|| List of recent Boil-related patents
|Solar driven solvent extractor and process for extraction of microalgal lipids using the same|
The present invention relates to an energy efficient process for the extraction of non-polar lipids from photosynthetically grown micro-algal biomass using low boiling point solvents and utilizing solar energy for heating as well as chilling operations. The invention also relates to improve energy output to input ratio which is the main hurdle in the micro-algal lipid extraction process.
Council Of Scientific & Industrial Research
|Fragranced water-sensitive film|
A film formed from a water-soluble polymer matrix containing a fragrance is provided. The film is water-sensitive so that upon contact with a sufficient amount of water, the matrix loses its integrity to increasingly expose the fragrance to the ambient environment for releasing its odor.
Kimberly-clark Worldwide, Inc.
A charge-transporting thin film having excellent flatness can be obtained with good repeatability using the charge-transporting varnish of the present invention, which contains: a charge transportation substance comprising a charge-transporting monomer or a charge-transporting oligomer or polymer having a number-average molecular weight of 200-50,000, or a charge transporting material comprising the charge transportation substance and a dopant substance; and a mixed solvent including at least one type of good solvent and at least one type of poor solvent; the absolute value of the boiling point difference Δt° c. Of the good solvent and the poor solvent satisfying the relation .
|Flow control device for controlling flow based on fluid phase|
A flow control device can include water in a chamber, the chamber having a variable volume, a flow restricting member which displaces in response to a change in the chamber volume, and a biasing device which influences a pressure in the chamber. A method of controlling flow of steam in a well can include providing a flow control device which varies a resistance to flow in the well, the flow control device including a chamber having a variable volume, water disposed in the chamber, and a biasing device.
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
|Method for producing lubricating-oil base oil|
Wherein c1 represents the mass ratio of a fraction having a boiling point of 360° c. Or higher in the above hydrocarbon oil, and c2 represents the mass ratio of the fraction having a boiling point of 360° c.
|Resol-type para-octylphenol-formaldehyde co-condensation resin and producing the same|
A resol-type para-octylphenol-formaldehyde co-condensation resin and a method for producing the same are provided, the resol-type para-octylphenol-formaldehyde co-condensation resin having a content of a para-octylphenol monomer of 1 wt. % or less, having a total content of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbon, an aromatic hydrocarbon, a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon, and an alcohol having 1 to 8 carbon atoms of 1 wt.
Taoka Chemical Co., Ltd.
|Method of sterilizing separation membrane module, producing chemical by continuous fermentation, and membrane separation-type continuous fermentation apparatus|
A method of sterilizing a separation membrane module using water vapor includes: a liquid supplying step of supplying a liquid having a boiling point of 80° c. Or higher at atmospheric pressure to a secondary side of the separation membrane module such that a filling ratio of the liquid in a space surrounded by a filtration portion of a separation membrane is 70% or more, the filtration portion being used for filtration; a liquid sealing step of isolating the secondary side of the separation membrane module such that the filling ratio of the liquid supplied to the secondary side in the liquid supplying step is 70% or more; and a sterilization step of sterilizing the separation membrane module by supplying water vapor to a primary side of the separation membrane module while the secondary side of the separation membrane module is isolated..
Toray Industries, Inc.
|Solution-based synthesis of doped zno nanostructures|
Methods of making electrically conductive, doped zinc oxide nanowires and nanowire films are provided. The methods comprises the steps of forming an aqueous solution comprising a dopant-containing precursor salt, a zinc-containing precursor salt and a ph buffering agent and heating the aqueous solution to a temperature below its boiling point in the presence of seed crystals, whereby doped zinc oxide nanowires are grown in situ from the seed crystals in the aqueous solution..
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
A jet-range hydrocarbon product includes a mixture of paraffins. The mixture exhibits a freeze point of less than or equal to about −70° c., a 95% distillation point of greater than or equal to about 275° c., and a smooth boiling point curve that is characterized as having no intervals of the boiling point curve having a slope that is steeper than 4° c./mass % as defined by astm standard d2887 between mass recovered ranges of about 20% to about 80%.
|Composite particles for negative electrodes of secondary batteries, use of same, producing same, and binder composition|
A secondary battery negative electrode composite particle including a negative electrode active material and a particulate polymer, wherein the particulate polymer include 10% by weight to 60% by weight of a (meth)acrylonitrile monomer unit and 35% by weight to 85% by weight of an aliphatic conjugated diene monomer unit; and a residual amount of an organic compound having an unsaturated bond and a boiling point of 150° c. To 300° c.
