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 Method for thermal process in packaging assembly of semiconductor patent thumbnailMethod for thermal process in packaging assembly of semiconductor
A method for thermal process in packaging assembly of semiconductor is disclosed. The high-pressure overheated vapor is injected into the process chamber.

 Methods and processes to recycle base oil fluids from spent invert emulsion drilling fluids patent thumbnailMethods and processes to recycle base oil fluids from spent invert emulsion drilling fluids
Methods and processes for recycling base oils from spent invert emulsion drilling fluids may include frictionally heating a spent drilling fluid that comprises an invert emulsion and solids, wherein the solids are at about 50% or less by volume of the spent drilling fluid; and simultaneously evaporating oil and water from the invert emulsion at a temperature lower than an atmospheric boiling point for the oil.. .
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.


 Method of inkjet printing decorations on substrates patent thumbnailMethod of inkjet printing decorations on substrates
A method of printing a decoration on a substrate include inkjet printing a plurality of inks to form a layer having a predetermined pattern on a surface of the substrate, wherein each of the inks includes a solvent and has a different color; heating the substrate to evaporate at least a portion of the solvent in each of the plurality of inks; and thermally curing the layer after evaporating at least the portion of the solvent in each of the plurality of inks to form the decoration. The substrate is heated to a temperature that evaporates at least the portion of the solvent in each of the plurality of inks without fully curing the plurality of inks.
Corning Incorporated


 Hybrid solvent formulations for selective h2s removal patent thumbnailHybrid solvent formulations for selective h2s removal
A method of treating oil and gas streams including hydrogen sulfide (h2s) comprising treating the gas stream with an aqueous solution of an amine and a physical solvent which, when mixed in equal mass ratio with the amine or amine mixture, display a dielectric constant of at least about 20, wherein the pka of the amine is at least about 9.0 and the amine boiling point is at least 200° c.. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc


 Lipid layer forming composition for administration onto a surface of a living organism patent thumbnailLipid layer forming composition for administration onto a surface of a living organism
A lipid layer forming composition comprises a volatile silicone oil of a boiling point above 180° c., a polar lipid, optionally a c2-c4 aliphatic alcohol, optionally a pharmacologically or cosmetically active agent or a protective agent. The lipid layer forming composition can be applied to a biological surface by spraying, dipping or brushing to form a stable polar lipid layer on the surface..
Lipidor Ab


 Pump and heating method and arrangement for coffee brewing patent thumbnailPump and heating method and arrangement for coffee brewing
A method and system for brewing coffee that allows for control of the temperature of the water as it hits ground coffee and that is adapted for changes in the environment. A coffee machine may include: a water reservoir, a pump, a heating element, a filter holder, a temperature sensor, and a control element.
As Wilfa


 Compositionally graded bulk heterojunction devices and methods of manufacturing the same patent thumbnailCompositionally graded bulk heterojunction devices and methods of manufacturing the same
Systems and methods are described to form compositionally graded bhj structures utilizing solvent-fluxing techniques. In implementations, the systems and methods described herein involve a high boiling point additive, a solution of a polymer donor and an acceptor, a substrate material, a working solvent, and a flux solvent for formation of compositionally graded bhj structures..
Nutech Ventures


 Antifoaming agents for the paper industry, based on oil in water emulsions patent thumbnailAntifoaming agents for the paper industry, based on oil in water emulsions
The present invention which provides antifoaming agents for the paper industry, based on oil-in-water emulsions, in which the oil phase accounts for from 5 to 50% by weight of the emulsion if the oil phase of the emulsions contains (a) an alcohol of not less than 12 carbon atoms, fatty esters of alcohols of not less than 22 carbon atoms and c1-c36-carboxylic acids, distillation residues which are obtainable in the preparation of alcohols having a relatively large number of carbon atoms by the oxo synthesis or by the ziegler method and which may furthermore be alkoxylated, a mixture of the stated compounds and (b) optionally a fatty ester of a c12-c22-carboxylic acid with a monohydric to trihydric c1-c18-alcohol and, (c) optionally a hydrocarbon having a boiling point above 200° c. Or a fatty acid of 12 to 22 carbon atoms, in combination with from 1 to 80% by weight of component (d) comprising (d1) polyglyceryl esters which are obtainable by not less than 20% esterification of a polyglycerol mixture of from 0 to 10% by weight of monoglycerol, from 15 to 40% by weight of diglycerol, from 30 to 55% by weight of triglycerol, from 10 to 25% by weight of tetraglycerol, from 0 to 15% by weight of pentaglycerol, from 0 to 10% by weight of hexaglycerol and from 0 to 5% by weight of polyglycerols having higher degrees of condensation with one or more fatty acids of 12 to 36 carbon atoms; and (d2) c18-c30 alkyl behenate.
Basf Se


 Method for selective hydrogenation using a catalyst containing copper and at least one metal selected from between nickel or cobalt patent thumbnailMethod for selective hydrogenation using a catalyst containing copper and at least one metal selected from between nickel or cobalt
The invention relates to a method for selective hydrogenation of a hydrocarbon feedstock that contains at least 2 carbon atoms per molecule and that has a final boiling point that is less than or equal to 250° c. And that comprises at least one polyunsaturated compound, in which in the presence of hydrogen, said feedstock is brought into contact with at least one catalyst that comprises a substrate and an active metal phase deposited on said substrate; said active metal phase comprises copper and at least one metal that is selected from between nickel and cobalt in a molar ratio of cu:(ni and/or co) of greater than 1..
Ifp Energies Nouvelles


 Method for selective hydrogenation using a catalyst containing iron and at least one metal selected from between zinc or copper patent thumbnailMethod for selective hydrogenation using a catalyst containing iron and at least one metal selected from between zinc or copper
The invention concerns a method for selectively hydrogenating a hydrocarbon charge containing at least two carbon atoms per molecule, having a final boiling point which is less than or equal to 250° c., and comprising at least one polyunsaturated compound, wherein the charge, in the presence of hydrogen, is brought into contact with at least one catalyst comprising a carrier and an active metal phase deposited on the carrier, the active metal phase comprising iron and at least one metal selected from zinc and copper in a molar ratio of fe:(zn and/or cu) of between 0.35 and 0.99.. .
Ifp Energies Nouvelles


Ink, image forming method, image forming apparatus, and image formed product


An ink is provided. The ink includes a colorant, an organic solvent, a resin particle including an anionic urethane resin, and an organic amine compound having a boiling point in the range of from 120° c.

