|| List of recent Anaerobic-related patents
| Compositions and methods for preventing and treating oral diseases|
Compositions comprising iron-sequestering glycoproteins, chelating agents, stabilizing agents, binding agents, surfactants, fluorides, antimicrobials and a ph adjuster or buffer for the prevention and treatment of oral cavity diseases caused by dental plaque/biofilm, such as dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis, through anti-infective properties are disclosed. The anti-infective properties of a composition include reduction or killing of anaerobic/aerobic/facultative gram-negative and gram-positive oral bacteria occurring in polymicrobial dental biofilms.
| Anaerobic suspended growth treatment of contaminated water|
A system may include a reactor, in which an anaerobic environment exists, that includes a slurry of at least contaminated water and a mixed bacterial culture of facultative bacteria and anaerobic bacteria. The mixed bacterial culture may be suspended within the slurry.
|Anaerobic treatment of industrial wastewater|
Feed water is processed in an anaerobic digester. A solid-liquid separation device, for example a sludge screw thickener, treats a stream drawn from the digester in a recirculation loop.
|Waste processing system with anaerobic mechanism and operation thereof|
A waste processing system includes: an input module for converting input organic waste into processed input waste; a digester module, coupled to the input module, for generating biogas and digester effluent from the processed input waste, including: a digester tank; baffles affixed within the digester tank; a digester process solution in the digester tank including, hydrolytic bacteria, acidogenic bacteria, acetogenic bacteria, methanogenic bacteria, or a combination thereof, for converting the processed input waste into the biogas and the digester effluent; and an output module, coupled to the digester module, for collecting the biogas and digester effluent after a residence period.. .
Biovessel Technologies Inc.
|Purification radioactive wastewater containing iodine radionuclides|
Provided are a purification method and apparatus for radioactive wastewater. The purification method and apparatus for radioactive wastewater according to the present invention, which is a biological purification apparatus for radioactive wastewater containing radioactive iodine, includes: an anoxic tank into which wastewater containing radioactive iodine is introduced; and a microbial purification tank connected to the anoxic tank so as to allow wastewater in an anaerobic state to be introduced and supplied with a metal reducing bacteria source, an electron donor, and a copper ion source, wherein radioactive iodine and copper ions are bound to each other to form copper iodide by metal reducing bacteria, and the formed copper iodide is precipitated in the microbial purification tank, such that the radioactive iodide in the wastewater is removed as sludge..
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
|Process for treating an effluent for the purpose of bringing down the phosphate content thereof, comprising a step of optimized wet heat treatment, and corresponding equipment|
The invention pertains to a method for treating an effluent to be treated in order to reduce its phosphates content, said method comprising a step of anoxic biological treatment of said effluent to be treated, producing a first effluent, a step of aerobic biological treatment of said first effluent, producing a second effluent, a step of recirculating at least a part of said second effluent to the inlet of said anoxic biological treatment step, a step of liquid/solid separation of at least a part of said second effluent, producing a treated effluent and a first denser effluent, a step for producing volatile fatty acids including a wet heat treatment, at a temperature of 100° c. To 350° c., for a residence time of between 10 and 180 minutes, of at least a part of said first denser effluent, a step of anaerobic biological treatment of at least a part of the effluent coming from said wet heat treatment step, and a step of recirculating at least a part of the effluent coming from said anaerobic biological treatment step to the inlet of said anoxic biological treatment step..
Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies Support
|Method of solid-liquid separation and uses thereof|
The invention provides a method for enhancing solid-liquid separation by using a low molecular weight alcohol, such as isopropanol. The methods can be used in a variety of settings to facilitate solid-liquid separation, such as that in anaerobic digestion and treatment of tailing pond sludge..
|Process of producing bioenergy with low carbon dioxide emissions and zero-waste of biomass|
Disclosed herein is a bioenergy production system with reduced carbon dioxide emissions and process wastes; including a process for producing a bioalcohol and a biogas by subjecting a biomass, such as: herbaceous and woody plants, fruit pulp, freshwater and sea algae, grains, aerobic and anaerobic sludge, saccharides, polyols and carbohydrates, to a combined process of a biosaccharification/alcohol fermentation, including a biomass pretreatment process; and a process for producing a methane biogas with a reduced level of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, via an algae cultivation process with a view to purifying the carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide contained in the biogas; wherein, when the algae to be cultivated is microalgae, biodiesel is produced by subjecting the harvested microalgae to a biodiesel manufacturing process while recycling the glycerol and the saccharide-containing waste produced as byproducts to the biosaccharification/alcohol fermentation process, and when the algae to be cultivated is macroalgae the harvested macroalgae is recycled to the biosaccharification/alcohol fermentation process. The method of the present invention is effective in reducing carbon dioxide emissions, a representative green house gas contributing to the global warming, and also in optimizing a zero-waste bioenergy production system..
Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation Keimyung University
|Modified microorganism and methods of using same for producing butadiene and 1-propanol and/or 1,2-propanediol|
The present disclosure provides a non-naturally occurring microorganism comprising: one or more polynucleotides encoding one or more enzymes in a pathway that produces acetyl-coa; one or more polynucleotides encoding one or more enzymes in a pathway that catalyze a conversion of crotonyl alcohol, 5-hydroxy-3-ketovaleryl-coa, 3-ketopent-4-enoyl-coa, or 3,5-ketovaleryl-coa to butadiene; one or more polynucleotides encoding one or more enzymes in a pathway that catalyze a conversion of dihydroxyacetone-phosphate to 1-propanol and/or 1,2-propanediol, wherein the microorganism has reduced levels of pyruvate decarboxylase enzymatic activity (e.g., the microorganism comprises a disruption of one or more enzymes that decarboxylate pyruvate and/or a disruption of one or more transcription factors of one or more enzymes that decarboxylate pyruvate), and wherein the microorganism is capable of growing on a c6 sugar as a sole carbon source under anaerobic conditions. Also provided are methods of using the disclosed non-naturally occurring microorganisms in methods for the coproduction of butadiene and 1-propanol and/or 1,2-propanediol..
|Modified microorganism and methods of using same for producing 2-propanol and1-propanol and/or 1,2-propanediol|
The present disclosure provides a non-naturally occurring microorganism comprising: one or more polynucleotides encoding one or more enzymes in a pathway that produces acetyl-coa; one or more polynucleotides encoding one or more enzymes in a pathway that catalyze a conversion of cytosolic acetyl-coa to 2-propanol; one or more polynucleotides encoding one or more enzymes in a pathway that catalyze a conversion of dihydroxyacetone-phosphate to 1-propanol and/or 1,2-propanediol, wherein the microorganism has reduced levels of pyruvate decarboxylase enzymatic activity (e.g., the microorganism comprises a disruption of one or more enzymes that decarboxylate pyruvate and/or a disruption of one or more transcription factors of one or more enzymes that decarboxylate pyruvate), and wherein the microorganism is capable of growing on a c6 sugar as a sole carbon source under anaerobic conditions. Also provided are methods of using the disclosed non-naturally occurring microorganisms in methods for the coproduction of 2-propanol and 1-propanol and/or 1,2-propanediol..
Microorganism comprising pyruvate dehydrogenase variant and producing c4-chemicals using the same
A recombinant microorganism including pyruvate dehydrogenase having increased activity may increase 1,4-bdo production under anaerobic conditions, as well as a method for preparing same, and method of using same to produce a c4 chemical.. .
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
System and improved anaerobic digestion
A method for improved anaerobic digestion is presented. The method includes mixing a volume of waste material with water to form a feedstock mixture.
Verliant Energy, Inc.
Method for characterization of the redox condition of cementitious materials
Disclosed are methods for determining the redox condition of cementitious materials. The methods are leaching methods that utilize an in situ redox indicator that is present in the cementitious materials as formed.
Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Llc
Method for characterization of the rate of movement of an oxidation front in cementitious materials
Disclosed are methods for determining the redox condition of cementitious materials. The methods are leaching methods that utilize a redox active transition metal indicator that is present in the cementitious material and exhibits variable solubility depending upon the oxidation state of the indicator.
Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Llc
Two-stage anaerobic digestion systems wherein one of the stages comprises a two-phase system
Low cost, efficient two-stage anaerobic digestion systems for the production of biogas (e.g. Methane) are provided.
Washington State University
Microorganism producing 4-hydroxybutyrate and a producing 4-hydroxybutyrate in anaerobic condition using the same
A genetically modified microorganism comprising a polynucleotide encoding α-ketoglutarate synthase or a mutant thereof, and a polynucleotide encoding pyruvate carboxylase or a mutant thereof; wherein the genetically modified microorganism has decreased malate quinone oxidoreductase activity and/or decreased phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity compared to an unmodified microorganism of the same type, and wherein the genetically modified microorganism produces 4-hydroxybutyrate.. .
