| Patent Application Title
||Patent App Num.
| Engineering zymogen for conditional toxicity|| 20110023194 || 20110127 |
| The ADP-ribosyltransferase, Vip2, exerts its intracellular toxicity in insects by modifying actin and preventing actin polymerization. Due to the nature of this toxin, expression of Vip2 in planta is lethal to the plant. Described herein are methods of making zymogens of toxic proteins that are benign in a non-target organism and are activated in a target organism. Disclosed herein are methods of engineering a random propeptide library at a terminus of a toxic protein and selecting for malfunctional variants in yeast. Using this method a selected proenzyme possesses reduced enzymatic activity as compared to the wild-type Vip2 protein, but remains a potent toxin towards corn rootworm larvae. The Vip2 zymogen can be proteolytically activated by corn rootworm digestive proteases.
| Novel stevia variety and method of producing sweetener|| 20110023192 || 20110127 |
| High-purity stevioside sweeteners are being provided. Stevia Rebaudiana Bertoni varieties were identified using DNA analysis after cross and selective breeding were implemented. By crossing these varieties, a novel variety which enables continuous cultivation of the specific variety was developed (Deposition No. FERM BP-10870). Extracting the dried leaves of this variety assures consistent high-concentration of stevioside, which makes it possible to produce various favorable stevioside sweeteners.
| Method and system for abstracting virtual machines in a network|| 20110023029 || 20110127 |
| One or more processors and/or one or more circuits may be operable to configure one or more virtual machines and a hypervisor for controlling the one or more virtual machines. The virtual machines and the hypervisor may be distributed across a plurality of network devices. A sub-hypervisor may be configured within each of the virtual machines utilizing the hypervisor. Load information of the network devices may be communicated to the hypervisor utilizing the sub-hypervisors. The virtual machines may include threads, may be load balanced utilizing the hypervisor, dynamically configured utilizing the hypervisor based on changes in the network devices, and scaled by the distribution of the virtual machines across the network devices. Information from the processing of data may be received in the virtual machines. The...|
| Wiring design assisting apparatus, wiring design assisting method, and computer-readable information recording medium|| 20110023005 || 20110127 |
| A wiring design assisting apparatus includes an input part that has attribute information of a wiring pattern input thereto; a degradation degree process part that obtains a degradation degree in signal characteristics of a wiring pattern corresponding to attribute information that is input to the input part, based on position information of the wiring pattern corresponding to the attribute information input to the input part, position information and size information of a pattern removed area, and the degradation degree information; and an extracting process part that extracts, for re-wiring, wiring patterns that have degradation degrees equal to or more than a predetermined degree, from wiring patterns for which degradation degrees have been obtained by the degradation degree process part.
| Accurate parasitic capacitance extraction for ultra large scale integrated circuits|| 20110023003 || 20110127 |
| A system and method for extracting the parasitic contact/via capacitance in an integrated circuit are provided. Parasitic extraction using this system can lead to an improved accuracy on contact/via parasitic capacitance extraction by taking into account of the actual contact/via shape and size variation. The common feature of the various embodiments includes the step of generating a technology file, in which the contact/via capacitance in the capacitance table is derived from an effective contact/via width table. Each element of the effective contact/via width table is calibrated to have a parasitic capacitance matching to that of an actual contact/via configuration occurring in an IC.
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| Personalized shopping avatar|| 20110022965 || 20110127 |
| This is directed to a personalized avatar providing a true representation of the user's body, such that the avatar provides a substantially accurate graphical representation of the user's body. The avatar can be defined using any suitable approach, including by providing measurements of the user's body or extracting measurements from photographs of the user. The user can direct an electronic device to apply selected articles of clothing, accessories, or other items to the user's avatar to preview the appearance of the items on the user. In some embodiments, an electronic device can recommend different clothing items or other objects based on the user's body type.
| Method and system for test point insertion|| 20110022906 || 20110127 |
| It is desired to suppress an increase of the TAT or a repetition of processing in inserting a test circuit on designing. A test point insertion method includes: extracting a plurality of logic cones from a net list; generating an order for the plurality of logic cones based on a connection relation of logic cells in each of the plurality of logic cones; and setting a test point in each of the plurality of logic cones in turn in accordance with the order.
| Av rack system|| 20110022764 || 20110127 |
| A function for enhancing the operability of a user by strengthening the cooperation of a TV and an external apparatus furthermore by communication is attracting attention. Although various technologies are provided, it is not possible to acquire information such as the state or the type of an apparatus itself by simply connecting the apparatus and to control an AV rack itself. Furthermore, the profile of an electronic apparatus being inserted into the rack and the location of the terminal are limited. The AV rack system of this invention is characterized in that a physical address is allotted to a terminal mounted on an AV rack, and the AV rack is controlled in association with the terminal of a connected electronic apparatus.
| Facilitating transmission of email by checking email parameters with a database of well behaved senders|| 20110022670 || 20110127 |
| Facilitating email transmission by extracting email parameters, requesting data in the form of a dns query, and receiving a sender reputation as an IP address. Querying a database by sending a plurality of arguments concatenated to a dns request and receiving an IP address in reply. Operating a remote database as a dns server, receiving queries as domains and transmitting replies in the format of IPv4 or IPv6 addresses. Filtering email by querying a database with email parameters comprising an IP address and a domain of an email sender which may be extracted from an email header in the HELO, EHLO, MAIL FROM, or RETURN PATH. The smtp session is continued, modified or interrupted according to the result of the query submitted to a database operating...|
| Scalable indexing for layout based document retrieval and ranking|| 20110022599 || 20110127 |
| A computer-based method and a system for indexing, querying, and ranking documents based on layout are provided. The method includes providing a plurality of documents to computer memory, extracting layout blocks from the provided documents, clustering the layout blocks into a plurality of layout block clusters, computing a representative block for each of the layout block clusters, generating a document index for each provided document based on the layout blocks of the document and the computed representatives blocks, clustering the created document indexes into a plurality of document index clusters, and generating a representative cluster index for each of the document index clusters. The indexes generated, together with the representative blocks and document index clusters, can be stored and used for retrieval of documents responsive to...|
| Exchange of service capabilities in communication networks|| 20110022580 || 20110127 |
| Systems and methods according to these exemplary embodiments provide for optimizing network resource usage and facilitating exchange of user capabilities information. This can occur by creating a view which shows all of the methods or services which are available for contacting a particular user, which information is viewable by other users of the network. This then improves communications by reducing the potential for one user to attempt to communicate with another user via a method which a user does not support.
| Route searching apparatus and route searching method|| 20110022527 || 20110127 |
| In the present invention, at least a single route is created that satisfies route search conditions received from an information processing terminal, an amount of emissions caused by following the created route is calculated on a route-by-route basis, an emission credit purchase amount required for compensating the calculated amount of emissions is calculated, a route search result including the route, the amount of emissions, and the emission credit purchase amount is sent to the information processing terminal, emission amount compensation is performed by subtracting, from the quantity of emission credits stored in a storage unit, the amount of emissions equivalent to the emission credit purchase amount specified in an emission credit purchase order received from the information processing terminal, and a compensation result at least including...|
| System and method of managing customer information|| 20110022405 || 20110127 |
| A system and method of managing customer information. The method includes recording customer information and preferences for interacting with a plurality of providers by a computer, storing the customer information in a profile by the computer, and using the customer information to facilitate interaction between provider computers and the customer by the computer.
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| Apparatus and method for improving performance of voice recognition in a portable terminal|| 20110022389 || 20110127 |
| An apparatus and method for improving the performance of voice recognition in a portable terminal are provided. The apparatus includes a voice recognition management unit, and a controller. After recognizing a user's voice and extracting at least one voice parameter, the voice recognition management unit determines if the extracted at least one voice parameter meets a criterion for determining one of success and failure of voice recognition. The controller analyzes a result of the determination by the voice recognition management unit and outputs a result of the analysis.
| System and method for measuring greenness of an information technology environment|| 20110022359 || 20110127 |
| A computer-implemented method for measuring the “greenness” of an IT environment is provided. The method comprises extracting asset data from a plurality of IT assets located on a network and extracting one or more greenness attributes from each of the plurality of IT assets. Key performance indicators are calculated, using the one or more greenness attributes, for each of the plurality of IT assets, and the key performance indicators are presented to a user in a graphical user interface. According to more particular embodiments, the greenness attributes comprise numerical values representing one or more of power requirements, power consumption, and resource utilization.
| Method of extracting a time constant from complex random telegraph signals|| 20110022339 || 20110127 |
| A method and apparatus for extracting a time constant from a time series of values of a signal that varies in accordance with multiple charge carrier trap defects that cause Random Telegraph Noise (RTN), using transition-based assignment of states.
| Method of locating and managing elements in the built environment|| 20110022293 || 20110127 |
| A method and system for locating an element from one or elements in a built environment is provided. The element can be located during one of a built phase, a partially built phase and an under-construction phase of the built environment. The method includes assigning a unique ID corresponding to each of the one or elements of the built environment. Thereafter, the method includes positioning the one or elements by linking the unique ID to one or more location attributes corresponding to each of the one or more elements. Further, the method includes extracting one or location attributes of an element to be located in the built environment. Finally, the method includes locating the element on a digital representation of the built environment. Further, the data...|
| Motor controller and electronic power steering apparatus|| 20110022271 || 20110127 |
| An angle calculator detects a rotation angle θa of a rotor. A three-phase/d-q axis converter outputs detected current id, iq on d-q coordinate axes by making a conversion, based on a corrected detection angle θc obtained by adding or subtracting an amount of detection deviation from a time point of current detection to or from the detection angle θa. A command current calculator calculates command current id*, iq* on the d-q coordinate axes based on a steering torque T and a speed S. A feedback controller calculates command voltages vd, vq on the d-q coordinate axes based on the command current id*, iq* and the detected current id, iq. A d-q axis/three-phase converter converts the command voltages vd, vq into three-phase command voltages, based on a...|
| Bottleneck device extracting method and bottleneck device extracting assistance device|| 20110022212 || 20110127 |
| A method and system of specifying a device of root cause of impeding the productivity in consideration of even mutual influence among processes of production fluctuation with respect to the subject of specifying a device in which productive capacity is reduced due to a problem that the productive capacity of device is changed due to Production that one machine works for multiple process and a problem that the productive capacity of device is changed due to High product mix and low product volume production. A measure for changing productive capacity of devices intentionally and simulating influence to the whole production system, a measure for measuring mutual influence among processes of production fluctuation produced by the simulation and a measure for specifying a device of root cause...|
| Medical devices|| 20110022178 || 20110127 |
| A medical device having body contacting surfaces provided with a film of amorphous calcium phosphate having a thickness of 1 nm to 10000 nm and an average dissolution rate calculated as the time taken to remove 95% of the film of at least 1 nm h−1 as determined in accordance with ASTM Standard P1926-03. The characteristics of the film are such that the film is relatively rapidly dissolved from the surface by body fluids. This dissolution of the surface film of amorphous calcium phosphate is sufficiently fast to prevent the attachment of bacteria, thus preventing them forming a biofilm and keeping the cells in a planktonic (non-biofilm) state where they are more vulnerable to the body's defences. The invention is particularly applicable to implants (e.g. orthopaedic...|
| Device and method for extracting heat from the palm of a hand|| 20110022138 || 20110127 |
| A device for extracting thermal energy from the core body of an individual via the palm thereof during or after physical exertion activity by that individual, wherein the device includes (a) an enclosure containing a cold-maintaining substance, wherein the enclosure is not larger than the palm; and (b) securing means attached to the enclosure for securing the enclosure against the palm.
| Wireless ecg in implantable devices|| 20110022109 || 20110127 |
| An implantable medical device such as an implantable pacemaker or implantable cardioverter/defibrillator includes a programmable sensing circuit providing for sensing of a signal approximating a surface electrocardiogram (ECG) through implanted electrodes. With various electrode configurations, signals approximating various standard surface ECG signals are acquired without the need for attaching electrodes with cables onto the skin. The various electrode configurations include, but are not limited to, various combinations of intracardiac pacing electrodes, portions of the implantable medical device contacting tissue, and electrodes incorporated onto the surface of the implantable medical device.