High temperature portable distillation apparatus


A distillation apparatus for purifying water comprising a raw water holding chamber, a boiling chamber and a steam heating chamber, configured to allow a two-phase water purification, namely a first phase in which raw water is boiled in the boiling chamber to convert it into steam and a second phase in which the steam is superheated in the steam heating chamber to a temperature level that is at least twice the water boiling point and substantially equal to the temperature level of a heat source applied to the steam heating chamber, such that substantially all living matter from the steam is killed.. .

Silicone adhesive


A silicone adhesive used for bonding semiconductor device, containing (a) addition reaction-curable silicone resin composition having viscosity at 25° c. Of 100 pa·s or less, (b) thermal conductive filler having average particle size of 0.1 μm or more and less than 1 μm, and (c) solvent having boiling point of 250° c.
Shin-etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.


Ink composition and recording apparatus


An ink composition includes a color material, water, and polymer particles, in which the polymer particle has a core-shell structure having a core polymer and a shell polymer, a glass transition temperature of the core polymer is 30° c. Or higher, a glass transition temperature of the shell polymer is 50° c.
Seiko Epson Corporation


Solvent decontamination system and method


A system and method for decontaminating a fluid like a non-azeotrope solvent such as water, wherein a transport gas is maintained at a temperature between the freezing point and boiling point at atmospheric pressure of the solvent and continuously circulated between an evaporation chamber and a condensation chamber, a contaminated solvent is introduced into the transport gas in the evaporation chamber under process heat and contaminant precipitates out, and the cleaned solvent cools in the condensation chamber releasing heat to be used in the evaporation chamber. A heat pump is used to promote evaporation and condensation within the system..
Innocorps Research Corporation


Conductive ink composition for offset or reverse-offset printing


There is provided a conductive ink composition for offset or reverse-offset printing, the conductive ink composition including a high boiling point solvent having a boiling point of 180 to 250° c. And a dispersion assistant solvent having a boiling point of 50 to 150° c., together with metal particles and tert-butyl alcohol as a main solvent..
Hanwha Chemical Corporation


Steam micro turbine engine


A steam micro turbine engine is improved from a conventional micro turbine engine by injecting small amount of near boiling temperature water into combustion chamber after the fuel is partially burned and gas mixture temperature raises well above boiling point. A steam micro turbine engine controller monitors the temperature of the engine, adjusts fuel and water injection amount.

Ink composition and recording method


An ink composition includes a pigment; polymer particles; and a polar solvent with a boiling point of 150° c. Or higher, in which the polymer particles include a core polymer and a shell polymer that covers at least a portion of the core polymer, a glass transition point of the polymer that configures the core polymer is more than 30° c.
Seiko Epson Corporation


System for cooling hard disk drives using vapor momentum driven by boiling of dielectric liquid


A system for cooling hard disk drives (hdds) includes: an enclosure having (i) a lower volume within which a cooling liquid is heated to a boiling point to cause some of the cooling liquid to evaporate, creating a plume of rising vapor and (ii) an upper volume having (a) a hdd cooling area with hdd(s) placed in the direct path of the rising vapor, which cools the hdd(s) during functional operation of the hdd(s) and (b) a condenser located above the hdd cooling area and which cools a substantial portion of the rising vapor that impacts the condenser within the upper volume such that the rising vapor condenses back into liquid phase on contact with the condenser; and a heat source that dissipates heat into the lower volume of the enclosure, sufficient to heat the cooling liquid to the boiling point temperature.. .
Dell Products, L.p.


Production of ester mixtures


Ester mixtures comprising the esters a(coor1)(coor1)x, a(coor1)(coor2)x, a(coor2)(coor1)x and a(coor2)(coor2)x, can be produced in a targeted way by processes in which acids a(cooh)x+1 or derivatives thereof are reacted with an amount (m1+s1) of r1oh and an amount m2 of r2oh, the reaction mixture being heated at boiling, the alcohol r1oh having a lower boiling point than the alcohol r2oh, a being an aromatic, alicyclic or aliphatic radical, x being 1 or 2, and r1 and r2 independently of one another being substituted or unsubstituted aryl radicals or linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl radicals having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, m1 and m2 corresponding to the mole equivalents of the alcohol radicals or1 and or2 to be introduced into a(cooh)x+1 or derivatives thereof, and s1 being greater than 0.. .
Evonik Degussa Gmbh


Film forming auxiliary agent composition for emulsion resin


A film forming auxiliary agent composition for an emulsion resin in accordance with the present invention is characterized in that containing a specific ester compound (a) and a specific fatty acid (b), and having an acid value of 0.05 to 5 mg koh/g, said composition has low odor, a high boiling point and good film forming ability, and the emulsion resin that is blended with said composition has good long-term storage stability.. .
Adeka Corporation


Resin composition and multilayer structure using same


A resin composition, comprising: a polyolefin (a); a saponified ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (evoh) (b) having an ethylene content of 20 to 65 mol% and having a degree of saponification of vinyl acetate units of 96% or more; a higher fatty acid metal salt (c) having 8 to 22 carbon atoms; a conjugated polyene compound (d) having a boiling point of 20° c. Or higher; an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (e); and a saponified ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (f) having an ethylene content of 68 to 98 mol% and having a degree of saponification of vinyl acetate units of 20% or more, wherein the mass ratio (a:b) of the polyolefin (a) and the evoh (b) is 60:40 to 99.9: 0.1, the amount of the higher fatty acid metal salts (c) is in the range of 0.0001 to 10 parts by mass per 100 parts by mass of the total of the polyolefin (a) and the evoh (b), the amount of conjugated polyene compound (d) is in the range of 0.000001 to 1 part by mass, and the total amount of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (e) and the saponified ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (f) is 0.3 part by mass or more.
Kuraray Co., Ltd.


