|| List of recent Anaerobic-related patents
| Composition comprising anaerobically cultivated human intestinal microbiota|
The invention relates to an anaerobic micro-ecological system, a composition comprising anaerobically cultivated human intestinal microbiota for the treatment or prophylaxis of diseases, and wherein the microbiota in the composition have not been exposed to antibiotics used after 1995. The present invention further relates to the use of the composition for the prevention and treatment of disease and a method for preparing the composition..
| Hydrolytic degritter|
The present invention relates to improving the results of anaerobic digestion of organic waste especially animal manure such as chicken manure by removing the grit in the waste. By digesting the waste in a slurry at a temperature of 50 degrees c.
| Energy efficient system and process for treating sludge|
Apparatus and process is provided for hydrolyzing sludge from water treatment and for conditioning the hydrolyzed sludge for optimal anaerobic digestion. Methods provided include dewatering to produce dewatered sludge, hydrolyzing the dewatered sludge in a steam fed process, preheating the dewatered sludge before hydrolysis with sludge-to-sludge heat transfer, and cooling and diluting the sludge using sludge-to-water heat transfer and water injection, and anaerobically digesting the hydrolyzed sludge.
| Inhibition of methane production during anaerobic reductive dechlorination|
This method of restricting methane production in methanogenic bacteria, by the use of the enzyme and coenzyme inhibitors, works during anaerobic reductive dechlorination. Various compounds such as, but not limited to, red yeast rice, vitamin b10 derivatives, and ethanesulfonates are utilized to disrupt these different enzyme and coenzyme systems responsible for the production of methane.
| Secondary solid-phase anaerobic digestion producing more biogas|
The present invention relates to a method for taking liquid anaerobic digestion effluent and increasing the solids content by using the effluent and biomass to further digest both.. .
|Wastewater treatment process and system|
A process and system for treating wastewater is described. The invention degrades sludge produced by treatment of the wastewater to reduce or eliminate the need for sludge dewatering and disposal.
|Process control method|
A process control method, the method comprising the steps of: (i) passing a portion of a biomass containing liquid from a first reactor (12) in which a batch anaerobic digestion of organic material is being or has been conducted to a liquid storage vessel (14), methane being produced in both the first reactor (12) and the liquid storage vessel (14); (ii) passing a portion of the liquid from the liquid storage vessel (14) back to a first reactor (12) that may or may not be the same reactor (12) of step (i); (iii) passing a portion of the liquid from either or both of the first reactor (12) and the liquid storage vessel (14) to a second reactor (16); and (iv) passing a portion of the liquid from the second reactor (16) to either the liquid storage vessel (14) or to the first reactor (12), wherein the direction of liquid to the second reactor (16) allows control of the level of volatile fatty acids (vfa) in the liquid to be returned to the first reactor (12) by way of exposure to additional anaerobic methanogenic microorganisms provided in that second reactor (16). An apparatus (10) for the control of process conditions in a process for the microbiological digestion of organic waste material is also disclosed..
|Method for producing renewable fuels|
According to the present invention, organic material is converted to biogas through anaerobic digestion and the biogas is purified to yield a combustible fluid feedstock comprising methane. A fuel production facility utilizes or arranges to utilize combustible fluid feedstock to generate renewable hydrogen that is used to hydrogenate crude oil derived hydrocarbons in a process to make transportation or heating fuel.
|Butyrate producing clostridium species, clostridium pharus|
A clostridia bacterial species clostridium pharus, is provided. Under anaerobic conditions clostridium pharus can convert ethanol and/or acetate to butyric acid..
|Recombinant anaerobic acetogenic bacteria for production of isoprene and/or industrial bio-products using synthesis gas|
This invention provides for recombinant anaerobic acetogenic bacterial cells having one or more nucleic acids whereby isoprene, mevalonate and/or other industrial bio-products are produced in a substantially oxygen-free culture condition using synthesis gas as energy and/or carbon source.. .
|Systems and methods for hydrolysis of biomass|
Systems and methods are disclosed for treating lignocellulosic biomass to be supplied to a fermentation system for production of a fermentation product. The systems and methods comprise pre-treating the biomass into pre-treated biomass and separating the pre-treated biomass into a liquid component comprising sugars and a solids component comprising cellulose and lignin.
|Compositions and methods for probiotic recolonization therapies|
The present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions suitable for the treatment of chronic diseases associated with the presence of abnormal or an abnormal distribution of microflora in the gastrointestinal tract of a mammalian host, which compositions comprise viable non-pathogenic or attenuated pathogenic clostridia. The compositions further comprise one or more additional viable non-pathogenic or attenuated pathogenic microorganisms selected from the group consisting of bacteroides, eubacteria, fusobacteria, propionibacteria, lactobacilli, anaerobic cocci, ruminococcus, e.