| Systems and methods for titrating rf ablation|| 20110022041 || 20110127 |
| An embodiment of a system for ablating tissue comprises an electrode configured for use to deliver RF power to ablate the tissue, and a heat flow sensor configured to provide a measurement of heat flow from the electrode to blood or irrigation fluid. According to some embodiments, the system further comprises an RF source configured to generate RF power connected to the electrode (PE) to ablate tissue, and a controller configured to control a level of RF power and a duration for an ablation procedure. The controller is programmed to implement a process to estimate RF power dissipated in tissue (PT), including calculating power loss due to convective heat flow (PCONV) from the tissue through the electrode to the blood or the irrigation fluid to cool...|
| Multilayer absorbent article|| 20110022015 || 20110127 |
| An article has a body facing engagement surface for contacting a wearer's tissue layer. The body facing engagement surface has a first state adapted to inhibit movement of the article with respect to the tissue layer of the wearer, and a second state adapted to enhance movement of the article with respect to the tissue layer. The body facing engagement surface is adapted to transform from the first state to the second state upon application of a force greater than a threshold force. The body facing engagement surface has a gripping component and a sliding component wherein the gripping component overlies the sliding component in the first state. The gripping component is disposed for engaging and gripping the tissue layer in the first state until a...|
| Intravenous securement device with adhesively interconnected anchoring component and permeable adhesive strip|| 20110021998 || 20110127 |
| A catheter anchoring assembly includes a permeable adhesive strip, a platform for securing the catheter, and a flowable adhesive layer. The flowable adhesive layer adhesively secures the platform to the adhesive strip. The flowable adhesive is applied to one side of the strip with a skin-contacting adhesive on the opposite side of the strip. The flowable adhesive layer and strip are configured so that the flowable adhesive is spaced from the skin-contacting adhesive or, at the very least, is prevented from penetrating the skin-contacting adhesive. The flowable adhesive layer and strip also permit the assembly to be very flexible and, thus, comfortable for a patient to wear.
| Dilation catheter|| 20110021986 || 20110127 |
| A catheter (10) for treating stenotic sites in the human body (e.g. in the azygos vein) includes an expandable portion (12) having, when expanded, an arched shape. The arched shape may extends over an angle (a) of at least 90° degrees, and preferably of between 90° and 120° degrees, with a radius (R) of less than 3 centimetres, and preferably between 2 and 3 centimetres. The expandable portion AZY (12) may include a flexible support member, and expandable members coupled to the support member to impart, when expanded, the desired arched shape to the flexible support member. Alternatively, the expandable portion (12) may includes an actuator member acting longitudinally of and sidewise to the expandable portion to impart thereto the desired arched shape.
| Passive exercise apparatus|| 20110021953 || 20110127 |
| Exercise apparatus is configured to cause a human body to exercise by adding an external force generated through a drive means to the human body to cause the human body to exert a force counteracting the external force. The apparatus includes: a timer means 21 for measuring the time, which the drive means operated, as exercise time; a storage means 6 for storing the measured exercise time together with time and date; and an arithmetic control means 2 for indicating accumulated exercise time evaluated from the stored exercise time to a user through an indication means 4. The continuity of exercise can be enhanced and the calculated exercise can be easily practiced.
| Excisional biopsy devices and methods|| 20110021948 || 20110127 |
| An excisional biopsy device includes a tubular member having a window near a distal tip thereof; a cutting tool, a distal end of the cutting tool being attached near the distal tip of the tubular member, at least a distal portion of the cutting tool being configured to selectively bow out of the window and to retract within the window; and a tissue collection device externally attached at least to the tubular member, the tissue collection device collecting tissue excised by the cutting tool as the biopsy device is rotated and the cutting tool is bowed. An excisional biopsy method for soft tissue includes the steps of inserting a generally tubular member into the tissue, the tubular member including a cutting tool adapted to selectively bow...|
| Blood pressure measurement apparatus, recording medium on which blood pressure derivation program is recorded, and method for deriving blood pressure|| 20110021927 || 20110127 |
| A blood pressure measurement apparatus includes a derivation control unit that performs derivation control to derive a blood pressure of a measured person. The derivation control unit includes an envelope extracting unit to extract an envelope of a volume pulse wave based on an arterial volume signal, a differential processing unit to differentiate the envelope with respect to a cuff pressure, a maximum value extracting unit to extract a maximum value of a differential value of the envelope, and a blood pressure decision unit that decides the cuff pressure used for the differential of the maximum value as a blood pressure.
| Biomedical imaging apparatus and biomedical tomographic image generation method|| 20110021907 || 20110127 |
| A biomedical imaging apparatus according to the present invention includes: an ultrasound generating section configured to output ultrasound to a predetermined region in an object under examination; an illuminating light generating section configured to emit illuminating light to the predetermined region upon which the ultrasound is incident; a phase component detecting section configured to time-resolve return light of the illuminating light emitted to the predetermined region, from the first time point to the Nth time point, and thereby detect the first to the Nth phase components of the return light corresponding to the first time point to the Nth time point; and a computing section configured to perform a process for subtracting a sum of the first to the (N−1)th phase components from the Nth phase...|
| User interface controls for specifying data hierarchies|| 20110016432 || 20110120 |
| User interface controls that facilitate the specification/modification of data hierarchies. In one set of embodiments, a first UI control component can be provided that comprises an ordered group of drop-down menus. Each drop-down menu in the ordered group can be populated with a selectable list of attributes from a data set and can be associated with a level in a data hierarchy. By selecting values using the various drop-down menus, a user can interactively specify a data hierarchy for the data set. The data set can then be visualized according to the specified hierarchy. In further embodiments, a second UI control component can be provided in addition to the first UI control component. The second UI control component can allow a user to interactively enable or...|
| Information interchange system and apparatus|| 20110016328 || 20110120 |
| To overcome the drawback of difficulties when interchanging a patient's health record among different health information management systems and yet keep the patient's privacy, this invention proposes a method comprising the steps of: extracting, from a certificate, a signature of a first service provider and a first identifier; generating a second identifier corresponding to the first identifier; sending a request to any one of a second identifier manager and the first service provider so as to request a record associated with the first identifier; receiving the requested record from any one of the second identifier manager and the first service provider; and associating the requested record with the second identifier. Use of the proposed method provides the advantage that there is no need to unify all...|
| Configuration file|| 20110016298 || 20110120 |
| A method for configuring a machine including launching an administrative safe mode on the machine when a secured configuration file is detected on a removable storage medium and extracting metadata from the secured configuration file to populate one or more settings fields on the machine that the secured configuration file identifies to configure.
| Data transfer system and method|| 20110016230 || 20110120 |
| A method is disclosed of data transfer between a source computer and multiple target computers. The method includes: transmitting a multi-media formatted transmission from the source computer over a first network to a server configured to receive the multi-media formatted transmission in more than one protocol; converting the multi-media formatted transmission into a data stream in an Internet format by extracting the data stream from the multi-media formatted transmission; transmitting the data stream in the Internet format over a second network to the target computers, the target computers each configured to receive the data stream in a finite set of protocols over the second network, the finite set of protocols including Internet protocols but excluding multi-media protocols; and extracting data from the data stream and reformatting...|
| Enhancing enum security|| 20110016145 || 20110120 |
| A method of providing telecommunication services includes generating a fictitious contact information univocally associated with a telephone number assigned to a subscriber; and storing the fictitious contact information in a database, like an ENUM database. Responsive to a request, received from a requester, of a contact information corresponding to the telephone number and adapted to allow contacting over the Internet the subscriber assignee of the telephone number, the method includes having the database providing the fictitious contact information; and conditioning a resolution of the fictitious contact information for the provisioning of the contact information to the satisfaction of at least one security rule adapted to assess properties of at least one among the requester and the request. In a case that the request from the requester...|
| Method of displaying adaptive album art for portable terminal and apparatus for providing the same|| 20110016126 || 20110120 |
| A method of displaying an adaptive album art for a portable terminal is provided, which includes confirming whether the album art exists by reading meta data frame that corresponds to at least one sound source data, classifying and storing the sound data by meta data items commonly included in the corresponding meta data information if the album art exists, extracting an image file from the album art of the sound source data classified by meta data items, and matching the extracted image file to a changeable disc album art preset by meta data items to display the matched image.
| Method for predicting a future property|| 20110016073 || 20110120 |
| A method for measuring specific substances and extracting objective information from the measurements that is especially applicable in immunoassays but can also be used in other assays which rely on affinity between binding partners. The invention overcomes problems and difficulties caused by disturbing or interfering phenomena by exploiting a mathematical algorithm which predicts the target value from a series of measurements performed during the reaction. The mathematical method of linear prediction is used for this purpose.
| Online e-commerce and networking system with user-participated advertisements, joint online purchasing and dynamic user interactions|| 20110016014 || 20110120 |
| Methods and systems are provided for facilitating user joint purchasing and user-participated online advertisements, including: providing means for a user to request joint purchasing of products and services online; subtracting sponsoring amount provided by users' sponsors from the listed prices of products and services; dividing the cost of products and services among users participated in joint purchasing; receiving separate payments from such users; delivering products and services based on system configurations and user joint purchasing instructions; integrating existing third party online advertisements with user incentives; and enabling users to create and modify online advertisements for entities and individuals, wherein said advertisements can be customized or designed by said users. Such methods and systems further include: providing group and role-based security for users; providing means for external...|
| Method for ascertaining a wheel reference speed of a wheel on a vehicle having a hydrostatic drive, and device for ascertaining a wheel reference speed of a wheel of a vehicle having a hydrostatic drive|| 20110015841 || 20110120 |
| A method for ascertaining a wheel reference speed of a wheel of a vehicle having a hydrostatic drive which uses a transfer medium, the hydrostatic drive acting at least on the one wheel, and the hydrostatic drive having an oscillating motor which may be swiveled to a pumping mode via which a torque may be applied to the wheel, and a wheel speed sensor for detecting the particular wheel speed being situated near the wheel, and the oscillating motor being appropriately adjusted while the wheel speed sensor ascertains the wheel reference speed in order to allow resistance-free flow of the transfer medium through the oscillating motor. The exemplary embodiments and/or exemplary methods of the present invention further relates to a device having arrangements for carrying out...|
| Shift control of continuously variable transmission|| 20110015836 || 20110120 |
| A speed ratio of a continuously variable transmission mechanism 20 is increased when a speed ratio of a subtransmission mechanism 30 connected in series to the continuously variable transmission mechanism 20 is switched from a first speed to a second speed. When an excess rotation speed Nb obtained by subtracting a target rotation speed from an engine rotation speed Ne exceeds a determination value Nr1 during this shifting process, a rapid rotation increase in an internal combustion engine 1 is prevented by reducing a shift speed of the continuously variable transmission mechanism 20 (S105A).
| Semiconductor wafer monitoring apparatus and method|| 20110015773 || 20110120 |
| Metrology methods and apparatus for semiconductor wafer fabrication in which data for metrology is obtained by detecting a measurable property of a monitored entity, which is either (i) a wafer transporter (e.g. a FOUP) loaded with one or more wafers to be monitored, or (ii) a plurality of wafers. Performing metrology measurements on a loaded wafer transporter enables the step of extracting wafer (s) from the transporter for metrology measurements to be omitted. Moreover, metrology measurement may be obtained while transporting the wafer (s) between treatment locations. By considering a plurality of wafers as a unit, a single measurement representing a combination of individual wafer responses is obtained. All wafers contribute to the metrology measurement without the need to perform individual wafer measurements.
| Adhering composition and method of applying the same|| 20110015759 || 20110120 |
| A method of in-situ adhering including providing pre-gel including phenolic compound and water miscible polymers like carbohydrates, salts of anionic polysaccharide, spreading layer of pre-gel onto a surface, adding solid support, comprising cross linking agents capable of interacting with the polymer, to pre-gel, and allowing pre-gel to cure and adhere onto surface.
| Method for extracting a biosubstance from hair and hair sampling device useful in the method|| 20110015651 || 20110120 |
| Disclosed herein is a method for extracting a biosubstance from a root of a hair, including the step of using as the hair a hair that has pulling force of at least a predetermined reference value to pull out the hair.
| Microwave applicator|| 20110015626 || 20110120 |
| A microwave applicator having a probe which comprises an elongate shaft (14), the shaft having an external tubular wall (18), a radiating portion (15) disposed at the distal end of the shaft (14), a transmission line (17) extending to the radiating portion internally of the tubular external wall (18), and an elongate flow dividing member (19) which co-extends with the transmission line (17) longitudinally of the shaft (14), the side wall of the transmission line (17) and the side wall of the flow dividing member (19) contacting each other and contacting the internal surface of the external tubular wall (18) at two-spatially separated discrete positions, thereby defining a pair of flow channels (20, 21) inside the shaft (14). In use, cooling fluid can pass down one...|
| Endovascular method and apparatus with feedback|| 20110015622 || 20110120 |
| An apparatus for delivering energy, and in particular laser energy, to a tissue is adapted to minimize or eliminate burn back caused by contact between the energy delivery apparatus and bodily fluids by (I) preventing the energy delivery apparatus from contacting bodily fluids or tissues that might burn or cause the apparatus to burn; and/or (ii) monitoring the apparatus to detect overheating in order to withdraw the apparatus or control the energy supply in case overheating is detected. The apparatus is applicable, by way of example, to treatment of blood vessels using endovascular techniques.
