrystals and nanocrystal compositions|
A process of synthesizing nanocrystals, the process including contacting a first precursor, a ligand compound, and a second precursor in a solvent having a boiling point of less than or equal to about 150° c. And a polarity index of less than or equal to 5, and performing a thermal decomposition reaction between the first precursor and the second precursor at a higher pressure than atmospheric pressure and at a higher temperature than a boiling point of the solvent, wherein at least one of the first precursor and the second precursor is a metal-containing precursor..
|Process for the preparation of a gas oil fraction|
The invention provides a process for the preparation of a gas oil fraction comprising the steps of: (a) providing a stream of a first hydrocarbon product of which a major portion of the hydrocarbons have a boiling point in the range of from 370-540° c. And a stream of a second hydrocarbon product of which a major portion of the hydrocarbons have a boiling point of less than 370° c.; (b) separating at least part of the stream of the first hydrocarbon product in a separating section into a gaseous stream and a liquid stream; (c) separating at least part of the second hydrocarbon product stream in a separating section into a gaseous stream and a liquid stream; (d) introducing at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (b) and at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (c) into a fractionating section to obtain a number of fractions of hydrocarbons including a gas oil fraction, wherein the at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (b) is introduced into the fractionating section at a level which is lower than the level at which the at least part of the liquid stream as obtained in step (c) is introduced into the fractionating section; and (e) recovering from the fractionating section the gas oil fraction..
|Process and apparatus for the separation of the components of a liquid mixture|
Process and apparatus for the separation of the components having different boiling points of a liquid mixture, characterized in that forming bubbles by a carrier gas in the liquid mixture where the one or more volatile component is getting enriched in the bubbles, then after said bubbles leave the liquid phase the released vapor content of them is collected and condensed and the obtained liquid being enriched in the more volatile component(s) is separated from the carrier gas.. .
|Process for concentrating and recovering surfactant aqueous solution|
A process for concentrating and recovering a surfactant aqueous solution, by evaporating and concentrating a surfactant aqueous solution containing a gasifiable surfactant and an aqueous solvent to increase the concentration of the surfactant, which comprises storing the surfactant aqueous solution in an evaporator 12; adjusting the temperature of the surfactant aqueous solution in the evaporator 12 to be lower than the boiling point of the aqueous solvent under the pressure in the evaporator 12; withdrawing a part of the surfactant aqueous solution from the evaporator 12, superheating it by a superheater 14 under conditions that all the surfactant and the aqueous solvent are formed into an annular flow or an annular mist flow, and spraying it from a nozzle 32 having a shape such that the outlet side first narrows and then widens outward, into the evaporator 12; and evaporating and removing the aqueous solvent.. .
|Process for the preparation of prasugrel and several novel crystalline forms of prasugrel hydrochloride|
Disclosed herein are a process or method for the preparation of prasugrel and several novel crystalline forms of prasugrel hydrochloride. The process comprises preparation of prasugrel by acetylation in solvents which have low boiling point and/or low toxicity, and the process not only avoids using solvents which have high boiling point and/or high toxicity such as toluene, acetonitrile and so on, but also resolves the problem about thermal instability of prasugrel, and the loss of prasugrel is reduced, as well as the yield is raised.
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