This method improves and controls ex-situ or in-situ, aerobic or anaerobic digestion of organic materials and toxic or damaging compounds through increased control of multiple chemical and biological settings and conditions. The ability to control flow, natural processes, and biological activity, while adjusting to individual site conditions, offer many opportunities to modify results.
|Integrated processes for anaerobic conversion of hydrogen and carbon oxides to alcohol|
Integrated processes are disclosed for reducing the carbon foot print related to the use of non-renewable hydrocarbon gas streams for producing alcohols by anaerobic bioconversion of reformed gas. These processes combine renewable and non-renewable gas sources of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide to produce alcohol.
|Inerting method in digestion|
A method for the inerting of vessels used in the digestion of organic waste, the method characterised by the method steps of: (i) capturing exhaust gas (14) from a chemical conversion means (12); (ii) directing at least a portion of the captured exhaust gas (14) from step (i) to a vessel (40) used in the digestion of organic waste; and (iii) purging the vessel (40) using the exhaust gas (14) so as to avoid an explosive mix of gases therein, wherein the exhaust gas (14) contains sufficient oxygen to prevent substantially the production of methane by anaerobic bacteria in the vessel (40).. .
|System and method of stimulating ethanol production and growth of aquatic plants|
Methods and systems for growing aquatic plants and collecting, purifying, and/or extracting ethanol produced during anaerobic metabolism by aquatic plants are provided. The system includes a cell containing water and an aquatic plant, an ethanol extraction assembly in fluid communication with the cell for removing ethanol from the water.
|Integrated processes for anaerobic conversion of hydrogen and carbon oxides to alcohol|
Integrated processes are disclosed for the anaerobic bioconversion of syngas to alcohol wherein a gas substrate of carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide is in contact with an aqueous menstruum that continuously contacts the gas substrate with said aqueous menstruum to produce alcohol and a depleted gas phase that is continuously withdrawn from the aqueous menstruum; continuously or intermittently and the gas substrate is made up of at least two gases having different compositions to provide an overall gas substrate having a ratio of electrons to carbon atoms in the range of about 5.2:1 to 6.8:1.. .
|Processes and control systems for high efficiency anaerobic conversion of hydrogen and carbon oxides to alcohols|
High conversion efficiency processes are disclosed for the anaerobic bioconversion of syngas to alcohol. The processes use bioreactors that have a non-uniform gas composition and a substantially uniform liquid composition such as deep tank bioreactors.
|Integrated processes for anaerobic conversion of hydrogen and carbon oxides to alcohol|
Integrated processes are disclosed for the anaerobic bioconversion of syngas to alcohol.. .
|Method for enhancing the fermentative potential and growth rate of microorganisms under anaerobiosis|
The present invention concerns a method for enhancing the growth rate, the biomass production and/or the fermentative potential of an anaerobic microorganism, comprising the steps consisting in: (a) modifying said anaerobic microorganism by inactivating the ohrr gene, the ohrr gene product or homolog thereof; (b) culturing the modified anaerobic microorganism obtained in step (a) under low-orp anaerobic conditions.. .
|Method for the sequenced biological treatment of water implementing biomass granules|
A method for biologically treating wastewater having organic matter is provided where the treatment occurs in a sequencing batch reactor having biomass granules therein. Wastewater to be treated is fed under anaerobic conditions into the reactor so as to fluidize the biomass granules.
|Wastewater treatment system with microbial fuel cell power|
The membrane anaerobic stabilized wastewater treatment system may be substantially free of aerobic biological treatment for processing a wastewater influent. A primary membrane element may process a pretreatment stream produced by a pretreatment system and produce a product stream effluent.