| Wound irrigation containment arrangement|| 20110015560 || 20110120 |
| A containment arrangement for safely and effectively treating a wound on a patient without contaminating attending personnel. The arrangement comprises a patient receiving first enclosure having a patient contacting periphery, a pressurizable source in communication with the patient through a wall of the enclosure for enlarging the enclosure, and a sealing means arranged in the patient contacting periphery. A hand manipulable fluid discharge nozzle is extendably arranged through the enclosure for providing controllable treatment fluid to the wound on the patient within the enclosure.
| Exercise aiding apparatus|| 20110015550 || 20110120 |
| An exercise aiding apparatus has: a step (2) on which user's foot can be placed; a step driving means (5) for causing the step (2) to move, and causing thereby the foot placed on the step to exercise; and a motion allowable zone modifying means for expanding a motion allowable range of the steps (2) established by the step driving means in accordance with a load acting on the step (2). The motion allowable range of the step (2) is expanded when the user intentionally increases the load acting on the step (2).
| Diagnostic test strip having fluid transport features|| 20110015545 || 20110120 |
| A test strip for testing a blood sample is provided with a fluid transport feature to facilitate transport of a blood sample obtained from a lancing operation through a capillary channel to a measurement site. A fluid transport path is defined on the major face of the strip terminating at the mouth of the capillary channel. The fluid transport path includes a depending portion at one end opposite the mouth of the channel. The depending portion extends away from the strip on the side facing the fluid sample, such that a droplet of fluid sample contacting the depending portion is directed toward the mouth of the capillary channel. Thereafter the sample moves by capillary action to the measurement site.
| Flat doppler probe and method of the same|| 20110015527 || 20110120 |
| A flat ultrasound probe includes a housing having sidewalls, each having a height, a bottom surface for contacting an external surface of a patient during operation of the probe, the bottom surface having a width larger than the height of the sidewalls and a flat portion, and a recession in the bottom surface for containing a transmission material on an outer surface of the housing for aiding in transmission of ultrasound signals, the recession being rounded on all sides where the recession contacts the flat portion of the bottom surface.
| Medical apparatus for collecting patient electroencephalogram (eeg) data|| 20110015503 || 20110120 |
| The EEG Processing Unit comprises a semi-rigid framework which substantially conforms to the Patient's head and supports a set of electrodes in predetermined loci on the Patient's head to ensure proper electrode placement. The EEG Processing Unit includes automated connectivity determination apparatus which can use pressure-sensitive electrode placement ensuring proper contact with Patient's scalp and also automatically verifies electrode placement via measurements of electrode impedance through automated impedance checking. Voltages generated by the electrodes are amplified and filtered before being transmitted to an analysis platform, which can be a Physician's laptop computer system, either wirelessly or via a set of tethering wires. The EEG Processing Unit includes an automatic artifacting capability which identifies when there is sufficient clean data compiled in the testing session. This process...|
| Process for producing mixed gas hydrate|| 20110015455 || 20110120 |
| The composition of raw mixed gas and the gas composition of produced mixed gas hydrate are uniformed as rapidly as possible. The process for producing a mixed gas hydrate comprises the gas hydrate forming step of reacting a mixed gas (g) with water (w) to thereby obtain a gas hydrate in slurry form; the dewatering step of removing the water (w) from the gas hydrate slurry (s); the palletizing step of forming the gas hydrate after water removal into pellets; the freezing step of chilling the gas hydrate pellets (p) to the freezing point or below to thereby freeze the same; and the pressure reduction step of depressurizing the frozen gas hydrate to storage pressure, wherein the mixed gas (g) fed to the gas hydrate forming...|
| Alcohol production process and acid-treated raney catalyst|| 20110015450 || 20110120 |
| The process for producing alcohols includes catalytically hydrogenating a ketone in the presence of a catalyst into an alcohol, and the catalyst is an acid-treated Raney catalyst obtained by contact-treating a Raney catalyst with an acid.
| Dialkyl and diaryl ether production from metal alcoholate|| 20110015449 || 20110120 |
| A dialkyl or diaryl ether is produced by reacting carbon dioxide with a metal alcoholate having the formula, M(RO)x, where “M” is a Group 1, Group 2, or Group 3 metal; “x” is the valence of the metal M; “R” is a C1 to C6 lower alkyl or aryl, wherein the reaction produces a dialkyl or diaryl ether having a formula, R—O—R, and a metal carbonate having a formula M2CO3 where M is a Group 1 metal, MCO3 where M is a Group 2 metal, and M2(CO3)3 where M is a Group 3 metal. The metal carbonate may be removed by conventional means, such as filtration. The dialkyl or diaryl ether may be recovered and used as a fuel, fuel additive, propellant, or building block for...|
| Process for production of carbonyl compound|| 20110015444 || 20110120 |
| A process for producing a carbonyl compound corresponding to an olefin, the process comprising reacting the olefin with molecular oxygen in a water-containing liquid phase comprising a palladium catalyst, a vanadium compound, and a heteropoly acid having a heteropoly anion represented by the Formula: [XaMbM′cOd]n− wherein X is any of elements selected from P, Si, and S; a represents an integer of 1 or 2; M and M′ represent any of elements selected from Mo, W, V, Ta, and Nb; b and c represent an integer of 0 or more; d represents an integer of 1 or more; and n represents an integer of 1 or more.
| Sulfone compound and method for producing the same|| 20110015442 || 20110120 |
| The present invention relates to a process for producing a sulfone compound represented by formula (1), which comprising a step of obtaining a compound represented by formula (4) by reacting a compound represented by formula (3) with a chlorate or a bromate, and then resulting reaction solution with HX or X2; a step of obtaining a compound represented by formula (5) or formula (6) by reacting a compound represented by formula (4) with a halogenating agent or M(OCOR)n; or a step of obtaining a compound represented by formula (7) by reacting a compound represented by formula (5) or formula (6) with an inorganic base.
| Process for continuously preparing methyl mercaptan from carbon compounds, sulfur and hydrogen|| 20110015443 || 20110120 |
| The invention relates to a process for continuously preparing methyl mercaptan by reacting a mixture comprising carbon compounds with sulfur and hydrogen, wherein the carbon disulfide and hydrogen sulfide compounds which form are subsequently converted to methyl mercaptan.
| Process for producing alpha-fluoro-beta-amino acids|| 20110015428 || 20110120 |
| By using a C8-12 tertiary amine having two or more alkyl groups of C3 or higher, and especially diisopropylethylamine, as the organic base, by-production of quantery ammonium salts is effectively suppressed. By applying the production process of the present invention, it is possible to very easily produce (2R)-3-(dibenzylamino)-2-fluoropropionic acid methyl ester, which is extremely important as a pharmaceutical intermediate, with high positional selectivity even on an industrial scale.
| primary allylic alcohol and ag|| 20110015412 || 20110120 |
| The invention relates to a process of reacting a primary allylic alcohol with a compound containing a) a metal selected from the group consisting of Ag, Au, Ce, Mn, Ni, Ru, Re, Zn and Co preferably Ag and b) an oxidant like TEMPO (2,2′,6,6′-tetra-methylpiperidin-1-oxyl) or its derivates and c) a co-oxidants selected from the group of peroxodisulfates (PDS), H2505, H2O2, NaOCl, O2, KOCl, and air.
| Imprinted polymers with affinity for phosphorylated peptides and proteins|| 20110015373 || 20110120 |
| The present invention relates to a method of separating or extracting phosphorylated amino acids, peptides or proteins with a molecularly imprinted polymer and to the preparation of said molecularly imprinted polymer as well as use of a molecularly imprinted polymer for separating or extracting phosphorylated amino acids, peptides or proteins.
| Preparation of supported silyl-capped silica-bound anion activators and associated catalysts|| 20110015357 || 20110120 |
| A method for the preparation of olefin polymerization catalysts that are the reaction products of the catalytic reaction of surface hydroxyls of a support with a trialkyl silane to afford hydrogen and the corresponding surface bound alkyl silyl ether and at the same time with a strong Lewis acid which support is converted to a silica bound anion that in a second step is fully converted by reaction with QM2 to the desired catalyst. Catalyst compositions are disclosed herein. Processes disclosed herein include processes for the polymerization of olefinically unsaturated monomers comprising contacting a plurality of one or more of the monomers with the catalyst.
| Methods and reagents for molecular cloning|| 20090328244 || 20091231 |
| The present invention provides compositions, methods, and kits for covalently linking nucleic acid molecules. The methods include a strand invasion step, and the compositions and kits are useful for performing such methods. For example, a method of covalently linking double stranded (ds) nucleic acid molecules can include contacting a first ds nucleic acid molecule, which has a topoisomerase linked to a 3′ terminus of one end and has a single stranded 5′ overhang at the same end, with a second ds nucleic acid molecule having a blunt end, such that the 5′ overhang can hybridize to a complementary sequence of the blunt end of the second nucleic acid molecule, and the topoisomerase can covalently link the ds nucleic acid molecules. The methods are simpler and more...|
| Copyright detection and protection system and method|| 20090328236 || 20091231 |
| A method for detecting against unauthorized transmission of digital works comprises the steps of maintaining a registry of information permitting identification of digital copyrighted works, monitoring a network for transmission of at least one packet-based digital signal, extracting at least one feature from the at least one digital signal, comparing the extracted at least one feature with registry information and applying business rules based on the comparison result.
| Apparatus and method for convenient and secure access to websites|| 20090328169 || 20091231 |
| A website access application accesses an encrypted central repository on a user's computer to store and access a variety of user-based website login and authentication information in the repository. The central repository provides a single point of access for the authentication information and, by accessing the repository; the process of user identification and authentication for multiple websites can be automated. A single user-selected keystroke combination can be utilized to initiate user sessions with multiple disparate secure websites by accessing the user website login information contained in the central repository and extracting the user login and authentication information contained therein. Additionally, the website access application will track and report on the times savings associated with the streamlined login process for accessing secure websites. In yet another preferred...|
| Application interaction system, application interaction method, recording medium, and application interaction program|| 20090328068 || 20091231 |
| An application interaction system includes: means (136) for storing extraction rules; means (141) for storing conversion rules; means (132) for selecting an extraction rule in means (136); means (133) for extracting data from a first application according to the selected extraction rule; means (134) for selecting a conversion rule in means (141); and means (131), according to the selected conversion rule, for supplying data extracted by means (133) to paste to a second application; and further, means (112) for presenting the selected extraction rule to the first application and supplying the extraction rule after alteration according to data alteration instructions specified in the presented extraction rule, and/or means (122) for supplying information indicating the alteration content according to the data alteration instructions supplied by means (131).
| Industry template abstracting and creation for use in industrial automation and information solutions|| 20090327992 || 20091231 |
| The invention relates to a system and/or methodology for the abstraction and creation of templates for use in industrial automation. The system providing for the abstraction of one or more engineering specifications, and creation of design templates based at least in part on the abstracted design templates. Additionally, the invention provides a user interface for modification of the template creation process and/or templates.
| Method of verifying layout data for semiconductor device|| 20090327982 || 20091231 |
| A data verification method executed by a data verification device that verifies hierarchical structure layout data for a semiconductor device. The method includes retrieving a verification condition that is set in accordance with a data processing system which processes the layout data generated by and provided from a designing device, extracting shaped item existing range information and possessive layout information from the layout data to generate a hierarchical expansion table, cumulating the possessive layout information associated with each cell from an uppermost layer cell of a layout path to a target cell, calculating a cumulative value of the possessive layout information for the layout path, determining whether or not the possessive layout information satisfies the verification condition based on the cumulative value, the verification condition, and...|
| Control system based on image or voice identification and a control method thereof|| 20090327957 || 20091231 |
| A control system based on image or voice identification includes a display unit, an order-catching device, a control device, a database and an acting device. A control method thereof includes steps of: showing a plurality of selection codes by the display unit for a user to observe and give an order according to one of the selection codes; catching images or voices of the order through the order-catching device and delivering the caught order to the control device; interpreting the order to obtain an action code, searching the database, and identifying one of the selection codes identical to the action code by the control device; and transmitting a control signal from the control device to the acting device, with the control signal being corresponding to the...|
| Interactive overlay window for a video display|| 20090327949 || 20091231 |
| The present invention relates to video displays for surveillance camera systems, and in particular, to an overlay window and associated method for interacting with a video display. The overlay window comprises a plurality of geometric areas overlying video data containing a plurality of objects displayed on a video display. Each object is associated with at least one geometric area that is responsive to an input for generating a response from the associated object.