Partitioned, rotating condenser units to enable servicing of submerged it equipment positioned beneath a vapor condenser without interrupting a vaporization-condensation cycling of the remaining immersion cooling system


An immersion cooling tank includes: a tank comprised of a base wall, and perimeter walls, and having a lower tank volume in which a liquid can be maintained and heated to a boiling point to generate a rising plume of vapor; a rack structure within the tank volume that supports insertion of multiple, heat dissipating electronic devices in a side-by-side vertical configuration; and a condenser configured as a plurality of individually rotatable condenser sub-units, with each condenser sub-unit located above a vertical space that extends vertically from the lower tank volume and within which an electronic device can be inserted. Each individual condenser sub-unit can be opened independent of the other sub-units and each other condenser sub-unit can remain in a closed position while a first condenser sub-unit is opened to allow access to a first vertical space and any existing electrical device contained therein below the first condenser sub-unit..
Dell Products, L.p.


High-efficiency power generation system


A high-efficiency power generation system includes: at least one first heat exchanger, inside which is full of a liquid actuating medium with a low boiling point; a hydraulic power generator; a gas-liquid recycling device; a liquefying device and a control device. The present disclosure accomplishes a recirculation for an entire power generating procedure through two steps including vaporization and a recycle of the actuating medium with a low boiling point by liquefaction.

Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 300° c. And a final boiling point of at most 365° c.
Shell Oil Company


Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil having an initial boiling point of at least 175° c. And a final boiling point of at most 360° c.
Shell Oil Company


Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 185° c. And a final boiling point of at most 225° c.
Shell Oil Company


Highly efficient neopentyl glycol preparation therefor


According to the present disclosure, a neopentyl glycol preparation method wherein separate heating is not required in a section of a feed vessel to an inlet of a hydrogenation reactor unlike conventional technologies to save energy, and, at the same time, by-products with a high boiling point are not generated in the section to prevent poisoning of a hydrogenation catalyst in a reactor due to the by-products with a high boiling point and increase a hydrogenation yield, and a device therefor can be provided.. .

Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil having an initial boiling point of at least 165° c. And a final boiling point of at most 360° c.
Shell Oil Company


Recovery of acetic acid


The present technology relates to the production and recovery of acetic acid. The recovery processes may include providing a first process stream including acetic acid and greater than 250 ppm of propionic acid; separating at least a portion of the propionic acid from the acetic acid within the first process stream to provide an acetic acid stream including acetic acid and less than 250 ppm of propionic acid and a bottoms stream including propionic acid and acetic acid; reacting the bottoms stream to form a product stream including components of respectively lower boiling points than corresponding components in the bottoms stream; and separating components of the product stream to form an overhead stream including one or more acetates and a bottoms stream including one or more propionates..
Lyondellbasell Acetyls, Llc


Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 165° c. And a final boiling point of at most 200° c.
Shell Oil Company


Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 245° c. And a final boiling point of at most 275° c.
Shell Oil Company


Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil having an initial boiling point of at least 165° c. And a final boiling point of at most 360° c.
Shell Oil Company


Ink jet textile printing method and ink set


An ink jet textile printing method includes recording by applying an ink composition containing a dye to a front surface of a fabric by an ink jet method and applying a liquid penetrant to the front surface or a rear surface of the fabric before or after the recording. The liquid penetrant includes a nitrogen compound having a boiling point of 230 to 260° c.
Seiko Epson Corporation


Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 215° c. And a final boiling point of at most 250° c.
Shell Oil Company


Fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction


The present invention provides a fischer-tropsch derived gas oil fraction having an initial boiling point of at least 270° c. And a final boiling point of at most 305° c.
Shell Oil Company


Method for post-treating polyol esters


In which r1 and r2 are each independently hydrogen, an alkyl radical having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, preferably methyl, ethyl or propyl, or a hydroxyalkyl radical having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, preferably the hydroxymethyl radical, m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably 1 to 8 and especially 1, 2, 3 or 4, o is an integer from 2 to 15, preferably 2 to 8 and especially 2, 3, 4 or 5, with excess linear or branched aliphatic monocarboxylic acids having 3 to 20 carbon atoms and having a lower boiling point than the polyols used. The process is carried out in the presence of a lewis acid and in the presence of an adsorbent, while removing the water formed, characterized in that the excess monocarboxylic acid is removed by distillation and water is added to the crude ester obtained at a temperature below the boiling point of water at the particular pressure and the crude ester with added water is aftertreated with avoidance of basic compounds, and the sparingly soluble conversion products and the adsorbent present in the esterification reaction are filtered off..

