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This page is updated frequently with new Anisotropy-related patent applications. Subscribe to the Anisotropy RSS feed to automatically get the update: related Anisotropy RSS feeds. RSS updates for this page: Anisotropy RSS RSS



Date/App# patent app List of recent Anisotropy-related patents
07/30/15
20150214274 
 Horizontal magnetic memory element using inplane current and electric field patent thumbnailnew patent Horizontal magnetic memory element using inplane current and electric field
Provided is a magnetic memory device for applying an in-plane current to a conductive wire adjacent to a free magnetic layer having an in-plane magnetic anisotropy to induce a flux reversal of the free magnetic layer and simultaneously applying a voltage to each magnetic tunnel junction cell selectively to reverse magnetization of the free magnetic layer selectively at each specific voltage. The magnetic memory device may implement high density integration by reducing a volume since a spin-hall spin-torque causing a flux reversal is generated at an interface of the conductive wire and the free magnetic layer, ensure thermal stability by enhancing perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of the magnetic layer, and reduce a critical current density by increasing an amount of spin current.
Korea University Research And Business Foundation


07/30/15
20150213821 
 Perpendicular magnetic recording medium patent thumbnailnew patent Perpendicular magnetic recording medium
A perpendicular magnetic recording medium includes a non-magnetic substrate; and a magnetic recording layer that includes magnetic crystal grains and a non-magnetic crystal grain boundary that surrounds the magnetic crystal grains, wherein the magnetic crystal grains contain an ordered alloy and the non-magnetic crystal grain boundary contains ge oxides. The magnetic recording layer may have a granular structure.
Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.


07/23/15
20150206657 
 Integrated magnetic devices with multi-axial magnetic anisotropy patent thumbnailIntegrated magnetic devices with multi-axial magnetic anisotropy
A method of fabricating in-plane or out-of-plane thin-film multi-axial magnetic anisotropy devices is provided that includes either depositing a magnetic material with perpendicular or partially perpendicular anisotropy patterned into a multi-directional, curved, or closed path or depositing a thin-film of magnetic material on a piezoelectric material, where the magnetic material is arranged in a pattern, depositing excitation electrodes on the piezoelectric material, where the excitation electrodes are arranged in a pattern, biasing the piezoelectric material, by applying a voltage across the excitation electrodes, where an electric field through the piezoelectric material is generated by the applied voltage across the excitation electrodes, where the piezoelectric material is biased by the electric field to provide stress to the magnetic material, where the stress rotates a magnetization of the magnetic material, and patterning the magnetic material into a multi-directional, curved, or closed path.. .
The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University


07/23/15
20150205171 
 Liquid crystal display device patent thumbnailLiquid crystal display device
An ips lcd that not only increases the screen luminance but also prevents the occurrence of image blurs by reducing the area of disclination and preventing the liquid crystal molecules from rising in a direction normal to the tft substrate. A pixel electrode is disposed in the pixel surrounded by two gate lines and two data lines.
Japan Display Inc.


07/23/15
20150205169 
 Liquid crystal display patent thumbnailLiquid crystal display
A liquid crystal display including: a first substrate; a second substrate facing the first substrate; a liquid crystal layer including a liquid crystal disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate; a thin film transistor disposed on the first substrate; a first electrode connected to the thin film transistor; a second electrode overlapping the first electrode with an insulating layer interposed therebetween; and a first alignment layer disposed on the first electrode. The first alignment layer includes a photo-alignment layer, and the liquid crystal has negative dielectric anisotropy..
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.


07/23/15
20150205158 
 Liquid crystal display patent thumbnailLiquid crystal display
The present invention relates to a liquid crystal (lc) display of the ffs type comprising a liquid crystal medium with negative dielectric anisotropy and a di- or multireactive polymerizable compound, and an alignment layer inducing planar alignment in the lc medium.. .
Merck Patent Gmbh


07/23/15
20150205157 
 Liquid crystal display device patent thumbnailLiquid crystal display device
The present invention provides a liquid crystal display device that is excellent in production efficiency, achieves a high cr, and significantly improves the viewing angle characteristics (reduces the gamma shift), while suppressing an image blur. The present invention provides a liquid crystal display device at least including: an anisotropic collimating backlight; a lower polarizing plate; a liquid crystal panel; an upper polarizing plate; and an anisotropic diffusion element, the anisotropic collimating backlight having a light distribution anisotropy of a specific angle being combined with the anisotropic diffusion element having a diffusion anisotropy of a specific angle..
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha


07/23/15
20150205151 
 Liquid crystal display device patent thumbnailLiquid crystal display device
Provided is a liquid crystal display device having good display properties without complicated manufacturing processes. The liquid crystal display device includes a liquid crystal panel having: a first substrate; a second substrate; a vertical alignment film provided on each of the substrates; and a liquid crystal layer having negative dielectric anisotropy.
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha


07/23/15
20150204737 
 Magnetoelastic sensor patent thumbnailMagnetoelastic sensor
A magnetoelastic sensor. The magnetoelastic sensor uses strain-induced magnetic anisotropy to measure the tension or compression present in a plate.
Methode Electronics, Inc.