|Microbially-mediated method for synthesis of non-oxide semiconductor nanoparticles|
The invention is directed to a method for producing non-oxide semiconductor nanoparticles, the method comprising: (a) subjecting a combination of reaction components to conditions conducive to microbially-mediated formation of non-oxide semiconductor nanoparticles, wherein said combination of reaction components comprises i) anaerobic microbes, ii) a culture medium suitable for sustaining said anaerobic microbes, iii) a metal component comprising at least one type of metal ion, iv) a non-metal component comprising at least one non-metal selected from the group consisting of s, se, te, and as, and v) one or more electron donors that provide donatable electrons to said anaerobic microbes during consumption of the electron donor by said anaerobic microbes; and (b) isolating said non-oxide semiconductor nanoparticles, which contain at least one of said metal ions and at least one of said non-metals. The invention is also directed to non-oxide semiconductor nanoparticle compositions produced as above and having distinctive properties..
|Reagentless ceria-based colorimetric sensor|
A colorimetric reagent in the form of nanoparticles, composite nanoparticles, and nanoparticle coatings, including methods of use, methods of preparation, deposition, and assembly of related devices and specific applications. The colorimetric reagent comprises cerium oxide nanoparticles which are used in solution or immobilized on a solid support, either alone or in conjunction with oxidase enzymes, to form an active colorimetric component that reacts with an analyte to form a colored complex.
|Method to stimulate and sustain the anaerobic biodegradation of light non-aqueous phase liquid|
A method for treating lnapl source zones using a cost effective lnapl source zone technology to degrade residual lnapl, by introducing bioremediation amendments comprising nutritional supplements in quantities, locations, and depths required to stimulate and sustain the anaerobic biodegradation of an lnapl source zone; monitoring the lnapl source zone for adverse conditions that decrease anaerobic lnapl biodegradation; eliminating any identified adverse conditions to sustain lnapl biodegradation; and maintaining the water with nutritional supplements in quantities, locations, and depths required to stimulate and sustain the anaerobic biodegradation of lnapl.. .
|Xylanase composition with increased stability|
A xylanase composition and a method for manufacturing the xylanase composition are provided, wherein the xylanase composition comprises a xylanase and a stabilizer, and the xylanase is from an anaerobic fungus, the stabilizer comprises a polyol, and the content of the polyol is at least 40 wt %, based on the total weight of the xylanase composition.. .
|Syntrophic co-culture of anaerobic microorganism for production of n-butanol from syngas|
This invention provides compositions for the production of butanol. Specifically, the compositions of the present invention use syntrophic co-cultures for the production of butanol from syngas..
|Installation and method for biomass conversion into methane|
The present invention relates to apparatuses, such as small and medium scale processing plants, for conversion of biomass into methane and other high-grade products such as fertiliser. The present invention further relates to methods and uses of the present apparatuses for conversion of biomass into methane and other high-grade products such as fertiliser.
|Novel kluyveromyces marxianus strains and method of using strains|
Described are novel kluyveromyces marxianus strains nrrl y-50798 and y-50799, that were obtained by uv-c irradiation of wild-type k. Marxianus nrrl y-1109 cultures.
|Method for production of n-butanol from syngas using syntrophic co-cultures of anaerobic microorganisms|
This invention provides methods and systems for the production of butanol. Specifically, the methods and systems of the present invention use syntrophic co-cultures for the production of butanol from syngas..
|Abscisic acid against cancer|
Abscisic acid (aba) a naturally occurring plant hormone has been identified in this invention with potent properties to fight cancer. Aba is able to produce a hyperpolarization condition on plasma membrane through a decrease of intracellular na+ and k+.
|Pre-treatment of sludge|
A method for treating a sludge to be fed to a bioreactor for treating wastewater, or an anaerobic or aerobic sludge digester, the method comprising contacting the sludge with free nitrous acid.. .
|High-nitrogen loading for ammonia processing via anaerobic digestion|
A method and system to improve anaerobic digestion are disclosed. Simultaneous digestion of dairy manures with various food wastes improves anaerobic process stability and methane production.
|Method for preparing volatile fatty acids from the pre-treated extracts of marine biomass residue|
A method of preparing a volatile fatty acids (vfas) is provided. More particularly, the method includes chemically or biologically pretreating a residue of algae to obtain an extract of the algae residue, filtering the extract of the algae residue and anaerobically fermenting the filtrate.
|Wastewater treatment systems and methods|
The instant disclosure is directed towards methods of treating wastewater and related systems, where the system includes: a first zone comprising at least one anaerobic tank, and a second zone comprising at least one engineered wetland. In some embodiments, the system includes a third zone comprising at least one bauxite residue cell..