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Selective beta-glucuronidase inhibitors as a treatment for side effects of camptothecin antineoplastic agents
Compounds, compositions and methods are provided that comprise selective β-glucuronidase inhibitors for both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, especially enteric bacteria normally associated with the gastrointestinal tract. The compounds, compositions and methods can be for inhibiting bacterial β-glucuronidase and for improving efficacy of camptothecin-derived antineoplastic agents or glucuronidase-substrate agents or compounds by attenuating the side effects caused by reactivation by bacterial β-glucuronidases of glucuronidated metabolites of camptothecin-derived antineoplasatic agents or glucuronidase-substrate agents or compounds..
The University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill
Method for treating a waste stream using a bioreactor and a membrane filter
Method for treating a fluid aqueous waste stream comprising a biodegradable organic substance, comprising—feeding said stream into a bioreactor containing a fluid which contains biomass;—reacting the biodegradable organic substance with the biomass in the bioreactor under essentially anaerobic conditions;—taking a first flow from the bioreactor and using the first flow as a feed to a membrane filtration unit, in which said feed is subjected to filtration, thereby forming a permeate stream and a retentate stream;—returning the retentate stream to the bioreactor;—taking a second flow from the bioreactor as feed to a sludge treatment unit, in which sludge treatment unit the second flow is separated into a third flow, having an increased organic substance content compared to the second flow, and a fourth flow, having a decreased organic substance content compared to the second flow.. .
Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies Support
Bioreactor and the waste water treatment method
An aim of the invention is to provide a bioreactor and a waste water treatment method that employs this tank, whereby anaerobic and aerobic microorganism treatment can be continuously carried out, even when the volume of the bioreactor is large, and whereby installation costs can be minimized. The invention comprises an outer tank (2), a cylindrical inner tank (3) disposed inside this outer tank and having openings above and below, a circulation rate control device (4) for controlling the circulation rate of water to be treated in the bioreactor, the circulation rate control device (4) being provided at an upper part of this cylindrical inner tank, a cylindrical control plate (5) for bringing about sedimentation of sludge, the cylindrical control plate (5) being provided at the outer circumference of an upper part of the cylindrical inner tank, a treated-water quality measurement device (6) that is provided outside and inside of the cylindrical inner tank, a waste water supply opening (10) that is provided in the circulation pathway of the water to be treated circulating through the outer tank and inner tank, a treated water discharge opening (11) that is provided in an upper part of the outer tank..
Japan Alsi Co., Ltd.
Fixed bed for aerobic or anaerobic wastewater purification
The invention relates to a fixed bed for aerobic or anaerobic wastewater purification, comprising an upper frame having support elements fixed to opposite side rails and/or intermediate rails for attaching textile, foldable, non-degradable supports for microorganism, a lower frame having support elements for fixing the textile supports to the lower frame, and means connecting the frames at a corner region. The invention is a fixed bed where all parts of the fixed bed can be assembled to form a relatively small packaging unit that already contains the inserted textiles.
B+m Textil Gmbh & Co. Kg
An aim of the invention is to provide a bioreactor and a waste water treatment method that employs this tank, whereby anaerobic and aerobic microorganism treatment can be continuously carried out, even when the volume of the bioreactor is large, and whereby installation costs can be minimized. The invention comprises an outer tank (2), a cylindrical inner tank (3) disposed inside this outer tank and having openings above and below, a circulation rate control device (4) for controlling the circulation rate of water to be treated in the bioreactor, the circulation rate control device (4) being provided at an upper part of this cylindrical inner tank, a cylindrical control plate (5) for bringing about sedimentation of sludge, the cylindrical control plate (5) being provided at the outer circumference of an upper part of the cylindrical inner tank, a treated-water quality measurement device (6) that is provided outside and inside of the cylindrical inner tank, a waste water supply opening (10) that is provided in the circulation pathway of the water to be treated circulating through the outer tank and inner tank, a treated water discharge opening (11) that is provided in an upper part of the outer tank, and a sedimentation-solidification prevention device (12) for preventing sedimentation-solidification of sludge that has sedimented..
Japan Alsi Co., Ltd.
Controlled release fertiliser
The present invention provides a fertiliser comprising nutrients adsorbed onto a core material comprising a carbonate mineral. Also provided are methods of producing a solid fertiliser, the method comprising adsorbing nutrients onto a core material comprising a carbonate mineral.