07/23/15
20150203757 
 Nematic liquid crystal composition patent thumbnailNematic liquid crystal composition
The present invention relates to a nematic liquid crystal composition useful as an electro-optic liquid crystal display material and having a positive dielectric anisotropy (Δ∈). The liquid crystal composition has refractive index anisotropy (Δn) adjusted to a desired level, a sufficiently low viscosity (η), and a positive dielectric anisotropy (Δ∈) while degradation of the temperature range of the nematic phase is avoided by suppressing the decrease in nematic phase-isotropic liquid phase transition temperature (tni) and the increase in lower limit temperature of the nematic phase.
Dic Corporation


07/16/15
20150197691 

Liquid crystal display device


The present invention provides an ffs mode liquid crystal display device that uses a liquid crystal composition which has a negative dielectric anisotropy and can achieve good display properties by being used for ffs mode liquid crystal display devices without degrading the image sticking property of display devices and various properties of liquid crystal display devices, such as dielectric anisotropy, viscosity, nematic phase upper limit temperature, low-temperature nematic phase stability, and γ1. The liquid crystal composition contains at least one compound selected from the group of compounds represented by general formula (i) below and at least one compound selected from the group of compounds represented by general formula (ii) below..
Dic Corporation


07/09/15
20150194963 

High speed precessionally switched magnetic logic


High speed precessionally switched magnetic logic devices and architectures are described. In a first example, a magnetic logic device includes an input electrode having a first nanomagnet and an output electrode having a second nanomagnet.

07/09/15
20150194596 

Perpendicular mtj stacks with magnetic anisotrophy enhancing layer and crystallization barrier layer


Magnetic tunnel junctions (mtj) suitable for spin transfer torque memory (sttm) devices, include perpendicular magnetic layers and one or more anisotropy enhancing layer(s) separated from a free magnetic layer by a crystallization barrier layer. In embodiments, an anisotropy enhancing layer improves perpendicular orientation of the free magnetic layer while the crystallization barrier improves tunnel magnetoresistance (tmr) ratio with better alignment of crystalline texture of the free magnetic layer with that of a tunneling layer..
Lntel Corporation


07/09/15
20150192807 

Display panel and display device


A display panel (2) in accordance with an aspect of the present invention includes: substrates (10) and (20) which are provided so as to face each other; and an optical modulation layer (30) including a plurality of shape anisotropy members (32) each of which includes (i) a core that is an electric conductor and (ii) a covering layer that is a dielectric and that covers an entire periphery of the core. The display panel (2) changes an area of each image of the plurality of shape anisotropy members (32) which image is projected on the substrates (10) and (20), by changing a voltage to be applied to the optical modulation layer (30)..
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha


07/09/15
20150192649 

Magnetoresistance element with an improved seed layer to promote an improved response to magnetic fields


A magnetoresistance element has a seed layer that promotes an increased magnetic anisotropy of layers of the magnetoresistance element above the seed layer structure.. .
Commissariat A L'energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives


07/02/15
20150188036 

Spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy multilayers


A spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory (sttmram) element includes a composite fixed layer formed on top of a substrate and a tunnel layer formed upon the fixed layer and a composite free layer formed upon the tunnel barrier layer. The magnetization direction of each of the composite free layer and fixed layer being substantially perpendicular to the plane of the substrate.
Avalanche Technology, Inc.


07/02/15
20150188035 

Spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy multilayers


A spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory (sttmram) element includes a composite fixed layer formed on top of a substrate and a tunnel layer formed upon the fixed layer and a composite free layer formed upon the tunnel barrier layer. The magnetization direction of each of the composite free layer and fixed layer being substantially perpendicular to the plane of the substrate.
Avalanche Technology, Inc.


07/02/15
20150187375 

Cofe/ni multilayer film with perpendicular anisotropy for microwave assisted magnetic recording


A spin transfer oscillator with a seed/sil/spacer/fgl/capping configuration is disclosed with a composite seed layer made of ta and a metal layer having a fcc(111) or hcp(001) texture to enhance perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (pma) in an overlying (a1/a2)x laminated spin injection layer (sil). Field generation layer (fgl) is made of a high bs material such feco.
Headway Technologies, Inc.


07/02/15
20150187090 

Angle- dependent anisotropic filtering


A method for anisotropic filtering is provided herein. The method includes computing an anisotropic filter with a major-axis and a minor-axis for a pixel to be displayed on screen-space, wherein the anisotropic filter is to be applied to corresponding mips on a texture map.

07/02/15
20150186554 

Setting metal sheet anisotropy information and sheet thickness information for analysis model of press-formed panel, and stiffness analyzing method


A method of setting metal sheet anisotropy information and sheet thickness information for an analysis model of a press-formed panel includes spreading the analysis model of the press-formed panel into a blank shape by analysis of reverse press-forming; acquiring sheet thickness information obtained by the analysis of reverse press-forming; based on a spread-blank-shape and a panel-taking blank shape, acquiring a reference direction of the spread-blank-shape; calculating an angle formed between the reference direction of the spread-blank-shape and each element in the spread-blank-shape, and setting the reference direction for each element of the analysis model of the press-formed panel based on the calculated angle; and setting the sheet thickness information acquired in the sheet-thickness-information acquiring step for each element of the analysis model of the press-formed panel.. .
Jfe Steel Corporation


07/02/15
20150184122 

Device for guiding cell migration and guiding cell migration implementing such a device


A guiding device in which cells are confined between a support surface and a textured surface of a substrate, said textured surface having an anisotropic three-dimensional structure having a repeating pattern that repeats according to a repeat axis, said repeating pattern having a succession of guide spaces adjacent to one another according to the repeat axis, each of said guide spaces being capable of receiving at least one portion of one of the cells and being oriented according to a direction of anisotropy to guide a movement of the cells in the direction of anisotropy.. .
Societe De Developpement Et De Recherche Industrielle


07/02/15
20150184076 

Nematic liquid crystal composition


A liquid crystal composition exhibits a positive dielectric anisotropy and sufficiently low viscosity without decreasing or increasing refractive index anisotropy or nematic phase-isotropic liquid phase transition temperature, and does not cause display failures. The liquid crystal composition contains one or more compounds selected from compounds represented by general formula (lc0) and one or more compounds selected from a group of compounds represented by general formula (lc1) to general formula (lc5), in which the liquid crystal composition contains one or more compounds in which at least one of a01, a02, and a11 to a42 in general formulae (lc0) to (lc4) represents a tetrahydropyran-2,5-diyl group..
Dic Corporation


07/02/15
20150184075 

Liquid crystal composition having negative dielectric anisotropy


A liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy is disclosed. The liquid crystal composition includes compounds of formulas i to iv.
Shijiazhuang Chengzhi Yonghua Display Materials Co., Ltd.