| Tab management in a user interface window|| 20090327947 || 20091231 |
| Techniques to facilitate finding a tab or tabs in a user interface window are described. Various embodiments present tabs, individual tabs being associated with an opened document such as a web page or an activity, in a user interface window and automatically group at least some of the tabs together in a visually distinctive way. In at least some embodiments, this grouping is performed in response to a user interacting with the tabs in a particular way. For instance, a user may cause a tab to be created or moved within the user interface window such that the tab is grouped with a tab group or ungrouped from a tab group. Furthermore, one or more embodiments provide for certain tab-related actions, such as selecting an active...|
| System and method for ubiquitous appliance control|| 20090327910 || 20091231 |
| A slave relay station is adapted to serve and/or host pages comprising a simplified graphic user interface (GUI) encoded in a widely recognized format such as, for example, HTML or WML. The GUI embodies activatable links corresponding to control functions for configured appliances. A wireless phone or other device with network access and the capability to process and present such pages, for example via a Web browser, may then be utilized to effect control of such appliances by simply navigating to the network address of the slave relay station, obtaining an appropriate GUI page, and interacting with the links.
| Text input|| 20090327880 || 20091231 |
| A mobile communications device including a receiver for receiving metadata; a memory for storing the received metadata; a user interface for receiving user input defining a first string of characters; a controller for searching the metadata for the first string of characters by traversing the received metadata and extracting at least one second string of characters, wherein the at least one second string of characters is embedded in the metadata and wherein a first part of the at least one second string of characters matches the first string of characters; wherein the user interface is configured to display the at least one second string of characters for selection; and wherein the controller is arranged to instruct the memory to, in a case one of the at...|
| System and method for creating an internationalized web application|| 20090327866 || 20091231 |
| A method and a system for creating an internationalized Web application are provided. The method comprises loading a Web page into a browser in response to an operation of activating the browser by a user; scanning a Document Object Model (DOM) tree of the Web page to find all contents which possibly need to be translated in the Web page, and marking the contents visibly on the browser; collecting information related to contents to be translated corresponding to a direct selection made by the user in the contents which are identified as possibly needing to be translated in response to the selection; and extracting the contents to be translated from the Web page according to the collected information and storing the contents to be translated, and...|
| System for examining effects and proposing consequential actions|| 20090327810 || 20091231 |
| Traditionally, in fault diagnosis systems, the user is instructed to investigate symptoms exhaustively until a single fault is identified. A more advanced known system recognises that it may be cost effective to address a fault that has been determined as being likely but not certain to exist; in preference to further examination of the symptoms. However this technique has been found not to work well when a symptom is known to be only sometimes associated with a fault. The invention addresses this problem by 1) deriving a first value, for each fault, of probable benefit of acting on that fault and for identifying the fault for which that value is greatest, 2) deriving a second value, for each symptom, of probable benefit of an investigation into...|
| System and method for end-to-end electronic mail-encryption|| 20090327714 || 20091231 |
| The present disclosure provides a system and method for end-to-end electronic mail encryption. In one embodiment, the sender contacts a payload-encryption-packet creation server which receives the message the sender would like to encrypt, generates an encrypted message and a payload-encryption-packet, and returns both to the sender. The sender then uses his regular email infrastructure to transmit to the recipient the encrypted message and the payload-encryption-packet as a single email. Upon receiving the sender's email, the recipient contacts a payload-encryption-packet processing server and sends it the payload-encryption-packet and authorization information. Depending on the validity of the authorization information, said server processes the payload-encryption-packet and provides the recipient with information usable for extracting the original message from the encrypted message.
| System and method for variable encryption|| 20090327712 || 20091231 |
| A method for variable encryption of a plurality of files. The method serves a plurality of subscribers. The method includes receiving a request from one of the plurality of subscribers to download at least one of the plurality of files and receiving authorization to download the at least one of the plurality of files. The method also includes accessing the at least one of the plurality of files, encrypting the at least one of the plurality of files and inserting a key into the encrypted at least one of the plurality of files. Finally, the method includes downloading the encrypted at least one of the plurality of files to the one of the plurality of subscribers, extracting the key and deciphering the encrypted at least one...|
| Information processing apparatus, program execution method, and storage medium|| 20090327669 || 20091231 |
| According to one embodiment, an information processing apparatus comprises a storage storing program modules and parallel execution control description describing relationships of the program modules, a conversion module extracting a part relating to the program module from the parallel execution control description, and creating graph data structure creation information including preceding and succeeding information of the program module, an adding module extracting graph data structure creation information to which the input data is given, creating a node, and adding the created node to a formerly created graph data structure, and an execution module subjecting the graph data structure to at least one of depth-first search and breadth-first search with a restricted breadth, selecting one node from nodes stored in the node memory, and executing a program...|
| Message conversion apparatus for integrated monitoring of industrial equipment|| 20090327511 || 20091231 |
| Disclosed is a message conversion apparatus for integrated monitoring of industrial equipment capable of integrated management and monitoring using the internet or computer networks, by extracting data conforming to a predetermined Self Description from each message of different communication protocols and converting it into XML message format, when transmitting status and operational message from semiconductor equipment or industrial automation PLC equipment to a server.
| Methods and systems for peer-to-peer app-level performance enhancing protocol (pep)|| 20090327412 || 20091231 |
| The present invention relates to methods, apparatus, and systems for providing peer-to-peer network acceleration. The system includes content servers and clients. Each of the clients is capable of functioning as a proxy server. A client generates a request for content, and the requesting client determines which of the content servers contains the requested content. The requesting client then determines that one of the clients is in a position to retrieve the requested content on the content server at lower latency than the requesting client. The client then functions as a proxy server for the requesting client, and the requesting client receives the requested content from the client acting as a proxy server.
| Copying entire subgraphs of objects without traversing individual objects|| 20090327377 || 20091231 |
| Copying or compacting performance in garbage collection is improved by copying a first memory area (preferably comprising multiple objects) to a second memory area without traversing individual objects in the copied memory area and adjusting all copied memory locations identified as pointers in a metadata data structure. An entire linearized subgraph of the object graph can be copied at a time.
| Information processing apparatus, information processing method and information processing program|| 20090327349 || 20091231 |
| The present invention provides an information processing apparatus which can direct a user to a playlist different from a playlist being reproduced. There is provided the information processing apparatus including a content storage unit storing a plurality of contents therein, a playlist storage unit storing a plurality of playlists which is related to at least some of the plurality of contents, a reproducing unit sequentially reproducing a plurality of contents belonging to a first playlist in a plurality of playlists, a candidate content extracting unit extracting one or more candidate contents relating to a content being reproduced by the reproducing unit from the content storage unit, a playlist extracting unit extracting a second playlist to which the extracted candidate contents belong from the playlist storage unit,...|
| Establishing patient consent on behalf of a third party|| 20090327297 || 20091231 |
| Methods and systems for managing similar and dissimilar entities|| 20090327289 || 20091231 |
| Search criteria and potential targets of searches are each represented by a classification of attributes. The search classifications and target classifications are compared to determine whether a target matches or loosely matches the search criteria. The search classifications and target classifications may be modified to increase the chance of a match or loose match. A user can request to modify a classification using a visual interface in which information about the classification is presented. The matching approach may be implemented in conjunction with conventional matching methods to provide classifications. The matching approach is capable of interacting with users of the approach to dynamically alter the classifications being searched based on any given set of search results.
| Intellegent data search engine|| 20090327249 || 20091231 |
| Automatically extracting information that matches a predetermined criterion from one or more web pages at one or more web sites and automatically producing one or more extracted data-field names from the information extracted from the one or more web pages at the one or more web sites. The extracted information includes at least one extracted data-field value associated with one of the one or more extracted data-field names. If one of the extracted data-field names matches an existing data-field name in a previously constructed data base including one or more data fields each associated with a data-field name and a data-field value, the method updates an extracted data-field value associated with the data-field name in the data base. If one of the extracted data field names...|
| Contemporaneously sharing resources targeted by a library|| 20090327221 || 20091231 |
| Computer-readable media, computer-readable media, computerized methods, and computer systems for acting on properties of multiple resources, which span disparate locations within a network, upon detecting an intuitive user-initiated operation are provided. Initially, a library is provided that includes a framework for contemporaneously accessing a collection of items within a scope thereof. Upon launching the library, representations of the scoped items are surfaced at a UI display. When the user-initiated operation is applied at one of the surfaced representations, properties of each of the scoped items are automatically manipulated. A library-configuration state, which reflects how the items are affected upon manipulating the properties thereof, may be updated upon implementing the manipulation. Accordingly, if the scope of the library is subsequently extended to encompass another item outside the...|
| Recognizing gestures from forearm emg signals|| 20090327171 || 20091231 |
| A machine learning model is trained by instructing a user to perform proscribed gestures, sampling signals from EMG sensors arranged arbitrarily on the user's forearm with respect to locations of muscles in the forearm, extracting feature samples from the sampled signals, labeling the feature samples according to the corresponding gestures instructed to be performed, and training the machine learning model with the labeled feature samples. Subsequently, gestures may be recognized using the trained machine learning model by sampling signals from the EMG sensors, extracting from the signals unlabeled feature samples of a same type as those extracted during the training, passing the unlabeled feature samples to the machine learning model, and outputting from the machine learning model indicia of a gesture classified by the machine learning...|
| Load distributing method, computer product, and load distributing apparatus|| 20090327164 || 20091231 |
| A load distributing method includes receiving information concerning resources of a terminal device from the terminal device in a grid on a network of a grid computing system; extracting, from a computation data group related to grid computing and based on the received information concerning resources, computation data corresponding to the resources; and distributing to the terminal device, the extracted computation data together with content reproducible during processing of the computation data.
| Method and system for managing electronic bills|| 20090327110 || 20091231 |
| A method and system for managing electronic bills in an electronic device are provided. The method includes defining keywords of a short message; receiving the short message on the electronic device; determining whether the short message relates to the electronic bill; and extracting transaction data of the short message and generating a transaction record accordingly in response to a determination of the electronic bill.
| System for marketing goods and services utilizing computerized central and remote facilities|| 20090327061 || 20091231 |
| A system and means for transacting business utilizing remote and central locations. Each of the locations has an array of electronic communications equipment for communicating information about goods and services comprising audio, video, and data between the central location and a customer at the remote location.
| Method and apparatus for interacting with a user over a network|| 20090327046 || 20091231 |
| One embodiment of the invention provides a method for interacting with a user over a network. The method includes receiving a request from a user machine for a content page at a publisher web-site. The user machine is provided with an interstitial page including one or more fields for collecting information about the user and two or more user response options for selection by the user, including at least a positive response and a negative response. The selected user response to the interstitial page is received and recorded, along with any information collected about the user. The recorded information may be used in a future determination of an interstitial page to provide to the user machine.
| System and methods for pricing markdown with model refresh and reoptimization|| 20090327037 || 20091231 |
| A system and method for tuning markdown plans is provided. Such a system and method may include configuring initial rule set. Initial Demand models are generated. A first optimization for inventory pricing may be received from the price optimization system. The first optimization uses the initial demand models and cost data. A markdown plan is generated by applying the initial rule set to the first optimization. The plan is implemented. Updated data may be received which mandates a re-optimization of the plan. Demand models are refreshed using the updated data. Initial rule set is updated by cross referencing plan history with the initial rule set and subtracting rule events that have previously occurred. A second optimization is received which uses the refreshed demand models and cost...|
|Extraction device for use when extracting a ceramic foam filter|| 20080313876 || 20081225 |
| An extraction device is provided for use when extracting a ceramic foam filter, as used for example in the production and processing of aluminium. The extraction device includes an anchor device (1) having an anchor body (2) suitable for driving into the filter, and a screw thread (8) that extends along at least part of the length of the anchor body, for engagement with the filter.