Provided is an optically-anisotropic-layer-forming composition usable to make it possible to produce an optically anisotropic film high in transparency. The composition is an optically-anisotropic-layer-forming composition including a polymerizable liquid crystal compound, a photopolymerization initiator, and a solvent (1) that is a lactone solvent having a boiling point of 200° c.
Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
Method and system for de-oiling a feed of oil and water
A method and system for de-oiling a feed comprising oil and water. The feed has an input temperature above the boiling point of water and an input pressure sufficient to maintain the water in a liquid state.
Rj Oil Sands Inc.
Fire suppressing materials and systems and methods of use
A fire suppressant mixture comprising: an organic or supplemental organic fire suppressant compound; a halogen element, and an organic compound, wherein the organic fire suppressant compound, the halogen element and the organic compound are combined such that a boiling point of the mixture is lower than the boiling point of the organic fire suppressant. In some embodiments, the organic fire suppressant compound is fk 5-1-12 and the organic compound is carbon dioxide.
Meggitt Safety Systems Inc.
Processes for purifying a cellulosic material
A process for treating a cellulosic material comprising extracting hemicellulose from the cellulosic material with an extractant comprising a cellulose solvent and a co-solvent to selectively extract hemicellulose therefrom and separating the extracted hemicellulose to form a cellulosic product comprising less hemicellulose than the cellulosic material. The extractant comprises a cellulose solvent and a co-solvent.
Celanese International Corporation
Solution reaction apparatus and solution reaction method using the same
The present invention relates to a solution reaction apparatus and solution reaction method using the same, and more particularly a solution reaction apparatus and a solution reaction method using the same, wherein a reaction vessel is made by using a sealing member, a reaction vessel forming member, and a substrate serving as the bottom part of the reaction vessel so as to cause one side of a reaction solution only to contact the solution, thereby adjusting the temperature of the substrate differently from the temperature of the solution. The solution reaction apparatus of the present invention can control temperature of the substrate and temperature of the reaction solution separately, thereby it can control the temperature of the solution above the boiling point of the solution, and can react the solution while constantly maintaining the concentration of the solution by the solution circulatory device.
Inje University Indudstry-academic Cooperation Foundation
Process for obtaining food grade hexane
The present invention relates to a process for obtaining food grade hexane, comprising: fractionating a hydrocarbon feed having a boiling point in the range of 50° c. To 140° c.
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd
Bonding material and bonding method in which said bonding material is used
The occurrence of uneven drying in the center and end of a surface of a bonding layer during a desolvation process of a pre-drying step is reduced to ensure highly reliable bonding without peeling of a bonding surface even after repeated exposure to heat shock after bonding. The bonding material of the present invention to achieve the object contains silver nanoparticles coated with organic substance having 6 or less carbon atoms and having an average primary particle diameter of 10 to 30 nm as main silver particles, silver nanoparticles coated with an organic substance having 6 or less carbon atoms and having an average primary particle diameter of 100 to 200 nm as secondary silver particles, two kinds of solvents having different boiling points, and a dispersant..
Dowa Electronics Materials Co., Ltd.
Antiperspirant spray devices and compositions
A hand held spray device is disclosed. The spray device includes a body with a reservoir, an actuator with an actuator exit orifice, a valve in fluid communication with the actuator exit orifice and the reservoir and a propellant and antiperspirant composition stored in the reservoir.
The Procter & Gamble Company
Control valve control method and control device, and power generating plant utilizing same
A gas turbine plant including a gas turbine and a compressor is provided with a steam turbine plant including a steam turbine and a condenser, and, an exhaust heat recovery boiler. Steam from the exhaust heat recovery boiler is directly flown to the condenser of the steam turbine plant through a bypass control valve.
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
Color filter for display
A color filter for a display includes a transparent substrate, an image reception layer formed on one or more surfaces of the transparent substrate and including a synthetic resin, and a color layer including a color ink printed on the image reception layer. The color ink includes 70% or more of a solvent, the solvent has a boiling point of 150° c.
Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.
Silicone hydrogels having a structure formed via controlled reaction kinetics
The present invention relates to a process comprising the steps of reacting a reactive mixture comprising at least one silicone-containing component, at least one hydrophilic component, and at least one diluent to form an ophthalmic device having an advancing contact angle of less than about 80°; and contacting the ophthalmic device with an aqueous extraction solution at an elevated extraction temperature, wherein said at least one diluent has a boiling point at least about 10° higher than said extraction temperature.. .
Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
Device for cooling a superconducting machine
A device for cooling a superconducting machine is disclosed, including a storage vessel which receives condensed coolant and from which the coolant can be fed via a pipe to the machine, wherein the storage vessel has a storage region and an evaporator region, which is separated from the former, with a heat source which continuously has a temperature above the boiling point of the coolant. The evaporator region is connected via a curved overflow pipe to the storage region in such a way that, when a defined coolant filling level is reached in the storage region, coolant flows via the overflow pipe automatically into the evaporator region and evaporates there..
Paraffin mixture and producing same
The present invention provides a paraffin mixture that is suitable for use as cosmetics and cleansing oil for skin and hair and has excellent volatility. The paraffin mixture according to the present invention is a mixture that contains isoparaffin having a carbon number of 12 to 16, and the mixture has a boiling point range of 185° c.
Crystallization of nanocrystals that were formed using colloidal chemistry
Disclosed herein is a method of crystallizing a semiconductor nanocrystal population including suspending the semiconductor nanocrystal population in a high boiling point solvent to form a solution and heating the solution to a temperature of approximately 100° c. To approximately 400° c.
System and process for converting plastics to petroleum products
A system and process for converting plastics and other heavy hydrocarbon solids into retail petroleum products are provided. The plastics are processed by melting, pyrolysis, vapourization, and selective condensation, whereby final in-spec petroleum products are produced.
Methods and systems for catalyst delivery
A method for the delivery of a catalyst to a polymerization reactor is disclosed, comprising: contacting a catalyst with a carrier fluid comprising an inert hydrocarbon in gaseous form, the inert hydrocarbon having a normal boiling point of about −1° c. To about 81° c.; and flowing the carrier fluid to the polymerization reactor such that the carrier fluid transports the catalyst to the polymerization reactor.
Univation Technologies, Llc
Process for manufacturing resin composite material, and resin composite material
Provided is a process for manufacturing a resin composite material having high mechanical strength. The process comprises the steps of: preparing a resin composition comprising a carbon material having a graphene structure, a solvent, and a thermoplastic resin; applying a shearing force to a solid of the resin composition so that the total shearing strain, which is a product of shear rate (s−1) and shear time (s), is 80000 or more either at a temperature lower than the melting point of the thermoplastic resin when the thermoplastic resin is crystalline or at a temperature in the vicinity of tg of the thermoplastic resin when the thermoplastic resin is amorphous; and kneading the resin composition at a temperature equal to or higher than the boiling point of the solvent to obtain the resin composite material..
Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.
Aqueous ink for inkjet, inkjet recording device, inkjet printed matter, and inkjet recording method
An aqueous ink for inkjet recording contains water, a hydrosoluble organic solvent, resin particles, and a pigment, wherein the hydrosoluble organic solvent contains at least three kinds of diol compounds accounting for 45% by weight or more in the hydrosoluble organic solvent, wherein three or more of the at least three kinds of diol compounds have boiling points 10° c. Or greater apart from each other..
Ricoh Company, Ltd.
Divided wall distillation column for producing high purity acrylic acid and fractional distillation method using the same
There are provided a dividing wall distillation column for producing high-purity acrylic acid, and a fractional distillation method using the same. The dividing wall distillation column includes a condenser, a reboiler and a main column having a dividing wall.
Lg Chem, Ltd.
Buffered oxygen therapeutic
An oxygen therapeutic composition, which includes a perfluorocarbon material having a boiling point of about 4 degrees celsius to about 60 degrees celsius, a lipid; a viscosity modifier; a buffer.. .
Electron beam-induced etching
Beam-induced etching uses a work piece maintained at a temperature near the boiling point of a precursor material, but the temperature is sufficiently high to desorb reaction byproducts. In one embodiment, nf3 is used as a precursor gas for electron-beam induced etching of silicon at a temperature below room temperature..
Process for producing microporous polyolefin film
In a method for manufacturing a polyolefin microporous film, non-uniformity in a film resulting from non-uniform drying during solvent extraction is minimized, high-speed drying and high-speed continuous productivity of the polyolefin microporous film are implemented. In the method for manufacturing a polyolefin microporous film, in which a composition composed of a polyolefin resin and a plasticizer is made into a film form using extrusion, the plasticize is extracted and removed using a solvent, and the film is thereafter dried.