06/25/15
20150179926 

Magnetoresistive element


According to one embodiment, a magnetoresistive element comprises a storage layer having perpendicular magnetic anisotropy with respect to a film plane and having a variable direction of magnetization, a reference layer having perpendicular magnetic anisotropy with respect to the film plane and having an invariable direction of magnetization, a tunnel barrier layer formed between the storage layer and the reference layer and containing o, and an underlayer formed on a side of the storage layer opposite to the tunnel barrier layer. The reference layer comprises a first reference layer formed on the tunnel barrier layer side and a second reference layer formed opposite the tunnel barrier layer.

06/25/15
20150178975 

Adaptive anisotropic filtering


A method, graphics processing unit, and system are described herein. The method for adaptive anisotropic filtering includes calculating a number of ways of anisotropy based on a computed level of detail of a texture map and applying a bilinear low pass filter to a texture map's closest two mip maps using a processor.

06/25/15
20150177575 

Liquid crystal display


A liquid crystal display includes a first substrate, a first subpixel electrode is disposed on the first substrate and has a planar shape and, an insulating layer disposed on the first subpixel electrode, a second subpixel electrode which is disposed on the insulating layer, overlaps the first subpixel electrode, and includes a plurality of branch electrodes, a second substrate facing the first substrate, a common electrode disposed on the second substrate, and a liquid crystal layer injected between the first substrate and the second substrate, where the first subpixel electrode and the second subpixel electrode are applied with voltages of the same magnitude, and dielectric anisotropy of the liquid crystal layer is about −2.0 to about −2.7 at a temperature of about 30 degrees celsius.. .
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.


06/25/15
20150177571 

Liquid crystal display device


A liquid crystal display device is provided that has favorable display characteristics in a display mode using a vertical electric field and a horizontal electric field. This liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate and a second substrate arranged facing each other, and a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate.
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha


06/25/15
20150175885 

Nematic liquid crystal composition and liquid crystal display device using the same


There is provided a liquid crystal composition having a positive dielectric anisotropy including: a dielectrically positive component (a) containing a dielectrically positive compound represented by formula (1), and a dielectrically neutral component (b) having a dielectric anisotropy larger than −2 and smaller than +2 and containing at least one of dielectrically neutral compounds represented by formulae (2.1) and (2.2).. .
Dic Corporation


06/18/15
20150171316 

Hybrid synthetic antiferromagnetic layer for perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction (mtj)


A magnetic tunnel junction (mtj) device includes a free layer. The mtj also includes a barrier layer coupled to the free layer.
Qualcomm Incorporated


06/18/15
20150171157 

Systems and methods for integrated multi-layer magnetic films


Integrated multi-layer magnetic films for use in passive devices in microelectronic applications and methods of manufacture thereof. Soft ferromagnetic materials exhibiting high permeability and low coercivity are laminated together with insulating layers interposed.
Ferric Inc.


06/18/15
20150170807 

Method and manufacturing isotropic magnetic nanocolloids by pulsed laser ablation


Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatuses for manufacturing highly isotropic magnetic nanoparticles. In particular, manufacturing of spherical and amorphous particles suspended in a solvent by irradiating alloy targets submerged in a solvent using nanosecond-scale laser pulses is disclosed.

06/18/15
20150170697 

Perpendicular magnetic recording media with magnetic anisotropy gradient and local exchange coupling


A perpendicular magnetic recording medium adapted for high recording density and high data recording rate comprises a non-magnetic substrate having at least one surface with a layer stack formed thereon, the layer stack including a perpendicular recording layer containing a plurality of columnar-shaped magnetic grains extending perpendicularly to the substrate surface for a length, with a first end distal the surface and a second end proximal the surface, wherein each of the magnetic grains has: (1) a gradient of perpendicular magnetic coercivity hk extending along its length between the first end and second ends; and (2) predetermined local exchange coupling strengths along the length.. .
Seagate Technology Llc


06/18/15
20150170696 

All-optical magnetic recording system using femnpt media


An “all optical switching” (aos) magnetic recording system, i.e., one that does not require a magnetic field to reverse the magnetization in the magnetic recording media, uses a femnpt l10 alloy as the magnetic media. A femnpt alloy, with appropriate amounts of mn, will have high magneto-crystalline anisotropy, but also ferrimagnetic spin alignment for triggering aos.
Hgst Netherlands B.v.