Combined preparation of at least butene and octene from ethene


A process for the combined preparation of at least butene and octene from ethane, proceeds by a) providing an inert solvent having a boiling point or boiling range below the boiling point of butene; b) providing a first feed mixture comprising at least the inert solvent and ethene dissolved therein; c) converting the first feed mixture in a first synthesis; d) in the first synthesis, oligomerizing at least a portion of the ethene present in the first feed mixture in the presence of a first heterogeneous catalyst and in the presence of the inert solvent to obtain a first reaction mixture comprising at least the inert solvent, butene, hexene and octene; e) working-up of the first reaction mixture and/or a substance stream based thereon into a low boiler fraction comprising the inert solvent, at least one c4-fraction comprising butenes, a c6-fraction comprising hexenes, a c8-fraction comprising octenes and into a c8+-fraction comprising hydrocarbons having more than eight carbon atoms; f) using at least a portion of the low boiler fraction for providing the first feed mixture; g) providing a second feed mixture comprising at least hexene and ethene dissolved in the hexene using at least a portion of the c6-fraction; h) converting the second feed mixture in a second synthesis, wherein the second synthesis is spatially separated from the first synthesis; i) in the second synthesis, reacting at least a portion of the ethene present in the second feed mixture with at least a portion of the hexene present in the second feed mixture in the presence of a second heterogeneous catalyst to obtain a second reaction mixture comprising at least octene; and k) joint working-up of the second reaction mixture with the first reaction mixture or with the substance stream based thereon.. .
Evonik Degussa Gmbh


Combined preparation of butene and octene from ethene


A process for the combined preparation of a butene and an octene from ethene, proceeds by: a) providing a solvent having a boiling point or boiling range above the boiling points of the butenes and below the boiling points of the octenes and wherein the solvent is an inert solvent or is hexene alone or is hexene admixed with pentane or hexane or heptane or is a mixture of pentane, hexane, and heptane; b) providing a first feed mixture containing at least the solvent and ethene dissolved therein; c) providing a second feed mixture containing at least hexene, the solvent and also ethene dissolved in the solvent and/or in the hexene; d) transferring the first feed mixture into a first synthesis and the second feed mixture into a second synthesis, wherein the first and second syntheses are physically separated from one another; e) oligomerising of at least part of the ethene present in the first feed mixture in the presence of a first heterogeneous catalyst and in the presence of the solvent in the first synthesis to give a first reaction mixture comprising at least the solvent, butene and hexene; f) separating a butene-containing low boiler fraction from the first reaction mixture or from a stream based on the first reaction mixture; g) separating an intermediate boiler fraction containing hexene and the solvent from the first reaction mixture or from a stream based on the first reaction mixture; h) using at least part of the intermediate boiler fraction in the course of providing the second feed mixture; and i) reacting at least part of the ethene present in the second feed mixture with at least part of the hexene present in the second feed mixture in the presence of a second heterogeneous catalyst and in the presence of the solvent in the second synthesis to give a second reaction mixture comprising at least octene and the solvent.. .
Evonik Degussa Gmbh


Cataplasm and producing the same


A gel patch comprising a plaster layer on a support, the plaster layer comprising a mixture of at least a neutralized polyacrylic acid, a poly(methyl acrylate/2-ethylhexyl acrylate) emulsion, and water, wherein the poly(methyl acrylate/2-ethylhexyl acrylate) emulsion is an emulsion having an evaporation residue of 57 to 61% by heating at or above the boiling point of the medium and is present in an amount of at least 2.5 times and preferably at least 3 times the mass of the neutralized polyacrylic acid.. .
Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical Co., Inc.


Volatile surfactant treatment for subterranean formations


A method of treating a treatment zone of a well, the method comprising: (a) forming a treatment fluid comprising: (i) a continuous gas phase comprising a gas; and (ii) a surfactant, wherein the surfactant has the following characteristics: (a) a normal boiling point less than 500° f. (260° c.) without significant thermal decomposition; and (b) providing a dynamic surface tension of less than about 40 dynes/cm for a 0.1 wt % solution, or having an hlb (griffin) in the range of about 2 to about 20, or both; wherein the surfactant is dispersed in the gas; and (b) introducing the treatment fluid into the treatment zone..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.


Process and additive to improve adhesion of building compositions to substrates


The present invention relates to the use of an additive as well as a process to improve the adhesion of a mortar to a building substrate, wherein the mortar is mixed with said additive and is applied to a building substrate selected from the group of polystyrene-containing substrates, polyolefin-containing substrates or polyvinyl chloride-containing substrates, the additive containing (i) a plasticizer that is liquid at 50° c. Or lower, has a boiling point of 100° c.
Akzo Nobel Chemicals International B.v.


Method for producing barium titanate powder


The invention provides a method for producing barium titanate powder comprising the steps of: adding an aqueous slurry of anatase hydrous titanium oxide having a bet specific surface area in the range of 200 to 400 m2/g and a half width of diffraction peak of (101) plane in the range of 2.3° to 5.0° as measured by x-ray diffraction to an aqueous solution of barium hydroxide while maintaining the aqueous solution of barium hydroxide at a temperature in the range from 80° c. To the boiling point thereof under normal pressure to cause a reaction of the barium hydroxide with the hydrous titanium oxide to provide an aqueous slurry of barium titanate precursor; and subjecting the barium titanate precursor thus obtained to hydrothermal treatment over a period of time shorter than 24 hours to provide barium titanate particles..
Sakai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.


Automatic fire extinguishing equipment


The fire extinguishing equipment consists of a fire extinguishing agent 14 and a sealed container 12 filled with the fire extinguishing agent 14. And the fire extinguishing agent 14 is comprised with a compound that is liquid at 25 degrees celsius (room temperature) at least and that has a boiling point of at least 75 degrees celsius or less, having fire extinguishing effect.

High boiling temperature solvent additives for semiconductor processing


A method for forming an interconnect structure includes forming a patterned layer over a substrate, the patterned layer having an opening therein. A dielectric material is filled in the opening.

Refrigeration apparatus


A refrigeration apparatus includes: a refrigerant circuit that condenses a refrigerant discharged from a compressor, decompresses the refrigerant with a capillary tube, and causes the refrigerant to evaporate in an evaporator to exhibit a refrigeration effect, wherein, as the refrigerant in the refrigerant circuit, a mixed refrigerant containing a first refrigerant having a boiling point in an ultralow temperature range of not less than −89.0° c. And not more than −78.1° c.