|Electrotransformation of clostridium pasteurianum|
By this invention, for the first time, a method for high-efficiency genetic transformation of the anaerobic bacterium clostridium pasteurianum is provided. Clostridium pasteurianum is a bacterium of substantial industrial importance, due to its selectivity and high productivity of the biofuel and biochemical n-butanol, and its ability to grow on a wide variety of inexpensive substrates.
|Steady state anaerobic denitrifying consortium for application in in-situ bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites and enhanced oil recovery|
Enriched steady state microbial consortiums for microbial enhanced oil recovery and in situ bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites, under anaerobic denitrifying conditions, are disclosed.. .
|Methods of producing 7-carbon chemicals via aromatic compounds|
This document describes biochemical pathways for producing pimelic acid, 7-aminoheptanoate, 7-hydroxyheptanoate, heptamethylenediamine, or 1,7-heptanediol by forming two terminal functional groups, comprised of carboxyl, amine or hydroxyl group, in a c7 aliphatic backbone substrate produced from chorismate or benzoate. These pathways, metabolic engineering and cultivation strategies described herein rely on the anaerobic benzoyl-coa degradation pathway enzymes..
|Generation of materials with enhanced hydrogen content from anaerobic microbial consortia including desulfuromonas or clostridia|
An isolated microbial consortia is described. The consortia may include a first-bite microbial consortium that converts a starting hydrocarbon that is a complex hydrocarbon into two or more first-bite metabolic products.
|Anaerobic conversion of 4-carboxybenzaldehyde in ionic liquids|
A method of decreasing an amount of an aromatic aldehyde in a product is described. The method includes reacting the aromatic aldehyde in the presence of a reaction medium comprising a nucleophilic solvent, or an ionic liquid and a carboxylic acid, the reaction taking place in the absence of a hydrogenating agent and an oxidizing agent, to form aromatic carboxylic acid, an aromatic alcohol, or both..
|Apparatus and process for sterilization and preservation of objects|
This apparatus and method improves the way metal and other objects will be sterilized, disinfected and preserved by utilizing both electromagnetic radiation (uv light in particular) to kill anaerobic pathogens and oxygen depletion to kill aerobic pathogens. The removal of the presence of oxygen further increases the useful lifespan of the treated object by preventing corrosion in general and oxidation in particular..
|Methods and apparatuses for water, wastewater, and waste treatment|
Described herein are methods and devices for biologically treating water and/or wastewater. The methods and devices for treating wastewater may be enhanced using an surge lifting device which moves water and/or solids using volumes of air (for liquid transfer and mixing) and the automatic sludge return mechanism, combined with alternating aeration on and off operation to achieve comprehensive nitrogen and phosphorus removal.
|Methods and systems for treating bioreactor wastewater streams|
Methods and systems for treating bioreactor wastewater streams are provided. In some embodiments, the methods and systems involve producing a composition, for example in the form of a solution, comprising ammonia or ammonium from the bioreactor wastewater stream.
|Production of hydrogen using an anaerobic biological process|
Various embodiments of the present invention pertain to methods for biological production of hydrogen. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention pertain to a modular energy system and related methods for producing hydrogen using organic waste as a feed stock..
|Anaerobic digestion with supercritical water hydrolysis as pretreatment|
An hydrolysis stage of an anaerobic digestion (ad) process includes supercritical treatment in a reactor (r1). The treatment may use sub-stoichiometric oxygen so that there is not full oxidation.
|Systems and methods for anaerobic digestion and collection of products|
Described herein are methods and systems that can provide independent energy generation as well as systems for the generation of other useful products, such as chemicals. In addition, the systems and methods can provide ways of harnessing the potential of biomass feedstock to generate of multitude of products including green crude, biogas, electricity, heat, fatty acids, biodiesel, ammonia, and chemical products.
|Anaerobic aluminum-water electrochemical cell|
An anaerobic aluminum-water electrochemical cell includes electrode stacks, each electrode stack having an aluminum or aluminum alloy anode, and at least one solid cathode configured to be electrically coupled to the anode. The cell further includes a liquid electrolyte between the anode and the at least one cathode, one or more physical separators between each electrode stack adjacent to the cathode, a housing configured to hold the electrode stacks, the electrolyte, and the physical separators, and a water injection port, in the housing, configured to introduce water into the housing..
|Method and apparatus for residential water recycling|
A wastewater recycling system includes a biological reactor having anaerobic, anoxic, and aerobic chambers. A lift station including a pump is operatively connected to the biological reactor.