06/18/15
20150170677 

Magnetic recording and reproducing apparatus


A magnetic recording and reproducing apparatus includes a magnetic recording medium including a recording layer in which at least two magnetic layers are layered on a non-magnetic substrate; and a magnetic head including a main magnetic pole for applying a recording magnetic field in a direction substantially perpendicular to a recording face of the magnetic recording medium and a microwave generating element that generates a microwave magnetic field. The relationship between a thickness ts of a magnetic layer having a lowest magnetic anisotropy energy among the at least two magnetic layers composing the recording layer of the magnetic recording medium, and a thickness tt of the recording layer is ts/tt≦0.2.
Tdk Corporation


06/18/15
20150168580 

Downhole elastic anisotropy measurements


A downhole acoustic logging tool includes at least one acoustic transmitter and first and second arrays of acoustic receivers deployed on a tool body. The first array of acoustic receivers includes a plurality of axially spaced apart acoustic receivers and the second array of acoustic receivers includes a plurality of circumferentially spaced apart acoustic receivers.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation


06/18/15
20150166891 

Liquid crystal composition and liquid crystal display device


A liquid crystal composition and an am-type liquid crystal display device including the same are described. The liquid crystal composition has a nematic phase, contains a specific compound having a large positive dielectric anisotropy as a first component, and a specific compound having a small viscosity as a second component, and may also contain at least one of a specific compound having a high maximum temperature or a small viscosity as a third component, a specific compound having a large positive dielectric anisotropy as a fourth component, and a specific compound having a negative dielectric anisotropy as a fifth component..
Jnc Petrochemical Corporation


06/11/15
20150162378 

Method and system for providing an engineered magnetic layer including heusler layers and an amorphous insertion layer


A magnetic junction usable in a magnetic device and a method for providing the magnetic junction are described. The magnetic junction includes a free layer, a pinned layer and nonmagnetic spacer layer between the free and pinned layers.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.


06/11/15
20150160368 

Anisotropy parameter estimation


A method and apparatus for estimating a rock physics model anisotropic parameter for a geological subsurface. A volume fraction of dry clay minerals present in the geological subsurface is determined.
Statoil Petroleum As


06/11/15
20150159088 

Compounds and liquid-crystalline medium


The invention relates to compounds of the formula i, and to a liquid-crystalline medium, preferably having a nematic phase and negative dielectric anisotropy, which comprises one or more compounds of formula i, defined herein, for use in an electro-optical display, particularly in an active-matrix display based on the va, ecb, palc, ffs or ips effect, and to the use of the compounds of the formula i for the stabilization of a liquid-crystalline medium which comprises one or more compounds of the formula ii and one or more compounds of the formulae iii-1 to iii-4, defined herein.. .
Merck Patent Gmbh


06/11/15
20150159087 

Liquid crystal composition having negative dielectric anisotropy, and liquid crystal display device using the liquid crystal composition


Provided are a liquid crystal composition having negative dielectric anisotropy and a liquid crystal display device that uses the liquid crystal composition. The present invention relates to a liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy (Δ∈) and useful as an electro-optic liquid crystal display material, and a liquid crystal display device that uses the liquid crystal composition.
Dic Corporation


06/11/15
20150159086 

Nematic liquid crystal composition


The nematic liquid crystal composition according to the present invention is used for, for example, producing a liquid crystal display element used in tn mode, ocb mode, ecb mode, ips mode, or va-ips mode. The liquid crystal composition has a positive dielectric anisotropy and allows reductions in refractive-index anisotropy and nematic phase-isotropic liquid phase transition temperature and an increase in the lower limit temperature of a nematic phase to be suppressed.
Dic Corporation


06/04/15
20150154986 

Controlling magnetic layer anisotropy field by oblique angle static deposition


In one general embodiment, a system includes a magnetic layer having first and second magnetic sublayers. An anisotropy of the first magnetic sublayer is oriented in a different direction than an anisotropy of the second magnetic sublayer.
Hgst Netherlands B.v.


06/04/15
20150153620 

Liquid crystal display device


Provided is a liquid crystal display device having excellent viewing angle characteristics and high contrast in a display mode using both a vertical electric field and a horizontal electric field. This liquid crystal display device is provided with a first substrate and a second substrate disposed facing each other, and a liquid crystal layer held between said first and second substrates.
v2—b


06/04/15
20150153619 

Liquid crystal display device


Provided is a liquid crystal display device having excellent display characteristics in a display mode that uses a vertical electric field and a horizontal electric field. This liquid crystal display device is provided with a first substrate and a second substrate provided facing each other and a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first and second substrates.
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha


06/04/15
20150152331 

Nematic liquid crystal composition and liquid crystal display element using same


The present invention provides a nematic liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy with an absolute value from 2 to 8 at 25° c., the composition containing at least one liquid crystal compound having a negative dielectric anisotropy with an absolute value of 4 or more and at least one antioxidant, wherein the amount of the liquid crystal compound is not less than 3%; the present invention also provides a liquid crystal display device using such a liquid crystal composition. The present invention can give a liquid crystal composition having a negative Δ∈, a liquid crystal phase in a wide temperature range, a small viscosity, a good solubility at low temperature, a high specific resistance and voltage holding ratio, and a stability to heat and light; hence, use of this liquid crystal composition enables a highly responsive liquid crystal display device, such as a va type and a psva type, which has an excellent display quality with a reduction in defective display such as droplet stains and linear afterimages..
Dic Corporation


06/04/15
20150152330 

Negative dielectric anisotropic liquid crystal compounds containing 2,3-difluorophenyl group, and preparation method and use thereof


A negative dielectric anisotropic liquid crystal compound containing 2,3-difluorophenyl, and a preparation method and use thereof are disclosed. The compound has a general structural formula as shown in formula i.
Shijiazhuang Chengzhi Yonghua Display Materials Co., Ltd.