Integrated catalytic cracking with ethanol conversion to fuel


Processes relating to the conversion of ethanol in a stripper unit of a fluidized catalytic cracking system. An ethanol stream comprising at least 4 volume percent water mixes with a catalyst in the stripper unit under conditions of temperature that favor conversion of the ethanol to hydrocarbons, thereby increasing incorporation of ethanol into liquid transportation fuels without exceeding regulatory limits on fuel vapor pressure.

System for integrated catalytic cracking with ethanol conversion to fuel


System relating to the conversion of ethanol in a stripper unit of a fluidized catalytic cracking system. An ethanol stream comprising at least 4 volume percent water mixes with a catalyst in the stripper unit under conditions of temperature that favor conversion of the ethanol to hydrocarbons, thereby increasing incorporation of ethanol into liquid transportation fuels without exceeding regulatory limits on fuel vapor pressure.

Fluid composition for stimulation in the field of oil and gas production


A fracturing carrier fluid for fracturing a subterranean formation contains at least one linear or branched hydrofluorocarbon ether compound having a boiling point, at a pressure of 1 atmosphere, of between 0° c. And 90° c.

Fluid composition for stimulation in the field of oil and gas production


A fracturing carrier fluid for fracturing a subterranean formation has at least one linear or branched hydrofluorocarbon compound having a boiling point, at a pressure of 1 atmosphere, of between 0° c. And 65° c.

Substrate liquid processing apparatus and method, and computer-readable storage medium storing substrate liquid processing program


Provided is a substrate liquid processing apparatus that processes a substrate with a processing liquid. The substrate liquid processing apparatus includes: a processing liquid storage unit configured to store the processing liquid therein; a processing liquid heating unit configured to heat the processing liquid, a controller configured to control the processing liquid heating unit; a temperature sensor; and a concentration sensor connected to the controller.

Refrigeration apparatus


A refrigeration apparatus includes: a refrigerant circuit constituted by a compressor, a condenser, a decompressor, and an evaporator connected in this order in a loop, wherein, as a refrigerant in the refrigerant circuit, a refrigerant composite material that contains a first refrigerant of an ultralow temperature range refrigerant having a boiling point of not less than −89.0° c. And not more than −78.1° c., carbon dioxide (r744), and a second refrigerant that is soluble in the carbon dioxide (r744) at a temperature lower than a boiling point of the carbon dioxide (r744) is used..

Polyolefin dispersion compositions for making high vapor transport hydrophobic coatings


The present invention provides compositions for water vapor permeable hydrophobic coating comprising a blend of (i) a primary polyolefin dispersion of one or more large particle size polyolefins having a melting point of at least 95° c., and an average particle size of from 1 to 5 microns, and containing a volatile base and a 14 to 40 carbon long chain linear carboxylic acid dispersing agent, and (ii) a film forming second dispersion of one or more polymers having an average particle size of from 0.1 to 1.0 microns chosen from one or more polyolefins having a melting point from 50 to 90 ° c. Further containing an at least partially neutralized olefin containing dispersing agent, one or more alkyl celluloses which further contain a plasticizer having a boiling point of 250° c.

Thermal enhancement of the purification process for interfacial polycarbonate and copolymer polycarbonates


In an embodiment, a process of purifying a polycarbonate comprises: polymerizing a dihydroxy compound and a carbonate source via an interfacial reaction in the presence of a catalyst to form a product mixture comprising an aqueous phase and an organic phase, wherein the organic phase comprises the polycarbonate, the catalyst, ions, and a solvent having a boiling point tb; heating the product mixture to greater than or equal to tb; separating the aqueous phase and the organic phase at a temperature greater than or equal to tb to form a separated organic phase and a separated aqueous phase; extracting the catalyst from the separated organic phase; and extracting the ions from the separated organic phase; wherein if a centrifuge is used in the extracting of the catalyst, the extracting of the ions, or both, the process further comprises cooling a stream entering the centrifuge to less than tb.. .

Method and plant for treatment of organic waste


The present invention relates to methods and plants for the treatment of an organic waste material, wherein waste is subjected to anaerobic fermentation in a biogas digester; effluent is mechanically separated from the biogas digester into a concentrated fraction and a liquid fraction; the liquid fraction is heated to a high temperature below the boiling point of the liquid; the heated liquid is introduced to a flash column to partially remove volatile carbon dioxide, the ph of the liquid is elevated and ammonia is removed from the liquid.. .

Osp-containing composition for automotive brake fluid


Accordingly, the osp-containing composition for brake fluid may decreases a moisture absorption amount of the brake fluid in the air and maintain a high boiling point of the brake fluid for a long period of time, thereby extending a period for changing brake fluid and improving corrosion prevention performance, metal wear prevention performance, and an operation of a master cylinder.. .

Coating compositions, coatings and methods for sound and vibration damping and water resistance


A coating composition having a measured solids content of at least 95% according to test method astm d2369 is disclosed. The composition includes a mixture of (a) a polymer prepared from one or more functional monomers having a (meth)acrylic monomer, an allyl monomer, or combinations thereof each having an ethylenically unsaturated double bond and an additional reactive functional group, and (b) a reactive diluent.
Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc.


Coating compositions, coatings and methods for sound and vibration damping and water resistance


A coating composition having a measured solids content of at least 95% according to test method astm d2369 is disclosed. The composition includes a mixture of (a) a polymer prepared from one or more functional monomers comprising a (meth)acrylic monomer, an allyl monomer, or combinations thereof each having an ethylenically unsaturated double bond and an additional reactive functional group, and (b) a reactive diluent.
Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc.