The Queen's University Of Belfast
Method and device for determining microbial pollution level in different environments and processes
The present invention provides a device for detecting aerobic bacteria, anaerobic bacteria and fungi in a targeted material which comprises of a plurality sided slide, and a vial, wherein a first side of said plurality sided slide is coated with a first predetermined medium for aerobic bacteria growth and a second side of said plurality sided slide is coated with a second predetermined medium for fungal (mold and yeast) growth, and wherein at the bottom of said vial a third predetermined medium is embedded to determine a level of presence of anaerobic bacteria.. .
Recombinant corynebacterium and a producing c4 dicarboxylic acid using the same
A recombinant corynebacterium genus microorganism, and a method of producing c4 dicarboxylic acid under anaerobic conditions using the corynebacterium genus microorganism.. .
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Processes for starting up and operating deep tank anaerobic fermentation reactors for making oxygenated organic compound from carbon monoxide and hydrogen
Wherein the mass transfer of carbon monoxide to an aqueous menstruum in the reactor is controlled to obtain the robust growth of the microorganism and/or continued conversion of gas substrate while maintaining the carbon monoxide concentration below that amount which is unduly adverse to the microorganism.. .
Methods for efficient transfer of viable and bioactive microbiota
The present invention relates to methods for transferring gastrointestinal microbiota that preserves viability and bioactivity of the microbiota, even if fastidious, anaerobic, and non-culturable organisms are present. Also provided herein are examples of how manipulating the gastrointestinal microbiota and introducing particular taxa can be used to affect host metabolic status related to weight, fat, and obesity..
New York University
Systems and methods for monitoring oxygen saturation during exercise
Various systems and methods for monitoring oxygen saturation are provided. A monitoring system may include a sensor configured to obtain a physiological signal and a monitor configured to obtain the signal from the sensor and to determine a baseline oxygen saturation from the physiological signal and to generate one or more zones based at least in part on the baseline oxygen saturation.
Transformed cells that ferment pentose sugars and methods of their use
The present invention relates to host cells transformed with a nucleic acid sequence encoding a eukaryotic xylose isomerase obtainable from an anaerobic fungus. When expressed, the sequence encoding the xylose isomerase confers to the host cell the ability to convert xylose to xylulose which may be further metabolized by the host cell.
Dsm Ip Assets B.v.
Processes for the conversion of biomass to oxygenated organic compound, apparatus therefor and compositions produced thereby
Processes are disclosed for the conversion of biomass to oxygenated organic compound using a simplified syngas cleanup operation that is cost effective and protects the fermentation operation. The processes of this invention treat the crude syngas from the gasifier by non-catalytic partial oxidation.
Syngas biomethanation process and anaerobic digestion system
An anaerobic digester is fed a feedstock, for example sludge from a municipal wastewater treatment plant, and produces a digestate. The digestate is dewatered into a cake.
Regenerative thermal oxidizer for the reduction or elimination of supplemental fuel gas consumption
The present invention provides a regenerative thermal oxidizer system, comprising: a recuperative heat exchanger that receives process exhaust gas from an anaerobic digestion process and boosts an inlet temperature of the gas to a second gas temperature; and a regenerative thermal oxidizer that receives the gas from the heat exchanger, further heats/combusts the gas to a third gas temperature, and feeds the gas back through the recuperative heat exchanger, which recoups heat from the gas such that the gas exits the heat exchanger at a fourth gas temperature.. .
Clean Energy Renewable Fuels, Llc
Anaerobic process for producing biogas with a high methane content by means of the biodigestion of organic waste
This invention is about a process of increased biogas (9) production, with high methane content, in anaerobic biodigestion plants, with production of electric (11) and thermal energy. The process is based upon biotechnologies, hardware and software specifically developed for this aim.
G-meta Consultoria, Participações E Serviços Ltda
Engineered co2-fixing chemotrophic microorganisms producing carbon-based products and methods of using the same
Disclosed herein are microorganisms containing exogenous or heterologous nucleic acid sequences, wherein the microorganisms are capable of growing on gaseous carbon dioxide, gaseous hydrogen, syngas, or combinations thereof. In some embodiments the microorganisms are chemotrophic bacteria that produce or secrete at least 10% of lipid by weight.