06/04/15
20150152254 

Resin composition


There is disclosed a resin composition from which a molded article excellent in scratch resistance and mechanical properties, low in gloss and low in shrinkage anisotropy can be obtained. Specifically, disclosed is a resin composition comprising 40% by weight to 90% by weight of a propylene polymeric material (a) containing 50% by weight or more of structural units derived from propylene, 9% by weight to 30% by weight of wollastonite (b), and 1% by weight to 30% by weight of an elastomer (c) where the combined amount of (a), (b) and (c) is taken as 100% by weight, wherein the wollastonite (b) satisfies specific requirements..
Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited


06/04/15
20150151170 

Golf club


A golf club 2 is provided with a head 4 having a hosel hole 18 and a shaft 6. The golf club 2 has a mounting/detaching mechanism detachably mounting the head 4 and the shaft 6 to each other.
Dunlop Sports Co. Ltd.


05/28/15
20150146148 

Liquid crystal display unit and manufacturing the same


A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device with which response characteristics are able to be easily improved without using major equipment is provided. The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device includes steps of forming a first alignment film including a polymer compound having a crosslinkable functional group as a side chain on one substrate of a pair of substrates; forming a second alignment film on the other substrate of the pair of substrates; arranging the pair of substrates so that the first alignment film and the second alignment film are opposed to each other, and sealing a liquid crystal layer containing a liquid crystal molecule having negative dielectric constant anisotropy between the first alignment film and the second alignment film; and bridging the polymer compound to give pre-tilt to the liquid crystal molecule 41 after sealing the liquid crystal layer..
Sony Corporation


05/21/15
20150138487 

Optical member, illumination device, and display device


An optical sheet (optical member) includes: a sheet-shaped base material 40 that is light-transmissive; an anisotropic light condenser that is formed on the light-receiving surface of the base material where light is received, the anisotropic light condenser having light condensing anisotropy such that incident light is condensed in a light condensing direction along the light-receiving surface whereas light is not condensed in a non-light condensing direction along the light-receiving surface, the non-light condensing direction being perpendicular to the light condensing direction; and an anisotropic light scatterer that is formed on the light-emitting surface from which light is emitted, the light-emitting surface being on a side of the base material opposite to the light-receiving surface of the base member, the anisotropic light scatterer scattering and emitting light from the anisotropic light condenser, and having light scattering anisotropy where light is greatly scattered in the light condensing direction but scattered to a lesser degree in the non-light condensing direction.. .
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha


05/21/15
20150137813 

Error analysis and correction of mri adc measurements for gradient nonlinearity


Techniques for correcting gradient non-linearity bias in mean diffusivity measurements by mri systems are shown and include minimal number of spatial correction terms to achieve sufficient error control using three orthogonal diffusion weighted imaging (dwi) gradients. The correction is based on rotation of system gradient nonlinearity tensor into a dwi gradient frame where spatial bias of b-matrix is described by its euclidian norm.
The Regents Of The University Of Michigan


05/21/15
20150137293 

Spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory (sttmram) with perpendicular laminated free layer


A perpendicular spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memory (sttmram) element includes a fixed layer having a magnetization that is substantially fixed in one direction and a barrier layer formed on top of the fixed layer and a free layer. The free layer has a number of alternating laminates, each laminate being made of a magnetic layer and an insulating layer.
Avalanche Technology, Inc.


05/21/15
20150137292 

Magnetoresistance sensor with perpendicular anisotropy


A nanoscale tunnel magneto-resistance (tmr) sensor comprising an in-plane-magnetized reference layer and a free layer comprising interfacial perpendicular anisotropy, wherein the free layer comprises a sensing layer for sensing resistance as a function of applied magnetic field and is tunable to vary the direction of the sensing layer magnetization to be in-plane, canted, or out-of-plane.. .
The Regents Of The University Of California


05/14/15
20150132609 

Perpendicularly magnetized ultrathin film exhibiting high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, manufacturing same, and application


Provided are an element structure in which a magnetic layer has a high magnetic anisotropy constant and saturated magnetization properties in a thickness of 1.5 nm or less, and a magnetic device that uses the element structure. A bcc metal nitride/cofeb/mgo film structure that uses a nitride of a bcc metal as a seed layer is fabricated.

05/14/15
20150131039 

Dual-frequency bistable liquid crystal display and the liquid crystal mixture thereof


A dual-frequency bistable liquid crystal display and the liquid crystal mixture thereof includes liquid crystal cell filled with a liquid crystal mixture which contains dual-frequency liquid crystal, chiral compound, and nematic liquid crystal mixture. The liquid crystal mixture has the characteristics of both the dual-frequency liquid crystal and cholesteric liquid crystal.

05/14/15
20150130458 

Analysis for quantifying microscopic diffusion anisotropy


The present invention describes a method for quantifying microscopic diffusion anisotropy and/or mean diffusivity in a material by analysis of echo attenuation curves acquired with two different gradient modulations schemes, wherein one gradient modulation scheme is based on isotropic diffusion weighting and the other gradient modulation scheme is based on non-isotropic diffusion weighting, and wherein the method comprises analyzing by comparing the signal decays of the two acquired echo attenuation curves.. .

05/14/15
20150129997 

Dual perpendicular magnetic anisotropy magnetic junction usable in spin transfer torque magnetic random access memory applications


A method for providing a dual magnetic junction usable in a magnetic device and the dual magnetic junction are described. First and second nonmagnetic spacer layers, a free layer and pinned are provided.

05/14/15
20150129996 

Method and system for providing a top pinned layer perpendicular magnetic anisotropy magnetic junction usable in spin transfer torque magnetic random access memory applications


A method for providing a magnetic junction usable in a magnetic device and the magnetic junction are described. A free layer and nonmagnetic spacer layer are provided.

05/14/15
20150129993 

Method and system for providing a bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy free layer in a perpendicular magnetic junction usable in spin transfer torque magnetic random access memory applications


A magnetic junction usable in a magnetic device and a method for providing the magnetic junction are described. The magnetic junction includes a free layer, a pinned layer and nonmagnetic spacer layer between the free and pinned layers.