Continuous manufacturing process for rubber masterbatch and rubber masterbatch prepared therefrom


Disclosed are a continuous manufacturing process for a rubber masterbatch and a rubber masterbatch prepared therefrom. The manufacturing process comprises: 1): a filler is added to a rubber solution, forming a rubber/filler/solvent mixture by stirring; 2): the rubber/filler/solvent mixture obtained in step 1) is fed into a coagulator, and is coagulated after optionally being brought into contact and mixed with one or more fluids of nitrogen, steam, water, aqueous slurry of filler, and oil in the coagulator, resulting in a mixture of a rubber/filler composite and a solvent; 3): the mixture obtained in step 2) is directly passed into a heating medium at a temperature higher than the boiling point of the solvent, the polarity of the medium being different from that of the solvent used, the mixture is coagulated and deswelled, and the solvent is evaporated rapidly, thereby forming a mixture of a rubber/filler composite and the solvent containing the heating medium; and 4): the solvent is removed and the remaining mixture is dried, resulting in a rubber/filler masterbatch..
Eve Rubber Institute Co., Ltd.


Reaction method accompanied by production of gas component


The present invention relates to a reaction method comprising a step of supplying a liquid containing at least one raw material compound and a low-boiling compound having a standard boiling point lower than a standard boiling point of the raw material compound to a flow channel, a step of heating the liquid to produce a liquid reaction product and a gas component by a reaction of the raw material compound, and a step of separating a liquid phase containing the reaction product from a gas phase containing the gas component and the low-boiling compound.. .
Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation


Solar powered cooking device


A cooking device includes a heatable element for providing heat for cooking food. The heatable element includes a fluid channel through which a heating fluid flows for transferring heat from the heating fluid to the heating element.

Ethanol to fuels in a catalytic cracking unit stripper


Processes relating to the conversion of ethanol in a stripper unit of a fluidized catalytic cracking system. An ethanol stream mixes with a catalyst in the stripper unit under conditions of temperature that favor conversion of the ethanol to hydrocarbons, thereby increasing incorporation of ethanol into liquid transportation fuels without exceeding regulatory limits on fuel vapor pressure.
Phillips 66 Company


Volatile surfactant treatment for use in subterranean formation operations


Methods including providing a treatment fluid comprising: a gas; and a volatile surfactant dispersed in the gas, wherein the volatile surfactant has a normal boiling point of less than 260° c. Without substantial thermal decomposition and a dynamic surface tension of less than about 40 dynes/cm for a 0.1% solution; and intermittently introducing the treatment fluid and an aqueous fluid into a treatment zone in a subterranean formation..
Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.


Surface modifier for polyimide resin and surface-modifying polyimide resin


The present invention relates to a polyimide resin surface modifier which modifies the surface of a polyimide resin to permit easy absorption of metal ions, and a surface-modifying method for polyimide resins using the same. The surface modifier contains an alkali component, an organic solvent having hydroxy groups and a boiling point of 120° c.
Seiren Co., Ltd.


Electrophotographic photosensitive member, producing electrophotographic photosensitive member, process cartridge and electrophotographic apparatus


The charge generating layer includes a gallium phthalocyanine crystal in which an organic compound (p) is contained, the organic compound (p) is at least one compound selected from the group consisting of dimethylsulfoxide, n,n-dimethylformamide, n-methylformamide, n-propylformamide, n-vinylformamide and n-methylpyrrolidone, the content of the organic compound (p) is 0.1% by mass or more and 1.5% by mass or less based on a gallium phthalocyanine in the gallium phthalocyanine crystal, and the charge transporting layer includes a resin having a siloxane structure, and a compound (q) having a boiling point of 150° c. Or more at 1 atm..
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha


White ink, ink set, ink cartridge, inkjet recording apparatus, inkjet recording method, and recording method


Provided is a white ink, including water, a water-soluble organic solvent, and a colorant including hollow resin particles, wherein the water-soluble organic solvent includes at least one of a monohydric alcohol having a boiling point of 240° c. Or lower and a diol having a boiling point of 240° c.

Liquid titanium oxide compositions, methods for forming the same, and methods for etching material layers of or overlying substrates using the same


Liquid titanium oxide compositions, methods for forming such compositions, and methods for etching material layers using such compositions are provided. In accordance with an exemplary embodiment, a liquid titanium oxide composition contains a solvent system, an organotitanate, and a high boiling point solvent having a boiling point in the range of about 140° c.
Honeywell International Inc.


Hydroprocessing for lubricant basestock production


Methods are provided for hydroprocessing a feed (such as hydrotreating, hydrocracking, or hydrofining a feed) to generate a product with a reduced or minimized aromatics content relative to the severity of the hydroprocessing conditions. In some types of hydroprocessing applications, it can be desirable to select the severity of hydroprocessing conditions to achieve a desired level of removal for sulfur, a desired level for removal of nitrogen, and/or a desired level for increasing the viscosity index of a feed.
Exxonmobil Research And Engineering Company


Method for purifying 2-fluorobutane


The present invention is a method for 2-fluorobutane to obtain highly purified 2-fluorobutane through a process comprising a step for: bringing crude 2-fluorobutane that includes 5 to 50 wt % of butene into contact with a brominating agent that can form a bromonium ion in an aprotic polar solvent in the presence of water or an alcohol having up to 4 carbon atoms; converting the butene into compounds having a boiling point higher than that of 2-fluorobutane, then recovering 2-fluorbutane from the reaction solution; and purifying the recovered 2-fluorabutane by distillation.. .
Zeon Corporation


Solvent extraction of products from algae


Processes for extracting product molecules from an algae feed are provided. The algae feed represents an input stream, batch sample, or other algae portion suitable for use in product extraction.
Synthetic Genomics, Inc.