|Promoter of corynebacteria|
An isolated nucleic acid comprising a promoter region having a nucleotide sequence of seq id no: 1, which can maintain high expression under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, and related compositions and methods.. .
|Methods for treating wastewater from exploration for and production of oil and gas|
Volatile organic compounds (vocs), such as btex methanol and other non-phase separable hydrocarbons may be removed from wastewater obtained from oil or gas exploration or production operations by way of a bioreactor. The bioreactor may employ anaerobic microorganisms that metabolize various vocs.
|Apparatus and method for estimating anaerobic threshold|
An apparatus for estimating an anaerobic threshold may include a heart rate detector configured to detect a heart rate from a signal sensed from a user, and an anaerobic threshold estimator configured to estimate an anaerobic threshold of the user based on a change in the detected heart rate.. .
|Apparatus and method for reducing nitrate using iron-oxidizing microorganism|
Disclosed herein are an apparatus and method for reducing nitrate using iron-oxidizing microorganisms, which can easily reduce nitrate using iron-oxidizing microorganisms. The apparatus includes: a nitrate-reducing reactor which is operated under anaerobic conditions and provides a space for reduction of nitrate; and an iron-oxidizing microorganism provided in the nitrate-reducing reactor, wherein the iron-oxidizing microorganism releases divalent iron (fe2+), the released fe2+ is converted to fe3+ by microbial oxidation under anaerobic conditions while releasing an electron, and the released electron is used in the reduction of nitrate into nitrogen gas by the iron-oxidizing microorganism..
|Anaerobic treatment of industrial wastewater|
Feed water is processed in an anaerobic digester. A solid-liquid separation device, for example a sludge screw thickener, treats a stream drawn from the digester in a recirculation loop.
|Apparatus and method for anaerobic wastewater treatment with membrane|
The present disclosure relates to an apparatus and method for anaerobic wastewater treatment with a membrane, which effectively generates biogas and suppresses fouling on a membrane surface by performing anaerobic treatment to wastewater. The apparatus for anaerobic wastewater treatment with a membrane includes: an anaerobic reactor for performing anaerobic treatment to wastewater and generating biogas; an anaerobic membrane bio-reactor for filtering wastewater discharged from the anaerobic reactor by means of a membrane module and providing an additional anaerobic treatment space for the wastewater; submerged membrane modules provided in the anaerobic membrane bio-reactor to filter wastewater; rotating disks provided at both sides of the submerged membrane module to induce turbulence to the wastewater by means of rotation; and a second media provided in the anaerobic membrane bio-reactor to circulate according to the flow of the wastewater so that foulants on a surface of the membrane module are detached..
|Wastewater treatment method and device|
Installation and method for processing wastewater, comprising: a) providing wastewater for processing; b) reducing o2 content of said wastewater by unactivated aerobic digestion; c) subsequently to ‘b’, eliminating substantially all o2 from said wastewater by anaerobic digestion; d) subsequently to ‘c’, transferring said wastewater to a closed photobioreactor; and e) subsequently to ‘d’, maintaining said wastewater in said photobioreactor in conditions favorable for algal photosynthesis, thereby allowing algae to grow in said photobioreactor. A method for growing algae is also disclosed whereby time, density and flow speed are controlled.
|Hybrid artificial wetland water purification system, sewage treatment device using same, and natural nonpoint purification device capable of simultaneously purifying river and lake water|
A water quality purification system for a hybrid artificial wetland includes a first aerobic artificial wetland, an anaerobic artificial wetland, and a second aerobic artificial wetland. Here, the first aerobic artificial wetland induces a vertical flow of water, which is to be purified, and allows pollutants to be removed.
|Pipeline pig brush and brush assembly|
A brush useful in pipeline pigs, for example, in magnetic flux leakage tools or cleaning tools, a method of making the brush and pipeline pig comprising the brush. The brush has a metal bristle holder and a plurality of bristles, the ends of which are held in the bristle holder by glue, swaging or a combination of glue and swaging.
|Method for reducing water usage in a cellulosic conversion process|
Disclosed herein is a process for recycling water in a cellulosic conversion process that comprises selecting process stream(s) that may contain reduced levels of inhibitors and subsequently subjecting the stream(s) to a treatment process to produce treated water. The treated water is thereafter recycled to the cellulosic conversion process, associated utilities or the seal water system.