05/07/15
20150125622 

Systems and methods for high and ultra-high vacuum physical vapor deposition with in-situ magnetic field


Systems and methods for high and ultra-high vacuum physical vapor deposition with in-situ magnetic field are disclosed herein. An exemplary method for depositing a film in an evacuated vacuum chamber can include introducing a sample into the vacuum chamber.
The Trustees Of Columbia University In Hie City Of


05/07/15
20150125341 

Non-rare earth magnets having manganese (mn) and bismuth (bi) alloyed with cobalt (co)


Permanent and soft magnets that do not depend on rare-earth elements have suitable magnetic properties for electric motor and generator applications. Both saturation magnetization and magneto-crystalline anisotropy of a manganese-bismuth (mn—bi) permanent (hard) magnet are increased by alloying the mn—bi magnet with cobalt (co) or cobalt-iron (co—fe).
The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Alabama For And On Behalf Of The University Of Alabama


05/07/15
20150124478 

Light-emitting unit and display


Provided is a light-emitting unit that includes: a light-guide section having a light entering surface; and a plurality of light sources opposed to the light entering surface of the light-guide section and arrayed in a first direction, and each having an anisotropy in emission intensity. A pattern shape of light applied from any of the light sources to the light entering surface has a shape anisotropy, and the light sources are each disposed to allow a longitudinal direction of the pattern shape to be inclined relative to the first direction..
Sony Corporation


05/07/15
20150124210 

Liquid crystal compound with negative dielectric anisotropy, liquid crystal display, and optoelectronic device


—cf2o—, or —ocf2—.. .

04/30/15
20150118521 

Method of fabricating graded media


A magnetic data storage medium includes an ion doped magnetic recording layer having a continuous grading of coercivity or anisotropy. The medium also includes an ion-doped overcoat having an ion density that is at a maximum substantially at the interface with the recording layer and has a continuous grading of ion density between the overcoat and the recording layer.
National University Of Singapore


04/30/15
20150116374 

Display apparatus


A display apparatus includes a display panel having a first liquid crystal layer, a timing controller that converts image signals to have gray scales corresponding to a first reference value, and compensates the converted image signals to over-drive the first liquid crystal layer, the first reference value being a product of a refractive index anisotropy and a thickness of the first liquid crystal layer, a first driver that converts the compensated image signals to voltages that drive the first liquid crystal layer, a liquid crystal lens panel including a second liquid crystal layer, a liquid crystal lens controller that generates lens signals corresponding to a second reference value defined by a product of a refractive index anisotropy and a second thickness of the second liquid crystal layer, anda second driver that convert the lens signals to voltages that drive the second liquid crystal layer.. .
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.


04/30/15
20150115379 

Cobalt (co) and platinum (pt)-based multilayer thin film having inverted structure and manufacturing same


The present invention relates to a cobalt (co) and platinum (pt)-based multilayer thin film having a novel structure and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, and to a fabrication method thereof. More specifically, the invention relates to a cobalt and platinum-based multilayer thin film having perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (pma), which includes thin cobalt layers and thin platinum layers alternately deposited over a substrate, and has an inverted structure in which a thickness of the thin cobalt layers is greater than that of the thin platinum layers, and to a fabrication method thereof.
Sk Hynix Inc.


04/30/15
20150115200 

Liquid crystal composition, liquid crystal display element, and liquid crystal display


A liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy includes a dielectrically negative component (a) containing a compound represented by a general formula (1) below, and a component (b) that is a dielectrically neutral component containing at least one of compounds represented by a formula (2.1) and a formula (2.2) below. In the following formula, r1 and r2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms..
Dic Corporation


04/30/15
20150114007 

Magnetocaloric materials for cryogenic liquification


System and methods for cryogenic magnetocaloric refrigeration are provided. The system may include a magnetocaloric material including a single ion anisotropy and primary magnetic interactions of at most two dimensions.
The Johns Hopkins University


04/23/15
20150109893 

Tilted structures to reduce reflection in laser-assisted tamr


A tamr (thermal assisted magnetic recording) write head uses the energy of optical-laser excited surface plasmons in a plasmon generator to locally heat a magnetic recording medium and reduce its coercivity and magnetic anisotropy. The optical radiation is transmitted to the plasmon generator by means of a waveguide, whose optical axis (centerline) is tilted relative to either or both the backside surface normal and abs surface normal in order to eliminate back reflections of the optical radiation that can adversely affect the properties and performance of the laser.
Headway Technologies, Inc.


04/23/15
20150109597 

Fast generation of elements with individually patterned anisotropy


The present invention relates to an apparatus which allows producing elements with individually patterned anisotropic properties, where the pattern may vary from element to element. An apparatus according to the invention comprises a support for a substrate and an exposure unit for providing spatially modulated aligning light with a first polarization plane, wherein the exposure unit contains a light source, a spatial light modulator, which can be controlled electronically, for example by a computer, and a projection lens.
Rolic Ag


04/23/15
20150109547 

Liquid crystal display including nanocapsule layer


Disclosed is a liquid crystal display device that may include a first substrate; a first electrode on the first substrate, the first electrode including a plurality of first inclined planes; a nanocapsule liquid crystal layer on the first electrode, the nanocapsule liquid crystal layer including a plurality of nano-sized capsules dispersed in a buffer layer, each of the plurality of nano-sized capsules including nematic liquid crystal molecules having a negative dielectric constant anisotropy; and a second electrode on the nanocapsule liquid crystal layer, the second electrode including a plurality of second inclined planes facing the plurality of first inclined planes, wherein the nanocapsule liquid crystal layer is substantially, optically isotropic in a normal state, and is optically anisotropic when a voltage is applied to the first and second electrodes.. .
Lg Display Co., Ltd.