Removal of dissolved salts using a solvent
The present disclosure is related to a method and apparatus for reducing a salt concentration in a liquid composition using a solvent. The method includes combining the liquid composition and the solvent, where the solvent has lower carrying capacity for at least one salt in solution with the liquid composition.
Producing improved upgraded heavy oil
A method is provided to produce a clean resid from a heavy hydrocarbon, the method including the steps of: feeding a heavy hydrocarbon to a conversion unit to convert at least a portion of the heavy hydrocarbon to lighter products and producing a resid, the resid comprising at least ten percent by weight components having true boiling points greater than 380° c. And further comprising at least some asphaltenes; contacting the resid with a naphtha to produce a mixed naphtha and resid, the naphtha comprising paraffin having from four to twelve carbons, the ratio of naphtha to resid high enough to result in precipitation of at least a portion of the asphaltenes in the resid; and separating a reject stream comprising asphaltenes and at least some solids from the resid to form a clean resid..
Composition for coating a substrate and coating a substrate
The present invention relates to a composition comprising: (a) about 10 wt. % to about 90 wt.
Foam expansion agent compositions containing z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene and their uses in the preparation of polyurethane and polyisocyanurate polymer foams
A foam expansion agent composition is disclosed that includes z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene and at least one high boiling point foam expansion agent present in an effective amount sufficient to produce a foam having a k-factor less than the k-factor of a foam produced using z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene or the at least one high boiling point foam expansion agent alone at a given temperature. Also disclosed is a foam-forming composition that includes the foam expansion agent composition of this disclosure and an active hydrogen-containing compound having two or more active hydrogens.
Integrated biorefineries for production of sugars, fermentation products, and coproducts
Processes are described for fractionating lignocellulosic biomass into cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, comprising fractionating lignocellulosic biomass in the presence of a solvent for lignin (such as ethanol), a hydrolysis catalyst (such as sulfur dioxide), and water, to produce a liquor containing hemicellulose, cellulose-rich solids, and lignin; hydrolyzing the hemicellulose to produce hemicellulosic monomers; saccharifying the cellulose-rich solids to produce glucose; recovering the hemicellulosic monomers and the glucose, separately or in a combined stream, as fermentable sugars; and fermenting the fermentable sugars to a fermentation product having a higher normal boiling point than water. Process integration of mass and/or energy is disclosed in many specific embodiments.
Apparatus and preparing alcohol from olefin
Disclosed are an apparatus and method for preparing alcohol from olefin. A reactor for hydroformylating olefin comprises a loop reactor for reducing high-boiling point components, a post-treatment device for separating aldehyde comprises a catalyst/aldehyde separator and a divided wall column (dwc) for removing remaining high-boiling point components, and a post-treatment device for separating alcohol comprises a divided wall column (dwc) for removing remaining high-boiling point components.
An ink comprising a colorant, an organic solvent having a boiling point below 170° c. And a radiation-curable component of molecular weight >1000, wherein the ink contains less than 10 wt % of radiation-curable components of molecular weight 1000 or less and the ink contains less than 5 wt % water.
Method of concentrating plate-making process waste liquid, and recycling plate-making process waste liquid
A method of concentrating waste liquid from a plate-making process for a photosensitive planographic printing plate precursor, including: subjecting, in a single development processing bath of an automatic developing machine, a photosensitive planographic printing plate precursor, having a radical polymerizable image recording layer on a support, after exposure simultaneously to a development process and a desensitization process using a developer liquid that contains from 1 to 10% by mass of a surfactant having a phenyl or naphthyl group and an ethylene oxide or propylene oxide group, and has a content of an organic solvent having a boiling point of from 100° c. To 300° c.
Method and composition for filling elongated channels with expanding foam insulation
The invention described herein generally pertains to the use of low boiling point, low vapor pressure blowing agents with froth polyurethane or polyisocyanurate foams to fill hollow cavities (particularly window lineals) and which have lowered exotherms, which prevent deformation of the hollow cavity (e.g., window lineal) and additional achieve filling of longer lengths of window lineals by increasing the foaming and gel times of the reaction.. .
Composition for polarization film, polarization film, and display device
A composition for a polarization film including: a transparent resin having a boiling point of greater than or equal to 130° c.; and a dichroic dye represented by chemical formula 1,. .