|Method and apparatus for manufacturing electronic circuit board|| 20080313893 || 20081225 |
| A method for manufacturing an electronic circuit board which contains an electronic circuit on a main surface of a glass substrate according to the invention sequentially performs a step of electrically inspecting the main surface of the glass substrate on which the electronic circuit is formed, a step of specifying positions and defect types of defects on the main surface of the glass substrate, a step of calculating reference point coordinates on the main surface of the glass substrate and correcting the coordinates, a step of extracting respective defects from an image around the defects and specifying a defect to be corrected in the extracted defects by referring to a defect existing range registered in advance for each defect type, and a step of cutting the...|
|Hunting knife|| 20080313911 || 20081225 |
| The present invention relates to a hunting knife for assisting a hunter in field dressing an animal, particularly for assistance with breaking the pelvic bone of the animal. The knife includes a handle, a single blade and an extended element. The longitudinal axis of the knife and the longitudinal axis of the extended element are disposed generally parallel and co-planar, as defined herein. A forward-receiving slot is formed between the blade and the extended element for receiving a portion of the pelvic bone of the animal. The present invention includes sheaths for containing the knife of the present invention. A method for using the knife of the present invention includes the steps of contacting the knife to the portion of the pelvic bone desired to be...|
|Footwear sole and footwear having said sole|| 20080313924 || 20081225 |
| The invention relates to a footwear sole with massaging effect comprising an external sole configured for resting on the ground and at least an insole interposed between said external sole and the user's foot. In one embodiment, the footwear has one or more vertically movable pliable areas peripherally connected to the remaining portion of the sole by bridges of elastically pliable material, which project from the outer sole and are moved towards the foot during walking. Such pliable areas are provided with an extension passing through a slot of said insole and having at least a foot contacting end portion composed of a soft or elastically pliable material. In another embodiment, the inner vamp lining the outer vamp and the outer vamp are free to slide...|
|Apparatus for extracting a fishing hook|| 20080313950 || 20081225 |
| A device for extracting a fishing hook fastened to a fishing line from the mouth of a fish, having an elongate holding arm and a tubular hook holder which is connected to the front end of the holding arm and can be pivoted by a pivoting device from an engagement position which is oriented forwards into a release position which is oriented backwards, wherein the free internal cross section and the length of the hook holder are dimensioned in such a way that the limb of the fishing hook fits into it, and wherein the hook holder has a lengthwise a slot for introducing the fishing line, and wherein the pivoting device has a connecting rod which acts on the hook holder and is displacable longitudinally...|
|Polishing pad and production method thereof|| 20080313967 || 20081225 |
| There are provided a polishing pad which exhibits excellent polishing stability and excellent slurry retainability during polishing and even after dressing, can prevent a reduction in polishing rate effectively and is also excellent in an ability to flatten an substrate to be polished, and a method for producing the polishing pad. The method comprises dispersing water-soluble particles such as β-cyclodextrin into a crosslinking agent such as a polypropylene glycol so as to obtain a dispersion, mixing the dispersion with a polyisocyanate such as 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and/or an isocyanate terminated urethane prepolymer, and reacting the mixed solution so as to obtain a polishing pad having the water-soluble particles dispersed in the matrix.
|Refrigerator|| 20080314066 || 20081225 |
| The present invention discloses a refrigerator including a refrigeration chamber which comprises an upper wall, a lower wall, two side walls and a rear wall connected to the upper wall, the lower wall and two side walls to form a receiving container surroundingly. The refrigeration chamber is provided therein with a baffle which has a distance of 0 to 10 mm from the rear wall of the refrigeration chamber. As the refrigerating chamber is provided with the baffle, vegetable and fruit etc. can be prevented from frostbiting due to directly contacting with the rear wall of the refrigeration chamber, and the temperature in the refrigeration chamber can be kept even.
|Method and device for extracting glass melt from flow channels|| 20080314086 || 20081225 |
| A process and apparatus for removing molten glass from flow channels for the transport of production glass that are installed between a melting furnace and an extraction point for the production glass. The flow channel has a glass-resistant inner lining. A drainage unit for bottom glass is installed upstream of the extraction point for the production glass. In order to keep electrodes away from the molten glass, but still maintain a local and temporal influence on the temperature profile within the cross section, the inner lining, at least in the area of the drainage unit, of is formed of a fusion cast electrically conductive material which has a drainage opening for the bottom glass with a drainage slit above it. At least two electrodes are installed...|
|Device to transform rectilinear alternating motion into intermittent rotary motion|| 20080314172 || 20081225 |
| The invention concerns a device for transforming alternating rectilinear motion into intermittent rotary motion, in particular for the command of indexed rotary tables. It comprises at least one fixed base element (11) with cam guide means (14), a moving slide element (12) associated with the fixed element, equipped with mechanical locator means (15) following said cam guide means (14) and susceptible to alternating movements on and with respect to said fixed base element commanded by an actuator, and an index plate (13) rotatably associated with the fixed element, interacting mechanically with the moving slide element (12) and susceptible to angular rotation pitch in answer to the alternating movements of said moving slide element. The index plate is connected to an indexed rotary table to be commanded.
|Roller transmission and gearing mechanism|| 20080314179 || 20081225 |
| A roller transmission and gearing mechanism with a driving body, roller means and a driven body, wherein the driving body is coupled to the driven body by means of the roller means, the bodies are guided with a single degree of freedom, and define respective roller guide tracks thereon, the tracks contact the roller means and determine the movement of the roller means, which contact the roller guide tracks along rolling curves, the roller guide tracks start and terminate at respective pairs of limit surfaces, and the roles of the driving and driven bodies can be interchanged, furthermore the distances between points of the rolling curve on the driving body and on the driven body are different, the rolling means move with pure rolling motion, and...|
|Method for making a relief printing form|| 20080314271 || 20081225 |
| The invention provides a method for making a printing form having a relief surface on a floor from a photosensitive element. The method involves generating a polymerization rate curve for the photosensitive element from a step exposure test by measuring a cure response, such as floor thickness or one or more relief image characteristic/s, of the element relative to an energy density of a source of actinic radiation. The method exposes a photosensitive element to the source of actinic radiation based on energy density that accounts for changes in intensity of lamps used for the source of actinic radiation.
|Valve-deactivating hydraulic lifter having a contoured pin housing bottom surface|| 20080314343 || 20081225 |
| A valve-deactivation hydraulic valve lifter including a recessed face on the pin housing for making contact with the a crowned surface region of a roller follower. The lifter includes a pin housing that is slidably disposed within an axial bore in a lifter body. Pins for variably locking the pin housing to the lifter body may be disengaged to place the lifter in lost-motion mode by application of engine oil to the outer ends of the pins. A surface of the pin housing, preferably configured as a dished surface, is formed on the bottom end face of the pin housing that approaches the cam-following lifter roller for making contact with the roller follower so as to avoid contacting the roller follower's crowned surface region.
|Dry powder inhalation apparatus|| 20080314383 || 20081225 |
| The invention relates to dry powder inhalation apparatus usually operable by breath of a user which provides for controlled and smooth transfer of medicament during multiple actuations by a user. A mechanism of the apparatus for achieving this controlled and smooth transfer includes a device (4) normally held adjacent a reservoir for receiving medicament in a cup or receptacle (15) and which is generally movable transversely of a longitudinal axis of the apparatus to delivery channels of the apparatus. This bodily shifting of the device (4) is achieved by a yoke acting on an abutment (16) thereof. Spillage of medicament in the apparatus is avoided.
|Processes for the preparation of solar-grade silicon and photovoltaic cells|| 20080314446 || 20081225 |
| A process for the manufacture of high-purity elemental silicon is described. The process includes the step of preparing a silica gel composition by reacting at least one organosilane compound with an aqueous composition, so as to form granules of the silica gel. A hydrocarbon species is then decomposed by way of a hydrocarbon cracking reaction in the presence of the silica gel composition, so that carbon resulting from the decomposition of the hydrocarbon species is deposited on the granules of the gel composition. Heating of the carbon-containing silica gel composition to an elevated temperature produces the elemental silicon product. Related methods for making photovoltaic cells, using the elemental silicon, are also described.
|Flow control|| 20080314450 || 20081225 |
| the apparatus further comprising pump means for pumping fluid out of the sample channel and for pumping air out of the syphon such that fluid in the reservoir can flow through the syphon and into the sample channel.
|Machine and method for applying a tread to a tyre carcass|| 20080314503 || 20081225 |
| A machine (1) and method for applying a tread (2) to a carcass (3) of a tire (4); the machine (1) has a rotary drum (5) supporting the carcass (3), a feed conveyor (6) for feeding the tread (2) to the rotary drum (5), a pressure roller (7) contacting the tread (2), an actuating device (8) for pushing the pressure roller (7) against the tread (2) with a force (F) of adjustable intensity, and a control unit (9) for regulating the intensity of the force (F) as a function of an error variable (E) calculated as the difference between the length (RCC) of the remaining portion of the circumference of the carcass (3), and the length (RTL) of the remaining portion of the tread (2); and...|
|Window coverings|| 20080314530 || 20081225 |
| A window coverings includes an upper and a lower elongated members, a slat assembly, a first lift cord, a second lift cord and a lift cord retracting and releasing control means. The lift cord retracting and releasing control means is located at the upper elongated member and cooperative with the first and second lift cords to control movement of the slat assembly. The first lift cord has one end fastened to the lift cord retracting and releasing control means and other end threading through the upper elongated member. The second lift cord has one end fastened and wound around the lift cord retracting and releasing control means and threading through the upper elongated member. Through coupling relationship between the first and second lift cords and the...|
|Method and system for direct contact of hot liquor with wood chips in transfer circulation|| 20080314534 || 20081225 |
| A method for heating a chip slurry in a pulping system including an impregnation vessel and a chemical digesting vessel, the method including: impregnating chips in the impregnation vessel with a liquor; transporting the chips from the impregnation vessel to an upper elevation of the digester vessel; extracting liquor from a lower elevation of the digester vessel, wherein the extracted liquor has a temperature substantially higher than a temperature of the chips being transported to the upper elevation of the digester vessel, and adding extracted liquor from the lower elevation of the digester vessel to the chips being transported from the impregnation vessel to the digester vessel.
|Method for dewatering a fabric|| 20080314540 || 20081225 |
| A method of dewatering a fabric includes contacting the fabric with an endless wicking substrate.
|Heat dissipation device with a heat pipe|| 20080314554 || 20081225 |
| A heat dissipation device with a heat pipe includes a base for thermally engaging with an electronic device, a first fin assembly and a second fin assembly arranged on the base, and a heat pipe thermally connecting the first and second fin assemblies with the base. The first fin assembly has a first contacting face defining two grooves and the second assembly has a second contacting face facing to the first contacting face defining two grooves. The heat pipe includes an evaporation section thermally connecting with the base and the first and second fin assemblies, a first condensation section and a second condensation section respectively thermally engaging in the grooves of the first contacting face of the first fin assembly and the second contacting face of...|
|Heat dissipation device having a fan for dissipating heat generated by at least two electronic components|| 20080314556 || 20081225 |
| A heat dissipation device for at least two heat-generating electronic components, includes a base, a fin set and a plurality of heat pipes. The base includes a supporting frame and at least two plates attached to a bottom of the frame for contacting with the at least two heat-generating electronic components. The fin set includes a plurality of fins on the base. The heat pipes respectively and thermally connect the at least two plates and the fin set together. A single fan is attached to the heat dissipation device for generating an airflow through the fin set to dissipate heat in the fin set absorbed from the at least two heat-generating electronic components.
|finishing machines used to orient objects|| 20080314716 || 20081225 |
| An improvement to finishing machines that are used to orient objects. The finishing machine includes a hopper for receiving loose objects, such as lids, and an endless belt for extracting the lids from the hopper. The belt moves vertically upwards with the lids and sorts the lids automatically, such that only correctly-oriented lids are retained. The machine is also equipped with a combined system for ejecting and conveying oriented lids, including: a plate which covers the upper part of the belt and which extends laterally beyond the belt, downstream thereof, in order to support the lids as they are ejected from the grooves in the belt; devices for ejecting the lids from the grooves and for subsequently conveying same beyond the grooves downstream, the ejection devices...|
|Movable contact assembly and switch using the same|| 20080314722 || 20081225 |
| A movable contact assembly includes a movable contact having a dome shape, a base sheet contacting an upper surface of the movable contact, a columnar portion provided on an upper surface of the base sheet, and a light guide sheet provided on an upper surface of the columnar portion. The light guide sheet has a light-receiving surface for introducing light into the light guide sheet, and allows the introduced light to be emitted from an upper surface of the light guide sheet. The base sheet includes a dome portion having a concave lower surface, and a flat portion connected with an outer edge of the dome portion. The columnar portion is positioned on the upper surface of the dome portion away from the outer edge of...|
|Process for enhancement of the selectivity of physically acting solvents used for the absorption of gas components from industrial gases|| 20080314801 || 20081225 |
| The invention relates to a method for recovering absorbed hydrocarbon components while absorbing acid gases from technical gases, as for example a natural gas, by means of physically active absorption agents, wherein the inventive method consists in increasing the pressure of a loaded absorption agent extracted from an adsorption device, in adding said loaded absorption agent to the top of a rectification column which consist of a lower feeding stove and of one or several lateral stoves operating at a pressure slightly greater than the absorption column pressure, in adjusting an equilibrium is said rectification column in such a way that the acid gas concentration in the absorbent agent increases in the direction away from the bottom of the column and the hydrocarbon concentration decreases in...|
|Tank for oils or liquids for direct fastening on a fastening surface|| 20080314915 || 20081225 |
| A tank for oils or liquids designed for being fastened directly on a fastening surface. The tank can be fastened in a compact manner and with reliable hold on a fastening surface while having a sufficient tank volume. At least one fastener acting directly on the fastening surface is led through the tank volume.