Electrochemical processes to separate products derived from biological conversions
The disclosure relates to efficient methods of controlling biological conversions while simultaneously removing and converting some of the generated products. More specifically, and, for example, the disclosure discloses electrochemical processes to remove and capture potentially toxic ammonium during anaerobic digestions and to remove and capture carboxylic acids during bioethanol production.
System and process for treating an anaerobically-processed liquid
A system for treating an anaerobically-processed liquid, comprising: a solid-liquid separator provided with a filter submerged in the anaerobically-processed liquid; a gas-liquid separator retaining a filtrate passed through the filter, and having a gas-phase part which contains a gas and is positioned over the filtrate; a filtrate-flow passage connected to a filtrate discharge side of the filter and the gas-phase part of the gas-liquid separator; and a first gas-flow passage connected to the gas-phase part of the gas-liquid separator, and equipped with a depressurization means for depressurizing the gas-phase part.. .
Method for producing fuel oil base
A method for producing a fuel oil base, comprising: a first step of aerobically culturing a microalga euglena under a nitrogen-deficient condition; a second step of adding a nutrient to a treatment solution containing the microalga euglena cultured in the first step, adjusting the dissolved oxygen concentration of the treatment solution to 0.03 mg/l or less, and performing anaerobic fermentation of the microalga euglena to produce a wax ester; and a third step of hydrotreating a raw material oil containing the wax ester to produce a fuel oil base.. .
Jx Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
Method for producing euglena having high wax ester content
Provided is a method that is for producing euglena having a high wax ester content, capable of more efficiently producing the euglena having a high wax ester content by adding a nutrient before anaerobic fermentation to restore the efficiency of wax ester fermentation. The present invention relates to a method for producing euglena having a high wax ester content.
Jx Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
Grit removal system
A grit removal system for tanks with a need to remove settled solids (e.g., anaerobic digester tank) is described. The system is especially suitable for a large tank, preferably having a flat floor, and it works well while submerged under a liquid.
Process for garbage and sewage treatment through a method able to accelerate the anaerobic digestion output and product resulting therefrom further allowing the use of varying feedstock
The present invention discloses a system stimulating the increase in efficiency of anaerobic digestion of a plurality of feedstock streams upon stimulation of microbial feedstock ability and methanogen predominance in the digestion microbial mass.. .
Biowaste Energy, Lda
Wastewater treatment using controlled solids input to an anaerobic digester
The present invention is a system and process for livestock waste management that operates more efficiently than existing technologies with less maintenance and with less chemical process components (and thus chemical handling) with recovery of useful end products. The invention comprises solids separation of the waste to remove solids in excess of about 0.50 mm in size prior to anaerobic digestion followed directly by solids separation preferably using an ultra filter and then ammonia recovery..
Bion Environmental Technologies, Inc.
Combined bioreactor for the treatment of waste water, by means of anaerobic, aerobic and anoxic processes of degradation of organic matter with zone separator system and collection of biogases, scum and sludge
A bioreactor for anaerobic, aerobic and anoxic digestion of organic matter from wastewater, having a bottom anaerobic zone where the wastewater is fed where anaerobic bacteria produces biogas and the sludge produced is deposited on the bottom and subsequently extracted. An anoxic middle zone contains denitrifying bacteria which converts nitrates to nitrogen, and an aerobic zone at the upper part where at least one biological contact rotor is disposed, which degrade organic matter remaining in the water.
Fluid dynamic bearing apparatus and motor comprising the same
A fluid dynamic bearing apparatus with an increased adhesive strength between a component having an adhesion fixing face and a bracket is provided by appropriately controlling the adhesion gap. Materials for a bracket and a housing are selected so that the value obtained by dividing the linear expansion coefficient of the housing fixed to the inner periphery of the bracket by the linear expansion coefficient of the bracket having a portion for mounting a stator coil of a motor is not lower than 0.5 but not higher than 2.0.
Animal bedding and associated methods for preparing and using the same
Animal bedding having one or more solvents and a lignocellulosic fiber, wherein the lignocellulosic fiber has been processed by ruminant digestion and anaerobic digestion. A method for preparing pelletized animal bedding is also disclosed including the steps of providing excrement from a cow which has undergone ruminant digestion, introducing the cow excrement into an anaerobic digester, modifying the cow excrement to a first wet product, drying the first wet product to generate a first dry product, and densifying the first dry product to, in turn, generate pelletized animal bedding..