04/23/15
20150108594 

Side shielded magnetoresistive (mr) read head with perpendicular magnetic free layer


A mr sensor is disclosed that has a free layer (fl) with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (pma) which eliminates the need for an adjacent hard bias structure to stabilize free layer magnetization and minimizes shield-fl interactions. In a tmr embodiment, a seed layer, free layer, junction layer, reference layer, and pinning layer are sequentially formed on a bottom shield.
Headway Technologies, Inc.


04/23/15
20150108402 

Liquid crystal composition and liquid crystal display device


The means concerns a liquid crystal composition that has negative dielectric anisotropy and that comprises a specific compound having a high stability to ultraviolet light as a first component, wherein the composition may comprise a specific compound having a high maximum temperature or a small viscosity as a second component, and a specific compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a third component, and a specific compound having a polymerizable group as an additive component.. .
Jnc Petrochemical Corporation


04/16/15
20150104645 

Magnetic nanoflakes


Magnetic nanoflakes fabricated by surfactant assisted, wet, high energy ball milling of bulk precursors, with or without preceding dry, high energy ball milling, wherein certain nanoflakes indicate hard magnetic properties, crystallographic texture and magnetic anisotropy.. .

04/16/15
20150103979 

X-ray generator


An object of the invention is to provide an x-ray generator having a simple configuration where heat generated in the irradiation window can be prevented from conducting to a desired portion in accordance with the purpose of use, the method of use or the structure of the x-ray tube. In an x-ray generator for releasing x-rays generated by irradiating a target placed in a vacuumed atmosphere within an x-ray tube with an electron beam from an electron source through an irradiation window of the x-ray tube, the irradiation window has thermal anisotropy where the thermal conductivity is different between the direction in which the irradiation window spreads and the direction of the thickness of the irradiation window, and therefore, the thermal conductivity in the direction in which the heat from the irradiation window is desired not to conduct is made relatively smaller..
Shimadzu Corporation


04/16/15
20150102441 

Magnetic random access memory having perpendicular enhancement layer and thin reference layer


The present invention is directed to a spin transfer torque (stt) mram device having a perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction (mtj) memory element. The memory element includes a perpendicular mtj structure in between a non-magnetic seed layer and a non-magnetic cap layer.
Avalanche Technology, Inc.


04/16/15
20150102438 

Magnetic random access memory with perpendicular interfacial anisotropy


The present invention is directed to an mram element comprising a magnetic free layer structure and a magnetic reference layer structure with an insulating tunnel junction layer interposed therebetween. The magnetic free layer structure has a variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to the layer plane thereof.
Avalanche Technology Inc.


04/16/15
20150101397 

Method for testing non-uniform loads in pipes


The present invention refers to a method wherein a test body is assembled in specific configurations to be submitted to testing in a conventional hydrostatic chamber. The method calls for assembling a test body that simulates cementing failures, the presence of stress anisotropy and a borehole of irregular geometry, by pressurizing said test body in a conventional hydrostatic chamber.
PetrÓleo Brasileiro S.a. - Petrobras


04/09/15
20150100277 

Method and measuring parameters of optical anisotropy


Methods and systems are provided to measure the optical anisotropy properties of a film on glass or other substrates. This technique is suitable for production environments, and is not strongly affected by the tft or cf active area on lcd panels, even for very high pixel density displays.
Axometrics, Inc.


04/09/15
20150099126 

Gas barrier film, substrate for electronic device and electronic device


The gas barrier film includes a film base material having optical anisotropy and a gas barrier unit disposed on at least one surface of the film base material, in which the gas barrier unit includes, from the side of the film base material, a first barrier layer containing an inorganic material and a second barrier layer obtained by performing a conversion treatment to a coating film formed by applying polysilazane.. .

04/02/15
20150092145 

Liquid crystal display device and manufacturing same


A liquid crystal display device includes a pair of substrates, a liquid crystal layer that is disposed between the pair of substrates and includes a liquid crystal molecule, an alignment film that is disposed between each of the pair of substrates and the liquid crystal layer and includes a macromolecule containing a functional group having dielectric anisotropy, and a polymer layer that is disposed between the alignment film and the liquid crystal layer and includes a polymer of a polymerizable monomer. The polymerizable monomer preferably includes a compound having a specific ring structure, a compound having a structure capable of undergoing photoirradiation-induced hydrogen abstraction reaction to produce a ketyl radical, or a compound having at least two radically-polymerizable groups and a structure capable of undergoing photoirradiation-induced self-cleavage reaction to produce radicals..
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha


04/02/15
20150092117 

Retardation element, liquid crystal display device, and projection display device


Provided is a retardation element, including: a transparent substrate; a retardation imparting antireflection layer; a first birefringent layer; and a second birefringent layer which has approximately the same average thickness as that of the first birefringent layer and contacts the first birefringent layer such that an angle formed between a first line segment representing the principal axis of refractive index anisotropy of the first birefringent layer and a second line segment representing the principal axis of refractive index anisotropy of the second birefringent layer is neither 0° nor 180° when the first line segment and the second line segment are projected on the transparent substrate such that an end a of the first line segment at a side of the transparent substrate and an end b of the second line segment at a side of the transparent substrate coincide with each other.. .
Dexerials Corporation


04/02/15
20150091560 

Magnetoresistive sensor for measuring a magnetic field


The present invention relates to a magnetoresistive sensor for measuring a magnetic field. A calculation of the sensitivity to external magnetic fields is provided, and it is shown to be related to the shape anisotropy of the magnetoresistive sensing elements.
Jiangsu Multidimension Technology Co., Ltd.