|Multifunctional medicinal dispensary device|| 20080314919 || 20081225 |
| A multifunctional medicinal dispensary device made up of an armstand, an arm with an attached punchknob pivotably connected thereto and equipped with a handle as well as a punchplate with a hole in it being attached to the topside of the armstand along with a splitter bar and splitterguard each connected to the arm and a pillcrusher component also pivotably affixed a pivotstand affixed to the arm and laterally positioned pill compartments within the arm stand all for the purpose of extracting pills from pill packs, splitting and/or crushing them or for extracting liquid medicine from within capsular pill jackets, all very hygienically, economically and efficiently with only minimal effort, without waste.
|Assembly for fixing and connecting light bar lamp|| 20080314944 || 20081225 |
| An assembly for fixing and connecting a polygonal LED light bar lamp includes a fixing seat, a covering plug, and an electrical connector. The fixing seat has a bottom with both edges thereof extending to form two bevels and parallel plates. The bottom and bevels have a penetrating hole, respectively. The covering plug has a cover having an insertion hole. Two electrode pins are disposed in the interior of the insertion hole. The electrical connector has a partitioning block. Both sides of the partitioning block have a protruding pillar, respectively. The protruding pillar is provided with a hollow pillar having electrodes for contacting with electrode pins. With the fixing seat being fixed on a carrier, the light bar can be held in the fixing seat with...|
|Gas combustion type striking tool|| 20080314951 || 20081225 |
| In a gas combustion type striking tool which strikes a fastener supplied in a nose portion into a member to be fastened by burning mixed gas inside a combustion chamber above a striking cylinder in accordance with a pulling operation of a trigger lever to drive a striking piston and a driver by a pressure of the combustion gas thus generated, a topper is disposed so as to be able to protrude into a path of a feed pawl or a feed piston, and a stopper engaging member, which extends downward from the striking cylinder and is movable in a vertical direction, engages with the stopper when the stopper engaging member moves downward, thereby retracting the stopper from the path.
|Adjustable telescopic support|| 20080315058 || 20081225 |
| An adjustable telescopic support. The support has at least two tubular elements slidable telescopically one inside the other. A device locks the elements in an adjustable position and includes a seat at one end of the external tubular element and a contractible collar mounted in the seat between an operative position in which the collar is clamped on the internal tubular element and locks the tubular elements axially relative to each other, and a non-operative position in which the tubular elements can slide. A clamp is provided between the collar and the seat for contracting the collar as the collar moves in the seat. The support also has an actuator between the collar and the external tubular element that moves the collar axially in the seat...|
|Process for obtaining hydrogen from natural gas|| 20080315158 || 20081225 |
| The invention relates to a process for obtaining hydrogen from natural gas which comprises (a) reacting the natural gas with a mixture of air and steam in a single reactor to obtain a gas comprising H2 and CO, (b) reacting the CO produced at a high temperature with steam to obtain a gas comprising H2 and CO2, and (c) reacting the CO which has not reacted in step (b) at a low temperature with steam to obtain a gas comprising H2 and CO2, characterized in that in step (a) the natural gas, the air and the steam are fed simultaneously and react on the same catalyst and in that the pressure used in steps (a) to (c) varies between 1 and 8 atm, as well as...|
|Windscreen wiper system for vehicles and a fixing element for such a system|| 20070294851 || 20071227 |
| With a windscreen wiper system for motor vehicles with at least three connections or fixings at intervals from one another for screw-free installation of the windscreen wiper system on vehicle bodywork, the fixings consist respectively of a fixing element which can be pushed into an attachment or fixing hole where it can be anchored by engagement. At least one fixing element has a grommet in elastic material which can be inserted into the attachment or fixing hole, designed with at least one projection acting as a catch. In order to reduce the installation force, at least one cavity is arranged radially inwards in the area of and opposite the projection with reference to a grommet axis.
|Backpack blower|| 20070294855 || 20071227 |
| A backpack blower comprising a blower which has an air intake opening, a backpack frame which is used to support the blower on the back of a user, and a back pad that is coupled to the backpack frame and contacts the back of the user. The back pad is composed of a cushion material and has a back surface contacting the back of the user and an opposite surface. The air intake opening communicates with at least a portion of the opposite surface, so that the air intake noise of the blower can reach at least the portion of the opposite surface.
|Calender for embossing and compacting a textile web|| 20070294869 || 20071227 |
| An apparatus for embossing and compacting a textile web has a calender with a body having a surface. An array of embossing formations project from the body surface and each have an outer face directed away from the body surface and formed as a narrow strip pressable into the web.
|Method for producing polyolefinic amines and compositions containing same|| 20070294936 || 20071227 |
| Polyolefinic amines may be produced in a reaction comprising contacting an olefin or a polyolefin with an azo compound under free radical conditions to form a polyolefinic nitrile having an average molecular weight of at least 250, followed by reducing the polyolefinic nitrile to a corresponding polyolefinic amine. The polyolefinic amines produced by the reaction may be included as a detergent in compositions, such as fuel compositions, additive compositions, and/or carrier compositions.
|Calibration and setup unit for barrier operator control system|| 20070294961 || 20071227 |
| A setup and calibration unit for a barrier operator is operable to communicate with the operator's own controller. The calibration unit includes a control circuit connected to a visual display and to a set of switches controlled by switch actuators for placing the operator controller in a controller run mode or calibration mode, scrolling through selected actions displayed on the display in one direction or the other, a set/clear function and display backlighting for user interaction with the setup and calibration unit. The setup and calibration unit is particularly adapted for use with upward acting sectional and roll-up doors and other types of barriers movable between open and closed positions by motorized operators. The calibration unit may be operably connected to the operator controller via hard...|
|Method for controlling an expansion valve and expansion valve, in particular for vehicle air-conditioning systems operated with co2 as the refrigerant|| 20070295016 || 20071227 |
| The invention relates to a method for controlling an expansion valve, in particular for vehicle air-conditioning systems operated with CO2 as the refrigerant, with a valve housing which has a feed opening and a removal opening, with a valve-closing member which closes a valve seat of a passage opening arranged between the feed and removal openings, and with a resetting device which acts in the closing direction of the valve-closing member, an adjusting element, which is assigned to the valve-closing member, on the low-pressure side being activated via a predetermined threshold value as the low pressure rises or as the temperature on the low-pressure side rises and actuates at least one actuating element by means of which a closing force of the resetting device acting on...|
|Automatic, contact-free bearing clearance measurement system|| 20070295066 || 20071227 |
| The present disclosure describes systems and methods for measuring bearing clearances in an internal combustion engine such as a reciprocating engine. The system uses a non-contacting measuring device to measure the movement of parts within a cylinder or cylinders of an engine as a vacuum is applied to the cylinder(s). As the pressure changes within the cylinder(s) the movement of the parts is recorded and then analyzed to identify the clearances of different bearings and compare the measured clearances to tolerances appropriate for the engine. Distance measurements may be taken from multiple points within the cylinder to generate a more accurate measurement of the displacement of the parts. The non-contacting measuring device reduces wear and damage to the piston surface from which the measurements are taken...|
|Three-dimensional, non-contacting, angular motion sensor|| 20070295089 || 20071227 |
| A three-dimensional non-contacting angular motion sensor, based on magnetometry, has been developed for velocity feedback in the ball wheel mechanism, which serves as the drivetrain for a class of omnidirectional mobile platforms. More generally, this scheme tracks rigid-body rotation about a fixed point with an undefined axis of rotation. The approach involves tracking the time-varying magnetic field of a permanent disc magnet, embedded at the center of the sphere. This data is then used to determine the absolute orientation of the magnet axis. Finally, an approach based on the natural invariants of rigid-body motion is used to determine the instantaneous axis of rotation and the angular speed of the sphere about this axis.
|Pressure gage sensor adjustment device|| 20070295092 || 20071227 |
| A sensor adjustment device for an indicating pressure gauge includes a groove disposed on a dial and a sliding member. The sensor moves and is located in the groove by means of the sliding member. The gauge contains a sensor that operates without contacting an indicator needle of the gauge, and electronic signals are outputted from the sensor to automatically send an alarm once the indicator needle passes through where the sensor is located.
|Ball screw with an engaging type circulation cassette|| 20070295133 || 20071227 |
| A ball screw with an engaging type circulation cassette comprises a nut, a screw shaft and a circulation cassette. The nut and the circulation cassette are defined with a locking groove and a protruding block respectively, and an elastic connecting portion is defined on the circulation cassette for connecting with the engaging groove or the engaging block. Thereby this invention solves the conventional problem of fixing the circulation cassette to the nut only by using the locking element, and the elastic connecting portion of the circulation cassette can increase the convenience for assembling. Furthermore, the circulation path of the circulation cassette is of close type, which can prevent the ball from impacting the nut, so as to reduce the generation of noise.
|Feeding unit and method for feeding an element to a treatment unit|| 20070295169 || 20071227 |
| A feeding unit for feeding an element to a treatment unit of a machine tool, in particular for feeding a rivet to a riveting unit, has a gripping element provided for the fastening element for the automatic take-up of the fastening element from a supply unit and automatic feed to the treatment unit. The gripping element is disposed on a rotary element rotatable about an axial direction, and at least one electromagnet is provided which is configured in such a way that a torque acting on the rotary element is generated by a magnetic force.
|Pultruded non-metallic damage-tolerant hard ballistic laminate and method of manufacture thereof|| 20070295198 || 20071227 |
| A lightweight and highly effective armor in which engineered ballistic broad goods are encased in exacting alignment within a specialized housing, composed of a polymeric composite, which is simultaneously formed around the dry broad goods by a pultrusion manufacturing process. The product finds use as protective armoring for vehicles, personal armor, siding and roofing for existing structures, and structural panels for construction of ballistic resistant structures.
|Electrostatic collection device|| 20070295207 || 20071227 |
| Embodiments of the present invention relate to an electrostatic collection device and method for extracting impurities from gas. The collection devices includes at least one electrical field for charging particles, where the particles are in a gas, and at least one collection surface for collecting charged particles. The device further includes at least one heating element for heating the at least one collection surface to vaporize the collected particles.
|Brewed-beverage vending machine provided with means for cleaning the brewing filter|| 20070295219 || 20071227 |
| A vending machine (1) comprises a brewing unit (7) provided with a brewing chamber (8) that is closable at the bottom portion thereof by means of a movable filter (9) adapted to retain the brewing residues, and further comprises actuator means (11) adapted to cause said filter (9) to displace from a first brewing position, in which said filter (9) is associated to said brewing chamber (8) in a fluid-tight manner, to a second discharge position, in which said filter (9) is separated from said brewing chamber (8), and vice-versa. The vending machine (1) is characterized in that said actuator means (11) comprise cleaning means (24) interacting with said filter (9) to remove the brewing residues therefrom, said actuator means (24) actuating said cleaning means (24)...|
|Process for embossing a substrate material and substrate material|| 20070295229 || 20071227 |
| Process for creating embossed substrate materials such as metal foils, plastic films, papers and layered materials or laminates in a printing machine, as desired simultaneous to additional printing using ink. For the embossing of the substrate material a gravure roll as printing plate is provided in a printing station along with an impression roll. The printing elements on the printing plate are transferred to the substrate material as an embossed image. To that end, in the printing station, the substrate material is passed between the gravure roll and the impression roll and thereby embossed. The gravure roll acting as printing plate exhibits the e.g. engraved, depressed or and/or raised printing elements. The substrate material exhibits the embossed pattern and if required mono-colored or multi-colored printing. The...|
|Pyrotechnic actuator|| 20070295232 || 20071227 |
| The present invention relates to a pyrotechnic actuator, containing: a housing, a piston slidable inside the housing, an igniter disposed within the housing and causing the piston to slide, the piston including a piston head having a pressure-receiving surface with which a combustion product, produced by actuation of the igniter, collides, a piston rod extending from the piston head and further, a resin portion provided at least in a part of the piston, the resin portion being disposed in contact with a member including the housing, the piston being fixed by contacting the resin portion to the member including the housing, and the piston being prevented from moving before activation of the igniter.
|Silane-modified polyvinylalcohols|| 20070295246 || 20071227 |
| Silane-modified polyvinyl alcohols are prepared by copolymerizing a vinyl ester monomer and an epoxy-functional comonomer, reacting epoxy groups with a nucleophilic silane containing at least one alkoxy group, and hydrolyzing to a polyvinyl alcohol copolymer.