Method for manufacturing soot glass deposit body and burner for manufacturing soot glass deposit body
A soot glass deposit body is manufactured by placing a starting rod and a burner 22 for producing glass particulates in a reaction container, introducing a source material gas to the burner 22 through a supplying pipe 26, producing glass particulates by a pyrolytic oxidation reaction of the source material gas in a flame formed by the burner 22, and depositing the produced glass particulates on the starting rod. At the time, the source material gas to be supplied to the burner 22 is a siloxane, the burner 22 is heated so that temperature of the burner 22 falls within the range of from −30° c.
Gas-turbine cooling system and gas-turbine cooling method
A gas turbine can efficiently be cooled by using steam, without using high-pressure steam generated in an exhaust-heat recovery boiler and without decreasing the high-pressure steam generation. This cooling system is provided with a gas turbine; an exhaust-heat recovery boiler having a high-pressure system that generates high-pressure steam by means of heat exchange with exhaust heat from the gas turbine, a high-pressure drum that supplies water and steam to the high-pressure system, a medium-pressure system that generates medium-pressure steam by means of heat exchange with the exhaust heat from the gas turbine, and a medium-pressure drum that supplies water and steam to the medium-pressure system; a medium-pressure steam pipe that connects the medium-pressure system and a cooling system of the gas turbine and that supplies the medium-pressure steam from the medium-pressure system to the cooling system; and a steam supplying pipe that connects the high-pressure drum and the medium-pressure drum..
Demulsifying and dehydrating formulations for heavy crude oils based on block copolymers bifunctionalized with amines
The present invention relates to demulsifying and dehydrating formulations of heavy crude oil based block copolymers amine bifunctionalized with low polydispersities. These formulations can contain solvents whose boiling point is in the range from 35 to 200° c., preferably: dichloromethane, chloroform, toluene, xylenes, turbosine, naphtha or mixtures thereof.
Use of a vaporizable composition to protect cultivated plants from pests
The disclosure relates to the use of an oil emulsion for acaricidal, insecticidal, and antifungal treatment of the stems and leaves of a plant during the growth thereof in confined, intensive-cultivation spaces, the emulsion including water and a paraffin oil obtained from petroleum and having a boiling point of 200° c. To 450° c., a viscosity of no more than 20 mm2/s at 40° c., and an unsulfonated residue content of no less than 99% according to the astm d483 standard, and further including at least 20 wt % of mono- or polycyclic naphthenes, the paraffinic oil being introduced as a stable emulsifiable concentrate including water..
Solid electrolyte capacitor and a manufacturing the same
There is provided an electrolyte capacitor, which has a low esr, and is superior in the heat resistance and reliable under a hot condition. The electrolyte capacitors in constructed by including a conductive polymer and a conductive auxiliary liquid having a lower conductivity than usual electrolyte, having a structure below.
Superconducting electromagnet device, cooling method therefor, and magnetic resonance imaging device
A superconducting magnet device is configured to include: a refrigerant circulation flowpath in which a refrigerant (r) circulates; a refrigerator for cooling vapor of the refrigerant (r) in the refrigerant circulation flowpath; a superconducting coil cooled by the circulating refrigerant (r); a protective resistor thermally contacting the superconducting coil and having an internal space (s); a high-boiling-point refrigerant supply section for supplying a high-boiling-point refrigerant having a higher boiling point than the refrigerant (r) and frozen by the refrigerant (r) to the internal space (s) in the protective resistor; and a vacuum insulating container for at least accommodating the refrigerant circulation flowpath, the superconducting coil, and the protective resistor.. .
Brake fluid composition comprising tartaric acid and imidazole
The present invention relates to a brake fluid composition comprising (a) a glycol compound and boron-containing compound mixture as solvents, (b) corrosion inhibitior, (c) and tartatric acid, imidazole or a mixture of tartaric acid and imidazole as antioxidants. Provided is a brake fluid composition having improved capabilities for inhibiting thermal oxidation, metallic and high-temperature corrosion.
Method and microwave treatment of dielectric films
A method for processing a dielectric film on a substrate comprises: depositing a porous dielectric film on a substrate; removing the porogen; stuffing the film with a protective polymeric material; performing at least one intermediate processing step on the stuffed dielectric film; placing the film in a microwave applicator cavity and heating to a first temperature to partially burn out the polymeric material; introducing a controlled amount of a polar solvent into the porosity created by the partial burn out; applying microwave energy to heat the film to a second selected temperature below the boiling point of the solvent to clean away remaining polymeric material; and applying microwave energy to heat the film to a third temperature above the boiling point of the solvent to completely burnout the residues of polymeric material. The interaction of the polar solvent with the microwaves enhances the efficiency of the cleaning process..