Contiguous flow anaerobic digester for mechanization of organic matter and production of fertilizer powering the conditions and performance of the anaerobic digestion process, through homogenization of the sludge and process temperature, wherein the digester is tubular shaped and comprises a biogas exhaust valve at the top of the digester. One end of the digester has a sludge outlet connection, a water- and gas-tight zipper that is resistant to the corrosive elements of digestion, and an outlet.
Spray dryer exhaust treatment and anaerobic digester
A spray dryer exhaust gas treatment system and process recovers waste heat, removes odors from the exhaust gas, or both. The spray dryer may be used to dry digestate from an anaerobic digester.
Biosolids digester and process for biosolids production
The invention relates to methods and apparatuses for producing class a biosolids. In yet another embodiment, the invention relates to a method comprising digesting waster material by anaerobic digestion, and yielding class a biosolids.
Dvo Licensing, Inc.
Method for conversion of halophytic biomass to biogas via thalassic anaerobic digestion
Described is a process for the conversion of halophytic plant biomass containing saline organic solids into biogas through anaerobic digestion. Operation of the process with saline (e.g., seawater) as liquid media under the method conditions taught leads to biological conversion of the organic matter into biogas.
Masdar Institute Of Science And Technology
Membrane supported bioreactor for conversion of syngas components to liquid products
Ethanol and other liquid products are produced by contacting syngas components such as co or a mixture of co2 and h2 with a surface of a membrane under anaerobic conditions and transferring these components into contact with a biofilm on the opposite side of the membrane. These steps provide a stable system for producing liquid products such as ethanol, butanol and other chemicals.
Fermentation process using specific oxygen uptake rates as a process control
Specific oxygen uptake (our) is used as a process control parameter in fermentation processes. Our is determined during at least the production phase of a fermentation process, and process parameters are adjusted to maintain the our within desired ranges.
Method for treating sewage sludge and wastewater treatment plant
The invention describes a method for treating sewage sludge through the treatment steps of hydrolysing (2) the sewage sludge (1) and digesting (11) the hydrolysed sewage sludge (10), which has undergone hydrolysis (2), for the anaerobic treatment of the sewage sludge (1), and through the step of separating phosphate from the at least partially treated sewage sludge (3). Phosphate is separated after the treatment step of hydrolysing (2) and before the treatment step of digesting (11) the hydrolysed sewage sludge (3), wherein the sewage sludge (10), without the phosphate portion separated in the phosphate separation step, is fed to the anaerobic treatment performed through digestion (11)..
P.c.s. Pollution Control Service Gmbh
Method for the treatment, control, minimization, and prevention of bovine mastitis
A method for the treatment, control, minimization, and/or prevention of bovine mastitis including the step of introducing animal bedding into a stall of a cow, wherein the animal bedding includes at least one solvent, and a lignocellulosic fiber, wherein the lignocellulosic fiber has been processed by ruminant digestion and anaerobic digestion.. .
High-nitrogen loading for ammonia processing via anaerobic digestion
A method and system to improve in vitro anaerobic digestion processes are disclosed. Simultaneous digestion of dairy manures with various food wastes improves anaerobic process stability and methane production.
Fermented pomegranate oil composition and preparing the same
Disclosed are a fermented pomegranate oil composition wherein pomegranates are immersed in edible vegetable oil so that the pomegranates are fermented under anaerobic conditions and active ingredients of the pomegranates are efficiently released to the edible oil to obtain edible vegetable oil containing active ingredients of pomegranates which is useful for cosmetics, functional foods and medicine materials, and a method of preparing the same.. .
Sound-output-control device, sound-output-control method, and sound-output-control program
A sound-output-control device including an acquisition unit which acquires an anaerobic threshold, a reception unit which receives an input about exercise intensity, a calculation unit which calculates a value indicating a target heart rate of a user on the basis of the acquired anaerobic threshold and the received exercise-intensity input, a detection unit which detects a value indicating the current tempo of a physical exercise done by the user, and a control unit that controls a sound output on the basis of a result of a comparison of the target heart-rate value calculated by the calculation unit and the current physical-exercise-tempo value detected by the detection unit, so as to lead a heart rate of the user so that the heart rate of the user attains the target heart rate is provided.. .
Wastewater treatment process that utilizes granular sludge to reduce cod concentration in wastewater
A wastewater treatment process that employs anaerobic granular sludge or biomass to remove chemical oxygen demand (cod) from the wastewater. Certain constituents, such as cod, nitrogen, calcium, other dissolved solids, suspended solids, can impair the effectiveness of the granular biomass.
Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies Support
Anaerobic water purification treating a liquid
The invention relates to an anaerobic water purification system, conversion kit and method for treating a liquid. The anaerobic water purification system according to the invention comprises: -a container for the liquid for treatment provided during use with a sludge bed; -a supply conduit operatively connected to the container for supplying the liquid for treatment; -a distribution system connected to the supply conduit for distributing the liquid over the sludge bed from above; -carrier material which is arranged during use in the container and to which anaerobic sludge material can attach; and -a gas roof arranged at or on the container and provided with a volume which can be adapted during use to the biogas production.
Control of conductivity in anaerobic fermentation
Process are provided which are effective for controlling medium conductivity during fermentation of a co-containing gaseous substrate while providing an sty of about 10 g ethanol/(l·day) or more. The process includes balancing medium conductivity, specific carbon uptake or cell density levels..
Methods and nitrogen removal from wastewater
The present invention is directed to equipment, systems and methods for the biological removal of nitrogen from wastewater. The ammonium removal processes disclosed herein can be used in both batch and continuous flow biological reactors with real time control of nitrogen loading to effectively cultivate ammonium oxidizing bacteria alone, as well as in a mixture of ammonium oxidizing bacteria with anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria in a single bioreactor.
Waste biofermenter, based on temperature control by means of heating and cooling an added liquid or gaseous solution for energy-use optimization
The present invention comprises a waste-bio-fermenter device based on temperature control by means of heating and cooling an added liquid or gaseous solution, for energy-use optimization. The device makes it possible to utilize, for energy purposes, biomass and gases that result from anaerobic biodigestion in the thermophilic phase, said device differing from biodigesters currently offered in the market in that its temperature control is monitored, resulting in a shorter fermentation time, better quality, for energy-use purposes, of the produced dry material, and a high yield.
The invention relates to processes and equipment for treatment of a feedstock by anaerobic organisms to produce a methane containing biogas that can be used as a source of energy. The invention is particularly concerned with producing methane from a waste plant material such as produced by fermentation processes used in the alcoholic beverages industry, such as from brewing/distilling processes which employ grain material for fermentation..
Process to anaerobic digestion of wastewater with high concentration of ammonia nitrogen or protein, in upflow anaerobic digester and sludge blanket, with immobilization of microorganisms and inhibition by ammonium controlled using zeolite-clinoptilolite, and optional production of biofertilizer
Procedure using zeolite, clinoptilolite type in an upflow anaerobic reactor and sludge blanket (uasbs) in order to obtain granular active sludge, thereby improving the density of the sludge, and thereby, their settling properties, and increase of biomass within reactor by immobilizing microorganisms, to achieve an increase in the efficiency of the removal of organic material and the production of biogas (60-70% methane) in more than 20% over the same type reactor used so far without zeolite, enabling the use of such reactor for treating wastewater with a high concentration of proteins, amino acids and other nitrogen compounds and which prevents the accumulation of nitrogen, which is toxic to the process by allowing zeolite-clinoptilolite, the exchange with alkali and alkaline earth found in specific points of the crystal structure of clinoptilolite by ammonia nitrogen, and also preventing the development of filamentous bacteria, which are difficult to hold up within the reactor and reduces its efficiency.. .
Biological/electrolytic conversion of biomass to hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon and hydrogen fuels and other products may be produced by a process employing a combination of fermentation and electrochemical stages. In the process, a biomass contained within a fermentation medium is fermented with an inoculum comprising a mixed culture of microorganisms derived the rumen contents of a rumen-containing animal.
Degrading wellbore filtercake with acid-producing microorganisms
A method of degrading a filtercake in an interval of a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation is provided, wherein the filtercake includes a gelled or solid material that can be dissolved or hydrolyzed with an acidic fluid. The method includes the steps of: (a) introducing a treatment fluid into the interval of the wellbore, the treatment fluid comprising: (i) water; and (ii) an acid-producing anaerobic microorganism; and then (b) shutting in the interval of the wellbore..
Liquid methane storage system and method
Systems and methods for controlling the temperature and pressure of a cryogenic liquid methane storage unit are provided. The disclosed systems and methods generate methane gas from a reservoir of liquid methane stored within the methane storage unit, vent the methane gas through one or more outlet valves connected to the methane storage unit, and generate electric power using the vented methane gas.