|Solar cell module and photovoltaic power generator using this|| 20070295381 || 20071227 |
| A surface electrode (5) is installed on the light receiving surface of a solar cell element, the surface electrode (5) comprises three bus bar electrodes (5a) for extracting light-produced at the solar cell element to the outside and collecting finger electrodes (5b) connected to these bus bar electrodes (5a), and the bus bar electrodes (5a) are not less than 0.5 mm and not more than 2 mm in width and the finger electrodes (5b) are not less than 0.05 mm and not more than 0.1 mm in width. A high-efficient solar cell module can be obtained with substantially lowered resistance by increasing the number of bus bar electrode (5a) and thereby decreasing the lengths of the finger electrodes (5b).
|Solar cell with high-temperature front electrical contact|| 20070295397 || 20071227 |
| A solar cell has an active semiconductor structure and a back electrical contact overlying and contacting an active semiconductor structure back side. A front electrical contact is applied overlying and contacting the active semiconductor structure front side. The front electrical contact has multiple layers including a titanium layer overlying and contacting the active semiconductor structure front side, a diffusion layer overlying and contacting the titanium layer, a barrier layer overlying and contacting the diffusion layer, and a joining layer overlying and contacting the barrier layer. The front electrical contact may be applied by sequentially vacuum depositing the titanium layer, the diffusion layer, the barrier layer, and the joining layer in a vacuum deposition apparatus in a single pumpdown from ambient pressure. A front electrical lead is...|
|Label structure and label structure obtaining method|| 20070295439 || 20071227 |
| A label structure and a method for obtaining the label structure are described. A self-adhesive web of material continuously advances at a predetermined speed along a path between an ultrasonic horn assembly and a rotary anvil, the self-adhesive web of material of a type originally used for the obtaining of labels or other self-adhesive products. The ultrasonic horn assembly is further activated to move along its vertical axis and further transmits ultrasound wave signals when contacting the web of material. The rotary anvil welds predetermined strips onto the web of material, the predetermined strips inhibiting silicone from cross bands and from side longitudinal bands of a silicone layer of the silicone-coated plastic tape of the web of material, which will form back end cross bands, intermediate...|
|Camstack timer with momentary start switch|| 20070295589 || 20071227 |
| A device enables a camstack in an appliance timer to be rotated without applying electrical power to the switches of the appliance. The device includes a knob having an elongated actuator extending from a lower surface of the knob to an outboard end, the elongated actuator having a shoulder between the outboard end of the elongated actuator and the knob, a camstack shaft for rotating a camstack used to selectively engage cam followers for controlling operation of an appliance cycle, the camstack shaft including a passageway for telescopically receiving the elongated actuator extending from the knob, a switch actuator having a hub and a radial flange, the hub having a passageway for receiving the outboard end of the elongated actuator up to the shoulder so the...|
|Method and apparatus for microwave assisted high throughput high pressure chemical synthesis|| 20070295594 || 20071227 |
| A method and associated instrument are disclosed for increasing the sequential rate at which a series of microwave assisted chemical reactions that potentially generate high pressure can be carried out. The method includes the steps of opening a pressure-resistant valve on a microwave-transparent pressure-resistant vessel to define a unpressurized pathway through the valve into the vessel, inserting a tube through the pathway in the valve and into the vessel, transferring at least one composition into the vessel through the tube, removing the tube from the vessel and from the pathway in the valve, closing the valve to seal the vessel against pressure release, and exposing the vessel and its contents to microwave radiation. The instrument includes a source of microwave radiation, a cavity in microwave communication...|
|Wet chemical processing chambers for processing microfeature workpieces|| 20070295600 || 20071227 |
| A wet chemical processing chamber comprising a fixed unit, a detachable unit releasably coupled to the fixed unit, a seal contacting the fixed unit and the detachable unit, and a processing component disposed in the fixed unit and/or the detachable unit. The fixed unit can have a first flow system configured to direct a processing liquid through the fixed unit and a mounting fixture for fixedly attaching the fixed unit to a platform or deck of an integrated processing tool. The detachable unit can include a second flow system configured to direct the processing liquid to and/or from the first flow system of the fixed unit. The seal has an orifice through which processing liquid can flow between the first and second flow systems, and the...|
|Carrier|| 20070295622 || 20071227 |
| We describe a carrier which seeks to prevent containers, such as bottles, located in compartments at open ends of the carrier from slipping out of the carrier. We also describe a carrier in which adjacently located bottles are prevented from contacting into each other. We further describe a carrier in which sliding movement of a loaded carrier across a surface is minimised.
|Compositions and methods of using same in producing heavy oil and bitumen|| 20070295640 || 20071227 |
| deposition in a formation, wellbore, near wellbore region, and production tubing. Compositions of the invention comprise an asphaltene solvent and a viscosity reducing agent, the asphaltene solvent and viscosity reducing agent present in a ratio so as to substantially reduce viscosity of an asphaltene-containing material while substantially negating deposition of asphaltenes either in a reservoir, in production tubing, or both when mixed or otherwise contacting the asphaltene-containing material Methods of the invention comprise forcing a composition comprising an asphaltene solvent and a viscosity reducing agent to contact an asphaltene-containing hydrocarbon in an underground geologic formation, and producing from the formation a production composition comprising at least some of the treatment composition and at least some of the asphaltene-containing hydrocarbon under conditions sufficient to substantially negate deposition...|
|Methods for producing a total product with minimal uptake of hydrogen|| 20070295641 || 20071227 |
| Methods of producing a total product are described. A method includes contacting a feed with light hydrocarbons in the presence of one or more inorganic salt catalysts and steam to produce a total product; controlling contacting conditions such that at least 50% of the light hydrocarbons are recovered; and producing a total product, wherein the ratio of atomic hydrogen to carbon (H/C) in the total product is between 80% and 120% of the atomic H/C of the feed.
|Systems and methods for producing a total product with inorganic salt recovery|| 20070295643 || 20071227 |
| A system to produce a total product and recover inorganic salts from a combustion gas is described. The system includes a contacting zone, a regeneration zone and a recovery zone. The contacting zone is configured to fluidize a supported inorganic salt catalyst in the presence of a feed, steam, and a hydrogen source to produce the total product. The regeneration zone is configured to receive at least a portion of the supported inorganic salt catalyst from the contacting zone and remove at least a portion of contaminants from the supported inorganic salt catalyst. The recovery zone is configured to receive combustion gas from the regeneration zone, wherein the recovery zone is configured to separate at least a portion of inorganic salts from the combustion gas.
|Process for improving and recuperating waste, heavy and extra heavy hydrocarbons|| 20070295644 || 20071227 |
| A process for upgrading a heavy hydrocarbon includes the steps of obtaining a heavy hydrocarbon; contacting the heavy hydrocarbon with a solvent at upgrading conditions so as to produce a first product comprising a mixture of upgraded hydrocarbon and solvent and a second product comprising asphaltene waste, water and solvent; and feeding the first product to a separator to separate the upgraded hydrocarbon from the solvent. A system is also provided.
|Methods for producing a crude product from selected feed|| 20070295645 || 20071227 |
| Methods of producing a crude product are described. A method includes providing a feed and a supported inorganic salt catalyst to a contacting zone. The feed has at total content, per gram of feed, of at least 0.9 grams of hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution between 343° C. and 538° C. Contact of the supported inorganic salt catalyst with the feed in the presence of a hydrogen source and steam is performed such that the supported inorganic salt catalyst becomes fluidized, and a total product that includes a crude product is produced. The crude product has a total content of at least 0.2 grams per gram of crude product of hydrocarbon have a boiling range distribution between 204° C. and 343° C.
|Method for producing a crude product with a long-life catalyst|| 20070295646 || 20071227 |
| Continuously contacting a crude feed with one or more catalysts for at least 500 hours at a liquid hourly space velocity of at least 1 h−1 produces a total product that includes a crude product. At least one of the catalysts has a pore size distribution with a median pore diameter of at least 180 Å and includes one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and/or one or more compounds of one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table.
|Sootblower frame assembly|| 20060288515 || 20061228 |
| A sootblower frame particularly adapted for long retracting-type sootblowers for cleaning of internal surfaces of large scale combustion devices. The frame, preferably formed from sheet metal stock, incorporates integrally formed surfaces and configuration features which provide for guiding and movement of the sootblower carriage assembly. The side panels of the frame further provide the surface for the mounting of the drive rack by which the carriage is advanced and retracted along the frame.
|Door hinge device and electronic appliances having the same|| 20060288532 || 20061228 |
| A door hinge device includes a hinge shaft fixed to a body of an appliance and having a damping protrusion on one side of an outer surface, and a coupling member having a shaft engaging hole coupled to an outer surface of the hinge shaft. The shaft engaging hole includes a holding portion having an inner diameter corresponding to an outer diameter of the hinge shaft and a damping portion having a larger inner diameter than the outer diameter of the hinge shaft and surrounding the damping protrusion. The damping portion includes a separation section separated from the damping protrusion when the door is closed, and a contact section contacting the damping protrusion when the door is opened. The door hinge device can prevent slamming or...|
|Crimping and edge protection elements|| 20060288561 || 20061228 |
| A crimping system for crimping a stent onto a catheter balloon includes at least one crimping head of moveable contracting members, which define a diameter reduction chamber. The chamber has a length and a longitudinal axis. The chamber has a reduced diameter configuration and a pre-reduction diameter configuration. Each member has a length corresponding to the length of the chamber. In both the reduced diameter configuration and the pre-reduction diameter configuration each member is a given distance from the longitudinal axis, wherein a first region of the length of each member is a greater distance from the longitudinal axis than a second region of the length of each member.
|Filter sealing system|| 20060288674 || 20061228 |
| An axial flow filter element including alternately arranged flat and folded filter media layers forming axial channels having an open cross-section, one end of each channel of a first group being sealed and the remaining channels being sealed at the other end so that fluid flowing through the element from an inflow face at one axial end must pass from a channel of the first group through the filter media to a channel of the second group to exit from a discharge face at the other axial end; a channel of the second group adjoining each side of each channel of the first group spaced from the edge of the filter element so fluid can flow through the entire lateral area of the first group of...|
|Misfire detection system for internal combustion engine|| 20060288768 || 20061228 |
| When a fuel cut command is issued, a time required for a crankshaft of each cylinder to rotate through a certain angle is stored in one memory per cylinder. In a stage of engine production, a combustion variation per cylinder is stored in another memory. When fuel is supplied, a particular component is extracted from a value obtained by subtracting the sum of the time required for the rotation in a non-combustion state and the combustion variation from the time required for the rotation corresponding to a cylinder determined to be in a combustion stroke. The occurrence of a misfire is determined when the extracted particular component exceeds a threshold.
|Underground pipe inspection device and method|| 20060288802 || 20061228 |
| A method and apparatus for inspecting the walls of an underground pipe from inside the pipe in which an inspection apparatus having a circular planar platform having a plurality of lever arms having one end pivotably attached to one side of the platform, having a pipe inspection device connected to an opposite end, and having a system for pivoting the lever arms is inserted into the underground pipe, with the inspection apparatus oriented with the planar platform disposed perpendicular to the pipe axis. The plurality of lever arms are pivoted toward the inside wall of the pipe, contacting the inside wall with each inspection device as the apparatus is conveyed along a length of the underground pipe.
|Liquid-gas separator for direct liquid feed fuel cell|| 20060288870 || 20061228 |
| A liquid-gas separator for a direct liquid feed fuel cell includes a tube having an opening portion at a sidewall thereof; liquid extracting members that selectively transmit the liquid in the tube and located at both ends of the tube; a gas extracting membrane that selectively transmits the gas and covers the opening portion; an inlet that guides the liquid and the gas into the tube; chambers that surround an outer side of the liquid extracting member; and outlets that guide the liquid in the chambers to the outside by being connected to the chamber.
|Method and apparatus for a projectile incorporating a metasable interstitial composite material|| 20060288897 || 20061228 |
| A method and apparatus for incorporating nanophase elemental materials and metastable interstitial composite materials into projectiles, projectile fragments, ordnance casings, warheads and structural components. The projectile, fragments and casings include an elemental material capable of oxidizing. A coating material that is capable of preventing oxidation of the elemental material and an oxidizing agent may be present and be capable of reacting with the elemental material so that a self-propagating high temperature synthesis reaction from a stabilized solid material is yielded for the purpose of rendering terminal effects or thermal impact to a target at impact.