Method for preparing a supported ruthenium catalyst
In a method of preparing a ruthenium-containing catalyst on a non-conductive metal oxide support comprises dissolving one or more ruthenium precursor compounds in an liquid organic polyol, combining the thus obtained solution with (a) nano-powder(s) of one or more metal oxides in a ratio of moles metal oxide(s) to moles ruthenium atoms in the one or more ruthenium precursor compounds of about 0:1 to about 6:1, the metal oxide nano-powder(s) having a surface area of from about 5 to about 300m2/g and a point of zero charge (pzc) of ph 5.5 or higher, agitating the thus obtained mixture, adding pre-shaped alumina sup port pellets to the agitated mixture, which is than heated at a temperature of about 50° c. To the boiling point of the organic polyol, until the reaction is finished, cooling the mixture and combining it with an aqueous solution of nano3 and/or kno3, agitating the resultant mixture, separating the solvent and the solids, and drying the thus obtained solid pellets of alumina, or alumina and the metal oxide(s) of the nano-powder(s) coated with ruthenium and an additional amount na and/or k ions.
Polysaccharide monolithic structure and manufacturing method therefor
A problem is to provide a monolithic structure that is a porous body formed of a polysaccharide being a naturally-occurring polymer, and has continuous pores having an average pore diameter suitable for biomolecule separation to allow formation into an arbitrary shape, and a manufacturing method therefor. A solution is to manufacture the polysaccharide monolithic structure by a method including a first step for dissolving a polysaccharide into a mixed solvent including a solvent into which the polysaccharide is soluble and a solvent into which the polysaccharide is insoluble, at a temperature lower than a boiling point of the mixed solvent, to give a polysaccharide solution, and a second step for cooling the polysaccharide solution to give the polysaccharide monolithic structure.
Crosslinkable compositions based on organosilicon compounds
(c) at least one hydrocarbon component which has an initial boiling point above 150° c., a final boiling point below 350° c., each at a pressure of 1013 hpa, a kinematic viscosity of 1.5 to 6.0 mm2/s as measured at 40° c., a viscosity-density constant (vdc) of less than or equal to 0.820, a pour point of less than −5° c., and an aromatic carbon atom (ca) content of less than 0.1% ca.. .
System and packaging
In one embodiment of an apparatus and process for packaging foodstuffs or other materials in a rigid container sealed by a flexible cover, a desired quantity of material to be packaged containing or together with some water or other liquid is placed in the container, the flexible cover is secured on the container so as to leave at least one unsealed opening, the container is heated and/or placed in a partial vacuum to bring the liquid above its boiling point to cause or permit vapor generated by the boiling liquid to expel other gases from the container through the unsealed opening, and the container is sealed while gas or vapor is still flowing out of the container through the unsealed opening.. .
Controlled chemical stabilization of polyvinyl precursor fiber, and high strength carbon fiber produced therefrom
Method for the preparation of carbon fiber, which comprises: (i) immersing functionalized polyvinyl precursor fiber into a liquid solution having a boiling point of at least 60° c.; (ii) heating the liquid solution to a first temperature of at least 25° c. At which the functionalized precursor fiber engages in an elimination-addition equilibrium while a tension of at least 0.1 mpa is applied to the fiber; (iii) gradually raising the first temperature to a final temperature that is at least 20° c.
Kerosene base material production method and kerosene base material
A process for producing a kerosene base fuel according to the present invention comprises removing paraffins having carbon number of 7 or less from a first fraction having an initial boiling point of 95 to 140° c. And a final boiling point of 240 to 280° c.
Composition for forming copper pattern and forming copper pattern
(r1, r2: h or c1-c6 straight- or c3-c6 branched-hydrocarbon group, etc.); and based on 1 mol of this compound, component b: an amine compound having a boiling point of not higher than 250° c. At 0.1 to 500 mol; and component c-1: an organic acid having pka of not more than 4 at 0.01 to 20 mol, and/or component c-2: an organic copper compound composed of copper and an organic acid having pka of not more than 4 at 0.01 to 100 mol.