04/02/15
20150091416 

Composite substrate, piezoelectric device, and manufacturing composite substrate


A composite substrate 10 includes a piezoelectric substrate 12 and a support layer 14 bonded to the piezoelectric substrate 12. The support layer 14 is made of a material having no crystalline anisotropy in a bonded surface thereof and has a smaller thickness than the piezoelectric substrate 12.
Ngk Insulators, Ltd.


03/26/15
20150086218 

Dispersion management for inhomogeneous fiber-optic links


Methods and apparatus for managing the effects of dispersion in an optical transport system in which some of the system's nodes are connected to one another via inhomogeneous fiber-optic links. In one embodiment, an optical transmitter is configured to apply electronic and/or optical dispersion pre-compensation in the amount selected to cause the peak-to-average-power ratio of the optical signal in the lower-dispersion portion of the link to be relatively low (e.g., close to a minimum value).
Alcatel-lucent Usa Inc.


03/26/15
20150085569 

Electric field ferromagnetic resonance excitation method and magnetic function element employing same


To realize an electric field-driven type ferromagnetic resonance excitation method of low power consumption using an electric field as drive power, and provide a spin wave signal generation element and a spin current signal generation element using the method, a logic element using the elements, and a magnetic function element such as a high-frequency detection element and a magnetic recording device using the method. A magnetic field having a specific magnetic field application angle and magnetic field strength is applied to a laminate structure in which an ultrathin ferromagnetic layer sufficiently thin so that an electric field shield effect by conduction electrons does not occur and a magnetic anisotropy control layer are directly stacked on each other and an insulation barrier layer and an electrode layer are arranged in order on an ultrathin ferromagnetic layer side.
National Institute Of Advanced Industrial Science And Technology


03/26/15
20150085335 

Chiroptical switches


A method for fabricating surface tethered chiroptical switches that constitute polymer chains bearing chromophoric functional groups with the ability to undergo geometrical re-alignment upon irradiation with polarized light to yield a measurable chiral anisotropy, by formation of a layer on a substrate by deposition of a compound containing at least one functional group and attachment of chiro-optical molecule to said functional group.. .

03/26/15
20150083285 

Magnesium alloy, magnesium alloy member and manufacturing same, and using magnesium alloy


A magnesium alloy of the present invention has the chemical composition that contains 0.02 mol % or more and less than 0.1 mol % of at least one element selected from yttrium, scandium, and lanthanoid rare earth elements, and magnesium and unavoidable impurities accounting for the remainder. A magnesium alloy member of the present invention is produced by hot plastic working of the magnesium alloy in a temperature range of 200° c.
National Institute For Materials Science


03/19/15
20150077672 

Liquid crystal display


Disclosed is a liquid crystal display including: a first substrate; a second substrate facing the first substrate; a thin film transistor disposed on the first substrate; a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor and including a first subpixel electrode and a second subpixel electrode; a common electrode disposed on the second substrate; and a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, and including liquid crystal molecules therein. The first and second subpixel electrodes include a cross-shaped stem portion including horizontal and vertical stem portions, and a plurality of micro-branch portions extending from the cross-shaped stem portion, a thickness of the liquid crystal layer being 2.4 μm to 3.2 μm, the dielectric anisotropy of the liquid crystal molecule being −3.0 to −2.0, and a pitch of the micro-branch portion being 4 μm to 6 μm..
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.


03/19/15
20150076633 

Memory cells, methods of fabrication, and semiconductor devices


A magnetic cell includes an attracter material proximate to a magnetic region (e.g., a free region). The attracter material is formulated to have a higher chemical affinity for a diffusible species of a magnetic material, from which the magnetic region is formed, compared to a chemical affinity between the diffusible species and at least another species of the magnetic material.
Micron Technology


03/19/15
20150076485 

Memory cells, methods of fabrication, semiconductor devices, memory systems, and electronic systems


A magnetic cell includes a free region between an intermediate oxide region (e.g., a tunnel barrier) and a secondary oxide region. Both oxide regions may be configured to induce magnetic anisotropy (“ma”) with the free region, enhancing the ma strength of the free region.
Micron Technology, Inc.


03/19/15
20150076405 

Liquid crystal composition and display device thereof


A liquid crystal composition and a liquid crystal display wherein the liquid crystal composition includes: a compound of general formula (i) including 1%-50% of the total weight of the liquid crystal composition; a compound of general formula (ii) including 1%-60% of the total weight of the liquid crystal composition; a compound of general formula (iii) including 1%-60% of the total weight of the liquid crystal composition; and a compound of general formula (iv) including 0-50% of the total weight of the liquid crystal composition—wherein the liquid crystal composition has a suitably wider nematic phase scope, a suitable optical anisotropy, a favorable low-temperature storage stability a faster response speed, can be used for outdoor work, has a good image display effect, and substantially free of streaking phenomenon.. .
Jiangsu Hecheng Display Technology Co., Ltd


03/12/15
20150073713 

System and improving surface electromagnetic surveys


A technique provides a methodology for improving surveys of subterranean regions. The methodology comprises estimating macro anisotropy and an intrinsic or micro anisotropy of an overburden.
Schlumberger Technology Corporation




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Anisotropy topics: Anisotropy, Liquid Crystal, Liquid Crystal Display, Magnetic Field, Image Display Apparatus, Electrostatically, Benzene Ring, Longitudinal Direction, Motorcycle, Magnetoresistance, Memory Cell, Enhancement, Random Access, Data Storage, Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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