|Process for the production of sulfur from sulfur dioxide|| 20060288919 || 20061228 |
| The reduction of gas streams containing sulfur dioxide to elemental sulfur is carried out by contacting a reducing gas, such as natural gas, methanol or a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, with recycled sulfur to produce a stream containing hydrogen sulfide that may be reacted with the gas stream that contains sulfur dioxide. Gas streams with a molar concentration of sulfur dioxide from 1 to 100% may be processed to achieve nearly 100% sulfur recovery efficiency.
|Pet collar with integral leash|| 20060288960 || 20061228 |
| A pet collar with an integral, retractable leash mechanism includes a flexible collar portion with a releasable buckle and means for length adjustment. A retractable cable is contained in a housing mounted on the collar. The retractable cable is normally biased to retract into the housing, but can be prevented from retracting by engaging a manual lock, so that the cable may be used as a leash. The cable terminates in a swivel attachment, which is itself connected to a hand strap portion. The hand strap includes means for releasable attachment to itself and to the collar, so that the hand strap may be secured flush against the collar when not in use.
|Devices, systems, and methods using magnetic force systems in or on tissue in an airway|| 20060289014 || 20061228 |
| Systems and methods place a magnetic structure in or on a single tissue mass in an airway. A first magnetic region on a given structure magnetically interacts with a second magnetic region on the structure to shape the structure within the single tissue mass and thereby stabilize a desired orientation for the single tissue mass. The first magnetic region can magnetically interact with the second magnetic region, e.g., by generating magnetic attracting forces.
|Compositions containing free radical quenchers|| 20060289034 || 20061228 |
| The invention relates to a method of cleaning the surface of a substrate to remove post-etch residue or post chemical mechanical polishing residues from the surface of a substrate. Specifically, the present invention relates to a method of post-CMP or post-etch cleaning. The method involves contacting the surface of a substrate with a CMP composition or an etching composition, that contains free radicals, and subsequently contacting the surface of the substrate with a composition that comprises a free radical quencher.
|Self-extracting service module for piping infrastructures|| 20060289063 || 20061228 |
| A self-extracting service module for piping infrastructures comprises a platform on which is mounted equipment for controlling and or monitoring the flow of liquid or gaseous media throughout the piping infrastructures. A first remote-controllable pipe coupling system is interconnected with the equipment inlet and a second pipe coupling system is interconnected to the equipment outlet. The pipe coupling systems are remotely manipulable for engaging and disengaging the equipment with piping infrastructure inlets and outlets. The platform is attached to actuators positioned near each corner of the platform. The service module is extracted from the piping infrastructure by first isolating the equipment from the flow of liquid media after which, the pipe coupling systems are remotely disengaged from the piping infrastructure inlet and outlet. The actuators are...|
|Self-extracting service module for piping infrastructures|| 20060289064 || 20061228 |
| A self-extracting service module for piping infrastructures comprises a platform on which is mounted equipment for controlling and or monitoring the flow of liquid or gaseous media throughout the piping infrastructures. A first remote-controllable pipe coupling system is interconnected with the equipment inlet and a second pipe coupling system is interconnected to the equipment outlet. The platform is attached to actuators positioned near each corner of the platform. The actuators cooperate with at least one pressure-driven device. The service module is extracted from the piping infrastructure by isolating the equipment from the flow of liquid media after which, the pipe coupling systems are remotely disengaged from the piping infrastructure inlet and outlet. The actuators are operated to move the platform from within the piping infrastructure to...|
|Method for treatment of chemically passivated galvanized surfaces to improve paint adhesion|| 20060289089 || 20061228 |
| A method of treating a zinc-galvanized metal surface, which has been chemically passivated, the treatment providing increased resistance to corrosion and improved adherence to a subsequently applied organic coating comprising contacting a chromium passivated, zinc-galvanized metal surface with a coating solution bath comprising from about 1 to about 10 parts per thousand, based on fluorine content, of an inorganic acid or ion that contains fluorine; at least 0.5 parts per thousand, based on transition metal cation content, of an oxide and/or a salt of nickel; and optionally, from about 0 to about 3.0 grams per liter of a polymer selected from the group consisting of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, and C1 to C8 alkanol esters thereof; wherein the pH of the solution is from about 2.0...|
|Nitrogen removal from molten metal by slags containing titanium oxides|| 20060289095 || 20061228 |
| The invention relates to titanium oxide containing slag compositions and associated methods for reducing the nitrogen content of metals. The titanium oxide slag compositions can be used to reduce nitrogen content in various molten metals including steel, nickel, copper, iron, and the like. The nitrogen content of the metals can be reduced by contacting the metal with the titanium oxide containing slag composition. The slag compositions are capable of reducing the nitrogen content of steel to less than 20 ppm without the need for specialized high-quality starting materials or processing equipment.
|Process for manufacturing a heating sheet|| 20060289110 || 20061228 |
| A process for manufacturing a flexible heating sheet comprising two outer layers made of plastic material and a metal foil ribbon, arranged sinuously between the outer layers and acting as an electrical heating conductor using the Joule effect, includes a) printing a first face of a metal foil strip with a sinuous ribbon pattern and a second face with a pattern in an anti-bond lacquer complementary to the sinuous ribbon pattern, b) masking the first face of the metal strip by extrusion with a metal support film using a first extruded layer made of plastic, c) slicing the metal strip masked with the support film from the second face as far as the first extruded layer along the delimitation lines of the sinuous ribbon pattern and...|
|Method for bonding two solid planes via surface assembling of active functional groups|| 20060289115 || 20061228 |
| The present invention belongs to a bonding technical field of biochips or micromechanical electrical devices, more specifically, to a novel method for bonding two solid planes containing silicon, oxygen, metal or other elements at a moderate temperature via surface assembling of active functional groups. The method includes the steps of: (1) cleaning and hydroxylating solid planes of silicon plate, quartz or glass; (2) aminating a hydroxylated surfaces of the substrate; (3) forming a mono-layer or multi-layer assembled film with compound monomers having an active bi-functional or multi-functional group on an aminated substrate surface; and (4) contacting two solid planes with a assembled film having the same or different active functional groups on its surface tightly, and forming covalent bonds at an appropriate temperature, pressure and a...|
|Heat dissipation device|| 20060289150 || 20061228 |
| A heat dissipation device includes a heat sink (10) and at least a serpent heat pipe (22). The heat sink (10) comprises a base (12) contacting with an electrical component, a heat dissipation fins group (14) secured to the base (12) and a cover (16) attached to a top of the heat dissipation fins group (14). The heat dissipating fins group (14) defines a notch (148) at one side thereof. Two end portions of the heat pipe (22) are respectively connected to the base (12) and the cover (16), and a middle portion of the heat pipe (22) is accommodated in the notch (148).
|Crosslinkable-polymer compositions and associated methods|| 20060289158 || 20061228 |
| Crosslinkable-polymer compositions are provided that may be useful for, among other things, reducing, stopping, or diverting the flow of fluids in subterranean formations. The crosslinkable-polymer compositions may comprise an aqueous fluid, a chitosan-reacting polymer, chitosan, and a gelation-retarding additive comprising an acid derivative. Various methods of use are also provided.
|Method for producing an electrically conductive connection and a contact element provided with an electric connection so produced|| 20060289195 || 20061228 |
| A method is provided for producing an electrically conductive connection between a contact element interacting with a corresponding counter-contact and several electric lines, each of which consists of several wires. The method consists of placing the lines on a contact element supporting surface, controlling the lines integrity, and fixing the lines to the contact elements by resistance welding. In particular, the contact element is provided with crimping elements which surround and/or form a ground cable terminal screwed to a mass bolt.
|Transmission box for wheeled machine|| 20060289225 || 20061228 |
| A transmission box (3) for a wheeled machine having, within the box (3), a motor input shaft (4) driving a drive wheel to actuate at least one drive shaft of at least one wheel (2A, 2B) of the machine (1). A clutch mechanism is disposed between the drive wheel and the drive shaft of the wheels (2A, 2B) of the machine (1), this clutch mechanism being actuated by driving in rotation the drive wheel and axial movement of a member on the drive shaft of the wheels (2A, 2B) and deactuated by driving in rotation the drive shaft of the wheels (2A, 2B). The member which is axially movable in the drive shaft of the wheels carries ramps coacting with a member secured in rotation with...|
|Roofing safety system and method|| 20060289233 || 20061228 |
| A roofing safety system comprises a support assembly adapted to be secured to the roof of a building. The support assembly comprises a central anchor shaft having an upper portion and a lower portion. The support assembly comprises a plurality of struts, each strut having an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portions of the struts configured to be pivotally coupled to the upper portion of the central anchor shaft. The support assembly comprises a central extension shaft having an upper portion and a lower portion, the lower portion of the central extension shaft configured to be coupled to the upper portion of the central anchor shaft. The support assembly comprises at least one extension arm configured to be rotatably coupled to the upper...|
|Circulating type food and drink transport apparatus|| 20060289238 || 20061228 |
| A management device (5) for managing the expiration date of food and drink arranged on a plate includes a camera (20) for capturing a two-dimensional code (13A) on a cylindrical base (12A) of the plate, a barcode scanner (21) for analyzing the two-dimensional code captured by the camera (20) and extracting a plate number, a management main body (22) for receiving the plate number output from the barcode scanner (21) and collectively managing the traveling plates, and a DIO module (23). The DIO module (23) is connected to a detection switch (26) disposed on a downstream position of the camera (20) and a discharge mechanism (27, 28) disposed on a downstream side of the detection switch (26) to perform a bidirectional communication with the management main...|
|Elevator|| 20060289246 || 20061228 |
| An elevator and a method, said elevator being preferably an elevator without machine room, and wherein the elevator car is supported by a set of hoisting ropes comprising one rope or a number of parallel ropes. The elevator has a traction sheave which moves the elevator car by means of the hoisting ropes. The elevator has rope portions of hoisting ropes going upwards and downwards from the elevator car, and the rope portions going from the traction sheave in the direction of the rope portion above the elevator car are under a first rope tension (T1) and the rope portions going from the traction sheave in the direction of the rope portion below the elevator car are under a second rope tension (T2). In addition, the...|
|Disc brake for a land vehicle|| 20060289256 || 20061228 |
| A disc brake for a land vehicle has a brake disc and a brake support. A force transmitting device is arranged on only one side of the brake disc for transmitting brake forces from the brake support onto a land vehicle, wherein the force transmitting device has at least two contact surfaces for contacting fixed counter surfaces that are fixed relative to the land vehicle. The two contact surfaces extend transversely to a main plane of the brake disc and are positioned relative to one another at an acute angle, a right angle, an obtuse angle, or an over-obtuse angle. Alternatively, the force transmitting device has at least two screws that extend transversely to an axis of rotation of the brake disc and are positioned relative...|
|Shock-proof billiard cue bag|| 20060289319 || 20061228 |
| A shock-proof billiard cue bag, for holding the billiard cue and preventing the billiard cue from damage. The invention includes a bag with at least one separation, so as to divide an interior space of the bag into at least two holding spaces. A buffering device is located at a bottom end of each of the holding spaces, respectively. The buffering device is provided with a seat, an elastic member located above the seat, and a stop piece at a top end of the elastic member. When a billiard cue is emplaced in the holding space, a bottom end of the billiard cue is supported by the stop piece of buffering device. When the bag is accidentally impacted on a ground, an upward impacting force incurred...|
|Methods for producing a total product in the presence of sulfur|| 20060289340 || 20061228 |
| Methods of producing a total product are described. A method includes continuously contacting a feed with a hydrogen source in the presence of one or more inorganic salt catalysts and steam to produce a total product, wherein the feed has at least 0.02 grams of sulfur, per gram of feed; and producing a total product that includes coke and the crude product. The crude product has a sulfur content of at most 90% of the sulfur content of the feed.
|Etchant, method of etching, laminate formed thereby, and device|| 20060289386 || 20061228 |
| An etchant including a halogenated salt, such as Cryolite (Na3AlF6) or potassium tetrafluoro borate (KBF4), is provided. The salt may be present in the etchant in an amount sufficient to etch a substrate and may have a melt temperature of greater than about 200 degrees Celsius. A method of wet etching may include contacting an etchant to at least one surface of a support layer of a multi-layer laminate, wherein the support layer may include aluminum oxide; or contacting an etchant to at least one surface of a support layer of a multi-layer laminate, wherein the etchant may include Cryolite (Na3AlF6), potassium tetrafluoro borate (KBF4), or both; and etching at least a portion of the support layer. The method may provide a laminate produced by growing...|
|Non-aqueous lapping composition and method using same|| 20060289387 || 20061228 |
| Lapping compositions which do not comprise water are disclosed, wherein those lapping compositions comprise a non-aqueous fluid, and wherein the lapping compositions are useful during a process to shape the surface of a substrate, wherein that process includes contacting a target surface of the substrate with one or more abrasives while also contacting that target surface with the lapping composition.