Nanoparticles for magnetic particle imaging applications


One method of preparing a nanoparticle can include decomposing a compound at a high temperature, adding an acid to the solvent to form a reaction mixture, increasing the temperature of the reaction mixture to boiling point of the reaction mixture, and heating the reaction mixture at the boiling point for 60 to 120 minutes to produce the nanoparticle. The coated nanoparticle or the nanoparticle can be used in magnetic particles imaging..
Massachusetts Institute Of Technology


Method of manufacturing membrane electrode assembly, and membrane electrode assembly


There is provided a method of manufacturing a membrane electrode assembly that has an electrode catalyst layer formed on a surface of an electrolyte membrane. The electrode catalyst layer formed in the membrane electrode assembly is produced by a drying process that dries a catalyst ink which includes catalyst-supported particles having a catalyst metal supported thereon, a solvent and an ionomer, at a predetermined temperature.
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha


Formulation and preparation of organic electronic devices


The present invention relates to novel formulations comprising an organic semiconductor (osc) and one or more organic solvents. The formulation comprises a viscosity at 25° c.
Merck Patent Gmbh


Water-based ink for inkjet recording


There is provided a water-based ink for ink-jet printing which is excellent in optical density when printed on any of a high-water absorbing recording medium and a low-water absorbing recording medium, spreading of the dot size on the low-water absorbing recording medium, and rub fastness. The present invention relates to a water-based ink for ink-jet printing, including pigment-containing water-insoluble polymer particles a, water-insoluble polymer particles b, an organic solvent c and water, in which the water-insoluble polymer particles a are constituted of a water-insoluble polymer (a) including a constitutional unit derived from an ionic monomer, a constitutional unit derived from an aromatic ring-containing hydrophobic monomer and a constitutional unit derived from a specific hydrophilic nonionic monomer; the constitutional unit derived from the hydrophilic nonionic monomer is present in an amount of not less than 13% by mass and not more than 45% by mass on the basis of whole constitutional units in the water-insoluble polymer (a); the organic solvent c includes one or more organic solvents having a boiling point of 90° c.
Kao Corporation


Nonaqueous electrolyte solution and nonaqueous secondary battery


A nonaqueous electrolyte solution including a nonaqueous solvent; an electrolyte; and a combustion inhibitor, in which the combustion inhibitor contains a phosphazene compound, and specific conditions are defined by boiling points of a combustion inhibitor, a boiling point of a solvent, and the like.. .
Fujifilm Corporation


Redox systems


A composition comprising a polyoxometalate and an additive tolerant to the properties of the polyoxometalate, wherein the properties of the polyoxometalate are maintained despite the presence of the additive, and wherein the additive is effective to reduce the freezing point and/or elevate the boiling point of the composition. Such a composition may be used in a fuel cell..
Acal Energy Ltd.


Substrate treatment method, computer storage medium and substrate treatment system


A substrate treatment method includes: a polymer separation step of phase-separating a block copolymer into a hydrophilic polymer and a hydrophobic polymer; and a polymer removal step of selectively removing the hydrophilic polymer from the phase-separated block copolymer, wherein in the polymer removal step, the hydrophilic polymer is removed by: irradiating the phase-separated block copolymer with an energy ray; then supplying a first polar organic solvent having a first degree of dissolving the hydrophilic polymer, being lower in boiling point than water and capable of dissolving water, and not dissolving the hydrophobic polymer, to the block copolymer; and then supplying a second polar organic solvent having a second dissolving degree lower than the first dissolving degree, being higher in boiling point than water, and not dissolving the hydrophobic polymer, to the block copolymer.. .
Tokyo Electron Limited


Inkjet discharge method, pattern formation method, and pattern


The present invention provides a discharge method which makes it possible to appropriately perform discharge even when a head for discharging microdroplets having a size of equal to or less than 6 pl that is necessary for controlling a residual film (forming a thin film and achieving uniformity) is used, and makes it possible to obtain an excellent pattern having excellent release properties. The discharge method is an inkjet discharge method including discharging a photocurable composition in the form of liquid droplets having a size of equal to or less than 6 pl, in which the composition satisfies the following (a) to (c), (a) containing a fluorine-containing material in a proportion of equal to or less than 4% by mass of the composition; (b) having a surface tension of 25 mn/m to 35 mn/m; and (c) containing a solvent having a boiling point of equal to or less than 200° c.
Fujifilm Corporation


Heat ray-shielding particle-containing composition and producing the same, heat ray-shielding film, and heat ray-shielding laminated transparent base material


By use of composite tungsten oxide particles having high heat ray-shielding effect while mainly composed of polyvinyl acetal resin, a heat ray-shielding particle is provided, having excellent optical performance and high weather resistance, which includes composite tungsten oxide particle expressed by general formula mywoz (wherein m is one or more kinds of element selected from cs, rb, k, tl, in, ba, li, ca, sr, fe, sn, al, and cu, satisfying 0.1≦y≦0.5, 2.2≦z≦3.0) and having hexagonal crystal structure; and at least one of a dispersant having acrylic backbone, having amino group as functional group, and having thermal decomposition temperature of 200° c. Or more, and dispersant having acrylic backbone, having hydroxyl group or carboxyl group as functional group, and having thermal decomposition temperature of 200° c.
Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.


Floating liquefied-gas production facility


This floating liquefied-gas production facility (1) is equipped with: a gas turbine unit (20); a liquefaction facility (90) that has a primary refrigeration compressor (40) driven by the gas turbine unit (20), and cools natural gas; a drum-circulation-type exhaust heat recovery boiler (30) that recovers the energy of exhaust heat from the gas turbine unit (20) as steam; a component separation system (85) that uses the steam generated by the drum-circulation-type exhaust heat recovery boiler (30) as a heat source to separate components in natural gas obtained from the ocean floor, and sends said components to the liquefaction facility (90); and a fuel gas supply device (100) that compresses end-flash gas and/or boil-off gas, and supplies said compressed gas to the gas turbine unit (20) as fuel.. .
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Compressor Corporation