Device for self-foaming oxidation dyeing, ready-for-use self-foaming composition and dyeing keratinous fibres
The present invention relates to a multi-compartment device or kit for dyeing keratinous fibres, in particular human keratinous fibres, such as the hair, comprising a first compartment including a dyeing composition (a) comprising one or more oxidation dyes and one or more alkaline agents and a second compartment including a composition (b) comprising one or more oxidizing agents; the said device also comprising one or more self-foaming agents having a boiling point of at least 1° c. Present in at least one of the compositions (a) and/or (b).
Paper coating compositions comprising a polymer dispersion from room temperature liquid and gaseous monomers
Paper coating compositions comprise inorganic pigments and an aqueous polymeric dispersion comprising dispersed polymeric particles. The polymers are obtainable by polymerization of a first monomer that is liquid at room temperature, has a boiling point of at least 50° c.
Mixed chloride process for the extraction of alumina
A process for the extraction of alumina from an aluminum-bearing ore or concentrate, comprising the steps of leaching the aluminum-bearing ore or concentrate with a lixiviant of hydrochloric acid and magnesium chloride at atmospheric pressure at a temperature of from 90° c. To the boiling point of the solution and at an eh of at least 200 mv.
Methods for low temperature combustion and engines using the same
This invention discloses a method for low temperature combustion using at least two fuels with low and high boiling points being directly injected into engine combustion chamber separately and sequentially with two different spray patterns, wherein the low boiling point fuel can be quickly vaporized to form a low temperature zone for containing fuel jet combustion of high boiling point fuels. An internal combustion engine using the disclosed low temperature combustion method is also provided..
Power generation system
To provide a power generation system that recovers heat from low-temperature exhaust gas of not more than 150° c. And utilizes the heat to increase an amount of generated electric power of a steam turbine, whereby efficiency in thermal use can be improved.
Insulation material for electronic device
The present invention relates to insulating material for an electronic device that may inhibit damage to an electronic device due to a high temperature curing process, and simultaneously exhibit excellent properties and reliability. The insulating material for an electronic device comprises soluble polyimide resin comprising a specific repeat unit, exhibits imidization degree of 70% or more after curing at a temperature of 250° c., and comprises a low boiling point solvent having boiling point of 130 to 180° c.
Emulsion aggregation process
The method of manufacturing toners disclosed herein includes a continuous temperature ramp and coalescence process that involves continuously passing toner slurry, such as an aggregated toner slurry, through at least one heat exchanger before being subjected to a cooling step. The heat exchanger is pressurized, so the temperature of the slurry may be increased above the atmospheric boiling point of water without boiling the water component of the slurry.
Ink jet recording method and recorded matter
The ink jet recording method according to the invention records an image by discharging liquid droplets of an ink composition from a recording head and allowing the droplets to adhere to a recording medium. The ink composition contains an alkanediol having 6 or less of carbon atoms and having a normal boiling point of 240° c.
Ink set and recording method
The ink set of the invention includes a first ink composition and a second ink composition. The first ink composition contains a first pigment and an alkanediol having 6 or less carbon atoms and having a normal boiling point of 245° c.
Circuit breaker with fluid injection
A circuit breaker including an ejection device including an arc-extinction medium for improved extinction of an arc formed during a breaker operation and an exhaust-cooling medium for improved cooling of exhaust gases in the circuit breaker. Thereby, the arc-extinction liquid includes an organofluorine compound having a boiling point tb at 1 bar higher than −60° c.
Method for producing a diesel fuel
A method relating to oil refining, which can be used to produce low-sulfur diesel fuel, comprising oil demineralization and distillation, and extraction and mixing of diesel fractions, followed by hydrogen refining of the mixture. In an atmospheric tower, two diesel fractions that boil at 171-341° c.
Roll casting method with cryogenic cooling of casting rolls
Molten metal poured into a mold region, delimited by a first casting roll that rotates about a first rotational axis, produces a metal strand upon solidification which is conveyed out of the mold region. A liquid coolant is applied to the surface of the first casting roll by a first cooling device via first coolant lines and first coolant applying devices.
Conductive paste formulations for improving adhesion to plastic substrates
A conductive paste for screen application to a substrate has a mixture of copper particles having a mean diameter between 1.0-5.0 micrometers and polymer-coated copper nanoparticles having a mean diameter from 10 nm to 100 nm. The ratio of the copper particles to the nanoparticles is between 2:1 and 5:1 by weight.