|Tigecycline crystalline hydrate and preparation method therefor and use thereof|
Provided are a tigecycline crystalline hydrate, and a preparation method therefor and use thereof. The crystalline hydrate has high stability for storage, and is used for the manufacture of a medicament for treating or preventing the infection of respiratory system, hepatobiliary system, facial features, urogenital system, bone and joint, skin and soft tissue and endocarditis, septicemia, meningitis caused by susceptible strains of gram-positive or gram-negative bacteria, anaerobic bacteria, chlamydia, and mycoplasma in human or animal..
|Ballasted anaerobic method for treating wastewater|
A ballasted anaerobic system for treating wastewater including at least one anaerobic treatment reactor. A weighting agent impregnation subsystem is configured to mix weighting agent with the biological flocs to form weighted biological flocs to create a weighted anaerobic sludge blanket in the at least one anaerobic treatment reactor.
|Microorganism expressing xylose isomerase|
The present invention relates to a transformed microorganism capable of (a) a higher xylose isomerase activity than the equivalent microorganism prior to transformation; and/or (b) a higher growth rate in or on a growth medium comprising xylose than the equivalent microorganism prior to transformation; and/or (c) a faster metabolism of xylose than the equivalent microorganism prior to transformation; and/or (d) a higher production of ethanol when grown anaerobically on xylose as the carbon source than the equivalent microorganism prior to transformation.. .
|Composite microorganism reactor, and apparatus and method for water treatment using the same|
The present invention relates to a composite microorganism reactor, wherein both dephosphorization and denitrification occur in one reactor, and an apparatus and a method for water treatment using the same. The composite microorganism reactor according to the present invention comprises: an inner space for accommodating sewage and waste; a partition wall placed in the inner space to divide the same into an anaerobic region for dephosphorization and an anoxic region for denitrification; a sewage and waste inlet portion placed at the upper portion of the anaerobic region; a sewage and waste outlet portion placed at the upper portion of the anoxic region to discharge sewage and waste outside; a sludge discharge hole placed at the lower portion of the inner space to discharge sludge precipitated in the sewage and waste flowing into the inner space; and a sewage and waste agitation device provided at the anaerobic region to agitate the sewage and waste of the anaerobic region, wherein the sewage and waste flowing into the anaerobic region through the sewage and waste inlet portion pass through the lower end of the partition wall to flow into the anoxic region, and then rise at the anoxic region to be discharged outside through the sewage and waste outlet portion..
|Method of anaerobic tissue-targeted gene expression initiated by alcohol dehydrogenase promoter and the application thereof|
A proteomic screening method for anaerobic-specific and expression-effective promoter, and a method of specially delivering and selectively stably expressing target gene in anaerobic tissue by an alcohol dehydrogenase promoter and uses thereof. The latter comprises an anaerobically-induced alcohol dehydrogenase promoter which is used as target gene promoter, anaerobic target bacteria and low copy number plasmid.
|Biological two-stage contaminated water treatment system|
The systems may be used for treatment of water that contains contaminants. Water containing at least one of a nitrate, percholate, chromate, selenate and a volatile organic chemical is combined with nutrients and then is processed in an anoxic-anaerobic bioreactor.
|Method for the complete anaerobic digestion of polymer mixtures|
Iv) 0 to 2% by weight, based on the polymer obtainable from components i to iii, of at least one polyfunctional compound comprising at least two isocyanate, isocyanurate, oxazoline or epoxide groups or at least three alcohol or carboxylic acid groups.. .
|Device and method for estimating energy expenditure during exercise|
The present invention relates to a device and method for estimating energy expenditure during exercise. The device includes a module for estimating whether a person is exceeding their anaerobic threshold and, if they are exceeding their anaerobic threshold calculating the additional energy expenditure due to the anaerobic metabolism of atp.
|Methods of anaerobic digestion of biomass to produce biogas|
Improved methods for anaerobic digestion of organic matter to produce biogas. Among the improvements given are including ferric iron in a hydrolysis reactor to increase the rate and efficiency of anaerobic hydrolysis to provide substrates for methanogenesis.
An exercise device having multiple components that are lightweight and easily storable is described and taught. The exercise device is a platform that may have a non-slip surface.
|System and method for producing ethanol and biogas|
A system and process for producing ethanol and biogas. An incoming feedstock and water is directed to a preparation unit that frees sugar from the feedstock.