Method of recovering copper and precious metals


Provided is a method of recovering copper and one or more precious metals comprising leaching copper-bearing ore and/or concentrate under atmospheric or slightly pressurized conditions at a temperature below the boiling point of the leach solution in a sulfuric acidic solution in the presence of one or more alkali metal or alkali earth metal halides, whereby the total halide concentration is from 30 to 115 g/l, to dissolve copper and to obtain a leaching liquor comprising copper, sulfur species, and halides in solution. The leaching liquor is then subjected to a solid-liquid separation after which a first aqueous pregnant leach solution and a copper depleted leaching residue are obtained.
Outotec (finland) Oy


Refrigerants containing (e)-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobut-2-ene


A composition including (e)-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobat-2-ene as a mixture with at least one hydrocarbon, hydrofluorocarbon or fluoroolefin compound having a boiling point less than or equal to −12° c., and also to the use of this composition as a heat transfer fluid. A process for reducing the environmental impact of heat-transfer equipment including a vapor compression circuit containing an initial heat-transfer fluid, said process comprising a step replacing the initial heat-transfer fluid in the vapor compression circuit with a final heat-transfer fluid, the final heat-transfer fluid having a gwp which is lower than the initial heat-transfer fluid, wherein the final heat-transfer fluid is the above composition..
Arkema France


Part-stream distillation


A continuous process for the preparation of propylene oxide, comprising (a) reacting propene, optionally admixed with propane, with hydrogen peroxide in a reaction apparatus in the presence of acetonitrile as solvent, obtaining a stream s0 containing propylene oxide, acetonitrile, water, at least one further component b, optionally propene and optionally propane, wherein the normal boiling point of the at least one component b is higher than the normal boiling point of acetonitrile and wherein the decadic logarithm of the octanol-water partition coefficient (log kow) of the at least one component b is greater than zero; (b) separating propylene oxide from s0, obtaining a stream s1 containing acetonitrile, water and the at least one further component b; (c) dividing s1 into two streams s2 and s3; (d) subjecting s3 to a vapor-liquid fractionation in a fractionation unit, obtaining a vapor fraction stream s4 being depleted of the at least one component b; (e) recycling at least a portion of s4, optionally after work-up, to (a).. .
Dow Global Technologies Llc


Equipment and method


Disclosed herein is a heat transfer system comprising a vessel comprising an inner chamber comprising a first end separated from, and in fluid communication with a second end, the inner chamber partially filled with a heat transfer medium having a normal boiling point below 60° c., which is present at a pressure and in an amount sufficient to allow boiling of the heat transfer medium at a first temperature and condensation of a vapor of the heat transfer medium at a second temperature below the first temperature. Systems comprising the heat transfer system and methods of using the heat transfer system are also disclosed..

Silicone hydrogels having desirable water content and oxygen permeability


The present invention relates to a process comprising the steps of reacting a reactive mixture comprising at least one silicone-containing component, at least one hydrophilic component, and at least one diluent to form an ophthalmic device having an advancing contact angle of less than about 80°; and contacting the ophthalmic device with an aqueous extraction solution at an elevated extraction temperature, wherein said at least one diluent has a boiling point at least about 10° higher than said extraction temperature.. .

Apparatus and increasing removal rate of residue


An apparatus and a method of removing a high boiling point residue from a waste refrigerant are provided to improve a reuse rate of the waste refrigerant by improving an oil removal rate at which oil is separated from the waste refrigerant. The apparatus includes a vaporizer that is configured to vaporize a waste refrigerant collected from a vehicle and includes an oil outlet configured to exhaust oil separated from the waste refrigerant.

Polymeric composite materials and methods of making them


Disclosed are processes for making polymeric composite materials and composite materials made from those processes the process comprising: providing a mixture, comprising: a liquid, a polymer precursor, and a dispersed-phase precursor; and subjecting the mixture to reaction conditions sufficient: to effect polymerization of the polymer precursor to produce a polymer and a reaction product; and to remove substantially all the liquid and reaction product from the mixture; wherein said reaction conditions comprise: pressure between about 10 millitorr and about 300 torr; and temperature: greater than or equal to the highest boiling point of the liquid and reaction product; less than the decomposition temperature of the polymer; and less than the decomposition temperature of the dispersed-phase precursor.. .

Environmentally suquestered spent fuel pool


An environmentally sequestered nuclear spent fuel pool in one embodiment includes sidewalls and a base slab that confine a water impoundment. The pool includes fuel racks containing spent fuel assemblies which heat the water via radioactive decay.
Holtec International


Arrangement and method in soda recovery boiler


An arrangement and a method in a soda recovery boiler. The soda recovery boiler comprises a second pass which is provided with at least one superheater and a second pass ash hopper, a front and/or rear wall of the ash hopper being connected to steam circulation of the soda recovery boiler..
Valmet Technologies Oy


Substrate processing apparatus and substrate processing method


According to one embodiment, a substrate processing apparatus includes a first liquid supplier, a second liquid supplier, and a controller. The first liquid supplier supplies a substrate with a sulfuric acid solution having a first temperature equal to or higher than the boiling point of hydrogen peroxide water.
Shibaura Mechatronics Corporation


Display panel and manufacturing the same


Provided is a display panel including a loop-shaped conductive path which is manufactured by performing a conductive ink jetting process and a high-degree vacuum removal process to effectively vaporizing a solvent in a conductive ink line at lower temperature than the boiling point at atmospheric pressure of the solvent. The conductive path manufactured as such does not allow a stain or a trace, such as a pull-back region, to be left around the conductive path.
Lg Display Co., Ltd.


Rigid polyurethane foam and making the same


An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° c.
Huntsman International Llc


Rigid polyurethane foam and making the same


An embodiment of a closed-cell polymeric rigid foam may be made using a one-shot method and a reaction system that includes a hydrofluoroalkene physical blowing agent and a polyol mixture having an aminic polyol. The hydrofluoroalkene blowing agent has 3 to 5 carbon atoms and a boiling point between 10° c.
Huntsman International Llc






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